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MATHEMATICS (Class 10)

Index

CBSE Chapter-wise Solved Test Papers

1. Quadratic Equations 001


2. Arithmetic Progressions 026
3. Coordinate Geometry 050
4. Some Applications of Trigonometry 074
5. Circles 096
6. Constructions 121
7. Areas Related to Circles 140
8. Surface Areas and Volumes 170
9. Probability 200

CBSE Sample Papers (5 solved and 5 unsolved)

1. Solved Sample Paper 01 227


2. Solved Sample Paper 02 248
3. Solved Sample Paper 03 272
4. Solved Sample Paper 04 290
5. Solved Sample Paper 05 308
6. Unsolved Sample Paper (1-5) 326

Other Papers

1. Unsolved Sample Paper (1-5) 326


2. Previous Year Paper for SA-2 346
3. Practice Test Papers 429
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1. 1 1 [1]
If α and β are the roots of the equation 5 x 2 − 7 x + 1 = 0, then the value of + is
α β
(a) 7 (b) 9 (c) 6 (d) 8
2. Construct the quadratic equation whose roots are 3 and 3 3 is [1]
(a) x 2 − 3 x + 3 3 = 0 (b) x 2 + 4 3 x + 9 = 0
(c) x 2 − 4 3 x + 9 = 0 (d) x 2 + 2 x + 3 = 0
3. If the roots of the quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 are equal, then [1]
(a) b 2 = 4bc (b) a 2 = 4bc (c) c 2 = 4ab (d) b 2 = 4ac
4. If the quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 has a real root, then b 2 − 4ac must be [1]
(a) ≥ 0 (b) = 0 (c) ≤ 0 (d) >0
5. Determine whether the given values are solution of the equation or not [2]
x 2 + 2 x − 4 = 0, x = 2, x = −2 2
6. −1 [2]
If x = −2 and x = are solution of the equation 5 x 2 + px + R = 0 , find the value of
5
P and R.
7. Find k for which the given value is solution of the equation x 2 + 3ax + k = 0, x = − a . [2]
8. If α , β are roots of the quadratic equation Kx 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0, find the value of K such [3]
that α 2 + β 2 = 24 .
9. Given that one root of the quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 is three times the [3]
other, show that 3b 2 = 16ac .
10. One-fourth of a herd of camels was in the forest. Twice the square root of the herd [4]
had gone to mountains and the remaining 15 camels were seen on the bank of a
river. Find the total number of camels.
11. A farmer wishes to grow a 100 m2 rectangular vegetable garden. Since he has with [4]
him only 30 m barbed wire, he fences three sides of the rectangular garden letting
compound wall of his house act as the fourth side fence. Find the dimensions of his
garden.
12. Some students planned a picnic. The budget for food was Rs. 500. But 5 of these [4]
failed to go and then cost of food for each member is increased by Rs. 5. How many
students attended the picnic?

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[1]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (d)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Put x = 2
( 2) ( 2)− 4
2
L.H.S = + 2
= 2+2−4
= 4−4
=0
Yes
When x = −2 2
( ) ( )
2
L.H.S = −2 2 + 2 −2 2 − 4
=8−4−4
= 8−8
=0
Yes

1
Ans6. x = −2 and x = − are solution of the equation 5 x 2 + Px + R = 0
5
5 ( −2 ) + P ( −2 ) + R = 0
2

⇒ R − 2 P = −20... ( i )
2
 1  1
5 −  + p  −  + R = 0
 5  5
1 1 R
⇒ − P+ =0
5 5 1
⇒ 1 − P + 5R = 0
⇒ 5 R − P = −1... ( ii )
On solving (i) and (ii),
R = 2, P = 11
Ans7. x 2 + 3ax + k = 0
x = −a
( −a ) + 3a ( − a ) + k = 0
2

⇒ a 2 − 3a 2 + k = 0
⇒ k = 2a 2

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[2]
Ans8. kx 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0
−4  −b 
α +β = ∵ a 
k
4  c
αβ = ∵ a 
k
α 2 + β 2 = 24 (Given)
⇒ (α + β ) − 2αβ = 24
2

 −4 
2
4
⇒   − 2   = 24
 k  k
16 8
⇒ 2 − = 24
k k
16 − 8k 24
⇒ =
k2 1
⇒ 16 − 8k = 24k 2
⇒ 24k 2 + 8k − 16 = 0
⇒ 3k 2 + k − 2 = 0
⇒ 3k 2 + 3k − 2k − 2 = 0
⇒ 3k ( k + 1) − 2 ( k + 1) = 0
⇒ ( 3k − 2 )( k + 1) = 0
2
⇒k = or k = −1
3

Ans9. Let one root = α


Other root = 3α
−b
( 3α ) + α =
a
−b
⇒ 4α =
a
−b
⇒α = .......... ( i )
4a
c
3α .α =
a
c
⇒ 3α 2 =
a

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[3]
c
⇒α2 =
3a
 −b 
2
c
⇒  = [from(i)]
 4a  3a
b2 c
⇒ 2
=
16a 3a
⇒ 3b = 16ac
2

Ans10. Let total no. of camels = x


x
No. of camels in the forest =
4
No. of camels gone to mountains = 2 x
No. of camels on the bank of river = 15
According to question,
x
+ 2 x + 15 = x
4
⇒ 3 x − 8 x − 60 = 0
Put x = y ⇒ x = y 2

⇒ 3 y 2 − 8 y − 60 = 0
⇒ 3 y 2 − 18 y + 10 y − 60 = 0
⇒ 3 y ( y − 6 ) + 10 ( y − 6 ) = 0
⇒ ( y − 6 )( 3 y + 10 ) = 0
−10
⇒ y = 6, y =
6
But x = y 2
⇒ x = ( 6)
2

⇒ x = 36

Ans11. Let length = x


Width = y
x + y + y = 30
⇒ 2 y = 30 − x
30 − x
⇒y=
2
xy = 100 (Given)
 30 − x 
⇒ x  = 100
 2 
⇒ 30 x − x 2 = 200
⇒ x 2 − 30 x + 200 = 0
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[4]
x 2 − 20 x − 10 x + 200 = 0
⇒ x ( x − 20 ) − 10 ( x − 20 ) = 0
⇒ ( x − 20 )( x − 10 ) = 0
⇒ x = 20 or x = 10

⇒ y = 10 (Neglect)
⇒ x = 20
⇒ y=5

Ans12. Let no. of students = x


500
Cost per head =
x
When 5 failed to go,
500
New cost per head =
x −5
According to question,
500 500
− =5
x−5 x
500 x − 500 x + 2500 5
⇒ =
x2 − 5x 1
2500
⇒ x2 − 5x =
5
⇒ x − 5 x = 500
2

⇒ x 2 − 5 x − 500 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 25 x + 20 x − 500 = 0
⇒ x ( x − 25 ) + 20 ( x − 25 ) = 0
⇒ ( x − 25 )( x + 20 ) = 0
⇒ x = 25 or x = −20
No. of students attended the picnic = 25 – 5 = 20

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[5]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1. Which of the following is quadratic equation? [1]


(a) x3 − 2 x − 5 − x = 0 (b) 3 x 2 − 5 x + 9 = x 2 − 7 x + 3
2
 1  1
(c)  x +  = 3  x +  + 4 (d) x 3 + x + 3 = 0
 x  x
2. Factor of a 2 x 2 − 3abx + 2b 2 = 0 is [1]
2b b 3b a b a a a
(a) , (b) , (c) , (d) ,
a a a b a b b b
3. Value of x for x 2 − 8 x + 15 = 0 is quadratic formula is [2]
(a) 3, 2 (b) 5, 2 (c) 5, 3 (d) 2, 3
4. Discriminate of 3 x 2 − 2 2 x − 2 3 = 0 is [2]
(a) 30 (b) 31 (c) 32 (d) 35
5. Solve 12abx 2 − 9a 2 x + 8b 2 x − 6ab = 0 . [2]

6. Solve for x by quadratic formula p 2 x 2 + ( p 2 − q 2 ) x − q 2 = 0 [2]

7. Find the value of k for which the quadratic equation kx 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0 has real and [2]
distinct root.

8. If -4 is a root of the quadratic equation x 2 + px − 4 and the quadratic equation [3]

x 2 + px + k = 0 has equal root, find the value of k.

9. Solve for x : 5 x +1 + 51− x = 26 [3]

10. If I had walked 1 km per hour faster, I would have taken 10 minutes less to walk 2 [4]
km. Find the rate of my walking.

11. A takes 6 days less than the time taken by B to finish a piece of work. If both A and [4]
B together can finish it in 4 days, find the time taken by B to finish the work.

12. A plane left 30 minutes later than the schedule time and in order to reach its [4]
destination 1500 km away in time it has to increase its speed by 250 km/hr from
its usual speed. Find its usual speed.

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[6]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (c)
Acs4. (c)

Ans5. 12abx 2 − 9a 2 x + 8b 2 x − 6ab = 0


⇒ 3ax ( 4bx − 3 x ) + 2b ( 4bx − 3a ) = 0
⇒ ( 4bx − 3a )( 3ax + 2b ) = 0
⇒ 4bx − 3a = 0 or 3ax + 2b = 0
3a 2b
⇒x= or x = −
4b 3a

Ans6. p2 x2 + ( p2 − q2 ) x − q2 = 0
a = p 2 , b = p 2 − q 2 , c = −q 2
D = b 2 − 4ac
= ( p 2 − q 2 ) − 4 × p 2 ( −q 2 )
= p4 + q2 − 2 p2q2 + 4 p2q2
= ( p2 + q2 )
2

−b ± D
x=
29
− ( p2q2 ) ± (p + q2 )
2 2
− p2 + q2 + p2 + q2
= =
2 × p2 2 p2
− p2 + q2 − p2
or x =
2 p2
2q 2 −2 p 2
x= or x =
2 p2 2 p2
q2
x= or x = −1
p2

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[7]
Ans7. kx 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0
a = k , b = 2, c = 1
b = b 2 − 4ac
= ( 2 ) − 4 × k × 1 = 4 − 4k
2

For real and distinct roots,


D>0
4 − 4k > 0
⇒ −4k > −4
⇒ k <1

Ans8. -4 is root of x 2 + px − 4 = 0

∴ ( −4 ) + p ( −4 ) − 4 = 0
2

⇒ 16 − 4 p − 4 = 0
⇒ −4 p = −12
⇒ p=3

x 2 + px + k = 0 (Given)

x 2 + 3x + k = 0
D = b 2 − 4ac

⇒ 0 = ( 3) − 4 × 1× k [For equal roots D = 0]


2

⇒ 4k = 9
9
⇒k =
4
Ans9. 5 x +1 + 51− x = 26
5 x.51 + 51.5− x = 26
51
⇒ 5 x.5 + = 26
5x
Put 5 x = y
5y 5
+ = 26
1 y

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[8]
⇒ 5 y 2 − 26 y + 5 = 0

⇒ 5 y 2 − 25 y − y + 5 = 0
⇒ 5 y ( y − 5 ) − 1( y − 5 ) = 0
⇒ ( y − 5)( 5 y − 1) = 0
1
⇒ y = 5 or y =
5
But
1
5x = 51 and 5x =
5
⇒ x = 1 and 5 = 5−1 ⇒ x = −1
x

Ans10. Distance = 2 km
Let speed = x km/hr
New speed = ( x + 1) km/hr

2
Time taken by normal speed = hr
x
2
Time taken by new speed = hr
x +1
According to question,
2 2 10
− =
x x + 1 60
2x + 2 − 2x 1
⇒ =
x2 + x 6
⇒ x + x = 12
2

⇒ x 2 + x − 12 = 0
⇒ x 2 + 4 x − 3 x − 12 = 0
⇒ x( x + 4) − 3 ( x + 4 ) = 0
⇒ ( x + 4 )( x − 3) = 0
⇒ x = −4 or x = 3

So, speed is x = 3 km/hr

Ans11. Let B takes x days to finish the work, then A alone can finish it in ( x − 6 ) days

According to question,

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[9]
1 1 1
+ =
x x−6 4
x−6+ x 1
⇒ =
x2 − 6 x 4
2x − 6 1
⇒ 2 =
x − 6x 4
⇒ x 2 − 6 x = 8 x − 24
⇒ x 2 − 14 x + 24 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 12 x − 2 x + 24 = 0
⇒ x ( x − 12 ) − 2 ( x − 12 ) = 0
⇒ ( x − 12 )( x − 2 ) = 0
⇒ x = 12 or x = 2
x = 2 (Neglect)
So, B takes x = 12 days.

Ans12. Let usual speed = x km/hr


New speed = ( x + 250 ) km/hr
Total distance = 1500 km
1500
Time taken by usual speed = hr
x
1500
Time taken by new speed = hr
x + 250
According to question,
1500 1500 1
− =
x x + 250 2
1500 x + 1500 × 250 − 1500 x 1
⇒ =
x 2 + 250 x 2
1500 × 250
⇒ x 2 + 250 x =
2
⇒ x + 250 x = 750000
2

⇒ x 2 + 250 x − 750000 = 0
⇒ x 2 + 1000 x − 750 x − 750000 = 0
⇒ x ( x + 1000 ) − 750 ( x + 1000 ) = 0
⇒ x = 750 or x = −1000
Therefore, usual speed is 750 km/hr, -1000 is neglected.

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[10]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1. Which of the following have real root [1]


(a) 2 x 2 + x − 1 = 0 (b) x 2 + x + 1 = 0
(c) x 2 − 6 x + 6 = 0 (d) 2 x 2 + 15 x + 30 = 0
2. 1 [1]
Solve for x : x =
1
2−
1
2−
2− x
(a) x = 2 (b) x = −1 (c) x = 1 (d) x = 3
3. If one root of the equations 2 x 2 + ax + 3 = 0 is 1, find the value of a. [2]
(a) = −4 (b) = −5 (c) = −3 (d) = −1
4. Find k for which the quadratic equation 4 x 2 − 3kx + 1 = 0 has equal root. [2]
3 3 4 2
(a) = ± (b) = (c) = ± (d) = ±
4 4 3 3
5. Determine the nature of the roots of the quadratic equation [2]
9a 2b 2 x 2 − 24abcdx + 16c 2 d 2 = 0
6. Find the discriminant of the equation ( x − 1)( 2 x − 1) = 0. [2]

7. Find the value of k so that ( x − 1) is a factor of k 2 x 2 − 2kx − 3. [2]

8. 1 1 1 1 [3]
= + + solve for x by factorization method.
p+q+x p q x
9. 5 x 2 − 6 x − 2 = 0, solve for x by the method of completing the square. [3]
10. A motor boat, whose speed is 15 km/hr in still water, goes 30 km downstream and [4]
comes back in a total time of 4 hr 30 minutes, find the speed of the stream.

11. A swimming pool is filled with three pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes [4]
operating simultaneously fill the pool in the same time during which the pool is the
same time during which the pool is filled by the third pipe alone. The second pipe
fills the pool five hours faster than the first pipe and four hours slower than the
third pipe. Find the time required by each pipe to fill the pool separately.

12. A two-digit number is such that the product of its digits is 18. When 63 is [4]
subtracted from the number the digit interchange their places. Find the number.

