Mndi.ans lik.

e ~ Ylcllikao baV'e 'been SYN®em~:tically exm~8:ood ,l~ the jUlIrugles of Br;uffilL 'Harilly in l'968 (Be B~amiam, AtiniS!fY of me WIDmar pruJblUhed the timdmgs fif a eemmission sot up to m'Y'eStigare: mass erimes perpetraeed s~runsi[' the indian p:o:pY_hitio,n. The evidence prempted a gfl(OUP ,of nsnons at the: U.:N .. , ~1"m,C( of :H~n Rights

'10, 3;~W Brazil o:f :pe.:~g the massacre of the ,Irrudigs., 'The ,Bmzilim GO'vermment promised tha;' ail s,um crimes would 'be:

, . d ",,--....:I • h d 11'...,. -...:I .... 'iI!." ... 'L .... :1\ f' ,

:mvesDgarm mru 'p~, ae a, Liimier It anneuncea lLl!l!!!at we tnass IQl _

poople accused of massacre, eU~=.1i"~mtJ terture md theft: WOtDild. m;ue place this spring,. We senrlI NUnDan Le wi s, to ,Eml to iJjijvesu= g,a.®e the mVloiwnle:lll!t of ,ooJiittlmcIclaru interests 'm me massacre of

'mdj~_s., The _~Dptit~st Claude Li:vi=S~us:s has written ~ U A priDIiilJive: people, ,rus m(jjtt a ha,ct\\V,Hd 01 retarded :peD;p:le~, ,ilmldie:ed, tIt ma,y possess a genius :it[' ,inventitOID. OJ action 'dial Ieaves the'

.. ",""L!.:;,-'IO\tI;""""""""iIj''''' """:f ..... :~.,~;~I!'"'_...:I "il~t'Ui1i 1 .... .iIt";,;, .... L_ ... J'Ik! .... .J1 ill' L"'io..rl ""~,AI~T'IO,.m L'" ~,"~,;:o.iI!~ ~~~·~W_-II .. ~I!wIIL.:II U. '!i.z.I.·~,_a,c.u r-...--:-.OrrD: JJD.J. I~JIl.IU.l.U"'J VlU 1Il.'.-G~, ·.Ir'n,l~ 11)

repert Y'O~, miliy fed rhar w~ed, civilisartio.EIJ is ~~.y ~:OO' :fur' ~hind, 'to bear' (iomp~(U]L Ph'OlOgr.aphs bJ' :Uunald, McC-u1'lin l5

by NOI: cwi'

I' }fQ.U happened! [(1i be ODe of those w:iu;" felt ~Koolion for ilbc g>m'tle~ backw.ruJ.'d civi!iJsatimlrS - N agM~ ,rap'I;!,!i;IIB'iiS:j MQis 0'1 Viert:ma:m", PoI)I['I,e:s;ia:n and M'e~m~l!Ifi 1"eminal'[~ - the sb" iPriooitive ,c:oph!s.~ da\!Dre.d! and ()VcRlJiadowed by me ,JUWIrIl:3lll' ~dvan.iCI.'l elf mac r!i.l~ ag~~ li:b~ 1968 w,[lS a bad 'feu _@f yeti"

By ~iII: df:Scni"ptian:s of' all w)u!I' had! se:~m them, there ~n: QQ. ;i'f.I.o.re i n.o:fikmsivt!: and chaming :h1ll1D1ID ~ ngs 0111 the planet oam tl'le :f'ores:- I ~ iQf Br;azilJ aad bms.qu.e'ly we ww:' lO!dl lhey 'had been rushed itO the 'Il,e:l'g..e of ~:~aincti'!:m .. The uagooy of ' the Indian in th~ USA i~ ehe lta.st t:e.OWr'j was bciq rGPi£'.at~~ but It W3i' 1)eiag, cemp ed :iil\'i,1rO 5ihon~l' ti.m~ Wh~rn a decade IIgG' there 1!ii!d mill lIl'untreds cf [:ndliDs;~ tbu"C: Weft flOW' tt.1U. ~ AmeFil;2]] maga.zime reported Mth :urnsulpil on a b"ibf of \III~kh OliLy [15 mf-rnbe-rs, had sU!fV.irvcd ' .. " tOll1i gt:n,de: atmoot LO bRfU:, They lived as oak..td _ Adam mel !Ev,e ,in the mplfall iiIif M bmoomt btLs'tmYJ c::nd!UQIl ,a, if~' &ll!Jo CCliltcting grcmD~:bU.ltti<j p'la~ their IUl!eSj 1lIl~ love. ". :-,a.;:Jr."ng fol' d\ea~- w~ f~ed [hat if[ was dut: '~m1y to dU1: paternal ~Iidrude ,afOle Bra2ilim Governmelt" hldiarn bo~«tiol:lJ Serv.ict Dlli~ dt~ had SIU'" Vi"'M W'iiti!, '[his, day.

In Sll1 such m®niMif,Y OLQCOUD s - aDd there ~.d OOcD many Qf them - 'lh~ 'WOO a b:Md S:p't;, a lack of candour, a defect LID. soci:ail :~~f!I®llS~bilirty,~ i3i.R ,mde.ln'

veeslen r~ PQinting '00 d-a.e d:ift(ti(!lR fillrim whic'b, doom a'Pp~'Chcfld. It scemed [hat 'we ~r,e ex~d to suppo5C: dial the Indi~ were simpty - 4: l

Bisillo.IJ' de l.as.'CMM, who, ,a~ pamkled idJo' ~:D,qW5cadl~~, 'W'rfte ,g ;1I:u6CiltmtD~ af' lbe"lr mJ~

deeds, The 'TetIf.'s.o/ ,he. rmEi~~ ~- wDich

I the ,!tkawii~ ,abGw ~_ :W:,I' -.' gC~" Ildiian5 wen: h;Jl1lpd! an{IJ b~ iu ~JlIt£be'8j bW"m~d. am~.vej, Iilu'GYlD o\!\e:r c1tfF! ~ thlm to p~e!CeSl, ~, dap, 'Vh.ellL~ 1m 'IG?th " 'ng-y kft ~, lJli.e 20th

kem 01111C '., Theelll Kanmi _ - (rlpt): v-e:

,ia brief 1r...e5!plt~ lim Xiogu. N:B!l~DJ!Ii I P:iI:~"·. en:

,¢'¢D!lS Htde ~~ pliCWnll: ilt 'fj'Qp, be"'q OV(';rTiD:n hy and .... tliUngJ.')' wbit~ but &1" ~_ e' mome-Ilt likey . II ~fE. e'"t in peae.. Tbi'i is: ttli OIlS cel'i!';;moQ.y~ U - 'if:' Speak ro OIlU Io-di'ij, witla: t C' :s;weeili: mu:5~c ,(#f ftliJrtai'~' l1:id1i" pli"ayel' '15, ('Oil" dl.C!' r8imy JBSilJD 'to _ to'p., 5;0 tb3l 'the fi-bing may 1IK;gJ!g!

F ron fire and sword

'. d

:0 arsemc ane

bullets -civi lisation has sen'

. • ·'11' '. I di

S,IX, mi . Ion 0···. l3'DS

t Ii.. ·

o ext nction

)

,(adnng a1J.!a)l'~ kiUed off by the ~b dB ~re ~r nne 'i:imes~ and we.: '!N£fe Invititd ~i!} m'rI'1lWi_rc: no :fUI~h.er. It ~as Wfi: m the Brazil.im Gove[:nm~1. i(self [Q 'msoS:v.e: 'dl~ mysl!ii:1.1" ~ mdi m AbICh 1968 im: did :t:;Oll 'M,dl braral fumknf!Slj.ji and 'w:j,llil ]itd,e ,tllner.np~ ar 'self· dg&Il'CC. The ttibes hsd been Virrl:Jtl9Hy e:aern'i'iliii\a,1:~Jo flint dupile all '~ ,cj]['Q:fi[S of [he Im-d.ian :P,~tillliiil S~.rvioo~ but wim its ~'11~~~£ - O'ri:e.~, ~'[8 a_x:d!ern:n:

C'Qo-iD poe ration"

Tbe Servi~ adm~miI General, Aib1!lq!,iie_tq~ UlJfia~ m~ B:r:a~ilhm J\tiniMtr !iilf lite Ente.riot,. bad! been oon:!le'J100 Into m in:i;mmIWI tlill[ me l~ttia_m" opp'li'esshl!l.ll., aad had IDl:ft.fure been diss.o]vod,. Th~~ was to be !!Ii ju.diciilll inq.~y ii'il~ dile oillim,d!!Ji:t of [~fimctiAM1lMI~. A full m:!JO!$~r '~ in small print. W2i!ii roquu,ed ~n 'Ilist the Ciritifiit$ wj[b wmcb t:heoo mm wen:: ciIug,ed. S~kifig ,m{oJijis.1JIy!, ~e Attam.ogy 'G!:Re~~ 5cnJbor ID'~def FilutiieLi!O! d01Jb'~ wl~ethe.r [0 af t.h~ S~C¢'5 em.1iI1oy~ !l!iUr~ of ,:I oo~ of owgr ],~, 'would be ~~:y cJeg[~ tOr ~ir~. '

TM' omcial fCport w~s aJ.Im '-lPhr~_Atic iJm~Jil: -:aiU th~ mooo' ~ff~!,foC 'ilieudwc in ~I!::l, apgillllpc' of the atrociry i[ containoo. Pioneen;, l~~ 'with cor,,,, rnp:[ ,pafuiciaJ1S, Ud CQJj}tig;:n~_.a.ny '1lI$~d, Imdim 1'3id\s~ d~sta;6y~ wh:ol~ 'mDe5, in a iC!tlW $ax~.l\e, i!m whiCh, bac~iG'ri£l'1ogiw wa.r&" had '~B ~~Ioyed~ by ,iSiSu.m,~ dothing 'impngna'l'Od, ~tb, me v~, o! 'S:IlliI.allpo:~) and by pol'5OJiltd :food sUipplies, CtuUdui:iJ had, 'boon abdruc~ii and, [,paSS; mU!rd~i' ~~ non,pumiberl. The Government :i~l( was 'lblBm~rl W sum.e ~m:e'tIlt lor t'tiIc Sefv;ilC.e~s 'incfelU~ :S~fV®d@1lIi ~r ,resOlIDOIo'iS m'u a period of :w yeat:3- .. Th~ Serv,ire 'had also had to face ·"[Oe~ dl.s:asfIt@US :~mpact: Q:r 1iI:'Ir~!i:.li.om~' 3CitILV.ii~y~".

N~:.l:t clay the Anomq Gen_.e~ mm. 'tbe ,Press~ and was pre:pru'U:l to ~'yppty ai'l me details. A ,oom'IlIili5'ion 'had S,p!:fit '5iS days 'l,l'isiri'n~, h.'lidi:anJ IProucti.on Service p!iJ.:;'~ IH over [he ooW)try ooUed:img: evi~ of :abuses :Qrui i!!I [1I0C1i,'Ili~.

l"he :~U,1i.,ge los,se.8 's'Htam~ by t;'!i]e hldll~:n trii~ ~fi, ifhls If.':,ii.,gic d£C:ld'(;j ~rc ,caaDlog,u~~ :in 'pa_rt Of 19~OOO ,Mumdu>CUfiliS. ~1i:,1,;'¢d ['@' h'9l~e e-~~S.1M, ~.n, Me Thll]'ti~, only' ] 2. WCre Idt!;, The ~'iJm\m'\gr.tL of ~e (iU9GUii.~ 'bad. ~ 'rm\!~, !fir®r:n 5Mm i~ 1H~ Thet',~ were 400 'Caraj::u: Jdt t@~·t ~f 400J. ,or 'flJu::

Ci['llf.9Si urgac.s.J w:b,0' :bad ~ ~t~.dred, flr!l!!fiIl th~ air :Dii'ildl dli,ven, rn~o· tihit IJi]1.J)Ufi'~~~~ 'p!}Ss.ibly' 5H! haidi SIJ.l.f'O'ived, ,allt of U),(I(IO" The ,~tld, ,md ,llo1l!le fia'~ @f the ~tiiM:.1J.lS ,_ ·"the l'n-dj~ O,v~i~mln -, bad shruM to fJ pi~fuJ 5c:rntii!lgjj~ bam.d m aootlil 200_ ,A, few h,UIlldfcGd onliy ~em~iled of ili~ for:.rud:abli' Cha,,,",a:m:~ 'who p:E'owJ~d :ifi '~e Ibiltkg;roolmd ofP~m" Fiemjll,g,~s Br:azill.an jOUl[mleyj bu,;: tbqr hac1J bGm red:ucOO to, mis:riol1 foddl~ - me same :mclmo:boly faJte ![hat had oo~.m ~e ,~©ms.J 'W:bD ih~ to, ~. LI!vi-S'tr.a~"S 1It-e,w~ '@.il m~ :m3Jt:uN of lb!u...maD, mrm'uJti'lm. May 'm'tIes, We1!'ie D.o.w NiP~' '~e.n.tOO by a :smgic :fmJY"~ :ill few lI:ry ome or NO' indi\iidl~ls. Some, ~i;.i: ·[tiIt T~aiW'i~ - ~Il '[0, case from ;it ,Gift ,of:s~ JJaud w~rb a.~k; - :Ilm;d, di'S'-, ,~peaood aI,~Sf. 'II is esum.a;mti ~at betw~ 50;l<0Q0 aHd ]IHI;tOOO IlIJ~~ $U.r'fIllW 'IDlhy, ~P:s k3~g s.oci~d hi®W:rlU 'Dotlieves 'dli.at Rot :01, :si..mgle one wi!] be aliw by 1980.

