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Directions: Choose the best answer. Write the letter of your choice.

1. This is the first step in conducting a research following the Process Approach.
a. Topic generation b. Brainstorming c. Observation d. Creating a Title
2. This process involves specifications of the broader possible topic for research.
a. Simplifying a Title c. Narrowing down a topic
b. Working for a Title d. Narrowing down a title
3. It is an ethical safeguard against invasion of privacy whereby the researcher is unable to identify the respondents
by their responses.
a. Secrecy b. Honesty c. Confidentiality d. Anonymity
4. This is an investigative work that involves looking for information by asking various questions about the things a
person is curious about.
a. Inquiry b. Research c. Experiment d. Investigation
5. This is defined as an investigative work that includes discovering truths by scientifically examining on a chosen
topic in a systematic manner.
a. Inquiry b. Research c. Experiment d. Investigation
6. It is a term used in survey research to refer to the match between the target population and the sample.
a. Clarity b. Accuracy c. Validity d. Veracity
7. Research must deal with facts, not born out from opinions. This characteristic is called ________
a. relevance. b. clarity. c. accuracy. d. objectiveness.
8. This is known as an organized or orderly manner in which a research must be carried out.
a. Objectiveness b. Systematic c. Timeliness d. Accuracy
9. This a characteristic of research wherein the topic chosen must be fresh, new, and interesting to the present
a. Objectiveness B. Systematic C. Timeliness D. Accuracy
10. This type of research studies an on-going practice of a school, organization, community, or institution for the
purpose of obtaining a quantitative or a qualitative research.
a. Descriptive Research c. Exploratory Research
b. Explanatory Research d. Action Research
11. This research intends at defining or giving a verbal portrayal of a person, thing, event, group, situation, etc.
a. Descriptive Research c. Exploratory Research
b. Explanatory Research d. Action Research
12. This type of research expounds or explains not only the reason behind the relationship of two factors, but also
the ways by which such relationship exists.
a. Correlational Research c. Explanatory Research
b. Descriptive Research d. Exploratory Research
13. The purpose of this research is to find out how reasonable or possible it is to conduct a research study on a
certain topic.
a. Correlational Research c. Explanatory Research
b. Descriptive Research d. Exploratory Research
14. In this research, numerical data is not required, instead, words are used the express the results, the inquiry
about people’s thoughts, beliefs, feelings, views, and lifestyles regarding the object of the study.
a. Quantitative Research c. Mixed Research
b. Qualitative Research d. Action research
15. This a type of qualitative research that refers to the study of how people find their experiences meaningful.
a. Historical Analysis c. Case Study
b. Ethnography d. Phenomenology
16. This is defined as an understanding a social or human problem based on building a complex based on building a
complex based on building a complex holistic picture formed with words, reporting detailed views on informants
and conducted in natural setting.
a. Qualitative research c. Mixed design
b. Quantitative research d. Descriptive research
17. This refers to an organizing scheme for the data that place them in orderly patterns and give meaning and insight
into the lives of others.
a. theory b. application c. research d. paradigm
18. This section of the research provides an overview of what has been written about a specific topic.
a. Introduction c. methods
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b. Literature review d. summary
19. It is a discussion that draws on one or more sources.
a. Summary b. conclusion c. recommendation d. synthesis
20. This section of the research listed the complete sources used in the study.
a. Literature review b. appendices c. biographical data d. references
21. This research involves a long-time study of a person, group, organization, or situation.
a. Grounded Theory c. Phenomenology
b. Ethnography d. Case Study
22. ______________ is the study of a particular cultural group to get a clear understanding of its organizational set-
up, internal operation, and lifestyle.
a. Grounded Theory c. Phenomenology
b. Ethnography d. Case Study
23. This type of qualitative research focuses on the examination of primary documents to make the researcher
understands the connection of past events to the present time.
a. Case Study c. Historical Analysis
b. Grounded Theory d. Content and Discourse Analysis
24. This research takes place upon discovering a new theory to underlie a study at the time of data collection and
a. Case Study c. Historical Analysis
b. Grounded Theory d. Content and Discourse Analysis
25. These are variables with distinct, non-numeric or qualitative categories such as gender or marital status.
a. Nominal data b. Ordinal data c. Interval data d. Ratio
26. An ethical consideration in research that protects the subjects to be identified.
a. Confidentiality b. Anonymity c. Individuality d. Credibility
27. A sampling strategy that uses the most easily accessible people (or objects) to participate in a study.
a. Convenience sampling c. Purposive sampling
b. Quota sampling d. Snow Ball sampling
28. The process by which data are organized to better understand patterns of behavior within the target population
a. Data Collection c. Data Analysis
b. Data Gathering d. Data Interpretation
29. An interview conducted with a small group of people, all at one time, to explore ideas on a particular topic.
a. Structured interview c. Focus group
b. Semi-structured interview d. Formal interview
30. A comprehensive survey of the research literature on a topic.
a. Literature Review c. Literature Synthesis
b. Literature Analysis d. Literature Presentation
31. The principles, procedures, and strategies of research used in a study for gathering information, analyzing, data,
and drawing conclusions.
a. System b. Process c. Methodology d. Approach
32. The process of assigning values, typically numeric values, to the different levels of a variable
a. Tagging b. Marking c. Coding d. Labeling
33. A type of sample that is used when the target population is geographically disperse
a. Quota sampling c. Purposive sampling
b. Cluster sampling d. Probability sampling
34. A group that is selected from a larger group
a. Example b. Portion c. Representative d. Sample
35. A clear statement in a form of a question of the specific issues that a researcher wishes to analyze
a. Research concern c. Statement of the Problem
b. Research question d. Statement of the Purpose
36. The person who responds to a survey questionnaire and provides information for analysis
a. Population b. Respondent c. Subject d. Informant
37. Specific procedures used to gather and analyze data
a. Research Technique c. Research Method
b. Research System d. Research Design
38. The number of subjects in a study
a. Sample rate b. Sample ratio c. Sample amount d. Sample size

