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Solids Control,

Cuttings Management &


Fluids Processing
Drilling Environmental Solutions

Version 6
“Our Company is committed to continuous improvement
of its global health, safety and environmental processes
while supplying high-quality, environmentally responsible
products and services to our customers.”

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 1


Overview 4

Solids Control Systems & Products


Shakers
MONGOOSE PRO Shale Shaker 8
MEERKAT PT Shale Shaker 12
MD-2 Dual-Deck Shale Shaker 16
MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker 20
Vibratory Systems Analysis Testing (VSAT) Program 24
Mud Cleaners
High-Volume Mud Cleaners 26
Oilfield Screens
DURAFLO Oilfield Screens 28
DURAFLO Composite OEM & Replacement Screens 31
M-I SWACO Commodity Screens Portfolio 36
Centrifuges
CD-500 HV Centrifuge 38
518 HV Centrifuge 41
CD 250 Centrifuge 45
414 Centrifuge 47
Centrifuge Rotating Assemblies 49
Dewatering 50
OPTM-IZER 51
Table of Contents

Cuttings Management Systems & Products Pressure Control Systems & Products
Cuttings Collection & Transportation CARBONTRACKER 71
CLEANCUT Cuttings Collection and Transportation System 52 D-GASSERS
VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM (VCS) 53 CD-1400 CENTRIFUGAL D-GASSER 72
Cuttings Treatment COMPACT VACUUM D-GASSER 73
Cuttings Dryer (VERTI-G) 56 HORIZONTAL VACUUM D-GASSER 74
THERMAL DESORPTION: HAMMERMILL Onshore 61 Separators
THERMAL DESORPTION: HAMMERMILL Offshore 62 MUD/GAS SEPARATOR 75
THERMAL PHASE SEPARATION (TPS) 63 SUPER MUD/GAS SEPARATOR (SMGS) 76
Cuttings Re-Injection (CRI) 64 Drilling Chokes
AUTOCHOKE 77
LOW PRESSURE AUTOCHOKE CONSOLE (LPAC) 78
Fluids Processing Systems & Products ECHOKE 79
DRILLING FLUID TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM 65 SUPERCHOKE 80
AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING (ATC) 66 VERSA-CHOKE 81
AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING LITE (ATC LITE) 67 CHOKE MANIFOLD 82
MULTI-PHASE CLARIFIER (MPC) 68
Rig-Equipment Engineering
ENVIROUNIT 69
Integrated Package Delivery 83
PRESSURE & FLUID MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (PFMS) 70

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 3


Overview

Solutions for you and your well

Solids Controls, Cuttings Drilling Fluid Systems & Products Production Technologies
Management & Fluids Processing ■■ Wellsite and project engineering ■■ Specialty production chemicals
■■ Solids Control Simulation software ■■ Chemical management
–– Shakers / Screens ■■ Drilling-fluid systems and additives ■■ Drag reduction
–– Centrifuges / Pumps ■■ ALPINE SPECIALTY CHEMICALS† ■■ H2S treatment
–– Agitators Federal† Wholesale ■■ Descaling, decontamination
–– Conveyors ■■ HDD Mining & Waterwell and decommissioning
–– D-Silters & D-Sanders Technical support
■■
■■ Commodity and utility chemicals
–– Flow Dividers ■■ Produced water treatment
–– Gumbo Chains
■■ Production Waste Management
–– Shaker Vacuum Systems
–– Dryers
–– Dewatering
–– RHE-USE
–– Intelligent Fluid Monitoring
■■ Cuttings Management
–– CLEANCUT
–– CLEANBULK
–– Vacuum Technologies
–– Thermal Desorption Technologies
–– Cuttings Re-Injection (CRI)
■■ Fluids Processing
–– AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING
–– ENVIROUNIT
–– Mixing Technologies
–– HI-SIDE / HI-RIDE
–– PFMS
–– Crossflow Filtration Units
–– Mud Coolers
–– CRI Assurance

4 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Overview
Completion Fluid Systems Dynamic Pressure Manangement
& Products, Reservoir Drill-In ■■ Rotating Control Devices
Fluids, Breakers, Filtration –– Low Pressure

& Specialized Tools –– High Pressure

■■ Engineering/simulation software ■■ Fluid Separation Products


■■ Reservoir drill-in fluids –– Mud Gas Separators

■■ Intervention fluids –– D-GASSERS

–– TOGA (TOTAL GAS


■■ Breakers
■■ Spacers and Displacement Chemicals CONTAINMENT)
■■ Specialized Tools
■■ Flow Control Products
–– Drilling Chokes
■■ Completion Fluids
–– Choke Manifolds
■■ Filtration –– Choke Control Consoles
■■ Fluid-loss control systems ■■ Flow Measurements Products
■■ Packer fluids –– CARBONTRACKER gas flow

,Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 5


Overview

Performance Beyond Compliance

Dealing with the high volumes of solids and fluids produced while drilling is only part of
today’s Drilling Waste Management story. M-I SWACO offers a proactive approach that
provides new opportunities to reduce the consumption of resources, and increase their
reuse. Alongside compliance with environmental regulations, our solutions are also helping
customers improve performance; both operationally and economically.
Solids Control Cuttings Management Fluids Processing
M-I SWACO solids control packages M-I SWACO offers an industry-leading M-I SWACO has redefined fluids
comprise a complete line of cutting-edge portfolio of cost-effective technologies processing with an integrated and
technologies engineered to optimize designed to reduce the HSE footprint all-inclusive suite of cradle-to-grave
drilling efficiencies by reducing fluid of offshore and onshore drilling technologies that optimize cost-
losses, HSE impact, and costs. operations. New generation drilling effective performance, while reducing
The all-inclusive solids control offering waste management technologies the fluid waste stream. The portfolio
comprises advanced shale shakers and include vacuum collection systems and encompasses fully customized mud
associated OEM composite screen. flow the fully automated CLEANCUT and mixing technologies, including the
dividers and shake vacuum systems, companion CLEANBULK fully enclosed advanced HI-RIDE high-speed eductor
new- generation centrifuges and pneumatic technologies for the offshore and the HI-SIDE Blender for in-line
pumps, D-SILTERs and D-SANDERs, containment, handling, temporarily dilution. Setting the standard for safe
cuttings dryers, gumbo chains and storage and transport of water, and efficient drilling performance, we
agitators. The solids control and synthetic and oil-base drill cuttings. offer the closed-loop PRESSURE &
separation suite also includes the The cuttings management solutions FLUID MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (PFMS)
pioneering RHE-USE system for the also include advanced thermal that automatically controls pressure
continual use of invert emulsion drilling desorption technologies, including the and removes solids and gas from the
fluids without high rates of dilution, HAMMERMILL onshore desorption drilling fluid; crossflow filtration units for
state-of-the-art dewatering solutions technology, the modular offshore optimum fluid purity and the industry’s
and the revolutionary INTELLIGENT HAMMERMILL design - both of which most advanced mud coolers. At the
FLUID MONITORING service. rely on direct mechanical heating - end of the process, our revolutionary
and the compact THERMAL PHASE AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING
SEPARATION technology. M-I SWACO technology and strategically located
also has been a pacesetter in the ENVIROUNITS have raised the bar on
planning, execution and monitoring of the safe and ultra-efficient recovering
in-situ injection of drilling waste with and recycling of liquid waste to reduce
the industry’s only comprehensive operators’ environmental footprints.
CUTTINGS RE-INJECTION
(CRI) Assurance program.

6 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Overview
We work with operators to: Broad capabilities Supporting a full range
■■ Address specific waste management for diverse challenges of operations
challenges while keeping pace Wherever you operate, M-I SWACO M-I SWACO can help customers
with drilling provides access to global capabilities improve performance and protect
■■ Meet or exceed local regulations, and leading technologies, supported valuable assets across the full E&P
as well as corporate responsibility by a network of unmatched resources lifecycle. Drilling Waste Management
and sustainability objectives and specialist expertise. is one of a wide range of technical
disciplines that also include:
■■ Improve well site economics Through a longstanding program
and the viability of operations of research and development, ■■ Drilling Fluids and Systems
■■ Minimize produced waste volumes M-I SWACO strives to constantly ■■ Completion Fluids and Systems
and treatment requirements improve the performance of our ■■ Production Technology and Chemicals
technologies. This commitment also
■■ Introduce onsite treatment capabilities ■■ Dynamic Pressure Management
results in innovations designed to
that minimize or remove the need for
meet the changing requirements
costly waste transportation
of a new generation of wells.
■■ Increase the reuse of valuable
drilling fluids and natural resources Protecting people,
to minimize consumption and safeguarding places
waste volumes Wherever they are, M-I SWACO people
■■ Preserve fluid quality to protect are dedicated to operating safely;
downhole equipment, prevent NPT, protecting their colleagues, customers
improve drilling performance and and the communities in which they work.
protect the production potential Whether operating at pristine frontiers
of the reservoir or in established, mature fields, they
respect these environments at all times.
From the lab to the office to the wellsite,
each member of the M-I SWACO team is
dedicated to meeting client expectations.

,Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 7


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

MONGOOSE PRO Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MONGOOSE PRO Shale Shaker

With the new generation


MONGOOSE PRO dual- Features Benefits
motion shale shaker, ■■ Dual motion: 7.5 G capacity/ ■■ Increases fluid capacity and
6.5 G normal solids conveyance rate when
M‑I SWACO has combined operating in capacity mode
Single switch controls motion
balanced and progressive
■■

changes during operation ■■ Maximizes fluid recovery and


elliptical motion technology ■■ Utilizes pre-tension composite screen life when operating in
for a shaker that adapts as screens normal mode
drilling conditions change. ■■ Patented ultra-tight seal ■■ Allows for continuous shaker
between screen and screen operations when switching
As drilling conditions change, the
bed between motions
evolutionary MONGOOSE PRO dual-
motion shaker can be adjusted while ■■ Largest net (API) screen area ■■ Facilitates fast screen change
operating. Simply flipping a switch on among shakers of similar out
the control box reconfigures the shaker footprint ■■ Eliminates costly solids bypass
from Capacity to Normal Mode. ■■ Increased screen visibility ■■ Promotes safer screen
■■ Can be aligned with up to four changes
shakers and inspections
■■ Comparatively small footprint ■■ Minimizes maintenance costs
■■ Patented high-capacity ■■ Reduces dilution,
distribution box chemical requirements
■■ Heavy duty, reliable, ■■ Recovers valuable drilling
mechanical fluid for reuse
deck adjustment system ■■ Reduces waste stream
■■ Corrosion resistant deck jacks ■■ Lowers costs
■■ Low weir height ■■ Improves environmental
performance

Patent No. 7,150,358 (Screen Seal MONGOOSE and MEERKAT)


Patent Nos. 6,485,640. 6,746,602. 6,838,008. (Distribution Box MONGOOSE and MEERKAT)

8 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Key features of the MONGOOSE PRO shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MONGOOSE PRO Shale Shaker
Increased access for inspection, installation, and Two oilfield proven 2.5 HP motion generators
removal of screens

Patented ultra-tight seal between screen and


Deck angle can be adjusted while screen bed
processing fluid. Adjustment Range is Largest non-blanked screen area among shakers
-3˚ to +3˚ of similar footprint: 21.2 ft² (1.97 m²)

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 9


Motion comparisons for the
MONGOOSE PRO shale shaker
Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MONGOOSE PRO Shale Shaker

Comparison of motion

Capacity Mode

■■ Increases G-forces 7.5 Gs


■■ Speeds conveyance
■■ Increases shaker-fluid capacity
■■ Enables shaker to process heavier
solids loads
■■ Enhances cuttings-processing volume

Normal Mode

■■ Reduces G-forces (6.5 Gs)


■■ Optimizes solids removal
■■ Maximizes drilling-fluid recovery
■■ Drier cuttings
■■ Extends screen life

Linear Motion (Configuration available on special request)

■■ Linear motion only (8 Gs)


■■ Applications where a linear single
motion high G shaker is required

10 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the
MONGOOSE PRO shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MONGOOSE PRO Shale Shaker
Basic MONGOOSE PRO shaker with header box specifications

Dimensions Screen Deck and Screens Motor Specifications


■■Length: 119.8 in (3,044 mm) ■■Screen area: Voltage: 220-690 VAC
■■

■■ Width: 68.9 in. (1,749 mm) – Gross: 29.4 ft 2 (2.73 m2) ■■ Speed: 1800RPM/60Hz;
– Net (API): 21.2 ft2 (2.0 m2) 1500RPM/50Hz
■■ Height at 0°: 52.4 in. (1,330 mm)
■■ Deck-angle adjustment: +2° to +8° Certifications: UL/cUL, CE,
■■ Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) ■■

Vibratory Motion Type ATEX rated


■■ Weight: 3,300 lb (1,500 kg)
■■Normal mode: 6.5G
■■ Capacity mode: 7.5G

APPROXIMATE LOCATION
OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
(3/4" FNPT)

10.1
O [ 257 ]

112.6 O [ 8.1
206 ]
[ 2860 ]
6.1
O [ 156 ]

B B
37.4
[ 951 ]
REMOVABLE INSPECTION
COVERS 10" 30.0
(2 PLCS) [ 762 ]
10" INLET
29.0
[ 737 ]
8" INLET
REMOVABLE 28.0
[ 711 ]
FEEDER LID 6" INLET

10.5
[ 267 ] RECTANGULAR COVER
31.5 PLATE AT BYPASS
[ 800 ] RECTANGULAR TO PIPE
TRANSISTION AVAILABLE

MOTOR ROTATION
REAR VIEW
PLATE

MANUAL DECK ANGLE CONTROL PANEL LOCATION


ADJUSTMENT
1-1/4" [31] SOCKET SPARE SCREEN WEDGES
(2 PLCS) (2 PER SHAKER)

DECK ANGLE
INDICATOR
(2 PER SHAKER)

54.9 [1394] +3 °
47.2 APPROX [ 52.4
1330 ] 0 °
[ 1199 ]
4X O [ 1.5
38 ]
49.9 [1267] -3 ° 43.4
[ 1102 ]

29.0
23.6 [ 737 ]
[ 599 ] WEIR HEIGHT
APPROX C.G.
13.0
[ 330 ]
APPROVED SKID HEIGHT
LIFTING
POINT 30.3
(4 PLCS) [ 770 ] REMOVABLE MUD EARTH GROUNDING
APPROX C.G. OUTLET COVER 36.5 18.3 POINT (2 PLCS)
63.0 (2 PLCS) [ 927 ] [ 464 ]
[ 1600 ]
SKID WIDTH 48.4
[ 1230 ]
64.2 APPROX C.G.
[ 1630 ]
92.9
[ 2359 ]
68.9 SKID LENGTH
[ 1749 ]
OVERALL 119.8
WIDTH [ 3044 ]
OVERALL
LENGTH

The MONGOOSE PRO is available in the following configurations.


■■ Low Profile skid for decreased ■■ Dual, Triple, or Quad shakers ■■ Mud cleaner using two or three 12”
weir height mounted on a single skid with a D-SANDER† cones and six, eight, or
■■ Compact common feed and single lift point ten 4” D-SILTER† twin cones

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 11


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

MEERKAT PT Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MEERKAT PT Shale Shaker

M-I SWACO has combined


­linear and balanced elliptical Features and Benefits ■■ Most reliable mechanical jacking
Units can be customized to meet system in the industry — simple
motion technology to create ■■

and easy to use; requires no


both tight-space requirements and
the revo­lu­tion­ary MEERKAT high-performance criteria pinning
PT† dual-motion shaker. ■■ All configurations are compact ■■ Unique distribution box option can
The design incor­porates and modular replace flowline possum belly,
a 0.6 hp vibrator motor ■■ Linear motion for fast conveyance
providing increased handling
capacity and dampening the
that allows it to p­ erform and heavy loading; balanced
velocity of fluid from the flowline
on an u­ nparalleled level. elliptical motion for maximum
retention time and drier cuttings ■■ Pre-tensioned composite screens
But as drilling conditions change, for fast screen changes and overall
■■ Elliptical motion at the flip of a
the MEERKAT PT dual-motion ease of use
switch without stopping the
shaker can be adjusted by simply shaker ■■ Ultra-tight seal between screen
flipping a switch on the control­ and screen bed eliminates solids
box to reconfigure the shaker from
■■ Balanced basket functions
buildup and costly bypass of solids
­linear to balanced ellip­t ical motion. flawlessly in either linear or
balanced elliptical mode, with dry, ■■ Largest net-usable screen area
There is no need to s­ uspend or
light loads or wet, heavy loads among shakers of similar footprint:
shut down operations. With the
15.9 ft 2 (1.5 m2)
MEERKAT PT shaker oper­­ating in
the gentler ­balanced ellip­t ical mode,
solids encounter reduced G‑forces
and longer screen residence time.
This results in drier solids, improved
drilling-fluid r­ ecovery, longer screen
life and reduced ­operating costs.

12 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Key features of the MEERKAT PT shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MEERKAT PT Shale Shaker


Utilizes 3 MONGOOSE Composite screens Patented high capacity distribution Dual motion: BalancedElliptical/Linear
box with low weir height change at the “flip of a switch”

Two 2.5 hp motion


generators

Largest non-blanked screen


area among shakers of similar
footprint: 21.2 ft² (1.97 m²)

Heavy duty, reliable, mechanical


Patented ultra-tight seal between screen
deck adjustment system. Jacks with
and screen bed
corrosion resistant coating.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 13


Motion comparisons for the
MEERKAT PT shale shaker
Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MEERKAT PT Shale Shaker

Comparison of balanced elliptical motion to linear motion

Balanced Elliptical Motion

■■ Uniform elliptical motion at all points


on basket
■■ Reduces G-forces (5.7 G’s maximum)
■■ Optimizes solids removal
■■ Maximizes drilling-fluid recovery
■■ Drier cuttings
■■ Extends screen life

Linear Motion

■■ G-force linear motion up to 6.9 G’s


■■ Speeds conveyance
■■ Increases shaker-fluid capacity
■■ Enables shaker to process heavier
solids loads
■■ Enhances cuttings-processing volume

14 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the
MEERKAT PT shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MEERKAT PT Shale Shaker


Basic MEERKAT PT shaker with header box specifications

Specifications Screen Deck and Screens Motor Specifications


■■Length: 94 in. (2,388 mm) ■■Screen area: Two (2) primary vibrator motors
■■

■■ Width: 74.8 in. (1,900 mm) Gross: 22 ft 2 (2 m2) ■■ One (1) secondary vibrator motor on
Net (API): 15.9 ft2 (1.5 m2) dual-motion model
■■ Weir height: 22.3 in. (565 mm)
■■ Deck-angle adjustment: 440-480V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or 380-
■■ Height: 44 in. (1,118 mm) ■■

–3° to +3° 415V/50 HZ/1,500 rpm


■■ Weight: 2,885 lb (1,311 kg)
■■ Screen type: Pre-tensioned ■■ Explosion proof
Mounting Footprint 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) ■■ Class I, Groups C and D UL/cUL, CE,
■■ Length: 75.2 in. (1,911 mm)
Basket Isolation ATEX, NORSOK
■■ Width: 59 in. (1,499 mm) ■■Powder-coated steel springs

REVISIONS
O 1.127 89.3
REV DESCRIPTION
MOUNTING HOLES 2269
2.5 68.1 (4 PLCS)
64 1730
2.9
73

B B
REMOVABLE INSPECTION
COVERS 10"
(2 PLCS)

57.2
1454 REMOVABLE
FEEDER LID

VIEW A-A ISO VIEW


DOCUMENT BOX
USER GUIDE INCLUDED
1:20

MOTOR ROTATION
PLATE
SPARE SCREEN WEDGES
MOTION GENERATOR 2HP (2 PER SHAKER)
(VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT)
EXPLOSION PROOF
2 PLACES MOTION GENERATOR .6HP
(VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT)
MANUAL DECK ANGLE EXPLOSION PROOF
ADJUSTMENT (OPTIONAL) APPROXIMATE LOCATION
OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
VIEW B-B 1-1/4" [31] SOCKET
(2 PLCS)
3 MOTOR/2 MOTOR
CONTROL PANEL
[3/4" NPT]
1:15 LOCATION

DECK ANGLE
INDICATOR
(2 PER SHAKER)

53.0 [1346] @ +3v


47.2 APPROX 51.1
1297 @ 0v 30.0
1199 43.4 762
4X O 1.5
38
48.5 [1232] @ -3v
1102 10" INLET
37.4 29.0
951 737
29.0 8" INLET 28.0
23.7 737 711
601 WEIR HEIGHT 6" INLET
APPROX C.G.

