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ACADEMIC REGULATIONS COURSE STRUCTURE AND DETAILED SYLLABUS

B.Tech. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

B.Tech. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING SCHOOL OF CONTUINING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

SCHOOL OF CONTUINING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY MAHAVEERMARG, HYDERABAD – 500 028

(Effective for the students admitted from the Academic Year 2005-06)

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SCHOOL OF CONTUNING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

I YEAR

S.NO

CODE

Subject

Credits

1

C1BSO1

Mathematics –I

8

2

C1BS02

Mathematics – II

8

3.

C1 ECO1

Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design

8

4.

C1 ECO2

Probability Theory, Signals & Systems

8

5.

C1 CS10

C & Data Structures

8

6.

C1 ECO3

Network Theory & Transmission Lines

8

7.

C1 ECO4

Electronic Circuits Lab

4

8

C1 CS11

Computer Programming Lab

4

1

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 BS01 - MATHEMATICS – I (Common to all branches)

UNIT – I Sequences – series convergence and divergence – Ratio test, Comparison test, Integral test, Cauchy’s root test, Absolute and conditional convergence, Tracing of curves in Cartesian and Polar coordinates.

UNIT – II Double and triple integrals. Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s series – Expansion of functions – Taylor’s theorem for two variables – Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables with and without constraints.

UNIT – III Partial differentiation – change of variables – change of order of integration. Rolle’s Theorem – Mean value theorem – Lagrange’s and Cauchy’s form of remainders. Radius, Centre and Circle of curvatures – Evolutes and envelopes.

UNIT – IV Laplace Transform of standard functions – Inverse transform – linearity – First Shifting theorem. Transformation of derivatives and integrals – Unit step function – second shifting Theorem – periodic function – Solution of ordinary differential equations by Laplace Transform.

UNIT – V Differential equations of 1 st order and 1 st degree. Exact, linear and Bernoulli Equations – Applications to Geometry – Law of natural growth – Newton’s law of cooling. – Linear non-homogeneous differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients. Method of variation of parameters solutions to simultaneous differential equations.

UNIT –VI Gradient, divergence, curl and their related properties – Line, surface, volume Integrals – Potential function – work done as line integral – Green’s Stoke’s, and Gauss’s Divergence theorems and simple problems.

UNIT –VII Matrices: Types of Matrices, Inverse – Elementary row transformations – Rank Solution to homogeneous and non-homogeneous system of linear equations. Eigen values – Eigen vectors. Verification and inverse by – Cayley Hamilton

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theorem – quadratic forms – Canonical forms – Diagonalisation – properties of Eigen Values of Hermitian, Skew-Hermition and unitary matrices.

UNIT – VIII Periodic functions – Even and Odd functions – Fourier series – Change of interval – Half range Fourier sine and Cosine expansions. Special functions: Beta, Gamma functions and their simple applications – Bessel and Legendre functions – Related Identities – Problems. Recommended Text Books

1. Engineering Mathematics by B.V. Ramana, Tata McGraw-Hill, Second Edition 2004.

2. Engineering Mathematics-I S. Chand, 2002.

Vijaya

3. Engineering Mathematics-I Publication 2002.

by Iyengar, Krishna Gandhi et.al,

by

C.

Sankaraiah,

3

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 BS02 - MATHEMATICS – II (Common to all branches)

UNIT – I Formation of Partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions - solutions of standard first order equations of type I, II, III and IV. Solution of one-dimensional heat equation, one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace’s equation by the method of separation of variables.

UNIT –II Fourier integral theorem- Finite and infinite Fourier Transform – Inverse Transforms – Solution to initial boundary value problems. – Z – Transforms. – Inverse Z – Transforms. – Simple Properties – solution of differences equations.

UNIT –III Complex functions – Continuity – differentiability – Analyticity – Cauchy – Reiman Equations in Cartesian and polar coordinates. Harmonic and Conjugate harmonic functions.

UNIT –IV Elementary functions and their properties of Sin Z, Cos Z, e z , log Z, Cosh Z, Sinh Z. Line integral – Cauchy’s Integral Theorem – Cauchy’s Integral formula – derivative of analytic functions – Taylor’s and Laurent’s Series. Zeroes and Poles,

UNIT –V Residue- Residue theorem – Evaluation of standard real integrals – Argument principle – Rouche’s theorem and Fundamental theorem of algebra. Conformal mapping of function Z n , Sin Z, Cos Z, e z , log Z. Bilinear Transformation.

UNIT –VI Numerical Methods-I:

Iterative methods, bisection, Regula false position, Newton-Raphson. – successive approximation methods. Solution of linear simultaneous algebraic equations – Gauss – Jordan and Gauss – Seidel’s methods.

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UNIT –VII Numerical Methods-II:

Interpolation. Forward differences – backward differences and central differences. Interpolation Methods. Least square approximation of functions – Linear regression – Polynomial regression.

UNIT –VIII Numerical Methods-III:

Numerical interpolation by Trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 th rules – Numerical solution of differential equations by Euler’s method – Runge – Kutta methods – Milne’s predictor – Corrector methods.

Recommended Text Books 1. Engineering Mathematics by B.V,. Ramana, TMH, Second Edition – 2004. 2. Engineering Mathematics-I by Iyengar, Krishna Gandhi et.al, S. Chand, 2002. 3. Engineering Mathematics-II by C. Sankaraiah, Vijaya Publication 2002. 4. Numerical Methods by S.S.Sastry, Prentice-Hall.

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 EC01 - ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS & DESIGN

UNIT – I TRANSISTOR CHARACTERISTICS Construction, principle of operation, V-I characteristics, symbol, equivalent circuit, parameter calculations, applications limitations and specifications of - BJT, FET, UJT and MOSFET's (different configurations of transistors are to be considered). SCR, DIAC, TRIACs. Optoelectronic devices.

UNIT – II AMPLIFIERS Biasing, DC equivalent model, criteria for fixing operating point and methods of Bias stabilization, Thermal run away and thermal stability. Small signal low frequency transistor amplifier circuits: h-parameter representation of a transistor, Analysis of single stage transistor amplifier using h-parameters:

voltage gain, current gain, input impedance and Output impedance. Comparison of BJT and FET RC coupled amplifier - frequency response. Biasing of FET, MOSFET, FET amplifier – frequency response, FET Small signal model.

UNIT – III FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS Concepts of feedback. Classification of feedback amplifiers, General characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers, Effect of Feedback on Amplifiers characteristics, Simple problems.

UNIT – IV OSCILLATORS Condition for oscillations. RC and LC type oscillators, crystal oscillators, Frequency and amplitude stability of oscillators. Generalized analysis of LC, oscillators, Quartz (Hartley, Colpitts), RC-phase shift and Wien-bridge oscillators.

UNIT – V: SINGLE STAGE AMPLIFIERS:

Classification of amplifiers – Design of single stage amplifiers, HF model of transistor, a and b cut off frequencies of transistor, calculation of Band widht and concept of Gain Bandwidth Product. Specifications of amplifiers.

UNIT – VI: MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS:

Cascaded amplifiers, analysis and design (all configurations of BJT and FET to be considered), BW of multistage of amplifiers.

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UNIT- VII: POWER AMPLIFIERS:

Classification of power amplifiers, Class A, AB, B and C power amplifiers, pushpull and complimentary - symmetry pushpull amplifiers – Design of heat sinks, power output, efficiency, cross-over distortion and harmonic distortion.

UNIT – VIII: TUNED AMPLIFIERS:

Single tuned, double tuned and stagger tuned voltage amplifiers, interstage design, stability considerations, Class B and Class C tuned power amplifiers.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Electronic Devices and Circuits – by K.Lal Kishore, B.S.Publications

2. Electronic Devices and Circuits – by R.L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, Pearson Ed. Asia. PHI.

REFERENCES:

1. Electronic Devices & Circuits – by Millman and Halkias , TMH

2. Microelectronics – by Millman and Grabel, TMH.

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 EC02 - PROBABILITY THEORY, SIGNALS & SYSTEMS

UNIT - I Concept of probability, Random Variables, Discrete and Continuous, Probability distribution and density functions, Functions of random variables, Joint and conditional probability density functions, Examples of probability density functions - Gaussian and Rayleigh density functions.

UNIT - II Statistical average - Mean, Variance, Characteristic function, Correlation between random variables, Sum of two random variables, Central limit theorem.

UNIT - III Random Processes: Stationary random process, Ergodicity, power spectral density and auto correlation function of random processes. Transmission of random processes through networks.

UNIT - IV Noise Sources, thermal noise, noise power spectral density, noise temperature, available noise power and available noise power spectral density, available noise bandwidth, noise figure, effective input noise temperature, noise figure of cascaded systems, narrow band noise, Quadrature representation of narrow band noise.

UNIT – V Analogy between vectors and signals, orthogonal vector and signal spaces, approximation of a function by a set of mutually orthogonal functions, evaluation of mean square error, closed or complete set of orthogonal functions, orthogonality in complex functions, trigonometric and exponential fourier series, representation of periodic function by fourier series, complex fourier spectrum, representation of arbitrary function, concept of fourier transform (F.T), F.T. of simple functions, concept of impulse function, F.T. involving impulse functions, properties of fourier transforms, concept of convolution in time domain and frequency domain, graphical representation of convolution, sampling theorem and its proof, effect of under sampling.

UNIT – VI Linear system, impulse response, response of a linear system, linear time invariant (LTI) system, Linear time variant (LTV) system, Transfer function of a LTI system. Filter characteristics of linear systems. Distortionless transmission through a system, signals bandwidth, system bandwidth, Ideal LPF,

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HPF and BPF characteristics, causality and physical realization, relationship between bandwidth and rise time. Energy density spectrum , Parseval's theorem, power density spectrum.

UNIT – VII Cross correlation and auto correlation of functions, properties of correlation function, relation between auto correlation function and energy/power spectral density function.

