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Hans Law College, Kotputli

fo"k; :- Contract – I izFke o"kZ 2017-18


uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsAa

iz’u 1- izLrko ds fy, Lohd`fr dk ogh egRo gS tks ck:n ls Hkjh xkM+h ds fy, ekfpl dh ,d tyrh gqbZ
rhyh dk gS & ,Ulu
Q.- 1 “Acceptance is to an offer what a lighted match is to a train of gunpowder.” – Anson.

iz’u 2- vo;Ld ds lkFk fd;s x;s djkj 'kwU; ;k O;FkZ gksrk gS \ bldh foospuk blds vioknksa rFkk oknksa dh
lgk;rk ls dhft,A
Q.- 2 An agreement with minor is vailid. Explain the statement with exceptions & their cases.

iz’u 3- izfrQy dh ifjHkk"kk nhft;s rFkk blds viokn Hkh crkb;sA


Q.- 3 Define Consideration and mention exceptions of the Consideration.

iz’u 4- Hkkjrh; lafonk vf/kfu;e 1872 ds vUrxZr lafonk dh fu"Qyrk ls lEcfU/kr fof/k dk mYys[k dhft,A D;k O;kikfjd
vlEHkork fu"Qyrk dk vk/kkj gS \ lEcfU/kr fu.kZ;ksa dk mYys[k dhft,A
Q.- 4 “Discuss law relating to frustration of contract under Indian contract Act 1872. Is
commercial impossibility a ground of frustration. Give relevant laws.

iz’u 5- lHkh lafonk, djkj gksrh gS fdUrq lHkh djkj lafonk ugha gksrsA O;k[;k fdft,A
Q5- All contracts are agreements but all agreements are not contract discuss.
iz’u 6- ,d djkj esa ekufld lgefr vko’;d gSA foospuk dhft;sA
Q.- 6 An agreement requires a meeting of minds. Comment.

iz’u 7- Hkkjrh; lafonk vf/kfu;e 1872 ds mu izko/kkuksa dk mYys[k dhft, tks lafonk dYi ;k v/kZlafonk ls
lEcfU/kr gSaA
Q.- 7 Explain the provisions of Indian contract Act 1872 which deals with the concept of quasi
contract.

iz’u 8- ckth djkj o lekfJr djkj esa vUrj dhft;s rFkk mudh ifjHkk"kk Hkh nhft;sA
Q.- 8 Explain the difference between wagering agreement and contingement agreement and
define the both also.

iz’u 9- O;kikj vojks/kh djkj 'kwU; gksrs gS \ vioknksa lfgr bldk o.kZu dhft;sA
Q.- 9 Agreements in restraint of trade are void. Discuss it with exception.

iz’u 10 lafonk ds mUekspu ds vk/kkjksa dk mYys[k dhft;sA


Q - 10 Explain the grounds of discharge of contract.

Q.-11 Explain the facts, arguements and principles of Law laid down Lalman Shukl Vs Gauri Dutt
1913½ 489 Case.
iz’u 11- Ykkyeu 'kqDy Vs xkSjhnRr¼1913½ 489 ds rF; o izfrikfnr fof/k ds fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft,A
Hans Law College, Kotputli
fo"k; :- Contract – II- izFke o"kZ 2017-18 fo"k; & lafonk fof/k f}rh; ¼2½
uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsaA
Q.1 What is contract of bailment? What is standard of care a bailee has to take in respect of goods bailed to
him? Explain the Bailee’s particular lien?
iz’u 1 mifuèkku lafoèkk fdls dgrs gSA mifufgrh dks mifufgr oLrqvks ds lEcUèk esa fdruh lkoèkkuh cjruh pkfg,A mifufgrh ds
fof’k"V èkkj.kkfèkdkj dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Q.2 What is Contract of Guarantee? What are its essential ingredients? To what extent a surety is liable
under the contract of guarantee? Explain?
iz’u 2 izfrHkwfr dh lafoèkk fdls dgrs gSA blds D;k vko’;d rRo gSA izfrHkwfr dh lafoèkk ds vUrxZr ,d izfrHkw fdl lhek rd
nkf;Rokèkhu gksrk gSA O;k[;k dhft,A

Q.3 Explain creation and termination of agency? When it is irrecovable by the principal?
iz’u 3 vfHkdj.k dk l`tu ,oa vUr dks le>k,\ fdu n’kkvks esa vfHkdj.k ekfyd }kjk vUr djus ;ksX; ugh gksrk gS\

