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20XX

Proposed Revision of CSD-1 ASME CSD-1–2015


(Revision of ASME CSD-1–2012)
2015

Controls and
Safety Devices
for Automatically
Fired Boilers

DRAFT DATE: 01/2018

A N A M E R I C A N N AT I O N A L S TA N D A R D

Two Park Avenue • New York, NY • 10016 USA


ASME CSD-1–2015

CG-200 GENERAL PROVISIONS Gas Code, for gas-fired boilers and with NFPA 31,
CG-210 General Provisions Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment,
for oil-fired boilers.
Installation requirements shall apply to controls,
(b) Louvers and grilles shall be fixed in the open posi-
safety devices, and burners on automatically fired boil-
tion or interlocked with the equipment so that they are
ers covered by this Standard.
opened automatically during equipment operation. The
For information regarding boiler and/or burner
interlock shall be placed on the driven member.
installations, refer to local codes. In the absence of local
(c) Fans supplying air to the boiler room for combus-
codes, see NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1 for gas-fired boilers
tion shall be interlocked with the burner so that air flow
and NFPA 31 for oil-fired boilers.
is proven during equipment operation.
For boilers firing liquefied-petroleum gas or LP-gas
air mixtures, the requirements pertaining to the storage
container, the first and second stage LP-gas pressure CG-300 MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
regulators, and all components upstream of the point
of gas delivery (see CG-700) are covered by NFPA 58, CG-310 Components
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code. Each control and safety device covered by this
Standard shall be accepted for the intended service by
CG-220 Installation
a nationally recognized testing agency such as, but not
(a) Installation of controls, safety devices, and burners limited to, UL, FM, or CSA (see CG-230).
shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s instruc-
tions and the applicable requirements of this Standard.
Diagrams detailing the wiring and piping connections CG-400 TESTING AND MAINTENANCE
for the controls and safety devices installed shall be
CG-410 Cleaning
furnished by the unit manufacturer [see CG-510(c)].
(b) Installations shall provide accessibility for remov- Manufacturers of controls and safety devices requir-
ing burners; adjusting, cleaning, and lubricating work- ing periodic service shall furnish detailed instructions
ing parts; and replacing controls, safety devices, and covering the procedures and frequency of cleaning [see
other control components.if required to adjust the pilot and/or main burner flame. Observation
CG-510(c)].
(c) For information ports providing the
concerning direct visualand
location observation are not required in the
installation of LP-gas following
air mixture cases:
boilers, refer to local CG-420 Testing
building codes. (a) boilers using pulse combustion that Manufacturers
are labeled andof listed
boilersbyand
a burners covered by this
(d) When one or more nationally recognized testing agency.
modules of a modular boiler Standard shall furnish detailed instructions for testing
(b) indirect observation is provided by reflection for visual observation
(see CG-700) are replaced, compatibility of all controls controls and safety devices, both when the boiler is
or an indicator driven by a sensor. When used, a sensor and indicator
and systems shall be ensured. The replacement modules operating and when it is out of service [see CG-510(c)].
shall comply with theshall display both the presence and absence of the pilot and/or main
initial listing and shall meet the
CG-430 Maintenance
flame.
requirements of this Standard.
Boiler, boiler unit, and burner manufacturers shall
(15) CG-230 Observation Ports
furnish detailed instructions on maintenance and service
Observation ports shall be provided to permit direct procedures for the fuel burning system or electrically
visual inspection of the pilot, main burner flame, and heated units, including controls and safety devices
boiler furnace, except for boilers using pulse combustion installed with the unit.
that are labeled and listed by a nationally recognized These instructions shall include requirements speci-
testing agency. fying that cover plates, enclosures, and guards shall be
CG-240 Guarding maintained in place at all times, except during mainte-
nance (see CG-510 and Part CM).
Guards shall be provided to protect personnel and
Boiler, boiler unit, burner, and control manufacturers’
protect against damage to control equipment. Guarding
operation and maintenance instructions furnished with
shall conform to applicable regulations.
the equipment shall be retained and made available to
CG-250 Annunciator Systems the boiler operator (see CG-510).
Where used, annunciator systems, and their associ-
CG-440 Operational Testing
ated test and acknowledgement circuits, shall have all
contacts, switches, relays, and lights arranged so that (a) The manufacturer of shop-assembled boilers shall
safety control functions are not bypassed. test and report per CG-510(a) on the operation of control
systems and safety devices installed in accordance with
CG-260 Combustion Air this Standard. Test conditions shall be as close to speci-
(a) The requirements of combustion air shall be in fied field conditions as feasible prior to shipment from
accordance with NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1, National Fuel the manufacturer’s facility. Where production makes it

2
ASME CSD-1–2015

infeasible to check each shop-assembled boiler unit indi- individual (see CG-700) to the owner/user and to obtain
vidually prior to shipment, the manufacturer shall a receipt for the instructions. The receipt shall be filed
follow a written inspection and quality control proce- with the installation report.
dure by which the intent of this paragraph will be met.
(b) The installing contractor shall test and report per
CG-600 OPERATION
CG-510(b) on the operation of control systems and safety
devices installed in accordance with this Standard prior CG-610 Lockout
to release to the owner/user. The manual procedure required for effecting the
restart of the equipment subsequent to a lockout shall
CG-500 CERTIFICATION AND REPORTING be accomplished from a location where the cause of
the lockout may be determined so that the necessary
CG-510 Certification and Reporting corrective action may be performed to ensure that safe
(a) Manufacturers of shop-assembled boiler units cov- operating conditions prevail before restarting the boiler.
ered by this Standard shall maintain a report for each Safety control(s) that can electronically reset without
boiler unit or on each category (type, size, or model) local manual intervention, such as when power or con-
for boiler units. For boiler units less than or equal to trol input to the device is interrupted and then restored,
400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) for gas, or less than or equal shall not be permitted.
to 3 gph (11.4 L/h) for oil, a report shall be maintained
on each category (type, size, or model). CG-700 DEFINITIONS (15)
This report shall list
(1) each control and safety device installed in accor- accepted: a boiler unit, equipment, or device is accepted
dance with this Standard when listed, labeled, or otherwise determined to be suit-
(2) name of the manufacturer and model number able and safe by a nationally recognized testing agency.
*NEW DEFINITION:
of each control and safety device Field installations are accepted when approved by the
branch burner:(3)Aoperational
burner that testtakes-off
performedfrom the
(see CG-440) authority having jurisdiction.
CG-510(a)(1) through (a)(3)
main burner supply line, but does not have its ownshall be verified by the air change: the quantity of air necessary to completely
replace the air contained in the combustion chamber
primary safety control, but rather uses the main manu-
signature of an authorized representative of the
facturer on this report. An example of an acceptable data and associated flue passages.
burner as it’s source
report form isof ignitionin and
contained safety control
Nonmandatory Appendix C. air shutter: an adjustable device for varying the flow
(e.g. 2nd stage
This burner).
report shallAbe line
madeburner (ortopipe
available the authorized of air.
inspection
burner) where agencyadjacent
installed or the inspector for action as required
to line
by the local jurisdiction. alarm: an audible or visible signal indicating an
burner and acting as the ignition source of the off-standard or abnormal condition.
(b) Installing contractors shall maintain or obtain
adjacent line
fromburner, is considered
the manufacturer to each
a report for be ainstallation
branch com- alarm circuit: a circuit that includes an alarm.
of a singlepleted.
burnerThe assembly.
report shall list annunciator: a device that indicates a condition, either
(1) each control and safety device installed in accor- normal or abnormal, by visual signals, audible signals,
dance with this Standard or both.
(2) name of the manufacturer and model number
approved: acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.
of each control and safety device
(3) operational test performed (see CG-440) atomizing media: a supplementary medium, such as
CG-510(b)(1) through (b)(3) shall be verified by the steam or air, that assists in breaking the fuel oil into a
signature of an authorized representative of the install- fine spray.
ing contractor on this report. An example of an accept- authorized inspection agency: the inspection agency
able report form is contained in Nonmandatory approved by the appropriate authority of a state or
Appendix C. municipality of the United States or a province of
This report shall be made available to the authorized Canada that has adopted this Standard.
inspection agency or the inspector for action as required AWG: American Wire Gauge.
by the local jurisdiction.
(c) Installing contractors shall obtain from the boiler bleed line: a section of piping or tubing that conveys
manufacturer pertinent operating, testing, servicing, the release of gas from a fuel train component, which
and cleaning instructions for the controls and safety periodically releases gas pressure to the atmosphere in
devices (see CG-410, CG-420, and CG-430). It is the order to operate properly.
responsibility of the installing contractor to deliver these boiler: a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is
instructions, together with complete wiring and piping heated, steam or vapor is generated, steam or vapor is
diagrams, and a written precaution that the operating, superheated, or any combination thereof, under pres-
testing, and servicing only be performed by a qualified sure or vacuum for use external to itself, by the direct

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ASME CSD-1–2015

combustion chamber: the portion of the boiler enclosure flame failure response time: the time interval between the
into which the fuel is fed, ignited, and burned (also loss of flame and deenergizing the safety shutoff valve.
referred to as furnace or firebox). flue passages (breeching): the cavities (e.g., flue, exhaust,
conductor: a body that may be used to conduct electric or vent system) that convey the products of combustion
current. from the boiler combustion chamber to an approved
continuous duty: the design feature of an electrical device, location.
such as a motor, enabling the device to operate at the FM: factory mutual approvals.
rated load for an indefinite period.
fuel train: a series of valves, regulators, and controls,
control: a device designated to regulate the fuel, air, between the burner and the source of fuel, that regulates
water, steam, or electrical NOTE
supply toTO
the controlled equip- and controls the flow of fuel to the burner.
ment. It may be automatic, REVIEWER:
semiautomatic, or manual.
gas: one of the following fuel gases: natural gas, liquefied
Definition
control, operating: an automatic has other
control, beenthan a petroleum (LP) gas, LP-air mixture, manufactured gas,
safety control, to start orrevised.
regulate See
input according to or mixed gas.
demand and to stop or regulate input on satisfaction of
pressure regulator, gas-pressure regulator, main: a device for controlling and
demand.
gas, main maintaining a predetermined gas pressure for the main
control, primary safety: a control directly responsive to burner.
flame properties, sensing the presence of flame and, in
event of ignition failure or loss of flame, causing safety gas-pressure regulator, pilot: a device for controlling and
shutdown. maintaining a predetermined gas pressure for the pilot
burner.
control, safety (also known as limit): a control responsive
to changes in liquid level, pressure, or temperature and gas-pressure relief line: a section of pipe or tubing that
set beyond the operating range to prevent the operation conveys a release of gas from a gas-pressure relief valve.
beyond designed limits. ground: a conducting connection, whether intentional or
control manufacturer: an organization that manufactures accidental, between an electrical circuit or equipment
operating and safety controls for use on boilers. and either the earth or a conducting body that serves
in place of the earth.
CSA: CSA International.
grounded: connected to earth or to some conducting body
damper: a valve or plate for regulating combustion air
that serves in place of the earth.
or flue gases.
draft: the difference in pressure between atmospheric grounded conductor: a system or circuit conductor that is
and some other pressure in the furnace or gas passages. intentionally grounded.

draft, mechanical: the draft caused by a mechanical device, grounding conductor, equipment: the conductor used to
such as a forced draft or induced draft fan. connect noncurrent-carrying metal parts of equipment,
raceways, and other enclosures to the system-grounded
draft, natural: the draft caused by the difference in the conductor at the service and/or the grounding electrode
temperature of the hot flue gases and the outside conductor.
atmosphere.
guarded: covered, shielded, fenced, enclosed, or other-
drip: the container placed at a low point in a system of
wise protected by means of covers, casings, barriers,
piping to collect condensate and from which condensate
rails, screens, mats, or platforms to prevent contact by
may be removed.
persons or objects.
fan, forced draft: a fan used to supply air, under pressure,
high fire: the rate of a burner at or near design maximum
to the fuel-burning equipment of the boiler.
fuel input.
fan, induced draft: a fan used to exhaust gases, under
ignition system, direct: an automatic ignition system that
suction, from the boiler.
uses an electrically energized device to ignite fuel at a
feedback line: a section of piping or tubing that normally main burner.
communicates air pressure from a point of reference
to the air pressure side of a diaphragm of fuel train ignition system, hot surface: an automatic, direct ignition
component, but could contain gas under abnormal con- system that uses a hot surface igniter to ignite fuel at a
ditions; or a section of piping or tubing that communi- main burner.
cates flue or gas pressure from one point of reference input rating: the fuel-burning capacity of a burner at sea
to another point of reference. level in Btu/hr (W) as specified by the manufacturer.
firing rate: the rate at which air, fuel, or an air-fuel mixture installing contractor: an organization that installs a boiler,
is supplied to a burner, expressed in volume or heat combustion controls, burners, and protective equipment
units supplied per unit of time. in the field.