UNIT – VIII Review of Laplace transforms, partial fraction expansion, inverse Laplace transform, concept of region of convergence (ROC) for Laplace transforms, constraints on ROC for various classes of signals, Properties of L.T's, relation between L.T. and F.T. of a signal. Laplace transform of certain signals using waveform synthesis.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Probability, Random Variables and Random Signal Principles – by P.Z. Peebles.

2. Signals, Systems & Communications – by B.P. Lathi, BS Publ.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Signals & Systems

by Simon Haykin, Wiley Studen Ed

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 CS10 - C & DATA STRUCTURES

UNIT - I Algorithm, flowchart, program development steps, basic structures of C language, C tokens, data types, declaration of variables, assigning values, arithmetic, relational and logical operator, increment and decrement operators, control operator, bit-wise operator, expressions, evaluation, input-output operators, UNIT - II IF and SWITCH statement, WHILE, DO-WHILE and For statements, C:

Programs covering all the above aspects. UNIT - III One dimensional & two dimensional arrays, initialisation, string variables, declaration, reading, writing, string handle function, user-defined functions, variables & storage classes, example C Programs. UNIT - IV Structure definition, initialising, assigning values, passing of structures as arguments, unions, declaring & initialising of pointers, pointer based expressions, arrays, strings. UNIT - V functions and structures, C Program examples, file management in C, opening & Closing, I-O operations files.

UNIT – VI Stacks, representing stacks in C, Infix, Postfix & Prefix Programs, recursion in C, Queue & its sequential representation, circular queue, sequence. UNIT – VII Single Linked List, Double linked list, Circular List, applications, binary trees, representation, tree traversals, graph representation, graph traversals spanning trees. UNIT – VIII Search techniques: linear and binary search methods, sorting methods Exchange sort, selection sort, quick sort , tree sort. TEXT BOOKS:

1. C & Data Structures - by E. Balaguru Swamy TMH 2002.

2. Data Structures using C - by A.S. Tanenbaum, PHI.

REFERENCE BOOK:

1. Fundamentals of Data Structures - by Horowitz & Sahani.

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 EC03 - NETWORK THEORY & TRANSMISSION LINES

UNIT - I Circuit Concept - RLC parameters – Voltage and Current sources – Source transformation - Voltage - Current relationship for Passive elements - Kirchhoff's laws – Network Reduction Techniques – Series, Parallel, Series – Parallel, Star-to-delta or delta-to-star transformations. Magnetic circuits, Faraday’s Laws of electromagnetic induction , Concept of self and mutual inductances , dot convention , co-efficiency of coupling .

UNIT - II R.M.S. and Average values and Form factor of different periodic wave forms, Steady state analysis of R, L and C (in series - parallel and series parallel combinations) with sinusoidal excitation - Concept of Reactance, Impedance, Susceptance and Admittance, Phase and Phase difference, Concept of Power factor, Real and Reactive Powers - J-notation, Complex and Polar forms of representation, Complex Power – Locus diagrams. Series R-L, R-C, R-L-C and parallel combinations with variation of various parameters - Resonance - Series, Parallel Circuits, Concept of Bandwidth and Q-factor.

UNIT - III Network topology: Definitions - Graph - Tree, Basic Cutset and Basic Tieset matrices for planar network,- Loop and nodal methods of analysis of networks with dependent and independent voltage and current sources., Duality & Dual networks.

UNIT -IV Network theorems (without proof): Tellegen's, Superposition, Reciprocity, Thevenin's, Norton's, Maximum Power Transfer, Millman's and Compensation theorems for dc and ac excitations.

UNIT - V Transient response of RL, RC, RLC circuits (series and parallel combinations) for dc and Sinusoidal excitations - Initial conditions – Classical method and Laplace transform Methods of solutions – Response of RL, RC, RLC for step, ramp, pulse and impulse excitations using Laplace Transform Methods.

UNIT - VI Two port network parameters – Z, Y, (ABCD) Transmission and Hybrid Parameters for Resistive Networks – concept of Transformed Network – 2-port network parameters using transformed variables.

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Filters - Low pass - High pass and Band pass filters - Constant k and m- derived filters and composite filter design.

UNIT –VII TRANSMISSION LINES: Primary & secondary constants, Transmission Line equations phase and group velocities, losslessness/low loss characterization, distortion and loading, expression for i/p impedance, SC & OC lines, UHF lines as Circuit Elements, ë /8, ë /4, ë /2 lines-impedance transforms. Smith chart – its configuration and applications, single and double stub matching techniques.

UNIT –VIII

Illustrative problems. (incl. Of Smith Chart Applications and Stub Matching).

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Engineering Circuit Analysis - by William Hayt and Jack E. Kemmerly,

McGraw Hill Companies, 5 th edition.

2. Transmission Lines and Networks - by Umesh Sinha, Satya Prakashan (Tech. India Publication), New Delhi.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Network Theory – Sudhakar and Shyammohan, TMH Publications.

2. Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines – by G.S.N. Raju,

Pearson Education,

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 EC04 - ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB

Part A (6 experiments to be conducted)

1. FET characteristics.

2. UJT Characteristics.

3. Measurement of h parameters of transistor in CB, CE, CC configuration.

4. Single Stage RC coupled Amplifier

5. FET amplifier (Common Source)

6. Wien Bridge Oscillator RC Phase shift Oscillator

7. Feed back amplifier (current series)

8. Feed back amplifier (Voltage series)

9. Colpitts Oscillator Hartley Oscillator.

Part B (All 6 experiments to be conducted)

1. Two stage RC coupled amplifier.

2. Class A, Class AB Power amplifiers.

3. Class B. Push Pull amplifiers.

4. Class B Complementary Symmetry Configuration.

5. Class C Tuned Voltage amplifier.

6. Class C Power amplifier.

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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR

C1 CS11 - COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB

1. Write a C' program to obtain the product of two matrices A of size (3x3) and B of size (3x2). The resultant matrix C is to be printed out along with A and B. Assume suitable values for A & B.

2. Using switch-case statement, write a C' program that takes two operands and one operator from the user performs the operation and then print the answer. (Consider operators +, -, /, * and %).

3. Write C procedures to add, subtract, multiply and divide two complex numbers (x+y) and (a+b). Also write the main program that uses these procedures.

4. Given number, write C program using while loop to reverse the digits of the number. Example 1234 to be written as 4321.

5. The Fibonacci sequence of numbers is 1, 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 8 , …. based on the

recurrence relation f(n) = f(n-1) + f(n-2) for n > 2. Write C program using do-while to calculate and print the first m Fibonacci numbers.

6. Write a C program to extract a portion of a character string and print the extracted string. Assume that m characters are extracted starting with the nth character.

7. Write a function that will scan a character string passed as an argument and convert all lower case characters into their upper case equivalents.

8. Implement the following data structures using Arrays

i) Stacks

ii) Linear queues

iii)

Circular queues

iv) Dequeue

9. Implement binary search tree using linked list and perform the following operations.

i)

Insertion

ii)

Deletion iii)

Inorder Traversal

iv)

Pre order Traversal

v)

Post Order

Traversal

 

10. Singly linked list and doubly linked lists

 

i)

Insertionii)

Deletion

iii)

Lookup

11. Implement Stack using singly linked list

i)

ii)

Implement queue using singly linked list

 

12. Implement the following sorting techniques

 

i)

Bubble sort iv) Heap Sort

ii)

Insertion sort

iii)

Quick Sort

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SCHOOL OF CONTUNING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING II YEAR

SNO.

CODE No.

NAME OF THE SUBJECT

CREDITS

   

Economics, Accountancy and

 

1.

C2 HS01

Management

8

2.

C2 CS01

Computer Organization and Operating Systems

8

3.

C2 EC01

E.M. waves, Antennas and wave Propagation

8

4.

C2 EC02

Pulse, Digital and Switching Circuits

8

5.

C2 EC03

Control Systems Engineering

8

6.

C2 EE10

Electrical technology

8

7.

C2 EC04

PDC Lab

4

8

C2 EE11

Electrical machines And Network lab

4

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE

C2 HS01 - ECONOMICS, ACCOUNTANCY AND MANAGEMENT

UNIT – I:

Nature and Scope of Managerial Economics- Demand Analysis –Demand concepts Determination of Demand- Elasticity of Demand Forecasting, Cost Analysis- Cost concepts, Viz, Fixed and Variables costs, average and marginal costs, Explicit and implicit costs, out of pocket, costs and imputed costs, opportunity Costs-break even analysis.

UNIT – II:

A) Capital-Estimation of Capital Requirements-sources of Finances and Methods of raising finances. B) Forms of business Organization- Features of proprietary partnership and joint stock companies.

UNIT – III:

Introduction to Capital Budgeting-Methods of Capital Budgeting, namely pay back and discounted cash flow methods (simple problems)

UNIT – IV:

Preparation of Financial Statements- Analyzing and Interpretation of financial statements through Ratio Analysis (simple problems)

UNIT – V:

Concepts of Management – Organization and Administration-Function of management-Principles of Management – Organization structure. Introduction of Functional Areas of Management –Production-Personnel –Marketing- Finances.

UNIT – VI:

A) Basic Function of personnel Department-Manpower planning- job evaluation and merit rating.

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B) Marketing –Consumer Orientation- Marketing Functions –Marketing Mix-

channels To civil of distribution –Advertising.

UNIT – VII:

Network Analysis: PERT And CDM- application of network techniques to engineering problems.

UNIT – VIII:

Resource Allocation- cost Analysis, project crashing, and computer application in project Planning.

TEXTBOOKS:

1. Managerial Economics- Varshney and Maheswari –S.Chand and Sons.New

Delhi.