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[11]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (b)
Ans4. (c)
Ans5. D = b 2 − 4ac

= ( −24abcd ) − 4 × 9a 2b 2 × 16c 2 d 2
2

= 576a 2b 2 c 2 − 576a 2b 2 c 2 d 2 = 0

Ans6. ( x − 1)( 2 x − 1) = 0
⇒ 2 x2 − x − 2 x + 1 = 0
⇒ 2 x 2 − 3x + 1 = 0
Here, a = 2, c = −3, c = 1
D = b 2 − 4ac
= ( −3) − 4 × 2 ×1
2

= 9−8 =1

Ans7. Let P ( x ) = k 2 x 2 − 2 x − 3

P (1) = k 2 (1) − 2 K (1) − 3


2

⇒ 0 = K 2 − 2k − 3
⇒ k 2 − 3k + k − 3
⇒ k ( k − 3) + 1( k − 3) = 0

⇒ ( k − 3)( k + 1) = 0
⇒ k = 3 or k = −1

1 1 1 1
Ans8. = + +
p+q+x p q x
1 1 1 1
⇒ − = +
p+q+x x p q

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[12]
x− p−q−x p+q
⇒ =
x 2 + px + qx pq
− ( p + q) p+q
⇒ =
x + px + qx
2
pq
−1 1
⇒ 2 =
x + px + qx pq

⇒ x 2 + px + qx = − pq
⇒ x 2 + px + qx + pq = 0
⇒ x ( x + p) + q ( x + p) = 0
⇒ ( x + p )( x + q ) = 0
⇒ x = − p or x = − q

Ans9. 5x2 − 6x − 2 = 0
6 2
⇒ x2 − x − = 0
5 5
2
6  3 2
⇒ x2 − x +   − = 0
5 5 5
2
 3 9 2
⇒x−  = +
 5 25 5

3  9 + 10
2

⇒x−  =
 5 25
2
 3  19
⇒x−  =
 5 25
3 19
⇒ x− =±
5 5

3 19
⇒x= ±
5 5
3 + 19 3 − 19
⇒x= or x =
5 5

Ans10. Speed of motor boat in still water = 15 km/hr


Speed of stream = x km/hr
Speed in downward direction = 15 + x

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[13]
Speed in downward direction = 15 − x
According to question,
30 30 1
+ =4
15 + x 15 − x 2
30 (15 − x ) + 30 (15 + x ) 9
⇒ =
(15 + x )(15 − x ) 2
450 − 30 x + 450 + 30 x 9
⇒ =
225 − x 2 2
⇒ 9 ( 225 − x ) = 1800
2

⇒ 225 − x 2 = 200
⇒ x=5
Speed of stream = 5 km/hr

Ans11. Let x be the number of hours required by the second pipe alone to till the
pool and first pipe ( x + 5 ) hour while third pipe ( x − 4 ) hour

1 1 1
+ =
x+5 x x−4
x+ x+5 1
⇒ 2 =
x + 5x x − 4
⇒ x 2 − 8 x − 20 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 10 x + 2 x − 20 = 0
⇒ x ( x − 10 ) + 2 ( x − 10 ) = 0
⇒ ( x − 10 )( x + 2 ) = 0
⇒ x = 10 or x = −2 ( Neglected )

Ans12. Let digit on unit’s place = x


Digit on ten’s place = y
xy = 18 (given)
Number = 10. y + x

 18 
= 10   + x
 x
According to question,

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[14]
 18  18
10   + x − 63 = 10 x +
 x x

180 x − 63 10 x 2 + 18
⇒ + =
x 1 x
180 + x − 63 x 10 x 2 + 18
2
⇒ =
x x
⇒ 9 x + 63 x − 162 = 0
2

⇒ 9 ( x 2 + 9 x − 2 x − 18 ) = 0
⇒ x ( x + 9) − 2 ( x + 9) = 0
⇒ x = 2 or x = −9

 18 
Number = 10   + 2 = 92
 2

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[15]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1. Solve by factorization 3 x 2 + 10 x + 7 3 = 0 [1]


7 7 1
(a) x = − 3, − (b) x = − 3, (c) x = 2, (d) ±3
3 3 2
2. The quadratic equation whose roots are 3 and -3 is [1]
(a) x 2 − 9 = 0 (b) x 2 − 3 x − 3 = 0
(c) x 2 − 2 x + 2 = 0 (d) x 2 + 9 = 0
3. The product of two consecutive positive integers is 306. Represent these in [2]
quadratic equation.
(a) x 2 + x − 306 = 0 (b) x 2 − x + 306 = 0
(c) x 2 + 2 x − 106 = 0 (d) x 2 − x − 306 = 0
4. Which is a quadratic equation? [2]
(a) x 2 + x + 2 = 0 (b) x 3 + x 2 + 2 = 0
(c) x 4 + x 2 + 2 = 0 (d) x + 2 = 0
5. 1 [2]
The sum of two numbers is 16. The sum of their reciprocals is . Find the numbers.
3
6. Solve for x : 217 − x = x − 7 [2]
7. Solve for x : a 2b 2 x 2 + b 2 x − a 2 x − 1 = 0 [3]
8. Using quadratic formula, solve for x : 9 x 2 − 9 ( a + b ) x + ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2b 2 ) = 0 [3]

9. A factory kept increasing its output by the same percent ago every year. Find the [4]
percentage if it is known that the output is doubled in the last two years.
10. 1 [4]
Two pipes running together can fill a cistern in 3 minutes. if one pipe takes 3
13
minutes more than the other to fill it, find the time in which each pipe would fill
the cistern.
11. If the roots of the equation ( a − b ) x 2 + ( b − c ) x + ( c − a ) = 0 are equal, prove that [4]
2a = b + c.
12. Two circles touch internally. The sum of their areas is 116 π cm2 and the distance [4]
between their centres is 6 cm. Find the radii of the circles.

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[16]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (a)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Let no. be x


According to question,
1 1 1
+ =
x 16 − x 3
16 1
⇒ =
16 x − x 2
3
⇒ x 2 − 16 x + 48 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 12 x − 4 x + 48 = 0
⇒ x = 12 or x = 4

Ans6. 217 − x = ( x − 7 )

⇒ ( 217 − x ) = ( x − 7 )
2

⇒ 217 − x = x 2 + 49 − 14 x
⇒ x 2 − 14 x + x + 49 − 217 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 13 x − 168 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 21x + 8 x − 168 = 0
⇒ x = 21 or x = −8

Ans7. a 2b 2 x 2 + b 2 + x − a 2 x − 1 = 0

⇒ b 2 x ( a 2 x + 1) − 1( a 2 x + 1) = 0
⇒ ( a 2 x + 1)( b 2 x − 1) = 0
−1 1
⇒x= 2
or x = 2
a b

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[17]
Ans8. D = b 2 − 4ac

= ( −9 ( a + b ) ) − 4 × 9 × ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2ab 2 )
2

= 81( a + b ) − 36 ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2b 2 )
2

= 9 9 ( a 2 + b 2 + 2ab − 8a 2 − 20ab − 8b 2 ) 

= 9  a 2 + b 2 − 2ab 

= 9(a − b)
2

9 ( a + b) ± 9 ( a − b)
2
−b ± D
x= =
2a 2×9
3 ( a + b ) ± ( a − b ) 
⇒ x=3
2×9

⇒x=
( 3a + 3b ) ± ( a − b )
6
3a + 3b + a − b 3a + 3b + a − b
⇒x= or x =
6 6
4a + 2b 4a + 2b
⇒x= or x =
6 6
2a + b 2a + b
⇒x= or x =
3 3

Ans9. According to question,


2
 r 
2P = p 1 + 
 100 

2 r
⇒ = 1+
1 100
r
⇒ 2 −1 =
100
⇒r= ( )
2 − 1 100

Ans10. Let the faster pipe takes x minutes to fill the cistern and the slower pipe will
take ( x + 3) minutes.

According to question,

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[18]
1 1 1
+ =
x x+3 40
13
1 1 13
⇒ + =
x x + 3 40
x + 3 + x 13
⇒ 2 =
x + 3 x 40
⇒ 13 x 2 − 41x − 120 = 0
⇒ 13 x 2 − 65 x + 24 x − 120 = 0
⇒ 13 x ( x − 5 ) + 24 ( x − 5 ) = 0
−24
⇒ x = 5 or x = ( Neglected )
13

Ans11. ( a − b) x2 + (b − c ) x + ( c − a ) = 0
D = b 2 − 4ac
= (b − c ) − 4 × ( a − b ) × ( c − a )
2

= b2 + c 2 − 2bc − 4 ( ac − a 2 − bc + ab )
= b2 + c 2 − 2bc − 4ac + 4a 2 + 4bc − 4ab
= ( b ) + ( c ) + ( 2a ) + 2bc − 4ac − 4ab
2 2 2

= ( b + c − 2a )
2

For equal root s,


D=0

⇒ ( b + c − 2a ) = 0
2

⇒ ( b + c − 2a ) = 0
⇒ b + c = 2a

Ans12. Let r1 and r2 be the radius of two circles

According to question,
π r12 + π r2 2 = 116π

⇒ r12 + r2 2 = 116........ ( i )

r2 − r1 = 6 (Given)

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[19]
⇒ r2 = 6 + r1

Put the value of r2 in eq. … (i)

r12 + ( 6 + r1 ) = 116
2

⇒ r12 + 36 + r12 + 12r1 = 116


⇒ 2r12 + 12r1 − 80 = 0
⇒ r12 + 6r1 − 40 = 0
⇒ r12 + 10r1 − 4r1 − 40 = 0
⇒ r1 ( r1 + 10 ) − 4 ( r1 + 10 ) = 0
⇒ ( r1 + 10 )( r1 − 4 ) = 0

when r1 = 4 cm
r2 = 6 + r1
⇒ r1 = −10 (Neglect) or r1 = 4 cm
= 6+4
r2 = 10 cm

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[20]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS –X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1. 1 1 [1]
Discriminant of − x 2 + x + = 0 is
2 2
1 1 −1 1 −1
(a) − ,1 (b) ,1 (c) , −1 (d) ,
2 2 2 2 2
2. For equal root, kx ( x − 2 ) + 6 = 0 , value of k is [1]
(a) k = 6 (b) k = 3 (c) k = 2 (d) k = 8
3. Quadratic equation whose roots are 2 + s , 2 − s is [1]
(a) x 2 − 4 x − 1 = 0 (b) x 2 + 4 x + 1 = 0
( ) (
(c) x 2 + x + 5 x − 2 5 = 0 ) (d) x 2 − 4 x + 2 = 0

4. If α and β are roots of the equation 3 x 2 + 5 x − 7 = 0, then αβ equal to [1]


7 −7 −5
(a) (b) (c) (d) 21
3 3 3
5. 1 1 [2]
Solve for x by factorization: x + = 11
x 11
6. Find the ratio of the sum and product of the roots of 7 x 2 − 12 x + 18 = 0. [2]
7. If α and β are the roots of the equation x 2 + kx + 12 = 0, such that α − β = 1 , then [2]
find k.
8. In a cricket match, Kapil took one wicket less than twice the number of wickets [3]
taken by Ravi. If the product of the numbers of wickets taken by these two is 15,
find the number of wickets taken by each.

9. 17 [3]
The sum of a number and its reciprocal is . Find the number.
4
10. A piece of cloth costs Rs. 200. If the piece was 5 m longer and each metre of cloth [4]
costs Rs. 2 less the cost of the piece would have remained unchanged. How long is
the piece and what is the original rate per metre?

11. ax 2 + bx + c = 0, a ≠ 0 solve by quadratic formula. [4]


12. The length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangleexceeds the length of the [4]
base by 2 cm and exceeds twice the length of the altitude by 1 cm. Find the length
of each side of the triangle.

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[21]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS - X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (a)
Ans4. (b)

x 2 + 1 122
Ans5. =
x 11
⇒ 11x 2 − 12 x + 11 = 0
⇒ 11x 2 − 121x − 1x + 11 = 0
⇒ 11x ( x − 11) − 1( x − 11) = 0
⇒ (11x − 1)( x − 11) = 0
1
⇒ x = 11 or x =
11

Ans6. 7 x 2 − 12 x + 18 = 0
−b 12 c 18
α +β = = and αβ = =
a 7 a 17
12
α + β 7 12 17 34
= = × =
αβ 18 7 18 21
17

−k
Ans7. α +β = ,
1
α − β = 1.
12
αβ =
1

(α + β ) = (α − β ) + 4αβ
2 2

⇒ ( −k ) = (1) + 4 ×12
2 2

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[22]
⇒ k 2 = 49
⇒ k = ±7

Ans8. Let no. of wicket taken by Ravi = x


No. of wicket taken by Kapil = 2 x − 1
According to question,
( 2 x − 1) .x = 15
⇒ 2 x 2 − x − 15 = 0
−5
⇒ x = 3 or x = (Neglects)
2
So, no. of wickets taken by Ravi is x = 3

Ans9. Let no. be x


According to question,
x 1 17
+ =
1 x 4
x 2 + 1 17
⇒ =
x 4
⇒ 4 x + 4 = 17 x
2

⇒ 4 x 2 − 17 x + 4 = 0
⇒ 4 x 2 − 16 x − x + 4 = 0
⇒ 4 x ( x − 4 ) − 1( x − 4 ) = 0
⇒ ( x − 4 )( 4 x − 1) = 0
1
⇒ x = 4 or x =
4

Ans10. Let the length of piece = x m


200
Rate per metre =
x
New length = ( x + 5 )

200
New rate per metre =
x+5
According to question,

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[23]
200 200
− =2
x x+5
200 ( x + 5 ) − 200 x 2
⇒ =
( x + 5) 1
200 x + 1000 − 200 x 2
⇒ =
x2 + 5x 1
⇒ x + 5 x = 500
2

⇒ x 2 + 5 x − 500 = 0
⇒ x 2 + 25 x − 20 x − 500 = 0
⇒ x ( x + 25 ) − 20 ( x + 25 ) = 0
⇒ ( x + 25 )( x − 20 ) = 0
⇒ x = −25 ( Neglect ) or x = 20
Rate per metre = 10

Ans11. ax 2 + bx + c = 0,
b c
⇒ x2 + x+ =0
a a
2 2
b  b   b  c
⇒ x + x  −  + = 0
2

a  2 a   2a  a
2
 b  b2 c
⇒x+  = 2 −
 2a  4a a
b  b 2 − 4ac
2

⇒x+  =
 2a  4a 2
b b 2 − 4ac
⇒ x+ =±
2a 4a 2
−b b 2 − 4ac
⇒x= ±
2a 2a
−b ± b 2 − 4ac
⇒x=
2a
−b + b 2 − 4ac −b − b 2 − 4ac
⇒x= or x =
2a 2a

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[24]
Ans12. Let base = x
Altitude = y
Hypotenuse = h
According to question,
h= x+2
h = 2 y +1
⇒ x + 2 = 2 y +1
⇒ x + 2 −1 = 2 y
⇒ x −1 = 2 y
x −1
⇒ =y
2
And x 2 + y 2 = h 2
 x −1 
2

⇒ x +  = ( x + 2)
2 2

 2 
⇒ x − 15 x + x − 15 = 0
2

⇒ x 2 − 15 x + x − 15 = 0
⇒ ( x − 15 )( x + 1) = 0
⇒ x = 15 or x = −1

Base = 15 cm
x +1
Altitude = = 8 cm
2
Hypotenuse = 17 cm

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[25]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1. The next term of the AP in 12 ,52 , 7 2 , 73..........is [1]

(a) 97 (b) 92 (c) 99 (d) 95

2. The 10th term of the AP in 2, 7, 12, ………… is [1]


(a) 45 (b) 47 (c) 48 (d) 50

3. 1 5 9 [2]
Find the first term and the common difference , , ,.....
3 3 3

4. Is 3, 6, 9,........ form an AP? [2]

5. Which is the next term of the AP 2, 8, 18, 32,........ [2]

6. Find the 11th term from the last term of the AP 10, 7, 4,………,-62. [2]

7. For what value of n are the nth term of the following two AP’s are same 13, 19, [3]
25,…. and 69, 68, 67 …

8. Check whether 301 is a term of the list of numbers 5, 11, 17, 32,……..? [3]

9. 1 1 3 [4]
Which term of the sequence 20, 19 , 18 , 17 ,...... is the first negative term?
4 2 4

10. The pth term of an AP is q and qth term is p. Find its ( p + q ) term. [4]
th

11. If m times the mth term of an A.P is equal to n times its nth term, show that the [4]

(m + n)
th
term of the AP is zero.

