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TECHNICAL CENTERS & PROJECTS (TC&P)

TECHNICAL CENTER (ENGINEERING)


ENGINEERING PROJECTS

EPC FOR BAB INTEGRATED FACILITIES PROJECT (BIFP)

ADNOC Onshore Contract No.: 16376.01


ADNOC Onshore Project No.: P11570

PHILOSOPHY
(This Document is Developed From FEED Document No. 11.99.91.0606 Rev 02 of Project No. P11570)

1 18-Apr-2018 LBY YN JK Issued for Design

C 04-Apr-2018 LBY YN JK Re-Issued for Approval

B 06-Mar-2018 YN RK JK Re-Issued for Approval

A 31-Jan-2018 YN RK JK Issued for Review

REV. DATE ORIGINATOR REVIEWED APPROVED DESCRIPTION

THIS DOCUMENT IS INTENDED FOR USE BY ADNOC ONSHORE AND ITS NOMINATED CONSULTANTS, CONTRACTORS, MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS.

ORIGINATOR:
CHINA PETROLEUM ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION

HSE Philosophy Section :

ADNOC Onshore Document No. : 11-99-89-1602 Revision :1

Originator No. : Date : 18-Apr-2018

ADNOC Onshore Project No : P11570 Page : 1 of 95

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The table below is a brief summary of the most recent revisions to this document. Details of all
revisions are held on document by the issuing department.

Sr. Rev. Issue Date of


Description of revision
No. No. No. issue
1 A -- 31.01.2018 Issued for Review
06.03.2018 CHSE & PMC Comments incorporated.
2 B --
Re-Issued for Approval
04.04.2018 PMC Comments incorporated.
3 C --
Re-Issued for Approval
18.04.2018 PMC Minor Comments incorporated.
4 1 --
Issued for Design.

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Table of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 4
1.1 Bab Field Description ....................................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Project Objective .............................................................................................................................. 4
1.3 Project Scope of Work ..................................................................................................................... 5
1.4 Definition .......................................................................................................................................... 6
1.5 Abbreviation ................................................................................................................................... 12
1.6 Project HSE Objectives .................................................................................................................. 13
1.7 Purpose of HSE Philosophy ........................................................................................................... 14

2 BASIS OF HSE PHILOSOPHY ..................................................................................... 15


2.1 General........................................................................................................................................... 15
2.2 Applicable Codes & Standards ...................................................................................................... 15
2.3 Applicable Federal Laws ................................................................................................................ 16
2.4 ADNOC HSE Policy Objectives ..................................................................................................... 16
2.5 COMPANY HSE Policy Objectives ................................................................................................ 17
2.6 PROJECT HSE Policy Objectives during EPC .............................................................................. 17

3 DESIGN CRITERIA ....................................................................................................... 21

4 KEY HSE STUDIES AND SCHEDULE ......................................................................... 22


4.1 HSEIA-EPC Update ....................................................................................................................... 22
4.2 HSEIA EPC Update – Dossier ....................................................................................................... 23
4.3 FSA/ GDA ...................................................................................................................................... 23
4.4 QRA................................................................................................................................................ 24
4.5 Vent Dispersion and Radiation Study ............................................................................................ 24

5 PROJECT HSE PHILOSOPHY ..................................................................................... 26


5.1 Environment Philosophy ................................................................................................................ 28
5.2 Health Philosophy .......................................................................................................................... 30
5.3 Safety Philosophy .......................................................................................................................... 32
5.4 F&G and FP Philosophy................................................................................................................. 41
5.5 Buildings Philosophy ...................................................................................................................... 42
5.6 Other Philosophies ......................................................................................................................... 43

6 REFERENCES .............................................................................................................. 52

7 APPENDICES ............................................................................................................... 53
7.1 Appendix-1: List of Applicable Laws, Codes, Standards and Specifications ................................. 53
7.2 Appendix-2: COMPANY HSE Policy.............................................................................................. 73
7.3 Appendix-3: CONTRACTOR HSE Policy ...................................................................................... 74
7.4 Appendix-4: HSE design requirements .......................................................................................... 75
7.5 Appendix-5: Safety Distances Table .............................................................................................. 92

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1 INTRODUCTION
Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Petroleum Operations Ltd. (ADNOC Onshore, hereafter
called as COMPANY) intends to increase crude oil production from the current production
rate of 1.4 to 1.8MMBOPD. This increase in production will be achieved by developing
different reserves (building block development) in COMPANY’s fields.

COMPANY plans to develop the new Thamama-A and Thamama-H zones in Bab field to
produce an additional 30MBOPD, which along with other on-going developments, will
sustain a production of 400MBOPD. At the same time, COMPANY plans to develop the
new Updip & Attic zone to sustain current production of 300MBOPD from Thamama-B.

Currently, in Bab field, several projects (either completed or at the Execution Stage) are
undertaken to develop other new zones such as Thamama-G, Habshan-2 and Habshan-
1 which form some of the building blocks producing the required additional 400 MBOPD.
These are dealt separately under various Bab field expansion projects.

1.1 Bab Field Description

The Bab field is located in a desert area, approximately 160Km South-West of Abu Dhabi
city (Figure 1-1 - Bab Habshan Site Location). The field covers an area of approximately
45Km by 25Km. The main processing facilities are located around Bab Habshan.

The field is sour with high H2S content (up to 11% H2S content). The wells to the North-
East of Bab field exhibit generally higher H2S content than wells to the South-West.

Aquifer water is injected into the producing zones for reservoir pressure maintenance.
Associated gas separated at BCDS is delivered to GASCO for processing and processed
Crude Oil is pumped to COMPANY export network.

Figure 1-1 - Bab Habshan Site Location

1.2 Project Objective

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The overall project objectives of the Bab Integrated Facilities Project are as follows:

1. To create capacity for TH-H and TH-A new reservoirs to produce an additional 15
MBOPD each as part of 1.8 MMBOPD building blocks.

2. To sustain production from TH-B at 300 MBOPD by developing new TH-B UAD
reservoirs.

3. To reinstate BCDS Technical margin at 20% by handling the production coming from
Hb-1 (30 MBOPD), Hb-2 (30 MBOPD) and Th-G (60 MBOPD).

4. Implement Bab Master Plan (BMP) requirements (PAD Drilling etc.) in the project.

5. Replacement of 33 kV OHL wooden poles into Steel Lattice.

The project objective is to execute the EPC of the surface facilities design for new TH-A,
TH-H and TH-B UAD developments as well as processing the Habshan-1, Habshan-2,
TH-G and TH-B (non-Updip & Attic) production to maintain a total sustainable oil
production rate of 450 MBOPD, reinstating the 20% technical margin.

1.3 Project Scope of Work

As a minimum, the EPC aims to execute the following surface facilities:

1. Well Fluid Gathering System comprising;


a. Off-plot wells (Individual wells remote from RDS’s, PADs or Mini PADs).
b. PADs (20 wells grouped in a standard arrangement with a PAD processing area
comprising of manifolds and other supporting facilities).
c. Mini-PADs (10 wells grouped in a standard arrangement with a PAD processing
area comprising of manifolds and other supporting facilities).
d. Well-Bays (10 wells grouped in a standard arrangement with minimum
supporting facilities, however tied to nearest station/PAD/MINIPAD as individual
well (BAU))
e. MPFMs as required in PAD/ Mini PAD & RDSs
f. Flow lines
g. Manifolds as required in existing RDSs
h. Transfer lines
2. An additional train of 176000 BLPD total liquid capacity in the existing Bab Central
Degassing Station (BCDS) with associated facilities
3. Modifications to the existing BCDS Facilities, Utilities, substation and Control Room.
4. Additional facilities at 5 numbers RDSs (1, 4, 6, 8 & 9) for Produced water separation,
treatment and disposal by providing Dewatering station adjacent to existing location.
5. Water Injection clusters

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6. Pipeline Corridors
7. RDS Modifications
8. Associated Utilities for the above systems

1.4 Definition

Term Definition

As low as Reasonably Practicable - Means to reduce a risk to


a level which is as low as reasonably practicable and involves
balancing reduction in risk against the time, trouble, difficulty
ALARP and cost of achieving it. This level represents the point,
objectively assessed, at which the time, trouble, difficulty and
cost of further reduction measures becomes unreasonably
disproportionate to the additional risk reduction obtained.

Expresses the acceptable level of health, safety and


environmental performances for a given period or phase of
Acceptance criteria
activity. They may be defined both in quantitative and
qualitative terms

Best Available Techniques, the most effective and advanced


stage in the development of activities and their methods of
operation which indicates the practical suitability of particular
BAT techniques for providing in principle the basis for Emission
Limit Values (ELVs) designed to prevent, or where that is not
practicable, generally to reduce emissions and the impact on
the environment as a whole.

A Bowtie diagram provides a visual representation of all


credible accident scenarios that could exist around a certain
Bow-tie Hazard. Bow-tie diagram links ‘Threats’ & ‘Consequences’ to
an ‘Event’ which is controlled by various ‘Prevention’ &
‘Recovery Measures (barriers).

Building Risk Assessment measures the risk to people in


occupied buildings and risks to buildings containing Safety
BRA Critical Equipment in a process plant and identifies any
improvements that are required to ensure that they are
adequately safeguarded.

Brownfield project refers to project of expansion, extension,


Brownfield Project addition or revamping of units, equipment, utilities or services
on an existing facility

Codes of Practice - High level ‘standard setting’ documents


COP which, in effect, set out a series of principles that shall be
incorporated in Group Company systems and procedures.
ADNOC Group Companies shall demonstrate that they meet

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Term Definition
the requirements of the HSE COPs either by showing that
they have the necessary systems and procedures in place
and/or by preparing additional systems and procedures to
address identified gaps. It is the responsibility of the Group
Companies to prepare their own detailed systems and
procedures as part of their HSEMS.

The ability to perform a particular job in compliance with the


Competent required knowledge and skills set. Will usually require the
necessary blend of qualification, training, skills and experience

COMPANY ADNOC Onshore

China Petroleum Engineering and Construction Corporation


CONTRACTOR
(CPECC)

Appointed 3rd Party HSEIA Sub-contractor. The party which


CONSULTANT carries out HSEIA studies as specified by COMPANY / PMC /
CONTRACTOR

Environmental Impact Assessment - Systematic process of


evaluating the environmental impacts of an activity, project or
EIA
process on the environment. (Refer to ADNOC COPV2-01 for
more details)

Environmental Impact Statement - Document prepared


following an environmental impact assessment. An EIS is an
integral part of an HSEIA report. It is required for all projects,
facilities and operations where there is potential for significant
environmental impacts to occur. It identifies significant
environmental impacts and demonstrates how corrective
EIS (mitigation) measures are introduced in the design process -
by using Best Available Techniques (BAT) - to eliminate or
minimise the impact. The EIS shall address each of the
lifecycle phases i.e. project conception, engineering,
procurement, construction, commissioning, operation,
decommissioning, disposal and site restoration of a project.
(Refer to ADNOC COPV2-01)

A greenfield project is one which is not constrained by prior


Greenfield Project work. It is constructing on unused land where there is no need
to remodel or demolish an existing structure.

Any substance, physical effect, or condition with potential to


Hazard harm people, property or the environment or adversely affect
company reputation.

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Term Definition

Health risk is the combination of likelihood that harm to health


Health Risk may occur (which is related to probability of exposure)
multiplied by the severity of health effects.

Activities that are important in preventing events with potential


to cause serious harm to people, the environment or property
or which can reduce the impact of such an event.
HSE Critical Activities
Note: The definition of serious harm includes the critical,
severe and catastrophic categories shown in the risk potential
matrix in the ADNOC Risk Management Guidelines

PROJECT Bab Integrated Facility Project (BIFP) – Current Project

Health Safety Environment Critical Equipment & Systems.


Parts of an installation and such of its structures, plant,
equipment and systems or any part thereof, the failure of
which could cause or contribute substantially to; or a purpose
of which is to prevent or limit the effect of a major accident
HSECES
(hardware barriers), or any accident with severe or
catastrophic consequences.
Note: Asset specific HSECES are identified using Bow-Tie
analysis. All prevention, detection, mitigation and recovery
hardware barriers to control MAH are treated as HSECES.

A statement of assurance that the HSECES will perform its


function(s) as intended, shall be reliable, available and survive
the effects of a major accident as and when required. (Refer to
ADNOC COPV6-01)
Also, the performance standard is a set of requirements that
forms the basis for assurance tasks for HSE critical elements
during design and operations. The performance is required in
order to manage the major accident hazards. Performance
HSECES Performance
standards from the design phase are generic which may have
Standards
limited use in connection with test and maintenance. These
Performance standards shall be made asset / operation
specific, measurable, appropriate, realistic and shall be
updated for the operation phase.
(Operation Phase Performance standards developed without
taking the Operations input into consideration may not be fit to
the Organization or the existing test and maintenance
system).

HSE Critical Integrity Activities such as design, construction, installation,


Task or Activity commissioning, operation, modification, repair, inspection,

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Term Definition
testing or examination associated with assuring the integrity of
a HSECES.

Health, Safety and Environmental Impact Assessment -


Systematic process of identifying HSE impacts of existing,
HSEIA
new or substantially altered projects, and establishing
prevention and mitigation requirements.

A living document that considers the full lifecycle of project


design, facilities and operations. It shall address the HSE
impacts in each of the lifecycle phases i.e. project conception,
Lifecycle HSEIA Report design, (pre) commissioning, operation, decommissioning and
site restoration of a project. HSE risks related to construction
and demolition phases are managed through Group Company
HSEMS procedures.

Compilation of all the HSEIA and other Safety Studies


documents, drawings, maps etc. which provides
HSEIA Dossier comprehensive information related to all health, safety and
environment related risk studies and mitigation plans related
to a specific project/operation facility.

Health, Safety, Environmental Management System - the


company structure, responsibilities, practices, procedures,
HSEMS
processes and resources for implementing health, safety and
environmental management

Major accident means an ‘Occurrence’ in the operation which


leads to severe or catastrophic consequences including the
critical high risk (which corresponds to Severity: 3 &
Probability: E in ADNOC Risk Assessment Matrix) to people,
assets, the environment and/or company reputation (as
defined in the ADNOC COPV5-06 HSE Risk Management).
The consequences may be immediate or delayed and may
occur outside as well as inside the site. There will also be a
high potential for escalation. Examples of ‘Major Accidents’
would include, but are not limited to:
Major Accident Loss of containment of flammable and/or toxic fluids leading to
fire, explosion and/or toxic injury
Events resulting in structural failure which could lead to further
progressive collapse
Loss of stability of mobile offshore installation
Well blowouts
Ships colliding with offshore installations or onshore jetties
used for bulk loading, explosive, flammable or toxic
substances.

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Term Definition
Service vessel colliding with or otherwise affecting offshore
installations
Other external hazards affecting offshore and onshore sites
e.g. Accommodation/work barges alongside fixed installations,
helicopters and aircraft, road/marine product tankers.
The definition of ‘Major accident’ specifically relates to
“Process Safety” and excludes ‘Occupational safety accidents’
which have bounded, albeit possibly severe or catastrophic
consequences. This means that one or more pedestrian
fatalities resulting from a road accident on a site (however
regrettable and tragic) would not be defined as a ‘Major
Accident’. Similarly, one or more fatalities resulting from a fall
from a scaffolding platform (again regrettable and tragic)
would not be defined as a ‘Major Accident’.
The purpose of this definition of ‘Major accident’ is to identify
‘Major Hazard Sites’ for the purposes of this Code of Practice.
Group Companies managing ‘Major Hazard Sites’ will be
required to prepare a COMAH Report.