2. Financial Management—1.Khan and Jain 2. Prasannachandra.

REFRENCE BOOKS:

1. Management and Organisation Theory: PS Narayana and TV Rao.

2. Pert/cpm- 1. L.S .Srinath 2. Wiest and Levy.

3. Business Organisation and Management- Y.K.Bhushan.

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR

C2 CS01 - COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND OPERATING SYSTEMS

UNIT I:

GENERAL CPU ORGANISATION: Introduction, Accumulator based m/c, General Register, based m/c, stack based m/c, instructions format, addressing modes, Reduced Instruction Set Computer.

UNIT II:

PROGRAMMING THE BASIC COMPUTER: Machine language, Assembly language, programming, subroutines, macros, I/O programming, Assembler Design.

COMPUTER ARTHMETIC: Introduction, fixed point, arithmetic operation for signed magnitude data, floating point arithmetic operations, fixed point arithmetic operations for signed 2’s complement data, decimal arithmetic unit, Decimal arithmetic operations.

UNIT III:

BASIC COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND DESIGN: Instruction codes, computer registers, computer instructions, timing and control, instruction cycle, memory reference instructions, input-output and Interrupt, complete computer Description, Design of Basic computer, Design of Accumulator Logic. MICROPROGRAMMED CONTROL UNIT: control memory, typical control unit, address sequencing, micro programme example, Nano programming

UNIT IV:

I/O ORGANIZATION: Peripheral devices, Input-Output Interface, Asynchronous data transfer, modes of transfer, priority interrupt, Direct Memory Access, Input-Output processor. MEMORY ORGANIZATION: Memory Classification, memory Hierarchy, Main Memory, Auxiliary memory, Cache memory, Virtual memory, Memory Management Hardware.

UNIT V:

PIPE LINE AND VECTOR PROCESSING: Parallel processing, pipelining, arithmetic pipeline, instruction pipeline, RISC pipeline, vector processing, array processors. MULTIPROCESSORS: Characteristics of microprocessors, Interconnection Structures, Interprocessor Arbitration, Interprocessor Communication and Synchronization, Cache Coherence.

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UNIT VI:

INTRODUCTIONTO OPERATING SYSTEMS: Early Systems, Monitor, Batch, Multiprogramming, Time sharing, Real time multiprocessors, Virtual machine.

FILE AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT: File Concepts, types of files, file system functions, file characteristics, Access methods, Allocation Methods, Directory Systems, File protection.

MEMORY MANAGEMENT: Bare Machine, Resident Monitor, Swapping multiple partition, paging segmentation, combined systems, Virtual Memory Management, Overlays, Demand paging, Page replacement, Page replacement algorithms,, Allocation algorithms, Thrashing.

UNIT VII:

PROCESSOR SCHEDULING: Scheduling concepts, scheduling levels, scheduling objectives and criteria scheduling algorithms and their evaluation, multi processor scheduling. DEVICE SCHEDULING: Necessity for device scheduling, desirable characteristics of scheduling policies, Scheduling algorithms, Introduction to deadlocks, characterization, prevention, avoidance, detection and recovery.

UNIT VIII:

CONCURRENT PROCESS: Process concept, precedence graph, hierarchy of processes, critical section problem, semaphores, monitors, inter process communication. PROTECTION: Goals of protection, domains of protection, Access matrix, Access list, Capability list, Language based protection security, protection problems.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Computer Architecture & Organization: Morris Mano 3 rd edition PHI,

1994.

2. Introduction to Operating Systems: Harvey M. Dealth Addison Wesley.

REFRENCE BOOKS:

1. Computer System Architecture: Morris Mano 3 rd edition PHI, 1994

2. Computer System Concepts: PatterSon & SibberSchatz, Addison Wesley.

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE

C2 EC01 - EM WAVES, ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION UNIT – I:

Electrostatics: Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity and Flux Density, Gauss Law and Applications, Electric Potential, Energy Density, Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations, Maxwell’s Two Equations, Capacitances – Parallel Plate, Coaxial, Spherical Capacitors.

UNIT – II:

Magnetostatics : Biot-Savart’s Law, Ampere’s Circuital Law and Applications, Magnetic Flux Density, Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials, Ampere’s Force Law, Magnetic Energy, Maxwell’s Two Equations.

UNIT – III:

Maxwell’s Equations and Wave Equations: Equation of Continuity for Time Varying Fields, Faraday’s Law and Transformer emf, Maxwell’s Equations for Time Varying Fields, Boundary Conditions at Dielectric- Dielectric and Dielectric-Conductor Interfaces. Wave Equations and their Solutions for Dielectric and Conducting Media, Propagation Characteristics in Good Conductors and Good Dielectrics, Polarization.

UNIT – IV:

EM Wave Characteristics: Reflection and Refraction of Plane Waves – Normal and Oblique Incidences for Perfect Dielectric and Perfect Conductor Interfaces, Surface Impedance. Poynting Vector and Poynting Theorem – Applications. Power Loss in a Plane Conductor.

UNIT – V:

Antenna Parameters: Radiation Patterns in Principal Planes, Beamwidths, Beam Area, Radiation Intensity, Beam Efficiency, Directivity, Gain, Resolution, Antenna Apertures, Aperture Efficiency, Effective Hight. Radiation: Retarded Potentials, Radiation from an Alternating Current Element, Quarterwave Monopole, Halfwave Dipole – Current Distributions, Fields, Radiation Characteristics. Antenna Theorems – Applicability and Proofs for Equivalence of Directional Characteristics. Small Loop Antennas and Comparison with Short Dipoles. UNIT – VI:

Antenna Arrays: Two Element Array, Principle of Pattern Multiplication, N – Element Linar Arrays – Broadside and Endfire Arrays. Binomial Arrays, Yagi Uda Arrays and Folded Dipoles. Non-Resonant Antennas: Travelling Wave Radiators, Rhombic Antennas. Broadband Antennas: Helical Antennas.

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UNIT – VII:

VHF, UHF and Microwave Antennas: Reflectors – Plane Sheet, Corner and Parabolic Types, Their Geometry and Characteristics, Cassegrainian Feeds. Horn Antennas – Types, Optimum Horns. Lens Antennas – Geometry, Features of Dielectric Lenses. Antenna Measurements: Patterns Required, Set up, Distance Criterion, Directivity and Gain Measurements.

UNIT – VIII:

Wave Propagation: Types and Frequency Ranges; Ground Wave Propagation – Characteristics; Sky Wave Propagation – Formation of Ionospheric Layers and Their Characteristics, Reflection and Refraction, Critical Frequency, MUF and Skip Distance, Optimum Frequency, LUHF, Virtual Hight, Ionospheric Abnormalities; Space Wave Propagation – LOS and Radio Horizon, Tropospheric Waves and Field Strength Calculations, Radius of Curvature of Path, M – Curves and Duct Propagation, Tropospheric Scattering.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E.C. Jordan and K.G. Balmain, PHI, 2 nd Ed., 2000.

2. Elements of Electromagnetics – Matthew N.O. Sadiku, Oxford Press, 3 rd ed., 2001.

3. Antennas and Wave Propagation – K.D. Prasad, Satya Prakashan, Tech India Publ., New Delhi, 2001.

4. Antennas for All Applications – John D. Kraus and R.J. Marhefka, TMH,

3 rd ed., 2003.

REFRENCE BOOKS:

1. Engineering Electromagnetics – William Hayt Jr. and J.A. Buck, TMH, 7 th ed.,

2006.

2. Antenna Theory – C.A. balanis, John Wiley, 2 nd ed., 2001.

3. Engineering Electromagnetics – Nathan Ida, Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2 nd ed., 2005.

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE

C2 EC02 - PULSE, DIGITAL & SWITCHING CIRCUITS

UNIT – I:

LINEAR WAVESHAPING:High pass and low pass RC circuits and their response for sinusoidal, step voltage ,pulse ,square wave and ramp inputs .High pass RC network as differtiator low pass RC network as integrator. attenuators and their applications in CRO probe, RL and RLC circuits and their response for step input, ringing circuit.

UNIT – II:

NON LINEAR WAVESHAPING: diode clippers, transistor clippers, clipping at two independent Levels, emitter coupled clipper ,diode comparator, diode differentiator, applications of Voltage comparators ,clamping operations, clamping circuits using diodes with different inputs, Clamping circuit theorem,practial circuit, effect of diode characteristics on clamping voltage.

UNIT – III:

MULTIVIBRATORS: Bistable,Monostable and Astablemultivibrators using transistors, Schmitt Triggers. SWEEP CIRCUITS: Voltage sweep methods of liberalizations, .bootstrap and miller circuits, Linear current sweep, application in TV,synchronation.

SYNCHRONATION AND FREQUENCY DIVISION Principles of synchronization , synchronization of Astable multivibrators, Phase delay and pulse jitters- synchronization of sweep circuits with symmetrical signal.

UNIT – IV:

GATES: Uni directional and Bi-directional Sampling gates and BLOCKING OSCILLATORS- base timing ,emitter timing ,astable blocking oscillator.

SWITCHING CIRCUITS: ( Brief treatment) Switching Characteristics of diodes and transistors, Transistor as a switch, Bistable, Monostable and Astable multivibrators. Schmitt Trigger.

SAMPLING GATES: Operating principles of sampling gates, unidirectional and bi-directional, Sampling gates. Sampling oscilloscope.(Elementary treatment).

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UNIT – V:

NUMBER SYSTEM AND CODES: Review of number systems (conversion), Binary 1 1 and 2 s complement arithmetic, floating point arithmetic, weighted and non-weighted codes, Self complementing codes, cyclic codes, gray codes, Excess-3 code, arithmetic in excess-3 code, Error detecting codes, Error correcting codes, Hamming code, Parity checking, Alphanumeric codes.

BOOLEAN ALGEBRA AND LOGIC GATES: Definition of Binary logic, Switching circuits and Binary signals, Basic postulates, Basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra, Duality, Representation of switching functions and simplificaton,compliment of a function,connonical, SOP and POS forms ,minterns and maxterms ,conversion between canonical forms ,truth tables of AND,OR,NOT,NAND,NOR and EX-OR gates, Universal gates NAND and NOR as universal Gates. Properties of EX-OR gates, positive and negative logic, karnaugh map representation, Maximizing using K-map and tabulation method.

