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TEST - 3 (Code E)

Test Date : 23/12/2018

ANSWERS

1. (1) 37. (2) 73. (1) 109. (1) 145. (4)

2. (1) 38. (2) 74. (4) 110. (2) 146 (3)

3. (4) 39. (2) 75. (4) 111. (2) 147. (4)

4. (3) 40. (4) 76. (3) 112. (1) 148. (3)

5. (1) 41. (1) 77. (3) 113. (1) 149. (3)

6. (2) 42. (3) 78. (3) 114. (3) 150. (1)

7. (3) 43. (4) 79. (1) 115. (1) 151. (3)

8. (4) 44. (1) 80. (4) 116. (2) 152. (2)

9. (2) 45. (3) 81. (3) 117. (2) 153. (2)

10. (3) 46. (1) 82. (2) 118. (4) 154. (4)

11. (4) 47. (1) 83. (2) 119. (2) 155. (3)

12. (1) 48. (3) 84. (2) 120. (3) 156. (2)

13. (2) 49. (1) 85. (2) 121. (3) 157. (4)

14. (1) 50. (3) 86. (3) 122. (2) 158. (4)

15. (2) 51. (3) 87. (1) 123. (4) 159. (4)

16. (2) 52. (2) 88. (4) 124. (3) 160. (3)

17. (4) 53. (2) 89. (1) 125. (3) 161. (1)

18. (2) 54. (1) 90. (3) 126. (1) 162. (4)

19. (2) 55. (1) 91. (4) 127. (2) 163. (4)

20. (2) 56. (2) 92. (2) 128. (2) 164. (3)

21. (2) 57. (1) 93. (4) 129. (3) 165. (2)

22. (3) 58. (2) 94. (3) 130. (2) 166. (3)

23. (2) 59. (2) 95. (4) 131. (4) 167. (3)

24. (2) 60. (3) 96. (3) 132. (3) 168. (3)

25. (3) 61. (1) 97. (2) 133. (1) 169. (1)

26. (2) 62. (4) 98. (1) 134. (4) 170. (3)

27. (1) 63. (2) 99. (4) 135. (1) 171. (3)

28. (2) 64. (2) 100. (1) 136. (3) 172. (3)

29. (3) 65. (3) 101. (4) 137. (1) 173. (3)

30. (3) 66. (2) 102. (1) 138. (2) 174. (4)

31. (2) 67. (1) 103. (1) 139. (3) 175. (4)

32. (2) 68. (2) 104. (2) 140. (4) 176. (4)

33. (2) 69. (2) 105. (2) 141. (2) 177. (4)

34. (2) 70. (2) 106. (3) 142. (1) 178. (2)

35. (1) 71. (3) 107. (3) 143. (3) 179. (4)

36. (3) 72. (1) 108. (1) 144. (2) 180. (2)

1/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

Sol.: Since variation of g due to depth h is

PHYSICS

h

g = g 1 –

1. Answer (1) R

mv 2 g

Hint: Since F = g = g – h

r R

1 g

Sol.: Since, F g = – h g ...(i)

r R

K y = – mx + c (similar)

F=

r Hence for equation (i) graph will be

2

mv K

0

=

r r

K

v0 =

m

v0 r 0 R

4. Answer (3)

2. Answer (1)

2GMe

Hint: Kepler's 2nd Law Hint: v e = Re

Sol.: Since AOAB : AOCD : AOEF = 3 : 1 : 2

4

Sol.: Since M = R 3

D C 3

4

E v 2G R 3

Now, v e = 3 ve R 2

R

m

RP = 3RE

O

B vP 9RE2

Then, = =3

F vE RE2

A

v P = 3v E

A 5. Answer (1)

Since, = constant

t

Gm1 m 2

Hint: F =

AOAB AOCD AOEF r2

= = =K

t2 t3 t1

1 kg

2 kg

2 kg

2 kg

2 kg

Sol.:

3 A A 2A

= = =K 0 1 2 4 8

t2 t3 t1

Gm1 m 2

3 1 2

Now, F = r2

= = =K

t 2 t3 t 1 1 1 1 1

G 1 2 2 2 2 2 ...

1 2 4 8

6 6 6

= = =K

2t 2 6t3 3t 1

1 4

2G 2G

3t1 = 2t2 = 6t3 1

1 – 3

3. Answer (4) 4

h 8G

Hint: g = g 1 – F=

R 3

2/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

6. Answer (2)

E (1, 1, 1) (2 1)iˆ (1 1 1) jˆ (1 1)kˆ

Hint: U = Ufinal – Uinitial

3iˆ 3 jˆ 2kˆ

Sol.:

h = Re E (1, 1, 1) = 3iˆ + 3jˆ + 2kˆ N/kg

Hint: Use concept of variation in g due to height

Re from earth surface.

Gme

Sol.: At surface g = g0 =

GmM R2

Uinitial = –

Re g0 Gme

At height h1, g = =

GmM 9 (R h1 )2

U final = –

2Re g0 Gme

At height h2 , g = =

GMm GMm GMm Re 16 (R h2 )2

U = Uf – Ui = – – =

2Re Re 2Re Re h1

1 =3

GM R

As g =

Re2 h1

=2 ...(i)

mg Re R

U =

2 h2

1 =4

7. Answer (3) R

Hint: Use the concept of trajectory. h2

=3 ...(ii)

Sol.: If v > ve R

Then Trajectory of path will be hyperbola.

h1 2

8. Answer (4) Now, =

h2 3

Hint: ve c

11. Answer (4)

2 Gm 2 G (100Me ) Hint and Sol.: When particle is dropped from

Sol.: v e = v e =

R Re satellite revolving around earth then velocity of

particle will be same as satellite which is in

Now 200 6.67 10 –11 6 1024 tangential direction of orbit. Hence particle will

= Re continue to move with same speed along the original

9 1016

orbit of space craft. (Satellite)

Re = 8.89 × 10–1 m

12. Answer (1)

Re = 0.89 m

Hint: Use gequator = g0 – Re2.

R 1m Order of radius Sol.: For weightlessness at equator gequator = 0.

g0 = Re2

R 1010 m

9. Answer (2) g0

Re

Hint: Two different blocks E.dr dV

Sol.: Given V = – (x 2y + yz + xyz) J/kg

Re 64 106

V ˆ V ˆ V ˆ T 2 = 2 = 84.6 minutes

Now, E = – i – j– k = (2xy yz )iˆ g0 9.8

x y z

T = 1.41 hour

( x 2 z xz ) jˆ ( y xy ) kˆ

3/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

Hint: Use Hooke's law. m(g + a) = 2ma

Stress 2 ma

Sol.: E m =

Strain g a

Strain 1

Slope = = T . 17. Answer (4)

Stress E

i.e. T2 > T1 Hint: Use concept of excess pressure.

Sol.: Since RA < RB and we know that

or T1 T2

4T

14. Answer (1) Pexcess PA =

RA

1

Hint: U Stress × Strain 4T

2 PB =

1 RB

Sol.: U × Y × Strain × Strain

2 PA > PB because (RA < RB) gas goes from A to B.

1 Hence size of A decreases and size of B increases.

× 1.1× 1011 × 0.02 × 0.02

2 18. Answer (2)

U = 2.2 107 J/m3

2gh

15. Answer (2) Hint: Velocity of efflux v =

A2

Fl 1 – 22

Hint: l = l1 + l 2 and L = A1

AY

Sol.: Sol.: P0 = 1 atm

2F 4F

4F 2F A1

4F

4F 2F h v2

2F

l l v1

P = 3 atm

Fl F l 4F l 2F l 6F l

L l1 l 2 1 1 2 2 A2

AY AY AY AY AY

6F l P – P0 2 105

L = h 20 cm .

AY g 10 4

16. Answer (2) Now from Bernoulli's theorem.

Hint: Use Newton's 2nd Law in both cases and

1 2 1

concept of buoyancy. P0 + gh + v1 = P0 + v 22

2 2

Sol.: For 1st Case:

from equation of continuity.

mg – B = ma ...(i)

A1v1 = A2v2

B

m A2 3

v1 v2 v2

a A1 2

mg

2gh 2 10 20 400

For 2nd Case: v2 2 × 20

A

2

3 1

B a 1– 2 1–

4 4

A1

m – m

B – (m – m) g = (m – m) a = 40 m/s

(m – m) g v 2 = 40 m/s

4/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: Use Pascal's Law W + (Al )g = Al g + K(hout)

Sol.: W = ( – ) Alg + K hout

E A

= 300 × 64 × 10–5 + 50 × 1 × 10–2 = 0.192 + 0.5

W = 0.692 N

g 21. Answer (2)

h 3 Hint: Use equation of continuity.

2 f

C Sol.: Av = A1v1 + A2v2 + A3v3.

D B a 5 a

a5 = a2 +v

l/2 l/2 4 2 2

PB = P0 + gh va 5a

5a = 2a + +

4 4

g l gl

PC = PB + = P0 + gh + 20a = 8a + 5a + va

3 2 6

v = 7 m/s

2 g l gl

PD = PC + = PC + 22. Answer (3)

3 2 3

gl gl P

= P0 + gh + + Hint: Use FRebound = = Av 2

6 3 t

Sol.:

gl P

PD = P0 + gh + ...(i)

2 F reb

Also, PD = PE + (2P)gh = P0 + 2gh ...(ii) FFlow

l 60°

PO + gh + g = P0 2gh v

2 v

l Q

g = gh

2 O

l

h= Fnet = Freb FFlow

2

|Freb| = Av2 = |FFlow|

20. Answer (2)

Hint: Use Archimedes' Principle of Newton's 2nd Law Fnet = F 3 = 3 Av 2

4 cm Fnet = 3 Av 2

Sol.:

4 cm 23. Answer (2)

Hint: Use v T = (n)2/3 vT

Sol.: As v T ( n )2/3 vT (8)2/3 10 40 cm/s .

24. Answer (2)

= 1200 kg m–3 Hint: Use concept of coefficient of expansion of

= 900 kg m–3 length.

KSpring = 50 Nm–1 Sol.: For anisotropic solids coefficient of linear

g = 10 ms– 2 expansion is different in each direction.

For floating case initially

Hence, = x y z

Ah = A l

900 25. Answer (3)

hin 4 = 3 cm Hint: Use equation of conduction of heat.

1200

hout = 1 cm Sol.: If there in no heat loss through radiation.

5/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

Then, 3

= K (55 – T0 ) ...(ii)

KA KA 4

L

(40 – T ) (80 – T ) (70 – T ) = L (T – 10) Devide eq. (i) by (ii)

190 – 3T = T – 10 4 65 – T0

=

4T = 200 3 55 – T0

T = 50°C 220 – 4T0 = 195 – 3T0

26. Answer (2) T0 = 25C

Hint: Use Stefan's Law U = AeT4.

29. Answer (3)

Sol.: Given, 20 = AI(400)4.

Hint: Use concept of calorimetry.

Now, P = A (0.7) (527 + 273)4.

Heat loss = Heat gain.

P

= 0.7(2)4 Sol.: mice ciceT + m Lf = mw cw t

20

20 × 0.5 + 10 + x × 80 = 20 × 1 × 25

P = 11.2 × 20

100 + x × 80 = 500

P = 224 cal cm –2 s –1 x=5g

27. Answer (1) mw = 20 x = 25 g & mice = 20 – x = 15 g

Hint: Use concept of series combination of thermal

30. Answer (3)

resistance.

L R – R0

R= Hint: Use t = 100 t

KA R100 – R0

Sol.: 5.92 – 3.70 2.22

Sol.: t 100 100 200°C

200°C 100°C 4.81 – 3.70 1.11

K1 = k K2 = 3k K3 = 2k t = 200C

1m 2m 0.5 m 31. Answer (2)

Hint: Use Q = nC P t

T1 – T2

H Sol.: H = 2 × Cv (5) ...(i)

Req

Q = 2 × Cp (5) ...(ii)

200 – 100 200 12kA

H by dividing equation (ii) by equation (i)

1 2 1 23

kA 3kA 4kA Cp 5 R /2

QH H

100 12 kA 100 12 k 23 10 –2 Cv 3 R /2

23 23 5H

Q

H = 12k 3

28. Answer (2) 32. Answer (2)

Hint: Use Newton's Law cooling: Hint: Use concept of slope for adiabatic.

