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MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS FOR B451

SPECIMEN PAPER:

Which one of the following is a fundamental motor skill often used for active leisure
activities?

a) Netball pass
b) Hockey flick
c) Running
d) Triple jump

The cool down after exercise is important because it:

a) Improves oxygen uptake


b) Regulates breathing
c) Speeds the removal of lactic acid
d) Decreases adrenaline

Which one of the following is a social reason that might affect participation in
physical activities?

a) Family
b) Equipment
c) Weather
d) Facilities

Which of the following is not a recognised method of assessing an aspect of the


body’s readiness for exercise?

a) Cooper’s 12 minute run/walk test


b) Body mass index measurement
c) Sit and reach test
d) Height measurement

Which one of the following is an example of a performance enhancing drug?

a) Steroid
b) Alcohol
c) Carbohydrate
d) Paracetamol

Which one of the following describes why skilled performers in PE are different from
unskilled performers?

a) They try harder


b) They are more outgoing
c) They are more co-ordinated
d) They interact with spectators
Which of the following is a performance goal in physical activity?

a) To win a tournament in golf


b) To score the best in a strength test
c) To improve your technique in tennis
d) To get a personal best time in 100m

A secondary school is trying to encourage its students to participate in an active


healthy lifestyle. Which piece of advice would you give to the staff at the school who
are trying to encourage a healthy, active balanced lifestyle among their students?

a) Make lunchtime sport compulsory for all


b) Run teams only for the best performers
c) Run sports clubs during weekends only
d) Put on a number of activity clubs open to all

Which one of the following might be included in a good exercise programme to


significantly improve flexibility?

a) Plyometrics
b) Interval training
c) Body pump
d) Yoga

Which of the following is not a characteristic of a balanced, healthy lifestyle?

a) Exercising regularly
b) Drinking water regularly
c) Only drinking 5 units of alcohol per day
d) Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables

Why is warming up before exercise important?

a) It improves flexibility
b) It improves heart rate
c) It decreases the removal of lactic acid
d) It slows adrenaline release

A young person doing his GCSE’s in school no longer participates in exercise. Which
of the following could be a reason for this non-participation in exercise?

a) Peer pressure to stop exercising


b) PE is not compulsory in Year 11 at school
c) Exercise can stop effective learning
d) Young people do not need to exercise to stay healthy

Why might strength be an important health related component to help a young person
lead a healthy lifestyle?

a) To give a good body image


b) To be able to life and carry objects safely
c) To be able to protect yourself from physical peak
d) To improve endurance

Cardio-vascular endurance is a component of fitness and a healthy balanced lifestyle.


Which of the following describes cardio-vascular endurance most accurately?

a) The ability of our heart and lungs to cope with exercise over a long period of
time
b) The ability to use muscles over a long period of time
c) The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance
d) The ability to change the body’s movement quickly

Most sports players accept that, when they participate in physical activities, they
should observe appropriate codes of behaviour or etiquette. Which of the following is
the best example of good etiquette when performing a physical activity?

a) Shaking hands with your opponent at the end of a match


b) Obeying the referee in football
c) Shouting “well played” to one of your team mates
d) Politely questioning a decision made by the referee in basketball

JANUARY 2010 PAPER

Which one of the following is an example of an important role of an official in


physical activities?

a) To help performers’ fitness levels


b) To ensure that rules are followed correctly
c) To make money
d) To ensure that the right tactics are used

Why is flexibility considered a component of a fit and healthy lifestyle?

a) To avoid straining muscles during physical activities.


b) To impress others during warm up activities
c) To be able to life heavy weights
d) To help fight infections

Which one of the following is a health screening test?

a) Sit and reach test


b) 30m sprint test
c) Blood pressure test
d) Cooper’s 12 minute run test

Which one of the following pairs of fitness components is yoga likely to develop?
a) Flexibility and cardiovascular endurance
b) Speed and flexibility
c) Strength and flexibility
d) Muscular endurance and cardio vascular endurance