UNIT – VI:

DESIGN OF COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS: Design of single output and multiple output Functions, Design using conventional AND,OR,NOT,NAND,NOR and EX-OR gates, Half adder ,Full adder, Parallel and serial adders, carry look ahead adders, Excess-3 adders, BCD adder,Subtractor ,Adder/Sub tractor unit,Digital comparator, Design using MSI devices,parity checker/generator, Multiplexer, Design of switching functions, Using multiplexer ,Decoders,Encoders,ROM and its applications, PAL and PLA, Harzards in combinational circuts,Detection and minimization.

UNIT – VII:

INTRODUCTION TO SEQUENTIONAL CIRCUITS:S-R,JK,T,D and master slave flip flops, Characteristic equation and excitation functions, shift registers, Ring and Twisted ring counter, ripple counter, modulo- N-counter, synchronous counter, series and parallel synchronous counters, state diagram and state table representation of Synchronous and Asynchronous sequent ional circuits. Mealy and Moore sequential circuits, sequence detector, Design of various counters.

UNIT – VIII:

SYNTHESIS OF CLOCK MODE AND PULSE MODE CIRCUITS:

Distinction between clok mode and pulse mode circuits, synthesis of state diagram, state minimization methods, state assignment, transition tables, input output equations. Design of modulo N-counters, Design from problem statement.

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SYNTHESIS OF LEVEL MODE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS:

Incompletely specified sequential circuits, state minimization and design, cycles and races, race-free design, Hazards in sequential circuits.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Pulse digital and switching circuits- milliman and taub(IST)

2. Digital design – morris mano

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Wave generation and shaping –L .strauss ,MGH.

2. Digital circuits and logic design- Sammuel C Lee (PHI)

3. Introduction to switching theory and logic design-E.J.Hill and Perterson (JOHN WILEY)

4. Switching and finite automata theory- Z.kohavi.(TMH)

.

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE

C2 EC03 - CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

UNIT – I:

INTRODUCTION: Concepts of Control Systems- Open Loop and closed loop control systems and their differences, Different examples of control systems, Classification of control systems, Feed-Back Characteristics, Effects of feedback. Mathematical models–Differential equations, Impulse Response and transfer functions ,Translational and Rotational mechanical systems

UNIT – II:

TRANSFER FUNCTION REPRESENTATION: Transfer Function of DC Servo motor - AC Servo motor- Synchro transmitter and Receiver, Block diagram representation of systems considering electrical systems as examples - Block diagram algebra – Representation by Signal flow graph - Reduction using mason’s gain formula.

UNIT – III:

TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Standard test signals - Time response of first order systems – Characteristic Equation of Feedback control systems, Transient response of second order systems - Time domain specifications – Steady state response - Steady state errors and error constants – Effects of proportional derivative, proportional integral systems.

UNIT – IV:

STABILITY ANALYSIS IN S-DOMAIN: The concept of stability , Routh stability criterion – qualitative stability and conditional stability. Root Locus Technique:

The root locus concept - construction of root loci-effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the root loci.

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UNIT – V:

FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Introduction, Frequency domain specifications-Bode diagrams-Determination of Frequency domain specifications and transfer function from the Bode Diagram-Phase margin and Gain margin-Stability Analysis from Bode Plots.

UNIT – VI:

STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN: Polar Plots, Nyquist Plots and applications of Nyquist criterion to find the stability –Effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the shape of the Nyquist diagrams.

UNIT – VII:

CLASSICAL CONTROL DESIGN TECHNIQUES: Compensation techniques – Lag, Lead, Lead-Lag Controllers design in frequency Domain, PID Controllers.

UNIT – VIII:

State Space Analysis of Continuous Systems: Concepts of state, state variables and state model, derivation of state models from block diagrams, Diagonalization- Solving the Time Invariant state Equations- State Transition Matrix and it’s Properties

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Control Systems Engineering – by I. J. Nagarath and M. Gopal, New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers, 2 nd edition.

2. Modern Control Engineering – by Katsuhiko Ogata – Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 3 rd edition, 1998.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Control Systems by N.K.Sinha, New Age International (P) Limited

Publishers, 3 rd Edition, 1998.

2. Automatic Control Systems 8th edition– by B. C. Kuo 2003– John wiley and son’s.

3. Control Systems Engg. by NISE 3 rd Edition – John wiley

4. Control Systems by S.Kesavan , Hitech Publications.

5. “ Modelling & Control Of Dynamic Systems” by Narciso F. Macia George J. Thaler, Thomson Publishers.

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE

C2 EE10 - ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY

UNIT - I:

DC MACHINES: Principle of operation of DC Machines- EMF equation –

Types of generators – Magnetization and load characteristics of DC generators

UNIT - II:

DC Motors – Types of DC Motors – Characteristics of DC motors – 3-point

starters for DC shunt motor – Losses and efficiency – Swinburne’s test – Speed control of DC shunt motor – Flux and Armature voltage control methods.

UNIT - III:

TRANSFORMERS: Principle of operation of single phase transformer – types

– Constructional features – Phasor diagram on No Load and Load – Equivalent

circuit

UNIT - IV:

Losses and Efficiency of transformer and Regulation – OC and SC tests – Predetermination of efficiency and regulation (Simple Problems).

UNIT - V:

THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR: Principle of operation of three-phase

induction motors – Constructional features – Slip ring and Squirrel cage motors

– Slip-Torque characteristics – Efficiency calculation – Starting methods.

UNIT-VI:

Alternators – Constructional features – types, Principle of operation – EMF Equation – Distribution and Coil span factors – Predetermination of regulation by Synchronous Impedance Method – OC and SC tests.

UNIT - VII:

Single Phase Induction Motors – Constructional features – Shaded pole motors – Capacitor motors, AC servomotor, AC tachometers, Synchros, Stepper Motors – Characteristics.

UNIT - VIII:

ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS: Basic Principles of indicating instruments – Moving Coil and Moving iron Instruments (Ammeters and Voltmeters)-

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Dynamometer type wattmeter’s- Induction type energy meter – Measurement of Single Phase and three Phase power.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Introduction to Electrical Engineering – M.S Naidu and S. Kamakshaiah,

TMH Publ.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Electrical Engineering – Del Toro, 2 nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India.

2. Electrical Machines – P.S Bhimbra, Khanna Publishers.

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B.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE

C2EC O4 - PDC LAB

1. LINEAR WAVE SHAPING

2. NONLINEAR WAVE SHAPING (CLIPPERS)

3. NONLINEAR WAVE SHAPING (CLAMPEARS)

4. TRANSISTOR AS A SWITCH

5. STUDY OF LOGICGATES

6. SAMPLING GATES

7. ASTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR

8. MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR

9. BISTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR

10. SCHMITT TRIGGER

11. UJT AS A RELAXATION OSCILLATOR

12. BOOTSTRAP SWEEP GENERATOR

C2 EE11 Electrical Machines & Networks Lab

Electrical Machines Lab:

1. Speed control of D.C. Shunt Motor By field control and armature control method.

2. Load test on D.C. Shunt Generator.

3. O.C. and S.C. Tests on 1 – Phase Transformer.

4. O.C.C. Characteristics of D.C. Shunt Generator.

5. Load test on Induction Motor.

NETWORKS Lab:

1. Verification of Thevinin’s and Norton’s Theorem.

2. Verification of Superposition Theorem.

3. Verification of Maximum Power transfer Theorem.

4. Calculation of Z and Y parameters of Two Port Network.

5. Calculation of coefficient of coupling between two coils.

29

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SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

III YEAR

S.NO.

CODE No.

NAME OF THE SUBJECT

 

CREDITS

1.

C3 EC01

Analog and Digital Communications

8

2.

C3 EC02

IC Analysis, Design & Applications

 

8

3.

C3 EC03

Microprocessors & Micro-controllers

8

4.

C3 EC04

Digital Signal Processing

 

8

5.

C3 EC05

Microwave Engineering

 

8

   

Electronic

Measurements

and

 

6.

C3 EC06

Instruments

8

7.

C3 EC07

Communications Lab

 

4

8

C3 EC08

IC Applications Lab

 

4

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

C3 EC01 - ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION

UNIT – I:

AMPLITUDE MODULATION

Introduction to modulation, need for modulation, types of modulation. AM – definition, types. DSB-SC: frequency translation, spectra, BW requirements, power content, demodulation – synchronous demodulator, AM-DSB:

conventional AM – BW power content and power relations, Generation - square law modulator, switching modulator, balanced modulator, ring modulator , Detection - rectifier detector, envelope detector.

(Ref. 1, 2)

SSB SYSTEMS:

SSB - spectral characteristics, Generation – filter method, phase shift method; demodulation, effects of frequency and phase errors in synchronous detection - DSB-SC, SSB-SC cases. Comparison of AM systems. VSB: generation, spectra, demodulation. Applications of different AM systems. (Ref. 1, 2)

UNIT – II:

ANGLE MODULATION:

Definition, types, PM & FM relations, Phase and frequency deviation. Spectrum of FM signal for sinusoidal modulation , sideband features, power content. Narrow band and wide band cases, BW considerations. Spectrum of a constant BW FM, Phasor Diagrams for FM signals. Multiple frequency modulation – linearity. FM with square wave modulation. (Ref. 3, 2)

FM GENERATION AND DETECTION

Generation of FM Signals: Direct FM – Parameter Variation Method (Implementation using Varactor, FET); Indirect FM – Armstrong System, frequency multiplication.

FM demodulators : Principles, Types – Slope Detector, Balanced Slope Detector, Phase Discriminator (Foster Seely), Ratio Detector, Comparison of FM Demodulators.