T dP P

K (Tav – T0 ) –

T dV V

70 – 60 60 70 5

=K – T0

Sol.:

10 2 Sol.: Now, Monoatomic = = 1.67

3

1 = K(65 – T0) ...(i)

7

Diatomic = = 1.4

(60 – 50) 5

= K (55 – T0 )

40

Monoatomic > Diatomic

3

6/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Sol.: =1– 2

B Monoatomic He. 3 T1

Among given options T2 2

= ...(i)

A N2 T1 3

B He

Source T1

33. Answer (2)

Q1

Hint: W = P(V2 – V1) for isobaric process.

Sol.: For 1 mole PV = RT + 3V W

Initially P0V1 = RT0 + 3V1 ...(i) Q2

Finally P0V2 = 2RT0 + 3V2 ...(ii)

Sink (T2)

P0(V2 – V1) = RT0 + 3(V2 – V1)

(P0 – 3)(V2 – V1) = RT0 1 (T – 100)

=1– 2

W 2 T1

(P0 – 3) = RT0

P0

T2 100 1

– =

PT R T1 T1 2

W = 0 0

P0 – 3

2 1 100

34. Answer (2) – =

3 2 T1

Hint: Internal energy is state function.

4 – 3 100

Sol.: As initial and final states for all are same = T1 = 600 K

6 T1

U1 = U2 = U3

38. Answer (2)

35. Answer (1)

Hint: Use PV = nRT and P T for isochoric R R

Hint: C

– 1 1– n

P = constant for isobaric

Sol.: 1

Sol.: P

V C T

PT = constant

A B As PV T

T PPV = constant

Hence corresponding P B PV 1/2 = constant

P-T plot is

n = 1/2

A C R R 9R

T

C

7 1 2

36. Answer (3) – 1 1–

5 2

Hint: Use PV = nRT 39. Answer (2)

V 1 1 1 V2

= = V

nRT P P nRT Hint: W PdV

V1

1 1

Sol.: Slope = m Sol.: P

nRT T

Hence, TA TB TC

P0

37. Answer (2)

V

Hint: Efficiency of Carnot engine is V1 V2

T2 P0

1– P V

T1 V1

7/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

V2

P Sol.: P (kPa)

W V V01 VdV 200

1

W 3

V1 2 V(m )

2 4

40. Answer (4)

( P )( V )

PV – P2V2 W = area of loop = –

Hint: W 1 1 and PV constant 4

–1

50 2

– 103

Sol.: Given, P1V11.5 = P2V21.5 2 2

3/2 3/2

V 1200 W = – 25 kJ

P2 P1 1 150 kPa

V2 300 43. Answer (4)

P2 = 1200 kPa Hint: Use PV = constant and PV = nRT

Now,

5 –3 6 –3 Sol.: P T –1

(1.50 × 10 × 1.20 × 10 ) – (1.2 × 10 × 0.3 × 10 )

W= x

0.5 –1

As, P T 2

3

1.8 × 102 – 0.36 × 103 – 1 x 7/5 7

= 2 (180 – 360) Hence – 1= = =

0.5 0.5 2 –1 7 –1 2

5

W = – 360 J

x 9

41. Answer (1) =

2 2

Hint: For thermodynamic equilibrium

x =9

Tx = Ty and Px = Py.

44. Answer (1)

Sol.: x y

Hint: Check area under curve for calculation of work

64 g 40 g He done.

O2

Sol.: Area under the curve is maximum for

lx ly

compression of adiabatic proces.

PV = nRT P

nRT

P=

V

Px = P y

n x RTx ny RTy V

= As (Tx = Ty ) V V

Vx Vy 2

= y = y

Al x Al y Mx l x My l y 45. Answer (3)

Hint: U = nCv T

l x mx M y 64 4 1

= = =

l y M x my 32 40 5 Sol.: P

A

2P0

lx 1

=

ly 5

P0 B

42. Answer (3)

V

Hint: W = area of ellipse = ab V0 3V0

8/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Ti

nR 2Cr3+ + 6Fe3+ + 7H2O

3P V 51. Answer (3)

Tf 0 0

nR Hint: Order of reaction is an experimental quantity.

PV Sol.: Molecularity of a reaction cannot be fractional.

T Tf – Ti 0 0

nR 52. Answer (2)

nR PV0

2P0V0 Mass of solute

– 1 nR Hint: Mass percentage 100

Mass of solution

1

2 Sol.:

–1

0.5 60

1 Mass percentage 100 2.9%

–1 1000 0.5 60

2

53. Answer (2)

3

Hint: PS = PA0 xA + PB0 xB

2

3 2

Sol.: PS 100 150 60 60 120 torr

CHEMISTRY 5 5

54. Answer (1)

46. Answer (1) Hint: Number of Faraday = mole of MnO4– × n-factor.

Hint: Sphalerite has CCP structure.

Sol.: Effective number of atoms in the unit cell of Sol.: MnO4– 5e – Mn2

CCP structure is 4. n-factor = 5

Octahedral voids = 4 × 1 = 4 Number of Faraday required = 0.2 × 5 = 1

47. Answer (1) 55. Answer (1)

Hint: In body centered cubic unit cell, atom at body 0.693

centre touches all corner atoms. Hint: k

t1/2

Sol.: 4r 3x

2.303 a

3 Sol.: t log

r xÅ k a–x

4

4 100

48. Answer (3) t 2.303 log

0.693 100 – 90

Hint: The sum of the oxidation numbers of all the

t = 13.29 hr

atoms of a species is equal to the net charge

present on the species. 56. Answer (2)

Sol.: Let oxidation number of N in NO3– and Mn in Hint: Oxidising power Reduction potential.

Sol.: Co3+ has highest reduction potential while Li+

MnO 2–

4

are x and y respectively.

has lowest reduction potential.

For NO3– : x + 3(–2) = –1 x = +5 57. Answer (1)

For MnO 2–

4 :

y + 4(–2) = –2 y = +6 Hint: Eocell Ecathode

o

– Eoanode

49. Answer (1) Sol.:

Hint: The element in its highest oxidation state E0cell E0Ag /Ag – EMg

0

2

/Mg

(0.80 2.36) V 3.16 V

cannot act as reducing agent. 58. Answer (2)

Sol.: C in CO2 is in + 4 oxidation state which is Hint: van’t Hoff factor, i = 1 + (n – 1) and

highest for carbon.

Tf = i Kf m

50. Answer (3)

Sol.: i = 1 + (2 – 1) 0.4 = 1.4

Hint: Number of mole of Cr2O72– ion required to

Tf = 1.4 × 0.2 × 1.86 = 0.52

oxidise Fe 2+ ion can be calculated by writing

balanced chemical equation. Tf Tfo – Tf 0.52

9/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

∵ Tfo 0C C1 = C2

8 2

so, Tf = – 0.52°C

180 M

59. Answer (2) 100 103 100 103

Hint: Lower is the value of i for a given concentration, M = 45 g mol–1

lower is the boiling point of solution.

66. Answer (2)

Sol.: Sucrose is a non-electrolyte so, i for sucrose

Hint:

will be 1, which is lowest in the given species,

therefore boiling point of its aq. solution will be p0 – pS pS Vapour pressure of solution

minimum. 0

x2 0

p p Vapour pressure of liquid

60. Answer (3)

150 – pS 0.5

Hint: Packing efficiency of FCC unit cell is 74%. Sol.: 0.2

150 50

Sol.: Vacant space in FCC unit cell 0.5

25

= (100 – 74)% = 26%.

or, 150 – pS = 30

61. Answer (1)

or, ps = 150 – 30 = 120 mm Hg

2 Mass of crystal 67. Answer (1)

Hint: Number of atoms .

Mass of unit cell Hint: Positive deviation is shown by binary liquid

Sol.: Edge length of unit cell mixture when A – B interactions are weaker than

= 100 pm = 100 × 10–10 cm = 10– 8 cm those between A – A or B – B interactions.

Volume = (10– 8)3 cm3 = 10 –24 cm3 Sol.: Molecular interaction between acetone and

Mass of unit cell = 10 –24 × 100 = 10 –22 g CS 2 is less than the average interaction of

acetone – acetone and CS2 – CS2.

200

Number of unit cells 68. Answer (2)

10 –22

Hint: Reducing agent is that species which is

200

Number of atoms 2 –22 4 1024 oxidised.

10

3 6

62. Answer (4) Sol.: C r(OH)3 C rO2–

4

Hint: Randomness increases when two or more Chromium is oxidised from +3 to + 6 oxidation state,

liquids are mixed. hence it is a reducing agent in the given reaction.

Sol.: During mixing randomness increasing hence, 69. Answer (2)

(S)mix. > 0 Hint: Oxidation states of phosphorous ranges from

63. Answer (2) – 3 to +5.

Hint: Decrease in number of solute particles per unit Sol.: In H4P2O7, oxidation state of phosphorous is +5.

volume of the solution increases the vapour pressure 70. Answer (2)

of the solution.

Sol.: By addition of water, the number of solute Hint: CH3 COOH

CH3 COONa

HCl – NaCl

particles per unit volume of solution decreases, hence

Sol.: CH3 COOH (c b – a) S cm mol .

2 –1

vapour pressure increases.

64. Answer (2) 71. Answer (3)

Hint: The concentration term which does not contain

2.303RT

Hint: Ecell

o

volume term is independent of temperature. log K eq. and G –nFEocell .

nF

Sol.: Mole fraction does not contain volume term so

it is independent of temperature. Sol.: Eocell is positive, so K eq 1 and G 0.

65. Answer (3)

72. Answer (1)

Hint: For isotonic solution, 1 = 2.

2 0.0591

Hint: Ecell

Sol.: o

1 log K eq

(Glucos e) (A) n

10/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

0.0821 300

342 250

0.0591 = 0.98 atm

Eocell log K eq

2 80. Answer (4)

1.6 2 Hint: For electrophoresis and electro-dialysis, the

log K eq log Keq = 54.145

0.0591 colloidal particles should be charged.

Keq = 1.4 × 1054 Sol.: Optical property (like Tyndall effect) is

independent of the charge present on the colloidal

73. Answer (1)

particle.

Hint: Oxidising agent oxidises another species.

81. Answer (3)

Sol.: During oxidation, oxidation number of reacting

Hint: In iodometric titration the indicator used is

species increases

starch.

0 2

Zn Z nO2– 82. Answer (2)

2

Hint:

74. Answer (4)

Mass of silver electroplated on the metal surface

Hint: Sum of oxidation states of all atoms in a

neutral molecule is zero. 5.4

10 cm2 cm 10 g/cc 54 g

Sol.: For A3(BC3)2 10

Net charge = 2 × 3 + [3 × 1 + 3 × (– 2)] × 2 = 0 Sol.: Equivalent wt. of Ag = 108

75. Answer (4)

54

Hint: F2 will not be oxidised. Number of equivalent of Ag deposited

108

Sol.: F2 will not undergo disproportionation reaction.

54

76. Answer (3) Amount of electricity required 96500

108

Tb K b

Hint: T K = 48250C

f f

83. Answer (2)

Kf 1.86

Sol.: Tf Tb K 0.52 0.52 1.86 Hint: Catalyst does not catalyses non-spontaneous

b reactions.

Tf Tfo – Tf 1.86 84. Answer (2)

Tf = –1.86°C 0.0591 [Ni2 ]

Hint: Ecell Ecell

0

– log

77. Answer (3) 2 [Ag ]2

Hint: For zero order reaction. G = –nF E

[A t ] = [A0] – kt 0.0591 1

A0 Sol.: Ecell (0.80 0.25) – log

2 (0.01)2

Sol.:

[At ] 1.05 – log 104 1.05 – 4

2 2

= 0.932 V

t

78. Answer (3) G = –2 × F × 0.932 = 1.86 F

Hint: Diastase converts starch into maltose. 85. Answer (2)

79. Answer (1) Hint: H+ has exceptionally highest limiting molar

conductivity at 298 K in water.

