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WHAT IS ART? BY COUNT LYOF N. TOLSTO! ‘TRANSLATED FROM THE RUSSIAN ORIGINAL AYLMER MAUDE, EMBODYING THE AUTHOR'S LAST ALTERATIONS “AND REFISIONS NEW YORK THOMAS Y. CROWELL & CO. PUBLISHERS Corot 3h, ‘Be THOMAS ¥. CROWELL & CO. 0 ‘WHAT IS ART? to the metaphysical defini Senception of beauty, they are yet far from exa Ye first, the physiological-cvolutionary defiy indact, Beeaise, instead of spealdng about activity itself, which is the real matter of tie derivation of art. ‘The modificatigd the physiological effects on the/human organ. pexact, because within the limjé of such defini a man may ep ous by means of lines, colors, sounds, Ox words, apf yet may not act on others hen the manifestation of his hat of Sully) is inexact, because jects or actions affording pleasure to the producer and/a Pleasant emotion to the spectators or hearers apart from } cluded the shoydng of ‘exercises, and gfher act to the produ ved ron/abich ie wopeasy such 28 gloomy, heart. reading spfnes in a poste deWiption of a pley, ma be undoubted works ef art. eae the metaphysical fons) the object considered is the\pleasure art may givg/ and not the purpose it may serve ty the life of man and of humanity. In order correctly to define art, it is necessary, fist of all, to cease to consider it as a means to pleasure, and to consider it as one of the conditions of human’ life. ‘Viewing it in this way, we cannot fail to observe that art is ‘one of the means of intercourse between man and man.