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Compound-

Complex
Sentences
40 Task Cards Plus Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

• Grades 6–8
• Aligned to CCSS
• 40 Task Cards
• Storage Case Template
· 3 Grammar Posters
• Student Recording Sheet
• Instructions & Answer Key

© 2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. Purchase of this product entitles the purchaser the right to reproduce the pages in limited quantities
for classroom use only. Duplication for an entire school, an entire school system, or commercial purposes is strictly prohibited without written
permission from the publisher, Classroom Core. Copying, editing, or otherwise reproducing any part of this product as well as placing it on the
Internet in any form (including a personal/classroom website) is strictly forbidden and is a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).
Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

Compound-Complex Sentences:
40 Task Cards Plus Grammar Posters
Introduction
Grammar Busters activities enable students to tackle difficult elements of grammar through
hands-on practice. In this set, students enhance their understanding of sentence structure
by identifying clauses in complex-compound sentences; students also classify types of
sentences as compound, complex, or compound-complex.

What’s Included?
• 40 task cards (See page 8)
Print out the task cards and posters. You may want to use cardstock or laminate the
cards for extended durability. Students use the task cards for identifying compound and
complex sentences plus their clauses and “joiners.” Students enjoy using the task cards
with a partner or alone for instruction, class competitions, or review.

If desired, copy the recording sheets (page 18) for students to use.

Teacher Store your set of task cards with the build-your-own storage case
Tip: template provided (page 7). This is an organizational tool that you and
your students will love!

Teacher You can project the PDF version of the task cards with a projector onto a
Tip: white board while you use the task cards during whole class instruction.

• Posters (See page 4)


Print the three posters (Compound-Complex Sentences, Independent Clause or
Dependent Clause, and At-a-Glance) for your students, or post them on a wall or bulletin
board for display.

• Answer Key for Task Cards (See page 20)


All answers are included. You can guide students as they participate, or they can brush
up on their skills by checking their own work independently.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters by Classroom Core


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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

. Common Core State Standards


Activities in Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards Plus Grammar Posters address the
following Common Core Standards:

Grade • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.3a: Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/


6 listener interest, and style.

• CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1a: Explain the function of phrases and clauses in


Grade
7 general and their function in specific sentences.
• CCSS.ELA-Literacy. L.7.1b: Choose among simple, compound, complex, and
compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.

• Note: According to CCSS guidelines, compound-complex sentences will likely


Grade
8 need revisiting in grades 8 and beyond.

© Copyright 2010. National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Council of Chief State School Officers. All rights reserved.

Teacher Notes on this Activity:

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters by Classroom Core


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Compound-
Complex Sentences
A compound-complex sentence contains two
or more independent clauses and at least one
dependent (subordinate) clause.

Before summer vacation begins, we plan our activities, and we update the calendar.

DEPENDENT CLAUSE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


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Independent Clause
or Dependent Clause?
An independent clause (also called My friend has a beautiful fish.

SUBJECT VERB
a simple sentence) contains a subject
and a verb and expresses a complete
thought. Simple sentences have no
dependent clauses.

A dependent clause (also called a subordinate clause) begins with a


subordinate conjunction (after, as, before, when, since, etc.) or a relative
pronoun (which, who, that, etc.) and contains both a subject and a verb.

Although my friend has a beautiful fish, she would also love to have a cat.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


My friend, who has a beautiful fish, would love to have a cat.

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Compound,
Complex, or
Compound-C
At a Glance omplex?

Compound Sentence
I have an energetic dog, but my friend has a lazy cat.
Two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS)

Complex Sentence
One independent clause plus one or more dependent (subordinate) clauses

While my friend likes his rather lazy cat, I prefer my energetic dog.
formed by a subordinate conjunction or relative pronoun

Compound-Complex Sentence
dependent (subordinate) clause
Two or more independent clauses and at least one

