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k !r " L 2 " i : 5e-
dt dt dt C
d 2i di 1
L " #r k$ " i ! 0 ... # 1 $ : d49
dt 2 dt C
I^ ,T(g*+ 2G*+ E4(:4 ]2:d8 5^ =h8 24(iH4 A/j k+cHL+ C\_ @A!:4 ( 1 ) @1(!:*+ f!XN CHG-
k ! r ! 10 ! :I;2_ l/!)N [ r k !0 % k !r

: m;(>*+ b8ARH*+ .
AN6H*+ C\_ o6!04 ARH>R*+ 1(/H\* 2*64 &)n+6? bGpN C ! 33 µF (PH:n &Fg74 - 1
.1- E7p*+ &\RP4 H49(34 [ U 0 ! 10 V
N .(P\%+; &TciR*+ & '()*+9 &Fg7R*+ &dG" =>B^ -
&:/"6? (P\S9 ZH8 &Fg7R*+ bG" 2:? - 2
U0 E L b/? r2G8 (4 2L(pT9 .&\RP4 (PH49(34 [ L ! 12 mH (PH/N+q
C
. #OSC $ ,)!PR*+ k+cHLs+ Zn+1 k(P< C\_ (P/-A`
M #OSC $ t?1 &38A` (d/!4 &/O(?AP7*+ @1+2\* ())i4 Zn1^ - ^
. M 9 N &3/U6*+ ,!)' 2d_
.(w86'(` #OSC $ C\_ @2L(pR*+ @AL(v\* (BA" t_^ - u
.U AB &Fg7R*+ ,-A` b/? ,O(?AP7*+ AN6H*+ b_ @A!:R*+ &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ t_^ - K<
.&Fg7R\* A m6!\*+ C\_ &:x6RHR*+ Q A &dGp\* &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ t_^ - ;

381
:@1(!:*(? C):4 Q &dGp*+ C\_ @A!:R*+ &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ EB 5(Q +qD - KL
2 "t
Q A # t $ ! Q max sin( " # ) ; T0 ! 2 " LC
T0
u(V )
T0 y( i*+ 192*+ =>B^ - ^
# [ Q max z?+6g\* &8;2:*+ &R/3*+ b/_ - u
&:x6RHR*+ Q A # t $ &dGp*+ @1(!_ ,- b8;1+6*+
t(ms )

.&Fg7R\* A m6!\*+ C\_


.&/O(?AP7*+ @1+2*+ ,- CRv:*+ 1(/H*+ @2" =>B^ - K<
k+cHLs+ Zn+19 r &49(34 C*D &-(x{(? (3?(n (Pd_ A!:R*+ L &/N+q (P* &:/"6*+ &3 /3G*+ ,- - 3
. 2- E7p*+ CdGd4 APv8 (P/-A` b/? ,)!PR*+
.&U;(G*+ @AL(v*+ |A"+ - ^
. T0 9 T b/? 51(' . 10 ms
div : ,3-}+ f>R*+ ,):8 - u
.2B+9 19; !" #$% #6< E:F? &'()*+ ,- .(/0*+ =>B+ - K<

: EG*+
:(P\%+2? &TciR*+ &'()*+9 &Fg7R*+ &dG" u(>B - 1
C3!N (1 ) x6*+ C\_ K &:`(3*+ l\j 2d_ 2*6R*(? #6S6R*+ @1+2*+ b4 ~ch*+ &49(34 zT(Q +qD &
Q ! C U 0 @1(!:*(? C):N9 .&H?(U &Fg7R*+ &dG"
Q ! 33 .10 6
' 10 ! 3 ,3 .10 4
C :I;2_ l/!)N
m6!\*+ 567/- A m6!\*+ (P\RG8 ,H*+ &!<6R*+ &dGp*+ b_ A!:8 u6>GR*+ 1+23R*+ 1(!H_+ b7R89
. Q B = -Q A = -3,3 .10 -4C &!*(n &dGp? 56Gp4 B
1
Eel ! C U 02 @1(!:*(? @():4 &Fg7R*+ ,- &TciR*+ &'()*+9 &
2
1
Eel ! . 33 .10 6 ' 10 2 ! 16 ,5 .10 4 J :I;2_ l/!)N
2
M 9 N b/H)3d*+ t?1 &38A` 1(P€D b7R8 (^ -2
&d%(>*+ &)3d*(? /\%24 2d_ ,)!PR*+ k+cHLs+ Zn+A?
Zn+1 WAPv8 (4 5D9 . ,*+6H*+ C\_( ///// ,x1}+9 Y
sD 6L (4 H"(" C\_ ,)!PR*+ k+cHLs+
IJ*+9 &:/"6*+ ,-A` b/? U N M ,O(?AP7*+AN6H*+

.&H?(U &:n9 I19; E7p? A/H8

382
:(86'(` @AL(v*+ |A" ( u
!"#$%& '(!) *+,-./ 0 12*3(45 6*7 8#9 :;. *4;+*#3 6*<%&/ *1;5 =>?@+ A&,B%& CD !"#$%& EF
GHI J>?) *4)&K ,L CD M19>%&/ 1N17*-O+ 6*7 8#9 :;. *4=PQ) CR%&/ M19>%& :%F *4R6*7 J>?)
=PQ$%& 12*3(4#%& 6*<%& Y13 Z>6*7 J W*B) X*-I EKF . . . . &H#I/ !"#$%& :%F S(TU V(+ 6*<%&
[BN3 J>\ J>M!$% (4]+ ZU ^*1_ CD M19>%& 8T&W =PQ$%& 1N17*-O$%& 6*<%&/ !"#$%& CD
.( R3*d) c>!?+ ( 1N17*-O+/(4#%&) 1;#%& 6*<%& E>#)/ ( 6*<%& a*1b) +/*`$%& ^*1_

E # t $ ! Eel # t $ " Emag # t $ ! C


te
: &vG* I^ ,- (d82* 56789
1 1
E #t $ ! C U 2 " L I 2 ! 16 ,5 .10 3
J :5^ I^
2 2
:&Fg7R*+ ,-A` b/? U AB ,O(?AP7*+ AN6H*+ b_ @A!:R*+ &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ - K<
u AB " u BM " u MN " u NA ! 0 :2hT ABMNA @9A:*+ C\_ V+AN6H*+ 56T(' l/!)H?
di
u AB " L ! 0 : ,*(H*(?9 u AB " 0 " u MN " 0 ! 0 : d49
dt
di d 2u Q dQ d i d 2Q
: d49 !C : 5e- u AB ! u ! , i ! , ! 2 :1(!H_(?9
dt dt 2 C dt dt dt
2
d u 1 d 2u
" u ! 0 ... # 1 $ : E7p*(? (PHj(/S b7R8 ,H*+9 u " L C !0
dt 2 L C dt 2
#$Hn+ b7R8 A m6!\*+ C\_ &:x6RHR*+ &dGp*+ b_ @A!:R*+ &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ @1(!_ ( ;
Q ! C u :@1(!:*+
d 2Q 1
2
" Q ! 0 ... # 2 $ :5^ 2hd* (1 ) &*;(:R*+ ,- (P086:N9
dt LC
.&H?(U V$4(:R? (&>T(hH4 ) &/T(g*+ &!NAR*+ b4 &/\x(FN &*;(:4 ,L9
Q ! Q A :x6? A m6!\*+ &dG" b_ A!:N ,L9
2"
Q A # t $ ! Q max sin(
t " # ) :E7p*+ b4 (P\B (2 ) &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ - KL
T0
2" 2 1
T0 ! 2 " L C :5e- ( ) ! : 5^ (R? : y(i*+ 192*+ u(>B - ^
T0 LC
L ! 120 .10 3 H ; C ! 33 . 10 6 F :I;2_ l/!)N

T0 ! 2 ' 3 , 14 120 . 10 3
' 33 . 10 6
! 1 , 25 .10 2 S
: # [ Q max z?+6g*+ 282GN - u

.t ! 0 &vG\*+ 2d_ i # t $ 9 Q # t $ b4 $Q ,HR/' 282GN =h8 # [ Q max b/H?(g*+ 282GH*

383
dQ # t $ 2"
i #t $ ! ! Q max 2" cos( 2" t " #) [ Q #t $ ! Q max sin( t " # ) :(d82*
dt T0 T0 T0
I # 0 $ ! 0 [ Q # 0 $ ! Q A ! 3 , 3 . 10 4
C :5678 t ! 0 :&vG\*+ 2d_ T^ (R?9
(Q max sin # ! 3 , 3 .10 4
5eKKKK-
3" " )
#2 ! 9^ # 1 ! (4D : 5$B (d82* 567/- * 2 " Q max
2 2 ) T cos # ! 0
+ 0