Hint: = CRT (C = Molar concentration of sucrose)

86. Answer (3)

3.42 / 342

Sol.: 0.0821 300 Hint: Reaction at anode

250

–

4 (aq) S 2 O 8 (aq) 2e

2SO 2– 2–

1000

11/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

2

RT Hint: Tyloses develop in heartwood.

Hint: K f f

parenchyma cells in lumen of xylem vessels. These

8.314 (273 – 23) 8.314 250 250

2

1000 125 1000 125

96. Answer (3)

Kf = 4.16 K kg mol–1

Hint: Floridean starch is stored food of red algae.

88. Answer (4)

Solution:

Hint:

– Rhizophore is an intermediate organ between

w Mass of ethylene glycol(g)

m W Tf root and shoot, develops in Selaginella.

w m Molar mass of ethylene glycol

1000 K f – Living fossil - Metasequoia.

W Mass of water (g)

– Coralloid root - Cycas.

62 2000 5.58

Sol.: w 97. Answer (2)

1000 1.86

w = 372 g Hint: Fossils play important role in elucidation of

evolutionary relationships.

89. Answer (1)

Solution: Phylogenetic system of classification is

Hint: For coagulation of negatively charged sol, based on evolutionary relationships besides other

higher is charge of cation, higher will be its criteria of classification.

flocculating power.

98. Answer (1)

Sol.: Gold sol is negatively charged solution.

Hint: In Spirogyra, dominant phase is

90. Answer (3) photosynthetic haploid gametophyte.

Hint: Leclanche cell is a dry cell in which Zn acts Solution: In Spirogyra, sporophytic generation is

as anode and graphite as cathode. represented only by the single celled zygote.

Thus Spirogyra represents haplontic life cycle.

BIOLOGY

99. Answer (4)

91. Answer (4) Hint: Organisms belonging to the same taxa have

Hint: They increase dissolved oxygen in their common ancestor.

immediate environment. Solution: In Cycas, small specialised roots are

Solution: Algae, mostly being aquatic increase present called coralloid roots. They remain

dissolved oxygen in water. They release oxygen associated with nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria.

during photosynthesis process and fix at least 50% Sphagnum often grows in acidic marshes.

of the total CO2 on earth. 100. Answer (1)

92. Answer (2) Hint: In monocot stems, within vascular bundles

Hint: Seeds producing plants are heterosporous. water containing cavities are present.

Solution: All gymnosperms as well as Solution:

angiosperms are heterosporous not homosporous. – In monocot roots, pith is large and well

93. Answer (4) developed.

Hint: Stele is the region surrounded by endodermis. – In dicot stems, bundle sheath is absent.

Solution: Stele does not include endodermis but it 101. Answer (4)

includes pericycle, vascular bundles and pith Hint: In both dicot and monocot leaves, vascular

(if present). bundles are conjoint and closed but monocot leaves

94. Answer (3) are amphistomatic.

Hint: Subsidiary cells are specialised epidermal Solution:

cells that provide support to guard cells. – In monocot leaves, mesophyll is not differentiated

Solution: Subsidiary cells do not have chloroplast into palisade & spongy parenchyma.

and do not carryout photosynthesis whereas guard – Stomata are present on both surfaces of leaves

cells have chloroplasts. (amphistomatic).

12/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: Aerenchyma is a type of parenchyma with air Hint: Double fertilization & triple fusion are advance

cavities. phenomenon found in the most advance plant group.

Solution: Aerenchyma gives buoyancy to aquatic Solution: Double fertilization & triple fusion events

plants. It also helps in gaseous exchange. are unique to angiosperms.

103. Answer (1) 111. Answer (2)

Hint: Sulphur shower is related to pollination. It Hint: Anabaena fixes atmospheric nitrogen in

appears as a yellow cloud of pollen grains. Azolla.

Solution: Sulphur shower phenomenon is related to Solution:

pine trees not to all gymnosperms. – Mannitol is stored food in phaeophyceae.

104. Answer (2) – Sporophylls arrange spirally along an axis to

Hint: Gymnosperms are adapted to xerophytic form lax /cone.

habitat.

– Phenetics is numerical taxonomy involves usage

Solution: of many characters at the same time.

– Due to presence of thick culticle and sunken – In mosses, rhizoids are branched, multicellular

stomata (deeply situated stomata) gymnosperms and with oblique septa.

are well adapted to extreme conditions.

112. Answer (1)

– Transfusion tissue is found in leaves of Cycas

Hint: Marchantia has sex organs on separate thalli.

which is meant for lateral conduction.

Solution:

105. Answer (2)

– Marchantia is a dioecious bryophyte.

Hint: The gametophyte of pteridophytes has some

specific requirements for growth. – Algae form association with some animals like

sloth bear.

Solution: In pteridophytes, gametophyte requires

cool, damp, shady places to grow and during – In artificial system of classification equal

fertilisation water is also required. Therefore weightage to vegetative and sexual

pteridophytes are restricted to narrow geographical characteristics were given. In fact it was a

regions. drawback.

106. Answer (3) – Pigment combination of phaeophyceae is chl

Solution: In alga Volvox, sexual reproduction is a & c and fucoxanthin.

oogamous type. 113. Answer (1)

107. Answer (3) Hint: This plant has whorled phyllotaxy.

Solution: Solution: Multilayered epidermis occurs in Nerium

– In members of chlorophyceae chlorophyll 'a' and and Ficus.

'b' are found and they appear grass green in Zea mays, wheat & grasses have single layered

colour. epidermis.

– Members of rhodophyceae (red Algae) have 114. Answer (3)

complex post-fertilisation developments. Hint: Annual rings are formed due to seasonal

108. Answer (1) variations.

Hint: Intercalary meristems are separated from Solution: Annual rings are distinct in plants

apical meristem by mature tissue. growing in temperate regions where climatic

Solution: Apical meristem is primary meristem on conditions are not uniform throughout the year.

the basis of its origin, therefore, intercalary 115. Answer (1)

meristem will be primary. Hint: In roots, xylem and phloem are arranged on

109. Answer (1) different radii but alternate to each other.

Solution: Root epidermis is termed as rhizodermis Solution: This arrangement is known as radial type

or epiblema. and vascular bundles are radial.

13/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

Hint: Vascular system transports water and mineral Hint: Cork cells have cellulosic wall in the

from root to the top of plant & food from source to beginning but at maturity there is gradual loss of

sink. living matter.

Solution: Due to loss of living matter cork cells are

Solution: Transport of water, mineral, food etc. over

dead. Later, they get deposited with fatty

long distance through the vascular system is called

substance, i.e., suberin & cell wall becomes thick.

translocation.

123. Answer (4)

117. Answer (2)

Hint: Trichomes are epidermal hairs on the stem.

Hint: In endarch condition, protoxylem (first formed)

Solution:

remains towards centre and metaxylem (later

– Trichomes are not related to gaseous exchange.

formed) towards periphery. Thus xylem orientation

is centrifugal. – They are usually multicellular, help in scretion in

some plants & prevent water loss.

Solution:

124. Answer (3)

– Xylem parenchyma helps in radial conduction of

Hint: Bast fibres are actually phloem fibres.

water.

Solution:

– Sclerenchyma is dead and lacks protoplast.

– Coir of coconut is fibrous mesocarp. It is not a

– Tracheids are found in all vascular plants. phloem fibre.

118. Answer (4) – Jute, flax & hemp are phloem fibres.

Hint: In gymnosperms, pollination is carried out by 125. Answer (3)

abiotic agent. Hint: Companion cells are found only in

Solution: This abiotic agent is air current. angiosperms.

119. Answer (2) Solution: Pteridophytes and gymnosperms lack

companion cells but in gymnosperms in the place

Hint: Chilgoza is the edible seed of Pinus

of companion cells, albuminous cells are present.

gerardiana.

126. Answer (1)

Solution:

Hint: In diplontic life cycle dominant phase is diploid

Gemmae – Marchantia sporophyte.

Embryosac – Eucalyptus (angiosperm) Solution:

Heterosporous – Marsilea (pteridophyte) vascular A Sporophyte (2n)

cryptogam B Meiosis

120. Answer (3) Diplontic life cycle pattern.

Hint: Hydrocolloid, algin is obtained from giants of 127. Answer (2)

algal world. Hint: Secondary nucleus and egg cell take part in

Solution: Members of class phaeophyceae (brown events of double fertilization.

algae) are commonly known as giant of algal world. Solution: Antipodal cells of embryo sac do not

121. Answer (3) take part in fertilization and after fertilization they

degenerate.

Hint: Protonema is a creeping, green, branched and

128. Answer (2)

frequently filamentous stage of mosses.

Hint: In gymnosperms male & female

Solution: gametophytes do not have an independent free

– Mosses are important in plant succession on living existence.

rocky areas along with lichens. Solution:

– In gymnosperms, male and female gametophytes – In gymnosperms, male and female

develop within sporangia on sporophytes. gametophytes are dependent on sporophyte.

– In brown algae gametes are pear shaped with – Ovule represents megasporangium.

two laterally attached flagella. – Embryo sac is absent in gymnosperms.

14/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: Bryophytes and most of the pteridophytes are Polytrichum commune is employed.

homosporous, but few pteridophytes and all – Protostele – Rhynia.

gymnosperms are heterosporous. 134. Answer (4)

Solution:

Hint: In leaves, endodermis is absent because

Marchantia ground tissue is not differentiated.

Funaria Bryophytes – Homosporous Solution: Distinct endodermis is a feature of dicot

Polytrichum stems, dicot roots & monocot roots.

135. Answer (1)

Lycopodium

Pteridophytes – Homosporous Hint: Tracheids and vessels, both are lignified and

Dryopteris

dead.

Selaginella Pteridophyte – Heterosporous Solution: A tracheid differ from vessels in being

single long cell with tapering ends whereas vessels

Gnetum

Gymnosperms– Heterosporous are long cylindrical tube like structures. Both

Ephedra

elements transport water and minerals.

130. Answer (2)

136. Answer (3)

Hint: In open vascular bundles, cambium is present

Hint: Leucocytes exhibit pseudopodia.

between xylem and phloem. So, these are 'open' for

secondary growth. Sol.: Macrophages prominently show amoeboid

movement to engulf foreign matter. Human sperms

Solution: In dicot and monocot leaves and in

have flagella for locomotion.

monocot stem vascular bundles are closed as

cambium is absent, while in dicot stem they are 137. Answer (1)

open. Hint: Neurilemma in PNS is present in both

131. Answer (4) myelinated and unmyelinated neurons.

Solution: Sol.: Schwann cells are present around axon of

both myelinated and unmyelinated neurons.

Dicot stem Monocot stem

Unmyelinated neurons lack myelin sheath and nodes

– Hypodermis is – Vascular bundles are of Ranvier.

collenchymatous scattered in ground

138. Answer (2)

tissue region

Hint: This hormone prevents the release of growth

– Stele is eustele – Ground tissue is not hormone.

differentiated

Sol.: Somatostatin is another name of Growth

– Pericycle absent hormone Inhibiting Hormone (GHIH) which is

132. Answer (3) produced by hypothalamus. Gonadotrophins (LH &

Hint: Chemistry of cell wall is a basis of FSH), somatotropin (Growth hormone) and prolactin

classification of algae. (PRL) are produced by anterior pituitary.

Solution: 139. Answer (3)

– Evolutionarily, pteridophytes are first terrestrial Hint: Vasopressin is released in response to fall in

plants to possess vascular tissues. blood pressure.

– Pteriodophytes are first successful land plants. Sol.: ADH (vasopressin) and aldosterone increase

– Bryophytes are first archegonial plants. the blood pressure. ACTH, i.e., adrenocorticotrophic

hormone is secreted by anterior pituitary. ANF (atrial

133. Answer (1)

natriuretic factor) is secreted from wall of heart and

Hint: Natural system of classification decreases blood pressure.

– Bentham & Hooker. 140. Answer (4)

Solution:

Hint: Skeletal muscle is made up of number of

– Father of algology – F.E. Fritsch. myofibres.

