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An assault rifle is a selective fire rifle or carbine typically firing ammunition with muzzle energies and sizes intermediate

between those ofhandgun and more traditional high-powered rifle ammunition. Assault rifles
are categorized between light machine guns, intended more for sustained automatic fire in a support role, and submachine guns, which fire a handgun cartridge rather than a rifle cartridge. Assault rifles are the
standard small arms in most modern armed forces, having largely replaced or supplemented larger, more powerful rifles, such as the World War II-era M1 Garand and Tokarev SVT. Belt-fed weapons or rifles with
very limited capacity fixed magazines are generally not considered assault rifles.

Semi-automatic rifles are not always classified as assault rifles as some do no not have the capacity to carry more than 10 rounds or designed for military use. However, in media firearms reporting the term 'assault
rifle' usually refers to visual appearance rather than internal functionality. Similar full sized weapons, with full-auto capabilities chambered in full-sized rifle rounds, are known as Battle rifles. Examples of Battle
Rifles are the FN FAL, H&K G3 and M14 rifle. For these type of firearms, see List of battle rifles.

Name/ Year of Country of Primary


Users Notes
designation intro origin cartridge

The 2B-A-40 is an assault rifle of Russian origin. The weapon uses a delayed-
2B-A-40 1956 Soviet Union 7.62x39mm n/a blowback operation and is chambered in the 7.62x39mm round. The 2B-A-40 also
came as a light machine gun as the 2B-P-40.

The 80.002 is a combined Assault Rifle/Grenade Launcher based on the AK


platform that predated the similar OICW. In developing this set of designers
80.002 1970s Soviet Union 5.45x39mm n/a participated V. Minaev, VI Chelikin, GA Jan. The main difference from the
Kalashnikov is the presence of weapons of two adjacent shafts 5.45 mm and 12.7
mm respectively.

The AC-556 or Mini-14 is an offshoot designed by Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. of
the famous "M1" family of military rifles. The AC-556 is very similar both in the way it
AC-556 1973 United States 5.56x45mm NATO United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Bermuda
looks and functions to the M1 carbine, however it is chambered in the more powerful
5.56x45mm round and features a fire selector switch to allow for fully automatic fire.

Ak 5 is the Swedish version of Belgian FN FNC. It is the main service rifle of


Ak 5 1985 Sweden 5.56x45mm NATO Sweden
the Swedish Armed Forces.

The simple, easy to manufacture AK-47 was one of the earliest designs for an
assault rifle. Once designed and distributed by the Soviet Union for use by
AK-47 1947 Soviet Union 7.62x39mm Russia, many others
the Warsaw Pact nations, it has become the most widespread, most copied assault
rifle design in the world.

The AK-63 is a Hungarian variant of the AKM assault rifle manufactured by


the Fegyver- és Gépgyár (FÉG) state arms plant in Hungary. It is currently used by
AK-63 1977 Hungary 7.62x39mm Hungary
the Hungarian Ground Forces as its standard infantry weapon, and by most other
branches of the Hungarian Defence Forces.

The AK-74 is an adaptation of the AKM (which used the 7.62x39mm cartridge) down
AK-74 1974 Soviet Union 5.45x39mm Russia, many others
to the smaller 5.45x39mm cartridge.

In the 1990s, Izhmash designers developed the unified complex of Kalashnikov


assault rifles chambered for domestic 7.62 x 39mm, 5.45 x 39mm cartridges as well
as the 5.56 x 45mm NATO cartridge to expand the export capabilities of the
enterprise.

These assault rifles can be supplied to traditional Russian clients and NATO
AK-101 1990s Russia 7.62x39mm,5.45x39mm Russia, many others
standard-oriented countries.

The complex comprises assault rifles for general purpose use (AK-74M, AK-101,
AK-103) and for auxiliary designation (AK-102, AK-104, AK-105). All of them feature
a high degree of unification in the construction of the assemblies and parts as well
as the in technology of their manufacture.

The AKM is a redesign of the AK-47 made for ease of mass production. The design
AKM 1959 Soviet Union 7.62x39mm Russia, many others is simplified somewhat which also reduced the substantial weight of the AK-47, while
adding to its accuracy and reliability.

AMD-65 is a Hungarian-manufactured variant of the venerable AKM rifle for use by


AMD-65 1965 Hungary 7.62x39mm Hungary
that nation's armored infantry and paratrooper ("descent") units.

AMP-69 is a Hungarian-manufactured assault rifle which is capable of firing rifle


AMP-69 1969 Hungary 7.62x39mm Hungary
grenades.

The AN-94 (sometimes called the "Abakan") is an advanced Russian assault rifle.
Russia: Used in limited numbers by the Russian army, police,
AN-94 1994 Russia 5.45x39mm The initials stand for Avtomat Nikonova (after chief designer Gennadiy Nikonov)
Federal Security Service and Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Model of 1994.

