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Design of Desanders DKHPP

Input
Q = 7.35 m3/s (2 desanders)
Grain Dia dcr = 0.2 mm

From Fig. 1
Source:-
Standardization of civil engineering works of small hydropower plants

W = Settling velocity of sand in flowing water (m/s)


Wo = Settling velocity of sand in quiescent water (m/s)
Vmc = Critical mean flow

W = 0.022 m/s
Wo = 0.03 m/s
Vmc = 0.21 m/s
By application of the physics in a settling basin, following relationship can be given:

Q
Ls v s =hv=
Bs
Ls = length of sandtrap
Bs = width of sandtrap
h = assumed water depth [m]

The following criteria can be applied as rule of thumb:


Ls Fig. 1 Based on CAMP Formula
B s<
8
Assumed h = 7 m
Bs = 5 m
Ls = 62 m 7.755682
Source:- 1. (Standardization of civil engineering works of hydropower plants
Ls = 62.045455 m Dr Erik Bollaert, Porto 19.10.2004,, Laboratoree de Construction Hydrauliques)
Ls = 74 m Selected length 2. (High head Hydropower Engineering Design, GTZ)
28.27433 6
Design of Desanders

Input
Q = 7.35 m3/s (2 desanders)
Grain Dia dcr = 0.3 mm

From Fig. 1
Source:-
Standardization of civil engineering works of small hydropower plants

W = Settling velocity of sand in flowing water (m/s)


Wo = Settling velocity of sand in quiescent water (m/s)
Vmc = Critical mean flow

W = 0.038 m/s
Wo = 0.043 m/s
Vmc = 0.25 m/s

By application of the physics in a settling basin, following relationship can be given:

Q (Engineering Design of High head, GTZ)


Ls v s =hv=
Bs
Ls = length of sandtrap
Bs = width of sandtrap
h = assumed water depth [m]

The following criteria can be applied as rule of thumb:


Ls Fig. 1 Based on CAMP Formula
B s< (Engineering Design of High head, GTZ)
8
Assumed h = 6.5 m Source:- 1. (Standardization of civil engineering works of hydropower plants
Bs = 5 m Dr Erik Bollaert, Porto 19.10.2004,, Laboratoree de Construction Hydrauliques)
Ls = 38 m 4.723837 2. (High head Hydropower Engineering Design, GTZ)
E. Check for Velocity in Flushing Channel
B 5.0 m
H 0.4 m
S 0.040
A 1.85 m2
P 5.7 m
R 0.32 m
n 0.025
Q 6.96 m3/sec
V 3.76 m/s

42.6869236467714

42.976461332