APPROVED
LIFTING
POINT
(4 PLCS) 10.5
30.2 267
766 33.5 19.8 EARTH GROUNDING
APPROX C.G. 851 502 POINT (2 PLCS) 31.5
MUD OUTLET 800
(2 PLCS) 40.3
63.0 1024
1600 APPROX C.G.
64.5
3 MOTOR 96.6
1638
A 2453
2 MOTOR: 92.1
A BILL OF MATERIAL
68.9 [2339]
1749 UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: SIGNATURES DATE
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
MILLIMETERS ARE IN BRACKETS
DO NOT SCALE PRINTS
DRAWN MAL 8/11/09
REMOVE BURS AND SHARP EDGES
SURFACE ROUGHNESS 125 MICRO INCHES RMS
TOLERANCES PER ANSI Y14.5M
CHECKED TWH 8/21/09
NOTES:
FILE NAME: Swaco D Machined

THIRD ANGLE PROJECTION


TOLERANCES ON: ENGINEER MAL 8/11/09
SHA
.XXX +/- .005 FRAC +/- 1/32
.XX +/- .015
.X +/- .031
ANG +/- 1/2 DEG
CONCEN .005 DIA
APPROVEDTWH 8/21/09
1. DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCH [MM].
2. APPROXIMATE DRY WEIGHT OF UNIT: 3 MOTOR: 2900 LBS [1318 KG]
CONFIDENTIAL
THIS DRAWING AND / OR SPECIFICATION EMBODIES
CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION OF SWACO, A DIVISION
WIT
2 MOTOR: 2700 LBS [1227 KG] OF M-I L.L.C., IN THE ABSENCE OF EXPRESS WRITTEN
PERMISION. SWACO HAS LOANED THIS COPY WITH THE
UNDERSTANDING THAT (A) IT WILL NOT BE REPRODUCED
GEN
3. SEE USER'S MANUAL FOR ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL INFORMATION. (B) IT WILL NOT BE USED FOR ANY PURPOSE EXCEPT
THAT FOR WHICH IT WAS LOANED AND (C) IT WILL BE SHEET
RETURNED ON DEMAND OR UPON COMPLETION OF
THE CONTRACTED WORK, WHICH EVER COMES FIRST.
ACKNOWLEDGED: ______________ DATE: _____________ NEXT ASSY TOP ASSY
1 OF 1

The MEERKAT PT is available in the following configurations.


■■ Low Profile skid for decreased ■■ Dual or Triple, shakers mounted on a ■■ Mud cleaner using two or three 12”
weir height single skid with a common feed and D-SANDER† cones and six, eight, or
single lift point ten 4” D-SILTER† twin cones

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 15


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

MD-2 Dual-Deck Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-2 Dual-Deck Shale Shaker

The uniquely engineered


MD-2 dual flat-deck shaker Features Benefits
Dual-deck design with full Delivers high processing
with DURAFLO† composite ■■ ■■

primary and half-width capacities


screen technology has scalping decks ■■ Adjusts instantly to changing
taken the solids control ■■ Progressive and balanced drilling conditions
process to an entirely modes of elliptical motion ■■ Provides longer screen life
new level of efficiency. ■■ Durable pretension composite ■■ Generates drier cuttings
screens
In providing primary solids removal from ■■ Enhances overall solids
both oil and water-base drilling fluids, ■■ Small footprint design control efficiencies
the MD-2 dual-deck shaker delivers ■■ Flexible fluid distribution ■■ Conveys solids quickly out of
high-capacity separation efficiency ■■ Modular platform fluid pool
and operational flexibility in a value-
■■ Select components are ■■ Deceases NPT
added footprint. Capable of easily
fabricated with durable Fits restricted space
switching between balanced elliptical ■■

stainless steel materials requirements


and progressive elliptical motions, the
MD-2 shaker adapts instantly to the ■■ Adjustable deck angles ■■ Promotes easy deck
continual changes in drilling conditions. ■■ +7 G’s operating mode adjustments
To further enhance its performance ■■ Can accommodate most gas ■■ Requires only marginally more
the dual-deck MD-2 shale shaker is detection devices power than single-deck unit
engineered to unlock the full solids ■■ Two screen vibratory motors ■■ Removes harmful vapors
control potential of the strong and ■■ Pneumatic screen clamping/ ■■ Reduces maintenance
efficient M-I SWACO DURAFLO family sealing system ■■ Lowers solid waste volumes
of composite-frame screens. Compared ■■ Vapor recovery hoods Reduces drilling, waste
to conventional shaker screens, ■■

the productive life of our DURAFLO ■■ CE compliant disposal costs


pre-tensioned composite screens is ■■ Helps ensure environmental
considerably longer and the overall compliance
screening area appreciably larger. ■■ Raises HSE profile
The extended useful life of composite
screens in tandem with the higher
capacity of a single dual-bed, flat-deck
shaker assures a cost-effective and
high-performing solids control package.

16 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Key features of the MD-2 dual deck shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-2 Dual-Deck Shale Shaker
Open access to easily inspect scalping and Two oilfield proven 3.7 HP motion generators
primary deck screens

Deck angle can be adjusted while processing Composite lightweight MD series screens with U-shape screen clamping actuators designed
fluid. Adjustment Range: self latching mechanism and integrated seal with continuous toggle to allow installation
- Scalping deck: -1˚ to +3˚ with the following gross screen area: from discharge end of shaker
- Primary deck: +3˚ to +7˚ - Scalping deck: 16.9 ft squared (1.6 m2)
- Primary deck: 33.9 ft squared (3.1 m2)

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 17


Motion comparisons for the
MD-2 dual deck shale shaker
Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-2 Dual-Deck Shale Shaker

Comparison of balanced and progressive elliptical motion

Balanced Elliptical Motion

■■ Balanced elliptical motion 7.0 Gs


■■ Speeds conveyance
■■ Increases shaker-fluid capacity
■■ Enables shaker to process heavier
solids loads
■■ Enhances cuttings-processing volume

Progressive Elliptical Motion

■■ Progressive elliptical motion 6.5 Gs


■■ Speeds conveyance
■■ Increases shaker-fluid capacity
■■ Enables shaker to process heavier
solids loads
■■ Enhances cuttings-processing volume

18 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the
MD-2 dual deck shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-2 Dual-Deck Shale Shaker
Basic MD-2 dual deck shale shaker specifications

Dimensions Screen Deck and Screens Vibratory Motion Type


■■Length: 125.0 in. (3,175 mm) ■■Gross screen area: ■■Normal mode: 6.5 G
■■ Width: 74.7 in. (1,898 mm) – Scalping deck: 16.9 ft 2 (1.6 m2) ■■ Capacity mode: 7.0G
– Primary decks: 33.9 ft2 (3.1 m2)
■■ Height at 0˚: 63.5 in. (1,613 mm) Motor Specifications
■■ Net (API) surface area:
■■ Weir height: 39.8 inch (1011 mm) Voltage: 220-690 VAC
■■
– Scalping deck: 10.6 ft 2 (1.0 m2)
■■ Weight: 6,200 lbs (2,812 kg) – Primary decks: 21.1 ft2 (2.0 m2) ■■ Speed: 1800RPM/60Hz;
1500RPM/50Hz
■■ Deck-adjustment system:
– Scalping deck: +3° to –1° ■■ Certifications: UL/cUL, CE,
– Primary decks: +3° to +7° ATEX rated

.7
19 MOTION GENERATORS
APPROX C.G.
37.0
940
APPROX
INLET

UNIT AIR ISOLATION


VALVE "PATENT PENDING"
PLATE UNIT NAMEPLATE

35.4
31.2 899
793 ELECTRICAL
10" 30.2 CONNECTION
767
8" 29.2 "Z"
742 13.8
6" 351
"Y"

OPTIONAL REAR
DISCHARGE 15.7 17.7
400 449
AIR ELECTRICAL
INLET CONNECTION
74.7
9.1
232
55.8
1416
1898
147.4
3743
RECOMMENDED
SCREEN REMOVAL

INSPECTION
COVER, 10"

SHIPPING BRACKETS
(4 PLCS)
125.0
STARTER ASSEMBLY, 2 MOTOR 3175 PNEUMATIC CONTROL 2.4
62
EXPLOSION PROOF RATED, UL/ATEX RATED BOX
APPROX
INLET
MOTOR ROTATION
PLATE DECK ANGLE
INDICATORS
53.3
1353
63.5
1613
APPROX OVERALL 39.8
HEIGHT AT 0v 1010
WEIR
33.6 HEIGHT
854
"Z" AIR
INLET

"X"
28.8 3.3
732 "Z" LIFTING LUGS 84
APPROX C.G. (4 PLCS) AIR
INLET
36.6 8.1
929 206
"X" 36.6 44.9
6.6 DOCUMENT BOX SKID BOLT DOWN 929 1141
166 (FIOM MANUAL) PROVISIONS
APPROX ELECTRICAL (4 PLCS) 110.0
CONNECTION 66.4 2794
1687 118.8
APPROX C.G. 3016

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 19


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker

Changing drilling conditions


require immediate, flexible Features Benefits
Dual motion: 7.2 G capacity Increases fluid capacity and
solids-control solutions. ■■ ■■

mode or 6.3 G normal mode solids control


Environmental requirements ■■ Three-deck configuration ■■ Maximizes fluid recovery
demand up-to-the-minute ■■ Pneumo-hydraulic controls on ■■ Maximizes screen life
conformance with ever front of shaker provide deck ■■ Decreases space
stricter criteria. Rig space, adjustment requirements
especially offshore but ■■ Configured to all common ■■ Reduces mud losses from
also onshore, is at an all- power supply requirements screens
time premium as more and ■■ Standard integral fume ■■ Promotes flexible shaker
extraction hood
more technology crowds configurations
Standard spray bar for
the working environment. Recovers loss circulation,
■■
■■

scalping deck wellbore strengthening


The MD-3 shale shaker lets you meet all ■■ Pre-tension, lightweight materials
of these challenges — small footprint, composite screens (<15 lbs [6.8 ■■ Replaces multiple shakers
the most effective solids-control kg])
options and the ability to adapt quickly ■■ Allows for easy screen
■■ Modular bolting provisions changes
to changing drilling conditions — with
a compact, high-performance solution. ■■ Front-loaded screens ■■ Provides safer, faster screen
■■ Pneumatic screen clamping changes
system with controls mounted ■■ Decreases maintenance
on front of shaker requirements
■■ Screen bed with sloped ■■ Increases process capacity
bottom ■■ Delivers drier cuttings
■■ Designed to HSE-driven ■■ Reduces costs
standards

20 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Key features of the MD-3 triple deck shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker
Two state-of-the-art, oilfield proven 3.7-HP
Fluid is split into four streams on top motion generators with 1,800 rpm maximum
flowback pan and is directed to primary speed
decks through four rear ducts

Standard configuration has one scalping


deck and two primary decks. Pre-tensioned, Screen-clamping actuators designed with
Deck angle can be adjusted while processing composite scalping screens have the following continuous toggle to allow installation from
fluid.Adjustment range: gross screen areas: discharge end of shaker
- Scalping deck: +3˚ to –1˚ - Scalping deck: 25.4 ft2 (2.4 m2)
- Primary decks: +8˚ to +4˚
- Primary decks: 50.8 ft2 (4.7 m2)

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 21


Motion comparisons for the
MD-3 triple deck shale shaker
Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker

Comparison of balanced and progressive elliptical motion

Balanced Elliptical Motion

■■ Balanced elliptical motion 7.2 Gs


■■ Speeds conveyance
■■ Increases shaker-fluid capacity
■■ Enables shaker to process heavier
solids loads
■■ Enhances cuttings-processing volume

Progressive Elliptical Motion

■■ Reduces G-forces (6.3 Gs maximum)


■■ Optimizes solids removal
■■ Maximizes drilling-fluid recovery
■■ Drier cuttings
■■ Extends screen life

The MD-3 is available in the following configurations.


■■ Series mode for applications ■■ Parallel mode fore increased ■■ Mud cleaner using two or three 12”
where Wellbore Strengthening fluid capacity D-SANDER† cones and six, eight,
Materials are used or ten 4” D-Silter twin cones

22 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the
MD-3 triple deck shale shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker
Basic MD-3 triple deck shale shaker specifications

Dimensions (Parallel Mode) ■■ Weir height: 45.5 in (1,156 mm) Vibratory Motion Type
■■ Length: 103.2 in. (2,621 mm) Normal mode: 6.3G
■■ Weight: 6,780 lb (3,075 kg) ■■

■■ Width: 77.4 in. (1,967 mm) Screen Deck and Screens


■■ Capacity mode: 7.2G
■■ Height at 0°: 67.7 in. (1,720 mm) ■■ Gross screen area: Motor Specifications
■■ Weir height: 45.5 in (1,156 mm) – Scalping deck: 25.4 ft 2 (2.4 m2) Voltage: 220-690 VAC
■■

■■ Weight: 6,450 lb (2,926 kg) – Primary decks: 50.8 ft 2 (4.7 m2) ■■ Speed: 1800RPM/60Hz;
■■ Net (API) surface area: 1500RPM/50Hz
Dimensions (Series Mode with
– Scalping deck: 15.8 ft 2 (1.5 m2) Certifications: UL/cUL, CE,
Recovery Trough) ■■
– Primary decks: 31.7 ft 2 (2.9 m2) ATEX rated
■■ Length: 113.5 in. (2,882 mm)
■■ Deck-adjustment system:
■■ Width: 77.4 in. (1,967 mm)
– Scalping deck: +3° to –1°
■■ Height at 0°: 67.7 in. (1,720 mm) – Primary decks: +4° to +8°

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 23


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

Vibratory Systems Analysis Testing (VSAT)


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Vibratory Systems Analysis Testing (VSAT) Program

Program

The M-I SWACO VSAT How to tell when you need the
program is a proven solution VSAT program and service Features
for operators who are If you are experiencing one or more of ■■ Applicable to all common
these critical problems, your rig will brands of shakers and screens
experiencing sub-par shale- benefit from the VSAT program: Precise determination of all
shaker performance.
■■

■■ Screen failures shaker-related problems


The VSAT service, provided ■■ Fluid-capacity problems: drilling fluid ■■ Detailed equipment database
as part of the VSAT program, flowing off the end of the shaker of shakers and screens
includes an inspection of screens ■■ Clear, detailed written reports
the problem shakers, a ■■ Poor solids conveyance ■■ Training available for rig crews
review of rig practices, a ■■ Energy (G-force) output is less than
Benefits
expected
vibratory-motion analysis ■■ Improved shaker performance,
of the shakers, a written immediately and long-term
evaluation of the findings ■■ Drier cuttings and lower
and recommendations for disposal volumes
improving performance. ■■ Improved ROP and drilling fluid
recovery
More than 30 major operators
Better drilling-fluid
have used the VSAT service
■■

performance and longer life


with positive results. ■■ Better solids handling
As an option, the M-I SWACO VSAT ■■ Cuts costs
specialist can conduct a training session ■■ Reduced drilling waste
for the rig’s shaker hands. Subjects
volumes
covered include screen selection,
rigspecific operating and maintenance
■■ Longer screen life, better
procedures, and best practices compiled screen performance
from worldwide operating experience.

24 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Vibratory Systems Analysis Testing (VSAT) Program
Phase 1. Phase 2.
The VSAT specialist first performs a In the next phase, the specialist
thorough inspection of the shakers, inspects each shaker to see if the
removing all screens, checking the equipment is operating within factory
temperature of the motor bearings, specifications by connecting a dual-
removing the counterweight covers axis accelerometer to key test points
and inspecting the weights, and on each shaker; rare-earth magnets
inspecting the seals, tensioning devices ensure a solid contact. Data from
and support devices. The complete the accelerometer is evaluated via
inspection process includes: proprietary vibration-analysis software
and is output in an easy-to-read format.
■■ Installation – mud flow, shaker levels,
M-I SWACO maintains an up-todate
weir heights, discharges
database of detailed information for
■■ Frame and iron – tilt system, cracking, all 30 of the common shale shaker
support blocks makes and models in the oilfield.
■■ Mechanics – counterweights, motors,
& conveyance Phase 3.
■■ Hardware – springs, bed rail, ball Finally, the specialist compiles all
valves of the motion-analysis data, verbal
communications and inspection
■■ Electronics – power cables, grounding,
information into a clearly written report
controls
that contains recommendations for
■■ Consumables – tension devices, deck restoring shaker efficiency, graphic
rubber, bed seals output from the analysis software and
a multipage section of best practices.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 25


Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners

High-Volume Mud Cleaners


Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners High-Volume Mud Cleaners

The M-I SWACO line of


mud cleaners consists of Features and Benefits ■■ The Model 6T4 (12 clone), Model
8T4 (16 clone) and Model 10T4
a two-stage separation Versatile
(20 clone) D-SILTERs, when
process using a combination ■■M-I SWACO mud cleaners can be
matched with an M-I SWACO
configured with an M‑I SWACO
of hydrocyclones mounted D-SILTER†, a D-SANDER† or both
shale shaker, provide processing
over a shale shaker to over a high-performance shaker to
rates from 900 to 1,500 GPM
(3,406.9 to 5,678.1 L/min). The
operate as a single unit. ­process weighted or unweighted
Model 2-12 D‑SANDER, when
Designed to handle the drilling-fluid systems.
matched with an M‑I SWACO
entire circulating volume, Environmentally efficient shaker, provides processing
mud cleaners are effective ■■Removing and drying drilled solids capabilities to 1,000 GPM
helps meet environmental (3,785.4 L/min).
on both weighted and regulations by minimizing waste The three-in-one Model 2-12
unweighted drilling-fluid
■■

generated and reducing disposal D‑SANDER and Model 6T4


systems in removing and costs. (12 clone) D‑SILTER mounted over
drying solids while retaining Minimizes maintenance an M‑I SWACO high-performance
the expensive l­iquid. Continuous removal of sand and
■■
shaker provides the most versa­tile
abrasive cuttings from drilling separation combination package
The hydrocyclones make the primary with rates of 1,000 and 900 GPM
­fluids cuts downtime and reduces
separation with underflow directed (3,785.4 and 3,406.9 L/min)
repair and replacement of worn
onto the shaker’s vibrating screen. respectively.
parts on downstream equipment.
Used ­correctly, the M‑I SWACO
mud cleaners lower both drilling-  ide range of mud cleaners for your
W Works with oil- or water-base muds
fluid and ­disposal costs. drilling-fluid system M‑I SWACO mud cleaners are
■■

■■ M‑I SWACO mud cleaners are


designed to work with either
available in a variety of oil‑ or water-base weighted muds,
configurations. as well as with either dispersed or
non-dispersed­ muds.