The AO-38 is the first assault rifle to use the Balanced Automatic Recoil
AO-38 1965 Soviet Union 5.45x39mm Never in active service System(BARS) to improve stability giving better accuracy over AK-74's. Its
derivatives are the AK-107 and AEK-971.

The AO-62 was an AK derivative that is recoil operated with a special device that
AO-62 1965 Soviet Union 5.45x39mm Never in active service can resist recoil when the first three rounds are fired. This rifle predates the similarly
operated Heckler & Koch G11 and AN-94 assault rifles.
The AO-63 was intended as a more accurate alternative to the standard issue AK-74
with capabilities firing from 850 to a theoretical 6,000RPM when the two round burst
AO-63 1986 Soviet Union 5.45x39mm Russia (Abakan Trials
selected making it effective against body armour. It was used during the Abakan
trials with the AN-94being the winner.

The Armtech C30R was a concept using 5.56mm caseless rectangular round similar
Armtech C30R 1986 Australia 5.56mm Caseless Never in active service
to that used in the H&K G11.

The AB and AVB rifles were designed to reduce recoil force by using a Lever-
Delayed Blowback operation and came in both Assault and Battle rifle forms. One
AVB-7.62 1990s Russia 7.62x39mm/7.62x54mm Never in active service
variant was produced in Czechoslovakia in the 7.62x51mm NATO calibre. These
rifles were not adopted by any military.

7.62x39mm, NATO
The Bakalov is a Bulgarian assault rifle of bullpup configuration, named for its
Bakalov 1996 Bulgaria 5.56x45mm and Bulgaria
creator Georgi Delchev Bakalov.
7.62x51mm cartridges
Name/ Year of Country of Primary
Users Notes
designation intro origin cartridge

It consists of 72 pieces, many of which based on the Kalashnikov design,


reconfigured as a bullpup rifle.

The REC7 (formerly known as the M468) is the designation for an upgrade to the
Barrett REC7 2007 United States 6.8 mm Remington SPC United States M16/M4. The REC7 is manufactured by Barrett Firearms Company, who are best
known for producing the M82 .50 caliber sniper rifle.
First born in the early 1970s, its early incarnation (the AR-70/.223) was jointly
developed and built alongside the SG 530 with SIG and saw use only within some
Italian Special Forces as well as exports and civilian sales. The design was later
Beretta AR70/90 1980s/1990s Italy 5.56x45mm NATO Italy
modernized to comply with NATOstandards, and became in the late 1980s the main
assault rifle of the Italian military, retaining such role up to date. The most widely
issued version of this weapon is the SC-70/90 folding-stock variant.

The ARX-160 is an assault rifle manufactured by Pietro Beretta S.p.A.. Developed


for the Italian armed forces as part of the Soldato Futuro (Future Soldier in English)
program, the ARX-160 has been launched in the year 2008 as a commercial
Beretta ARX-160 2008 Italy 5.56x45mm NATO Italy (entering limited service as of year 2010) weapon system independent from the Soldato Futuro ensemble, complete with a
companion single-shot 40mm NATO low-velocity grenade launcher, called GLG-160,
which can be underslung to the rifle or used with an ad-hoc stock system as a stand-
alone weapon.

The BSA 28P is an assault rifle of British origin. The weapon was considered to
replace the .303 Lee-Enfield after 1945. However, the BSA 28P was outdated
BSA 28P 1949-50 United Kingdom .280 British n/a
compared to its rival, the EM-2 and the L1A1 SLR asides the 7.62 x51mm NATO
calibre.

The Bushmaster ACR was developed by the Magpul Industries for the United States
armed forces as part of the individual carbine program for future replacement of the
Bushmaster ACR 2006 United States 5.56x45mm NATO experiment weapon\ United States individual M4 Carbine for service of the U.S Marine Corps, the U.S Army, and the
U.S Navy until it was recalled back for further testing, but still serve for the individual
units.
Based on the prototype Sturmgewehr 45 design, the CETME would, in turn, be
CETME 1950s Spain 7.62x51mm NATO Spain influential on the design of the Heckler & Koch G3 family of rifles. The CETME was
used by the Spanish military.
The CETME Model L was a similar weapon to the HK33 and HK G41. It has been
CETME Model L 1981 Spain 5.56x45mm NATO Spain
replaced by a Licenced copy of the H&K G36.
Cherkashin The Cherkashin assault rifle uses an operation similar to the AN-94 and can be fitted
19?? Kazakhstan 5.45x39mm n/a
assault rifle with a GP-25 launcher.