Q1 max ! 3 , 3 .10 4
[ # 1 ! " : E<^ bR- &
C :5678
2
Q 2 max ! 3 , 3 . 10 C :5678 [ # 2 !
4 3" : E<^ b49 &
2
2" "
Q 2 #t $ ! 3 , 3 .10 4 sin( 2 " " 3 " ) [ Q1 # t $ ! 3 , 3 . 10 4 sin( " ) :5qD
T0 2 T0 2
sin( $ " 3 " ) ! sin( $ " 3 " " " ) ! sin( $ " " ) :5^ Z\:T (dT^ (R?9
2 2 2
2" "
Q #t $ ! Q1 # t $ ! 3 , 3 . 10 4 sin( " ) :,*(H*(?9 5(3?()H4 5$G*+ 5qD
T0 2
%0 ! 160 " rad S [ T0 ! 1 , 25 . 10 2 S :M/B
"
Q #t $ ! 3 , 3 . 10 4 sin( 160 "t " ) # C $ :,*(H*(?9
2
: @1(!:*(? C):N @1+2*+ ,- i # t $ 1(/H*+ @2" 5D : CRv:*+ 1(/H*+ @2" u(>B - K<
dQ # t $ 2"
i #t $ ! ! Q max sin #%0 t " # $
dt T0
" "
i # t $ =3,3 .10 -4 .160 "sin(160 " t+ )=0,166sin(160 " t+ ) # A $ :,*(H*(?9
2 2
I max ! 0 ,166 A :,L i # t $ K* CRv:*+ &R/3*+ 567N9
:@AL(v*+ |A" ( ^ - 3
&49(3R*+ ,- I1+AB E7" C\_ &'()*+ ,- .(/x 3-+A8 &Fg7R*+9 &:/"6*+ b/? I6'(` #;(!N EQ ,-
E7p? ,T(:8 ,)!PR*+ k+cHLs+ Zn+1 WAPv8 IJ*+ U AB ,O(?AP7*+ AN6H*+ 5D9 [&:/"6\* &:?(H*+ r
&'()*+ b4 I1+AB E7" C\_9 #6< E:F? &'()*+ .(/x 2Q‚8 (R4 Wk+cHL+ &:n ,- 5(X3T I19;
.(&/>/`(d49AP7*+) &/*(R<{+
k+cHLs+ Zn+1 WAPv8 IJ*+ 5(/!*+ #$% b4 : 192*+ !"9 T0 y(i*+ 192*+ b/? &T1(3R*+ ( u
2 ,5 .T ! 3 ' 10 % T ! 12 ms :5^ ƒB$T ,)!PR*+
T0 ! 12 , 5 m s y(i*+ 192*+ &R/' b4 =8A' ;2GR*+ 192*+ !" 5D

384
:19; !" #$% &'()*+ ,- .(/0*+ u(>B ( K<
: t 0 ! 0 E<^ b4 &/>/`9AP7*+ &'()*+ u(>B : s9^

Q2
I #t 0 ! 0 $ ! 0 :&vG\ *+ WJL 2d_9 Ee l # t 0 $ = 1 0 = 1 C U 02 =16,5 . 10 -4 J
2 C 2
1
E0 =E mag # t 0 $ +E el # t 0 $ =16,5 .10 -4 J : d49 E mag # t 0 $ ! L I 2 # t 0 $ ! 0 :„*J*
2
t 1 ! T :E<^ b4 &/>/`(d49AP7*+ &'()*+ u(>B :(/T(U
1 1
Ee l #T $ ! C U 12 ! 33 . 10 6 ' 5 2 ! 4 ,13 .10 4 J
2 2
1
E mag # T $ ! L I # T $ ! 0 „*J* I #t $ ! 0 : &vG\*+ WJL 2d_9
2
2
E 1 ! E mag #T $ " E el # T $ ! 4 , 13 . 10 4 J : d49
:W1+234 (4 &/>/`(d49AP7\* &'()*+ b4 /08 19; !" #$% T^ APv8 ,*(H*(?9
E ! E1 E0 ! 4 ,13 .10 4
16 , 5 . 10 4
! 12 , 37 . 10 4
J

1 : ?(>*+ b8ARH*+ .
2
:b4 ( 1) E7p*+ ,- EgRR*+ =/QAH*+ 567H8 - 1
.C ! 2 . 10 5
F (PH:n &Fg74 K
(L ,r)
.L (PH/N+q9 r (PH49(34 &:/"9 K
U0
C .U 0 ! 6 V HR/' (H?(U +AN6N ,):8 2*64 K

M . K &:`(' K
.&Fg7R*+ bGp* ( 1) x6*+ C\_ &:`(3*+ l\T - ^
.bGp*+ &8(PT 2d_ &Fg7R*+ (PTciN ,H*+ &/O(?AP7*+ &dGp*+ =>B^ -
U C # t $ AN6H*+ V+A/N (2) E7p*+ EgR8 t ! 0 &vG\*+ 2d_ (2) x6*+ C\_ &:`(3*+ l\T - u
:CdGdR*+ C\_ +;(RH_+ b4c*+ &*s2? &Fg7R*+ ,-A` b/?
.@1+2*+ ,- r2G8 (4 A>- - 1
b/HvG\*+ b/? &:O(0*+ &/O(?AP7*+ &'()*+ =>B^ - 2
.k+cHLs+ 19; !" T M/B t 1 ! 3T [ t 0 ! 0
(P/*D …/0T @1+2*+ ,- &/O(?AP7*+ V(?J?JH*+ &T(/X* - K<
(RQ U g ! k i @1+2*+ ,- 1(R*+ ,O(?AP7*+ 1(/H*+ @2" 4 +;A` =n(dH8 AN6H? (L;9c8 #G $ +2*64
. ( 3 ) E7p*+ b/!8

385
. t &vG\*+ ,- &Fg7R*+ &dG" Q #t $ A!H:T
k /-6H>N 5^ ,!d8 IJ*+ oAp*+ ;2B ZU Q #t $ &dGp*+ (P33GN ,H*+ &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ 2<9^ -
.&/!/< V(?J?JH* +A34 @1+2*+ 567H*
;;AN 9q 2*649 R ! 20 ! H49(34 ,49^ E'(T 4 b/H3?(>*+ &Fg7R*+9 &:/"6*+ =QAN - 2
1(/N @1+2*+ ,- AR/- u # t $ ! U 0 sin 2 " f0 t ,!/< u9(dH4 AN6H? @1+2*+ ;9c8 †Fid4
AN6H*+ [ f0 AN+6H*+ 2d_ ,)!PR*+ k+cHLs+ Zn+1 &"(" C\_ d8(:T - 4- E7p*+ . i # t $ ,O(?APQ
,49}+ E'(d*+ ,-A` b/? u R #t $ AN6H*+9 u # t $
. 5- E7p*+ ,- Ik+cHLs+ ZnA*+ C\_ EXGd-
‡ˆHdH>N +q(4 [ u # t $ 9 i #t $ b/? &GFX*+ aA- 2<9^ - ^
. L 9 r b4 EQ Z/' 2<9^ - u
.&:/"6*+ 9 &Fg7R*+ ,)?A4 b/? U L0 , U C 0 2<9^ - K<
.u L # t $ [ uC # t $ [ u R #t $ [ u #t $ #+92* Ed8A- ~(pTD Eg4 - KL
: EG*+ .
:bGp*+ &/\R_ &8(PT 2d_ &Fg7R*+ (PTcHiN ,H*+ &dGp*+ u(>B ( ^ - 1
Q ! C U 0 ! 2 . 10 5 ' 6 ! 12 . 10 5 C :(d82*
W>\>$%& *4;`L CD 12*3(45 6*7 *4;T&,3 e=PT ,6 E>#) !"#$%& Y?9 ,M3 : @AL(v*+ |A" - 1- ( u
CN17*- O$%& *4;`L 8T&W 1N17*-O+ 6*7 8#9 :;. *4=PRQ) CR%&/ M19>%& :%F *4%>?) Y1f>B;%& Y13
*$+ J>\ 8M!3 ( 1N17*-O+/(4#%&) 1;#%& 6*<%& Y+ gP\ a*1b h,?A Z>6*7 8A>?) 85 CD Y#%/
CjD nBjo%*3/ uC #t $ i&,j`$%& CD k6*-R%& &HI (4]A l%H% 12*3(4#%& Vi&,%& m&PRI& ,+*Q) CD [BNA
. M19>%& +/*`+ pBBN) a*1o%& &HI EF e -& t CfU 8#@3/ Gm&PRI& Mf
t 1 ! 3T [ t0 ! 0 :b/HvG\*+ b/? @1+2*+ ,- &:O(0*+ &'()*+ u(>B - 2-
t 0 ! 0 &vG\*+ 2d_ E0 &/>/`9AP7*+ &'()*+ u(>B :s9^
Ee l # t 0 $ = 1 C U 02 = 3,6 .10 J : d49 (5(/!*+ b4) t 0 =0 % U 0 =6 V :(d82* &
-4
2
E mag # t 0 $ ! 1 C I 2 #t 0 $ ! 0 :5qD t 0 ! 0 % I #t 0 $ ! 0 :&/T(U &P< b4 &
2
E0 ! E mag #t 0 $ " Eel # t 0 $ ! 3 ,6 . 10 4 J :&/\7*+ &'()*+ 567N9 &
t 1 ! 3T &vG\*+ 2d_ E 1 &/>/`9AP7*+ &'()*+ u(>B :(/T(U
U
Ee l # t 0 $ ! 1 C U 12 ! 0 , 9 .10 4 J : d49 t 1 =3 T % U 1 = 0 =3 V :(d82* &
2 3