S~or F,ignciRifo t:S'tiim~[JOd ~t I»®{xny woruJ ,612 :m&Willt dollau held ~ s[·ol~n ifNm the fudians ;iCi '~be ,3;St: ]I®' years;. auB.e and pm:s.!1II11aJi 'pos~$iifjns., He a{l!dM,iI !.r,l~ ~, '~ iQ'rJy tbtrou,gll dltC 'mlbe~menl of fiuulls.ji bill 't:Iy dt~ a'dws!rlolli. of '~KU.311 perveUli.Ol'liS',,, muRiel'S mdi aill o('her .erilltl:~ list,~ m 'the pe~l, ooci(i' ~s'~ Illtll~& (Jnd the;ir pmputyj tOOl'OAe Cill1I s~' that 'tile 11l4!an Pl:'(itmcUel'il S~nUx W,3S rOll ~ a odeD. ,of DJH'U:ptiOD :and '~Il(ij!S,.

OH~-S Q:l tbg~~ ~,~~h~' ~eru~ ,Ii_ dll~~ rer.:se.d, fail' fr!Om dI,d;r Q'M\ _ds tOi'IJ 'thlt IUV'H" Arinos, - 'wme ~_g e~tiom. ~cDJt ~' hn;d]E ,ow.ner.5l rea.cllulid loem 'MFiJth gifts Qf'iNA nUlled, 'mlh :u-seruc. "fiil¢' S~VG.Fi Oed, !in tN'iPtu: :hm, w,hat they' bdi~G:d to k 'ih~ ,a:J\pT' IOf tlldl'" gods. These! Bei~'iQ!S de Pau wear W~of:IiIJ dis~i!li, :i1n, dte.lIi ])owu lip5 .. They ,~ It all men Gf :fi:oe lP!hysliq~ 'by imIitYl"C g¢~iiIlS :and. deeu.tiiUiillC ,_ ROW 1De.,dda'cd and :Im~ed with resignation

(£1mUliliill.le k1iJ1m~.~) The h~ of,~ :S~J."IfJJc~ l\bjO' .. r L~'s ;N~,,, was; ac~d to'f' ,42 ttirnltS~ md~g oolh,1!s10m ill :s~veml m~j 'tlie ~ ~!t ~f iIl3nds, amd rtme emba21imleltl !Df 3OO}Ml' 'lilollla:_lt$. 'ID'he dooummt5 colltain]ng dIe evidc:mot:: wllIl;tC~ It!!y' die ,~.Kf G~eiL"1d wejgbedJ ]I~' ~~gra~~~ he mr~d1 tho!: :D~p;a:pamml! amd 3ml(n~nl,ed m ,3 'm'~.I. o.f :; m ~ 5 pll~,

IIlL [~~ fullo'wiing d!tys t'blUt WCtC m.()]'e 'h-ea~dJines mli :imI.Ol'e: sta!t:emgots hy b ~ltWY~

~'J!ddj 1tJn4I1Umer'o oj t'he mml~JXJi~ qj pJ.'Fi(J Ar~ ,al'lm:iIm the tri& of 'Cl'a.a~' ..:vad kii~~iJ ""fiwfJ l,{J(J_ ;j<j

~f",1I".b _ ~.........,., .. J'", •• ".if..;!1."..,, .l. iii'· ".. A· ·',...,_liiiJll

J ,1']& noIW,~I: "'~fjV';:r ~WlI:: ,i'~~ ,'~' ..r!IlI'iJr ........ '

~ht:nl' rJu CmJa.o L4rg.~' l't'adians ';oore ;Qltt~W from llito, air ~ fijc.kJ of dyn~tnite..'~

~"r~' M~i~ ~ gi~ Ji't~llQ by 'h:t

~&' -<,1._ •. ,iIi~"""_'" .. 1i-·Jw.oJ. lliem dtiWn

_. _ !WID ~j!<".J""''''' gN:f~ _i(iI..5' . _ . _.'

~ - - 1iIir.. .....,... ...II...-._.L ~J

~,I'il~ "''''''.1' ' ... y~.

~ .. ,lmui~ t:tWarm ,iii ~tQ1'ir:ms 'plc¥toi'eioo sil' l~ ~d t;Q mtf.!'~ the Canelm IJtd~. OJ,

•. , "r.:f,.o.:rlL. --II:, " . /_,.;A." .. , .~.~ .. ~ ,!.. . I

~ as J'!f,i!iWm.\'.t{Nn.a ~~~ were m.rIUlP ~ .... y

~.~~-gtm ?,t"n,

... , :r~' m"bt.J. rI flu ptlJ'achlh ~' 'fX~ermi~e.d l!Y I,-wi~ t~~1 SfflQ_Ji~ inj"tiOnJ/1'

.t, l~~ ~ Mini~ti'J' t1j the JlJtmm 11 ~ j~t,w ye5tudliJjt ttriit m'tfMS ~'lted hy «rI~R ~!-'J'Hitc,iunwits ~f Oi~ IPS fJ~td ,to' ~ dt~, ,1(JOO, ~' from ~lNlYifW (;fIt Jw1I~d' ~~'l;f, ID alr.~' them lb i& mitlwut msU~~. ~~

"I To f:);I~'MM I'M' ,m'be Beif~P!;I~'~ itQ$iis BZffi.\1i'r'jo elf#! ,cf ~hc lUh I~wa~j expl~~~ aD ~I'tl~ ~ /qrnrd mhklr. ment. up tAe RirJer· AiFili'.(il;, ,wnyi~ pre:s;e1ll5 ami. ttl gnar qmm/l~ty cf J~.tJJI$ I'm lire lndiam. fhm 'were ttlixd. ft.lith .gNi~ ,~

frJ~! • " - Next day a g,.~t ~utnkr ,af rlre lrr,t/itms. died, ,and riM Wllte:J t~' tile '1'llfRC!JJ'r' tJw..r 1M!. fi\'W ~ ~li. uJ QIj I!pidnni,;'.:u

As .e'!le~J the :&'Ol'u:ieJ'S winro'h 'C&l.~Ma ,and Peru _ ~e; of 'ithe piratical ad'ft,reil!wres. ef the old Bx.iitUhugis['Gl'Ied Pt .. IlI, .... ii::m Ai'II'lHZIm Cornpanry ~ gave iltrtou'IM.~. A miMJ' '~, in wild mbber set off by the ,RI:IS[ war M~ IDkd. '~bns are..a, with a :fU~'Qi,1 gcmcrntior!i gf rrr.t.ell wi~b, :he31m. of tiall. '[ill the l 94& 'OR~ rnbb!:r ,~mpallir p'llllL'i5'l1ed toiUiS'e of ltillieh· :rr ~rl.i.a:n, sl.a~ W!.GlIl f(i~ short in 'their dai~ ~~Il~ation, by dm ~OO5 Q£ a~ ear For the fu1;t: offeD'u;eJ 'lhem tha less 6] lh~ seeend ear, then <leam. Wlt"eiCi chased by ,Ilrazilim (['OOP~ 'mer :simpJy moved.! wiIi:h all their la'bum ~ i!C:rooso the P'tIr"!!iV~ oord~~'_ Tooay~ mesrof'the Joail lando,wnen are 'sli~dy J.e&s :&:pectacu1ar in their op:p;~om;\, Oiiie la!i'u:l~WilIer Is aIl~gitrl W b.3VC: aBed I~ to, p~:;.~~~ I ea,,,,mg, mliml ~o rcli'll:'!,I'e ~emsd¥Cs where l'bey' ~[QI}d.o; wiJtlout food .ma w:aJt:u ;['01' a 'week, He '~~ :9 Ibad e::!Glfllpk. bu:~ n, metbod of 'k~e:ping, Itffi'ili'!' TicL!111i!, lndlans in a state O'f ~Ia'v~ry wM 'me 'l!lIfit ilXiiiMImiJ'n.~y im, '!iIS(i. Thi::lt' '!Weft: ,.!lid O.~, ~~, (h. ],d.) for a dlaf:s Ja~(I!f and rtie:n ,dDM'~e.d :3 ~eru...fOS (illIT. a. :pi~ of SORp.. Thmic who a.ocempted 1i0 escape ''W!e~ ame;s~cd OJ,. 'the Landownec's; :,rl,Wlie: polia force) ,as lm~",~.

,Selilhor:a Neves da Cos.ta V:lH,t~ ~ deie,p[e' 0:£ Itbe FiMe<.g,alil1'(IIliu, w'ko i:mve;stiplCd t_hjs ~j' ,~l'ld, ~~ ~oca~ iO@llditiOmlS, in. gemeralill :t(umdi rhal. lirde bd ~Dtpdl since the bad 'old dayR, She ntu:edi d!i~H ~W1~red!l ,@f IIldia.rJ.s, Wa"i: bemg ~s,laved, [by land-

OIW,ln.efS to:il iooth fi.i~ of 1tliJ~ flt'li!iluier ~ 9nd '[ham:

Cohllmbi~j;l!i: and :Pulnrjii!lil5: h\mt'Cd, fer TiCllma. ,[[ui~:Jm. up tite ~:i'IiJ rive~. Semi,-civiHsed '[[idiafiS,~ 8M :s.aic1J,~, '~u kID:; ~ off {'Of if:nro]. me~[ :as 'lbmuillits in lOJ.iQmb~- 1111~ :aJre9 is knOMl ilE :SOli.m~,iI from the J.\Ix3l. llIillm!! 0'[ the ~.fI~, :;:md Se:nDl-or.3i 'NiIl:V~ was $h«lied by too dS5PCf3~t: pb.ysiml wndiMn, of dle ]ndiohmi. Lr;pr.:r5 ''!W:I'C plmM~ amd, 's;he oollifiJrrnu~rl lhe CKllilt,~c;~ or an i.:shmd wl[ed ,~aA? wh~.m ImiilliiIffi wlilo W~g~ old OD" sjc~ were ~f.t.reDii':aled 'D:Q 3i'Mllif dearn. She ~ldI 'fba'l!, ~be.y 'I,IO'~U w,i60u;[ afiiSi;srnn« tlf a]]Y ~d_

:F-r.(JIII"II a.1lI f>!I!!llr~ :it was 31 We ..of disasre;ii- N o-o:ne kn:e'II'il' jlUi[ Imw many WDd.i.a:ns 'lmd $!'[fViv~d~. btJcall.!Se there W.!I.S no Wailf' of c{n.mrm,g 'tiliiecm. i[IJ the.ilf.' iiau: ~Il;!IUJlI,t.arilli amd rCi'm5it '~lTQclIlQh0!~5". The 1I.1'iIM1 apti!iil1tlis;. tic' estimate ,tift w :fi~ ,;1[ ] OO~OOO,~ hut: othlf:f8 m!l!!Rght,they might 'be ~ f~w ,M '1itaJ'lf thiB i'lJum.~i'_

,. Or couDd more 'tlmn ttiIe l'Ol1!gkl;t esliimSlJ~ 'be. made' of the speOO ,~f the p,~s.e~ (tf ~r.m:filli.a[ioo. An rt:i"be aCOOlmn. iSl!J,Qgts[ tbH: wiliII~, clle iEUFOpeaiDS mil came OD tbe seem.: fl)l;u' tO~rJ[E['i~.s ba~ th~y If'ound a d.mw aad 1ivc'iy ~lLnation" 'Pray (b'SJKU"~ the diwt: io'f O.rill~·'~ e.~])ed~'iliol1i., d.aims 'that iii. fol"c'e I of :5O:POO mItt :attacked ~b,ei[ S:hip. At t'b.at rime 'the e:x;~ btJigVC ~~ ~lJli:' ~·'n.d;au, mBly 'ha~' IIlllimhc:md I ~mII, tutt and. '5:i~ millifloM. ~y 1900.1 tine '5'~ iiIIlltbori:tili:S ~CYl~te) It:]ifli'e IM.a;y harw ~9, ~ millli1li1Di L~fI:. Bl1t m, 'rea1lir-Yl! ~l: is aU ~ tTfaitrer of guesswork"