5
ASME CSD-1–2015

labeled: equipment or materials to which has been pilot: a small burner that is used to lightoff (ignite) the
attached a label of a nationally recognized testing agency main burner.
that maintains periodic inspection of production of
pilot, continuous: also known as a constant burning pilot,
labeled equipment or materials. Labeling indicates com-
a pilot that burns without turndown throughout the
pliance with nationally recognized standards.
entire time the burner assembly is in service, whether
liquefied-petroleum gas: fuel gases, including commercial the main burner is firing or not.
propane; predominantly propane, propylene, or com-
mercial butane; predominantly butane; isobutane; pilot, intermittent: a pilot that is automatically lighted
and/or butylene. each time there is a call for heat. It burns during the
entire period the main burner is firing.
listed: equipment or materials included in a list pub-
lished by a nationally recognized testing agency that pilot, interrupted: a pilot that is automatically lighted
maintains periodic inspection of production of listed each time there is a call for heat. The pilot fuel is cut
equipment or materials. Listing indicates compliance off automatically at the end of the main burner flame-
with nationally recognized standards. establishing period.
local: within physical sight and sound of the affected pilot, proved: a pilot flame supervised by a primary safety
equipment (see also lockout). control.
lockout: a safety shutdown that requires a local, manual pilot flame-establishing period: the interval of time that fuel
procedure to restart
*Insert the equipment (see also shutdown,
new Definition: is permitted to be delivered to a pilot burner before the
safety).
multiple burner boiler unit: A boiler unit withprimary safety control is required to prove the pilot
low fire start: the light-off ignition of achamber
burner with flame.
thecontains
one common combustion and
fuel controls in a low fire position. In a system with pilot manifold gas pressure: the gas pressure measured at
more low
guaranteed thanfireone
start,burner assembly,
interlocks are used toeach
preventof which
a location that is specified by the burner/boiler unit
has
startup its burner
if the own primary
is not in safety control.
the low fire position. manufacturer and is taken downstream of the pilot
low-water fuel cutoff: a device that shuts off the fuel when gas-pressure regulator.
the boiler water falls to an unsafe level. point of gas delivery: for other than undiluted liquefied-
LP-gas air mixture: liquefied-petroleum gases distributed petroleum gas systems, the point of gas delivery shall
at relatively low pressures and normal atmospheric tem- be considered the outlet of the service meter assembly
peratures that have been diluted with air to produce a or the outlet of the service regulator or service shutoff
desired heating value and utilization characteristic. valve when no meter is provided. For undiluted,
main burner flame-establishing period: thenew
interval of time liquefied-petroleum gas systems, the point of gas deliv-
*Insert Definitions: ery shall be considered the outlet of the first stage
the main burner fuel safety shutoff valves are permitted
to be open before the primarypressure regulator,
safety control is requiredgas,LP–gas-pressure
main: a device for
regulator.
controlling
to prove the presence of the main and maintaining
burner flame. a predetermined
pool heater: an appliance designed for heating nonpotable
main manifold gas pressure: the gas pressure
gas pressure to theatgas water
measured manifold.
stored at atmospheric pressure, such as water in
a location that is specified by pressure regulator,
the burner/boiler unitzeroswimming
governor: pools,
a mainspas, hot tubs, and similar
manufacturer and is taken downstream of the main gas applications.
gas pressure regulator that is normally
pressure regulator.
adjusted to deliver gas at postpurge period: a period of time after the fuel valves
atmospheric
manifold, gas: the conduit of an appliance that supplies close, during which the burner motor or fan continues
gas to the individual burners.
pressure within its flow rating.
to run to supply air to the combustion chamber and flue
manual reset device: a component of a control that requires passages.
resetting by hand to restart the burner after safe prepurge period: a period of time on each startup during
operating conditions have been restored. which air is introduced into the combustion chamber
maximum fixed stop limit: on a temperature or pressure and flue passages in volume and manner as to com-
control having an adjustable set point, the maximum pletely replace the air or fuel-air mixture contained
fixed stop limit is the maximum setting to which the therein prior to initiating ignition.
control can be adjusted and still perform its intended
pressure regulator, LP-gas, first stage: on undiluted LP-gas
function (i.e., safety shutdown) but not be exceeded due
systems, a pressure regulator designed to reduce pres-
to a mechanical or electrical stop device.
sure from the container to 10.0 psi (70 kPa) or less.
NEMA: National Electric Manufacturers Association.
pressure regulator, LP-gas, second stage: a pressure regula-
NFPA: National Fire Protection Association. tor for service on undiluted LP-gas systems designed
oil: any commercial grade fuel oil as defined by to reduce first stage regulator outlet pressure to 14.0 in.
ASTM D396. W.C. (4.0 kPa) or less.

6
ASME CSD-1–2015

pressure regulator, service: a pressure regulator installed Fig. CG-1 Sediment Trap
by the serving gas supplier to reduce and limit the ser-
Gas supply inlet
vice line gas pressure to delivery pressure.
primary safety control system: an automatic labeled and
listed control that may integrate the functions of other
controls, such as operating control(s), primary safety
control(s), safety control(s), and sensing devices. This
control system integrates separate labeled and listed
components that incorporate feedback so that the failure
of any of these sensing devices will result in a safety Tee fitting To gas
shutdown and lockout condition of the boiler.
control(s)
proven prepurge: a provision of the control system for inlet
preventing burner operation until prescribed air flow is
proven to be established during prepurge.
pulse combustion: a self-aspirating, acoustically resonat- Nipple
3 in. (76 mm)
ing combustion system.
min.
qualified individual: a boiler service technician who is
engaged in and responsible for installation, replacement, Cap
repair, or service of the boiler, fuel-burning system con-
trols, and safety devices and is experienced in such work.
readily accessible: having direct unimpeded access with-
out the need of a ladder or removing or moving any switch, low oil temperature: a temperature-actuated device
panel, door, or similar covering of the item described. arranged to stop the flow of fuel to a preheated oil
burner or to prevent it from starting when the fuel oil
recycle: the process of sequencing a normal burner start temperature falls below a set point, which shall be the
following safety shutdown before the establishment of lower end of the viscosity range recommended by the
lockout. (INSERT NEW DEFINITION) burner manufacturer.
may: permissive; not required; an
relay: a device that is operative by a variation in the switch, low-pressure: a pressure-actuated device to moni-
conditions ofalternative
one electric means
circuit toto accomplish
start the operation tor liquid, steam, or gas pressure and arranged to stop
the in
of other devices specified
the same task.
or another electric circuit, the flow of fluid to the burner at a preset low pressure.
such as pressure or temperature relay.
switch, pressure: a pressure-responsive device that makes
relight: the action upon loss of main flame to reestablish or breaks an electrical circuit and may be automatically
the ignition source without recycle. or manually reset.
sediment trap: a device in a gas line that collects and time delay: a deliberate delay of a predetermined time
prevents solid debris (such as pipe dope, slag, dirt, etc.) in the action of a safety device or control.
from traveling downstream into the gas controls (see
UL: Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
Fig. CG-1).
upper set point limit: on a temperature or pressure control
shutdown, normal: shutting off fuel and ignition energy
having an adjustable range of set points, the upper set
to the burner by means of an operating control.
point limit is the maximum pressure or temperature set
shutdown, safety: shutting off all fuel and ignition energy point in the range of the control, to which the control
to the burner by (INSERT NEWcontrol
means of a safety DEFINITIONS)
or primary can be adjusted and still perform its intended function
safety control (seeshall:
also lockout).
action that is mandatory and(i.e., safety shutdown).
required
switch, air flow: a device usedtotoaccomplish
prove the flowthe
of air. valve, automatic: an automatic device consisting essen-
specified task.
switch, high oil temperature: a temperature-actuated tially of a valve and operator that controls the fuel supply
to the burner(s) during normal operation of a boiler. It
device arranged toshould:
stop theindicates
flow of fuelatopreferred
a preheatedbut
oil burner or to prevent may be actuated by application of electrical, mechanical,
not mandatory means tothe fuel
it from starting when
or other means.
oil temperature rises above a set point, which shall be
the upper end of accomplish the specified
the viscosity range recommendedtask.
by valve, lubricated plug type: a valve of the plug and barrel
the burner manufacturer. type designed for maintaining a lubricant between the
switch, high-pressure: a pressure-actuated device to moni- bearing surfaces.
tor liquid, steam, or gas pressure and arranged to stop valve, modulating control: a valve designed to regulate
the flow of fuel to the burner at a preset high pressure. fuel input to the burner in response to demand.

7
ASME CSD-1–2015

(c) Motors shall be provided with running protection Such wiring shall be in accordance with NFPA 70,
by means of integral thermal protection, overcurrent National Electrical Code. All wiring between compo-
devices, or a combination of both in accordance with nents shall have copper conductors not less than size
manufacturer’s instructions that shall be based on the No. 18 AWG and constructed in accordance with
requirements of NFPA 70, National Electrical Code. NFPA 70, National Electrical Code.
(d) Motors shall be rated for continuous duty and (b) All electrical wiring shall have a voltage rating
shall be designed for an ambient temperature of 104°F commensurate with the voltage of the power supply.
(40°C) or higher. (c) Conductors shall be protected from physical
(e) All motors shall be provided with terminal leads damage.
or terminal screws in terminal boxes integral with, or (d) Conductors shall be sized on the basis of the rated
secured to, the motor frames. current of the load they supply.
CE-140 Ignition System
(a) When automatic electric ignition is provided, it CE-160 Bonding and Grounding
shall be accomplished by means of a high-voltage elec- (a) Means shall be provided for grounding the major
tric spark, a high-energy electric spark, or a hot surface metallic frame or assembly of the boiler.
igniter.
(b) Noncurrent-carrying enclosures, frames, and simi-
(b) Ignition transformers shall conform to require-
lar parts of all electrical components and devices shall
ments of UL 506, Standard for Specialty Transformers.
be bonded to the main frame or assembly of the boiler.
(c) Ignition cable shall conform to the requirements
Electrical components that are bonded by their installa-
of UL 814, Gas-Tube-Sign Cable.
tion do not require a separate bonding conductor.
CE-150 Wiring (c) When an insulated conductor is used to bond elec-
(a) All wiring for boilers shall be rated for the maxi- trical components and devices, it shall show a continu-
mum operating temperature to which it may be exposed. ous green color, with or without a yellow stripe.