Many people participate in physical activities and follow an active, healthy lifestyle.
Which one of the following is a health reason for regular participation in physical
activities?

a) to make friends
b) To have a job and earn money
c) To be a good role model
d) To manage stress more effectively

Which one of the following is not a pathway for involvement in physical activities?

a) Regularly taking part in PE


b) Becoming an umpire in hockey
c) Volunteering to help organise the 2012 Olympic games
d) To regularly watch your favourite football team

Discrimination is one reason why some people do not participate in physical


activities. Which one of the is an example of discrimination?

a) Boys not selecting dance as one of their physical activities for assessment
b) Disabled pupils not choosing to participate in a physical exercise session
c) Women not being allowed to play golf at peak times at their golf club
d) Older people going for a swim at their local swimming club

Which one of the following pairs shows two good examples of characteristics of a
balanced, healthy lifestyle?

a) Non smoking and non active


b) Nutritional diet and regular water drinking
c) Non alcohol and low protein diet
d) Physically active and smoking only a limited number of cigarettes.

Which one of the following is the best example of a fundamental motor skill?

a) Simple pass of a football


b) Simple shot in football
c) Simple run up the pitch in football
d) Simple save by goalkeeper in football

A healthy, active lifestyle helps to improve and maintain mental health. Which one of
the following is an example of an improvement in mental health?

a) Better stamina to keep going


b) More skills to carry out specific physical activities
c) You live longer
d) More able to think positively
One of the key concepts in PE is creativity. Which one of the following is an example
of creativity in PE?

a) Participating in different physical activities


b) Thinking of new movements in a gymnastic sequence
c) Being tested on physical fitness
d) Learning fundamental motor skills

To show competence in PE, which one of the following would be most applicable?

a) To select the right skill at the right time


b) To maintain physical health
c) To regularly participate
d) To understand the aims of physical activity

Why is a cool down important after exercise?

a) To raise resting Heart Rate


b) To improve speed
c) To make muscular contractions stronger
d) To speed up the removal of lactic acid

One characteristic of skilful movement is that the movement is aesthetically pleasing.


Which one of the following best describes this characteristic?

a) The movement takes place at high speed


b) The movement shows a high level of strength
c) The movement looks good
d) The movement is always successful

Which one of the following is an example of a performance goal?

a) To win the competition


b) To improve your technique
c) To beat your personal best
d) To please your coach

MAY 2010
Which one of the following might be regarded as a role model for others to
participate in physical activities?

a) A friend who does little physical exercise


b) A parent who values physical exercise
c) A teacher who has little time for sport
d) A local authority that provides facilities for physical activities

Which one of the following is an example of a food high in carbohydrates


a) Fish
b) Bananas
c) Meat
d) Eggs

Which one of the following is a key process in physical education

a) Effort
b) Competence
c) Developing skills and techniques
d) Performance

Which one of following is a volunteer route into physical activity

a) Playing professional rugby


b) Being a referee in a Premiership football game
c) Being the coach of a world class tennis player
d) Organising an exercise class for clients in a care home

Which one of the following age groups participates most in physical activities

a) 16-24
b) 25-34
c) 35-44
d) 45-59

Which one of the following is a reason for not participating in physical activities

a) improving fitness
b) developing personal skills
c) improving mental health
d) increasing risk of injury

The recommended amount of exercise for a healthy young person (5-18 yrs old) is
approximately

a) One hour per week


b) 30 minutes, 5 to 7 days a week
c) One hour, 5 to 7 days a week
d) 30 minutes, 1 day a week

Which one of the following shows a lack of confidence in participating in physical


activities

a) No local facilities
b) Lack of spare time
c) Feeling of not being good enough
d) Limited funding
Which one of the following best indicates a balanced diet

a) A balance between what is eaten and energy expended


b) A balance of different types of protein
c) A balance between what is eaten and what is drunk
d) A balance between fruit and vegetables