Q.4 Define sale what are the elements of sale? Distinguish between sale and agreement to sale and hire
purchase?
iz’u 4 fod`; dks ifjHkkf’r dhft,\ fod`; ds vko’;d rRo d;k gS\ fod`; ,oa fod`; dk djkj essa vUrj Li"V dhft,\

Q.5 Define condition and warranties? What do you understand by implied conditions and implied
warranties?
iz’u 5 ’krksZ ,oa okjfVa;ks ls vki d;k le>rs gS\ foof{kr ’krksZ o foof{kr okjfVa;ks dks le>kb;s\

Q.6 Write note on the doctrine of “caveate emptor”. Refer to emerging trends in this respect in the Indian
Society?
iz’u 6 ^^Øsrk lko/kku** ds fl)kUr ij fVi.kh fyf[k,A mlds lUnHkZ esa lekt esa mn; gks jgs orZeku vk;keksa dk o.kZu dhft, \

Q.7 Who is unpaid Seller? Explain the rights of unpaid seller against the goods?
iz’u 7 vlanr foØsrk dkSu gS\ eky ds izfr vlanr foØsrk ds vf/kdkjks dh foospuk dhft,\

Q.8 Write short note on the followings:


1. Nobody can pass a better title than he himself has
2. Risk Prisma Facie passes with property
3. Doctrine of holding out
4. Implied authority of a partner
5. Mercantile Agent
iz’u 8 fuEu ij fVIif.ka fyf[k;s%&
1-dksbZ Hkh O;fDr vf/kdkj ls Js"B vf/kdkj dk Lor% vU; dks gLrkUrfjr ugh dj ldrkA
2-tksf[ke izFke n`"V;k lEifr ds lkFk gLrkOrfjr gksrk gSA
3-O;kins’ku dk fl)kUr
4-Hkkfxnkj dk miykf{kr izkf/kdkj
5-okf.kfT;d vfHkdrkZ

Q.9 The relationship of Partnership arises from contract not by status. Discuss with help of decided cases.
iz’u 9 Hkkxhnkjh ds lEcU/k lafonk ls mRiUu gksrs gS u fd izfLFkfr ls fuf.kZr oknks fd lg;rk ls bldh O;k[;k dhft, \

Q.10 What is dissolution of a firm? What are the various modes of dissolution of a firm? Explain.
iz’u 10 QeZ ds fo/kVu ls vki D;k le>rs gS\ QeZ ds fo/kVu ds dkSu ls fofHkUu rjhds gS\ O;k[;k dhft, \
OR
Discuss the facts, arguments, decision and the Principal laid down in:-
1. State of Gujrat v/s Memon Mohd AIR 1967 S.C
xqtjkr jkT; v/s eseu eksgEen AIR 1967 S.C
2. Amritlal Goverdhan lallan v/s State bank of Travan Core AIR 1960
ve`r yky xkso/kZuYyu v/s LVsV cSad vkWQ Vªkoudksj AIR 1960
Hans Law College, Kotputli
fo"k; :- Torts Paper no.III (2017-18) izFke o"kZ fo"k;& vid`R; fof/k ¼3½
uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsa
Q.1 Explain in detail all the essential elements of Tort with the help of illustrations?
iz’u 1 n`"Vkrksa dh lgk;rk ls vid`R; ds lHkh vko’;d rRoks dks foLrkj ls le>kb,A
Q.2 Write s short note on the followings:
1. Injuria Sine Damnum 2. Damnum sine Injuria 3. Ubi Jus ibi Remedium
iz’u 2 fuEu ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;ka fyf[k;s%&
1- {kfr ds fcuk gkfu 2 gkfu ds fcuk {kfr 3 tgk¡ vf/kdkj ogk mipkj
Q.3 Discuss with the help of decide lose act of God and Inevitable Accident?
iz’u 3 nSoh; d`R; o vo’;EHkkoh nq/kZVuk dks fu.khr oknksa dh lgk;rk ls Li"V dhft,A

Q.4 What is vicarious liability? Discuss the liability of the government for tort commited by its servent.
Refer to relevant cases?
iz’u 4 izfrfuf/kd nkbRo D;k gS\ vius lsodks }kjk fd;s vid`R; ds fy, ljdkj dk nkf;Ro Li"V dhft,A

Q.5 Every person is under a legal duty to take care towards his neighbour. Discuss with the help of decided
case. Discuss Negligence?
iz’u 5 izR;sd O;fDr vius iMkslh ds izfr lko/kkuh cjrus fof/kd dŸkZO; ds v/khu gSA bl dFku ds lUnHkZ esa mis{kk dks ifjHkkf"kr
dhft,A

Q.6 What is Contributory Negligence? Illustrate the principle of Contributory Negligence?


