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MCQs in Thermodynamics

1. The term “thermodynamics” comes from  A. Surroundings

Greek words “therme” and “dynamis” which  B. Boundary
means _______.  C. Volume
 A. Heat power  D. Environment
 B. Heat transfer 10. What is the real or imaginary surface that
 C. Heat energy separates the system from its surroundings?
 D. Heat motion  A. Division
2. The term “thermodynamics” was first used in  B. Wall
1849 in the publication of a  C. Boundary
 A. Rudolph Clausius  D. Interface
 B. William Rankine 11. A system which consists of fixed amount of
 C. Lord Kelvin mass and no mass can cross its boundary called
 D. Thomas Savery _____.
3. What law asserts that energy is a  A. Equilibrium system
thermodynamic property?  B. Thermal equilibrium system
 A. First law of Thermodynamics  C. Open system
 B. Second law of Thermodynamics  D. Closed system
 C. Third law of Thermodynamics 12. A system in which even energy is not
 D. Zeroth law of Thermodynamics allowed to cross the boundary is called ____.
4. What law asserts that energy has quality as  A. Closed system
well as quantity?  B. Exclusive system
 A. First law of Thermodynamics  C. Isolated system
 B. Second law of Thermodynamics  D. Special system
 C. Third law of Thermodynamics 13. A system in which there is a flow of mass is
 D. Zeroth law of Thermodynamics known as _____.
5. The macroscopic approach to the study of  A. Equilibrium system
thermodynamics does not require a knowledge  B. Isolated system
of the behavior of individual particles is called  C. Open system
_____.  D. Closed system
 A. Dynamic thermodynamics 14. Open system usually encloses which of the
 B. Static thermodynamics following devices?
 C. Statistical thermodynamics  A. Compressor
 D. Classical thermodynamics  B. Turbine
6. What is the more elaborate approach to the  C. Nozzle
study of thermodynamics and based on the  D. All of the above
average behavior of large groups of individual 15. The boundaries of a control volume, which
particles? may either real or imaginary is called _____.
 A. Dynamic thermodynamics  A. Control boundary
 B. Static thermodynamics  B. Control system
 C. Statistical thermodynamics  C. Interface
 D. Classical thermodynamics  D. Control surface
7. What is defined a region in space chosen for 16. Any characteristic of a thermodynamics
study? system is called a _____.
 A. Surroundings  A. Property
 B. System  B. Process
 C. Boundary  C. Phase
 D. Volume  D. Cycle
8. The first law of thermodynamics is based on 17. How are thermodynamic properties
which of the following principles? classified?
 A. Conservation of mass  A. Physical and chemical
 B. Conservation of energy  B. Intensive and extensive
 C. Action and reaction  C. Real and imaginary
 D. The entropy-temperature relationship  D. Homogeneous and heterogeneous
9. What is the mass or region outside the system
called?
MCQs in Thermodynamics
18. The thermodynamic properties that are 26. A system is in ______ equilibrium of its
independent on the size of the system is called chemical composition does not change with
_____. time, i.e., no chemical reaction occurs.
 A. Extensive property  A. Chemical
 B. Intensive property  B. Thermal
 C. Open property  C. Mechanical
 D. Closed property  D. Phase
19. The thermodynamic properties that are 27. “The state of a simple compressible system
dependent on the size or extent of the system is is completely specified by two independent,
called _____. intensive properties”. This is known as ______.
 A. Extensive property  A. Equilibrium postulate
 B. Intensive property  B. State postulate
 C. Open property  C. Environment postulate
 D. Closed property  D. Compressible system postulate
20. Which is NOT an intensive property of 28. What is the unit of the total energy of the
thermodynamics? system?
 A. Temperature  A. Kj
 B. Mass  B. Kj/Kg
 C. Pressure  C. Kg
 D. Density  D. g
21. Which is NOT an extensive property of 29. Without electrical, mechanical, gravitational,
thermodynamics? surface tension and motion effects, a system is
 A. Density called _____ system.
 B. Mass  A. Simple
 C. Volume  B. Simple compressible
 D. Energy  C. Compressible
22. Extensive properties per unit mass are called  D. Independent
_____. 30. What refers to any change that a system
 A. Specific properties undergoes from one equilibrium state to another
 B. Relative properties equilibrium state?
 C. Unit properties  A. Process
 D. Phase properties  B. Path
23. A system is in ______ equilibrium if the  C. Phase
temperature is the same throughout the entire  D. Cycle
system. 31. What refers to the series of state through
 A. Static which a system passes during a process?
 B. Thermal  A. Path
 C. Mechanical  B. Phase
 D. Phase  C. Cycle
24. A system is in ______ equilibrium if there is  D. Direction
no change in pressure at any point of the system 32. How many independent properties are
with time. required to completely fix the equilibrium state of
 A. Pressure a pure gaseous compound?
 B. Thermal  A. 4
 C. Mechanical  B. 3
 D. Phase  C. 2
25. If a system involves two phases, it is in  D. 1
______ equilibrium when the mass of each 33. What is a process in which the system
phase reaches an equilibrium level and stays remains infinitesimally closed to an equilibrium
there. state at all times?
 A. Chemical  A. Path equilibrium process
 B. Thermal  B. Cycle equilibrium process
 C. Mechanical  C. Phase equilibrium process
 D. Phase  D. Quasi-state or quasi- equilibrium
process
MCQs in Thermodynamics
34. A closed system may refer to ______.  C. No change with location
 A. Control mass  D. No change with mass
 B. Control volume 44. What is defined as a process during which a
 C. Control energy fluid flows through a control volume steadily?
 D. Control temperature  A. Transient-flow process
35. An open system may refer to ______.  B. Steady and uniform process
 A. Control mass  C. Uniform-flow process
 B. Control volume  D. Steady-flow process
 C. Control energy 45. The sum of all the microscopic form of
 D. Control temperature energy is called _____.
36. A system is said to be in thermodynamic  A. Total energy
equilibrium if it maintains ______ equilibrium.  B. Internal energy
 A. Mechanical and phase  C. System energy
 B. Thermal and chemical  D. Phase energy
 C. Thermal, mechanical and chemical 46. What type of system energy is related to the
 D. Thermal, phase, mechanical and molecular structure of a system?
chemical  A. Macroscopic form of energy
37. What is a process with identical end states  B. Microscopic form of energy
called?  C. Internal energy
 A. Cycle  D. External energy
 B. Path 47. What form of energy refers to those a
 C. Phase system possesses as a whole with respect to
 D. Either path or phase some outside reference frame, such as potential
38. What is a process during which the and kinetic energies?
temperature remains constant?  A. Macroscopic form of energy
 A. Isobaric process  B. Microscopic form of energy
 B. Isothermal process  C. Internal energy
 C. Isochoric process  D. External energy
 D. Isometric process 48. Who coined the word “energy” in 1807?
39. What is a process during which the pressure  A. William Rankine
remains constant?  B. Rudolph Clausius
 A. Isobaric process  C. Lord Kelvin
 B. Isothermal process  D. Thomas Young
 C. Isochoric process 49. The molecules of a gas moving through
 D. Isometric process space with some velocity possesses what kind
40. What is a process during which the specific of energy?
volume remains constant?  A. Translational energy
 A. Isobaric process  B. Spin energy
 B. Isothermal process  C. Rotational kinetic energy
 C. Isochoric or isometric process  D. Sensible energy
 D. Isovolumetric process 50. The electrons in an atom which rotate about
41. The prefix “iso” used to designate a process the nucleus possess what kind of energy?
means ______.  A. Translational energy
 A. Cannot be interchanged  B. Spin energy
 B. Remains constant  C. Rotational kinetic energy
 C. Approximately equal  D. Sensible energy
 D. Slight difference 51. The electrons which spins about its axis will
42. What does the term “steady” implies? possess what kind of energy?
 A. No change with volume  A. Translational energy
 B. No change with time  B. Spin energy
 C. No change with location  C. Rotational kinetic energy
 D. No change with mass  D. Sensible energy
43. What does the tem “uniform” implies? 52. What refers to the portion of the internal
 A. No change with volume energy of a system associated with the kinetic
 B. No change with time energies of the molecules?
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 A. Translational energy 61. What temperature scale is identical to the
 B. Spin energy Kelvin scale?
 C. Rotational kinetic energy  A. Ideal gas temperature scale
 D. Sensible energy  B. Ideal temperature scale
53. What is the internal energy associated with  C. Absolute gas temperature scale
the phase of a system called?  D. Triple point temperature scale
 A. Chemical energy 62. The temperatures of the ideal gas
 B. Latent energy temperature scale are measured by using a
 C. Phase energy ______.
 D. Thermal energy  A. Constant-volume gas thermometer
54. What is the internal energy associated with  B. Constant-mass gas thermometer
the atomic bonds in a molecule called?  C. Constant-temperature gas thermometer
 A. Chemical energy  D. Constant-pressure gas thermometer
 B. Latent energy 63. What refers to the strong repulsion between
 C. Phase energy the positively charged nuclei which makes fusion
 D. State energy reaction difficult to attain?
55. What is the extremely large amount of  A. Atomic repulsion
energy associated with the strong bonds within  B. Nuclear repulsion
the nucleus of the atom itself called?  C. Coulomb repulsion
 A. Chemical energy  D. Charge repulsion
 B. Latent energy 64. What gas thermometer is based on the
 C. Phase energy principle that at low pressure, the temperature of
 D. Nuclear energy a gas is proportional to its pressure at constant
56. What are the only two forms of energy volume?
interactions associated with a closed system?  A. Constant-pressure gas thermometer
 A. Kinetic energy and heat  B. Isobaric gas thermometer
 B. Heat transfer and work  C. Isometric gas thermometer
 C. Thermal energy and chemical energy  D. Constant-volume gas thermometer
 D. Latent energy and thermal energy 65. What is the state at which all three phases of
57. What states that if two bodies are in thermal water coexist in equilibrium?
equilibrium with a third body, they are also in  A. Tripoint of water
equilibrium with each other?  B. Triple point of water
 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics  C. Triple phase point of water
 B. First law of thermodynamics  D. Phase point of water
 C. Second law of thermodynamics 66. What is defined as the force per unit area?
 D. Third law of thermodynamics  A. Pressure
58. Who formulated the zeroth law of  B. Energy
thermodynamics in 1931?  C. Work
 A. A. Celsuis  D. Power
 B. A. Einstein 67. The unit “pascal” is equivalent to ______.
 C. R.H. Fowler  A. N/m^2
 D. G. Fahrenheit  B. N/m
59. What is the thermodynamic temperature  C. N-m
scale in the SI system?  D. N-m^2
 A. Kelvin scale 68. Which of the following is NOT a value of the
 B. Celsius scale standard atmospheric pressure?
 C. Fahrenheit scale  A. 1 bar
 D. Rankine scale  B. 1 atm
60. What is the thermodynamic temperature  C. 1 kgf/cm^2
scale in the English system?  D. 14.223 psi
 A. Kelvin scale 69. What is the SI unit of pressure?
 B. Celsius scale  A. Atm
 C. Fahrenheit scale  B. Bar
 D. Rankine scale  C. Pa
 D. Psi
MCQs in Thermodynamics
70. 1 bar is equivalent to how many pascals?  B. Amagat Law
 A. 10^3  C. Pascal’s Law
 B. 10^4  D. Bernoulli’s Theorem
 C. 10^5 79. What pressure measuring device consists of
 D. 10^6 a coiled hollow tube that tends to straighten out
71. 1 atm is equivalent to how many pascals? when the tube is subjected to an internal
 A. 101,325 pressure?
 B. 101,689  A. Aneroid
 C. 101,102  B. Manometer
 D. 101,812  C. Bourdon pressure gage
72. What is considered as the actual pressure at  D. Barometer
a given position and is measured relative to 80. What is an energy that can be transferred
absolute vacuum? from one object to another causing a change in
 A. Gage pressure temperature of each object?
 B. Absolute pressure  A. Power
 C. Atmospheric pressure  B. Heat transfer
 D. Vacuum pressure  C. Heat
73. What is the pressure below atmospheric  D. Work
pressure called? 81. What is the SI unit of energy?
 A. Gage pressure  A. Newton
 B. Absolute pressure  B. Btu
 C. Atmospheric pressure  C. Calorie
 D. Vacuum pressure  D. Joule
74. The difference between the absolute 82. One joule is equivalent to one _____.
pressure and the atmospheric pressure is called  A. Kg ∙ m/ s^2
the _____ pressure.  B. Kg ∙ m^2/s^2
 A. Gage  C. Kg ∙ m^2/s
 B. Normal  D. Kg ∙ m/s
 C. Standard 83. One calorie is equivalent to how many
 D. Vacuum joules?
75. Which of the following is NOT an instrument  A. 4.448
used to measure pressure?  B. 4.184
 A. Bourdon tube  C. 4.418
 B. Pitot tube  D. 4.814
 C. Aneroid 84. One erg is equivalent to how many joules?
 D. Manometer  A. 10^-8
76. What instrument is used to measure  B. 10^-7
atmospheric pressure?  C. 10^-6
 A. Pitot tube  D. 10^-5
 B. Wind vane 85. The first law of thermodynamics is the:
 C. Barometer  A. Law of conservation of momentum
 D. Manometer  B. Law of conservation of mass
77. Another unit used to measure atmospheric  C. Law of conservation of power
pressure is the “torr”. This is named after the  D. Law of conservation of energy
Italian physicist, Evangelista Torrecelli. An 86. What is the study of energy and its
average atmospheric pressure is how many transformations?