Which one of the following is a suitable test for strength

a) Tug of war
b) Sit and reach
c) Stork stand test
d) Grip dynamometer

Muscular endurance is one component of fitness. Which one of the following best
describes muscular endurance

a) to be able to carry out repetitive tasks without tiring


b) to be able to lift a heavy weight
c) to be able to run fast over a short distance
d) to be able to touch your toes with straight legs for a long period of time

Which one of the following best describes the characteristics of a successful leader in
a physical activity

a) To toss a coin at the start of a match


b) To have a loud voice that all participates can hear
c) To be physically fit
d) To encourage others to take part effectively

Which one of the following best describes performance in physical education

a) to be physically fit
b) to follow a healthy lifestyle
c) to play well
d) to be creative when officiating

Which one of the following would be a good method of exercise to improve your
stamina

a) yoga
b) pilates
c) sprinting
d) aerobics

Which one of the following would you not take into account when assessing someone
for readiness to exercise

a) Family history of illness


b) Age of participant
c) History of sports success
d) Fitness level of participant

JANUARY, 2011

1. Which one of the following is a suitable method for measuring your


cardiovascular endurance?

(a) The sit and reach test


(b) The body mass index test
(c) The 30 minute sprint test
(d) The Cooper 12 minute run test [1]

2 Which one of the following is a function of proteins as part of a


balanced diet?

(a) Helps to repair tissues in the body


(b) Helps to rehydrate the body
(c) Helps to supply fibre to the body
(d) Helps to break down carbohydrates [1]

3 Which one of the following is not a role of the school curriculum in


promoting an active, healthy lifestyle?

(a) Teaching motor skills


(b) Developing leadership roles
(c) Encouraging participation in activities
(d) Selecting the best performers for national teams [1]

4 Which one of the following is an example of an outcome goal?

(a) A tennis player trying to improve his serve


(b) Trying to win a netball match against a local school
(c) A footballer trying to improve her shooting technique
(d) Trying to outwit an opponent when passing the ball in basketball
[1]

5 Which one of the following is the most appropriate method of


training to improve your flexibility?

(a) Circuit training


(b) Weight training
(c) Yoga
(d) Aerobics [1]

6 Which one of the following fundamental motor skills is a main


feature in playing golf?

(a) Throwing
(b) Hitting
(c) Catching
(d) Running [1]

7 One of the key processes in physical education is physical and


mental capacity.
Which one of the following best describes the physical aspect of this
key process?

(a) Developing determination


(b) Developing a positive attitude
(c) Developing decision making
(d) Developing stamina [1]

8 Which one of the following is a good reason to do a warm up


before a physical activity?

(a) To decrease the risk of injury


(b) To speed up the removal of lactic acid
(c) To stop the release of adrenaline
(d) To slow down the resting heart rate [1]

9 Strength is a physical fitness component that can also help in


following a healthy lifestyle. Which one of the following is an
example of strength helping us to follow a healthy lifestyle?

(a) To be able to win sports competitions


(b) To be able to lift and carry heavy objects safely
(c) To be able to reach and stretch for heavy objects
(d) To be able to concentrate more on daily tasks [1]

10 A key concept in physical education is performance.


Which one of the following is an example of performance as a key
concept?

(a) Choosing the right technique in the long jump


(b) Showing determination when playing hockey
(c) Eating carbohydrates the day before a long distance race
(d) Being able to beat an opponent in football [1]

11 There are many pathways we can choose to be involved in


physical activities.
Which one of the following describes community sport as a pathway
for involvement in physical activity?

(a) Representing your school hockey team


(b) Playing your best to win for your school team
(c) Helping to coach hockey at your local club
(d) Watching the local hockey team at a home game [1]

12 Which one of the following is not an example of a reason for


participating in physical activities?