The C7 is a Canadian variant of the M16. It is the service rifle of the Canadian
Colt Canada C7
1982 Canada 5.56x45mm NATO Canada and others Forces, and is also used by the military forces of Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and
rifle
the Netherlands, and byUnited Kingdom Special Forces.
The ČZ 522 was an assault rifle of Czechoslvak origin prior to the Vz. 58, designed
ČZ 522 1950s Czechoslovakia 7.62x45mm vz. 52 Never in active service by Jiří Čermák at České zbrojovky. It used components similar to that of a
German MG34 and slight resemblance to the StG-44 and StG-45.

5.45x39mm The ČZ 2000 is a prototype 5.56 mm caliber Czech weapon system, consisting of a
ČZ 2000 1980s/1990s Czech Republic Never in active service
M74/5.56x45mm NATO standard rifle, carbine and light machine gun.
The CZ-805 BREN is a Czech assault rifle created in 2009 to replace the Sa vz.
CZ-805 BREN 2009 Czech Republic 5.56x45mm NATO Czech Republic
58 in theArmed Forces of Czech Republic.

The ČZW-556 assault rifle is an improved derivative of the LCZ-B20 platform. Both
the ČZW-556 and its ČZW-762 light machine gun alternative uses lever-delayed
ČZW-556 2000s Czech Republic 5.56x45mm NATO Not yet in active service
blowback which has more reliable accuracy, maintainability and performance over
the gas operation.
The K1 is the primary assault carbine of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. Used
extensively in the Afghanistan War and Iraq War. While K1 assault carbine is
commonly regarded as a short version of Daewoo K2 assault rifle, it is actually
Daewoo K1 1980 South Korea 5.56x45mm NATO South Korea,Bangladesh different from K2 for the following reasons: * The development of K1 was completed
earlier than that of K2. * The K1 uses the direct impingement gas system, while the
K2 uses AK-47 style gas piston system. * The K1 has 1-in-12 rifling twist for .223
Remington, while the K2 has 1-in-7.3 riflingtwist for 5.56x45mm NATO (FN SS109).
The K2 is the primary service rifle of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. It is
Daewoo K2 1984 South Korea 5.56x45mm NATO South Korea, Fiji,Peru, Nigeria based on the designs of the M16 and AK-47 although the parts are not
interchangeable.
Daewoo XK8 n/a South Korea 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service

The Dual Cycle Rifle (DCR) is a revolver-type assault rifle that used a unique gas
DCR 1973 United States 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service operation with a webley-fosbery type grooved cylinder enabling 3-round burst
capabilities of firing 4,900RPM.
Diseños
The SC-2005 is an FN FAL derivative with external parts from the IMI Galil and M4
Casanave SC- 2005 Peru 5.56x45mm NATO Peru
Carbine.
2005

The EM-2 was an experimental British bullpup assault rifle. It was designed to fire
the experimental .280 British round that was being considered to replace the
EM-2 1951 United Kingdom .280 British Never in active service venerable .303 British. The rifle was never brought into service, but it did help lay the
groundwork for the development of later, more successful British bullpup rifles such
as the SA80.
The EMERK is a bullpup rifle currently in partial issue in Burma as the EMERK-1
EMERK 2010 Burma 5.56x45mm NATO Burma and EMERK-3. The EMERK is roughly based on the Chinese QBZ rifle, but with
additional features taken from the American M16 and British SA80.

The FAD(Fusil Automático Doble) is a Bullpup assault rifle currently under


FAD assault rifle 2008 Peru 5.56x45mm NATO Peru (not yet in service) development by SIMA Electronica, A 40mm pump action grenade launcher is also to
be installed to it.

The bullpup designed FAMAS is the service rifle of the French military. The weapon
FAMAS 1978 France 5.56x45mm NATO France and others is also the primary infantry weapon of Djibouti and is used by the Philippine National
Police Special Action Force.

Externally resembling the Israeli IMI Galil, internally similar to the Heckler & Koch
HK33, the FARA 83 was designed in Argentina to become the service rifle for
FARA 83 1983 Argentina 5.56x45mm NATO Argentina, Venezuela the Argentine Army. The rifle was brought into service starting in 1984, but never
replaced the existing FMAP FSL variant of the Belgian FN FAL which remains
Argentina's main service rifle to the present day.
Floro PDW 2000s? Philippines 5.56x45mm NATO n/a The Floro PDW is a compact carbine that has been developed the by Floro
Name/ Year of Country of Primary
Users Notes
designation intro origin cartridge

International of the Philippines for conventional forces, as a replacement for their


9mm caliber sidearms and submachine guns.

The FN CAL was designed to be a lower cost, easier to manufacture alternative to


the existing FN FAL, although the two guns are not directly related. The CAL never
FN CAL 1966 Belgium 5.56x45mm NATO Gabon, Lebanon
met with any significant interest and was later dropped in favour of the even less
expensive FN FNC.