386
1
E mag # t 1 $ ! C I 2 #t 1 $ ! 0 :5qD t 1 ! 3T % I #t 1 $ ! 0 :&/T(U &P< b4 &
2
E 1 ! E mag #t 1 $ " E el # t 1 $ ! 0 , 9 .10 4 J :&/\7*+ &'()*+ 567N9 &

E=E 1 -E0 = 0,9 .10 -4 -3,6 . 10 -4 = -2,7 . 10 -4 J :&'()*+ ,- .(/0*+ 1+234 ,*(H*(?9
:Q &dGp*+ (P33GN ,H*+ &/\x(FH*+ &*;(:R*+ &?(HQ - K<
uG ! uC " u L :]9^ 56T(' =>B
A
Q di
uG ! k I , uC ! , u L ! L " r . i :5^ (R?9
C dt
Q di
uC u L k i " "L " r i ! 0 :5e-
C dt
dQ d i d 2Q
i! [ ! : J%Y?9
dt dt dt 2
B G d 2Q dQ Q
L . 2 " #r k $ " ! 0 :,*(H*(?9
dt dt C
d 2 Q , r k - dQ 1
2
". / " Q ! 0 ... # 1 $ :E7p*(? (PHj(/S b7R8 ,H*+9
dt 0 L 1 dt LC
,T(g*+ 2G*+ ,- E4(:R*+ 5678 5^ =h8 ,!/< ,O(?APQ k+cHL+ b_ @A!:4 (1 ) &*;(:R*+ f!XN CHB
k r
! 0 % k ! r :I^ ]92:4 &*;(:R*+ b4
L
d 2Q 1
2
" Q ! 0 ... # 2 $ :E7p*+ C*D (1) &*;(:R*+ #9‚N &*(G*+ WJL ,-9
dt LC
Q #t $ ! Q max sin # %0 t " # $ :E7p*+ b4 (P\B &/T(g*+ &!NAR*+ b4 &/\x(FN &*;(:4 ,L ,H*+9
1
%02 ! : M/B
LC
u #t $
i #t $ ! R : 5^ (R? : u # t $ 9 i #t $ b/? &GFX*+ aA- ;(h8D ( ^ - 2
R
.,49s+ E'(d*+ ,-A` b/? ,O(?AP7*+ AN6H*+ V+A/N (P>FT ,L 1(/H*+ @2" V+A/N 5e-
]92:4 u # t $ 9 i #t $ 19()N b/? t ,d4c*+ a1(F*+ 5^ ƒB$T 5(/!*+ b49

.&GFX*+ ,- l-+6N ,- U #t $ 9 i # t $ ,*(H*(?9 ' ! %0 ' t ! 0 :,*(H*(?9 # t ! 0 $

L%0 ( 1 / %0 C )
L%0 ! 1 : 5e- Tan' ! ! 0 :5^ (R?9
%0 C R"r
.5(‰-(7H4 &Fg7R*+9 &:/"6*+ E:- 5^ I^

387
: L 9 r b4 EQ Z/' u(>B - u
T0 ! 20 ms , U max ! 3 ,5 V , U R max ! 3 V :ƒB$T 5(/!*+ b4 &
U R max 3
I max ! ! ! 0 ,15 A :5e- U R max ! R I max :5^ (R?9
R 20
U max
I max ! : &/T(U &P< b4 &
# R " r $ " ( L %0 % 1C ) 2
2

U max
L%0 ! 1 , I max ! : d49
%0 C R"r
U max 3 ,5
r ! R! 20 2 3 ,8 ! :,*(H*(?9
I max 0 ,15
T0 ! 2 " LC :5^ (R?9 &
T
# 20 .10 $
2
L ! 1 ( 0 )2 ! 1 5
3
0 , 507 H :5e-
C 2" 2 .10
: i # t $ I;2:*+ A/!:H*+ &?(HQ - K<

i # t $ ! I max sin # %0 t ' $ :5^ Z\:T


%0 ! 2 " ! 100 " rad
s , I max ! 0 , 15 A , ' ! 0 :5^ (R?9
T0
i # t $ ! 0 , 15 sin # 100 " t $ :5e-
&:/"6*+9 &Fg7R*+ ,)?A4 b/? U L0 [ UC 0 u(>B - ;
1 1
L%0 ! % I max ' L %0 ! I max ' : 5^ (R?
C %0 C%0
U L0 ! U C 0 ! I max L .%0 :5qD
U L0 ! U C 0 ! 0 , 15 ' 0 , 507 ' 100 " 24V :I;2_ l/!)N
u R #t $ [ uL # t $ [ uC #t $ [ u #t $ [ i #t $ :b4 E7* Ed8A- ~(pTD - KL

U 0L

U 0C
o U0
U 0R U0 r

388
: b4(g*+ b8ARH*+ .
:b4 (1- E7p*+) ,- &\gRR*+ &/O(?AP7*+ @1+2*+ 567HN
. U 0 ! 40 V z?(U AN6H? (PdG" 2:? E0 &/O(?APQ &'(` 5cHiN C (PH:n &Fg74 K
.&\RP4 (PH49(349 L (PH/N+q &:/"9 K
. K &:`(' K
C L .&:/"6*+ ,- &Fg7R*+ ŠAFH- t ! 0 &vG\*+ 2d_ K &:`(3*+ l\T
.b4c*+ &*s2? &Fg7R*+ &dG" Q V+A/N ( 2- E7p*+) &3/U6*+ EgRN
K
.b4c*+ &*s2? Q @1(!_ =HQ^ ( 2- E7p*+) &3/U6*+ C\_ ;(RH_s(? - 1
Q (C) . L &:/"6*+ &/N+q9 E0 &/O(?AP7*+ &'()*+9 C &:>*+ b4 EQ &R/' 2<9^ - 2
-5
4.10 :M/B !T(< #92h*+ A!H:T - 3
.&Fg7R*+ ,- &TciR*+ &/O(?AP7*+ &'()*+ : EC

0 1 2 T (ms) .&:/"6*+ ,- &TciR*+ &/>/`(dR*+ &'()*+ : E M


.@1+2\* &/\7*+ &'()*+ : E
‡ˆHdH>N +q(4 [#92h*+ ERQ^ -

t # ms $ 0 0,5 1
EC # J $ E0

E m #J $

E #J $

:EG*+
:b4c*+ &*s2? Q @1(!_ &?(HQ - 1
„*J* &/!/< &38A)? &Fg7R*+ m6!* C\_ &/O(?AP7*+ &dGp*+ V+A/N 5^ ( 2- E7p*+) ,- &3/U6*+ APvN
Q #t $ ! Q0 sin # %0 t " # $ :E7p*(? &4(_ &FX? b4c*+ &*s2? Q #t $ &*+2*+ C):N

389
.( &/O+2H?s+) Q0 &dGp*+ u(>B &
Q #t ! 0 $ ! Q 0 ! 4 .10 5
C :5^ f0H8 t ! 0 &/d4c*+ &vG\*+ 2d_9 5(/!*+ b4
T0 = 2 ms 24(iH4$*+ k+cHLs+ 19; 5^ f0H8 5(/!*+ b4 : %0 k+cHLs+ †!T u(>B &

