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1. Bounce a ball on the floor. Then ask students to describe what happened.

ed. Tell them to start going to beThe ball, because the recipient of the action,What happen to the ball? The ball
the sentence with your name (e.g., “Ms. Jones bounced a ball.”). Write the sentence on the kicked.Good. Now who kicked the ball? The ball kicked by the boy.Very good! Now, study the
board. Then have students identify the subject (Ms. Jones) and the verb (bounced). Now, following sentences: The winning essay was written by a students The telephone was invented
bounce the ball again, but this time, ask students to describe what happened starting with by Alexander Graham bell. A delicious meals was prepared by the chef.In each sentence above,
“The ball…”. Students should say, “The ball was bounced by Ms. Jones.” Write this sentence on observe that the subjects is thereceiver instead of being the doer of the action. Note that
the board and ask them to identify the subject in this sentence (the ball) and the verb (was theform of the verb when the subjects is the receiver, not the doer ofthe action is made up of
bounced). was+ past participle of the verb. Thus if thesubjects is acted upon, the verb is in the passive
voice. Let us havean exercise.Identify the voice of the verb in each sentence. 1. Raul presented
2. Guide students to compare and contrast the two sentences. Ask them which the think is active an interesting report. 1. active 2. Baseball was played by Joseph. 2. passive 3. Martin removed
and which is passive. Confirm that they understand that the first sentence is in the active voice the old paint. 3. active 4. The national budget was approved by congress. 4. passive 5. She
because the subject, the teacher, actively bounced the ball. Contrast this with the second cooked the breakfast. 5. activeExcellent!Changing the voice from active to passive. Study the
sentence, which is in the passive voice because the subject (the ball) is NOT actively doing changesin the following sentences: Active Voice Passive Voice1. The mother carried the baby.
anything. Instead something is happening to it by someone else. 1. The baby was carried by the mother.2. Father repaired the old chair 2. An old chair was
repaired by father.3. He invented a breathing device for 3. A breathing device for firefighters
Detailed lesson plan in active and passive Firefighters. was invented by him.4. Sam explored the famous underground river. 4. The
famous underground river Was explored by Sam.5. She interviewed the school president. 5.
The school president was interviewed By her.What happened to the subjects, verbs, and
1. 1. A DETAILED LESSON PLANI. OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, the students should be able
4. 4. Direct object in the sentences in the active voice? The subject mother and father became
to: a. Differentiate active and passive voice; b. Identify the voice of the verb in each sentence;
the receiver in the by- phrase In passive voice. The action word carried and repaired became
c. Rewrite the sentence changing the the voice from active to passive voice; d. Appreciate the
verb Phrases. The direct objects baby and chair Became the subjects in the passive voice.Very
lesson by showing active participation of the students towards the lesson.II. SUBJECT MATTER
well said!I’m glad that you understand our topic todaySo let’s give ourselves a round of
Topic: Active and Passive VoiceIII. MATERIALS Moving Ahead in English p 197-199 strips of
applause. D. Application Change the sentences below to the active voice.1. I was taught by my
cartolina, manila paper, and picturesIV. LESSON PROPER A. ROUTINARY ACTIVITIES Teacher’s
brother the principles of barbecuing.2. My father was given the title by the former head
Activity Student’s Activity Everybody stand up and let us pray. Anyone who wants to lead the
chief.3. The house was wrecked by the party and the cat was let loose by the guests.4. The
prayer? Heavenly father…. Good morning class! Good morning Mrs. Monteroyo! Okay, class
house is a mess, the cat is lost, and the car has been stolen by Justin.5. Unfortunately, my plan
before we start, I want you to pick up those pieces of papers under your chairs and arrange it
was ruined by Gerald, the building superintendent.6. The roof was leaking. It had been leaking
properly. Are you through? Okay, you may take your seat now Class, is there any absent today?
all week.7. The ball was thrown by Lucy, who had been hiding in the bushes.8. Francesca was
None ma’am. Wow that’s good! Last meeting, I have assigned you to answer the exercises on
placed on the first flight to Boston. Her father put her there.9. “To be or not to be?” That is the
the book, am I right? Did you answer your assignment? Group leaders collect the assignment
question.10. A feast had been created from nothing. I was astounded. Answers: 1. My brother
of your members then pass it to me. Yes ma’am. Class yesterday, we discussed about verb,
taught me the principles of barbecuing. 2. The former head chief gave the title to my father. 3.
right? Read the following sentences. What are the verb used?
The party wrecked the house and the guests let the cat loose. 4. The house is a mess, the cat is
2. 2. Carlos gave a speech Lito plays basketball. Olive sings folk songs gave, plays, singsTherefore,
lost, and Justin has stolen the car. 5. Unfortunately, Gerald, the building superintendent,
what is the verb? Verb is an action word or state of being.Very good!I’m happy that you
ruined my plan. 6. No change. 7. Lucy, who had been hiding in the bushes, threw the ball. 8.
understand ourlesson yesterday, so let’s give ourselveswith a big handLets have some
Francesca’s father placed her on the first flight to Boston. 9. No change. 10. A feast had been
vocabulary drills and find out what kindperson are you. Circle the words below that represent
created from nothing. This astounded me.Very good!.
the given characteristics of aperson. SENSITIVE FRUGAL SEFLISH HONEST AGGRESSIVE She
5. 5. E. Generalization Therefore when can you say that a sentence is in The active or in passive
never brags about her success She often shouted for people for nothing. He always tells the
voice? How will you change The passive from active to passive voice? A verb that ha s direct
truth. Shes interested only in her own concerns. The family is able to stretch its monthly
objects is in The active voice. If the subjects is Acted upon, the verb is in the passive voice. In
budget. B. MotivationOkay, class I want you to listen for a short scenario;"John saw a pretty
changing a sentence from active to passive, the direct objects becomes the subjects or doer in
girl. He went to talk to her. Her husband arrived. The husband hit John on the nose."1. What
the by- phrase. Very well said! F. Evaluation A. Write A in the blanks before the number if the
did the husband do? (Active voice is used in the answer.) answers may vary..2. What happened
sentence is active and P if passive. __A____1. Rommel presented an interesting report.
to John? (Passive voice is used in the answer.)Notice on the sentences on the board. Analyze
__A____2. He submitted the annual report of the organization. __P____3. The town was
itsdifference. It tells whether it is in the form of activeor passive voice. That is what we are
destroyed by fire. __P____4. That skyscraper was built in 1934 __P____5. The new product
going todiscuss now. C. PresentationVoice is the quality of a verb that shows whetherthe
design has been finished. B. Rewrite each sentence changing the verb from active to passive. 1.
subjects is the doer or receiver of the actionThe Active VoiceActive voice is used to indicate
He wrote a novel. 1. A novel was written by her. 2. Many people admired Ninoy Aquino. 2.
that the subject ofthe sentence is the doer of the actionLet’s start with a very simple sentence.
Ninoy Aquino was admired by many People. 3. He repaired the dripping faucet 3. The dripping
S V O The boy kicked the ball.
faucet was repaired by Him. 4. The doctor examined the patient. 4. The patient was examined
3. 3. In the following sentences, note the form of the verbwhen the subject is the doer of the
by the Doctor. 5. She sponsored the education of many 5. The education of many poor
action. A student wrote the winning essay. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. The
students Poor students. Was sponsored by her. 6. My boss made the decision yesterday. 6. The
chef prepared a delicious meal.What are the subjects in the sentences? Student, Alexander
decision was made by my Boss yesterday. 7. We proposed the change last week. 7. The change
Graham Bell, ChefCorrect. Observe that the subjects’ students, AlexanderGraham Bell, Chef are
was proposed(by us) Last week. 8. John delivered the message. 8. The message was delivered
the doers of the action.What are the verbs used? Wrote, invented, preparedVery good! Those
by this afternoon. John this afternoon. 9. Doug coordinated the meeting in Paul’s 9. The
verbs are transitive verb with directsobjects, thus when the subject of the sentence doesThe
meeting was coordinated by Absence. Doug in Paul’s absence. 10. James collected the shells.
action and the verb has a direct object, we say that theverb is in the active voice.The Passive
10. The shells was collected by James.V. ASSIGNMENT Write a brief description of art that you
VoiceThe passive voice is created when the subjects isacted upon, this time my subjects is
or one of your friends created. Use both active and passive voice verbs. Circle each verb and 8. Has your job ............................................ by you?
identify its voice. Prepared by: Monteroyo, Danilyn G. BSE IV-2 been finished

