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Kandhal Asphalt Literature

Over the last 48 years, I had the opportunity and privilege of authoring/co-authoring
(mostly as main author) over 120 practical, technical papers on asphalt paving
technology. These papers have been published in prestigious journals such as those of
the US Transportation Research Board (TRB) (51 papers); Association of Asphalt
Paving Technologists (AAPT) (22 papers); American Society for Testing Materials
(ASTM) Special Technical Publications (12 papers); and Indian Roads Congress
(IRC) (13 papers). The topics for these papers have ranged from materials (asphalt
binder, aggregate and mineral filler) to mix design (Marshall and Superpave) to mix
characterization (resistance to rutting, fatigue cracking, low-temperature cracking and
moisture susceptibility) to different asphalt mixture types (such as Superpave, stone
matrix asphalt, warm mix asphalt, open graded friction course, large stone mixes, and
sulphur extended asphalt) to asphalt construction (QC/QA, mix production,
compaction, and longitudinal joint construction) to asphalt pavement maintenance
(pothole repair, seal coat) to asphalt pavement rehabilitation (full depth reclamation)
to recycling (hot/cold, plant/in-place) and to pavement investigations.

Since most highway engineers and researchers in India do not have access to
international journals, I have attempted to make my practical papers (in most cases
full text) available on line to facilitate advancement of asphalt paving technology in
India. Since there is no formal training in asphalt technology in India, I encourage our
highway engineers to find time to read papers of their interest to broaden their
knowledge. Please select the topic of your interest from the following subject index.
The paper number(s) pertaining to that topic is given in parenthesis [ ]. Then, go down
the list of papers arranged in chronological order (from most recent to older). Click or
CTRL plus click on the internet link (or copy and paste in URL) of the desired
numbered paper. You can then download the paper from these links free of any cost.

Sincerely,
Prof. Prithvi Singh Kandhal
Associate Director Emeritus
National Center for Asphalt Technology
Auburn University, Alabama USA
Homepage: www.eng.auburn.edu/users/kandhps
Currently in Jaipur, India
Revised 3 January 2019

Topics of Kandhal Asphalt Literature

A. Materials

(a) Asphalt Binder (Bitumen)


Viscosity grading in India [104]
Viscosity testing [109]
Viscosity graded asphalt binder research [104, 24, 15, 14, 8, 7, 3]
Superpave performance graded binders [57, 55]

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Polymer modified binders [115]
Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen (CRMB) [115,103]
Absorption- Effect on asphalt properties [40]
Rheological properties of binder [26]
Durability of binder [24]
Low temperature cracking of binder [15, 13]
Low temperature ductility of binder [9]
Shear susceptibility of binder [6]

(b) Aggregates
Both coarse and fine aggregates [65, 63, 58, 42, 38, 2]
Coarse aggregate [80, 75, 72, 46]
Fine aggregate [78, 76, 67, 41, 37, 1]
Steel slag aggregate [62]
Bottom ash, fly ash, incinerator residue, waste glass, coal mine refuse [48]

(c) Mineral Filler [108, 74 Part I, 74 Part II, 70, 67, 17]

(d) Aggregate Gradation [98, 97, 90, 87, 84, 83, 44]

B. Mix Design

(a) Marshall mix design [84, 69, 58, 56, 55, 53, 45, 39, 35, 34, 33, 32, 31, 29,
25]

(b) Superpave mix design [98, 97, 90, 87, 84, 83, 71, 69, 60, 58, 56, 55]

(c) Porous Asphalt for Rainwater Harvesting [119, 117]

(d) Asphalt absorption in mix [38,2]

C. Mix Characterization

(a) Mix performance [65, 58, 55, 52, 50, 45, 43, 42, 30, 29, 13, 9, 7, 6, 3]

(b) Rutting [102, 101, 100, 98, 96, 95, 91, 90, 87, 84, 83, 82, 81, 77, 66, 65, 45,
42]

(c) Fatigue cracking [125,98, 87, 65]

(d) Low temperature cracking [57, 26. 15, 13]

(e) Moisture susceptibility (stripping) [85, 65, 50, 43, 30]

(f) Loaded wheel testers for rutting [102, 101, 100, 96, 95, 91, 84, 82, 81, 77]

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D. Asphalt Mixture Types

(a) Mixes in India [121, 120, 112, 106]

(b) Mixes for long lasting pavements [112]

(c) Premix carpet [123, 121, 110]

(d) Stone matrix asphalt (SMA) [88]


(e) Warm mix asphalt (WMA) [111,105]

(f) Superpave mix [98, 97, 90]

(g) Large stone mix [35, 34, 33, 32, 31]

(h) Open graded asphalt friction course (OGFC) [89, 85, 79, 73, 11]

(i) Sulphur extended asphalt (SEA) [19, 18]

(j) Ultra thin asphalt pavement mix [68]

(k) Mixture for intersections [66]

(l) Cold emulsion mixes [28, 27]

D. Asphalt Construction

(a) Statistical specification for construction, QC/QA [124, 47, 44]

(b) General construction [112]

(c) Mix production [56, 44, 12, 5, 4]

(d) Compaction [22, 20]

(e) Longitudinal joint construction [93, 59, 54, 51, 49]

E. Asphalt Pavement Distresses


Stripping [125, 120, 106, 85, 67, 43, 30]

F. Asphalt Pavement Maintenance


(a) Pothole repair [122, 107, 16]

(b) Surface treatment or seal coat [123, 36, 21]

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(c) Premix carpet [123, 110]

G. Asphalt Pavement Rehabilitation


Full depth reclamation (FDR) [94, 92, 86, 64]

H. Asphalt Pavement Recycling [116, 114, 113, 105, 71, 64, 61, 60, 52, 27,
23]
Manual on all types of recycling [64]

J. General Topics
(a) Noise from tire-pavement interaction [99]

(b) Skid resistance [46]

(c) Waste materials in hot mix asphalt [62, 48]

(d) How to write good asphalt related research paper [118]

(e) Pavement investigation [125, 85, 30]

Kandhal Asphalt Literature (Numbered)


TEXTBOOK 1

Brown, E.R., Prithvi S. Kandhal, F.L. Roberts, Y.R. Kim, D.Y. Lee and T.W.
Kennedy. Hot Mix Asphalt Materials, Mixture Design, and Construction. HMA
Textbook, Third Edition, 2009, NAPA Research and Education Foundation, Lanham,
Maryland, USA.