12. The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and 10th [4]
terms is 44. Find the first three terms of the AP.

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[26]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (b)

1 5 9
Ans3. , , ,....
3 3 3
1
a=
3
5 1 4
d= − =
3 3 3

Ans4. a1 = 3, a 2 = 6, a3 = 9

d1 = 6 − 3
= 3 ( 2 −1)
d2 = 9 − 6
= 3− 6
Since d1 ≠ d 2

Hence, it is not an AP.

Ans5. 2, 8, 18, 32,.....

d = 8− 2
=2 2− 2
= 2
a5 = a + (5 – 1)d
= 2 + 4× 2 = 5 2
Next term is 5 2 or 50

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[27]
Ans6. a = −62, d = − ( 7 − 10 ) = 3

a11 = a + 10d
= −62 + 10 ( 3)
= −32

Ans7. nth term of 13, 19, 25,………… = nth term of 69, 68, 67,………
13+(n – 1) × 6 = 69 + (n – 1) (-1)
Therefore, n = 9

Ans8. d = 11 − 5 = 6
a=5
an = a + ( n − 1) d
⇒ 301 = 5 + ( n − 1) d
⇒ n = 151
So, 301 is not a term of the given list.

Ans9. For first negative term


an < 0
 −3   77 −3 
20 + ( n − 1) .   < 0 ∵ d = − 20 =
 4  4 4 
20 3 3
⇒ − n+ <0
1 4 4
80 − 3n + 3
⇒ <0
4
⇒ 83 − 3n < 0
⇒ −3n < −83
83
⇒n>
3
28th term is first negative term.

Ans10. q = a + ( p − 1) d ... ( i )

p = a + ( q − 1) d ... (ii )
q − p = ( p − 1 − q + 1) d

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[28]
q− p
=d
p−q
⇒ d = −1
Put the value of d in eq (i)
q = a + ( p − 1)( −1)
⇒ q = a − p +1
⇒ a = q + p −1
a p + q = a + ( p + q − 1) d

= ( q + p − 1) + ( p + q − 1)( −1)

= q + p −1− p − q + 1
=0

Ans11. mam = n an

m  a + ( m − 1) d  = n  a + ( n − 1) d 
⇒ ma + m 2 d − md = na + n 2 d − nd
⇒ a ( m − n ) + ( m2 − n 2 ) d − md + nd = 0
⇒ a ( m − n ) + ( m − n )( m + n ) d − ( m − n ) d = 0
⇒ ( m − n )  a + ( m + n − 1) d  = 0
⇒ a + ( m + n − 1) d = 0
⇒ am + n = 0
Hence proved.

Ans12. a4 + a8 = 24 (Given)
⇒ a + 3d + a + 7 d = 24
⇒ 2a + 10d = 24
⇒ a + 5d = 12....... ( i )
a6 + a10 = 44
⇒ a + 5d + a + 9d = 44
⇒ 2a + 14d = 44
⇒ a + 7 d = 22......... ( ii )

On solving equations (i) and (ii)


d = 5, a = −13
First three terms are -13,-8,-3.

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[29]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1. If in any AP, A = –18.9, d = 2.5, an = 3.5 then the value of n is [1]


(a) 5 (b) 7 (c) 10 (d) 9

2. 2, , 26 the missing term in AP is [1]

(a) 12 (b) 13 (c) 14 (d) 18

3. Find the missing term in AP 3, , 27. [2]

4. The 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. Find the common difference. [2]

5. Find the sum of first n positive integers. [2]

6. In AP, given l = 28, S = 144 and there are total 9 terms. Find a. [2]

7. In a flower bed, there are 23 rose plants in the first row, 21 in the second row, 19 [3]
in the third row and so on. There are 5 rose plants in the last row. How many rows
are there in the flower bed?

8. In the AP, find the missing terms , 13, , 3 [3]

9. 3n 2 5n [4]
In an A.P, the sum of first n terms is + . Find its 25th term.
2 2

10. Which term of the arithmetic progression 8, 14, 20, 26, … will be 72 more than its [4]
41st term.

11. The ratio of the sum of n terms of two AP’s is ( 5n + 4 ) : ( 9n + 6 ) , find the ratio of [4]

their 18th term.

12. In an AP, the first term is 2 and the sum of the first five terms is one-fourth of the [4]
sum of next five terms. Show that 20th term is –112.

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[30]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (c)
Ans2. (c)

Ans3. 2, , 26
Here, a = 2, a3 = 26
∴ a + 2d = 26
⇒ 2 + 2d = 26
⇒ 2d = 24
⇒ d = 12

a2 = a + d
= 2 + 12 = 14

Ans4. According to question,


a17 = a10 + 7
⇒ a + 16d = a + ad + 7
⇒ 7d = 7
⇒ d =1

Ans5. 1, 2,3,.....n
a = 1, l = n
n
Sn = (a + l )
2
n n
= (1 + n ) = ( n + 1)
2 2

Ans6. In AP, given


l = 28, S=144, n = 9

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[31]
n
S= (a + l)
2
9
⇒ 144 = ( a + 28 )
2
⇒ a=4

Ans7. 23, 21, 19… 5


a = 23, d = 21 − 23 = −2, an = 5
an = a + (n − 1)d
⇒ 5 = 23 + ( n − 1)( −2 )
⇒ n = 10

Ans8. a2 = 13, a4 = 3
a + d = 13......... ( i )
a + 3d = 3.......... ( ii )
On solving equation (i) and (ii),
d = −5
Put the value of d in eq. (i)
a − 5 = 13
⇒ a = 18
a1 = 18, a3 = 13 − 5 = 8

3n 2 5n
Ans9. Sn = +
2 2
Put n = 1, 2, 3...
3 5
S1 = + = 4
2 2
3 × 4 10 22
S2 = + = = 11
2 2 2
a1 = s1 = 4
a2 = S 2 − S1 = 11 − 4 = 7
d = a2 − a1 = 7 − 4 = 3
a = 25 = a + 24d
= 4 + 24 × 3
= 4 + 72
= 46

Ans10. a = 8, d = 14 − 8 = 6
Let nth term of the given AP be 72 more than its 41st term

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[32]
an = 72 + a41
⇒ 8 + ( n − 1) × 6 = 72 + 8 + 40 × 6
⇒ 6n = 318
318
⇒ n= = 53
6

Ans11. According to question,


n
 2a1 + ( n − 1) d1 
2 =
5n + 4
 2a2 + ( n − 1) d 2  9n + 6
n
2
Put n = 35 on both sides,
2a1 + ( 35 − 1) d1 5 × 35 + 4
=
2a2 + ( 35 − 1) d 2 9 × 35 + 6
a1 + 17 d1 179
⇒ =
a2 + 17 d 2 321

179
Hence, ratio of 18th terms is .
321

Ans12. a=2
1
S5 = ( S10 − S5 )
4
⇒ 4S5 = S10 − S5
⇒ 5S5 = S10
5 10
⇒ 5 ×  2a + ( 5 − 1) d  =  2a + (10 − 1) d 
2 2
25 10
⇒ [ 4 + 4d ] = [ 4 + ad ]
2 2
⇒ 20 + 20d = 8 + 18d
⇒ d = −6
a20 = a + 19d
= 2 + 19 ( −6 )
= −112

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[33]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1. 1 [1]
11th term of the AP −3, − , 2,... is
2
1
(a) 28 (b) 22 (c) -38 (d) −48
2

2. If 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. The common difference is [1]

(a) 2 (b) -1 (c) 3 (d) 1

3. If x + 1,3 x and 4 x + 2 are in A.P, find the value of x . [2]

4. Find the sum of first n odd natural numbers. [2]

5. Find the 12th term of the AP 2, 3 2, 5 2... [2]

6. Find the sum of first 11 terms of AP 2, 6, 10… [2]

7. Determine the AP whose third term is 16 and the 7th term exceeds the 5th term by [3]

12.

8. Find the sum of AP in −5 + ( −8) + ( −11) + ........ + ( −230 ) [3]

9. If the sum of n terms of an AP is 3n 2 + 5n and its mth term is 164, find the value of m. [4]

10. If the sum of three numbers in AP, be 24 and their product is 440, find the numbers. [4]

11. 1 1 1 [4]
If a 2 , b 2 , c 2 are in AP, then prove that , , are in AP.
b+c c+a a+b

12. If S1 , S 2 , S3 be the sum of n, 2n and 3n terms respectively of an AP, prove that [4]

S3 = 3 ( S2 − S1 )

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[34]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (d)

Ans3. Since x + 1, 3 x and 4 x + 2 are in AP

2 ( 3x ) = x + 1 + 4 x + 2
⇒ 6 x = 5x + 3
⇒ 6 x − 5x = 3
⇒ x=3

Ans4. 1, 3, 5, 7,.........
a = 1, d = 3 − 1 = 2
n
Sn =  2a + ( n − 1) d 
2
n
=  2 × 1 + ( n − 1) 2 
2
n
= [ 2 + 2n − 2]
2
= n2

Ans5. a = 2, d = 3 2 − 2 = 2 2
a12 = a + 11d
= 2 + 11 2 2( )
= 2 + 22 2
= 23 2

Ans6. 2, 6, 10,...

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[35]
a = 2, d = 6 − 2 = 4
11
S11 =  2 × 2 + (11 − 1) × 4
2
11
= [ 4 + 40]
2
= 11× 22 = 242

Ans7.
a3 = 16
⇒ a + 2d = 16... ( i )
a7 = a5 + 12
⇒ a + 6d = a + 4d + 12
⇒ 2d = 12
⇒ d =6
Put the valve of d in eq. (i)
a + 2 × 6 = 16
⇒ a = 16 − 12
⇒ a=4
4,10,16...

Ans8. a = −5
d = −8 − ( 5 )
= −8 + 5 = −3
an = −230
an = a + ( n − 1) d
⇒ −230 = −5 + ( n − 1)( −3)
⇒ −230 = −5 − 3n + 3
⇒ −230 + 2 = −3n
⇒ n = 76

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[36]
n
Sn = [ 2a + (n − 1)d ]
2
76
S76 = [ 2 × (−5) + (76 − 1)(−3)]
2
= 38 [ −10 + 75 × (−3)]
= 38 [ −10 − 225]
= 38 × (−235)
= −8930

Ans9. Sn = 3n 2 + 5n
Put n = 1, 2,3,....
S1 = 8
S 2 = 3 × 4 + 10 = 22
a1 = S1 = 8

a2 = S2 − S1
= 22 − 8 = 14
d = a2 − a1 = 14 − 8 = 6
am = 164
⇒ a + ( m − 1) d = 164
⇒ 8 + ( m − 1)( 6 ) = 164
⇒ 8 + 6m − 6 = 164
⇒ 6m = 164 − 2
⇒ 6m = 162
162
⇒ m= = 27
6

Ans10. Let no. be a – d, a, a + d


( a − d ) + a + ( a + d ) = 24 (Given)

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[37]
⇒ a =8
( a − d )( a )( a + d ) = 440
⇒ (8 − d ) .8. (8 + d ) = 440
⇒ 82 − d 2 = 55
⇒ d = ±3
a =8 a =8
d = +3 d = −3
Then AP Then AP
5, 8, 11,… 11, 8, 5,….

Ans11. Given a 2 , b 2 , c 2 are in AP

Then 2b 2 = a 2 + c 2 ......... ( i )

1 1 1
If , , are in AP then
b+c c+a a+b
1 1 1 1
− = −
c+a b+c a+b c+a
(b + c ) − ( c + a ) = ( c + a ) − ( a + b)
( c + a )( b + c ) ( a + b )( c + a )
b− a c −b
=
b+c a+b
2b2 = c 2 + a 2 ........ ( ii )

From (i) and (ii),


Hence proved .

n
Ans12. S1 =  2a + ( n − 1) d 
2
2n
S2 =  2a + ( 2n − 1) d 
2 
3n
S3 =  2a + ( 3n − 1) d 
2 
R.H.S = 3 ( S2 − S1 )

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[38]
 2n 
= 3  ( 2a + ( 2n − 1) d ) − ( 2a + ( n − 1) d ) 
n
2 2 
n 
= 3  [ 4a + 4nd − 2d − 2a − nd + d ]
2 
n 
= 3  ( 2a + 3nd − d ) 
2 
3n
=  2a + ( 3n − 1) d  = S3
2 

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[39]
CBSE TEST PAPER - 4
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1. Which of the following list of no. form an AP? [1]


5 7
(a) 2, 4, 8, 16 … (b) 2, , 3, ,…
2 2
(c) 0.2, 0.22, 0.222… (d) 1, 3, 9, 27…

2. The nth term of the AP in 2, 5, 8… is [1]


(a) 3n – 1 (b) 2n – 1
(c) 3n – 2 (d) 2n – 3

3. Find the sum of first hundred even natural numbers divisible by 5. [2]

4. Find a30 − a20 for the A.P −9, −14, −19, −24,... [2]

5. Find the common difference and write the next two terms of the AP 12 , 52 , 7 2 , 73,... [2]

6. Show that sequence defined by an = 3 + 2n is an AP. [2]

7. In an AP, an = 4, d = 2, S n = −14 find n and a. [3]

8. Find a30 − a20 for the AP in -9, -14, -19, -24… [3]

9. The ratio of the sums of m and n terms of an AP is m 2 : n 2 , show that the ratio of [4]
the mth and nth term is ( 2m − 1) : ( 2n − 1) .

10. If the sum of first p terms of an AP is the same as the sum of its first q terms, show [4]
that the sum of the first ( p + q ) term is zero.

11. a4 2 a [4]
For the A.P a1 , a2 , a3 ,... if = find 6 .
a7 3, a8

12. In an AP pth, qth and rth terms are respectively a, b and c. [4]
Prove that p ( b − c ) + q ( c − a ) + r ( a − b ) = 0

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[40]
CBSE TEST PAPER-4
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (a)

Ans3. Even natural no. divisible by 5 are 10, 20, 30…


a = 10, d = 10
n = 100
100
S100 =  2 (10 ) + (100 − 1) .10 
2 
= 50 [ 20 + 99 × 10]
= 50500

Ans4.
a = −9,
d = ( −14 ) − ( −9 ) = −14 + 9 = −5
a30 − a20 = a + 29d − a − 19d = 10d
= 10 × ( −5 ) = −50

Ans5. 12 , 52 , 7 2 , 73,......
⇒ 1, 25, 49, 73,........

d = a2 − a1 = 25 − 1 = 24

d = 49 − 25 = 24
d = 73 − 49 = 24
Hence, it is AP.
a5 = 73 + 24 = 97
a6 = 97 + 24 = 121

Ans6. an = 3 + 2n

So a1 = 5, a2 = 7, a3 = 9, a4 = 11

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[41]
7 − 5 = 9 − 7 = 11 − 9 = 2
Hence, it is AP.