My friend has a lazy cat, yet he would like to get a dog


that could provide companionship for his cat.
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STORAGE
1. Print this page on heavy CASE
paper or cardstock.
(You could also make
the structure sturdy by
Compound-
printing it on regular
Complex
Compound
paper and gluing the & Complex
page to a file folder for Sentences
reinforcement.)
2. Cut along outline, and Sentences
then score or fold along By Classroom Core

dotted lines.
3. Fold flaps in and glue or
tape in place.
The case is large enough
to store the 40 cards in
this set when printed
on cardstock or on
standard paper and
laminated.
By Classroom Core

GLUE GLUE

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Compound - Complex Sentences

Compound - Complex Sentences

GLUE GLUE

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


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1. Find the dependent 2. Find the dependent
clause in the clause in the
compound-complex compound-complex
sentence: sentence:
Since they had so much fun After the dance began, we
at the party, Shay and Jason found our friends in the
stayed late, but they were other room, and we invited
tired in the morning. them to stay with us.

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3. Find the dependent 4. Find the dependent


clause in the clause in the
compound-complex compound-complex
sentence: sentence:
The friends, who often play When we go to the library, I
in the yard, are outside, but will read for an hour, and you
they will soon come into the can relax.
house.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 8
5. Find the dependent 6. Find the dependent
clause in the clause in the
compound-complex compound-complex
sentence: sentence:
Although I love strawberries Unless they read several
and oranges, my sister will books, Sherry and Alia may
not eat fruit, and she loves not have enough information
cake. for research, and they will
not be able to write their
papers.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

7. Find the dependent 8. Find the dependent


clause in the clause in the
compound-complex compound-complex
sentence: sentence:
Before she slept at night, she Although she was a new
read a book, and she finished driver, Veronica drove
all of her homework. through heavy traffic in
Chicago, yet she remained
calm.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 9
9. Find the dependent 10. Find the
clause in the dependent clause
compound-complex in the compound-
sentence: complex sentence:
My friend, who loves to play The package, which was
the violin, practices often, sitting on the porch, arrived
and she is a wonderful during our lunch hour, or it
musician. came early in the morning.

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11. Identify the 12. Identify the


independent clauses independent clauses
in the compound- in the compound-
complex sentence: complex sentence:
Although I love shopping for The food that I served was
clothes, I have stayed away delicious, and everyone ate
from the mall, and I am saving plenty of it.
my money.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 10
13. Identify the 14. Identify the
independent clauses independent clauses
in the compound- in the compound-
complex sentence: complex sentence:
Before my friend cooked the My friend Sheila is a vegetarian,
meal, Joelle and Allen shopped so we serve meatless entrées
at the supermarket near our and desserts whenever she
house, and they bought five comes for dinner.
bags of groceries.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

15. Identify the 16. Identify the


independent clauses independent clauses
in the compound- in the compound-
complex sentence: complex sentence:
Antonio and Rachel, who Because our science class is
are friends, went to the mall challenging, Miguel and Tony
yesterday, but they did not buy studied for the test for a whole
anything. hour, and they both achieved
high scores.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 11
17. Identify the 18. Identify the
independent clauses independent clauses
in the compound- in the compound-
complex sentence: complex sentence:
Francesca, who attained a Because Juan does not like
perfect score, found a more dancing, he rarely attends
challenging book to read, so she school dances or parties, yet he
shared it with the class. is quite popular at school.

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19. Identify the 20. Identify the


independent clauses independent clauses
in the compound- in the compound-
complex sentence: complex sentence:
It took a long time, but we Luis and Martha, who are
found the perfect sweater for siblings, both decided to take
Miguel, who loves to wear swimming lessons, and they
bright colors. became excellent swimmers.

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 12
21. Classify the 22. Classify the
sentence as complex sentence as complex
or compound- or compound-
complex. Identify complex. Identify
the clauses: the clauses:
Although I enjoy playing When my friends came to my
games, I did not like the new house, we watched movies
video game, so I read a book and ate popcorn.
for an hour. a. complex
a. complex b. compound-complex
b. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

23. Classify the 24. Classify the


sentence as complex sentence as complex
or compound- or compound-
complex. Identify complex. Identify
the clauses: the clauses:
This homework is too Since it was a long weekend,
difficult for me because we went to a party, and we
I don’t understand the also found time to shop.
background information. a. complex
a. complex b. compound-complex
b. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 13
25. Classify the 26. Classify the
sentence as complex sentence as complex
or compound- or compound-
complex. Identify complex. Identify
the clauses: the clauses:
Because we attended summer My friends went to the party
school, we did not join the after they finished their
baseball team, yet we still had work.
plenty of time to swim. a. complex
a. complex b. compound-complex
b. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

27. Classify the 28. Classify the


sentence as complex sentence as complex
or compound- or compound-
complex. Identify complex. Identify
the clauses: the clauses:
When the school year is As soon as Caroline walked
almost over, we review outside, dark clouds formed,
grammar, and we write a note and the wind blew strong
for the incoming classes. and sharp against her face.
a. complex a. complex
b. compound-complex b. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 14
29. Classify the 30. Classify the
sentence as complex sentence as complex
or compound- or compound-
complex. Identify complex. Identify
the clauses: the clauses:
Joey, who is one of the best Before he placed first in the
spellers in the class, missed a forensics competition, Sean
tricky word in one of the first rewrote parts of his speech,
rounds of the spelling bee. and he practiced in front of
a. complex several different audiences.
b. compound-complex a. complex
b. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

31. Classify the sentence 32. Classify the sentence


as compound, as compound,
complex, or complex, or
compound-complex: compound-complex:
Because we were already I find it relaxing to listen to
tired, we didn’t go to the quiet music after school, and
game. I often wear headphones
a. compound while I am studying.
b. complex a. compound
c. compound-complex b. complex
c. compound-complex

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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


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33. Classify the sentence 34. Classify the sentence
as compound, as compound,
complex, or complex, or
compound-complex: compound-complex:
Preeta found the crumpled My favorite cousin, who
paper in the garbage, but she competes in marathons, lives
knew it should have been in Seattle.
saved. a. compound
a. compound b. complex
b. complex c. compound-complex
c. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

35. Classify the sentence 36. Classify the sentence


as compound, as compound,
complex, or complex, or
compound-complex: compound-complex:
The birds were singing, but it Pack your bags, and we will
was incredibly cold outside be on our way to British
for spring. Columbia for a vacation.
a. compound a. compound
b. complex b. complex
c. compound-complex c. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/classroom-core TASK CARDS 16
37. Classify the sentence 38. Classify the sentence
as compound, as compound,
complex, or complex, or
compound-complex: compound-complex:
If only they could see the Even though she was
results of their hard work, exhausted, Maria listened
they would be so pleased quietly to her friend’s story,
with their progress. and she thought carefully
a. compound before speaking.
b. complex a. compound
c. compound-complex b. complex
c. compound-complex

©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved. ©2013 by Classroom Core. All rights reserved.

39. Classify the sentence 40. Classify the sentence


as compound, as compound,
complex, or complex, or
compound-complex: compound-complex:
Max was worried when he Although all her friends
realized his friend was not encouraged her, Alice
there. decided not to compete in
a. compound the race.
b. complex a. compound
c. compound-complex b. complex
c. compound-complex

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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


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Compound & Complex
Sentences
Name:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


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21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters


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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

Answer Key

Answers for task cards 1–10


(Find the dependent clause in the compound-complex sentence.)
Dependent clause: underlined

1. Since they had so much fun at the party, Shay and Jason stayed late, but they were
tired in the morning.
2. After the dance began, we found our friends in the other room, and we invited them
to stay with us.
3. The friends, who often play in the yard, are outside, but they will soon come into the
house.
4. When we go to the library, I will read for an hour, and you can relax.
5. Although I love strawberries and oranges, my sister will not eat fruit, and she loves
cake.
6. Unless they read several books, Sherry and Alia may not have enough information
for research, and they will not be able to write their papers.
7. Before she slept at night, she read a book, and she finished all of her homework.
8. Although she was a new driver, Veronica drove through heavy traffic in Chicago, yet
she remained calm.
9. My friend, who loves to play the violin, practices often, and she is a wonderful
musician.
10. The package, which was sitting on the porch, arrived during our lunch hour, or it
came early in the morning.

Answers for task cards 11–20


(Identify the independent clauses in the compound-complex sentence.)
Independent clauses: italicized

11. Although I love shopping for clothes, I have stayed away from the mall, and I am
saving my money.
12. The food that I served was delicious, and everyone ate plenty of it.
Note: Independent clause is split: The food was delicious

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters by Classroom Core


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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

13. Before my friend cooked the meal, Joelle and Allen shopped at the supermarket near
our house, and they bought five bags of groceries.
14. My friend Sheila is a vegetarian, so we serve meatless entrées and desserts whenever
she comes for dinner.
15. Antonio and Rachel, who are friends, went to the mall yesterday, but they did not buy
anything.
Note: Independent clause is split: Antonio and Rachel went to the mall yesterday
16. Because our science class is challenging, Miguel and Tony studied for the test for a
whole hour, and they both achieved high scores.
17. Francesca, who attained a perfect score, found a more challenging book to read, so
she shared it with the class.
Note: Independent clause is split: Francesca found a more challenging book to read
18. Because Juan does not like dancing, he rarely attends school dances or parties, yet he
is quite popular at school.
19. It took a long time, but we found the perfect sweater for Miguel, who loves to wear
bright colors.
20. Luis and Martha, who are siblings, both decided to take swimming lessons, and they
became excellent swimmers.
Note: Independent clause is split: Luis and Martha both decided to take swimming
lessons

Answers for task cards 21–30


(Classify the sentence as complex or compound-complex. Identify the clauses.)
Dependent clause: underlined
Independent clauses: italicized
Correct multiple choice answer: underlined

21. Although I enjoy playing games, I did not like the new video game, so I read a book for
an hour.
a. complex b. compound-complex
22. When my friends came to my house, we watched movies and ate popcorn.
a. complex b. compound-complex
23. This homework is too difficult for me because I don’t understand the background
information.
a. complex b. compound-complex

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters by Classroom Core


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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

24. Since it was a long weekend, we went to a party, and we also found time to shop.
a. complex b. compound-complex
25. Because we attended summer school, we did not join the baseball team, yet we still
had plenty of time to swim.
a. complex b. compound-complex
26. My friends went to the party after they finished their work.
a. complex b. compound-complex
27. When the school year is almost over, we review grammar, and we write a note for the
incoming classes.
a. complex b. compound-complex
28. As soon as Caroline walked outside, dark clouds formed, and the wind blew strong
and sharp against her face.
a. complex b. compound-complex
29. Joey, who is one of the best spellers in the class, missed a tricky word in one of the
first rounds of the spelling bee.
a. complex b. compound-complex
Note: Independent is clause split: Joey missed a tricky word in one of the first rounds of
the spelling bee.
30. Before he placed first in the forensics competition, Sean rewrote parts of his speech,
and he practiced in front of several different audiences.
a. complex b. compound-complex

Answers for task cards 31–40


(Classify the sentence as compound, complex, or compound-complex.)
Correct multiple choice answer: underlined
To enhance student understanding, dependent clauses are underlined and independent
clauses are in italics

31. Because we were already tired, we didn’t go to the game.


a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
32. I find it relaxing to listen to quiet music after school, and I often wear headphones
while I am studying.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
33. Preeta found the crumpled paper in the garbage, but she knew it should have been
saved.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters by Classroom Core


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Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters
By Classroom Core

34. My favorite cousin, who competes in marathons, lives in Seattle.


a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
Note: Independent clause is split: My favorite cousin lives in Seattle.
35. The birds were singing, but it was incredibly cold outside for spring.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
36. Pack your bags, and we will be on our way to British Columbia for a vacation.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
37. If only they could see the results of their hard work, they would be so pleased with
their progress.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
38. Even though she was exhausted, Maria listened quietly to her friend’s story, and she
thought carefully before speaking.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
39. Max was worried when he realized his friend was not there.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex
40. Although all her friends encouraged her, Alice decided not to compete in the race.
a. compound b. complex c. compound-complex

Compound-Complex Sentences: 40 Task Cards + Grammar Posters by Classroom Core


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