Major Accident Hazard. A hazard that has the potential to


MAH
result in a ‘Major Accident’

Where the conditions, substances and materials on a site, and


the location of the site, are such that a ‘Major Accident
Major Accident Potential
Hazard’ is present and there is therefore the possibility of a
‘Major Accident’

Any process plant, storage facility, terminal, pipeline, offshore


installation, Oil & Gas product & by-product carrier vessels,
Major Hazard Site drilling rig or any other facility handling or storing hazardous
materials that has ‘Major Accident Potential’ at any time in the
course of routine and/or non-routine operations

With reference to this code of practice, modification means the


Modification projects design changes in the existing operating facility based on the
approved change management process.

PROJECT
COMPANY authorized party (Project Management Team)
MANAGMENET
responsible for the overall day to day execution of PROJECT
CONSULTANT (PMC)

Occupational Health Risk Assessment - the identification of


health hazards in the workplace and subsequent evaluation of
OHRA risk to health, taking account of existing control measures.
This assessment covers changes in health risk reasonably
attributable to a project, programme or policy and undertaken

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Term Definition
for a specific purpose. Where appropriate, the need for further
measures to control exposure is identified.

The Occupational Health Risk Assessment Report


demonstrating that the occupational health risks have been
OHRA Report assessed and all the necessary steps to control by reduction
to ALARP or elimination of these risks have been or will be
taken.

Quantitative Risk Assessment


Risk is the product of the measure of the likelihood of
occurrence of an undesired event and the potential adverse
consequences which this event may have upon:
People – injury or harm to physical or psychological health
QRA Assets (or Revenue) – damage to property (assets) or loss of
production
Environment – water, air, soil, animals, plants and social
Reputation – employees and third parties. This includes the
liabilities arising from injuries and property damage to third
parties including the cross liabilities that may arise between
the interdependent ADNOC Group Companies.

The process of implementing decisions about accepting or


Risk Management
altering risks.

Shall Indicates mandatory requirement for compliance

Should Indicates a ‘preference’

Significance of an environmental impact is determined by the


joint consideration of its characteristics (magnitude, extent,
duration etc.) and the importance (or value) that is attached to
the resource losses, environmental deterioration or alternative
uses which are foregone. Significance criteria fall into two
main categories:
Significant Environmental Emissions based, comprising standards for air & water quality,
Impact noise etc.
Environmental quality based, comprising significance criteria
for valued ecosystem components or similar attributes.
ADNOC distinguishes between planned and accidental
significant impacts, with different criteria for both. The criteria
are defined in ADNOC document ‘Code of Practice on
Environmental Impact Assessment’.

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Term Definition

SUBCONTRACTOR The party which carries out all or part of the design,
procurement, installation and testing of the systems as
specified by CONTRACTOR / SUPPLIER

1.5 Abbreviation

ADNOC Abu Dhabi National Oil Company


ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
ADNOC Onshore Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Petroleum Operations Ltd.
ALARP As Low As Reasonably Practicable
AOC Accidentally Oil Contaminated
API American Petroleum Institute
BAT Best Available Technique
BIFP Bab Integrated Facilities Project
CDS Central Degassing Station
COP Codes of Practice
DEP Design Engineering Practice
EERA Escape, Evacuation and Rescue Analysis
EPC Engineer, Procure, Construct
ESD Emergency Shutdown
Ex symbol – approved to the EU directive 94/9/EC for operation
Ex
in potential explosive atmospheres
F&G Fire & Gas
FEED Front End Engineering Design
FRP Facility Response Plan
FSA Fire Safety Assessment
GDA Gas Dispersion Analysis
H2S Hydrogen Sulphide
HAZID Hazard Identification
HAZOP Hazard and Operability Study
HC Hydrocarbon
HSE Health, Safety and Environment
HSECES Health Safety Environment Critical Equipment & Systems
HSEIA Health, Safety and Environmental Impact Assessment

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HSEMS Health, Safety and Environment Management System


IP The Institute of Petroleum, also Intermediate Pressure
LOPA Layers of Protection Analysis
LSIR Location Specific Individual Risk
MBOPD Thousands (103) of barrels of oil per day
MOL Main Oil Line
NFPA National Fire Protection Association
NOx Nitrogen Oxide
OHRA Occupational Health Risk Assessment
PEM Physical Effect Model/ Modelling
PFP Passive Fire Protection
PHSER Project Health, Safety and Environmental Review
PPE Personnel Protective Equipment
PPE Personnel Protective Equipment
PS Performance Standard
PTW Permit To Work
QRA Quantitative Risk Assessment
RDS Remote Degassing Station
RP Recommended Practice
RRM Risk Reduction Measures
SCBA Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
SCBA Self-Contained Air Breathing Apparatus
SIL Safety Integrity Level
SIMOPS Simultaneous Operations
SO2 Sulphur Dioxide
TOR Terms of Reference
UAE United Arab Emirates

1.6 Project HSE Objectives

The Project HSE objectives are summarised as:

1. To design facilities in compliance with UAE Laws and Regulations, ADNOC COPs,
COMPANY HSE codes and standards and Shell DEP (Version 39), other applicable
codes and standards and Good Engineering Practices.

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2. To assess all risks to ensure that plant design reduces to ALARP for all quantified
risks. Also to ensure the design achieves a demonstrable level of ‘ALARP’ with regard
to PEAR, being (P) People, (E) Environment) (A) Asset and (R) Reputation.

3. To instil continual HSE improvement.

4. To achieve zero flaring during normal operations.

5. To minimise the disposal of produced water to disposal aquifers.

1.7 Purpose of HSE Philosophy

The purpose of this document is to describe HSE objectives for the PROJECT, the
strategy of how those objectives will be met, and the applicable codes and standards
which are to be adopted.

It also aims to define HSE technical requirements for the EPC Phase in addition to the
standards to which the facilities will be designed.

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2 BASIS OF HSE PHILOSOPHY

2.1 General

A risk-based approach will be utilised to ensure safe design of the PROJECT facilities,
which will minimize risks to personnel, assets, environment and reputation. This approach
involves:

1. Identification of hazards and their potential consequences;

2. Assessment of the damage potential associated with the hazards;

3. Evaluation of the associated risk;

4. Implementation of design measures that will prevent or minimise the occurrence or


damage potential associated with the identified hazards.

Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) studies will be performed to determine and
assess hazards associated with the PROJECT facilities. These studies include, but not be
limited to, HAZID, FSA/GDA, HAZOP, SIL, QRA, LOPA study, SIMOPS, Constructability
Review, Flare, Vent Radiation, Dispersion and Noise Study and HSEIA-EPC Update. The
findings of these studies will be recorded in HSE Tracking Register and will be
implemented in the design.

Fire Safety Assessment (FSA) will include consequence analysis in accordance with
relevant COMPANY methodology to determine fire radiation contours, fire zones, fire
proofing requirements, Firewater/ Foam demand and safety distances. The study will also
address toxic dispersion and explosion hazard contours.

Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) will be carried out to demonstrate that the individual
risk criteria as well as societal risk are within ADNOC (ALARP) Guidelines. The detailed
Integrated QRA report will identify and assess all the credible hazards, calculate risk level
and assess further Risk Reduction Measures (RRM) to achieve ALARP criteria. The QRA
study will also include Building Risk Assessment and Overpressure Exceedance analysis
as per the COMPANY standard requirements.

Environmental studies will be part of HSEIA-EPC Update in accordance with “ADNOC


Code of Practice on HSEIA Requirements” ADNOC-COPV1-02 Ver. 4 Nov. 2017.

2.2 Applicable Codes & Standards

EPC activities of PROJECT facilities will be performed in accordance with the UAE
Regulations, Codes, Standards, Specifications, Shell DEPs, etc.

In any areas of conflict, the order of precedence in the use shall be as follows:

1. The Laws, Standards and Regulations of the United Arab Emirates.

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2. ADNOC Codes of Practice.


3. PROJECT Documents.
4. COMPANY Procedures, Codes and Standards.
5. COMPANY Specifications and Engineering Practices.
6. COMPANY amendments and supplements to Shell DEPs.
7. Shell DEPs (v39).
8. International Codes, Standards and Recommended Practices.
9. Internationally recognized Oil and Gas Industry sound practices.
In cases of conflict, when the order of precedence does not otherwise specify among
documents, the most stringent requirement shall apply. In cases of conflict between
documents in the same level of the hierarchy, the most stringent requirement shall apply.
In all such cases of conflict COMPANY's decision shall be considered as final.

2.3 Applicable Federal Laws

All the prevailing relevant UAE Federal and Abu Dhabi laws, rules, regulations, bye-laws,
EAD requirements, etc. are applicable at all times.

Existing UAE legislation relevant to the subject of this document are listed in Appendix –
1, Section 7.1.

It shall be ensured that the activities fulfil all Federal and Abu Dhabi laws and regulations,
including ADNOC Codes of Practice.

2.4 ADNOC HSE Policy Objectives

The following statements outline ADNOC’s HSE mission statements and objectives.

2.4.1 Health and Safety

Objective – no harm to people, whether they are employees, contractors or third parties.
This involves:

1. Management of employee medical and occupational health, taken very seriously and
managed by COMPANY medical professionals
2. Design of safeguarding mechanisms that are the most effective method of
eliminating/reducing risks from occupational health hazards
3. Stringent procedures for contractor selection and day-to-day management to ensure
safety
4. The ultimate strategy involves reducing Lost Time Injury Frequency (LTIF) by the
development of site specific Hazards & Effects registers for all fields, in addition to
multiple language workshops on safety
5. Improved quality and accuracy of Total Recordable Incidents Reporting (TRIR)

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2.4.2 Environment

Objective – controlling emissions and discharges to air, water and land throughout the life-
cycle of the Project. This involves:

1. Reducing CO2 and SO2 emissions from reduced flaring


2. Re-injection of produced water and other effluents unless their discharge is compatible
with the surface environment
3. Controlling and minimising all solid and other wastes and treat and dispose of them as
per international standards

2.5 COMPANY HSE Policy Objectives

COMPANY has corporate policies in order to achieve principle objectives relating to


Health, Safety and Environment as described below.

2.5.1 COMPANY HSE Philosophy

The following statements outline COMPANY’s Philosophy towards Health, Safety and
Environment.

1. Pursue the goal of no harm to people, be they employees, contractors or members of


the public.
2. All employees and contractors are responsible for their own safety and the safety of
others.
3. Prevent pollution and conduct activities and operations in a manner that contributes to
sustainable development.
4. Ensure the integrity of all company assets to provide a highly reliable long term
operation.
5. Strive for continuous improvement.
6. Comply with the applicable laws and regulations of the U.A.E. and apply responsible
standards where laws and regulations do not exist.
All employees and contractors are permitted and responsible to stop any work that is
considered unsafe.

2.6 PROJECT HSE Policy Objectives during EPC

The main HSE objective is to develop a risk based design to identify, assess and mitigate
all process/ operational HSE hazards and demonstrate risk to PEAR is ALARP in line with
ADNOC/ COMPANY HSE policies and risk management procedures (Refer to Appendix-
2: COMPANY HSE Policy).

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Figure 2-1 - Risk Acceptability Criteria for the Project

The HSE Risk management and the Risk Acceptability Criteria for the Project will be
governed by ADNOC COPV5-06 – HSE Risk Management, Version 3. Figure 2-1 presents
appendix – 4 of ADNOC COPV5-06 which provides Risk Acceptability Criteria to be
followed for the Project.

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2.6.1 Health and Safety

1. Demonstrating that management of all health, environment and safety issues has
been followed during EPC. This shall include studying the HSE impacts and their
assessment (HSEIA) and implementation of the recommendations. These
assessments will be performed by a COMPANY approved third party consultant and
will be submitted to COMPANY for approval. QRA and FSA/GDA will be performed as
part of the HSEIA – EPC Update. The FSA / QRA reports will input to the development
of safety distances for the layouts, active fire protection, and passive fire protection for
the facility and design accident loads for the buildings within the Project.

2. Undertaking various safety related hazard assessment studies including:

a. HAZID/ ENVID/ OHID Workshops,


b. Flare Radiation and Dispersion Studies,
c. HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study)
d. SIL review
e. LOPA Study,
f. FSA and QRA,
g. SIMOPS.

2.6.2 Environment

1. Full compliance with ADNOC Guidelines as a minimum,

2. No routine flaring (this includes blanket, purge and pilot gases),

3. No venting of gases from process facilities,

4. Minimize occurrence of non-routine and emergency flaring / venting,

5. Minimize fugitive emissions using best available technology,

6. Minimization of pollution using BAT,

7. Minimization of power requirements,

8. Optimization of energy efficiency,

9. Usage of sustainable raw materials,

10. No use of ozone depleting substances,

11. No discharge of off-spec water to land and sea,

12. No discharge of oil and chemicals to land and sea,

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13. Minimization of waste generation with a final option for disposal,

14. Total re-use of all facility components at the end of project life,

15. Habitat restoration after facility abandonment and removal,

16. Optimization of facilities footprint to reduce environmental impacts,

17. Minimization of nuisance for visible impacts, noise, dust, light and odour,

18. No interference with other users of the environment.

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3 DESIGN CRITERIA
As the project facility belongs to ADNOC Group, ADNOC must regulate itself in HSE
matters under the direction of the Supreme Petroleum Council and in accordance with
Law No.1 1988. This ultimately means that the following Standards, Specifications, Codes
and Statutory Regulations will be applicable to this PROJECT which are also in line with
FEED:

1. U.A.E. Standards and Regulations

2. ADNOC Guidelines and Codes of Practice

3. ADNOC HSE Codes of Practice

4. COMPANY Procedures and Codes

5. COMPANY Specifications

6. COMPANY Amendments and Supplements to Shell DEPs

7. Shell DEPs

8. Industry Standards, Specifications and Codes

The list of above codes, standards and specifications which defines the criteria are given
in Appendix-1: List of Applicable Laws, Codes, Standards and Specifications.

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4 KEY HSE STUDIES AND SCHEDULE


This section gives a brief of key HSE studies to be performed during EPC execution so
that all design engineers clearly understand their relevance.

For detailed PROJECT-specific HSE reviews and deliverables and their schedule,
reference shall be made to Engineering HSE Plan (11.99.89.1601).

4.1 HSEIA-EPC Update

HSE Impact Assessment (HSEIA), for EPC stage, will be prepared in compliance with
ADNOC COPV1-02, Version 4, Nov. 2017.

HSEIA-EPC Update will include an update of HSEIA – FEED Phase with update of all
components as per ADNOC COPV1-02 Ver. 4.

HSEIA-EPC Update will demonstrate how PROJECT HSE objectives and various
environmental design requirements, Best Available Techniques (BAT), Practices and
Pollution Prevention Control measures will be taken into consideration, for the design
development of the PROJECT.

HSEIA-EPC Update will be undertaken by COMPANY approved 3rd Party CONSULTANT.

HSEIA-EPC Update Report will be submitted to COMPANY/ADNOC for approval (HSEIA


CONSULTANT shall allow 6 (six) weeks for COMPANY/ADNOC review and approval of
HSIEA-EPC Update Report). COMPANY/ADNOC approval shall be obtained prior to start
of construction. However, there is a waiver to allow following activities in parallel while
HSEIA-EPC Update is under review/approval with COMPANY/ADNOC;

The following activities shall be considered as early works that could start prior the HSEIA
PHASE II (HSEIA-EPC Update) approval by ADNOC:

1. Geotechnical Investigation,

2. Topographical Survey

3. Temporary Construction Access

4. Temporary security facilities construction, Site preparation works - clearing, cutting,


filling, grading, and road extensions works (any major sand dune cutting may require
approval),

5. Temporary construction facilities including camps, offices, warehouses/workshops

6. Temporary fence, Site preparation for the permanent Project area, including
construction of site foundation, and laydown area. Demolition activities shall be study
case by case in order to analyse potential impact in existing facilities. Bidder shall

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consider that other safety requirements and/or documents will be required in order to
start these early works activities in Compliance with ADCO Manual 10.