39. The process of selecting a subgroup of a population that will be used to represent the entire population
a. Sampling b. Selecting c. Categorizing d. Coding
40. A method of data collection in which the interviewer uses a pre-determined list of topics or gather information
from a respondent.
a. Structured Interview c. Formal Interview
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b. Semi-Structured Interview d. Informal Interview
41. The basic sampling technique where a group of subjects for study is selected from a larger group. Each individual
is chosen by chance and each member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample
a. Simple Random Sampling c. Convenience Sampling
b. Cluster Sampling d. Purposive Sampling
42. A strategy used to gather a sample for a research study, in which study participants give the researcher referrals
to other individuals who fit the study criteria.
a. Snow ball Sampling c. Quota Sampling
b. Cluster Sampling d. Total Elimination Sampling
43. A clearly defined group of people or objects
a. Group b. Representatives c. Population d. Respondents
44. A survey document with questions that are used to gather information from individuals to be used in research
a. Cover letter b. Questionnaire c. Guide Questions d. Likert Scale
45. Includes analysis of concepts or ideas to give meaning to some national or world issues
a. Critical review b. Expert review c. Conceptual review d. Scoping review
46. The beginning portion of the work that identifies individuals who have contributed something for the production
of the paper
a. Dedication b. Acknowledgement c. References d. Citation
47. A complete list of all reading materials, including books, journals, periodicals, etc. from where the borrowed
ideas came from.
a. Dedication b. Acknowledgement c. References d. Citation
48. Acknowledging the sources of information by citing them within the text
a. Dedication b. Acknowledgement c. References d. Citation
49. This is an act of copying or quoting the exact words of the writers and passing the quoted words off as your own
a. Pasting b. Plagiarism c. Documenting d. Stealing
50. A data gathering technique wherein the researcher personally watch, interact, or communicate with the subjects
of the study
a. Immersion b. Observation c. Simulation d. Interaction
51. A data gathering technique that makes the researchers verbally ask the subjects questions to give answers to
what their study is about
a. Questions and answer b. Inquiring c. Interview d. Survey
52. A paper containing a list of questions including the particular place and space in the paper where the
respondents write their answers to the questions
a. Matrix b. Answer Sheet c. Template d. Questionnaire
53. This is the process of understanding data or known facts or assumptions serving as the basis of any claims or
a. Data Interpretation c. Data Analysis
b. Data Collection d. Data Coding
54. It is a type of inferential or interpretative thinking that derives its validity, truthfulness, or reasonableness from
sensory experiences.
a. Synthesis b. Instinct c. Conclusion d. Interpretation
55. It provides information and description of the subject matter of the research.
a. Cover page b. Topic c. Definition of Terms d. Title
56. This part of the research paper concisely discusses the essential aspects of the research paper. It is the summary
of the summary.
a. Gist b. Abstract d. Introduction d. Summary
57. This part explains the background of the research problem and states a set of specific research questions.
a. Method b. Introduction c. Statement of the Problem d. RRL
58. This section of the research explains the types and sources of data as well as the method used data collection
and analysis.
a. Procedure b. Method c. Scope and Limitation d. Discussion
59. This section may present graphical representation, statistical method, or written discussion.
a. Discussion b. Findings c. Conclusion d. Summary
60. This section includes suggestions of the researchers to further improve, modify, replicate, validate, and the likes
the study conducted.
a. Appendix b. Conclusion c. Discussion d. Recommendation

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