The F2000 incorporates many advanced features into


its ambidextrous bullpup design. The F2000 is currently in use by Belgian special
FN F2000 2001 Belgium 5.56x45mm NATO Belgium and others
forces and is being considered as a possible replacement for the FN FNC as
the service rifle for the Belgian armed forces.
A much better received follow-up to the less successful FN CAL, the FNC has been
the main service rifle of the Belgian military since its introduction. Variations on the
FN FNC 1979 Belgium 5.56x45mm NATO Belgium and others
design have been adopted in several countries with the Swedish Ak 5 and
the Indonesian Pindad SS1being among the more notable examples.

The SCAR is Belgian arms maker Fabrique Nationale de Herstal's entry into (and
eventual winner of) the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM)'s SCAR
FN SCAR 2007 Belgium 5.56x45mm NATO United States(experimental)
competition to select a new rifle for special forces. The weapon is still in production
and has not yet entered service.

The Franchi LF-58 is a carbine of Italian origin chambered in .30 Carbine. The
Franchi LF-58 1958 Italy .30 Carbine Never in active service weapon is gas operated and comes with a side folding wire stock similar to that of
the LF-57 submachine gun.

The Franchi mod. 641 is an assault rifle of Italian origin manufactured by Franchi.
Franchi mod. 641 1980s Italy 5.56x45mm NATO n/a The weapon is somewhat a derivative of the CETME/H&K G3 but using a gas
operation.
The Xiuhcoatl was designed and built in Mexico to be the next generation service
rifle for theMexican Army. Though similar to the Heckler & Koch G36, the two are
FX-05 Xiuhcoatl 2006 Mexico 5.56x45mm NATO Mexico
different enough thatHeckler & Koch elected not to pursue proposed copyright
infringement claims.
G5 is an upgraded analog of M4 carbine, and other rifles. Georgia plans to
G5 rifle 2012 Georgia 5.56×45mm NATO Georgia supply Georgian armed forces and Georgian reserve army with G5 rifle. Until 2014
Georgia will produce 200,000 G5 rifles.

The Gordon Close-Support Weapon System (Gordon CSWS) was a very unusual
weapon system was proposed at one time Australian Duncan Gordon. The CSWS
Gordon CSWS 1970-72 Australia 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service
assault rifle variant was based on weapons such as the Johnson M1941 LMG, FG-
42 and EM-2.

The Grad assault rifle is a bullpup weapon of North Ossetian origin. The weapon is
North Ossetia–
Grad 2010 5.45x39mm M74 Not in service yet chambered in the 5.45x39mm round and can be fitted with a silencer. The Grad
Alania
operates on the AK Platform and is compatible with existing AK-74 components.
Heckler & Koch Developed in the 1970s and 1980s as a non-production prototype platform for
1980s West Germany 4.73x33mm caseless Never in active service
G11 experimentalcaseless ammunition.
Developed as a successor to the Heckler & Koch G3, the G36 is currently
Heckler & Koch
1995 Germany 5.56x45mm NATO Germany, many NATOand others the service rifle of the Bundeswehr (German armed forces.) It is also widely used by
G36
other armies and policeforces worldwide.

Produced in small numbers as an intended replacement for the Heckler & Koch
Heckler & Koch HK33, The G41 never found the major military market at which it was aimed and the
1981 West Germany 5.56x45mm NATO Italy, Lebanon, Spain,Sri Lanka, Turkey
G41 rights to the design were later sold to Italian arms manufacturer Luigi Franchi.
Production has since been discontinued.

The HK33 was designed as an addition to the successful Heckler & Koch G3 family
of weapons. It was designed mostly for export and was never used militarily by
Heckler & Koch
1960s West Germany 5.56x45mm NATO Brazil, Turkey,Thailand, others theBundeswehr (German armed forces.) The rifle has sustained moderately
HK33
widespread use in various parts of the world for several decades. The weapon is
also used by police forces in several countries.
Designed along the lines of the M4 carbine, the HK416 was built with an eye
towards taking over the market share currently held by the M4. It is currently in
Heckler & Koch limited use by the United States Army and by special forces units
2005 Germany 5.56x45mm NATO Norway, Turkey,United States, others
HK416 from Malaysia, Indonesia, the Netherlands, and theUnited States. The rifle has also,
reportedly, been selected by Norway and Turkey to become their primary service
rifles.

The Howa Type 89 is currently in service with the Japan Self-Defense Forces, Japan
Howa Type 89 1989 Japan 5.56x45mm NATO Japan Coast Guard and the Japanese Special Assault Team. It has never been exported
due to strict Japanese anti-export laws.

Brazilian arms manufacturer IMBEL's MD2 is based on the design of the Belgian FN
IMBEL MD2 1985 Brazil 5.56x45mm NATO Brazil
FALand is the current service rifle of the Brazilian Army.