(INSERT NEW REQUIREMENT)


CE‐170 Annunciation, Status and Control Wiring to
Primary Safety Control Systems
(a) Connections made to the Primary Safety
Control System and connected to an external device for
the purpose of annunciation, status indication or any
other purpose shall not:
(1) Change the intended operation or setting of safety
or operating controls.
(2) Energize safety related outputs from the Primary
Safety Control System.
(b) Connections of any external device as described
in CE‐170(a) shall be tested and reported in
accordance with CG-440(b) by a qualified technician.
Testing shall verify safety and operating controls of
the primary safety control system are not bypassed
and no safety related outputs from the primary
safety control system are energized as a result of the
external connections.

11
ASME CSD-1–2015

Part CW
Steam and Waterside Control

CW-100 AUTOMATIC LOW-WATER FUEL CUTOFF of the lowest visible part of the gage glass (see also
AND/OR COMBINED WATER FEEDING CW-210).
DEVICE
EXCEPTION: Only one low-water cutoff is required on gravity
(15) CW-110 General Requirements for Water Level return units installed in residences, as defined by the authority
Controls for All Boilers having jurisdiction.

(a) Each low-water fuel cutoff or combined feeder/ A water feeding device, when used, shall be con-
cutoff device shall conform to UL 353, Standard for Limit structed and installed so that the water inlet valve cannot
Controls, and Allshalllow
be accepted by a nationally recog- feed water into the boiler through the float chamber or
nized testing agency. its connections to the boiler. The water feeding device
(b) Installation diagrams and instructions shall be fur- shall be located to maintain the operating water level.
nished by the manufacturer. (b) The electrical circuit shall be connected in such a
(c) Low-water fuel cutoffs or combined feeder/cutoff manner that either low-water fuel cutoff control will
devices shall be locatedAll to provide access for servicing, shut off the fuel or energy supply to the boiler when a
repairing, testing, and inspection. low-water condition develops. One cutoff control shall
(d) The low-water fuel cutoff shall have a pressure be set to function ahead of the other.
rating at least equal to the maximum allowable working (1) With a pumped condensate return, functioning
pressure of the boiler. of the lower of the two cutoff controls shall cause safety
(e) In probe-type, low-water fuel cutoffs, an open cir- shutdown and lockout. The manual reset may be incor-
cuit failure, break, or disconnection of the electrical com- porated in the lower cutoff control. Where a reset device
ponents or conductors in the safety circuit shall prevent is separate from the low-water fuel cutoff, a means shall
continued operation of the firing mechanism. be provided to indicate actuation of the low-water fuel
(f) Alarms, when used, shall be distinctly audible cutoff. The manual reset device may be the instanta-
above the ambient noise level and may be used in con- neous type or may include a time delay of not more
junction with indicating lights. They shall be located to than 3 min after the fuel has been cut off.
alert the operator or an individual trained as to what (2) With gravity condensate return, the lower of the
action to take when an alarm indicates a potentially two cutoff controls shall be electrically connected with
dangerous situation is developing. the upper cutoff to cause a safety shutdown requiring
(g) Low-water fuel cutoffs of the automatic or manual manual reset only when the upper cutoff has failed to
reset type shall be electrically connected in accordance function.
with CE-110(j). (c) The fuel cutoff device may be inserted internally
(h) For vacuum boilers, see the requirements in or attached externally to the boiler. An external cutoff
CW-700. device may be attached to piping connecting a water
column to the boiler or combined with a water column.
CW-120 Requirements for Water Level Controls for Water column piping and connections shall be at least
Low-Pressure Steam or Vapor System NPS 1 (DN 25). If the lower water fuel cutoff is connected
Boilers to the boiler by pipe or fittings, no shutoff valves of any
(a) Each automatically fired, low-pressure steam or type shall be placed in such piping. A cross, or equivalent
vapor system boiler shall have at least two automatic fitting, shall be placed in the water piping connection
low-water fuel cutoffs, one of which may be a combined at every right angle to facilitate cleaning and inspection.
feeder/cutoff device. When installed external to the Fuel cutoff devices embodying a separate chamber shall
boiler, each device shall be installed in individual cham- have a vertical drainpipe and blowoff valve, not less
bers (water columns), which shall be attached to the than NPS 3⁄4 (DN 20), located at the lowest point of the
boiler by separate pipe connections below the waterline. chamber or water-equalizing pipe connections so that
A common steam connection is permissible. Each cutoff the chamber and equalizing pipe can be flushed and the
device shall be installed to prevent startup and to cut device tested.
off the boiler fuel or energy supply automatically, prior (d) A low-water fuel cutoff or combined feeder/cutoff
to the fall of the surface of the water below the level device may also be installed in the tapped openings

12
ASME CSD-1–2015

(d) A system may incorporate a time delay compo- (b) When there is a definitive waterline, a low-water
nent with the low-water fuel cutoff device to prevent fuel cutoff device complying with the applicable por-
short cycling. This component shall not constrict any tions of CW-100 shall be provided in addition to controls
connecting piping, and the time delay shall not exceed necessary for meeting the requirements of CW-210(a).
the boiler manufacturer ’s recommended timing, or Functioning of the low-water fuel cutoff shall cause a
90 sec, whichever is less. The device shall cut off the safety shutdown and lockout.
fuel or energy supply when the water falls to the lowest
visible part of the gage glass.
CW-300 PRESSURE CONTROLS
CW-150 Requirements for Operating and Safety
Controls for Electrically Heated Boilers CW-310 Requirements for Pressure Controls for (15)
Steam Boilers
Electric resistance and electrode boilers shall have a
boiler feed control system that shall maintain the (a) Each boiler pressure control shall conform to
operating level in steam boilers and operating water UL 353, Standard for Limit Controls, and shall be
pressure on hot-water boilers. Where uncovering of the accepted by a nationally recognized testing agency.
electrical element can lead to an unsafe condition, the (b) Each automatically fired steam boiler or system
boiler shall be provided with low-water fuel cutoff(s) in of commonly connected steam boilers shall have at least
accordance with Part CW. Boiler feed control and low- one steam pressure control device that will shut off the
water fuel cutoff may be common to one control. In the fuel supply to each boiler or system of commonly con-
case of electrode-type boilers, where the reduction in nected boilers when the steam pressure reaches a preset
water level provides a self-limiting control on input, maximum operating pressure. This requirement does
low-water fuel cutoff controls are not required. not preclude the use of additional operating control
devices where required.
CW-200 AUTOMATIC FUEL CUTOFF FOR FORCED (c) In addition to the pressure control required in (b)
CIRCULATION BOILERS above, each individual automatically fired steam boiler
shall have a high steam pressure limit control that will
CW-210 Requirements for Flow or Temperature In addition to a low-water fuel
prevent generation of steam pressure greater than the
Sensing Devices for Forced Circulation cutoff
maximum as allowable
specifiedworking
in CW-110 and
pressure. Functioning of
Boilers CW-130,
this control ashall cause safety shutdown and lockout.
(a) In lieu of the requirements for low-water fuel cut- The manual reset may be incorporated in the pressure
A
offs in CW-100, a boiler, requiring forced circulation to limit control. Where the reset device is separate from
prevent overheating and failure of the heat exchanger the pressure limit control, a means shall be provided to
a (tubes, coils, etc.) shall have one or more of the following *INSERT*
indicate actuation of the pressure limit control. Each
means to prevent burner operation at a water flow rate limitmay
and and operating control shall
be automatically have its own sensing
reset
inadequate to protect the boiler unit against overheating element and operating switch.
at all allowable firing rates: UL 353 when adequate flow is restored.
b (1) a flow sensing device labeled and listed by a
EXCEPTION: Lockout is not required for boiler units installed
in residences, as defined by the authority having jurisdiction.
recognized testing agency as a safety control complying
with the requirements of CW-110(a). This safety control (d) A pressure limit control of the automatic or man-
shall be independent of any other operating controls. ual reset type shall be electrically connected in accor-
(2) a primary safety control system comprised of a dance with CE-110(j).
labeled and listed primary safety control and tempera-
This(e)
control may allow the boiler to
No shutoff valve of any type shall be placed in
ture sensing devices that function to monitor tempera- recycle.
the steam pressure connection between the boiler and
ture rise across the boiler unit such that inadequate flow the high-pressure limit control device and steam pres-
rate can be determined by excessive temperature rise. sure control device or between the boiler and steam
(b)
The listing of the primary safety control system shall pressure control device.
comply with the requirements in CW-110(a). (f) Each pressure control device shall be protected
Upon detection of an inadequate flow rate, the means with a siphon,off or the
equivalent
fuel ormeans
energyof maintaining
supply a
specified in (a)(1) or (a)(2) shall shut down the burner water seal, that will prevent steam from entering the
and prevent restarting until an adequate water flow control. The minimum size of a siphon shall be NPS 1⁄4
rate is restored. Positive means shall be provided to (DN 8). Tubing suitable for the temperatures and pres-
determine during testing that these controls functioned sures involved, with an inside diameter at least equal
upon an inadequate flow condition. The positive means to standard pipe sizes, may be substituted for pipe.
shall enable these controls to remain in the running When a control incorporating a mercury switch is
safety lock circuitry during testing. mounted on the siphon, the loop of the siphon shall be
The safety control must be automatically restored to in a plane that is 90 deg (1.57 rad) from the plane of the
service after completion of system testing. mercury switch.