[This first-ever textbook on hot mix asphalt (HMA) technology is not only used in
several universities in the US, it is also a good reference book for practicing
engineers. It has chapters on asphalt refining, uses and properties; aggregates; hot mix
asphalt mix design; characterization of asphalt mixes; equipment and construction;
quality control/quality assurance; special mixtures such as OGFC, SMA and patching
mixes; hot mix recycling; performance and distress of HMA; and maintenance and
rehabilitation of asphalt pavements. This textbook is published by the NAPA Research
and Education Foundation who has the sole copyright for this book. The book can be
obtained on line at www.hotmix.org

TEXTBOOK 2

Prithvi Singh Kandhal. Bituminous Road Construction in India. Prentice Hall of


India, Revised Edition 2018, New Delhi, India.

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[This is the first ever textbook cum reference book on bituminous road construction in
India, which incorporates the Indian Roads Congress and Bureau of Indian Standards
codes besides ASTM and AASHTO. The book has 10 chapters on topics such as
paving bitumen; aggregates; hot mix asphalt mix design; bituminous paving mixes;
structural design of flexible pavements; hot mix asphalt production and construction;
asphalt pavement distresses; asphalt pavement maintenance and rehabilitation;
recycling of asphalt pavements; and case histories of investigation of premature
failure of asphalt pavements by the author across the world. The book can be obtained
at www.phindia.com for Rs. 525.]

125. Kandhal, P.S. and A. Veeraragavan. Investigation of Premature Pavement


Distresses on Typical National Highway Project. Journal of the Indian Roads
Congress, Volume 79-2, April-June 2018.

https://www.scribd.com/document/396714841/Investigation-of-Premature-Pavement-
Distresses-on-Typical-National-Highway-Project

124. Kandhal, P.S., Rajan Choudhary and Abhinay Kumar. Quality Control and
Quality Assurance in Bituminous Road Construction in India. Indian Roads Congress,
Indian Highways, Volume 46, October 2018.

https://www.scribd.com/document/396441857/Quality-Control-and-Quality-
Assurance-in-Bituminous-Road-Construction-in-India

123. Kandhal, P.S. Durable and Economical Technology for Surfacing of Rural
Roads. New Building Materials & Construction World Magazine, September 2018.

https://www.scribd.com/document/393762772/Durable-and-Economical-
Technology-for-Bituminous-Surfacing-of-Rural-Roads-in-India

122. Kandhal, P.S. A Simple Guide for Producing and Placing Readymade Pothole
Patching Mix in Accordance with IRC:116-2014. Technical Note. Scribd Document
388136056, 2018.

https://www.scribd.com/document/388136056/A-Simple-Guide-for-Producing-
and-Placing-Readymade-Pothole-Patching-Mix-in-accordance-with-IRC-116-
2014

121. Kandhal, P.S. Why Do Many Roads Constructed in India Fail Prematurely?
New Building Materials & Construction World Magazine, March 2018.

https://www.scribd.com/document/396447263/Why-do-Many-Roads-
Constructed-in-India-Fail-Prematurely

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120. Kandhal, P.S. and A. Veeraragavan. Review of Practices for Improving Ride
Quality and Periodical Renewal of Bituminous Pavements. Journal of the Indian
Roads Congress, Volume 78-1, April-June 2017.

https://www.scribd.com/document/348021492/Review-of-Practices-for-Improving-
Ride-Quality-and-Periodical-Renewal-of-Bituminous-Pavements-in-India

119. Kandhal, P.S. and Sapan Mishra. Design, Construction and Performance of
Porous Asphalt Pavement for Rainwater Harvesting. Indian Roads Congress, Indian
Highways, March 2014.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/213838512/Design-Construction-and-Performance-
of-Porous-Asphalt-Pavement-in-India-for-Rainwater-Harvesting

118. Kandhal, P.S. and Rajib Mallick. Guidelines for Writing Good Asphalt Related
Research Papers. Indian Roads Congress, Highway Research Journal, July-December
2013.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/240668904/Guidelines-for-Writing-Good-Asphalt-
Related-Research-Papers

117. Kandhal, P.S. A Revolutionary Technique of Rainwater Harvesting Integrated


into the Design of Buildings Parking Lots and Streets. Technical Note. Scribd
Document 146533836, 2013.

https://www.scribd.com/document/146533836/A-Revolutionary-Technique-of-
Rainwater-Harvesting-Integrated-into-the-Design-of-Buildings-Parking-Lots-and-
Streets

116. Kandhal, P.S. Hot Mix Recycling of Asphalt Pavements. New Building
Materials & Construction World Magazine, March 2012.

https://www.scribd.com/document/396446664/Hot-Mix-Recycling-of-Asphalt-
Pavements-in-India-It-s-long-overdue

115. Kandhal, P.S. and M.P. Dhir. Use of Modified Bituminous Binders in India:
Current Imperatives. Journal of the Indian Roads Congress, Volume 72-3,
October-December 2011.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/81350307/Use-of-Modified-Bituminous-Binders-in-
India-Current-Imperatives