***'*'.

The ml E~u$ '~. $:~ [ ey.~ o.D the 1nti.iaD!S, of

:I~[ 'CI1mii: M~ ",gm, !'he Heel!: @f ],);edro A.D.vares. Q.b)l~;d i.Jil dle yea__[ :1500 tOo ,a, ,~ti'!lD. that m,~ chootcd tR~ a.md 'i,!,ih~i'li the :;;h.lips set sa:.il agam tb~y l'efi: '..wth IIN:illu:cmn<:e'.

hro V:;R: d.e C4mi:ElhiJ;!i ,official de.rk: to the H~'EiO.ru, !$iZru; ali:a ]~t[:elr [(li rtme: ,timg, tiGr~ cn.eti.loo, with mtOli.!5li3Sm. Iii ~ [Ih~ fl'eSHye,d, aOO'Q..'Ilfi.1: at a IL'WIiB :rdtm;.ed 'from.. 'the ~illIn'QWmy ~f me 'Sm.S to .wraool.o:w. IIlCoW eRp<:r;il!:ncf'S, tn:!lt: mjg;h:t ha,'!le be:ei!iJ 'Miltt..m m a:.ttIY or,~~,1f lli;!aet jn hn;s, h'OIlI:'t!.:: town., Nude

. ,ladies h~ pftmt!.er! Wi ih~ bea~h spludidlJl .,~ 41

il1ldif:ferel1llt. ~rii '['he' seares of lh.c ,I?tort'UGIlC5~ sailers _ :ain~ ~11itifil,:ha, t'OOk the til"" by [he ,~,]bQw ~@ ,~{tj ,inro dt~ r charras ::Ill e:~ar.r.fin:lliilla~ ,I(!ng,th_ The Kirlid.ian gi:~a.s WfiOO fusb [Nil'll ba~hhlg, i'n the:' riveii Sind d.e'!.l'Q,~d. of ood'y hair. Carrl:lLiliha d:~~f~beS; [he~'t :sex-I!.Ie:~ ~:H,[r::ill· nons wit:b Iltl.il]ute i3!l1Irl 's.ymFa1!'tilei!:LC' detaH ,adding thu '~g.iir g:sniltllilii3! wmllldl put a[ifJ.f Portuguese lady to shame, In those d.a~, EU:~!l;I!pe.,ail'iis 'r.i.iif'1'y W'a's'hed (a treatise: on, the aveidanee of JOl!isine-S1l ~ :ill besr seller) .. so one suppooe:;;, d\a{: a:he PtI):E'IDgillese wen:: f~qL!le.Ddy '!re[',llillino'kI!:: iif:ll [11.f!'S.e ['egiO-itli. ("...antiiii"iih~ calli'lflot avoid! o!l:mlling b~ok 1i0 'D~he s,ubje(~ :acai_n before settling to ,pl"IOOai'C' d!&ruJ!O ,of the d;rm9~e aad :pf.6d,uce of tb~ ~ew,ly.disC't!¥~f.{jd land. (~SW~6'~ ~f:~S~ ,I 'he says . . . nUk.e wiM birds. anti ann mals, L'IlIs;[f4}'Us, i'Cl a w~.}' ltihat s;{) far eutsbines those :~Ili, captivityth~y oouW not be d~~ll[iter, plumper and moN' "",jbral1l,'!:'

tL L.. '~'

naa llll .. tC,f are,

T!:m ElIIJlo~ns ~oo oOVGrwhdmoo, ['OOl' by tllil8! nw,goj.fri;l~nce of the Indians" manners. ~:f tiney acloo,t'>sd my of thalr m.ecklaces Of personal adornmg.ots !Of fi&Oll~he,1i or. :duills t~ii;se W611~ ~~l'iIstalllil.y 'pnl8~d i:nto a:.h.e.iir hands. In {jiiLhf'1i ,8nCCtllfil.'[er8 ,il ''Was to be thc' s.:LIWI;i wjth gold~(II tri.nbms, ad t00mpo,mr)" w]ves, ~n; alw,:1,l's toO 00' ha(IJ :DUff the takh:lig. The boldCIt' of th~ ''!NO'JlIIIen. C"a],r.U~ iLIIRd ,rubbed, th~ms~I'!,i'es :Jg1lim't ~ :saul.ors' ,~iiig,S.~ sho'Wing the.ilt' :fusdl[ljabfi]l, at ~e 1]l5"11an1 rutd millIrlistaka'hl~ s~!I.Ial ,respome (If th'iii wmle ml.::lJi.

Such o~lIlb_ruidjcdlm.'!i~SiS ''1,1';(15 dazillilll;g '00 tb,~e 1'!C!J~ClltatiI\fQ of :III] i.n.bilb.itcd but .f:m.atica:.lly aOi;ijwsiuY'C '5Q{:iety" T~ offioial den., filled, p .. gf;i .umr p3g~ wU'fu ;!II C3J~I.oguc' of Indi:an vlrru.~" AI], 'limit w::IIS iIJ:~ce:sSilry to oo.m'p~gie this: im~ of tilite' 'pel'fOClL human ;SOCtety wa:s ,::I :lI::n.owloog,e ,of me '[rue' God, .AJnd -s.illLQiii tb~~ pg>iJph welllill: ng~ Cir.'C!I.Imc.L~dl ,ut [ollll;iw.ed that ~b:cy "'"'ere Ml. ~oommcd:arn; Qr J C'W5, a:i'iId. t'ha!, mewe w~ :E1Qtbiil11 to im~dc tiv;ir i!'l:Inversion. Whe!I'L i:he :fIrtll: M~13Si 'Ifii/,U s..aidi [he ] ndialil$1 w,ith ohall'acter1s[j.c polilreJtess. a.nd 1i::9.e!1 klllef!, lbEs.ude dre P.orhll;gues~ and, ill ~ lin ita'Ll.(iii'll. ,af [heir guests_.. s.m.~lingllf Id'S~ed [ne: C'['llCi~.s ~:lIiI[ 'W:er:e handed [(ii them. As disCllIssian Was. ]imiJted tQ' ,g,esmii'es d~e hr.~gues.e su~pe~, d'i.~i!['· miss:iOfil1ili)" ~aOOuf$ were ifl'ComplelieJo afid wh'f:i1 [he ft~et :S:!1iiIOO", mro c(!!n;,~riOl:Si were ,I~H, be'h~.illdi 16 :il!uend I@ Ifllte' 'nati'W;s." COT.iiverslOflL

J[ WiiS, ~jj'riijjJlri~,":5 JeueI ~q:ll ci'rIOO'Iii!!:,ag.cd VtIjIl(:;!Ij re llQi flOf,m.1!I~:a1r(t :"'~s !;hoo:rY' 0.1' UtI; 'Noibl.c Sa,\~ag:c. ir:l'ere ~ ~mD'i.{l(:tii'i.{:~· - here was :i!Jpl'Mllr,ei'ill fr;eedoml ev~ilL .... fro:m 'tlle Oilirse' ,of wigiiila:~ s;iii]_ The ]'ii1dlia'lIls~ :said the rn.~l :D"'f',~['Q8) ~filew of ,n;fl, er,i m;~$ tfii!' J)tliili'~1i'ii'il'ienffi,i' Tbere were fi{ji 'h:arnpen or ~'OrlJl.fe'D"Si armo.i1IG, mem,; 00 pa;i)li". 1'hey IEfeaD'8d, eac:b !iulier! [heir c~~Mreo,>el!,eii'L [Il.eir :!t'illim:':l~, - w,~[h, C(ll'L1Jt:!!!filf. :Qtr-OClili)i'iI. ·rh~ were i:~ be sa.et1'fieed, ~@, ~ pt~$ fh~~ '!;lI',:\$ 'be-.fOl'id rhe ((i! llI:riii" illIl of th~~e admiIi:nc, 'l.i'1$lrW"S-. S:p~~'n a:nd ''@rrtI!l~aJ, h!ita, '~rne ~~.t.as,:iti( rn~ti!i:l~' wifi{!! oouM iii~ II/;nger 'reed tne:iliiis.cl'!,'~.

Tlte fieirli~e I~~dl!.i, ,III m@I!]'iIil=' "had 'beelll, fijb~fifid@Md,.!i ~hi!! ~r,rlp!:((t!n. $}'~:~emr;:;, be(l by tlle M~T'S 'Yii'li:ir't: faj ~e~ m~ decay~ I~e:' pe.g~a.ii't'S dIS. ,a,w.ay 'D;4) fiJ.i!ik'~ in en{!]e:iS W3;.rs :fum wnidl liI1e,Y He\rer re~lil;rned. :EC(!l1o.mlc fODCtS me .n¢'W'OOiinets; ~1ldd 'ii'rIt.Wi" 'ha/v.e' und!el1i~ood, wer,e a.'lbom [@ 'i!:ransro.ml tli~m, ~'nt!l) d:;!l,'!,T~afltl. ~~S,iilii .. The 'ftla[!v,I1!$ ~.ve ~cerI!JUy~ ii1:n.d Ii:h.e :Ul1i.v:il'decn 1[Il)fI~, wllliat [hey o.1i'eood wi~'11 grr,Qs;p~ ng; h~D'i.ds.~ alld wlile't'i [neuE: w-a~ :iIl~tt.ilng lefl[ rOt g~v.e die efi.'!;jlavemefL~ ari'lld 'the mtlrder be,~~[jJ_ The A'I'IIi.er,l~ii'iI O)tlJl:inem't wa~ a:I;J-Oi\l~ '~ !be ovtl'",ihi!hMIOO by \"'h~[ Clal!Jde ] -e\li-,s'M'ilI~ dcS(:ribed, 4" yea~ klller ~t "r'li'I::!It 1i'Ii'iI(!i1il$liOOI!,iS ~I\d ift:C~i'Ii'ip:Je:he:i1u.ibl~ ~taCly~m w'h~(:h rllge develtlpmellt ,(!if W'eS:l('{ilJ,

T,eD, years ,ag'O li:kel!'>c ~1''f:!f.Ie iiD'!VIeE' ,400 'ifleh~bo~, ih'Ul': iu UiGG rtffitey W!l:1i"i O~.F.rlHiD, 'by di,ia:mhlirid P..l'1Ds,pe;cl&rS Wib.0' sholr ev.etr<y ,IJiiJI!l~am Itlller m~t" NOWDWy S3:S;L'lif''Ylv~';'~i'Q.r'Hmdl in !the Xlitii[fLii Pa:rlt

d.vHi5':Jtioo was "for so' Ja.:rge a:n.d ~lltm.oceDt' a pari: qf :h.um[3nit:~l) .

Cam:un'ba ,lilld bius. IComrad.c-;s, :land.e:d a~ ~ono Segrurol' ,:JbJlA.t ~ :rnille.s up r[~(1' OOiIs:t from. v:ftle prese:Jilt iiI;) de JantiiJl.'lOl a:md :ut ,is. no more lh.am :a iCiJincidmcc tb:ait :Ji handful of '[:ndr~ill1is. hi3.w som.&-' llIiiliW' 5-~«eii:dli:d in SUiMVIDg: toO thi5 ooy at illl;nb1UlJa~ ",",,'hjeh ,~s. ,Bile;u .. 'lb<y_ Th.e OO]]l:illirlll.ed, 'g;lI'r::~!Iloe' oJ 'I!'ne:s~ T8.~ai!h6s :~s: S()m6t\lj ng (If a, :ii'ilJ,ys lie['y I beC:Mj~t= f(!l' '1'0'111.1' ,cemruries rrhe a.rea :has been I:!!!v~r:ed by s:1:arve[fj,~ b2mgeOOi!i:tt pi61l.oorii ::Lrllrl lb::ntdifS 0:£ ,~.tl dt..$C['i[,uC(i!iDii. T~'i.e S:1lI.rvl.\'Uf.'S. dire .fOl..!t'ndi ~'n. ~ ~~,'!iii.\aIlhiy,j ,~JUS [:ere I@"~~~[)e, tied. ~~i:b,e .. iby li,;a.ffLletWt$ of ~re ~~~ ~ i~ [he cr,~viiCes Qf ,,''In.ioh they M\1\1!: devel~ped arl! '~Jlftii:tlde f'Qr $~tt.~ii'i~~ niI~'!.':; 'ii!..irt.ivt!; C.f~II1i'.[t$ 'ili'i! trOpie'9~ '~ner.s ~ 'sct!i,~tJlil!1g flITir C(lVtr' !iI.,$ tnt}" M(': ,apprtiMhe(l. O~ ~ees. 'rmm m iP'iudl~ ~f w@~te!a]1dJ by the ~&ide OJ' 'rai~,way 'Lrack, wibi¢lTi 'tbey"teil:tiUiise by ~heil[ Ij}WIiI eJol¢l'fciffile~t: KI! ;r'ow ,~ f'tw vil.':,"~~!;)lle:) 'before [i1'u~\I'ing on- Oi:!l'i.e~~e they e~ OlIIl ~ ~~bCiil:iSIi!.1:fi:cc ~y :sen; ii'i~ ll'i.ed}~;1 t6C!:~s ::lnJCI rn~wDc !.ili,ii '~lIii:'~i::ic 'w1'i;tt'£ who VDs.:U~ lll'i.em 1m ~ee.fe~j, 'by ~ :li~JCil.c '~©ubru:[b~i'rL :iailli,d, a ]iu1.e [lieu_ They siilff'e'g fum Q!I,'be:rml@s:is;~ \"tner~1 di~e3~el ,~Ji Irnerum, of ~h.e eye~ and, .fro:m, e~d.ei'li'ili(:$ of IM~~S ~i'iId i:ii'ill'tlll¢aiI::>,"~jo iht :Ias~, IWO of whidl ad@p~ ,p:!!!~jculat[y ])et~l ril)J;m~.

