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OP – C PT C-08.1 Rev.

0 Technique procedure

SYSTEMS OF PLASTERBOARD STUD PARTITIONS (blocheti) Knauf

[P.1] Project name and location adress


Beneficiary
General supervisor
Contractor
[P.2] 1. Application field and approvals
This procedure can be applied by the construction work execution site of STRABAG at
the carrying out of construction elements from Knauf plasterboard.
1.1 Definitions
There aren’t used terms that must be defined.
1.2. References papers
Technic agreement 001SC-02/629-2018
Knauf producer instructions
Normative C56-85 for checking the quality and the reception of construction works and
afferent installations
2. The purpose and the objective
The present procedure wants to describe the needed operations and measures in the
accomplishment of Knauf plasterboard stud partitions.
3. Responsibilities and the Procedure
3.1. Responsibilities
3.1.1. Site manager:
 Ensure the organization inside the site in view of execution of Knauf plasterboard
stud partitions.
 Ensure the needed equipment for the development in optimum conditions of
Knauf plasterboard stud partitions.
 Checks the subordinated personnel recording of compliance of present procedure.
3.1.2. Site manager chief:
 Performs the planned, current and unplanned inspections through execution by
checking and testing program.
[P. 3] 3.1.4 Technical execution officer
 Approves the compartments execution works only in base of execution details,
quality certification papers of used materials and by case technical agreements.
 Provides to the delegation of control all documents needed for checking the
application of Law 10/95 concerning the quality in construction, HGR 925/1995,
the conformity certificate regulation of products approved through HG 766/97.
 Shut down the execution work described in the present procedure in case of
serious quality defects or violations of execution project rules.
3.1.5 Execution staff
 Execute the works of Knauf plasterboard stud partitions, with compliance of
technical regulation and applicable execution procedures. Realizes the self-control
of executed works.
3.2. The procedure
3.2.1. Preconditions
For works executions are needed next:
 Ensuring the execution papers;
 Checking the quality concerning the positioning of construction elements;
 Checking the weather, temperature and humidity conditions;
 Staff training in work execution;
 Equipping with needed tools and devices for work execution;
 Energy, water and other utilities switch;
3.2.2. Preparatory works
At arriving at the place of work, (plasterboard and mortar) are needed the next checks:
 Checking the material type, shape and characteristics comparing with the specific
requirements of execution papers (brand, class, quality and dimensions);
 Checking the existence of materials documents which presents their qualities;
 Establishing the type of mortar and the preparation recipe as the technique paper
says;
 Quantitative checking in conformity with the order launched.
[P. 4] Systems of plasterboard stud partitions (blocheti) knauf
Laying
The products needed for Knauf stud partitions are laying without problems in to a work
with normal precision, by a qualified staff in such works, in conditions to respect the provisions
of laying instructions given by the producer of these systems.
The method of realization of Knauf plasterboard stud partitions follows the next
steps:
Precursory activities
Beforehand must clean the layer support of dust.
Mark the position of the wall on the screed/slat and on the adjacent walls (figure 1,2)
The Knauf Fugenfuller Leicht putty is mixed according to it’s technique paper and after
that is applied on the screed and the adjacent walls.
Over fresh putty from the screed/slat is putted a bituminous band and on the adjacent
walls a cork band wich is pressed with the help of the leveling board of 2 metres (figure 3,4)
There are not allowed significant bumps of concrete screed/slat. If they exist is
recomended firstly to cast a self-leveling screed to reduce these bumps.
Installing the plasterboards
Placing the plasterboards is making with the tongue downward for a better stability.
For cutting the plasterboards or the tongue, will be used a hand saw or a chainsaw (figure
5,6)
Mounting the wall starts with a whole block.
On the glued bands on screed/slat is applied one layer of Fugenfuller Leicht putty and
after that the plasterboard is pressed powerfully.
In the horizontal and vertical grooves of mounted plasterboards come up Knauf
Fugenfuller Leicht putty.
The next plasterboard is monted by pressing so that the grout to get out from joints.
The excess is cleaned up from the point of connection. (figure 7,8)
[p. 5] Installing the plasterboards
After the first line of plasterboards was mounted, the angle of deflection is corrected to
the straight line.
For this is used a leveling board and is hit with a rubber hammer untill the boards are
lined up with the leveling board. ( Figure 9)
Also the first layer of boards is alignied on the vertical line (figure 10).
Mounting the second layer of plasterboards is made after the hardening of the grout from
the first layer (about 40 minutes)
The next plasterboard layers will be mounted samely.
On the pressing of each plasterboard the grout must come out from the connections.
The excess of grout is cleaned from the surface of connections.
The vertical connections from the next layer must be to a distance on horizontal line of at
least 10 cm from the connections from the lower layer.
This condition can be hardly respected when the boards from the last layer are orientated
with the longest side on vertical way (in feet) or in construction of an attic wall. In this cases are