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114. Kandhal, P.S. Recycling of Asphalt Pavements: An Overview. Indian Roads
Congress, Proceedings of International Seminar on “Innovations in Construction and
Maintenance of Flexible Pavements” held on September 2-4, 2006 at Agra.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34629021/Recycling-of-Asphalt-Pavements-An-
Overview

113. Kandhal, P.S. Why are we losing black gold by not recycling asphalt
pavements? Technical Note. January 2011.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/47300504/Why-Are-We-Losing-Black-Gold-by-Not-
Recycling-Asphalt-Pavements

112. Kandhal, P.S., A. Veeraragavan, and R.K. Jain. Guidelines for Long Lasting
Bituminous Pavements. Journal of the Indian Roads Congress, Volume 71-3, 2010.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/44644959/Guidelines-for-Long-Lasting-Bituminous-
Pavements-in-India

111. Kandhal, P.S. Warm Mix Asphalt Technologies: An Overview. Journal of the
Indian Roads Congress, Volume 71-2, 2010.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/44644601/Warm-Mix-Asphalt-Technologies-An-
Overview

110. Kandhal, P.S. Premix Carpet is Killing our Roads in Towns and Cities.
Technical Note, 2010.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/37020149/Premix-Carpet-is-Killing-Our-Roads-in-
Towns-and-Cities

109. Kandhal, P.S. Bitumen Viscosity Testing Equipment and Test Procedures.
Technical Note, September 2009.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/19384126/Bitumen-Viscosity-Testing-Equipment-
and-Test-Procedures

108. Kandhal, P.S. Do We Need to Add Mineral Filler in Bituminous Mixtures?


Questions and Answers with Rajib Chattaraj, 2009.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/19420923/Do-we-need-to-add-mineral-filler-in-
bituminous-mixtures

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107. Kandhal, P.S. A Simple and Effective Method of Repairing Potholes in India.
Journal of the Indian Roads Congress, Volume 69-3, October-December 2008.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/19380290/A-Simple-and-Effective-Method-of-
Repairing-Potholes-in-India

106. Kandhal, P.S., V.K. Sinha and A. Veeraragavan. A Critical Review of


Bituminous Mixes Used in India. Journal of the Indian Roads Congress,
Volume 69-2, July-September 2008.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/19380138/A-Critical-Review-of-Bituminous-Mixes-
Used-in-India

105. Mallick, R.B., P.S. Kandhal and R.L. Bradbury. Using Warm Mix Technology to
Incorporate High Percentages of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement Material.
Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 2051, 2008.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/47167271/Using-Warm-Mix-Asphalt-Technology-to-
Incorporate-High-Percentages-of-Recalimed-Asphalt-Pavement-Material-
RAP

104. Kandhal, P.S. An Overview of the Viscosity Grading System Adopted in India.
Indian Roads Congress, Indian Highways, Volume 35, No. 4, April 2007.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/19380488/An-Overview-of-the-Viscosity-Grading-
System-Adopted-in-India-for-Paving-Bitumen

103. Kandhal, P. S. Quality Control Requirements for Using Crumb Rubber


Modified Bitumen (CRMB). Journal of the Indian Roads Congress, Volume
67-1, April-June 2006.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/19383778/Quality-Control-Requirements-for-Using-
Crumb-Rubber-Modified-Bitumen-CRMB

102. Kandhal, P.S. and L.A. Cooley. Simulative Performance Test for Hot mix
Asphalt Using Asphalt Pavement Analyzer. Journal of the ASTM
International, Vol. 3, No. 5, 2006.

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/46960110/Simulative-Performance-Test-for-
Hot-Mix-Asphalt-Using-Asphalt-Pavement-Analyzer

101. Brown, E.R., P.S. Kandhal, and J. Zhang. Performance Testing for Hot-Mix
Asphalt. Transportation Research Board, E-Circular E-C068, September 2004.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34486705/Performance-Testing-for-Hot-Mix-Asphalt

100. Kandhal, P.S. and L.A. Cooley Jr. Accelerated Laboratory Rutting Tests:
Evaluation of the Asphalt Pavement Analyzer. Transportation Research Board,
National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 508, 2003.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34980405/Accelerated-Laboratory-Rutting-Tests-
Evaluation-of-Asphalt-Pavement-Analyzer

99. Kandhal, P.S. How Asphalt Pavements Mitigate Tire/Pavement Noise. Better
Roads Magazine, November 2003.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35093880/How-Asphalt-Pavements-Mitigate-Tire-
Pavement-Noise

98. Kandhal, P.S. and L.A. Cooley Jr. Investigation of the Restricted Zone in the
Superpave Aggregate Gradation Specifications. Asphalt Paving Technology, Volume
71, 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34541472/Investigation-of-the-Restricted-Zone-in-
the-Superpave-Aggregate-Gradation-Specifications

97. Cooley, LA. Jr., J. Zhang, P.S. Kandhal, A.J.Hand, and A.E. Martin. Significance
of Restricted Zone in Superpave Aggregate Gradation. Transportation Research
Board, E-Circular, September 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35094663/Significance-of-Restricted-Zone-in-
Superpave-Aggregate-Gradation-Specification

96. Cooley, L.A. Jr. and P.S. Kandhal. Evaluation of Asphalt Pavement Analyzer as a
Tool to Predict Rutting. Proceedings, Ninth International Conference on Asphalt
Pavements, International Society for Asphalt Pavements, Copenhagen, Denmark,
August 17-22, 2002.