14
cut off the fuel supply at or
ASME CSD-1–2015
below the
(g) Steam pressure supply connections to a single control. The high temperature limit control’s sensing
pressure control using pipe of nonferrous material shall element shall be positioned on the boiler to prevent the
not be less than NPS 1⁄4 (DN 8) for lengths up to and boiler water temperature from exceeding the maximum
including 5 ft (1.5 m) and not less than NPS 1⁄2 (DN 15) allowable temperature. The upper set point limit or the
automaticallyforfired hot-water
lengths over 5 ftboiler or Tubing
(1.5 m). each system of the maximum fixed stop limit of the high temperature limit
suitable for
commonly connected
temperatureshot-water boilers
and pressures shallhaving
involved, haveanatinside
least two
control shall not exceed the maximum allowable temper-
diameter at least
temperature control devices which equal to that of standard pipe, may be ature. Functioning of this high temperature limit control
substituted for pipe. shall cause safety shutdown and lockout. The manual
(h) Steam pressure supply connections to a single reset may be incorporated in the high temperature limit
pressure control using pipe of ferrous material shall not control. Where a reset device is separate from the high
be less than NPS 1⁄2 (DN 15) for lengths up labeled
to and includ- temperature limit control, a means shall be provided to
and listed
ing 5 ft (1.5 m) and not less than NPS 1 (DN 25) for indicate actuation of the high temperature limit control.
lengths over 5 ft (1.5 m). Tubing suitable for the tempera- Each high temperature limit control shall have its own
tures and pressures involved, having an inside diameter *INSERT*
sensing element and operating switch. The sensing ele-
at least equal to that of standard pipe, may be substituted ment may
This be remote from
requirement doesthenot control unit. the
preclude
for pipe.
(i) Pressure controls should have separate pressure
use of additional
EXCEPTION: Lockout istemperature control
not required for boilers installed in resi-
connections; however, manifolding is permitted. When devices which
dences, as defined byare not labeled
the authority and listed to
having jurisdiction.

multiple controls are fed from a manifold, the manifold the(d)UL 353, Standard
Requirements for Limit
in CW-410(b) Controls.
and CW-410(c) may be
and common source connection to the boiler, for pipe fulfilled by accepted integrated controls with multiple
of nonferrous material, shall not be less than NPS 1⁄2 sensors and operating switches. The integrated control’s
(DN 15) for lengths up to and including 5 ft (1.5 m) and multiple sensors may be individually packaged or inte-
not less than NPS 3⁄4 (DN 20) for lengths over 5 ft (1.5 m). grated into a single package.
For manifolds using ferrous material, the manifold and (e) Each high temperature limit and operating tem-
common source connection to the boiler shall not be less perature control shall have its own sensing element and
than NPS 3⁄4 (DN 20) for lengths up to and including
operating switch, unless the boiler temperature and limit
5 ft (1.5 m) and not less than NPS 11⁄4 (DN 32) for lengths
control functions are performed by a primary safety
over 5 ft (1.5 m). Individual controls are to be piped
control system meeting all the requirements of
from the manifold according to the provisions of
CW-210(a). The sensing element(s) may be remote from
CW-310(g) and (h).
their control unit(s).
(j) The upper set point limit or maximum fixed stop
(f) Each required control of the automatic or manual
limit of the pressure control selected shall not exceed
reset type shall be electrically connected in accordance
the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler.
with CE-110(j).
(g) No shutoff valve or isolation device of any type
CW-400 TEMPERATURE CONTROLS shall be placed between the boiler and the boiler’s con-
trols as required in CW-410(b) and CW-410(c).
(15) CW-410 Requirements for Temperature Controls for
Hot-Water Boilers operating
EXCEPTION: temperature
A shutoff valve or isolation device may be installed
between the boiler and the operating temperature control(s) speci-
(a) Each temperature control device shall conform to
fied in CW-410(b) provided
UL 353, Standard for Limit Controls, and shall be
(a) an accepted safety control is installed to monitor for sufficient
accepted by a nationally recognized testing agency. waterat
(b) Each automatically fired hot-water boiler or each
flowleast
in the one
system and is interlocked with the boiler control
to prevent firing if the water flow is insufficient as determined by
system of commonly connected hot-water boilers shall the boiler manufacturer, or
have at least one operating temperature control. (b) an accepted valve position supervisory device ensures the
(1) This temperature control shall have its own valve is open and is interlocked with the boiler control to prevent
sensing element and operating switch. The temperature firing if the isolation valve is not fully open.
control’s sensing element shall be positioned so it senses
the system water temperature to shut off the fuel or
energy supply when the water reaches a preset operating CW-500 SAFETY AND SAFETY RELIEF VALVES
temperature. The sensing element may be remote from
the control unit. CW-510 Requirements for Steam and Hot-Water
Heating Boilers
(2) This requirement does not preclude the use of
additional temperature controls. The safety and safety relief valves of all steam and
(c) In addition to the control requirements in hot-water heating boilers shall conform to the ASME
CW-410(b), each individual automatically fired Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I or IV, as
hot-water boiler shall have a high temperature limit applicable.

15
[approximately 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)]

(15) Table CF-2 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) and Smaller (Power Gas Burners, Mechanical Draft
Atmospheric Gas Burners, and Pulse Combustion Systems), 3 gph (11.4 L/h) and Smaller (Oil)
Pilot Ignition Gas Direct Ignition System Hot Surface Ignition
Safety Control Continuous Pilot Intermittent Pilot Interrupted Pilot Gas Oil Gas Only

Purge requirements None None None None None None


[Note (1)] Pulse combustion: four air changes
at 60% damper opening with
both damper opening and air
flow proven [Note (3)]

Pilot flame-establishing period None 15-sec maximum 15-sec maximum Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable

Main burner flame-establishing None None 15-sec maximum 15-sec maximum 30-sec maximum 15-sec maximum
period Pulse combustion: 4-sec maximum

Flame failure response time


[Note (2)]

ASME CSD-1–2015
Pilot 180-sec maximum 4-sec maximum 4-sec maximum Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Main burner Not applicable Not applicable 4-sec maximum 4-sec maximum 30-sec maximum 4-sec maximum
19

Valve closing time None 5-sec maximum 5-sec maximum 5-sec maximum after Not applicable 5-sec maximum after
after after de-energization de-energization
de-energization de-energization

Action on pilot flame failure Safety shutdown Safety shutdown Safety shutdown Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
[Note (1)] [Note (2)]

Action on main burner flame None None Safety shutdown Safety shutdown [Note (2)] Safety shutdown Safety shutdown
failure [Note (2)] Pulse combustion: up to 3 recycles [Note (2)]
permitted before
safety shutdown

Fuel pressure supervision Not required Not required Not required Not required Not required Not required

GENERAL NOTE: Timings shown above represent the maximum primary safety control timings permitted by this Standard. The model designation of the installed primary safety control
together with the timings shall be provided in the documentation of the burner/boiler.
NOTES:
(1) After safety shutdown, wait a minimum 5-min time delay before resetting ignition system (instructional requirement).
(2) If ignition system includes a relight feature, one relight attempt shall be initiated within 0.8 sec upon loss of flame.
(3) For dampers with a fixed mechanical stop, see CF-210(a)(1) and (a)(2).
(15) Table CF-3 Safety Controls for Automatically Fired Units: Power Gas Burners, Mechanical Draft Atmospheric Gas Burners,
and Pulse Combustion Systems
Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr Greater Than 2,500,000 Btu/hr Greater Than 5,000,000 Btu/hr
(117 kW) and Less Than or Equal to (733 kW) and Less Than or Equal to (1 465 kW) and Less Than
Safety Control 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 kW) 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW)

Purge requirements Four air changes in 90 sec, or at 60% Four air changes at 60% damper opening Four air changes at 60% damper opening
damper opening, with both damper open- with both damper opening and air flow with both damper opening and air flow
ing and air flow proven [Note (1)] proven [Note (1)] proven
Instructional requirement: minimum
5-min shutoff before lighting constant
pilot
Pilot flame type and establishing period
Continuous 15 sec (initial start only) Not permitted Not permitted
Interrupted 15 sec 10 sec 10 sec
Intermittent 15 sec Not permitted Not permitted
Main burner ignition type and establish- Pilot only: 15-sec maximum if interrupted Interrupted pilot only, 10-sec maximum Interrupted pilot only, 10-sec maximum
ing period pilot used Direct ignition system: 4-sec maximum Direct ignition system: 4-sec maximum
Direct ignition system: 4-sec maximum [Note (2)] [Note (2)]
Hot surface ignition system: 4-sec maximum Hot surface ignition system: 4-sec maximum Hot surface ignition system: 4-sec

ASME CSD-1–2015
[Note (2)] maximum [Note (2)]
Flame failure response time 4-sec maximum 4-sec maximum 4-sec maximum
21

Valve closing time 5-sec maximum after de-energization 1-sec maximum 1-sec maximum
Action on flame failure Safety shutdown and lockout or recycle once Safety shutdown and lockout [Note (3)] Safety shutdown and lockout [Note (3)]
Pulse combstion: up to 3 recycles before
safety shutdown and lockout
Action on power or control input interrup- Manual reset required in accordance with *INSERT*
Manual reset required in accordance with Manual reset required in accordance with
tion after safety shutdown and lockout CG-610 or recycle
CG-610once [Note (2)] CG-610
Proven low fire start Not required See CF-610 See CF-610
Combustion air proving — action on loss Required: safety shutdown and lockout or Required: safety shutdown and lockout Required: safety shutdown and lockout
of combustion air recycle
Fuel pressure supervision Not required for ignition systems with pilots. Required: high and low gas pressure Required: high and low gas pressure
Required for direct ignition and hot surface arranged to cause safety shutdown and arranged to cause safety shutdown and
ignition systems: high and low gas pres- lockout lockout
sure arranged to cause safety shutdown
and lockout.

GENERAL NOTE: Timings shown above shall be within the tolerances established by the nationally recognized testing agency where the primary safety controls are labeled and/or listed
[see CF-310(c) and CF-510(c)].
NOTES:
(1) For dampers with a fixed mechanical stop, see CF-210(a)(1) and (a)(2).
(2) Maximum input at light off shall be less than or equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW).
(3) Pulse combustion not permitted for applications with inputs greater than 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW).
If the high gas-pressure switch is located
downstream of the main gas pressure
ASME CSD-1–2015
regulator, the