15/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

Sol.: Skeletal muscle in our body is made of a Sol.: Vasopressin is produced by supraoptic nuclei

number of muscle bundles or fascicles held together of hypothalamus. Erythropoietin is produced by JG

by a common collagenous connective tissue called cells and stimulates erythropoiesis. Thymosin is

fascia. Each muscle bundle contains numerous produced by thymus gland and is important for

myofibres, each of which is made up of numerous differentiation of T-lymphocytes.

myofibrils. Each myofibril contains numerous

145. Answer (4)

myofilaments.

Hint: Sympathetic branch nervous system works

141. Answer (2)

during emergency conditions.

Hint: Neurons can be classified on the basis of

Sol.: Stimulation from parasympathetic nervous

number of dendrites and axons present in them.

system causes salivation, contraction of urinary

Sol.:

bladder and constriction of pupil.

146 Answer (3)

Multipolar neuron : Found in cerebral

Hint: At rest, axolemma bears positive charge

with usually one axon & cortex

towards ECF.

multiple dendrites

Sol.: Efflux of K+ ions takes place through voltage

Bipolar neuron : Found in retina of gated K+ channels. during repolarisation phase which

One axon and one eye restores the membrane potential.

dendrite 147. Answer (4)

Unipolar neuron : Found in Hint: Visceral organs contain non-striated muscles.

Sol.: Biceps and thigh muscles are multinucleated

Cell body with one axon embryonic stage

(skeletal) muscles while cardiac muscles are striated

only and found in heart. Stomach contains smooth

Pseudounipolar neuron : Dorsal root muscles that are fusiform, uninucleated and

Have single process which ganglion of spinal unbranched.

148. Answer (3)

divides to form an axon cord

Hint: Thinning of bones occurs due to loss of

and a dendron

minerals from bone.

142. Answer (1)

Sol.: Parathormone mobilises Ca 2+ from bones

Hint: Identify a hormone deficiency disorder. leading to high Ca2+ level in blood and thinning of

Sol.: Cushing's syndrome and Conn's syndrome bones. Calcitonin causes decrease in blood Ca2+

(Aldosteronism) are caused due to hypersecretion of levels and its further deposition in bone while

cortisol and aldosterone respectively. Addison's cacitriol (Vitamin D3), stimulates increased absorption

disease is caused due to deficiency of of Ca2+ from food in gastrointestinal tract, which

glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Bronze like increases blood Ca2+ level.

pigmentation is seen in Addison's disease. 149. Answer (3)

143. Answer (3) Hint: Steroid hormones act via intracellular receptors.

Hint: Both extensor muscles of human back and Sol.: Estrogen is a steroid hormone; able to cross

eyeball muscles are skeletal muscles. the plasma membrane and bind to their receptor

Sol.: Extensor muscles are red muscle fibres having present in cytoplasm. This hormone-receptor

high myoglobin content and higher number of complex then binds to the gene and regulates the

mitochondria as compared to white muscle fibres of expression of many genes. Epinephrine, glucagon

eyeball. Red muscle fibres carry out aerobic and FSH are water soluble hormones with extra

oxidation while white muscle fibres carry out cellular receptors.

anaerobic oxidation. 150. Answer (1)

144. Answer (2) Hint: At resting stage, neuronal cell membrane is

Hint: Hormone released by posterior pituitary more permeable to K+ ions and nearly impermeable

regulates osmolarity. to Na+ ions.

16/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

maintaining resting potential of neuronal membrane Hint: Diabetes insipidus is characterised by

by transporting 3Na+ to extracellular fluid and 2K+ production of large volume of dilute urine.

into the cell at expense of one ATP molecule. Thus,

Sol.: Diabetes mellitus is characterised by presence

maintaining a negative resting membrane potential.

of glucose and ketone bodies in urine. Posterior

151. Answer (3) pituitary (Pars nervosa) is under direct neural

Hint: A band is present between two I-bands in a regulation of hypothalamus. Goitre is simply an

sarcomere. enlarged thyroid gland. It may be associated with

Sol.: During muscle contraction, when thin filaments hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

slide over thick filaments towards M line, then length Progesterone & prolactin regulate the growth of

of H-zone decreases, myofilaments of actin slide mammary glands & formation of milk in them.

over myosin but their length remains unchanged.

158. Answer (4)

152. Answer (2)

Hint: Diabetogenic hormones raise blood sugar level.

Hint: Single long fibre arising from cell body of a

Sol.: Growth hormone, cortisol and glucagon cause

neuron lacks protein synthesizing granular bodies.

increase in blood sugar level. Insulin stimulates

Sol.: Cell body (cyton) and dendrites contain Nissl's glucose uptake by cells and further its utilisation for

granules. Nissl's granules comprise of RER and

energy or conversion into glycogen leading to a

protein.

decline in blood glucose level.

153. Answer (2)

159. Answer (4)

Hint: Melatonin helps in maintaining diurnal rhythm

Hint: Myosin head binds to new molecule of ATP

of our body.

releasing actin.

Sol.: When a person travels across different time

Sol.: During relaxation of muscle fibres, Ca2+ pumps

zones, then due to alteration in timing and duration

actively transport Ca2+ ions from sarcoplasm into

of day and night; secretion of melatonin is disturbed

sarcoplasmic reticulum. With removal of Ca2+ ions,

which affects the diurnal rhythm of our body.

troponin-tropomyosin complex again cover myosin

Melatonin secretion increase during night.

binding site on actin. Binding of new ATP molecule

154. Answer (4)

to myosin head causes breakdown of actomyosin

Hint: Neurotransmitters allow transmission of crossbridges.

impulse at chemical synapses.

160. Answer (3)

Sol.: At electrical synapse, impulse travels from one

Hint: Identify a structural feature of human forebrain.

neuron to other via gap junctions through ions. Size

of synaptic cleft is greatly reduced (~ 6 nm) in case Sol.: 'A' is corpus callosum that is tract of nerve

of electrical synapse as pre-synaptic and post- fibres.

synaptic membranes are connected by gap Foramen of Monro connects 1st ventricle and 2nd

junctions. ventricle to 3rd ventricle.

155. Answer (3) Thalamus is the relay centre for sensory and motor

Hint: Meromyosin is a monomer of myosin. signalling of cerebral cortex.

Sol.: I-band of a sarcomere in skeletal muscle fibres Medulla regulates cardiovascular reflexes, gastric

is made up of actin filaments, troponin and secretion and respiration.

tropomyosin. Thick filaments in A- band are made up 161. Answer (1)

polymers of meromyosin. Hint: Hormones secreted by adrenal medulla like

156. Answer (2) adrenaline and noradrenaline are known as

Hint: Light enters eye through the pupil. catecholamines.

Sol.: Iris regulates the amount of light entering our Sol.: Adrenaline increases our heart rate, thereby

eye by regulating the size of pupil. Sclera, the reducing the duration of a single cardiac cycle. It

"white" of eye gives shape to the eyeball and causes the breakdown or lysis of proteins, lipids and

protects its inner parts. Ciliary body and suspensory glucose to generate energy and prepare our body for

ligaments hold the lens in place. emergency situations.

17/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions)

Hint: Thymosins help in differentiation of Hint: In autoimmune disorder, immune system starts

T-lymphocytes. destroying self cells/structures.

Sol.: Atrophy (degeneration) of thymus leads to Sol.: In Myasthenia gravis, immune system starts

deficiency of thymosin. Thymosins are important for

producing antibodies which attack the acetylcholine

maturation of T-lymphocytes which are important for

cell mediated immunity. receptors present on the sarcolemma. As result,

acetylcholine can no longer bind to its receptors.

163. Answer (4)

Consequently, transmission of impulse at

Hint: All ribs have two articulating heads on dorsal

neuromuscular junction is impaired.

side (bicephalic) to interact with vertebral column.

170. Answer (3)

Sol.: First seven pairs of ribs known as true ribs

articulate with sternum on ventral side & with Hint: Rods are chiefly used for vision in dim light.

vertebral column dorsally. Vertebrochondral ribs/False Sol.: Choroid coat is deeply pigmented with

ribs (8th, 9th and 10th pair) articulate with 7th pair of melanin which prevents the reflection of light rays

ribs.

within eye. At blind spot, no photoreceptor cells are

164. Answer (3) present; and at this point optic nerve leaves the eye

Hint: Knee jerk reflex is a monosynaptic reflex. and blood vessels enter the eye.

Sol.: In knee jerk reflex, impulse from receptor organ 171. Answer (3)

is carried by afferent neuron towards dorsal root

ganglion of spinal cord. Efferent neuron carries Hint: Endocrine part of pancreas secretes hormones

impulse from spinal cord to effector organ. like insulin and glucagon.

165. Answer (2) Sol.: Secretin acts on exocrine part i.e. pancreatic

Hint: A cranial bone forming base of skull anteriorly. acinar cells and stimulates secretion of water and

bicarbonate ions. Leydig cells or interstitial cells are

Sol.: Appendicular skeleton includes bones of limbs

and girdles like clavicle, Ilium and scapula. Ethmoid present in spaces between two seminiferous

bone is a part of axial skeleton. tubules. Aldosterone is a steroid hormone and it acts

166. Answer (3) via intracellular receptors, cAMP is a secondary

messenger required by water - soluble hormones.

Hint: This disease is related to low blood Ca2+ level.

Sol.: Acromegaly is caused due to hypersecretion of 172. Answer (3)

growth hormone in adults. Cretinism is caused due Hint: Cartilaginous joint is present between adjacent

to deficiency of thyroid hormone whereas vertebrae.

exopthalmic goitre is caused due to excessive

Sol.: Fibrous joints are present between cranial

secretion of thyroxine. Diabetes mellitus is caused

bones. Pivot joint is present between atlas and axis.

by deficiency of insulin while diabetes insipidus is

caused by deficiency of ADH. Saddle joint is present between carpal and

metacarpal of thumb. Gliding joint is present in

167. Answer (3)

between carpals.

Hint: Identify a U-shaped bone present at the base

of buccal cavity. 173. Answer (3)

Sol.: Hyoid is an unpaired bone. Parietal and Hint: Pia mater is in contact with brain tissue.

temporal are paired cranial bones while zygomatic is Sol.: Dura mater is the outermost layer of cranial

paired facial bone. meninges. It is thick and tough made up of fibrous

168. Answer (3) tissue. Middle layer is arachnoid followed by Pia

Hint: Oval window connects middle and inner ear. mater which is thin and highly vascular.

Sol.: Stapes is in contact with oval window. 174. Answer (4)

Inner ear consists of endolymph filled membranous Hint: Elbow jerk reflex is a monosynaptic reflex.

labyrinth and perilymph filled bony labyrinth.

Sol.: Interneuron is not a part of elbow jerk reflex. A

Vestibular apparatus is composed of 3 semi-circular

canals and the otolith responsible for equilibrium single synapse is present between afferent and

while cochlea is responsible for hearing. efferent neuron.

18/19

Test - 3 (Code E) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: Corticoids regulate water and electrolyte and catalyses the conversion of Angiotensinogen to

balance. Angiotensin I. Grave's disease is an autoimmune

disorder resulting in hyperthyroidism.

Sol.: Cortisol is a glucocorticoid and produces anti-

inflammatory reactions and suppresses the immune 178. Answer (2)

response. Hint: Cochlea helps to perceive different sound

176. Answer (4) waves.

Sol.: Vestibular apparatus comprises macula &

Hint: Identify the main baroreceptors.

cristae which are concerned with maintaining

Sol.: Olfactory receptor bulb help in detecting odor. dynamic and static balance of body.

Meissner's corpuscles are found beneath skin

179. Answer (4)

epidermis and are light pressure receptors. Pacinian

corpuscles are scattered deep in dermis and are Hint: Brain stem is composed of midbrain and

deep pressure receptors. portion of hindbrain.

177. Answer (4) Sol.: Brain stem is made up of midbrain, pons and

medulla. Cerebrum is a part of forebrain.

Hint: In menopausal women, deficiency of ovarian

hormone is seen. Cerebellum is not a part of brain stem.

causes an increase in activity of osteoclast cells Hint: Term for patches of grey matter in white matter

which results in resorption of bone. Adrenal medulla in CNS.

is a modified sympathetic ganglion of autonomic Sol.: Nuclei and ganglia are clusters of cell bodies

nervous system and is ectodermal in origin. of neurons in CNS and PNS respectively.