iz’u 6 ;ksxnk;h mis{kk D;k gS \ ;ksxnk;h mis{kk ls lEcf/kr izeq[k fooknks dk o.kZu dhft,A

Q.7 The principle of strict liability has became the principle of absolute liability in India. Discuss the
statement.
iz’u 7 Hkkjr esa dBksj nkf;Ro dk fu;e iw.kZ nkf;Ro dk fu;e cu x;k gS \ Li"V dhft,A

Q8. Write a short notes on the following:


1. Res ipsa loquitor 2. Joint tort feasors 3. Doctrine of common Employment
4. Nervous Shock
iz’u 8 fuEu ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;ka fyf[k;s%&
1- /kVuk Lo;a cksyrh gS 2 Lk;qDr vid`R;drkZ 3 lkekU; fu;kstu dk fl)kar 4 ekufld vk/kkr

Q.9 What is information? What are its kind. What are the defences available to a dependant?
iz’u 9 ekugkuh D;k gS\ ;g fdrus izdkj dh gS\ ekugkuh ds ekeyksa esa izfroknh dks D;k cpko miyC/k gSA

Q.10 A person is liable only upto the extent to which he can forsee the consequences of his act as a
reasonable man. Discuss the remoteness of damage.(In Jure non Remota Causa Set Proxima spectur.)
iz’u 10 O;fDr dk nkf;Ro dsoy ml lhek rd gksrk gS ftl lhek rd og vius dk;ksZ ds ifj.kke dk vuqeku dj lDrk gSSA bl
dFku ds lUnHkZ esa {kfr dh nwjofrZrk dks le>kb,A

Q.11 Discuss the establishment, Procedure of the meeting and object of central and state consumer
Protection Council?
iz’u 11 dsUnzh; ,oa jkT; miHkksXrk laj{k.k ifj"kn dh lajpuk] vf/kos’ku dh izfØ;k ,oa mn~ns’; dh foospuk dhft,A
Hans Law College, Kotputli
fo"k; :- Hindu Law Paper no.IV izFke o"kZ 2017-18 fo"k; %& fgUnw fof/k;ka ¼4½
uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsaA
Q. 1 Discuss various schools and sub schools of Hindu law. On what points do they differ from each other
and how far they relevant in the present time?
iz’u 1 fgUnq fofËk fd fofHkUu ’kk[kkvks vkSj mi’kk[kkvks dh foospuk fdft;sA fdu fcUnqvks ij mues ijLij fHkUurk gS vkSj orZeku
le; es mudh dgkWa rd izklafxdrk gSA

Q. 2 The provisions of section 5 at the Hindu Law Marriage Act 1955 are such that it contravened under
the marriage as void or voidable. Explain in detail.
iz’u 2 fgUnq fookg vf/kfu;e 1955 dh /kkjk 5 ds izko/kku bl izdkj gSa fd muds mYya?ku ij fookg 'kwU; vFkok 'kwU;dj.kh; gksrk
gS foLrkj ls le>kb;sA

Q.3 Discuss the remedy of restitution of conjugal rights under the Hindu marriage act 1955. Is this remedy
constitutionally valid?
iz’u 3 fgUnq fookg vf/kfu;e 1955 ds vUrxZr nkEiR; vfËkdkjks fd izR;kLFkkiuk ds mipkj dks le>kbZ;sA D;k ;g mipkj
laoSËkkfud :i ls oSËk gSA

Q.4 Describe the rule of succession in the case of intestate Hindu female under the Hindu succession act,
1956 ?
iz’u 4 fuoZfl;r fgUnq L=h ds fgUnq mŸkjkfËkdkj vf/kfu;e 1956 ds vUrxZr mrjkfËkdkj ds fu;eks dk o.kZu dhft,A

Q.5 What are the requisites of a valid adoption under the Hindu adoption and maintenance act 1956?
iz’u 5 fgUnq nŸkd ,oa Hkj.k iks"k.k vf/kfu;e 1956 ds vUrxZr oSËk nŸkd xzg.k fd D;k D;k vko’;drk, gSA

Q- 6 What are the kinds of guardians recognized by the Hindu Minority and guardianship Act 1956 .What
are the powers of a Netural guardian to alienate his minor’s immonable droperty.
iz’u 6 fgUnq voLdrk ,oa laj{krk vf/kfu;e 1956 ds }kjk fdrus izdkj ds laj{kdksa dks ekU;rk izkIr gS \ ,d uSlfxZd laj{kd dh
vius vo;Ld dh vpy lEifRr dks eUrj.k djus dh 'kfDr;ka gSaA

