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Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

Software instructions

for the

electronic indicator

®
PREMET
for

MS-WINDOWS 9x/NT/2000/XP
Subject to change without notice

PREMET SOFTWARE 4.X


Release 07/2005

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Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

INDEX
Page
1. General ................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Installation of the WPREMET Software 3
1.2 Installation of USB driver 6
1.3 Description, Program setups 8
2. Receiving measured data from the PREMET unit ................................... 12
3. Setting up the PREMET unit .................................................................... 13
4. Input of additional engine data ............................................................... 16
5. Analysing of measured cylinder pressures ...…........................................ 20
5.1 Selection of the analysing function........................................................... 21
5.2 Function p/Alpha diagram ……................................................................. 22
5.3 Function p/Alpha diagram with Derivative curve ...................................... 23
5.4 Function p/Alpha diagram with a reference file ........................................ 24
5.5 Function p/Alpha diagram 3D of all cylinders ……...................................... 26
5.6 Function p/Alpha diagram with injection pressure ................................... 27
5.7 Function p/V diagram ……........................................................................ 28
5.8 Function Peak Pressure diagram …….................................................... 29
5.9 Function MIP diagram ………….............................................................. 31
5.10 Function Pind diagram …………............................................................. 32
5.11 Function RPM diagram ............................................................................ 33
5.12 Function exhaust gas temperature ........................................................... 34
5.13 Function Engine Data Table ……............................................................. 35
5.14 Function to finish analysing ..……............................................................ 36
6. How to correct the TDC-Position .…........................................................ 36
6.1 Manual TDC correction for each cylinder .................................................. 37
6.2 Automatic TDC correction by computer .…................................................ 38
7. Print out the diagrams ......………………................................................. 40
8. Finish the program .….............................................................................. 40
9. File Function (File manager) ........…............................................................. 41

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Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

1. General
1.1. Installation of WPREMET Software on a PC:

Select the drive where the CD with the WPREMET Software is located and double-click on
the icon “WPremet 4.x”
Please note that even though our Operator Manual is constantly updated, the screenshots
can show different WPREMET Software versions.

The following screen will appear:

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Now double-click on the folder “PREMET Software 4.10” and the next screen appears:

Now double-click on the icon „SETUP.EXE“ and the following screen appears:

Confirm by clicking on „Next”

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If no special directory is needed for the installation of this software just confirm by clicking
on “Next”:

Confirm by clicking on „Next“ if you do not want to change the name of the program dis-
played in the icon.

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By clicking on „Next“ the automatic installation process will be started and finishes with the
following screen:

Click on „Finish“ to complete Setup.

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1.2 Installation of USB driver

NOTE: Always install the driver before connecting the adaptor to the computer.
On the CD delivered with the PREMET® select the folder: “driver for USB Adaptor”,
then select the folder for your type of operating system and start the automatic
driver installation e.g. under MS Windows by double-clicking on the icon: “PL-2303
Driver Installer.exe”
Then the following screen appears:

Click on „Next“, then the next screen appears:

This indicates that the driver was successfully installed.


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1.3 Description, Program setups


The program WPREMET.EXE is a MS-WINDOWS based software for the following tasks:

- Reception and storage of measured data from the PREMET LS, PREMET XL
and PREMET XL(MS) with an IBM compatible PC or notebook, which is run-
ning under Windows 9x,NT,2000,XP

- Presentation of measured values as colour graphic or data table with hardcopy


function for single page or batch job print outs,

- Creation of an engine specific SETUP and transmission to the PREMET Unit,

- Addition of extended engine data e.g. turbo charger speed, exhaust gas temp.
And others,

- Correction of wrong adjusted TDC sensor or errors caused by crank shaft de-
flection

After installation from the installation disk/CD ROM (see instruction for installation of PC
software for PREMET LS/XL/XL (MS)) the program WPREMET.EXE is located in directory
C:\PREMET by default.
To start the program click on the program Icon WPREMET.

The following screen appears.

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To adapt the program to your needs click on the button Setup

The following screen with 4 different tabs appears:

Select at first the language for your program.

Next click on the tab Units to select the engineering units used in this program:

After selection of the engineering units it is possible to adapt the scaling for the derivative
curve dp/da. (Background: On some engines there exists a very flat derivative curve with
low rates of pressure rise. With a higher scaling it is very difficult to detect the TDC posi-
tion for these engines.)

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Select the scaling which best fits your engine. The scaling can be changed later anytime.
It is also possible to scale the drawing of the ACL acceleration sensor. Because the signal
amplitude of the ACL sensor depends on the mounting position and the engine measured
a great variation of maximum ACL sensor signal can occure. The selected scaling will be
valid for all cylinders of one measurement and also a selected reference measurement.
Select ACL sensor scale as max for maximum signal resolution. If the signal amplitude is
high reduce the ACL scaling to normal or min.

Finally select the serial communication port which is used to connect the PREMET de-
vices to the PC. If the PREMET is connected via a USB to serial converter use the virtual
serial communication port installed by the USB driver (see the manual: Additional informa-
tion for usage of USB interface for PREMET)

(Ports not available on this PC or in use of other programs are greyed and can’t be se-
lected)

All the SETUP information is stored in the WPREMET.INI file and always used at start-up
of the program.

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Optionally the PREMET can be equipped with an additional sensor for injection pressure
measurement (option fuel) or for acceleration measurement (option ACL).
Within the Setup select the type of connected additional sensor:

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2. Receiving measured data from the PREMET unit

To start the Receiving function please click on the Receive button.

Now please start the SEND


DATA TO PC function on
PREMET.

Please be sure that you have not


started the SEND DATA function
on PREMET before.

The progress bar shows the


status of the transmission.
If this operation has finished click
the Save button to save the data
into a file.

After you have received and stored the data-file from the PREMET the program returns to
the main menu.

You can store additional data (for example exhaust gas temp, fuel rack pos. and others)
with the function ADD DATA. This function will be described in the chapter 4.
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3. Setting-UP the PREMET unit


To start the Set-up function please click on the XL Setup button

SETUP

Here you have two possibilities

1. Create a new SETUP


2. Using an existing SETUP

After selecting your choice


please click on OK.

To use or edit an existing SETUP

Select the file and click on Open

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Here you can check the exist-


ing SETUP or edit data.

You also have the possibility


to create a new SETUP.

Please be sure that you have


answered all positions.

Please click on tab FIRING


ORDER to give the firing or-
der.

Description of the individual setup data:

No. of cylinders: number of cylinders of the engine to measure


No. of workstrokes: number of work strokes to be measured
2/4 stroke: engine is of 2- or 4-stroke type
Line/V-engine: cylinders are in line or Vee
Bore [mm]: cylinder bore/diameter in mm
Stroke [mm]: stroke length in mm
Con rod length [mm]: length of connecting rod, (middle of big end to small end
bearing)
V angle: only used if engine is of type Vee, firing angle between A and
B bank
Scavenging air pressure: the PREMET relates all pressures to this given scaveng-
ing/charging air pressure + athmospheric pressure,
Limit [bar]: the PREMET calculates a statistic how many work strokes
are within the range pmaxmean +/- Limit for every cylinder
TDC correction [deg CA]: this value can be used to correct wrong positioned TDC sen-
sors
Positive values move the TDC line to the right hand side.
TDC sensor [Y/N]: when set to Y the PREMET uses a TDC sensor to relate all
the pressures to the cylinder volume and calculates MIP and
indicated power
MS sensor [Y/N]: when set to Y the PREMET MS uses the multi scan sensor
which gives true 1 Degree crank angle resolution
Fuel sensor [Y/N]: when set to Y the PREMET MS Fuel+ uses an injection
pressure sensor to measure the injection pressure together
with the combustion pressure
Average curve [Y/N]: when set to Y the transmitted pressure curve is the mean
pressure curve constructed out of the given number of work-
strokes. When set to N the transmitted pressure curve is
pressure curve of the last work stroke measured.
If the instrument is a PREMET XL used with a TDC sensor or a PREMET MS used with a
MS multi-scan-sensor it needs information about the firingorder of the engine to properly
relate the pressures of the individual cylinders to the actual cylinder volume/crank shaft
angle.
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FIRING ORDER

Please insert the cylinder


no. in the firing position.

You have the possibility


to calculate the TDC
deviation for all cylinders
automatically or you
have to set in the devia-
tion for all cylinders TDC
against cylinder 01 TDC.

Then go back to
BASIC SETUP by
mouse-click.

Save the new edited


SETUP by clicking on
Save.

You can print the


SETUP on the con-
nected printer.

Transmit the SETUP-file


to the PREMET by
mouse- click on
TRANSMIT

Finish the SETUP with a


Mouse click on
FINISH

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Transmit setup data to PREMET

Now you have to start the


RECEIVE DATA function on the
PREMET.

Then start the transmission


from the PC clicking on the
START button

Make sure the PREMET is con-


nected to the specified serial
COM port (SETUP)

4. Input of additional engine data

To start the ADD DATA function please click on the ADD Data button.

To add additional
data please select
the cylinder pressure
data file you want to
add this data to.

Then click on Open

The following Buttons are available to select different pages/functions:

Exhaust gas temperatures input of exhaust gas temperatures of


all cylinders and before/after turbo charger
Fuel rack position input of fuel rack positions of all cylinders
VIT position VIT position for each cylinder measurement
Charging air system see picture
Ship name input of ship name, running hours, shaft power
Data for ISO correction environmental conditions during the measurement
Memo input of a memo for the actual measurement
Save saves the actual data file to a file with the extension
.EXH, the file name is the same as for the measured
data
Print form print out an empty form to manually fill in
Print data print out all the added data

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5. Analysing of measured cylinder pressures


To start the Analyse function please click on the button Analyse

Now you have to select the measured cylinder pressure data for analysing:

Select the data file


and open it with a

mouse-click on
Open

General information for all diagrams:

In every diagram you have the possibility to Print it out (on the installed Printer) and/or
to Copy it into the clipboard as a bitmap graphic for usage with other programs

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5.1 Selection of the analysing function

The first diagram that will be shown is an Overlay of all cylinder pressure curves of the
selected data file.

With a mouse-click on the Functions button you get a list of different diagrams you
can choose from.

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5.2. Function p/Alpha diagram


The first diagram is a P/alpha curve for a single cylinder with additional data

To get the information from other cylinders please use the (CYL + or CYL -) buttons.

If you use the (Cursor <- or Cursor ->) button the red coloured cursor moves over the
pressure curve, pcur shows the pressure value at the cursor position acur (related to the
TDC position). Clicking the Cursor button will show/hide the red cursor line.

If you have measured the cylinder pressure together with the injection pressure (PREMET
Fuel Plus devices only) the button Fuel will show/hide the injection pressure.

If you have measured the cylinder pressure together with the acceleration sensor
(PREMET MS/ACL devices only) the button ACL will show/hide the acceleration signal.

The Zoom button switches between the X axis ranges +/-180 degree crank angle around
TDC or +/-50 degree crank angle around TDC.

Clicking the button pscav corr allows changing the scavenging air pressure given before
the measurement.

Clicking the button Cursor ON/OFF allows to show/hide the cursor.

Clicking the button Filter is OFF allows engaging a smoothing filter for the pressure curve.
Clicking on the then renamed button Filter is ON disengages the smoothing filter.

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5.3. Function p/Alpha diagram with the Derivative-curve


With the (dp/da) button the first derivative curve will be shown in the graph.

You can also get this diagram in a zoomed version by using the (Zoom) button

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5.4 Function p/Alpha diagram with a reference file

To load a reference file click on the button Load Ref. File

1. Now you have to


select the reference
data file

2. You have to accept


it with a mouse
click on the Open
button

By using the (Zoom) button you will get the following diagram

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To change the reference cylinder (blue) please use the (RefCYL- or RefCYL+) button.
In the same way by using the (Cyl- or Cyl+) button you can change the actual cylinder
(green).

This graph shows differences of the different cylinders. This is useful to detect deviations
in fuel injection timing as well as bad combustion or pressure losses.

Take care that the TDC correction has been done properly before
comparing different cylinders. Also take care that the different
measurements were taken at the same load.

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5.5 Function p/Alpha diagram 3 D of all cylinders

This diagram gives an overview about the behaviour of all cylinders. We draw a line be-
tween all TDC of all cylinders and a line between all pmax positions of all cylinders. When
your engine is well balanced the line on top and at TDC position should be straight.

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5.6 Function p/Alpha diagram with injection pressure

This function is only available if you have a PREMET Fuel Plus and the FUEL SENSOR
value in the SETUP was set to YES.

This diagram shows the injection pressure (violet) together with the combustion pressure
(green): The data table in the upper left corner shows the following data:

Fpnrp: Fuel pump non return pressure, pressure in the pipe between fuel pump
and injection valve before start of delivery
fpsta: Fuel pump start angle, crank angle at start of fuel delivery
fvoa: Fuel valve open angle, crank angle at start of injection, the accuracy of this
value depends on the actual fuel system, on some engines the computer
cannot exactly compute this value!
fvop: Fuel valve open pressure, the fuel injection pressure at start of injection
fmaxp: Fuel maximum pressure, maximum injection pressure
fdur: Fuel delivery duration,

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5.7 Function p/V diagram


This diagram shows the cylinder pressure according the combustion chamber volume
(p/V single Cyl.)

Use the Cursor <- and Cursor -> buttons to move the cursor on the draw card.
This diagram is only available for PREMET XL data files!

We can also make an overlay p/V diagram of all cylinders by using the function (p/V all
cyl).

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5.8 Function peak pressure diagram


We have four different types of peak pressure diagrams

1. Max pressure, every stroke of a single cylinder

2. All measured strokes of all cylinders

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3. The following diagram shows a comparison of the mean pmax of each cyl-
inder.

4. Here the program shows the deviation of pmax mean of each cylinder
against the pmax mean of the engine

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5.9 Function MIP diagram


We have two different types of MIP-diagrams (mean indicated pressure, pmi):

1. The MIP bargraph diagram for all Cylinders

2. The deviation diagram of the mean indicated pressure of all cylinders com-
pared to the engine mean value

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5. 10 Function Pind diagram


We have two different types of Pind-diagrams (indicated power):

1. The Pind bargraph diagram for all Cylinders

2. The deviation diagram of the mean indicated power of all cylinders

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5.11 Function RPM diagram


This diagram shows the engine revolution during measurement of every cylinder.

To start select the function (rpm all cyl).

Please note: Because the measurements were taken at slightly different


times the engine speed can be different for different cylinders. If there are
greater deviations in speed between the different cylinders comparison of
the indicated power makes no sense.

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5.12 Function exhaust gas temperature


These functions are only available if you have added the exhaust gas temperatures to the
measured cylinder pressures (see chapter 4):

1. Bargraph diagram of the exhaust gas temperature Texh for each cylinder

2. The deviation of the single Texh from the mean Texh of the engine

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5.13 Function engine data table


To get an engine report of all values select the function engine data table.

If within the added data at the page ship name, load, others the value indicated power
MCR is given the software calculates the actual load by comparing the sum indicated
power to the setup value.
Clicking the button more shows the given additional data for this measurement:

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5.14 Function to finish analysing


With a mouse-click on the button (finish analyse) you can stop the analysing program
function and return to the main menu.

6.0. How to correct the TDC-Position


When comparing cylinder pressures and calculating mean indicated pressure and indi-
cated power the accurate TDC position measurement is mandatory. The following situa-
tions often lead to wrong TDC position measurement:

- not correct installed TDC sensor,


- TDC sensor response time delay,
- Influence of the indicator pipe,
- Crankshaft deflection.

The resulting pressure curve with wrong TDC position will look like this:

Here is the real TDC.


(Where the tangent crosses the
zero line of the first derivative.)

To correct these errors after the measurement has been done we provide the so called
function Shift TDC. Please select, if you want to do the correction manually or you want
the PC to assist you:

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Sales & Service Center
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Tel. +49 4101 5880 0 • Fax +49 4101 5880 129
e-mail: LEMAG@LEMAG.de • visit us at www.lemag.de
®
Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

6.1. Manual TDC correction for each cylinder


Select the measured cylinder pressure data file first and click Open:

The following picture appears:

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Sales & Service Center
Siemensstraße 9 • D-25462 Rellingen
Tel. +49 4101 5880 0 • Fax +49 4101 5880 129
e-mail: LEMAG@LEMAG.de • visit us at www.lemag.de
®
Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

The diagram shows the pressure curves of 2 cylinders. Select as reference cylinder (blue)
the cylinder nearest to the fly wheel / TDC pick up (normally cyl. No. 1).

Now it is possible to shift the actual cylinder (green) manually by clicking the buttons
Shift Å or Shift Æ. The program calculates automatically the actual MIP and Pind.

Finally the compression curves of the both cylinders should be overlaid. Repeat this with
all cylinders. If you have selected as reference cylinder no. 1 clicking the Auto TDC cor-
rect button the program will do this with the actual cylinder for you.

6.2. Automatic TDC correction by computer


After selecting the cylinder pressure data file the following screen appears:

This picture shows only one cylinder pressure curve. Select the desired cylinder by click-
ing the buttons RefCyl- or Refcyl+. Note the red marker line. Now move and rotate the
red marker line to be a tangent at the falling edge of the first derivative before ignition:

LEHMANN & MICHELS GmbH 38


Sales & Service Center
Siemensstraße 9 • D-25462 Rellingen
Tel. +49 4101 5880 0 • Fax +49 4101 5880 129
e-mail: LEMAG@LEMAG.de • visit us at www.lemag.de
®
Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

Note that the program has calculated the deviation from the real TDC as –3.2 degree
crank angle.
By clicking the button Auto TDC correct the program will first shift the curve in that direc-
tion and by the necessary amount that the deviation becomes a minimum. Finally it will
move also all the other cylinder pressure curves to have an overlaid compression curve.

Note that this function will fail, if cylinders have different scavenging air pressure!

Finally save the corrected cylinder pressure to a file (we recommend to add a character c
for corrected to the original raw data file name to divide it later).

LEHMANN & MICHELS GmbH 39


Sales & Service Center
Siemensstraße 9 • D-25462 Rellingen
Tel. +49 4101 5880 0 • Fax +49 4101 5880 129
e-mail: LEMAG@LEMAG.de • visit us at www.lemag.de
®
Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

7.0 Print out the diagrams


When in function Analyse click the Print button to get this menu:

Mark Setup printer first if you want to change the printer or printing orientation.

Mark Print only actual page if you want only the actual diagram to be printed.

Mark Print all pages if you want to have all different diagrams to be printed
(Attention! This will take a while and produces a lot of paper!)

Mark Print as hardcopy if you want the printout as a hardcopy. (This function can be
helpful, if you have trouble with your Windows printer driver software).

8.0 Finish the program


Click the Exit button. To avoid leaving the program unintentionally, a security question
appears asking whether you intended to leave the program.

LEHMANN & MICHELS GmbH 40


Sales & Service Center
Siemensstraße 9 • D-25462 Rellingen
Tel. +49 4101 5880 0 • Fax +49 4101 5880 129
e-mail: LEMAG@LEMAG.de • visit us at www.lemag.de
®
Operator manual for PREMET LS/XL/MS PC software for MS-WINDOWS 32 Bit

9. FILE FUNCTIONS
To ease file transfer and file management we have introduced a simple file manager into
the software:

At first you can change Source and the Destination drive and directory path

Copy Files : Herewith you can copy a file from the Source to the Destination

Move Files : Herewith you can move a file from the Source to the Destination

Rename Files : Here you have the possibility to rename a File in the Source

Delete Files : Here you have the possibility to delete a File in the Source

Create DIR : With this Function you can create a special Directory for your
PREMET files

Compress : With this Function you are able to compress one or more files to
store them on a disc or send these files by e-mail

Decompress : Herewith you can decompress compressed files.

We recommend using the compress function before transmitting data files by email in or-
der to protect them from unwanted changes during transmission. Also the file size will be
reduced significantly. The compressed file is a ZIP file compatible with known programs
like PKZIP, WINZIP or Windows Commander.

LEHMANN & MICHELS GmbH 41


Sales & Service Center
Siemensstraße 9 • D-25462 Rellingen
Tel. +49 4101 5880 0 • Fax +49 4101 5880 129
e-mail: LEMAG@LEMAG.de • visit us at www.lemag.de