%0 ! 2 " ! 2 " ! " rad


ms : 5qD
T0 2
Q #t ! 0 $ ! Q 0 ! Q 0 sin # %0 0 " # $ :5^ (R? : # &/O+2H?s+ &GFX*+ 282GN &
"
( Q #t ! 0 $ 3 0 ) # ! : d49 sin# ! 1 :5qD Q0 sin # ! Q0 :5e-
2
Q !t " $ 4 . 10 #5 sin( t % ) !C " : !"#$ %&'" ($ )$ *+
2
: L / E 0 / C , -. - 2
Q0 $ C U 0 ::1 6* : C 23456$7 289 , -. :0+1
Q 0 4 . 10 -5
C= = =10 -6 F = 1 µ F ::;<
U0 40
: 23456$7 (< 2>@A6$7 2=B7#)*07 2C D$7 , -. : => ?
E0 = 1 C U 02 = 1 .10 -6 . ! 40 " =8 .10 -4 J : !"#$
2
2 2
1
!02 $ : :1 IJ8> : L 28=EF$7 2=G7H , -. : 4$ ?
LC
L= 21 = 1 @0,1 H ::HK
!0 ×C (10 3 . ) 2 . 10 -6
:L+#M$7 L 6NK - 3

t ! ms " 0 0,5 1
EC ! J " 8.10 -4 0 8.10 -4
EL ! J " 0 8.10 -4 0
E !J " 8.10 -4 8.10 -4 8.10 -4
R&8=< E L O7#P6$7 Q1 /23456$7 (< 2>@A6$7 2=B *RS5$7 2C D$7 TU R&8" EC O7#P6$7 :K &
VW7X 2>@A6$7 2=-=Y !Z6$7 2C D$7 TU
2J6MJ$ 2=J5$7 2C D$7 :F5)9 ($ )$ *+ .28=EF$7
:T=)C D$7 [F6MQ (\ ( 2345Q + 28=E+)

390
E $ EC % E L
:2=$ )$7 2P"RD$7 [ &GK T56" E L + EC TQ VN #"#])$ &
Q !t " $ Q0 sin ! !0 t % " " ::1 6*
dQ ! t "
i !t " $ $ Q 0 !0 cos ! !0 t % " " ::1 ^1
dt
: T=)=$ )$7 T=GO &8$ * 28=EF$7+ 23456$7 TQ VN (< T=)>@A6$7 T=)C D$7 _W`G Q#!U+
Q2
EC $ 1 / EL $ 1 L I 2
2 C 2
T0 T0
:(J" Q / t 2 $ / t1 $ / t0 $ 0 a b]J$7 #!U !"#$ :F5"
2 4
Q 02
EC ! 0 " $ 1 $ 8 . 10 #4 J !"#$ : t $ 0 : 2b]J$7 #!U &
2 C
E L ! 0 " $ 1 L( Q 0 !0 cos ) 2 $ 0
2 2
' T0 ( 1 Q 12 1 0 2 T
EC ) * $ $ $0 : !"#$ t $ 0 $ 0 , 5 ms : 2b]J$7 #!U &
+4 , 2 C 2 C 4
T 2
E L ( 0 ) $ 1 L /-Q 0 !0 cos 0. $ 1 LQ 02 !02
4 2 2
T
EC ( 0 ) $ 0 : :1 ^1
4
T
E L ( 0 ) $ 7 , 88 . 10 #4 J 8 .10 #4 J
4
T Q 22 1 ( -4 .10 -5 ) 2 T
EC ( 0 ) = 1 = -6
= 8 .10-4 J : t $ 0 $ 1 ms :2b]J$7 #!U &
2 2 C 2 10 2
T
E L ( 0 ) = 1 L (Q0 !0 cos 3 ) 2 =0
2 2 2
E $ E L % E C $ 8 . 10 #4 J $ C
te
: :1 c.d> 2P* -$7 eB )!$7 TQ+
: f )!)907
T=* 2C D$7 (< LX &G j=< k#]" ^_$7 l7@)\07 g#Q L7FY ( 2iF3]Q ) 2)* ? gO7#J$ 2=J5$7 2C D$7 hP&G
l7@)\07 :1 LFP> 2$ ]$7 p_\ (<+ (2Q+ PQ XFn+ o#U) 2C D$7 (< [ =m :+X 23456$7+ 28=EF$7
.#Q A)Q R=q

: r9 )$7 T"R6)$7 .
S)=G7H S)8=E+ ! D 2 " / R $ 10 # j)Q+ PQ (Q+1 VC > ! D 1 " sDC a =B !? 2?d? !"#$

391
S)89 2345Q ! D 3 " ، ! r 1 0 ,5 # " / L $ 11 mH 2J6SQ 2=JW7#$7 S)Q PQ+
2=B *RS5$7 2NR]6$7 jGFC R6)-6$7 RGF)J$ #$FQ !G 1 " : :7#$FQ t$_N !"#$+ C $ 2 , 3 µF
(&=M$7 ,+ !)6$7 RGF)J$ !G 2 " #$FQ / P1 $ 10W j)U D)97+ 2J6SQ j)Q+ PQ E 1 $ 6V

. E02 $ 6 2 V (6bUu7 pRGFG 1000 Hz pRG7FG


.s&-$7 VJU .j!=U/ !G 1 " #$F6$7 (<RY T=* gRE &Q jJv+ T56" 0 2P* -$7 sDP$7 a =B !? #.1 - 1
.t$H R-< x !G 1 " (<RY T=* T"RWw7 sDP$7 (B !? Vv+ #!U k#]" 7H Q - 2
.2P* -$7 sDP$7 a =B !? TQ dN ($7F)$7 hJU !G 2 " #$F6$7 (<RY T=* y*R> - 3
.jJv+ 2$ . sDC (B !? VN (< (6bUu7 O =)$7 g#E 2$ . VN (< s-.1 -
s-. (D&S6$7 l7@)\07 I97R* VvF>+ ! D 2 " sDP$7 (B !? rQ ! D 3 " sDP$7 (B !? y*R> - 4
. !G 1 " #$F6$ * ! D 3 " T]E #8* t$H+ ( 1 ) V5z$7
.( 2 ) V5z$7 (D&S6$7 l7@)\07 I97O hJU c.d>

C L

.2b.d6$7 gR\ b$7 28=&Y R-< ( 1


. L + C ()6 =C #N`" (D&S6$7 l7@)\07 I97O :1 T=* ( ,
O =)$7 g#E s-.1 . !G 2 " #$F6$ * {_ZG+ V-J-)$7 hJU ! D 3 " + ! D 2 " + ! D 1 " y*O 7HK - 5
.gO7#$7 (< ^O -$7 (6bUu7

:V]$7
^X`"+ 2J6SQ S)Q+ PQ :u 28=EF$7 rQ !G 1 " #$F6$ * gRE &Q sDP$ 7 (B !? Vv+ r=D)-> 0 - 1
28> 66$7 V8< RSb" !G 2 " #$F6$ * SJv+ :K+ / j<dGK ($ )$ *+ gO7#$7 R'C h$K #$F6$ * SJv+
.( 2=B *RS5$7 2C DJ$ |dS)97 #nF") R L $ L! 2Q+ P6$7 g#.+ j$ O7#PQ (\ ()$7+
:jG#E (B *RSN O =G O+RQ h$K ^X`" ( 2Q+ PQ) ! D 1 " sDP$7 (B !? Vv+ #!U - 2

392
E1 6
$
I $ $ 0 ,6 A
R 10
:2$F]6$7 2U D)907 :F5G 2$ ]$7 p_\ (<+ /LFn LF836* gO7R. h$K 25JS)-6$7 2C D$7 j=< LF]G+
P $ R I 2 $ 10 . ! 0 ,6 " $ 3 , 6 W
2