Q- 7 State the provisions of law enumerated order sec 18 of Hindu Adoption and maintenance Act, 1956
with regard to maintenance of wife.
iz'u 7 fgUnq nRrd ,oa Hkj.kiks"k.k vf/kfu;e 1956 dh /kkjk 18 esa micaf/kr iRuh ds Hkj.k iks"k.k ls lEcfU/kr fof/k ds izko/kkuksa dk
mYys[k dhft,A

Q. 8 Discuss the ground for obtaining decree at divorce. On what special ground a Hindu wife claim a
decree divorce against the husband under the provisions at the Hindu marriage act 1955.
iz'u 8 fookg foPNsn dh fMØh izkIr djus ds ekU; vkËkkjks dh foospuk dhft, fdu fdu vkËkkjks ij ,d fgUnq iRuh vius irh ds
fo:) fgUn fookg vf/kfu;e 1955 ds vUrxZr fookg foPNsn dh fMØh izkIr dj ldrh gSA

Q. 9 Write short notes:-


iz’u 9 laf{kIr fVIif.k;ka fyf[k;s%&
1. Hindusuccession (Amendment) Act 2005 -fgUnq mRrjkf/kdkj laj{k.k v0fu0 2005 ds micU/k
2. Relation Back theory -HkwrfrfFk dk fl)kUr
3. Disqualitication at heirs -mRrjkf/kdkfj;ksa dh v;ksX;rk,a

Q. 10 Explain:-
1. Shebait
2. Debuttes-Property
3. Divorce by Manial consent
iz’u 10 le>kb;s %&
1-'kSok;r
2-nsoksRrj lEifRr
3-ikjLifjd lgefr ls fookg foPNsn
Hans Law College, Kotputli
Muslim Law Paper No.V izFke o"kZ 2017-18
fo"k; %& eqfLye fof/k ¼5½
uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsaA
Q.1 Discuss the various sources of Muslim Law and their significance.
iz’u 1 eqfLye fof/k ds fofHkUu Lrksrks dh foospuk dhft, vkSj muds egRo Hkh le>kb;sA

Q.2 What are the various kinds of Muslim marriage? Which Marriages are prohibited and why?
iz’u 2 eqfLye fookgks ds fofHkUu izdkj D;k gS A eqfLye fof/k ds fdu fookgks dks fuf"kn` fd;k gS vkSj D;ks \

Q.3 Define Talaq (Divorce). Describe its various kinds in muslim law can a muslim wife divorce her
husband? If so under what circumstances?
iz’u 3 rykd dks ifjHkkf"kr fdft,A eqfLye fof/k esa blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dks le>kb;sA D;k ,d eqfLye iRuh vius ifr ls
ookg&foPNsn dj ldrh gS \ ;fn ,slk rks fdu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esaA

Q. 4 What is the nature of dower under Muslim Law \ What are its various kinds \ Discuss the nature of a
Muslim Widows right to retain possession of her husband’s property in lieu of her dower.
iz’u 4 eqfLye fof/k ds vUrxZr esgj dh izd`fr dh O;k[;k dhft;sA blds fofHkUu izdkj D;k gSa \ vius esgj ds ,ot esa vius ifr
dh lEink ij dCt+k cuk;s j[kus gsrq eqfLye fo/kok ds vf/kdkj dh izd`fr dh foospuk dhft;sA

Q.5 What is Hiba? State its essential conditions distinguish between Hiba-bil-aiwaz dnd Hiba-ba shartul
aiwaz?
iz’u 5 fgck D;k gS \ bldh vko;d 'krsZa crkb;s fgck&fcy&,ot vkSj fgck &fc&’krqZy ,ot esa vUrj crkb;A

Q.7 What are the essentials of a vailid Waqf ? Explain and discuss the power of Mutawalli in relation to
waqf property.
iz’u 7 oDQ ds vko’;d rRo D;k gSa \ oDQ lEifRr ds lEcU/k esa eqroYyh ds vf/kdkj D;k gSa \ budh foospuk dhft,A

Q. 8 State and extent to which a Muslim can create will of his property. Point out the difference between
Sunni & Shia Law.
iz’u 8 ,d eqfLye viuh lEifRr dh olh;r fdl lhek rd dj ldrk gS \ lqUuh ,oa f’k;k fof/k esa vUrj Li"V dhft;sA

