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ASTM E136-94

BEHAVIOR OF MATERIALS IN
A VERTICAL TUBE FURNACE
AT 750°C
3M E-50 INTERAM~ SERIES MAT

Project No. 14540-99234

January 17, 1995

Prepared for:

Peak Seals Inc.


P.O. Box 309
Cypress, TX 77429
(713) 256-2901
Proj ect No. 14540·99234
Project 14540-99234 January 15, 1996
Peak Seals Inc. Page ii

ABSTRACT

Specimens of 3M E·50
E-50 INTERAM'" SERIES MAT were submitted by
E136-94 Standard Test
Peak Seals Inc. for evaluation by ASTM E136·94
Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at
750 ac. The samples met the criteria for surface and interior
750°C.
temperatures, flaming and weight loss.

THE TEST SPECIMEN PASSED THIS TEST.

The description of the test specimen and the results presented herein are
true and correct to the best of our knowledge and within the bounds of
normal engineering methods and techniques.

Date: / - (7
/- (,7'- '7'-fi
'7'Ji
Manuel Rocha III
Fire Test Technologist

Reviewed and approved:

/ij~
William E. Fitch, P.E. No. 55296 Date:._...!-/---...:/~7_--,-=Y6_
Date:._-'-I-_/....:...7_J-'..:.~;_
Project No. 14540-99234 January 15, 1996
Peak Seals Inc. Page 1

I. INTRODUCTION
IN'IRODUCTION

This report describes the results of the ASTM E136-94 Standard Method of
750°0 C.
Test for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750

This standard should be used to measure and describe the properties of


materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and {lameflame under
controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or
appraise the fire hazard or fil'e
fire rish of materials, products, or assemblies
under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as
elements of a fire rish assessment which tahestakes into account all of the
factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a
use .
particular end use.

II. PURPOSE

The results of the ASTM E136-94 test method may be used to characterize
those materials which do not support combustion under the specified test
conditions (750°
(750 0 C). The method is not intended to be used for laminated or
coated materials. Materials passing the test are permitted limited flaming,
glowing and mass loss.

III. DESCRIPrION
DESCRIPTION OF TEST SPECIMENS

The test specimens consisted of pieces 38 mm (1.5 in.) x 38 mm (1.5 in.) x 51


mm (2.0 in.) thick. If the specimens were less than 51 mm thick, they were
stacked and wired together to create a total height of 51 mm (2 in.).
in.). A hole
was drilled into the geometric center of each specimen from the top in order
to insert a thermocouple. Another thermocouple was placed along one side
face. The specimens were attached to pieces of support wire for insertion
into the furnace.

IV. TESrPROCEDURE
TESTPROCEDURE

The specimens were conditioned at 60° 60 0 ± 3°C for a minimum of twenty-four


hours and a maximum of forty-eight hours, then stored in a desiccator for
at least one hour. The furnace temperature was stabilized at 750 ± 5.5°C
± lOOF).
(1382° ± 10°F). Each specimen was inserted into the furnace chamber and
kept there until failure or until all temperature rise had ceased. Our
furnace was constructed without the thermocouple "Ti" "TI" in the location
indicated in the 1994 version of the standard. However, by the present
wording of this standard, thermocouple Ti TI is not required to be used.
Therefore, in all significant aspects, our furnace and test procedure comply
with the standard test method.
Project No. 14540-99234 January 15, 1996
Peak Seals Inc. Page 2

V. RESULTSANDOBSERVATIONS
RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS

Specimen I. D.: 3M E-50 INTERAM'" SERIES MAT


Specimen Description: Flexible Endothermic Fire Wrap
Date Received: 11-27-95
Date of Test: 12-14-95

The results ofthese


of these tests are presented in the following table:
table:

Furnace Max. Max.


Temp. at Surface Interior
Specimen Initial Final Wt.
Wt.Loss
Loss Start of Test Temp. Temp.
Number Wt. (g) Wt. (g) (%) (OC) (O
(OC)
C) (OC)
(OC)
1 60.9 49.1 19.4 750 703 283
2 59.2 47.8 19.3 750 768 307
SOl
3 63.8 51.3 19.6 750 761 392
4 64.2 52.0 19.5 750 774 306

VI. CONCLUSIONS

The specimens met the specific criteria in this standard.

~OA "0
o~ '.....
Project No. 14540-99234 January 15, 1996
Peak Seals Inc. Page 3

APPENDIX
TEST DATA AND PLOTS
99234
Test 1
800

700 /
750 0 C
600
<..l
0
500

-.,
~
~
~
::>

Q)
c.
400
- - Sample Temp (surface)
- - - Sample Temp (Inside)
E
Q)
I- 300

---
-- - -- -- -
-- -
--
200
.-
100
./
./ -
.-

00 2 4 6 8 10
Time (min)

99234
Test 2
800

700
750" C
600
<..l
0
Q) 500
~ - - Sample Temp. (surface)
.;I
.3
.,
~
l'!
Q)
c.
400 - - - Sample Temp. (inside)

.,
E
---
Q)
I- 300
.- ---- --
---- .--

200 ",-
/ '
/
,/
100
/
000
0 5 10 15 20
Time (min)

o.,.
.".
~GA Po
.,GA
..
'''to...
v.
f'
".°ItATO</'
~
°IfATO'l'"iii
..
99234
Test 3
800

700

600 - - Sample Temp. (surface)


(J
() t - - - Sample Temp. (inside)

- 500~
0
500r
~
Q)

-.,
:0
:0
c;;
.,
1ii
~
Q)
a.
400 1
;'
E
Q)
I- 300

200 ,/

100
/
, -
....
...-
0
000 5 10 15 20
Time (min)

99234
Test 4
800

700
750Q C
600
()
(J
.,
---
0
Q) 500
~ - - - Sample Temp. (inside)
:J
".,
c;;
~
'a."
Q) 400 - - Sample Temp. (surface)

.,E
Q)
I- 300
--.,.~
~ - -- r""-~'-

200
./
./ --
-_./
100 ,-
,/

00 5 10 15 20
Time (min)

i-<>A Po
~
.. '.,.
'of.
o '"

of.°llATO'l'~.,
~