(b) A pressure switch used to monitor high gas posi- inletinsert


pressure
":"of the nearest upstream gas-pressure regu-
tive pressure shall function to cause safety shutdown lator. When the high gas-pressure switch is located
and lockout before the manifold gas pressure exceeds downstream of the safety shutoff valve(s), the high gas-
or burners
pressure switch shall be capable ofReplace (h) without
withstanding
(1) the boiler/burner manufacturer’s specified high
gas-pressure switch setting for the listed boilers, or damage a pressure not less thanwith 50%(g)
above its upper
main (2) 150% of the boiler/burner’s main manifold gas set point limit or 5 psig (35 kPa), whichever is greater.
pressure if the setting is not specified (h) Gas-pressure switches of the automatic or manual
Insert Attachment A
reset type shall be electrically connected in accordance
The high gas-pressure switch shall be located down-
stream of the service pressure regulator and may be
contents on the next
with CE-110(j).
located downstream of all main burner gas-supply page for the revised
controls. CF-170 text.
Control Valves
(c) A pressure switch used to monitor low gas positive (a) An automatic input, complete closure, control
pressure shall function to cause safety shutdown and valve may be combined with a safety shutoff valve.
lockout before the manifold gas pressure is less than (b) A bypass to provide forFora single
minimum burner
flame may
(1) the boiler/burner manufacturer’s specified low be installed around a valve used to control input
Boiler units, the mainonly.
gas-pressure switch setting for the listed boilers, or A bypass shall not be installed around a safety shutoff
(2) 50% of the boiler/burner’s main manifold gas valve or a combination input control and safety shutoff
or boiler unit
pressure if the setting is not specified valve.
The low gas-pressure switch shall be located upstream
of the safety shutoff valve(s). When the low gas-pressure CF-180 Safety Shutoff Valves
switch is located upstream of the main gas-pressure (a) Each main burner and pilot burner supply line
regulator, the burner shall be labeled and listed by a shall be equipped with a safety shutoff valve(s) that
nationally recognized testing agency for this shall comply with the applicable provisions of
arrangement. ANSI Z21.21/CSA 6.5, Automatic Valves for Gas
(d) For burner/boiler units with zero or negative Appliances, ANSI Z21.78/CSA single burner
6.20, Combination
main gas manifold pressure supplied by a combination Gas Controls for Gas Appliances, or UL 429,
gas valve with internal negative gas-pressure regulator Standard for Electrically Operated Valves.
function, high gas-pressure supervision shall be accom- (b) The burner supply line shall be equipped as indi-
plished by a pressure switch located upstream of the cated below for the applicable input classification or any
safety shutoff valve(s), and downstream of the boiler/ greater input classifications:
burner unit’s gas service pressure regulator. The pressure (1) For boiler units having inputs less than or equal
switch shall function to cause safety shutdown and lock- to 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 kW), the main burner supply
out before the service positive pressure exceeds line shall be equipped with at least two safety shutoff
Replace (e) (1) the setting of the overpressure protection device valves in series that may be in a single valve body or
in CF-161, if equipped one safety shutoff valve with a valve seal overtravel
with (d) (proof of closure) interlock function. If the two safety
(2) the boiler/burner manufacturer’s specified high
gas-pressure switch setting for listed boilers, or shutoff valves are in a single valve body, the two safety
shutoff valve seats shall be in series and shall have inde-
(3) 150% of the boiler/burner’s specified maximum
pendently operated valve shafts.
gas supply pressure if the setting is not specified
(2) For boiler units having inputs greater
A boiler/burner unit incorporating listed zero gover-
than 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 at 465least
kW) one
and less than
nor combination gas valve(s) that cause safety shutdown
12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW), the main burner supply
and lockout if the combination gas valve’s gas regulator
line shall be equipped with at least two safety shutoff
fails is deemed to meet the intent of the requirements
valves in series that may be in a single valve body. At
for high gas-pressure supervision. least one of the two safety shutoff valves shall incorpo-
Replace (f) (e) Pressure test port(s) shall be provided to permit rate a valve seal overtravel (proof of closure) interlock
measuring theInsert NEW CF-180(b)(3).
gas pressure(s) to confirm compliance function. If the two safety shutoff valves are in a single
with (e)
See ATTACHMENT
with the requirements of this paragraph.B (See valve body, the two safety shutoff valve seats shall be
(f) Gas-pressure switches
the page shall be labeled
following the and listed in series and shall have independently operated valve
by a nationally recognized testing agency. shafts. When the input of a branch gas supply is greater
"ATTACHMENT A" page)
(g) Gas-pressure switches shall be capable of with- than 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW), the branch valve
standing without damage a pressure not less than 10% requirements are determined by the branch input.
above the relieving pressure of the nearest upstream (c) The pilot gas supply line shall be equipped with a
Replace (g) relief device. Where no relief device is provided, the safety shutoff valve that shall comply with the applicable
gas-pressure switches shallReplace (c) with
be capable (e)
of withstanding provisions of ANSI Z21.21/CSA 6.5, Automatic Valves
with (f)
without damage a pressure not less than the maximum for Gas Appliances; ANSI Z21.78/CSA 6.20,

23
ATTACHMENT A
If the high gas-pressure switch is located upstream of the main gas pressure regulator, the main gas
pressure regulator shall be a zero governor pressure regulator.

A high gas-pressure switch located upstream of the main gas pressure regulator shall cause safety
shutdown and lockout when the supply pressure exceeds:

(1) the setting of the overpressure protection device in CF-161, if equipped, or

(2) the boiler/burner manufacturer’s specified high gas-pressure switch setting for listed boilers or
burners, or

(3) 150% of the boiler/burner’s specified maximum gas supply pressure if the setting is not specified.

A high gas-pressure switch shall not be required on a boiler unit incorporating a listed shutoff valve with
a zero governor pressure regulator that causes safety shutdown and lockout if the zero governor
pressure regulator fails due to a ruptured diaphragm.
ATTACHMENT B
(3) For single burner boiler units that incorporate a branch supply line to supply gas to a branch
burner(s) (e.g. a second stage burner), either of the following shall apply:

(i) For single burner boiler units having inputs less than or equal to 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1
465 356 W), the safety shutoff valve requirements in CF-180 (b)(1) apply to each branch
supply line.

(ii) For single burner boiler units having inputs greater than 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 356
W) and less than 12,500,000 btu/hr (3 663 389W),

(a) the safety shutoff valve requirements in CF-180(b)(2) apply to each branch
supply line, or

(b) at least one safety shutoff valve on the main burner supply line and one
safety shutoff valve on each branch supply line shall incorporate a valve seal
overtravel (proof of closure) interlock function.

(c) For multiple burner boiler units, the main burner supply line for each burner shall be equipped as
indicated below for the applicable input classification or any greater input classifications:

(1) For multiple burner boiler units having total inputs less than or equal to 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1
465 356 W), the safety shutoff valve requirements in CF-180(b)(1) apply to each individual
burner supply line.

(2) For multiple burner boiler units having total inputs greater than 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 356
W) and less than 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 389 W), either of the following shall apply:

(i) the safety shutoff valve requirements in CF-180(b)(2) apply to each individual burner
supply line, or

(ii) the safety shutoff valve requirements in CF-180(b)(1) apply to each individual burner
supply line and the main burner supply line has at least one safety shutoff valve that
incorporates a valve seal overtravel (proof of closure) interlock function.

(d) The valve seal overtravel (proof of closure) interlock, where required, shall prevent boiler ignition if
the switch does not prove the safety shutoff valve closed during the startup sequence.
ASME CSD-1–2015
replace (d) with (f)

Combination Gas Controls for Gas Appliances; or (c) Components With Vent Limiters. A listed and
UL 429, Standard for Electrically Operated Valves. labeled gas-pressure regulator, combination gas control,
(d) Safety shutoff valves shall be labeled and listed pressure interlock switch, or other fuel train component
by a nationally
replacerecognized
(e) withtesting
(g) agency. incorporating a vent limiter shall be permitted to vent
(e) Safety shutoff valves shall have a shutoff time not directly into ambient space.
to exceed that specified in Table CF-1, CF-2, CF-3, or (d) Gas-Pressure Relief Lines
CF-4. replace (f) with (h) (1) If an overpressure protection device incorporat-
(f) Safety shutoff valves shall be capable of withstand- ing a gas-pressure relief valve is installed, the outlet of
ing, without damage, a pressure of not less than 10% the gas-pressure relief valve shall be connected to a gas-
above the set point of the nearest upstream overpressure pressure relief line that shall be piped by the installer
protection device. In case no overpressure protection to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as determined
device is provided, the safety shutoff valves shall be by the authority having jurisdiction.
capable of withstanding, without damage, a pressure of (2) The gas-pressure relief line shall be sized in
not less than the maximum inlet pressure to the nearest accordance with the component manufacturer ’s
upstream replace (g)regulator.
gas-pressure with (i) instructions and shall be at least the same size as the
(g) Provisions shall be made to test independently outlet connection of the gas-pressure relief valve.
each safety shutoff valve for seal leakage. Manufactur- (3) Where there is more than one gas-pressure relief
er’s instructions shall be followed. Any special equip- valve at a location, each gas-pressure relief valve shall
ment needed to perform the leak test shall be made have a separate relief line piped by the installer to the
available by the boiler/burner manufacturer. outdoors at a safe point of discharge as determined
by the authority having jurisdiction unless otherwise
CF-190 Vent Lines, Bleed Lines, Gas-Pressure Relief permitted by CF-190(f).
Lines, Vent Valve Lines, and Feedback Lines (e) Lines From Vent Valves
for Fuel Train Components (1) A vent valve, if installed, shall be connected to
(a) Vent Lines a vent valve line that shall be piped by the installer to
the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as determined
(1) Gas-pressure regulators, combination gas con-
by the authority having jurisdiction.
trols, pressure interlock switches, and all other fuel train
components requiring atmospheric air pressure to bal- (2) The vent valve line shall be at least the same
ance a diaphragm shall have the atmospheric side of the size as the outlet connection of the vent valve.
diaphragm connected to a vent line that shall be piped by (3) Where there is more than one vent valve at a
the installer to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as location, each vent valve shall be piped by the installer
determined by the authority having jurisdiction unless to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as determined
otherwise allowed in CF-190(c) or CF-190(h). by the authority having jurisdiction unless otherwise
(2) Where there is more than one fuel train compo- permitted by CF-190(f).
nent requiring a vent line at a location, each fuel train (f) Manifolding of Lines. If approved by the authority
component shall have a separate vent line piped by the having jurisdiction, the manifolding of lines of the same
installer to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as type shall be permitted, and the manifolding of vent
determined by the authority having jurisdiction unless lines and bleed lines shall be permitted. In order to
otherwise permitted by CF-190(f) or CF-190(h). minimize backpressure in the event of gas being released
(b) Bleed Lines through the manifolded line, the manifolded line shall
(1) Gas-pressure regulators, combination gas con- have a cross-sectional area not less than the area of the
trols, pressure interlock switches, or all other fuel train largest branch line directly piped to the manifolded line
components that use an atmospheric diaphragm and plus 50% of the additional cross-sectional areas of the
periodically release gas into the atmosphere in order to manifolded branch lines. The following manifolding of
properly operate shall have the atmospheric side of the lines of different types shall not be permitted:
diaphragm connected to a bleed line that shall be piped (1) the manifolding of gas-pressure relief lines with
by the installer to the outdoors at a safe point of dis- vent lines, bleed lines, or vent valve lines
charge as determined by the authority having jurisdic- (2) the manifolding of vent valve lines with vent
tion unless otherwise allowed in CF-190(c) or CF-190(h). lines or bleed lines
(2) Where there is more than one fuel train compo- (3) the manifolding of vent lines, bleed lines, gas-
nent requiring a bleed line at a location, each fuel train pressure relief lines, and vent valve lines of one boiler
component shall have a separate bleed line piped by unit to any lines of another boiler unit
the installer to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as (g) Connecting Lines to Flue Passages. No vent line,
determined by the authority having jurisdiction unless bleed line, gas-pressure relief line, or vent valve line
otherwise permitted by CF-190(f) or CF-190(h). shall connect to a boiler’s flue passages.