Q.9 Short Notes :-


1- Death bed transactions (Marz ul maut) - e`R;q 'k;~;k laO;ogkj ¼et+Z&my&ekSr½
2- Option of puberty - O;Ldrk dk fodYi ¼[;kj&my&oqyqx½
3- Mutah-Marriage - eqrk&fookg
4- Doctrine of Aul and Rudd - vkSy ,oa jn dk fl)kUr
5- Doctirne of Musha - eq’kk dk fl)kUr
6- Acknowledgement – vfHkLohd`fr
Hans Law College, Kotputli
fo"k; :- Indian Constitution Paper No.VI izFke o"kZ 2017-18
fo"k; %& Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ¼6½
uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsAa

iz'u 1- Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh mn~nsf’kdk dk D;k egRo gS \ D;k blesa la’kks/ku fd;k tk ldrk gS \ ;g Hkh crkb, fd D;k
bl mn~nsf’kdk dks lafo/kku ds fofHkUu micU/kksa ds fuoZpu ds fy, mi;ksx esa yk;k tk ldrk gS \
bl fo"k; esa fuf.kZsr oknksa dks vius Lrj ls bafxr dhft,A
Q.1 What is the importance of preamble of the constitutuion of India \ State as to whether it can
be amended. Also state as to wheather it can be utilized for the purpose of inter pretation of the
various provisions of the constitution. Lite cases in this ground.

iz'u 2 “kjrh; x.krU= /keZ fujis{k jkT; gS vkSj lc O;fDr;ksa dh vkRek dh vkSj fo’okl dh Lora=rk lqjf{kr djrk gSA bl dFku
ij fVIi.kh dhft;sA
Q.2 “The Indian republic is a secular state and guarantees freedom of conscience and belief in
all persons.” Comment on this statement.

iz’u 3 Hkkjr ds jk"Vªifr dh laoS/kkfud fLFkfr dh foospuk dhft;sA D;k og laln ds nksuksa lnuksa esa ikfjr fdlh fo/ks;d
dks viuh Lohd`fr nsus ls euk dj ldrk gS \ Hkkjr ds lafo/kku ds izko/kkuksa dh lgk;rk ls viuk mRrj fyf[k,A
Q.3 Discuss the constitutional position of the President of India. Can he without his consent to a
legislative bill passed by both the houses of Parliaments? Illustrate your answer with the help of
provisions of the constitution of India.

iz’u 4- mPpre U;k;ky; dh vf/kdkfjrk ,oa 'kfDr;ksa dh foospuk dhft;sA


Q.4 Discuss the Jurisdiction and power of the Supreme Court.

iz’u 5 la?k jkT; ds fo/kk;h lEcU/kksa dh ppkZ dhft,A fdu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa laln jkT; lwph esa ds fo"k; ij fof/k
cukus gsrq vf/kdkfjr gks tkrh gSA
Q.5 Discuss the union state legislative releation. In what circumstances the parliament becomes
empowered to make law on the state list?

iz'u 6 Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa O;kikj] okf.kT; vkSj lekxe dh Lora=rk ls lEcfU/kr micU/kksa dh O;k[;k dhft;sA
Q.6 Discuss the provisions relating to freedom of trade, commerce, and intercourse as laid down
in the constitution of India.
iz'u 7 fuf.kZr oknksa dh lgk;rk ls jkT; lsodksa dks miyC/k laoS/kkfud laj{k.k dh ppkZ dhft,A
Q.7 Discuss the constitutional protection of the Civil Servant with the help of decided case laws.
iz'u 8 izk.k ,oa nSfgd LokËkhurk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fdl izdkj izk.k ,oa nSfgd LokËkhurk ds vfËkdkj dks loksZPp U;k;ky; us
foLr`r fd;k gS \ mYys[k dhft, A
Q.8 What do you understand by right to life and liberty? How the scope of life and liberty has been
expanded by Apex court? Discuss.

iz'u 9 Hkkjr ds lafoËkku ds vuqPNsn 14 ds rgr ^ lerk dh voËkkj.kk ^ dks crkbZ;s A ;qfDr;qDr oxhZdj.k dk fl)kUrk D;k gS \
fdl izdkj ;g lerk LFkkfir djus gsrq egRoiw.kZ gSA
Q.9 Explain the concept of equality under Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. What is doctrine of
Reasonable classification? How it is significant for establishing the equality?

iz’u 10 laln dh Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dks la’kks/ku djus laca/khr 'kfDr dk myys[k dhft,A ewy <kWps ds fl)kar dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft,A
Q10- Discuss the power of parliament to amend the constitution of India. Difine the doctrine of
basic structure.