(Ref. 3,4)

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UNIT – III:

NOISE EFFECTS AND SNR

Effects of noise and SNR calculations for DSB-SC, SSB-SC, conventional AM, FM (threshold effect, threshold extension, pre-emphasis and de-emphasis) and PM. Comparison of all analog modulation systems – BW efficiency, power efficiency, case of implementation. (Ref. 1, 2)

UNIT – IV:

PULSE-ANALOG MODULATION:

Sampling Theorem, Types of sampling, Sampling of Band-Pass Signals, Practical aspects of sampling, Reconstruction of Low-Pass and Band-Pass signals, Time division Multiplexing (TDM), Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM), Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) and Pulse Position Modulation (PPM) – Characteristics.

UNIT – V:

BASEBAND DATA TRANSMISSION:Introduction, Baseband Binary PAM systems, Duobinary Baseband PAM systems, M-Ary Signalling schemes, Shaping of the Transmitted signal spectrum, Equalization, Eye Diagrams, Synchronization, Scrambler and Unscrambler.

UNIT – VI:

PULSE-DIGITAL MODULATION:

Quantization, Quantization error, Elements of Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), Bandwidth Requirements of PCM, Noise in PCM systems, Differential PCM Systems (DPCM), Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulation, Noise in Delta Modulation Systems, Comparison of PCM and DM systems, PCM Vs Analog Modulation, Comparison of different Communication Systems (BW and SNR).

UNIT – VII:

DIGITAL CARRIER MODULATION SCHEMES:

Introduction, Optimum receiver for Binary Digital Modulation Schemes, Binary ASK, PSK, FSK, DPSK Schemes, Comparison of Digital Modulation Schemes, Introduction to M-Ary Signaling Schemes.

UNIT – VIII:

ERROR CONTROL CODING:

Introduction, Linear Block Codes, Binary Cyclic Codes, Convolution Codes.

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TEXT BOOKS:

1. Electronic Communication Systems – by Kennedy, McGraw Hill Publ.

2. Digital and Analog Communication Systems – by K. Sam Shanmugam, John Wiley and Sons.

3. Communication Systems – by Simon Haykin, John Wiley.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Principles of Communications Systems – by Taub & Schilling TMH.

2. Communication Systems - by B.P. Lathi, BS Publ.

3. Communication Systems Engineering – by John G. Proakis and Masoud Salehi, Pearson Education.

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

C3 EC02 - IC ANALYSIS DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS

UNIT – I:

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Fabrication and characteristics-IC technology- basic monolithic integrated circuits. Epitaxial growth, masking, etching and diffusing, impurities, introduction to VLSI engineering concepts.

UNIT – II:

OP-AMP APPLICATIONS: Basic applications of Op-amp, instrumentation amplifier, ac amplifier, V to I and I to V converters, sample & hold circuits, multipliers and dividers, Differentiators and Integrators, Comparators, Schmitt trigger, Multivibrators, introduction to voltage regulators, features of 723.

UNIT – III:

ACTIVE FILTERS: Introduction, 1st order LP, HP filters. Band pass, Band reject and all pass filters.

UNIT – IV:

OSCILLATORS: Oscillator types and principle of operation – RC, Wien and Quadrature type, waveform generators – triangular, sawtooth, square wave and VCO.

UNIT – V:

TIMERS & PHASE LOCKED LOOPS: Introduction to 555 timer, functional diagram, Monostable and Astable operations and applications, Schmitt Trigger. PLL - introduction, block schematic, principles and description of individual blooks, 565.

UNIT – VI:

D to A & A to D CONVERTERS: Introduction, basic DAC techniques, weighted resistor DAC, R-2R ladder DAC, inverted R-2R DAC, and IC 1408 DAC, Different types of ADCs - parallel comparator type ADC, counter type ADC, successive approximation ADC and dual slope ADC. DAC and ADC Specifications, Specifications AD 574 (12 bit ADC).

UNIT – VII:

DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Digital IC characteristics- Digital IC families : DTL, RTL, ECL, MOS & CMOS- Comparison of Digital IC families, New Digital IC families, CI2LIC, EFLIC, I2LCIC, building blocks of

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Digital systems, Basic Digital circuits, Flip-Flops, Free running clocks and wave form generators, Schmitt trigger, Crystal clock.

UNIT – VIII:

DIGITAL SYSTEM BUILDING BLOCKS: Counters with registers, Decoders, De-multiplexers, Encoders, RAM, ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, PLAs, PLDs,System Design Examples, Frequency Counters, Frequency Measurement, Period measurement, Frequency, Ratio, Delay Measurements, D/A & A/D converters.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Linear Integrated Circuits – D. Roy Chowdhury, New Age International (p) Ltd.

2. Linear IC Applications – K. Lal Kishore, Pearson Education, 2005/PHI.

3. Op-Amps & Linear Ics - Ramakanth A. Gayakwad, PHI.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Micro Electronics: Milliman- MC GrawHill.

2. Introduction to System Design using ICs: Sonde.

3. Operational Amplifiers: Clayton.

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

C3 EC03 - MICROPROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLERS

UNIT -I: Introduction, Overview of 8-bit Processors likes 8085 MC6800 & Z - 80

UNIT - II: 8086 Architecture: Functional Diagram, Register Organization, Addressing modes, Instructions

UNIT - III: AL Programming of 8086 – Simple programs using the Assembler Machine Language Coding, Implementation of for loops, WHILE repeat, IF THEN, ELSE IF Features, String manipulation, procedures.

UNIT - IV: Interfacing I: 8086 System bus structure, Memory (Static & Dynamic) and IO interface with 8086, interface through various IC peripheral chips like 8255, 8257, 8259.

UNIT - V: Interfacing-II, Interfacing of switches keyboards, LEDs, 7- Segment Display units. Transducers actuators, Stepper motor, A-D & D-A, CRT interface, Floppy interface. Architecture, Programming and Design features of 8279, 8275, 8272.

UNIT - VI: Interfacing-III: Serial Communications standards, Architecture, Programming & Design features of 8251 USRT, RS-232, IEEE-488, 20ma current loop, prototyping & trouble shooting, S/W debugging tools, MDS, organization of PC Hardware.

UNIT - VII: Advanced Microprocessors: Introduction and salient features of 80286,80386, 80486 and Pentium processors.

UNIT - VIII: Introduction to 8051-Architecture, I/O pins for ports and circuits. External memory & Internal memory, counters & timers, serial data input/output interrupts.Addressing modes, External data modes, code memory, read only data, Modes /indexed addressing mode. Logical operations, Architecture operations & Jump operations, counter/timer programming in 8051, 8051 connections to RS-232, 8051 serial communication programming, 8051 interrupt Programming, timer interrupt programming, external H/W

interrupt Program the serial communication interrupts, interrupt priority into

8051.

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TEXT BOOKS:

1. Douglas V. Hall: Microprocessor & Interfacing, programming

& Hardware”. TMH 2003

2. Ayala K.J: The 8051 Micro controller Architecture Programming & Applications”, Penram International 2001.

REFRENCE BOOKS:

1. Gibson : Microprocessors on S/W and H/W”

2. Danuius Tabak: Advanced Micro processors (Mc Graw Hill 2 nd

3. DV.Hall: Digital Systems and Microprocessors.

37

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC04 - DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

UNIT – I:

INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Digital Signal Processing: Discrete time signals & sequences, linear shift invariant systems, stability and causality, Linear constant coefficient difference equations. Frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems.

UNIT – II:

DISCRETE FOURIER SERIES: Properties of discrete Fourier series, DFS representation of periodic sequences, Discrete Fourier transforms (DFT), Properties of DFT, linear convolution of sequences using DFT, Computation of DFT.

UNIT – III:

FAST FOURIER TRANSFORMS: Fast Fourier transforms (FFT) - Radix-2 decimation in time and decimation in frequency, FFT Algorithms, Inverse FFT, FFT with General Radix.

UNIT – IV:

REALIZATION OF DIGITAL FILTERS: Applications of z-transforms, solution of difference equations of digital filters. System function, stability criterion, frequency response of stable systems. Realization of digital filters – direct, canonic, cascade and parallel forms, Lattice structures.

UNIT – V:

IIR DIGITAL FILTERS: Analog filter approximations – Butter worth and Chebshev, Design of IIR Digital filters from analog filters, Bilinear transformation method, step and impulse invariance techniques, Spectral transformations.

UNIT – VI:

FIR DIGITAL FILTERS: Characteristics of FIR Digital Filters, frequency response. Design of FIR Digital Filters using Window Techniques, Frequency Sampling technique, Comparison of IIR & FIR filters.

UNIT – VII:

MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING: Decimation, interpolation, sampling rate conversion, filter design and implementation for sampling rate conversion.

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UNIT –VIII:

INTRODUCTION TO DSP PROCESSORS:

Introduction to programmable DSPs: Multiplier and Multiplier Accumulator (MAC), Modified Bus Structures and Memory Access schemes in DSPs Multiple access memory, Multiport memory, VLSI Architecture, Pipelining, Special addressing modes, On-Chip Peripherals. Examples: Features of TMS 320CXX Processors, Internal Architecture, External memory accesses, Pipeline operations, Peripherals.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Digital Signal Processing : Principals, Algorithms and Applications -

Proakis, J.Gard

and D.G.Manolakis, 3 rd Edn.,,PHI, 1996.

2. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Robert J. Schilling and Sandra L. Harris, Thomson, 2005.

3. Digital Signal Processors, Architecture, Programming & Applications,

- B. Venkata Ramani, M. Bhaskar, TMH, 4 th reprint, 2004.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Discrete Time Signal Processing – A.V. Oppenheim and R.W. Schaffer, PHI, 1989.

2. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Loney Luderman.