Following key elements will be covered under HSEIA-EPC Update:

1. HAZID / ENVID / OHID Register,

2. Demonstration of Non-MAH through HSEMS,

3. Inclusion of FEED-EIA (addressing FEED Recommendations),

4. COMAH [Integrated QRA including H2S Zoning and Stage III BRA and Overpressure
Exceedance Analysis, FSA/GDA, EERA update, Bow-Tie, HSECES Register &
Performance Standards (PS) and FRP review],

5. OHRA (This will be considered in HSEIA-Operation, as per ADNOC COPV1-02 Ver.


4). However, OHID Workshop will be carried out during HSEIA-EPC Update.

4.2 HSEIA EPC Update – Dossier

As per ADNOC COPV1-02, Version 4, Nov. 2017, CONTRACTOR/CONSULTANT will


develop HSEIA Dossier for the EPC Phase. HSEIA Dossier is a compilation of HSEIA-
EPC Update and other Safety Studies documents, drawings, maps etc. which provides
comprehensive information related to all health, safety and environment related risk
studies and mitigation plans related to a specific project/operation facility.

The content of HSEIA Dossier will be as per Section 3.3.2, 3.3.3 and 3.3.4 of ADNOC
V01-02, Version 4, Nov. 2017 for the detailed engineering, construction and
commissioning stages respectively and shall be in line with COMPANY approved HSEIA-
EPC Update Scope of work (11-99-93-1620).

During HSEIA Operations, HSEIA Dossier shall be updated to address operation phase
requirements to ensure that the integrity of HSECES is maintained during the operation
lifecycle. This update demonstrates how to operate and maintain the facility to ensure HSE
& integrity as defined in HSECES Performance Standards.

HSEIA – Operations will include safety studies and update of HSEIA sections as identified
in the HSEIA – EPC Update (part 9).

The HSEIA – Operations shall be carried out in accordance with ADNOC COPV1-02,
Version 4, Nov. 2017, Section 3.4 to address Operation Phase requirements.

4.3 FSA/ GDA

FSA/GDA will be carried out by 3rd Party COMPANY approved CONSULTANT for
PROJECT scope. Fire, toxic gas and explosion hazards will be assessed to determine its
consequences, the extent of hazard it poses, and its escalation potential. FSA/GDA will

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be carried out in accordance with COP 2014, COMPANY’s Technical Guidance (Doc. No.
ADCO-07-R-11), and Shell DEP 80.47.10.30.

CONSULTANT will issue an Assumption Register and will get it approved by the
COMPANY prior starting the study.

The results/ recommendations of FSA/GDA will be employed in the design development


for the PROJECT.

4.4 QRA

QRA will be carried out by 3rd Party COMPANY approved CONSULTANT to determine
the risks to personnel. QRA will commence after the plot plans are frozen, P&IDs updated,
FSA conducted, and safety barriers considered are incorporated in design. QRA will be
carried out in accordance with ADNOC COP V5-03, COMPANY’s Technical Guidance
(Doc. No. ADCO-07-R-12).

QRA will be carried out as part of HSEIA EPC update and will follow the COMPANY
approved HSEIA Scope of work.

Comparison with acceptance criteria (ADNOC HSE Risk Management, COP V5-06) will
be made and recommendations for means to mitigate any risk will be documented and will
be further implemented in the design. It will be used to demonstrate that all identified
hazards are within the ALARP region.

The QRA Study shall be used to demonstrate that the individual risk criteria as well as the
societal risks, Assets, Environment and Business Interruptions, and Reputation are within
ADNOC Acceptability Criteria (PEAR) as described in section 2.6, in accordance with
ADNOC-COPV5-03 - “Guideline on Risk Assessment & Quantitative Risk Assessment
(QRA)” and ADNOC-COPV5-06 - “HSE Risk Management”CONSULTANT will issue an
Assumption Register and will get it approved by the COMPANY prior starting the study.

H2S Zoning: ADNOC-COPV4-10 requires Group Companies to classify areas on their


plants that handle H2S according to the level of risk, and also specifies Access Controls
and Precautions to be adopted when entering classified areas. H2S zoning will be carried
out as per ADNOC-COPV4-10 and presented as part of the COMAH/ QRA report.

4.5 Vent Dispersion and Radiation Study

Any venting to atmosphere should be avoided by design. For unavoidable cases venting
shall be subject to COMPANY approval.

Vent Dispersion and Radiation study will be conducted and will provide the extent of the
pre-determined end point and provide any recommendations based on the end points to
verify if stack location and height is adequate to ensure the following:

1. Thermal radiation levels at grade from accidental ignition shall be within the
acceptance limits during maintenance venting conditions;
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2. Concentration levels at grade from toxic contaminants within the acceptance limits
both during maintenance and venting conditions

The study will be performed by the CONSULTANT utilizing COMPANY approved software
for dispersion & thermal radiation calculations respectively in line with shell DEP
80.45.10.10 guidelines and COMPANY approved Assumption Register.

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5 PROJECT HSE PHILOSOPHY


This section defines various philosophies that shall be adopted during the PROJECT execution. The HSE Philosophy under this
document has been divided into six subject headings.

Table 5-1 – Overview of HSE Philosophy Document depicts an overview of different sub-headings covered under each subject heading.

The basis of development of this document is COMPANY Guidelines [Ref. 1], and Project FEED HSE Philosophy [Ref. 4]. In addition,
Appendix-4: HSE design requirements present the tables giving the relevant exposure and discharge limits, in line with FEED, to which
the CONTRACTOR will adhere to, during the execution of the PROJECT.

Table 5-1 – Overview of HSE Philosophy Document

PROJECT HSE PHILOSOPHY

Environmental Fire Protection Buildings


Health Philosophy Safety Philosophy Other Philosophies
Philosophy Philosophy Philosophy

1. Drainage and 1. Hazardous Material 1. FSA (flammable 1. Fire and Gas 1. Buildings 1. Location,
Sewage Storage and and toxic gas Detection (including Shelter Orientation and
Handling dispersion, fire, in Place) Layout
2. Flaring and 2. Passive Fire
blast overpressure)
Venting 2. Noise and Vibration Protection 2. Heating, 2. Structural Design
2. Hazardous Area Ventilation and Air
3. Fugitive 3. Flammable and 3. Active Fire 3. Energy Isolation
Classification Conditioning
Emissions Toxic Gas Protection
(HVAC) 4. Over Pressure and
3. Flaring and Venting
4. Monitoring and 4. Asbestos and 4. Inert Gaseous Relief Protection
3. Battery Rooms
Measurements Radioactive 4. Exhausts and Vents Extinguishing
5. Emergency Shut
sources Systems – Access
5. Spill Prevention 5. Safety Equipment Down System (ESD)
/ Entry Lockout
/ Contingency 5. Ergonomics
6. Hydrogen Sulphide Systems
Plan

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PROJECT HSE PHILOSOPHY

Environmental Fire Protection Buildings


Health Philosophy Safety Philosophy Other Philosophies
Philosophy Philosophy Philosophy
6. BAT 7. Escape Routes, 5. Transformers Fire 6. Lifting and
Emergency Protection Mechanical
Evacuation, Handling
Emergency Doors,
7. Construction and
Exits and Gates in
Maintenance
Perimeter Fencing
8. Emergency Power
8. Stairs, Ladders,
Supplies
Platforms and
Balustrade 9. Instrumentation and
Control Centres
9. Pig Traps –
Launchers and 10. Audio and Visual
Receivers Alarms (F&G)
10. Operations and 11. External Emergency
Future Maintenance Services
Considerations in
12. Control Rooms
Design
13. Earthing / Bonding
11. Rotating Machinery
14. Equipment
12. Combustion
identification
Equipment and
ignition sources 15. Safety in demolition
activities
13. Pipeline Leak
Detection System 16. Archaeology
14. Safety Colour
Coding

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5.1 Environment Philosophy

5.1.1 Environmental Requirements

The CONTRACTOR shall will be responsible for applying best environmental design
satisfying all ADNOC and COMPANY Guidelines. It must also ensure that the following
specific design requirements are followed and demonstrated during the Project:

1. Full compliance with ADNOC Guidelines as a minimum,

2. No routine flaring (this excludes blanket, purge and pilot gases),

3. No venting of gases from process facilities,

4. Minimize occurrence of non-routine and emergency flaring,

5. Minimize fugitive emissions using best available technology (BAT),

6. Minimization of pollution using BAT,

7. Minimization of power requirements,

8. Optimization of energy efficiency,

9. No use of ozone depleting substances,

10. No discharge of off-spec water to land and sea,

11. No discharge of oil and chemicals to land and sea,

12. Minimization of waste generation with a final option for disposal,

13. Total re-use of all facility components at the end of project life,

14. Optimization of facilities footprint to reduce environmental impacts,

15. Minimization of nuisance for visible impacts, noise, dust, light and odour,

16. No interference with other users of the environment,

5.1.2 Drainage and Sewage

Adequate and safe drainage from all areas for the processing of hydrocarbons is
essential to minimise risks to loss of life and damage to the environment. The principal
methods of draining hydrocarbons are outlined in this section.

The drainage systems shall be designed in accordance with the requirements of DEP
34.14.20.31-Gen.

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The following drainage systems shall be considered for the new facilities and existing
facilities shall be revised to reflect the modifications:

1. Accidentally Oil Contaminated (AOC) open drains

2. Closed drains

3. Grey and black water drains

Arrangements for drainage of AOC water (oil spills and firewater) shall be provided.
Open drains are to be sized for the maximum firewater demand associated with the
vessel/ equipment/ fire zone. Existing arrangements for drainage systems are also to be
revised to reflect the modifications to existing sites.

Design shall be such that, oil spillage or Firewater from one fire zone shall not spread to
other fire zone.

Drainage systems shall ensure that the passage of flammable vapours is prevented and
the likelihood of hydrocarbon escape to the wider environment is minimised. The
drainage philosophy is detailed in the Relief, Venting, Drainage and Blowdown
Philosophy [Ref. 5], which outlines the key elements involved with the collection,
treatment and disposal of liquid effluents.

5.1.3 Flaring and Venting

The project philosophy is for ‘Zero Flaring’ during normal operations. Zero flaring
philosophy does not prohibit installation of pilots which shall be ignited always for any
continuously lit flare. Hydrocarbons from process equipment will be released in the flare
system during plant upset situations, as detailed in the Relief, Venting, Drainage and
Blowdown Philosophy [Ref. 5].

5.1.4 Fugitive Emissions

The designing will be such that to minimise potential fugitive emissions sources. This
can be achieved by selecting high quality valve components with low leakage
specification.

Fugitive emissions from all sources including compressors, valves, seals, flanges etc.
should be identified and minimised throughout the design process following Shell MESC
SPE 77/312.

Inspection and maintenance programs shall be incorporated into the detailed design
phase of the project in order to minimise, detect, repair and control potential sources of
fugitive emissions.

5.1.5 Monitoring and Measurements

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Sufficient sampling and measurement points are required in the design to enable
adequate monitoring of emissions during operation.

Flares will have gas flow meters installed with online data transmission to central
process control and monitoring system. Meters will give mass flow data, direct or by
combination of volumetric flow and other gas specific data using accurate and reliable
metering devices.

The system shall consider the best available practice and technology.

5.1.6 Spill Prevention / Contingency Plan

Measures for spill prevention and containment shall be incorporated into the design in
order to control oil and chemical spills and leaks. Facilities shall be provided to contain
and decant recovered spills to the closed drain system.

5.2 Health Philosophy

5.2.1 Hazardous Material Storage and Handling

Chemical handling at all sites shall be addressed appropriately and in compliance with
ADNOC COPs and Standards. In addition to permanent locations on the operational
plant, temporary locations shall be specified, particularly in respect of the construction
phases.

Requirements for segregation, shading, emergency showers / eye wash stations, base-
lining, bunding, run-off pits and appropriate fire extinguishers (where required) in
addition to any other safety or environmental related notices associated with hazardous
material storage and handling shall be marked and indicated.

Materials or waste contaminated with radiation shall be stored and handled with
appropriate procedures, as per ADNOC COPs, the COMPANY HSE Manual and in
compliance with Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulations requirements, construction
and contractor staff shall follow these procedures.

5.2.2 Noise

The facilities shall be designed to the guidelines of DEP31.10.00.31-Gen – Noise


Control, for sound pressure limit for equipment. These noise limits shall be used as a
guide during the design, and specifics are detailed in Table 8 (Appendix-4: HSE design
requirements) of this document. ADNOC noise exposure limits are 85 dB (A) for 8 hours
and/or 83dB(A) for 12hours at a distance of 1m from equipment surfaces.

No persons should be exposed to steady noise levels above 115dB(A) irrespective of


duration or to impulse noise levels above 135dB(A), with or without hearing protection.

All areas shall be monitored on a regular basis for noise compliance with Table 7
(Appendix-4: HSE design requirements), Noise Exposure Limits, and where noise levels

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may pose a risk to personnel they will be clearly identified and appropriate warning signs
/ floor marking (blue colour) provided. Adequate hearing protection will also be provided.

Detailed noise mapping will be performed based on vendors’ equipment data as part of
the noise study. The mapping will include both within and outside the plant boundary
fence to ensure compliance with Table 7-7: Noise Exposure Limits and Table 7-8: Sound
Pressure Limit for Equipment in Appendix-4: HSE design requirements.

5.2.3 Vibration

Vibration is required to be limited to avoid interference with both equipment and


personnel. Levels shall not exceed the limits prescribed in API617 for centrifugal
compressors and API610 for centrifugal pumps.

Potential sources of vibration need to be reviewed and identified to ensure structural


integrity.

It shall be ensured that acoustic frequency of adjacent rotating equipment, or long


pipelines do not create acoustic induced vibrations (Harmonic induced resonance),
some examples are fans, pumps, motors and compressors.

Dynamic vibration analysis (Steady state vibration – API-618) shall be specified in the
respective design specification for rotating equipment in general and in particular for
reciprocating machines. This analysis shall then be verified by COMPANY approved
independent 3rd Party.

5.2.4 Asbestos

Any Asbestos handling shall be in accordance with ADNOC COPV3-06 Working with
Asbestos containing material (ACM).

The use of asbestos is prohibited. No products containing asbestos shall be used in any
part of the project facilities. This includes gaskets, switchgear backboards, construction
or fabrication materials etc. This requirement shall be written into the specification of all
purchase requisitions.

If any asbestos materials are suspected to be in structures due for demolition, inform
COMPANY HSED who can assist develop a separate philosophy to identify the hazard
and appropriate PPE, handling, removal and disposal procedures. Asbestos
encountered during Demolition shall be communicated to COMPANY and shall be
handled as per COMPANY Procedure [Ref. HSE Manual Volume 10/4 - Part 4].

5.2.5 Radiation Control / Limits

The location of high voltage equipment (more than 1000v) adjacent to manned working
areas is prohibited as per the COMPANY HSE Philosophy. Designs shall ensure Electro
Magnetic Interference (EMI) sources are in compliance with International Standards.

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Sources of radiation may be utilized during both construction and operation of the
facilities, e.g., microwave, x-ray, ionization radioactive radiations, etc.

 Weld inspection during construction stage.

 MPFM maintenance/ inspection activities.

 Radioactive sources from the scrap- pipeline.

Any specified hazards shall be handled and complied with ADNOC-COPV3-02 Code of
Practice on Physical Agents, and COMPANY Procedure Manual 10/4, Part-6 Radiation
Protection Program.

Sufficient schedule time shall be considered to obtain the relevant permits, including an
import license from the UAE ministry of Energy.