O7#P6* S!]E h$K ^X`" !G 1 " #$F6$ * ! D 3 " sDP$7 (B !? VvF" Q#!U Q1 &

Q $ C 2 E 1 $ 2 , 3 .10 #6 2 6 $ 13 ,8 .10 #6 C
: S=<RY T=* 6B C (B *RS5$7 RGF)$7 hP&"+ (B *RS5$7 O =)$7 O+RQ }CF)" t$H #8*+
U C $ E1 $ 6 V
!G 2 " #$F6$ * !D 3 " / ! D2 " / ! D1 " :sDP$7 a =B !? Vv+ #!U (6bUu7 O =)$7 g#E , -. -3
:{#. hJU VN
gO &8$ * g D8Q O =)$7 g#E :1 !mR< 7HK : ! D 1 " sDP$7 (B !4$ 2&-!$ * -

u R !t " $ R i ! t" :F\ !D 1 " (<RY T=* (B *RS5$7 RGF)$7 :;< i !t " $ I 0 sin !! 0t # " "
u R !t " $ R I 0 sin ! !0 t # " " :^1
u ! t " $U 0 sin ! !0 t " :F\ !G 2 " #$F6$7 (<RY T=* (B *RS5$7 RGF)$7 :1 O &)U *+ 7_\
" $ 0 :1 aRSi1 2$ ]$7 p_\ V4Q (<+ 2"Rb!$7 297O#$7 :K
u ! t " $ u R ! t " 3 E02 $ U 0 $ R I 0 : !"#$ :F5=9 :HK
U 0 E 02 6 2
I0 $ $ $ $ 0 ,6 2 A :j!Q+
R R 10
: ! D 2 " sDP$7 (B !4$ 2&-!$ * -
di
v L ! t " $ L . d ( I 0 sin ! !0 t # " " ) ::HK v L !t " $ L : :1 IJ8>
dt dt
v L ! t " $ L! 0 I 0 cos ! !0 t % U " $ L!0 I 0 sin( !0 t # " % ) :j!Q+
2
L !0
(gO7#$7 2Q+ PQ) r $ 0 % / Tag " $ $ %4 ::1 ~=.
r
u ! t " $ u L !t " 3 E02 $ U 0 $ U L0 $ L !0 I 0 :($ )$ *+ " $ rad ::HK
2
o U 0 = Lw 0 I 0 U0 E 02
I0 $ $ ::HK
- /2 L . !0 2 f 0 L 0
6 2
I0 $ $ 86 ,8 2 mA
2 . 10 3 . 11 .10 #3

393
Q !t "
uC !t " $ :1 IJ8> : ! D 3 " sDP$7 (B !4$ 2&-!$ *
C
Q !t " $ 5 i ! t " d t ::1 6*+
I0
Q !t " = 5 I 0 sin ! !0 t-" " dt = - cos !! 0 t-" " +C ::;<
te
!0
I0
U C !t " $ # cos ! !0 t # " " ::HK C $ 0 ::1 2=&"RM)$7 297O#$7 T=&G
te
C !0
I0
uC !t " $ sin( !0 t # " # ) :($ )$ *+
C !0 2
1
Tag " $ # $ #4 ::F5=9 2$ ]$7 p_\ #!U+
I0
!0 C r
u ! t " $ uC ! t " :j!Q+ "$# : :HK
o + /2 2
U 0 = Lw 0 I 0 I0
E02 $ U 0 $ U C 0 $ : ($ )$ *+
!0 C
I 0 = E 02 ×!0 C=2 f 0 E02 ×C : :HK
=2 .10 3 .6 2 . 2,3 .10 -6 =86,67 2 mA
:2b.d6$7 gR\ b$7 R=-3G (1 -4
((B *RS5$7 SJP. (<) 2=B *RSN 2C Y t$_* >@W #C :F5G !G 1 " #$F6$7 2D97F* 23456$7 T]E :K
(< S=JU V']6$7 :K+ 2=-=Y !ZQ 2C Y h$K 2C D$7 p_\ V"F]G h$K 28=EF$ * SJ=vFG ^X`"+
Q 2b]$ (< S=<RY T=* RGF)$7 o7#8>7 #8* {RW1 gRQ 23456$7 (< SZ"R3G h$K S* ^X`" 28=EF$7
R"X P6$7 r=6n (< 2)* ? 289 (2J6SQ gO7#$7 2Q+ PQ) j=< [ =m :+X ^FC Y l7@)\7 k#]" 7_5\+
EC ! t " / E L ! t " / uC ! t " / uL ! t " / Q !t " / i ! t "
. ! D 2 " 28=EF$7 (< 2>@A6$7 2=-=Y !Z6$7 2C D$7 : E L ! t "
. ! D 3 " 23456$ 7 (< 2>@A6$7 2=B *RS5$7 2C D$7 : EC ! t "
(2- V5z$7) : =* RSb" 23456$7 289+ 28=EF$7 2=G7H TQ V5$ S=JU V']6$7 eB )!$7 hJU #=N€)$7 (,
T0 6 $ 10 2 0 ,1 $ 1 ms :1

T0 $ 2 LC :gO &8$ * hD8" gO7#$7 l7@)\7 O+X :1+


C $ 2 , 3 µF / L $ 11 mH O &)U07 T=8* 28=EF$7 2=G7H+ C 23456$7 289 I=C _W€*+
T0 $ 2 2 ,3 . 10 #6 2 11 . 10 #3 7 0 , 99 ms : !"#$ :F5"

394
T0 $ T0 6 :1 c.d> T0 rQ T0 6 2>O P6*+
C + L :()6=C #N`" (D&S6$7 l7@)\07 I97O :HK
sDP$7 a =B !? y*O 2$ . (< :gO7#$7 (< O 6$7 (6bU07 O =)$7 g#E , -. -5
:O =)$7 g#E :F5G V-J-)$7 hJU ! D 3 " / ! D2 " / ! D1 "
U0
I0 $
R 2 % ( ! L # ( 1 / !C )) 2
1
!0 L $ :F5" :1 sn+ h6bU 26=P$7 p_\ :F5G h).+
!0 C
U0
!I 0 "max $ ::1 ^1
R
U 02 6 2
!I 0 "max $ $ $ 0 ,6 2 A :^X#U =&DG
R 10
: RE 8$7 T"R6)$7 .
8 :hJU 2=B *RSN gO7X TQ ! AB " ‚@M$7 ^F)]"
R $ 100 # j)Q+ PQ (Q+1 VC > ƒ
C R ( L ,r ) r $ 20 # SG+ PQ + L $ 1 H S)=G7H 28=E+ ƒ
.(1-V5z$7) / C S)89 2345Q ƒ
:2=b]J$7 jGO &U =&=n 7RGFG B + A :T=<RD$7 T=* &D>
Y2 Y1
u AB !t " $ 4 2 sin !t !V "
.(2- V5z$7) (< T=J466$7 T==!]!6$7 gO7#$7 p_S* LFvF6$7 (D&S6$7 l7@)\07 I97O hJU #\ zG
v(V) :(2- V5z$7) TQ e)!)97 -1
! x (2 ) + (1 ) T==!]!6$7 28=&Y - 1
2 2v
.„&!$7+ RG7F)$7 - ,
10 -3 s
o .gO7#$7 (< O 6$7 O =)J$ h6b8$7 g#z$7 - ƒn
t(s)
RNH1+ / u ! t " + u ! t " T=* 2]3'$7 …R< -X
.RWw7 TU o#P)Q 6S"1
.O =)J$ I !t " 2=b]J$7 g#z$7 gO &U yU1 - ƒ\
u0 / uC 0 / u L0 / u R' 0 :ƒ$ 2P<7F6$7 28E†$ V!"R< ‚ z>K I9O7 -2

395
.C !"#$%& '( )*+, -3

:-.%&
:/01 23 42565(& 7#$1 829:%& 73 -1
:(2 ) + (1) 7996.6$%& '9:; - ,
./3+C& -D26%& /E?; 79> U R t ! /=2>?@#%& ?AB5%& -"$1 :(1 ) <6.6$%& '9:;
. B + A 795FG6%& /E?; 79> U t ! /=2>?@#%& ?AB5%& -"$1 :(2 ) <6.6$%& '9:;

.(J+)%&) T0 # 8 $ 10 "3 # 8 ms :829:%& 73 :I:6%&+ ?A&B5%& - H


1 1
.(?A&B5%&) f0 # # # 125 Hz :K63+
T0 8 .10 "3
2 2
.(I:6%&) !0 # # # 250 r ad :/%25%2>+
T0 8 . 10 "3
s

uR t !
i t!# :8, 2$> :/=2>?@#%& J2950% <$M'%& N)O%& - L*
R
-D26%& /E?; 79> U R t ! /=2>?@#%& ?AB5%& 2@> ?9P51 /5%& G1?F%& Q!6> ?9P5A J295%& N)R 8SE
U R0
U R 0 # 1 $ 2 2 # 2 2 V :829:%& 73 .(J2950% <$M'%& N)O%&) I 0 # 8TU /3+V&
R
2 2
I0 # # 0 ,02 2 A :8TU
100
: i t ! + u t ! 79> .!X%& Y?E -W
:)`a (2 ) + (1 ) <6.6$%& J+2FA W).1 Z[%& /63\%& -]2!%& [^_>