24
ASME CSD-1–2015

CF-300 GAS-FIRED BOILER UNITS, SAFETY (c) Multiple direct ignition or hot surface ignition sys-
CONTROLS tems may be used on a boiler unit that has a natural
draft atmospheric gas burner with a total input less than
(15) CF-310 Primary Safety Control or equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) and an input less
(a) Each main burner assembly shall be provided with than or equal to 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) per ignition
a primary safety control that will de-energize the main system. There shall be no interconnection between com-
gas shutoff valve(s) and shut off pilot fuel upon loss of bustion zones served by separate ignition systems at
flame at the point of supervision as specified in CF-330. any point below the draft hood or, if no draft hood is
(b) The response time of the primary safety control used, below the flue outlet.
to de-energize or activate the gas shutoff device shall Each direct ignition or hot surface ignition system
not exceed the values shown in Tables CF-1 through shall meet the provisions shown in Table CF-1.
CF-4. (d) A direct ignition or hot surface ignition system
(c) Primary safety controls shall be labeled and listed may be used on a boiler unit that has a power gas burner
by a nationally recognized testing agency. or mechanical draft atmospheric gas burner with a total
(d) Primary safety controls shall require local manual input less than 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW) and a maxi-
intervention by an operator or service technician to reset. mum input at ignition less than or equal to
Devices that can electronically reset without local man- 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW). This direct ignition or hot
ual intervention, such as when power or control input surface ignition system shall meet the provisions shown
to the device is interrupted and then restored, shall not in Table CF-3 if the total input is greater than
be permitted. 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW). This direct ignition or hot
(e) Supervision of the main burner flame alone shall surface ignition system shall meet the provisions shown
begin at the end of the main burner flame-establishing in Table CF-2 if the total input is less than or equal to
period for 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW). recycle once
(1) power gas burners and mechanical draft atmo-
spheric gas burners having inputs greater than CF-330 Action on Flame Failure (Refer to Tables CF-1 (15)
2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 Through
kW) CF-4)
(2) all types of burners with modulating or Gas-fired boiler units shall comply with one of the
high-low firing having inputs greater than following for safety shutdown, lockout, recycle, or
2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) relight upon loss of flame as applicable:
(3) all types of burners with an interrupted pilot(s) (a) Loss of flame for power gas burners and mechani-
(4) natural draft atmospheric gas burners having cal draft atmospheric gas burners having inputs greater
inputs greater than 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 kW) than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) and less than or equal
(f) The main burner flame-establishing period shall to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) shall result in a safety
not exceed the values shown in Tables CF-1 through shutdown and lockout or recycle.
CF-4. (b) Loss of flame for power gas burners and mechani-
(g) For pulse combustion, two methods of flame cal draft atmospheric gas burners having inputs greater
detection shall be used. One method must be a pressure than 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) shall result in safety
switch. shutdown and lockout.
(c) Loss of flame for atmospheric gas burners using
(15) CF-320 Automatic Ignition Devices
natural draft having inputs greater than 400,000 Btu/hr
(a) Automatic ignition devices using pilots shall com- (117 kW) and less than or equal to 12,500,000 Btu/hr
ply with the following: (3 663 kW) shall result in safety shutdown and lockout,
(1) Gas to pilots shall be automatically shut off if or recycle, after a minimum 5-min time delay.
the pilot is not proved. (d) Loss of pilot flame for gas-fired boilers using natu-
(2) The pilot type and flame-establishing period ral draft burners and power gas burners with inputs
shall meet the provisions shown in Tables CF-1 through less than or equal to 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) shall result
CF-4. in safety shutdown for a continuous, intermittent, or
(3) The flame failure response time for additional interrupted pilot. Relight may be applied to the intermit-
pilots used for smooth lightoff shall not exceed 90 sec. tent or interrupted pilot if initiated within 0.8 sec upon
(b) A single direct ignition or hot surface ignition loss of pilot flame.
system may be used on a boiler unit that has a natural (e) Loss of main flame for gas-fired boilers using natu-
draft atmospheric gas burner with a total input less than ral draft burners and power gas burners with inputs
or equal to 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW). This direct ignition less than or equal to 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) shall result
or hot surface ignition system shall meet the provisions in safety shutdown for interrupted pilot direct ignition
shown in Table CF-1. or hot surface ignition systems. Relight may be applied

26
ASME CSD-1–2015

to the interrupted pilot or direct ignition system if initi- CF-430 Filters or Strainers
ated within 0.8 sec upon loss of flame. Filters and strainers shall be installed upstream from
(f) Loss of flame for pulse combustion systems with the safety shutoff valve(s).
inputs less than or equal to 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) may
allow up to three complete combustion system recycles, CF-440 Relief Valves
each of which shall include preignition purge require- (a) A pressure relief valve shall be connected to a
ments of Table CF-2. After three recycle attempts, the fuel line in which pressure greater than system design
pulse combustion system shall go into safety shutdown. pressure may build up from the closing of any valve in
(g) Loss of flame for pulse combustion systems with the burner assembly or from oil heated by a preheater.
inputs greater than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) and less (b) The relief line from the relief valve shall discharge
than or equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) may allow into the return line, oil tank, or pump suction line.
up to three complete combustion system recycles, each
of which shall include the preignition purge require- CF-450 Pressure and Temperature Switches
ments of Table CF-3. After three recycle attempts, the (a) All oil supplied to the main burner shall be super-
pulse combustion system shall go into safety shutdown vised by a low oil pressure interlock switch for systems
and lockout. Pulse combustion systems are not permit- greater than 20 gph (75.7 L/h) (except for rotary cup
ted for applications with inputs greater than burners), unless the oil pump is integral with the burner’s
2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW). motor shaft, to cause a safety shutdown and lockout if oil
pressure falls below the manufacturer’s design pressure.
(b) Atomizing media (air or steam) shall be super-
CF-400 OIL-FIRED BOILER UNITS, EQUIPMENT vised by a low-pressure interlock switch to cause safety
CF-410 Burner Assemblies shutdown and lockout if atomizing media pressure falls
below the manufacturer’s design pressure.
(a) Burner assemblies that have a maximum name-
(c) A high oil temperature supervisory interlock
plate fuel input rating greater than 3 gph (11.4 L/h)
switch shall be provided for all preheated oil systems
shall comply with the provisions of this section. Burner
to cause a safety shutdown and lockout when the oil
assemblies, as part of a boiler unit or separately, shall
temperature exceeds preset limits.
be labeled and listed by a nationally recognized testing
(d) For low oil temperature supervision, an interlock
agency or other organization that is acceptable to the
switch shall be provided to cause safety shutdown and
authority having jurisdiction as complying with the
allow circulation to re-establish preset oil temperature.
standards referenced below. For a burner provided as
an integral part of a boiler unit, the label on the boiler CF-460 Safety Shutoff Valves
unit may serve as evidence that the burner is in
(a) Two approved safety shutoff valves or one safety
compliance.
shutoff valve and a nozzle cutoff valve integral to the
(1) UL 296, Standard for Oil Burners fuel unit shall be provided. The safety shutoff valves
(2) UL 726, Standard for Oil-Fired Boiler shall conform to UL 429, Standard for Electrically
Assemblies or Operated Valves. A nozzle cutoff valve integral to the
(3) UL 2096, Gas and/or Oil Burning Assemblies fuel unit shall conform to UL 343, Standard for Pumps
With Emission Reduction Equipment for Oil Burning Appliances.
(b) Boiler units that have fuel input ratings less than It is recommended that whenever shutoff valves can
or equal to 3 gph (11.4 L/h), with field-installed oil trap oil between two valves or between a check valve
burner assemblies and boiler units that do not comply and safety shutoff valve, a relief valve be used to prevent
with UL 726, shall comply with the provisions for purg- hydraulic pressure increases in the line, as trapped oil
Preignition
ing,purging and postpurge
safety control of
timing, action on flame failure, loss absorbs heat.
the combustion chamberair,
of combustion and flue
combustion air proving, and fuel (b) A safety shutoff valve responding to pressure vari-
passagessupervision
shall be provided
given inasTable
indicated
CF-2. ations in a hydraulic or pneumatic remote control system
below by (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(c) Field-installed burner assemblies having inputs of shall close upon failure of pressure in the control system.
3 gph (11.4 L/h) or less shall be labeled and listed by (c) The pressure rating of the safety shutoff valve shall
a nationally recognized testing agency or other organi- not be less than the maximum pump pressure.
zation that is acceptable to the authority having jurisdic- (d) Safety shutoff valves shall have a shutoff time not
tion, as complies with UL 296. The units on which they to exceed that shown in Table CF-5.
are installed shall comply with the provisions of this
Standard. CF-470 Oil-Fired Boiler Units, Purging
(See Table CF-5)
CF-420 Fuel Train Oil burners shall provide for purging the firebox and
See Nonmandatory Appendix B for typical fuel train boiler passes as indicated below for the applicable input
diagrams. classification.

27
Table CF-5 Safety Controls for Automatically Fired Units: Oil-Fired Burners
Greater Than 3 gph (11.4 L/h) [approximately 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)] and Greater Than 20 gph (75.7 L/h) [approximately
Safety Control Less Than or Equal to 20 gph (75.7 L/h) [approximately 2,800,000 Btu/hr (821 kW)] 2,800,000 Btu/hr (821 kW)]

Purge requirements When oil pump operates independently of the burner, four air changes in 90 sec or at 60% Four air changes at 60% damper opening
damper opening, with damper opening and air flow proven if total input is in excess of 7 gph with both damper opening and air flow
(26.5 L/h) [approximately 1,000,000 Btu/hr (293 kW)] [Note (1)] proven [Note (1)]
Postpurge Not required 15-sec minimum
Pilot type and establishing period
Continuous Not permitted Not permitted
Intermittent Not permitted Not permitted
Interrupted 10-sec maximum if pilot is used Required: 10-sec maximum
Exception: see Note (2)
Main burner ignition type and estab- Interrupted pilot, 15-sec maximum Interrupted pilot only
lishing period *INSERT* Intermittent direct ignition system, 15-sec maximum Exception: see Note (2)
Greater than Interrupted
3 gph (11.4 L/h)
direct andsystem,
ignition less than ormaximum
15-sec equal Nos. 2 and 4 oil — 10-sec maximum
Nos. 5 and 6 oil — 15-sec maximum
to 7 gph (26.5 L/h) [approximately 1,000,000 Btu/hr
Flame failure response time Intermittent direct ignition system, greater than 3 and less than or equal to 7 gph (11.4 L/h to 4-sec maximum
(293 kW)], no purge required.
26.5 L/h), Greater than 7 gph
15-sec maximum

ASME CSD-1–2015
(26.5 L/h) when
Intermittent direct ignition system, greater than 7 and less than or equal to 20 gph (26.5 L/h to
75.7 L/h), 4-sec maximum
Interrupted pilot or direct ignition system, greater than 3 and less than or equal to 20 gph
28

(11.4 L/h to 75.7 L/h), 4-sec maximum


Valve closing time 5-sec maximum after de-energization 1-sec maximum
Action of flame failure Safety shutdown and lockout or recycle once [Note (3)] Safety shutdown and lockout
Proven low fire start Not required See CF-610
Combustion air proving — action on Required if fans not integral with burner motor shaft; safety shutdown and lockout or recycle Required: safety shutdown and lockout
loss of combustion air
Fuel pressure supervision Not required Required if oil pump not integral with
burner motor shaft (see CF-450)
Low atomizing media supervision Required unless atomization by air pump integral with burner motor shaft [see CF-450(b)] Required [see CF-450(b)]
Oil temperature supervision High and low temperature supervision required on preheated oil. Excess temperature shall cause High and low temperature supervision
safety shutdown and lockout. required on preheated oil. Excess tem-
perature shall cause safety shutdown
and lockout.

GENERAL NOTE: Timings shown above represent the maximum primary safety control timings permitted by this Standard. The model designation of the installed primary safety control
together with the timings shall be provided in the documentation of the burner/boiler.
NOTES:
(1) For dampers with a fixed mechanical stop, see CF-470(a) and (b)(1).
(2) With proven low fire start at a low fire input rate of not more than 20 gph (75.7 L/h), interrupted pilot or direct ignition system allowed. Main burner establishing period: 15-sec
maximum.
(3) Recycle permitted when a maximum 4-sec flame failure response time is used.
*INSERT NEW CF-470(a)*
(a) Boiler units that have a maximum nameplate fuel input
rating greater than 3 gph (11.4 L/h) and less than or equal
ASME CSD-1–2015
b to 7 gph (26.5 L/h), no purge required.