(a) To wear fashionable sports gear


(b) To follow a sedentary lifestyle
(c) To realise that physical activities make you healthy
(d) To follow your parents’ involvement in physical activities [1]

13 Which one of the following shows the effects of gender on


participation in a physical activity?

(a) Females have lower levels of concentration than males in


physical activities
(b) Males feel more pain than females in physical activities
(c) Males are less likely to participate in traditionally female
activities
(d) Females are less likely to show high skill levels in physical
activities [1]

14 Which one of the following is not a good indicator of health and


well-being?

(a) Participating regularly in physical activities


(b) High level of income
(c) Satisfaction with life
(d) Feeling positive about life [1]

15 The environment can affect participation in physical activities.

Which one of the following is an example of a city environment


having a negative effect on participation in physical activities?

(a) Good transport system


(b) Many indoor sports facilities
(c) Few areas of green space
(d) Multi-cultural population [1]

MAY, 2011

Which one of the following is an essential component of a healthy


diet?

(a) Pasta
(b) Fish
(c) Water
(d) Bread [1]
2 Which one of the following is a good example of the aesthetic
characteristic of skilful movement?

(a) The rugby player fouls an opponent who tries to run past with the
ball
(b) The movement of the gymnast looks good and is fluent in the
floor exercise
(c) The movement of the volleyball player is fast across the court to
get to the ball
(d) The footballer shouts for the ball because there is no space to
shoot [1]

3 Which one of the following is a way to get involved in physical


activity?

(a) Subscribe to a sports TV channel


(b) Volunteering to help coach the local football team
(c) Reading the sports pages of a quality newspaper
(d) Buying a fashionable, well-fitting track-suit [1]

4 Which one of the following is an example of peer pressure that


prevents participation in physical activities?

(a) Watching your local rugby team rather than playing


(b) Friends telling you that physical activity is for ‘losers’
(c) Giving up sport because of your part-time job
(d) Preferring to play computer games [1]

5 Which one of the following is an example of the role of an official


in school physical education lessons?

(a) Being captain of a hockey team


(b) Coaching the lower school football team
(c) Collecting the bibs at the end of a games lesson
(d) Refereeing a basketball game [1]

6 Which one of the following is the best description of aqua-


aerobics?

(a) Snorkelling in heavy sea conditions


(b) An exercise class in water
(c) Swimming in a long distance race
(d) Extra time in a water polo match [1]

7 Which one of the following is a good example of decision making


when participating in physical activities?
(a) Choosing a local team to support even though they have a low
league position
(b) Choosing to follow a GCSE course in physical education
(c) Choosing the right diet to lose weight
(d) Choosing the right pass to one of your team mates [1]

8 One of the key concepts in physical education is healthy, active


lifestyles.
Which one of the following shows how physical activity can lead to a
healthy, active lifestyle?

(a) Playing a sport encourages you to give up smoking


(b) Being a referee gives you more power
(c) Joining a netball team will make you more aggressive
(d) Volunteering to run a team will be financially rewarding [1]

9 Cooling down following physical activity is important.


Which one of the following is a good reason for performing a cool
down?

(a) Improves speed of movement


(b) Raises the pulse rate
(c) Rehydrates the body
(d) Prevents muscle soreness [1]

10 One of the key processes in physical education is developing


skills and techniques. Which one of the following is a good example
of developing skills and techniques?

(a) Trying to serve consistently well in tennis


(b) Representing your school team regularly
(c) Trying to win in a basketball game
(d) Choosing the right golf club when preparing for a shot [1]

11 Positive mental health can be an indicator of health and well-


being.
Which one of the following shows positive mental health?

(a) Staying out of trouble


(b) Regular eating
(c) Feeling happy
(d) Regular fitness training [1]

12 Which one of the following shows the importance of muscular


endurance as a component of a healthy lifestyle?

