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chemical agent – Any toxic chemical intended for use in military operations.

chemical ammunition – a type of ammunition, the filler of which is primarily a

chemical agent.
chemical defense – the methods, plans and procedures involved in establishing
and executing defensive measures against attack utilizing chemical agents.
chemical dose – the amount of chemical agent, expressed in milligrams, that is
taken or absorbed by the body
chemical environment – conditions found in an area resulting from direct or
persisting effects of chemical weapons.
contamination – 1. The deposit, absorption, or absorption of radioactive material,
or of biological or chemical agents on or by structures, areas, personnel, or
2. Food and/or water made unfit for consumption by humans or animals because of
the presence of environmental chemicals, radioactive elements, bacteria or
organisms, the byproduct of the growth of bacteria or organisms, the decomposing
material (to include the food substance itself), or waste in the food or water. (JP
contamination control – Procedures to avoid, reduce, remove, or render harmless,
temporarily or permanently , nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination for
purpose of maintaining or enhancing the efficient conduct of military operations.
decontamination – The process of making any person, object, or area safe by
absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or
biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it.
(JP 1-
decontamination station – A building or location suitably equipped and organized
where personnel and material are cleansed of chemical, biological or radiological
contaminants. (JP 1-02)
defoliant operation - The employment of defoliating agents on vegetated areas in
support of military operations. (JP 1-02)
defoliating agent – A chemical which causes trees, shrubs, and other plants to
shed their leaves prematurely. (JP 1-02)
binary chemical munition – A munition in which chemical substances, held in
separate containers, react when mixed or combined as a result of being fired,
launched, or otherwise initiated to produce a chemical agent. (JP 1-02)
blister agent – A chemical agent which injures the eyes and lungs, and burns or
blisters the skin. Also called vesicant agent. (JP 1-02)
blood agent – A chemical compound, including the cyanide group, the affects bodily
functions by preventing the normal utilization of oxygen by body tissues. (JP 1-02)
herbicide – A chemical compound that will kill or damage plants. (JP 1-02)
incapacitating agent – An agent that produces temporary physiological or mental
effects, or both, which will render individuals incapable of concerted effort in
performance of their assigned duties. (JP 1-02)
incapacitating illness or injury – The casualty status of a person (a) whose
illness or injury requires hospitalization but medical authority does not classify
very seriously ill or injured; or (b) seriously ill or injured and the illness or
makes the person physically or mentally unable to communicate with the next of
kin. Also called III. (JP 1-02)
lapse – A marked decrease in air temperature with increasing altitude because the
ground is warmer than the surrounding air. This condition usually occurs when
skies are clear and between 1100 and 1600 hours, local time. Strong convection
currents exist during lapse conditions. For chemical operations, the state is
as unstable. This condition is normally considered the most unfavorable for the
release of chemical agents. (FM 3-6)
neat chemical agent – A nondiluted, full-strength (as manufactured) chemical
agent. A chemical agent manufactured by the binary synthesis route will also be
considered a neat agent regardless of purity.
nerve agent – A potentially lethal chemical agent which interferes with the
transmission of nerve impulses.
operational decontamination – Decontamination carried out by an individual
and/or a unit, restricted to specific parts of operationally essential equipment,
material and/or working areas, in order to minimize contact and transfer hazards
and to sustain operations. This may include decontamination of the individual
beyond the scope of immediate decontamination, as well as decontamination of
mission-essential spares and limited terrain decontamination.