5.2.6 Ergonomics

The current scope of work does not include control room design.

Valve Criticality Analysis (VCA) will be carried out in line with Shell DEP 30.00.60.13
Human factor engineering – Valves.

5.3 Safety Philosophy

5.3.1 Hazardous Area Classification

Hazardous area classification shall be carried out in order to identify potential ignition
sources from the project scope and shall also specify equipment to be classified.

The classification of hazardous areas will be in accordance with the Energy Institute (EI)
Code of Safe Practice, Part 15, Area Classification Code for Petroleum Installations,
2015 Forth Edition (formerly referred to as IP15), and DEP 80.00.10.10-Gen, Area
Classification (Amendments/Supplements to IP15).

Electrical and instrument equipment located in designated hazardous areas shall be


certified as appropriate.

Areas which are hazardous and non-hazardous, equipment in these areas shall be
identified and indicated in the Area Classification Schedule.

In general, all Electrical Equipment within Process unit boundary shall be suitable for
Zone-2 Hazardous Area. All Field instruments shall be suitable for Zone-1 Hazardous
area.

Gas Group II B and Temperature Class T3 shall be followed. Except for Battery room
where it shall be Gas Group II C.

Reference shall be made to DEP 33.64.10.10 – Electrical Engineering Design.


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5.3.2 Flaring and Venting

The flare systems shall be designed in accordance with the outcome / recommendations
of Flare and Blowdown Study Report and Flare, Vent Dispersion and Radiation Study.
The heat radiation levels at grade shall be in line with API 521 Guidelines and shall not
exceed (for emergency flaring scenarios):

1. 6.3kW/m2 (excluding effect of solar radiation) at the boundary of the sterile area

2. 3.15kW/m2 (excluding effect of solar radiation) at the boundary fence

For Non - Emergency Flaring scenarios, such as, Start up, Turn down, etc. radiation limit
shall not exceed 1.58 Kw/m2 at the sterile area boundary Reference shall be made to
Shell DEP 80.45.10.10.

Where the property limit and boundary of the sterile area are coincident, the more
stringent requirement shall apply. Radiation levels at grade shall be developed through
Flare Radiation Study. Appropriate heat radiation shields shall be provided where
operators have to enter the flare sterile area.

The limitations for the operation of a flare from considerations of the radiated heat flux
on personnel and equipment shall be listed and the calculations recorded.

These are normally based upon the maximum radiation levels permitted for:

1. Protection of personnel in areas of normal operation

2. Protection of personnel under emergency flow conditions

3. Protection of non-related activities (i.e., the public)

4. Protection of equipment

Gas dispersion calculations will be performed to predict the concentration limits for
flammable gases and H2S levels for flame out conditions and SO2 levels for flared gases
at working levels, to ensure operators are not exposed to limits above those listed in
Appendix-4: HSE design requirements. Dispersion of SO2 is an important component for
assessment under ADNOC COPV2-01 as its potential impacts on the Emergency
Response Plan and Ambient Air Quality must be established, which will form part of the
Health, Safety and Environmental Impact Assessment Study.

Reference shall be made to ADNOC COPV3-01; corresponding to ACGIH published


threshold limit values.

The Flare / Vent Dispersion and Radiation Study will be prepared by the COMPANY
approved 3rd party CONSULTANT based on the COMPANY approved assumption
register and will provide input to the basis of the flare design.

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5.3.3 Exhausts and Vents

Due consideration will be given to Area Classification layouts and the prevailing winds
for location of HVAC air intakes and air intakes for enclosed rotating equipment during
detailed design.

Design shall ensure that turbine exhaust ducts will not be a source of ignition for any
gas leak scenario from process equipment. Exhaust ducts shall be designed to be gas
tight and heat insulated if necessary.

Vents shall not be located adjacent to any potential sources of ignition or hot surfaces.

Open vents to atmosphere should be avoided by design and reliefs shall be routed to
safe location. In unavoidable circumstance, with COMPANY approval, vent shall be
designed based on Vent dispersion & Radiation Study.

5.3.4 Safety Equipment

The principal requirements for all types of safety equipment shall be detailed in project
safety equipment specifications. The type of safety equipment shall be determined by
the type of hazards presented in the particular area. Examples of locations and storage
of such equipment has been included below:

1. Self-Contained Air Breathing Apparatus (SCABA)/EEBAs:

SCABA is a device worn by operations, maintenance, rescue teams, and/or fire fighters
to provide breathable air in a toxic environment or during fire scenario. These shall be
to the requirements detailed in COMPANY Document titled “SERC Approved HSE &
Fire Equipment Brands & Models”. SCABA shall be provided at Cabinets located
throughout Project scope facilities.

Personnel shall carry the SCABAs or EEBAs when they enter the Red and Amber zones
including remote locations (as per the H2S zoning requirements).

2. Personnel Protective Equipment (PPE):

PPE is necessary in areas where personnel are exposed to potential health and safety
risks in accordance with ADNOC-COPV4-04 Personal Protective Equipment. The use
of PPE can be applicable for normal and emergency operations and its provision /
suitability will be based on the type of hazard and extent of exposure. Storage locations
of PPE shall be within the plant offices / control rooms to ensure personnel are equipped
prior to site exposure to minimise risk of accidents.

Examples of PPE to be provided at Project facilities include, but are not limited to the
following fit-for-purpose equipment:

1. Safety helmets

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2. Ear protectors

3. Eye protectors

4. Protective gloves

5. Safety boots

6. Personal H2S Detectors

7. Safety clothing

8. Escape masks (positive pressure)

It is mandatory for all COMPANY / Sub Contractor personnel to carry Escape Mask (one
for each person) and Personal H2S Monitor (one for each person), at all hydrocarbon
processing facilities. Escape sets must be of full face positive pressure or positive
pressure hood type with an air supply of at least 10 minutes.

SCABA must only be used for short tasks such as sampling, emergency response, for
rescue activities and for entering and leaving Red zones.

All PPE, including personal detectors, for use in H2S classified area must be tested and
calibrated as per manufacturer’s recommendation, or as per COMPANY experience,
whichever gives the greater protection. Where relevant a system must be in place to
ensure that the shelf life of consumables is not exceeded, and this this system must be
subjected to audit. Reference shall be made ADNOC-COPV4-10 –Management of
Hydrogen Sulphide.

Safety Equipment Specification document No. 11-99-84-1603 and Safety Equipment


Datasheet document No. 11-99-85-1602 will be developed during EPC and will detail
the specific equipment requirements.

3. Emergency Safety Showers and Eyewash Stations:

Permanently installed emergency safety showers and eye wash stations shall be located
upwind of the prevailing wind direction at locations, wherever personnel maybe exposed
to any injury from contact with harmful chemicals, as per COMPANY standard [Ref. 1].
These stations shall be provided with kerbing and drainage arrangements. Risk areas
include chemical injection facilities, chemical storage areas and battery rooms.
Additional design considerations are necessary to ensure adequate shade and cooling
is provided.

Water (potable) pressure and water temperature shall be specified and be maintained
within limits outlined in ANSI Z 358.1 2014. Safety showers with eye wash stations shall
be provided with chiller and overhead tank with necessary drain arrangements.

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Safety Shower Complete with Chiller unit shall be suitable for Zone II Hazardous Area
and shall comply with ANSI Z 358.1 2014.

Provision of Safety Showers are not required in remote / off pad wells and well bays
only. Battery rooms and electrical rooms housing batteries shall be provided with self-
contained eye wash stations.

Safety Equipment Specification document No. 11-99-84-1603 and Safety Equipment


Datasheet document No. 11-99-85-1602 will be developed during EPC and will detail
the specific equipment requirements.

4. First Aid Equipment:

Placement of first aid equipment will be confirmed by reviewing the plot plans developed
during FEED, including the list of First Aid Equipment at each location. Using first aid
equipment, trained persons within BAB plant areas shall be able to provide a series of
simple medical applications, prior to medical treatment becoming available.

First Aid kit and Electrical Safety kit shall be provided in all electrical rooms. Substations,
ETR, ITR, E&I Skid, Power skids, etc. in BCDS – Train 8area, RDS, pads, mini pads,
well bays and WICs.

Safety Equipment Specification document No. 11-99-84-1603 and Safety Equipment


Datasheet document No. 11-99-85-1602 will be developed during EPC and will detail
the specific equipment requirements.

5. Wind Socks:

The purpose of wind socks is to indicate wind direction, advising escapees to quickly
identify the path of potential gas or toxic gas release.

Wind socks shall be fluorescent orange in colour and located throughout the WIC, Off
Pad Wells, Well bays, Well pads, mini Pads, RDSs and CDS areas in highly visible
locations. These locations were preliminarily identified on plot plans during FEED, these
will be reviewed and finalised during EPC execution. Wind socks shall ideally be placed
at plant perimeters, near areas of potential toxic gas release. They shall be installed on
collapsible poles to ease their replacement. Reference shall be made to COMPANY
standard for Safety Equipment Specifications [Ref 13].

Safety Equipment Specification document No. 11-99-84-1603 and Safety Equipment


Datasheet document No. 11-99-85-1602 will be developed during EPC and will detail
the specific equipment requirements.

6. Safety Signs and Notices

The following are the different types of safety signs to be provided throughout BAB areas
in the Project Scope:

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1. Prohibitive signs - Red

2. Mandatory signs - Blue

3. Safety Condition / Safety Equipment signs - Green

4. Warning signs - Yellow

5. Fire signs – Red

6. Information signs / Notice Boards.

All safety signs shall be in accordance with COMPANY guidelines - 30-99-84-0003 –


specification for Fire Fighting and Safety Equipment. All signs shall display a pictograph
in addition to text. Signs shall be luminous and reflective, language in dual English and
Arabic

Safety equipment and safety sign specification document No. 11-99-84-1603 and safety
equipment and safety sign datasheet document No. 11-99-85-1602 will be developed
during EPC and will detail the specific equipment requirements.

5.3.5 Hydrogen Sulphide

All H2S concentration limits shall be as per ADNOC COPV3-01 on Framework of


Occupational Health Risk Management which corresponds to ACGIH published
Threshold Limit Values. Elaboration of ACGIH limit values for occupational exposure
limits are provided in Table 12 of Appendix-4: HSE design requirements.

The QRA will detail the levels of H2S levels during emergency conditions based on
process equipment failure scenarios. This assessment will detail the required PPE for
each toxic H2S zone. H2S Zones will be provided as part of HSEIA-EPC update.

5.3.6 EER Components

Layouts for all sites shall be optimised with respect to escape routes in order to permit
efficient escape and evacuation, as per COMPANY Technical Guidance, ADCO-07-R-
03.

In each case the design shall allow for diverse escape routes from all potentially manned
areas, to enable personnel not directly exposed to an incident to escape to the site
muster points, without undue risk of fatality or serious injury.

Protection for escape routes shall be specified as the design progresses and the specific
hazards identified.

The design basis for egress and access routes shall be as follows:

1. All main areas shall have at least two well separated routes (primary and secondary)
such that no single accident can restrict escape from any one area
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2. The maximum allowable travel distance to the exits shall be in line with COMPANY
requirements (buildings and process areas).

3. All egress and access routes shall allow for the transfer of a stretcher casualty
especially at turns in routes

4. Egress and access routes shall be well lit and shall be provided with adequate
emergency illumination even in the event of a main power failure for up to 180
minutes of standby time. Emergency lighting is to cover escape routes from the
highest platforms to the perimeter escape gates. Escape lighting will be differentiated
from emergency lighting by use of coloured tubes/bulbs. Details of emergency
lighting will be covered under Electrical Design Basis, document no. 11-99-67-1602.

5. Egress and access routes shall be well marked and have signs to allow persons to
be directed to places of safety

6. Egress and access routes shall have portable and mobile fire extinguishers located
at strategic positions along the routes

7. The dimensions of escape routes shall be adequate for the number of people who
may be required to use them. In general escape routes should have adequate
horizontal and vertical clearance as specified in Shell DEP human Factor
Engineering Standards - 30.00.60.20.

8. Stair landings shall be sized to allow stretcher access

9. All escape routes to be always kept clear without any protruding obstacles

Emergency escape routes shall be designed within all buildings and plant areas and
marked appropriately. This requires fire rating of fire doors and emergency exits to safe
areas to be specified. All doors opening onto designated escape routes shall open in the
direction of escape. Emergency exit doors shall if normally closed or locked be equipped
with ‘Push bar / Panic bar to open’ fixtures. Illumination of emergency routes and gates
shall also be provided.

Emergency Escape gates are required in perimeter fencing which shall be equipped
internally with ‘Push bar to open’ locks/fixtures. Gates shall be coated with reflective
golden yellow (RAL 1004) dual Arabic/ English legend safety signs and notices and
pictograms for easy identification. Sand stabilisation and paving shall be provided
around emergency exits and gates around site perimeters.

At least one gate for every 90m distance shall be followed for BCDS – Train 8 area, RDS
and Process area in Well pads / Bays.

5.3.7 Stairs, Ladders, Platforms and Balustrade

Safety requirements, including emergency/escape needs shall be incorporated into the


design of stairs, ladders and platforms.

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Escape stairways, ladders and platform balustrade/handrails are to be painted RAL


1004 Golden Yellow for easy identification. The leading edge of steps on all platform
staircases shall be coated with industrial grade anti-slip material coloured yellow.
Ladders must be coated/ fixed with industrial grade anti-slip material.

Escape stairways, ladders and platform balustrade/handrails shall be designed in line


with Shell DEP on human Factor Engineering - 30.00.60.20. Platform ladders are to be
caged (with sufficient size to enable wearing Escape Set / BA set) and installed at 90°
angles so access and egress is by a sideward step. Descent should never be by a
backward step onto ladders. Reference shall be made to OSHA Rules and Regulations,
1910 Sub - part D - Walking-Working Surfaces.

Within plant areas, the preference for platform access for frequently used access points
is for stairways rather than ladders. Installation of ladders as primary means of access
shall be minimised.

Flame detectors shall be provided with caged ladder with access platform. In case,
where it is not feasible to install caged ladder with access platform – a hinged type pole
arrangement could be acceptable, for the ease of maintenance. The requirement of
hinged-pole or caged-ladder shall be justified/demonstrated. [Ref. TB-53]. In case
hinged type pole to used, then it shall be of proven design by specialized contractor.

5.3.8 Pig Traps – Launchers and Receivers

Safety requirements shall be included in the design of Pig Launching and Receiving
facilities. At all locations, the orientation of the trap door shall be directed towards safe
areas away from the plant.

All pig traps shall be installed with a double block and bleed configuration, all valves and
the barrel doors shall be installed with mechanical sequential key operated safety
interlocks. Refer to Pigging Philosophy [Ref. 14]. Electronic interlocks shall not be
considered. Appropriate lifting beams, railed trolleys and retrieval equipment shall be
provided.

Barrels on multiple pig traps shall not be shared unless approved by COMPANY.

All block and control line valves shall be motorised, at least one on each main and by-
pass line with both local and additional remote control capability.

All vent lines shall be tied into flare headers, especially in areas where H2S is known to
be present. Drain lines shall be tied into closed drain systems.

5.3.9 Operations and Future Maintenance Considerations in Design

The design is required to allow safe access to all areas, particularly those at height (2m
and above) to enable easy removal of valves and equipment during maintenance
periods.

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Provision of platforms for easy access to frequently serviced items is required, and they
should be:

1. Adequately reinforced/ supported with cross beams to give enough support for the
heaviest possible valve on the platform

2. Able to withstand sudden impacts due to the accidental release of the heaviest
possible lift load while lifting and transporting on the pipe rack

3. Able to extend sufficiently at both extreme ends to prevent obstacles in lifting and
maintaining valves and equipment located at the end of the platform

Lifting beams for heavier valves and equipment are also necessary.