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/35100678/Evaluation-of-Asphalt-Pavement-
Analyzer-as-a-Tool-to-Predict-Rutting

95. Kandhal, P.S. and Allen Cooley. Evaluation of Permanent Deformation of


Asphalt Mixtures Using Loaded Wheel Tester. Journal of the Association of Asphalt
Paving Technologists, Asphalt Paving Technology, Volume 71, 2002

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34141101/Evaluation-of-Permanent-Deformation-of-
Asphalt-Paving-Mixtutes-Using-Loaded-Wheel-Tester

94. Mallick, R.B., P.S. Kandhal, et al. Laboratory Study of Full-Depth Reclamation
Mixes. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1813, 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35102942/Laboratory-Study-of-Full-Depth-
Reclamation-Mixes

93. Kandhal, P.S., T. Ramirez, and P.M. Ingram. Evaluation of Eight Longitudinal
Joint Construction Techniques for Asphalt Pavements in Pennsylvania. Transportation
Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1813, 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34414629/Evaluation-of-Eight-Longitudinal-Joint-
Construction-Techniques-for-Asphalt-Pavements-in-Pennsylvania

92. Mallick, R.B., R.L. Bradbury, and P.S. Kandhal. Evaluation of Performance of
Full-Depth Reclamation Mixes. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1809, 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35103702/Evaluation-of-Performance-of-Full-Depth-
Reclamation-Mixes

91. Zhang, J., L.A. Cooley Jr., and P.S. Kandhal. Comparison of Fundamental and
Simulative Test Methods for Evaluating Permanent Deformation of Hot-Mix Asphalt.
Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1798, 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34142960/Comparison-of-Fundamental-and-
Simulative-Test-Methods-for-Evaluating-Permanent-Deformation-of-Hot-Mix-
Asphalt

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90. Kandhal, P.S. and L.A. Cooley Jr. Coarse Versus Fine-Graded Superpave
Mixtures: Comparative Evaluation of Resistance to Rutting. Transportation Research
Board, Transportation Research Record 1789, 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34578420/Coarse-versus-Fine-Graded-Superpave-
Mixtures-Comparative-Evaluation-of-Resistance-to-Rutting

89. Kandhal, P.S. Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Open-Graded Asphalt


Friction Courses. National Asphalt Pavement Association Information Series 115,
May 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35055860/Design-Construction-and-Maintenance-of-
Open-Graded-Asphalt-Friction-Courses

88. Kandhal, P.S. and C. Hughes. Designing and Constructing Stone Matrix Asphalt
Mixtures State-of-the- Practice. National Asphalt Pavement Association Quality
Improvement Publication QIP-122 (Revised Edition), March 2002.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35056525/Designing-and-Constructing-Stone-Matrix-
Asphalt-State-Of-The-Practice

87. Kandhal, P.S. and L.A. Cooley Jr. The Restricted Zone in the Superpave
Gradation Specification. Transportation Research Board, National Cooperative
Highway Research Program Report 464, 2001.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34980238/The-Restricted-Zone-in-the-Superpave-
Gradation-Specification

86. Mallick, R.B., P.S. Kandhal, et al. Development of a Rational and Practical Mix
Design System for Full-Depth Reclamation (FDR). Asphalt Paving Technology,
Volume 70, 2001.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35104647/Development-of-a-Rational-and-Practical-
Mix-Design-System-for-Full-Depth-Reclamation-FDR

85. Kandhal, P.S. and I. Rickards. Premature Failure of Asphalt Overlays from
Stripping: Case Histories. Asphalt Paving Technology, Volume 70, 2001.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34151399/Premature-Failure-of-Asphalt-Overlays-
from-Stripping-Case-Histories

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84. Kandhal, P.S. and R.B. Mallick. Effect of Mix Gradation on Rutting Potential of
Dense-Graded Asphalt Mixtures. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1767, 2001.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35105335/Effect-of-Mix-Gradation-on-Rutting-
Potential-of-Dense-Graded-Asphalt-Mixtures

83. Kandhal, P.S. and L.A. Cooley Jr. Effect of Restricted Zone on Permanent
Deformation of Dense-Graded Superpave Mixtures. ASTM Special Technical
Publication 1412, 2001.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35106159/Effect-of-Restricted-Zone-on-Permanent-
Deformation-of-Dense-Graded-Superpave-Mixtures

82. Cooley, L.A. Jr., and P.S. Kandhal. Evaluation of Density Gradients in Loaded
Wheel Tester Samples. ASTM Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Volume 28, Issue 6,
2000.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35113560/Evaluation-of-Density-Gradients-in-
Loaded-Wheel-Tester-Samples

81. Cooley, L.A. Jr., and P.S. Kandhal. Loaded Wheel Testers in the United States:
State of Practice. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Circular
Number E-C016, July 2000.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34491844/Loaded-Wheel-Testers-in-the-United-
States-State-of-the-Practice

80. Hossain, M.S., F. Parker, and P.S. Kandhal. Uncompacted Voids and Particle
Index Tests for Evaluating Coarse Aggregates. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1721, 2000.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35114109/Uncompacted-Voids-and-Particle-Index-
Tests-for-Evaluating-Coarse-Aggregate

79. Mallick, R.B., P.S. Kandhal, L.A. Cooley Jr., and D. Watson. Design,
Construction, and Performance of New-Generation Open-Graded Friction Courses.
Asphalt Paving Technology, Volume 69, 2000.