3. Digital Signal Processing – S. Salivahanan et al., TMH, 2000.

4. Digital Signal Processing – Thomas J. Cavicchi, WSE, John Wiley, 2004.

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

C3 EC05 - MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

UNIT - I:

Microwave Transmission Lines – I:

Introduction, Microwave Spectrum and Bands, Applications of Microwaves. Parallel Plate Waveguides – TE, TM, TEM Mode Analysis, Principal Mode and its Significance. Rectangular Waveguides – TE, TM Analysis and Dominant Mode, Field Vatiations in the Cross Section, Cut-off Frequencies, Velocities, Wavelengths, Wave Impdeances. Power Transmission and Power Losses. Attenuation Factor – Expressions for Parallel Plate Guide (TEM) and Rectangular Guide (Dominant Mode). UNIT - II:

Microwave Transmission Lines - II:

Circular Waveguides – Introduction, Nature of Fields, Field Variations in the Cross Section, Characteristic Equation, Dominant Mode and Propagation Characteristics. Microstrip Lines – Introduction, Z 0 Relations, Effective Dielectric Constant, Losses, Q factor. Waveguide Cavity Resonators – Rectangular and Cylindrical Cavities, Dominant Modes and Resonant Frequencies, Q Factor and Coupling Coefficients. UNIT - III:

Waveguide Components: Probe and Loop Coupling, Waveguide Windows, Tuning Screws and Posts, Matched Loads, Waveguide Attenuators, Waveguide Phase Shifters, Wave Meters. Waveguide Multiport Junctions: E and H Plane Tees, Magic Tee, Hybrid Ring, Directional Couplers – Characteristics and Applications. UNIT - IV:

Ferrite Components: Ferrites – Composition and Characteristics, Faraday Rotation; Gyrator, Isolator, Circulator. Scattering Matrix: Significance and Formulation, Properties of S-parameters. S-Matrix Calculations for 2-port Junction, E and H Plane Tees, Magic Tee, Directional Coupler, Isolator, Circulator. UNIT- V:

Microwave Tubes – I: Limitations and Losses of Conventional Tubes at Microwave Frequencies; O and M Type Classifications. O Type Tubes: 2 Cavity Klystrons – Structure, Velocity Diagram, Small Signal Theory, Power o/p and Efficiency. Reflex Klystrons – Structure, Velocity Diagram, Principle of Working, Expressions for Power o/p and Efficiency, Electronic Admittance; Mode Characteristics, Methods of Tuning.

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UNIT- VI:

Microwave Tubes – II:

Helix TWTs - Significance of Slow Wave Structures, Description of TWT and

its Amplification Process (Qualitative Treatment), Suppression of Oscillations,

Gain Considerations.

M – Type Tubes : Introduction, Cross-field effects, Magnetrons – types, 8

cavity Cylindrical Travelling Wave Magnetron, Hull Cut-off and Hartree Conditions, Modes of Resonance and PI-Mode Operations, Performance Characteristics. UNIT- VII:

Microwave Solid State Devices:

Introduction, Classification, Applications. TEDs, Gunn Diode – Principle, RWH Theory, Modes and Characteristics; READ, IMPATT and TRAPATT Diodes – Principles of Operation and Performance Characteristics. Parametric Amplifiers – Principle of Operation, Types, Characteristics and Applications.

UNIT- VIII:

Microwave Measurements:

Description of Microwave Bench (X – band), Different Blocks and their Features, Precautions. Measurement of Reflex Klystron Mode Characteristics. Microwave Power Measurement. Measurement of Attenuation, Frequency, VSWR, Cavity Q and Impedance. TEXT BOOKS:

1. Microwave Devices and Circuits – Samuel Y. Liao, 3 rd ed., 1994.

2. Microwave Principles – H.J. Reich et al., CBS Publ., New Delhi, 2004.

3. Foundations for Microwave Engineering – R.E. Collin, IEEE Press, John Wiley, 2 nd ed.,2002.

REFRENCE BOOKS:

1. Microwave Circuits and Passive Devices – M.L. Sisodia and G.S. Raghuvanshi, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Age International Publ., 1995.

2. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E.C. Jordan and K.G. Balmain, PHI, 2 nd Ed., 2000.

3. Electronic and Radio Engineering – F.E. Terman, McGraw-Hill, 4 th ed., 1955.

4. Microwave Engineering Passive Circuits – P.A. Rizzi, PHI, 1999.

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

C3 EC06 - ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION

UNIT – I:

MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION: Analog and digital Measurements ,Performance characteristics-Types of errors -Statistical analysis of errors and the Gaussian error, curve limitation errors.

UNIT – II:

BRIDGES : D.C. Bridges and their applications, A.C Bridges and their applications. twin T and Bridged- T bridges, Shielding of bridges.

UNIT – III:

REVIEW OF AC INDICATORS INSTRUMENTS:

ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS: electronic D.C. Voltmeter, electronic A.C. voltmeters, Balanced bridge voltmeters, DVMs.

UNIT – IV:

MEASUREMENT OF POWER : Power measurement on transmission lines, VU meter.

UNIT – V:

OSCILLOSCOPE: Basic Circuitry, time base generator, modes of operation, synchronization of sweep circuits, CRO probes ADVANCED LAB OSCILLOSCOPES: High frequency considerations, Sampling CRO ,storage CRO, applications of CRO. Ohm-meter and its applications in measurements of very low capacitances and impedance of tuned circuits.

UNIT – VI:

WAVE FORM GENERATORS: Signal generators, function generators, wave analyzers, harmonic distortion analyzer, spectrum analyzer.

UNIT – VII:

FREQUENCY AND TIME MEASUREMENTS: Time based and associated circuitry ,frequency measurement, period measurement, time interval measurement, universal counter timer.

UNIT – VIII:

TRANCEDUCERS: principle, classification characteristics, selection criteria and area of applications

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FORCE AND DISPLACEMENT TRANSEDUCER: Strain gauge, LVDT, Temperature transducers: Resistance and Thermocouple types. MISLLANEOUS TRANSDUCERS: Measurement of force, pressure, vacuum levels velocity, acceleration, humidity, moisture, photo – sensitive, magnetic and radio-active transducers, Piezoelectric transducers.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques

:W.DCooper,PHI

2. Electronic Measurements :Terman and petit.

REFRENCE BOOKS:

1. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation : Oliver and Dage

2. Transducers and Display Systems: B.S.Sonde

3. Instrumentation Devoice and systems :C.S. Rangan ,G.R.Sarma and Mani.

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

CE EC07 - COMMUNICATIONS LABORATORY

1. Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation.

2. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation.

3. Balanced Modulator and Demodulator.

4. Sampling theorem.

5. Pulse amplitude Modulation and Demodulation.

6. Pulse Width Modulation and Demodulation.

7. Time Division Multiplexing & Demultiplexing.

8. Pulse Code Modulation AND Demodulation.

9. Delta Modulation and Demodulation.

10. FSK Modulation and Demodulation.

11. PSK Modulation and Demodulation.

12. Differential Pulse Code Modulation and Demodulations.

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B.TECH. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE

C3EC08 - I.C.APPLICATIONS LABORATORY

1. APPLICATIONS OF OPAMP

2. FULL WAVE RECTIFER CIRCUITS

3. 555 TIMER APPLICATIONS

4. DESIGN & VERFICATION OF HALF ADDER, FULL ADDER, HALF SUBTRACTOR AND FULL SUBTRACTOR

5. FLIPFLOPS

6. IC FUNCTION GENERATOR

7. FILTER CIRCUITS

8. VOLTAGE REGULATOR

9. LOGIC GATES

10. PHASE LOCKED LOOP

11. DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER

12. DECADE COUNTER

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SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

IV YEAR

S.NO.

CODE No.

NAME OF THE SUBJECT

CREDITS

1.

C4 EC01

VlSI Technology & Design

 

8

2.

C4 EC02

Communication Systems

 

8

3.

C4 EC03

Advanced Communications

 

8

     

Elective – I

   

4.

C4 EC20

Digital image Processing

 

8

C4 EC21

Optical Networks & Communications

     

Elective – II

   

C4 EC22

Embedded

Systems

&

Advanced

5.

Computer Architecture

 

8

C4 EC23

Data Communication & Computer Networks

6.

C4 EC04

Microprocessors

&

Micro-controllers

4

Lab

7.

C4 EC05

Microwave & Signal processing Lab

4

8

C4 EC06

 

Project

16

46

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4 EC01 - VLSI TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

UNIT I: Introduction to IC technology, MOS, PMOS, NMOS, CMOS technologies- P-Well, n-well and Twin tub processes, BI-CMOS technology.

UNIT II: Basic electrical properties of MOS and BI-CMOS circuits- Ids vs. Vds relationships aspects of Vt- conductance’s-pass transistor, NMOS circuits, pull-up and pull- down ratio- forms of pull-up CMOS inverters, inverters design and Analysis-Catch-up.

UNIT III: Circuit design processes-Stick diagrams- layout design rules, scaling of MOS circuits, limitations of scaling.

UNIT IV: Logic gates and other complex gates- Switch logic- alternate gate circuits- Basic circuit concepts- Sheet Resistance Rs and its concept to MOS- Area capacitance Units- Calculations-t delays- driving large capacitive loads- wiring capacitances- Fan-in and Fan-out, choice of layers.

UNIT V: Sequential Machines- Latches- Flip-Flops- Sequential Systems and clocking disciplines. Sequential System Design- Power Optimization- Sequential Testing.

UNIT VI: Sub System Design- Shifters- Adders- ALUs- Multipliers- Parity Generators- Comparators- Zero/One Detectors Counters –High Density Memory Elements.

UNIT VII: Floor Planning, Introduction- Floor Planning Methods- off Chip Connectors- Packages- I/O Architecture- Pad Design.

UNIT VIII: CMOS Testing, Need for Testing- Test Principles- Design Strategies for Test- Chip Level Test Techniques- System Level Test techniques – Layout Design for improved Testability and the Algorithms to Layout. TEXTBOOKS:

1. Wayne Wolf- Modern VLSI Design-Weste Eshraghian.

2. Douglas A. Puck Nell, Kamran Eshraghian: Basic VLSI Design, (PHI 3rd Edition).

3. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design- Weste Eshraghian.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. John M. Rabaey: Digital Integrated Circuits (PHI, EEE) 1997.