" # !0 . #t % " # 250 . 10 "3 # rad


4
d)G53 u t ! /=2>?@#%& ?AB5%& 8SE (1 ) <6.6$%& -:D 63bV& JB.3 cFG1 (2 ) <6.6$%& 8, 2$>+

rad :Bf d)G5%& J&)G3+ i t ! 7e


4
uR t !
i t!# # I 0 sin !0 t " " ! :8, g0'a :/=2>?@#%& J2950% 9M.0%& N)O%& NJ2:e - Lf
R

I 0 # 0 ,02 2 A h !0 # 250 rad


s h"# rad :8, 2$>+
4

396
i t ! # 0 ,02 2 sin( 250 t " ) :8TU
4
:-61?E i2OaU -2
!
U R' 0 J&)G$0% -"$3 OA j2'O%& [^_a
1/cw 0 !
U0
j2'O%&+ ! L J&)G$0% -"$3 AB j2'O%&+
- /4
! !
Lw 0 I 0 OC j2'O%&+ U C 0 J&)G$0% -"$3 BC
U 0R '
! ! ! !
OC # OA & AB & BC : >25#%& 8SE h U 0 J&)G$0% -"$3
U t ! #U R t ! &U L t ! &UC t ! :jB$`$%& kE&BA
: !"#$%& '( H2lm -3
L !0 " (1/!0 C )
Tag # 1 :8, 2$>+ Tag " # :-61?E i2OaU no^ 73
4 R'
1 1 1
L!0 - =R % C= = =1,92 µF :8SE
!0 C !0 L !0 -R' ! 250 1 . 250 -120 !
: ?Oe ZW2.%& 71?$5%& .
(1- -#O%&) :p9.> /Aq& r9s?5%& ?:5'a -1
D U 0 # 6 V 5>2t K5$9D &?$5l3 &?ABA k:F1 )%B3 G ! '
G b R # 40 $ K53+2G3 /3+, -D2a D ! '
. r 90^&)%& 2@53+2G3+ L 2@59A&T '9R+ b ! '
K
. t # 0 M.0%& )6e K ';2G%& k0Pa
.NJ&)%& /E J2$%& I J295%& N)R 2@GG.A /5%& 90u2!5%& %W2'$%& )*+, - ,
i t ! # I 0 1 " e "t %
! :-#O%& <0e 90u2!5%& %W2'$%& v[f -m r5#1 - H

% # 7 , 2 ms + I 0 #0 , 12 A :p9.>
L # 0 , 36 H h r # 10 $ :8, 79> -
.(2- -#O%&) :/Aq& r9s?5%& /E 79G>2l%& '9RB%&+ /3+V& -D26%& rs?a -2
u AD t ! # U 0 sin 2 f t ! :29:9* &?ABA GBF k:F1
.w:x0% ->2D f ?A&B5%&+ U 0 # 30V :p9.>

397
KA)R /=2>?@s J29A NJ&)%& /E ?$9E f # 100 Hz $9G%& <0e )%B$%& ?A&BA w:xa - ,
i t ! # I 0 sin 2 f t " " !

D + B 79> KG:Fa Z[%& /$MeV& ?AB5%& 82s &TU h " # rad :p9.>
3
G BF u BD # 30 ,6 2 V :Bf
1
L! ( : 9x1?.A NJ&)%& 8, 79> (1 - ,
C R ( L ,r ) !C
y565(&+ .NJ&)%& /E /$MeV& J295%& N)R rlm, (2 - ,
. C !"#$%& '(
. U AB /$MeV& ?AB5%& rlm, (3 - ,
. u AB t ! ?AB5%& NJ2:e 73\%& %C)> )*+, (4 - ,
. P NJ&)%& /E #0@5l$%& e2F5(C& /f 23 (5 - ,
p9.> NJ&)%& /E P' #0@5l$%& NJ)G%& {:X5E f ' z?^, $9D <0e )%B$%& WW?A w:xa - H
. P' # 2 P

"' # rad :8, |:t, -


4
:-.%&
R :NJ&)%& /E J2$%& I J295%& N)R 2@GG.A /5%& 90u2!5%& %W2'$%& (, -1
u L & u R # u0 :d+, 8Ba2D rlm
uR
di
G u0 uL (L ,r) uL # L& r i + u R # R i :p9m
dt
di
K ( L. & r . i ) & R i # U 0 :K63+
dt
L di r &R U
% # :NJ&)0% /63\%& |>2"%& [^_>+ & i # 0 :/%25%2>+
r &R dt L L
di 1 U0
& i# ... 1 ! : %W2'$%& -#R 8B#1
dt % L
.82t }?F> ( 9F^) 9a2"%& :A?$%& 73 90u2!A %W2'3 /f+
:2@53+2G3+ '9RB%& 9A&T )1).A (H
U0 U0
I0 # / i t!# ( 1 " e "t % ) :-#O%& 73 2@0m (1 ) 90u2!5%& %W2'$%& 8U
r &R r&R
. r '9RB%& 3+2G3 )1).A :C+,

398
U0 6 U0
r # "R = " 40 # 10 V :8TU I 0 # :261)%
I0 0 , 12 r &R
: L '9RB%& 9A&T )1).A :29a2t
L
L # r & R ! % # 10 & 40 ! .7 , 2 .10 # 0 , 36 H :K63+ % #
"3
:261)%
r &R
: 9x1?.A NJ&)%& 8, ~2:tU :(1- ,) -2
1
L! "
!C
Tag " # # Tag ( 0 :8, g0'a
R &r 3
1 1
L! ( :K63+ L! " ( 0 :8SE
!C !C
.( 9x1?.A NJ&)%&) !"#$%& -'E <0e r0P51 '9RB%& -'E /%25%2>+
:NJ&)%& /E /$MeV& J295%& N)R H2lm :(2- ,)
r &R !I0
cos " # :-61?E i2OaU rlm
U0
U 0 cos" 30× cos ( /3)
I0 = = = 0,3 A :/%25%2>+
r+R 10+40
: U AB /$MeV& ?AB5%& H2lm :(3-,)

U AB = ( R+r ! I 0 ) 2 +(L !I 0 ) 2 :-61?E i2OaU rlm

R+r ! +(L !) 2 I 0 :8, Z,


2
! # 2 f # 200 rad
s : p9m U AB =

!
2
U AB # 50 2 & 0 , 36 . 200 $ 0 , 3 " 69 ,5 V

u AB t ! # U AB sin !t & & ! :261)% :73\%& %C)> u AB NJ2:e W2`1& :(4-,)


L!
Tag &' # :p9m k>2l%& -61?E i2OaU <0e /=&)5>C& JBF%& )1).A /E )$5'a
r &R
0 , 36 $ 200
&' ) 77 , 53 # :/%25%2>+ Tag &' # # 4 , 52 :K63+
10 & 40
& # &' " 60 # " 17 , 53# :K63+
& " 0 ,1 rad :/f 821W&?%2> & $9D [=)6e 8B#A+

u AB t ! # 69 , 5 sin( 200 t & ) V ! :8TU


10
:NJ&)%& /E P #0@5l$%& e2F5(C& H2lm :(5-,)

399
:-#O%2> nB* nB'!$> NJ&?m <%U %B.$%& /f+ NJ&)%& /E #0@5l$%& e2F5(C& <F'A
P # 10 & 50 ! . 0 ,3 2 # 4 , 5 W :ZW)e k9:FA P # r & R ! I 02

P' # 2 P 8B#1 23)6e "' # rad 8, ~2:tU - H


4
I'0 # 2 I 0 :K63+ r & R ! I '0 2 # 2 r & R ! I 02 :261)%

r & R ! I'0
cos "' # :261)% :-61?E i2OaU rlm+
U0

*r &R + r &R
cos "' # 2 . , I 0 - :/%25%2> + cos "' # 2 I 0 :K63+
. U0 / U0

2 r &R 1
cos "' # # cos :8TU cos " # I 0 # cos # :8, 2$>+
2 4 U0 3 2

"' # rad :/%25%2>+


4

: ?Oe /a2"%& 71?$5%& .