~rwo of mcit; m;ri~ :neM. On, ~~rol!J~il ~md;. ~11d. lh....iR ~o a litd\e' ~f ~htiJr ~ Iac_nd YRtiJ ],[0 ,years !i!Jgo when ,~, dQitfo.r = 'ifU}w :;!IJ[leged, K!i I!1'tMV~ 'been setJil b'Y '~!le I~diaru rr(.ueCDlIi,iiR S~{vitt ~f ~];1O'~e '~3iy:s _ msreajJ @f va«jn;tMg ~~ern~ if.!.OCuted ~fIiern wj~b me VltiliS !i:!lf '~mi1'lll~_ This O-,pie:r..aUO\R was W'~y ~1I.i~ftll, ; i'rL ir:s, aim 1 ailld r:li'l! 'l,,!acaii'il~ 1a:Jll@ ~!j, i[l'llmedjaJrely :lljb$fI!!:,'Ibed, iil'illiO! ttiwe~ gejghoouriilill wlilii;~

'l"inil;[\e afle :it dltli?..efil, Sitilel'L dejeCtfoo ~CIl!mpme:iI'iIlf~ :;l~riiill' 3O<D<D rn'iriDe1'i or ~st1ii'i.e, ~j'j:d, III'i;cy 8[4; [be I~t 'tiT m.e (@2iSit9.[ ] if!Idians of ~he 'lUnd see~ Iby Catnli nh~iI! wl'l.o Qti:C(!: $.l='pea;p~dI fuJt!fIfi :a1l'll'i@fL_j ~:l]e trees 'byth~r ihtt!l:ridreds wh'f:ne'l,l'e'.r :a sl1jp m(hwed c'ff$~I)fe. ·The ~~C'.n6~ a]'(!; 'QmcDail~,y C'l~~~ 83. ~'1Jr~- 1,~diH _ [1[' i~ ~he won~ I:ii:lbel I[hal!: can be ~xitat'bel! oro

3lIlY Im.di3iliL_' as 'CNt[[U:;tiOIll :mjloi!Ai~ clesely on the ~e.rs. of ~liLwgmtiii:in.

The ~~!L',(iiti'ties ,(if the GofiqUlisn-aoom described 'by ILl(ii;EiC1lp Ba]'~~~Qmoo de ilas, ~~£,~ whQ w~:s ;;:I.J!I eye-ow1iJUi~S; !i!if 'i,~h;~u 1"iTl1IJil.i'~ lialVe be~ ~'tilr:. '.[re3lie!S~ of :!!In. W1irfS of e-x~[miil1~n!iOr!!~ ,re;;;'i's't t_lh;e' imap...na!:]on. There is :so:rne~hi ng ref,lJ'i~~e amiiU :sll1adlawl' a'oo1J[ b,:OrIliiil" 0J1i so ..,..~ [, a seale. N'iYm be rs b>el!;lm 'lllJj mean !!lQll!il n~ as one reads with a Sl[n:~ of de~acliLed~ uni~d bQl'tef of tlTi~ mass 'h~nJ figs,. Ihe :lrn:fing~ 'm~ -ms.embowe]lings) ~IW '(II;;: m~tiIJiti~rn"

T'IA«:i,,,",'C 'mjllio.liI:5 '!!'h:re killIt.:djl las CiJ5aS :Sa/pi) m~~ @f them iii!. flriS-fitful W8,Y'S. "The AU~gh'ty seems 'to ·n.a:ij,i'( iln::iopired tt]]ese ~ple wj~h a meekness, t'iI~d s~fmess of till!.1mOW' lml!: 'tnli~ ,of lambs j and t:Di;l:

OOifiq!,fl(:.I'W:ti. w:Q~ a;;tvt': f.:;dfe:n I!JipoD tbem :J:Ci' licr«:~y fles.emble s.:a'l,i'a~ tige!!:s,! W!l;!l~,ves and h(i.]}s ..•• I 1:i3l'!!>C s.eeiUl the SPS1l1HWS; set thei!!: tie~e. :!!Inti hy,..nI!]l1'Y dogs aJ [he IMi:!!ilil$ D.O rear ~h~m, in. pieces and devau:r ~hem. . " . They Sfit ~_ji; ~1Jj SIiiI HimIWY ~1))1IA~1iI..:s and villa~, jt is imposs.iible I dtGli!.d~ re~ '[tile 1iL1ilmbtr ~f [~m .... Th~~ ~1!i'URP dIC}i" d,td. w~tho~t anry provo-'OSOOH[II 1) Uirel Y' f~a; '~'hc saR"e ,of Idoing .IlIri:scru:(:[,H 'Wlie~r ~hey ,~uldl 'be £Cae'heel ~ in tb..i!: CTIibbc!rn 'is!:aLrn.ds~ ~Ild ~ the OO;l$~ :P'l~s;~ ~he h:ujjrum.s WCI"~ cX[(:lrlifimarod. rrh..me !l)f Br-a?.il "'-"en:: :5!1V1CQ :fnm e:tniliICIE~Oi'L by :a ~®pi~IIr'~~ii'i, rmes~,. ~1l big ,;is Buro~,iI :Wlild Il@ 'lite 'S.iI)u{b ,~£ il:~ the lulilf mmio:~ $~i..i:i!lrc m!]~

or dlie.hi: ~n~ !;w.am,:~l:!lLmd - dile ~i:(I, GOOSS!tl, _ lb.8l: :reIiilain.ed. $uHi.denJi:~f m,ysi'0l'iQ!l;ls 'Uii'iI[;1 Oi/II: d:.Y,Y'{1 f(l;r c~p:]~ren: like eo:~(mel, p~lwcen to ,I Me v'bcir lives sC!ttchiilJ j~ j:tt f@f ,g@ld!en citi~.

'or thooe who 'fi'1!I[':!1.1iJed [he l!Odiia~Fis moo '~h.e :forest '~here t~eir,e Wtlt'S~ d!:!ItiI_Jen !II)) f8.'ce ~'h1l!1U poFsQJIl'~pped, ,arr>Ows. J~e[b de:~1i!led the.ia: eggs I.IlllQ:.e:r (!ucir s~~n; [here 'was a :jpe~ of:"; thlU Fed 'QIiL Itlll~ $u(i'a'Ce' O'flhe eye. :aJ1~.d ,oouM pliXlu«, iI:!Ii~'nd~s; be;r....,;. ~WSlr.E'i'ted l~ :rliLl!:lten d'e'nlISe'tves [~ d .. e' ~ra{l~$ of ,m'llCIilS in rths noot!l'iis ::,md :ait t.he C01'lIliM'lS of t!R

mouJt'hl j, Mi'.: ana:5 CQldd oC:R1II5r.:' ~itmpOrnry piil'L";a1,y;sis,!; and worst: of a:U3' Hi 'I1'iiny ~tl.e some"~mes found jll tb~ :f~f5; (tt abmdoacd bUl.~ might drop on lh~ :s]oo~r 'to admll::U:stcr 3 iiiQgle f:it~ bite.

.AW3rt from th.a~ ilie.re '~re the. -common la.azards of pillrollOUS: 's..o 3ib:s , spid(ifS and smrpiDlrlS ,i:l!l 'Variety, ,ilIld thfl rivers lCiJmtiliIII~d iDat 01fi1.y tbe femdOom. pi:r::1nMl ch~otl'k oob. ,:B:mrl sliJi.n~;-rays, bur a~.s@' a tiny ca:[~fid1. ,'1,1'jth s,~:nJ" fiJrnlS whtdh wrigg'loo hUQ' lhi£: hUma.lil ruilims and oolLlM noi: 00 feltlo\r,ed wjlh,~ Oll:t ,ii, IDtltUlarung o~rntioo. Above an.!' the mooqni[,oes 'lrnlllLsmltwd mot' only mabll',ia~ but: the '~u.!Jw :fev~r (ill1temi~ m th'fli b~ood ,of ml:1lLlY' 'Of tbe 'momkey.s, Til!! ,ollLly 00]'1- Ill:dhm[~ 'fro pe_11I,etl'at<l: tbe !I.dc:ima:te OOOO!i8('S ,oftae: fOl\est ''We:r.e tJhr,: N!!1ig~ o:lflari~:r .ulllv,asi.(ms.!I' 'W:~U)! ~p(~d ~m, :g~ealIl1.!lm~ll'S, from, tr:he :sugar es,!)!Uet: i!lJilId DIliIDo~ 1.'0 f.C!l'm it'he 'flr!R~,! the fugJ,[i'!l'e s:larv.e: s""rtie.mt£;o;us. ~1Jl, tib;~~:.. :iI,art froOIli;l he~,im.g [he~selves toO hldiu, ''!Nt!J.m~[lh w:heJ'if: (hoey 1~:ull'"d !:hem~ fol[!I}.'!,li,ed th'iii Il'we: of Ili''V(i and Jett ,live~,:a;11i.d l'nit'f mr..::t,Qed 'W~tb, th~ sur.rolJl1a:ilmg tIr,iibes,. a!lld los'[ tih:eir ldCfitn.ty.

The p]jti1lliC®S!lie.s of murder a.lld '~:ns,htWrn~1 slQ'Woo cl,.OWJiI during: the ,next d'll~ O!nJC:l!Iirics~ b~t dl.idJ so 'bitt::JJ!']SlE there 'WC.H1: f(l:WU JllIiliafl.e'S. :~~fit to 'irliurQer ,md iliimlli'l,i'e, Great expeditions, 1[0 (u'ovide l:!iJoouJ:' lor the l'bIIl1~athm.~ of MarnDhaQ and, ':ar& depop·:ulared a1I tm ea~iJy <1~ii)l~ villages "ea~ [It~ main A'IDfilJl:irnam MIIk:nvary:s~ and the l.oo-s, o:f ~16: js !jajd to ha'l,llill' bocm p~3/It€ir t'bm tb.a~ mvolvedi ~ fiI, [he :::;Lai'!!lil:: ll'3ii..-: w,itbi Afric:J. Those 'IN,bOo ~Qpedl ~he ptSlU!tBluom g.fit.~D. m:u.5koo. ,Un tbe J e'SlIlii[ !!:'>e:stil:'Ii,a;tiulil.:S _ ,n-:II~Q"!J.L$ oomcellltnJtio:n, camps wli'ielre ciIlindjuil:ln5, '~rc bAJrdIly le:ss :severe" aJllid rtriflitl~ o:fi"'en'Ct.1i W'ele:

I 'plllrushcd wi'tIlI t(i'l"dble floggin,~s ®r D=2);.' .jo3

rOIIi the sruoi! side • • , motmi:X li fi!}1.!Lt~d prtgll~n.'f ~ '~]u·@'w:n. ani ..... e into the: k.itmlt[} fi.tm8ce.

An ~!i:.tC'.act :ti''fom dlL¢ :t'ep..en 'hi' the '[;I[\~id)erill: 00 last 'yeal"s in~.uiJrY lQomoSiSi;oj], ~m[o, a'[1tooti~ s;w,imt tnfZ Indiaus corrects the OOjI'!ifl~~~u:: vie;wPlint: that we liv'C in. milder da~.,

., 1~' tile 7th I:'I.$fm~waU5 .Ptlf!tInil., lruJ.~'tJ,m a:ere

I .tor.tlrnQ' by gJ1tl'dill£' thee bar~~' oj i;~'tlir lut in Ike ~c (Jt Uo.t) ~n. 5t!flka'~ d,.iven ~·fflf.} lhe P't'Itm, W~ 'look ~tlm.$ tllil'lJ: tlu:ir kumr.lfls j'n applying 'his tVl'Iure. "

lit: is nlleged:l' as, WIt:lJj ~ dt~s in.'!ife!3·~g.a.tio:n1' that ith~i: We:f\e eases of aa ]ndli~:n's fi~k~AJ ~y ·oo.mg smeared with. hcrJIlizy before le~.'!,1~:61g. lidfill ltD M lhd:'ilim1lL to death. 'b~ aIUS.