26 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners High-Volume Mud Cleaners
How it works The M-I SWACO D-SILTER unit features These high-volume­mud-cleaner
Mud cleaners combine a hydro­cyclone the exclusive polyurethane TWIN product combinations p­ rovide drillers
system with a shale shaker to help remove SWACONE† D‑SILTER cones with a wide range of ­efficient, space-saving­
the fine drilled solids from the drilling fluid. a unique 20° taper angle (compared­ processing options including connection
to the 15° taper angle on most to centrifuges for barite recovery.
Together, they have the capability other units). The twin-cone design
to process the entire drilling-fluid Mud cleaners can be installed on the
provides a 50% greater capacity
circulation volume, and remove drilled ­single, dual and triple c­ onfigurations:
than other 4 in. (102 mm) cones.
solids from weighted mud systems; ■■ The D-SANDER unit is available
retaining expensive barite and liquids, The M-I SWACO D ­ -SANDER Models 2‑12
in two‑ or three-cone
and economically reducing hole and 3-12 are designed to remove
sands and abrasive cuttings - 95% of ■■ The D-SILTER unit is available in six,
problems asso­ciated with excessive
all par­ticles to 74 microns and more eight or ten twin‑cone
drilled solids. Drilling fluid passes
through a series of hydro­cyclones - than 50% of par­t icles to 40 microns. ■■ Low profile (approx. 64 in. [1,626 mm]
either D‑SILTER or D‑SANDER units - to top of trough)
The D‑SANDER features your
that separate the fine, light particles choice of two or three 12 in.- (304.8 ■■ Integral bypass between shaker
from the heavy, coarse particles. mm) diam­eter replace­able, wear- and D‑SILTER/D‑SANDER units
Barite and other heavy drilled solids resistant, polyure­thane hydrocyclones ■■ Compact footprint
are then carried in the underflow to and quick-release stainless-steel ■■ Allows inspection/maintenance­­
a 100- to 200-mesh vibrating screen. clamps for sim­plified changeout. without ­ladders or scaffolds
There, they are separated, with the
barite passing through the screen ■■ Operates as D-SILTER and
and returning to the active system. D‑SANDER units and flowline
shaker independently

These hydrocyclone options are available for all M-I SWACO shakers


D-SANDER Mud Cleaners
Model Number Length Width Height Weight Capacity
of Clones in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) lb (kg) gpm (L/min)
1-12 D-SANDER (vertical) 1 33 (838.2) 19.5 (495.3) 74.4 (1,889.8) 401 (181.9) 500 (1,892.7)
2-12 D-SANDER (vertical) 2 36 (914.4) 51.5 (1,308.1) 71.2 (1,808.5) 1,125 (510.3) 1,000 (3,785.4)
2-12 D-SANDER (slant) 2 78 (1,981.2) 47.5 (1,206.5) 35.2 (894) 1,030 (467.2) 1,000 (3,785.4)
3-12 D-SANDER (vertical) 3 40.7 (1,033.8) 75.5 (1,917.7) 78.3 (1,988.8) 1,878 (851.9) 1,500 (5,678.1)
3-12 D-SANDER (slant) 3 83 (2,108.2) 71 (1,803.4) 41.5 (1,054.1) 2,450 (1,111.3) 1,500 (5,678.1)

D-SILTER Mud Cleaners


Model Number Length Width Height Weight Capacity
of Clones in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) lb (kg) gpm (L/min)
4T4 8 52 (1,320.8) 30 (762) 56.1 (1,424.9) 680 (308.4) 600 (2,271.2)
6T4 12 66 (1,676.4) 30 (762) 56.1 (1,424.9) 800 (362.9) 900 (3,406.9)
8T4 16 80.3 (2,039.6) 30 (762) 56.1 (1,424.9) 925 (419.6) 1,200 (4,542.5)
10T4 20 94.5 (2,400.3) 32 (812.8) 60.3 (1,531.6) 1,150 (521.6) 1,500 (5,678.1)

Combo D-SANDER/D-SILTER Mud Cleaners


Model of Model of Number Length Width Height Weight Capacity
D-SANDER D-SILTER of Clones in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) lb (kg) gpm (L/min)
2-12 D-SANDER 4T4 12 129.5 (3,289.3) 72.8 (1,849.1) 97 (2,463.8) 7,072 (3,207.8) 1,000/900
(3,785.4/3,406.9)
2-12 D-SANDER 6T4 16 129.8 (3,296.9) 80.5 (2,044.7) 97 (2,463.8) 7,162 (3,248.6) 1,000/1,200
(3,785.4/4,542.5)

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 27


Solids Control Systems & Products: Oilfield Screens

DURAFLO Oilfield Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Oilfield Screens

Triple-layer
The anatomy of the three-layer DURAFLO screen screen mesh

DURAFLO screen frames consist of a high strength


plastic and glass composite material that is
reinforced with high-tensile strength steel rods.
■■ Exclusively patented by M-I SWACO
(U.S. Patent # 6,675,975)
■■ First major platform advancement in
oilfield screens industry.
■■ Polypropylene frame molded around
an internal steel cage.
High-strength,
■■ Each layer of mesh is tensioned glass-reinforced
plastic frame
individually and precisely.
■■ Co-molded Gasket Design
High-tensile-strength
steel rod sub-structure

With more than 30 years Raising the bar with Composite OEM Our technology advancement
& Replacement Screen Technology. provides screens with:
experience in solids
Composite screens consist generally
control and drilling waste of a glass fiber filled, polypropylene
■■ Higher throughput capacity
management, it is only frame in addition to a high strength
■■ Significantly longer operational life
natural that M-I SWACO steel internal reinforcing structure.
■■ Increased open area via precision
molding
would introduce our Using a patented process, one to three
layers of stainless steel wire cloth Higher conductance
patented composite frame
■■

are bonded to the composite frame Efficient transport mechanisms


technology to the industry.
■■

directly by melting the cloth directly Lighter weight = increased shaker G’s
DURAFLO composite
■■
to the top surface of the polymer
screens were developed by frame. Both the composite design and In the world of oil field drilling, various
production process are M-I SWACO formation types are present. As a
United Wire/M-I SWACO patented. This exclusive technology result, shaker screens are available
as an alternative to metal has been used successfully in the with a variety of options. These options
framed shale shaker industry for both OEM and replacement however, are usually presented with a
screens being offered as screens and has established proven trade-off in regard to production platform
and respected prominence. and available mesh grade. M-I SWACO’s
an industry standard. Composite Screen Technology along
with it’s patented XR mesh offers the
best of both worlds. Instead of settling,
we give operators the power to choose
among the best options available while
maintaining cost effectiveness.

28 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Screen Performance: API Compliance

Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Oilfield Screens


Leading the industry Conductance Testing D100 Separation and API Screen
in quality and value, A standardized flow testing method Number
which determines the ability of a fluid D100 separation API Screen
M-I SWACO is committed to flow through a screen at a pre- μm number
to the new international determined pressure drop, measured
> 3 075,0 to 3 675,0 API 6
standard, API RP 13C. in kilodarcy per millimeter(kD/mm).
> 2 580,0 to 3 075,0 API 7
We are committed A higher conductance value means
> 2 180,0 to 2 580,0 API 8
fluid will pass through the screen
to demonstrating our more easily than a screen having > 1 850,0 to 2 180,0 API 10
superior and diverse a lower conductance value. The > 1 550,0 to 1 850,0 API 12
offerings without bias. calculated value is analogous to > 1 290 to 1 550,0 API 14
permeability per unit thickness. > 1 090 to 1 290,0 API 16
Our complete offerings are:
■■ API compliant. Screen Standard Labeling > 925,0 to 1 090,0 API 18

■■ API RP 13C test results via an API RP 13C encourages industry > 780,0 to 925,0 API 20
independent lab compliance to international standards by > 655,0 to 780,0 API 25
■■ Continuously confirmed and verified requiring the application of a permanent > 550,0 to 655,0 API 30
by our own Engineering Department. tag or label to the screen that is visible
> 462,5 to 550,0 API 35
and legible using set guidelines. Our
■■ Made using the best raw materials screens are API Compliant. The part > 390,0 to 462,5 API 40
available as to not compromise quality. numbers are simply part numbers and > 327,5 to 390,0 API 45

What is API RP 13C? have no reference to screen cut point. > 275,0 to 327,5 API 50
API RP 13C is an internationally > 231.0 to 275,0 API 60
standardized testing and labeling > 196,0 to 231.0 API 70
procedure via the American Petroleum
> 165,0 to 196,0 API 80
Institute (API) for shaker screens that
describes and defines the maximum > 137,5 to 165,0 API 100
screen opening sizes via cut point > 116,5 to 137,5 API 120
testing, screen flow potential via > 98,0 to 116,5 API 140
conductance testing, and standard > 82,5 to 98,0 API 170
labeling requirements for a screen..
> 69,0 to 82,5 API 200
Cut Point Testing (D100) > 58,0 to 69,0 API 230
A standardized dry aluminum oxide > 49,0 to 58,0 API 270
sieve method which correlates particle
> 41,5 to 49,0 API 325
sizes with ASTM test sieves to define
> 35,0 to 41,5 API 400
the maximum particle size (D100) cut
points, denoted with an equivalent > 28,5 to 35,0 API 450
API number. The test defines the cut > 22,5 to 28,5 API 500
point as the particle size in which > 18,5 to 22,5 API 635
one-hundred percent of the particles
larger than the D100 separation are
retained by the test screen. This
test is not a performance indicator,
rather, it is a way to characterize
openings of the screen mesh.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 29


Variety of Mesh Types
Solids Control Systems & Products: Oilfield Screens DURAFLO Oilfield Screens – Meshh Types

With the DURAFLO frame MG (Market Grade)


as a solid base, M-I SWACO MG is our most basic mesh type,
featuring a single layer cloth with
offers four different mesh heavy wire diameter and square
types, allowing operators openings. Because of the durable,
to choose the most efficient heavy wire diameter, this mesh type
mesh type for the job without is mainly used as scalping screens
and provides excellent screen life.
sacrificing durability and
fluid processing capacity. HC mesh type features fine wires
with rectangular openings.
The two fine screening layers over
a support cloth provides superior
performance in blinding applications and
yields excellent capacity with screen life
equal to XL mesh. While the fine wire
diameter provides excellent capacity,
this mesh type has shorter screen
life and lower separation efficiency
compared to our other mesh types.

Ultra-Fine (XL) screen


The Ultra-Fine (XL) screen has been
specifically designed to cope with drilling
sandstone formations, which typically
present blinding problems using standard
screen mesh types. Our XL mesh
features two fine screening layers and a
support mesh and Square openings with
fine wire diameters offering improved
capacity, screen life, and blinding
resistance compared to TBC. The odd
opening size distribution and movement
between layers helps resist blinding.

Patented XR mesh
Rectangular openings, larger diameter
wire combined with our patented cloth
calendaring design gives XR mesh
excellent capacity and the longest
screen life in the industry. XR mesh
coupled with DURAFLO technology
allows best in class fluid-handling
capacity. This high conductance
results in reduced mesh loading when
compared to traditional mesh types.

30 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Pre-tensioned Oilfield Screens

DURAFLO Composite OEM &

Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Composite OEM & Replacement Screens
Replacement Screens

The composite evolution Longer Screen Life


began with our first The composite frame design Features and Benefits
encompasses the “window pane” Patented, composite frame
generation, patented, HIFLO effect of incorporating an increased
■■

design
screen. It was the first to use number of smaller panels, thereby ■■ Available for M-I SWACO,
a grid made from a composite evenly distributing mechanical Brandt^, Derrick^, and
of high-strength plastic stresses and containing mesh Axiom^ brand shakers
damage to small localized areas.
and glass, reinforced with ■■ Featuring the “window pane”
effect, has increased number
high tensile strength rods. Reduced Screen Weight
of smaller flow panels for
The DURAFLO composite screen weighs
Today’s evolutionary about the same as our first generation
enhanced durability.
composite DURAFLO composite, HIFLO. However, it weighs
■■ Consistent screen open area
screens deliver even longer up to 40% less than traditional metal ■■ Less weight than metal-frame
framed screens. Lower screen weight screens
screen life and greater
gives way to enhanced shaker G-Force. ■■ Featuring the SNAP-LOK
ease in making repairs, repair system
giving way to an overall Easy Screen Repair ■■ Composite screen offers
more robust product. The patented SNAP-LOK plug repair chemical resistance and
system reduces repair time to less environmental degradation
than 2 minutes. By simply inserting ■■ Consistently manufactured,
a factory made plug, this system rugged construction
eliminates the need for cutting and
■■ Increased operational life
gluing damaged cells. This equates
to reduced rig time for solids control ■■ Lower overall screen costs
equipment service and maintenance. due to fewer required
replacements
■■ Quick and easy to repair
■■ Less downtime
■■ Resistant to rust and
delamination caused by
chemical and environmental
exposure
■■ Improved QHSE considerations

^
NOV Brandt is a mark of Varco I/P, Inc.
^
Derrick is a mark of Derrick Equipment Company
^
Axiom AX-1 is a mark of Axiom Process Ltd.
Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 31
DURAFLO Composite OEM Screens
for M-I SWACO shakers
Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Composite OEM & Replacement Screens

Simply stated, we've For MONGOOSE series shakers


combined the industry's The DURAFLO for MONGOOSE Shakers
(including MEERKAT) features unique
best available solids control
wedge mechanism for screen locking.
equipment technology The composite construction combined
with it's most optimized with the efficient and easy locking
accessory, the composite mechanism eliminates solids bypass
which give way to costly required fluid
screen. The high capacity
dilutions. In addition, it allows easy
composite screens from screen removal, repair, or replacement.
M-I SWACO are the most
rugged, long lasting, and
efficient screens available.
Composite screens are unique in the For MD series shakers
industry and provide chemical resistance The MD Shaker Series (MD-2 & MD-3) and
and delamination to corrosive drilling Screens were designed in tandem, to take
fluids. Our patented technology offers full advantage of the technology available
significant fluid handling capacity, through the use of composite materials,
blinding resistance, drier solids while maximizing shaker performance.
discharge, and an overall larger net
The DURAFLO for MD Series
usable screen area. The precision
Shakers feature a novel self-latching
molding process produces increased
design that maintains screen-to-
number of smaller, more precise panels.
screen seal. This allows screens
Our integrated sealing mechanism to be removed as a unit instead of
creates an ultra-tight seal between individually, with no tools required.
the screen and bedding plane,
thereby eliminating solids buildup For BEM series shakers
and costly solids bypass. A cleaner
The DURAFLO OEM screen for
mud = efficient drilling = reduced skin
M-I SWACO BEM-600† and BEM-650†
damage = enhanced production.
shale shakers takes the best screen
and matches it to the best balanced
elliptical motion shakers on the market.
Features & Benefits Featuring a patented, composite frame
■■ Composite material, resistant design that holds up under virtually all
to chemical degradation drilling conditions, the screen delivers
■■ Integrated Sealing Mechanism, unsurpassed usable screen area.
eliminates bypass DURAFLO screens are available with
■■ Easy installation/removal using HC, Ultra-Fine (XL) and XRMESH†, giving
patented interlocking system operators maximum screening flexibility.
■■ Light-weight
■■ Enhanced fluid handling
capacity
■■ Co-molded Gasket Design
■■ Improved QHSE profile
■■ Easily Repairable with
patented Snap-Lok technology,
requiring no cure time
■■ Blinding Resistance

32 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


DURAFLO Composite Replacement Screens for
Derrick^ 500 series shakers

Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Composite OEM & Replacement Screens
For Derrick D500 shale shakers Our solution is the D500 C premium, flat
Our newest innovation in our composite panel design featuring our patented,
technology replacement screen lightweight composite frame with glass
offering is the D500 Composite Screen, filling and internal steel reinforcement
designed to fit Derrick^ FLC 500 brand structure designed to stay flat and
shakers while eliminating the “horse- parallel to the shaker bed, eliminating
shoe” effect. The OEM, corrugated the horse-shoe effect which leads
screen design promotes solids build to increased dry beach, pre-mature
up in troughs, giving way to excessive screen wear, and screen blinding.
wear and must be run at elevated
deck levels to utilize the additional
screening area of peaks. Increased
deck angles result in reduced screen
life due to poor solids conveyance.

Field-proven results Screen Life


Recent field trials showed the D500 The D500-Composite screens proved Features
Flat Panel Composite to be superior in more than capable of handling the 8 ¾” In addition, our D500 C
screen life and performance efficiency. drilled section in Southwest Oklahoma. features the following:
Given the nature of the drilled formation, It was observed that the M-I SWACO
■■ High FLAT usable Area to
we recommended an API 140 version D500 composite flat panel showed
increase fluids handling
of our patented D500-Composite greater resistance to screen mesh wear
capacity
screens in XR mesh. Testing proved the and gasket life vs. the OEM corrugated
D500-Composite screens are capable design. In addition, our composite flat ■■ Effective and Continuous
of equivalent fluid handling capacity panel showed superior screen life, cuttings contact to maintain
of the OEM’s corrugated screen with reducing screen replacements by 60% fluid quality and reduce haul-
better liquid returns quality, further after 30 days of production vs. the off costs
highlighting the flat panel design competitor. Even further, 30% total cell ■■ Eliminates horse-shoe effect
benefit. Even more, the D500’s flat failure due to gasket and mesh failure. while maximizing usable non-
panel decreased “dry beach” and blanked area using the flat
Screening Efficiency panel design
“horseshoeing” phenomenon’s which
promote premature screen blinding. While matching flow capacity and ■■ Co-molded gasket to negate
cuttings dryness, the D500-Composite
solids by-pass near the sealing
Flat Panel Design Eliminates the screen exhibited a discard rate of 130%
mechanism
“Horseshoe” Effect greater than the competitor. Test data
also shows that while our screens
■■ Integrated handle design for
The competitor’s OEM Shaker features
processed more solid cuttings, the easy handling, quick
a crowned deck to eliminate screen
D500-Composite maintained better installations & change outs
flexing under fluid load. However,
this design results in reduced fluid separation efficiency. The quality of ■■ Increased Screen Life (no rust,
handling and whole mud losses via the liquid stream is a key performance corrosion, adhesives)
bypass along the sides of the shaker indicator in screening efficiency. ■■ Improved Solids Conveyance
bed. Additionally, shakers must be The D500-Composite flat panel was ■■ Lightweight for enhanced
run at high deck angles to take full shown to screen finer as indicated by
shaker G’s
advantage of screening area, causing a particle size analysis of the liquid
undue damage and costly repairs to returns stream. Our flat panel design,
shaker beds. Our lightweight, flat panel, which eliminates the “horseshoe
composite technology eliminates the effect” and solids bypass, allowed
effects of having a crowned deck and for a particle size reduction of 20% in
resulting horseshoe phenomenon. the liquid returns, showing a cleaner
mud being returned to the system.

Derrick and FLC 500 are marks of Derrick Corporation.


^

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 33


DURAFLO Composite Replacement Screens
for Brandt^ shakers
Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Composite OEM & Replacement Screens

For Brandt VSM 300 shale shakers For NOV Brandt Cobra shakers
The new and improved DURAFLO The DURAFLO† Composite Replacement
replacement screen to fit the Brandt Screens from M‑I SWACO, for the
VSM 300^ brand shaker takes the National Oilwell Varco (NOV) Brandt
best screen for this shale shaker to Cobra^, King Cobra^ and LCM-3D^
the next level of performance. This shakers, provide greatly improved
screen uses a new frame design that performance and reliability over
features several improve­ments over traditional metal-backed screens.
­original DURAFLO screens. It is lighter,
more ­easily repaired, p­ romotes longer The design features a soft gasket
screen life and is easier to remove. and allows the screen to be removed
DURAFLO screens are available with and reinstalled while maintaining a
TBC, Ultra‑Fine (XL) and XR MESH, reliable sealing mechanism. These
giving operators screening ­flexibility in improvements give way to improved
­addition to an ­overall-improved ­product. screen life and screen costs per well,
resulting in significant operator savings.

Field-proven results good seal so no solids could penetrate


Recent field trials confirm improved the d­ amaged panel. The screens Features & Benefits
performance of DURAFLO were reinstalled and put to use imme­ ■■ Lighter weight vs traditional
Composite Screens via three diately. The SNAP-LOK plugs were
OEM equipment.
key Performance Indicators. checked regularly and the screens
were removed after 22 hrs with all three ■■ 5.5 ft 2 of precision molded NBA
Screen replacement plugs still firmly in place. Another plug ■■ Co-molded gasket, eliminating
Each time the front screen was was installed later d­ uring the test on bypass
pulled for checking or changeout, the a partially d­ amaged screen. This screen ■■ No Crown Rubbers required
new interlocking joint between the was removed after ­approx­imately 20
■■ Corrosion resistant
DURAFLO front and back screens hrs with the plug still snugly in place.
automatically pulled the back panel, New interlocking screen joint
Screen life
elimi­nating the need for a screen Patent-pending, interlocking
■■

hook. When the front screen was Two identical shakers were fitted joint, elimi­nating the need for
pushed in during replace­ment, it with two DURAFLO Ultra-Fine (XL) hooks.
automatically ­created a seal with the 175 mesh screens on the left side of 
the shaker bed, and with two HIFLO
■■ To remove the rear screen,
rear screen. Screens were checked ­simply pull the front screen
or changed out more than 25 times, Ultra-Fine 175 mesh screens on the
right. Both ­shakers used 20 mesh and both front and rear
­perform­ing consistently ­without any screens will be removed
­oper­ational issues. It was also noted scalping screens and operated at
the same G‑force. During testing, together.
that the 16% weight reduction in the
new DURAFLO screens assisted in all screens were checked every ■■ When replacing, insert
the easy removal of the screens from 4 hrs for damage. As a result of the screens ­­sepa­rately.
the shaker (compared to p­ revious the use of a downhole t­ urbine ■■ The new joint reduces
DURAFLO ­composite screens). ­during the interval, a large amount changing time to less than
of fine c­ uttings was generated and two minutes, making it easy
Screen repairs introduced to the shakers. Over to change all screens
Utilizing the new SNAP-LOK plug-repair the period required to drill the 81/2 in. ­during a connection­
system, three plugs were installed interval, a total of seven DURAFLO if necessary­.­
in less than two m
­ inutes on one of and nine HIFLO screens were used.
the rear DURAFLO screens – two The HIFLO screens lasted an average
at the back and one in the middle. of 51 hrs, while the a­ verage life of the
The new plug s­ imply snapped in from DURAFLO screens was recorded at
the rear of the screen and created a 65 hrs - an improvement of 27%.