iz’u 11 laf{kIr fVIi.kh


1 ewy vf/kdkj vkSj uhfr funs’kd rRoksa esa lEcU/k 2 lkj ,oa rRo dk fl)kUr 3 lalnh; fo’ks"kkf/kdkj 4 vkikrdky
5 nksgjs n.M ds fo:) laj{k.k 6 vkPNknku dk fl)kUr 7 jkT; 8 izlkni;ZUr dk fl)kUr
Q.11short note:
1. Relation between fundamental rights and Directive Principles 2. Doctrine of Pith and
Substance
3. Parliament Priviledges 4. Emergency 5. Protection against Double Jeopardy
6. Doctrine of Eclipse. 7. State 8 Doctrine of Pleasure
Hans Law College, Kotputli

fo"k; :-Legal English Paper No.VII fo"k; :- English (7)- 2017-18


Attempt question no 5 which is compulsory and any other four questions. All questions carry equal marks.
Q.1 Explain any five of the following Legal terms and makes the sentence—
(a) Cognizable, (b) Prcamble, (c) Mortagage, (d) Hearsay, (e) Vismajor, (f) Defomation, (g) De-facto,
(h) Tort, (i) Ultra Vires, (j) Act sof God. (k) Bailment (l) Chattel, (m) Prejury
Q.2 Explain any fice of the Latin Maxims in English and Makes statement—
(i) Caveat Embtor, (ii) Doli incapx, (iii) Mersne profit, (iv) Animus, (v) De-Jure, (vi) Mens Rea, (vii) Suo-
Moto, (viii) Ex-Offico, (ix) Ejusdem Generis (x) Actusreus
Q.3 Give one war Substitute the following. Attempt any ten.
(i) One who can not read or write (ii) That which destroy germs, (iii) Absence of government, (iv) Too
much official formaling, (v) One who walks in sleep, (vi) A sppech delivered without previous preparation,
(vii) A letter whose writer is unknown, (viii) government by one man, (ix) A person who in unable topay
his debt. (x) Person with no belief in religion.
Q.4 Attempt any five of the following pair of words. Give their meaning and use them in sentence of your
own:
(i) Advice, Advise, (ii) Bale, Bail, (iii) Course, Coarse, (iv) Goal, Goal, (v) Differ, Deter, (vi) Altar, alter,
(vii) Die, Dye, (viii) Affect, Effect, (ix) Career, Carrier, (x) Apposit, Opposite.
Q.5 Compulsory question (Passage for Comprehension)
Read the followings passage carefully and answer the question given below it :
Kuljeet Singh alias Ranga Khus, the petitioner herein was convicted alongwith one Jasbir Singh alias Billa,
by the learned Additional Sessions Judge, Delhi for Various offences in Connection with the mureder of
two young children- Geeta Chopra and her brother, Sanjay The two accused were sentenced to death for
the offence under section 302 read with section 34 of the Penal code and tow varying terms of
imprisonment inder sections 363, 365,366 and 376 read with section 34 of the code. The order of
convection and sentence, including the sentence of death was confirmed by the Delhi High Court by its
judgement dated November 16, 1979 were upon the two accused filed special leave Petitions 562 and 1793
of 1980 in this court challengers their connetion and sentence those special leave Petitioners were
dismissed on December 8, 1980 by a Bench of this Court consisting of Justice O. Chinnappa Reddy,
Justice Baharul Islam and one of us. The chief Justice by this writ petition the petitioner virtually asses for
the reapprasal of his case and a reconsideration of the dismissal of his special leave petition. The Thurst of
the petition is against the sentence of death imposd on the petitioner.