torr?  A. Thermostatics
 A. 740  B. Thermophysics
 B. 750  C. Thermochemistry
 C. 760  D. Thermodynamics
 D. 770 87. What is considered as the heat content of a
78. What states that for a confined fluid, the system?
pressure at a point has the same magnitude in  A. Enthalpy
all directions?  B. Entropy
 A. Avogadro’s Law  C. Internal heat
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 D. Molar heat 96. A liquid that is about to vaporize is called
88. What refers to the amount of heat needed to ______ liquid.
raise the temperature of an object by one degree  A. Saturated
Celsius or 1K?  B. Compressed or subcooled
 A. Heat capacity  C. Superheated
 B. Specific heat  D. Unsaturated
 C. Latent heat 97. A vapor that is about to condense is called
 D. Molar heat ______ vapor.
89. What is the heat capacity of one mole of  A. Saturated
substance?  B. Compressed or subcooled
 A. Molecular heat  C. Superheated
 B. Specific heat  D. Unsaturated
 C. Latent heat 98. A vapor that is not about to condense is
 D. Molar heat called _____ vapor.
90. What is the heat capacity of one gram of a  A. Saturated
substance?  B. Compressed or subcooled
 A. Molecular heat  C. Superheated
 B. Specific heat  D. Unsaturated
 C. Latent heat 99. A substance that has a fixed chemical
 D. Molar heat composition is known as ______ substance.
91. “The enthalpy change for any chemical  A. Monoatomic
reaction is independent of the intermediate  B. Heterogeneous
stages, provided the initial and final conditions  C. Homogeneous
are the same for each route.” This statement is  D. Pure
known as: 100. What refers to the temperature at which a
 A. Dulong’s Law pure substance changes phase at a given
 B. Dalton’s Law pressure?
 C. Hess’s Law  A. Equilibrium temperature
 D. Petit Law  B. Saturation temperature
92. What refers to the measure of the disorder  C. Superheated temperature
present in a given substance or system?  D. Subcooled temperature
 A. Enthalpy 101. What refers to the pressure at which a pure
 B. Entropy substance changes phase at a given
 C. Heat capacity temperature?
 D. Molar heat  A. Equilibrium pressure
93. Entropy is measured in ______.  B. Saturation pressure
 A. Joule/Kelvin  C. Superheated pressure
 B. Joule-Meter/Kelvin  D. Subcooled pressure
 C. Meter/Kelvin 102. What is the amount of heat needed to turn
 D. Newton/Kelvin 1 kg of the substance at its melting point from
94. What is the energy absorbed during the solid to liquid state?
chemical reaction under constant volume  A. Heat of fusion
conditions?  B. Heat of vaporation
 A. Entropy  C. Heat of condensation
 B. Ion exchange  D. Heat of fission
 C. Enthalpy 103. What is the amount of heat needed to turn
 D. Enthalpy of reaction 1kg of the substance at its boiling point from the
95. When water exists in the liquid phase and is liquid to the gaseous state?
not about to vaporize, it is considered as  A. Heat of fusion
_____liquid.  B. Heat of vaporation
 A. Saturated  C. Heat of condensation
 B. Compressed or subcooled  D. Heat of fission
 C. Superheated 104. What refers to the amount of energy
 D. Unsaturated absorbed or released during a phase-change
process?
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 A. Molar heat  D. Cold
 B. Latent heat 113. The ratio of the mass of vapor to the total
 C. Vaporization heat mass of the mixture is called ______.
 D. Condensation heat  A. Vapor ratio
105. What is the latent heat of fusion of water at  B. Vapor content
1 atm?  C. Vapor index
 A. 331.1 kJ/kg  D. Quality
 B. 332.6 kJ/kg 114. The “equation of state” refers to any
 C. 333.7 kJ/kg equation that relates the ______ of the
 D. 330.7 kJ/kg substance.
106. What is the latent heat of vaporization of  A. Pressure and temperature
water at 1 atm?  B. Pressure, temperature and specific
 A. 2314.8 kJ/kg weight
 B. 2257.1 kJ/kg  C. Temperature and specific weight
 C. 2511.7 kJ/kg  D. Pressure, temperature and specific
 D. 2429.8 kJ/kg volume
107. What refers to the point at which the 115. In the equation Pv = RT, the constant of
saturated liquid and saturated vapor states are proportionality R is known as ______.
the same or identical?  A. Universal gas constant
 A. Triple point  B. Gas constant
 B. Inflection point  C. Ideal gas factor
 C. Maximum point  D. Gas index
 D. Critical point 116. The gas constant of a certain gas is the
108. What is defined as the direct conversion of ratio of:
a substance from the solid to the vapor state or  A. Universal gas constant to molar mass
vice versa without passing the liquid state?  B. Universal gas constant to atomic weight
 A. Condensation  C. Universal gas constant to atomic
 B. Vaporization number
 C. Sublimation  D. Universal gas constant to number of
 D. Cryogenation moles
109. The amount of heat required to raise the 117. What is the value of the universal gas
temperature of 1kg of water through 1 °C is constant in kJ/kmol ∙ K?
called ______.  A. 10.73
 A. Calorie  B. 1.986
 B. Joule  C. 8.314
 C. BTU  D. 1545
 D. Kilocalorie 118. The mass of one mole of a substance in
110. The amount of heat required to raise the grams is known as ______.
temperature of 1 pound of water by 1°F is called  A. Molar weight
______.  B. Molar mass
 A. Calorie  C. Molar volume
 B. Joule  D. Molar constant
 C. BTU 119. What is defined as the energy required to
 D. Kilocalorie raise the temperature of a unit mass of a
111. 1 British thermal unit (BTU) is equivalent to substance by one degree?
how many joules?  A. Latent heat of fusion
 A. 1016  B. Molar heat
 B. 1043  C. Specific heat capacity
 C. 1023  D. Specific heat
 D. 1054 120. The ______ of a substance is the amount
112. The term “enthalpy” comes from Greek of heat that must be added or removed from a
“enthalpen” which means ______. unit mass of the substance to change its
 A. Warm temperature by one degree.
 B. Hot  A. Latent heat of fusion
 C. Heat  B. Molar heat
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 C. Specific heat capacity  A. Conduction
 D. Specific heat  B. Convection
121. What is the specific heat capacity of water  C. Radiation
in J/kg ∙°C?  D. Electrification
 A. 4581 130. What states that the net mass transfer to or
 B. 4185 from a system during a process is equal to the
 C. 4518 net change in the total mass of the system
 D. 4815 during that process?
122. What is the SI unit of specific heat  A. Third law of thermodynamics
capacity?  B. Conservation of energy principle
 A. J/kg  C. Second law of thermodynamic
 B. J/kg∙ °F  D. Conservation of mass principle
 C. J/kg∙ °C 131. Which of the following statements is TRUE
 D. J/°C for an ideal gas, but not for a real gas?
123. What is constant for a substance that is  A. PV = nRT
considered “incompressible”?  B. An increase in temperature causes an
 A. Specific volume of density increase in the kinetic energy of the gas
 B. Pressure  C. The total volume of molecules on a gas
 C. Temperature is nearly the same as the volume of the gas
 D. All of the above as a whole
124. If there is no heat transferred during the  D. No attractive forces exists between the
process, it is called a ______ process. molecule of a gas
 A. Static 132. How does an adiabatic process compare to
 B. Isobaric an isentropic process?
 C. Polytropic  A. Adiabatic heat transfer is not equal to
 D. Adiabatic zero; isentropic heat transfer is zero
125. The term “adiabatic” comes from Greek  B. Both heat transfer = 0; isentropic:
 A. No heat  C. Adiabatic heat transfer = 0; isentropic:
 B. No transfer heat transfer is not equal to zero
 C. Not to be passed  D. Both heat transfer is not equal to zero;
 D. No transformation isentropic: irreversible
126. How is heat transferred? 133. Which of the following is the Ideal gas law
 A. By conduction (equation)?
 B. By convection  A. V/T = K
 C. By radiation  B. V= k*(1/P)
 D. All of the above  C. P1/T1 = P2/T2
127. What refers to the transfer of energy due to  D. PV = nRT
the emission of electromagnetic waves or 134. What is a measure of the ability of a
photons? material to conduct heat?
 A. Conduction  A. Specific heat capacity
 B. Convection  B. Coefficient of thermal expansion
 C. Radiation  C. Coefficient of thermal conductivity
 D. Electrification  D. Thermal conductivity
128. What refers to the transfer of energy 135. What refers to the heating of the earth’s
between a solid surface and the adjacent fluid atmosphere not caused by direct sunlight but by
that is in motion? infrared light radiated by the surface and
 A. Conduction absorbed mainly by atmospheric carbon
 B. Convection dioxide?
 C. Radiation  A. Greenhouse effect
 D. Electrification  B. Global warming
129. What refers to the transfer of energy from  C. Thermal rise effect
the more energetic particles of a substance to  D. Ozone effect
the adjacent less energetic ones as a result of
interaction between particles?
MCQs in Thermodynamics
136. What is a form of mechanical work which is  C. 0.5
related with the expansion and compression of  D. 0.25
substances? 145. What is the absorptivity of a black body?
 A. Boundary work  A. 0
 B. Thermodynamic work  B. 1
 C. Phase work  C. 0.5
 D. System work  D. 0.25
137. Thermal radiation is an electromagnetic 146. What is sometimes known as the “Fourth-
radiation with wavelengths in _____ range. power law”?
 A. 1 to 100 µm  A. Kirchhoff’s radiation law
 B. 0.1 to 100 µm  B. Newton’s law of cooling
 C. 0.1 to 10 µm  C. Stefan-Boltzmann law
 D. 10 to 100 µm  D. Hess’s law
138. What refers to the rate of thermal radiation 147. What states that the net change in the total
emitter per unit area of a body? energy of the system during a process is equal
 A. Thermal conductivity to the difference between the total energy
 B. Absorptivity entering and the total energy leaving the system
 C. Emissivity during that process?
 D. Emissive power  A. Third law of thermodynamics
139. What states that for any two bodies in  B. Conservation of energy principle
thermal equilibrium, the ratios of emissive power  C. Second law of thermodynamics
to the absorptivity are equal?  D. Conservation of mass principle
 A. Kirchhoff’s radiation law 148. The equation Ein – Eout = ∆Esystem is
 B. Newton’s law of cooling known as ______.
 C. Stefan-Boltzmann law  A. Energy conservation
 D. Hess’s law  B. Energy equation
140. What is considered as a perfect absorber  C. Energy balance
as well as a perfect emitter?  D. Energy conversion equation
 A. Gray body 149. What remains constant during a steady-
 B. Black body flow process?
 C. Real body  A. Mass
 D. White body  B. Energy content of the control volume
141. What is a body that emits a constant  C. Temperature
emissivity regardless of the wavelength?  D. Mass and energy content of the control
 A. Gray body volume
 B. Black body 150. Thermal efficiency is the ratio of:
 C. Real body  A. Network input to total heat input
 D. White body  B. Network output to total heat output
142. At same temperatures, the radiation  C. Network output to total heat input
emitted by all real surfaces is ______ the  D. Network input to total heat output
radiation emitted by a black body. 151. What law states that it is impossible to
 A. Less than operate an engine operating in a cycle that will
 B. Greater than have no other effect than to extract heat from a
 C. Equal to reservoir and turn it into an equivalent amount of
 D. Either less than or greater than work?
143. Which is NOT a characteristic of  A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
emissivity?  B. First law of thermodynamics
 A. It is high with most nonmetals  C. Second law of thermodynamics
 B. It is directly proportional to temperature  D. Third law of thermodynamics
 C. It is independent with the surface 152. Which statement of the second law of
condition of the material thermodynamics states that no heat engine can
 D. It is low with highly polished metals have a thermal efficiency of 100 percent?
144. What is the emissivity of a black body?  A. Kelvin-Planck statement
 A. 0  B. Clausius statement
 B. 1  C. Kevin statement
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 D. Rankine statement 160. A device that violates the second law of
153. What is the ratio of the useful heat thermodynamics is called a ______.
extracted to heating value?  A. Perpetual motion machine of the second
 A. Combustion efficiency kind
 B. Phase efficiency  B. Universal machine of the second kind
 C. Heat efficiency  C. Ambiguous machine of the second kind
 D. Work efficiency  D. Unique machine of the second kind
154. What is defined as the ratio of the net 161. Carnot cycle is the best known reversible
electrical power output to the rate of fuel energy cycle which was first proposed in what year?
input?  A. 1842
 A. Combustion efficiency  B. 1824
 B. Thermal efficiency  C. 1832
 C. Overall efficiency  D. 1834
 D. Furnace efficiency 162. Who proposed the Carnot cycle?
155. What refers to the amount of heat removed  A. Sammy Carnot
from the cooled space in BTS’s for 1 watt-hour  B. Sonny Carnot
of electricity consumed?  C. Sadi Carnot
 A. Cost efficiency rating  D. Suri Carnot
 B. Energy efficiency rating 163. The Carnot cycle is composed of how many
 C. Coefficient of performance reversible processes?
 D. Cost of performance  A. 2
156. What law states that it is impossible to build  B. 3
a device that operates in a cycle and produces  C. 4
no effect other than the transfer of heat from a  D. 5
lower-temperature body to a higher-temperature 164. The Carnot cycle is composed of ______
body? processes.