NOV Brandt, VSM 300, Cobra, King Cobra and LCM-3D are marks of Varco I/P, Inc.
^

Results obtained testing screens for the MONGOOSE PT shaker.


34 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


DURAFLO Composite Replacement Screens
for Axiom^ shakers

Solids Control Systems & Products: DURAFLO Composite OEM & Replacement Screens
For Axiom AX-1 shakers features a specialized gasket made of
With the M-I SWACO DURAFLO Axiom softer, more pliable material which is
AX-1^ screen, the OEM metalback co-molded onto the leading edges of the
screen is replaced with a rigid, composite frame. This provides a soft
lightweight composite material and does but durable seal between the shaker bed
not use the sliding steel tray for support. and screens. The design also features
DURAFLO screens have a patented the easy latching system which joins
design that is unique to our industry screens during operation and allows
and has many field-proven Benefits. easy removal without the need for
additional tools and accessories.
The DURAFLO AX-1 is a composite
replacement screen for Axiom brand
shakers. It features the patented design
utilizing a polymer frame with the steel
reinforcing structure. In addition, it

Field Proven Results


Recent GOM & Brazil Field Trial Features and Benefits Meanwhile, metal-backed screens
data confirms superior DURAFLO Improvements over the metal- are susceptible to chemical and
performance in regard to screen environmental degradation due to
backed OEM screens
life, separation efficiency, cuttings the carbon steel plate used in their
■■ Increased g-forces. Use of a
conveyance, enhanced shaker G-Force. construction.
heavy, sliding steel support tray in
Screen Consumption no longer necessary, which ■■ Consistent tension. The composite
improves overall shaker G-force. screen manufacturing process
The highly supported, durable
ensures the proper tension is
composite design outperformed the ■■ Reduced Screen Weight :
applied to each layer of mesh, and
competitor’s OEM in the Gulf of Mexico, M-I SWACO composite screens
that the mesh and frame have a
by reducing screen consumption by 25% weigh 8.0 kg each, so 18 screens to
consistent bond across the
during the 8½” oil production interval dress out the shaker weigh a total
using synthetic oil based drilling fluid. screen. This tight control of mesh
of 144 kg.
The flat panel design allowed excellent tension reduces fatigue of screen
–– The total screen assembly wires and improves screen life.
fluids handling capacity without the
weight of M-I SWACO
need for costly screen change-outs. ■■ Reliability. The mesh is bonded
DURAFLO AX-1 screens is 59%
directly to the frame and therby,
Cuttings Conveyance less than that of the metal OEM
improves the life of the screen.
Using our patented flat-panel design, screens and trays.
Quick screen changes. Easy to
■■ Non-blanked area. Equivalent
our DURAFLO AX-1 was able to ■■

use push-and-lock latches make non-blanked area of OEM screen,


decrease cuttings conveyance rates
screen changes fast and easy. of 2.8 ft 2.
by ~23% while maintaining superior
cuttings dryness. Retort analysis of the ■■ Corrosion-resistant.
■■ Choose from XL†, HC†, and
discharge stream indicated an improved The polypropylene frame coupled XR† meshes. Your M-I SWACO
mud recovery of nearly 40% compared with the stainless steel mesh of representative will help you match
to the competitor’s OEM. Bottom line – the DURAFLO Axiom AX-1 screen the most effective mesh to your
we process cuttings faster, minimizing yields it resistant to chemical and application.
screen damage; and better, allowing environmental degradation.
the operator to recover more costly
drilling fluid to the active system.
screen weight significantly, allowing G-Force allows better conveyance
Enhanced Shaker G’s for higher shaker G-Forces and as noted. Screen weight was
The lightweight composite material minimizes shaker basket wear. The reduced by 59% vs. the competitor’s
used for our DURAFLO AX-1 reduces resulting 10% increase in shaker OEM, shedding over 450 lbs!

Axiom AX-1 is a mark of Axiom Process Ltd.


^

Results obtained testing screens for the MONGOOSE PT shaker.


Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 35


Solids Control Systems & Products: Pre-tensioned & Hook Strip Screens

M-I SWACO Commodity Screens Portfolio


Solids Control Systems & Products: M-I SWACO Commodity Screens Portfolio

M-I SWACO screens Metal Back OEM & Replacement Plastic Back OEM & Replacement
portfolio also includes both Screens Screens
Our lightweight, repairable hookstrip- Our lightweight, repairable hookstrip-
commodity pretensioned metal back offerings include plastic back offerings include
and hookstrip type replacements for Derrick FLC 500, M-I SWACO (ALS, BEM-3, Brandt
metal back replacement featuring 1 to 3 layers of mesh with (LCM 2D, LM3, 4X5), Derrick (FLC
screens and plastic back, a metal grid and hook strips. Our 300, FLC 2000), Kemtron (KDX), Triton
pretensioned metal back offerings (Triton), and Vortex Fluid Systems
hookstip screens. include M-I SWACO, Brandt (Cobra, (Orbital)), featuring 1 to 3 layers of mesh
King Cobra, LCM3D, D285P/380P), with a plastic grid and hookstrips.
Fluid Systems (Black Thunder, 29x42),
While not our premium offering, our
Kemtron (KPT 28), and Vortex Fluid
commodity screens come with the
Systems (Orbital), featuring 1 to 3 layers
same exceptional commitment to
of repairable, tensioned mesh bonded
quality and API compliance. Customers
directly to a metal grid and rigid frame,
have the option to customize their
eliminating the “horseshoe” effect.
operations without compromising
quality, using our diverse portfolio of
premium and commodity screens.

36 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


API Compliant OEM & Replacement Screens Summary

Solids Control Systems & Products: API Compliant OEM & Replacement Screens Summary
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M-I SWACO
ALS† ü XL, XR 45.25" x 47.75"
OEM SCREENS

BEM-3† ü ü MG, XL, XR 45.5" x 35.5"


BEM-6† ü MG, HC, XL, XR 36 x 27.5
MD-2†/ MD-3† ü MG, HC, XL, XR 24.49" x 25.8"
MONGOOSE†/MEERKAT† Series ü ü MG, HC, XL, XR 23" x 45.875"
2x6 ü MG 24.25" x 72"
4x3 ü MG 45.25" x 47.75"
AXIOM
ALS ü ü MG, HC, XL, XR 27" x 24"
Brandt / NOV / Rigtech
Cobra ü ü HC, XL, XR 25" x 49.3125"
King Cobra ü ü HC, XL, XR 25" x 49.3125"
LCM3D ü ü HC, XL, XR 25" x 49.3125"
ATL1000 ü ü HC, XL, XR 25" x 49.3125"
4X3 ü MG 45.25" x 36"
LCM2D/LM3 ü XL, XR 45.25" x 36"
4X5 ü ü MG, XL 48.5" x 59.5"
D285P/380 ü XL, XR 28" x 46.5"
VSM 100 ü ü ü MG, HC, XL, XR 25" x 36.25"
REPLACEMENT SCREENS

VSM 300 ü ü MG, HC, XL, XR 27" x 35.5"


Derrick
FLC 300 ü XL, XR 33.25" x 27.5"
FLC 500 ü ü XL, XR 41.5" x 27.5"
FLC 2000 ü ü ü MG, XL, XR 41.125" x 27.5"
Fluid Systems
Black Thunder ü XL,XR 36" x 42"
29x42 ü MG, XL, XR 29" x 42.1875"
Kemtron
KDDX ü MG 30" x 72"
KDX ü XL, XR 28" x 48"
KPT28 ü XL, XR 28.25" x 49.25"
Tri-Flo
2X3 ü MG 24.5" x 36"
4x3 ü MG 48.5" x 36"
Triton
Triton ü XL, XR 48.5" x 28.5"
Vortex Fluid Systems
Orbital Vortex ü ü ü XL, XR 46" x 31.875"

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 37


Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

CD 500 HV Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges CD 500 HV Centrifuge

The CD 500 High Volume


(HV) centrifuge is a high- Features Benefits
powered centrifuge designed Performance Performance
for exceptional low gravity ■■ Quasi-Axial scroll ■■Quasi-Axial scroll provides an
High bowl speed increased flow area which
solids (LGS) separation ■■

minimizes the turbulence for


and barite recovery in ■■ Double feed chamber
an improved separation
Open ended & slotted feed
operations where large feed ■■
efficiency and a high fluid
tubes
rates are a requirement. ■■ Oil forced lubricated main
handling capacity
■■ High bowl speed assures a
The CD 500 HV centrifuge has bearings
high G-Force, solids removal
been designed to process large Variable bowl, scroll & pump
■■
efficiency, finest cut points and
volumes of fluids, improve barite speed a high clarification capacity
recovery and produce solids that ■■ Split pillow blocks Double feed chamber & open
meet environmental regulations for
■■

disposal. Automatic PLC monitoring


■■ PLC control ended/slotted feed tubes
and adjustment compensates for ■■ Stainless steel rotating assure better configuration for
varied drilling conditions and maintains assembly barite recovery or LGS removal
maximum solids/fluids separation ■■ Perfectly balanced rotating ■■ Reduced bearing wear and
throughout the drilling operation. assembly maintenance requirements
The CD 500 HV centrifuge recovers ■■ Tungsten carbide tiles (scroll) ■■ Complete control of G-Force for
valuable drilling fluid and barite while improved separation efficiency
Safety
reducing the total volume of drilling ■■ Split pillow blocks for
■■Vibration sensor
waste that must be transported for increased protection against
■■ Torque limiter contamination, extended
injection, disposal or remediation.
■■ Micro switches on vessel & material life and easier
By recovering more fluid and guards maintenance
producing drier cuttings with a smaller
■■ Bearing temperature sensors Programmable Logic
volume, the CD 500 HV centrifuge
■■

helps operators reduce their drilling ■■ Pressure sensors (1) Controller (PLC) provides
waste and disposal volumes. ■■ Hydraulic oil temperature continues monitoring &
sensor (1) automatic shut-down of all
critical parameters while
■■ Speed sensors (1)
providing automatic control to
(1) Only on Fully Hydraulic Drive types avoid centrifuge plugging

38 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the CD-500 HV Centrifuge

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges CD 500 HV Centrifuge


CD 500 HV VFD CD 500 HV SL VFD
CD 500 HV FHD CD 500 HV SL FHD
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Performance Rotating Assembly Material VFD Type
■■Hydraulic Capacity: 674 GPM ■■Bowl: Stainless Steel Duplex A890 ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
(2,551 LPM) ■■ Scroll: Stainless Steel Duplex A890 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 100 Hp (75 kW)
■■ Operating Speed: 3,200 rpm AISI 304 ■■ Back Drive Motor: 30 Hp (22 kW)
■■ G-Force: 2,656 G ■■ Scroll Flights: Tiles; Tungsten Carbide
FHD Type
■■ Sigma Value: 49,589 ft 2 (4,607 m2) ■■ Discharge Bushings: Tungsten Carbide ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
■■ Solids Discharge: 53 GPM (12.0 m3/h) Gearbox ■■ Main Drive Motor: 120 Hp (90 kW)
Rotating Assembly ■■Type: Planetary [Model; ZG 3700/10] ■■ Hydraulic Pump: Variable
■■ Bowl Diameter: 18.6 in. (472 mm) ■■ Gear Ratio: 80:1 Displacement Pump
■■ Bowl Length: 67.5 in. (1,715 mm) ■■ Torque, maximum: 6,269 ft-lb Certification
■■ Pond Depth: 2.2, 2.6, 3.0 in. (8,500 Nm) ■■CD 500 HV VFD:
(56, 66, 76 mm) ■■ Differential Range: 1 to 40 rpm ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
■■ Scroll Type: Single Lead ■■ Weight: 474 lbs (215 Kg) or Class I, Division 1 hazardous areas
Quasi Axial Flow for USA and Canada
Nozzle Schedule
Scroll Pitch: 5.12 in. (130 mm) ■■ CD 500 HV FHD:
Liquid Discharge: 8 in. Victaulic
■■
■■
ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
■■ Main Bearings: Oil Lubricated ■■ Solids Discharge: 31.9 x 17.7 in.
■■ CD 500 HV SL VFD:
■■ Internal Bearings: Grease Lubricated (810 x 450 mm)
ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
■■ Feed Tube: Open Ended [LGS Removal] ■■ Feed Tube: 2 in. [ANSI B 16.5] or Class I, Division 1 hazardous areas
Slotted [Barite Recovery] for USA and Canada
■■ CD 500 HV SL FHD:
ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3

Dimensions & Weights


X Y Z Weight
■■ CD 500 HV VFD: 155.4 in. (3,946 mm) 47.8 in. (1,215 mm) 79.5 in. (2,020 mm) 11,023 lbs (5,000 Kg)
■■ CD 500 HV FHD: 163.2 in. (4,146 mm) 90.2 in. (2,290 mm) 87.4 in. (2,220 mm) 14,330 lbs (6,500 Kg)

CD 500 HV VFD CD 500 HV FHD

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 39


Technical specifications for the CD-500 HV Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges CD 500 HV Centrifuge

CD 500 HV VFD CD 500 HV SL VFD


CD 500 HV FHD CD 500 HV SL FHD
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Dimensions & Weights (Continued)
X Y Z Weight
■■ CD 500 HV SL VFD 163.3 in. (4,149 mm) 76.1 in. (1,934 mm) 48.4 in. (1,230 mm) 11,023 lbs (5,000 Kg)
■■ CD 500 HV SL FHD 157.9 in. (4,010 mm) 76.3 in. (1,937 mm) 47.6 in. (1,210 mm) 10,417 lbs (4,725 Kg)
[Centrifuge Module]
■■ CD 500 HV SL FHD 129.9 in. (3,300 mm) 90.2 in. (2,290 mm) 68.5 in. (1,740 mm) 6,989 lbs (3,170 Kg)
[Hydraulic Module]
■■ VFD Control Panel [ATEX] 41.3 in. (1,050 mm) 98.4 in. (2,500 mm) 82.7 in. (2,100 mm) 3,527 lbs (1,600 kg)
■■ VFD Control Panel [UL] 48.0 in. (1,219 mm) 90.0 in. (2,286 mm) 102.0 in. (2,591 mm) 2,640 lbs (1,198 kg)

CD 500 HV SL VFD CD 500 HV SL FHD


[Centrifuge Module]

VFD Control Panel CD 500 HV SL FHD


[Hydraulic Module]

40 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

518 HV Centrifuge

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges 518 HV Centrifuge


The 518 High Volume (HV)
centrifuge is a unit which Features Benefits
replaces the operation Performance Performance
of two standard 518 ■■Quasi-Axial scroll ■■Quasi-Axial scroll provides an
increased flow area which
centrifuges combined ■■ Tungsten carbide tiles (scroll)
minimizes the turbulence
through an increased ■■ High bowl speed
■■ Increased flights wear
fluid handling capacity & ■■ Variable bowl & scroll speed (1)
resistance thereby reducing
improved solids separation. ■■ Fixed bowl & differential maintenance requirements
speed (2) ■■ High bowl speed assures a
The 518 HV centrifuge is designed to ■■ Variable feed pump speed high G-Force, solids removal
handle higher fluid processing rates by
■■ Split pillow blocks efficiency percentage and
providing more power and improving
Stainless steel rotating finest cut points.
the fluid flow in and out of the machine. ■■

assembly ■■ Complete control of G-Force


Increasing the available power for the and differential settings for
main (50 Hp) and back drive (15 Hp)
■■ Perfectly balanced rotating
improved separation efficiency
allows more fluid to be fed into the bowl assembly
■■ Six bowl speed/differential
while providing the necessary torque ■■ PLC control (1)
combinations on fixed drive
to remove the increased solids load Safety units for enhanced simplicity
resulting from the higher feed rate. ■■Vibration sensor and efficiency
The unit also has an improved fluid ■■ Torque limiter ■■ Split pillow blocks for increased
accelerator to reduce turbulence and protection against contamination,
■■ Micro switches on vessel and
bring the fluid velocity (both magnitude extended material life and
guards
and direction) up to the bowl rotating easier maintenance
speed and direction as quick as possible,
■■ Bearing temperature sensors (1)
■■ Highly corrosion resistant
thus reducing the energy consumed ■■ Pressure sensors (3)
■■ Minimal vibration and noise
for fluid acceleration and reserving ■■ Hydraulic oil temperature emissions
more energy for solids conveyance. sensor (3)
■■ Programmable Logic Controller
The unit contains a Quasi-Axial flow ■■ Speed sensors (3) (PLC) provides continues
scroll which increases the flow area monitoring & automatic shut-
(1) Not applicable to Fixed Drive
inside the bowl thus reducing the down of all critical parameters
(2) Only applicable to Fixed Drive
fluid velocity and hence, the onset while providing automatic control
(3) Only on Fully Hydraulic Drive types
of turbulence. to avoid centrifuge plugging (1)

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 41


Technical specifications for the 518 HV Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges 518 HV Centrifuge

518 HV (Fixed Drive) 518 HV FHD 518 HV SL FHD


518 HV VFD 518 HV SL VFD
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Performance Gearbox FHD Type
■■ Hydraulic Capacity: 248 GPM ■■Type: Planetary ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
(939 LPM) ■■ Gear Ratio: 57:1 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 60 Hp (45 kW)
■■ Operating Speed: 3,200 rpm ■■ Torque, maximum: 2,531 ft-lb ■■ Hydraulic Pump:
■■ G-Force: 1,975 G (3,432 Nm) Variable Displacement Pump
■■ Sigma Value: 24,326 ft 2 (2,260 m2) ■■ Differential Range: Certification
■■ Solids Discharge: 27 GPM (6.1 m /h) 3
–– Fixed Drive: 10 to 79 rpm ■■518 HV (Fixed Drive):
Rotating Assembly –– VFD: 1 to 55 rpm ATEX CE Ex II 2G c IIB T3
■■ Bowl Diameter: 13.9 in. (353.1 mm) –– FHD: 1 to 80 rpm or Class I, Division 1 hazardous areas
for USA and Canada
■■ Bowl Length: 57.5 in. (1,461.1 mm)
■■ Weight: 159 lbs (72 Kg)
■■ 518 HV VFD:
Pond Depth: 2.3, 2.42, 2.54 in. Nozzle Schedule
■■
ATEX CE Ex II 2G c IIB T3
(58.5, 61.5, 64.5 mm) ■■ Liquid Discharge: 8 in. Victaulic
or Class I, Division 1 hazardous areas
■■ Scroll Type: Single Lead ■■ Solids Discharge: 21.0 x 13.8 in. for USA and Canada
Quasi Axial Flow (530 x 350 mm) ■■ 518 HV FHD:
■■ Scroll Pitch: 4.31 in. (109.5 mm) ■■ Feed Tube: 2 in. NPT [Male Connection] ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
■■ Main Bearings: Grease Lubricated Fixed Drive Type ■■ 518 HV SL VFD:
■■ Internal Bearings: Grease Lubricated ■■ Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase ATEX CE Ex II 2G c IIB T3
or Class I, Division 1 hazardous areas
■■ Feed Tube: Open Ended ■■ Main Drive Motor: 50 Hp (37 kW)
for USA and CanadaI
Rotating Assembly Material ■■ Back Drive Motor: 15 Hp (11 kW)
■■ 518 HV SL FHD:
■■ Bowl: Stainless Steel Duplex A890
VFD Type ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
■■ Scroll: Stainless Steel Duplex A890 ■■ Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase

AISI 304 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 50 Hp (37 kW)


■■ Scroll Flights: Tiles; Tungsten Carbide ■■ Back Drive Motor: 15 Hp (11 kW)
■■ Discharge Bushings: Tungsten Carbide

Specifications continued on next page.