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/34153310/Design-Construction-and-Performance-of-
New-Generation-Open-Graded-Friction-Course-OGFC

78. Kandhal, P.S., R.B. Mallick, and M. Huner. Measuring Bulk Specific Gravity of
Fine Aggregates: Development of a New Test Method. Transportation Research
Board, Transportation Research Record 1721, 2000.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34492189/Development-of-a-New-Test-Method-for-
Measuring-Bulk-Specific-Gravity-of-Fine-Aggregate

77. Kandhal, P.S. and R.B. Mallick. Potential of Asphalt Pavement Analyzer (APA)
to Predict Rutting of Hot Mix Asphalt. Proceedings, 1999 International Conference on
Accelerated Pavement Testing, Reno, Nevada, October 18-20, 1999.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34494347/Potential-of-Asphalt-Pavement-Analyzer-
to-Predict-Rutting-of-Hot-Mix-Asphalt

76. Hossain, M.S., F. Parker, and P.S. Kandhal. Tests for Evaluating Fine Aggregate
Particle Shape, Angularity, and Surface Texture. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1673, 1999.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35114599/Tests-for-Evaluating-Fine-Aggregate-
Particle-Shape-Angularity-and-Surface-Texture

75. Wu, T., F. Parker, and P.S. Kandhal. Evaluation of Tests for Toughness/Abrasion
Resistance and Durability/Soundness of Coarse Aggregates. Journal: Cement,
Concrete and Aggregates, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1999.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35141515/Evaluation-of-Tests-for-Toughness-
Abrasion-Resistance-and-Durability-Soundness-of-Coarse-Aggregates

74. PART I. Kandhal, P.S. Evaluation of Baghouse Fines for Hot Mix Asphalt.
National Asphalt Pavement Association Information Series 127, February 1999.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/46961582/Evaluation-of-Baghouse-Fines-in-Hot-Mix-
Asphalt-Part-I

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74. PART II. Kandhal, P.S. Evaluation of Baghouse Fines for Hot Mix Asphalt.
National Asphalt Pavement Association Information Series 127, February 1999.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/46962003/Evaluation-of-Baghouse-Fines-in-Hot-Mix-
Asphalt-Part-II

73. Kandhal, P.S. and R.B. Mallick. Open-Graded Friction Course: State of the
Practice. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Circular Number
E-C005, December 1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34172767/Open-Graded-Asphalt-Friction-Course-
State-of-the-Practice

72. Wu, T., F. Parker, and P.S. Kandhal. Aggregate Toughness/Abrasion Resistance
and Durability/Soundness Tests Related to Asphalt Concrete Performance in
Pavements. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1638,
1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35142924/Aggregate-Toughness-Abrasion-
Resistance-and-Durabilty-Soundness-Tests-Related-to-Asphalt-Concrete-
Performance-in-Pavements

71. Kandhal, P.S. and K.Y. Foo. Adapting Superpave Technology to Design of Hot
Recycled Mixes. ASTM Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 26, No. 3, May, 1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35144987/Adapting-Superpave-Technology-to-
Design-of-Hot-Recycled-Mixes

70. Kandhal, P.S., C.Y. Lynn, and F. Parker. Characterization Tests for Mineral Fillers
Related to Performance of Asphalt Paving Mixtures. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1638, 1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34182685/Charactrization-Tests-for-Mineral-Fillers-
Related-to-Performance-of-Asphalt-Paving-Mixtures

69. Kandhal, P.S., K.Y. Foo, and R.B. Mallick. Critical Review of VMA
Requirements in Superpave. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research
Record 1609, 1998.

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/34183545/Critical-Review-of-VMA-Requirements-in-
Superpave

68. Kandhal, P.S. and L. Lockett. Construction and Performance of Ultrathin Asphalt
Friction Course. ASTM Special Technical Publication 1348, 1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34487968/Construction-and-Performance-of-
Ultrathin-Asphalt-Friction-Course

67. Kandhal, P.S., C.Y. Lynn, and F. Parker. Tests for Plastic Fines in Aggregates
Related to Stripping in Asphalt Paving Mixtures. Asphalt Paving Technology, Vol.
67,1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34173719/Tests-for-Plastic-Fines-in-Aggregates-
Related-to-Stripping-in-Asphalt-Paving-Mixtures

66. Kandhal, P.S., R.B. Mallick and E.R. Brown. Hot Mix Asphalt for Intersections
in Hot Climate. National Center for Asphalt Technology, Research Report 98-06,
March 1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34494683/Hot-Mix-Asphalt-for-Intersections-for-
Hot-Climate

65. Kandhal, P.S. and F. Parker. Aggregate Tests Related to Asphalt Concrete
Performance in Pavements. Transportation Research Board, National Cooperative
Highway Research Program Report 405, 1998.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34979857/Aggregate-Tests-Related-to-Asphalt-
Concrete-Performance-in-Pavements

64. Kandhal, P.S. and R.B. Mallick. Pavement Recycling Guidelines for State and
Local Governments. Federal Highway Administration Publication No. FHWA-SA-98-
042, December, 1997.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/47299513/Pavement-Recycling-Guidelines-for-State-
and-Local-Governments-Federal-Highway-Administration-Publication-No-
FHWA-SA-98-042-December-1997

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63. Kandhal, P.S. Aggregate Tests for Hot Mix Asphalt: State of the Practice.
Transportation Research Board Circular No. 479, December, 1997.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34184309/Aggregate-Tests-for-Hot-Mix-Asphalt-
State-of-the-Practice

62. Kandhal, P.S. and G.L. Hoffman. Evaluation of Steel Slag Fine Aggregate in Hot
Mix Asphalt Mixtures. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research
Record 1583, 1997.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34996773/Evaluation-of-Steel-Slag-Fine-Aggregate-
in-Hot-Asphalt-Mixtures

61. Kandhal, P.S. Recycling of Asphalt Pavements: An Overview. Asphalt Paving


Technology, Vol. 66, 1997.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34629021/Recycling-of-Asphalt-Pavements-An-
Overview

60. Kandhal, P.S. and K.Y. Foo. Designing Recycled Hot Mix Asphalt Mixtures
Using Superpave Technology . ASTM Special Technical Publication 1322, 1997.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34208922/Designing-Recycled-Hot-Mix-Asphalt-
using-Superpave-Technology