Whiy all thUs. '~m~le:;s cruelJt:jl ~ W.hat: :LS :Ul dliIlI~ CIlUSCS men 3.Dd wii:tlfilen '~l't;!Iba'hty m exJt1leme respectability ~m meir ev~ydlgy :Ii'!lefl. [>0 t:o< . .rttu'e for lthIe :sak.~ 0'$ oonUrriPg? M@rn.~ig.ne '~Iiewd lhat cfLllI!lty is 'me ~~~og,e of '[ilc:: 'Wta_k Ill'i;;U:'iI :~l' ms: ~a:kne55; a. 'OO:f~ ef :sickly 'p3!rOOy of valour. ·'Tke :ldlling afmr a 'vicrol'Y ~ u:sually' &9!tit by [he :ra:h;Jb'le alnd haggage oflicials" n

"* .••. * *

h: is. the '~iiJfi.mi·ng ,~rtbe rainy season,. ad from

an aJtU!;'u.de of 2000 f'eei ihe ior~:~ s:muw h£re:and i[Jhett :as if -uttder :tpPf,adlk: oomoordmmtl, ,[liS 'uke so s'-Ltks 'YP ~he V,:;!Ip.ci!u:r if'f.lI)IU a l~. dowapoM.

The Ma.'ro Gtt'(!!S8Iil1' ':WO~n :&om th;jii .. air is ·5.ll!ppotOO, ~D oJfer a Kene of Hlon'Otml.oU'S ,~Wi1lnl bUi~ tws is :ng:t: iDwvys ~_ At: i:h~s. mQrfuml) 'for examplej :[I :p~l'dil'black ~,W~rm'ip J~p.~8d. by iwarry" Si3:0;rl\5 pmt:IUS ~ESdf. h is obsc!ru"w by ~~irnng f:emt[mF5 of ckrud which. :pan a,p.m '00 siho.w a Chedda:r G{)\~g.e in hlgu'bl',i~llJi,~, ]"005. 11le ro:r~[ fe"lmS! p.iu~.d wiili b.kes whid], appCM to OOD;~n IW~ ~£er '1YliIt. bril]imt cl'mnricM :iObJ.'tbilllu; ~ '~'l)ppef :S'i!llph~il~ ge.11I.rim vielel. Thiil: air tm ~~ w!ribbiing ttl; 3i '5ICrl/,lbbed rpaitd'l ii;lf e;I:IItl'h 3IiJld. vl!ilfUI~ go b.y l uk¢ ·b.l~!:k :tS~.

AU [hes~ sm.aUl !:ov;!.1ii.S i:o [Ills 1I'lIl~ ~fth .::Wei: ~hr:' sam.e. An ·oopJ'mlQ."!llIlii:ie.a!ble Gu_~ ~aIDe Iiol" ~ stra:t of clapboard. ~per~ ,eff ro mud. ~fi;d. :~Im tn3!t.en !at mot:h elld) ,m gc:n..¢.ml 5~lJIrt;; a Iw'tth L~m[eiStyle wim :rnl~n a:sicep OJI the ·V'ii:1",::mtiu;. a seaxe'CmW .hOr:sei 'OO~ aoout 'k) bw:n d:HOu:gh the :mde~ 't~ed 'ilia;; .nlll. .a :s.quaoo: yard of s:ti'mds) furl.ry p~gs; aI'-OID8bC dlll!~ blown. ULp 'iry' .[b,e 1iL0'~ m'OOu.

.Life is .. in slow :motit;.11 amCli QJl] :3 smalil seal!:',. ~,['b.e store :sgils. dgFtr~, meuCLlI.otLi5J)y bi.s~~i1 [f II1tm'S-ary' W.Ulh. :til :1":a1Z®r 'bbde,!! .Iad~dw of Imndi{!(::3 'liOU( j littie pil~ 00 e:ntmils. for 50UP.J PIIIC'g:atiV4;. 'pills a hallf-1imch. im diam~ul' .ma lm[adsqmdy~·too'kd .gu;D. holISIte.n. Tile CIi1SIDm..e:f.:S !Com~ 1.1li. mot ·~o ItniY' byt [~ be thoerel wamd!eriing llmOUP diU.. papt£-clnum of d'lil~i:y dried filS:h han.rJng f.'fom the ~ciliQg. Th~' a;g~ IiL1:dians... 'but :so de-.rnciail.iiiCd by itlhe' cJri.maJt:c 01' i»fooom and t:heu" gru.bby !Conom d.otmn.g~ that 'mq could ~ Eslqrnos: OJi V i6D:lla:msse. Thi:i:Y' h:lvr; .~ e:c,res.si4'bl ,@f men gaz.i.ngJ. ilJiilil'ro'liN~y,rol ,ioro cry:stal ~aDTh;~ arnd 'I!:bey speak in childid. 'V6:roe;s of gIEi~t sw-e~mecSs., :Like :aDl ·1!t'ui~ilfliS. ,e:-\i'e;ryw:hlOOl~1 tht; sm:l[l)~t rn~atre ef a'kQhal .P.IrCidUDeS :m inst:JIIJI d~rll,y change.

l")e on!,y eillte;rtah'i;61:t..of:H.,[ the 'rown ,0'1f~ itS ill c-a[mmHROe(~ opefaiDng I~rge:~lf m:l i:II ibal'l~ basis. 'He' ~eDl[i. J'Ort'l;in¢s; :in :;.. :ne~'[i",e' ibtu .realisrtk: 'IHi:ly) oom= re:m.ed. nOll S(i! 'IML1;.Idili wi:tJ.. goJXI. Jtl:ck~ trnJt t~ avoidance of 'bad .. An rbe ,dhildre('IJ~'s '!iiy~. a:r-e ri;m.m~ wim ~Iili£:pid~ 'b,a(dl,y ·I!t1(f'l,l'iiii.g meso The f~ndlll!~ some mil:es away,~ h~s :aibs'Or'bed. e;verything; 'i:nv£:m the wilQle' ti!)\VR~ e"'~ Ihe~ maUl! 's;'[fOOt inn::if.

This is !It :~:d:a-ce whe£>e ctl;l~l.'ty ,~s, 81i1PrO&~dll'O ha.'I,\'!ll; hapP(!IlLOOj! but me swface ~r:dli~~s, has; ~ee.n ll<dlIChoo. md reJlDlI,!'at'ed ,m~. me ar.r(JD'ia '!Il!f :j1Irrocily :ha.8 ,tispe-fS'trl. E"",e['ythiJi:J~l: C::in be ~~I:ilrined. away now im

ea.g1e afild iPa.III'.lII'o:t· iI':e3t1lu~I':S-;; He is f~:rtunalDl~ ilio<1iViLli

.• v·:·_. 1'iiiI''' .. 'I D - k -,.. t·lI!..... -- ·'.r;"'':'''''na--v wn ~glW "",ii1!UOIDAJ. I[';U". _ :!i!!!l, -~ iIlI]Iji ... ~---I';I.'

IIDst'S Q'Ui~)5:i;d!e~, triilbd ,~u¢mQm~~ :!.ir__r;t f.bi:dde-o

terms 'Of extremt ~~rlr;i!ijn~ @I:' t''he malaGe ilJIf ,0H:~ciIJ ~rn.emiC:s~ mId all the 'wimf$~s :(w the dde.:n.a: have oom mu:stertd, Fjll.lii~yj. the e'iletY~y vJols.ncgs of:3i v]olmt· muntry' !lIe qu'Oted. to n:ni!j'nd QI1I£: t.lmi 'lim :i~, ut E-uro;p~~

S~J" F"[MO 1(",,'(:5, 'win:h t.ii'fi. (am~ ~y ~ n Ih:lie.e :L""I'iIl~ .m @me ~f '[he: rew bTlk.1b-bu.:i It :n!l!lI.lfie8_ HiSi pOisini~il liS amlbigoous. An ex.- [mUm !ProtectioD Se]'Vlo.ll .:J@.e:.Dt~. he has ~ clC8]\ed of 'm.8.'IIlckd .maBpracti~l' allLd '~ shO'ff.t1y ·r-Ocr itmplo~mmt rn. th~ ne~ Fotmdatioo. HI:: 0050 an Ab)''Ss;inim. f:J« '~ltb me«_am{:h.dly~ f-ai[IJtly' di<sdainful eycs, i!J hi"~ Wilorit: :FOR'llI.et3dll amdl.:J. dilliOilJte Semite JliN~ He-is pr-oud rOf the :(aot: that :bi;s filithliill' was. half N'egr-.ol hallf Jewish; ~. rtjf':ilrll~[' 'w11o- C3iprur~d:h1li. .mar.H~ a Innu.;st. ghd from I@m.e 00: 'tbe: I~dtiilil'll tri.Des.

~j-. crt ~]I :raze:rIld~l'os: 3lfllll ba.d/' FuU!mil says. "'Far ·from. h. Oll thoe contrary, the majari1t'y are ,good m~j'jL :PeQPl~ iHe i ecaJ)m_lS ill!f thllir SlU:oOesS.! ::lnd '[hey .~:r'e om. t'he :~OO:~OUl: for.1I 'Way 1[00 d:;:mlElg.-e th.e:m.

H] iii. '[be CiJSi~ YOIli .IlI1.1lm1iii1D. the man was; :a tb.ief and! :3! ltJ[I@u'hie maker. .As :lIl[plhoishn1oen'[ he WiaiS. ~ocked i ill ::i! sh~d.~ [ID'ilhin.!'!: more. 1U: was. dj('ll::nk~ },,61!.1. ILmrlG:r1.. s[a:nd! and he see[ fire il'!' the shed hillllSe]f. He di~d in :~'h'ie '1lii:'1e"). f,f'-$~ 'b1.:U: thoe d!Xtillll' cem·fi)ed ::lccide,nt~] dea:n'li!. Theft Wo1S no ~.s~ f'Or i!I. polke i·nqjwry., Ir.lI 30 ye-a'fS' !ie_If!J~« 1: l!iiilve !l;Ii1~y ~I'II I!lUi: i~$t~n.ce ,of 'vIcdemce _. if you wist! '[0 Olin h vU)~efice,. "l'lite ]'ndiaDlS W'U¢ d_rr1.IDk wi~Jli ~Jj~Fg! a.pin~ a'nidl they a.ID~c~!Ed -tint ]N.i~~. They We-I'C given aJ (·h~R.oe .ti)y ~rililg !Oii,]'~ 'tiatil' hC3d)s~ b~t it djg1t ~rQ;P mern, 'They W~te mad 'W~th u,..q_uor" W1131t f;;iJuldJ we do? There'·:) lil~ '~lood 'Oil my haRd!).~" Ik :n1ill~Qj[i. 'mem !!.liP' a~ if f~JX Wnilrfi'i:l!t-· tID.n. Thi!Y !.U'e SID1IH] am.d weU cu-.ed! :f'W' WM~h. !pa~(:, pmki5h palms. Hi~ wife iritltJtiks ~'~;g,~ ~u~ o.J $i~~ :~ili. titl:: :s~ry ~l tntir ·tiny fiaJt, Tlle~e is a pictlu(t 01' itJbc: l~r~~.cGit on t'tiJe w.ilUj. ,m~ !iLQi!)tg"el:' of Inis :~itr;~:c: gifl d~.cd for Ilt.f fiLrn cm:ru:n~ :aRd no Ill:vici'!..'!l!IiGofii m, t'be ch~~, '~~ly fUl'1J!il;'~ tOOt SCl1lliil!.(i[ FUlamo Bas 'b~fi ab.le to fe:nh..cr 1iJ]s. nes~ til) :any

'I!I£..e.gfuil ~Ntent.