42 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the 518 HV Centrifuge

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges 518 HV Centrifuge


518 HV (Fixed Drive) 518 HV FHD 518 HV SL FHD
518 HV VFD 518 HV SL VFD
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Dimensions & Weights
X Y Z Weight
■■ 518 HV (Fixed Drive) 119.0 in. (3,023 mm) 53.3 in. (1,353 mm) 70.0 in. (1,778 mm) 6,173 lbs (2,800 Kg)
■■ 518 HV VFD 119.0 in. (3,023 mm) 34.9 in. (887 mm) 70.0 in. (1,778 mm) 5,291 lbs (2,400 Kg)
■■ 518 HV FHD 142.0 in. (3,608 mm) 70.1 in. (1,780 mm) 78.7 in. (2,000 mm) 10,141 lbs (4,600 Kg)
■■ 518 HV SL VFD 132.6 in. (3,368 mm) 65.9 in. (1,674 mm) 39.4 in. (1,000 mm) 5,855 lbs (2,656 Kg)

518 HV (Fixed Drive) 518 HV VFD

518 HV FHD 518 HV SL VFD

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 43


Technical specifications for the 518 HV Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges 518 HV Centrifuge

518 HV (Fixed Drive) 518 HV FHD 518 HV SL FHD


518 HV VFD 518 HV SL VFD
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Dimensions & Weights (Continued)
X Y Z Weight
■■ 518 HV SL FHD 130.5 in. (3,314 mm) 59.0 in. (1,499 mm) 37.0 in. (940 mm) 4,850 lbs (2,200 Kg)
[Centrifuge Module]
■■ 518 HV SL FHD 96.5 in. (2,450 mm) 79.7 in. (2,025 mm) 50.8 in. (1,290 mm) 5,512 lbs (2,500 Kg)
[Hydraulic Module]
■■ VFD Control Panel 41.3 in. (1,050 mm) 98.4 in. (2,500 mm) 82.7 in. (2,100 mm) 3,527 lbs (1,600 kg)
(ATEX)
■■ VFD Control Panel 48.0 in. (1,219 mm) 90.0 in. (2,286 mm) 102.0 in. (2,591 mm) 2,640 lbs (1,198 kg)
(UL)

518 HV SL FHD 518 HV SL FHD


[Centrifuge Module] [Hydraulic Module]

VFD Control Panel

44 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

CD 250 Centrifuge

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges CD 250 Centrifuge


The CD 250 centrifuge is
the smallest centrifuge in Features Benefits
the fleet characterized by Performance Performance
an easy control system, a ■■Smallest footprint ■■Portable and rugged design
rugged design and a low ■■ Lowest weight ■■ Minimal installation and
removal time
installation/removal time. ■■ Fixed bowl & differential speed
Bowl speed (4,000 rpm) and
The unit recovers valuable High bowl speed ■■
■■

differential (26 rpm) are set to


fluids while reducing the ■■ Easy control system
maximize LGS removal in HDD/
total volume of waste. ■■ Split pillow blocks Mining projects
■■ Hard facing on flights High bowl speed assures a
In spite of the compact design, it
■■

delivers a high clarification capacity


■■ Adjustable pond dams & high G-Force, solids removal
thanks to the high G-Force created. variable pump speed efficiency percentage and
■■ Stainless steel rotating finest cut points
To minimize the footprint and weight
assembly ■■ Minimized equipment operator
the unit is equipped with a single 20 Hp
■■ Perfectly balanced rotating skill requirements
motor. An innovative system of belts
and pulleys drives the sun-wheel assembly ■■ Split pillow blocks for
shaft and provides the necessary Safety increased protection against
torque therefore eliminating the need contamination, extended
■■Vibration sensor
for a second motor. As the unit only material life and easier
■■ Torque limiter maintenance
requires a single motor the power
consumption is kept to a minimum.
■■ Micro switches on vessel & ■■ High flights wear resistance
guards thereby reducing maintenance
requirements
■■ Adjustable pond damns &
variable pump speed allow for
adjustment of the retention
time and subsequent
efficiency
■■ Highly corrosion resistant
■■ Minimal vibration and noise
emissions

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 45


Technical specifications for the CD 250 Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges CD 250 Centrifuge

CD 250 Fixed Drive

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Performance Rotating Assembly Material Fixed Drive Type
■■Hydraulic Capacity: 83 GPM ■■Bowl: Stainless Steel Duplex A890 ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
(314 LPM) ■■ Scroll: Stainless Steel AISI 304 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 20 Hp (15 kW)
■■ Operating Speed: 4,000 rpm Scroll Flights: Castolin Eutalloy SF hard
■■
Certification
■■ G-Force: 2,191 G facing ■■CD 250 Fixed Drive:
■■ Sigma Value: 13,326 ft 2 (1,238 m2) ■■ Discharge Bushings: Tungsten Carbide –– CE Marked Only (Standard)
■■ Solids Discharge: 11 GPM (2.5 m /h) 3
Gearbox –– CE ATEX, Zone 1 (Optional)
■■ Type: Planetary [Model; ZG 2400/10]
Rotating Assembly
■■ Bowl Diameter: 10.0 in. (253 mm) ■■ Gear Ratio: 60:1
■■ Bowl Length: 37.1 in. (941.5 mm) ■■ Torque, maximum: 1,475 ft-lb (2,000 Nm)
■■ Pond Depth: 0.95, 1.14, 1.44 in. ■■ Differential Range: 26 rpm
(24, 29, 36.5 mm) ■■ Weight: 128 lbs (58 Kg)
■■ Scroll Type: Single Lead
Nozzle Schedule
Radial Flow
Liquid Discharge: 3.9 x 3.2 in.
■■
■■ Scroll Pitch: 3.94 in. (100 mm) (100 x 80 mm)
■■ Main Bearings: Grease Lubricated ■■ Solids Discharge: 16.3 x 10.6 in.
■■ Internal Bearings: Grease Lubricated (413 x 268 mm)
■■ Feed Tube: Slotted ■■ Feed Tube: 1 in. [WN RF ANSI 150 lb]

Dimensions & Weights


X Y Z Weight
■■ CD 250 Fixed Drive: 81.8 in. (2,077 mm) 46.7 in. (1,187 mm) 31.5 in. (799 mm) 2,646 lbs (1,200 Kg)
■■ CD 250 Fixed Drive Control Panel: 45.3 in. (1,150 mm) 61.0 in. (1,550 mm) 20.1 in. (510 mm) 551 lbs (250 Kg)

CD 250 Fixed Drive Control Panel CD 250 Fixed Drive

46 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

414 Centrifuge

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges 414 Centrifuge


The 414 centrifuge is
engineered to deliver high Features Benefits
performance at low operating Performance Performance
costs for both oilfield and ■■Small ratio of bowl length to ■■Recovers up to 95% of barite
diameter (Lambda ratio) while rejecting finer low
industrial applications. This gravity solids
Fixed bowl & differential speed
highly efficient decanting
■■

Easy control system ■■ Compact unit with light overall


centrifuge recovers 95
■■

weight
Split pillow blocks
percent of barite and returns
■■
■■ Six bowl speed/differential
Hard facing on flights
it to the active system,
■■
combinations on fixed drive
Adjustable pond dams &
while rejecting finer, low- units for enhanced simplicity
■■

variable pump speed & efficiency


gravity solids. The advanced Stainless steel rotating
■■
Minimized equipment operator
design of the stainless steel
■■
assembly skill requirements
bowl and scroll maintains ■■ Perfectly balanced rotating ■■ Split pillow blocks for
an even layer of conveyed assembly increased protection against
solids for more uniform Safety contamination, extended
separation and maximum ■■Vibration sensor material life and easier
maintenance
solids-control efficiency. ■■ Torque limiter
■■ Increased flights wear
The 414 centrifuge has a 14-in. diameter
■■ Micro switches on vessel &
resistance thereby reducing
and 34-in length (353-mm x 860-mm) guards
maintenance requirements
stainless steel bowl and scroll assembly. ■■ Adjustable pond damns &
The variable speed main drive is v-belt
variable pump speed allow for
driven through a torque converter
adjustment of the retention
by a 25 Hp, explosion-proof, electric
time and subsequent
motor. The main drive bowl speeds are
efficiency
easily changed with the variable-step
sheave arrangement. The differential
■■ Highly corrosion resistant
or back drive is v-belt driven by a 10 Hp, ■■ Minimal vibration and noise
explosion-proof, and electric motor. The emissions
differential speed of the scroll can be
adjusted from 10 to a maximum of 79 rpm.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 47


Technical specifications for the 414 Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges 414 Centrifuge

414 Fixed Drive

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Performance Rotating Assembly Material Fixed Drive Type
■■ Hydraulic Capacity: 129 GPM ■■Bowl: Stainless Steel Duplex A890 ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
(488 LPM) ■■ Scroll: Stainless Steel Duplex A890 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 25 Hp (18.5 kW)
■■ Operating Speed: 3,200 rpm AISI 304 ■■ Back Drive Motor: 10 Hp (7.5 kW)
■■ G-Force: 1,975 G ■■ Scroll Flights: Stellite hard facing
Certification
■■ Sigma Value: 11,916 ft 2 (1,107 m2) ■■ Discharge Bushings: Tungsten Carbide ■■414 Fixed Drive:
■■ Solids Discharge: 27 GPM (6.1 m3/h) Gearbox ATEX CE Ex II 2G c IIB T3
Rotating Assembly ■■Type: Planetary or Class I, Division 1 hazardous areas
■■ Bowl Diameter: 13.9 in. (353.1 mm)
for USA and Canada
■■ Gear Ratio: 57:1
■■ Bowl Length: 33.9 in. (860.1 mm) ■■ Torque, maximum: 2,531 ft-lb (3,432 Nm)
■■ Pond Depth: 2.3, 2.42, 2.54 in. ■■ Differential Range: 10 to 79 rpm
(58.5, 61.5, 64.5 mm) ■■ Weight: 159 lbs (72 Kg)
■■ Scroll Type: Single Lead
Nozzle Schedule
Radial Flow
Liquid Discharge: 6 in. Victaulic
■■
■■ Scroll Pitch: 4.31 in. (109.5 mm)
■■ Solids Discharge: 21.0 x 13.8 in.
■■ Main Bearings: Grease Lubricated (530 x 350 mm)
■■ Internal Bearings: Grease Lubricated ■■ Feed Tube: 2 in. NPT [Male Connection]
■■ Feed Tube: Slotted - Position Variable

Dimensions & Weights


X Y Z Weight
■■ 414 Fixed Drive: 95.4 in. (2,424 mm) 48.8 in. (1,239 mm) 70.0 in. (1,778 mm) 4,850 lbs (2,200 Kg)

414 Fixed Drive

48 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

Centrifuge Rotating Assemblies

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges Centrifuge Rotating Assemblies


1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm Bowl Type: CD 250
■■Int. Diameter: 10.0 in. (253 mm)
■■ Int. Length: 37.1 in. (941.5 mm)
■■ Int. Volume (Mid Pond): 3.7 gal (14 l)

Bowl Type: 414


■■Int. Diameter: 13.9 in. (353 mm)
■■ Int. Length: 33.9 in. (860 mm)
■■ Int. Volume (Mid Pond): 7.4 gal (28 l)

Bowl Type: 518 HV


■■Int. Diameter: 13.9 in. (353 mm)
■■ Int. Length: 57.5 in. (1,461 mm)
■■ Int. Volume (Mid Pond): 16.1 gal (61 l)

Bowl Type: CD 500 HV


■■Int. Diameter: 18.6 in. (472 mm)
■■ Int. Length: 67.5 in. (1,715 mm)
1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm
■■ Int. Volume (Mid Pond): 25.9 gal (98 l)

Centrifuge Foot-Print Comparison


500 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm Footprint: CD 250 Fixed Drive
■■Length: 81.8 in. (2,077 mm)
1,000 mm

CD 250 FXD

■■ Width: 31.5 in. (799 mm)


CD 500 HV VFD

Footprint: 414 Fixed Drive


1,000 mm

■■Length: 95.4 in. (2,424 mm)


Width: 70.0 in. (1,778 mm)
414 FXD

■■
1,000 mm

Footprint: 518 HV Fixed Drive


1,000 mm

■■Length: 119.0 in. (3,023 mm)


CD 500 HV SL VFD

■■ Width: 70.0 in. (1,778 mm)


518 HV FXD
1,000 mm

Footprint: CD 500 HV VFD


■■Length: 155.4 in. (3,946 mm)
1,000 mm

■■ Width: 79.5 in. (2,020 mm)

1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm 1,000 mm


Footprint: CD 500 HV SL VFD
■■Length: 163.3 in. (4,149 mm)
■■ Width: 48.4 in. (1,230 mm)

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 49


Drilling Waste Management: Liquid Waste Treatment

DEWATERING
Solids Control Systems & Products: DEWATERING

M-I SWACO has engineered


portable and containerized Features
DEWATERING technologies ■■ High-capacity centrifuge

that remove colloidal-sized ■■ Fully-contained unit with a


small footprint for rigs with
particles that can seriously limited space
degrade the performance ■■ Optional magnetic flow meter
of water-base drilling fluids. records volumes processed as
The DEWATERING systems well as water usage
eliminate the need for ■■ Allows cut-point to be reduced
costly dilution to maintain below the capabilities of
standard solids-control
density and rheological equipment operating
properties, thereby parameters
conserving water, reducing ■■ Water-recycling capability
waste volumes and costs. makes it easier to keep mud in
good condition at all times and
The fine particles are removed is ideal where water is scarce
through a chemically enhanced
process of enhanced centrifugation Benefits
that is much more cost-effective than ■■ Recycling of the fluid phase
using a single high-speed centrifuge. reduces water-hauling, drilling
A number of designs are available to fluid and disposal costs
fit within any onshore or offshore rig ■■ Optimizes environmental
requirement. Regardless of the unit performance
used, ■■ Reduces chemical costs
M-I SWACO DEWATERING† systems
provide operators a powerful tool ■■ Maintains active mud in good
for maintaining optimum drilling fluid working condition
properties, while minimizing waste,
reducing treatment and disposal costs.

50 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Solids Control Systems & Products

OPTM-IZER

Solids Control Systems & Products OPTM-IZER


The OPTM-IZER† solids
control system is a Features Benefits
mobile closed-loop unit ■■ Three processing modes ■■ Better solids removal to reduce
Fully variable speed centrifuge dilution and waste volumes
engineered to save time, ■■

technology, from single Lowers the percentage of


labor and installation costs
■■

centrifuges to dual big-bowl liquid on cuttings


for onshore operations. packages ■■ Fully contained to avoid any
The OPTM-IZER unit can work ■■ Automatic level control and liquid/solid spills
alone or as a supplement to rig automation package ■■ Increased solids removal
shakers. It can be moved in, rigged ■■ Available in 9 ft, 10 ft and 12 ft efficiency
up and put into operation on location widths ■■ Lower mobilization,
within two hours of arrival. ■■ All-inclusive single-load, transportation and installation
The OPTM-IZER unit was engineered closed-loop package solution costs
specifically for land rigs not equipped ■■ Optional cold-weather package ■■ Reduced manpower
to perform specialized solids-control requirements
operations and that do not require these ■■ No crane picks
capabilities while drilling the entire well.
The OPTM-IZER unit is for land-based
■■ Lower drilling-waste disposal
drilling operations that require barite costs
recovery, high-capacity processing,
dewatering and/or mud stripping.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 51


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Collection and Transportation

CLEANCUT Cuttings Collection and


Transportation System
Cuttings Management : Cuttings Collection and Transportation CLEANCUT Cuttings Collection and Transportation System

The patented CLEANCUT† The temporary bulk storage of drill


cuttings provided by the CLEANCUT
system from M-I SWACO system protects drilling logistics
Features and Benefits
gives operators a flexible from interruption by weather, crane
Safety
solution for improving the or logistics issues, allowing peak drill
■■ Conveying is fully enclosed,
keeping personnel and drill
safety and efficiency of cuttings volumes to be held for later
cuttings separate
processing while drilling continues.
drill cuttings containment This flexibility can prevent expensive ■■ rane lifts are minimized,
C
and disposal. The system downtime on critical drilling operations. improving offshore safety
captures the drill cuttings The bulk transfer of drill cuttings from ■■ E quipment is specified to
as they exit the shaker and rig to supply boat, and from supply hazardous-zone classifications
boat to final process location enables
keeps them contained in large volumes of drill cuttings to be
Ease of Use
a sealed system all the ■■Flexible installation to suit rig
handled safely offshore, eliminating layout with small equipment
way to final processing, the numerous, potentially risky crane footprints
using positive pressure lifts required by cuttings boxes. ■■ The system transfers untreated
pneumatic conveying. The CLEANCUT system is a field- cuttings at high rates
proven technology with an outstanding ■■ Adds flexibility and reliability to
Flexible, reliable and powerful record of reliability and performance operations including shipping
Offshore operators face a growing worldwide. It has been used from the cuttings to shore, inter-field
requirement for zero or Arctic to the tropics, from deepwater transfer, slurrification and
near-zero discharge of drill solids. to remote jungle locations, on drill disposal, and thermal treatment
As environmental regulations have ships, semi-submersible rigs, jack-ups, offshore and onshore
tightened, operators have had to rethink platforms, supply boats and barges.
Reliability
the way in which cuttings contaminated
with oil- and synthetic-base drilling
■■Dense phase conveying
fluids are handled. Several methods technology, proven in oilfield
service with drill cuttings
have been developed to handle these
since 2000
contaminated cuttings, including skip-
and-ship for shore disposal, slurrification ■■ Outstanding equipment uptime
for disposal into formation, and thermal record of 99.8%
desorption both onshore and offshore. ■■ Totally enclosed system to
protect the environment
■■ No additions to waste stream
which may harm downstream
processes

52 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Collection and Transportatiion

VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM (VCS)

Cuttings Management : Cuttings Collection and Transportation VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM (VCS)
The VACUUM COLLECTION
SYSTEM† (VCS†) from Features and Benefits ■■ Conveys fluids and cuttings
­horizontally and vertically, saving
M-I SWACO collects, moves Field-Proven
valuable rig-floor space
■■ Operated successfully on several
and stores drilled cuttings Skid-mounted diaphragm pump
hundred wells for operators
■■

within a totally enclosed around the world since 1993 for recycling and fluid transfer
environment that minimizes Versatile Environmental Compliance
spills and contamination. ■■ Suitable for most applications:
■■Designed to meet the most
­cuttings collection and trans­ ­stringent discharge regulations
Rigs and/or other installations
requiring an enclosed system for: portation; waste injection; rig, Total Containment
cuttings collection and transportation; pit and tank cleaning; vessel ■■Contains all drilling waste streams
cleaning; and fluid recovery
slurrification and re-injection; ■■ Minimizes potential contamination
rig, pit and tank cleaning; vessel Safe during drilling
cleaning; and fluid recovery. ■■ No hazardous moving parts
Modular Design
With growing concerns for personnel ■■ Fill sensors for automatic shut-off
Flexible design allows central rig
■■

safety, environmental issues and an ■■ Vacuum power skid is completely ­location with remote on/off
increased emphasis on saving costly contained ■■ Suitable for all rig configurations
rig time, the industry has required a ■■ Customized, non-sparking blower
totally enclosed system for collecting design with hazardous-duty class Simple Installation
and storing drilled cuttings. electric motors ■■Minimal or no welding required
■■ Explosion-proof (Class I, Zone I) ■■ Makes hookup faster and safer
100 hp electric motor ■■  reinstalled collection pipe serves
P
Efficient multiple collection l­ocations
■■Maximizes filling of cuttings-­ ■■ Equipment tool box with spare
collection modules parts includes connections,
pipe, wands and hoses
■■  uttings collection and
C
­continuous vacuum
does not interrupt drilling

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 53


Technical specifications for the
VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM
Cuttings Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM

1 1
1 Rig shaker
1 1 8
2 Cuttings trough
1 3 Vibrating ‘U’ tube insert 1
4 Outlet valve locked closed
1 1
5 Cuttings container (vacuum rated) 7
3
6 RVT drop tank
2
7 Vacuum unit
2 3
3
4

4
5
5

6
5
1 MONGOOSE PT shaker
2 Cuttings ditch
7
3 Vacuum bazooka
6
4 Outlet valve 9
5 Roto valve hopper
6
7 6 Screw conveyor
7 Vacuum drop tank
8 Vacuum unit
9 Cuttings dryer

Vacuum Cuttings Collection Cuttings collection to feed dryer

Vacuum units

Classifying
shaker

Cleaning of
drill floor Oth
roo Pit er
m
flo Rig
or

Cleaning of Rig shakers


shaker room
Cleaning of
mud pits
RVT
drop tanks

Drainwater
and slops

ply Coarse tank


up
rs (sealed)
ate
aw
Cuttings ditch Se Fines
tank Coarse tank
Batch circulating
pumps Wellhead
holding
tank

Cleaning of
Reclamation
separators Vacuum tank
power skid Rig Slurrification
Transfer unit
vacuum pump
tank Return to Fines tank
circulating High-pressure
mud system pumps injection pump

Rig- and tank-cleaning operations Slurrification and re-injection

The VCS modular components enable usage in


a wide variety of rig operations including:
■■ Total cuttings containment
■■ Secondary recovery where total cuttings ­containment
is not required
■■ Secondary mud-recovery ­systems
■■ Cuttings waste injection systems
■■ Tank and vessel cleaning
■■ Mud-spill cleanup on rig floor
■■ Pit cleaning for mud-systemchange out
■■ Liquid-waste-stream transfer
■■  on-hazardous oilfield-waste minimization, r­ ecycling
N
and cleanup

54 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical specifications for the
VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM

Cuttings Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM


Vacuum Power Skid
The VACUUM COLLECTION SYSTEM is a power­ful drill c­ uttings collection
system designed specifically for the oil industry. Easy to install with
little or no welding required, it min­imizes costly rig time for preparation
and instal­lation. At the heart of the system is the VACUUM POWER SKID.
Patented,1 the “QUIET VAC † ” Power Skid f­ eatures a sound-insulated
enclosure and an explosion-proof Class I, Zone II electric motor.