59. Kandhal, P.S. and R. B. Mallick. Longitudinal Joint Construction Techniques for
Asphalt Pavements. Proceedings of Eighth International Conference on Asphalt
Pavements, Vol. 1, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, August 10-14,
1997.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/46966898/Longitudinal-Joint-Construction-
Techniques-for-Asphalt-Pavements

58. Kandhal, P.S. and S. Chakraborty. Evaluation of Voids in the Mineral Aggregate
for HMA Paving Mixtures. Proceedings, Canadian Technical Asphalt Association,
Vol. XLI, November, 1996.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34209456/Evaluation-of-Voids-in-Mineral-Aggregate-
for-Hot-Mix-Asphalt

16
57. Kandhal, P.S., R. Dongre, and M.S. Malone. Prediction of Low-Temperature
Cracking of Pennsylvania Project Using Superpave Binder Specifications. Asphalt
Paving Technology, Vol. 65, 1996.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34544263/Prediction-of-Low-Temperature-
Cracking-Using-Superpave-Binder-Specifications

56. Kandhal, P.S., K.Y. Foo, and J.A. D'Angelo. Control of Volumetric Properties of
Hot-Mix Asphalt by Field Management. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1543, 1996.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34997247/Control-of-Volumetric-Properties-of-Hot-
Mix-Asphalt-by-Field-Management

55. Kandhal, P.S. and S.Chakraborty. Effect of Asphalt Film Thickness on Short- and
Long-Term Aging of Asphalt Paving Mixtures. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1535, 1996.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34224663/Effect-of-Asphalt-Film-Thickness-on-
Short-and-Long-Term-Aging-of-Asphalt-Paving-mixtures

54. Kandhal, P.S. and R.B. Mallick. Study of Longitudinal Joint Construction
Techniques in HMA Pavements. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1543, 1996.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34254447/Longitudinal-Joint-Construction-
Techniques-for-Asphalt-Pavements

53. Kandhal, P.S. and T. Wu. Precision of Marshall Stability and Flow Test Using 6-
inch (152.4- mm) Diameter Specimens. ASTM. Journal of Testing and Evaluation,
Vol. 24, No. 1, January, 1996.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/46967158/Precision-of-Marshall-Stability-and-Flow-
Test-Using-6-inch-diameter-Specimens

52. Kandhal, P.S., S.S. Rao, D.E. Watson, and B. Young. Performance of Recycled
Hot Mix Asphalt Mixtures in Georgia. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1507, 1995.

17
http://www.scribd.com/doc/34255245/Performance-of-Recycled-Hot-Mix-
Asphalt-Mixtures

51. Kandhal, P.S. Comparative Evaluation of Various Longitudinal Joint


Construction Techniques. Proceedings, 9th AAPA International Asphalt Conference,
Surfers Paradise, Australia, November, 1994.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35178923/Comparative-Evaluation-of-Various-
Longitudunal-Joint-Construction-Techniques

50. Kandhal, P.S. Field and Laboratory Evaluation of Stripping in Asphalt


Pavements: State of the Art Report. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1454, 1994.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35175852/Field-and-Laboratory-Investigation-of-
Stripping-in-Asphalt-Pavements-State-of-the-Art-Report

49. Kandhal, P.S. and S.S. Rao. Evaluation of Longitudinal Joint Construction
Techniques for Asphalt Pavements. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1469, 1994.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35177310/Evaluation-of-Longitudinal-Joint-
Construction-Techniques-for-Asphalt-Pavements

48. Kandhal, P.S. Waste Materials in Hot Mix Asphalt - An Overview. ASTM Special
Technical Publication 1193, 1993.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34275415/Waste-Materials-in-Hot-Mix-Asphalt-An-
Overview

47. Kandhal, P.S., R.J. Cominsky, D. Maurer, and J.B. Motter. Development and
Implementation of Statistically-Based End Result Specifications for Hot Mix Asphalt
in Pennsylvania. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record
1389, 1993.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35037160/Development-and-Implementation-of-
Statistically-Based-End-Result-Specification-for-Hot-Mix-Asphalt-in-
Pennsylvania

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46. Kandhal, P.S., F. Parker, and E.A. Bishara. Evaluation of Alabama Limestone
Aggregates for Asphalt Wearing Courses. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record, 1993.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34997520/Evaluation-of-Alabama-Limestone-
Aggregates-for-Asphalt-Wearing-Courses

45. Kandhal, P.S., S.A. Cross, and E.R. Brown. Heavy Duty Asphalt Pavements in
Pennsylvania: An Evaluation for Rutting. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1384, 1993.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35145354/Heavy-Duty-Asphalt-Pavements-in-
Pennsylvania-Evaluation-for-Rutting

44. Kandhal, P.S. and S.A. Cross. Effect of Aggregate Gradation on Measured
Asphalt Content. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record
1417, 1993.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34256186/Effect-of-Aggregate-Gradation-on-
Measured-Asphalt-Content

43. Kandhal, P.S. Moisture Susceptibility of HMA Mixes: Identification of Problem


and Recommended Solutions. National Asphalt Pavement Association, Quality
Improvement Publication (QIP) No. 119, December 1992.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34311948/Moisture-Susceptibility-of-Hot-mix-
Asphalt-Mixes-Identification-of-Problem-and-Recommended-Solutions

42. Kandhal, P.S., S.A. Cross, and E.R. Brown. Evaluation of Heavy Duty Asphalt
Pavements for Rutting. Proceedings, Seventh International Conference on Asphalt
Pavements, Nottingham, U.K.,Vol. 4 (Construction), 1992.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34356952/Evaluation-of-Bituminous-Pavements-for-
High-Pressure-Truck-Tires

41. Kandhal, P.S., J.B. Motter, and M.A. Khatri. Evaluation of Particle Shape and
Texture of Mineral Aggregates and Their Blends. Asphalt Paving Technology, Vol. 61,
1992.

