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KUIS STATISTIK & PROBABILITAS

Nama :……………………………………..
NPM :……………………………………..

1. Researchers suspect that the average number of units earned per semester by college students
is rising. A researcher at Calendula College wishes to estimate the number of units earned by
students during the spring semester at Calendula. To do so, he randomly selects 100 student
transcripts and records the number of units each student earned in the spring term. He found
that the average number of semester units completed was 12.96 units per student. Identify the
population of interest to the researcher.
a) all Calendula College students
b) all college students
c) all Calendula College students enrolled in the spring
d) all college students enrolled in the spring

2. A marketing research firm, in conducting a comparative taste test, provided three types of
peanut butter to a sample of households randomly selected within the state. Which of the 4
methods of data collection is involved when people are asked to compare the three types of
peanut butter?
a) published sources
b) experimentation
c) surveying
d) observation

3. If two events are collectively exhaustive, what is the probability that one or the other occurs?
a) 0
b) 0.50
c) 1.00
d) Cannot be determined from the information given.

4. Which of the following statements about the median is not true?


a) It is more affected by extreme values than the arithmetic mean.
b) It is a measure of central tendency.
c) It is equal to Q2.
d) It is equal to the mode in bell-shaped "normal" distributions.

5. The width of each bar in a histogram corresponds to the


a) differences between the boundaries of the class.
b) number of observations in each class.
c) midpoint of each class.
d) percentage of observations in each class.
6. The collection of all possible events is called
a) a simple probability.
b) a sample space.
c) a joint probability.
d) the null set.
7. A campus program evenly enrolls undergraduate and graduate students. If a random sample
of 4 students is selected from the program to be interviewed about the introduction of a new
fast food outlet on the ground floor of the campus building, what is the probability that all 4
students selected are undergraduate students?
a) 0.0256
b) 0.0625
c) 0.16
d) 1.00
8. What type of probability distribution will the consulting firm most likely employ to analyze
the insurance claims in the following problem?
An insurance company has called a consulting firm to determine if the company has an
unusually high number of false insurance claims. It is known that the industry proportion
for false claims is 3%. The consulting firm has decided to randomly and independently
sample 100 of the company’s insurance claims. They believe the number of these 100 that
are false will yield the information the company desires.
a) binomial distribution
b) Poisson distribution
c) hypergeometric distribution
d) None of the above.
9. Which of the following is a continuous quantitative variable?
a) the color of a student’s eyes
b) the number of employees of an insurance company
c) the amount of milk produced by a cow in one 24-hour period
d) the number of gallons of milk sold at the local grocery store yesterday
TABLE 2-3
Every spring semester, the School of Business coordinates with local business leaders a luncheon
for graduating seniors, their families, and friends. Corporate sponsorship pays for the lunches of
each of the seniors, but students have to purchase tickets to cover the cost of lunches served to
guests they bring with them. The following histogram represents the attendance at the senior
luncheon, where X is the number of guests each graduating senior invited to the luncheon and f is
the number of graduating seniors in each category.

160 152

140

120

100
85
Frequency

80

60

40
17 18
20
3 0
0
0 1 2 3 4 5
Guests per Student

10. Referring to the histogram from Table 2-3, how many graduating seniors attended the
luncheon?
a) 4
b) 152
c) 275
d) 388