19/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Answers) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

TEST - 3 (Code F)

Test Date : 23/12/2018

ANSWERS

1. (3) 37. (2) 73. (2) 109. (2) 145. (3)

2. (1) 38. (4) 74. (4) 110. (2) 146. (3)

3. (4) 39. (3) 75. (1) 111. (1) 147. (1)

4. (3) 40. (2) 76. (3) 112. (3) 148. (3)

5. (1) 41. (1) 77. (2) 113. (1) 149. (3)

6. (4) 42. (3) 78. (2) 114. (1) 150. (3)

7. (2) 43. (4) 79. (1) 115. (2) 151. (2)

8. (2) 44. (1) 80. (2) 116. (2) 152. (3)

9. (2) 45. (1) 81. (1) 117. (1) 153. (4)

10. (3) 46. (3) 82. (1) 118. (1) 154. (4)

11. (1) 47. (1) 83. (2) 119. (3) 155. (1)

12. (2) 48. (4) 84. (2) 120. (3) 156. (3)

13. (2) 49. (1) 85. (3) 121. (2) 157. (4)

14. (2) 50. (3) 86. (3) 122. (2) 158. (4)

15. (2) 51. (2) 87. (1) 123. (1) 159. (4)

16. (3) 52. (2) 88. (3) 124. (1) 160. (2)

17. (3) 53. (2) 89. (1) 125. (4) 161. (3)

18. (2) 54. (2) 90. (1) 126. (1) 162. (4)

19. (1) 55. (3) 91. (1) 127. (4) 163. (2)

20. (2) 56. (4) 92. (4) 128. (1) 164. (2)

21. (3) 57. (1) 93. (1) 129. (2) 165. (3)

22. (2) 58. (3) 94. (3) 130. (3) 166. (1)

23. (2) 59. (3) 95. (4) 131. (4) 167. (3)

24. (3) 60. (3) 96. (2) 132. (3) 168. (3)

25. (2) 61. (4) 97. (3) 133. (4) 169. (4)

26. (2) 62. (4) 98. (2) 134. (2) 170. (3)

27. (2) 63. (1) 99. (2) 135. (4) 171. (4)

28. (2) 64. (1) 100. (1) 136. (2) 172. (2)

29. (4) 65. (3) 101. (3) 137. (4) 173. (3)

30. (2) 66. (2) 102. (3) 138. (2) 174. (1)

31. (2) 67. (2) 103. (4) 139. (4) 175. (2)

32. (1) 68. (2) 104. (2) 140. (4) 176. (4)

33. (2) 69. (1) 105. (3) 141. (4) 177. (3)

34. (1) 70. (2) 106. (3) 142. (4) 178. (2)

35. (4) 71. (3) 107. (2) 143. (3) 179. (1)

36. (3) 72. (2) 108. (4) 144. (3) 180. (3)

1/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

x 7/5 7

PHYSICS Hence – 1= = =

2 –1 7

1. Answer (3) –1 2

5

Hint: U = nCv T

x 9

Sol.: P =

A 2 2

2P0

x =9

4. Answer (3)

P0 B

Hint: W = area of ellipse = ab

V Sol.: P (kPa)

V0 3V0

2P0V0 200

Ti

nR

150

3P V 3

Tf 0 0 V(m )

nR 2 4

P0V0 ( P )( V )

T Tf – Ti W = area of loop = –

nR 4

nR PV0 50 2

2P0V0 – 103

– 1 nR 2 2

1 W = – 25 kJ

2

–1 5. Answer (1)

1 Hint: For thermodynamic equilibrium

–1

2 Tx = Ty and Px = Py.

3 Sol.: x y

2 64 g 40 g He

2. Answer (1) O2

done. PV = nRT

Sol.: Area under the curve is maximum for

nRT

compression of adiabatic proces. P=

V

P

Px = P y

n x RTx ny RTy

= As (Tx = Ty )

Vx Vy

V

V V nx n mx m

= y = y

2 Al x Al y Mx l x My l y

Hence maximum work is done for adiabatic process.

3. Answer (4) l x mx M y 64 4 1

= = =

Hint: Use PV = constant and PV = nRT l y M x my 32 40 5

Sol.: P T –1 lx 1

=

x

–1 ly 5

As, P T 2

2/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

PV

1 1 – P2V2

Hint: Efficiency of Carnot engine is

Hint: W and PV constant

–1 T2

1–

Sol.: Given, P1V11.5 = P2V21.5 T1

V

3/2

1200

3/2 1 T

P2 P1 1 150 kPa Sol.: =1– 2

V 3 T1

2 300

P2 = 1200 kPa T2 2

= ...(i)

Now, T1 3

–3

5 –3 6

(1.50 × 10 × 1.20 × 10 ) – (1.2 × 10 × 0.3 × 10 ) Source T1

W=

0.5 Q1

3

1.8 × 102 – 0.36 × 103 – 1 W

= 2 (180 – 360)

0.5 0.5 Q2

W = – 360 J Sink (T2)

7. Answer (2) 1 (T – 100)

=1– 2

V2

2 T1

Hint: W PdV

V1 T2 100 1

– =

Sol.: P T1 T1 2

2 1 100

– =

P0 3 2 T1

V

V1 V2 4 – 3 100

= T1 = 600 K

P0 6 T1

P V

V1 10. Answer (3)

V2

Hint: Use PV = nRT

P

W 0 VdV V 1 1 1

V = = V

P nRT

V1 1

nRT P

P0 [V22 – V12 ] 1 1

W Sol.: Slope = m

V1 2 nRT T

8. Answer (2) Hence, TA TB TC

R R 11. Answer (1)

Hint: C

– 1 1– n Hint: Use PV = nRT and P T for isochoric

1 P = constant for isobaric

Sol.: P

T Sol.:

PT = constant V C

As PV T

PPV = constant A B

PV 1/2 = constant T

n = 1/2 Hence corresponding P B

P-T plot is

R R 9R

C A

7 1 2 C

– 1 1–

5 2 T

3/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

Sol.: t 100 100 200°C

Hint: Internal energy is state function. 4.81 – 3.70 1.11

Sol.: As initial and final states for all are same

t = 200C

U1 = U2 = U3

17. Answer (3)

13. Answer (2)

Hint: Use concept of calorimetry.

Hint: W = P(V2 – V1) for isobaric process.

Heat loss = Heat gain.

Sol.: For 1 mole PV = RT + 3V

Sol.: mice ciceT + m Lf = mw cw t

Initially P0V1 = RT0 + 3V1 ...(i)

20 × 0.5 + 10 + x × 80 = 20 × 1 × 25

Finally P0V2 = 2RT0 + 3V2 ...(ii)

100 + x × 80 = 500

P0(V2 – V1) = RT0 + 3(V2 – V1)

x=5g

(P0 – 3)(V2 – V1) = RT0

mw = 20 x = 25 g & mice = 20 – x = 15 g

W

(P0 – 3) = RT0

P0 18. Answer (2)

Hint: Use Newton's Law cooling:

P0T0R

W =

P0 – 3 T

K (Tav – T0 )

T

14. Answer (2)

70 – 60 60 70

Hint: Use concept of slope for adiabatic. Sol.: =K – T0

10 2

dP P

– 1 = K(65 – T0) ...(i)

dV V

5 (60 – 50)

Sol.: Now, Monoatomic = = 1.67 = K (55 – T0 )

3 40

3

7

Diatomic = = 1.4

5 3

= K (55 – T0 ) ...(ii)

Monoatomic > Diatomic 4

Hence, A Diatomic N2. or O2 or CO. Devide eq. (i) by (ii)

B Monoatomic He.

4 65 – T0

Among given options =

3 55 – T0

A N2 220 – 4T0 = 195 – 3T0

B He T0 = 25C

15. Answer (2) 19. Answer (1)

Hint: Use Q = nC P t Hint: Use concept of series combination of thermal

Sol.: H = 2 × Cv (5) ...(i) resistance.

Q = 2 × Cp (5) ...(ii) L

R=

by dividing equation (ii) by equation (i) KA

Cp 5 R /2 Sol.:

QH H

Cv 3 R /2 200°C 100°C

5H K1 = k K2 = 3k K3 = 2k

Q

3

16. Answer (3) 1m 2m 0.5 m

R – R0

Hint: Use t = 100 t T1 – T2

H

R100 – R0 Req

4/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

200 – 100 200 12kA Fnet = Freb FFlow

H

1 2 1 23

|Freb| = Av2 = |FFlow|

kA 3kA 4kA

23 23

Fnet = 3 Av 2

H = 12k

20. Answer (2) 25. Answer (2)

Sol.: Given, 20 = AI(400)4. Sol.: Av = A1v1 + A2v2 + A3v3.

Now, P = A (0.7) (527 + 273)4. a 5 a

a5 = a2 +v

P 4 2 2

= 0.7(2)4

20

P = 11.2 × 20 va 5a

5a = 2a + +

4 4

P = 224 cal cm –2 s –1

20a = 8a + 5a + va

21. Answer (3)

Hint: Use equation of conduction of heat. v = 7 m/s

Then, Hint: Use Archimedes' Principle of Newton's 2nd Law.

KA KA

L

(40 – T ) (80 – T ) (70 – T ) =

L

(T – 10) 4 cm

Sol.:

190 – 3T = T – 10

4 cm

4T = 200

T = 50°C

22. Answer (2)

Hint: Use concept of coefficient of expansion of

length.

= 1200 kg m–3

Sol.: For anisotropic solids coefficient of linear

expansion is different in each direction. = 900 kg m–3

Hence, = x y z KSpring = 50 Nm–1

g = 10 ms– 2

23. Answer (2)

For floating case initially

Hint: Use v T = (n)2/3 vT

Ah = A l

Sol.: As v T ( n )2/3 vT (8)2/3 10 40 cm/s .

900

24. Answer (3) hin 4 = 3 cm

1200

P

Hint: Use FRebound = = Av 2

t hout = 1 cm

Sol.:

P Now when weight is put on block then

Freb W + (Al )g = Al g + K(hout)

FFlow W = ( – ) Alg + K hout

60° = 300 × 64 × 10–5 + 50 × 1 × 10–2

v

v = 0.192 + 0.5

Q

W = 0.692 N

O

5/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

Hint: Use Pascal's Law. A1v1 = A2v2

Sol.: A2 3

E A v1 v2 v2

A1 2

2gh 2 10 20 400

g v2 2 × 20

A

2

3 1

h 3 1– 2 1–

4 4

2 f A1

C = 40 m/s

D B v 2 = 40 m/s

l/2 l/2 29. Answer (4)

PB = P0 + gh Hint: Use concept of excess pressure.

g l gl Sol.: Since RA < RB and we know that

PC = PB + = P0 + gh +

3 2 6 4T

Pexcess PA =

2 g l gl RA

PD = PC + = PC +

3 2 3 4T

PB =

gl gl RB

= P0 + gh + +

6 3 PA > PB because (RA < RB) gas goes from A to B.

gl

PD = P0 + gh + ...(i) Hence size of A decreases and size of B increases.

2

30. Answer (2)

Also, PD = PE + (2P)gh = P0 + 2gh ...(ii)

Hint: Use Newton's 2nd Law in both cases and

l concept of buoyancy.

PO + gh + g = P0 2gh

2 Sol.: For 1st Case:

l mg – B = ma ...(i)

g = gh

2

B

l

h= m

2

a

28. Answer (2)

2gh mg

Hint: Velocity of efflux v =

A2 For 2nd Case:

1 – 22

A1

B a

Sol.: P0 = 1 atm

m – m

A1 B – (m – m) g = (m – m) a

(m – m) g

h v2

mg – mg + mg = 2 ma – ma

P = 3 atm v1 m(g + a) = 2ma

A2 2 ma

P – P0 2 10 5 m =

h 20 cm . g a

g 10 4

Now from Bernoulli's theorem. 31. Answer (2)

1 2 1 Fl

P0 + gh + v1 = P0 + v 22 Hint: l = l1 + l 2 and L =

2 2 AY

6/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

4F Hint: Use concept of variation in g due to height

4F 2F 2F from earth surface.