(a) To get jobs done quickly and to have more time for sport
(b) To be able to reach for things in everyday life without hurting
yourself
(c) To be able to carry your baby brother safely on long walks
(d) To be determined in all mental and physical activities [1]

13 Which one of the following shows that ethnicity can affect


participation in physical activity?

(a) If you are tall then you will be able to jump higher
(b) You are more likely to be involved in physical activity if your
friends are involved
(c) You may not be selected for a team because of the colour of your
skin
(d) Northern European people are better at swimming [1]

14 Which one of the following is an example of a test protocol when


setting up a fitness test?

(a) To ensure that the distance is measured accurately


(b) To shower and change your clothes after the test
(c) To try and compete with others to get the best score
(d) To shout out the score after a flexibility test [1]

15 Which one of the following is a health reason for participating in


physical activities?

(a) To participate as a job and to get money


(b) To create a good image to others
(c) To copy role models who are successful
(d) To help to manage your stress levels [1]

JANUARY, 2012

1 Minerals are essential components of a balanced diet.


Which one of the following is not a mineral?

(a) Water
(b) Iron
(c) Calcium
(d) Potassium [1]

2 Which one of the following is an example of a role the school


Physical Education curriculum has in promoting an active, healthy
lifestyle?

(a) Selecting the best players for the school team


(b) Teaching pupils that winning is the only important aim
(c) Developing pupils’ motor skills
(d) Giving effective childcare advice [1]

3 Which one of the following is a component of fitness?


(a) Cardiovascular endurance
(b) A cool down
(c) A fundamental motor skill
(d) Health screening [1]

4 A referee is an official who has an important role in physical


activities.
Which one of the following is an example of the role of a referee in a
physical activity?

(a) Ensuring that all players have a good level of fitness


(b) Recording performance statistics
(c) Applying rules fairly
(d) Supervising the warm up [1]

5 Which one of the following best explains the key concept of


creativity in Physical Education?

(a) Trying to win in football


(b) Reaching the best fitness level in hockey
(c) Encouraging a friend to join you in an exercise class
(d) Exploring the use of different tactics in tennis [1]

6 Which one of the following is the best example of a role model


promoting participation in physical activities?

(a) Trying to beat your personal best in the high jump


(b) To enjoy participating in an exercise class
(c) Taking up yoga to keep flexible
(d) Watching an Olympic athlete and joining an athletics’ club [1]

7 Which one of the following is an example of a performance goal?

(a) To try to win the league in your sport


(b) To try to get a goal back near the end of the match
(c) To try to improve your throwing technique in the javelin
(d) To try to beat your opponent and win a trophy [1]

8 Which one of the following is an example of muscular endurance?

(a) To be able to stretch effectively in a gymnastics activity


(b) To be able to lift a heavy weight correctly in training
(c) To be able to finish a circuit training session
(d) To be able to run quickly over a short distance [1]

9 Which one of the following is the best example of good etiquette


when performing a physical activity?
(a) Shaking hands with your opponent when you have finished a
rugby game
(b) Letting someone else win in a swimming race
(c) Shouting at the referee to get across your point of view in a
football match
(d) Breaking the rules in a hockey game [1]

10 Which one of the following is a fundamental motor skill?

(a) Slice serve in tennis


(b) Spin bowling in cricket
(c) Running for the ball in football
(d) Back spin in a table tennis shot [1]

11 A lack of confidence is often given as a reason for non-


participation in physical activities.
Which one of the following is an example of a lack of confidence
leading to non-participation?

(a) Kerry does not turn up to her dance class because of work
commitments
(b) Steve has given up on physical exercise because he has a knee
injury
(c) Kamal does not see the point of physical exercise because he
enjoys playing computer games more
(d) James does not go weight training because he feels that he is
not as good as the other people in the class [1]

12 One way to measure the body’s readiness for exercise is to use


the body mass index (BMI) measurement.
Which one of the following is the BMI score that indicates obesity?