Ans7. an = a + ( n − 1) d

⇒ 4 = a + ( n − 1) . ( 2 )
⇒ a + 2n = 6 ... ( i )

n
S n = [2a + (n − 1)d ]
2
n
⇒ −14 = ( a + 4 )
2
⇒ −28 = n[6 − 2n + 4) [∵ a = 6 − 2n]
⇒ n 2 − 5n − 14 = 0
⇒ n = 7, n = −2
a = −8

Ans8. a = −9
d = −14 − ( −9 ) = −14 + 9 = −5
a30 − a20 = ( a + 29d ) − ( a + 19d )
= 10d = 10 × ( −5 ) = −50

m
S m 2  2a + ( m − 1) d 
Ans9. =
n
Sn  2a + ( n − 1) d 
2

m 2 m  2a + ( m − 1) d 
⇒ =  
n 2 n  2a + ( n − 1) d 
m 2a + md − d
⇒ =
n 2a + nd − d
⇒ 2am + mnd − md = 2an + mnd − nd
⇒ 2am − 2an − md + nd = 0
⇒ 2a ( m − n ) − ( m − n ) d = 0

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[42]
⇒ ( m − n )( 2a − d ) = 0
⇒ 2a = d
According to question,
am a + ( m − 1) d
=
an a + ( n − 1) d
a + ( m − 1) 2a
=
a + ( n + 1) 2a
a [1 + 2m − 2]
=
a [1 + 2n − 2]
2m − 1
=
2n − 1
Hence Proved

Ans10. S p = Sq

p q
⇒  2a + ( p − 1) d  =  2a + ( q − 1) d 
2 2
⇒ p [ 2a + pd − d ] = q [ 2a + qd − d ]
⇒ 2ap + p 2 d − pd = 2aq + q 2 d − qd
⇒ 2a ( p − q ) + ( p 2 − q 2 ) d − ( p − q ) d = 0
⇒ 2a ( p − q ) + ( p − q )( p − q ) d − ( p − q ) d = 0
⇒ ( p − q ) 2a + ( p + q − 1) d  = 0
⇒ S p+q = 0

a4 2
Ans11. = ( Given )
a7 3

a + 3d 2
⇒ =
a + 6d 3
⇒ 3a + 9d = 2a + 12d
⇒ a = 12d − 9d
⇒ a = 3d
a6 a + 5d
=
a7 a + 6d
3d + 5d 8d
= = = 8:9
3d + 6d 9d

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[43]
Ans12. A + ( p − 1) D = a.........(i)

A + ( q − 1) D = b.......... ( ii )
A + ( r − 1) D = c.......... ( iii )
(ii ) − (iii )
b − c = ( q − 1) D − ( r − 1) D
⇒ b − c = D (q − r )
⇒ p ( b − c ) = p D ( q − r ) ........ ( iv )

Similarly,
q ( c − a ) = q D ( r − p ) .......... ( v )
r ( a − b ) = r D ( p − q ) ........... ( vi )

Adding (iv), (v) and (vi)


p (b − c ) + q ( c − a ) + r ( a − b) = 0

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[44]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS –X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1. If a, ( a − 2 ) and 3a are in AP, then value of a is [1]

(a) -3 (b) -2 (c) 3 (d) 2

2. The sum of first n positive integers is given by [1]


n ( n − 1) n ( 2n + 1) n ( n + 1)
(a) , (b) , (c) (d) none of these
2 2 2

3. The first term of an AP is -7 and common difference 5. Find its general term. [2]

4. 1 [2]
How many terms are there in A.P? 18,15 ,13,......, −47
2

5. 3n 2 13 [2]
In an AP, the sum of first n terms is + n. find its 2nd term.
2 2

6. 1 1 3 [2]
Show that the progression 4, 7 ,10 ,13 ,17,...... is an AP.
4 2 4

7. Find the sum to n term of the AP in 5, 2, -1, -4, -7………. [3]

8. Find the sum of first 24 terms of the list of no. whose nth term is given by [3]
an = 3 + 2n

9. ( p + 1) term of an A.P is twice the ( q + 1) term, show that ( 3 p + 1) term is [4]


th th th
If

twice the ( p + q + 1) term.


th

10. The sum of four numbers in AP is 50 and the greatest number four times the least. [4]
Find the numbers.

11. Find the sum of all integers between 84 and 719 which are multiples of 5. [4]

12. 1 1 [4]
If mth term of an A.P is and the nth term is , show that the sum of mn terms is
n m
1
( mn + 1) .
2

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[45]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS - X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (c)

Ans3. a = −7, d = 5

an = a + ( n − 1) d
= −7 + ( n − 1)( 5 )
= − 7 + 5n − 5
∴ an = 5n − 12

31 18 −5
Ans4. a = 18, d = − =
2 1 2
an = −47
an = a + ( n − 1) d
 −5 
−47 = 18 + ( n − 1)  
 2 
−5 5
⇒ −47 − 18 = n+
2 2
⇒ n = 27

3n 2 13
Ans5. Sn = + n
2 2
Put n = 1, 2, 3.....

16
S1 = =8
2
S2 = 19
a1 = s1 = 8

a2 = S 2 − S1 = 19 − 8 = 11

29 4 29 − 16 13
Ans6. − = =
4 1 4 4

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[46]
21 29 13
And − =
2 4 4
17 55 13
And − =
1 4 4
Hence, it is an AP.

Ans7. a = 5, d = 2 − 5 = −3
n
Sn =  2a + ( n − 1) d 
2
n
S n =  2 × 5 + ( n − 1)( −3) 
2
n
= [10 − 3n + 3]
2
n
= [13 − 3n ]
2

Ans8. an = 3 + 2 n

Put n = 1, 2,3,...

a1 = 5, a2 = 7, a3 = 9...

a = 5, d = 7 − 5 = 2
24
S 24 =  2 × 5 + ( 24 − 1) × 2 
2 
= 12 [10 + 46] = 672

Ans9. a p +1 = 2aq +1

⇒ a + ( p + 1 − 1) d = 2  a + ( q + 1 − 1) d 
⇒ a + pd = 2 [ a + qd ]
⇒ a + pd = 2a + 2qd
⇒ pd − 2qd = a
⇒ ( p − 2q ) d = a

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[47]
a3 p +1 a + ( 3 p + 1 − 1) d
=
a p + q +1 a + ( p + q + 1 − 1) d

=
( p − 2q ) d + 3 pd =2
p − 2q + ( p + q ) d

Ans10. Let no. be ( a − 3d ) , ( a − d ) , ( a + d ) , ( a + 3d )

( a − 3d ) + ( a − d ) + ( a + d ) + ( a + 3d ) = 50
⇒ 4a = 50
50 25
⇒ a=
=
4 2
According to question,
( a + 3d ) = 4 × ( a − 3d )
⇒ a + 3d = 4a − 12d
⇒ −3a = −15d
⇒ a = 5d
25
⇒ = 5d
2
5
⇒ =d
2
Numbers be 5, 10, 15, 20

Ans11. 85, 90, 95, ...... 715

a = 85, d = 5, an = 715
a + ( n − 1) d = an
⇒ 85 + ( n − 1) .5 = 715
⇒ n = 127
127
S127 = ( 85 + 715 )
2
= 50800

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[48]
1
Ans12. = a + ( m + 1) d .... ( i )
n
1
= a + ( n + 1) d ...... ( ii )
m
1 1
a=
, d=
mn mn
mn
S mn =  2a + ( mn − 1) d 
2 
On solving (i) and (ii),
mn  1 1 
=  2. + ( mn − 1) .
2  mn mn 
1
= ( mn + 1)
2

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[49]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1. The distance between the point ( a, b ) , ( −a, −b ) is [1]

(a) 2 a2 + b2 (b) 2 a 2 − b2 (c) a 2 + b2 (d ) a+b

2. The area of triangle whose vertices are (1, −1) , ( −4, 6 ) and ( −3, −5) is [1]

(a) 21 (b) 32 (c) 24 (d ) 25

3. The point ( 5, −3) lies in [1]

(a) 1st quadrant (b) 2nd quadrant (c) 3rd quadrant (d) 4th quadrant

4. The distance between the points ( Cosθ , Sinθ ) and ( Sinθ , − Cosθ ) is [1]

(a) 3 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d ) 2

5. Find the distance between the point A ( at12 , 2at1 ) B ( at2 2 , 2at2 ) . [2]

6. Determine if the points (1,5 ) , ( 2,3) and ( −2, −11) collinear. [2]

7. If A ( −3, 2 ) , B ( a, b ) and C ( −1, 4 ) are the vertices of a isosceles triangle, show that [3]

a + b = 1, if AB = BC.

8. Find the value of P if the point A ( 0, 2 ) is equidistant from ( 3, p ) and ( p,3) . [3]

9. Find the centroid of the triangle whose vertices are ( 4, −8 )( −9,7 ) and ( 8,13) . [3]

10. If the points ( x, y ) is equidistant from the points ( a + b, b − a ) and ( a − b, a + b ) , [4]

prove that bx = ay.

11. ( −2, 2 ) , ( x,8) and ( 6, y ) are three concyclic points whose centre is ( 2,5 ) . Find the [4]

possible value of x and y.

12. Find the vertices of the triangle, the mid-points of whose sides are ( 3,1) , ( 5, 6 ) and [4]

( −3, 2 ) .

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[50]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (d)
Ans4. (d)

( at ) + (2at )
2 2
Ans5. AB = 2
2
− at12 2
2
− 2at12

= a2 ( t 2 − t1 ) ( t 2 + t1 ) + 4a2 ( t 2 − t1 )
2 2 2

= a2 ( t 2 − t1 ) ( t 2 + t1 ) + 4a2 ( t 2 − t1 )
2 2 2

= a2 ( t 2 − t1 ) ( t 2 + t1 ) + 4
2 2

 
= a ( t 2 − t1 ) (t 2 + t1 )
2
+4

Ans6. Let A = (1,5) , B = ( 2,3) and C = ( −2, −11)

( 2 − 1 ) + ( 3 − 5)
2 2
AB = = 5

( −11 − 3) + ( −2 − 2)
2 2
BC = = 212

( −2 − 1) + ( −11 − 5)
2 2
AC = = 265
AB + BC ≠ AC

Hence, A, B and C are not collinear.

Ans7. AB = BC (Given)
⇒ AB 2 = BC 2
⇒ ( a + 3 ) + ( b − 2 ) = ( −1 − a ) + ( 4 − b )
2 2 2 2

⇒ a 2 + 9 + 6a + b 2 + 4 − 4b = 1 + a 2 + 2a + 16 + b 2 − 8b
⇒ 4a + 4b = 4
⇒ a +b =1

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[51]
Ans8. Let B ( 3, p ) and C ( p,3)

AB = AC (Given)
⇒ AB 2 = AC 2

⇒ ( 0 − 3) 2 + ( 2 − p ) = ( p − 0 ) + ( 3 − 2 )
2 2 2

⇒ 9 + 4 + p2 − 4 p = p2 + 1
⇒ −4 p = −12
⇒ p=3

Ans9. Let ( x, y ) be the coordinate of centroid

x1 + x2 + x3
x=
3
4−9+8 3
= = =1
3 3
y1 + y2 + y3
y=
3
−8 + 7 + 13 20 − 8
= = =4
3 3
Coordinate of centroid is (1, 4 )

Ans10. Let P ( x, y ) , A ( a + b, b − a ) and B ( a − b, a + b )

PA = PB ( Given )
⇒ PA2 = PB 2
⇒ ( a + b − x ) + (b − a − y ) = ( a − b − x ) + ( a + b − y )
2 2 2 2

⇒ a 2 + b 2 + x 2 + 2ab − 2ax − 2ax + b 2 + a 2 + y 2 − 2ab + 2ay − 2by =


⇒ a 2 + b 2 + x 2 − 2ab + 2bx − 2ax + a 2 + b 2 + y 2 + 2ab − 2by − 2ay
⇒ 4ab − 4bx − 4ab = −2ay − 2ay
⇒ −4bx = −4ay
⇒ bx = ay

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[52]
Ans11. OA = OB = OC = Radius of circle
⇒ OA2 = OB 2 = OC 2
OB 2 = OA2
⇒ ( x − 2 ) + (8 − 5) = ( 2 + 2) + ( 5 − 2)
2 2 2 2

⇒ x 2 + 4 − 4 x + 9 = 16 + 9
⇒ x 2 − 4 x − 12 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 6 x + 2 x − 12 = 0
⇒ x ( x − 6) + 2 ( x − 6) = 0
⇒ ( x − 6 )( x + 2 ) = 0
⇒ x = 6 or x = −2

OC 2 = OA2
⇒ ( 6 − 2) + ( y − 5) = ( 2 + 2) + ( 5 − 2)
2 2 2 2

⇒ ( 4 ) + y 2 + 25 − 10 y = 16 + 9
2

⇒ y 2 − 10 y + 16 = 0
⇒ y 2 − 8 y − 2 y + 16 = 0
⇒ y ( y − 8 ) − 2 ( y − 8) = 0
⇒ ( y − 8) y − 2 = 0
⇒ y = 8 or y = 2

Ans12. Let vertices of ∆ABC be A ( x1 y1 ) , B ( x2 y2 ) and C ( x3 , y3 )

By mid-points formula
x 2 + x3
= 3 ⇒ x 2 + x3 = 6....... ( i )
2
y2 + y3
= 1 ⇒ y 2 + y 3 = 2......... ( ii )
2
x3 + x1
= 5 ⇒ x3 + x1 = 10......... ( iii )
2
y3 + y1
= 6 ⇒ y1 + y3 = 12......... ( iv )
2
x1 + x2
= −3 ⇒ x1 + x2 = −6......... ( v )
2
y1 + y2
= 2 ⇒ y1 + y2 = 4......... ( vi )
2

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[53]
Adding (i), (iii) and (v)
2 ( x1 + x2 + x3 ) = 10
⇒ x1 + x2 + x3 = 5......... ( vii )

Adding (ii),(iv)and (vi)


2 ( y1 + y2 + y3 ) = 18
y1 + y2 + y3 = 9....... ( viii )

Subtracting (i), (iii) and (v) from (vii)


We get, x1 = −1, x2 = −5, x3 = 11

Subtracting (ii), (iv) and (vi) from eq. (viii)


We get, y1 = 7, y2 = −3, y3 = 5

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[54]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1. If (1, 2 ) ( 4, y ) , ( x, 6 ) and ( 3,5 ) are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order. [1]
Then ( x, y ) is
( a ) ( 6, 2 ) ( b ) ( 6,3) ( c ) ( 6, 4 ) ( d ) ( 3, 4 )
2. The coordinates of the point which divides the join of ( −1, 7 ) and ( 4, −3) in the [1]
ratio 2:3 is
( a ) (1,3) ( b ) ( 2,3) ( c ) ( 3,1) ( d ) (1,1)
3. The coordinates of a point A, where AB is the diameters of a circle whose centre [1]
( 2, −3) and B is (1, 4 ) is
( a ) ( 3, −9 ) ( b ) ( 2,9 ) ( c ) ( 3, −10 ) ( d ) ( 4,5)
4. If the area of a quadrilateral ABCD is zero, then the four points A, B, C, D are [1]
(a) Collinear (b) Not collinear (c) Nothing can be said (d) None of these

5. Prove that the points (3, 0), (4, 5), (-1, 4) and (-2,-1) taken in order form a [2]
rhombus.

6. Show that (4, 4), (3, 5), (-1, 1) are vertices of a right-angled triangle. [2]

7. Prove that in a right-angled triangle, the mid-point of the hypotenuse is [3]


equidistant from the vertices.

8. Prove that diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other and are equal. [3]

9. The line joining the points ( 2, −1) and ( 5, −6 ) is bisected at P. If P lies on the line [3]

2 x + 4 y + k = 0, find the value of k.

10. The two opposite vertices of a square are (1, −6 ) and ( 5, 4 ) . Find the coordinates of [4]

the other two vertices.

11. Find the coordinates of the circumcentre of a triangle whose vertices are [4]
A ( 4, 6 ) , B ( 0, 4 ) and C ( 6, 2 ) .Also find its circum-radius.

12. ( )
If two vertices of an equilateral triangle are ( 0, 0 ) 3, 3 , Find the third vertex. [4]

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[55]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (c)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Let A (3,0) , B ( 4,5) , C ( −1,4 ) and D ( −2, −1 )

( 4 − 3) + ( 5 − 0 )
2 2
AB = = 26

( −1 − 4 ) + ( 4 − 5)
2 2
BC = = 26

( −2 + 1) + ( −1 − 4 )
2 2
CD = = 26

( 3 + 2) + ( 0 + 1 )
2 2
DA = = 26

Since AB = BC = CD = DA
Hence, ABCD is a rhombus.

