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afb Designation: A 370 - 92 Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products* “The standard i sued under the fined designation A 37, the number immediately following the desgnti inicats the yeas of “nina adoption oi the case of revision the yar ost teviion A umber in parentheses indices the yer of at eappeoral A Ssperseigt epson () dicate an editorial chagge snc the ls revision or reaproval This standard has been approved fer use by agencies ofthe Department of Defense. Consult the DoD Index of Specifications and Standards forthe specific ea" of tue which hasbeen adored by the Deparment of Defense 4. Scope 1.1 These test methods? cover procedures and definitions for the mechanical testing of wrought and cast steel products. ‘The various mechanical tests herein described are used to determine properties required in the product specifications. ‘Variations in testing methods are to be avoided and standard methods of testing are to be followed to obtain reproducible nd comparable results. In those cases where the testing utirements for certain products are unique or at variance with these general procedures, the product specification sting requirements shall control. 1.2 The following mechanical tests are described: Secsions Tension S013 Bend ma Hardness a Brine! 16.07 Rocks is Impact Wie 1.3 Annexes covering details peculiar to certain products, are appended to these test methods as follows: Bar Products “Tabaar Products Fasenes Round Wire Products Significance of NoeheBsr ingact Teng Converng Perentage Elosation of Round Specimens 19 qulvalents for Flt Specimens “ening Seven-Wire Stes Reeved Stand ining of Test Duta -thods or Testing Ste! Reinforcing Bars Procedure foc Use and Conta of Herel Simulation X 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard, 1.5 When this document is referenced in a metric product specification, the yield and tensile values may be determined in inch-pound (ksi) units then converted into SI (MPa) units. The elongation determined in inch-pound gage lengths of 2 or 8 in, may be reported in SI unit gage lengths of 50 or 200 mm, respectively, as applicable. Conversely, when this doc- ‘ument is referenced in an inch-pound product specification, the yield and tensile values may be determined in ST units "These tea methods and defitons ae under the jurdition of ASTM, Commie A-l on Ste, Sites Stel and Related Alloys and are the diet {eaponsbty of Subcommittee AO1.13 on Methods of Mechasieal Tsing ‘Curent ediion approved Jan, 15, 1992, Published March 1992. Onginally published a0 A300 = 83. Lat previus edition A 37091, 2For ASME Boiler and resure Vee Code applications se eset Speci ‘ation 64370 in Section lof hat Code then converted into inch-pound units. The elongation deter- ‘mined in SI unit gage lengths of $0 or 200 mm may be reported in inchpound gage lengths of 2 or 8 in. respectively, as applicable, 1.6 Attention is directed to Practice A 880 when there may be a need for information on criteria for evaluation of testing laboratories. L7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- bility of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents 2.1 ASTM Standards: A356/A 356M Specification for Heavy-Walled, Carbon, Low Alloy, and Stainless Steel Castings for Steam Turbines? A416 Specification for Steel Strand, Uncoated Seven- Wire Stress-Relieved for Prestressed Conerete* A703/A 703M Specification for Steel Castings, General Requirements, for Pressure-Containing Parts? A T8I/A 781M Specification for Castings, Steel and Alloy, Common Requirements, for General Industrial Use? A880 Practice for Criteria for Use in Evaluation of Testing Laboratories and Organizations for Examina- tion and Inspection of Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys? E 4 Practices for Load Verification of Testing Machines® E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing’ E 8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Mate- rials? E 8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials [Metric]* E 10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Mate- rials? E 18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness and Rockwell Superficial Hardness of Metallic Materials* E 23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials* E 29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications? > annuel Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.03 ‘Annual Book of ASTM Stondardr, Vel D108 3 Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Vel 0103 ‘Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 030% * Annual Book of ASTI Standards, Vol 1802. fh A370 E83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometers® E 110 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers® E 190 Method for Guided Bend Test for Ductility of Welds? E 208 Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels® E290 Test Method for Semi-Guided Bend Test for Ductility of Metallic Materials? 2.2 Other Document: ‘ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section Viti, Division I, Part UG-84° 3. General Precautions 3.1 Certain methods of fabrication such as bending, forming, and welding, or operations involving heating, may affect the propérties of the material under test. Therefore, the product specifications cover the stage of manufacture at Which mechanical testing is to be performed. The properties shown by testing prior to fabrication may not necessarily be representative of the product after it has been completely fabricated. . . 3.2 Improper machining or preparation of test specimens may give erroneous results. Care should be exercised to assure good workmanship in machining. Improperly ma- chined specimens should be discarded and other specimens substituted. 3.3 Flaws in the specimen may also affect results. If any test specimen develops flaws, the retest provision of the applicable product specification shall govern. 3.4 If any test specimen fails because ‘of mechanical reasons such as failure of testing equipment or improper specimen preparation, it may be discarded and another specimen taken. 4. Orientation of Test Specimens 4.1 The terms “longitudinal test” and “transverse test” are ‘used only in material specifications for wrought products and are not applicable to castings. When such reference is made to a test coupon or test specimen, the following definitions apply: . 4.1.1 Longitudinal Test, unless specifically defined other- ‘wise, signifies that the lengthwise axis of the specimen is parallel to the direction of the greatest extension of the steel