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NAME…………………………………………………………………..INDEX.

NO:…………

443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
TIME: 2 HOURS

Instructions to Candidates

- This paper consists of three sections: A, B and C


- Answer all the questions in sections A and B
- Answer any two questions from section C.

FOR EXAMINER’S USE ONLY

SECTION QUESTIONS MAXIMUM SCORE CANDIDATE’S SCORE


A 1 - 21 30
B 22 - 25 20
C 20
20
90

A Plus Examinations series Trial 1

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SECTION A (30 MARKS)

Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

1. Name two common vectors of protozoan diseases in livestock. (1 mk)


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2. State two importance of tooth clipping in pigs. (1 mk)


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3. Give four structural requirements of a calf pen. (2 mks)


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4. Differentiate between mortality rate of a disease and a zoonotic disease. (2 mks)


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5. Name four components of a truss in a house. (2 mks)


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6. State two causes of a soft shell in an egg. (1 mk)


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7. Name the:
(i) Bacteria that causes anthrax in cattle. ( ½ mk)

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(ii) Protozoa that causes gall sickness in cattle ( ½ mks)
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8. Give a reason as to why each of the following is important in the diet of young animals.
(i) Phosphorous (1 mk)
(ii) Vitamin C (1 mk)

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9. State four factors that influence the quality of bricks. (2 mks)

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10. Name the breed of livestock described below.


(i) A sheep breed which is white in colour with a black head, the body covering is of
wool-like hair. ( ½ mk)

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(ii)
A goat breed which is brown with two white stripes running from the eyes to the
nose. ( ½ mk)
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11. State two methods of extracting honey. (1 mk)

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12. Give two advantages of embryo transplant. (1 mk)
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13. What is the difference between the following terms:-


(a) Flushing and steaming up (1 mk)

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(b) Concentrates and roughage (1 mk)


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14. Name the hormone responsible for each of the following functions in lactating dairy cattle
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(a) Milk secretion ( ½ mk)
(b) Milk let down ( ½ mk)

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15. State four factors that may influence the amount of water intake by a farm animal
(2 mks)

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16. Give four routine management practices where handling of an animal is necessary.
(2 mks)
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17. Suggest three reasons why ewe may abandon their lambs.
(1 ½ mks)
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18. State three reasons why rabbit keeping has become popular in Kenya.
(1 ½ mks)
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19. List two disadvantages of dry cow therapy. (1 mk)

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20. Give two characteristics of an effective acaricide. (1 mk)

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21. Name two pre-disposing factors of coccidiosis in poultry. (1 mk)

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SECTION B – 20 MARKS

Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

22. Below is a layout of an animal housing. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

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(i) Identify the structure. ( ½ mk)
(ii) Name the parts labeled 1,2,3,4 (2 mks)

1
2
3
4

(iii) What is the role of the part labeled 3? (1 mk)

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23. The diagram below shows a type of a farm gate. Study the diagram and answer the
questions that follow.

(a) Identify the type of gate shown. (1 mk)

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(b) Name parts labeled D and E. (1 mk)


D
E
(c) (i) State one function of the part labeled E. (1 mk)

(ii) State two functions of the gate illustrated above. (2 mks)

(iii) Name the tool used for stretching the wire during the construction of the fence
shown above. ( ½ mk)

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24. The diagram below shows the reproductive system of a cow. Study it and answer the
questions that follow:-

(a) Name the parts labeled J,K,L and M. (2 mks)

(b) State a function of the part labeled K and N.


Function of K (1 mk)

Function of N (1 mk)

(c) (i) Give two methods of mating in cattle. (2 mks)

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(ii) How long is the Oestrus cycle in cattle.

25. The following is an illustration of a structure normally found within a bee-hive.

(a) Name the structure. (1 mk)

(b) State two functions of the above part of the bee hive. (2 mks)

(c) Give two diseases that are likely to attack bees in a hive. (1 mk)

SECTION C – 40 MARKS
Answer any two questions from this section in the spaces provided after question 28

26. (a) Describe the use of various hand tools required for the construction of a wooden
fence. (5 mks)
(b) Outline the procedure of castrating a bull using a burdizzo. (7 mks)
(c) Discuss the management of Pigs from birth to weaning. (8 mks)

27. (a) Describe the components of a spray race. (10 mks)


(b) Outline six reasons for maintaining livestock in good health. (6 mks)
(c) Explain four qualities that make colostrums more suitable for newly burn calves.

28. (a) Explain the management practices that a farmer should carry out to improve milk
production in a low yielding herd of dairy cattle under the following subheadings

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(i) Selection (5 mks)
(ii) Disease and parasite control (5 mks)
(iii) Housing (2 mks)

(b) Explain the factors that make bees swarm. (8 mks)


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