He ]ollmOO. th~' :s-t:f'!!'i-Ol; iiJUit of I'!J seJil5it of vocl.uiWJ.t!o

he 5::JyS:. ''',\fle uftre 3!U y(i!I!J.n~. and ldeallstlc. l'h.cy .. ' I 'prud us ~C5S '~n.;3.]1 '~ne:-r ~idl :Ii pt)'llltmal1l.,!o but I],.obooy ga'!F~ .aoy liIlOlugfin ItO dil:a~- We we['le going to d~dicOl;~ QU' li"",~· ~Iji 'tne $'~['\i'iiOO o:f OUi' less f'Qftltllll:Jt.e fslllo"lll m'¢IJ.. ]'f alil),f'O-f!!e' h~j)iP~1'ied W ~jj\~ in Rio, de Jalic.iiro the M:i ni.;:;t'e.r h~iltu-elf wol!.lM see mm ·w.l!tot'JI be 'l,ll,1:;U; PM~ed~ s:Q(II fih;Jll:.e :tt.a1!'ild~ '!,?OIi:t:h. him and whill hiim good :H~l(_ ~ harppened 1:0 be a cmlr:tuy Doy' 'blUJl my f(ieDd!i, ltirred. a ·~IiI.d to see me ,af] '['0 the: :st:a:~Il!IIl. E"I{..e'fY~y :~I'!..'~ifi Died! :nR ~:viiili.g :mc a ]l!:fI~mt. I lita:d. so mmll bcc' k:lmdt.eriohiers 1 c~t1il~ ba;J,;re opened 3 shop, Thc'X'.c: 'W'i:s, ~ l\O~ O'f' ~IeS[i~~ ~ n. ~illlg in The: seevice iII lflOiSC d~;"

There are 't]1Ir.ee wrulid:i! :glfi!Sc'S.y px.k_'n13r~ in the ;)'1 iIiI pe !til ~cb ch-ee~ Ufidecr ~l!.e sad, Antlmric eycs} ,~'nd! i'~ ]$ dlim@ll:1l: 1iIA)'~ ~ \Wt'C'h !them. H~ shakes his k¢.tcl. • ... No-ene w!i;'luld! bel~~v,e [he t"o:miiu,OJ]s sO'm.e of us li.~d lLIitde.r-. Th..ey 1I..Is~d frO show you photogpplis ill! the Idnd 0:( place w.h~fe ymJtd be wodung j a Ito-use' ''Wiill:h. a Velr.iJudah., toe ~dl;OOI and the: dispenS:;l.fiJ.1· .. W]I,en I werH to my 'ii~[ post I ~pt ~ .a ,child wlle:n l U'Ir"i'l .it. rh-e jQUr.'Dey took a :mLQ1ilth and

ii'll r:llte Qrleii:n.wl'I.ule t'he mall .[ wa.:s .supposed. to be ,aSfi;J.;.;;~g ·hld. di~(Il ~f 'dlle 's.mallpOM. I r.enlOOiL'be.u· t:ilile (j,rSi~ '[1iJj fill [ saw w's :a! dead! Imdia.ll in, toe w.a/tcI' w:h.eu~ ~h.ey lied 'ILIp die boat. Pd :ni~' a measles ~~idemic. Half [he if.IQ@f of the h.ou~ :nall Cil'l;,'~ m. Th~['l~ :~ew.- Iud. Mell a SiCi1uoo[~ atn..d. r&ti.ell'e 'W3f;IlI.·~t a oolltt'le· of :!lis,y;drili1. i:~. '[~e :J!lare. Wh~r:Ji th'iiii SIllI1 WCIlI't d.fiJ'M'iI the m,ooqiw:[(i;M 'Were '00 thiC'k, th;;:l' w~ on. )I!l)ur skin IHre :fiu""~~

He fiHds .a 1bo.6'~ of .pr.ess.'-clJt[mngs, in, whicn 31'C recorded '~!!Ie :mJe..a~ ~.si.ool.s of his Me. A pkt!.il.IC shows. hj ir.IJ in dark suit a:!lil S!uff lOoRa.r rccrivUJ.! a cel1i'~oue amd! '~he oo.m~l'a.rula:tiWl!s of a pol~ticirn fm!hi!) wott as :;1, (.i"'li liS:!i1r'_ Ii1i allotheJi' ae is, shown po8~:li1g' :iU [he ~id:e !lId" l\;'~iiSS hmal!GilnJ.'Qo ] S!5.2~ 0100 in QjI1lQ.th!l'l[, be is a 'pa-~ma] POOSe:IlCC a'~ :a !tertmQ'!ll.y w'hen. iiIi n~ly 'pacifi.~ trjbe Mil:;: lQ p1!lt OIl them- fi"~ CilJ'tliiing, There 3C~ ~·'bcfure'~ :and '''after'''' p:i~m 'I)f the tlL'jh:Ji womttl~ fi1rs'~ :mili.ed md ['hem im i\![i'ipern. i3Jld 'rucir~j '[lot Q]1ly charngct! 'DtU fa.cjaJly Ijjf'l.·recJi;!lgfilis;!Ii'ble: from !l}JiI~ milil.~t<::: to the n~~~ a$ if s,oQ'Lte 'm:Jli~Immt spem bad boom laid ~po:]t flJem as thiey WfiggJ:ed uno- dllc :5bap~, g.amte.nts. The f~w 'Cii;ntiitl.~s scaaulilld t'tilrouth IOU,'~ o·:f 'pcilitJUl~S speak of Sell:b@if.' F'!iIlarao iJS '1M pat[er.n. of :5-(:1£ abau,cg::.tionil' md '~he '!;;WOM8 .~erWd.o ::llld dNt¥L'lo co:IU.stmit'ly :reap.pear. "'hly .pay \'!,1',as 100 [J;~W CEllJ.zg1rm (£ [2) <I 'mlJliLrn/' he $~.:. ua:ndl irE 'was somet..umes up 't{ll s:i~ m(!\Jin~, overdUt. II:!! '[~e fif8i[ lear nnlYJi ~: :haa. :IiIlLC:J.slesJ ~.:.u.l.Aditt· mdJ mala.rtia th'tloo 1t1im~. 1£ i'~ hadn~f h~yC: bo~ fil:ir the fazeflldeiro ] 'dJ h_ave dlied. He ~ookcd afler me !The ~ :fa t he.r . He ''W~iS a m:Jn of ttJbe pata~ poss'~bte' :P!!:i:fi= dp~.esj; and aljrrtoo.~ rn.limy 'Other 1Jcfiefa}c~]l!JnS he' lave ~.OO!,000' cr'uze.iir08 ttl, ::Ii cliu,w;.:lm, in Sm .... ador. E '~e :D1OW d'Uli: :tt.is 8~m/:s been :f:amuilly ·ohm.ged wiifil in"r,aMG: lii'iIdl-~ii'ii ~:ihllids. All .[ C!IlB s:.t)" to thalt: is) what 'moe I~~:i9ns would. &0 ·withO'!!.!it' rum;; I (l;OR"! n9w.'··

Fillian'!). i~ 1'I.00ltIi'Lng if r:JiD'~ loy;]]. 4 !Fazeni!.eifolls, ,3Jt',e no dnf(,(:!re!i'iJl :from. amyO'.De elS!::·~l\' m: saY5. ~'T.tiIey 'tr:)" lrl) mrube out th.ey~Nl· m.ons·~rs it:h~e d8iy$, YOI(g, miiJ~uil.'·[ 'be~ie~'f: :iJ~] you, read.:'~

rn'~ q~ >t::efi'i:llfJ. t:h.a:tt Il{Hllli:l: w'O'IJ.ld be :found now ~1iL rbi:5 [ll)wriI. ['0 oo.ntr;arlicl him.

* * .* "* ..

.for· 13. -half':'~~tl,!.lll."Y r!illbber bad be-en. the gtr·eal!

de!iJtrftly6f of' thii: IndianJ md 'tne_~ 's,'iLldd.en.li,y itt changed. m s~culO'l:ciem in land .. ltum~t[r S:~~d or: :hj!;!~~ miilieral !resources awaiting ,eNPloj;~tion i.n. ~h.e 'IDil~ljin. sQlli:!lrfe i1firiles. tihiJirt: '!A'1i!:ir-¢' i:ma«~Siilble !A!],dl ~e-ai'iJa:lj' - and th(!l g~eat SpoewL:r!lbve rush. ~_a.c; 1Q1iL_._ Nowlh~re, ~'I:!l'We\f!er r,e:mote.J hQwever sk~r;dll~~y ~. -4"

maw.~!lffi.!l' 'W3i& S~ :from dle 5"wr\i"eytJ~, sml by .t!h~ f~d£ims1i '~:e .~lin~ Md. the rea[=C:SliaJte C!J'.Dl". 'pamitS to :1lil~Utre !l;IUil 'thd.x ~. BItt m Siio raolo.o; k h-e.adq;lIIMnlJ:i 0F1:he land. 'boom~ th~pileiw - ~~t ia :5hRdy .bod. d~, - wau;; .imt@ ~~ '~...mhips ~ w ibismdJ.m ~e Go:~mt~, wile< was bl 8. ~itioll to see ~t the ,t~, W~r nihrollgb. I .A ,~1 deal of'DS a:Fpa:NIl~y' runp,ryJand 'was only ~~pty .~~ the: aKlliE that it ~ :no whi~t s.enl~ts" :md: ·me. Dilil'P'".~ had net ~t :pm m me :ri¥ets. Md * m®Wltam.:s.. Th~ mig'bJt w'dl be Illdi~ rh<e«' ~ :lU;~ bim' umtciil. it had. ibu:D. e:Rpl~rtd ~ ~[ tOO possibility introduced mdy :11 sligM :im_~.!fI.~tt" In tt1l1~ tile mJ,dU:rurbOO. ~@ll (lif aU laEldJ ocw.pit;d by lndiam Is ~~med 1io 1hem roy' 'the lB~ omstit,u~l!!imj bu,t if it can 'be shl)W(Il d:l:3ct '~ Asnd bas '~ abWild\o:ned it r-a'l;'e'rt.s; tOI lLhe G-ovemii]'ieD'r,.IiRt wllicb it can 'be sold in the or,a:inary ",""a.y, The grilei.zlo;s mst is lQ dis~'Cl' or .mmw-aCh.hre eridel'!;ce 'mM SNlcb !and is no, mGge:r in CiCCU]liati'i)'J!l. -~. pi!'Oblem~ if $lnm~y ctmfmDJ::iI" ~o.mpll.immd 'by lh·~' {-ad' *~ moot hrliIms ,H'~ soU)..n;Olltlllu:llic, ,~rl.lO!S:!:~ ao.P' in Q]]e aJ~ duriog tb..~ pm'.ioo mlthe SWllli.'I'b.e.ir .mins.:; 'mm. ;mQving c1sewhe~ to hum: .8DdJ fisk du:ri1ilg th~ ,dry wili1i~r '~I)I!L.

A. 's:h~r~ CU1l: tD 'me :sobilliQo]], of the pmbl.em ls, :S;~Iifi.P~f to dri~e the ~, ,OUf~. OIDtr pii~irm (jjm.t:e simply ignwe its oe~st~c--e."i rdferiDg l~ m th~ gullible by .map :rde~" sight WMittli; :md hopmg to, ~ a'ble W $Ietlle ~~e h~.g:d dilic1,!!lnle."S by poliltlicaID man:.ipu];uion& .M: s.ome .later d.a~e'.

The .gciJ.mro wiJ:b his :~\1fiilP' be'hind the scemes W3.8 lmpt 1.J1Id~r '&OWJ.e Wf!itro:t wlille' P.ttsidenl J® GoWan was in powe.r~ md ilt baU'y became clCiJf 'to 'the big--iicil:~ laod specuUar.o:r$ t~r tbcy wert· ,gq to ge~ nQw~rt:. Ul.D.til thfiY g.ot :a ,n,ew' PIe£iten,t. Gclilmj' a1tl:mup. a ricit [ande~[ :h:i~eJi~, :b.e.M '[he opifhi~[Ij ·!that 'Bmi1 w-m11d n~r (l!COOpy the .pIau hlJ the· 'WCS~enl H~pbQe 'to 'W~ :ilts; OO:~~~ siize :aJnd. ~~ oen'~rltd i't 'White jt: ~ a]QI.lig il!.'l< i!im !e-I!.!d~.ai'!lti.c· wolly , .... jth .31l M pgr <Ce:Dt. iltUt«acy :~ ad th~ l~jid :Ln. '['he hill1d~, of:lm :ilmfiniJt:eshnal.[y smalll mmo:ri'tty:.o; :MaIiiL_Y of which made no elTon: tG develop it :in !!rl!Y w,~y, The ['icm 00 y' be p:ropos;ed, was to :redi:n-rfhl:urre 1 per cent. ,of privatd}boWllloo Imdl hut .also - whcoit w~ :fu ffiOI\~ ij~ioUlS = h.e rumm.m.md. dte: feSl!.IIDta.riO:Iil. of :aD. 'Old! b.w per:min::mg' 'lthe (ffavtlr.nmmt ItO :naltionalise JanCl! ~p 'lio siN. :miI&8 im a.epm iOOi) ea.ch. ~idle of me: naumri!i means of camm:un.rca.tio:n.:roads} ·oi!w.ays .3JildJ ,cruaab ..