Vacuum unit specifications


Length Width Height Weight
Model
in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) lb (kg)
100 hp Unit 109 (2,762) 74.5 (1,892) 72 (1,828) 12,000 (5,443)
Motor: 480 volts, 3-phase 200 amp Air Flow: 1,541 ft 3/min (2,618.1 m3/hr)

Rig Vacuum Tank (RVT)


The RVT is an interceptor tank for liquids and solids which sits in front
of the VACUUM POWER SKID. It has a level switch which will stop
vacuuming operations when the tank need emptied, preventing carryover
of material to the VPS. The RVT is used in conjunction with vacuum
cuttings box filling to prevent any carryover of material from a full box.

RVT tank specifications


Length Width Height Weight
Model
in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) lb (kg)
Rig Vacuum Tank (RVT) 60 (1,270) 53 (1,651) 60 (1,524) 2,000 (907)

Continuous vacuum rotary hopper


Versatile vacuum-fed rotary hopper is an ideal solution for operations where
vacuumed materials need to be discharged into separate non-vacuum-rated
receptacles. The hopper allows continuous vacuum collection along with
continuous discharge of materials into open-top waste injection units, standard
open-top cuttings containers, or feeding of materials to cuttings dryers.

Rotary hopper specifications


Length Width Height Weight
Model
in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) lb (kg)
Rotary Hopper Specifications 56 (1,422) 59 (1,499) 72 (1,829) 3,200 (1,451)
Holding Tanks: (2) capacity 5 bbl each Motor (2 hp): 480 volts, 3-phase 10 Amp

 rotected by one or more of the following: U.S. Patent Nos. 5,402,857; 5,564,509; Des. 296,027; Des. 337,809;
P
1

UK Patent No. GB 2 286 615. Other domestic and foreign patents pending.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 55


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Treatment

Cuttings Dryer (VERTI-G)


Cuttings Management:Cuttings Treatment Cuttings Dryer (VERTI-G)

The VERTI-G† cuttings dryer


features a state-of-the-art Features and Benefits ■■ High-capacity, continuous-feed
units have the throughput to keep
design that can process Superior environmental p­ erformance
up with drilling operations
Highly effective liquids/solids
varying amounts of cuttings ■■

separation minimizes fluid content ■■ Programmable Logic Controller


and fluids, typically up to 60 of cuttings prior to offshore (PLC), with automatic warning
tons (61 metric tons) per hour. discharge indicators, monitors bearing
temperatures, adsorbed current,
Dry solids discharged from ■■ Drilling-fluid testing and analysis
torque and total operating hours.
available through M-I SWACO to
the dryer are typically <5% Ability to control auxiliary equipment
monitor system effectiveness
oil content by wet weight. Improved fluid separation reduces
from VERTI-G control panel (screw
■■
conveyor and flushing pump)
Size and capacity waste disposal volumes in zero- ■■ Lifting hoist on stand allows unit
The VERTI-G Cuttings Dryer delivers one discharge applications and
maintenance without interfering
of the best performing, most significantly lowers organic loading
with rig crane
dependable dryers on the market. levels on the sea floor
■■ Hard-faced, replaceable, adjustable
The VERTI-G unit incorporates Improved drilling-fluid recovery cone flights reduce wear and
a high-speed vertical centrifuge ■■ Effective separation reclaims high
ensure optimal tolerance
that achieves maximum liquids/ percentages of fluid from cuttings;
solids separation in large volume
■■ Horizontal screens allow higher
also recovers whole mud lost from wiping efficiency and less plugging
processing. This gives operators shaker failure, rig motion and screen
a critical advantage in meeting blinding Ease of maintenance
increasingly stringent environmental ■■ F lushing system prevents solids
■■ Valuable recovered fluids can be
rules for offshore cuttings disposal. build up in the recovery area and
added back to the active mud system
The VERTI-G unit improves overall cost- minimizes shutdowns for cleaning
Safety
efficiency. Valuable drilling fluids can ■■ Normal wear parts are easily
■■ Explosion-proof motors and control
be recovered from cuttings, as well as accessible from the top of the unit;
whole mud lost from shaker failure and panels are certified for use in belts are easily changed without
rig motion. The VERTI-G unit is effective CE/ATEX (Zone 1) areas removing gear assembly
with oil- and synthetic-base drilling ■■ Integrated, custom-built stands and ■■ Interchangeable hard-faced rotor
fluids and minimizes waste volume, walkways reduce risk to personnel blades protect rotor and gearbox
dramatically reducing disposal costs. Operational Benefits from excessive erosion, minimizing
The VERTI-G Cuttings Dryer is ■■ Experienced M-I SWACO personnel main component failure
available in the following types: maintain peak operating efficiency
■■ Compact VERTI-G (Bottom Discharge
or Screw Conveyor Discharge)
■■ Standard VERTI-G

56 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment Cuttings Dryer (VERTI-G)
The VERTI-G process diameter, liquids/
Cuttings from shale shakers are solids separation
conveyed to the VERTI-G Cuttings Dryer occurs instantly
through a variety of site-engineered as cuttings make
conveyance systems that include: contact with
the finer-mesh,
■■ Gravity feed
high-capacity
■■ Pneumatic transfer dryer screen
■■ Vacuum transfer while producing
■■ Screw conveyors cleaner return
fluid and drier
The flow of cuttings into the VERTI-G is solids discharge.
PLC-controlled and continuously fed to
yield optimum liquids/solids separation. Solids are
Once cuttings are introduced into the discharged
dryer’s charge hopper, widely-spaced, at the screen
adjustable flights continuously direct bottom and
cuttings to the screen surface. Flights fall by gravity
The fluid is collected and pumped
are hard-faced to reduce wear and into the water-flushed cuttings trough
to the M-I SWACO decanting
ensure optimum tolerance. Flights and shunted overboard. Solids can
centrifuge for final processing and
within the VERTI-G dryer create a rolling also be collected for onshore disposal.
reuse in the active mud system.
action that promotes further separation Processed liquids pass through
and prevents screen plugging. Under the screen and then exit through
high G-forces created by the large cone one of two effluent openings.

VERTI-G with Auger Feed VERTI-G with Roto Valve

1 6
1 1
2 1
3 4 5
3 7
9
3
11 8 11
2
4
15
8 10
9
6
10 12 13
5 7
14
1 Scalping shaker
2 Cuttings ditch 9 Dry cuttings discharge
1. Flowline shaker 7. Catch tank 3 Primary shaker 10 Dryer effluent tank
2. Mud cleaner 8. Centrifuge feed pump 4 Roto-Valve vacuum hopper 11 Dilution from active
3. Screw conveyor 9. Centrifuge 5 Cuttings box drop tank 12 Centrifuge feed pump
4. VERTI-G cuttings dryer 10. Solids discharge 6 100 hp vacuum unit 13 Centrifuge
5. Cuttings discharge 11 Clean mud to active 7 Auger 14 Centrifuge solids discharge
6. Recovered mud 8 VERTI-G cuttings dryer 15 Mud return to active

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 57


Technical Specifications for the Compact VERTI-G Cuttings Dryer
CVG (Bottom Discharge)
CVG (Screw Conveyor Discharge)
Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment Cuttings Dryer (VERTI-G)

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Performance Gearbox CVG Fixed Drive
■■ Capacity: 60 Ton/Hr ■■Type: Planetary [Model; ZG 3700/13] ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
■■ Operating Speed: 800 rpm ■■ Gear Ratio: 80:1 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 75 Hp (55 kW)
■■ G-Force: 327 G ■■ Torque, maximum: 6,638 ft-lb ■■ Screw Conveyor Motor* (Qty 2 ): 5.4 Hp
(9,000 Nm) (4 kW)
Rotating Assembly
*Only on CVG (Screw Conveyor Discharge)
■■Base Cone Diameter: 36.0 in.
■■ Differential Range: 10 rpm
(914 mm) ■■ Weight: 474 lbs (215 Kg) Certification
■■ CVG (Bottom Discharge):
■■ Cone Height: 21.9 in. (556 mm) Screens Schedule
ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
■■ Cone Angle: 60° ■■Openings: 0.024 in. (0.6 mm)
■■ CVG (Screw Conveyor Discharge):
■■ Rotor Blades: Replaceable - Castolin ■■ Openings: 0.016 in. (0.4 mm) ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
D048 Hard-faced ■■ Openings: 0.012 in. (0.3 mm) ■■ IECEx Certification available from
■■ Flights Tolerance: Adjustable Q1/Q2 2014

Dimensions & Weights


X Y Z Weight
■■ CVG (Bottom Discharge) 104.1 in. (2,645 mm) 66.3 in. (1,684 mm) 78.7 in. (2,000 mm) 9,480 lbs (4,300 Kg)
■■ CVG (Screw Conveyor Discharge) 117.1 in. (2,975 mm) 66.3 in. (1,684 mm) 78.7 in. (2,000 mm) 11,023 lbs (5,000 Kg)
■■ VG Control Panel 88.6 in. (2,251 mm) 59.8 in. (1,520 mm) 29.5 in. (750 mm) 886 lbs (402 Kg)

Compact VERTI-G Compact VERTI-G


(Bottom Discharge) (Screw Conveyor Discharge)

58 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Technical Specifications for the Standard VERTI-G Cuttings Dryer
VGE-01

Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment Cuttings Dryer (VERTI-G)


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications
Performance Gearbox VGE-01 Fixed Drive
■■Capacity: 60 Ton/Hr ■■Type: Planetary [Model; ZG 4300/10] ■■Power: 400/460 V - 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase
■■ Operating Speed: 800 rpm ■■ Gear Ratio: 80:1 ■■ Main Drive Motor: 75 Hp (55 kW)
■■ G-Force: 327 G ■■ Torque, maximum: 8,113 ft-lb Certification
(11,000 Nm) ■■ VGE-01: ATEX CE Ex II 2G c b IIB T3
Rotating Assembly
■■Base Cone Diameter: 36.0 in.
■■ Differential Range: 10 rpm
(914 mm) ■■ Weight: 739 lbs (335 Kg)
■■ Cone Height: 21.9 in. (556 mm) Screens Schedule
■■ Cone Angle: 60° ■■Openings: 0.024 in. (0.6 mm)
■■ Rotor Blades: Replaceable - Castolin ■■ Openings: 0.016 in. (0.4 mm)
D048 Hard-faced ■■ Openings: 0.012 in. (0.3 mm)
■■ Flights Tolerance: Adjustable

Dimensions & Weights


X Y Z Weight
■■ Standard VERTI-G (VGE-01) 109.3 in. (2,775 mm) 73.8 in. (1,874 mm) 85.6 in. (2,174 mm) 11,795 lbs (5,350 Kg)
■■ VG Control Panel 88.6 in. (2,251 mm) 59.8 in. (1,520 mm) 29.5 in. (750 mm) 886 lbs (402 Kg)

Standard VERTI-G VERTI-G Control Panel

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 59


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Treatment

THERMAL DESORPTION:
HAMMERMILL Onshore
Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment THERMAL DESORPTION: HAMMERMILL Onshore

The HAMMERMILL Due to the operating flexibility


of the mechanical approach to
desorption pro­cess is ­desorption, HAMMERMILL systems
Features
based on direct mechanical ■■ ATEX approved
can be designed as compact units
heating through the use of a that meet the highest safety and
■■ CE marked

pounding mill’s action on the ­explosion-proofing standards. ■■ Small footprint

cuttings. The ­combi­nation The drilling waste must be screened for


■■ Low manpower requirements

of high mechanical shear larger objects by a s­ imple shaker screen ■■ Operates very cleanly
on top of the feed hopper. Double and quietly
and in-situ heat generation piston pumps have proven to be the Ability to operate offshore
creates an environment that
■■

most reliable method of introducing


promotes flash evaporation the material to the process mill. The Benefits
Limited process temperature
of water and hydrocarbons. efficient crush­ing of the solids results ■■

in sig­nificant amounts of ultra-fine Very short retention time


There is no i­gnition source
■■

particles ­fol­lowing the vapors from required for complete removal


in this type of desorption the process chamber. These particles of oil in the solids
process, hence the term are efficiently removed by a cyclone ■■ Good condition of the
“friction.” This technology and a special dust separator prior to the ­recovered oil
vapors moving through the condensers.
eliminates the need for ■■ Efficient, intense agitation
large surfaces and complex to break up solid particles,
­inducing efficient thermal
systems for warming and ­desorption
maintaining a heat-transfer
medium, e.g., hot oil, steam
or exhaust gas. It is fast,
clean and ­efficient to run.

60 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Treatment

THERMAL DESORPTION:
HAMMERMILL Offshore

Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment THERMAL DESORPTION: HAMMERMILL Offshore


The HAMMERMILL unit is ■■  est available technology for
B
drive module featuring the new
specifically designed for CAT C32 low emissions engine
Features
offshore, capable of being (less than Tier 2)
■■ ATEX approved
installed in the space that ■■ ATEX Approved
■■ CE marked
would have been used for ■■ Hammermill technology utilizing
■■ Small footprint
the skips previously used friction to generate heat within the
■■ Low manpower requirements
to collect and transport cuttings that separates the base oil ■■ Operates very cleanly
without damaging its molecular and quietly
cuttings to shore. structure ■■ Ability to operate offshore
Through the integration of the proven Offshore rigs and other installations
Benefits
■■

CLEANCUT cuttings transfer and where space is at a pre­mium and


storage t­ ech­nology with an M-I SWACO ■■ Limited process temperature
where base oils must be recovered
Thermo­mechanical Cuttings Cleaner from drilled cuttings, both for the ■■ Very short retention time
(TCC) modular design, we provide the recovery of the base oil and for required for complete removal
total o­ ffshore solution, including: preparing the cuttings for disposal of oil in the solids
■■  neumatic transfer of drilled ­cuttings
P or reuse ■■ Good condition of the
offshore to a thermal system ■■ Reduced manpower on the rig ­recovered oil
■■ Complete enclosed system ■■  educed crane lifts for lifting ­cuttings
R ■■ E fficient, intense agitation
containers (skips) - reduced to break up solid particles,
■■ CLEANCUT and HAMMERMILL
manpower - removal of additional deck inducing efficient thermal
PLC‑controlled­for reduced
hands on the rig to handle the skips desorption
­manpower requirements
■■ Cross-trained CLEANCUT and ■■ Reduced emissions
TCC engineers
■■ Modular DNV 2-7.1 approved modules
■■ Minimal rig-up/rig-down time
- Plug and socket on cabling to
reduce rig-up/rig-down time

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 61


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Treatment

THERMAL PHASE SEPARATION (TPS)


Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment THERMAL PHASE SEPARATION

M-I SWACO THERMAL


PHASE SEPARATION Features Benefits
Processing rates in excess of Operates with low emissions
(TPS) technology delivers
■■ ■■

300 MT/day Recovers up to 85% of


an unprecedented level of
■■

■■ Future CE marked ­valuable base oil for


economy and environmental ■■ Modular design enables ­immediate reuse
benefits in the treatment ­custom system ■■ Consistent treated solids
of drilling fluids and drilled configurations results:
cuttings. These systems <1% TPH and 10 ppm
leachable TPH
provide a completely self-
 ignificantly less solids
S
contained, versatile process
■■

­carryover (<1% BS&W)


based on indirectly heated in recovered oil
thermal desorption. ■■ Effectively treats high-
Results of TPS technology include: liquid‑content cuttings
(>40% by weight)
■■ Highly efficient hydrocarbon
■■  uperior recovered oil
S
removal and recovery
quality
■■  nsurpassed recovered oil quality
U
■■ Minimal personnel
for onsite base oil recycling
­requirements
■■ L ow emissions that comply with
all current guidelines
Our systems, based on three primary
components - desorption chamber(s),
gas/liquid treatment unit, and
control unit - minimize treatment
costs and achieve comprehensive
environmental compliance.

62 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Cuttings Management Systems & Products: Cuttings Treatment

Cuttings Re-Injection (CRI)

Cuttings Management: Cuttings Treatment Cuttings Re-Injection (CRI)


M-I SWACO has developed
an integrated Cuttings Features Benefits
Re-Injection (CRI) process ■■ All-inclusive process that ■■ Provides permanent
includes geomechanical disposal solution
that has emerged as a modeling and simulation, well Reduces disposal costs
cost-effective and sound
■■

and operation design, data


Minimizes environmental
solution for drilled waste
■■
acquisition, and monitoring
liabilities; meets all zero
disposal at environmentally assurance
discharge requirements and
sensitive and remote ■■ Multi-disciplinary network lowers CO2 emissions
of engineers
asset developments. ■■ Customized solution
■■ Highly trained operational
CRI operations may be done in situ at or personnel
near the waste generation site ■■ Specially dedicated injection
eliminating the need to package and training centers
haul cuttings long distances to ■■ Capable of injecting variety of
treatment facilities. Operators save time, wastes, including slurrified
labor, rig space and mitigate HSE risk by cuttings, lube oil, rig drain
avoiding transportation over water or on fluids, produced water, waste
roadways. Originally conceived solely mud and crude-oil
for drill cuttings injection, the Cuttings contaminated cuttings, among
Re-Injection process has expanded to others
include many other waste streams ■■ Includes collection and
generated during E&P operations. conveyance mechanism, high-
pressure pump and
The Cuttings Re-Injection system
slurrification systems,
includes a slurrification process subsurface disposal domain
whereby drilling waste is collected, and data collection and
mixed with water, and conditioned to monitoring
form a stabile slurry ready for injection
into a suitable down-hole storage
formation.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 63


System components
Cuttings Management : Cuttings Treatment Cuttings Re-Injection

Injection Process Overview


Basic Components of Cuttings Re-Injection The Cuttings Re-Injection process
involves the gathering of solids and
Cuttings generation wastes through a series of specialized
equipment that classify, degrade,
mix and condition them into stable and
pumpable slurries. Afterwards, the
slurry is injected via hydraulic fracturing
Cuttings
into a subsurface formation that
collection earlier had been analyzed and deemed
suitable for the permanent isolation
of the waste. The proper injection
formation is identified at the onset as
one that will ensure injected waste
does not propagate into undesirable
zones protecting the environment
Treatment surrounding the disposal zone.
and pumping
The equipment package comprises a
conveyance apparatus, slurrification
unit, high-pressure injection pumps
and monitoring equipment. The skid-
mounted Cuttings Re-Injection Analyst
delivers real-time and recordable
Wellhead
injection pressure, density and volume
data. All of the equipment and
processes are operated by high skilled
specialists, who undergo extensive
training at dedicated Cuttings
Re-Injection training centers
worldwide.