Based on the Finnish Rk 62 (in turn based on the AK-47,) the Galil is used by the
military and police forces in several nations
IMI Galil 1972 Israel 5.56x45mm NATO Israel and others
including Colombia, Estonia, Israel, Italy, Nepal, and others. It is available in several
configurations, some using the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge.

The bullpup designed TAR-21 has been selected to become the new service rifle for
IMI Tavor TAR-21 2002 Israel 5.56x45mm NATO Israel and others theIsrael Defense Forces. The rifle is also on order for the special forces or police of
several other nations.
The INSAS is a composite design drawn from several existing rifles including
INSAS rifle 1997 India 5.56x45mm NATO India, Nepal the AK-47, FN FNC, AK-74, IMI Galil, and the Heckler & Koch G3. It is the service
rifle of the Indian army and has also been exported to Nepal & Oman.[1]

The MKR assault rifle is chambered in a small calibre rimfire round to reduce recoil
Interdynamics
1980s Sweden 4.5x26mm MKR Never in active service but retaining good accuracy and ballistics of the 5.56x45mm NATO round, The
MKR
weapon and calibre proved successful but never got beyond prototype stage .
Interdynamics The MKS assault rifle has a high rate of fire but most notably has the magazine for
1970s Sweden 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service
MKS its grip.
Kbk wz. 1988 The Tantal is a Polish designed and produced assault rifle based on the highly
1988 Poland 5.45x39mm Poland, Iraq
Tantal successfulAK-47 family of rifles.
Kbs wz. 1996 Designed to replace the older AK-47 and AK-74 models then in use, the Beryl
1996 Poland 5.56x45mm NATO Poland
Beryl quickly became the main service rifle of the Polish Armed Forces.

A Bullpup design far ahead of its times, produced with great usage of polymer
LAPA FA-03 1970s Brazil 5.56x45mm NATO Brazil (BOPE) materials, the LAPA FA-03 was manufactured only in few hundred samples. With
both domestic military adoption and foreign sales crippled by Brazilian policy, this
Name/ Year of Country of Primary
Users Notes
designation intro origin cartridge

rifle is still today kept in stock by some Brazilian Police units.

The Leader Dynamics T2 MK5 represents an attempt to produce Australia's first


Leader Dynamics
1980s Australia 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service domestically designed and produced gas-operated auto-rifle for the Australian Army.
T2 MK5
The rifle was never brought into service.

The L64/65 was an intermediate step in the design of British bullpup style assault
L64/65 1970s United Kingdom 4.85x49mm Never in active service rifles. Though this rifle was never used by any military force, it helped lay the
foundation for the successful SA80 series of weapons.
A shorter, lighter version of the M16, the M4 is heavily used by the United States
Armed Forces especially for close quarters combat, special operations, and other
M4 Carbine 1994 United States 5.56x45mm NATO United States, many others
roles where small size is a major factor. The M4 and its many variants have also
been exported to a number of nations around the world.

The M-16 has been the primary service rifle of the United States Armed
Forces since its introduction in 1961. The rifle has also been used, in one variation
M16 rifle 1961 United States 5.56x45mm NATO United States, many others
or another, by dozens of other nations making it one of the most popular assault rifle
designs ever.
NIVA XM1970 1970 Sweden 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service The XM1970 was a combined Bullpup rifle / RPG launcher concept by SAAB Bofors.

The Pindad SS1 built in Indonesian is licensed built Belgian FN FNC The weapon is
Pindad SS1 1991 Indonesia 5.56x45mm NATO Indonesia, Cambodia,Nigeria, and United Arab Emirates
the main service rifle of the Indonesian armed forces.

An updated version of the Pindad SS1, the SS2 is currently being phased in as
Pindad SS2 2006 Indonesia 5.56x45mm NATO Indonesia
the service rifle of the Indonesian armed forces.
Pneumatic Valve
Replacement for the currently M16s issued to the Philippine Navy's Naval Special
And Rod System 2011 Philippines 5.56x45mm NATO Philippines
Warfare Group
(PVAR)

A Bullpup design introduced to replace the aging Type 56 rifles in Chinese service,
the QBZ-95 was first introduced when the United Kingdom returned control of Hong
People's Republic of China, Cambodia, Sri Lanka QBZ-97 in
Kong to the People's Republic of China. Fires the proprietary 5.8x42mm
QBZ-95 1997 China 5.8x42mm DBP87 service with the 911 Special Forces of Cambodia-champered for
DBP87 cartridge solely intended for the Chinese military, but the QBZ-97 export
the 5.56x45mm NATO
variant chambered in 5.56x45mm NATO saw some foreign sales as well as civilian
adaptations.
People's Republic People's Republic of China, in limited service with thePeople's
QBZ-03 2003 5.8x42mm DBP87 -
of China Liberation Army
Developed in 1980 for the South African Defence Force to replace the R1, which
was a variant of the Belgian FN FAL, The R4 was first issued during the early 1980s.
R4 assault rifle 1980 South Africa 5.56x45mm NATO South Africa, Haitianpolice
Its design can trace its ancestry back through the Israeli IMI Galil, and
the Finnish Rk 62, back to the AK-47.
The RH-70 was a bullpup rifle intended to supplement and eventually replace the
H&K G3 in Bundeswehr service using the same action. It somewhat had a
RH-70 1970 West Germany 5.56x45mm Germany
"Thumbhole" stock and the ambidextrous ability to enable left/right-handed shooters
to fire it.