(a) for boiler units that have a maximum nameplate purge


(b) The shall provide
response time ofnothefewer thansafety
primary either:
control
fuel input rating greater than 7 gph (26.5 L/h) and less (1) fourorairdeactivate
to deenergize changes,thewithin 90 sec,
shutoff or shall not
device
than or equal to 20 gph (75.7 L/h), and where the oil exceed(2)
thefour air shown
values changes inat not CF-5.
Table less than 60%
pump is driven independently of the burner fan motor, (c) Primary
damper opening with bothbe
safety controls shall labeledopening
damper and listed
a preignition purge of no fewer than four air changes — by a nationally recognized testing agency.
either in 90 sec or at 60% damper opening with both
and air flow proven.
(d) The main burner flame-establishing period shall
damper opening and air flow proven. not exceed the values shown in Table CF-5.
Boiler units less than or equal to 5,000,000 Btu/hr (e) Primary safety controls shall require local manual
(1 465 kW) input utilizing burners labeled and listed by *INSERT*
intervention by an operator or service technician to reset.
Boiler a nationally recognized testing agency and designed a purge
Devices that canshall provide:
electrically reset without local manual
with a fixed mechanical stop to prevent the damper from intervention, such as when power or control input to
going below an air flow rate at least equivalent to that the device is interrupted and then restored, shall not be
not less
a minimum
provided for combustion at 60% of the rated high-fire permitted.
c input are exempt from proving damper opening. than
(b) for boiler units that have a maximum nameplate CF-520 Automatic Ignition Devices
fuel input rating greater than 20 gph (75.7 L/h) *INSERT*
(a) Where automatically ignited pilots are used, the
(1) a preignition purge of no fewer than four air and flame shall be proved prior to energizing the main
pilot
changes at 60% damper opening with both damper fuel supply means. Fuel to pilots shall be automatically
opening and air flow proven shut off if the pilot is not proved.
(2) a postpurge of 15 sec 35.7
(b) The gph
pilot (132.6
type L/h)
and flame-establishing period shall
(d) Boiler units less than or equal to 5,000,000 Btu/hr meet the provisions shown in Table CF-5.
(1 465 kW) input utilizing burners labeled and listed by (c) The application of direct spark ignition systems
a nationally recognized testing agency and designed is limited to boiler units having initial inputs less than
with a fixed mechanical stop to prevent the damper from or equal to 20 gph (75.7 L/h).
that have
goinga minimum
below an airnameplate fuel equivalent to that
flow rate at least (d) The fuel train to pilots shall meet the applicable
input rating
provided for combustion at 60% of the rated high-fire provisions of this Standard.
input are exempt from proving damper opening.
CF-530 Action on Flame Failure (Refer to Tables CF-2
CF-480 Combustion Air Proving (Refer to Table CF-5) and CF-5)
Oil-fired boiler units having forced or induced draft Loss of main flame shall result in safety shutdown
fans, or both, shall comply with one of the following for for all oil-fired boiler units. In addition, oil-fired boiler
safety shutdown and lockout, or recycle, as applicable: units shall also comply with one of the following for
(a) Combustion air proving shall be provided for units relight, recycle, or lockout as applicable:
having inputs greater than 3 gph (11.4 L/h) [approxi- (a) Relight, if initiated within 0.8 sec upon loss of
mately 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)] and less than or equal flame, is permitted for units having inputs less than or
to 20 gph (75.7 L/h) [approximately 2,800,000 Btu/hr equal to 3 gph (11.4 L/h) [approximately 400,000 Btu/hr
(821 kW)], if the fan is not integral with the burner (117 kW)] and using an interrupted pilot or direct igni-
motor shaft. tion system.
(b) Loss of combustion air shall result in safety shut- (b) Lockout is required for units having inputs greater
down and lockout, or recycle, for units having inputs than 3 gph (11.4 L/h) [approximately 400,000 Btu/hr
greater than 3 gph (11.4 L/h) [approximately (117 kW)] and less than or equal to 20 gph (75.7 L/h).
400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)] and less than or equal to 20 gph However, recycle is permitted, if a maximum 4-sec flame
(75.7 L/h) [approximately 2,800,000 Btu/hr (821 kW)]. failure response time is used.
(c) Loss of combustion air shall result in safety shut- (c) Lockout is required for units having inputs greater
down and lockout for units having inputs greater than than 20 gph (75.7 L/h) [approximately 2,800,000 Btu/hr
20 gph (75.7 L/h) [approximately 2,800,000 Btu/hr (821 kW)].
(821 kW)].

CF-600 LOW FIRE START, GAS- OR OIL-FIRED


CF-500 OIL-FIRED BOILER UNITS, SAFETY BOILER UNITS
CONTROLS
CF-610 Low Fire Start
CF-510 Primary Safety Control Boiler units having inputs greater than
(a) Each main burner assembly shall be equipped 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW) (gas-fired) or a maximum
with a primary safety control that will de-energize the nameplate fuel input rating greater than 20 gph
shutoff means upon loss of flame at the point of (75.7 L/h) (oil-fired) shall be equipped with an inter-
supervision. locked damper to provide for low fire starts. However,

29
ASME CSD-1–2015

INSERT ATTACHMENT C all the revisions


regarding Nonmandatory Appendix B,
Figures B-1 through B-8. Please note that
NONMANDATORY
Figures B-7 and B-8 are new. APPENDIX B
TYPICAL FUEL TRAINS

Fig. B-1 Typical Atmospheric Gas Fuel Train [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)
and Less Than or Equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW)]

J M
Test

To atmosphere
M
J
Gas input G
Test
R S S
F A A M

T
[Note (1)] C

To atmosphere
M G
To atmospheric
R S
C burner tubes
Sediment trap A
To pilot burner

A p manual valve M p pipe cap


C p orifice R p pressure regulator
F p gas filter or strainer (if required) S p safety shutoff valve
G p relief valve (if required) T p safety shutoff valve with proof of closure
J p leakage test valve
GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-Pressure Steam and Hot Water Boilers, does not contain
a typical fuel train; however, through laboratory testing procedures, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the boiler will
be accomplished. This Standard illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific fuel train diagram for boilers complying with ANSI Z21.13/
CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTE:
(1) Alternate arrangement — T may be used in place of two S-type valves.

32
ASME CSD-1–2015

Fig. B-2 Typical Gas Fuel Train [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)
and Less Than or Equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW)]
To atmosphere M
G J Test
M
Gas input J
R1 Test
A S S B
F A
To main burner
T
[Note (1)]

M To atmosphere
G
R2
S C
Sediment trap A
To pilot burner

G To atmosphere

Gas input M
J Test M
J Test
S V B
F A A
To main burner
W
[Note (2)]

M
S S R1
Sediment trap
[Note (3)]
T R1

[Note (3)]

G To atmosphere

R2 S
C
A
To pilot burner

A p manual valve R2 p pilot gas pressure regulator


B p firing rate valve S p safety shutoff valve
C p orifice T p safety shutoff valve with proof of closure
F p gas filter or strainer (if required) V p main gas pressure regulator/safety
G p relief valve (if required) shutoff combination valve
J p leakage test valve W p main gas pressure regulator/safety
M p pipe cap shutoff combination valve with
R1 p main gas pressure regulator proof of closure
GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-Pressure Steam and Hot Water Boilers, does not contain
a typical fuel train; however, through laboratory testing procedures, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the boiler will
be accomplished. This Standard illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific fuel train diagram for boilers complying with ANSI Z21.13/
CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTES:
(1) Alternate arrangement — T may be used in place of two S-type valves.
(2) Alternate arrangement — W may be used in place of an S- and V-type valve.
(3) Alternate arrangement — R1 may be downstream of two S-type valves or a T-type valve.

33
ASME CSD-1–2015

Fig. B-3 Typical Gas Fuel Train [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW)
and Less Than or Equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW)] Direct Ignition System
G To atmosphere

Gas input M
J Test M
E J Test
S D
R1 B
A S
F
To main
T A burner
[Note (1)]

Sediment trap

G To atmosphere

Gas input M
J Test M
E J Test
S D
V B
F A
To main
W A burner
[Note (2)]

M
S S R1
Sediment trap
[Note (3)]
T R1

[Note (3)]

A p manual valve R1 main gas pressure regulator


p
B p firing rate valve R2 pilot gas pressure regulator
p
C p orifice S safety shutoff valve
p
D p high gas pressure switch T safety shutoff valve with proof of closure
p
E p low gas pressure switch V main gas pressure regulator/safety
p
F p gas filter or strainer (if required) shutoff combination valve
G p relief valve (if required) W p main gas pressure regulator/safety
J p leakage test valve shutoff combination valve with
M p pipe cap proof of closure
GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-Pressure Steam and Hot Water Boilers, does not contain
a typical fuel train; however, through laboratory testing procedures, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the boiler will
be accomplished. This Standard illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific fuel train diagram for boilers complying with ANSI Z21.13/
CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTES:
(1) Alternate arrangement — T may be used in place of two S-type valves.
(2) Alternate arrangement — W may be used in place of an S- and V-type valve.
(3) Alternate arrangement — R1 may be downstream of two S-type valves or a T-type valve.

34
ASME CSD-1–2015

Fig. B-4 Typical Gas Fuel Train [Greater Than 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW)
and Less Than or Equal to 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 kW)]
G To atmosphere

Gas input M
J Test M
E J Test
S D
R1 B
A S
F
To main
T A burner
[Note (1)]

Sediment trap
G To atmosphere

R2 S
C
A
To pilot burner

G To atmosphere

Gas input M
J Test M
E J Test
S D
V B
F A
To main
A burner
[Note (2)] W

M
S S R1
Sediment trap
[Note (3)]
T R1

[Note (3)]

G To atmosphere

R2 S
C
A
To pilot burner

A p manual valve G p relief valve (if required) T p safety shutoff valve with proof of
B p firing rate valve J p leakage test valve closure
C p orifice M p pipe cap V p main gas pressure regulator/safety
D p high gas pressure switch R1 p main gas pressure regulator shutoff combination valve
E p low gas pressure switch R2 p pilot gas pressure regulator W p main gas pressure regulator/safety
F p gas filter or strainer (if required) S p safety shutoff valve shutoff combination valve with
proof of closure
GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-Pressure Steam and Hot Water Boilers, does not contain
a typical fuel train; however, through laboratory testing procedures, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the boiler will
be accomplished. This Standard illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific fuel train diagram for boilers complying with ANSI Z21.13/
CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTES:
(1) Alternate arrangement — T may be used in place of two S-type valves.
(2) Alternate arrangement — W may be used in place of an S- and V-type valve.
(3) Alternate arrangement — R1 may be downstream of two S-type valves or a T-type valve.

35
ASME CSD-1–2015

Fig. B-5 Typical Gas Fuel Train [Greater Than 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 kW)
and Less Than 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW)]
M
G To atmosphere J Test
Gas input M
J Test D
E
R1 S B
A T
F A
To main
burner
M
To atmosphere
Sediment trap G
R2 S
C
A
To pilot burner

G To atmosphere
M
J Test
Gas input M
J Test D
E
S B
A W
F A
To main
S T R1 burner
M
[Note (1)]
Sediment trap
To atmosphere
G S
R2
C
A
To pilot burner
A p manual valve M p pipe cap
B p firing rate valve R1 p main gas pressure regulator
C p orifice R2 p pilot gas pressure regulator
D p high gas pressure switch S p safety shutoff valve
E p low gas pressure switch T p safety shutoff valve with proof of closure
F p gas filter or strainer (if required) W p main gas pressure regulator/safety
G p relief valve (if required) shutoff combination valve with proof
J p leakage test valve of closure

GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-Pressure Steam and
Hot Water Boilers, does not contain a typical fuel train; however, through laboratory testing procedures,
ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the boiler will be accomplished. This Standard
illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific fuel train diagram for boilers complying with
ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTE:
(1) Alternate arrangement — R1 may be downstream of an S- and T-type valve.