19
http://www.scribd.com/doc/34277044/Evaluation-of-Particle-Shape-and-Surface-
Texture-of-Mineral-Aggregates-and-Their-Blends

40. Kandhal, P.S. and M.A. Khatri. Relating Asphalt Absorption to Properties of
Asphalt Cement and Aggregate. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1342, 1992.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34259235/Relating-Asphalt-Absorption-to-
Properties-of-Asphalt-Cement-and-Aggregate

39. Kandhal, P.S. and M.A. Khatri. Improved Rice Method for Determining
Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity of Asphalt Paving Mixtures. Transportation
Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1353, 1992.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34278400/Improved-Rice-Method-for-Determining-
Theoritical-Maximum-Density-of-Asphalt-Paving-Mixtures

38. Kandhal, P.S. and M.A. Khatri. Evaluation of Asphalt Absorption by Mineral
Aggregates. Asphalt Paving Technology, Vol. 60, 1991.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34312156/Evaluation-of-Asphalt-Absorption-by-
Mineral-Aggregates

37. Kandhal, P.S., J.B. Motter, and M.A. Khatri. Evaluation of Particle Shape and
Texture: Manufactured Versus Natural Sands. Transportation Research Board,
Transportation Research Record 1301, 1991.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34312520/Evaluation-of-Particle-Shape-and-Texture-
Manufactured-Sands-versus-Natural-Sands

36. Kandhal, P.S. and J.B. Motter. Criteria for Accepting Precoated Aggregates for
Seal Coats and Surface Treatments. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1300, 1991.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34328375/Criteria-for-Accepting-Precoated-
Aggregate-for-Seal-Coats-and-Surface-Treatments

20
35. Kandhal, P.S. Design of Large Stone Asphalt Mixes for Low-Volume Roads
Using 6-Inch-Diameter Marshall Specimens. Proceedings, Fifth International
Conference on Low Volume Roads, Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record 1291, Volume 2, 1991.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35146040/Design-of-Large-Stone-Asphalt-Mixes-for-
Low-Volume-Roads-Using-6-Inch-Diameter-Marshall-Specimens

34. Kandhal, P.S. Testing and Evaluation of Large Stone Mixes Using Marshall Mix
Design Procedures. National Asphalt Pavement Association Information Series 108,
1990.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34357294/Testing-and-Evaluation-of-Large-Stone-
Mixes-using-Marshall-Mix-Design-Procedures

33. Kandhal, P.S. and E.R. Brown. Comparative Evaluation of 4-Inch and 6-Inch
Specimens for Testing Large Stone Asphalt Mixes. Proceedings, First Materials
Engineering Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 1, 1990.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34329023/Comparative-Evaluation-of-4-Inch-and-6-
Inch-Diameter-Specimens-for-Testing-Large-Stone-Mixes

32. Kandhal, P.S. Large Stone Asphalt Mixes: Design and Construction. Proceedings,
Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 59, 1990.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34328726/Large-Stone-Asphalt-Mixes-Design-and-
Construction

31. Kandhal, P.S. Design of Large Stone Asphalt Mixes to Minimize Rutting.
Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1259, 1990.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35146355/Design-of-Large-Stone-Asphalt-Mixes-to-
Minimize-Rutting

30. Kandhal, P.S., C.W. Lubold, and F.L. Roberts. Water Damage to Asphalt
Overlays: Case Histories. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists,
Vol. 58, l989.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34360841/Water-Damage-to-Asphalt-Overlays-Case-
Histories

21
29. Kandhal, P.S. Changes in Mix Design to Improve Performance: Selected State
Experiences. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists,.Vol. 57, l988.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34710106/Changes-in-Mix-Design-to-Improve-
Performance-Selectect-State-Experiences

28. Kandhal, P.S. and H.R. Basso. Development of a Mix Design Method for Open
Graded Moto- paver Mixes. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving
Technologists, Vol. 57, l988.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34694210/Development-of-a-Mix-Design-Method-for-
Open-Graded-Emulsion-Mixes

27. Kandhal, P.S. and W.C. Koehler. Cold Recycling of Asphalt Pavements on Low
Volume Roads. Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Low Volume Roads,
Ithaca, New York, Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record
No. 1106, Vol. 2, 1987.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34997826/Cold-Recycling-of-Asphalt-Pavements-on-
Low-Volume-Roads

26. Kandhal, P.S. and W.C. Koehler. Effect of Rheological Properties of Asphalts on
Pavement Cracking. American Society for Testing and Materials. Special Technical
Publication No. 941, 1987.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34998027/Effect-of-Rheological-Properties-of-
Asphalts-on-Pavement-Cracking

25. Kandhal, P.S. and W.C. Koehler. Marshall Mix Design Methods: Current
Practices. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 54, 1985.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/38624998/Marshall-Mix-Design-Current-Practices

24. Kandhal, P.S. and W.C. Koehler. Significant Studies on Asphalt Durability:
Pennsylvania Experience. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research
Record No. 999, 1984.

22
http://www.scribd.com/doc/34998197/Significant-Studies-on-Asphalt-Durability-
Pennsylvania-Experience

23. Kandhal, P.S. Cold Mix Recycling in Pennsylvania. Proceedings, Association of


Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 53, 1984.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/38624675/Cold-Mix-Recycling-in-Pennsylvania

22. Kandhal, P.S. Pennsylvania's Experience in Compaction of Asphalt Pavements.


American Society for Testing and Materials. Special Technical Publication No. 829,
1984.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34998395/Pennsylvania-s-Experience-in-
Compaction-of-Asphalt-Pavements

21. Kandhal, P.S. Simplified Design Approach to Surface Treatments for Low-
Volume Roads. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record No.
898, 1983.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34998567/Simplified-Design-Approach-to-Surface-
Treatments-for-Low-Volume-Roads

20. Kandhal, P.S. Specifications for Compaction of Asphalt Pavements. Proceedings,


Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol 52, 1983.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34631274/Specifications-for-Compaction-of-Asphalt-
Pavements

19. Kandhal, P.S., D.B. Mellott, and G.L. Hoffman. Laboratory and Field
Characterization of Sulphlex as a Paving Binder. American Society for Testing and
Materials. Special Technical Publication No. 807, 1983.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35178064/Laboratory-and-Field-Characterization-of-
Sulphlex-as-a-Paving-Binder

18. Kandhal, P.S. Evaluation of Sulphur Extended Asphalt in Bituminous Mixtures.


Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 51, 1982.