Based on the design of the AK-47, the Rk 62 is the service rifle of the Finnish
Rk 62 1962 Finland 7.62x39mm Finland
Defence Forces.
The Rk 95 was accepted in limited numbers into the Finnish Defence Forces as a
Rk 95 TP 1990s Finland 7.62x39mm Finland possible future replacement for the Rk 62, though this may or may not ultimately
occur.
The Robinson Armament Co. XCR is a multi-caliber, gas piston weapon system
developed by Robinson Armament Co. for U.S. Special Operations Command
Robinson (SOCOM) to satisfy the requirements of the SOF Combat Assault Rifle, or SCAR
2006 United States 5.56x45mm NATO United States
Armament XCR competition, but was disqualified on a technicality due to late delivery of blank firing
adapters. Robinson Armament continued development and the XCR is now being
offered to law enforcement, the military and general public.
Rung Paisarn A development of the Czechoslovak Sa vz. 58 assault rifle chambered in
1986 Thailand 5.56x45mm NATO Thailand
RPS-001 5.56x45mm NATO with components from the M16A2.

Easily mistaken for the oft-copied AK-47, the Sa vz. 58 is a unique design that has
Sa vz. 58 1958 Czechoslovakia 7.62x39mm Czechoslovakia and others seen service with several nations' armies including the present day Czech Republic,
and Slovakia.

The SA80 is the primary service rifle of the United Kingdom. Its bullpup design is a
SA80 1985 United Kingdom 5.56x45mm NATO United Kingdom,Jamaica, Zimbabwe,Nepal
repackaging of the AR-18.
Born in the early 1980s out of the cooperation between the Sterling Armament
Company of United Kingdom and Chartered Industries of Singapore, the SAR-80
SAR-80 1980s Singapore 5.56x45mm NATO Singapore and others was a conventional design based upon the American Armalite AR-18 fed
by STANAG magazines. Saw very little rear-line use in its homeland, but has since
been spotted in conflicts and civil wars in eastern Europe, Asia and Middle East.

Unveiled in 1999, the SAR-21 is now the service rifle of the Singapore Armed
SAR-21 1999 Singapore 5.56x45mm NATO Singapore and others Forces. It is also in service with the armed forces of Brunei, Indonesia, and Morocco,
as well as thespecial forces of Bangladesh.

Safir T-16 2000s Turkey 5.56x45mm NATO Not yet in service The T-16 is a full-auto variant of the T-15 rifle manufactured by Safir Arms.
Safir T-17 2009 Turkey 5.56x45mm NATO Not yet in service The T-17 is a bullpup variant of the latest Turkish assault rifle concept by Safir Arms.
Dominican A derivative of the Danuvia 43 submachine gun chambered in the .30 carbine round.
San Cristobal 1950 .30 Carbine Cuba, Dominican Republic
Republic This weapon is still in use with the Dominican Military Academy.

The SG 540 series, consisting of the SG 540 and SG 543 Carbine in 5.56x45mm
NATO and the SG 542 chambered for the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge, has entered
Bolivia, Burkina
service with the armed forces of several countries in Africa, Asia and South
SIG SG 540 1970s Switzerland 5.56x45mm NATO Faso,Chad, Chile, Ecuador,France, Indonesia,Jordan, and
America as well as numerous law enforcement and security agencies. Most notably
others
the SG 540 served as the basis for the SG 541 prototype, which would later become
the SIG SG 550.

Built as a successor to the SIG SG 510, the SG 550 is the standard service rifle of
theSwiss Army based on the earlier design of the SIG SG 540. The rifle has been
SIG SG 550 1986 Switzerland 5.6 mm Gw Pat 90 Switzerland and others exported for use by the armies of Chile, France, Indonesia, and Spain, and counter-
terrorism units inGermany and Serbia. The SG 550 is also used by some federal
agencies in the United States and by the Papal Swiss Guard at the Vatican.