Deluge water piping should be routed at acceptable distance from process piping
flanges and valves to enable safe and convenient maintenance activities and access.

Containment facilities (e.g. kerbing/ bunding) should be provided for sampling points to
contain any accidental leaks.

All ladders above 2 metres in height are to be caged.

Design shall take into account requirements for heavy mobile trolley fire extinguishers.

Instrument check or sampling points shall be positioned to enable operation and


maintenance access from permanent walkways and platforms. The design of
vessels/equipment shall accommodate easy platform access for external and internal
inspection, isolation from the process, safe venting, purging and draining.

5.3.10 Rotating Machinery

Rotating equipment e.g. pumps and compressors pose a potential safety risk to plant
personnel where there is an interface with rotating/revolving parts. The vendors /
contractors will eliminate potential hazards through machine / equipment design by
providing adequate rotating parts guards.

5.3.11 Combustion Equipment and Ignition Sources

The requirements for location of combustion equipment and ignition sources shall be
specified. Generally, combustion equipment, furnaces, fired heaters, boilers and
engines shall be located in safe areas.

Ventilated enclosures may be required to make certain areas safe. As far as possible,
combustion equipment and ignition sources shall be located upwind side of any potential
sources of leaks.

Ignition suppression methods and systems are to be specified in conjunction with area
classification, also all thermal insulation requirements shall be defined.

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5.3.12 Safety Colour Coding

The requirement for safety colour coding of pipelines and services shall be in
accordance with ADCO Specification No. 30.99.84.006.

In addition to the above Specification, incorporate the following:

1. Noisy area border lines: (2inch width) RAL 5005 Signal Blue;

2. Hand rails, emergency gate frames: RAL 1004 Golden Yellow

5.3.13 Flammable and Toxic Gas

The Fire Protection and F&G philosophy [Ref. 8] shall give requirements for all new
facilities for flammable and toxic gas detection, the required types and principles of
operation, e.g. voting systems, levels of alarm or action, and the principal resultant
actions. The interface with the ICSS and ESD systems shall also be described.

During FEED stage the location of detectors was based on the existing operations within
CDS, RDS, pads, MiniPads, etc. However, the quantity and location of the Fire,
flammable and toxic gas detectors will be finalized based on F&G mapping study.

5.3.14 Pipeline Leak Detection System

Pipeline Design to be carried out in compliance with the applicable ASME standards,
which are B31.4 for the stabilised oil and water pipelines and B31.8 for the production
oil and gas pipelines, supplemented by numerous additional requirements as stipulated
in COMPANY specifications/ Shell DEP standards.

Leak detection systems using Fibre Optic Pipeline Leak Detection System (LDS) are to
be provided as part of the Project. The function of this system is to detect leaks in the
oil pipelines and new transfer lines being installed as part of the Project. The LDS
systems shall operate over the field-wide fibre optic cable infrastructure installed for
Telecom data services. The FOC will be installed along the new transfer lines to BIFP
sites.

For further details see Specification for Fibre Optic Pipeline Leak Detection System
(LDS), document no. 11-99-68-1602.

5.3.15 Personnel burn protection

Surfaces at temperatures above 60°C that are accessible from normal working areas
and access ways shall be provided with personnel protection in line with the requirement
of Shell DEP 30.46.00.31.

5.4 F&G and FP Philosophy

Refer to F&G and FP Philosophy, Doc. No. 11-99-89-1603.

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5.5 Buildings Philosophy

5.5.1 BAB Buildings

The following Project scope buildings shall comply with the requirements given in this
section:

1. ITR and Electrical Sub-stations and associated rooms

2. Operator shelters (temporary shelters),

These buildings shall be located as far as possible upwind or crosswind of process


equipment items, flares, and vents. Design of substation buildings shall be as per DEPs
34.17.00.32 / 34.17.10.30 and NFPA Life Safety Code 101.

Allowable over pressures will be verified through FSA / QRA studies. Blast overpressure
design for buildings will be based on Exceedance Analysis in line with COMPANY
FSA/QRA standard and Shell DEP 80.00.10.11.

New Instrumentation/Electrical rooms are proposed at BCDS and RDSs that shall be
located in a safe area upwind or crosswind of the prevailing wind direction.

Appropriate structural protection shall be provided against Explosion overpressure,


thermal radiation and gas Ingress. This will occur if the building cannot be re-located
outside of the impact of these failure events.

Fire protection for the building shall comprise an addressable analogue fire detection
and alarm system and portable fire extinguishers. Individual fire and fault alarm signals
from all plant areas and buildings within the new areas shall annunciate in the Control
room.

The air conditioning system air inlet(s) shall comprise redundant flammable and toxic
gas detectors. Fresh air inlets shall be located facing downwind of the prevailing wind
direction. All external entrance doorways shall close automatically via positive pressure
airlocks.

Buildings shall conform to the requirements of Shell DEPs 34.17.0032 and 34.17.10.30
and the building design for overpressure and radiation levels and possibility of gas
ingress shall be verified with the outcomes of the FSA / QRA studies.

5.5.2 Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC)

It shall be a principle of design that whenever and wherever possible, natural ventilation
shall be used. In process areas, the layout shall be such that equipment congestion is
minimised and no forced ventilation systems shall be required.

The design parameters of any HVAC systems for new, existing or modified buildings
shall be outlined in discipline basis of design.

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Details of any air locks, smoke and gas detection devices on inlets, smoke and fire
dampers, and provisions to prevent ingress of fumes, vapours and toxic gasses will be
addressed in the Fire Protection and F&G Philosophy [Ref.8].

Positive air pressure shall be maintained in all buildings to prevent the ingress of fumes,
or potential released gas. Air inlets shall be located facing downwind of the prevailing
wind direction, not facing into it thus minimizing sand ingress.

Upon confirmation of a fire alarm and gas detection in any building, the Air Conditioning
system shall stop and dampers close.

Ozone depleting refrigerants shall not be used in the HVAC systems.

5.5.3 Battery Rooms

Battery rooms shall be installed with F&G detection (Hydrogen detectors) and
notification system, on an intrinsically safe circuit. F&G systems shall be suitable for
hydrogen containing atmosphere.

Two explosion-proof extraction fans (one duty - one standby) shall be installed on
separate circuits to remove all gases. Power failure of either unit shall initiate an alarm
in the Control room and start-up the standby unit.

All lighting or any other equipment within the room shall be appropriately Ex-proof rated
in accordance with the area classification schedule.

Other requirements stated within DEP34.17.10.30-Gen entitled ‘Blast Resilient Control


Buildings / Field Auxiliary Rooms’ shall be applied as necessary.

An emergency eye-wash with proper drainage arrangement should be provided.

Minimum 12 air-changes shall be considered for the battery room to avoid accumulation
of gases in the room.

5.6 Other Philosophies

5.6.1 Location, Orientation and Layout

The layouts developed during the EPC shall be with an emphasis on achieving a high
level of inherent safety and minimal impact on the environment.

The design shall:

1. Account for the prevailing environmental conditions wherever possible (e.g. locating
workshop, utilities, so if they cannot be located upwind or crosswind from process
facilities they are located at a distance to ensure dilution of an escaping gas to its
lower flammable limit/ threshold limit values for toxic gases and ensuring escaping
flammable and toxic gas is not carried towards sources of ignition) and personnel;

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2. Ensure that new and modified installations shall comply with DEP 33.64.10.10-Gen,
‘Electrical Engineering Guidelines’. Earthing / bonding shall be provided to facilitate
the safe discharge of lightning, prevent the build-up of static electricity, protect
personnel, and reduce the risk of electrical discharge in potentially hazardous
environments. A single integrated earthing system shall be installed with particular
attention to electromagnetic compatibility best practice;

3. Account for existing infrastructure (roads, etc.) and field infrastructure (incoming and
outgoing pipeline routings, electric power transmission cabling and overhead power
lines);

4. Account for issues regarding construction and installation and methods of structure
of plant, including lifting equipment;

5. Ensure that during major material transportation installations are safe from damage;

6. Account for issues regarding transportation and logistics associated with access to
plant;

7. Ensure that emergency services (e.g. fire and ambulance services) have a clear
approach to the installations;

8. Ensure that offloading facilities (e.g. road tanker offloading) do not cause a hazard
to the installations;

9. Account for the location of flare and the location and size of the associated sterile
area so that there is minimal interference or hazard to operational personnel from
emergency and non-emergency flaring scenarios;

10. Minimise escalation potential by appropriate equipment separation and orientation,


e.g. for pig traps DO NOT direct door towards plant. Ensure that safety critical
systems and equipment shall be protected, primarily by separation. Where this is
not possible, consideration shall be given to the use of passive fire protection;

11. Ensure that distance requirements shall be allowed for in the separation of process
equipment from potential sources of ignition;

12. Ensure that personnel areas, either continuously manned or leisure areas, e.g.
control rooms, are either at a sufficient distance from sources of hazard or, where
this is not possible, are adequately protected against gas ingress, blast
overpressures and heat radiation;

13. Account for potential future expansions and any requirements for temporary
systems/equipment;

14. Ensure, as far as possible, that piping shall be routed with respect to process flow
and inventory;

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15. Ensure that arrangements for equipment access allow for personnel to escape to a
safe location and the means of that escape;

16. Ensure that access, space and laydown areas shall allow efficient operation /
maintenance;

17. Ensure that adequate kerb and drainage areas are provided to minimise the
opportunity for spilled material to escape into the wider environment;

18. Ensure segregation of waste to avoid cross contamination;

19. Provision of adequate security measures to prevent unauthorised access to plant;

20. Ensure minimum separation distances are as per Appendix-5: Safety Distances
Table - Recommended Safety Distances. This will be further verified through FSA /
QRA;

21. Ensure pipelines are routed within pipeline corridors, wherever possible. The routing
shall be selected to avoid sensitive areas such as birds feeding or nesting zone,
archaeological sites and inhabited areas. The pipelines should in general be buried
to protect from mechanical damages and tampering. Location of pipelines shall be
clearly identified by markers. Oil flow lines are surface laid, suitable barriers shall be
provided to prevent mechanical damage, as applicable. Minimum separation
distances of 15 m distance is required from Existing buried pipeline to a new line as
per Table in appendix 5;

22. Provide maximum natural ventilation, wherever possible;

23. Ensure that design considers the provision of kerbs around equipment (such as
vessels, columns, heat exchangers and pumps) where appropriate in order to
prevent any spillage from one equipment spreading to adjacent equipment, and with
sloping arrangements. As a minimum, bunding, kerbing and drainage shall be
designed such that spillage from one fire zone shall not spread to the other fire zone;

24. Ensure minimum separation distances from any bulk storage of hydrocarbon shall
be in accordance with NFPA 30 requirements as a minimum;

25. The flare plot pilot cabling should be mounted in such a way that high winds should
not damage and cut the cable and that all cables should not be allowed to fall to the
ground;

26. Ensure that during major material transportation the culverts located inside the
Project area are designed to take the necessary load;

27. Ensure pipe bridges are located at sufficient heights to accommodate the movement
of vehicles during major maintenance activities;

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28. Ensure drain lines and pipework at ground level causes minimal interference to the
movement of vehicles and are protected against potential vehicle collision;

29. Ensure that piping arrangements inside plants do not obstruct the movement of
vehicles. Provide crossover platforms wherever required;

30. Ensure consideration is given to construction personnel working in high temperature


desert conditions, this shall be reflected in the Construction HSE Plan, reference to
ADNOC-COPV3-05;

31. Ensure the new RDS, Train - 8, WellPADs, Mini Pads area is provided with sand
stabilisation/ paving around the perimeter.

5.6.2 Safety during Demolition/ Pre-works

The requirements for demolition shall be clearly outlined, including any excavation of
debris during site preparation.

Review Site Inspection Reports and Hazard Register so a philosophy can be developed
determining how any existing pipelines/cables will be protected.

Conduct Job/Task Risk Assessment, identify which vehicles and PPE will be required,
when manual handling is necessary under the PTW system.

All necessary control measures shall be considered regarding site removal and disposal
of scrap to where, pyrophoric ignition risks, excessive dust being raised, ensure
containment of all waste fluids, solids and materials. Identify all environmental concerns
including land remediation.

Specify any additional precautions necessary for removal of any hazardous chemicals,
radio-active sources or asbestos. Any special PPE requirements shall be specified if
required.

Note: This section shall be read in conjunction with Construction HSE Plan, Doc. No.
11-99-97-2694.

5.6.3 Structural Design

The following summarises the design parameters for the design of the structures to be
implemented in the EPC Phase of the project, as per Shell DEP 34.00.01.30-Gen,
Minimum requirements for Structural design and engineering, and shall include:

1. Details of passive fire protection.

2. Details of navigational aids (ACWL - aircraft warning lights) for tall structures,
which is a statutory requirement for low flying training military aircrafts in UAE.

3. Fire ratings of walls, floors, etc.

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4. Blast rating of walls, floors etc. and other structural methods of protection against
blast overpressures and missiles.

5. Details of protection against surface vehicle impact, crane impact, and dropped
object protection as necessary.

5.6.4 Isolation

The design criteria shall follow the Isolation Philosophy [Ref. 9]. These shall include but
not be limited to arrangements for:

1. Double block and bleed

2. Spectacle blinds

3. Bypasses

4. Purging

5. Interlocking systems

6. Providing safe, easy means of access during operation and maintenance regime

7. Other means of Positive isolation such as removable spools

For pig traps, ensure mechanical key operated sequential safety interlocks are specified,
ensure double block and bleed configuration, first block valve and valve on kicker line
are motorised and provide local control. On gas lines, another isolation valve is required
30-50m upstream of the trap with local & control room operation capability.

ESD valves / battery limit Shutdown valves shall be provided near the Pig traps to isolate
the pipelines in the event of leak / low pressure and confirmed fire / gas detection.

5.6.5 Over Pressure and Relief Protection

All vessels, equipment, piping and pipelines shall be protected against loss of
containment or rupture. All Pressure Safety Valves (PSVs) shall be equipped with
mechanical key safety interlocks.

The design for overpressure and relief protection as a minimum shall be to DEP
80.36.00.30, DEP 80.45.10.10, and DEP 80.46.30.11.

Refer to process Relief, Venting, Drainage and Blowdown Philosophy [Ref.5].

5.6.6 Emergency Shut Down System (ESD)

The ESD system shall be independent of the process control system. It shall be
designed for high integrity and reliability and be based on “fail safe/ fail close” principles.

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Plant personnel shall be notified of ESD initiation by visual and audible alarms. These
shall indicate the nature of emergency giving rise to the ESD by using distinctive tones
for fire or gas detection and for site evacuation.

The ESD system shall control a developing hazard by electrical isolation, closing in
inventories and depressurizing as necessary.

As the design progresses details of the ESD levels and hierarchy shall be stated along
with the conditions for their initiation. Such conditions shall include:

1. Shutdown due to Process upsets in order to prevent Loss of Containment.

2. Fire detection

3. Flammable gas detection

4. Toxic gas detection

5. Manual initiation

Reference shall be made to the project Emergency Shutdown Philosophy [Ref. 10], and
Cause and Effects matrices as necessary.

ESD valves shall be fire rated, the actuators and cables shall be passive fire protected,
based upon the heat radiation and duration as calculated within the Fire Safety
Assessment.

Emergency shutdown systems shall meet the specified SIL classification which shall be
designated during SIL review (using LOPA methodology), minimum SIL level is SIL2 or
preferably based upon consequential risk to the system – whichever is higher.

5.6.7 Lifting and Mechanical Handling

Adequate means of mechanical handling, storage / lay-down areas and space


management including means of access will be incorporated within the design to ensure
that lifting and handling operations can be performed in a safe and effective manner.
The layout design shall address component replacement routes of the main equipment.