Sub-surface Subsurface
conduit
Conduit

Disposal
domain

Waste Injection process

64 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Fluids Processing Systems & Products

DRILLING FLUID TEMPERATURE CONTROL


SYSTEM (Mud Cooler)

Fluids Processing Systems & Products: DRILLING FLUID TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM (Mud Cooler)
The DRILLING FLUID
TEMPERATURE CONTROL Features Benefits
SYSTEM† was engineered ■■ Skid-mounted, ready for ■■ Better drilling-fluid
immediate operation performance
specifically to reduce the risks
Effectively reduces drilling Longer elastomer life in MWD/
and complications associated
■■ ■■

fluid temperature LWD tools, BOP, riser, shakers,


with drilling HTHP wells ■■ Engineered to ensure centrifuges and pumps
using oil-base drilling fluids. maximum serviceability ■■ Reduces NPT on downhole
The technology is specifically focused ■■ Incorporates titanium plate tools
on efficient heat transfer in drilling heat exchangers ■■ Fewer conditioning additives
fluids and has a proven track record, ■■ Maintains oil-base fluids required, lower drilling fluid
showing an impressive impact on drilling below their flash points costs
efficiency. This technology can reduce Improves personnel safety and
■■ Increases endurance and ■■

risk factors and drilling complications working environment


accuracy of downhole devices
while simultaneously increasing safety
such as MWD and LWD ■■ MWD and logging tools can be
and decreasing operating costs.
■■ Fewer additives required to used at greater depths
Even the most temperature-tolerant maintain drilling-fluid ■■ Increased up-time strengthens
fluids have their limits before they begin rheological properties your bottom line
to break down or behave erratically
and cause problems such as fluid loss,
reduced viscosity, stuck pipe and
unstable filter cakes. In the case of
oil- or synthetic-base fluids, additional
problems can occur at the surface.
The overheated fluids can release
fumes that result in uncomfortable or
hazardous breathing conditions for rig
crews. In addition, any drilling fluids
heated beyond their limits can produce
inaccurate readings from Measurement
While Drilling (MWD) and Logging
While Drilling (LWD) tools as well as
excessive wear on the elastomers found
in these tools and in the BOP, riser,
shakers, centrifuges and mud pumps.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 65


Fluids Processing Systems & Products: Tank Cleaning

AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING (ATC)


Fluids Processing: Tank Cleaning AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING (ATC)

berger
Compan
v

M-I SWACO has improved typically involved numerous laborers


equipped with hoses, pressure
upon the slow, labor- washers, shovels and squeegees.
Features and Benefits
intensive, dirty and ■■ Fully automated tank c­ leaning
According to indus­try data, tank procedures
potentially dangerous and pit cleaning operations required Multiple Tank Cleaning
tank cleaning task with
■■

9 million man hours annually to be Machines (TCMs) operate


the AUTOMATIC TANK spent in Confined Space Entry and simultaneously
CLEANING† System that generated 15.66 million barrels of waste. ■■ Optimally positioned TCMs
Having people working inside a tank
is completely automatic, is not only time consuming, but poses
■■ ATEX Certified
designed to reduce cleaning unnecessary health and safety risks. ■■ Compact and portable
time, reduce waste and Our patented system cleans the pit
to dockside and offshore
reduce or eliminate entry (DNV 2.7-1 certified)
without prevacuuming of the settled
Customized cleaning
into confined spaces. solids. It incorporates a full recycling
■■

­chemistry
We have developed cleaning system which separates out the solids
“on the fly,” allowing the same small Wash-water recycling
processes for both land and
■■

volume of wash water to be reused ■■ Saves up to 80% cleaning time


onshore drilling installations tank after tank. It eliminates or vastly compared to manual cleaning
and on offshore supply boats, reduces ­confined-space entry and systems
which greatly reduce, and can cut cleaning times by up to 80%. ■■ More thorough cleaning over 
in some cases eliminate, the entire tank
need for pit and tank entry. ■■ Reduces risk as a result of
confined-space entry
Whether onshore or offshore,
■■ Decreases generated waste
tanks used for oil and gas exploration
by as much as 95%
need to be cleaned, either to remove
solids or to avoid cross contamination ■■ Easy to operate with a
of fluids. Until now, tank cleaning has small crew
■■  inimizes solids-haulage
M
costs
■■ Reduces slop by recycling only
7m3 (44 bbls) of wash water
during cleaning process.

66 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Fluids Processing Systems & Products: Tank Cleaning

AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING LITE (ATC LITE)

Fluids Processing: Tank Cleaning AUTOMATIC TANK CLEANING LITE (ATC LITE)
M-I SWACO builds on its
field-proven AUTOMATIC Features Benefits
TANK CLEANING LITE† (ATC) ■■ Fully automatic tank cleaning ■■ Eliminates or significantly
technology reduces need for confined
technology to provide the space entry
Continuous, closed-loop
industry with a permanently
■■

cleaning, recycling process ■■ Minimizes waste volume by up


installed mud tank ■■ Requires only 41 bbl (6.5 m ) of
3 to 95%
cleaning system for water on average ■■ Promotes recycling
offshore installations. ■■ Operates multiple TCM ■■ Decreases environmental
The ATC LITE, which can also simultaneously footprint
be truck mounted for land ■■ Enhanced solids separation, ■■ Greatly reduces cleaning time
based operations, delivers water cleaning technologies compared with traditional tank
Applicable for oil and water- cleaning
the same waste reduction ■■

based fluids Facilitates barite recovery


efficiencies by using only
■■

Employs proprietary cleaning Reduces overall waste


6.5m³ (41bbls) of wash water
■■ ■■

chemicals when cleaning management costs


to clean multiple tanks. OBM/SBM tanks ■■ Enhances QHSE profile
The obvious QHSE benefit ■■ Compact and mobile ■■ Reduces comparative labor
is that man entry into tanks configuration requirements
is minimized or eliminated. ■■ Suitable for permanent ■■ Lowers non-productive time
installation
ATC LITE is uniquely engineered for ■■ Improves overall project
a range of mud tank cleaning and
■■ Simplified operation economics
recycling applications, including ■■ Optional ATEX Zone 1, Class 1
long-term or permanent installation Div 1 and non-hazardous area
aboard offshore rigs and supply designations
vessels. The ATC LITE is the only
technology of its kind adaptable
as a trailer-mounted rental unit for
cleaning oil and water-base mud tanks
on onshore drilling rigs. In addition,
ATC LITE is designed to enable fixed
installation at liquid mud plants.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 67


Fluids Processing Systems & Products: Oilfield Water Management

MULTI-PHASE CLARIFIER (MPC)


Fluids Processing: Oilfield Water Management MULTI-PHASE CLARIFIER (MPC)

The M-I SWACO MULTI Offshore Rig Ready


PHASE CLARIFIER† With the MPC’s small footprint, more Features and Benefits
than one water-solids-oil separator can Can accommodate whole mud
(MPC) is an effective, be used on each rig. MPC technology
■■

influx
automated, economical tool can be used as a pre-qualifier for more
Small footprint
for first-stage separation
■■
elaborate water cleanup. Because
No moving parts
of all hazardous drains
■■
solids can create problems with these
more technically advanced downstream Automated
systems on drilling rigs.
■■

processes, the ability to drop solids ■■ Manual bypass option


Separation Capability out of multiple waste streams prior, ■■ Low cost
The MPC has the ability to break reduces treatment volumes and cost.
■■ Separation technology for
the drain runoff from multiple areas The unit can be used to process oil-based mud, fresh- and
such as the rig floor and the shaker all hazardous drains including: saltwater, and emulsions
deck, into three waste streams:
■■ Shaker house ■■ Most advanced initial
■■ Water ■■ Rig floor multiphase separation
Free-oils (base, leaks, and accidents) technology
Main deck
■■
■■

Dense phase (whole mud and ■■ Effective first-stage, no


Cuttings collection area
■■
■■
emulsions) pressure separation/
This waste stream separation is created
Innovative Design diversion of all phases
without chemical or mechanical The MPC unit is designed to break the ■■ Controlled closed loop
assistance. The MPC unit is designed flow from the various drains systems management
to handle everyday offshore rig into three phases for additional ■■ Reduced treatment volume
flows up to 150 gal/min and enable processing, routing and/or storage.
■■ Simple, rapid follow-up solids
automated separation, collection, The collection drains targeted are
cleanout
routing and processing of varying primarily the shaker house and the
degrees of emulsified mixtures. The rig floor. The main deck, helicopter
unit is capable of dropping out solids pad and even the pump room can be
and heavy fluids/muds, separating considered for collection of waste fluids.
water from free-oil, sending each
waste stream to a desired location, and
minimizing volumes for post-treatment.

68 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Fluids Processing Systems & Products: Oil & Gas Treatment

ENVIROUNIT

Fluids Processing: Oil & Gas Treatment ENVIROUNIT


M-I SWACO can now
deliver to the rig the Features and Benefits ■■ The ENVIROUNIT reclamation
The ENVIROUNIT module helps process offers operators
mechanical and c­ hemical ■■

significant improvements in
operators reach their overall goal
processes used in its of waste minimization, fluid reuse, drilling fluid costs and
ENVIROCENTER† facilities increased profit and improved environmental expenditures
through its ENVIROUNIT† margins ■■ The use of ENVIROUNIT filtration
module, a portable ■■ ENVIROUNIT modules utilize and remediation services offshore
ENVIROCENTER facility for the proven, successful approach can deliver significant
and methods employed at performance and cost benefits
offshore applications where while simultaneously meeting
M-I SWACO ENVIROCENTER
the chemical and mechanical facilities environmental regulations
processes are identical New processes and chemicals
The drilling-fluid-treatment ■■

to the onshore facility.


■■

process has a remarkable average have made reclamation of water-


The ENVIROCENTER concept employed of 90% reduction of the total waste or brine-contaminated oil-base
in the ENVIROUNIT ­module became volume and an average recovery of drilling fluids possible, similar to
a success when new processes 36% of the total volume as high- completion-fluids­ reclamation
and chemicals made reclamation of quality drilling fluid
water- or brine-contaminated­oil-
base drilling fluids possible, similar
to ­completion-fluids reclamation.
The drilling-fluid-treatment proc­ess has
a remarkable average of 90% reduction
of the total waste volume and an average
recovery of 36% of the total volume
as high-quality drilling fluid. The 90%
recovered includes reclaimed water,
brine, drilling fluid and base oil that
otherwise would be sent off for disposal.
Depending on fluid type and value,
level of contamination, cost of disposal
and environmental regulations, the
recovered drilling and completion fluids
can be used ­anywhere in the world.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 69


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Pressure & Fluid Management Systems

PRESSURE & FLUID MANAGEMENT SYSTEM


(PFMS)
Fluids Processing: PRESSURE & FLUID MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (PFMS)

M-I SWACO has engineered


its compact PRESSURE Features Benefits
AND FLUID MANAGEMENT ■■ Compact skid-mounted ■■ Small footprint
modular system Precise ressure monitoring
SYSTEM† specifically for ■■

Continuous closed- and control


the unique demands of
■■

loop operation Generates drier cuttings


CT applications requiring
■■

■■ Advanced pressure and Fast rig-up and rig-down


precision in pressure and
■■

solidscontrol technologies
Extended screen life
solids control while having a
■■
■■ 154-bbl, three-compartment ■■ Reduced requirement for
small equipment footprint. tank holding pumping, mixing
additional hoses, pumps
and fluid-moving components
Typical pressure and solids control and lines
equipment layouts have frequently
■■ No welding or bolting required ■■ Reduced waste disposal
been unwieldy, making them ill-suited ■■ Self-contained electrical and and fluid costs
for space-challenged locations and plumbing systems ■■ Optimized
presenting logistical and economic ■■ Capabilities to remove silt and environmental compliance
challenges. In addition, operators sand particles from 5 to ■■ Reduced logistical challenges
and drilling contractors have often 25 microns
found themselves at an operational ■■ Hazardous gas removed
■■ Meets applicable
disadvantage when trying to headoff fromdrilling and
transportation height and
well control, stuck pipe, reservoir completion fluids
weight regulations
damage and other downhole and ■■ Reduced formation damage
■■ Sensitive components for
environmental issues that can Enhanced rig safety
controlling wellhead, casing, ■■

render a project uneconomic.


and drill-pipe pressures ■■ High durability and reliability
■■ Chokes rated for severe
service conditions
■■ Advanced gas
separation technologies

70 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Gas Flare Meter

CARBONTRACKER

Pressure Control Systems & Products: Gas Flare Meter : CARBONTRACKER


The CARBONTRACKER†
gas flow measurement Features Benefits
system was engineered ■■ Measures hydrocarbon-gas ■■ Adds another degree of
velocity from 0.1 to 275 ft/sec certainty to tight-gas
to measure the volume of (0.03 to 83.8 m/sec) exploration and development
gas produced while drilling. ■■ Ultrasonic flow measurement ■■ Potential to increase efficiency
The CARBONTRACKER technology of well delivery through
gas meter represents a ■■ Integrated data acquisition accurate data and more
step-change innovation in and storage informed decisions

helping operators minimize ■■ No moving parts; tolerates ■■ Reliable in noisy and/or highly
dirty or wet conditions contaminated environments
the environment impact of
Works in the presence of CO2 Self-operating with no drain on
their operations, including
■■
■■

personnel time
No onsite technician required
the carbon footprint. ■■

Accurate flow rates


for operation ■■

The CARBONTRACKER gas meter independent of gas


■■ Measures velocity, volumetric
is suitable offshore or onshore and composition
flow and mass flow
is particularly beneficial in tight-gas ■■ Minimal maintenance
■■ Built-in power supply for
shale plays. The CARBONTRACKER Readily communicates with rig
pressure and temperature ■■
gas meter installs directly into the flare instrumentation
transmitters
line to provide real-time accurate gas
Digital interface: Wellsite ■■ Self-diagnostics maintain
flow measurement and composition. ■■

Information Transfer accuracy


The CARBONTRACKER gas meter is
applicable for any situation requiring Specification (WITS) Level 0
a determination of the amount of ■■ No obstruction of the flare line
gas being flared while drilling. It is
particularly beneficial for reservoir
characterization by detecting and
monitoring gas flow during tight-gas,
underbalanced-drilling (UBD).

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 71


Pressure Control Systems & Products: D-GASSERS

CD-1400 CENTRIFUGAL D-GASSER


Pressure Control Systems & Products: D-GASSERS CD-1400 CENTRIFUGAL D-GASSER

The M-I SWACO CD-1400 M-I SWACO CD-1400 units exert


centrifugal force to the mud,
CENTRIFUGAL MUD multiplying the force acting on the
Features and Benefits
D‑GASSER † unit provides gas bubbles to increase buoyancy
Removes entrained gases
an innovative and and release. The increase in
■■The CENTRIFUGAL D-GASSER
units remove all of the
space-saving­ solution buoyancy accelerates the bubble-
entrained gases from the
rise velocity. As the bubbles rise
to degassing problems. toward the ­surface, they escape drilling fluids in the return flow
The D‑GASSER units use the mud and are further broken by using high-speed
a patented, c­ entrifugal- down by flow turbulence. centrifugal force
force system rather The freed gas and the gas- Reduces potential blowouts
than conventional vacuum free mud are then separately ■■The removal of entrained
gases, including H 2 S and
or impact systems. discharged as desired.
corrosive ­oxygen, from
drilling fluids reduces the
threat of dangerous and
costly blowouts caused by
recirculating gas-cut mud
In-tank mounting
■■ Easy-to-install, in-tank
mounting vir­tually eliminates
the need for rig‑floor space
Self-contained
■■The unit is c­ omplete with
centrifugal cylinder unit,
screens, electric motor and
mount
High performance
■■Provides l­owest hp/GPM
throughput ratio, generating up
to 1,000 to 1,300 GPM (4,164 to
4,921 L/min), depending
on operating conditions

72 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Pressure Control Systems & Products: D-GASSERS

COMPACT VACUUM D-GASSER

Pressure Control Systems & Products: D-GASSERS COMPACT VACUUM D-GASSER


The M-I SWACO COMPACT The free gas that breaks out of the
drilling fluid is continuously removed
VACUUM D-GASSER† unit from the vessel by the action of the
Features and Benefits
works by removing entrained ■■ Corrosion-proof internal
piston-style vacuum pump on the conical disks reduce repair &
gases from the drilling unit. The removed gas is typically maintenance costs
fluid. Vacuum degassing directed to the flare stack.
■■ Large Cleanout Port allows
is more effective than The level of mud within the vessel easier access for cleaning
atmospheric degassing is controlled by a float valve to inside of D‑GASSER
ensure that the disk stack is never
due to the exposure of the submerged. As fluid level rises and
■■ Large surface area allows gas
drilling fluid to pressures entained in mud to be released
lifts the float, air enters the vessel effectively
well below ambient through the three-way valve to
Interchangeability of many
atmospheric pressure.
■■
decrease the vacuum inside the
vessel. With less vacuum inside of the parts with the Horizontal
The unit directs the incoming fluid flow the vessel, the rate at which fluid Vacuum D‑GASSER allows use
over internal conical disks that create is drawn into the tank slows and the of existing inventory parts
large ­surface areas over which thin rate at which fluid exits the vessel ■■  ame field-proven vacuum
S
layers of the fluid continuously flow. The increases. The fluid level inside the pump as Horizontal Vacuum
transit time required for the gas to travel vessel drops rapidly until the float D-GASSER
up, through the fluid and “break out” of lowers and full v­ acuum is restored. ■■ Short footprint can be installed
the mud is minimized by spreading the A liquid-trap tank in the gas-removal in smaller spaces
fluid into thin layers. piping collects any fluid or condensate
At pressures below atmospheric that may have entered the gas-
pressure, the rate at which gas removal piping. A float ball in the
sep­arates from a fluid is accelerated. liquid-trap tank prevents the liquids
The low pressure promotes the from entering the vacuum pump.
growth of large gas bubbles which
rise rapidly to the nearest surface.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 73


Pressure Control Systems & Products: D-GASSERS

HORIZONTAL VACUUM D-GASSER


Pressure Control Systems & Products: D-GASSERS HORIZONTAL VACUUM D-GASSER

A Schlumberger Company

Introduced in 1951, the


M-I SWACO Horizontal Features Benefits
Vacuum D-GASSER† has ■■ Skid-mounted design ■■ Removes virtually all entrained
simplifies spotting and gases, including H2S and
performed reliably on installation corrosive oxygen, from drilling
over 200,000 wells and ■■ Totally self-contained fluids
earned its reputation as the ■■ Three-way float valve allows ■■ Reduces the threat of
standard of the industry. venting to the flare line during dangerous and costly
H2S service blowouts
All M-I SWACO D ­ ‑GASSER units
are designed to remove virtually ■■ Only three moving parts ■■ Handles up to 1,000 GPM
all entrained gases, including H 2 S (3,785.4 L/min)
■■ Rugged construction
and corrosive oxygen, from drilling ■■ Restores mud to its original
■■ Corrosion-resistant, epoxy
mud. This reduces the threat of density allowing for reuse in
coated inside and out to
dangerous and costly blowouts the active mud system
ensure long life and minimum
caused by recirculating gas-cut mud. maintenance
The return-flow, gas-cut mud is
drawn into the tank through a vacuum
created by the discharge jet and pump.
The mud is then dispersed in a thin
layer over a two-tier, baffle-plate
system where the entrained gas,
including H2 S and corrosive oxygen,
is recovered by the vacuum pump.
The freed gas is then discharged
at a safe distance from the drilling
operation while the restored mud is
returned to the active mud system.