Th$ w~u1d Mve 'OOefi .3, death blow t.c, the $pe~latQn.! 'W:h~ 'hopoo UII ~U mru Dc! 3i~ :many 'rimes the :pfice 'lIli.ty :had pHd,. a;s. $iOitID 35 ·it. ·Yr.lS 'made :a~~.1.bie by ,th.e bciJdfing tfYf l\~m.ds. OIlL'!: :&1iIc;h fiit'.m had a~vefri~d :100,.000 acres, of hmd fM ~'Ie m. the .Elligllis;h. P.fe'SS- The' kwd wa.s, ilJf['CD"OO im ] OO-aer.e miwft'ulrfil"il .Ifit!! :at [.5 at] acre. An initial pUl\ohas.e of [ani! had ailready OOeD' ·OO]d ... 'lhe company arm:u:ulDlmd,_.. jj~!y [,!U! inv,est.m.emt: ~cn'!!Se8 a:nill ll'llSts", i:n!illlram~ ~pani~ :iUld. :g :HWi!!~ (If' 8y.ruIicates~l.. A. e.harmr :fljght 'would 'be :!1rr~g.ed (lOr buyem from .M.an-!::h.~m.r~ I:irmilligh!m", Gbsg,Q'w~ Eill.iIIiburgn. and Li~rpooi.ll ;mid repres.e.lllmii'l,l'fS of Kenya famlers wh-o had meady bmJg~1t ·50.~ooa at:r-es. "'T]}tI'C is l.itttl'.t:: b,ope/~ s:aid the :r-tl'omou.(III! lin~1iiltul't~ '~of my IL"chl!m florn th~ ·p'JillrldtaS'~· of the Iud ror :::I f~w l'eani ·yell'.:J>·

Slut m, ] 9'64. fJiie sptcu.I.a1lfv-c prmlHlcts bliigJu-e-.oed.

C]llf.)r:nt(I1.11s1:r wJt~ :~. fiJUp d'l.tat '\WIiS :s;tai~d to, depo&~ tbe' h'Q'i!Jb'lesomt GO!in1tttj ;;mdJ ''':Iu: 1;:md nJ.iSh. ~rmid 48· &0 ~h.ead. A pro~n~ ass-awl W:3:S llirtllllLt::h£d iOOl.

o~_,,_· :S"'l.!'t ,01 cl"'.msa~"'!''''ftl~ ·-,""·_C. .-!I.:iil .... - '"A"'d~ ..... ..11

_ _ ~ _ _ _ _ _ _ ~¥~. ,1!f~.I!!I"" ~~P.J~!l..~

sDa.;eb!· :Si~_i:I" d,o!lll's, :uut ,en£M"Ccd :a.-;-- ..,t.,,-- ..

l!' !lSI IEJ - - - _. - - -- --~jM,Y,:r'"

the ~Im:Dmru".f lab; ,of rt'&.e ~:iDra:t~Rd? IDdJ~

w U .. ,;S. mMker 'wilb la~y produoed. iD~ ~wmdi!d IllfOChuoos ,off'e.rl.n,g g[.a:mmu' as. wtlll :35 pl'o6:t} :mit! ~h:ffi.sod m m~ ~tic style of Amori~ iC:If ,ad "",enlSIeOlm'ts. .Am.M.on Aihre.amr.e Estatcl· ~ .ult::di,jl ,mil.! ~~t wert: a1!Iw.10Jilli! to ~e.,.s and :macaws md tbc ~t ~tttt of g,'eJDS ~:n. me ~ of mipty 'riv-trs, !Sailed by tD.it ~hip:s of iI"L.,~:lmit_ n~ 'had '"'~m'" .. "iii........,... ... ,. A' - mL.c ... - :",",C' VE "'";I __ _ o;!'''''_"," "" _ ~" 1l'UmV!;;g; VJ,

:rum .~·lan, [OO'k, a ,gamble in. the M.ato Gl!'OS;So, :~:nt .. A'p'J"~ 1963;; in 'f!l~ ,!i lh-.arilhm, dopu.ty:; HarJI'o!dQ' V~!O) :ritYC3Jtd. Ibn m0'51 of 'IDe :iU'-.at of the: ffiOlIIlb of 'rite Arnaz:on lIad ~nsed, .i.n~o me :tillui&, 'i!lI'f fw·eignen. He· mej'irtjl!)med thaJE. Prinoe Rainicr ~f M.on~oo h<!Jd. 001!lgbi[ ilM.d :in the Mat») Grosw ] 1 ltli.iI'n.e!j, 1:a]'G~ than [he: ·primd.palilLJ'~ whe"~'S. sOJ~eOfi~li $'1~ibiMng ])f'~um.ab]y wim. :a pencH [mint i:II[ a m.a~ had Fli~.gd up tire :lMgne8i lit'iO'Imti!ill ;n Brazil[he f.ioo d~ Nieblma - .fef m. old &O~ although it wo:u:~d, have taken a propel'ly ,eqw...p;ped e:K~tiOl] iaJ :m..atmr of' ~ to ir\~t:.1lII i:tt..

This 'I,!il'::l!j: Doo.ansdil.y :fUff itie tri.'bes whQ had ·~oo p::ldfi~d amrl s(>tJtl'.cd: in ac:~ wliler-(: they OO'uid be. WJIveWcnitly dmlt· with. Dowa m toe :p~ on the f]'~llittC;i['s. wiilh ·iP'arawn.Y· ~l "":is Itlie end. .g(' ~he .~ ·fur the 'KMi~~!). rIlL ] 865 im me "AIm ,~~~: 'P.mgway tit.:.)' had! ·takm. meiI 5.:pau. a;ad Dd!d~ rmlwd} W_.-e-~~,~::koo, IbLiJ~ ;i!rrvpe<:calbiy raiiD.'~Jed -. a fm~s~c C~Ill~ !)i the Lig'bt B(i.~<1~\ ai ,['he head i of 'me Dlra .. ..l ha __ ~ a:rm,,= 1:(10 OOillJt [he (aval~ IQ( '[be

·p.l:i.ychopathic P:ar,a~9.y:m d~rnJt:or Solafli~ L!Ope1. .... P~t 'Ih.e~ ~id in r:he war ~he Em~rof P-edti» U had rle«ii9oo. du~i" 'prindpal chief! dad. f;ar tire oc.casion i:n ,~. 'Ioj!l:'lldon:h :sewn. mth. pil'ec.ieus 'S;ro:lleS]I aDd

- ".l ... , '<i" -....I~. b" . ·N .... " _.:!'U:

~e!lJl [Jle ~w;,weli1.na .on.m perpem.u ~,i 'LWiJI I[WJl.lOO

a~ of tHe bor.d!u1amd. H~Rj' 'th~ SpaJ1am;S of the Wen: - poots :md ~t5 who ~raetiSod iDlfilJinidde.J ;adopting: 'th~ oehiildun. of o~r t.ribes ·""dlm. thc;~,. 'W~rc O:~d. eJlIougb 'to, rid'!: :hDf:s-e:s _ 'wcn:: rool!ll:ed liLiIlW to ZOO :S!!ilrv~VQrsJ' w'Ol"IdnS ;as. du:: mwh_ds of .faztndcir.-os 'wDo had ~en alI.l tlLcir lmds.

lit was. '![)oomsday 'roo ['or UVi-:S~I3iilSS~S B!tJl'W'oi). The gTeiJl mmropcdo.gist hid 'Iaved fo-r S'ev't;Jj3] .~~ ;m:)O:.nS· ~nem .in (he ]9JOs~ =md tb~

he! led him 1~' die ~dunOfiS of '~tmaurnil . , 8IliElm@p:d'~! ~ hlcAlII~' * :p~itkm lbn "a Ji~Ve ~p:le i,$ lOOt: ra ~ ~I ~ed ~~., .md~ it .l:t1ary ~~ a g.~Q\$ t~ iltvmftmD. or ~en that .Ieaves ~e ,iEbj,~~~. Qf ciYWM~ ~p!1:;: fm- 'OOlind/!·. He had said of me DN-moo~ liI'f~ ~k am i!1li proi':OlImdl.J irn~,gi.mr.S

., .. few poos.t.S:i ·iI .~F~dal Siy:smm. 6]- SlJ!IdI. QiiDl.-

;1 - Th· . · 1 'Il--'!:...ir.·d -ll~ ..'

:p~.mlJ. , -£II.' :s;pmU..lI.o:lll ~~1S am . e'''''ery!adY aOlill!lI'J-

ties, ~e inmrjca'My ~'. Tm:el had 00m living' :for i$'tJ.me.: Y¢a;r5: now far "iil11Dl itl:r.e oom.ptlcamd '~BU' lWItR Uv~-S'tr3e :smm~ ~ma., in. tire T~ uutm.i! ~ m dillt Smuh JidalJiJi' iGw:O&1S0J ~,'flt:!i.\ ~~ '!i,iD, ~~H" :oj ever, in tribute to tln.-e:· m~ of the ~~~ ~_u. ltOllId~ woo' :had 'boori! ~R@f(ij'o ~*.

.IJlfe In the :reserve was, :€n from ba-J.P.f &1: ike

I ·Bo:WFM. They were .h'1lIlI.l1iM'B.,!! ,a.md .ml!u~m'me:n,. ,IJl'I!di in ·their' '!;1i',a;y ,ex:ceU.e:mt .agriclli!hl!risISJ• htu diJ.e :rdmo~ w..as smalllJ and riheir\e was: .110 game 1m and '11K: .ri,,~ in the arm . .badJ ~m. illega:ly' fi.8~edout: bY' ·~rciru m.llillS O'~WIg 0JlL a big ~!e-'JI' and, ·itlbu¢ was: no If<IllMaIllll '1/0' 'pmcrise ,cultivation. m

I'me o~.-&5lIi~~d smri~Itomarllk ~::I,Y .. Th~ Go:,em;~ m~Il'~ had tned llo' .ltmJi] 'diem mm cam:1e-lr'alSgr.s, m.t t:hey :knew lI!]otllimg of eawe. lir.1.arny af meir O~Wll w~ ~dy ~old. off ~Y' agen~· ,of·the Indian '.wrecti.QT.II Se:~;{l-e~ w'ho .~.eredJ me moJiley .. , (h'hgfS - 9.8. the Bo:ror,oo; had 1'1;0 idm @f' ·bui.kI@:x

ooR.a1s, - 'Wru1d~ed (!lilt of mill: .~r.vati~D~ Md were Un:p<lUlldoo b,· m~i,gh.ooming fu~delli~. The. IIld.iThDS ::IJt:e ~ 1:he :few' truJt. r-ema..moo beib..r,e rE:hey oow\d. di(!l: of' diS.a~e W' :smn'.aooDJ .irllte.r whidb they W~!ll: irI00ucOO. m the lIli;umaJI diet 01 ad 1ir.f.H~, = liz;ard)S, li1liC!JSts aad 5rrnies _ phIS mJi OCcas.iorulJ haaidou,t of fOod (['Om loot ,of f!Lt. miss.iolllS.

They :::i'~ too) from the we~liI: '~m~nine8s and :aiml'e5~t1.t:$5. ijJf itiliJe uuuan wh-ooe ttaditiiJ,I1.di1 cuilnm: bas bee.o. damr.oy!:d. De miMionariC5i,) u.;ptIn wh®fillI. tkey 'WOt ~l>Ch-edll)" ~pelKlen:t~ rofi'bade da:n('ing,. :smging Of' $m~g5. a.Dd. whiile rhoey ::I:CCil!:pted with i[J;b;r~d soojC'ii:sm Itru.s. alt:uk {.ill the: pr.il[Jjciple ,of

·p1~iilte,. d!lere 'Ii!.-.:I.:s ::II fourth pmhlbiti.on a.g;rlrmst.

whldl they ~ollti.n'll_mll.y rre'beU:dj 'but: liD ·vaim..

The InruantS au' ob:~oo by t1Dgjr :rclatio.mship whh the de;aCIIl ood by' tie 1[10llm:ttollL of the :souls of the dead.:fin 'me aftm'''':lift: = 3i COllICCf.o . .f.'CH.med :im dl.i: :mamII.e.r ,o:f 'lihe .amcicilt Esl"Pti:aJll!S by th~ mooit cl.aOOr.iJt:e fime:.r:ary· I(i~ _. o~gjts, of grief 3ini.d .mtnxi~ catCom" 5l0ln.'tl!itim-e:s l:E!l5'Wrg: fer da.ys. Tlite BomrooJ oom:Umgty Wl3h1e to pan: ·wiith 'their dead~ burl' lbem tw.ict.~ ,md! 'me ~JtDJR ~, ~[ 'me ,emm:iOMB. ~asis (Jif thtif )iva, In 'me fitst ;.fi$Uil~ =~, if ili hope ~f some :miranitOU! ~v,a~ - [he 'body' is p:laoedJ ~n 3 '~empon;1J' gFave~ in Illle cenn-.e of th~ v.ina,Je,. :ar.td ooveredwim bRmc~e$. Wh.em d.'fl~~$iuoo. ~ -4. - - ...... A 'ItJ:.. A;-'h. ics :~""'!i"""'IAd! f~ 'Il:be ·bom~·

:I!, I,i!,'ViiRVo.,.. I;,!,,:; __ ,.. _o;.q.; . _ .......... "" _ .......... _ ~

wb.icll are ~ain~ed. :and klvimgJy adfimed with !tam.e(S~ ~ter whti~b 'linal burlaJ m)jes pbce m m.e

dep:tb3 ,of '~he f~~st= The QUclalrin;g @f 'thiS ,oos:~.o:m by im A_mer1Eat'li mif:is:ionary R'd~dI tajl!; horns. m d.espalTlIo 'but. me: mtission.a.ry wa-s. ahle m .p;i.f:S.uilid'e tlu~ loail 'pOlice [@' ~OKe 'lbe 'bam, :md the party of ·~·If~tarl"!iloo. 'b'~OOsmUil w.h,o ct~d lh~iIlYl~ 200 mUes 'Olli. .foot m the: Stal'(; capita] ;uad pl'esm~ed [hellllS.oclvi&S, ·w«pm.g, to tlte ';(mrin~'n'f) '!N(~e turned aW:i:!i.y.,.