Active and passive voice worksheet
been finishing
SEPTEMBER 29, 2013 -
9. He ......................................................... of his mother’s death.
has informed
Test your knowledge of active and passive voice with this grammar exercise. Each sentence given below is
in the active voice. Change it into passive voice. has been informed

was informing
1. A song ......................................... by him.
10. All the necessary precautions .............................................. by them.
were taking
were taken
is sung
have taken
2. The spider ............................................ by the boy.
1. A song is sung by him. (Active verb – sings; passive verb – is sung)
was killed

2. The spider was killed by the boy. (Active verb – killed; passive verb – was killed)
3. Let him ..................................................
be helping
3. Let him be helped. (Imperative sentences in the passive voice begin with let.)
be helped

4. Maize ........................................ in the rainy season. 4. Maize is sown in the rainy season. (Active verb – sow; passive verb – is/are sown)

is sowing 5. Is a letter being written by you? (Active verb – is/are writing; passive verb – is/are being written)
is sown

5. Is a letter ..................................... by you? 6. A canal was being dug by the workers. (Active verb – was/were digging; passive verb – was/were being
been writing dug)

7. The job will be finished (by me) by the end of this week. (Active verb – will finish; passive verb –will be
being written finished)

6. A canal ................................................. by the workers.

was digging 8. Has your job been finished by you? (Active verb – has/have finished; passive verb – has/have been
was being dug

been dug
9. He has been informed of his mother’s death. (Active verb – has/have informed; passive verb – has/have
7. The job ................................................ (by me) by the end of this week. been informed)
will finish

will be finished 10. All the necessary precautions were taken by them. (Active verb – took; passive verb – was/were taken)

will be finishing