Questions:-
1. Who are petionoers in this case?
2. What was the sentence, and under what sections of the Penal code
3. Which court connicted the petioiners and was confirmed by which court?
4. What was the constitution of Bench, Who heard special leave Petitions filed by the accused?
5. What is the thrust of petition?
Q.6 Write a letter to your friend advising him not to accept dowry at the time of his marriage.
Q. 7 Write an Essay in English in about 500 words , on one of the following topics :
(i) Women Empowerment (ii) Human Rigjhts (iii) Juvenile Delinouency (iv) Child Labour in India
Q. 8 Write a précis of the following passage and give it an appropriate title:
In spite of rigorous precantions against accidietns may people are injured every year in factous and
elsewhere. In addition some people are born into physical disabilities. They are either blind or deaf or in
someway deformed from birth upto quite recent time, little planned action was taken to fit handicapped
people for employment. A number of charitable organizations tried to help them in case of hardship, but
few seriously held the idea the thease people might still have sabilities in their directions only during the
last few decades has society slowly come to acknowledge its responsibilities and to recongnise that
handicapped people can be trained to play a useful part in economic as well as social life. The second
world war gave importance to this: During the 1939-45 war, pressive on resources of labour compelled all
fighting nations to call on the services of handicapped people for tasks adapted to , and within the limitis of
their capacities. A man might have lost the use of his legs, but still be able to use his hands with skill.
Another person might have lost his sight, but still be capable of training in ways in which his other senses
could be emplyed effectively in furtherance of the war effort.
In recent years scientific invertions and discourvies have lessned the disabilities of deafness, some forms
of paralysis and other physical handicaps. Scientists working in association with engineers have devised
methods by which handicapped people can take up work again thanks to the inention of mechanical limbs,
the improvement of hearing aids and so on. (263 Words)
Q. 9 Translate the English passage of queswtion no 8 into Hindi.
Q10. Translate the following into English.
U;k;ikfydk dk ;ksxnku cMk egRoiw.kiZ gSA gekjh O;oLFkk la?kkRed gSA la?kkRed O;oLFkk esa dbZ ljdkjksa dk vfLrRo ,d lEFk gksrk gSSA ftuds
e/; lkoZHkkSfed O;fDr;ksa dk foHkktu gksrk gS vkSj jkT; ds fofHkUu vaxks esa mls ck¡Vk tkrk gSA lafo/kku }kjk fo/kkf;uh vkSj foÙkh; O;oLFkk,
¡ tfVy gSA mlus yksxks dks ekSfyd vf/kdkj iznku fd;s gSaA ewykf/kdkj O;fDr;ksa dks jkT; ds fo:) izkIr gq, gSSA O;fDr;ksa dh rqyuk esa jkT;
dkQh egÙoiw.kZ laLFkk gSA vr% Lka?kkRed lafo/kku esa fUk"I{k rFkk Lora= U;k;ikfydk dk egÙoiw.kZ LFkku gS vkSj blh dh fØ;kfUofr la?kkRed
lafo/kku dh lQyrk ds fy, ijeko’;d gSA
Hans Law College, Kotputli
Indian Legal & Constitutional History Paper No.VIII-2017-18
fo"k; :- Hkkjrh; loS/kkfud bfrgkl ¼8½
uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsAa

iz’u 1- ^^1726 dk o"kZ Hkkjr esa uohu U;k; iz’kklu ds mn~Hko ds :i esa fpfUgr gSa^^O;k[;k dhft,A 1753 ds jktkKk ds }kjk D;k
lq/kkj fd;s x,A
Q. 1. “The year 1726 marked the beginning of the new phase in the evolution of the Judicial
administration in India” Explain. What modifications have been made by the charters of 1753.

iz’u 2- 1726 dh jktkKk ds vUrxZr LFkkfir es;j U;k;ky; ds xBu] {kS=kf/kdkj rFkk dk;Z iz.kkyh dh foLrkj ls foospuk dhft,
rFkk 1686 esa LFkkfir es;j U;k;ky; ls ;g fdl izdkj fHkUu Fks \
Q. 2 Explain the composition, jurisdiction and the working of the mayor’s courts established
under the charter of 1726, and in what aspects they different from mayor court establish in 1686?

iz’u 3- jsX;qysfVax ,DV] 1773 ds izko/kkuksa dh lekykspukRed tkap dhft;s ,oa ,DV vkWQ lSVyesUV ] 1781 dk egRo crkb;sA
Q. 3 Critically examine the provisions of the Regulating Act 1773 and state the significance of
the Act of settlement of 1781.

iz’u 4 vnkyr O;oLFkk ls vki D;k le>rs gSAa 1772 dh ;kstuk esa D;k nks"k fo/keku Fks rFkk fokjsu gSfLVXal us fdl izdkj bu
nks"kks dks nwj fd;kA
Q.4 Discuss critically Waren Hastings judicial plan of 1772. State how far his reforms in 1774
were are improvement on that of the earlier plan of 1772.

iz’u 5- 1774 esa dydŸkk esa LFkkfir mPpre U;k;ky; ds xBu dh foospuk dhft, lkFk gh bldh ’kfDr;ks o vf/kdkjks dks Li"V
dhft,A
Q.5 Discuss the constitution of supreme court established in Calcutta at 1774 and discuss the
various Power and Jurisdiction of court?
iz’u 6- cSfVad ds U;kf;d lq/kkjksa dh ewy Hkkouk Hkkjrh;dj.k fodsUnzh;dj.k ,oa ferO;rk FkhAfVIIk.kh dhft,A
Q.6 The keynote of Bentique’s judicial reforms was Inidanization, decentralization and economy.
Discuss.

iz’u 7- ^^1909 dk vf/kfu;e vius mn~ns’;ksa dh izkfIr esa vlQy fl) gqvk ^^ mDr dFku dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k
dhft,A
Q. 7 “The reforms of 1909 failed in their object” Examine critically the above statement.