Mechanical Equipment within Process Areas shall not become Source of Ignition. They
shall be ATEX certified.

Safe working load - SWL of the Lifting Equipment shall be clearly marked. Lifting and
Mechanical Handling Equipment shall be inspected, load tested and certified by
competent authorities before putting in operation. They shall be periodically tested shall
comply with the certification requirements as required by local legislation and
COMPANY guidelines.

5.6.8 Construction

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Designing for safety during construction and maintenance activities shall consider:

1. Means of access and escape;

2. Anchor points for safe working at high levels on roofing, steelwork, vessels and
equipment, ceiling lighting, fire, gas, and smoke detectors, and HVAC ductwork;

3. Provision of stairways, and walkways;

4. Specific issues arising from working on, over, or close to live plant;

5. Provision of PPE against equipment dangers, toxicity of building materials, dropped


objects etc.

6. Hazards arising during testing and commissioning – EPC Phase.

Any hazards arising from SIMOPS activities e.g. working on, over, or close to live plant
shall be identified and managed in accordance with HSEMS procedures.

Methods to minimise the impact of the construction phase on the environment shall also
be specified.

5.6.9 Maintenance

All equipment, valves and instruments shall be provided with proper permanent access
for inspection, testing, maintenance, repair / replacement, etc. as per Shell DEP Human
factor Engineering Standards.

Accessibility and Egress requirements shall be reviewed during Project 3D model


reviews for operation and maintenance perspective and all the recommendations from
3D model review will be implemented in design.

5.6.10 Emergency Power Supplies

Requirements for emergency electrical power supplies (including UPS) at the new BAB
areas shall be defined in the Electrical Design Basis [Ref. 17] and shall include non-
interruptible supplies. The Secondary power (battery) requirement for Fire Alarm Control
Panels shall be as per NFPA 72. The required voltage and duration of the supply shall
be stated, together with the units and services which are to be supplied by the system.

For interchangeability reasons, all lighting fixtures will be suitable for hazardous area.
Standby duration in the event of power failure should be 180 minutes and as per the
Electrical Design basis.

All buildings shall have emergency lighting that will be regular lighting with battery packs.

5.6.11 Audio and Visual Alarms (F&G)

Audio and visual alarm systems shall be provided for the Project facilities.
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Fire and Gas visual alarms and beacons are to be provided everywhere as required and
as per the fire and gas detectors layouts. The Fire Protection and F&G Philosophy
[Ref.8] shall provide further details of the audio and visual alarms.

Reference shall be made to the COMPANY Guidelines for Preparation of a Project HSE
Philosophy (Doc. No. 30.99.91.003) which contains relevant information about Audio
and Visual signals.

Details of MACPs, sounders and beacons will be addressed in specification for General
(field) Instruments and F&G document no. 11-99-39-1604.

5.6.12 Public Address General Alarm (PAGA)

Public Address and General Alarm (PA/GA) system shall be designed with high degree
of system integrity.

The PAGA Main Controller shall be installed at new BCDS ITR/ETR which shall control
the remote PAGA systems which are physically connected to the speaker loops to be
installed across BCDS ITR/ETR, RDSs (1, 4, 6, 8 and 9), PADs and MiniPADs as per
BIFP project scope.

PAGA speakers shall be installed indoors and outdoors for the BIFP facilities .The
outdoor speakers shall be of Horn type loudspeakers with a power rating 25 watts and
the indoor speakers shall be of ceiling mounted loudspeaker with 8 watts power rating.
In this situation the ambient noise level for the purpose of calculation is assumed to be
80dBA and the audio alarm is supplemented with a visual alarm, using flashing beacons.

PA/GA systems Cabinet(s) shall be powered locally from secure self-contained UPS
supplies with a minimum of 8 hours autonomy.

The external interfaces shall be as per specification of PAGA system requirements, the
connectivity of the system to BCDS shall be over the Fibre Optic based SDH backbone
transmission system.

For more details please refer to Telecommunication Philosophy (Doc. No. 11-99-74-
1608) and Specification for PAGA System (Doc. No. 11-99-68-1601).

5.6.13 External Emergency Services

The Corporate Facility Response Plan (FRP) [FRP Manual, Volume 10/2, Part 3, Rev.
4, 2015 (CPR-HSE-CM-10/2-Part 3)] shall be reviewed and updated, as part of the
HSEIA-EPC Update, for the PROJECT areas.

Further, the updated FRP shall be reviewed by the COMPANY to ensure required
emergency services, fire/medical/controls are available to combat the emergency. In
addition, this shall address Mutual-Aid with external Service Providers/ Responders.

5.6.14 Earthing / Bonding

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Bonding requirements shall be applied as detailed within NFPA 70, Article 250, as liquids
with resistance of more than 1000 Mega Ohm-cm may accumulate static charges which
may cause a hazard.

All process piping and pipelines containing Class 1 flammable liquids shall be bonded
along the piping and be electrically grounded to the equipment grounding system. The
detailed requirement shall be defined in Earthing Philosophy [Ref. 16].

5.6.15 Equipment Identification

To ensure consistency on design drawings, specifications, procurement requisitions and


equipment delivered to site, equipment tag numbering shall be in accordance with
COMPANY Engineering Procedure EP 30.99.90.001. Also reference shall be made to
ADNOC-COPV6-01, Identification and Integrity Assurance of HSE Critical Equipment
and Systems during the EPC phase.

Where equipment requires colour coding or hazard warning notices these shall be as
per the COMPANY standards.

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6 REFERENCES
1. COMPANY - Guidelines for Preparation of Project HSE Philosophy, 30.99.91.0003
Rev. B;

2. EPC Scope of Work, 11.99.93.0670, Rev 3;

3. Engineering HSE Plan, Doc. No. 11.99.89.1601;

4. FEED HSE Philosophy, 11.99.91.0606, Rev 2;

5. Relief, Venting, Drainage and Blowdown Philosophy, 11.99.91.1813;

6. Process Design Basis, 11.99.11.1601;

7. Flare Radiation and Dispersion Analysis, 11.99.89.1606;

8. Fire Protection and F&G Philosophy, 11.99.91.1602;

9. Isolation Philosophy, 11.99.91.1812;

10. Emergency Shutdown Philosophy,11.99.91.1811;

11. Instrumentation and Control Philosophy, 11.99.91.1609;

12. HSEIA-EPC Scope of Work, 11.99.93.1620;

13. Fire and Safety Equipment – Specification and Approved Brands – 30.99.84.0004;

14. Pigging Philosophy – 11.99.91.1821;

15. Safety Colour coding of Pipelines and Services - 30.99.84.006

16. Earthing Philosophy – 11.99.67.0603

17. Electrical Design Basis – 11-99-67-1602

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7 APPENDICES

7.1 Appendix-1: List of Applicable Laws, Codes, Standards and Specifications

U.A.E. Standards and Regulations


1. Abu Dhabi Emirate law No. 8, year 1978, Conservation of Petroleum
Resources.

2. UAE Federal Law No. 8, year 1980, Labour and Social Affairs, Part V,
Industrial Safety, Prevention Measures, Health and Social Care for
Workers.

3. Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ministerial Order No. 32, year 1982,
Determination of the Ways and Means to Protect Employees against
Occupational Hazards.

4. UAE Federal Law No. 24, year 1999, Protection and Development of the
Environment. And the amendment in 2006

5. Executive Order of the Federal Law No. 24, year 1999 on Protection and
Development of the Environment for the UAE.

6. UAE Federal Law No. 1, year 2002, Organisation and Monitoring the Use
of Radiation and Protection.

7. The Water Quality Regulations, year 2000.

8. Regulations for Insecticides and Agricultural Additives and Fertilisers.

9. Regulations for the Assessment of Environmental Effects of Installations.

10. Regulations for the Protection of the Marine Environment.

11. Traffic Federal Law, year 1995, Article No. 21.

12. Regulation for the Protection of Air from Pollution developed by Federal
Environmental Authority based on the Executive Act of Federal Law No.
24, year 1999, Protection and Development of the Environment.

13. Implementation of Law No. 21, year 2005, Waste Management in the
Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

14. Regulation for the Protection of Natural Reservations

15. UAE Fire and Life Safety Code

16. UAE Civil Code

17. Law For conserving petroleum resources 1978

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18. Federal law 1 Regulation & control of the use of Radiation Sources and
Protection against their hazards - 2002

19. Law 21 Waste Management- 2005

20. Law # 6 - Ground water wells drilling - 2006

21. Ministerial Decree # 401 - Midday working hours - 2015

22. Cabinet Decree #12 - Regulation concerning Protection of Air from


Pollution

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List of ADNOC COPs


ADNOC Year of
Sl. No. Document Title Version
Doc. No. Issue

1 COPV1-01 HSE Administration Systems 2 2014

2 COPV1-02 HSEIA Requirements 4 2017

Determining, Reportability of
COPV1-03 2 2014
3 Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

4 COPV1-04 Management of Contractor HSE 2 2014

5 COPV1-05 HSE Abbreviations & Definitions 4 2014

Reporting of Serious Incidents to


COPV1-08 2 2014
6 ADNOC

ADNOC HSE Management


COPV1-09 2 2014
7 System

8 COPV1-10 Food & Water Safety & Welfare 2 2014

9 COPV1-13 Preparation of Project HSE Plans 2 2014

Environmental Impact
COPV2-01 2 2014
10 Assessment

11 COPV2-02 Pollution Prevention & Control 2 2014

12 COPV2-03 Energy Management Systems 1 2014

Environmental Management
COPV2-04 2 2014
13 Systems

14 COPV2-05 Waste Management 2 2014

Environmental Performance
COPV2-06 2 2014
15 Monitoring

16 COPV2-07 Environmental Risk Assessment 2 2014

Occupational Health Risk


COPV3-01 2 2014
17 Management (OHRM)

18 COPV3-02 Physical Agents 2 2014

19 COPV3-03 Chemical Agents 1 2014

20 COPV3-04 Biological Agents 1 2014

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ADNOC Year of
Sl. No. Document Title Version
Doc. No. Issue

21 COPV3-05 Ergonomics 1 2014

Working with Asbestos containing


COPV3-06 2 2014
22 material (ACM)

23 COPV3-07 Indoor Air Quality 1 2014

Occupational Exposure Monitoring


COPV3-08 1 2014
24 & Health Surveillance

Framework of Occupational Safety


COPV4-01 2 2014
25 Risk Management

Work Equipment Risk Assessment


COPV4-02 2 2014
26 & Control

27 COPV4-03 Fire Risk Assessment 2 2014

28 COPV4-04 Personal Protective Equipment 1 2014

29 COPV4-05 Non-routine operations 1 2014

Essential Features of Road


COPV4-06 Transport Operations, Risk 1 2014
30 Assessment and Control

Management of Hydrogen
COPV4-10 2 2014
31 Sulphide (H2S)

32 COPV4-11 Road Safety 1 2014

Personal Protective Equipment in


COPV4-13 1 2014
33 the Middle-East Environment

Provision of Fire Equipment &


COPV4-14 1 2014
34 Services

Control of Major Accident Hazards


COPV5-01 2 2014
35 (COMAH)

Qualitative & Quantitative Risk


COPV5-03 2 2014
36 Assessment

Outline HSE Design Philosophy for


COPV5-04 Major Hazard Plant and 1 2014
37 Equipment

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ADNOC Year of
Sl. No. Document Title Version
Doc. No. Issue

38 COPV5-06 HSE Risk Management 3 2014

Identification and Integrity


COPV6-01 Assurance of HSE Critical 2 2014
39 Equipment and Systems

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List of Applicable COMPANY Procedure and Codes


Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

1.0 COMPANY HSE Manual - 10

1.1 HSE POLICIES

- HSE Policy (Jul-16) - -

- Drug & Alcohol Policy - -

1.2 HSEMS MANUAL

- HSEMS Manual Part 1 - 3

1.3 HSE Procedure Manual 10/1 -


General HSE

- HSE Legal & Other CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


Requirements Compliance PART1
Procedure 3

- HSE Communication and CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


Consultation Procedure PART2 2

- HSE Non-Conformance CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


Corrective and Preventive Action PART3
Procedure 2

- HSE Document Data Control & CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


Records Management Procedure PART4 2

- HSE Performance Measurement CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


& Monitoring Procedure PART5 2

- HSE Management Review CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


Procedure PART6 2

- Procedure for Investigation and CPR-HSE-OS-10/3A-


Reporting of Incidents PART7 6

- Appendix - A - Summary of HSE -


Incident Classification 6

- Appendix - B - Incident -
Notification Fax Form - INFF 6

- Appendix - C - Reporting Serious -


Incidents / HIPO 6

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Appendix - D - Incident Reporting -


Process Flow Chart 6

- Appendix - E - Timeline for -


Incident Reporting, Investigation
and Communication Process 6

- Appendix - F - Template for -


Learning from Incidents (LFI) /
HSE Alerts 6

- Appendix - G - Terms of -
Reference (TOR) 6

- Appendix - H - Guidance of -
Incident Investigation 6

- Appendix - I - Procedure for -


Investigation and Reporting
Incidents 6

- Appendix - J - Layout of Incident -


Investigation Report 6

- Appendix - K - Incident -
Classification Flow Chart 6

- Appendix - L - FANR Reporting -


Form 6

- Appendix - M - Incidental Gas -


Flaring Report 6

- Appendix - N - Process Release -


Incident Reporting Form 6

- HSE Assurance Procedure CPR-HSE-10/1-PART8 8

- Corporate Annual HSE Plan & CPR-HSE-GEN-10/1-


Assets / Function HSE PART9
Assurance Program Procedure 4

1.4 HSE Procedure Manual 10/2 -


Crisis Management

- Crisis Management

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Corporate Emergency CPR-HSE-CM-10/2-PART1


Management Procedure 3

- Crisis Management Plan CPR-HSE-CM-10/2-PART2 3

- Facility Response

- BAB Facility Response Plan CPR-HSE-CM-10/2-PART3 4

1.5 HSE Procedure Manual 10/3A -


Operational Safety

- Permit to Work (PTW) Procedure CPR-HSE-OS-10/3A-


PART1 6

- Appendix - A - Work -
Categorization Chart 6

- Appendix - M - Guidance to -
Increase Permit Ceiling

- Appendix - N - Examples of Job -


Not Requiring PTW/ Certificates 6

- Appendix - O - PTW Check List - 6A

- Appendix - P - Handover -
Certificate -

- Appendix - S - High Risk Jobs -


and Counter Signature
Requirements 6

- Appendix - T - Gas Testing -


Procedure 6

- Appendix - W - Vehicle Entry -


Certificate 6

- Appendix - Y - Control Of -
Temporary Portable Equipment
In Hazardous Area 6

- Appendix - Z - PTW Non -


Compliances -

- Appendix - E3 - De -Isolation for -


Test Certificate (DTC) 6

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Appendix - F1 - Control -
Protection Inhibit Certificate 6

- Appendix - F2 - CPIC Risk -


Assessment Form 6

- Appendix - U1 - PTW Signatory -


Licensing Form (AA / IA) 6

- Appendix - U2 - Guidelines for -


Competency Assessment on
Critical Activities 6

- Management Of Contractor HSE CPR-HSE-OS-10/3A-


PART2 4

- Tool Index - 4

- Appendix - A - Prequalification -
Questionnaire 4

- Appendix - B - Contractor HSE -


Requirements 4

- Appendix - C - Medical Services -


and STD's 4

- Appendix - D1 - Technical HSE -


Assessment - Small 4

- Appendix - D2 - Technical HSE -


Assessment - Major 4

- Appendix - D3 - Technical HSE -


Assessment - Consultancy 4

- Appendix - E - Labor Welfare - 4

- Appendix - F - Contractor Camp -


Survey Form 4

- Appendix - G1 - HSE Plan -


Guidelines – Small 4

- Appendix - G2 - HSE Plan -


Guidelines – Major 4

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Appendix - H - Letter of -
Assurance 4