G :73 (1--#O%&) /E -"$$%& r9s?5%& 8B#51 -1
9=2>?@#%& NJ&)%& W+\1 /=2>?@s )%B3 L
1 C . I 0 # 0 , 5 µA 5>2t KA)R J295>
K
2 . r 2@53+2G3+ L 2@59A&T '9R+ L .C 2@5'( !"#3 L
(L,r)
.(1 ) cuB$%& /E K ';2G%& cxa !"#$%& 7.O%
. t 73\%& %C)> !"#$%& /F>?3 79> U C ~&?9PA (2- -#O%&) <6.63 /F'1
uC (v ) . C # 10 "6 F :8, kG.A gt t 73\%&+ C + I 0 %C)> uC ?AB5%& 7e ?:e - ,

10
t # 20 s M.0%& )6e !"#$%& 2@a\5A /5%& 9=2>?@#%& D2F%& rlm, - H
.(2 ) cuB%& <%U ';2G%& cuB3 ?9Pa !"#$%& €1?!5% - L*
t(s) Q t ! 6.O%& 2@GG.A /5%& 90u2!5%& %W2'$%& we, -
0 20 .)$3 /=2>?@s b&\5fC ?G3 NJ&)%& 8, y565(&+ !"#$0%
R # 42 ,5 $ K53+2G3 /3+, -D2a c3 -l0l5%& <0e 795G>2l%& '9RB%& + !"#$%& rs?a -2
.29:9* 2>+2653 &?ABA 2@90e -X.$%& eB$`$%& /F>?3 79> k:Fa+

400
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.„(#Qg-. ?@A #+{-#6I /*A#z G<2 ./0.1-. B8 #+%1X Z% &i#e-. …#N>OE 0*) &'O#'K-. &L.01-. Ro Z% -5
E2 - R !t 2 -t 1 "
.&N'6‚-. u.1%#PQ-. 7T< Z% &>-#Y-.2 =e L :&'-#Q-. &io6-. 7K3O -6
E1
. R /0.1-. &%2#3$- &'K"*3Q-. &$'3-. 1b -

:7>-.
:1%#PI ;21) B(#)*+5 _.`QA. - I
Q
U AB % : C 2 Q &-a1) &Nf,$-. B8*h Z') B(#)*+,-. *I:Q-. /0#KX &)#Q5 (< -1
C
di
u DE % L : t 2 L 2 Q & -a1) &6'p:-. B8*h Z') *I:Q-. /0#KX &)#Q5 (V
dt
d i d 2Q dQ d i d 2Q
uDE % L %L 2
:;†8 i % ] % :@€O #%1gX2
dt dt dt dt dt
;:O#i JMb &Nf,$-. B8 &'(#)*+,-. &g>\-. u.*'HI ZX /*K6$-. &'WD#NQ-. &- #6$-. &)#Q5 (2
uAB % uAE # u ED # E DB :u.*I:Q-.
uAE % uDB % 0 :;†8 (&W$+% &%2#3%) 9MNO :A ‡oLq. B8 B(#)*+,-. *I:Q-. ;< #$)2
uAB % uED % $uDE :#g"1- ;:,'L ;wE
2
d Q 1 Q di d 2Q
# Q % 0 ... ! 1 " : 9g%2 % $ L % $ L :B-#Q-#)2
dt 2 LC C dt dt 2
.&Nf,$-. B8 &O`P$-. &g>\-. ZX *K6I ;#m C*h ;21) &'O#f-. &KI*$-. Z% &'WD#NI &- #6% BA2
410
021-. ZX *K6" T0 2 &Nf,$W- A s:KW-. FWX &6D:$Q$-. &'$=Xq. &g>\-. ZXQ0 *K6I (< -3
.1%#PQ%o-. _.`QAo- n#P-.
: T0 ] Q 0 *" #3$W- &" 16-. t'3-. 1"1>I (V
u AB B(#)*+,-. *I:Q-. l>I &'W5 &O:>\% &Nf,$-. t = 0 &=>W-. 1gX :Q0 &'$=Xa. &g>\-. -
Q0 % U AB .C % U 0 .C :#g"1- ;:,'8
Q0 % 5 ) 0 , 5 .10 $ 6 % 2 ,5 . 10 $6 C % 2 , 5 µC :9g%2

T0 % 2 " L .C :v"*6Q-#) @€O :_.`QAo- n#P-. 021-. -


C % 0 , 5 µF ] L % 0 ,5 H :c'b

T0 = 2 . 3,14 0,5×0,5 . 10 -6 = 3,14 .10 -3 s :9g%2


! % " &$'3-. @€I &'(.1Q)a. &>NY-. &$'i ;< u#Km. -
2
Q !t " % Q0 sin ! 0t # ! " : 7,\-#) Fe6" (1 ) &'WD#NQ-. &- #6$-. 7b ;E
"
0 % 2 .10 $3 rad
s ] Q 0 % 2 , 5 µC ] U AB % 5 V ] ! % rad :0#KQX†)2
2
Q !t " % 2 ,5 sin( 2 . 10 $3 t # " ) ! µC " :;†8
2
Q
U AB ! t " % % 5 sin( 2 .10 $ 3 t # " ) !V " :B-#Q-#)2
C 2
:;< 1{O t % 0 :7T< Z%2

U AB ! t % 0 " % 5 sin( 2 .10 $ 3 ) 0 # " ) % 5 V


2
U AB ! t % 0 " % U 0 % 5 V :;< G< &'(.1Q)a. [2*\-. d% k8.:Q" G@-.2
:1%#PQ% B(#)*+5 _.`QA. - II
:&'(#)*+,-. /1%#PQ$-. u._.`QAo- 021-. 9Kp V#Mb -1
:;< 1{g8 Q !t " ZX *K6$-. Fg>g$-. Z% s#'3-. @€)
T ' % 3T % 9 , 5 ms & T % 3 , 2 m s
: t % 0 &=>W-. 1gX &Nf,$-. B8*h Z') &'(#)*+,-. *I:Q-. &$'i 1"1>I -2
t % 0 & Q !t % 0 " % 2 , 5 µC :;#'K-. Z%
2 ,5 Q !t % 0 "
U AB ! t % 0 " % % 5 V :;†8 U AB % ! t % 0 " % :B-#Q-#)2
0 ,5 C
:#'O#') #g"1- ;:," t 1 % 2 ,4 ms &=>W-. 1gX -3

411
E mag ! t 1 " % E1 mag % 4 , 9 µJ :&6'p:-. B8 &O`P$-. E 1mag &'M'h#gH$-. &i#e-. &$'i - <
Q 2 !t "
Eel ! t " % :&Nf,$-. B8 &O`P$-. E 1el &'(#)*+,-. &i#e-. &$'i - V
2C
Q 2 !t 1 "
Eel ! t 1 " % E 1el % % 0 :9g%2 Q !t 1 " % 0 ;:," t 1 % 2 ,4 ms :7T< Z%2
2C
:&6'p:-.2 &Nf,$-. Z% 75 B8 Z'QO`P$-. Z'Qi#e-. x:${% BA /0.1W- &'M'h#gH%2*+,-. &i#e-. - ST
E ! t " % E mag ! t " # Eel ! t "

t % t 1 & E ! t 1 " % E 1 % E 1mag # E 1el % 4 , 9 µ J


:t 2 % 9 , 5 ms &=>W-. 1gX -4
:&6'p:-. B8 &O`P$-. E 2 mag &'M'h#gH$-. &i#e-. &$'i - <

E mag ! t 2 " % E 2mag % 0 :ˆboO ;#'K-. Z%

:&Nf,$-. B8 &O`P$-. E 2el &'(#)*+,-. &i#e-. &$'i - V


Q !t 2 " % 1 , 5 µ C :;:," ] t 2 % 9 , 5 ms :7T< Z%

! "
2
Q 2 !t 2 " 1 , 5 .10 $ 6
Eel ! t 2 " % % % 2 , 25 µ J :9g%2
2C 2 .0 , 5 . 10 $6
:BA E 2 /0.1W- &'M'h#gH%2*+,-. &i#e-. ;:,I2 - ST
E ! t 2 " % E 2 % E 2mag # E 2el % 2 , 25 µ J
&'M'h#gH%2*+,-. &i#e-. B-#Q-#)2 Z%`-. 02*$) }i#gQI _.`QAa. &6L ;< *+=" ;#'K-. ;E -5
9KKM" G@-.2 1%#PQ% B(#)*+5 _.`QA. ZX *K6I 7,\-. .@+) /*A#=-. ;E2 &z:N>% *'U /0.1W-
.B%2q. 7i#g-. 7. R:T R:6N$) &i#e-. B8 x#'‚-.
:&'(#)*+,-. /0.1-. &%2#3$- &'K"*3Q-. &$'3-. 1"1>I -6
R
E2 E2 $ !t 2 $t 1 "
ln( ) % $ R !t 2 $ t 1 " :;wE %e L :#g"1-
E1 L E1
E
R % L . ln( 1 ) :B-#Q-#)2
t 2 $ t1 E2
E 2 =2,25 µ J ] E1 =4,9 µ J ] L = 0,5H ] G 1‰‰ ‰ ‰X k‰‰ ‰ ‰'KeI
t 2 =9,5 m s ] t1 =2,4 ms
0,5 + 4 ,9 ,
R% ) ln . / - 54 , 8 $
! 9 , 5 $ 2 ,4 " . 10 $3 0 2 , 25 1