2006–
SOAR Philippines 5.56x45mm NATO Philippines The Special Operations Assault Rifle was used by Special Action force (SAF).
present
The SOCIMI AR-831 is an assault rifle of Italian origin based on the AR-15 platform.
SOCIMI AR-831 1980s Italy 5.56x45mm NATO n/a
The weapon is gas operated and is chambered in the 5.56x45mm NATO round.
Name/ Year of Country of Primary
Users Notes
designation intro origin cartridge

The SAR-87 was a derivative of the Armalite AR18, It was a reliable design but
rejected as the SA80 was selected by the British Forces so it remained as a
Sterling SAR-87 1987 United Kingdom 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service
prototype but formed the basis of various Singapore produced weapons like the SR-
88.

The Steyr ACR was an entry in the United States Army's Advanced Combat
Steyr ACR 1987 Austria 5.56x45mm flechette Never in active service Rifle program. The experimental flechette firing weapon was not adopted by the US
Army and the rifle has not seen active service.
The Austrian Army's main service rifle, the AUG uses a bullpup design that is
modular and very adaptable. The same gun can be quickly fitted with an assortment
Steyr AUG 1978 Austria 5.56x45mm NATO Austria and others
of barrels and switched for left or right-handed operation. The AUG is used by a
number of military forces and government agencies worldwide.

The Stoner 63 was a family of infantry weapons including assault rifles and light
machine guns produced in the 1960s for the United States Armed Forces. The US
Stoner 63 1963 United States 5.56x45mm NATO United States (limited, no longer in service) Navy SEALs and the US Marine Corps field tested the rifles in limited numbers, but
the weapons system was never widely used and had been completely phased out by
the late 1980s.

Considered by many to be the first true assault rifle, the StG44 was the first weapon
to see widespread action that combined the portability and powerful cartridge of a
Sturmgewehr 44 1944 Germany 7.92x33mm Kurz Nazi Germany (WWII) rifle with the automatic firing rate of a machine gun. Previous, similar designs such
as the AmericanThompson submachine gun and M3 submachine gun had fired less
powerful pistol cartridges and were, therefore, not true assault rifles.

This was the last attempt for Nazi Germany to produce an assault rifle but cheaper
and easier to produce/maintain etc. Like the previous and similar Sturmgewehr 44, It
StG45 1945 Germany 7.92x33mm Kurz Nazi Germany (WWII) retained the same ammunition/ergonomics/magazines but instead used a roller-
locking system that later became used in the CETME/Heckler & Koch series of
weapons.

The TKB-022PM was a prototype bullpup carbine designed for Armoured Vehicle
crew members. It has also been one of the most unusual designs to draw mass
attention to firearms enthusiasts as its external layout was bakelite and has the
TKB-022PM 1962 Soviet Union 7.62x39mm Never in active service magazine at the very far back it required a vertically moving bolt and a separate
rammer/extractor to cycle its operation. Apart from this, Russian Generals thought
this weapon was complicated and far ahead of its time and didn't trust if it could
withstand harsh battlefield conditions and years of storage.

The TKB-059 assault rifle was a bullpup weapon with rapid burst capabilities. It had
a uniquerecoil operation with the spent brass ejecting downwards behind the
TKB-059 1966 Soviet Union 7.62x39mm Never in active service
magazine area enabling the weapon to be used ambidextrously. The TKB-059 recoil
operation was used as the basis of the AN-94.
Designed to be an easier to produce, more accurate and reliable alternative to the
TKB-517 1950s Soviet Union 7.62x39mm Never in active service
externally similar AK-47, the TKB-517 was never adopted by the Soviet military.

The T65 was the main service rifle of Taiwan's ROC Army from 1976 through the
T65 assault rifle 1976 Republic of China 5.56x45mm NATO Taiwan, El Salvador,Guatemala, Haiti,Panama
mid-1990s when it was phased out in favour of the newer T86 and T91 models.
Similar in design to the American M16, the T86 was slated to replace the
older T65 model as the service rifle of Taiwan's ROC Army, but the intended
T86 assault rifle 1998 Republic of China 5.56x45mm NATO Taiwan, Jordan
replacement was delayed and the T86 was superseded by the T91 and was only
deployed in limited numbers.
A continuation of the T86 assault rifle's design, the T91 incorporated more features
T91 assault rifle 2003 Republic of China 5.56x45mm NATO Taiwan, Jordan, Kuwait from other existing weapons such as the M16 and the Heckler & Koch G36. The T91
is currently the primary service rifle of Taiwan's ROC Army.
7.62x39mm/5.56x45mm The Truvelo Raptor is an assault rifle concept from South Africa based on the Vektor
Truvelo Raptor 2000s South Africa Not in service yet
NATO R4.

The TVGK is a combined Assault rifle/ Airburst grenade launcher concept from
TVGK 2000s Ukraine 4.92x34mm Not in service yet
Ukraine. It is of Bullpup configuration and is developed by KB Shar.

