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EPRA International Journal of Economic and Business Review Vol - 3, Issue- 10, October 2015

Inno Space (SJIF) Impact Factor : 4.618(Morocco) ISI Impact Factor : 1.259 (Dubai, UAE)

ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF HIGH

SCHOOL STUDENTS

ABSTRACT

Achievement Motivation on Academic Achievement. The

study belongs to normative survey method with the random sample of

Assistant Professor 842 high school students of Thajavur District, Tamilnadu, India. Study

variable. Regression analysis was used as statistical technique. The

MASS College of Education,

results indicated that the Study Habits, Achievement Motivation

Kallapuliyur,

influences the Academic Achievement significantly.

Kumbakonam – 612501,

Tamilnadu, India.

1.1 BEGINNING

Generally, the quality of an individual is essential But it is not possible to identify and analyze all factors as

to face an interview and get the job from the competitive combined in a single study and it could be complex. For

world. The entire personal progress of the individual is attaining high achievement, those factors in which the

jugged with their quality. In any educational level, the positive factors should be fostered. Because all factors

quality is marked with their performance of examination cannot make positive influences and sometimes it makes

that is academic achievement. The students are to be low influences or it makes negative influences on academic

focused in high status when they attain high achievement achievement. So the investigator of this research paper

in their examination. But in real, it is not possible to attain interested to find the influences of certain selected factors

high achievement. Because they are some inherent factors of study habits, achievement motivation on academic

are disturbing/motivating achievement. Identifying and achievement.

fostering the individual factor, teacher factor and social 1.2 OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OF

factors may succeed the good or high academic THE STUDY

achievement. Robinson (2000) identified that they are Operational definition is a definition which must

many factors plays a role in achieving high academic be defined by the researcher that the variable how it has

achievement like good teacher, good study environment, been going to measure or to be operated in the research.

course of the study, parents cooperation and high quality The following are the operational definitions of the

books. Mostly, academic achievement highly depends on variables.

the individual factors with compare to other factors and it 1.2.1 Study Habits:-

is essential because it determines the status of the It is defined as the individual’s systematic and

students. On the other hand, those factors may influence efficient activities to improve learning activity.

the academic achievement of the students significantly.

www.epratrust.com Vol - 3, Issue- 10, October 2015 138

e-ISSN : 2347 - 9671, p- ISSN : 2349 - 0187 K.Suresh

1.2.2 Achievement Motivation:- 1.5 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

It is generally defined as a habitual desire to All process has been done for some purposes

achieve goals through one’s individual effort and it refers and it can be divided with discrete works. The forecasting

to a person’s efforts to master a task, achieve excellence, of the work is called as objectives. No researcher cannot

overcome obstacles, perform better than others and take do research without objectives. For attaining the goal, the

pride in exercising talent. following objective has been formulated by the investigator.

1.2.3 Academic Achievement:- To find out the significant influences if any in

It may be defined as the academic performance Academic Achievement with respect to

of the students in their school subjects. independent variables such as,

Study Habits, and

1.3 NEED AND SIGNIFICANCE OF

Achievement Motivation

THE STUDY

Nowadays, the academic achievement is focused 1.6 HYPOTHESES OF THE STUDY

as a main thing because it has been preferred to show the Hypothesis is a tentative and scientific

individual effectiveness, school status and fulfill the assumption of the study and it could be tested as essential

parents’ desires. The low achievement occurs by in the research. According to Mohan (2014), “Hypothesis

undetermined participation of the factors. The individual is a tentative prediction or explanation of the relationship

factors like interest, attitude, aptitude, study habits, between two or more”. Based on the objectives, the following

achievement motivation, parents’ encouragement, hypothesis has been formulated for investigation.

teachers support, anxiety and so on may positively/ There is a significant influences if any in

negatively influence the achievement. Most of the parents Academic Achievement with respect to

prefer their child to get high achievement in all subjects independent variables such as,

and it makes an esasy way to get any group to study in Study Habits, and

future. In this case, there are many factors that are Achievement Motivation

positively/negatively influencing achievement of the 1.7 METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY

students and they are listed before. Even though, a lot of Methodology is broad term which includes

factors positively/negatively influencing the achievement, systematic procedures to conduct research. According to

all factors cannot be analyzed in a single study. New Webster dictionary of English language, the

Nonetheless, the students may differ in their academic methodology is described as “The science of method or

achievement based on these factors. But all factor cannot arrangement” (Singh, 2006). It is type of inquiry with

make an equal positive/negative influences, it may be reference to the research. “Research methodology is a

varied. Identifying the exact factors much positively/ way to systematically solve the research

negatively influencing the achievement is essential because problem”(Basavayya & Venkataiah, 2015). They are many

the teacher and the parents may stress or attentive on it components are in research methodology. The research

to the students. For this back drop, the investigator design is one of it and it explained below.

restricted with the factors like study habits, achievement 1.7.1 Research Design:-

motivation for finding its positive/negative influences on It is important component of research

academic achievement. methodology. Research design is the blue print of the

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION OF THE research. According to the Basavayya and Venkataiah

STUDY (2015), “The researcher will have to state the conceptual

Research question is defined as “a question about structure within which research would be conducted”.

what the researcher going to investigate or to find or to Based on the objectives and purpose of the research, the

analyze or to verify or to discover”. This is most important investigator has used survey research design for the study.

because it is the real starting point of the research and The following elements are included in the survey

enriches the hypothesis through objectives. The following research design and they are described below.

is the quantitative research question of the study. 1.7.1.1 Variables:-

Is there any significant influences in Academic A concept which occupies more quantitative or

Achievement with respect to independent qualitative values in different occasion is called as variable.

variables such as,

In 2014, Kothari defined variable as “A concept which can

Study Habits, and

take on different quantitative values is called a variable”.

