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Expository Essay

Topic: ​Teenage Pregnancy


Outline​:
I. Introduction
A. Anecdote
II. Body
A. Teenage pregnancy
B. Abortion
C. Cause and effect of teenage motherhood
D. Issue in Thailand
III. Conclusion
A. General statement

Teenage Motherhood 
 
“Teenage  Motherhood,”  I  look  past  that  word  for  so  long  I  didn’t  even realize how 
critical  the problem is. For me, I could not relate it in any situation whatsoever but when I 
really  think  about  it  and  how  many  people  have  suffered,  I  am  now  aware  the  teenage 
motherhood is a potential threat against humanity. 
 
Teenage  motherhood  is  a  major  social  issue  worldwide.  Before anything, teenage 
pregnancy  or  adolescent  pregnancy  means  a  pregnancy  that  occurs  in  a  female  who  is 
under  20.  An  article  by  Brady  E.  Hamilton  reports  that  around 1,100 teenagers at the age 
of  18  to  19  give  birth  in  the  United  States  of  America  daily.  For female aged under 15, the 
risk  of  unhealthy  birth  and side effects are higher than female aged around 15-19. One of 
the  side  effects  that  early  pregnancy  may  cause  is  preterm  birth  which  results  in 
multiple  dysfunctions  such  as  low  birth  weight,  according  to  O.M.  Loto.  Many  pregnant 
teenagers  have  chosen  many  ways  to  avoid  motherhood  such  as  abortion.  In  fact, 
statistics  have  shown  that  the  abortion  rate  for  teenagers  at  the  age  of  18-19  is  22.2 per 
1,000  females.  On  a  report  of  Lily  Hechtman,  the  causes  and  effects  of  teenage 
motherhood  are diverse. For instance, the social and biological factor is a major influence 
that  may  lead  to  early  sex.  There  are  physical  and  mental  effects  on  both  the  mother 
such  as  depression  and  the baby. In Thailand, we face the same problem with the rate of 
355 underaged females giving birth every day as reported by the UNFPA. 
 
Thailand  as  an  under-developing  country  has  the  same  social  issue  similar  to 
other  countries  around  the  world.  It  is  believed  to  be  one  of  the  biggest  problem 
teenagers might experience which will definitely destroy their future. 
 
302 words 
 
References 
Hamilton, Brady E. (2012, April 10). Birth Rates for U.S. Teenagers Reach Historic Lows for All
Age and Ethnic Groups. Retrieved from
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db89.htm

Loto, O.M. (2004). Poor obstetric performance of teenagers: is it age- or quality of


care-related?.
Retrieved from
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01443610410001685529

Teen Abortions. (2016, October). Retrieved from


https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/teen-abortions

Hechtman, L. (n.d.). Teenage mothers and their children: risks and problems: a review.
Retrieved
from ​https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2670180

Motherhood in Childhood. (2014, April), Retrieved from


https://thailand.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/State%20of%20Thailand%20Popu
lation%20report%202013-MotherhoodinChildhood_en.pdf