23
http://www.scribd.com/doc/34632959/Evaluation-of-Sulphur-Extended-Asphalt-
in-Bituminous-Mixtures

17. Kandhal, P.S. Evaluation of Baghouse Fines in Bituminous Paving Mixtures.


Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 50, 1981.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34696616/Evaluation-of-Baghouse-Fines-in-
Bituminous-Paving-Mixtures

16. Kandhal, P.S. and D.B. Mellott. Rational Approach to Design of Bituminous
Stockpile Patching Mixtures. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Record
No. 821, 1981.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34998752/Rational-Approach-to-Design-of-
Bituminous-Stockpile-Patching-Mixtures

15. Kandhal, P.S. Evaluation of Low-Temperature Pavement Cracking on Elk


County Research Project. Transportation Research Record No. 777, 1980.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35030113/Evaluation-of-Low-Temperature-
Pavement-Cracking-on-Elk-County-Research-Project

14. Kandhal, P.S. Evaluation of Six AC-20 Asphalt Cements Using the Indirect
Tensile Test. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record No.
712, 1979.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35030423/Evaluation-of-Six-AC-20-Asphalt-
Cements-Using-Indirect-Tensile-Test

13. Kandhal, P.S. Low Temperature Shrinkage Cracking of Pavements in


Pennsylvania. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 47,
1978.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34698017/Low-Temperature-Shrinkage-Cracking-of-
Asphalt-Pavements-in-Pennsylvania

24
12. Kandhal, P.S. and R.C. Klotz. Determination of Moisture Contents in Bituminous
Mixtures Using a Nuclear Method. Transportation Research Board, Transportation
Research Record No. 695, 1978.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35037443/Determination-of-Moisture-Contents-in-
Bituminous-Mixtures-Using-a-Nuclear-Method

11. Kandhal, P.S., R.J. Brunner, and T.H. Nichols. Design, Construction and
Performance of Asphalt Friction Courses in Pennsylvania. Transportation Research
Board, Transportation Research Record No. 659, 1977.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35037546/Design-Construction-and-Performance-of-
Asphalt-Friction-Courses-in-Pennsylvania

10. Kandhal, P.S. and D.B. Mellott. Pennsylvania's Experience with the Design,
Construction and Performance of Gussasphalt. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt
Paving Technologists, Vol. 46, 1977.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34699733/Pennsylvania-s-Experience-With-the-
Design-Construction-and-Performance-of-Gussasphalt

9. Kandhal, P.S. Low Temperature Ductility of Asphalt in Relation to Pavement


Performance. American Society for Testing and Materials. Special Technical
Publication No. 628, June, 1977.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35038112/Low-Temperature-Ductility-of-Asphalt-in-
Relation-to-Pavement-Performance

8. Kandhal, P.S. and M.E Wenger. Evaluation of Properties of AC-20 Asphalt


Cements. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record No. 544,
1975.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35037665/Evaluation-of-Properties-of-AC-20-
Asphalt-Cements

7. Kandhal, P.S. and M.E Wenger. Asphalt Properties in Relation to Pavement


Performance. Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record No.
544, 1975.

25
http://www.scribd.com/doc/35038340/Asphalt-Properties-in-Relation-to-
Pavement-Performance

6. Kandhal, P.S., L.D. Sandvig, and M.E. Wenger. Shear Susceptibility of Asphalts in
Relation to Pavement Performance. Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving
Technologists, Vol. 42, 1973.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/34700730/Shear-Susceptibility-of-Asphalts-in-
Relation-to-Pavement-Performance

5. Kandhal, P.S. and M.E Wenger. Rapid Determination of Asphalt Content Using
Pennsylvania Pycnometer. Highway Research Board, Highway Research Record No.
468, 1973.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35038726/Rapid-Determination-of-Asphalt-Content-
Using-Pennsylvania-Pycnometer

4. Kandhal, P.S. and M.E Wenger. Storage of Bituminous Concrete in Inert Gas.
Highway Research Board, Highway Research Record No. 468, 1973.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35051493/Storage-of-Bituminous-Concrete-in-Inert-
Gas

3. Kandhal, P.S., L.D. Sandvig, and W.C. Koehler. Asphalt Viscosity Related
Properties of In- Service Pavements in Pennsylvania. American Society for Testing
and Materials, Special Technical Publication, No. 532, 1973.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35051874/Asphalt-Viscosity-Related-Properties-of-
In-Service-Pavements-in-Pennsylvania

2. Kandhal, P.S. and D.Y Lee. Asphalt Absorption as Related to Pore Characteristics
of Aggregates. Highway Research Board, Highway Research Record No. 404, 1972.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35052081/Asphalt-Absorption-as-Related-to-Pore-
Characteristics-of-Aggregate

26
1. Kandhal, P.S. and D.Y Lee. An Evaluation of the Bulk Specific Gravity for
Granular Materials. Highway Research Board, Highway Research Record No. 307,
1970.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/35052296/Evaluation-of-the-Bulk-Specific-Gravity-
for-Granular-Materials

END

Revised 3 January 2019

27