Gme

Sol.: At surface, g = g 0 =

4F R2

4F 2F

2F g0 Gme

l l At height, h1, g = =

9 (R h1 )2

F1 l1 F2 l 2 4F l 2F l 6F l

L l1 l 2 g0 Gme

AY AY AY AY AY At height, h2 , g = =

16 (R h2 )2

6F l

L = h1

AY 1 =3

R

32. Answer (1)

h1

=2 ...(i)

1 R

Hint: U Stress × Strain

2 h2

1 =4

1 R

Sol.: U × Y × Strain × Strain

2 h2

=3 ...(ii)

1 R

× 1.1× 1011 × 0.02 × 0.02

2

h1 2

=

U = 2.2 107 J/m3 Now, h2 3

33. Answer (2) 37. Answer (2)

Hint: Use Hooke's law.

Hint: Two different blocks E.dr dV

Stress Sol.: Given V = – (x 2y + yz + xyz) J/kg

Sol.: E

Strain V ˆ V ˆ V ˆ

Strain 1 Now, E = – i – j– k = (2xy yz )iˆ

Slope = = T . x y z

Stress E

i.e. T2 > T1 ( x 2 z xz ) ˆj ( y xy ) kˆ

or T1 T2 E (1, 1, 1) (2 1)iˆ (1 1 1) ˆj (1 1)kˆ

34. Answer (1)

3iˆ 3 jˆ 2kˆ

Hint: Use gequator = g0 – Re2.

Sol.: For weightlessness at equator gequator = 0. E (1, 1, 1) = 3iˆ + 3jˆ + 2kˆ N/kg

g0 = Re2 38. Answer (4)

g0 Hint: ve c

Re

2 Gm 2 G (100Me )

Sol.: v e = v e =

R 64 106 R Re

T 2 e = 2 = 84.6 minutes

g0 9.8

200 6.67 10 –11 6 1024

T = 1.41 hour Now = Re

9 1016

35. Answer (4)

Re = 8.89 × 10–1 m

Hint and Sol.: When particle is dropped from

satellite revolving around earth then velocity of Re = 0.89 m

particle will be same as satellite which is in

R 1m Order of radius

tangential direction of orbit. Hence particle will

continue to move with same speed along the original

orbit of space craft. (Satellite) R 1010 m

7/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

Sol.: Since M = R 3

Hint: Use the concept of trajectory. 3

Sol.: If v > ve 4

2G R 3

Then Trajectory of path will be hyperbola. 3

Now, v e = ve R 2

40. Answer (2) R

Hint: U = Ufinal – Uinitial RP = 3RE

Sol.: vP 9RE2

Then, = =3

h = Re vE RE2

v P = 3v E

43. Answer (4)

Re

h

Hint: g = g 1 –

R

GmM

Uinitial = – Sol.: Since variation of g due to depth h is

Re

h

GmM g = g 1 –

U final = – R

2Re

g

GMm GMm GMm Re g = g – h

U = Uf – Ui = – – = R

2Re Re 2Re Re

g

g = – h g ...(i)

GM R

As g = 2

Re y = – mx + c (similar)

mg Re Hence for equation (i) graph will be:

U =

2

41. Answer (1)

Gm1 m 2

Hint: F =

r2

1 kg

2 kg

2 kg

2 kg

2 kg

Sol.: R

44. Answer (1)

0 1 2 4 8 Hint: Kepler's 2nd Law

Gm1 m 2 Sol.: Since AOAB : AOCD : AOEF = 3 : 1 : 2

Now, F = r2 C

D

1 1 1 1 E

G 1 2 2 2 2 2 ... v

1 2 4 8

m

1 4 O

2G 2G

1 – 1 3 B

4 F

A

8G A

F= Since, = constant

3 t

42. Answer (3) AOAB AOCD AOEF

= = =K

t2 t3 t1

2GMe

Hint: v e = Re

3 A A 2A

= = =K

t2 t3 t1

8/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

= = =K

t 2 t3 t 1 Hint: Reaction at anode

–

4 (aq) S 2 O 8 (aq) 2e

2SO 2– 2–

6 6 6

= = =K

2t 2 6t3 3t 1 51. Answer (2)

3t1 = 2t2 = 6t3 Hint: H+ has exceptionally highest limiting molar

45. Answer (1) conductivity at 298 K in water.

52. Answer (2)

mv 2

Hint: Since F =

r 0.0591 [Ni2 ]

Hint: Ecell Ecell

0

– log

Sol.: Since 2 [Ag ]2

1 G = –nF E

F

r 0.0591 1

Sol.: Ecell (0.80 0.25) – log

K 2 (0.01)2

F=

r 0.0591 0.0591

2 1.05 – log 104 1.05 – 4

mv 0 K 2 2

=

r r = 0.932 V

K G = –2 × F × 0.932 = 1.86 F

v0 =

m 53. Answer (2)

Hint: Catalyst does not catalyses non-spontaneous

v0 r 0

reactions.

54. Answer (2)

CHEMISTRY

Hint: Mass of silver electroplated on the metal

46. 46. Answer (3) surface

Hint: Leclanche cell is a dry cell in which Zn acts

5.4

as anode and graphite as cathode. 10 cm2 cm 10 g/cc 54 g

10

47. Answer (1)

Sol.: Equivalent wt. of Ag = 108

Hint: For coagulation of negatively charged sol,

higher is charge of cation, higher will be its 54

Number of equivalent of Ag deposited

flocculating power. 108

Sol.: Gold sol is negatively charged solution. 54

Amount of electricity required 96500

48. Answer (4) 108

Hint: = 48250C

55. Answer (3)

w Mass of ethylene glycol(g)

m W Tf Hint: In iodometric titration the indicator used is

w m Molar mass of ethylene glycol

1000 K f starch.

W Mass of water (g)

56. Answer (4)

62 2000 5.58

Sol.: w Hint: For electrophoresis and electro-dialysis, the

1000 1.86 colloidal particles should be charged.

w = 372 g Sol.: Optical property (like Tyndall effect) is

49. Answer (1) independent of the charge present on the colloidal

particle.

RTf2

Hint: K f 57. Answer (1)

1000 L fusion

Hint: = CRT (C = Molar concentration of sucrose)

8.314 (273 – 23)2 8.314 250 250

Sol.: K f 3.42 / 342

1000 125 1000 125 Sol.: 0.0821 300

250

Kf = 4.16 K kg mol–1 1000

9/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

0.0821 300

342 250 2.303RT

Hint: Ecell

o

= 0.98 atm log K eq. and G –nFEocell .

nF

58. Answer (3)

Sol.: Eocell is positive, so K eq 1 and G 0.

Hint: Diastase converts starch into maltose.

59. Answer (3) 66. Answer (2)

Hint: For zero order reaction. Hint: CH3 COOH

CH3 COONa

HCl – NaCl

[A t] = [A0] – kt

Sol.: CH3 COOH (c b – a) S cm mol .

2 –1

A0

67. Answer (2)

Slope = –k

Sol.: Hint: Oxidation states of phosphorous ranges from

[At ]

– 3 to +5.

Sol.: In H4P2O7, oxidation state of phosphorous is +5.

t

60. Answer (3) 68. Answer (2)

Hint: Reducing agent is that species which is

Tb K b

Hint: T K oxidised.

f f

3 6

4

Sol.: Tf Tb f 0.52 1.86

Kb 0.52 Chromium is oxidised from +3 to + 6 oxidation state,

hence it is a reducing agent in the given reaction.

Tf Tfo – Tf 1.86

69. Answer (1)

Tf = –1.86°C Hint: Positive deviation is shown by binary liquid

61. Answer (4) mixture when A – B interactions are weaker than

Hint: F2 will not be oxidised. those between A – A or B – B interactions.

Sol.: F2 will not undergo disproportionation reaction. Sol.: Molecular interaction between acetone and

62. Answer (4) CS 2 is less than the average interaction of

acetone – acetone and CS2 – CS2.

Hint: Sum of oxidation states of all atoms in a

neutral molecule is zero. 70. Answer (2)

0

x2 0

63. Answer (1) p p Vapour pressure of liquid

Hint: Oxidising agent oxidises another species.

150 – pS 0.5

Sol.: During oxidation, oxidation number of reacting Sol.: 0.2

150 50

species increases 0.5

25

0 2

or, 150 – pS = 30

Zn Z nO2–

2

or, ps = 150 – 30 = 120 mm Hg

64. Answer (1)

71. Answer (3)

0.0591

Hint: Ecell

o

log K eq Hint: For isotonic solution, 1 = 2.

n

Sol.: Eocell ERo – ELo (– 0.76 2.36) V 1.6 V Sol.:

1 2

(Glucos e) (A)

0.0591 C1 = C2

Eocell log K eq

2 8 2

1.6 2 180 M

log K eq log Keq = 54.145

0.0591 100 103 100 103

Keq = 1.4 × 1054 M = 45 g mol–1

10/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: The concentration term which does not contain

So, Tf = – 0.52°C

volume term is independent of temperature.

79. Answer (1)

Sol.: Mole fraction does not contain volume term so

it is independent of temperature. Hint: Eocell Ecathode

o

– Eoanode

73. Answer (2) Sol.:

Hint: Decrease in number of solute particles per unit

E0cell E0Ag /Ag – EMg

0

2

/Mg

(0.80 2.36) V 3.16 V

volume of the solution increases the vapour pressure

of the solution. 80. Answer (2)

Sol.: By addition of water, the number of solute Hint: Oxidising power Reduction potential.

particles per unit volume of solution decreases, hence Sol.: Co3+ has highest reduction potential while Li+

vapour pressure increases. has lowest reduction potential.

74. Answer (4) 81. Answer (1)

Hint: Randomness increases when two or more

0.693

liquids are mixed. Hint: k

t1/2

Sol.: During mixing randomness increasing hence,

2.303 a

(S)mix. > 0 Sol.: t log

k a–x

75. Answer (1)

4 100

2 Mass of crystal t 2.303 log

Hint: Number of atoms . 0.693 100 – 90

Mass of unit cell

t = 13.29 hr

Sol.: Edge length of unit cell

82. Answer (1)

= 100 pm = 100 × 10–10 cm = 10– 8 cm

Hint: Number of Faraday = mole of MnO4– × n-factor.

Volume = (10– 8)3 cm3 = 10 –24 cm3

Mass of unit cell = 10 –24 × 100 = 10 –22 g Sol.: MnO4– 5e – Mn2

200 n-factor = 5

Number of unit cells

10 –22 Number of Faraday required = 0.2 × 5 = 1

200 83. Answer (2)

Number of atoms 2 4 1024

10 –22 Hint: PS = PA0 xA + PB0 xB

76. Answer (3)

3 2

Hint: Packing efficiency of FCC unit cell is 74%. Sol.: PS 100 150 60 60 120 torr

5 5

Sol.: Vacant space in FCC unit cell

84. Answer (2)

= (100 – 74)% = 26%.

77. Answer (2) Mass of solute

Hint: Mass percentage 100

Hint: Lower is the value of i for a given concentration, Mass of solution

lower is the boiling point of solution.

Sol.:

Sol.: Sucrose is a non-electrolyte so, i for sucrose

will be 1, which is lowest in the given species, 0.5 60

Mass percentage 100 2.9%

therefore boiling point of its aq. solution will be 1000 0.5 60

minimum.

85. Answer (3)

78. Answer (2)

Hint: Order of reaction is an experimental quantity.

Hint: van’t Hoff factor, i = 1 + (n – 1) and

Sol.: Molecularity of a reaction cannot be fractional.

Tf = i Kf m

86. Answer (3)

Sol.: i = 1 + (2 – 1) 0.4 = 1.4

Hint: Number of mole of Cr2O72– ion required to

Tf = 1.4 × 0.2 × 1.86 = 0.52 oxidise Fe 2+ ion can be calculated by writing

Tf Tfo – Tf 0.52 balanced chemical equation.

11/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

2Cr3+ + 6Fe3+ + 7H2O – Father of algology – F.E. Fritsch.

87. Answer (1) – For removal of kidney stone a decoction of

Hint: The element in its highest oxidation state Polytrichum commune is employed.

cannot act as reducing agent. – Protostele – Rhynia.