2. Introduction to VLSI circuits and Systems-John. P- Uyemura- John Wiley.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

(C4 EC02) COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

UNIT – I:

RADIO RECEIVERS

TRF and superheterodyne receivers, RF, mixer and IF stages, choice of IF, Image frequency, alignment and tracking of radio receivers, AGC, tone and volume controls, Receiver characteristics and their measurements, FM receivers, Communication receivers, Fading and diversity reception.

UNIT – II:

TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS

Classification of telecommunication switching systems, major telecommunication networks, Space division switching and Time division switching, Time multiplexed space switching, time multiplexed time switching, combination switching.

TELEPHONE NETWORKS

Subscriber loop systems, Switching hierarchy and transmission plan, Transmission systems, Numbering plan, Charging plan, Inchannel signalling, common channel signalling, cellular mobile telephony, Introduction to Integrated Switching Digital Network (ISDN).

UNIT - III:

Mobile Radio: Frequency reuse, Cell splitting, Propagation effects. Broadband ISDN -Interactive and distributed services, Continuous and bursty traffic, Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint connects. Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) system.

UNTI – IV:

The nature of Radar, Block schematic of pulse radar, Simple Radar Equation, Radar frequencies, Applications of Radars. THE RADAR EQUATION:

Prediction of range performance, Minimum detectable signal, receiver noise, Signal to noise ratio, integration of radar pulses, Radar cross section of targets

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(significance), Transmitter power, PRF and Range ambiguities, Qualitative treatment of system losses.

UNIT – V:

CW AND FM RADAR:

The Doppler effect, CW Radar – Block diagram, Isolation between transmitter and receiver, nonzero IF receiver, applications of CW radar. FM-CW radar – Block diagram and characteristics, multiple frequency CW radar.

UNIT – VI:

MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR:

Introduction, Principle, MTI radar with power-amplifier transmitter and power- oscillator transmitter; Delay line cancellors – filter characteristics, blind speeds, double cancellation, Staggered PRF, Range Gated Doppler Filters, Limitations to MTI performance; Non-coherent MTI, MTI versus Pulse Doppler Radar.

UNIT – VII:

TRACKING RADAR:

Tracking with radar, Sequential lobing, conical scan, mono pulse radar – amplitude comparison and phase comparison mono pulse. Low angle tracking, tracking in range, acquisition, comparison of trackers.

UNIT – VIII:

ANTENNAS FOR RADAR APPLICATIONS:

Parabolic-reflector antennas, Cassegrain Antennas, Cosecant Squared antennas, Introduction to Phased Array Antennas (basic concepts and applications), Radar receiver, displays and duplexers. DETECTION OF RADAR SIGNALS IN NOISE:

Matched filter receiver, Correlation receiver, Introduction to ECM and ECCM. TEXT BOOKS:

1. Introduction to Radar Systems – M.I. Skolnik, McGraw-Hill, 2 nd ed.

2. Telecommunication Switching, Systems & Networks – by Thyagarajan Viswanthan, PHI (1999) (for Units 3 & 4).

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Introduction to Telephone Switching – by B.E. Briely, Addison Wesley.

2. Radio Engineering – by G.K. Mithal, Khanna Publ.

3. Electronic and Radio Engineering – by FE Terman (for Units 1 & 2), McGraw-Hill.

4. Electronic Communication Systems – by Kennedy (for Units 1 & 2), McGraw-Hill.

5. Communication Systems – Simon Haykin (for Unit 5), John Wiley.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4 EC03 - ADVANCED COMMUNICATIONS

UNIT – I:

INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS:

A basic cellular system, performance criteria, Uniqueness of Mobile Radio

Environment, Operation of cellular systems, planing cellular systems, Analog and digital cellular systems. ELEMENTS OF CELLULAR RADIO SYSTEM DESIGN:

General description of the problem, concept of frequency channels, Co-channel Interference Reduction Factor, desired C/I from a normal case in an Omnidirectional Antenna System, Cell Splitting, consideration of the components of cellular systems.

UNIT – II:

INTERFERENCE:

Introduction to co-channel interference, real time co-channel interference, co- channel measurement, design of antenna system, antenna parameters and their effects, diversity receiver, non co-channel interference – different types.

UNIT – III:

CELL COVERAGE FOR SIGNAL AND TRAFFIC:

General introduction, obtaining the Mobile point-to-point mode, Propagation over water or flat open area, foliage loss, propagation in near distance, long distance propagation, point-to-point prediction model – characteristics, cell site, antenna heights and signal coverage cells, mobile to mobile propagation. CELL SITE ANTENNAS & MOBILE ANTENNAS:Characteristics, Antennas

at cell site, Mobile Antennas.

UNIT – IV:

FREQUENCY MANANGEMENT AND CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT:

Frequency management, fixed channel assignment, non-fixed channel assignment, traffic and channel assignment. HAND-OFF, DROPPED CALLS:

Why hand-off, types of hand-off and their characteristics, dropped call rates and their evaluation. OPERATIONAL TECHNIQUES:

Parameters, Coverage hole filler, leaky feeders, cell splitting and small cells, Narrow beam concept.

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UNIT – V:

INTRODUCTION:

The Origin of Satellite Communications, a brief history of Satellite Communications, the Current State of Satellite Communications. ORIBITAL ASPECTS OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS:

Orbitals, Mechanics, Look Angle determination, Orbital perturbations, Orbit determination, launches and launch vehicles, Orbital effects in communication systems performance.

UNIT – VI:

SPACE CRAFT:

Introduction, spacecraft subsystems, attitude and orbit control system, telemetry, tracking and command, power systems, communication subsystems, Spacecraft antennas.

UNIT – VII:

SATELLITE LINK DESIGN:

Basic transmission theory, system noise temperature and G/T ratio, Design of down links, up link design, Design of satellite links for specified C/N. MULTIPLE ACCESS:

Frequency division multiple access (FDMA), Time division Multiple Access (TDMA), Code Division Multiple access (CDMA).

UNIT – VIII:

EARTH STATION TECHNOLOGY:

Earth station Design, Design of Large Antennas, Tracking, Small earth station Antennas, equipment for Earth Stations.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Mobile Cellular Telecommunications – by William C.Y. Lee, McGraw-

Hill.

2. Wireless Communications – by Theodore S. Rappaport, Pearson Education.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Satellite Communications – by M. Richharia, MacMillan Publ.

2. Satellite Communications – by Pratt, John Wiley.

3. Satellite Communications – by Robert M. Giglardi, CBS Publ.

4. Satellite Communications – by Agarwal.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4 EC20 - DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTIVE- I)

UNIT – I:

Digital Image fundamentals: Digital Image representation, elements of digital image processing system, elements of visual perception, image model, sampling and quantization, basic relationships between pixels, imaging geometry.

UNIT – II:

Image transforms: Fourier transform, Discrete Fourier transforms, properties of 2-D Fourier transform – Fast Fourier transform, Walsh transform, Hadamard transform, Discrete Cosine transform, Hotelling transform.

UNIT – III:

Image enhancement: Background, Enhancement by point processing, Histogram processing, Spatial filtering and enhancement in frequency domain, Image smoothing, Image sharpening, Colour Image processing.

UNIT – IV:

Image restoration: Degradation model, Algebraic approach to restoration, Inverse filtering, Least Mean Square filters, Constrained Least Squares Restoration – Interactive Restoration .

UNIT – V:

Image Coding - Fidelity criteria, Encoding process, Error free encoding, Image coding relative to fidelity criterion – Image compression models, the source encoder and decoder, the channel encoder and decoders, Error- free compression, Lossy compression.

UNIT – VI:

Image Segmentation: Detection of discontinuities, Edge linking and boundary detection, Thresholding, Region Oriented Segmentation.

UNIT – VII:

Representation and description: Various Schemes for representation, Boundary descriptors and reginal descriptors.

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UNIT – VIII:

Image reconstruction from projections, random transform, convolution, filter back projection algorithms.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Digital Image Processing – by R.C. Gonzalez & R.E. Woods, Addison Wesley.

2. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing – by A.K. Jain, PHI.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Fundamentals of Electronics Image Processing- by Arther R. Weeks, Jr. PHI.

2. Image Processing & Machine Vision – by Milan Sonka, Vaclav Hlavac, Roger Boyle, 2 nd edition.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4 EC21 - OPTICAL NETWORKS & COMMUNICATIONS (ELECTIVE-I)

UNIT – I:

INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS:

Introduction and Historical Background, Elements of an optical fiber communication system, Advantages of Optical Fiber Communications, Applications.

OPTICAL FIBER WAVEGUIDES:

Nature of light, Basic optical laws and definitions, optical fiber modes and configurations (Fiber types, Rays and modes, step index and graded index fibers), Ray optics representation, wave representation, Mode theory of circular wave guides, single-mode fibers, Graded – index fibers, fiber materials.

UNIT – II:

TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS:

Attenuation - Absorption, scattering and bending losses in fibers, core and cladding losses. Signal distortion in optical waveguides, different types of dispersions, pulse broadening.

UNIT –III:

OPTICAL SOURCES AND DETECTORS:

Basic semiconductor properties, LEDs – Structures, light source materials, internal quantum efficiency, modulation capability, transient response, power bandwidth product. Semiconductor Laser Diodes - modes and resonant frequencies, reliability. Physical principles of PIN photo detectors, avalanche photo diodes. Noise in detectors.

UNIT – IV:

OPTICAL RECEIVER AND DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS:

Fundamental receiver operation, digital receiver performance calculation, pre amplifier types, analog receivers, point to point links, link power budget, Rise time Budget, transmission distance limits, Wavelength Division Multiplexing.

UNIT – V:

OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS:

Source to fiber power launching – basics, fiber alignment and joint loss, fiber splices, fiber connectors, Measurement of attenuation and dispersion.