74 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Separators

MUD/GAS SEPARATOR

Pressure Control Systems & Products: Separators MUD/GAS SEPARATOR


The M-I SWACO MUD/ When contaminated mud is routed
into the separator, it flows downward
GAS SEPARATOR is ideal successively over each plate. During this
Features and Benefits
to assist in c­ ontrolling ■■ Separates large volumes of
process, the heads of entrained gases free gas including H2S
dangerous, near-­surface­ “break out.” The released gas is then
Reduces threat of hazardous
expansion and ­accumu­lation
■■
­carried by the vent lines to a remote
location where it can be safely flared. and toxic gases
of gas ­during a well kick. ■■ Skid-mounted for easy
The flow of liquid from the vessel ­transport
The gas delivery from the
can be regulated by a liquid-level-
MUD/GAS SEPARATOR to the ■■ Versatile configurations
control valve or a U-tube, ensuring
flare line can be controlled Designed to ASME and NACE
adequate retention time in the ■■
by a back-pressure manifold specifications
separator for the gas to break out.
(valve) in the flare line.
■■ Corrosion-resistant epoxy
The M-I SWACO MUD/GAS coated to ensure long life
SEPARATOR consists of a cylindrical
pressure vessel in a fixed vertical
position. Inside is a series of
specially angled baffle plates,
stepped from the top to the bottom.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 75


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Separators

SUPER MUD/GAS SEPARATOR (SMGS)


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Separators SUPER MUD/GAS SEPARATOR (SMGS)

The M-I SWACO SUPER


MUD/GAS SEPARATOR† Features and Benefits Adjustable U-tube (liquid seal)
height to 14 ft (4.3 m) without
offers the highest gas‑ and Large 6 x 22.3 ft (1.8 x 6.8 m)
additional elevation of the vessel
­diameter vessel with 12 in.
liquid-handling capacity ■■ Increases vessel pressure,
(304.8 mm) flare line
available. Its highly efficient ■■ Allows the highest gas- and liquid-
creating higher flare capacity,
baffling ­system maximizes handling capacity available enabling more efficient separation
of emulsions and gas-cut mud in
mud/gas sep­aration, enabling Optimizes safety and control either gas or oil environments
operators to drill deeper, ■■The SUPER MUD/GAS
 igher liquid-capacity vessel with
H
larger-diameter wells and SEPARATOR unit enhances safe
multiple nozzle ports.
exploratory wells at higher drilling p­ ractices during
■■ Permits pumping of “hot” mud
underbalanced conditions,
­circu­lating rates while safely improves “kick” ­handling directly into the vessel to reduce
handling greater volumes capabilities, permits optimum cir­ gas hydrates. Increases mud
gradient within U‑tube to increase
of gas. It also minimizes culation rates and large-diameter
gas-handling capacity.
mist carryover and gas- holes to be drilled through the
targeted zone, provides more Manufactured to exacting s­ tandards
cut mud at the flowline. efficient separation of gas-cut in accordance with:
mud in either gas or oil ■■ NACE MR-01-75 for H2 S service.

environments. Provides for safe handling of


High-efficiency baffle system ­corrosive, deadly sour gas and
■■Maximizes mud/gas separation, gas-cut drilling fluids.
minimizes mist carryover which ■■ OSHA 29CFR 1910 for safety.
produces a cleaner flare and Provides safe and easy access for
­minimizes gas-cut mud at the rig-up and servicing via ­ladder and
flowline platform system.
Capable of pressured operation.
■■ ASME boiler and pressure
■■ Increases gas- and liquid-handling
vessel code Section VIII,
Division I, Section IX, lethal
capacities and permits immediate
service and so stamped.
sale of gas during drilling operations
Provides maximum rigsite safety
during underbalanced drilling
operations.

76 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes

AUTOCHOKE

Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes AUTOCHOKE


The M-I SWACO AUTOCHOKE† AUTOCHOKE control console
unit provides automatic, The AUTOCHOKE console is Features and Benefits
constructed of stainless steel and Multiple pressure ratings
precise pressure control. It is complete with drill pipe and
■■

available
is the best choke technology ­casing‑pressure gauges, a hydrau­lic oil ■■ Automatically maintains
available today for UBD and pump control regulator, a hydraulic casing pressure
MPD applications. oil set-point gauge, and a hand-­ ■■ High Capacity
operated hydraulic backup pump.
The AUTOCHOKE unit regulates The AUTOCHOKE console is equipped
■■ Downstream choke-bore
casing pressure automatically under with an electronic position indicator, protection
all conditions for a wide range of digital pump-stroke counters with a ■■ Long-life materials
tasks: regulating mud pump start-up or rate meter, stop watch and clock. ■■ No-leak shut-in seals
shutdown, making and breaking drill-
pipe connections, or allowing mud/gas
flows alternately through the choke.
Stripping pipe is simpler and safer with
the AUTOCHOKE unit due to its ability to
maintain casing pressure. As drill pipe is
lowered into the hole, an equal volume
of fluid under pressure is automatically
displaced through the choke.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 77


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes

LOW PRESSURE AUTOCHOKE CONSOLE


(LPAC)
Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes LOW PRESSURE AUTOCHOKE (LPAC)

The M-I SWACO LOW


PRESSURE AUTOCHOKE† Features Benefits
CONSOLE (LPAC†) system ■■ Accurate control at lower ■■ Near-constant bottomhole
pressures pressure control during UBD/
provides operators precise MPD applications
Helps to maintain wellbore
wellbore pressure control
■■

pressure within narrow limits ■■ Precision control for stripping


in underbalanced (UBD) ■■ Operates two AUTOCHOKE pipe in and out of the hole
and managed-pressure units simultaneously ■■ Reduces fluid losses and NPT.
drilling (MPD) operations. ■■ Small-footprint remote HMI ■■ Helps to avoid pressure-
Maintaining tight control of bottomhole unit in driller’s cabin control incidents
pressure is critical to successful ■■ Touch screen panel on both ■■ Ability to maintain a tighter
application of MPD and UBD techniques, Local HPU and Remote HMI pressure window while drilling
especially in managed pressure drilling ■■ Increased gauge resolution could eliminate the need for an
where the window of operation is and digital readouts extra casing string
often significantly narrower than in ■■ Accumulator and power ■■ Ability to seamlessly transition
conventionally drilled wells. Keeping backup between chokes
the bottom hole pressure above the ■■ Chokes can continue to
pore pressure and wellbore stability operate for up to two hours
thresholds, and below the formation after loss of rig air and one
fracture gradient often requires hour after loss of rig power
highly accurate control to avoid
■■ Remote unit can be placed
losses or damage to the wellbore.
next to the driller for better
The combination of the LPAC unit and communication with the choke
the specially designed AUTOCHOKE† operator
gives drillers a new level of control over ■■ Touch screen allows precise
the wellbore pressure profile during pressure inputs to the chokes
UBD and MPD operations. The LPAC unit
■■ Digital readouts reduce errors
works at a higher resolution so choke
in pressure readings and
operators have control of pressure
pressure inputs
accuracy within a range of +/- 50 PSI.

78 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes

ECHOKE

Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes ECHOKE


The ECHOKE† unit
incorporates an electric Features and Benefits ½-in. (12.7 mm) alloy steel rod and
still achieve the full-close
actuator, a local drive box High-pressure rating
position
and the electronic remote ■■ Built to handle 10,000 and

15,000 psi (689 to 1,034 bar) Variable-speed drive


console. The ECHOKE unit is ■■ The operator can control the

an electronic replacement for Cold weather


speed at which the choke is
The electric motor and
the SUPERCHOKE hydraulic
■■
opened or closed, giving the
elec­tronic console replace
console and actuator. the air-over‑hydraulic console
­oper­ator precise choke-
positioning ­adjustment during
The M-I SWACO ECHOKE was and improve reliability in cold-
critical w
­ ell‑control situations
especially designed for precise trouble- weather environments
free operation. The Remote panel in Faster open/close speeds
Small footprint
■■ Eight seconds from full-open to
the doghouse allows the operator to ■■ The electronic console’s quiet
control choke movement speed and full‑close. This time exceeds that
and space-saving design allows
opening position remotely. As well, all of a hydraulically actuated choke
the console to be located in the
the necessary information needed by in cold-weather environments
driller’s cabin
the operator to control a well situation Enhanced communication
is displayed on an LCD display panel Reduced cabling requirements
­capability
■■ The ECHOKE unit requires only
such as pump speeds, drill and casing ■■ The ECHOKE system records data
pressures, and choke position. The large one communication
via Ethernet to ­external data-
6 inch analog gauges allow the operator cable between the remote
acquisition sys­tems, greatly
to get relative pressure changes at a and local console
enhancing the ­ability to evaluate
glance. The Local panel is located in Three modes of operation frac flow­backs, well-control
the manifold and directly controls the ■■ Remote at driller’s console problems, and leak‑off tests in
actuator. The Local panel also displays real time
the same information as the Remote,
■■ Local at the choke manifold
allowing full electronic well control ■■ Manual at the choke itself, The ECHOKE unit is the M‑I SWACO
functionality from the manifold. In the using the hand-wheel standard ECHOKE unit;
manifold the operator has the option of it incorporates an electric motor
High torque
electronically controlling the choke from ­actuator and an electronic console.
■■The ECHOKE system is capa­ble of
the Local panel, or switching to manual
more than 19,400 in.-lb
mode and controlling the choke from
(2,191.9 Nm) torque. It can sever a
the actuator through a hand wheel.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 79


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes

SUPERCHOKE

A Sc
hlu
mb
erg
er Co
mp
any
Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes SUPERCHOKE

Widely used and respected


for well‑kill and high- Features and Benefits
Tungsten-carbide sleeves
pressure drilling, the High-pressure rating
■■ Increase in-service life.
M-I SWACO SUPERCHOKE† ■■ Built to handle 5,000 to 15,000 psi
Extended-wear sleeves absorb
(345 to 1,379 bar)
product line is especially the effects of abrasive
5,000 psi (345 bar)
effective in well control, well
■■
downstream turbulence and
10,000 psi (689 bar) protect the API ring gasket
testing, and well cleanup
■■

15,000 psi (1,034 bar)


operations. These chokes Versatility
■■

are effective in H2S and Dependable choke-disc design ■■ Ideal for onshore and offshore
Heavy-duty, diamond-lapped applications. Controls can be
abrasive-fluid applications.
■■

tungsten-carbide discs honed operated from either primary


Control consoles to near-perfect flatness. Also or optional auxiliary consoles
M-I SWACO choke-control consoles feature half-moon-shaped Three operating modes
are available to control either a single or orifices. Rotation of actuator ■■Normal. Activation is rig-air
twin SUPERCHOKE unit. These consoles fork allows finite regulation of
­operated.
are equipped with either standard or the opening size from full-open
to full-close
■■ Lost rig air. Activation is manual
optional digital gauges. Hydraulically with hydraulic pump located on
operated consoles are self-contained Positive closure remote-control skid
and skid-mounted for easy installation ■■A 17° deadband overlap beyond ■■  evered hydraulic lines. Activation
S
on or near the rig. the full-close ­position ensures is manual with bar provided on
­closure even if the plates become indicator head
A key feature of the consoles
worn following extended exposure
are the large, easy-to-read gauges Compliance
to abrasives-laden fluid flow.
which monitor critical drill-pipe Quality of the seal is not affected ■■ Constructed for H2S service.
and casing pressures. by pressure drops and surges. M‑I SWACO is licensed to
In fact, the seal improves ­manufacture drilling chokes and
under pressure consoles under API 6A and 16C
and in compliance with NACE

MR-01-75

80 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes

VERSA-CHOKE

Pressure Control Systems & Products: Drilling Chokes VERSA-CHOKE


The highly flexible VERSA-
CHOKE† is ideally suited Features Benefits
for high-end pressure ■■ 5K, 10K, and 15K MAWP ■■ Effective in wide range of
(maximum allowable working pressures and temperatures
management, managed pressure) ratings Ability to reverse trim
pressure drilling (MPD),
■■

■■ P-X temperature rating: -20° to significantly improves choke


underbalanced drilling 350°F operation life and reduce
(UBD), frac plug drill-outs ■■ Position-based control (worm- maintenance costs
and frac flowback. gear or piston-style hydraulic ■■ Spool length and size can be
actuators available) configured to meet
The position-based VERSA-CHOKE custom applications
is controlled by a specially designed
■■ Hot-swappable actuators
hydraulically driven worm-gear ■■ Reversible ■■ Trim can be changed from 1½
actuator. Unique to the modular VERSA- 1½, 2 and 3-in trim sizes to 2 to 3-in by only changing
CHOKE is the capacity to easily “hot internal components
■■ Modular design and easily
swap” the actuator without having to replaceable components ■■ Gantry arm promotes ease of
disassemble any internal components, maintenance
■■ API 6A Performance
thereby reducing maintenance time. Requirement PR2 (optional) ■■ Actuators withstand full
Two styles of hydraulic actuators are back pressure
■■ All available actuators will
available, a piston-style actuator for withstand full MAWP applied ■■ Safe solution for high-
use on the 5K VERSA-CHOKE and to the outlet of the choke pressure applications
a worm-gear style for use on any ■■ API flange sizes up to 41⁄16-in
pressure VERSA-CHOKE. In case of
■■ Quick-change
extreme situations, both actuator styles
internal components
are designed to withstand, without
failure, the full working pressure on ■■ Designed, manufactured, and
the outlet of the choke. Available in monogrammed in accordance
reversible 1½, 2 and 3-in. trim sizes, with API 6A and 16C
the VERSA-CHOKE carries an API P-X
(-20°F to 350°F) temperature rating.

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 81


Pressure Control Systems & Products: Choke Manifold

CHOKE MANIFOLD
Pressure Control Systems & Products: Choke Manifold CHOKE MANIFOLD

The CHOKE MANIFOLD† is All offerings are designed to meet


NACE MR0175 and API 6A for H2S
the standard use manifold service. Choke and kill manifolds are
Features
for choke and kill operations ■■ ISO 9001 and ISO 14001
monogrammed in accordance certification
and performing managed with API 16C.
Space saver, small footprint
pressure drilling (MPD)
■■

The M-I SWACO CHOKE MANIFOLD available


or underbalanced drilling is available in the following pressure ■■ Four point lifting and integral
(UBD) operations. ratings: 5,000, 10,000, and 15,000 forklift pockets
psi, depending on the application.
The manifold is designed to direct Well control manifolds are usually
■■ Double block and bleed
flow from the well through the drilling pressure rated for 10,000 or 15,000 available
chokes during a well control situation, psi WP, MPD/UBD manifolds are ■■ Buffer tanks available
for example when operators have to pressure rated usually 5,000 psi WP. ■■ All components manufactured
circulate out a kick, or during MPD/UBD and monogrammed to API 6A,
operations when the choke is used PSL3, temperature class P X
to control surface casing pressure. and material class EE
The typical manifold configuration allows ■■ Suitable for H2S
the choke and manifold operator to shut
the gate valves on one leg of the manifold Benefits
and service the choke while the flow is ■■ Fully mobile for easy
directed to another leg of the manifold. placement and movement
Available options include double ■■ Safe, offline choke and
block and bleed configurations, buffer component change outs
chambers and custom skid designs. ■■ Provides better control of
downstream flow
■■ Slotted U-bolt base under
buffer tank for easy removal
■■ Sensor ports available for
pressure and temperature
transducers or gauges, sample
and chemical injection

82 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


Rig-Equipment Engineering

Integrated Package Delivery

Rig-Equipment Engineering Integrated Package Delivery


Reduce risk. Lower costs. integrated equipment packages for
M‑I SWACO operations worldwide.
Get ­meas­urable, improved The team also has offices in Houston,
Features and Benefits
results on your next project. ■■ Meet goals faster and more
Stavanger, Volgograd and Singapore. efficiently through informed,
Those are the exact results up‑to-the-minute engineering
What M-I SWACO IPD can do
that the M-I SWACO decisions
for you
Integrated Package Delivery While it is an accepted fact that
■■ Achieve higher-quality results
(IPD) capabilities deliver the use of modern technology can from improved project insight
through integrated mud signif­icantly reduce E&P costs, ­ ■■ Maximize the drilling fluids
mixing, fluids processing, oper­ators and service companies are program through detailed
still faced with the burden of identifying engineering equipment design
drilling and Drilling Waste and then applying the optimum and process
Management (DWM). technologies for project needs. ■■ Reduce non-productive time
We can apply this ­inte­gration to our The decision to evaluate a project in through remote control and
drilling and DWM product lines across detail from start to finish, followed monitoring
the globe, h­ elping you succeed in by strategic management, can ■■ Mitigate QHSE incidents
harsh environments, where extended help the operator reduce costs and through preliminary planning,
life requirements of assets and increase operational efficiency. removal of personnel from
facilities matter most, where QHSE hazardous environments and
issues demand continual close Our experienced multidisciplinary
consistent documentation
attention, and where it makes good team delivers integrated ­packages
of equipment for the management of
■■ Realize gains from strategically
business sense to reduce spares. located M-I SWACO IPD
drilling and completion fluids, oil and
As the world’s largest supplier of drilling synthetic-coated drilled cuttings as networks
and completion fluids and drilling waste well as production and well
management equipment, M-I SWACO flowback waste streams.
can take you from flowline to ultimate
reuse or disposal as a logical extension
of our vast knowledge of fluid technology
and management. Our Aberdeen-based
IPD organization manages the design,
procurement, manufacture, installation
and ­commissioning of custom-built,

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 83


Integrated Package Delivery (Continued)

Capabilities with strong Benefits Making technology and As the economic stakes of drilling
for you engineering work for you and production rise, more operators
Much has changed in our industry, and We have learned what is important are taking a second look at project-
M-I SWACO has actively embraced the to you. We’ve been involved since specific bulk-handling and drilling
integrated-project concept that has the 1980s when modifications to waste management packages.
emerged in recent years. To ­provide equipment were necessary to meet It’s a way of controlling costs in the
customized, value-added solutions the ­stringent regulations for North face of challenging demands such as:
with a guarantee of t­ ech­nical integrity Sea operation. Because we’ve
and quality of work, our IPD division experienced firsthand the growing
■■ Harsh environments
performs in-depth e­ xamination of sensitivity to QHSE issues associated Extended-life requirements
Rig-Equipment Engineering Integrated Package Delivery

■■

your project, merging management with rig construction, M-I SWACO ■■ Spares reduction
skills with appropri­ate technologies. has rapidly expanded IPD services to ■■ Environmental regulations
Our scope of equipment and process- meet ever-increasing demands such
control services is configured to as CE/ATEX and NORSOK compliance
■■ Health and safety issues
serve you first and foremost. in the North Sea and international
standards and country regulations in
the Caspian Sea and eastern Russia.

The M-I SWACO Integrated Package Delivery group is dedicated to producing project-­specific, fit-for-purpose equipment
packages, including drilling waste management and mud-mixing systems, for new and refurbished drilling installations.

84 Version 6 Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing


While we design, engineer and reducing personnel requirements, and project-­specific documentation that
manufacture equipment to suit improving equipment performance. ­accompanies each of the packages.
your needs, the team also works to We provide:
We use systems-control hardware
reduce costs through commonality
and software that enables remote ■■ A Supplier Master Documentation
of materials and spares in addition to
control and monitoring of all our main Schedule (SMDS) that can include
providing consistent documentation.
equipment packages. Reliable remote up to 600 documents for complex
Clients around the world have
monitoring from either shore-based or projects
discovered that the benefits from IPD
corporate facilities is a growing reality. A data-collection tool that captures
services, such as improved safety, ■■

regulatory compliance, reduced Benefits now being witnessed by information of every tag detail within

Rig-Equipment Engineering Integrated Package Delivery


costs and improved overall efficiency ­various global operators include: the scope of supply
offset all upfront requirements. ■■ Project-specific user manuals
■■ Improved operating safety from
Integrated controls deliver improved Project-assurance manuals
remote control ■■

safety, efficiency and economics


■■ Efficient equipment adjustment Maximum value on location
Human-Machine Interface (HMI) and control Take advantage of our global reach. We
­systems are becoming increasingly ■■ Efficient mixing and blending of have operations in the U.S., Europe,
common features in modern drilling
chemicals into mud systems the Middle East, Africa and the Asia
installations. They can be designed
Minimal exposure of personnel Pacific region. Each regional base
to operate in standalone mode, or
■■

to potentially hazardous areas offers our full range of services to


can be integrated into the drilling-rig
through remote detection of meet your local project requirements.
manufacturers’ other control systems.
The outputs from these systems, equipment failure or inoperability We recognize that our clients are
including alarms, are available to the ■■ Reduced onsite personnel requirement searching for solutions to meet the
operator, driller, and loggers and as a result of remote diagnostics needs of projects with a multicountry
M-I SWACO personnel. profile. Take the next step in fluids
Smoother operations begin with assurance and solids control. Seamless
HMI systems allow operators to set project-specific documentation operations from technical integrity and
performance parameters, or preset Documentation becomes particularly quality are the result of these high-
timed operations, for equipment that important toward helping equipment performance engineering packages.
previously had to be manually operated operators get the most from the systems
and monitored. Benefits include we design, build and manufacture.
a significantly improved working To address this issue, another core
environment, keeping workers out of activity of the IPD team is to produce
potentially hazardous environments,

Solids Control, Cuttings Management & Fluids Processing Version 6 85


Technology Centers
Houston, Texas
Tel: 281 561 1300 Fax: 281 561 1441
Aberdeen, Scotland
Tel: 44 1224 334634 Fax: 44 1224 334650
Stavanger, Norway
Tel: 47 51 577300 Fax: 47 51 576503

Online Resources
www.miswaco.slb.com
E-mail: questions@miswaco.slb.com

This information is supplied solely for informational purposes and M-I SWACO makes no guarantees or
warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy and use of this data. All product
warranties and guarantees shall be governed by the Standard Terms of Sale. Nothing in this document
is legal advice or is a substitute for competent legal advice.

©2014 M-I L.L.C. All rights reserved. †Mark of M-I L.L.C.


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