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Third Periodical Test in Science 8

Name: ____________________________ Date: ____________________________


Sec: ____________________________

I. MATTER

1. When water changes into water vapor, this is called


a. condensation
b. transpiration
c. precipitation
d. evaporation

2. Solid, liquid, and gas are called the states of


a. volume
b. mass
c. matter

3. Which of the following is NOT a phase of matter?


a. Gas
b. Solution
c. Liquid
d. Solid

4. Sublimation is a change from a


a. solid to a liquid.
b. gas to a liquid.
c. solid to a gas.
d. liquid to a solid.

5. Vaporization that takes place inside a liquid is called


a. evaporation
b. boiling
c. condensation
d. sublimation

6. Matter is made of
a. matter
b. particles
c. gravity

7. When water freezes, it turns into


a. water
b. ice
c. water vapor

8. When ice melts, it turns into a


a. solid
b. liquid
c. gas

9. Liquids form into


a. any shape.
b. the shape of their container.
c. no shape.

10. When water evaporates, it turns into


a. water vapor
b. water
c. ice

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Third Periodical Test in Science 8

11. Which letter on the diagram best represents when melting occurs? 
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. E

12. The motion of the particles is most orderly in 


a. solids
b. liquids
c. gases
d. solvents

13. The temperature at which the substance is melting is the temperature at which the substance is
freezing. 
a. less than
b. more than
c. the same as

14. If sufficient energy is added to a solid,


it always changes with regard to its… 
a. volume
b. phase
c. color
d. density

15. Select all of the following that qualify as chemical properties.


a. Reactivity with water e. Creating gases
b. pH f. Texture
c. Flammability g. Color
d. Rusting h. Creating new Chemical Product

16. Select all of the following that qualify as physical changes.


a. burning
b. bending
c. breaking
d. dissolving
e. crushing
f. evaporating
g. melting
h. decaying

17. Solids have a crystal lattice because the particles


a. vibrate around fixed positions.
b. move in all directions.
c. attract one another strongly.
d. are not compressible at all.

18. Which is true regarding the solid model?


a. There are strong forces of attraction between the particles.
b. The particles move around freely.
c. There are great open spaces between the particles.
d. The particles move great distances before they collide.

19. Which statement about the Law of Conservation of Mass is NOT true?
a. The mass of reactants must equal the mass of products.
b. All the atoms on the reactants side of an equation are also on the products side.
c. The reaction creates new types of atoms.
d. Atoms are not lost, but are rearranged.

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Third Periodical Test in Science 8

20. Which of the following statements in incorrect? (more than one answer)
a. Isobars possess the same chemical properties.
b. Isotopes occupy the same position on the Periodic Table.
c. Isotopes possess the same atomic number.
d. In isobars, the total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus in same.

II. MULTIPLE CHOICE. ENCIRCLE THE LETTER OF THE CORRECT ANSWER.

1. Atoms can be viewed under this type of microscope.


a. High-powered Light Microscope
b. Scanning Tunneling Microscope
c. Electron Microscope
d. None of these

2. A particle consisting of two or more atoms combined together in a specific arrangement


a. Atoms b. particle c. Molecule d. Matter

3. The property of matter which have definite shapes and volume because the properties are packed closely
together.
a. Solid b. Liquid c. Gas d. Plasma

4. It refers to the amount of material contained in an object.


a. Weight b. Mass c. Volume d. none of these

5. Which of the following is NOT matter?


a. air b. salt c. light d. smoke

6. These are properties of matter except_______.


a. Air b. Solid c. Gas d. Liquid

7. The process by which the molecules on the surface of a liquid change into gas
a. Evaporation b. Condensation c. Saturation d. Filtration

8. The process where a gas is changed into a liquid.


a. Evaporation b. Condensation c. Saturation d. Filtration

9. This is the organized chart of Elements.


a. Periodic Table of Elements
b. Periodic Chart of Elements
c. Periodic Graph of Elements
d. None of these

10. Which of the following best describes an atom?


a. protons and electrons grouped together in a random pattern
b. protons and electrons grouped together in an alternating pattern
c. a core of protons and neutrons surrounded by electrons
d. a core of electrons and neutrons surrounded by protons

11. Which of the following is found farthest from the center of an atom?
a. Nucleus b. proton c. neutron d. electron

12. Which class of elements best conducts electricity?


a. Metals b. Nonmetals c. Metalloids d. Noble (Inert) Gases

13. What happens when a sample of water turns to ice?


a. new molecules are formed.
b. the mass of the sample is increased.
c. the arrangement of the molecules changes.
d. energy is absorbed by the molecules.