36
ATTACHMENT C

NONMANDATORY APPENDIX B
TYPICAL FUEL TRAINS
Figure Index

Ignition Burner
Figure Burner Type Fuel Input Range Btu/Hr
Type Pressure
B-1 Atmospheric Piloted Gas Positive 400,000 < Input ≤ 2,500,000
B-2 Power Piloted Gas Positive 400,000 < Input ≤ 2,500,000
B-3 Power Direct Gas Positive 400,000 < Input ≤ 2,500,000
B-4 Power Piloted Gas Positive 2,500,000 < Input ≤ 5,000,000
B-5 Power Piloted Gas Positive 5,000,000 < Input < 12,500,000
B-6 Power Piloted Gas Negative 400,000 < Input < 12,500,000
B-7 Power Direct Gas Negative 400,000 < Input < 12,500,000
B-8 Power Piloted Oil NA 3 GPH < Input ≤ 20 GPH

Fig. B-1 Typical Atmospheric Gas Fuel Train with Pilot Ignition System and Atmospheric
Burners [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) and Less Than or Equal to 2,500,000
Btu/hr (733 kW)]

J J

leakage test port (if required)


Fig. B-2 Typical Gas Fuel Train with Pilot Ignition System [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr
(117 kW) and Less Than or Equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW)]

J J

J J

leakage test port (if required)


Fig. B-3 Typical Gas Fuel Train with Direct Ignition System [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr
(117 kW) and Less Than or Equal to 2,500,000 Btu/hr (733 kW)] Direct Ignition System

J J

J J

leakage test port (if required)


Fig. B-4 Typical Gas Fuel Train with Pilot Ignition System [Greater Than 2,500,000 Btu/hr
(733 kW) and Less Than or Equal to 5,000,000 Btu/hr (1 465 kW)]

J J

J J

leakage test port (if required)


Fig. B-5 Typical Gas Fuel Train with Pilot Ignition System [Greater Than 5,000,000 Btu/hr
(1 465 kW) and Less Than or Equal to 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW)]

J J

J J

leakage test port (if required)


**NEW FIGURE**

Fig. B-6 Typical Gas Fuel Train with Pilot Ignition System and Negative (Zero Governor)
Main Manifold Gas Pressure [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) and Less Than or
Equal to 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW)

A = manual valve R = pilot gas pressure regulator


C = orifice S = safety shutoff valve
D = high gas pressure switch X = combination safety shutoff valve with
(if required) negative pressure (zero governor)
E = low gas pressure switch regulator
F = gas filter or strainer (if required) Y = combination redundant safety shutoff
G = relief valve (if required) valve with negative pressure (zero
J = leakage test port (if required) governor) regulator
M = pipe cap

GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-
Pressure Steam and Hot Water Boilers, does not contain a typical fuel train; however, through
laboratory testing procedures, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the
boiler will be accomplished. This Standard illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific
fuel train diagram for boilers complying with ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler
manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTE:
(1) Alternate arrangement — Y may be used in place of S- and X-type valve.
**NEW FIGURE**

Fig. B-7 Typical Gas Fuel Train with Direct Ignition System and Negative (Zero Governor)
Main Manifold Gas Pressure [Greater Than 400,000 Btu/hr (117 kW) and Less Than or
Equal to 12,500,000 Btu/hr (3 663 kW)

A = manual valve M = pipe cap


D = high gas pressure switch S = safety shutoff valve
(if required) X = combination safety shutoff valve with
E = low gas pressure switch negative pressure (zero governor)
F = gas filter or strainer (if required) regulator
G = relief valve (if required) Y = combination redundant safety shutoff
J = leakage test port (if required) valve with negative pressure (zero
governor) regulator

GENERAL NOTE: Since boiler design may vary, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9, Gas-Fired, Low-
Pressure Steam and Hot Water Boilers, does not contain a typical fuel train; however, through
laboratory testing procedures, ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 does determine that safe lighting of the
boiler will be accomplished. This Standard illustrates a typical fuel train for boilers. The specific
fuel train diagram for boilers complying with ANSI Z21.13/CSA 4.9 is supplied in the boiler
manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTE:
(1) Alternate arrangement — Y may be used in place of S- and X-type valve.
ASME CSD-1–2015

Fig. B-6 Typical Oil Fuel Train


T U W V Y

Atomizer

Oil supply
connection S P

R
Atomizing media supply
(if required)

Oil return
connection
P p fuel pump
R p shutoff valve and/or pressure relief valve
S p fuel strainer
T p oil temperature interlock switch (if required)
U p oil pressure interlock switch (if required)
V p safety shutoff valve
W p safety shutoff valve (may be three-way for recirculation)
Y p atomizing media supply pressure interlock switch (if required)

37
ASME CSD-1–2015
9

Fig. B-7 Example for Sizing of Manifolded Lines

H
F

A B
GENERAL NOTES:
(a) H is a manifolded line, and its size is based on G + 50% of E
+ 50% of F + 50% of D. The pipe diameters of A and B are not
considered.
(b) D is a branch line to H, but it is also a manifolded line for A
and B. Thus, the diameter of D is A + 50% of B.

(SEE NEXT PAGE FOR


FIGURE)
INSERT NEW FIG. B-10
Typical Gas Fuel Train
Safety Shutoff
Valve Arrangements for
Multiple Burner Boiler
Units Complying with
CF-180(b)

38
(NEW FIGURE B-10)
*INSERT NEW D-6 Subparas. "(g) & (h)"*
(g) For parallel positioning systems, verify actuator to fuel valve couplings and actuator to damper couplings are
properly connected. ASME CSD-1–2015
(h) For combustion air fan variable frequency drive applications, test interlocks wired to the primary flame safety
device including drive fault interlocks and improper speed control interlocks.

NONMANDATORY APPENDIX D
RECOMMENDED PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
(Operation and maintenance instructions in this safety standard are intended for general applications. For specific operating and
maintenance instructions, consult the equipment manufacturer.)

*INSERT*
and valve proving systems in accordance with
manufacturer's instructions
D-1 DAILY (b) Flame failure detection system, test for hot refrac-
tory hold-in.
(a) Check gages, monitors, and indicators.
(b) Check instrument and equipment settings. (c) Check dual fuel change over control.
(c) For high-pressure boilers, test low-water fuel cut- (d) Test high-limitsafety
and operating
shutoff temperature
valve prooforof closure
off device(s) and alarms. steam pressure controls.
(d) Check burner flame. (e) Replace vacuum tubes, scanners, or flame rods in
accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
(f) Conduct a combustion test.
D-2 WEEKLY
(g) Check all coils and diaphragms; test other
(a) For low-pressure boilers, test low-water fuel operating parts of all safety shutoff and control valves.
cut-off device(s) and alarms. (h) Test fuel valve interlock switch(s) in accordance with
(b) Check igniter. manufacturer’s instructions.
(c) Check flame signal strength. all
(i) Perform leakage test on pilot and main gas and/or
(d) Check flame failure detection system. oil fuel valves.
(e) Check firing rate control.
(j) Test purge air switch in accordance with manufac-
(f) Make aural and visual check of pilot and main
turer’s instructions.
fuel valves. *INSERT*
(k) Test air/steam interlock in accordance with manu-
oil (o)instructions.
facturer’s Test for gas leakage on all threaded and flanged
D-3 MONTHLY connections.
(l) Test burner position interlock in accordance with
(p) Verify
manufacturer’s burner is within manufactures specifications.
instructions.
(a) Check flue, vent, stack, or outlet dampers.
(b) Test low draft, fan air pressure, and damper posi- (m) Test rotary cup interlock in accordance with man-
tion interlocks. ufacturer’s instructions.
(c) Check low-fire start interlock. (n) Test low-fire start interlock in accordance with
(d) Test high and low oil pressure and temperature manufacturer’s instructions.
interlocks.
(e) Test high and low gas pressure interlocks.
D-6 AS REQUIRED
D-4 SEMI-ANNUALLY
(a) Recondition or replace low-water fuel cut-off
(a) Recalibrate all indicating and recording gages. device.
(b) For steam boilers, perform a slow drain test of the (b) For oil-fired burners, clean atomizers and oil
low-water fuel cut-off devices. strainers.
(c) Check flame failure detection system components.
(c) For gas-fired burners, check sediment trap and gas
(d) Check firing rate control.
strainers.
(e) Check piping and wiring of all interlocks and shut-
off valves. (d) Flame failure detection system, pilot turndown
test.
(f) Inspect burner components.
(e) Flame failure detection system, test for hot refrac-
tory hold in.
D-5 ANNUALLY (f) Test safety/safety relief valves in accordance with
(a) Flame failure detection system, pilot turndown ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Sections VI
test. and VII.

42
Table D-1 Periodic Testing Recommended Checklist (See Manufacturer’s Instructions)
Accomplished By
Frequency [Note (1)]
Boiler Service
D W M S/A A A/R Component/Item Recommended Test Operator Technician

X ... ... ... ... ... Gages, monitors, and indicators Make visual inspection and record readings in boiler log. X ...

... ... ... X ... ... Gages, monitors, and indicators Recalibrate all indicating and recording gages. ... X
all
X ... ... ... ... ... Instrument and equipment set- Make visual check against factory-recommended specifica- X ...
tings tions.

X ... ... ... ... ... Low-water fuel cut-off devices Test low-water fuel cut-off devices according to manufacturer’s X ...
(high-pressure boilers) instructions.

... X ... ... ... ... Low-water fuel cut-off devices (low- Test low-water fuel cut-off devices according to manufacturer’s X ...
pressure boilers) instructions.
each
... ... ... X ... ... Low-water fuel cut-off devices For steam boilers, perform a slow drain test in accordance ... X

ASME CSD-1–2015
(steam boilers) with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VI.

... ... ... ... ... X Low-water fuel cut-off devices Recondition or replace low-water fuel cut-off device. ... X
43

... ... ... ... X ... Operating and/or limit controls Test high-limit and operating temperature or steam pressure ... X
controls.

... ... ... ... ... X Safety/safety relief valves Test safety/safety relief valves in accordance with ASME ... X
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Sections VI and VII.

... ... X ... ... ... Flue, vent, stack, or outlet Make visual inspection of linkage, and check for proper oper- X ...
dampers ation.

X ... ... ... ... ... Burner flame Make visual inspection of burner flame [Note (2)]. X ...

... X ... ... ... ... Igniter Make visual inspection, and check flame signal strength if X ...
meter-fitted.

... X ... ... ... ... Flame signal strength If flame signal meter is installed, read and log. For both pilot X ...
and main flames, notify service organization if readings are
very high, very low, or fluctuating (refer to manufacturer’s
instructions).

... X ... ... ... ... Flame failure detection system Close manual fuel supply for (1) pilot, (2) main fuel cock, X ...
and/or (3) valve(s). Check safety shutdown timing, and
log.