 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics  A. One isothermal and one adiabatic
 B. First law of thermodynamics  B. One isothermal and two adiabatic
 C. Second law of thermodynamics  C. Two isothermal and one adiabatic
 D. Third law of thermodynamics  D. Two isothermal and two adiabatic
157. What statement of the second law of 165. What is the highest efficiency of heat
thermodynamics states that it is impossible to engine operating between the two thermal
build a device that operates in a cycle and energy reservoirs at temperature limits?
produces no effect other than the transfer of  A. Ericson efficiency
heat from a lower-temperature body to a higher-  B. Otto efficiency
temperature body?  C. Carnot efficiency
 A. Kelvin-Planck statement  D. Stirling efficiency
 B. Clausius statement 166. What is a heat engine that operates on the
 C. Kelvin statement reversible Carnot cycle called?
 D. Rankine statement  A. Carnot heat engine
158. A device that violates either the first law of  B. Ideal heat engine
thermodynamics or the second law of  C. Most efficient heat engine
thermodynamics is known as _____.  D. Best heat engine
 A. Ambiguous machine 167. What states that thermal efficiencies of all
 B. Universal machine reversible heat engines operating between the
 C. Perpetual-motion machine same two reservoirs are the same and that no
 D. Unique machine heat engine is more efficient than a reversible
159. A device that violates the first law of one operating between the same two reservoirs?
thermodynamics is called a _____.  A. Ericson principle
 A. Perpetual-motion machine of the first  B. Carnot principle
kind  C. Otto principle
 B. Universal machine of the first kind  D. Stirling principle
 C. Ambiguous machine of the first kind 168. Who discovered the thermodynamic
 D. Unique machine of the first kind property “Entropy” in 1865?
 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 B. First law of thermodynamics  D. Work and heat
 C. Second law of thermodynamics 177. During adiabatic, internally reversible
 D. Third law of thermodynamics process, what is true about the change in
169. A process during which entropy remains entropy?
constant is called ______ process  A. It is temperature-dependent
 A. Isometric  B. It is always greater than zero
 B. Isochoric  C. It is always zero
 C. Isobaric  D. It is always less than zero
 D. Isentropic 178. Water boils when:
170. “A reversible adiabatic process is  A. Its saturated vapor pressure equals to
necessarily isentropic but an isentropic process the atmospheric pressure
is not necessarily reversible adiabatic process.”  B. Its vapor pressure equals 76cm of
This statement is: mercury
 A. True  C. Its temperature reaches 212 degree
 B. False Celsius
 C. May be true and may be false  D. Its vapor pressure is 1 gram per sq. cm
 D. Absurd 179. Which of the following is standard
171. The term “isentropic process” used in temperature and pressure (STP)?
thermodynamics implies what?  A. 0 degree Celsius and one atmosphere
 A. Reversible adiabatic process  B. 32 degree Fahrenheit and zero pressure
 B. Externally reversible, adiabatic process  C. 0 degree Kelvin and one atmosphere
 C. Internally reversible, adiabatic process  D. 0 degree Fahrenheit and zero pressure
 D. Irreversible adiabatic process 180. What is the value of the work done for a
172. What states that the entropy of a pure closed, reversible isometric system?
crystalline substance at absolute zero  A. Zero
temperature is zero?  B. Positive
 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics  C. Negative
 B. First law of thermodynamics  D. Positive or negative
 C. Second law of thermodynamics 181. “At constant pressure, the volume of a gas
 D. Third law of thermodynamics is inversely proportional to the pressure”. This is
173. What law provides an absolute reference known as ______.
point for the determination of entropy?  A. Boyle’s Law
 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics  B. Charles’s Law
 B. First law of thermodynamics  C. Gay-Lussac Law
 C. Second law of thermodynamics  D. Ideal gas law
 D. Third law of thermodynamics 182. Which of the following is the mathematical
174. “The entropy change of a system during a representation of the Charles’s law?
process is equal to the net entropy transfer  A. V1/V2= P2/P1
through the system boundary and the entropy  B. V1/T1=V2/T2
generated within the system”. This statement is  C. V1/T2=V2/T1
known as:  D. V1/V2=√P2/√P1
 A. Entropy generation 183. Which of the following is the formula for
 B. Entropy change of a system thermal resistance?
 C. Entropy balance relation  A. Thickness of material/ thermal
 D. Third law of thermodynamics conductivity of material
175. What law states that entropy can be  B. 2(thickness of material)/thermal
created but it cannot be destroyed? conductivity of material
 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics  C. Thickness of material/ 2(thermal
 B. First law of thermodynamics conductivity of material)
 C. Second law of thermodynamics  D. Thickness of material x thermal
 D. Third law of thermodynamics conductivity of material
176. Entropy is transferred by ______. 184. In the process of radiation, energy is
 A. Work carried by electromagnetic waves. What is the
 B. Heat speed of electromagnetic waves?
 C. Energy  A. 182,000 miles/second
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 B. 184,000 miles/second 192. “The total volume of a mixture of non-
 C. 186,000 miles/second reacting gases is equal to the sum of the partial
 D. 188,000 miles/second volumes.” This statement is known as ______.
185. For heat engine operating between two  A. Law of Dulong and Petit
temperatures (T1>T2), what is the maximum  B. Maxwell-Boltzmann law
efficiency attainable?  C. Amagat’s law
 A. Eff = 1 – (T2/T1)  D. Avogadro’s law
 B. Eff = 1 – (T1/T2) 193. An adiabatic process in which there is no
 C. Eff = T1 – T2 change in system enthalpy but for which there is
 D. Eff = 1 - (T2/T1)^2 a significant decrease in pressure is called
186. Which one is the correct relation between _____.
energy efficiency ratio (EER) and coefficient of  A. Isochoric process
performance (COP)?  B. Isobaric process
 A. EER = 2.34 COP  C. Throttling process
 B. EER = 3.24 COP  D. Quasistatic process
 C. EER = 3.42 COP 194. What is defined as the ratio of the change
 D. EER = 4.23 COP in temperature to the change in pressure when a
187. The coefficient of performance (COP) is the real gas is throttled?
ratio between the:  A. Rankine coefficient
 A. Power consumption in watts and heat  B. Kelvin coefficient
absorbed per hour  C. Maxwell-Boltzmann coefficient
 B. Heat absorbed per hour and the power  D. Joule-Thomson coefficient
consumption in watts 195. The low temperature reservoir of the heat
 C. Work required and the absorbed heat reservoirs is known as ______.
 D. Absorbed heat and work required  A. Source reservoir
188. What predicts the approximate molar  B. Heel reservoir
specific heat at high temperatures from the  C. Toe reservoir
atomic weight?  D. Sink reservoir
 A. Third law of thermodynamics 196. A ______ is a flow in which the gas flow is
 B. Law of Dulong and Petit adiabatic and frictionless and entropy change is
 C. Mollier diagram zero.
 D. Pressure-enthalpy diagram  A. Isentropic flow
189. Considering one mole of any gas, the  B. Isobaric flow
equation of state of ideal gases is simply the  C. Steady flow
______ law.  D. Uniform flow
 A. Gay-Lussac law 197. What refers to the minimum temperature at
 B. Dulong and Petit which combustion can be sustained?
 C. Avogadro’s  A. Burn temperature
 D. Henry’s  B. Kindle temperature
190. An ideal gas whose specific heats are  C. Spark temperature
constant is called _____.  D. Ignition temperature
 A. Perfect gas 198. What law predicts the dew point of moisture
 B. Natural gas in the fuel gas?
 C. Artificial gas  A. Dalton’s law
 D. Refined gas  B. Law of Dulong and Petit
191. What are the assumptions of the kinetic gas  C. Ringelman law
theory?  D. Amagat’s law
 A. Gas molecules do not attract each other 199. What law states that one energy from can
 B. The volume of the gas molecules is be converted without loss into another form?
negligible compared to the volume of the  A. Amagat’s law
gas  B. Joule’s law
 C. The molecules behave like hard spheres  C. Lussac’s law
 D. All of the above  D. Henry’s law
200. Which is NOT a correct statement?
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 A. A superheated vapor will not condense 208. The heat Q per unit mass per degree
when small amount of heat re removed change in temperature that must be supplied or
 B. An ideal gas is a gas that is not a removed to change the temperature of a
superheated vapor substance.
 C. A saturated liquid can absorb as much  a. Specific Heat Capacity
heat as it can without vaporizing  b. Latent Heat
 D. Water at 1 atm and room temperature is  c. Heat of Transformation
subcooled  d. Internal Heat
201. Thermodynamics is the study of heat and 209. The pressure of the vapor phase of a
its transformation which stems from Greek substance that is in equilibrium with the liquid or
words meaning _________. solid phase.
 a. transformation of heat  a. Phase Pressure
 b. transformation of energy  b. Equilibrium Vapor Pressure
 c. movement of heat  c. Specific Pressure
 d. movement of matter  d. Equilibrium Phase Pressure
202. What is the Si unit for temperature? 210. Vapor pressure depends only on
 a. Kelvin _________.
 b. Celsius  a. pressure
 c. Fahrenheit  b. force
 d. Rankine  c. volume
203. The energy that flows from higher  d. temperature
temperature object to a lower temperature object 211. A plot of pressure vs. temperature for a
because of the difference in temperature is given substance showing the various phases
called possible for that particular substance.
 a. heat  a. Phase diagram
 b. temperature  b. P-T diagram
 c. thermodynamics cycle  c. Wein Diagram
 d. energy flow  d. Histogram
204. The amount of heat energy per kilogram 212. _________ is the grand total of all energies
that must be added or removed when a inside a substance.
substance changes from one phase to another.  a. Internal Energy
 a. specific heat  b. Grand Energy
 b. heat of expansion  c. Atomic Energy
 c. latent heat  d. Elemental Energy
 d. useful heat 213. The _________ is defined as the amount of
205. The change in physical size of a substance heat required to change the temperature of 1
when its temperature changes. gram of water by 1 Celsius degree.
 a. intensive property  a. specific heat
 b. extensive property  b. latent heat
 c. volume expansion  c. Joule
 d. thermal expansion  d. calorie
206. A stress which develops within an object 214. _________ is a measure of the average
when it attempts to expand or contract in kinetic energy per molecule in a substance.
response to a temperature changes, but cannot,  a. movement
due to being held rigidly in place.  b. temperature
 a. elongation  c. heat
 b. thermal stress  d. mass
 c. expansion contraction 215. _________ the very small KE still present
 d. thermal expansion in molecules at absolute zero temperature.
207. The energy associated with individual  a. internal KE
molecules in a gas, liquid or solid.  b. Atomic kinetic energy
 a. Specific Energy  c. Zero-Point Energy
 b. Molecular Energy  d. Subliminal Energy
 c. Internal Energy 216. Convert the change of temperature from
 d. Phase Energy 20˚C to 30˚C to Kelvin scale.
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 a. 10 K  a. vacuum pressure
 b. 293 K  b. relative humidity
 c. 303 K  c. absolute pressure
 d. 273 K  d. vapor pressure
217. _________ is a thermodynamic potential 224. _________ is the transition of a given
which measures the “useful” work obtainable substance from the solid to the gas phase with
from a closed thermodynamic system at a no intermediate liquid stage.
constant temperature and volume.  a. Convection
 a. useful work  b. Conduction
 b. energy consumed  c. Radiation
 c. Helmholtz free energy  d. Sublimation
 d. Kinetic Energy 225. A process in which heat energy is
218. How much will the length of a 1.0 km transferred by the flow of fluid.
section of concrete highway change if the  a. Convection
temperature varies from -15˚C in winter to 41˚C  b. Conduction
 a. 0.67 m  d. Sublimation
 b. 2.2 m 226. In order to use a substance to make a
 c. 3.1 m thermometer the substance must _________
 d. 0.47 m with a temperature change.
219. Two 12 ft. sections of aluminum siding are  a. expand
placed end to end on the outside wall of house.  b. contract
How large a gap should be left between the  c. change
pieces to prevent buckling if the temperature can  d. increase
change by 55˚C? 227. For most solids, the coefficient of volume
 a. 0.21 m expansion is _________ the coefficient of linear
 b. 0.18 m expansion.
 c. 0.31 in  a. unrelated to
 d. 0.18 in  b. proportional to
220. What is the amount of radiant energy  c. twice
received each second over each square meter  d. three times
that is at right angles to the sun’s rays at the top 228. The volume of a given amount of water
of the atmosphere? _________ as the temperature decreases from
 a. 1400 J 4˚C to 0˚C.
 b. 6000 J  a. decreases
 c. 10000 J  b. increases
 d. 800 J  c. remains constant
221. _________ is a thermodynamic potential  d. none of the above
that measures the “useful” or process-initiating 229. The gas in a constant gas thermometer
work obtainable from an isothermal, isobaric cooled to absolute zero would have _________.
thermodynamic system.  a. no volume
 a. Du-Pont Potential  b. no pressure
 b. Gibbs free energy  c. zero temperature at all scales
 c. Rabz-Eccles Energy  d. none of the above
 d. Claussius Energy 230. On a day when the partial pressure of water
222. All the energy we consume ultimately vapor remains constant, what happens as the
becomes _________. temperature rises?
 a. heat  a. the relative humidity increases
 b. depleted  b. the relative humidity decreases
 c. exhausted  c. the relative humidity remains constant
 d. work  d. the air would eventually become
223. _________is the partial pressure of water saturated
vapor at the existing temperature divided by the 231. The flow of a fluid when heat is transferred
equilibrium vapor pressure of water at the by convection.
existing temperature.  a. placidity
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 b. mass flow  d. intersection
 c. convection current 240. A closed system is also known as
 d. heat transfer _________.
232. An idealized perfect absorber and perfect  a. isolated system
emitter of radiation.  b. closed container
 a. elastic material  c. control mass
 b. transponder material  d. control volume
 c. Teflon 241. Open system is also known as _________.
 d. blackbody  a. isolated system
233. A process by which heat is transferred  b. closed container
through a material without a bulk movement of  c. control mass
the material.  d. control volume
 a. Convection 242. Liquid hydrogen boils at 17 K. What is the
 b. Conduction temperature in degrees Celsius?
 c. Radiation  a. 290
 d. Emission  b. 63
234. Is the amount of a substance that contains  c. -120
Avogadro’s number of atoms/molecules.  d. -256
 a. mass 243. When a solid melts,
 b. matter  a. the temperature of the substance
 c. gram-mole increases.
 d. volume  b. the temperature of the substance
235. The distribution of particle speeds in an decreases.
ideal gas at a given temperature.  c. heat leaves the substance.
 a. velocity of propagation  d. heat enters the substance.
 b. escape velocity 244. How many kilocalories of heat are required
 c. Maxwell speed Distribution to heat 750 g of water from 35˚C to 55˚C.
 d. terminal velocity  a. 15
236. A convection process in which an external  b. 1500
device, such as a fan, is used to produce the  c. 1.5 x 10^4
fluid flow.  d. 6.3 x 10^4
 a. Forced Convection 245. Which of the following does not determine
 b. External Convection the amount of internal energy an object has?
 c. Placid Convection  a. temperature
 d. Thermionic Convection  b. amount of material
237. A _________ is a quantity whose value at  c. type of material
any state is independent of the path or process  d. shape of the object
used to reach that state. 246. Which of the following have the highest
 a. cycle thermal conductivities?
 b. path function  a. liquids
 c. point function  b. gases
 d. process  c. metals
238. A _________ is a quantity whose value  d. solids other than metals
depends on the path followed during a particular 247. Identical objects of four different materials
change in state. are heated to the same high temperature. Which
 a. path function of the following would least likely burn your hand
 b. point function if touched?