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Third Periodical Test in Science 8

14. What characteristic of carbon (C) makes it essential to living organisms?


a. Carbon forms crystal structures under certain conditions.
b. Carbon can exist as a solid, liquid, or gas.
c. Carbon bonds in many ways with itself to form chains.
d. Carbon exists in radioactive forms.

15. Alkali metals, and halogens are found respectively in Group__ and __ in the Periodic Table.
a. 1 and 15 b. 2 and 12 c. 1 and 17 d. 1 and 2

16. Atoms of metallic elements tend to


a. gain electrons and form positive ions
b. lose electrons and form positive ions
c. lose electrons and form negative ions
d. gain electrons and form negative ions

17. Which of the following generally applies to the noble gases?


a. high ionization energy, low electronegativity, high reactivity
b. high ionization energy, high electronegativity, high reactivity
c. low ionization energy, low electronegativity, low reactivity
d. high ionization energy, low electronegativity, low reactivity

18. Which are found in the nucleus of an atom?


a. electrons and protons b. neutrons and protons c. neutrons and electrons d. none of these

Use the Diagram below to answer items 19-22

19. The part of an atom labeled B is a(an)


a. proton b. neutron c. electron d. none

20. The part of an atom labeled C is a(an)


a. proton b. neutron c. electron d. none

21. The part of an atom labeled A is a(an)


a. proton b. neutron c. electron d. none

22. Scientists use this model to study atoms


a. so large b. so small c. easy to see d. so visible

23-30 Categorize the following elements as:

a. Metalloids
b. Nonmetals
c. Halogens
d. Noble Gases

23. Krypton ______ 27. Chlorine ______


24. Bromine ______ 28. Oxygen ______
25. Boron ______ 29. Helium ______
26. Iodine ______ 30. Sulfur ______

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Third Periodical Test in Science 8

31-35 Refer to the selection below for items 31-35


a. Dmitri Mendeleev
b. John Newlands
c. Johann Dobereiner
d. Henry Moseley

31. English chemist who proposed the Law of Octaves. ______


32. Organized the order of elements in the periodic table according to their atomic numbers. ______
33. He formed the triads of elements with similar properties. ______
34. He discovered that the atomic number closely corresponds to the nuclear charge of the atom. ______
35. He devised the first periodic table. ______

36. Among the scientists who were responsible for the development of the periodic table are:
I. Dmitri Mendeleev II. Johann Dobereiner and III. John Newlands.

Arrange their names in order of the history of the development of the periodic table.
a. I , II, III c. III, I, II
b. II, III, I d. III, II, I

37. The number of protons in an atom represents the


a. ionization energy b. atomic number c. electronegativity d. atomic mass

38. Which of the following is an alkali metal?


a. Ba b. Li c. Pb d. Fe

39. What family of elements includes fluorine and chlorine?


a. noble gases b. halogens c. alkali metals d. none of these

40. Elements that have some properties of both metals and nonmetals are called
a. metalloids b. noble gases c. alkali.metals d. none of these

41-45 Provide the symbols of the following elements:

41. Helium
42. Sulfur
43. Silicon
44. Hydrogen
45. Chlorine

46-50. Tell whether the following statement is:

A. True B. False C. Maybe D. It depends

______46. Noble gases are generally reactive.


______47. Alkali metals are very reactive in their elemental form.
______48. Heat and electricity can easily flow through metals
.______49. It is impossible to predict the properties of any element by its position in the periodic table.
______50. In an atom, the number of protons is equal to the number of electrons.

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