admitted rule deviation with the condition that the line of connections from the vertical line to
continue in the lower layer in a single place on all length of the wall and only for two adjacent
layers.
Depending on the mason’s skills, he can place 2-3 layers of plasterboards without waiting
the grout to get hard in the lower layers
In the residential buildings the height of the dividing walls is in general about 2, 60 m.
and must be realized by the traditional masonry rules, so each board from each layer must to
alternatively interpose. To check the corresponding filling between each corner of the board
joints. (Figure 12)
Often when the joints aren’t filled properly in this area will appear cracks.
There are two possibilities to fulfill the flexible connection between the wall and Knauf
plasterboards and massive bridging:
1. Using the cork band and Knauf Perlfix bonding gypsum. The plasterboards from the
last layer will be oblique cut in the superior part, so after mounting them the distance left
between the ceiling and the edge of plasterboards must be about 1-3 cm. (figure 13)
For a good grip of the Knauf Perlfix bonding gypsum on the superior part of
plasterboards must be cleaned by dust and scrap left after cutting them.
The bonding gypsum must be pressed from where the slot is bigger, so to get out in the
opposite part of the wall. So we are assured that all the thickness of the wall is filled.
[p. 6] 2. Using polyurethane foam
The plasterboards from the last row (without fire protection) will be 15-20 mm masonry
under the floor level. The joint created will be filled completely with polyurethane foam. To
prevent cracks between these different materials, plaster and polyurethane foam, this place will
be reinforced with a glass fiber band (figure 14), after that will be finished properly.
Must have in sight specially to fill properly the joint between boards located above the
empty space for door, where the incomplete filling must go to cracks along the vertical joints.
Before placing the door frame it can be checked if all joints from above were properly filled by
introducing a thin object in the vertical joint.
According to the way in which the ceiling was ulterior finished, the joining between
plasterboards and ceiling can be realized in two ways:
Plastered ceiling – the strengthened plaster will be sectioned, preventing the apparition
of cracks in the joint area between wall-ceiling (figure 15)
Unplastered ceiling – after the wall was built, the visible portion of cork ban will be cut
away and sealed with elastic acrylic putty. (Figure 16)
[p. 7] The elastic joints of Knauf walls with adjacent walls are made similar with the ceiling
joints consisting in the fact that the space between Knauf plasterboard and cork band is filled
with Knauf Fugenfuller Leicht putty as the wall is build up (figures 17 and 18)
It is important that the cork band to be fixed on the full width of the dividing wall to
ensure a proper acoustic isolation.
It is recommended to use a wider band than the width of the wall (120 mm) both at joints
with adjacent walls and with the ceiling, which will be cut off after finishing the wall to its
width. (figures 19 and 20)
The distance between the door wholes and adjacent walls must be min.10 cm (figure 21)
When this distance is too small of 50 cm the Knauf wall joint with adjacent wall it is
realized without cork band.
[P. 8] Door holes realization
At door holes realization will keep in mind that vertical joint of plasterboards adjacent to
door hole to be to a distance of min 20 cm by the edge of hole (Figure 22)
The door holes with a larger open than 100 cm must be up reinforced with a u iron lintel
UA 75.
The u iron lintel UA 75 will prolong with minimum 25 cm in the Knauf plasterboard wall
in the both sides of the hole (figure 23)
It is recommended anticorrosive protection in the cut area of u iron UA 75, using a metal
protection primer.
For plasterboards from above of holes the edges will be scaled (about 5 mm on both
sides) so these can be fixed on the u iron UA 75 wings.
It is recommended to place a reinforcement mesh from glass fibre enclosed in Knauf
Fugenfuller Leicht plaster in the area of u iron lintel UA 75 to avoid the appearance of eventual
cracks and to increase the adhesion of the finishing layers.
Also the inferior part of the door hole (door sill) with a width larger than 1 meter will be
reinforced with a door sill profile.
The door sill profile for reinforcement is realized from a galvanized steel bar bent at the
ends in a 900 angle and grounded in the wall in the inferior part of it on both sides of door holes.
The cut out holes in plasterboards must be filled with Knauf Perlfix bonding gypsum.
Using the door sill profile of door holes and in the separating walls reduces significantly the risk
of cracking appearance in the area above holes. (Figure 25)
[p.9] Door holes realisation
Door frames are mounted, concerning the producer recommendations, in door holes
previously executed. If the hole is too narrow, can be expanded easily by marking on the wall the
edges of it and then by cutting with a saw (preferably with bit teeth)
In the same mode can be realized a door hole in a place where wasn’t planned before
For securing the frames it is recommended to use dowels with the diameter of 10-12 mm.
for executing the fitting holes it will be used a drill for metal or wood. It is forbidden to use a
hammer-drill because can cause cracks in the wall.
The door frame can be fixed also in the time of wall masonry. This is the case of metallic
frames and will be followed the steps described below.
In one side of a frame a wall can be built by the height of four layers of plasterboards. For