 c. process  a. aluminium
 d. cycle  b. brass
239. The contact surface shared by both the  c. glass
system and the surroundings is called  d. concrete
_________. 248. As we heat a gas at constant pressure, its
 a. wall volume
 b. boundary  a. increases
 c. interface  b. decreases
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 c. stays the same 257. The temperature at which the vapor
 d. none of the above pressure exactly equals one atm is called
249. The volume of an ideal gas is directly _________.
proportional to its  a. boiling temperature
 a. pressure  b. normal boiling point
 b. Celsius temperature  c. triple point
 c. Kelvin temperature  d. point of infliction
 d. Fahrenheit temperature 258. Mixture of liquid and steam of the same
250. An ideal gas is maintained at constant substance in which both are at saturation
temperature. If the pressure on the gas is temperature.
doubled, the volume is  a. dry steam
 a. increased fourfold  b. current steam
 b. doubled  c. wet steam
 c. reduced by half  d. aerosol
 d. decreased by a quarter 259. The term _________ is traditionally used to
251. If the Kelvin temperature of an ideal gas is describe steam issuing from condensate
doubled, what happens to the rms speed of the receiver vents and open-ended condensate
molecules in the gas? discharge lines from steam traps.
 a. it increases by a factor of square root of  a. dry steam
2  b. wet steam
 b. it increases by a factor of 2  c. phase steam
 c. it increases by factor of 4  d. flash steam
 d. none of the above 260. Defined as the ratio of weight of dry steam
252. A function of state that is associated with to the weight of stuff.
disorder in the system and environment.  a. dryness fraction
 a. enthalpy  b. Vaporization
 b. entropy  c. fusion
 c. law of diminishing return  d. super heated steam
 d. Lenz’ Law 261. What device measures infrared radiation
253. No volume changes occur during this type below?
of process  a. thermocouple
 a. Isobaric process  b. thermopile
 b. Isomillimetric process  c. thermodynamic device
 c. Isocaloric process  d. thermos
 d. Isochoric process 262. When an object undergoes thermal
254. The boiling of water into steam in an open expansion,
container is an example of a/an _________  a. any holes in the object expand as well
process.  b. any holes in the object remain the same
 a. adiabatic  c. mass increases
 b. isochoric  d. molecular activities would cease
 c. isobaric 263. _________ is the quantity of heat required
 d. zero work to raise the temperature of one pound of water 1
255. When liquid water is converted to steam at F˚ from 63 ˚F to 64 ˚F.
100˚C, the entropy of water  a. one Joule
 a. increases  b. one calorie
 b. decreases  c. one watt
 c. remains the same  d. one BTU
 d. none of the above 264. Boiling temperature of a material is
256. Only energy can cross the boundaries. dependent on its _________.
 a. Closed system  a. volume
 b. Open system  b. power
 c. Isolated system  c. heat
 d. Isoenergetic system  d. pressure
265. Thermos was invented by _________.
 a. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 b. Sir Fredrich the Great  b. gage pressure
 c. Thomas Edison  c. standard atmospheric pressure
 d. Sir James Dewar  d. isobaric pressure
266. Most cooking activities involve _________ 274. If any external pressure is applied to a
process. confined fluid, the pressure will be increased at
 a. Isochoric every point in the fluid by the amount of the
 b. Isothermal external pressure is known as _________.
 c. Isobaric  a. Torricelli’s law
 d. Isovolumic  b. Barometric law
really means _________ and _________  d. Pascal’s law
respectively. 275. What type of pressure cannot be used for
 a. raising the temp and lowering the temp Boyle’s Law?
 b. maintaining the pressure and changing  a. Atmospheric Pressure
the temperature  b. Gauge Pressure
 c. decreasing the volume and increasing  c. Surface Pressure
the pressure  d. Isobaric Pressure
 d. lowering the temp and raising the temp 276. To displace a cubic foot of fresh water, you
268. The statement “heat cannot by itself flow need _________ force.
from one body into a hotter body” is governed by  a. 62.4 lb
_________.  b. 9.81 lb
 a. the first law of thermodynamics  c. 76 lb
 b. the second law of thermodynamics  d. 760 lb
 c. the third law of thermodynamics 277. The force per unit length across such a line
 d. the zeroth law of thermodynamics in the surface is called _________.
269. It is impossible for any process to have as  a. force per length
its sole result the transfer of heat from a cooler  b. surface tension
to a hotter body  c. Pressure
 a. Carnot’s statement  d. Density
 b. Clausius statement 278. The speed at which a liquid escapes from a
 c. Rankine statement vessel through an orifice is given by _________.
 d. Gauss statement  a. Archimedes Principle
270. _________ is the average distance a  b. Evangelista’s Law
molecule moves before colliding with another  c. Torricelli’s Theorem
molecule.  d. Bernoulli’s Equation
 a. mean free path 279. The process of one substance mixing with
 b. path allowance another because of molecular motion is called
 c. compacting factor _________.
 d. molecular space  a. diffusion
271. Find the pressure due to a column of  b. viscosity
mercury 74.0 cm high.  c. streamline flow
 a. 91.80 x 10^3 N/m^2  d. solution
 b. 73.56 x 10^2 N/m^2 280. When was the Ninth General Conference
 c. 9.86 x 10^4 N/m^2 on Weights and Measures decided to abandon
272. Roughly what is the total weight of air in the  a. 1950
entire earth?  b. 1936
 a. 1 x 10^5 tons  c. 1957
 b. 2 x 10^6 tons  d. 1948
 c. 6 x 10^15 tons 281. _________ is the temperature to which the
 d. 8 x 10^10 tons air must be cooled, at constant pressure, to
273. _________ is defined as that equivalent to produce saturation.
the pressure due to a column of mercury 76cm  a. relative humidity
long.  b. triple point temperature
 a. surface pressure  c. dew point
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 d. critical point  b. 15 kJ
282. _________ is a succession of changes that  c. 10 kJ
ends with the return of the body or system to its  d. 12 kJ
initial state. 290. A simple steam engine receives steam from
 a. process the boiler at 180˚C and exhausts directly into the
 b. system air at 100˚C. What is the upper limit of its
 c. equilibrium efficiency?
 d. cycle  a. 11.28 %
283. Intensive properties of a system are called  b. 36.77 %
_________.  c. 20.36 %
 a. Bulk Properties  d. 17.66 %
 b. Innate Properties 291. Heat which causes a change in
 c. Natural Properties temperature of a substance.
 d. Inside Properties  a. Latent heat
284. In thermodynamics, a throttling process,  b. Sensible heat
also called a _________, is a type of isenthalpic  c. Specific heat
process where a liquid or gas is cooled as it  d. Heat of Fusion
passes from a higher pressure state to a lower 292. Who coined the term latent heat?
pressure state.  a. John Thompson
 a. Rankine Process  b. Studey Baker
 b. Carnot Cycle  c. Joe di Maggio
 c. Joule-Thomson process  d. Joseph Black
 d. Refrigeration process 293. Which of the following cannot be measured
285. Gasoline and Diesel Engines are best by a thermometer?
described by the _________.  a. Latent Heat
 a. Otto Cycle  b. Sensible Heat
 b. Burnign Cycle  c. Specific Heat
 c. Shikki Cycle  d. Heat of Fusion
 d. Shapa R’ Elli Cycle 294. It is generally accepted as a law of nature
286. Twenty grams of ice at 0˚C melts to water that although one may closely approach 0 Kelvin
at 0˚C. How much does the entropy of the 20g it is impossible actually to reach it.
change in this process?  a. First Law of thermodynamics
 a. 30.5 J/K  b. Second Law of thermodynamics
 b. 24.6 J/K  c. Third Law of thermodynamics
 c. 21.3 J/K  d. Zeroth Law of thermodynamics
 d. 15.7 J/K 295. One calorie is equal to _________.
287. The first law of thermodynamics is based  a. 1/180 W.h
on which of the following principles?  b. 1/860 W.h
 a. conservation of mass  c. 1/360 W.h
 b. the enthalpy-entropy relationship  d. 1/250 W.h
 c. action – reaction 296. A _________ is a reversible process in
 d. conservation of energy which there is transfer of heat and takes place
288. If a system absorbs 500 cal of heat at the according to the relation pVn = C where n is any
same time does 400J of work, find the change in constant.
internal energy of the system.  a. Polytropic process
 a. 1400 J  b. Entropy
 b. 1700 J  c. Ideal Gas Law
 c. 1900 J  d. Carnot Cycle
 d. 1500 J 297. The flow through an open system is
289. A gas is enclosed in a cylinder with a _________ if all properties at each point within
weighted piston as the top boundary. The gas is the system remain constant with respect to time.
heated and expands from a volume of 0.04 m3  a. streamline flow
to 0.10 m3 at a constant pressure of 200 kPa.  b. steady flow
Find the work done on the system.  c. constant flow
 a. 5 kJ  d. algebraic flow
MCQs in Thermodynamics
298. The most efficient cycle that can operate  C. z = T /Tc
between two constant temperature reservoir is  D. z = RT / pV
the _________. Hint: for an real gases the compressibility factor,
 a. Otto Cycle x, is an dimensionless constant given by pV=
 b. Lazare Cycle zRT. Therefore z = pV / RT
 c. Isothermal Cycle 305. From the steam table, determine the
 d. Carnot Cycle average constant pressure specific heat (c) of
299. The flow energy of 150 L of a fluid passing steam at 10 kPa and45.8 ˚C
a boundary to a system is 110 kJ. Determine the  A.1.79 kJ/ kg-˚C
pressure at this point  B.10.28 kJ/ kg-˚C
 a. 733.33 kPa  C.30.57 kJ/ kg-˚C
 b. 833.33 kPa  D. 100.1 kJ/ kg-˚C
 c. 933.33 kPa Formula: ∆h = c∆T
 d. 633.33 kPa From the steam table
300. Who is the father of thermodynamics? At 47.7 ˚C h= 2588.1 kJ/ kg
 a. Lazare Carnot At 43.8 ˚C h= 2581.1 kJ/ kg
 b. Sadi Carnot 306. A 10m^3 vessel initially contains 5 m^3 of
 c. William Thompson liquid water and 5 m^3 of saturated water vapor
 d. Rudolf Classius at 100 kPa. Calculate the internal energy of the
301. If air is at pressure, p, of 3200 lbf/ft2, and at system using the steam table.
a temperature, T, of 800 ˚R, what is the specific  A. 5 x10^5 kJ
volume, v? (R=5303 ft-lbf/lbm-˚R, and air can be  B. 8×10^5 kJ
modeled as an ideal gas.)  C. 1 x10^6 kJ
 A.9.8 ft^3/lbm  D. 2 x10^6 kJ
 B.11.2 ft^3/lbm Formula: fromthe steamtable
 C.13.33 ft^3/lbm vƒ = 0.001043 m^3 / kg
 D.14.2 ft^3/lbm vg = 1.6940 m^3 / kg
Formula: pv = RT v = RT / p u ƒ= 417.3 kJ/kg ug= 2506kJ/kg
302. Steam at 1000 lbf/ft^2 pressure and 300˚R formula: Mvap = V vap/vg
has specific volume of 6.5 ft^3/lbm and a M liq = Vliq/ vƒ
specific enthalpy of 9800 lbf-ft/lbm. Find the u =uƒM liq + ug M vap
internal energy per pound mass of steam. 307. A vessel with a volume of cubic meter
 A.2500 lbf-ft/lbm contains liquid water and water vapor ion
 B.3300 lbf-ft/lbm equilibrium at 600 kPa. The liquid water has
 C.5400 lbf-ft/lbm mass of1kg. Using the steam table, calculate the
 D.6900 lbf-ft/lbm mass of the water vapor.
Formula: h= u+ pV u= h– pV  A. 0.99kg
303. 3.0 lbm of air are contained at 25 psia and  B. 1.57 kg
100 ˚F. Given that Rair = 53.35 ft-lbf/lbm- ˚F,  C. 2.54 kg
what is the volume of the container?  D. 3.16 kg
 A.10.7 ft^3 Formula: from the steam table at 600kPa
 B.14.7 ft^3 vƒ = 0.001101 m^3 / kg
 C.15 ft^3 vg = 0.3157 m^3 / kg
 D.24.9 ft^3 Vtot = mƒ vƒ + mg vg
Formula: use the ideal gas law mg = (tot-mƒ vƒ) / vg
pV = mRT 308. Calculate the entropy of steam at
T = (100 +460) ˚R 60psiawith a quality of 0.8
V = mRT/p  A. 0.4274 BTU/lbm-˚R
304. The compressibility factor, x, is used for  B. 0.7303 BTU/lbm-˚R
predicting the behavior of non-ideal gases. How  C. 1.1577 BTU/lbm-˚R
is the compressibility ty factor defined relative to  D. 1.2172 BTU/lbm-˚R
an ideal gas? (subscript “c”refers to critical Formula: fromthe steamtable at 60 psia:
value) sƒ = 0.4274 BTU/lbm-˚R
 A. z = P / Pc sƒg = 1.2172 BTU/lbm-˚R)
 B. z = pV/ RT s = sƒ + x sƒg where x = is the quality
MCQs in Thermodynamics
309. Find the change in internal energy of 5 lb. 315. What horse power is required to
of oxygen gas when the temperature changes isothermally compress 800 ft^3 of Air per minute
from 100 ˚F to 120 ˚F. CV = 0.157 BTU/lbm-˚R from 14.7 psia to 120 psia?
 A.14.7 BTU  A. 28 hp
 B.15.7 BTU  B.108 hp
 C. 16.8 BTU  C.256 hp
 D. 15.9 BTU  D.13900 hp
Formula: ∆U= mcv∆T Formula: W= p1V1 ln (p1/p2)
310. Water (specific heat cv= 4.2 kJ/ kg ∙ K ) is Power = dW / dt
being heated by a 1500 W h eater. What is the 316. What is the equation for the work done by a
rate of change in temperature of 1kg of the constant temperature system?
water?  A. W = mRTln(V2-V1)
 A. 0.043 K/s  B. W = mR( T2-T1 ) ln( V2/V1)
 B. 0.179 K/s  C. W = mRTln (V2/V1)
 C. 0.357 K/s  D. W = RT ln (V2/V1)
 D. 1.50 K/s Formula : W=∫ pdV lim1,2
Formula: Q = mcv (∆T) р = mRT / V
311. A system weighing 2kN. Determine the 317. Twenty grams of oxygen gas are
force that accelerate if to 12 m/s^2. compressed at a constant temperature of 30 ˚C
a. vertically upward when g = 9.7 m/s^2 to 5%of their original volume. What work is done
 A. 4474.23 N on the system.
 B.5484.23 N  A.824 cal
 C.4495.23 N  B.924 cal
 D.5488.23 N  C.944 cal
Formula: F = m/k (a +g)  D.1124 cal
312. Refer to problem # 11. Determine the force Formula:
that accelerates if to 12 m/s^2. horizontally along W = -mRTln (V2/V1)
frictionless plane. Where R = (1.98 cal/gmole·K) (32 g/gmole)
 A. 2474.23 N 318. Helium ( R= 0.4698 BTU/lbm-˚R ) is
 B. 2574.23 N compressed isothermally from 14.7 psia and 68
 C. 3474.23 N ˚F. The compression ratio is 1:4. Calculate the
 D. 2374.23 N work done by the gas.
Formula :  A. –1454 BTU/lbm
M = wk / g  B. -364 BTU/lbm
F = ma /k  C.-187BTU/lbm
313. A problem Drum ( 3 ft. diameter ; 6 ft.  D.46.7 BTU/lbm
height ) is field with a fluid whose density is 50 Formula: W = RT ln (V2/V1)
lb/ft^3. Determine the total volume of the fluid. 319. Gas is enclosed in a cylinder with a
 A. 42.41 ft^3 weighted piston as the stop boundary. The gas
 B.44.35 ft^3 is heated and expands from a volume of 0.04
 C.45.63 ft^3 m^3 to 0.10 m^3 at a constant pressure of
 D.41.23 ft^3 200kPa.Calculate the work done by the system.
Formula: Vf = (pi d^2 h) / 4  A. 8 kJ
314. What is the resulting pressure when one  B. 10 kJ
pound of air at 15 psia and 200 ˚F is heated at  C.12 kJ
constant volume to 800 ˚F?  D.14 kJ
 A.15 psia Formula: W = p(V2-V1)
 B. 28.6 psia 320. refer to problem no.13. Determine the
 C. 36.4 psia. specific volume.
 D. 52.1 psia  A. 0.02 ft^3/lbm
Formula :  B. 0.05 ft^3/lbm
T1/p1 = T2/p2  C. 1.0 ft^3/lbm
p2= p1T2 / T1  D. 1.2 ft^3/lbm
Formula :
Vf = ( pi d^2 h) / 4
MCQs in Thermodynamics
Pf = mf / vf  b. 3800
Specific volume= Vf /mf  c. 3080
321. What is the weight of a66-kgm man at  d. None of the above
standard condition? 329. A certain gas, with cp = 0.529Btu/lb.°R and
(Formula: Fg= mg / k) R = 96.2 ft.lb/lb.°R, expands from 5 cu ft and
 a. 66 kgf 80°F to 15 cu ft while the pressure remains
 b. 66 kgm constant at 15.5 psia. Compute for T2.
 c. 66 lbm (Formula: T2= T1V2/V1)
 d. 66 gf  a. 460°R
322. What is the specific weight of water at  b. 270°R
standard condition?  c. 1620 °R
(Formula: γ = ρg / k)  d. None of the above
 a. 1000 kgm/m3 330. In the above problem, compute for the
 b. 9.8066 m/s2 mass.
 c. 1000 kgf/m3 (Formula: m = p1V1 / RT1)
 d. None of the above  a. 0.2148 lb
323. 746 °R = ______ °F  b. 0.2134 lb
 a. 254  c. 0.1248 lb
 b. 345  d. None of the above
 c. 286 331. 710°R= ______ °C
 d. None of the above  a. 214
324. A 30-m vertical column of fluid (density  b. 121
1878 kg/m3 ) is located where g= 9.65 mps2.  c. 213
Find the pressure at the base of the column.  d. None of the above
(Formula: pg= gρhg/k ) 332. 212 °F = _____ °C
 a. 543680 N/m2  a. 200
 b. 543.68 kPa (gauge)  b. 150
 c. Both a & b  c. 100
 d. None of the above  d. None of the above
325. Ten cu ft. of air at 300 psia 400°F is cooled 333. Let a closed system execute a state
to 140°F at constant volume. What is the final change for which the heat is Q = 100 J and work
pressure? is W = -25 J. Find ∆E.
(formula: p2 = p1T2/T1) (Formula: ∆E = Q- W)
 a. 0  a. 125 J
 b. 209 psia  b. 123 J
 c. – 420 psia  c. 126 J
 d. None of the above  d. None of the above
326. 876 °R = _____ °F 334. A pressure gage registers 50 psig in a
 a. 335 region where the barometer is 14.25 psia. Find
 b. 416 absolute pressure in psia, Pa.
 c. 400 (Formula; p = patm+ pg)
 d. None of the above  a. 433 kPa
327. There are 1.36 kg of gas, for which R = 377  b. 443 kPa
J/kg.k and k = 1.25, that undergo a nonflow  c. 343 kPa
constant volume process from p1 = 551.6 kPa  d. None of the above
and t1 = 60°C to p2 = 1655 kPa. During the 335. A mass of 5kg is 100m above a given
process the gas is internally stirred and there are datum where local g = 9.75 m/s2. Find the
also added 105.5 kJ of heat. Determine t2. gravitational force in newtons.
(Formula: T2= T1p2/ p1) (Formula: Fg= mg/k )
 a. 999 K  a. 48.75 N
 b. 888 K  b. 50 N
 c. 456 K  c. 45 N
 d. One of the above  d. None of the above
328. 5 atm = ____mmHg 336. In the above problem, find the potential
 a. 8300 energy of the mass with respect to datum.
MCQs in Thermodynamics
(Formula: P = mgz/k ) 344. What is the force required to accelerate
 a. 4875 j amass of 30kg at a rate of 15m/s².
 b. 0.51 j  a. 460 N
 c. 0.46 j  b. 380 N
 d. None of the above  c. 560 N
337. The combined mass of car and passengers  d. 450 N
travelling at 72 km/hr is 1500 kg. Find the kinetic F = ma
energy of this combined mass. 345. How much does an object having the mass
(Formula: K =mv2/ 2k ) of 100kg weight in newton.
 a. 300 kJ  a. 981 N
 b. 200 kJ  b. 991 N
 c. 500 kJ  c. 981.6 N
 d. None of the above  d. 980.1N
338. 14.696 psia = _____ mmHg F = ma
 a. 760 346. The volume of the gas held at constant
 b. 1 pressure increases 4 cm² at 0°C to 5cm². What
 c. 350 is the final pressure?
 d. None of the above  a. 68.65ºC
339. 212 °C = _____ K  b. 68.25ºC
 a. 485  c. 70.01°C
 b. 435  d. 79.1ºC
 c. 498 t2= T2–T1
 d. None of the above 347. A certain gas with cp = 0.529Btu/lb°R and
340. 212 °F = _____R R = 96.2ft/lbºR expands from 5 ft and 80ºF to 15
 a. 567 ft while the pressure remains constant at 15.5
 b. 672 psia.
 c. 700  a. T2=1.620ºR, ▲H = 122.83 Btu
 d. None of the above  b. T2 = 2°R, ▲H = 122.83 Btu
341. An automobile tire has a gauge pressure of  c. T2 = 2.620ºR, ▲H = 122.83 Btu
200 kpa at 0°C assuming no air leaks and no  d. T2 = 1°R, ▲H = 122.83 Btu
change of volume of the tire, what is the gauge T2= V2(t2)/V1 and ▲H = mcp (T2-T1)
pressure at 35ºC. 348. A vacuum is connected to a tank reads
 a. 298.645 3kpa at a location w/ the barametric pressure
 b. 398.109 reading is 75mmhg. Determined the P absolute
 c. 291.167 in the tank
 d. 281.333  a. 70.658 kpa
Pg = Pabs – Patm  b. 68 kpa
342. An ideal gas at 45psig and 80ºF is heated  c. 58.78 kap
in the close container to 130ºF. What is the final  d. None of the above
pressure? Pabs = Patm – Pvacuum
 a. 65.10 psi 349. Calculate:
 b. 65.11 psi a. Mass flow rate in lb/hr.
 c. 65.23 psi b. The velocity at section 2 in fps
 d. 61.16 psi  a. 800,000lb/hr;625ft/s
P1V1/T1= P2V2/T2;V = Constant  b. 900,000lb/hr;625 ft/s
343. A wall of the firebrick has an inside  c. 888,000lb/hr;269 ft/s
temperature of 313ºF and an outside  d. 700,000lb/hr;269 ft/s
temperature of 73ºF. What is the difference in m = A1V!/V1
the surface temperature in Rankin? 350. A 600kg hammer of a pile driver is lilted 2m
 a. 70 the pilling head. What is the change of potential
 b. 68 energy? If the hammer is realest. What will be its
 c. 72 velocity and the instant if it sticks the pilling?
 d. 94  a. 10,772 N-m and 5.26m/s
ºR = ºF + 460  b. 13,200 N-m and 5.26m/s
 c. 11,772 N-m and 6.26m/s
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 d. 11,77 2N-m and5.26m/s 357. Water flow to a terminal 3 mm diameter and
▲PE = mgo(▲Z)/gc has an average speed of 2 m/s. What is the rate
351. A bayabas falls from a branch 5m above of flow in cubic meter/mm?
the ground with what speed in meter per second  a. 0.0001m³/min
does it strike the ground assume g = 10m/s².  b. 0.076 m³/min
 a. 11m/s  c. 0.085 m³/min
 b. 12m/s  d. 0.097 m³/min
 c. 13m/s 358. Water flowing at a 6m/s through a 60 mm
 d. 10m/s pipe is suddenly channeled into a 30 mm pipe.
▲KE = mV2/2gc What is the velocity in the small pipe?
352. While swimming a depth of 13m in a fresh  a. 34m/s
water lake a fish emits an air bubble of volume 2  b. 24m/s
mm² atmospheric pressure is 100kpa what is the  c. 15m/s
original pressure of the bubble.  d. 27m/s
 a. 217.17 kpa 359. A vertical column of water will be supported
 b. 119 kpa to what height by standard atmospheric
 c. 326.15 kpa pressure.
 d. 210 kap  a. 33.9 ft
Pabs = Pg + Patm  b. 45 ft
353. Oxygen at 15ºC and 10.3 Mpa gauge  c. 67 ft
pressure occupies 600L. What is the occupied  d. 25.46 ft
by the oxygen at 8.28 Mpa gauge pressure and ho= Po/Yo
35ºC? 360. A fluid flows in a steady manner between
 a. 789.32 L two section in a flow line at section 1: A 1 = 1ft²,
 b. 796.32 L V1 = 100fpm, volume1 of 4ft³/lb. at sec2: A2 = 2
 c. 699 L ft², p= 0.20 lb/ft³ calculate the velocity at section
 d. 588 L 2.
V2= P1V1/T1P2  a. 625 fpm
354. Water is flowing through a 1 foot diameter  b. 567 fpm
pipe at the rate of 10ft/sec. What is the volume  c. 356 fpm
flow rate of water in ft³/sec?  d. None of the above
 a. 7.85 361. The weight of an object is 50lb. What is its
 b. 6.85 mass at standard condition?
 c. 8.85  a. 50 lbm
 d. 5.85  b. 60 lbm
V = Aν  c. 70 lbm
355. A certain fluid is flowing in a 0.5m x 0.3  d. 80 lbm
channel at the rate of 3 m/s and has a specific formula: m = Fgk /g
volume of 0.012 m³/kg. Determined the mass of 362. A vertical column of water will be supported
water flowing in kg/s. to what height by standard atmospheric
 a. 267 kg/s pressure. If the Y w = 62.4lb/ft3 po = 14.7 psi.
 b. 378 kg/s  a. 44.9 ft
 c. 375 kg/s  b. 33.9 ft
 d. 456.5 kg/s  c. 22.9 ft
m = Aν/V  d. 55.9 ft
356. A gas having a volume of100 ft³ at 27ºC is formula: ho= po/Yw
expanded to 120 ft³by heated at constant 363. For a certain gas R = 320 J/kg.K and cv=
pressure to what temperature has it been heated 0.84kJ/kg.K. Find k?
to have this new volume?  a. 1.36
 a. 87°C  b. 1.37
 b. 85°C  c. 1.38
 c. 76°C  d. 1.39
 d. 97°C formula: k= R / cv+1
t2= T2–T1
MCQs in Thermodynamics
364. Ten cu. ft of air at 300psia and 400°F is 370. An ideal gas of volume 1liter and pressure
cooled to 140°F at constant volume. What is the 10 bar undergoes a quasistatic adiabatic
transferred heat? expansion until the pressure drops to 1 bar.
 a.-120Btu Assume γ to be 1.4 what is the final volume?
 b. -220Btu  a. 3.18 l
 c.-320Btu  b. 4.18 l
 d. -420Btu  c. 5.18 l
formula: Q= mcv(T2-T1)  d. 6.18 l
365. Utilizing the answer to the previous 371. Two masses, one of the 10kg and the other
problem, estimate the overall or average unknown, are placed on a scale in a region
increase in temperature ( ΔT) of the concrete where g = 9.67 m/sec2. The combined weight of
roof from the energy absorbed from the sun these two masses is 174.06 N. Find the
during a12hour day. Assume that all of the unknown mass in kg.
radiation absorbed goes into heating the roof.  a. 20 kg
The specific heat of concrete is about 900 J/kg,  b. 19 kg
and the density is about 2,300 kg/m3.  c. 18 kg
 a. 7.9 °C  d. 17 kg
 b. 8.9°C formula: m=Fg k / g
 c. 9.9°C 372. The flow energy of 5 ft3 of a fluid passing a
 d. 10.9°C boundary to a system is 80,000 ft-lb. Determine
formula: ΔQ = m c ΔT the pressure at this point.
366. The concrete roof of a house is 10 m by 8  a. 222 psi
m and 10 cm thick (4"). Estimate the total heat  b. 333 psi
the roof would absorb over the 12 day?  c. 444 psi
 a. 1.3 x 108 J  d. 111 psi
 b 2.3 x 108 J formula: Ef= pV
 c. 3.3 x 108 J 373. Find и for steam at 100 psia and 600°F.If h
 d. 4.3 x 108 J = 1329.6 and v = 6.216
formula: ΔQ = ΔQ/Δtx Δt  a. 1214 Btu / lb
367. The value for the ΔU of a system is -120 J.  b. 1234 Btu /lb
If the system is known to have absorbed 420 J  c. 1342 Btu / lb
of heat, how much work was done?  d. 1324 Btu /lb
 a. -540 J formula: и = h– pv/ J
 b. -640 J 374. What mass of nitrogen is contained in a10
 c. -740 J ft3 vessel at a pressure of 840atm and 820°R?
 d. -840 J Make a computation by using ideal gas
formula: ΔU = q +w equation.
368. When the pressure on a 1 kg liquid is  a. 194lb
increased isothermally from 1 bar to 3000 bar  b. 214lb
the Gibbs free energy increases by 360 kJ.  c. 394 lb
Estimate the density of the liquid.  d. 413lb
 a. 0.66 kg liter-1 formula: m=pV /RT
 b. 0.77 kg liter-1 375. A rotary compressor receives 6m3/ min of a
 c. 0.88 kg liter-1 gas(R=410J/ kgK, cp=1.03kJ /kgK,k= 1.67) at
 d. 0.99 kg liter-1 105 k/Paa, 27°C and delivers it at 630kPaa: ΔP
369. A car whose mass is 2 metric tons is = 0, ΔK= 0. Find the work if the process is
accelerated uniformly from stand hill to 100 isentropic?
kmph in 5 sec. Find the driving force in  a. –1664 kJ/min
Newton’s.  b. –1774 kJ/min
 a. 11,120 N  c. –1884 kJ/min
 b. 11,320 N  d. –1994 kJ/min
 c. 11,420 N formula: WSF = Q- ΔH m=p1V1/RT1 T2=
 d. 11520 N T1(p2/p1)(k-1)/k
formula: F= ma / k 376. A carnot power cycle operates on 2 lb of air
between the limits of 71 °F and 500°F. The
MCQs in Thermodynamics
pressure at the beginning of isothermal  d) 279.4°C, 439.7kJ/kg, 79.4kJ/kg,
expansion is 400 psia and at the end of 3.0327kJ/(kg)(K),602.1 kJ/kg
isothermal expansion is 185psig. Determine the 382. Steam with an enthalpy of 2843.5 kJ/kg
volume at the end of isothermal compression. undergoes a constant pressure process at 0.9
 a. 7.849 ft3 MPa until the enthalpy becomes 2056.1 kJ/kg.
 b. 7.850 ft3 What are (a) the initial temperature or quality, (b)
 c. 7.851 ft3 ∆u, (c)W, (d) ∆s, and(e) Q?
 d. 7852 ft3  a) 265.4°C, 430.7kJ/kg, 71.4kJ/kg,
formula: V= mRT/ P P3= P2[T3/ T2] 1.0327kJ/(kg)(K),502.1 kJ/kg
377. During a polytropic process,10lb of an ideal  b) 204.2°C, -703.2 kJ/kg, -84.15 kJ/kg, -
gas, whose R= 40ft.lb/lb.R and cp = 1.7505 kJ/(kg)(K),-787.4 kJ/kg
0.25Btu/lb.R, changes state from 20 psia and  c) 304.2°C, -803.2 kJ/kg, -89.15 kJ/kg, -
40°F to 120psia and 340°F. Determine n? 2.7505 kJ/(kg)(K), -987.4 kJ/kg
 a. 1.234  d) 279.4°C, 439.7kJ/kg, 79.4kJ/kg,
 b. 1.345 3.0327kJ/(kg)(K), 602.1 kJ/kg
 c. 1.456 Formula of #1and #2: ∆u = u2 –u1, W = p(v2-
 d. 1.356 v1), ∆s =s2-s1, Q = h2 –h1
formula: [ p2/p1]n-1 / n = T2/T1 383. At throttling calorimeter receives steam
378. A perfect gas has a value of R= 319.2 J/ from a boiler drum at0.11MPa and is
kf.K and k= 1.26. If 120 kJ are added to 2.27 kfg superheated by 10 degrees. If the boiler drum
of this gas at constant pressure when the initial pressure is 1.55 MPa, what is the quality of the
temp is 32.2°C? Find T2. steam generated by the boiler?
 a. 339.4 K  a) 95.20%
 b. 449.4 K  b) 70.10%
 c. 559.4K  c) 65.60%
 d. 669.4K  d) 95.56%
formula: cp = kR/ k-1 Q= mcp(T2-T1) Formula: h1 = hf1 + x1hfg1
379. A certain gas, with cp = 0.529Btu/ lb. °Rand 384. A steam calorimeter receives steam from a
R = 96.2ft.lb/lb. °R, expands from 5 cu ft and pipe at 0.1 MPa and 20°SH. For a pipe steam
80°F to 15 cu ft while the pressure remains pressure of 2 MPa, what is the quality of the
constant at 15.5psia. Compute for T2. steam?
 a.1520°R  a) 95.56%
 b. 1620°R  b) 70.10%
 c. 1720°R  c) 95.20%
 d. 1820°R  d) 85.10%
formula: T2= T1V2/V1 Formula: h1 = hf1 + x1hfg1
380. A System has a temperature of 250°F. 385. A 1-kg steam-water mixture at 1.0 MPa is
Convert this Value to °R? contained in an inflexible tank. Heat is added
 a. 740°R until the pressure rises to 3.5 MPa and the
 b.730°R temperature to 400°. Determine the heat added.
 c. 720°R  a) 1378.7 kJ
 d. 710°R  b) 1348.5 kJ
formula: °R= °F + 460  c) 1278,7 kJ
381. Steam with a specific volume of 0.09596  d) 1246,5 kJ
m³/kg undergoes a constant pressure process at Formula: Q = (h2 – p2v2) –(h1 –p1v1)
1.70 MPa until the specific volume becomes 386. Water vapor at 100 KPa and 150°C is
0.13796 m³/kg. What are (a) the final compressed isothermally until half the vapor has
temperature, (b) ∆u, (c) W, (d)∆s, and (e) Q? condensed. How much work must be performed
 a) 265.4°C, 430.7kJ/kg, 71.4kJ/kg, on the steam in this compression process per
1.0327kJ/(kg)(K),502.1 kJ/kg kilogram?
 b) 204.2°C, -703.2 kJ/kg, -84.15 kJ/kg, -  a) -1384.7 kJ
1.7505 kJ/(kg)(K), -787.4 kJ/kg  b) 1384.7 kJ
 c) 304.2°C, -803.2 kJ/kg, -89.15 kJ/kg, -  c) -2384.7 kJ
2.7505 kJ/(kg)(K), -987.4 kJ/kg  d) 2384.7 kJ
MCQs in Thermodynamics
387. Wet steam at 1 MPa flowing through a pipe 393. While swimming at depth of120m in a fresh
is throttled to a pressure of 0.1 MPa. If the water lake, A fish emits an air bubbles of volume
throttling temperature is110°C, What is the 2.0mm³ atmospheric pressure is 100kPa. What
quality of the steam in the pipe? is the pressure of the bubble?
 a) 96%  a) 217.7 kPa
 b) 86%  b) 317.7 kPa
 c) 76%  c) 417.7 kPa
 d) 66%  d) 517.7 kPa
388. Steam is throttled to 0.1 MPa with 20 Formula: P= δh
degrees of superheat. (a) What is the quality of 394. How many joules of work is the equivalent
throttled steam if its pressure is 0.75 MPa (b) of 15000 cal of heat?
What is the enthalpy of the process?  a) 62850 joules
 a) 97.6%,2713 kJ/kg  b) 3579.95 joules
 b) -97.6%, 2713 kJ/kg  c) 14995.81 joules
 c) 87.6%,3713 kJ/kg  d) 15004.19 joules
 d) -87.6%, 3713 kJ/kg Formula: J =Work/Heat
389. The pressure gauge on a 2000 m³ tank of J = mechanical equivalent of heat whose value
oxygen gas reads 600 kPa. How much volumes is 4.19 joules/calorie
will the oxygen occupied at pressure of the 395. Two thick slices of bread, when completely
outside air 100 kPa? oxidized by the body, can supply 200,000 cal of
 a) 14026.5 m³ heat. How much work is this equivalent to?
 b) 15026.5 m³  a) 4,190,000 joules
 c) 13026.5 m³  b) 8,390,000 joules
 d) 16026.5 m³  c) 839,000 joules
Formula: P1V1/T1 =P2V2/T2  d) 419 000 joules
390. Assuming compression is according to the Formula: J =Work/Heat
Law PV = C, Calculate the initial volume of the J = mechanical equivalent of heat whose value
gas at a pressure of 2 bars w/c will occupy a is 4.19 joules/calorie
volume of 6m³ when it is compressed to a 396. 3 horsepower (hp) = _____________watts?
pressure of 42 Bars.  a) 1492 watts
 a) 130m³  b) 2238 watts
 b) 136m³  c) 746 watts
 c) 120m³  d) 2238 kilowatts
 d) 126m³ Formula: 1hp= 746 watts
Formula: P1V1/T1 =P2V2/T2 397. How many Newton’s (N) in 900,000 dynes?
391. A Gas tank registers1000 kPa. After some  a) 8 Newton’s
gas has been used, the gauge registers 500  b) 9 Newton’s
kPa. What percent of the gas remains in the  c) 7 Newton’s
tank?  d) 6 Newton’s
 a) 64.40% Formula: 1Newton (N)=100,000dynes
 b) 74.60% 398. Calculate the power output in horsepower
 c) 58.40% of an 80-kg man that climbs a flight of stairs 3.8
 d) 54.60% m high in 4.0 s.
Formula: Pabs = Patm + Pgage & %= P2/P1 *  a) 744.8 hp
100%  b) 0.998 hp
392. The volume of a gas under standard  c) 746 hp
atmospheric pressure & 76 cmHg is 200m³.  d) 1.998 hp
What is the volume when pressure is 80 cmHg if Formula: Power = Fd/t = mgh/t
the temperature is unchanged? F = W = mg
 a) 180 in³ d=h
 b) 170 in³ 399. How many calories of heat will be needed
 c) 160 in³ to raise the temperature of 200 g of iron from
 d) 190 in³ 27°C to 80°C? (c = 0.11 cal/g. °C)
Formula: P2V2 = P1V1  a) 1.16 kcal
 b) 2166 cal
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 c) 3.16 kcal  b. evaporation
 d) 4166 cal  c. freezing
Formula: H = mc∆T  d. sublimation
400. 100g of iron was heated to 100°C and 407. The density of water at 4°C is
mixed with 22g of water at 40°C. The final  a. 1 gm/cm³
temperature of the mixture was 60°C. Show that  b. 2 gm/cm³
the heat given off by the iron equals the heat  c. 3 gm/cm³
absorbed by the water.  d. 4 gm/cm³
 a) 440 cal 408. Archimedes principle states that
 b) 540 cal  a. when a body is inversed in a fluid, the
 c) 340 cal fluid exerts a downward force on the body
 d) 640 cal whose magnitude is equal to the weight of
Formula: H (given off by iron) = H (absorbed by the displaced fluid
water),  b. when a body is inversed in a fluid, the
mc∆T(iron)= mc∆T(water) fluid exerts a upward force on the body
401. An engineering science primarily concerned whose magnitude is equal to the weight of
with heat and work conversions. the displaced fluid.
 a. Thermodynamics  c. when a body is inversed in a fluid, the
 b. Mechanics fluid exerts a downward force on the body
 c. Physics whose magnitude is greater than the weight
 d. Electromagnetic of the displaced fluid.
402. “If the temperature o f a fixed quantity of a  d. when a body is inversed in a fluid, the
gas is held constant during a change of state, fluid exerts a downward force on the body
the volume varies inversely with the absolute whose magnitude is lower than the weight
pressure. of the displaced fluid.
 a. Charle’s Law 409. Types of system except one
 b. Boyle’s Law  a. closed
 c. Dalton’s Law  b. open
 d. Amagat’s Law  c. isolated
403. Avogadro’s Number NA  d. solid
 a. 6.2205 x 10^23 mol-1 410. Isometric process is
 b. 6.2025 x 10^23 mol-1  a. T = P
 c. 6.0225 x 10^23 mol-1  b. P = C
 d. 6.2250 x 10^23 mol-1  c. V = C
404. The first law of thermodynamics may be  d. T = V
expressed in the following equivalent 411. The ratio of the change in energy in the
 a. the net heat transfer id equal to the form of the heat
network  a. relative density
 b. the sum of the total energy forms leaving  b. specific heat
the system boundary is always equal to the  c. specific gravity
energy input  d. none of the above
 c. energy can neither be created nor 412. Specific heat ratio is always
destroyed but only converted from one form  a. > 1
to another  b. < 1
 d. all of the above  c. = 1
405. A system whose boundary does not allow  d. none of the above
the exchange of either matter or energy with the 413. It states that mass is a commodity that can
surrounding neither be heated nor destroyed with the
 a. open system exception of nuclear processes where the
 b. closed system conversion of mass into energy is a fundamental
 c. isolated system principle
 d. none of the above  a. Law of Conservation of Mass
406. The specific terms used in phase  b. Law of Conservation of Energy
transitions  c. Law of Conservation of Power
 a. melting  d. Law of Conservation of Heat
MCQs in Thermodynamics
414. The energy that stored in a system as a  a. Flow rate
result of its position in the earth’s gravitational  b. Volume
field  c. Time
 a. elastic energy  d. None of the above
 b. kinetic energy 424. Ability to do work
 c. potential energy  a. Power
 d. flow energy  b. Energy
415. It involves a force deforming a solid body  c. Work
 a. non-elastic work  d. None of the above
 b. non-flow work 425. Amount of heat needed to rate the
 c. flow work temperature of a substance by 1°C
 d. elastic work  a. Heat Exchange
416. Developed the Fahrenheit scale  b. Heat Engine
 a. Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit  c. Specific Heat
 b. Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit  d. None of the above
 c. Gabriel Danelle Fahrenheit 426. Study of transformation of heat energy to
 d. Danelle Gabriel Fahrenheit mechanical energy to other forms of energy.
