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1.

The Supreme Court and the Integrated Bar of the Philippines

 In the Matter of the Integration of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines,


January 9, 1973
 In re: Albino Cunanan, G.R. No. L-6784. March 18, 1954
 Rex Polinar Dagohoy v. Atty. Artemio V. San Juan. A.C. No. 7944,
June 3, 2013 (How powerful is the IBP vis a vis the Supreme Court?)

2. Admission to the Practice of Law

- The Qualifications to the Practice of Law (See Rule 138, Section 2, 5 and 6 ROC):

a. Citizenship
b. Residency
c. Character
d. Academics

- Rule 138, Section 2, ROC


- Citizenship Requirement (Bar Matter 914, October 1, 1999)
- Moral Character Requirement (Bar Matter No. 712, July 13, 1995)
- Academic (Re: Application of Adriano M. Hernandez, Resolution of the Court En
Banc dated July 27, 1993)

In the case of Re: Application of Adriano M. Hernandez to Take the 1993 Bar
Examination, the Supreme Court stated therein in clear and unequivocal terms that the
Court will no longer allow graduates of foreign law schools to take the bar
examinations. Hernandez (Colombia School of Law) was allowed but last one to be
allowed to do so.
- Bar Matter 1153; Section 5 &6 , Rule 138

3. Law Practice of Non-Lawyers

a. The Law Intern (See Rule 138-A)

b. The Party as Lawyer to Himself (Rule 138, Section 34)

Section 34, Rule 138 provides that in the court of a justice of the peace, a party may
conduct his litigation in person, with the aid of an agent or friend appointed by him for
that purpose, or with the aid of an attorney. In any other court, a party may conduct his
litigation personally or by aid of an attorney, and his appearance must be either
personal or by a duly authorized member of the bar.

B. Legal Ethics

1. Definition
2. The Lawyer’s Oath (Rules of Court, Form 28)
3. The Four-Fold Duties of a Lawyer (Code of Professional Responsibility)

* To: 1) Society;
2) Legal Profession;
3) Court; and
4) Client
* Aranda v. Elayda, AC No. 7907, December 15, 2010
CANON 1 - A LAWYER SHALL UPHOLD THE CONSTITUTION, OBEY THE LAWS OF THE
LAND AND PROMOTE RESPECT FOR LAW OF AND LEGAL PROCESSES.

 Bautista v. Gonzales, Adm. Matter No. 1625, February 12, 1990


 Brion, Jr. v. Brillantes, Jr. (Adm. Case No. 5305, March 17, 2003)
 Arciga v. Maniwang, Adm. Case No. 1608, August 14. 1981)
 Tumbokon vs. Pefianco. A.C. No. 6116, August 1, 2012
 (Effect of Reconciliation of Parties to Disbarment) Cordova v. Cordova, Adm. Case
No. 3249, November 29, 1989
 (Effect of Withdrawal of Complaint) Bernaldez v. Anquilo-Garcia, AC No. 8698,
August 31, 2016
 (Effect of Pardon to Disbarment) In re Lontok, 43 Phil. 293, 1922
 (Effect of Conditional Pardon to Disbarment) In re Gutierrez, Adm. Case No. L-363,
July 31, 1962
 (Effect of Pardon to Reinstatement) In Re Vailoces, Adm. Case No. 439, September
30, 1982
 Salado et al. v. Villanueva, Jr., AC No. 11099, September 27, 2016
 Zantechnick, Phil. Inc. v. Franciso-Sambillo, AC No. 9464, August 24, 2016
 (Assisting in the Defiance of the Law) Donton v. Tansingco, Adm. Case No. 6057,
June 27, 2006)
 (The Role of Counsel in Settlement of Disputes) De Ysasi III v. NLRC, GR No.
104599, March 11, 1994.
 Fabie v. Real, AC No. 10574, September 20, 2016
 Paras v. Paras, AC No. 7348, September 27, 2016
 De Leon v. Pedrenas, AC No. 9401, October 22, 2013
 Abaigar v. Paz, A C. No. 997, Sep 10, 1979