Ans6. Let A (4, 4), B (3, 5) and C (-1, 1)


AB2 = (3 – 4)2 + (5 – 4)2 = 2
AC2 = (-1 – 4)2 + (5 – 4)2 = 34
BC2 = (-1 – 3)2 + (1 – 5)2=32
Since AC2 = AB2 +BC2
Hence, ABC is a right-angled triangle.

Ans7. Let A ( 2a, 0 ) , B ( 0, 2b ) and O ( 0,0 ) are the

vertices of right-angled triangle


 2a + 0 0 + 2b 
Coordinate of C  , 
 2 2 
i.e. (a, b)

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[56]
OC = a 2 + b 2
AC = a 2 + b 2
BC = a 2 + b 2
Hence, C is Equidistant from the vertices.

Ans8. Let ABCD be a rectangle take A as origin the vertices of a rectangle are
A ( 0, 0 ) , B ( a, 0 ) , C ( a, b ) , D ( o, b )

AC = ( a − 0) + (b − 0) = a2 + b2
2 2
(0,b) (a,b) C
D

BD = (0 − a) + (0 − b) = a2 + b2
2 2

AC = BD
0+a 0+b   a b 
Mid-point of AC =  , = ,  A

 2 2  2 2 (0,0) (a,o) B

0+a 0+b   a b 
Mid-point of BD =  , = , 
 2 2  2 2
Mid-point of AC = Mid-point of BC
Hence proved.

Ans9.

 2 + 5 −1 − 6   7 −7 
Coordinate of P =  , = , 
 2 2  2 2 

P lies on equation 2 x + 4 y + k = 0

 7   −7 
∴ 2  + 4  + k = 0
2  2 
⇒ 7 − 14 + k = 0
⇒ k =7
D (5,4) C

Ans10. AB = BC

B
A (1,-6) (x,y)

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[57]
⇒ AB 2 = BC 2
⇒ ( x − 1) + ( y + 6 ) = ( x − 5) + ( y − 4 )
2 2 2 2

⇒ x 2 + 1 − 2 x + y 2 + 36 + 12 y = x 2 + 25 − 10 x + y 2 + 16 − 8 y
⇒ 8 x + 20 y − 4 = 0
⇒ 2x + 5 y = 1
1 − 2x
⇒y=
5
In right ∆ABC ,

AC 2 = ( AB ) + ( BC )
2 2

⇒ ( x − 1) + ( y + 6 ) + ( x − 5 ) + ( y − 4 ) = ( 5 − 1) + ( 4 + 6 )
2 2 2 2 2 2

⇒ 2 ( x 2 + y 2 − 6 x + 2 y ) = 38
⇒ x 2 + y 2 − 6 x + 2 y = 19........ ( i )

Put the value of y in eq. (i)

 1− 2x   1− 2x 
2

x +
2
 − 6x + 2   = 19
 5   5 
⇒ 29 x 2 − 174 x − 464 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 6 x − 16 = 0
⇒ x 2 − 8 x + 2 x − 16 = 0
⇒ x ( x − 8) + 2 ( x − 8) = 0
⇒ ( x − 8 )( x + 2 ) = 0
⇒ x = 8 or x = −2
Now x = −2, ⇒ y = 1
And x = 8 ⇒ y = −3

Ans11. Let P be the circum-centre of ∆ABC , then PA = PB = PC

⇒ PA2 = PB 2 = PC 2
PA2 = PB 2
⇒ ( x − 4) + ( y − 6) = ( x − 0) + ( y − 4)
2 2 2 2

⇒ 8 x + 4 y = 36

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[58]
⇒ 2 x + y = 9......... ( i )
PB 2 = PC 2
⇒ ( x − 0) + ( y − 4) = ( x − 6) + ( y − 2)
2 2 2 2

⇒ 12 x − 4 y = 24
⇒ 3 x − y = 6......... ( ii )

On solving equations (i) and (ii), x = 3, y = 3

( 4 − 3) + ( 6 − 3) = 10
2 2
Circum-radius (PA) =

Ans12. OA = OB = AB
⇒ OA2 = OB 2 = AB 2
OA2 = OB 2 y

A (3 3 )

⇒ x 2 + y 2 = 12....... ( i )
OB 2 = AB 2
⇒ 3x + 3 y = 6......... ( ii )
O x
(0,0)

6 − 3x
⇒y=
3 (x
, y) B

Put the value of y in eq. (i),


2
 6 − 3x 
x +
2
 = 12
 3 
⇒ x = 0 or x = 3

When x = 0, y = 2 3
( 0, 2 3 )
When x = 3, y = − 3
(3, − 3 )

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[59]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1. The ratio of the points of trisection of the line segment joining the points [1]
A ( 2, −2 ) and B ( −7, 4 ) are
( a ) 1:2, 2:1 ( b ) 1:3, 3:1 ( c ) 1:1, 2:1 ( d ) 1:2, 1:2
2. The valve of K if the points A ( 2,3) , B ( 4, K ) and C ( 6, −3) are collinear is [1]
( a ) (1) ( b ) ( −1) ( c ) ( 2) ( d ) (0)
3. The mid-point of the line segment joining ( 2a, 4 ) and ( −2,3b ) is (1, 2a + 1) . The [1]
values of a and b is
( a ) a = 2, b = 2 ( b ) a = 1, b = 3 ( c ) a = 2, b = 3 ( d ) a = 1, b = 1
4. Coordinate of A and B are ( −3, α ) and (1, α + 4 ) . The mid-point of AB is ( −1,1) . The [1]
value of α is
( a ) ( −1) ( b ) ( 2) ( c ) ( 3) ( d ) (1)
5. Find the coordinates of the points which divide the line segment joining the points [2]
(-2, 0) and (0, 8) in four equal parts.
6. Find the area of the rhombus if its vertices are (3, 0), (4, 5), (-1, 4) and (-2, -1) [2]
taken in order.
7. Show that the points ( a, b + c ) , ( b, c + a ) and ( c, a + b ) are collinear. [3]

8. The length of a line segment is 10. If one end point is ( 2, −3) and the abscissa of the [3]
second end point is 10, show that its ordinate is either 3 or -9.
9. Using section formula, show that the points ( −1, 2 )( 5, 0 ) and ( 2,1) are collinear. [3]

 a 2a 
( at , 2at ) and  2 , 
10. 2 [4]
If P and Q are two points whose coordinates are
t t 
1 1
respectively and S is the point ( a, 0 ) , show that + is independent of t .
SP SQ
11. Find the area of the quadrilateral whose vertices taken in order are [4]
( −4, −2 ) , ( −3,5) , ( 3, −2 ) and ( 2,3) .
12. The vertices of ∆ABC are A ( 4, 6 ) , B (1,5) and C ( 7, 2 ) . A line is drawn to intersect [4]
AD AE 1
sides AB and AC at D and E respectively such that = = . Calculate the
AB AC 4
area of the ∆ADE and compare it with the area of ∆ABC .

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[60]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (d)
Ans3. (a)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Q is the mid-point of AB

 −2 + 0 0 + 8 
Coordinate of Q  ,  = (-1, 4)
 2 2 

 −3 
Coordinate of P =  , 2 
 2 
 −1 
Coordinate of R =  , 6 
 2 

Ans6. Let A (3, 0), B (4, 5), C (-1, 4) and D (-2, -1)

AC = ( −1 − 3 ) + ( 4 − 0 ) =4 2
2 2

BD = ( −2 − 4 ) + ( −1 − 5 ) = 36 + 36 = 6 2
2 2

1
Area of rhombus = d1 × d 2
2
1
= AC × BD
2
1
= × 4 2 × 6 2 = 24
2

Ans7. For collinear

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[61]
x1 ( y2 − y3 ) + x2 ( y3 − y1 ) + x3 ( y1 − y2 ) = 0
= a (c + a − a − b) + b ( a + b − b − c) + c (b + c − c − a )
= a ( c − b ) + b ( a − c ) + c (b − a )
= ac − ab + ba − bc + cb − ca
=0

Ans8. Let A (2, -3) be the first end point and B (10, y) be the second end point.

(10 − 2 ) + ( y + 3) = (10 )
2 2 2

∴ AB = 10
⇒ (10 − 2) 2 + ( y + 3)2 = 10
⇒ 82 + y 2 + 9 + 6 y = 100
⇒ 64 + y 2 + 9 + 6 y = 100
⇒ y 2 + 6 y − 27 = 0
⇒ y 2 + 9 y − 3 y − 27 = 0
⇒ y ( y + 9) − 3( y + 9) = 0
⇒ ( y + 9 )( y − 3) = 0
⇒ y = −9 or y = 3

Ans9. If points A ( −1, 2 ) , B ( 5, 0 ) and ( 2,1) are collinear, then one point divides the join

of other two in the same ratio. Let C ( 2,1) divides the join of A ( −1, 2 ) and B ( 5, 0 )

in the ratio K:1

5K − 1 0+2
∴2 = and 1 =
K +1 K +1
2 K + 2 = 5K − 1 and K + 1 = 2
K =1 K =1
Hence Proved .

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[62]
( at − a ) + ( 2at − 0 )
2
SP = 2 2
Ans10.

(t − 1) + 4t 2
2
=a 2

= a t 4 + 1 − 2t 2 + 4t 2

(t + 1)
2
=a 2

= a ( t 2 + 1)

2 2
a   2at 
SQ =  2 − a  +  − 0
t   t 

= 2 (1 + t 2 )
a 2

t
= 2 (1 + t 2 )
a
t
1 1 1 t2
+ = +
SP SQ a ( t 2 + 1) a (1 + t 2 )

=
(1 + t ) 2

a ( t + 1)
2

1
=
a
Hence proved .

1
Ans11. ar ( ∆ABC ) = ( 20 + 6 − 6 ) − ( 6 − 15 + 8 ) 
2
= 10.5 sq. units
 1 
 ar of ∆ = 2 [ x, ( y2 − y3 ) + x2 ( y3 − y1 ) + x3 ( y1 − y2 ) 
1
ar ( ∆ACD ) = ( 8 + 9 − 4 ) − ( −6 − 4 − 12 ) 
2
1
= [13 + 22] = 17.5 sq.units
2
area of quadrilateral = 10.5 + 17.5 = 28 sq. units

AD AE 1
Ans12. = =
AB AC 4
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[63]
AB AC 4
⇒ = =
AD AE 1
AD + DB AE + EC
= =4 A
AD AE (4,6)

DB EC
1+ = 1+ =4
AD AE
DB EC • E
= =3
D•

AD AE
AD AE 1
= =
DB EC 3 B (1,5) (7,2) C
AD : DB = AE : EC = 1: 3
Now coordinate of D and E are
 13 23   19 
 ,  and  ,5 
 4 4   4 
15
ar ( ∆ADE ) =
32
15
ar ( ∆ABC ) =
2
ar ( ∆ADE ) 1
=
ar ( ∆ABC ) 16
= 1:16

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[64]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1. The ratio in which the points ( 2, −3) and ( 5, 6 ) divided by the x - axis is [1]
1 1
(a) :2 (b ) :1 (c) 1:1 (d ) 1:2
2 2
2. The distance between P ( a,7 ) and Q (1,3) is 5. The value of a is [1]
( a ) ( 4, 2 ) ( b ) ( −4, −2 ) ( c ) ( 4, −2 ) ( d ) ( 4,1)
3. On which axis point ( −4, 0 ) lie [1]
( a ) x − axis (b) y - axis ( c ) both ( d ) none of these
4. The distance of the point ( −4, −6 ) from the origin is [1]
(a) 53 (b) 2 13 (c) 2 12 (d ) 13

5. If the coordinates A and B are (-2, -2) and (2, -4) respectively. Find the coordinates [2]
3
of P such that AP = AB and P lies on the line segment AB.
7
6. In what ratio is the line segment joining the points (-2, 3) and (3, 7) divided by the [2]
y-axis?
7. Find the relation between x and y such that the point ( x, y ) is equidistant from the [3]
points ( 7,1) and ( 3,5) .

8. Determine the ratio in which the line 2 x + y − 4 = 0 divides the line segment joining [3]
the points A ( 2, 2 ) and B ( 3, 7 ) .

9. Show that the points A ( 5, 6 ) , B (1,5 ) , C ( 2,1) and D ( 6, 2 ) are the vertices of a [3]
square.
10. Prove that the points ( a, a ) , ( −a, −a ) and (− )
3a, 3a are the vertices of an [4]
equilateraltriangle. Calculate the area of thistriangle.
11. A ( 4, −8 ) , B ( 3, 6 ) and C ( 5, −4 ) are the vertices of a ∆ABC , D is the mid-point of [4]
AD
BC and P is a point on AD joined such that = 2, find the coordinates of P.
PD
12. The coordinates of the vertices of ∆ABC are A ( 4,1) , B ( −3, 2 ) and C ( O, K ) . Given [4]
that the area of ∆ABC is 12, find the value of K.

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[65]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)

Ans2. (c)

Ans3. (a)

Ans4. (b)

Ans5. Coordinate of P are

−2 × 4 + 2 × 3 −8 + 6 −2
x= = =
7 7 7
−2 × 4 + ( −4 ) × ( 3) −8 − 12 −20
y= = =
7 7 7

Ans6. Let A (-2, -3) and B (3, 7)


P (0, y) and ratio be K:1

(-2,-3) P(o,y) (3,7)


A K:1 B

 3k − 2 7 k − 3 
Coordinate of P are  , 
 k +1 k +1 
3k − 2
=0
k +1
2
⇒ k = or 2 : 3
3

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[66]
Ans7. Let P ( x, y ) be equidistant from the points A ( 7,1) and B ( 3,5)

AP = BP (Given)
⇒ AP 2 = BP 2
⇒ ( x − 7 ) + ( y − 1) = ( x − 3) + ( y − 5 )
2 2 2 2

⇒ x 2 + 49 − 14 x + y 2 + 1 − 2 y = x 2 + 9 − 6 x + y 2 + 25 − 10 y
⇒ x− y =2

Ans8. Let the ratio be K: 1


 3K + 2 7 K − 2 
Coordinate of P are  , 
 K +1 K +1 
P lies on the line 2 x + y − 4 = 0

 3K + 2  7 K − 2 4
⇒ 2 + − =0
 K +1  K +1 1
⇒ 6K + 4 + 7K − 2 − 4K − 4 = 0
⇒ 9K − 2 = 0
2
⇒ K = or 2 : 9
9

AB = (1 − 5) + ( 5 − 6 ) = 17
2 2
Ans9.

BC = ( 2 − 1) + (1 − 5 ) = 17
2 2

CD = ( 6 − 2 ) + (1 − 2 ) = 17
2 2

DA = (5 − 6) + ( 6 − 2) = 17
2 2

Diagonal AC = ( 2 − 5) + (1 − 6 ) = 34
2 2

Diagonal BD = ( 6 − 1) + ( 2 − 5) = 34
2 2

Hence proved.

