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HARITHA S NAIR

V YEAR SECTION- B

311714251032

TOPIC: Survivor’s Community: A Healing Space For Victims of Human Trafficking

Centre for holistic rehabilitation of the largely marginalised and alienated women who have been rescued from human
trafficking. Spaces shall be designed to aid the process of healing and empowerment of the survivors who have had to go
through unspeakable horrors in their lifetime. Equal importance shall be given to outdoor spaces by employing the concepts of
therapeutic landscape.

WHY? Statistics show that 18 Million Women and Children have been trafficked in India.200000-Women and children are
forced into prostitution and bonded labour through threats and coercion each year.65000 -Children-Below the age of 16 are
trafficked each year and some of them are as young as 3 years. The shocking truth, although, is that the misery of these
individuals do not end even after being rescued from the grips of the human trafficking mafia. Social stigmatisation and double
standards of the society often result in suicidal tendencies or the survivors being tricked into trafficking again. More often than
not, they are left with no place to go and no resources to start a new life. The Nobel Peace Prize of 2018 was awarded to Dr.
Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for their efforts to prevent sexual slavery at the time of writing this synopsis. This throws light
on gravity of this evil and importance of taking steps to put a stop to it.

WHO? Individuals of all age groups –from 3 to 70 years- are reported to have been rescued from various parts of the country.
Children are usually transported to separate facilities run exclusively for them. This Survivor’s Community is intended to serve
the welfare of women of 18 to 45 years of age. Also, amenities for the children of the survivors shall be provided.

WHAT? Survivors, subjected physical and mental trauma, go through irreversible psychological damage and are vulnerable to
be infected by a range infections like HIV. The rehabilitation process should happen in the following stages:

1. Psychological Rehabilitation- counselling, medical help, group activities, meditation etc…


2. Economic Rehabilitation-providing employability training and livelihood skills,
3. Civic Rehabilitation- facilitating restoration of a civic identify and reintegration into the society.

The first two stages are to be given major focus here. Therefore the community is to have the following amenities.

Safe and secure housing/ shelter

Congregational spaces

Medical care facilities

Skill development centres

Training centres for music, dance, art etc…

Schools for children and adults

Libraries, learning centres, activity zones

Crèches and playschools

Play area for children

Administration blocks

Conference/meeting halls

Exhibition spaces

Services -kitchen, electric water supply, security office.

Also, the role of Therapeutic Landscapes in the process of healing shall be explored by blurring the boundaries between
indoor and outdoor spaces. The concept of Salutogenesis- a design model focused on promoting health rather than curing
diseases to be considered. Other amenities to be provided will be finalised based on the special study.
WHERE? The south Indian states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh stand respectively in 6th,7th,8th and
9th positions in the human trafficking index. On the other hand the state of Kerala stands at the 26th position in the list. Since the
shelter homes are reported to face the threat of infiltrators from the trafficking mafia, this relatively lesser rate of trafficking
would make Kerala a safe location for the survivor’s community.

The site chosen is at the town of Wadakkanchery, in Thrissur- the cultural capital of Kerala. It is accessible through the
Wadakkachery railway station and bus depot and is in close proximity to other amenities like schools, colleges and a number of
government, Ayurvedic and Homeopathic hospitals. Cochin International Airport is at a distance of 70 km from the site .The aim
is to provide a serene and calm environment away from the hustle and bustle of the city without compromising accessibility to
basic amenities. The scenic beauty of the place is also an added incentive.

SPECIAL STUDY: The special study involved is intended to be mainly on the psychological impact of the traumatic
experiences on the survivors. Studies show that the survivors are prone to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Role of
architectural spaces in restoring confidence and dignity of the survivors and its therapeutic effects in the process of healing shall
be investigated. Existing shelter homes and their approach in rehabilitation and governmental guidelines if any shall also be
studied.

AVAILABILITY OF RESOURCES: Numerous research papers from authentic sources on the topic are available on the
internet. “Global report on trafficking in person” by UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime), “Human Trafficking in
India: Dynamics, Current Efforts and Intervention Opportunities” by a team at Stanford University and “Guidelines for shelter
homes by the Ministry Of Women And Child Development” are a treasure trove of valuable information. Various NGOs like
Prajwala in Hyderabad, The Rescue foundation in Mumbai, the Hope foundation in Delhi and KKSS in Chennai were contacted
for assistance in research. Positive response was received from Apne Aap foundation, Mumbai so far who were willing to
provide information about their work. Efforts are being made to arrange case studies in similar institutions.

LIMITATIONS: Master plan of the community shall be detailed out with strong emphasis on the outdoor and landscape
elements. The residential units and interaction spaces for the survivors also shall be detailed. One of the notable limitations is
that the topic being highly sensitive, the approach to design and views regarding it can be highly subjective.

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