iz’u 8 Hkkjr ljdkj vf/kfu;e 1935 ds eq[; izko/kkuksa dk mYys[k dhft,


Q. 8 Discuss the main provisions of Government of India Act 1935

iz'u 9 fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha pkj ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fyf[k;sA


Q. 9 Write short note on any four of the following
(A) Dyarchy system of lord clive ” nksgjs 'kklu
(B) . Simon Commission -lkbeu vk;ksx
(C) Lex Loci Report - LFkkuh; fof/k izfrosnu
(D) Pit’s India Act, 1784 fiV~l bf.M;k ,DV 1784

iz’u 10- jktkuUn dqekj ijh{k.k 1775 ds rF;] nyhy] fu.kZ; ,oa fof/k ds izfrikfnr fl)kUrksa dk o.kZu dhft,A
Q. 10 Stat the facts, arguments, dicisions and principles of law laid down in the case of trail of
Raja Nand Kumar case 1775.
Hans Law College, Kotputli
fo"k; :- Public Interest Lawering Paper No.IX izFke o"kZ 2017-18

uksV%& fuEufyf[kr iz’u dsoy vuqeku gS bu ij iw.kZr% fuHkZj ugh jgsAa

Q.1 What is Public Interest Litigation? Explain the nature and main objectives of Public Interest
Litigation?
iz’u 1 tufgr okn D;k gS \ tufgr okn dh izd`fr o eq[; mÌs’;ks dks Li"V dhft,A

Q.2 Discuss the constitution, Functioning and powers of the National Legal Service Authority?
iz’u 2 jkf"Vª; fof/kd lsok izkf/kdj.k ds xBu] dk;Z rFkk ’kfDr;ksa dk o.kZu dhft,A
Q.3 “Public Interest Litigation is being misused in India.” Discuss in detail in the light of cases of Supreme
Court.
iz’u 3 yksdfgr okn dk Hkkjr esa nq:i;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A loksZPp U;k;ky; ds oknksa ds izdk’k esa foLr`r :i ls foospuk dhft, A

Q.4 Discuss the constitution, Functioning and powers of the District Legal Services Authority to be
constituted under the legal service Authorities Act, 1987.
iz’u 4 fof/kd lsok izkf/kdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1987 ds vUrxZr xfBr fd;s tkus okys ftyk fof/kd lsok izf/kdj.k ds xBu] dk;Ziz.kkyh
vkSj ’kfDr;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A
Q.5 Explain the following (Any Two):-
1. Legal Aid Clinic
2. Social action litigation
3. Future of judicial activism in India
4. Paralegal Services
iz’u 5 fuEu ls fdUgha nks dks le>kb;s A
1-fof/kd lgk;rk f’kfoj
2-lkekftd vuq;kstu dk;Zokgh
3-Hkkjr esa U;kf;d lfØ;rk dk Hkfo";
4-iSjk yhxy lsok,¡

Q.6 What do you understand by Lok Adalat? Discuss the constitution, Functioning and powers of Lok
Adalat?
iz’u 6 yksd vnkyr ls vki D;k le>rs gS \ yksd vnkyr ds xBu] dk;Z ,oa ’kfDr;ksa dh foospuk dhft, \

Q.7 Write short note on the following:


1. Provision for legal aid under of constitution.
2. Provision for legal aid under of C.P.C
iz’u 7 fuEu ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;ka fyf[k;s%&
1. lafo/kku ds vUrxZr fof/kd lgk;rk ds izko/kku
2. flfoy izfØ;k lafgrk ds vUrxZr fof/kd lgk;rk ds izko/kku

Q.8 What do you mean by concept of locus standi? What are the essential conditions for liberalization of
locus standi?
iz’u 8 lqus tkus ds vf/kdkj ls vki D;k le>rs gS A lqus tkus ds vf/kdkj ds mnkjhdj.k ds fy, D;k vko’;d ’krsZ gaS \
Q.9 Write short note on the following:
1. Difference Between the public interest litigation and private interest litigation.
2. Role of judiciary in India on Environmental problems.
iz’u 9 fuEu ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;ka fyf[k;s%&
1. yksdfgr okn o futh fgr okn esa vUrj
2. i;kZoj.kh; leL;kvksa ij Hkkjr esa U;k;ikfydk dh Hkwfedk A

Q.10 State the facts and principles of law laid down in Bandhua Mukti Morcha Vs Union of India, AIR
1984, S.C. 802.
iz’u 10 cUnqvk eqfDr ekspkZ cuke Hkkjr la/k AIR 1984, S.C. 802. esa of.kZr rF;ksa ,oa izfrikfnr fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft, A