Sol.: C in CO2 is in + 4 oxidation state which is 94. Answer (3)

highest for carbon. Hint: Chemistry of cell wall is a basis of

88. Answer (3) classification of algae.

Hint: The sum of the oxidation numbers of all the Solution:

atoms of a species is equal to the net charge – Evolutionarily, pteridophytes are first terrestrial

present on the species. plants to possess vascular tissues.

Sol.: Let oxidation number of N in NO3– and Mn in – Pteriodophytes are first successful land plants.

2–

MnO are x and y respectively.

4

– Bryophytes are first archegonial plants.

For NO3– : x + 3(–2) = –1 x = +5 95. Answer (4)

Solution:

For MnO 2–

4 :

y + 4(–2) = –2 y = +6

Dicot stem Monocot stem

89. Answer (1)

– Hypodermis is – Vascular bundles are

Hint: In body centered cubic unit cell, atom at body

collenchymatous scattered in ground

centre touches all corner atoms.

tissue region

Sol.: 4r 3x – Stele is eustele – Ground tissue is not

differentiated

3

r xÅ – Pericycle absent

4

96. Answer (2)

90. Answer (1)

Hint: In open vascular bundles, cambium is present

Hint: Sphalerite has CCP structure.

between xylem and phloem. So, these are 'open' for

Sol.: Effective number of atoms in the unit cell of secondary growth.

CCP structure is 4.

Solution: In dicot and monocot leaves and in

Octahedral voids = 4 × 1 = 4 monocot stem vascular bundles are closed as

cambium is absent, while in dicot stem they are

BIOLOGY open.

97. Answer (3)

91. Answer (1)

Hint: Bryophytes and most of the pteridophytes are

Hint: Tracheids and vessels, both are lignified and

homosporous, but few pteridophytes and all

dead.

gymnosperms are heterosporous.

Solution: A tracheid differ from vessels in being

Solution:

single long cell with tapering ends whereas vessels

are long cylindrical tube like structures. Both Marchantia

elements transport water and minerals.

Funaria Bryophytes – Homosporous

92. Answer (4) Polytrichum

Hint: In leaves, endodermis is absent because

ground tissue is not differentiated. Lycopodium

Pteridophytes – Homosporous

Solution: Distinct endodermis is a feature of dicot Dryopteris

Selaginella

stems, dicot roots & monocot roots.

Pteridophyte – Heterosporous

93. Answer (1)

Hint: Natural system of classification Gnetum

Gymnosperms– Heterosporous

– Bentham & Hooker. Ephedra

12/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: In gymnosperms male & female Hint: Protonema is a creeping, green, branched and

gametophytes do not have an independent free frequently filamentous stage of mosses.

living existence.

Solution:

Solution:

– Mosses are important in plant succession on

– In gymnosperms, male and female

rocky areas along with lichens.

gametophytes are dependent on sporophyte.

– Ovule represents megasporangium. – In gymnosperms, male and female gametophytes

develop within sporangia on sporophytes.

– Embryo sac is absent in gymnosperms.

– In brown algae gametes are pear shaped with

99. Answer (2)

two laterally attached flagella.

Hint: Secondary nucleus and egg cell take part in

events of double fertilization. 106. Answer (3)

Solution: Antipodal cells of embryo sac do not Hint: Hydrocolloid, algin is obtained from giants of

take part in fertilization and after fertilization they algal world.

degenerate. Solution: Members of class phaeophyceae (brown

100. Answer (1) algae) are commonly known as giant of algal world.

Hint: In diplontic life cycle dominant phase is diploid 107. Answer (2)

sporophyte.

Hint: Chilgoza is the edible seed of Pinus

Solution: gerardiana.

A Sporophyte (2n)

Solution:

B Meiosis

Gemmae – Marchantia

Diplontic life cycle pattern.

Embryosac – Eucalyptus (angiosperm)

101. Answer (3)

Heterosporous – Marsilea (pteridophyte) vascular

Hint: Companion cells are found only in

cryptogam.

angiosperms.

Solution: Pteridophytes and gymnosperms lack 108. Answer (4)

companion cells but in gymnosperms in the place Hint: In gymnosperms, pollination is carried out by

of companion cells, albuminous cells are present. abiotic agent.

102. Answer (3) Solution: This abiotic agent is air current.

Hint: Bast fibres are actually phloem fibres. 109. Answer (2)

Solution: Hint: In endarch condition, protoxylem (first formed)

– Coir of coconut is fibrous mesocarp. It is not a remains towards centre and metaxylem (later

phloem fibre. formed) towards periphery. Thus xylem orientation

– Jute, flax & hemp are phloem fibres. is centrifugal.

103. Answer (4) Solution:

Hint: Trichomes are epidermal hairs on the stem. – Xylem parenchyma helps in radial conduction of

Solution: water.

– Trichomes are not related to gaseous exchange. – Sclerenchyma is dead and lacks protoplast.

– They are usually multicellular, help in scretion in – Tracheids are found in all vascular plants.

some plants & prevent water loss.

110. Answer (2)

104. Answer (2)

Hint: Vascular system transports water and mineral

Hint: Cork cells have cellulosic wall in the

beginning but at maturity there is gradual loss of from root to the top of plant & food from source to

living matter. sink.

Solution: Due to loss of living matter cork cells are Solution: Transport of water, mineral, food etc. over

dead. Later, they get deposited with fatty long distance through the vascular system is called

substance, i.e., suberin & cell wall becomes thick. translocation.

13/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

111. Answer (1) 118. Answer (1)

Hint: In roots, xylem and phloem are arranged on Hint: Intercalary meristems are separated from

different radii but alternate to each other. apical meristem by mature tissue.

Solution: This arrangement is known as radial type Solution: Apical meristem is primary meristem on

and vascular bundles are radial. the basis of its origin, therefore, intercalary

112. Answer (3) meristem will be primary.

Hint: Annual rings are formed due to seasonal 119. Answer (3)

variations. Solution:

Solution: Annual rings are distinct in plants – In members of chlorophyceae chlorophyll 'a' and

growing in temperate regions where climatic 'b' are found and they appear grass green in

conditions are not uniform throughout the year.

colour.

113. Answer (1)

– Members of rhodophyceae (red Algae) have

Hint: This plant has whorled phyllotaxy. complex post-fertilisation developments.

Solution: Multilayered epidermis occurs in Nerium 120. Answer (3)

and Ficus.

Solution: In alga Volvox, sexual reproduction is

Zea mays, wheat & grasses have single layered oogamous type.

epidermis.

121. Answer (2)

114. Answer (1)

Hint: The gametophyte of pteridophytes has some

Hint: Marchantia has sex organs on separate thalli.

specific requirements for growth.

Solution:

Solution: In pteridophytes, gametophyte requires

– Marchantia is a dioecious bryophyte. cool, damp, shady places to grow and during

– Algae form association with some animals like fertilisation water is also required. Therefore

sloth bear. pteridophytes are restricted to narrow geographical

– In artificial system of classification equal regions.

weightage to vegetative and sexual 122. Answer (2)

characteristics were given. In fact, it was a

Hint: Gymnosperms are adapted to xerophytic

drawback.

habitat.

– Pigment combination of phaeophyceae is chl

a & c and fucoxanthin. Solution:

115. Answer (2) – Due to presence of thick culticle and sunken

stomata (deeply situated stomata) gymnosperms

Hint: Anabaena fixes atmospheric nitrogen in

are well adapted to extreme conditions.

Azolla.

Solution: – Transfusion tissue is found in leaves of Cycas

which is meant for lateral conduction.

– Mannitol is stored food in phaeophyceae.

123. Answer (1)

– Sporophylls arrange spirally along an axis to

form lax /cone. Hint: Sulphur shower is related to pollination. It

appears as a yellow cloud of pollen grains.

– Phenetics is numerical taxonomy involves usage

of many characters at the same time. Solution: Sulphur shower phenomenon is related to

– In mosses, rhizoids are branched, multicellular pine trees not to all gymnosperms.

and with oblique septa. 124. Answer (1)

116. Answer (2) Hint: Aerenchyma is a type of parenchyma with air

Hint: Double fertilization & triple fusion are advance cavities.

phenomenon found in the most advance plant group. Solution: Aerenchyma gives buoyancy to aquatic

Solution: Double fertilization & triple fusion events plants. It also helps in gaseous exchange.

are unique to angiosperms. 125. Answer (4)

117. Answer (1) Hint: In both dicot and monocot leaves, vascular

Solution: Root epidermis is termed as rhizodermis bundles are conjoint and closed but monocot leaves

or epiblema. are amphistomatic.

14/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

– In monocot leaves, mesophyll is not differentiated and do not carry out photosynthesis whereas guard

into palisade & spongy parenchyma. cells have chloroplasts.

– Stomata are present on both surfaces of leaves 133. Answer (4)

(amphistomatic). Hint: Stele is the region surrounded by endodermis.

126. Answer (1) Solution: Stele does not include endodermis but it

Hint: In monocot stems, within vascular bundles includes pericycle, vascular bundles and pith

water containing cavities are present. (if present).

Solution: 134. Answer (2)

– In monocot roots, pith is large and well Hint: Seeds producing plants are heterosporous.

developed. Solution: All gymnosperms as well as

– In dicot stems, bundle sheath is absent. angiosperms are heterosporous not homosporous.

127. Answer (4) 135. Answer (4)

Hint: Organisms belonging to the same taxa have Hint: They increase dissolved oxygen in their

common ancestor. immediate environment.

Solution: In Cycas, small specialised roots are Solution: Algae, mostly being aquatic increase

present called coralloid roots. They remain dissolved oxygen in water. They release oxygen

associated with nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria. during photosynthesis process and fix at least 50%

of the total CO2 on earth.

Sphagnum often grows in acidic marshes.

136. Answer (2)

128. Answer (1)

Hint: Term for patches of grey matter in white matter

Hint: In Spirogyra, dominant phase is in CNS.

photosynthetic haploid gametophyte.

Sol.: Nuclei and ganglia are clusters of cell bodies

Solution: In Spirogyra, sporophytic generation is of neurons in CNS and PNS respectively.

represented only by the single celled zygote.

137. Answer (4)

Thus Spirogyra represents haplontic life cycle.

Hint: Brain stem is composed of midbrain and

129. Answer (2) portion of hindbrain.

Hint: Fossils play important role in elucidation of Sol.: Brain stem is made up of midbrain, pons and

evolutionary relationships. medulla. Cerebrum is a part of forebrain.

Solution: Phylogenetic system of classification is Cerebellum is not a part of brain stem.

based on evolutionary relationships besides other

138. Answer (2)

criteria of classification.

Hint: Cochlea helps to perceive different sound

130. Answer (3)

waves.

Hint: Floridean starch is stored food of red algae.

Sol.: Vestibular apparatus comprises macula &

Solution: cristae which are concerned with maintaining

– Rhizophore is an intermediate organ between dynamic and static balance of body.

root and shoot, develops in Selaginella. 139. Answer (4)

– Living fossil - Metasequoia. Hint: In menopausal women, deficiency of ovarian

– Coralloid root - Cycas. hormone is seen.

131. Answer (4) Sol.: Deficiency of estrogen in menopausal women

Hint: Tyloses develop in heartwood. causes an increase in activity of osteoclast cells

which results in resorption of bone. Adrenal medulla

Solution: Tyloses are balloon like swellings of xylem

is a modified sympathetic ganglion of autonomic

parenchyma cells in lumen of xylem vessels. These

nervous system and is ectodermal in origin.

make heartwood non-functional.

Renin is a hormone which is produced by JG cells

132. Answer (3)

and catalyses the conversion of Angiotensinogen to

Hint: Subsidiary cells are specialised epidermal Angiotensin I. Grave's disease is an autoimmune

cells that provide support to guard cells. disorder resulting in hyperthyroidism.

15/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

Hint: Identify the main baroreceptors. Hint: In autoimmune disorder, immune system starts

Sol.: Olfactory receptor bulb help in detecting odor. destroying self cells/structures.

Meissner's corpuscles are found beneath skin Sol.: In Myasthenia gravis, immune system starts

epidermis and are light pressure receptors. Pacinian producing antibodies which attack the acetylcholine

corpuscles are scattered deep in dermis and are receptors present on the sarcolemma. As result,

deep pressure receptors.

acetylcholine can no longer bind to its receptors.