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[67]
Ans10. (
Let A ( a, a ) , B ( − a, − a ) C − 3a, 3a )
AB = ( −a − a ) + ( − a − a ) = 8a 2 = 2 2 a
2 2

(− ) ( )
2 2
AB = 3a + a + 3a + a = 2 2a

(− 3a − a ) + ( 3a − a )
2 2
AC = = 2 2a

∴ AB = BC = AC = 2 2a
3
ar ∆ABC = × ( side )
2

=
4
3
× 2 2a( )
= 2 3a 2

Ans11. Let A ( 4, −8) , B ( 3, 6 ) and C ( 5, −4 ) are the vertices of ∆ABC , D is the mid- point of

BC
AP 2
=
8)
,-

PD 1
(4

⇒ AP : PD = 2 :1
 3+5 6− 4 
Coordinate of D  ,  (5
)

,-
 2 2 
,6

4)
(3

i.e., ( 4,1)

 2 × 4 + 1× 4 2 ×1 + 1× ( −8) 
Coordinate of P are  , 
 2 +1 2 +1 
 8+ 4 2 −8 
i.e.,  , 
 3 3 
i.e., ( 4, −2 )

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[68]
Ans12. A ( 4,1) , B ( −3, 2 ) and C ( 0, k )

1
ar ∆ABC =  x1 ( y2 − y3 ) + x2 ( y3 − y1 ) + x3 ( y1 − y2 ) 
2
1
=  4 ( 2 − k ) + ( −3)( k − 1) + 0 (1 − 2 ) 
2
1 1
= [8 − 4k − 3k + 3] = [11 − 7 k ]
2 2
But area of ∆ = 12

1
⇒ |11 − 7k |= 12
2
1
⇒ (11 − 7k ) = ±12
2
⇒ 11 − 7 k = 24
−13
⇒k=
7
If 11 − 7k = −24
⇒k =5
 −13 
Value of k  ,5
 7 

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[69]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS –X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1. The coordinates of the mid-point of the line segment joining ( −5, 4 ) and ( 7, −8 ) is [1]
( a ) (1, −2 ) ( b ) (1, 2 ) ( c ) (1,3) ( d ) ( −1, −2 )
2. Two vertices of a ∆ABC are A (1, −1) and B ( 5,1) . If the coordinates of its centroid [1]
5 
be  ,1 , then the coordinates of the third vertex C is
3 
( a ) ( −1, −3) ( b ) (1,3) ( c ) ( −1,3) ( d ) (1, 2 )
3. The abscissa of every point on y-axis is [1]
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 ( d ) -1
4. The ordinate of every point on x -axis is [1]
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 0 ( d ) -1
5. For what value of P are the points (2, 1) (p, -1) and (-1, 3) collinear? [2]
6. Find the third vertex of a ∆ , if two of its vertices are at (1, 2) and (3, 5) and the [2]
centroid is at the origin.
7. In a seating arrangement of desks in a classroom, three students are seated at [2]
A ( 3,1) , B ( 6, 4 ) and C ( 8, 6 ) respectively. Are they seated in line?
8. Show that (1,1) , ( −1, −1) , ( )
3, 3 are the vertices of an equilateral triangle. [2]

9. If the point P ( x, y ) is equidistant from the points A ( 5,1) and B (1,5 ) , prove that [3]
x= y.
10. Find the lengths of the medians of the triangle whose vertices are (1, −1) , ( 0, 4 ) and [4]
( −5,3) .
11. The area of atriangle is 5. Two of its vertices are ( 2,1) and ( 3, −2 ) . The third vertex [4]
lies on y = x + 3 . Find the third vertex.
12. 1 1 [4]
Prove that the point ( a, o ) , ( a, b ) and (1,1) are collinear, if + =1
a b

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[70]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (a)
Ans4. (c)

Ans5. For collinear


1
 x1 ( y2 − y3 ) + x2 ( y3 − y1 ) + x3 ( y1 − y2 )  = 0
2
1
⇒  2 ( −1 − 3) + p ( 3 − 1) + ( −1)(1 + 1)  = 0
2
⇒ −5 + p = 0
⇒ p=5

Ans6. Let third vertex of the ∆ be ( x, y )

x +1+ 3 y+2+5
= 0, =0
3 3
x = −4, y = −7
Hence, third vertex is (−4, −7).

AB = ( 6 − 3) + ( 4 − 1) = 18 = 3 2
2 2
Ans7.

BC = (8 − 6) + ( 6 − 4) = 4+4 = 2 2
2 2

AC = ( 8 − 3) + ( 6 − 1) = 25 + 25 = 5 2
2 2

AB + BC = AC
Hence, they seated in a line.

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[71]
Ans8. Let A (1,1) , B ( −1, −1) , C − 3, 3 ( )
AB = ( −1 − 1) + ( −1 − 1) = 8
2 2

BC = ( − 3 + 1) 2 + ( 3 + 1) 2 = 8

(1 + 3 ) + (1 − 3 ) = 8
2 2
CA =

Since AB = BC = CA, then ∆ABC is equilateral triangle.

Ans9. PA = PB (Given)
∴ PA2 = PB 2
( 5 − x ) + (1 − y ) = (1 − x ) + ( 5 − y )
2 2 2 2

⇒ 25 + x 2 − 10 x + 1 + y 2 − 2 y = 1 + x 2 − 2 x + 25 + y 2 − 10 y
⇒ −8 x = −10 y + 2 y
⇒ −8 x = −8 y
⇒ x= y

Ans10. Coordinates of points D, E and F are


 0 − 5 4 + 3   −5 + 1 3 − 1   1 + 0 −1 + 4 
 , , ,  and  , 
 2 2   2 2   2 2 
Length of the median AD
 −5 7  1 3
i.e  ,  , ( −2,1) and  , 
 2 2 2 2

 −5   7 
2 2
130
=  − 1 +  + 1 =
 2  2  2
1)
,-
(1

Length of the median BE

= ( −2 − 0 ) + (1 − 4 ) = 4 + 9 = 13
2 2

And length of the median CF


,4)

(-5
(0

,3)

2 2
1  3  130
CF =  + 5  +  − 3  =
2  2  2

Ans11. Let the third vertex be A ( x, y ) . Other two vertices of the ∆ are B ( 2,1) and

C ( 3, −2 )

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[72]
ar of ∆ABC = 5
1
 x1 ( y2 − y3 ) + x2 ( y3 − y1 ) + x3 ( y1 − y2 )  = ±5
2
1
⇒  x (1 + 2 ) + 2 ( −2 − y ) + 3 ( y − 1)  = ±5
2
⇒ 3 x + y − 7 = ±10
⇒ 3 x + y = 17 or 3 x + y = −3

( x, y ) lies on eq. y = x+3

On solving eq. 3 x + y = 17and y = x + 3


7 13
We get x = , y =
2 2
Similarly, on solving eq. 3 x + y = −3 and y = x + 3

 −3 3 
We get  , 
 2 2

Ans12. Since ( a, 0 ) , ( 0, b ) and (1,1) are collinear

Area = 0
1
 x1 ( y2 − y3 ) + x2 ( y3 − y1 ) + x3 ( y1 − y2 )  = 0
2
1
⇒  a ( b − 1) + 0 (1 − 0 ) + 1( 0 − b )  = 0
2
⇒ ab − a − b = 0
⇒ ab = a + b

Dividing by ab ,
ab a b
= +
ab ab ab
1 1
+ =1
a b

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[73]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1. A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 10 m above the water level, [1]

observes the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60° and the angle of

depression of the base of the hill as 30° . Calculate the distance of the hill from the

ship and the height of the hill.

2. A boy is standing on the ground and flying a kite with 100 m of string at an [1]

elevation of 30° . Another boy is standing on the roof of a 20 m high building and

is flying his kite at an elevation of 45° . Both the boys are on the opposite sides of

both the kites. Find the length of the string that the second boy must have so that

the two kites meet.

3. The angle of elevation of the top Q of a vertical tower PQ from a point X on the [1]

ground is 60° . At a point Y, 40 m vertically above X, the angle of elevation is 45° ,

find the height of the tower PQ and the distance XQ.

4. At the foot of a mountain the elevation of its summit is 45° . After ascending 1000 [1]

m towards the mountain up a slope of 30° inclination, the elevation is found to be

60° . Find the height of the mountain.

5. A round balloon of radius r subtends an angle α at the eye of the observer while [2]

the angle of the elevation of its centre is β . Prove that the height of the centre of

α
the balloon is r sin β cosec .
2

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[74]
6. An aeroplane flying horizontally 1 km above the ground is observed at an [2]

elevation of 60° . After 10 seconds, its elevation is observed to 30° . Find the speed

of the aeroplane in km/hr.

7. From a window (h m high above the ground) of a house in a street, the angles of [2]

elevation and depression of the top and foot of another house on the opposite side

of the street are α and β respectively, show that the height of the opposite house

is h (1 + tan α .cot β ) m.

8. A ladder rests against a wall at an angle α to the horizontal. Its foot is pulled away [2]

from the wall through a distance ‘a’ so that it slides a distance ‘b’ down the wall

a cos α − cos β
making an angle ‘ β ’ with the horizontal. Show that = .
b sin β − sin α

9. A girl who is 1.2 m tall, spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at [3]

a height of 88.2 m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the

eye of the girl at any instant is 60° . After sometime, the angle of elevation reduces

to 30° . Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the interval.

10. From the top of a tower 96 m high, the angles of depression of two cars on a road [3]

at the same level as the base of the tower and on same side of it are θ and φ , where

3 1
tan θ = and tan φ = . Find the distance between the two cars.
4 3

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[75]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS –X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
[ANSWERS]

Ans1. Let AB be the ship and CD be the hill.


Let BD = x m
In right ∆ABD,
10
= tan 30°
x
10 1
⇒ =
x 3
⇒ x = 10 3m
In right ∆CEA,
h
= tan 60°
AE

h 3
⇒ =
10 3 1
⇒ h = 30m
Height of the hill = h + 10
= 30 +10 = 40 m

Ans2. AE = 100 m (Given) and DC = 20 m (Given)


Let EF = h m
In right ∆ ABE,
h + 20
= sin 30°
100
h + 20 1
⇒ =
100 2
⇒ h = 30 m
Now in right ∆EFD,
h
= sin 45°
ED

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[76]
30 1
⇒ =
ED 2
⇒ ED = 30 2 m

Ans3. In right ∆QRY ,


QR
= tan 45°
x
QR 1
⇒ =
x 1
⇒ QR = x

In right ∆QPX ,
x + 40
= tan 60°
x
x + 40 3
⇒ =
x 1
⇒ 3 x = x + 40
40
⇒x=
3 −1
40 3 +1
⇒x= ×
3 −1 3 +1
⇒ x = 20 ( )
3 + 1 = 54.64

PQ = x + 40
= 54.64 + 40 = 94.64 m
In right ∆QPX ,
x + 40
= sin 60°
XQ

54.64 + 40 3
⇒ =
XQ 2
⇒ XQ = 109.3 m

Ans4. In right ∆OEC ,


CE
= cos 30°
1000

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[77]
OE 1
⇒ =
1000 2
⇒ OE = 500 m
In right ∆ADO,
h − 500
= tan 60°
OD

h − 500 3
⇒ =
OD 1
h − 500
⇒ OD =
3
In right ∆ABC ,
h
= tan 45°
h − 500
500 3 +
3 3

3h 1
⇒ =
1500 + h − 500 1
⇒ 3h = 1000 + h
100
⇒h=
3 −1
⇒ h = 1369.86 m

Ans5. In right ∆OBD,

OD α
= cos ec
r 2
α
⇒ OD = r cos ec
2
In right ∆OCD,

OC
= Sinβ
OD
OC sin β
⇒ =
α 1
r cos ec
2
α
⇒ OC = r sin β .cos ec
2

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[78]
Ans6. In right ∆ACE ,
AC
= tan 60°
x
1 3
⇒ =
x 1
1
⇒x= m
3
In right ∆BDE ,
1
= tan 30°
x+ y
1 1
⇒ =
1 3
+y
3
3 1
⇒ =
1+ 3y 3

⇒ 1+ 3y = 3
2
⇒y= km
3
distance
Speed =
time
2
= 3
10
3600
= 240 3km / hr

Ans7. Let DE = h m
DC = x m
In right ∆EDC ,

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[79]
h
= tan β
x
h
⇒ = x......(i )
tan β
In right ∆ABE ,
H
= tan α
x
H
⇒ = tan α [from (i)
h
tan β
⇒ H tan β = h tan α
⇒ H = h tan α .cot β
AC = H + h
= h tan α .cot β + h
= h ( tan α .cot β + 1)

Hence Proved.

Ans8. In right ∆ACD ,


b+h x
= sin α and = cos α
l l
Similarly, in right ∆BCE ,
h a+x
Sinβ = , cos β =
l l
cos α − cos β
R.H .S =
sin β − sin α
β α
x a+ x x−a−x

l l = l a
= =
h b+h h−b−h b

l l l
Hence Proved.

Ans9. In right ∆HEF ,


87
= tan 60°
x

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[80]
87 3
⇒ =
x 1
87
⇒x=
3
87 3 87 3
⇒x= × = = 29 3m
3 3 3

In right ∆GDF , H G

87 87
= tan 30° 87
x+ y
87 1 88.2m
⇒ =
29 3 + y
0
3 0
30 60 E
F D
⇒ y = 87 3 − 29 3 = 58 3m x y
1.2m 1.2m

A B C
Ans10. In right ∆ABC ,

96
= tan θ
x
96 3
⇒ =
x 4
96 × 4 3
⇒x= [tanθ =
3 4
⇒ x = 32 × 4 = 128m
In right ∆ABD,
96
= tan φ
x+ y
96 1 1
⇒ = [ ∵ tan φ =
x+ y 3 3
96 1
⇒ =
128 + y 3
⇒ 128 + y = 228
⇒ y = 288 − 128 = 160m

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[81]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
Class –X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
1. If the angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at distances a and b [1]

from the base and in the same straight line with it are complementary, then the

height of the tower is

(a) ab (b) ab

a a
(c) (d)
b b

2. If the height of tower is half the height of the flagstaff on it and the angle of [1]

elevation of the top of the tower as seen from a point on the ground is 30 ° , then

the angle of elevation of the top of the flagstaff as seen from the same point is

(a) 30 ° (b)45 °

(c) 60 ° (d) 90 °

3. As observed from the top of a 75 m tall lighthouse the angles of depression of two [1]

ships are 30 ° and 45 ° . If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of

the light house, then distance between the two ships is

(a) 75 ( )
3 −1 (b) 75 3

75
(c) 75 (d)
3

4. The angle of elevation of the top a building from the foot of the tower is 30 ° and [1]

the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60 ° . If

the tower is 50 m high, then the height of the building is

50
(a) 50 (b)
3

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[82]
50
(c) 50 3 (d)
3

5. A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and surmounted by vertical flagstaff [2]

of height h. At a point on the plane, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the

top of the flagstaff are α and β respectively, Prove that the height of the tower is

h tan α
.
tan β − tan α

6. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower at a point on the level ground is 30 ° . [2]

After walking a distance of 100 m towards the foot of the tower along the

horizontal line through the foot of the tower on the same level ground the angle of

elevation to the top of the tower is 60 ° , find the height of the tower.

7. As observed from the top of light house 100 m high above sea level the angle of [2]

depression of a ship sailing directly towards it changes from 30 ° to 60 ° .

Determine the distance travelled by the ship during the period of observation. (Use

3 = 1.732 )

8. The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points P and Q at distances [2]

of a and b respectively from the base and in the same straight line with are

complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is ab , where a > b.

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[83]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3 (a)
Ans4. (b)

Ans5. Let AB = Height of tower = H


Let BC = Height of flagstaff = h
In right-angled triangle OAB and OAC,
x
= cot α
H
⇒ x = H cot α
x
And = cot β ⇒ x = ( H + h ) cot β
H +h
Equating value of x, we get
H cot α = ( H + h ) cot β β
α
⇒ H ( cot α − cot β ) = h cot β
h cot β
⇒H =
cot α − cot β

h
Ans6. In ∆BCD , = tan 60° = 3
x
h = 3 x .......(i )
h 1
In ∆ACD, = tan 30° =
100 + x 3
⇒ h 3 = 100 + x
h
⇒ h 3 = 100 +
3
 1 
⇒ h 3 −  = 100
 3
 3 − 1
⇒ h  = 100
 3
100 3
⇒h= = 50 3 = 50 × 1.732 = 86.6m
2

Ans7. Let PQ be the light house such that PQ = 100 m. Let A and B be the positions of ship
when the angle of depression changes from 30 ° to 60 ° respectively.