417. Developed the centigrade or Celsius  a. Thermodynamics
 a. Andres Celsius  b. Physics
 b. Anders Celsius  c. Mechanics
 c. Andrew Celsius  d. None of the above
 d. Anthony Celsius 427.Heat cannot be created, nor destroyed, but
418. Instrument used to measure the absolute it can be changed from one form to another. The
pressure of the atmosphere energy in the universe remains constant.
 a. galvanometer  a. 1st Law of Energy Conservation
 b. thermometer  b. 2nd Law of Energy Conservation
 c. barometer  c. 3rd Law of Energy Conservation
 d. pressure gages  d. None of the above
419. A vector quantity whose direction is the 428. Quantities that describe both magnitude &
same as the direction of the velocity direction
 a. Force  a. Physical Quantity
 b. Momentum  b. Scalar Quantity
 c. Friction  c. Vector Quantity
 d. Resultant  d. None of the above
420. Conceptualize that the heat was an energy 429. The sum of energies of all the molecules in
form and that there was a precise relationship a system, energies that appear in several
between heat and work. complex forms.
 a. Count Rumford  a. External Energy
 b. Sir Humpry Davey  b. Internal Energy
 c. James Prescott  c. Kinetic Energy
 d. all of the above  d. None of the above
421. Which is true: 430. The value of atomic charge e is
 a. Energy is a scalar quantity  a. 1.60210 x 10-19 coulomb
 b. Energy is a vector quantity  b. 1.68910 x 10-19 coulomb
 c. Energy is vector & scalar  c. 1.20160 x 1019 coulomb
 d. None of the above  d. None of the above
422. It is a region enclosed by specified 431. p1V1= p2V2
boundaries, which may be imaginary, either  a. Charle’s Law
fixed or moving  b. Boyle’s Law
 a. Isolated system  c. Ideal Gas Law
 b. Open system  d. Joule’s Law
 c. System 432. A _______ is used to measure atmospheric
 d. None of the above pressure.
423. Amount or volume of liquid that pass in a  a. Thermometer
given limit of time  b. Barometer
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 c. Manometer 441. Gas being heated at constant volume is
 d. None of the above undergoing the process of.
433. Work done in pushing a fluid across a  a. isometric
boundary, Usually into or out of a system  b. specific heat
 a. Flow Work  c. enthalpy
 b. Flow Energy  d. isothermal
 c. Both a & b 442. The heat per unit mass per degree change
 d. None of the above in temperature
434. Which is not true about Heat (Q):  a. specific heat
 a. Q is positive when heat is added to the  b. isometric
body or system  c. conservation of energy
 b. Q is negative when heat is rejected by  d. none of the above
the body or system 443. A unit of pressure used in high vacuum
 c. Q is positive when heat is rejected by the technology, which is equal to 1mmhg.
body or system  a. specific heat
 d. None of the above  b. isometric
435. The standard reference atmospheric  c. isobaric
pressure  d. torr
 a. 760 mmHg 444. The gas constant is equal to
 b. 1 atm  a. Cp – Cv
 c. 14.696 psia  b. Cp + Cv
 d. All of the above  c. Cp – Cv + k
436. ______ is that property of a substance  d. None of the above
which remains constant if no heat enters or 445. The 1st Law of Thermodynamics on what
leaves the substance, while it does work or principle?
alters its volume, but which increases or  a. Conservation of Energy
diminishes should a small amount of heat enter  b. Conservation of mass
or leave.  c. Enthalpy
 a. Entrophy  d. Isometric
 b. Enthalpy 446. A system having a rigid boundary that
 c. Specific Heat energy, work and mass does not cross its
 d. None of the above boundaries
437.The acceleration of a particular body is  a. Specific Heat
directly proportional to the resultant force acting  b. Specific Gravity
on it & inversely proportional to its mass.  c. Isolated System
 a. Pascal’s Law  d. Enthalpy
 b. Joule’s Law 447. Sum of the internal energy of a substance
 c. Newton’s Law and the product of pressure and volume.
 d. None of the above  a. Specific Heat
438. Mass (not weight) per unit volume  b. Specific Gravity
 a. Specific Weight  c. Isolated System
 b. Specific Volume  d. Enthalpy
 c. Density 448. The ratio of the weight of a substance to
 d. None of the above the weight of some standard substance is
439. Composite property applicable to all fluids called?
 a. Entropy  a. Specific Heat
 b. Enthalpy  b. Specific Gravity
 c. Specific Heat  c. Isothermal
 d. None of the above  d. Specific Weight
440. A classification of system in which mass 449. Specific heat capacity in SI unit.
does not cross its boundaries.  a. kJ / kg.k
 a. Nonflow System  b. kJ / kg
 b. Open System  c. kN / kg
 c. Closed System  d. None of the above
 d. None of the above
MCQs in Thermodynamics
450. The Law of Thermodynamics that provides  b. Isentropic Process
the basis for measuring the thermodynamic  c. Isometric Process
property of temperature.  d. Adiabatic
 a. Charle’s Law 460. Another name of reversible adiabatic
 b. Boyle’s Law process
 c. Zeroth Law  a. Isentropic Process
 d. Gas Law  b. Isometric Process
451. The pressure of the confined gas is held  c. Isobaric Process
constant, the volume directly proportional to the  d. Isothermal Process
absolute temperature. 461. ______ of a Body is the absolute quantity
 a. Charle’s Law of a matter in it.
 b. Boyle’s Law  a. Mass
 c. Zeroth Law  b. Weight
 d. Gas Law  c. Density
452. Regardless of the process, the change in  d. Volume
enthalpy firm moles of ideal gas is 462. _______ of a body means the force of the
 a. Heat gravity Fg on the body
 b. Enthalpy  a. Mass
 c. Entropy  b. Weight
 d. Density  c. Density
453. Ideal process are ________ process  d. Volume
 a. Irreversible 463. The law of conservation of mass states that
 b. Reversible ______.
 c. Isothermal  a. mass is indestructible
 d. Isometric  b. mass is destructible
454. A state occurs when a system is in  c. mass is indestructible
equilibrium  d. none of the above
 a. Natural Environment 464. __________ is the energy stored within a
 b. Closed System body or substance by virtue of the activity and
 c. Surrounding configuration of its molecules.
 d. Isentropic  a. Internal Energy
455. A state occurs in isentropic process  b. External Energy
 a. The change in entropy is 0  c. Kinetic Energy
 b. The change in entropy is 1  d. Potential Energy
 c. The change in enthalpy is 0 465. The Product of the displacement of the
 d. The change in enthalpy is 1 body and the component if the force in the
456. The SI unit of mass direction of the displacement.
 a. kg  a. Nonflow Work
 b. g  b. Flow Work
 c. N  c. Work
 d. None of the above  d. None of the above
457. Anything that is outside the system 466. Is the energy in transit (on the move) from
boundary is called ________. the one body or system to another solely
 a. Surrounding because of a temperature between the bodies or
 b. Natural Environment systems.
 c. Closed System  a. Work
 d. Open System  b. Heat
458. A Thermodynamic Term That refers to any  c. Energy
fixed region in a space  d. None of the above
 a. Control Volume 467. A classification of a system in which mass
 b. Volume crosses its boundaries.
 c. Density  a. Closed System
 d. Natural Gas  b. Open System
459. The process that has no heat transfer  c. Isolated System
 a. Density  d. None of the above
MCQs in Thermodynamics
468. The SI unit of pressure  a. Natural Value
 a. Pa  b. Heating Value
 b. N  c. Burning Value
 c. J  d. Internal Value
 d. None of the above 477. Is the force of gravity on unit volume?
469. The volume of a confined gas is held  a. Specific Weight
constant, the pressure is directly proportional to  b. Specific Heat
the absolute temperature.  c. Specific Pressure
 a. Charle’s Law  d. Specific Volume
 b. Boyle’s Law 478. Give a reading as the length of some liquid
 c. Joule’s Law column: water, alcohol, etc.
 d. Specific Heat  a. Banometer
470. The compression of the gas in two or more  b. Nanometer
cylinders in place of a single cylinder  c. Thermometer
compressor  d. Manometer
 a. Single Staging 479. If any one or more properties of a system
 b. Double Staging change, the system is said to have undergone a
 c. Multistaging _______.
 d. None of the above  a. Cycle
471 Is define as the ratio of the actual pressure  b. System
of the vapor  c. Process
 a. Relative Humidity  d. None of the above
 b. Humidity Ratio 480. Is a thermodynamic system that operates
 c. Dew Point continuously with only energy (heat and work)
 d. Adiabatic Saturation crossing its boundaries?
472. Heat engine deriving its power from the  a. Heat Engine
energy liberated by the explosion of a mixture of  b. Heat Reservoir
some hydrocarbon, in a gaseous or vaporized  c. Heat Source
form.  d. Heat Sink
 a. Dual Combustion Engine 481. _______________ is the temperature at
 b. Internal Combustion Engine which liquids start to boil or the temperature at
 c. External Combustion Engine which vapors begin to condense.
 d. None of the above  a. Saturation Temperature
473. Also called absolute humidity and specific  b. Sub cooled Liquid
humidity.  c. Compressed Liquid
 a. Related humidity  d. Saturated Liquid
 b. Humidity ratio 482. ________________ is one which has a
 c. Dew point temperature lower than the saturation
 d. Adiabatic ratio temperature corresponding to the existing
474. Is a steady flow process at total constant pressure.
pressure through a control volume for which  a. Saturation Temperature
there is no heat?  b. Sub cooled Liquid
 a. Adiabatic Saturation Process  c. Compressed Liquid
 b. Dew point  d. Saturated Liquid
 c. Adiabatic Ratio 483. _________________ is one which has a
 d. None of the above pressure higher than the saturation pressure
475. Fuels that may classified conveniently in corresponding to the existing temperature.
solid, liquid and gaseous.  a. Saturation Temperature
 a. Unleaded fuel  b. Sub cooled Liquid
 b. Diesel fuel  c. Compressed Liquid
 c. Fossil fuel  d. Saturated Liquid
 d. All of the above 484. __________________ is a liquid at the
476. Is a general name, without specific saturations which has temperature equal to the
meaning unless the way in which it is measured boiling point corresponding to the existing
or define by the context. pressure.
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 a. Saturation Temperature  c) °F = 9/5 (°C)+32
 b. Sub cooled Liquid  d) None of the above
 c. Compressed Liquid 493. What is the formula to convert °F to °C?
 d. Saturated Liquid  a) °C = °F + 273
485. __________________ is the name given to  b) °C = 5/9 (°F – 32)
a gaseous phase that is in contact with the liquid  c) °C = 9/5 (°F)+32
phase, or that is in the vicinity of a state where  d) None of the above
some of it might be condensed. 494. ______________ is the base unit of
 a) Vapor thermodynamics temperature.
 b) Saturated Vapor  a) Celsius
 c) Superheated Vapor  b) Fahrenheit
 d) Wet Vapor  c) Kelvin
486. ___________________ is a vapor at the  d) None of the above
saturation conditions (saturation temperature 495. __________ is the unit of force.
and saturation pressure).  a) Newton
 a) Vapor  b) Pascal
 b) Saturated Vapor  c) Hertz
 c) Superheated Vapor  d) Joule
 d) Wet Vapor 496. __________ is the unit of pressure and
487. ___________________ is a vapor having a stress.
temperature higher than the saturation  a) Newton
temperature corresponding to the existing  b) Pascal
pressure.  c) Hertz
 a) Vapor  d) Joule
 b) Saturated Vapor 97. _____________ is the difference between
 c) Superheated Vapor the actual temperature of superheated vapor
 d) Wet Vapor and the saturation temperature for the existing
488. __________________ is a combination of pressure.
saturated vapor and saturated liquid.  a) Degrees of Superheat, °SH
 a) Vapor  b) Degrees of Sub cooled, °SB
 b) Saturated Vapor  c) Both a and b
 c) Superheated Vapor  d) None of the above
 d) Wet Vapor 498. ____________is the difference between
489. ___________________ represents the the saturation temperature for the given
highest pressure and highest temperature at pressure and the actual sub cooled liquid
which liquid and vapor can coexist in equilibrium. temperature.
 a) Critical Point  a) Degrees of Superheat, °SH
 b) Boiling Point  b) Degrees of Sub cooled, °SB
 c) Quality Point  c) Both a and b
 d) None of the above  d) None of the above
490. Heat that cause change in temperature at 499. ___________ is the percent by weight that
without a change in phase. is saturated vapor.
 a) Sensible Heat  a) Quality, x
 b) Latent Heat  b) Percent Moisture, y
 c) Thermo Heat  c) Vapor
 d) None of the above  d) Liquid
491. Heat that cause change in phase without a 500. ____________ is the percent by weight that
change in temperature. is saturated liquid.
 a) Sensible Heat  a) Quality, x
 b) Latent Heat  b) Percent Moisture, y
 c) Thermo Heat  c) Vapor
 d) None of the above  c) Liquid
492. What is the formula to convert °C to °F? 501. How many independent properties are
 a) °F = °C + 273 required to completely fix the equilibrium state of
 b) °F = 5/9 (°C – 32) a pure gaseous compound?
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 a. 4 510. What is the measure of the energy that is
 b. 3 no longer available to perform useful work within
 c. 2 the current environment?
 d. 1  a. enthalpy
502. What is the value of the work done for a  b. entropy
closed, reversible isometric system?  c. internal energy
 a. zero  d. latent heat
 b. positive 511. What is the temperature when water and
 c. negative vapor are in the equilibrium with the atmospheric
 d. positive or negative pressure?