141. Answer (4) Consequently, transmission of impulse at

Hint: Corticoids regulate water and electrolyte neuromuscular junction is impaired.

balance. 148. Answer (3)

Sol.: Cortisol is a glucocorticoid and produces anti-

Hint: Oval window connects middle and inner ear.

inflammatory reactions and suppresses the immune

response. Sol.: Stapes is in contact with oval window.

142. Answer (4) Inner ear consists of endolymph filled membranous

Hint: Elbow jerk reflex is a monosynaptic reflex. labyrinth and perilymph filled bony labyrinth.

Vestibular apparatus is composed of 3 semi-circular

Sol.: Interneuron is not a part of elbow jerk reflex. A

canals and the otolith responsible for equilibrium

single synapse is present between afferent and

efferent neuron. while cochlea is responsible for hearing.

143. Answer (3) 149. Answer (3)

Hint: Pia mater is in contact with brain tissue. Hint: Identify a U-shaped bone present at the base

of buccal cavity.

Sol.: Dura mater is the outermost layer of cranial

meninges. It is thick and tough made up of fibrous Sol.: Hyoid is an unpaired bone. Parietal and

tissue. Middle layer is arachnoid followed by Pia temporal are paired cranial bones while zygomatic is

mater which is thin and highly vascular. paired facial bone.

144. Answer (3) 150. Answer (3)

Hint: Cartilaginous joint is present between adjacent Hint: This disease is related to low blood Ca2+ level.

vertebrae.

Sol.: Acromegaly is caused due to hypersecretion of

Sol.: Fibrous joints are present between cranial growth hormone in adults. Cretinism is caused due

bones. Pivot joint is present between atlas and axis. to deficiency of thyroid hormone whereas

Saddle joint is present between carpal and exopthalmic goitre is caused due to excessive

metacarpal of thumb. Gliding joint is present in

secretion of thyroxine. Diabetes mellitus is caused

between carpals.

by deficiency of insulin while diabetes insipidus is

145. Answer (3) caused by deficiency of ADH.

Hint: Endocrine part of pancreas secretes hormones

151. Answer (2)

like insulin and glucagon.

Hint: A cranial bone forming base of skull anteriorly.

Sol.: Secretin acts on exocrine part i.e. pancreatic

acinar cells and stimulates secretion of water and Sol.: Appendicular skeleton includes bones of limbs

bicarbonate ions. Leydig cells or interstitial cells are and girdles like clavicle, Ilium and scapula. Ethmoid

present in spaces between two seminiferous bone is a part of axial skeleton.

tubules. Aldosterone is a steroid hormone and it acts 152. Answer (3)

via intracellular receptors, cAMP is a secondary

Hint: Knee jerk reflex is a monosynaptic reflex.

messenger required by water - soluble hormones.

Sol.: In knee jerk reflex, impulse from receptor organ

146. Answer (3)

is carried by afferent neuron towards dorsal root

Hint: Rods are chiefly used for vision in dim light.

ganglion of spinal cord. Efferent neuron carries

Sol.: Choroid coat is deeply pigmented with impulse from spinal cord to effector organ.

melanin which prevents the reflection of light rays

within eye. At blind spot, no photoreceptor cells are 153. Answer (4)

present; and at this point optic nerve leaves the eye Hint: All ribs have two articulating heads on dorsal

and blood vessels enter the eye. side (bicephalic) to interact with vertebral column.

16/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Sol.: First seven pairs of ribs known as true ribs 159. Answer (4)

articulate with sternum on ventral side & with Hint: Diabetes insipidus is characterised by

vertebral column dorsally. Vertebrochondral ribs/False production of large volume of dilute urine.

ribs (8th, 9th and 10th pair) articulate with 7th pair of

Sol.: Diabetes mellitus is characterised by presence

ribs.

of glucose and ketone bodies in urine. Posterior

154. Answer (4) pituitary (Pars nervosa) is under direct neural

Hint: Thymosins help in differentiation of T- regulation of hypothalamus. Goitre is simply an

lymphocytes. enlarged thyroid gland. It may be associated with

Sol.: Atrophy (degeneration) of thymus leads to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

deficiency of thymosin. Thymosins are important for Progesterone & prolactin regulate the growth of

maturation of T-lymphocytes which are important for mammary glands & formation of milk in them.

cell mediated immunity.

160. Answer (2)

155. Answer (1)

Hint: Light enters eye through the pupil.

Hint: Hormones secreted by adrenal medulla like

Sol.: Iris regulates the amount of light entering our

adrenaline and noradrenaline are known as

eye by regulating the size of pupil. Sclera, the

catecholamines.

"white" of eye gives shape to the eyeball and

Sol.: Adrenaline increases our heart rate, thereby

protects its inner parts. Ciliary body and suspensory

reducing the duration of a single cardiac cycle. It

ligaments hold the lens in place.

causes the breakdown or lysis of proteins, lipids and

glucose to generate energy and prepare our body for 161. Answer (3)

emergency situations. Hint: Meromyosin is a monomer of myosin.

156. Answer (3) Sol.: I-band of a sarcomere in skeletal muscle fibres

Hint: Identify a structural feature of human forebrain. is made up of actin filaments, troponin and

tropomyosin. Thick filaments in A- band are made up

Sol.: 'A' is corpus callosum that is tract of nerve

polymers of meromyosin.

fibres.

162. Answer (4)

Foramen of Monro connects 1st ventricle and 2nd

ventricle to 3rd ventricle. Hint: Neurotransmitters allow transmission of

Thalamus is the relay centre for sensory and motor impulse at chemical synapses.

signalling of cerebral cortex. Sol.: At electrical synapse, impulse travels from one

Medulla regulates cardiovascular reflexes, gastric neuron to other via gap junctions through ions. Size

secretion and respiration. of synaptic cleft is greatly reduced (~ 6 nm) in case

of electrical synapse as pre-synaptic and post-

157. Answer (4)

synaptic membranes are connected by gap

Hint: Myosin head binds to new molecule of ATP junctions.

releasing actin.

163. Answer (2)

Sol.: During relaxation of muscle fibres, Ca2+ pumps

Hint: Melatonin helps in maintaining diurnal rhythm

actively transport Ca2+ ions from sarcoplasm into

sarcoplasmic reticulum. With removal of Ca2+ ions, of our body.

troponin-tropomyosin complex again cover myosin Sol.: When a person travels across different time

binding site on actin. Binding of new ATP molecule zones, then due to alteration in timing and duration

to myosin head causes breakdown of actomyosin of day and night; secretion of melatonin is disturbed

crossbridges. which affects the diurnal rhythm of our body.

158. Answer (4) Melatonin secretion increase during night.

Hint: Diabetogenic hormones raise blood sugar level. 164. Answer (2)

Sol.: Growth hormone, cortisol and glucagon cause Hint: Single long fibre arising from cell body of a

increase in blood sugar level. Insulin stimulates neuron lacks protein synthesizing granular bodies.

glucose uptake by cells and further its utilisation for Sol.: Cell body (cyton) and dendrites contain Nissl's

energy or conversion into glycogen leading to a granules. Nissl's granules comprise of RER and

decline in blood glucose level. protein.

17/19

All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019 Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions)

Hint: A band is present between two I-bands in a Hint: Sympathetic branch nervous system works

sarcomere. during emergency conditions.

Sol.: During muscle contraction, when thin filaments Sol.: Stimulation from parasympathetic nervous

slide over thick filaments towards M line, then length system causes salivation, contraction of urinary

of H-zone decreases, myofilaments of actin slide bladder and constriction of pupil.

over myosin but their length remains unchanged.

172. Answer (2)

166. Answer (1)

Hint: Hormone released by posterior pituitary

Hint: At resting stage, neuronal cell membrane is regulates osmolarity.

more permeable to K+ ions and nearly impermeable

Sol.: Vasopressin is produced by supraoptic nuclei

to Na+ ions.

of hypothalamus. Erythropoietin is produced by JG

Sol.: Na + /K + pump plays an important role in

cells and stimulates erythropoiesis. Thymosin is

maintaining resting potential of neuronal membrane

produced by thymus gland and is important for

by transporting 3Na+ to extracellular fluid and 2K+

differentiation of T-lymphocytes.

into the cell at expense of one ATP molecule. Thus,

maintaining a negative resting membrane potential. 173. Answer (3)

167. Answer (3) Hint: Both extensor muscles of human back and

Hint: Steroid hormones act via intracellular receptors. eyeball muscles are skeletal muscles.

Sol.: Estrogen is a steroid hormone; able to cross Sol.: Extensor muscles are red muscle fibres having

the plasma membrane and bind to their receptor high myoglobin content and higher number of

present in cytoplasm. This hormone-receptor mitochondria as compared to white muscle fibres of

complex then binds to the gene and regulates the eyeball. Red muscle fibres carry out aerobic

expression of many genes. Epinephrine, glucagon oxidation while white muscle fibres carry out

and FSH are water soluble hormones with extra anaerobic oxidation.

cellular receptors. 174. Answer (1)

168. Answer (3) Hint: Identify a hormone deficiency disorder.

Hint: Thinning of bones occurs due to loss of Sol.: Cushing's syndrome and Conn's syndrome

minerals from bone. (Aldosteronism) are caused due to hypersecretion of

Sol.: Parathormone mobilises Ca 2+ from bones cortisol and aldosterone respectively. Addison's

leading to high Ca2+ level in blood and thinning of disease is caused due to deficiency of

bones. Calcitonin causes decrease in blood Ca2+ glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Bronze like

levels and its further deposition in bone while pigmentation is seen in Addison's disease.

cacitriol (Vitamin D3), stimulates increased absorption

175. Answer (2)

of Ca2+ from food in gastrointestinal tract, which

increases blood Ca2+ level. Hint: Neurons can be classified on the basis of

number of dendrites and axons present in them.

169. Answer (4)

Sol.:

Hint: Visceral organs contain non-striated muscles.

Sol.: Biceps and thigh muscles are multinucleated Multipolar neuron : Found in cerebral

(skeletal) muscles while cardiac muscles are striated with usually one axon & cortex

and found in heart. Stomach contains smooth multiple dendrites

muscles that are fusiform, uninucleated and Bipolar neuron : Found in retina of

unbranched. One axon and one eye

dendrite

170. Answer (3) Unipolar neuron : Found in

Hint: At rest, axolemma bears positive charge Cell body with one axon embryonic stage

towards ECF. only

Pseudounipolar neuron : Dorsal root

Sol.: Efflux of K+ ions takes place through voltage Have single process which ganglion of spinal

gated K+ channels. during repolarisation phase which divides to form an axon cord

restores the membrane potential. and a dendron

18/19

Test - 3 (Code F) (Hints and Solutions) All India Aakash Test Series for Medical-2019

Hint: Skeletal muscle is made up of number of Hint: This hormone prevents the release of growth

hormone.

myofibres.

Sol.: Somatostatin is another name of Growth

Sol.: Skeletal muscle in our body is made of a hormone Inhibiting Hormone (GHIH) which is

number of muscle bundles or fascicles held together produced by hypothalamus. Gonadotrophins (LH &

by a common collagenous connective tissue called FSH), somatotropin (Growth hormone) and prolactin

fascia. Each muscle bundle contains numerous (PRL) are produced by anterior pituitary.

myofibres, each of which is made up of numerous 179. Answer (1)

myofibrils. Each myofibril contains numerous Hint: Neurilemma in PNS is present in both

myofilaments. myelinated and unmyelinated neurons.

177. Answer (3) Sol.: Schwann cells are present around axon of

both myelinated and unmyelinated neurons.

Hint: Vasopressin is released in response to fall in Unmyelinated neurons lack myelin sheath and nodes

blood pressure. of Ranvier.

Sol.: ADH (vasopressin) and aldosterone increase 180. Answer (3)

the blood pressure. ACTH, i.e., adrenocorticotrophic Hint: Leucocytes exhibit pseudopodia.

hormone is secreted by anterior pituitary. ANF (atrial Sol.: Macrophages prominently show amoeboid

natriuretic factor) is secreted from wall of heart and movement to engulf foreign matter. Human sperms

decreases blood pressure. have flagella for locomotion.

19/19

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