The Type 11 is a bullpup assault rifle of Thai origin, manufactured by the Ministry of
Type 11 2000s Thailand 5.56x45mm NATO Thailand National Defence. The weapon is a derivative of the Heckler & Koch HK33 assault
rifle.
The Type 56 assault rifle is a Chinese copy of the Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle,
Type 56 assault which has been manufactured since 1956. The Type 56 is likely the most widely
1970s China 7.62x39mm China, many others
rifle proliferated AK-47 type rifle in the world having shown up on battlefields in Asia,
Africa, Eastern Europe, South America, etc.
Externally similar to the Chinese SKS rifle, the mechanism is more closely related to
Type 63 assault theAK-47. The Type 68 is currently no longer in service with the Chinese armed
1970s China 7.62x39mm China, Albania, Cambodia, Vietnam
rifle forces; during the Cold War, it has been given in quantities to Albania, Cambodia,
and Vietnam.

The Type 81 combines elements of several earlier rifles to create a design that is
Type 81 assault externally similar to the AK-47 family of rifles, but with significant internal differences.
1980s China 7.62x39mm China and others
rifle The Type 81 was the service rifle of the Chinese People's Liberation Army from the
mid-1980s until 1995.

Only about 2,000 M82s were built during its brief life. The bullpup style rifle was
Valmet M82 1978 Finland 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service
tested in small numbers by Finnish paratroopers, but found to be unsuitable.

The VB Berapi LP06 is the first assault rifle designed and manufactured
VB Berapi LP06 2006 Malaysia 5.56x45mm NATO Not yet in service indigenously in Malaysia. The weapon is of bullpup form and can be fitted with an
optical sight.

The CR-21 is a bullpup design of assault rifle introduced as a proposed successor to


Vektor CR-21 1997 South Africa 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service theSouth African Army's current R4 assault rifle. The rifle has not yet been selected
by any military force and remains a prototype.

The Vepr is the first assault rifle designed and built in the Ukraine. The weapon—
a bullpupmodification of the AK-74--is listed by the Ukrainian government as a sub-
Vepr 2003 Ukraine 5.45x39mm Ukraine (not yet in service)
machinegun, but it fires a rifle cartridge and is, therefore, an assault rifle. The Vepr is
slated to be introduced into service with the Ukrainian Ground Forces by 2010.

The VHS assault rifle was first introduced in Karlovac in 2007. In October 2008, it
VHS Assault Rifle 2007 Croatia 5.56x45mm Croatia, Kuwait, Venezuela was published into the ground force of Croatia. It is currently the service rifle of
Croatia. Venezuela and Kuwait have shown interest for the rifle.
5.56x45mm NATO / 6.8 mm The C42 is an Assault rifle manufactured by the Government owned W+F Bern of
W+F Bern C42 2000s Switzerland Not in active service
Remington SPC Switzerland. It is chambered in 5.56x45mm NATO and 6.8mm SPC.
The Sturmgewehr 52 was an assault rifle heavily patterned after the German FG42
W+F Bern StG-52 1952 Switzerland 7.5mm Kurzpatrone Never in active service
as it was fed from the side from a 30 or 40 round magazine, also fitted with a muzzle
Name/ Year of Country of Primary
Users Notes
designation intro origin cartridge

attachment capable of launching rifle grenades. It was also chambered in the


7.5x55mm Swiss service round as the StG-54 fed from the right hand side.

Wimmersperg One of the desperate attempts by the Third Reich to manufacture an assault rifle
1945 Germany 7.92x33mm Kurz Nazi Germany (WWII)
Spz-kr from existing firearm parts, most notably from Sten MKII and StG-44 components.

Jointly designed by German arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch, the United States
Army, and the US company General Electric, the XM8 was intended to be the next
XM8 rifle 2002 United States 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service generation of light assault rifle for the US Army; the project was formally cancelled in
2005, but the prototypes are sometimes still used for comparative testings with other
rifle designs.
Z-M Weapons LR The LR 300 is a variation on the general design of the M16; it has never been used
United States 5.56x45mm NATO Never in active service
300 in military service.

The Zastava M21 is based on the ubiquitous AK-47 family of weapons, but
Zastava M21 2004 Serbia 5.56x45mm NATO Serbia and others chambered for the 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge. It is currently in service with
the military of Serbia.

The Zastava M70 is very closely related to the famous AK-47. The rifle has seen
Zastava M70 Serbia 7.62x39mm Serbia and others
service with several armies including that of Serbia, its producer.

The ZB-530 was an assault rifle chambered in the 7.62x45mm vz52 round. The rifle
was fed from a top mounted 30 round box magazine. After the success of the ZB vz.
26 and Brenlight machine guns, the Czech government felt that a lightweight
ZB-530 1954 Czechoslovakia 7.62x45mm vz. 52 Never in active service
derivative of these weapons as an assault rifle was to be the standard rifle of the
Czech forces.