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 The Magna Carta for Women was signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
on August 14, 2009 and took effect on September 15, 2008, after more than 10 years
since its writing.

 RURAL INDIGENOUS WOMEN – most marginalized in the Philippine society.
o belong to a tribal society considered different from the mainstream Western-
“educated” and “civilized” society
o far-flung areas unreachable by government in terms of access to education,
medical services and basic necessities
o frequently caught in the crossfire between insurgents, bandits and the military
o regularly victims of environmental degradation that affects their health and
o In indigenous and ethnic communities, women have been deprived of their rights
under their customary law to be co-owners of lands for government
resettlement projects are mostly awarded to men.

 The Magna Carta of Women is a landmark law of the framework of rights for women
based directly on international law.
o It is established for the government’s obligation to protect and promote women’s
human rights which adopted the definition of discrimination from the Convention
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the human
right guarantees by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
Convention on the Rights of Child and International Covenant on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights.

 Before the signing of the Magna Carta of Women of 2009, women face the discrimination
in employment opportunities and wage gaps.

 In a report on October 2006, female comprise 38.5% only of the total workforce of 33
 Similarly, 66% of the total number of poor women work in agriculture, fishery and
forestry sectors and receive lower wages than and more than half provide unpaid
family labor.

 There are also at least six million informal women workers who have no written
contracts with definite employers, suffer from substandard wages, lack special
protection, access to training and other resources, and are vulnerable to
occupational health and safety hazard.

 In 2007, 60% out of millions of Overseas Filipino Workers were women aged 35-44 and

 And almost half of these women Overseas Filipino Workers are domestics suffering
from maltreatment, non-payment or underpayment of salary, contract substitution,
long working hours and sexual abuse.

 In 2006, reported cases of violence against women were a total of 5,758 - where 38.86%
of which were physical injuries, 26.07% were domestic violence and 16.65% accounts of

 Women were mostly portrayed in media and television as long-suffering wives being
beaten by their husbands and at most cases, being ridiculed in live television.

 Similarly, before the signing of the Magna Carta of Women of 2009, 10 mothers were
recorded to die every day while giving birth.

 In January 1984 to October 2007, 34% of the persons with HIV and AIDS were females.
 It was signed on February 14, 1995 under former President Fidel Ramos’

 Republic Act No. 7877 or Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 – landmark legislation
that addresses the issue of sexual harassment committed in work and education or
training environment.

 Before the passage of the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995, Philippine law were silent
on sexual harassment especially those committed in the workplace.

 Women are vulnerable to be subjects of sexual harassment and violence in their daily
o Filipino women also experience violence in being “cat-called” on the streets as
as being touched and sexually harassed by co-workers, classmates, friends, and
even strangers on a daily basis.

 In a survey conducted in 1993, it was shown that sexual harassment in the workplace
was prevalent but rarely reported by women employees due to fear of reprisal and
the more severe consequence of losing their job.

 Accordingly, from 1994-2012, a total of 150 cases of sexual harassment have been
recorded – where 101 cases were resolved and 20 were referred to the agencies involved.