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[84]
Let AB = x m and BP = y m
From right-angled ∆APQ,
100 1
= tan 30° = ⇒ x + y = 100 3........(i )
x+ y 3
From right-angled triangle BPQ,
100
= tan 30° = 3
y
100 100
∴y = = 3.......(ii )
3 3
From (i) and (ii),
100
x+ 3 = 100 3cm
3

Ans8. Let AB be tower of height h. Let P and Q be the given points in the same straight line
with the foot B of the tower.
Let BP = a, BQ = b
∠APB = Q, ∠AQB = 90° − θ
From rightangled ∆APB,
h
= tan θ Q
a
⇒ h = a tan θ .......(i )
From right-angled ∆AQB, h
h
= tan ( 90° − θ ) θ 90- θ
b A B
Q b
h
⇒ = cot θ P a
b
b
⇒ h = b cot θ = ..........(ii )
tan θ
Multiplying (i) and (ii), we get
h 2 = ab
⇒ h = ab

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[85]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
Class–X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1. A 1.6 m tall girl stands at a distance of 3.2 m from a lamp post and casts a shadow
of 4.8 m on the ground, then the height of the lamp post is [1]
8 3 8
(a) (b) (c) 8 3 (d)
3 8 13
2. A tree breaks due to storm and broken part bends so that the top of the tree [1]
touches the ground making an angle of 30 ° with ground. If the distance between
the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m, then the
height of the tree is
8 3 8
(a) (b) (c) 8 3 (d)
3 8 3
3. The angle of elevation of the sun when the length of the shadow of [1]
a pole is 3 times, then height of the pole is
(a) 30 ° (b) 45 °
(c) 60 ° (d) 75 °

4. From the figure, the angle of elevation θ is [1]


(a) 30 ° (b) 60 °
c) 45 ° (d) 75 ° 50 3

5. An aeroplane flying horizontally at a height of 1.5 km above the ground is [2]


observed at a certain point on the earth to subtend an angle of 60 ° . After 15
seconds, its angle of elevation is observed to be 30 ° . Calculate the speed of
aeroplane in km/hr.
6. A man is standing on the deck of a ship which is 25 m above water level. He [2]
observes the angle of elevation of the top of a lighthouse as 60 ° and the angle of
depression of the base of the lighthouse as 45 ° . Calculate the height of the
lighthouse.
7. An aeroplane when flying at a height of 3125 m form the ground passes vertically [2]
below another aeroplane at an instant when the angle of elevation of the two
planes from the same point on the ground are 30 ° and 60 ° respectively. Find the
distance between the two aeroplanes at that instant.
8. A boy standing on a horizontal plane finds a bird flying at a distance of 100 m from [2]
him at an elevation of 30 ° . A girl standing on the roof of 20 m high building finds
the angle of elevation of the same bird to be 45 ° . Both the boy and the girl are on
opposite side of the bird. Find the distance of the bird from the girl.

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[86]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)

Ans2. (c)

Ans3. (a)

Ans4. (b)

Ans5. Let O be the observation point.


Llet A be the position of aeroplane such that ∠AOC = 60° and AC = 1.5km = BD
Let B be the position of aeroplane after 15 seconds.
∠BOD = 30°, OC = x km, CD = y km
x 1
In right ∆OCA, = cot 60° =
1.5 3
1.5
⇒x=
3
15 3
⇒x= = .......(i ) A B
10 3 2
In right ∆ADB, km
15
x+ y 1.
= cot 30° = 3
1.5
⇒ x + y = 3 (1.5 ) 0
60
3 0
⇒ x + y = 3 × .......(ii ) O 30
2
C D
eq.(ii ) − eq.(i )
3 3 3 3
y= − = ( 3 − 1) = 3
2 2 2
∴ Distance covered in 15 seconds y = 3 km
3
Distance covered in 1 second = km
15
3
Distance covered in 3600 seconds = × 3600 = 240 3 km
15

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[87]
Ans6. H = Height of lighthouse = h + 25 …….(i)
x
In right ∆ADC , = cot 45° = 1
25
⇒ x = 25 m
x 1
In right ∆ADE , = cot 60° =
h 3
25 1
⇒ = ⇒ h = 25 3
h 3
Now H = h + 25 = 25 3 + 25
= 25 ( )
3 +1 m

Ans7. Let A1 and A2 be the positions of the two aeroplanes


Let A1 A2 = x ?
And OM = y
y
= cot 30° = 3
3125
⇒ y = ( 3125 ) 3.......(i )
y 1
Also = cot 60° =
3125 + x 3


( 3125) 3 = 1
3125 + x 3
⇒ 3125 + x = ( 3125 )( 3)
⇒ x = 3125 ( 3 − 1) = 3125 × 2 = 6250 m

Ans8. Positions of bird at A, boy at P and girl at B are as shown in figure.


In ∆ABP,
AB 1
= sin 30° =
100 2 A (bird)
100
⇒ AD = = 50m
2
Also BC = DQ = 20m
∴ AC = AB − BC = 50 − 20 = 30m
0m
10

AC
In ∆ACQ, = sin 45° 45
0

AQ Q

30 1 20m
⇒ = ⇒ AQ = 30 2m 20m
AQ 2 P (Boy) B D

Hence, the bird is 30 2 m away from the girl.

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[88]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
Class –X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1. A person walking 20 m towards a chimney in a horizontal line through its bare [1]
observer that its angle of elevation changes from 30 ° to 45 ° , then height of
chimney is
(a)
20
3 +1
(b)
20
3 −1
(c) 20 3 − 1 ( ) (d) 20 3 + 1 ( )
2. Find height of the tower if length of shadow = 10 m and sun’s altitude = 45 ° . [1]
(a) 10 m (b) 12 m (c) 20 m (d) none of these
3. If the angles of elevation of a tower from two points at distances a and b where a > [1]
b, from its foot and in the same straight line from it are 30 ° and 60 ° , then height
of the tower is
a
(a) a + b (b) ab (c) a − b (d)
b
4. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground which is 30 [1]
m away from the foot of the tower is 30 ° , then height of tower is
10
(a) 10 m (b) 10 3 m (c) m (d) 3 10 m
3
5. At a point on level ground, the angle of a elevation of a vertical tower is found to be [2]
5
such that its tangent is , on walking 19.2 m towards the tower, the tangent of
12
3
the angle of elevation is . Find the height of tower.
4
6. From the top of a building 60 m high, the angles of depression of the top and [2]
bottom of a vertical lamp post are observed to be 30 ° and 60 ° respectively. Find
(i) the horizontal distance between the building and the lamp post
(ii) the height of the lamp post. [Take 3 = 1.732 ]
7. A man standing on the deck of a ship which is 10 m above the water level observes [2]
the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60 ° and the angle of depression of the
base of the hill as 30 ° . Calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the
height of the hill.
8. The angle of elevation of a jet-plane from a point P on the ground is 60 ° . After a [2]
flight of 15 seconds the angle of elevation (change to 30 ° ). If the jet plane is flying
at a constant height of1500 3 , find the speed of the jet plane in km/hour.

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[89]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)

Ans2. (a)

Ans3. (b)

Ans4. b)

Ans5. Suppose height of tower is h meter


In ∆ABD,
h 3
tanβ = = ......(i )
x 4
In ∆ABC ,
h
tan α =
192 + x
h 5
⇒ = ........(ii )
192 + x 12
(i ) ÷ (ii ) α β
h 3
x = 4
h 5
192 + x 12
⇒ x = 240

Ans6. Suppose height of lamppost is h meter. 0


B

In ∆DEB, 60
0
30

x
= cot 30° = 3 0

60 − h D
30

⇒ x = ( 60 − h ) 3...(i )
60m

x 1
In right ∆CAB, = cot 60° = h
60 3 h

0
60 3
⇒x= × = 20 3
60
x
3 3 C A

⇒ x = 20 × 1.732 = 34.64 m...(ii )


By eq. (i) and (ii)
(60 – h) 3 = 20 3
⇒ 60 − h = 20
⇒ h = 40 m

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[90]
Ans7. Let H = Height of hill
CE = CD + DE
= 10 + h........(i )
In right ∆ADE ,
x 1
=
10 3
h
⇒x=
3
x
In right ∆ADC , = cot 30° = 3
10
⇒ x = 10 3
Equating the values of x, we get
h
= 10 3 ⇒ h = 30cm
3
∴ From H = 10 + h = 10 + 30 = 40 m
And x = distance of hill from ship = 10 3 m

Ans8. Let A be the point on the ground E is the position of aeroplane such that
∠EAD = 60° and ED = 1500 3 = CB
C is the position of plane after 15 seconds
∴∠CAB = 30°, AB = x, AD = y
x
In right ∆ABC , = cot 30° E
1500 3 C

x
⇒ = 3
1500 3
⇒ x = 4500m
y 1500 3m
In ∆ADE , = cot 60°
0
60
0
1500 3 30
y 1 A B
⇒ = y D
1500 3 3 X

⇒ y = 1500m
Distance BD = x − y = 4500 − 1500 = 3000m
D
S=
T
3000
Speed = = 200m / sec
15
200 × 3600
= = 200km / hr.
1000

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[91]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
Class –X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1. If height of the tower = shadow of the tower, then angle of elevation is [1]
(a) 30 ° (b) 45 ° (c) 60 ° (d) 90 °
2. If length of shadow = 20 m and angle of elevation = 60 ° . Then height of tower is
20 [1]
(a) 20 m (b) 20 2m (c) m (d) 20 3m
3
3. A little boy is flying a kite. The string of kite makes an angle of 30 ° with the [1]
ground. If length of the kite is h = 21 m, then length of string is
(a) 63 m (b) 42 m (c)35 m (d) 21 m
4. Line joining an eye and the object to be viewed is called [1]
(a) Horizontal (b) line of sight (c) Vertical line (d) None of these
5. A pole 5 m high is fixed on the top of a tower. The angle of elevation of the top of [2]
pole observed from a point A on the ground is 60 ° and the angle of depression of
the point A from the top of the tower is 45 ° . Find the height of the tower. (Take
3 = 1.732 )
6. From a window 15 m high above the ground in a street. The angles of elevation [2]
and depression of the top and foot of another house on the opposite side of the
street are 30 ° and 45 ° respectively. Show that the height of the apposite house is
23.66 m. [Take 3 = 1.732 ]
7. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower as observed from a point on the ground [2]
is 'α ' and on moving ‘a’ meter towards the tower. The angle of elevation is ' β '
a tan α tan β
prove that height of tower is .
tan β − tan α
8. A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank [2]
of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of
elevation of the top of the tower is 60 ° from a point 20 m away from this point on
the same back the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30 ° . Find the height
of the tower and the width of the canal.

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[92]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (d)
Ans3. (b)
Ans4. (b)
Ans5. In ∆ADB,

AD
= cot 45°
h
AD
⇒ =1
h
⇒ AD = h
In ∆ADC ,
AD 1
= cot 60° =
h+5 3
h 1
⇒ = [∵ AD = h]
h+5 3
⇒ h + 5 = 3h
⇒5= ( )
3 −1 h

 5   3 + 1  5 (1.732 + 1)
⇒h=  =
 3 − 1   3 + 1  3 −1
= 6.83 m
Ans6. Suppose AE = h m and BC = x m

Then, AB = (15 + h ) m

In ∆AED,

h
tan 30° =
x
1 h
⇒ =
3 x
⇒ x = 3h...(i )
In ∆DEB,

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[93]
15
tan 45° =
x
15
⇒1=
x
⇒ x = 15 m

15 3
Then h = × by.......(i )
3 3

15 3
⇒h= = 5 3m
3
Height of another house = 15 + 5 3 = 15 + 5 × 1.732
= 15 + 8.660
= 23.66m
Ans7. Let AB b tower and height of tower = h m
In ∆ABC ,
h
tan β =
x
h
⇒x= .........(i )
tan β
In ∆ABD,

tan α =
h
α β
x+a
⇒ h = ( x + a ) tan α
 h 
⇒h= + a  tan α by ..........(i )
 tan β 
h tan α
⇒h= + a tan α
tan β
⇒ h tan β = h tan α + a tan α tan β
⇒ h ( tan β − tan α ) = a tan α tan β
a tan α tan β
⇒h=
tan β − tan β
Ans8. Let h be the height of tower and x be the width of the river
h
In ∆ABC , = tan 60°
x
⇒ h = 3 x...(i )

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[94]
h
In ∆ABD, = tan 30°
x + 20
x + 20 A
⇒h= .........(ii )
3
Equating (i) and (ii),
x + 20
3x =
3 0

⇒ 3 x = x + 20 0 60
30

⇒ 2 x = 20 D C B
20 x
⇒ x = 10m
Put x = 10 in (i), h = 3 x

⇒ h = 10 3m

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[95]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS-X Mathematics (Circles)

1. The perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 8 cm is 25m, what is area of sector? [1]

(a) 50cm2 (b) 42cm2

(c) 52cm2 (d) none of these

2. In figure given below PA and PB are tangents to [1]

the circle drawn from an external point P. CD is a

third tangent touching the circle at Q. If PA = 10

cm and DQ = 2 cm. What is length of PC?

(a) 8 cm (b) 7 cm

(c) 4 cm (d) none of these

3. Tangent of circle intersect the circle [1]

(a) Only one point (b) Two points

(c) Three points (d) None of these

4. From a point Q, the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q [1]

from the centre is 25 cm. The radius of the circle is

(a) 7 cm (b) 12 cm

(c) 15 cm (d) 24.5 cm

5. In two concentric circles prove that all chords of the outer circle which touch the [2]

inner circle are of equal length.

6. PA and PB are tangents from P to the circle with centre O. At the point M, a tangent [2]

is drawn cutting PA at K and PB at N. Prove that KN=AK + BN.

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[96]
7. In the given figure, O is the centre of the circle with radius 5 [2]
A P
B
cm and AB||CD. If AB = 6 cm, find OP. 5cm O

C D
Q

8. Prove that the tangents at the end of a chord of a circle make equal angles with the [2]

chord.

9. Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn from an external point T with centre O as [3]

shown in figure. If they are inclined to each other at an angle of 1000, then what is

the value of ∠POQ ?

10. Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm, find the length of the chord of [3]

the larger circle which touches the smaller circle.

11. A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle. Prove that AB + CD = AD + [3]

BC.

12. PQ is a chord of length 8 cm of a circle of radius 5 cm. The tangents at P and Q [3]

intersect at point T. Find the length TP.

13. In the given figure XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents X P A Y [5]
1
2
to a circle with centre O and another tangent AB with
O C

point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. 4


3
X' Q B
Prove that ∠ AOB = 90°. Y'

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[97]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
Class X - Mathematics (Circles)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (d)

Ans2. (a)

Ans3. (a)

Ans4. (a)

Ans5. AB and CD are two chords of the circle which touch the
inner circle at M and N.
Respectively ∴ OM = ON
⇒ AB = CD [∵ AB and CD are two chords of larger circle]

Ans6. We know that the lengths of the tangents drawn form an external point to a
circle are equal.
∴ PA = PB.........(i )
A
KA = KM ......(ii ) K

NB = NM .......(iii ) M O

(ii) + (iii) P N B

KA + NB = KM + NM
⇒ AK + BN = KM + MN
⇒ AK + BN = KN

Ans7. ∵ OP ⊥ AB
∴ OP bisects AB
1 1
∴ AP = AB = × 6 = 3 cm
2 2
From right ∆OAP, OA2 = OP 2 + AP 2
⇒ 52 = OP 2 + 32
⇒ OP = 4 cm

Ans8. In ∆ADB and ∆ADC ,


BD = DC
And ∠ADB = ∠ADC = 90°
AD = AD [Common]
∴ ∆ ADB ≅ ∆ADC [SAS]
∴ ∠ ABD = ∠ ACD [By CPCT]

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[98]
Ans9. ∴ TP and TQ are tangents and O is the centre of the circle
∴ OP ⊥ PT , OQ ⊥ QT
∴∠TPO + ∠TQO = 180°
∴ Quadrilateral OPTQ is cyclic.
∴∠PTQ + ∠POQ = 180°
∴100° + ∠POQ = 180°
∴∠POQ = 180° − 100° = 80°

Ans10. ∵ PQ is the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle at the
point L. Since PQ is tangent at the point L to the smaller circle with centre O.
∴ OL ⊥ PQ
∵ PQ is a chord of the bigger circle and OL ⊥ PQ
∴ OL bisects PQ
∴ PQ = 2 PL
In ∆OPL, PL = OP 2 − OL2
= 52 − 32
= 25 − 9 = 4
∴ Chord PQ = 2PL = 8 cm
∴ Length of chord PQ = 8 cm

Ans11. ∵ AP, AS are tangents from a point A (Outside the circle) to the circle.
∴ AP = AS
Similarly BP = BQ
CQ = CR
DR = DS
Now AB + CD = AP + PB + CR + RD
= AS +BQ + CQ +DS
= (AS +DS) + (BQ + CQ)
= AD + BC
∴ AB + CD = AD + BC

Ans12. Join OT.