412
: *\X s #M-. Z"*$Q-. .
. r #+Q%2#3%2 L #+Q'I.w &6'p2 *KQ6O
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k1
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r &%2#3% d% 7MWMQ-. FWX &W~:% &6'p:-. - II
k2
2 .4V #Q)#m #'(#)*+5 .*I:I „Qg" 1- /.@H%2 R % 30 $
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„(#QO 7'{MQ) ^$M" BeK+$-. _.`QAa. tL.0 R#$6QL. ;E -
R . t % 0 &=>W-. Z% #ioeO. U AM B(#)*+,-. *I:Q-.
./0.1-. B8 0#$-. 0#'Q-. /1p 1"1>Q) ^$M" U AM s#'i ;< lKm< -1
.(2- 7,\-.) t % 0 , 2 s &=>W-. 1gX 0#'Q-. /1p &$'i ;#'K-. Z% „QgQL. - <
u AM ( mv )
.&6'p:-. B8*h Z') B(#)*+,-. *I:Q-. &$'i BA #% - V
:T2 B8 JKM$-. B(#)*+,-. *Yg6-. :A #% -2
.0#'Q-. 0.*3QL. B8 *€I
l)#m 1b Fe6$-. ;#'K-. FWX . #$QX. -3
./0.1-. ?@+- % Z%`-.
t(ms)
0 100 200 300 400
.&6'p:-. &'I.w &$'i „QgQL. -4
*''HQ) y:3O t % 0 , 25 s &=>W-. 1gX -5
( 2 dD:-. FWX ) K 2 &6h#3-. &'6D2
G< ;2 ( 250 ms t 500 m s 7T< Z% 9'WX R:Y>-. Z,$" G@-. ;#'K-. &i1) 7$5< -
.(*"*KI
tm ] 4V *I:Q-. FWX [:K‚% 1-:% &eL.:) Z>\I C % 0 ,025 µF &6L u.w &N f,% -III
u.*'HI ;E .(3-7,\-. F-E *=O.) &3)#M-. &6'p:-#) 7~:I tm ] t % 0 , 1 s &=>W-. 9gX 7YNI
.(4- 7,\-.) *I:'K$5 _#+T F-E R:~:% 71$) &O#6QLŠ#) &g'K% Z%`-. &-a1) uC *I:Q-.
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4
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3
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2
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1
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0
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-1

-2 413
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B8 1-:Q$-. _.`QAa. 021- &'=NW-. /0#K6-. BA #% - V
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:A uC !t " % U 0 sin( 2 " t ) : ;. lKm. - ST


T
. < - R.!M-. B8 &'WD#NQ-. &- #6$-. 7b
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C U0
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LC
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: 7>-.
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: y2. ;:O#i JMb2 t &=>- B8 B%2a. 7i#g-. B8*h Z') kKe$-. :A U A M !t " *I:Q-. ;.

U A M !t "
I !t " % ... ! 1 " :;wE U A M % R I ! t "
R
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1
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30
: t 1 % 200 m s :&=>W-. 1gX 0#'Q-. /1p V#Mb - <
U A M !t 1 " % 3000 mv % 3V ;< ˆboO ;#'K-. Z%
1 1
I !t 1 " % ) 3 % 0 ,1 A : 9g%2 I !t 1 " % U A M !t 1 " : ;wE
30 30
: &6'p:-. B8*h Z') B(#)*+,-. *I:Q-. - V
:y216% &6'p:W- B‚"*>Q-. 76N-. -@- t(.1-. y#=g-. Z$D /w:€% t 1 &=>W-. ;E

I !t " % C
te
, t 2 100 ms
dI
VL % r .I # L % r . I # L .0 % r I = % 10 ) 0 ,1 % 1V :;wE
dt

414
.&6'p:-. :A B(#)*+,-. 0#'Q-. 0.*3QL. *€I JKM" G@-. *Yg6-. ;E -2
I max % 0 ,1 A &$'3-. F-E I 0 % 0 &$'3-. Z% 0#'Q-. 02*% ‹#gm< 9"1KI G@-. 45#6$-. 76N-. ;< wE
dI
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dt
F-E (#'-#3QO. ;:,"2) 1-:$-. 9{Qg" G@-. 0#'QW- #M5#6% #'(#)*+5 .0#'I &6'p:-. „QgI &-#>-. ?@A B82
.C#e$-. &"#+O B8 y16g" ;<
u AM ( mv )
RI
: % Z%`-. l)#f- BO#'K-. 1"1>Q-. -3
max
Fg>g$W- t = 0 &=>W-. 1gX s#$$-. @€)
[#3LŠ. @€O ] A &e3g-. B8 U AM ! t "
k82 &g%_q. 0:>% FWX G :$6-.
t(ms) % - 20 ms :1{O U AM 0:>$-.
0 100 200 300 400
:&6'p:-. &'I.w V#Mb -4
L L
L = ! r+R " .% = ! 10+30 " . 20 .10 -3 = 0,8 H :;wE % % % :;< tW6O
r # R R eq
u AM ( mv )
: K 2 &6h#3-. kWU 1gX ;#'K-. tL0 -5
RI
max
&i#e-. Œ"*NI F-E G !" K 2 &6h#3-. kWU ;E
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&'%2q. 7i.:g-. 7. R:T R:6N$) /0.*b F-E
t(ms) r &6'p:-. &%2#3% ) /0.1-. B8 /.:Q>$-.
0 100 200 300 400 .( R B%2q. 7i#g-.2
.1%#PQ% B(#)*+5 _.`QA†) /1A#\$-. /*A#=-. B$MO (1 -III
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Q !t " d I !t "
U C !t " % ] U L !t " % r I ! t " # L :;< #$)2
C dt
dQ
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dt
duC ! t " d i !t " % $C d 2uC ! t "
i ! t " % $C ] :;:,'L
dt dt dt 2

415
duC d 2u C
uC % $ r C $ LC :B-#Q-#)2
dt dt 2
d 2uC r duC 1
2
# # uC % 0 ... ! 2 " :7,\-#) #+KQ,O ;< Z,$"2
dt L dt LC
: T ' 021-. 9Kp 1"1>I -4
t 2 % 5 ms ] t1 % 1 ms :Z'Q=>W-. Z') 9O< ˆboO ;#'K-. Z%

T' = 5 - 1 = 1 ms :;wE 4 T ' % t 2 $ t 1 :9g%2 ] 4 T' 7f$"


4
: r % 0 &-#b B8 &'WD#NQ-. &- #6$-. &)#Q5 (< -5
2
d uC 1
2
# u C % 0 ... ! 3 " :1{O (2 ) &'WD#NQ-. &- #6$-. B8 r % 0 76{)
dt LC
.n#P-. 021-#) r % 0 :&%216% &6'p:-. &%2#3% &-#b B8 _.`QAa. 02 B$MO (V
2"
:/0#K6-. @€) :(3 ) &'WD#NQ-. &- #6$W- 7b :A uC !t " % U 0 sin( t ) :;< u#KmE (ST
T
d 2u C 2" 2 2" 2"
% $U 0 ( ) sin( t ) :BO#f-. #+3Q\%2 uC !t " % U 0 sin( t)
dt 2 T T T
:1{O (3) &- #6$-. B8 #+‚":6I2
2" 2 2" 1 2"
$U 0 ( ) sin( t )# U 0 sin( t)%
T T LC T
1 2" 2 2"
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LC T T
1 2" 1
( $ 2
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LC T LC
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:Z%`-. &-a1) 0#'Q-.2 &'(#)*+,-. &g>\-. /0#KX -3
:Q t ! !"#$% &'()*
#2 $
Q t ! " C U C sin % t & :+/0 Q t ! " C U C t ! :+, (-.
' T (
dQ t !
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dt

416
2 C U0 2
i t!" cos( t ) :+/0
T T
C U0 2
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LC T
C U0
., – <%=>$% 50 ?@AB-$% C>DE :+, 9():; - 78
LC
C U0
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LC
.( A-]J N14@$% J6(FJ ) &3J(\2J C1Q 9%R%S28T% UV(K %W; T; X$YK +@ZE T [Y$%6 U.(:
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2
1 #T' $
L" % & :a!J6 T ' " T ) T' " 2 L C :+/0
C '2 (
T ' " 1 ms c C " 0 , 025 µ F :[^3* b1)B_
2
1 # 10 *3 $
L" % & 1 ,01 H
0 ,025 .10 *6 ' 2 . 3 ,14 (

417