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Active and Passive Voice English Papers

Arranged by Group 2 :
Ayu Kayyuyu
M Ridha Al Ikhsan
Riva Angesti
Siti Rahayu
Siti Zuhra



TA 2017-2018

Thank God we pray to the presence of Allah Almighty who has bestowed his grace, guidance
and inayah so that we can finish the paper themed "Active And Passive Voive" as one of the task
group of English subjects

In completing this paper, we get so much guidance from various parties, for that I say many
thanks to anyone who helped in completing this paper.

Hopefully this paper can provide benefits in all forms of teaching and learning, so as to
facilitate the achievement of national education goals. But this paper is still not perfect, therefore I
hope the criticism and suggestion that will make this paper better.



A. Background

Passive voice (Passive sentence) is one of the most frequently used phrases in
English. Passive voice is also available in Indonesian language, for example eating to be
eaten, drinking to be drunk. how to form passive sentence is as follows: Change the object in
the active into the subject in passive form, Put by after the main verb in passive form before
the subject, Verbs used are verb 3 which preceded to be, and compose the sentence adjusting
tenses. In English there are forms: Present Passive Voice, Past Passive Voice, Future Passive
Voice, and Auxiliary Passive Voice Capital.

B. Problem Formulation
1. What is the definition of active and passive voice?
2. What is the active and passive voice formula?

C. Purpose of Writing
1. Knowing the definition of active and passive voice
2. Knowing the formulas in active and passive voice
3. Knowing some examples in active and passive voice



The transitive verb has two (grammatical) voices, namely active voice (active) and
passive voice (passive).
1. Active voice (active form), the subject does the job. Example: Jane killed a tiger = Jane
killed a tiger (here the person who is shown by the subject is Jane, doing a job on a tiger).
2. Passive voice (passive form), subject subject to work.
Example: A tiger was killed by Jane. (here the animal indicated by the subject is a tiger,
subject to the work of Jane).
 PASSIVE VOICE (Passive Sentence)
Passive voice (passive sentence) is a sentence whose subject is subject to work. In
Indonesian this phrase uses a verb that begins with di (sold, called, written, etc.).
Bob eats rice every day (Bob eats rice every day)

Rice is eaten by Bob every day (rice eaten by Bob every day)
* subject occupies the position of the object and vice versa
No Tenses Active Passive
1. S. present V1+O Is/am/are+v3+by……
2. Present Cont. Is/am/are+v.ing+o Is/am/are+being v3+by….

3. S. Past V2+O Was/were+v3+by….

4. Past Cont Was/were+v.ing+o Was/were+being v3+by….

5. Pres. Perfect Have/has+v3+o Have/has+been v3+by….

6. Past Perfect Had+v3+o Had+been v3+by….

7. S. Future Will/shall+v1+o Will/shall+be v3+by….
8. Past Future Would/should+v1+o Would/should+be v3+by….

9. Capital 1 Can/must/may+v1+o Can/must/may+be v3+by…

10. Capital 2/ Could/had Could/had to/might+be+v3

Old Capital to/might+v1+o +by…..

Make sure that in general the change from active to passive form is only to a verb
converted to tobe + v3.
See and note the following example examples;

No Active Passive
1. Messi eats rice every day Rice is eaten by Kustam every day
2. I am studying English now English is being studied (by me) now

3. Paijan ate ‘satay’ last night ‘satay’ was eaten by Paijan last night
4. Tumini was making a dress The dress was being made by Tumini

5. He has written a letter The letter has been written (by him)
6. You had drunk coffee The coffee had been drunk (by you)
7. Paiman will kiss you You will be kissed by Paiman
8. Tukijan would climb a tree The tree woould be climbed by Tukijan

9. She can drive a car The car can be driven (by her)
10. You could pass the exam last year The exam could be passed (by you) last

In changing the sentence from the'active 'form into a' passive 'form, there are some
important things to be aware of. Pay careful attention to the following steps and conditions in
'passive voice':

1. In the passive form the sentence emphasizes its meaning on the thing / thing that is
occupied by the work is not who his / her subject / subject is not clear then better
eliminated. Therefore in some of the above examples the word 'by him' is bracketed
because it can be removed without ignoring its basic meaning. Examples of possible
offenders are: someone, somebody, anybody, I, you, they, we, he, she, it, etc
2. Determination of which subject and the object is very important because the exchange
of place that occurs in this form change the 'object' is placed in the front position to
replace the 'subject' position and vice versa 'subject' is drawn to the back position to
replace the 'object' position.
3. In answering the question you need to pay attention to the 'time signal' description of
the time. Because by knowing it we will be able to determine which passive verb form
we use

Formula Description Time

1. Simple Present:> every day, every week, always, etc.
2. Present Continuous:> now, at the moment, at present, still.
3. Simple Past:> yesterday, Last week, in 1945, ago, when / while
4. Past Continuous:> at 7 o'clock yesterday, when / while
5. Present Perfect:> since, for, recently, since yestrday
6. Past Perfect:> after, before
7. Simple Future:> tomorrow, next week, next month
The game ......... ..because of the heavy rain yesterday
a. Is cancelled d. Be cancelled e. Will be cancelled
b. Was cancelled e. Cancelled
The word 'yesterday' is a description of the time of simple past then the form of a passive
verb that is suitable to fill the question is the formula passive number 3 is a passive simple

Active and passive voice patterns on each tensis

a. If active voice is in simple present tense, then the 'be' passive voice is is, am or are.
Active: He meets them everyday.
Passive: They are met by him everyday.
Active: She waters this plant every two days.
Passive: This plant is watered by her every two days.

b. If active voice is in simple past tense, then the 'be' passive voice is is or were
Active: He met them yesterday
Passive: They were met by him yesterday
Active: She watered this plant this morning
Passive: This plant was watered by her this morning

c. If active voice in present perfect tense, then 'be' passive voice is been placed after
auxiliary has or have, so it has 'has been' or 'have been'
Active: He has met them
Passive: They have been met by him
Active: She has watered this plant for 5 minutes.
Passive: This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes

Active sentences can be converted into passive sentences in the following ways:

1. Tenses passive sentence equal to tense of active sentence.

2. Subject in passive sentence comes from active sentence object.
3. The object in the passive sentence comes from the subject of the active sentence.
4. Verb / verb in active sentence changed to tobe + V3 or tobe + being + V3


A. Conclusion
The transitive verb has two (grammatical) voices, active voice (active) and passive voice
(passive). The active voive sentence is the subject that does the job while the passive voice is
the subject subject to the job. Some things to consider in changing the form of active voice
sentences to the form of passive voice sentence that changes the shape of his tenses and time

B. Suggestions
We determine or work on the matter of passive voice or active voice must be careful,
because in this case more knowledge about tenses and time signals should be required. In the
science of English, the pattern of passive voice is very influential in pronunciation of English
sentences, therefore this lesson can be helpful in solving the problem. Hopefully this paper
can benefit everyone, both readers and listeners. Of course, in this paper there are a lot of
mistakes both of us intentionally or not, therefore the authors ask for criticism and also
suggestions for progress and also perfect this paper so that this paper can be better than

Siswanto, Agus, et al. English Revolution. Jogjakarta: Mawas Press. 2012