(a) 15
(b) 20
(c) 25
(d) 30 [1]

13 Which one of the following is an example of an aesthetic


characteristic of skilful movement?

(a) Scoring a goal near the end of a netball match


(b) Completing a co-ordinated and smooth floor routine in
gymnastics
(c) A goalkeeper knowing which way to dive to save the ball in
football
(d) Winning a sprint race in record time [1]

14 Which one of the following is an example of a health and safety


consideration when setting up a fitness test?
(a) The same person records the time taken to complete the test by
all the athletes
(b) The weight training equipment is checked before being used
(c) Each person performing the test is encouraged in exactly the
same way
(d) All those performing the test should try to be the best [1]

15 Which one of the following is the most popular in terms of


participation in the UK for all age groups?

(a) Yoga
(b) Cycling
(c) Squash
(d) Walking [1]

June 2013

1. Lack of self esteem is often a reason for non-participation in physical


activities.

Which one of the following shows a lack of self esteem?


a. Having low fitness levels
b. Being unable to get to the leisure facilities
c. Feeling that you are not very good at sport
d. Being unable to pay the swimming pool entrance fee

2. Co-ordination is important for a skilled performer.

Which one of the following methods of exercise would be best to improve your
co-ordination?
a. Dance exercise
b. Long distance running
c. Weight training
d. Sit-ups

3. Which one of the following is a key concept of Physical Education?

a. Fundamental motor skills


b. Pathways
c. Peer pressure
d. Creativity

4. Which one of the following is an example of health screening?

a. Measuring endurance
b. Measuring strength
c. Measuring speed
d. Measuring blood pressure
5. Muscular endurance is a component of fitness.

Which one of the following best describes a good level of muscular endurance?
a. To be able to run fast over 20 metres
b. To be able to keep lifting a weight without tiring too soon
c. To be able to stretch down to the floor with straight legs
d. To be able to lift a very heavy weight once

6. Which one of the following is a typical decision that is made by a leader in a


physical activity?

a. Decide when to pass the ball in a football match


b. Decide when to catch the ball in a netball match
c. Decide to try hard during an exercise class
d. Decide to call for a time-out in a basketball game

7. Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic of a healthy lifestyle?

a. Reading a sports section of a newspaper


b. Avoiding smoking cigarettes
c. Drinking water
d. Eating five portions of fruit or vegetables

8. Which one of the following is an example of the school curriculum promoting


an active and healthy lifestyle?

a. Having cheaper meals at the school canteen


b. Having lessons about the importance of exercise
c. Having separate playgrounds for boys and girls
d. Having a separate indoor seating area for older pupils

9. Which one of the following is a recommended amount of exercise for an


average 5-18 year old?

a. 120 minutes for one day per week


b. 60 minutes for five days per week
c. 140 minutes per week
d. 60 minutes for one day per week

10. Which of the following is an example of positive mental health?

a. I become jealous of other people who are good at sport


b. I am often angry when I play football
c. I am happy when I exercise
d. I enjoy upsetting other players

11. Which one of the following is a food high in fats?

a. Oranges
b. Red meat
c. Bread
d. Tomatoes

12. Which one of the following is an example of volunteering as a way of being


involved in physical activities?

a. Employed by the local council as a leisure assistant


b. Being coach of the England Rugby team
c. Running an unpaid exercise class at a local care home
d. Refereeing a professional football match

13. Which one of the following is an example of community sport?

a. Water skiing when you are on holiday


b. International rugby competitions
c. Yoga class in a private gym
d. Local 5-a-side football team

14. Which one of the following is an example of discrimination in physical


activities?

a. A golf club preventing women from joining


b. An exercise class for beginners
c. A wheelchair ramp at the leisure centre
d. A crèche for children at the swimming pool

15. Which one of the following is an example of a good role model?

a. A teacher who smokes cigarettes


b. A friend who bullies others
c. A mum who regularly attends an exercise class
d. A sports performer who does not tell the truth