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Chapter 4 practice test

1. What is the role of the SRY gene in humans?

2. What is the expected outcome for a human embryo with the XXXY chromosome
constitution?

3. Which of the following chromosome constitutions would never lead to a viable human baby
being born?

4. A female with androgen-insensitivity syndrome, a sex-linked recessive condition, has

5. Species in which individuals have only male or only female reproductive structures are called

6. In which of the following organisms is gender/sex determined by the temperature during


embryonic development?

7. In species of birds, males are the homogametic sex and females the heterogametic sex.
Which if the following is true in this system of sex determination?

8. In a germ-line cell from a female grasshopper (XX-XO sex determination system), when do
the homologous X chromosomes segregate?

9. In a germ-line cell from a human male that is dividing, when do the X and Y chromosomes
segregate?

10. Which of the following human genotypes is associated with Klinefelter syndrome?

11. What is the sex chromosome constitution of a male duck-billed platypus?


12. Species in which an individual organism has both male and female reproductive structures
are called

13. Red-green color blindness is X-linked recessive. A woman with normal color vision has a
father who is color blind. The woman has a child with a man with normal color
vision.Which phenotype is NOT expected?

14. A woman is phenotypically normal, but her father had the sex-linked recessive condition of
red-green colorblindness. If she has children with a man with normal vision, what is the
probability that their first child will have normal vision and their second child will be
colorblind?

List five different sex determination systems


(1) XX-XO; grasshoppers
(2) XX-XY; humans
(3) ZZ-ZW; birds
(4) X:A; Drosophila

Define

hermaphroditism

monoecious organism

dioecious organism

sex chromosome

autosome

heterogametic sex
homogametic sex

pseudoautosomal region

genic sex determination

sequential hermaphroditism

genic balance system

Turner syndrome

Klinefelter syndrome

triplo-X syndrome

sex-determining region Y (SRY) gene

sex-linked characteristic

X-linked characteristic

Y-linked characteristic

hemizygosity

nondisjunction
dosage compensation

Barr body

Lyon hypothesis