- Appendix - I – Pre-mobilization -
Audit 4

- Appendix - J - Pre Execution -


Audit 4

- Appendix - K - Work -
Commencement Certificate 4

- Appendix - L - Contract -
Execution Audit 4

- Appendix - M - Road Safety -


Audit Checklist 4

- Appendix - N - Contractor Camp -


Audit Checklist 4

- Appendix - O - HSE Performance -


Appraisal 4

- Appendix - P - Site Restoration -


Certificate 4

- Appendix - Q - Close Out Report - 4

- Appendix - R - Monthly HSE -


Statistics Report 4

- Appendix - S - List of Documents -


for Contractor Camp 4

- Transportation Safety Manual

- Appendix - D - In Vehicle -
Monitoring System (IVMS) 3

- Appendix - G - Journey -
Management Plan (JMP) 3

- Appendix - H - Knowledge Check - 3

- Appendix - I - Vehicle Check lists - 3

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Protection Against H2S & CPR-HSE-OS-10/3A-


Recommended Practice PART4 4

- Personal Protective Equipment CPR-HSE-OS-10/3A-


(PPE) PART5 4

- Welding & Flame Cutting - -

- Handling / Storage / Use & -


Disposal of Gas Cylinders -

- Scaffolding - -

- Safe Erection of Structures - -

- Access Egress & Working at -


Height -

- Lifting Operations

- Section - 1 - Guidance on Safe HSE-M10-P19-S1


System of Work 2

- Section - 2 - Operator HSE-M10-P19-S2


Competency & Assessment 0

- Section - 3 - Requirement for HSE-M10-P19-S3


Lifting Equipment & Operators
Certifying Companies 0

- Section - 4 - Procedure for the HSE-M10-P19-S4


Audit of LIECC 0

- Section - 4 - Appendix - 5 -
Checklist (A - Technical
Requirements) 0

- Section - 4 - Appendix - 5 -
Checklist (B - Q&HSEMS) 0

- LEICC Approved List - 0

- Excavations - -

- Safety Signs in Work Places CPR-HSE-10-24 1

- Shot Blasting - -

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Painting - -

- Electrical Safety CPR-HSE-10-27 2

- Office Safety - -

- Plant & Machinery Procedure -


Manual -

- Welfare Standards - -

1.6 HSE Procedure Manual 10/3B -


Technical Guidance &
Philosophies

- HSE Technical Guidance

- HSE Impact Assessment ADCO-07-R-02


(HSEIA) 1

- Escape, Evacuation and Rescue ADCO-07-R-03


Assessment (EERA) 1

- Hazard Identification (HAZID) ADCO-07-R-04 1

- Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) ADCO-07-R-05


Study 1

- Qualitative Risk Assessment ADCO-07-R-06


(QLRA) 1

- Control of Major Accident ADCO-07-R-08


Hazards (COMAH) 1

- Major Accident Hazard Analysis ADCO-07-R-09


(Bowtie Analysis) 1

- Manual of Permitted Operations ADCO-07-R-10


(MOPO) 1

- Fire Safety Assessment (FSA) ADCO-07-R-11 1

- Quantitative Risk Assessment ADCO-07-R-12


(QRA) 1

- Occupational Health Risk ADCO-07-R-13


Assessment (OHRA) 1

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Task Risk Assessment (TRA) ADCO-07-R-14 2

- Managing HSE In Changes ADCO-07-R-15 1

- Pre Startup Safety Review ADCO-07-R-16


(PSSR) 1

- Layers of Protection Analysis ADCO-07-R-17


(LOPA) 1

- Process Safety Key Performance CPR-STS-10/3B-PART21


Indicators 0

- Hardware Barrier Assessment CPR-HSE-TS-10/3B-


PART23 0

- Project HSE Plan - Guidelines -


Schedule of Activities - Appendix
-I -

- Guidelines for Preparation of 30-99-91-0015


Project HSE Plan B

- Guidelines for Preparation of 30-99-91-0003


Project HSE Philosophy B

- File Note - Finalization Safety -


Distance Tables for Revised
HSE Philosophy -

- COMPANY Corporate Procedure

- Project Health, Safety & 30-99-90-0043


Environmental Review (PHSER)
Procedures 3

- HSE Risk Evaluation and ADCO-07-R-01


Management 1

- Fire Protection Philosophy 30-99-91-0002


Part -22 Fire Protection System,
Inspection, Testing, Maintenance
and Performance Assurance
Philosophy
Part 23- Hardware Barrier
Assessment 1

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- CPR-HSE-TS-10/3B-
Fire Protection System PART22 1

1.7 HSE Procedure Manual 10/4 -


Occupational Health

- Occupational Health - -

- Laboratory Safety Manual - -

- Heat Stress Management HSED-0002


Guidelines 0

- Control of Substances -
Hazardous to Health (COSHH) -

- Asbestos Control - -

- Ionizing Radiation - -

- ADCO Naturally Occurring -


Radioactive Material (NORM)
Management Procedure -

- Radiation Protective Program CPR-HSE-OH-10/4-PART6 -

- Catering Services PR-HSED-074 A

- Respiratory Protection Program -


Framework 1

- COMPANY First Aid Procedure CPR-HSE-OH-10/4-


PART10 1

1.8 HSE Procedure Manual 10/5 -


Environmental

- Waste Management Guidelines - -

- Technical Guidance Manual

- Environmental Monitoring and PR-HSED


Performing Reporting 0

- Guidance on Safe Transportation -


of Oil Field Samples and
Chemicals -

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Sl. No. Document Title COMPANY Document No. Rev

- Guidance Seek ADNOC PR-HSE&RM-392


Approval for Sand Dune Cutting
and Leveling A

1.9 Contractor HSE Requirement


Identification

- HSE Requirements of -
Attachment E Contract
Documents -

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List of Applicable COMPANY Specifications


00.00.20.10 The Use of SI Quantities and Units

03.80.37.901 GRE Linings for Bottoms of Crude Oil Storage Tanks

03.80.37.901-1 GRE Linings for Bottoms of Crude Oil Storage Tanks

30.70.39.004 Wellhead Control and Safety System for Oil Wells

30.99.00.0001 Tag plates for Field & Indoor Equipment

30.99.37.0001 Cathodic Protection Design

30.99.37.0013 Painting and Coating of New Equipment

30.99.68.0005 Laying Telecommunications Cables in the Vicinity of Pipes,


Power Cables and Roads

30.99.84.004 Fire and Safety Equipment – Specifications and Approved


Brands

Latest Rev. Approved HSE & Fire Equipment Brands & Models (Safety
Equipment Review Committee)

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List of COMPANY Amendments and Supplements to Shell DEPs


31.40.40.38 Hydrostatic Pressure Testing of New Pipelines

32.10.03.10 Instrumentation Symbols and Identification

33.64.10.11 Electrical Network Monitoring Control System Applications

33.64.10.10 Electrical Engineering Design

34.19.20.11 Passive Fire Protection for Onshore facilities

34.28.00.31 Steel Structures

61.40.20.30 Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities

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List of Shell DEPs


DEP 30.00.60.20 Human factor engineering – Workspace design

DEP 30.00.60.15 Human factor engineering – Control Room Design

DEP 30.00.60.13 Human factor engineering – Valves

DEP 30.00.60.16 Human factor engineering – Human machine interface


design for situation awareness

DEP 30.00.60.21 Human factor engineering – Labelling of facilities,


Equipment and Piping

DEP 32.80.10.10 Instrumented Protective Functions (IPF)

DEP 34.17.10.30 Design of Blast resistant onshore buildings, control rooms


and field auxiliary rooms

DEP 34.17.00.32 Design and engineering of buildings

DEP 80.45.11.12 Flare details (amendments/ supplements to ISO 25457)

DEP 34.19.20.11 Passive Fire Protection for Onshore facilities

DEP 31.10.00.31 Noise Control (amendments/supplements to ISO 15664)

DEP 32.30.20.11 Fire, Gas and Smoke Detection Systems

DEP 33.64.10.10 Electrical Engineering Guidelines

DEP 34.14.20.31 Drainage and Primary Treatment Facilities

DEP 80.00.10.10 Area Classification (Amendments/Supplements to IP 15)

DEP 80.00.10.11 Layout of Onshore Facilities

DEP 80.45.10.10 Pressure Relief, Emergency Depressurizing Flare and Vent


System

DEP 80.47.10.30 Assessment of the Fire Safety on Onshore Installations

DEP 80.47.10.31 Active Fire Protection Systems and Equipment for Onshore
Facilities

DEP 80.47.10.32 Fire Fighting Agents and Movable Fire Fighting Equipment
for Onshore Applications

Note: All Shell DEPs as listed in 00.00.05.05 Global Technical Standard Index as
applicable for the project scope shall be complied.

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List of Industry Standards, Specifications and Codes


IP Codes Area Classification Code for Petroleum Installation Part 1, 3
& 15 (latest revisions)

API 752 Management of Hazards Associated with Location of


Process Plant Buildings

API RP 520 Design and Construction of Pressure-Relieving Systems in


Refineries

API RP 521 Guide for Pressure-Relieving and De-pressuring Systems

BS 336 Fire Hose Couplings and Ancillary Equipment

BS 5445 (Part Components of Automatic Fire Detection Systems


1/5/7/8/9)

BS 5839 (Part 1-5) Fire Detection and Alarm Systems in Buildings

BS 5908 Code of Practice for Fire Precautions in Chemical Plant

NFPA 10/BS-EN3 Portable Fire Extinguishers

NFPA 11 Standard for Low, Medium and High Expansion Foam

NFPA 12 Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems

NFPA 15 Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection

NFPA 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Fire Pumps for


Fire Protection

NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code for Spill Control

NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code

ANSI Z 358.01 - Compliance Checklist


2014

API 2030 Application of Fixed Water Spray Systems for Fire


Protection in the Petroleum and Petrochemical Industries

NFPA 2001 Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems

NFPA 24 Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains


and Their Appurtenances

NFPA 25 Inspection Testing Maintenance Management Solution

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NFPA -30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code

NFPA -101 Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency


Response

ISO 22899- 1 Determination of the resistance to jet fires of passive fire


protection materials

IEC - 61511 Functional safety - Safety instrumented systems for the


process industry sector".

IEC - 61508 Functional Safety of Electrical/ Electronic/ Programmable


Electronic Safety-related Systems (E/E/PE, or E/E/PES).

IEC -60079 Standard defining communication protocols for intelligent


electronic devices at electrical substations

IEC - 60331-21 Determining the circuit integrity of electric cables under fire
conditions

API - 2001 Fire Protection in Refineries

ISO - 15664 Noise control design procedures for open plant

Fire Proofing
Standards

API 2218 Fire Proofing Practice in Petroleum Petrochemical


Processing Plant

BS 476 Fire Tests on building Materials an Structures Part 20, 21,


22 and 23

UL1709 Rapid Rise Fire Tests of Protection Materials for Structural


Steel

General

BS 1635 Recommendations for Graphic Symbols and abbreviations


for Fire protection Drawings

BS 6755 – Part 2 Testing of valve specifications for fire testing requirements

BS 5378 Safety signs and colours (95/58/EEC 24.6.92 – EEC


Directive

Note: The HSE and Loss Prevention aspects of the project shall meet all statutory
legislation requirements.

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7.2 Appendix-2: COMPANY HSE Policy

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7.3 Appendix-3: CONTRACTOR HSE Policy

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7.4 Appendix-4: HSE design requirements

Based on the FEED HSE Philosophy, the relevant design requirement standards are
replicated in the following Tables:

Table 7-1: Ambient Air Quality Standards

Max. Allowable Limits Average Period


Substance Symbol
(µg/M3)
Sulphur Dioxide 350 1 hour
SO2 150 24 hour
60 1 year
Carbon Monoxide 30 (mg/m3) 1 hour
CO
10 (mg/m3) 8 hour
Nitrogen Dioxide 400 1 hour
NO2
150 24 hour
Ozone 200 1 hour
O3
120 8 hour
Total Suspended 230 24 hour
Particles TSP
90 1 year
Particulate Matter
(≤10 µm in PM10 150 24 hours
diameter)
Lead Pb 1 1 year

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2; Environmental


Protection: CoP on Environmental Impact Assessment (ADNOC-CoPV2-01), Version 1,
May 2014.

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Table 7-2: Air Pollutants Emission Limits from Stationary Combustion Sources
using HC Fuel

Substance Symbol Sources Emissions Limits


(Mg/Nm3)
Visible Emissions - All sources 250
Nitrogen Oxides Fuel Combustion Units:
(expressed as Gas Fuel
nitrogen dioxide Liquid Fuel 350
(NO2)) NOx 500
Turbine Units:
Gas Fuel 70
Liquid Fuel 150
Sulphur Dioxide SO2 All Sources 500
Total Suspended
TSP All Sources 250
Particles
Carbon Monoxide CO All Sources 500

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2; Environmental


Protection: CoP on Environmental Impact Assessment (ADNOC-CoPV2-01), Version 1,
May 2014 (Extracted from FEA: Regulations for the protection of air from pollution).

Notes:

(1) The concentration of any substance specified in the first column emitted from
any source specified in the third column shall not at any point before admixture
with air, smoke or other gases, exceed the limits specified in the fourth column.
(2) “mg” means milligram.
(3) “ng” means nanogram.
(4) “Nm3” means normal cubic meter, being that amount of gas which when dry,
occupies a cubic meter at a temperature of 25°C and at an absolute pressure of
760 mm of mercury (1 atm).
(5) The limit of “Visible Emission” does not apply to emission of water vapour and a
reasonable period for cold start-up, shutdown or emergency operation.
(6) The measurement for “Total Suspended Particle (TSP)” emitted from combustion
sources must be @ 12% reference CO2.

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Table 7-3: Air Pollutant Emission Limits from Stationary Sources

Emissions
Substance Symbol Sources Limits
(Mg/Nm3)

Combustion Sources 250


Visible Emissions -
Other Sources None
Carbon Monoxide CO All Sources 500

Combustion Sources See Table 2


Nitrogen Oxides
(expressed as nitrogen NOx Material producing 1500
dioxide (NO2)) industries
Other Sources 200

Combustion Sources 500

Materials producing 2000


Sulphur Dioxide SO2 industries

Other Sources 1000

Sulphur Trioxide Material producing 150


including Sulphuric Acid SO3 industries
Mist (expressed as SO3) Other Sources 50

Total Suspended Combustion Sources 250


TSP
Particles 150
Other Sources

Ammonia and Materials producing 50


Ammonium Compounds NH3 industries
(expressed as NH3) Other Sources 10

Benzene C6H6 All Sources 5

Lead and its compounds


Pb All Sources 5
(expressed as Pb)

Antimony and its Materials producing 5


compounds (expressed Sb industries
as Sb) Other Sources 1

Arsenic and its


compounds (expressed As All Sources 1
as As)

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Emissions
Substance Symbol Sources Limits
(Mg/Nm3)

Cadmium and its


compound (expressed as Cd All Sources 1
Cd)

Mercury and its


compounds (expressed Hg All Sources 0.5
as Hg)

Nickel and its


compounds (expressed Ni All Sources 1
as Ni)

Copper and its


compounds (expressed Cu All Sources 5
as Cu)

Hydrogen Sulphide H2S All Sources 5

Chloride CI Other Sources 10

Hydrogen Chlorides HCI Other Sources 20

Hydrogen Fluoride HF All Sources 2

Silicon Fluoride SiF4 All Sources 10

Fluoride and its


compounds, including HF F Other Sources 50
& SiF4 (expressed as F)

Material producing 20
industries
Formaldehyde CH2O
Other Sources 2

Odes 250
Carbon C
Waste Incineration 50

Total Volatile Organic


Carbon (expressed as
VOC All Sources 20
total organic carbon
(TOC)

Dioxins & Furans - All Sources 1 (ng EQ/m3)

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Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2; Environmental


Protection: CoP on Environmental Impact Assessment (ADNOC-CoPV2-01), Version 1,
May 2014 (Extracted from FEA: Regulations for the protection of air from pollution).

Notes to Table 7.3:


(1) The concentration of any substance specified in the first column emitted from
any source specified in the third column shall not at any point before admixture
with air, smoke or other gases, exceed the limits specified in the fourth
column.
(2) “mg” means milligram.
(3) “ng” means nanogram.
(4) “Nm3” means normal cubic meter, being that amount of gas which when dry,
occupies a cubic meter at a temperature of 25°C and at an absolute pressure
of 760 mm of mercury (1 atm).
(5) The limit of “Visible Emission” does not apply to emission of water vapour and
a reasonable period for cold start-up, shutdown or emergency operation.
(6) The measurement for “Total Suspended Particle (TSP)” emitted from
combustion sources must be @ 12% reference CO2.
(7) The total concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg, Cu, As & Sb) must
not exceed 5 mg/Nm3.
(8) VOC limit is for unburned hydrocarbons (uncontrolled).
(9) The emission limits for all the substances excluding “Dioxins and Furans” are
as a daily average value.
(10) “Dioxins and Furans”; Average values shall be measured over a sample
period of a minimum of 6 hours and a maximum of 8 hours. The emission limit
value refers to the total concentration of dioxins and furans calculated using
the concept of toxic equivalent.

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Table 7-4: Limits for Effluents Discharged into the Desert

Constituents Desirable Maximum


Limits Limits
(Mg/L) (Mg/L)
Ammoniacal Nitrogen 5.0 10
Arsenic (As) 0.1 0.5
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) 30 50
Cadmium (Cd) 0.1 0.2
Chlorine (residual) 1.0 2.0
Chromium, total (Cr) 0.1 0.2
Copper (Cu) 1.5 3.0
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) 150 200
Cyanide (CN) 0.1 0.2
Oil 15 25
Iron, total (Fe) 2.0 5.0
Lead (Pb) 0.1 0.3
Manganese (Mn) 2.0 3.0
Mercury (Hg) 0.001 0.05
Nickel (Ni) 0.2 1.0
pH 6-9 6-9
Phenols 0.2 0.5
Phosphate (total, as P) 30 40
Selenium (Se) 0.05 0.09
Silver (Ag) 0.05 0.1
Sulphide 0.2 0.5
Suspended Solids 30 50
Turbidity 90 120
Zinc (Zn) 0.5 5.0

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2. Environmental


Protection: CoP on Environmental Impact Assessment (ADNOC-CoPV2-01), Version 1,
May 2014.

Notes for Table 7.4: All ADNOC Group facilities currently in production shall endeavour
to achieve the desirable/ recommended limits while conforming to the maximum
permissible limits. All new facilities shall conform to the desirable limits.

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Table 7-5: Limits for Treated Wastewater used for Irrigation

Constituents Desirable Limits (Mg/L)


Ammoniacal Nitrogen 5.0
Aluminium (Al) 5.0
Arsenic (As) 0.1
Barium (Ba) 1.0
Beryllium (Be) 0.1
Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) 15.0
Boron (B) 0.5
Cadmium (Cd) 0.01
Chlorine (residual) range 0.5 – 1.0
Chromium, Total (Cr) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) 0.05
Coliforms (Faecal) Number / 100 ml* <100.0
Conductivity (S/cm)* 3000
Copper (Cu) 1.5
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) 150.0
Cyanide (CN) 0.05
Fluoride 1.0
Oil and Grease 0.5
Iron, Total (Fe) 5.0
Lead (Pb) 0.1
Lithium (Li) 0.1
Magnesium (Mg) 150.0
Manganese (Mn) 0.2
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.01
Mercury (Hg) 0.001
Nickel (Ni) 0.2
Nitrate (as NO3) 50
pH range* 6-9
Phenols 0.001
Phosphate (Total, as P) 30.0
Selenium (Se) 0.02
Silver (Ag) 0.01
Sodium (Na) 200.0
Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR in Meq/l)* 10.0
Sulphate (SO42-) 400.0

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Constituents Desirable Limits (Mg/L)


2-
Sulphide (S ) 0.1
Suspended Solids (SS) 15.0
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) 1500
Vanadium (V) 0.1
Zinc (Zn) 5.0

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2; Environmental


Protection: CoP on Environmental Impact Assessment (ADNOC-CoPV2-01), Version 1,
May 2014.

Notes: *Units not in milligrams per litre (mg/l). Ratio measurement is based on molar
not mass concentration.

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Table 7-6: Hazardous Waste Substances

Wastes containing the following substances will be considered as hazardous wastes:

Acids and alkalis Metal carbonyls


Antimony and antimony compounds Nickel and nickel compounds
Arsenic compounds Organic halogen compounds, excluding
inert polymeric materials
Asbestos dust and fibres of all Peroxides, chlorates, perchlorates and
chemical forms* azides
Barium compounds excluding barium PCBS/PCTS/PBBS
sulphates
Beryllium and beryllium compounds Pharmaceutical and veterinary compounds
Biocides and phyto pharmaceutical Phenols and phenol compounds
substances / pesticides
Boron compounds Phosphorous and its compounds,
excluding mineral phosphates
Cadmium and cadmium compounds Photographic chemicals
Cobalt compounds Polycyclic and heterocyclic aromatic
compounds
Copper compounds Radioactive waste
Heterocyclic organic compounds Substances of explosive character
containing oxygen, nitrogen & sulphur
Hexavalent chromium compounds Selenium and selenium compounds
Hydrocarbons and their oxygen, Silver compounds
nitrogen and sulphur compounds
Infectious substances such as those Tin compounds
from clinics and hospitals
Inorganic cyanides Tarry materials from refining and tar
residue from distilling
Inorganic halogen-containing Tellurium and tellurium compounds
compounds
Inorganic sulphur-containing Thallium and thallium compounds
compounds such as isocyanates and
hiocyanates
Laboratory chemicals Vanadium compounds
Lead compounds Waste having a flash point less than or
equal to 21°C
Mercury and mercury compounds Zinc compounds
Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2. Environmental
Protection: CoP on Waste Management (ADNOC-CoPV2-05), Version 1, May 2014.

Note: *No asbestos to be used on site and strictly prohibited.

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Table 7-7: Noise Exposure Limits

Point of Exposure Noise Limit dB(A)


For emergency conditions the noise at the base of the stack
115
shall not exceed 115 dB(A)
Noise levels at the perimeter of the flare sterile area shall not
exceed 85 dB(A) at flow rates up to 15% of the maximum 85
flaring capacity
Areas in workshops and machinery buildings where
communication is required 70
Workshops for light maintenance
Workshop offices, Plant offices
Control rooms, not continuously manned 60
Computer rooms
Control rooms continuously manned
Open plan offices 50
Social rooms, changing rooms, wash places and toilets
Offices and conference rooms 45
Personnel accommodation (bedrooms, private cabins, etc.). 40

References: Shell DEPs – DEP 31.10.00.31-Gen. – Noise Control and ADNOC-


COPV3-10 – Noise Control and Hearing Conservation.

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Table 7-8: Sound Pressure Limit for Equipment

Maximum Sound Pressure Level


EQUIPMENT (Actual Operating Hours) When Equipment In Operation
dB(A)
16 82
12 83
8 85
4 88
2 91
1 94
30 minutes 97
15 minutes 100
7.5 minutes 103
3.75 minutes 106
1.9 minutes 108

References: Shell DEPs – DEP 31.10.00.31-Gen – Noise Control and ADNOC-


COPV3-10 – Noise Control and Hearing Conservation.
Notes:
1. For intermittent noise, the equivalents of 85 dB(A) over 8-hours are specified in
the table above provided that no significant noise (i.e. above 75 dB(A)) is emitted
for the remaining time in the 8-hour period.
2. Where the equipment emits an intermittent or fluctuating noise, the equivalent
continuous sound level, Leq, over the noisiest consecutive 8-hour period shall
not exceed the equipment limits specified above. The maximum instantaneous
level shall not be more than 10 dB(A) higher than the limit for continuous noise.
3. Further restrictions apply shall when the noise of an equipment item contains
tonal and/or impulsive components. The noise limit shall be reduced by 5 dB(A)
for such equipment.
4. Acoustic insulation requirements within enclosed spaces shall be specified
whenever the Sound Pressure Level exceeds the acceptable noise exposure
limits, also in plant areas where (PPE) hearing protection are necessary. Such
areas within the plant shall be designated by a floor painted 2” wide line (Colour:
Signal Blue RAL 5005) boxing the area.

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Table 7-9: Ambient Noise Limits

Allowable Limits For


Area
Noise Level (dB)*
Residential areas with light traffic 7 a.m. – 8 p.m. : 40 – 50
8 p.m. – 7 a.m. : 30 – 40
Residential areas in the Downtown 7 a.m. – 8 p.m. : 45 – 55
8 p.m. – 7 a.m. : 35 – 45
Residential areas which include some workshops and 7 a.m. – 8 p.m. : 50 – 60
commercial business or residential areas near the 8 p.m. – 7 a.m. : 40 – 50
highways
Commercial areas and Downtown 7 a.m. – 8 p.m. : 55 – 65
8 p.m. – 7 a.m. : 45 – 55
Industrial areas (Heavy Industry) 7 a.m. – 8 p.m. : 60 – 70
8 p.m. – 7 a.m. : 50 – 60

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2. Environmental


Protection: CoP on Environmental Impact Assessment (ADNOC-CoPV2-01), Version 1,
May 2014.

Notes: *Exposure time for certain level of noise (hour).

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Table 7-10: Annual Radiation Dose Limits

Annual Dose Limits (Msv)


Whole Body
Occupational (18y +) 20 per year averaged over 5 years
50 maximum in any year
General Population 1
Organs & Tissues
Occupational (18y +) Skin = 500
Hands / Feet = 500
General Population Skin = 50
Hands / Feet = 50
Lens of Eye
Occupational (18y +) 150
General Population 15
Women of Reproductive Capacity
Worker As other workers
Foetus in uterus As member of public (or general
population)

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 3. Occupational


Health: CoP on Practice on Occupational Health Risk Management – Physical Agents
(ADNOC-CoPV3-05), Version 1, May 2014.

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Table 7-11: Proscribed (SIC) Substances whose release to the Environment must
be prevented and controlled

a) DISCHARGES TO WATER (surface water, groundwater and marine waters)

All isomers of hexachlorocylohexane 1,2-Dichloroethane


All isomers of DDT All isomers of trichlorobenzene
Pentachlorophenol and its compounds Atrazine
Hexachlorobenzene Simazine
Hexachlorobutadiene Tributyltin compounds
Aldrin Tripenyltin compounds
Dieldrin Trifluralin
Endrin Fenitrothion
Polychlorinated Biphenyls Azinphos-methyl
Dichlorvos Malathion
Mercury and its compounds Cadmium and its compounds
b) RELEASES TO LAND

POL wastes (Petroleum, Oils, Dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin


Lubicants) and congenors)
Organic solvents Furans ( polychlorinated dibenzofuran and
congenors)
Azides Polyhalogenated biphenyls, terphenyls
and naphthalenes
Halogens Phosphorous
Metal cabonyls Pesticides
Organometallic compounds Alkali metals and their oxides and alkaline
earth metals and their oxides
Oxidising agents

c) RELEASES TO AIR

Organic compounds and partial Halogens and their compounds


oxidation products
Metals, metalloids and their compounds Phosphorous and its compounds
Asbestos, glass fibres and mineral Oxides of Sulphur and sulphur compounds
fibres
Oxides of Nitrogen and other nitrogen Oxides of Carbon
compounds
Furans Dioxins

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Particulate Matter

d) LIST 1 SUBSTANCES (not permitted to be discharged to groundwater)

Organohalogen compounds and Substances that possess carcinogenic,


substances that may form such mutagenic, or teratogenic properties
compounds in the aquatic environment.
Organophosphorous compounds Mineral oils and hydrocarbons
Organo Tin compounds Mercury and its compounds
Cadmium and its compounds Cyanides
e) LIST 2 SUBSTANCES (must only be released to the environment if there will
be no significant contamination of water supplies used for potable
consumption, and no other significant environmental impacts)
Metals and metalloids (other than those Inorganic compounds of phosphorous and
on List 1) elemental phosphorous
Biocides Fluorides
Substances that could affect taste or Ammonia and nitrates
odour of groundwater
Toxic or persistent organic compounds
of silicon, and substances that may
cause the formation of such substances
in water

Reference: HSE Management Manual Codes of Practice, Volume 2. Environmental


Protection: CoP on Practice on Pollution Prevention and Control (ADNOC-CoPV2-02),
Version 1, May 2014.

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Table 7-12: Occupational Exposure Limits

Substance TWA* STEL**


Benzene 0.5 ppm 2.5 ppm
Carbon dioxide 5000 ppm 30,000 ppm
Carbon monoxide 25 ppm –
Hydrogen sulphide 1 ppm 5 ppm
Nitrogen dioxide 3 ppm 5 ppm
Sulphur dioxide 2 ppm 5 ppm

Reference: The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)


Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) for Chemical Substances and Biological Agents &
Biological Exposure Indices (BEI), 2010 Edition.

Notes:

* TLV-TWA (Time Weighted Average) concentration for a conventional 8-hour workday


and a 40-hour workweek.

** TLV-STEL (Short-Term Exposure Limit) where a 15-minute TWA exposure that


should not be exceeded at any time during the workday, even if the 8-hour TWA is within
the TLV-TWA.

NB. This table is not exhaustive. For a full list of substances and their adopted values,
consult Reference above.

The basic characteristics of H2S are as follows:-

Normal physical state: A colourless gas, slightly heavier than air. Soluble in water and
oil. At 1ppm rotten egg odour, but odourless after killing the nasal senses above
350ppm. Highly flammable (range 4.3 - 46% vapour by volume in air). Ignition Temp
500F (260c) Burns with a blue flame to produce Sulphur dioxide SO2.

1ppm Smell of rotten eggs detectable by humans

5ppm PEL (Permissible Exposure Level - 8hrs per day)

10ppm TLV-TWA (Threshold Limit Value -Time Weighted Average)

15ppm STEL (Short term Exposure Level - 15mins max)

100ppm IDLH (Immediate Danger to Life and Health)

150 - 250ppm Loss of sense of smell within 10-15mins

600ppm Paralysis, breathing and heart failure

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1000ppm Instant death

Note: TLV-TWA is presently 10ppm, verify ADNOC-COPV3-01/ACGIH Stds. as


notification has been issued that this may be reduced to 1ppm in the near future.

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7.5 Appendix-5: Safety Distances Table

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Project No.: P11570
DOCUMENT TITLE ADNOC Onshore Doc. No.: 11-99-89-1602
HSE Philosophy Rev.: 1 Date: 18-Apr-2018
Page 93 of 95

Security Code: 5 – Public


Project No.: P11570
DOCUMENT TITLE ADNOC Onshore Doc. No.: 11-99-89-1602
HSE Philosophy Rev.: 1 Date: 18-Apr-2018
Page 94 of 95

Security Code: 5 – Public


Project No.: P11570
DOCUMENT TITLE ADNOC Onshore Doc. No.: 11-99-89-1602
HSE Philosophy Rev.: 1 Date: 18-Apr-2018
Page 95 of 95

Security Code: 5 – Public