Achievement Motivation

www.epratrust.com Vol - 3, Issue- 10, October 2015 139

EPRA International Journal of Economic and Business Review

The investigator of the study has used two kinds of suitable for collecting data at a time. According to Sabu

variables and they are given below. (2012), “when an observation is made outside the

Independent variable: The characteristic which laboratories in real life situation by adopting the survey

does not change with others and it is manipulated by the technique, the method is termed as the normative survey

researcher is called as independent variable. According or field survey method”. Normative survey must be cross-

to Singh (2006), “It is that factor which is measured, sectional as well as descriptive. Thus, the investigator of

manipulated or selected by the experimenter to the study has used normative survey method for collecting

determine its relationship to observed phenomena”. The data.

independent variables of the study are, 1.7.1.4 Tools:-

Study Habits, and Tools are very essential because no one can

Achievement Motivation measure the variable without instruments in social

Dependent variable: A characteristic which sciences. The instruments like questionnaire, rating scales

changes with others and it is a observe phenomena is and schedules are also called as tools. The following tools

called as dependent variable. “It is a factor which is were used by the investigator.

observed or measured to determine the effect of the Study Habits Inventory by Mukhopadhyay and

independent variable” (Sing, 2008). The dependent Sansanwal (Revised version 2005) and it was

variable of the study is revalidated by the investigator.

Academic Achievement Achievement Motivation Scale by Misra and

1.7.1.2 Samples:- Srinivastava

A part or a unit of the large population is called Academic Achievement – Students Annual Marks

as samples. According to Best and Kahn (2006) defined

1.7.1.5 Statistics:-

the sample “A sample is a small portion of the population

The regression analysis was used as statistical

that is selected for observation and analysis”. The sample

technique for finding the positive/negative influences

comprised of 842 high school students of Thanjavur

between the variables.

District, Tamilnadu, India were randomly selected for the

1.8 Testing of Hypothesis:-

study.

Hypothesis Testing is non omittable activity of

1.7.1.3 Method:-

the research because the testing gives up the result of the

Method has procedures to collect data and it

research. For testing the hypothesis of the research, the

includes techniques. “Method is a style of conducting a

investigator used regression statistics.

research work which is determined by the nature of the

problem” (Singh, 2006). Normative Survey Method is more

Table 1.1 Regression Analyses of Predictor Variables and Dependent Variable

ANOVA

Predictor Variables Sum of Squares Df Mean Square F Sig.

Study Habits Regression 357201.683 2 178600.842

and Residual 13361923.784 839 15926.012

11.21 0.000

Achievement

Total 13719125.467 841 -

Motivation

a. Dependent Variable: Academic Achievement

b. Predictors: (Constant), Study Habits and Achievement Motivation

From the table 1.1, the p value of the model is 0.000 which indicate that the dependent variable is

statistically significant with predictor variables at 1% level.

e-ISSN : 2347 - 9671, p- ISSN : 2349 - 0187 K.Suresh

Table 1.2 Regression Model Analyses

Standardized

Un-standardized Coefficients

Predictor Coefficients

t-Value Sig.

Variables Standard

Beta Value Beta Value

Error

(Constant) 49.716 7.856 - 6.328 .000

Study Habits 5.763 2.187 0.702 2.635 .000

Achievement

21.026 4.325 1.701 4.862 .000

Motivation

a. Dependent Variable: Academic Achievement

b. Predictors: (Constant), Study Habits and Achievement Motivation

From the table 1.2, the regression equation model with un-standardized beta value is

Y= 5.763X1+21.026X2+49.716

Where,

Y – Dependent Variable Such as Academic Achievement

X – Predictor Variables such as Study Habits for X1, and Achievement Motivation for X2.

FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

variables of influencing the dependent variable. It can be

Findings are explored from the analysis of

clearly concluded that academic achievement is highly

hypothesis and which are the exact results of the research.

influenced by achievement motivation with compare to

The followings is the finding of the study,

There exists a significant influences in academic study habits.

achievement with respect to the independent REFERENCES

variables such as, 1. Kothari,C.R. (2014). Research Methodology: variable

Study Habits, and meaning. New Delhi: New Age International (P) limited

Achievement Motivation. Publishers.

2. Mohan, Radha. (2014). Research methods in education,(2nd

CONCLUSION

ed). New Delhi: Neel Kaml Publications Private Limited.

Conclusion clearly provides the possible rationale

3. Basavayya, D., & Venkataiah, N. (2015). Essence of

for the findings. Reference with the finding, the

educational research. (Vol.1). New Delhi: Neelkamal

investigator of the study concluded that the independent

Publications PVT Limited.

variable such as Study Habits, Achievement Motivation are

4. Robinson, H.N. (2000). Effective study. New York: Harper

positively influences the dependent variable like Academic

and Brothers.

Achievement. It means that the one unit of change in

5. Singh, Yogesh Kumar. (2006). Fundamental of research

academic achievement is due to 5.763 unit change of study

methodology and statistics. New Delhi: New Age

habits and 21.026 unit change of achievement motivation. International (P) Limited, Publishers.

************

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