a good grip the adjacent edge of the board must be scratched.
Before fitting, the long side of the frame which will take contact with the plasterboard
wall will be filled with Knauf Perlfix bonding gypsum (figure 26)
The frame will be set in the provided space in vertical position and will be built on the
other side of the frame. (Figures 27, 28 and 29)
The interior space of frame profile must be filled completely with gypsum. It is
recommended the supplementary treatment of frames against corrosion through galvanisation or
painting.
Installations montage
The electric installation is mounted canals (slot) executed with the help of special electric
or manual tools (see Knauf product catalogue – tool for cutting installation paths)
For mounting an electricity socket it used a cutter mounted on a electric drill machine
(figure 30). The canals can’t be executed through hammer strikes or using a hammer drill.
The canals (slots) for installations must to respect the next dimensional limits:
a) Horizontal canal
- The length of the slot it isn’t limited as long as the depth of it is less than 1/3 from board
thickness
- If the depth of the slot is bigger than 1/3 from board thickness, the slot can’t be 1 meter
longer
- The maximum admitted depth of a slot is less than ½ from board thickness
- The distance between slots must be bigger than 50 cm (Figure 31)
[p.10] b) Vertical slots
-The depth of the slot it isn’t limited if the length of it is less than 1m
- For slots with length bigger than 1 m the depth of them must be smaller than ½ from the
board thickness, respectively 40 mm (figure 32)
c) The protection thickness (covering with Perlfix gypsum) of cables or pipes must be
minimum 1 cm.
The presented rules above allow mounting in Knauf plasterboard walls of electric cables
and water alimentation installation.
The sewage system must be realised outside the wall in the case of single layer wall.
In the case of double walls, the sewage system can be put between the two boards.
Finishing wall surface
After mounting the installations, the slots will be filled with Knauf Perlfix bonding
gypsum (Figure 33). In case in which the wall it follows to be covered with wallpaper, the joints
of boards are grated with Knauf Fugenfuller Leicht grout.
If the wall follows to be covered with ceramic tiles, this surface doesn’t need plastering.
It is needed to cover the walls with a compatible primer with the paint/ wallpaper/ faience
plastering and the purpose to uniforms the absorption grade and to form a bounding layer
between the wall surface and the paint/ wallpaper/ faience plastering layer.
For a perfect finished surface it will be applied ultra-fine plaster gypsum, with the
compliance of technical paper indications of the used products, especially by priming highly
absorbent surfaces such us plaster blocks (figure 34). Knauf recommends to use Satengips or
Finitura ant the putty already mixed Finitura related the consumption, the modality and steps of
applying/ finishing.
These calculations are introduced in the Knauf Interaktiv calculation system.
Painting and wallpapering
The painting work will begin after the boards, the adhesive plaster and the gypsum are
perfectly dried. It is needed priming the walls with a Knauf Universalgrund primer or another
primer recommended by the paint producer, in order to standardize the absorption grade and to
grow the paint adherence to the support layer. After gypsum and dry (about 12 hours), the wall
can be plastered. For not deteriorate the surface, after primer, the wall it does not polish with
sandpaper.
The relative humidity of the wall in the moment of painting it doesn’t must be bigger than
2%. The Knauf plasterboard walls often get wet in the technological process of execution
(pouring wet screed, plastering) or by insufficient protection against weather. To get the wall
dry, the room must be properly ventilated, thing that must keep in mind when the woodwork is
assembled.
Painting the plasterboard walls is realised with acrylic or silicate emulsion paint.
It is forbidden to cover the plasterboard walls with lime.
[p. 11] Technical Reception conditions
Plasterboard walls are evaluated based on the normative C56/85* NORMATIVE FOR
CHECKING THE QUALITY AND CONSTRUCTION WORK RECEPTION AND
AFFERENT INSTALATIONS* both from the perspective of a masonry work both as a plastered
surface
Montage mistake can be corrected in a certain degree by proper execution of plaster
layer.
Knauf plasterboard walls don’t need to be plastered for finishing, it is enough a plaster
based on Knauf Satengips gypsum.
The walls execution technology presumes to follow strictly the montage instructions
previous described. This thing is relieved by the exact geometry of the plasterboards.
According to SR EN 12859 the boards tolerance to thickness is about +/-0,5 mm, and
board smoothing (the surface deviation from the 2 m levelling placed on the board diagonal) it
can’t be bigger than 1 mm. the requirement concerning the admitted tolerance of the surface and
edges of the plasterboard walls can be formulated to the plastered surfaces.
The reception requirements and checking are presented in table 1 evaluated conform
figure 35
Table 1. Knauf plasterboard walls surface admitted deviation
Irregularities of Surface and edges Big lumpy (up to Limit deviations to
surfaces with deviation from max. 3 mm), blisters, established
checking with 2 m vertical line scratches, trowel dimensions through
levelling marks in coating layer project or legal
prescriptions
Maximum 2 Maximum 1 mm/m Are not admitted Maximum 3 mm/m
irregularities in any and maximum 3 mm and maximum 20 mm
direction, having the on all room height on all uninterrupted
depth or the height up walls surface
to 1 mm

Other requirements concerning the walls surface from Knaut plasterboards:


- The wall surface must be smooth, without stains or asperities.
- Gluing line between boards can be seen but to don’t feel it on the touch .
- The space between boards must be completely filled with Knauf Fughenfuller Leicht
joints grout
- The interior space from the door frame embedded must be completely filled with
gypsum
- The joints between the ceiling and the adjacent walls must to achieve in conformity
with instruction from above
- On all length of joints with the ceiling or adjacent walls mustn’t appear scratches or
cracks, or others than those resulted by accidentally cutting with trowel, which before going to
paint the wall must be filled with acrylic.
[p. 12] Recommendations concerning masonry
1. Placing the boards on the walls height
According to height, the boards from the last layer can be placed with a long side (666
mm) on vertical. Is avoiding the cutting in narrow pieces from boards which combine whith
ceiling. This operation can be applied only for rooms with a height between 2,56- 2,17 m
(figure 36)
If the room has height between 2,71-2,86 m, the optimum solution is placing two rows
with long side on vertical, but these two rows mustn’t be one another one. (figure 37)
2. Building construction elements action on the wall
The partition wall defects consist mostly on cracks caused by request exercised by their
adjacent construction elements. Because of solicitations from own weight or useful leads, the
deformation of floors/ beams from above the wall can become excessive. If these deformations
aren’t taken by the horizontal conjunction (elastic) from the superior part of the wall, on his
surface will appear cracks. (Figure 38)
In the case of walls with door holes, the cracks appear in the area from above the empty
space, beginning from his corners (figure 39).
3. Elastic jointing
To avoid the appearance of cracks the jointing of the wall with the ceiling will be an
elastic one, so she can take the eventual deformations of adjacent construction elements.
The elastic jointing can be realised with:
- Cork band or polyurethane foam (figure 40)
- Knauf Perlfix with cork band (figure 41)
When the cork band encounters the top edges of boards it will be cut oblique as the
presented procedure in the plasterboard mounting paragraph
[p.13] If the horizontal joint isn’t filled completely with Knauf Perlfix bonding gypsum, can
appear cracks in the superior zone of the wall (figure 42)
In case in which is used mounting polyurethane foam, the resulted excess after her
hardening can be cut away. To avoid superficial cracks this place will be reinforced with a glass
fibre band which is smoothed with joints plaster.
The realisation of elastic joints with cork band and Knauf Perlfix has a noise absorption,
increasing the sound insulation with 2-3dB, face to the polyurethane foam joint.
4. Door holes
The area of the empty place above de door presents the greatest risk of cracks.
In the case of the holes with an opening smaller than 1 m, there aren’t used materials for
filling the empty places or supporting of the boards above the emptiness of the door.
In this case, during the fitting and strengthening of plaster, it will be realised a temporary
support element (figure 43).
In this way, possible cracks will be avoided, generated by the reduced endurance of the
plaster not hard enough yet.
Another possible cause of cracks appearance is the wrong disposing of the boards above
the door hole. The distance between the vertical joints of plasterboards and the vertical edge of
the hole must be at minimum 20 cm, as it is mentioned also in the paragraph entitled ”Door holes
realization”.

5. The endurance of the joints between plasterboards


The most frequent causes of cracks appearance to the plasterboards joints are:
- The use of another type of plaster for joints, for boards gluing, than the one
recommended by the plasterboards producer.
- The too stout consistency of the joints plaster, which makes impossible a better grip to
the smooth surface of the board.
- The construction of the walls during winter when there are negative temperatures, under
those which are indicated on the technical paper of the joints plaster, or the plasterboards are
frozen.
The low resistance can be observed after some rubber hammer strikes.
The effects are visible, materialized into cracks which describe the joints between boards
(figure 44).