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UNIT - VI:

INTRODUCTION & TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE Three Generations of Digital Transport Networks, Brief Introduction to WDM and TDM, Optical Market Place, Wireless Optical Systems, Optical Nodes, Key terms, Evolution of Optical Networks, Local Connections, Backbone Connections, Digital Multiplexing Hierarchy, Digital Signaling Hierarchy (T or DS), Layered Protocol Model Networks, Considerations for Internetworking Layers.

UNIT -VII:

TIMING & SYNCHRONIZATION Timing and Synchronization Digital Networks, Effect of Timing Error, Clocking Signal, Types of Timing in Networks, Timing Variations, Method of Clock Exchange, Distribution of Timing Using SONET and DS1, Timing Downstream Devices, Building Integrated Timing Supply, Synchronization Status Messages, Timing Loops

UNIT - VIII:

SONET and SDH Reasons for Success of SONET/SDH, SONET Multiplexing Hierarchy, SONET/SDH Multiplexing Structure, SONET/SDH Frame Structure, SONET and SDH Functional Components, SONET and SDH Problem Detection, Locating and Adjusting Payload with pointers, Virtual Tributaries and Virtual Containers, SONET and SDH Concatenation

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Optical Fiber Communications – Gerd Keiser, Mc Graw-Hill, 3 rd edition

2. Optical Networks – by Uyless Black, PEI

3. Optical Fiber Communications – John M. Senior, PHI, 2 nd edition

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Fibre Optic Communications – by D.K. Mynbaev and Lowell L. Scheiner,

Pearson

Education.

2. Fibre Optic Communication Systems – by

Wiley Publ.

55

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4 EC22 - EMBEDDED SYSTEMS AND ADVANCED

COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE

(ELECTIVE –II)

UNIT – I:

INTRODUCTION:

Embedded systems overview, design challenge, processor technology, IC technology, Design Technology, Trade-offs.

Single purpose processors: RT-level combinational logic, sequential logic (RT- level), custom single purpose processor design (RT-level), optimizing custom single purpose processors.

UNIT – II:

GENERAL PURPOSE PROCESSORS:

Basic architecture, operation – pipelining, programmer’s view, development environment, Application Specific Instrumentation-Set Processors (ASIPs) – Micro Controllers and Digital Signal Processors.

UNIT – III:

STATE MACHINE & CONCURRENT PROCESS MODELS:

Introduction, models Vs. languages, finite state machines with data path model (FSMD), using state machines, program state machine model (PSM), concurrent process model, concurrent processes, communication among processes, synchronization among processes, implementation, data flow model, real-time systems.

UNIT – IV:

DESIGN TECHNOLOGY:

Introduction automation: synthesis, the parallel evolution of compilation and synthesis, logic synthesis, RT synthesis, Behavioral synthesis, Systems synthesis and hardware/software code sign, verification, hardware/software co-simulation, reuse of intellectual property codes.

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UNIT – V:

Trends towards parallel processing, parallelism in uniprocessor systems, parallel computer structures, architectural classification schemes, parallel processing applications, memory hierarchy in parallel processing systems, addressing schemes. Pipleline concept, linear pipelining and space time diagram, classification of pipeline processors, nonlinear pipeline and reservation table, interleaved memory organization, arithmetic pipelines, principles of designing pipeline processors, vector processing.

UNIT – VI:

SIMD array processors, organization, masking and routing mechanisms, inter PE communications, SIMD inter connection networks, single stage and multi stage networks, mesh connected Illiac networks, parallel shifter, shuffle exchange and omega networks, parallel algorithms for array processors, matrix multiplication, polynomial evaluation, parallel sortings, fast fourier transform computation, associative array processor.

UNIT – VII:

Multiprocessor architecture, loosely coupled and tightly coupled multiprocessor systems, processor characteristics, inter connection networks crossbar switch and multi port memories, multi stage networks, banyan and delta networks parallel memory organization, multiprocessing operating systems, classification and requirements, software requirements for MPS, language features to exploit parallelism, multi processor scheduling strategies, parallel algorithms.

UNIT – VIII:

Data flow computers, control flow versus data flow, data flow computer architectures, data flow graphs, data flow languages, Dennis and Irvine machines, dataflow design alternatives, dependence driven and multi level event driven approaches, VLSI computing structures, systolic array architecture, VLSI matrix arithmetic processor.

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TEXT BOOKS:

1. Embedded System Design – A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction – by Frank Vahid, Tony D. Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2002.

2. Introduction to Embedded Systems – by Raj Kamal, TMH, 2002.

3. “Computer Architecture and parallel processing”, Hwang K, Briggs F.A McGraw Hill.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Embedded Microcomputer Systems – by Jonathan W. Valvano, Brooks/Cole, Thompson Learning.

2. Advanced Computing Architectures, Dezso Sima, Terence Fountain, Peter

Kacsuk, Pearson education.

3. Scalable Parallel Computing , K. Hwang, Z. Xu, Mc Graw Hill.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4 EC23 - DATA COMMUNICATION & COMPUTR NETWORKS (ELECTIVE-II)

UNIT – I:

DATA COMMUNICATION METHODS: Data communication circuit configuration topologies. Point to point, multi drop, star, ring, transmission modes, 2-wire and 4- wire operation, data communication codes, error detection, Equalization, error correction, check up method, synchronization, line. Control unit, DART, USART, Serial interfaces, terminal types, data modems, modulation.

UNIT – II:

DATA COMMUNINCATIN PROTOCOLS: Asynchronous protocols, Synchronous protocols, IBM biSync protocol, SDLC, HDLC, HDLC line procedures and HDLC data transfer.

UNIT – III:

DIGITAL MULTIPLEXER: Time Division Multiplexing, Block Diagram of PCM, TDM system, Modem, sampling data signals, line encoding, T-carriers, Repeater, Frame Synchronization, Bit interleaving and Word interleaving, Concentrator, Multiplexer, Introduction to frequency. Multiplexing, data transmission on FDM systems.

UNIT – IV:

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER NETWORKS: Goals, applications, Structure, Architecture, ISO-OSI reference Model, TCP/IP reference model, BISDN reference model and its comparisons. PHYSICAL LAYER: Transmission and Multiplexing, Digital Transmission, X.21. Digital interface, circuit. Switching and packet Switching, Terminal Handling, Polling, Packet Assembler / Dissembler, Errors nature. Error Correction/Detection codes.

UNIT – V:

DATALINK LAYER: Simplex protocols, Unrestricted Stop and Wait and Sliding Window protocols. MEDIUM ACCESS SUBLAYER: Pure Aloha, Slotted ALOHA, Controlled ALOHA and reservation ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA/CD Protocols, Token bus è Token ring, collision free and limited contention protocols.

UNIT – VI:

NETWORK LAYER: Virtual Circuits and Data grams, routing algorithms, flooding, Static, decentralized, Isolated, distributed, Hierarchical, and

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broadcast routing algorithms, Congestion, congestion control, congestion avoidance, algorithms-Leaky bucket and Token Bucket algorithm. Network layer in the internet and ATM

UNIT – VII:

TRANSPORT AND SESSION LAYERS: Transport service, addressing and connection establishment, Flow control and Buffering, Synchronization, Crash Recovery, Gateways, Internet work packet Fragmentation, Transport Layer in the Internet and ATM.

UNIT – VIII:

PRESENTATION LAYER: Network security and privacy, Data encryption, Key distribution, Public key, cryptography authentication and digital signature, text compression. Virtual terminal protocols. A file transfer protocols APPLICATION LAYER: Domain Name Service, Electronic mail, World Wide Web, Multimedia.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Advanced electronic communication systems: W. Tomasi (Ch.1, 2,3,5,

partly 6)1987

P.H.I.

2. COMPUTER NETWORK: Andrew S. Tennenbaum, PHI 1985.

3. Computer Communications by William Stallings- PHI

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Data communication and teleprocessing Systems (ch2, 3,4,6,7,10,11,12,14,15,17,18,19) 2 nd edition 1087P.H.I 1985.

2. Data Networks, BertSerkis and Gallaga, Prentice Hall.

3. Data Communications and Networking- Behronz A.foronzan-TMH –2004.

4. Data Communications by Gupta.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4EC04 - MIECROPROCESSORS AND MICRO-CONTROLLERS LAB

I. Microprocessor 8086

1. Introduction to MASMT/TASM.

2. Arithmetic operation – Multi byte Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication and Division – Signed and unsigned Arithmetic operation, ASCII – arithmetic operation.

3. Logic operations –Shift and rotate-Converting packed BCD to unpacked BCD, BCD to ASCII conversion.

4. By using string operation and instruction prefix: Move Block, Reverse string, Sorting, Inserting, Deleting, Length and of the string, String comparison.

5. Modular Program: Procedure, Near and Far implementation, Recursion.

6. DOS/BIOS programming: Reading keyboard (Buffered with and without echo) – Display characters, Strings.

II. Interfacing

1. 8259- Interrupt Controller.

2. 8279- Keyboard Display

3. 8255- PPI

4. 8251- USART.

III. Microcontroller 8051

1. Reading and Writing on a parallel port.

2. Timer in different modes.

3. Serial communication implementation

4. Understanding three memory areas of 00-FF (Programs using above areas).

5. Using external interrupts.

6. Programs using special instructions like swap, bit/byte, set/reset etc.

7. Programs based on short, page, absolute addressing.

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE

C4EC05 - MICTROWAVE AND SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY

1. Reflex Klystron characteristics.

2. Gunn Diode Characteristics.

3. Directional coupler characteristics.

4. Waveguide parameter characteristics

5. Scattering parameters of Circulator

6. Scattering parameters of Directional Coupler.

7. Generation of various signal waveforms using MATLAB.

8. Program to find frequency response and PSD of given signal

9. Linear Convolution and Correlation of given signals.

10. Even and Odd parts of given signal.

11. Design of IIR filters.

12. Design of FIR filters using windowing technique.

C4EC06 – PROJECT WORK

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