FInal COli~stro;ph't:· (Q]!Jowed the devo:l~tiiru1 'lYy ~he FOOeT:~] GO\;Crn.mcIiL1]; of ,ttnIDn of i'~, 'powerspiliniruJm1y IDO'S-e lrt't3tiru1,g' to ~he owaersbip iLqd :sa~e of lland. _ 'to, me. [.egi$~ati.\lt At5..embl~t o:r 'nJ1e lVlaJi:!l) GIL"OS.'SO' S13~e~ Th_is, at ~~{:~ invoked ~. ~~W by whkh. ~and thtalJ ,aiiU!r a. ceut~;!l tiime .Ii·~r:,. :Md it'1Il!it»= ~

UD'· OID-Ciastl,e (lor your -tra:v,el a, .,eD t) 'will a .. " 8' 'ge everytb'i~lIto" :fr,o!" and,!i1D

South ,Ahic:a.

Post this ooupom and ,get in 'muto fuU information aooilJlt our :snjpsj ~ data and priees, AIm~ 3, ropy of ,~" AJrican H'Qtidays l:~g6,'~ which teUs you ,aU about our 'y,aricrl!ls '~Rdus_iVIC, h:~lidays,;

Sea Sa'aris: L'llm!IJ[io~, ~D l¢11iIises theu awOl back;,. IOQilnlhinm w·iih si_ghc ~G wurs in So,um A'ia~ Sea/Air HolidaYSi ClUEU' one way I jet me OWe-If,~ 'by schedu ed .air!ljne~

,~&.iL, - -~' . _ -,- d ~,d·· ~i.'hi\~-it1i1!t' ~'ii!iP \~,-,-~ WWI SIP en .:_l ~o-'_~ ,0.!YJ!! ,1iJI'ti[;W~'!!;o~~~

S,tar Sarjirngs~ . n A.llrilt Ma" and J Il.U:U:;t Sm' Sailings save 'you liO'Yo of a 'monnal fiQl·~'13.l.S$ retlLlm fa[e'~ ADd you leam spend up W 16 weeks in South A&ia..

Mil_in Centre' Ho'li",5,: S~_i DIU m '~"Ac'bss ItlXilJlJ~, 'men spend hvo ot 'mT!f'C' w,te.ks in sa,y,~ D'U1Tlbm or Cape T ('Jwn ~ a IWIJl'lely wa.y Ito get 10, kDow So'W'thl AWica~ AU at spa;ialt im:u:l'u YVIC rates,

Muc'h la' South AJfiQ (K.ruger Naborud Park and 'Na:td,for ~mple) .is an iB most baum1ll1 bsrweeo Apca ,I'od October.. You,'1 find summlne.t blue ski~ a n,d. Row-erSt and see wild ani'lhab m d1eU nawral sUm1un~,",

UniOiD~C,astie' .: ad SOiut_=- Africa. HIre in the ,I'teyli ,g area,

I

-

, _

--_ .. - . - --- --_.. - - ---- _.-

-- -- -- - - - -

told a colleague . -'hat he thought it very I uollikdy 't.JX ease wuuld ever be brought at an~ In, other WOld8~ in, : adw:don to ,"'8 own satl'sfaction 'with I his moral position, he, 'was proceeding an the assumption that O'Shea could be bought of£..

:But the Wood family started a,

I probate action Ic'ballmgWg Aun:r Ben's will as ha:tim,g been, under the 'Undue in6uCDce o!Katharioe O~'S:bea" O~,Sha associated, himself with the acdon,

I ": e thus had at fig;a,ndal mKKS.t. m.

I discrediting his wife: m the divorce ICOlim before 'the probate action could come before a jDfJ~ H~owever'J if he could be offer-e.d. s'Ufticient iCompen~ SBltOry firnamcia11 inducement 'b) ,drop the: divorce, 'there seemed no reason wh, he 'should II~Ot be: persuaded to do SO~ O' Shea told his counsel that he had been offered £20,000" But

I .. ..'I.., din· A

I owmg to 'LUe 'pen .g: ,:lob,on over .: 'DDt

Ben~s wiD, :Katbarine 0' Shea could not get at. my l[3s11 until, the' lca_s~ 'was resolved, and her cb ances of 'w:inui.n,g: it 'were Dot considered, good enough for a s\I,bsr:aDJllai loa.n", Pamell',s own Irish estate W,3S· havily' mm1gaged~

P' to o.wy a fe,w days before 'tl:Ie divorce Kath_.rin,e;, O~ Shea be]li.eved tba,t she: could SlDmehuw mise the neeessary £20"OOO~, In that

'wed;, Parnell was still able

to make a very' confident assertion 'tiCI M,orley ,:100101:, the "broken-kneed horse" the other side were riding~ But 'me mon,ey could not be found, and 3lCQ)ldmg'to 1'4n, O'Shea Parnell refilled to Iet her oonles,t the ease on her countercharge of cOmUvance: because if she: 'Won, there would 'be nOI divooa: and there€ore DO. chance '[,13 marry her, They ma alSOI have thought 'tba1t no detailed evidence would be caned if they dJd not contest 'the case, Indeed

O~ 8'1l... ........ :!I' 1 ·.J'.!d .,.._" ..,.--,",.!11 L~,... ~

= .~, S Cjj){uu,Se, lU. ';"W:IutwJ, ~ ,en .....

deuce mnsidera'bl.y,,, But' what tiJJere was, was quite eDou.,h" The bone 'may' 'have 'bee.Il brokeft ... :kn.ood but ,he 'was, me onl,y lone m 'the race~,

'The potitil,cd rouS'eqj.uenres of the: sca_udUlcsme swiftly'~, ne Irish PHlia-' mentary Party, w:JtUcb ,had pI'ssed a. vote

,#:' ..... 'Ii':d· "P" ." 1L., ..... ..I....,,... 'iL::'

O'J. COPJLl_' . _ ence m .. ,un.e 5 JJ~:S,w:p

~'Ii'1i"fi':fi'ip .Ji...lI!:,"""t·,,··:IU .... .1'".. ........ 'Le·, di"''I!'\Ii',.;j,,'.&f''\Q _1.. - ..... ~ ~~"""'UJ.:i!l.a,J' ,~IL~ UIl· , ,'¥UJl. .......... 'uw.ufi,~

i[s m'ind wb,en Gladstone d,o:med'that in view of the' pu;blic's readieD. Par-nen"s, c'OotiOlued leadership of"tb,e P,uty' 'was litel.y to render his IO,WD leadenhip of"the Libeul, Party " 'Ilmos,t a, n:ullity""., 'Mn other words the' Irish must choose benv,een Parnell"s c.omtinued IIe.adttslUp of the Party and 'the p~:s continued alliance wirh Gladstone: in the ICBime ,of

.

I Hlo,m ~e 'Ru]e~ ,At ,3 cdebra,ted meeting in

C ~ ~ '0. ill 5- .E .... L~ -H f' ot lnIttee ~oom Jl' oil . We' . OlllSle, 0:

C - - - - _ il"iiii"i,j!O w'L.:' .... 'h ]ft""ojo,ad'- "'iil~iIL"'S'!i"'~'~I..lI"lf~ OmIH';"'~, .!LUII;...,. d.a.~ .' ''''''''''''';'''''''''.ilI, u_a..J ""'liI

'iltbe :liish :Puty voted, 45-29 ag:nusl Parn,el1.! -ill ·he· '[ODe of some of the' debate'

'" l ... ,...m b t- .-.r ToO H"",-1I"

,]lS, ttVleau;.~u 'y a :fie-mar • Ull, I. 1m. , .. '~y s

in reply 'WI it Parnell supporter ·.,ho had called out. irumaill:y that Gladstone seemed to be the master of the Party,~ "~Who,ij cried :Healy~ "is to be the mistress ofthe PartJ '?';)

arnell {ought back. \V,jjth aJj] the cold 'Slv,a,gery at his . commsnd, In his Iday he bad fought, the Honse of 'Commons to 9. sfalnm:tilt Now ~ at 1bay~ be '030,1: 00, in his own, COUDtty~ the greater part of his own, paIty and the enormous ,political inft:UleDce, previou;sJ:y' on. his side, of me Cathellc Church, Vilifying Irish-

me' n !11H'hn ~ L.. -" ;il!i'IL't',v' _ ubi t!i."""""".J ' .. 1!.." ... , ........

'_ ..",'_,_,i ~!U:Ii,VJjJ.;;!I'Il.;II.j;, 5 _ . !I;i.~~ l~,iiii

se'lves to me djlctBi:tes of an ED.;Psh, Patty leader, he: inerita'ibly directed his appeal more and more '[0 ·the' estremists

" Ir 11 d ':...!t. L.,'::'II'I '" . ..11..... :;Ii U ;i'jil7',jfij g

inr ,elan ~, "JUC JI.lJ!.USJ~ men,' ,~ ;!!,'I!'~:

die laborious joumey to Il'daod. from Brighton via EustoD and . olybead and baek :;)It leas,t every weelt, hie' campaigned in, a series of 'bitter ,losinG' by...aettions, at one of whicb lline was thrown in hu, ~yes ..

C,D Sunday:!, S,eptem.ber 27:J ]8,91."

Parnell spoke at :1 ,1I~jlee.tin,1 in pourinl rain in County Galway:, bareheaded . and witt.. nne arm, ,crippled, 'by rheu ...

.matt'smij' in. I S:lml'~ The Ichange of clothes 'wbilcl] Katharine Parnell (now' ~epUy his, de) hid packed, {or him was somehow mislaidl aod he: sat about: for several hour-s in his wet suit, Hie: men went to 'Dublin where he spent a

few days before leaving fOE Englam.d on October 2) saying he would be back on 'il"Saturday week",., He was a day out in, his forecast, Hie died, at: Brlghroo with, his wife' by his side IOD. October 11" and, :ms body 'was: bltJughr into K.ing$oown, ,harbour on Sundia" ,morning, October 12" and buried in GI2!nevm cemetery ~

There is an epilDgu,e in keeping wid! the main dr-armil and OODltaj'mn,g I,

I:'.. ~1I ,i' "", ....... ;'1

JL:9ilDlU ar mU,BIIJIo_

W:illi'e, O""Sbea appeased in. Brighton D.Ot long after' Pamell~s death and bargilri'moo, his 'te.c'bni,ca) claim to 'the' lcus,t-ody of the ·two younptt ICbndren (genet,aDy' ,acknowledged, '[0 be _ ar"'"

..... ,"'.':U'D:) C .... - - 1~1'I!"'OP1" 1-, .... ,,_.... of' - Aiifil"'t 'D, ........... ,~ ~,'~ •. I ror 3, -'b""""' , 5DaJ.,~ .... ,)~_' ~ ~

Iep,cy than, had been awuded '[0 him in an oat-of-court seulement ,of the probate' action,

In the end ,Kartharine Parnell was left, with £6000 in ca,s;h and me lllfe,

,in'eerest on '£25,,000 01J[ of the £ 144,000 A1lD[ BeD, had bequeathed her ~ JFDieea years brlner buttUltte absconded ' _ :th the, bWJk ofhet 'mone,y,~ W'hafi: remained was :mvested in the Grand Trunk Rm1\..., way of' Omada w:hich 8,Ot lonl aft.e~ wards, smpfped 'payin,1 9" divid,end~ She died in Febrw1l"J 1'21 at :Brighton" betievin,g 'thai Parnell still came to her' a( ,night "to dla,w her lornt' of 'the 'black: waves".1

Nul:wee~:

The· Baccarat, Seaudal It,. Jam.es Fox

'You've 9101' urr ~I '1 Aprin 'to applly tor Sandhurs _! lentry i ~ _ Se·p'tem be'r 1969~ So send' thllis, coulpon today' ..

I I I

PI'8ase sen d me an application form for' tlh.e Ro,ya.1 Miliilary Academy ,S,andhu:rs-to; I will be over 111 and run,de'f 20 on 1:st ,September 196,9,,_ I should by ttlen na,ve 5 GC'E passes ('2 .of them at i A ij leve I) an d these passes, 'w'~~~ in c~ud e Eng1l'"sh lanQ,llJaQe'~ Mathemaliics and e'ilh€u" ,at sciJernc,e subject lor' a fore:i gn language.

NAME __ ~~~~~~~~~~~~---------

,ADDRES,S,,~~~~~~~~------

I

1·········

......

~

. . .

. '-

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful