Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 8

Parametrizaciones

Cilindro hiperbólico recto:

𝑥2 𝑦2
− =1
𝑎2 𝑏 2

8.1 Se tiene la función:

4𝑥 2 + 4𝑦 2 − 𝑧 2 − 36 = 0
Convertir a la forma de hiperboloide de dos hojas:

𝑥2 𝑦2 𝑧2
+ − =1
22 2 2 62
Parametrizar en x=0
02 𝑦 2 𝑧 2
+ − =1
22 22 6 2

𝑦 𝑧
( )2 − ( )2 = 1
2 6

𝑥=0
𝑦 = 2𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑡
𝑧 = 6𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡

𝛼1 (𝑡) = (0,2 sec 𝑡, 6 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡)

Parametrizar en x=k

𝑦 𝑧 𝑘
( )2 − ( )2 = 1 − ( )2
2 6 2
𝑥=𝑘
𝑘 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒉𝒕𝟐 − 𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒉𝒕𝟐 = 𝟏
𝑦 = 2. √1 − ( )2 𝑐𝑜𝑠ℎ𝑡
2
𝑘
𝑧 = 6. √1 − (2 )2 senh 𝑡

𝑘 𝑘
𝛼2 (𝑡) = (0, 2. √1 − ( )2 𝑐𝑜𝑠ℎ𝑡, 6. √1 − ( )2 senh 𝑡)
2 2
Parametrizar en y=0

𝑥 2 02 𝑧 2
+ − =1
22 22 6 2

𝑥 𝑧
( )2 − ( )2 = 1
2 6

𝑥 = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠ℎ𝑡
𝑦=0
𝑧 = 6𝑠𝑒𝑛ℎ𝑡

𝛼3 (𝑡) = (2𝑐𝑜𝑠ℎ𝑡, 0,6𝑠𝑒𝑛ℎ𝑡)

Parametrizar en y=k
𝑥2 𝑘2 𝑧2
+ − =1
22 22 6 2

𝑥 𝑧 𝑘
( )2 − ( )2 = 1 − ( )2
2 6 2

𝑘
𝑥 = 2√1 − ( )2 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑡
2
𝑦=𝑘
𝑘
𝑧 = 6√1 − (2 )2 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡

𝑘 𝑘
𝛼4 (𝑡) = (2√1 − ( )2 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑡, 𝑘 ,6√1 − ( )2 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡)
2 2
Parametrizar en z=0

𝑥 2 𝑦 2 02
+ − =1
22 22 6 2
𝑥 𝑦
( )2 + ( )2 = 1
2 2
(𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡)2 + (cos 𝑡)2 = 1
𝑥 = 2𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑦 = 2 cos 𝑡
𝑧=0

𝛼5 (𝑡) = (2𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 2 cos 𝑡 , 0)

Parametrizar en z=k

𝑥2 𝑦2 𝑘2
+ − =1
22 22 6 2
𝑥 𝑦 𝑘
( )2 + ( )2 = 1 + ( )2
2 2 6

𝑘
𝑥 = 2√1 + ( )2 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡
6

𝑘
𝑦 = 2√(1 + ( )2 cos 𝑡
6
𝑧=𝑘
𝑘 𝑘
𝛼6 (𝑡) = (2√1 + ( )2 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 2√(1 + ( )2 cos 𝑡 , 𝑘)
6 6
8.2 Hallar la Longitud de Arco en z=3
𝑥2 𝑦2 𝑧2
+ − =1
22 22 6 2
𝑥 2 𝑦 2 32
+ − =1
22 22 6 2

𝑥 𝑦 5
( )2 + ( )2 =
2 2 2

Parametrizando resulta:
5 5
𝛼(𝑡) = (2√ cos 𝑡 , 2√ 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 3)
2 2

Para la longitud de arco necesitamos:

5 5
𝛼′(𝑡) = (−2√ sen 𝑡 , 2√ cos 𝑡 , 0)
2 2

2 2
5 5
|𝛼 ′ 𝑡| = √(−2√ sen 𝑡) + (2√ cos 𝑡)
2 2

|𝛼 ′ 𝑡| = √10

Longitud de Arco de la sección circular:


𝑡
𝑠(𝑡) = ∫ |𝛼 ′ (𝑡)|𝑑𝑡
𝑡0
2𝜋
𝑠(𝑡) = ∫ √10𝑑𝑡 = √10(𝑡)|2𝜋
0 = 2√10𝜋
0
8.3 𝜅(𝑡) =? , 𝜏(𝑡) =? , 𝑃𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑜 𝑜𝑠𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑟, 𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑜 𝑛𝑜𝑟𝑚𝑎𝑙 𝑦 𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑜 𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒

5 5
𝛼(𝑡) = (2√ cos 𝑡 , 2√ 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 3)
2 2

Vector Tangente:
5 5
𝛼′(𝑡) = (−2√ sen 𝑡 , 2√ cos 𝑡 , 0)
2 2

|𝛼 ′ 𝑡| = √10
5 5
(−2√2 sen 𝑡 , 2√2 cos 𝑡 , 0)
𝑇(𝑡) = = (−𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, cos 𝑡 , 0)
√10

Vector Normal:

5 5
𝛼′(𝑡) = (−2√ sen 𝑡 , 2√ cos 𝑡 , 0)
2 2

5 5
𝛼′′(𝑡) = (−2√ cos 𝑡 , −2√ sen 𝑡 , 0)
2 2

𝑖 𝑗 𝑘
| 5 5 |
−2√ sen 𝑡 2√ cos 𝑡 0
𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡) = 2 2

| 5 5 |
−2√ cos 𝑡 −2√ sen 𝑡 0
2 2

𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡) = (0,0,10)

𝑖 𝑗 𝑘
0 0 10
(𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡))𝑥𝛼 ′ (𝑡) = || |
|
5 5
−2√ sen 𝑡 2√ cos 𝑡 0
2 2
5 5
(𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡))𝑥𝛼 ′ (𝑡) = (−20√ cos 𝑡 , −20√ sen 𝑡 , 0)
2 2

2 2
5 5
|(𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡))𝑥𝛼 ′ (𝑡)| = √(−20√ cos 𝑡) + (−20√ sen 𝑡) + 02 = 10√10
2 2

5 5
(−20√2 cos 𝑡 , −20√2 sen 𝑡 , 0)
𝑁(𝑡) = = (− cos 𝑡 , − sen 𝑡 , 0)
10√10

Vector Binormal:
𝑖 𝑗 𝑘
| 5 5 |
−2√ sen 𝑡 2√ cos 𝑡 0
𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡) = 2 2

| 5 5 |
−2√ cos 𝑡 −2√ sen 𝑡 0
2 2
𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡) = (0,0,10)
|𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)| = 10
(0,0,10)
𝐵(𝑡) = = (0,0,1)
10

Plano Osculador:

5 5
((𝑥, 𝑦, 𝑧) − (2√ cos 𝑡 , 2√ 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 3)) . (0,0,1) = 0
2 2

𝑧=3

Plano Rectificante:

5 5
((𝑥, 𝑦, 𝑧) − (2√ cos 𝑡 , 2√ 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 3)) . (− cos 𝑡 , − sen 𝑡 , 0) = 0
2 2

5
−𝑥 cos 𝑡 − 𝑦 sen 𝑡 + 2√ = 0
2

Plano Normal:

5 5
((𝑥, 𝑦, 𝑧) − (2√ cos 𝑡 , 2√ 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, 3)) . (−𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡, cos 𝑡 , 0) = 0
2 2
𝑦 cos 𝑡 − 𝑥 sen 𝑡 = 0

Curvatura:
|𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)| 10 1
𝜅(𝑡) = = 3 =
|𝛼 ′ (𝑡)| 3 √10 √10

Torsión:
5 5
𝛼′′(𝑡) = (−2√ cos 𝑡 , −2√ sen 𝑡 , 0)
2 2

5 5
𝛼′′′(𝑡) = (2√ sen 𝑡 , −2√ cos 𝑡 , 0)
2 2
𝑖 𝑗 𝑘
| 5 5 |
−2√ cos 𝑡 −2√ sen 𝑡 0
𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′′ (𝑡) = 2 2

| 5 5 |
2√ sen 𝑡 −2√ cos 𝑡 0
2 2

𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′′ (𝑡) = (0,0,10)


5 5
(𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)). 𝛼 ′′′ (𝑡) = (2√ sen 𝑡 , −2√ cos 𝑡 , 0) . (0,0,10)
2 2
(𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)). 𝛼 ′′′ (𝑡) = 0
|𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)|2 = 100
(𝛼 ′ (𝑡)𝑥𝛼 ′′ (𝑡)). 𝛼 ′′′ (𝑡) 0
𝜏(𝑡) = ′(𝑡) ′′(𝑡) 2
= =0
|𝛼 𝑥𝛼 | 100