503. The first law of thermodynamics is based  a. Ice point
on which of the following principles?  b. Steam point
 a. Conservation of mass  c. Critical point
 b. Conservation of energy  d. Freezing point
 c. Action and reaction 512. What is the unique state at which solid,
 d. The entropy-temperature relationship liquid and gaseous phase can go co-exist in
504. Which of the following cycle is used in equilibrium?
vapor cycle power plant?  a. Triple point
 a. Brayton cycle  b. Critical point
 b. Diesel cycle  c. Boiling point
 c. Ericson cycle  d. Pour point
 d. Rankine cycle 513. What refers to the state at which liquid and
505. Which of the following is not a gaseous phases are indistinguishable?
thermodynamic property?  a. Triple point
 a. Pressure  b. Critical point
 b. Temperature  c. Boiling point
 c. Volume  d. Pour point
 d. Phase 514. What refers to the heat needed to change
506. Which of the following compressibility factor the temperature of the substances without
of ideal gas changing its phases?
 a. 1  a. Latent heat
 b. 2  b. Sensible heat
 c. 1.5  c. Specific heat
 d. 0  d. entropy
507. What refers to the thermodynamic 515. What is defined as the quantity of heat
properties which are dependent on the amount needed to raise the temperature of one kilogram
of the substance present? of water by one degrees Celsius?
 a. Extensive property  a. Kilojoule
 b. Intensive properties  b. Btu
 c. Reversible properties  c. Kilocalorie
 d. Irreversible properties  d. Latent heat
508. What refers to the thermodynamic 516. To what conditions does a gas behave like
properties which are independent on the amount an ideal gas?
of the substance present?  a. low temperature and low pressure
 a. Extensive property  b. low temperature and high pressure
 b. Intensive properties  c. high temperature and low pressure
 c. Reversible properties  d. high temperature and high pressure
 d. Irreversible properties 517. What Law states that the pressure of gas is
509. What is known as the total heat and heat inversely proportional to its volume at constant
content at various times in the history? temperature?
 a. enthalpy  a. Charles’ law
 b. entropy  b. Gay-Lussac’s Law
 c. internal energy  c. Boyle’s Law
 d. latent heat  d. Dalton’s Law
MCQs in Thermodynamics
518. What do you call a system in which there is 526. What happens to the internal energy of
a flow of matter through the boundary? water at reference temperature where enthalpy
 a. Closed system is zero?
 b. Open system  a. Becomes negative
 c. Isolated system  b. Becomes positive
 d. All of these  c. Remains constant
519. Which of the following best describes heat?  d. Cannot be defined
 a. The capacity to do work 527. Which of the following is the work done for
 b. Forces times distances a closed reversible isometric system?
 c. Sum of thermal and chemical energy  a. negative
 d. An energy transfer due to temperature  b. positive
difference  c. zero
520. The mechanical equivalent of heat is  d. undefined
 a. joule 528. If the initial volume of an ideal gas is
 b. calorie compressed to one-half its original volume and
 c. Btu to twice its original temperature, the pressure:
 d. Specific heat  a. doubles
521. Burning of Gasoline initially requires heat  b. halves
before it burns spontaneously. Which of the  c. quadruples
following does not give a good explanation of  d. triples
this phenomenon? 529. When the expansion of compression of gas
 a. the initial heat rises the enthalpy of the takes place without transfer of heat or from the
reactant gas the process is called;
 b. the initial heat lowers the activation of  a. Isometric process
energy of the reactants  b. Isothermal process
 c. the enthalpy of reactants is lower than  c. Isobaric process
the enthalpy of products.  d. Adiabatic process
 d. The enthalpy of the product is lower than 530. Which of the following best describes both
the enthalpy of the reactant Stirling and Ericson engines?
522. The phenomenon of melting under  a. Internal combustion engine
pressure and freezing again when the pressure  b. External combustion engine
is reduced is known as  c. Diesel cycle
 a. sublimation  d. Rankine cycle
 b. condensation 531. At steam point, the temperature of water
 c. deposition and its vapor at standard pressure are:
 d. regelation  a. Extremes or maximum
523. Which of the following events is heat  b. unity
exchange involved?  c. in equilibrium
 a. when there is a phase change  d. undefined
 b. when there is a chemical reaction 532. Who coined the word Entropy?
 c. when the gas expands adiabatically  a. Rudolf Clausius
 d. when there is difference in temperature  b. Lord Kelvin
524. What is the entropy of a pure substance at  c. Gabriel Volks
a temperature of absolute zero?  d. Rudolf Diesel
 a. unity 533. What is the temperature when water and
 b. zero vapor are in equilibrium with the atmospheric
 c. infinity pressure?
 d. undefined  a. Ice point
525. What is the area under the curve on a  b. Steam point
temperature –entropy diagram?  c. Critical point
 a. Heat  d. Freezing point
 b. work 534. When the expansion of compression of gas
 c. entropy takes place without transfer of heat to or from
 d. volume the gas the process is called
 a. reversible
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 b. adiabatic  a. Closed system
 c. polytropic  b. Open system
 d. isothermal  c. Isolated system
535. What refers to a liquid whose temperature  d. All of these
is lower than saturation temperature 543. What is referred to by control volume?
corresponding to the existing pressure?  a. An isolated system
 a. Subcooled liquid  b. Closed system
 b. Saturated liquid  c. Fixed region in space
 c. Pure liquid  d. Reversible process only
 d. Compressed liquid 544. Which of the following is used in thermal
536. Which law that states “Entropy of all perfect power plant?
crystalline solids is zero at absolute zero  a. Brayton cycle
temperature”?  b. Reversed carnot cycle
 a. Zeroth law of thermodynamics  c. Rankine cycle
 b. First law of thermodynamics  d. Otto cycle
 c. Second law of thermodynamics 545. A Bell-Coleman cycle is a reversed of
 d. Third law of thermodynamics which the following cycles?
537. A 0.064 kg of octane vapor (MW = 114) is  a. Stirling cycle
mixed with0.91 kg of air (MW = 29.0) in the  b. Joule cycle
manifold of an Engine. The total pressure in the  c. Carnot cycle
manifold is 86.1 kPa, and a temperature is 290  d. Otto cycle
K. assume octane behaves ideally. What is the 546. An ideal gas is compresses isothermally.
partial pressure of the air in the mixture in KPa? The enthalpy change is
 a. 46.8  a. Always negative
 b. 48.6  b. Always positive
 c. 84.6  c. zero
 d. 64.8  d. undefined
538. Which of the following occurs in a 547. The state of a thermodynamic system is
reversible polytrophic process? always defined by its:
 a. Enthalpy remains constant  a. Absolute temperature
 b. Internal energy does not change  b. process
 c. Some heat transfer occurs  c. properties
 d. Entropy remains constant  d. temperature and pressure
539. The change that the system that undergoes 548. Entropy is the measure of:
from one equilibrium state to another is known  a. The internal energy of a gas
as  b. The heat capacity of a substance
 a. oath  c. Randomness or disorder
 b. process  d. The change of enthalpy of a system
 c. enthalpy change 549. What system in which there is no exchange
 d. entropy change of matter with the surrounding or mass does not
540. What refers to the series of states through cross its boundaries?
which a system passes during the process?  a. Open system
 a. path  b. Closed system
 b. quasi- static steps  c. Isolated system
 c. reversibility moves  d. Non-flow system
 d. irreversibility moves 550. What refers to a system in which there is a
541. Which of the following relations is not flow of mass across its boundaries?
applicable in a free expansion process?  a. Open system
 a. Heat is rejected to zero  b. Closed system
 b. Work done is zero  c. Isolated system
 c. Change in temperature is zero  d. Non-flow system
 d. Heat supplied is zero 551. Which of the following cannot be a property
542. What system in which neither mass nor of a gas?
energy cross the boundaries and is not  a. density
influenced by the surroundings?  b. pressure
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 c. viscosity 561. Which of the following thermodynamic
 d. temperature devices operates the reverse of the heat
552. During the adiabatic process, which of the engine?
following is the change in entropy?  a. Thermal pump
 a. zero  b. Thermal evaporator
 b. greater than zero  c. Thermal condenser
 c. less than zero  d. Thermal equilibrant
 d. infinity 562. What is another term used for isometric
553. Which of the following values characterize processes?
the state of the system?  a. Isochoric process
 a. cycle  b. Iolytropic process
 b. process  c. Isothermal process
 c. property  d. Reversible process
 d. enthalpy 563. Which of the following engines was
554. Which of the following is least efficient? introduced by a German engineer, Nickolas
 a. Gas turbine Otto?
 b. Diesel engine  a. Gasoline engine
 c. Carnot engine  b. Diesel engine
 d. Gasoline engine  c. Gas turbine
555. Which of the following engines is the most  d. Thermal engine
efficient? 564. If two systems are in the thermal
 a. Gas turbine equilibrium with a third system, then they must
 b. Diesel engine be in thermal equilibrium with each other.
 c. Carnot engine  a. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
 d. Gasoline engine  b. First Law of Thermodynamics
556. Which of the following engines is the most  c. Second Law of Thermodynamics
efficient?  d. Third Law of Thermodynamics
 a. Isobaric expansion 565. The heat absorbed by a unit mass of a
 b. Adiabatic compression material at its holding point in order to convert
 c. Adiabatic expansion the material into a gas at the same temperature.
 d. Isothermal expansion  a. Latent Heat of Sublimation
557. Who coined the word energy?  b. Latent Heat of Vaporization
 a. James Joule  c. Latent Heat of Fusion
 b. Thomas Young  d. Latent Heat Of Condensation
 c. Rudolf Diesel 566. A thermodynamic process in which entropy
 d. Lord Kelvin is conserved
558. Which of the following laws of  a. isentropic
entropy?  c. isothermal
 a. First law  d. polytropic
 b. Second law 567. A control volume refers to what?
 c. Third law  a. A fixed region in space
 d. Law of conservation of energy  b. A reversible process
559. Which of the following is the other term  c. an isolated system
used for enthalpy-entropy diagram?  d. a specified mass
 a. Enthalpy diagram 568. Which of the following is commonly used as
 b. Mollier diagram liquid absorbent?
 c. Steam diagram  a. Silica gel
 d. Entropy chart  b. Activated alumina
560. What is used for predicting the behavior of  c. Ethylene glycol
non-ideal gases?  d. None of these
 a. Compressibility factor 569. One for which no heat is gained or lost
 b. Expansivity factor  a. Isentropic
 c. Emissivity factor  b. Adiabatic
 d. Van-d-whal’s factor  c. Isothermal
MCQs in Thermodynamics
 d. Polytropic  d. Boyle’s Law
570. A law relating the pressure, temperature 579. The molecular number density of an ideal
and volume of an ideal gas gas at standard temperature and pressure in
 a. Gay-Lussac’s Law cm3
 b. Ideal gas Law  a. Froude number
 c. Charles’ Law  b. Loschmidt number
 d. Boyle’s Law  c. Mach number
571. Occurs when the vapor pressure equals the  d. Reynold number
atmospheric pressure 580. A temperature scale whose zero point is
 a. Boiling absolute zero, the temperature of “0” entropy at
 b. Melting which all molecular motion stops.
 c. Freezing  a. Celsius
 d. Vaporizing  b. Fahrenheit
572. As temperature goes to “0”, the entropy  c. Kelvin
approaches a constant  d. Rankine
 a. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 581. The thermal radiation emitted by a
 b. First Law of Thermodynamics blackbody heated to a given temperature.
 c. Second Law of Thermodynamics  a. Gamma Radiation
 d. Third Law of Thermodynamics  b. Black Body Radiation
573. An ideal gas is compressed in a cylinder so  c. Electromagnetic Radiation
well insulated that there is essentially no heat  d. Alpha Radiation
transfer. The temperature of gas 582. The radiation emitted by a body as a result
 a. Remains constant of its temperature.
 b. increases  a. Blackbody Radiation
 c. decreases  b. Thermal Inversion
 d. is basically zero  c. Thermionic Inversion
574. Occurring at fixed temperature  d. Thermal Radiation
 a. isentropic 583. At Equilibrium, the radiation emitted must
 c. Isothermal  a. Boyle’s Law
 d. polytropic  b. Planck’s Law
575. The changing of solid directly to vapor  c. Kirchoff’s Law
without passing through liquid state is called  d. Joule’s Law
 a. Evaporation 584. The theory that heat consisted of a fluid,
 b. Vaporization which could be transferred from one body to
 c. Sublimation another, but not “created” or “destroyed”.
 d. Condensation  a. Clausius Theorem
576. The phase transition of a liquid to a solid  b. Caloric Theory
 a. Solidification  c. Joules Law
 b. Freezing  d. Newton’s Law of cooling
 c. Fusion 585. The volume of a gas is directly proportional
 d. All of these to the number of molecules of the gas.
577. It is an energy flux, equal to the rate of  a. Ideal gas law
energy flow per unit area per unit time across  b. Boyle-Mariotte Law
some surface.  c. Avogadro’s Hypothesis
 a. Irradiance  d. Gay-Lussac’s Law of combining
 c. Luminosity 586. For a body cooling in a draft, the rate of
 d. Brightness heat loss is proportional to the difference in
578. The volume of a gas under constant temperature between the body and its
pressure increases or decrease with surroundings.
temperature.  a. Nemst Effect
 a. Gay- Lussac’s Law  b. Caloric Theory
 b. Ideal Gas Law  c. Joule’s Law
 c. Charles’ Law  d. Newton’s Law of Cooling
MCQs in Thermodynamics
587. It is the intensity of a radiating source.  d. Eight-stroke engine
 a. Specific Brightness 596. It is the unbalanced force developed in a
 b. Radiance turbo jet engine that is caused by the difference
 c. Surface Brightness in the momentum of the low-velocity air entering
 d. All of these the engine and the high velocity exhaust gases
588. This law of thermodynamics prohibits the leaving the engine.
construction of a perpetual motion machine “of  a. Fall
the second kind”  b. Lift
 a. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics  c. Drag
 b. First Law of Thermodynamics  d. Thrust
 c. Second Law of Thermodynamics 597. Which of the engine is used for fighter
 d. Third Law of Thermodynamics bombers?
589. A cylinder contains oxygen at a pressure of  a. Turbojet
10 atm and a temperature of 300 K. The volume  b. Pulsejet
of the cylinder is 10 liters. What is the mass of  c. Rockets
the oxygen in grams? Molecular weight (MW) of  d. Ramjet
oxygen is 32 g/mole? 598. The Science of Energy
 a. 125.02  a. Thermionics
 b. 130.08  b. Kinetics
 c. 135.05  c. Thermodynamics
 d. 120.04  d. Geophysics
590. It is the deposition of radiant energy as heat 599. It is used for gas turbines which operates
into an absorbing body. on an open cycle where both the compression
 a. Radiation and expansion processes take place in rotating
 b. Ionization machinery.
 c. Convection  a. Dual Cycle
 d. Insolation  b. Otto Cycle
591. It is a process during which the pressure  c. Carnot Cycle
remains constant  d. Brayton Cycle
 a. Adiabatic 600. Which of the following laws of
 b. Isentropic thermodynamic which leads to the definition of
 c. Isobaric entropy?
 d. Isotropic  a. First law
592. Diffusion due to thermal motion is called  b. Second law
 a. dilation  c. Third law
 b. infusion  d. Law of conservation of energy
 c. effusion
 d. dispersion
593. The rate at which this is quantity passes
through a fixed boundary per unit time
 a. Flux
 b. Existence