TP = PQ [tangents from T upon the circle]
∴ OT ⊥ PQ
And OT bisects PQ
∴ PR = PQ = 4cm
Now OR = OP 2 − PR 2
OR = 52 − 42 = 3cm
Now ∠TPR + ∠RPO = 90° [ ∵ ∠TPO=90°]
= ∠TPR + ∠PTR
∴∠RPO = ∠PTR
∆TRP ∼ ∆TRQ [By AA similarity]

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[99]
TP RP
∴ =
PO RO
TP 4
⇒ =
5 3
20
⇒ TP = cm
3

Ans13. Join OC.


In ∆OAP and ∆AOC, we have
AP = AC [∵ tangents from A to the circle are equal]
AO = AO
OP = OC [radius]
∴ ∆ OAP ≅ ∆AOC [By CPCT]
∴∠1 = ∠2
∴∠PAC = 2∠ 2
Similarly, ∠CBQ = 2∠4
Now, ∠PAC + ∠CBQ = 180° [∵ XY X ' Y ']
2∠2 + 2∠4 = 180°
⇒ ∠2 + ∠4 = 90°
But in ∆AOB,
⇒ ∠AOB + ∠OAB + ∠ABO = 180°
⇒ ∠AOB + ∠2 + ∠4 = 180°
⇒ ∠AOB + 90° = 180°
⇒ ∠AOB = 90°

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[100]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
Class-X Mathematics (circles)

1. How many tangents can a circle have? [1]


(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) infinite

2. If PA and PB are tangents from a point P lying outside the circle such that PA = 10 [1]
cm and ∠APB = 60° . Find length of chord AB.
(a) 10 cm (b) 20 cm (c) 30 cm (d) 40 cm

3. A tangent PQ at a point P to a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre [1]
O at a point Q, so that OQ = 13 cm, then length of PQ is
(a) 11cm (b) 12 cm (c) 10 cm (d) None of these

4. If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre O are inclined to each [1]
other at angle of 80° , then ∠POA is equal to
(a) 50 ° (b) 60 ° (c) 70 ° (d) 80 °

5. Find the locus of the centre of circles which touch a given line at a given point. [2]
6. In the given figure, find the perimeter of ∆ABC , if AP = 10 cm. [2]

7. If PA and PB are tangents drawn from external point P such that PA = 10 cm and [2]
∠APB = 60° , find the length of chord AB.
8. If AB, AC and PQ are tangents in the given figure and AB = 25 cm, find the [2]
perimeter of ∆APQ.

9. A circle is touching the side BC of ∆ABC at P and touching AB and AC produced at [3]
1
Q and R respectively. Prove that AQ = (perimeter of ∆ABC ).
2
10. If PA and PB are two tangents drawn from a point P to a circle with centre O [3]
touching it at A and B. Prove that OP is the perpendicular bisector of AB.
11. In the given figure, PQ is tangent at point R of the circle with centre O. If [3]
∠TRQ = 30° , find m∠PRS .
12. Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend [3]
supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.
13. A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the [5]
segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of
lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC.

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[101]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
Class X - Mathematics (circles)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (d)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (b)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Let APB be the given line and let a circle with centre O
touch APB at P. Then ∠OPB = 90° , let there be another
circle with centre O’ which touches the line APB at P.
Thus, ∠O ' PB = 90°
∴ ∠ OPB = ∠ O ' PB = 90°

Ans6. ∵ BC touches the circle at R


∵ Tangents drawn from external point to the circle are
equal. A

∴ AP = AQ, BR = BP
And CR = CQ B R C
∴ Perimeter of ∆ABC = AB + BC + AC
= AB + ( BR + RC ) + AC
P Q

= AB + BP + CQ + AC
= AP + AQ = 2 AP = 2 × 10 = 20cm

Ans7. ∵ ∠APB = 60°


∠AOB = 120° [O is centre of circle] A

∠OAB = ∠OBA = 30° 10cm


∴∠PAB = 60°, ∠PBA = 60° 60
0 O

∴ ∆PAB is equilateral triangle P

∴ AB = PA = 10cm
B

Ans8. Perimeter of ∆APQ = AP + AQ + PQ


= AP + AQ + PX + XQ
= ( AP + PB ) + ( AQ + QC )
= AB + AC
= 2 AB = 2 × 25 = 50cm

Ans9. We know that the two tangents drawn to a circle from an external point are
equal.
∴ AQ = AR, BP = BQ, CP = CR
∴ Perimeter of ∆ABC = AB + BC + AC

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[102]
= AB + BP + PC + AC
= AB + BQ + CR + AC [∵ BP = BQ, PC = CQ ]
= AQ + AR = 2 AQ = 2 AR [∵ AQ = AR]
1
= AQ = AR = [perimeter of ∆ABC ]
2

Ans10. Let OP intersect AB at a point C, we have to prove that AC = CB and


∠ACP = ∠BCP = 90°
∵ PA, PB are two tangents from a point P to the circle with centre O
∴ ∠ APO = ∠ BPO [∵ O lies on the bisector of ∠APB ]
In two ∆S , ACP and BCP, we have
AP = BP [∵ tangents from P to the circle are equal]
PC = PC [Common]
∠APO = ∠BPO [Proved]
∴ ∆ACP ≅ ∆BCP [By SAS rule]
∴ AC = CB [CPCT]
And ∠ACP = ∠BCP [CPCT ]
But ∠ACP + ∠BCP = 180°
⇒ ∠ACP = ∠BCP = 90°
Hence, OP is perpendicular bisector of AB.

Ans11. Given PQ is tangent at point R and ∠TRQ = 30°


∠PRQ = 180°
∠QRT = 30°
∠TRS = 90° [∵ Tangent of a circle is perpendicular to Radius]
∴ ∠ PRS = 180° − 120° = 60°
∴ ∠ PRS = 180° − 120° = 60°

Ans12. Let the circle touch the sides AB, BC, CD and DA at the points P, Q, R, and S
respectively.
Join OP, OQ, OR and OS.
Join OA, OB, OC and OD.
Since the two tangents drawn from an external point subtend equal angles at the
centre.
∠1 = ∠2, ∠3 = ∠4, ∠5 = ∠6, ∠7 = ∠8
But ∠1 + ∠ 2 + ∠3 + ∠ 4 + ∠5 + ∠6 + ∠7 + ∠8+ = 360°
[∵ Sum of all angles around a point = 360 ° ]
∴ 2 [ ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠6 + ∠7 ] = 360°
And 2 ( ∠4 + ∠5 + ∠8 + ∠1) = 360°
⇒ ( ∠2 + ∠3) + ( ∠6 + ∠7 ) = 180°
And ( ∠4 + ∠5 ) + ( ∠8 + ∠1) = 180°
⇒ ∠AOB + ∠COD = 180° and ∠BOC + ∠AOD = 180°

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[103]
Ans13. Let the sides BC, CA, AB of ∆ABC touch the incircle at D, E, F respectively.
Join the centre O of the circle with A, B, C, D, E, F
Since, tangents to a circle from an external point are equal
∴ CE = CD = 6cm
BF = BD = 8cm
AE = AF = xcm ( say )
OE = OF = OD = 4cm [Radii of the circle]
1
Area of ∆OAB = ( 8 + x ) × 4
2
= (16 + 2 x ) cm .....(i)
2

1
area of ∆OBC = ×14 × 4 = 28cm .......(ii)
2

2
1
area ∆OCA = ( 6 + x ) 4 = 12 + 2 x........(iii )
2
∴ area ∆ABC = 16 + 2 x + 12 + 2 x + 28 = ( 4 x + 56 ) cm2 ........(iv)
Again, perimeter of ∆ABC = AC + AB + BC
= 6 + x + (8 + x ) + ( 6 + 8)
= 28 + 2 x = 2 (14 + x ) cm
2 (14 + x )
S= = 14 + x
2
Area of ∆AOC = S ( s − a )( s − b )( s − c )
= (14 + x )(14 + x − 14 )(14 + x − 6 − x )(14 + x − 8 − x )
== (14 + x ) 48x
= 672 x + 48 x 2 ..........(v)
∴ ( 4 x + 56 ) = 672 x + 48 x 2 [By 4 and 5]
⇒ ( 4 x + 56 ) 2 = 672 x + 48 x 2
⇒ 16 ( x + 14 ) = 16 ( 42 x + 3x 2 )
2

⇒ ( x + 14 ) = 42 x + 3 x 2
2

⇒ x 2 + 28 x + 196 = 3 x 2 + 42 x
( x + 14 )( x − 7 ) = 0
x = 7, x = −14
But x = −14 is not possible
∴x = 7
∴ AB = 8 + x = 8 + 7 = 15cm
AC = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13cm

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[104]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS-X Mathematics (circle)

1. The length of tangent drawn to a circle with radius 3 cm from a point 5 cm from [1]
the centre of the circle is
(a) 6 cm (b) 8 cm
(c) 4 cm (d) 7 cm

2. A circle touches all the four sides of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides AB = 6 cm, [1]
BC = 7 cm, CD = 4 cm, then AD = ____
(a) 2 cm (b) 3 cm
(c) 5 cm (d) 6 cm

3. If a point lies on a circle, then what will be the number of tangents drawn from that [1]
point to the circle?
(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 3 (d) infinite

4. A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle IF AB = 4 cm, CD = 7 cm, BC [1]


= 3 cm, then length of AD is
(a) 7 cm (b) 2cm
(c) 8 cm (d) none of these

5. Find the unknown length x. [2]

6. In the given figure, OD is perpendicular to the chord AB of a [2]


CA
circle whose centre is O. If BC is a diameter, find .
OD

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[105]
7. In the given figure, XP and XQ are tangents from X [2]
to the circle with centre O. R is a point on the circle
such that ARB is a tangent to the circle prove that
XA + AR = XB + BR.

8. Prove that the segment joining the points of contact of [2]


two parallel tangents, passes through the centre.

9. Prove that parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus. [3]

10. If two tangents are drawn to a circle from an external point then [3]
(i) they subtend equal angles at the centre.
(ii) they are equally inclined to the segment joining the centre to that point.

11. Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point [3]
T. Prove that ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ.

12. Prove that the lengths of two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are [3]
equal.

13. In the given figure, PT is tangent and PAB is a [5]


secant. If PT = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm. Find the length
PA.

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[106]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
Class X - Mathematics (circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (c)

Ans2. (b)

Ans3. (a)

Ans4. (c)

Ans5. ∵ PT is tangent to a circle and PAB is a secant


∴ PA.PB = PT 2
⇒ 5 ( 5 + x ) = 82
⇒ 25 + 5 x = 64
39
⇒x= = 7.8cm
8

Ans6. Since BC is a diameter


∴ ∠CAB = 90°
Also OD ⊥ AB ∴∠ODB = 90° ∆ACB ∼ ∆DOB [∵ ∠CAB = ∠ODB = 90° ]
∠ABC = ∠ DBO [Common]
CA CB 2r
∴ = = =2
OD OB r

Ans7. In the given figure, XP and XQ are tangents from external point
∴ XP = XQ........(i )
AR = AP...........(ii )
BR = BQ...........(iii )
[∵ Length of tangents are equal from external point]
XP = XQ
XA + AP = XB + BQ [By (ii) and (iii)]
XA + AR = XB + BR [By (ii) and (iii)]

Ans8. Given two parallel tangents PQ and RS of a circle with centre O


Draw line OC||RS.
i.e., ∠PAO + ∠COA = 180°
⇒ 90° + ∠COA = 180°
⇒ ∠COA = 90°

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[107]
Ans9. Given ABCD is a parallelogram in which all the sides touch a given circle
To prove:- ABCD is a rhombus
Proof:-
∵ ABCD is a parallelogram
∴ AB = DC and AD = BC
Again AP, AQ are tangents to the circle from the point A
∴ AP = AQ
Similarly, BR = BQ
CR = CS
DP = DS
∴ ( AP + DP ) + ( BR + CR ) = AQ + DS + BQ + CS = ( AQ + BQ ) + ( CS + DS )
⇒ AD + BC = AB + DC
⇒ BC + BC = AB + AB [∵ AB = DC , AD = BC ]
⇒ 2 BC = 2 AB
⇒ BC = AB
Hence, parallelogram ABCD is a rhombus

Ans10. Given on a circle C (O, r), two tangents AP and AQ are drawn from an external
point A.
To prove:
(i) ∠AOP = ∠AOQ
(ii) ∠OAP = ∠OAP
Construction:- Join AO, PO andQO
Proof: In ∆APQ and ∆AQO,
AP = AQ [Length of the tangents drawn from
an external point]
PO = QO [Radii of the same circle]
AO = AO [common]
∆APO ≅ ∆AQO [By SSS theorem of congruence]
(i) ∠AOP = ∠AOQ [CPCT]
(ii) ∠OAP = ∠QAO [By CPCT.]

Ans11. Given A circle with centre O and an external point T and two tangents TP and TQ
to the circle, where P, Q are the points of contact.
To Prove: ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ
Proof: Let ∠PTQ = θ
Since TP, TQ are tangents drawn from point T to the circle.
TP = TQ
∴ TPQ is an isoscles triangle
1
∴∠TPQ = ∠TQP = (180° − θ ) θ
2
θ
= 90° −
2
Since, TP is a tangent to the circle at point of

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[108]
contact P
∴ ∠ OPT = 90°
∴∠OPQ = ∠OPT − ∠TPQ
 1  θ 1
= 90° −  90° − θ  = = ∠PTQ
 2  2 2
Thus, ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ

Ans12. Given: P is an external point to the circle C (O, r).


PQ and PR are two tangents from P to the circle.
To Prove: PQ = PR
Construction: Join OP
Proof:
∵ A tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact
∴∠OQP = 90° = ∠ORP
Now in right triangles POQ and POR,
OQ = OR [Each radius r]
Hypotenuse. OP = Hypotenuse. OP [common]
∴∆POQ ≅ ∆POR [By RHS rule]
∴ PQ = PR

Ans13. Join OT, OA, OP. Draw OM ⊥ AB


Let radius of the circle = r
∵ OT ⊥ PT [∵ OT is radius and PT is a tangent]
∴OP2 = PT 2 + OT 2 [From right ∆OPT ]
⇒ OP 2 = 62 + r 2
⇒ OP 2 − r 2 = 36
⇒ OP 2 − OA2 = 36...........(i) [OA = OT = r ]
Also from right ∆OMA,
OA2 = OM 2 + AM 2
⇒ OP 2 − 36 = OM 2 + AM 2
⇒ OP 2 − OM 2 − AM 2 = 36
⇒ PM 2 − AM 2 = 36
⇒ ( PM + AM )( PM − AM ) = 36
⇒ ( PM + AM ) PA = 36
⇒ ( PM + MB ) PA = 36 [∵ AM = MB,∵ OM bisects AB]
( PB )( AP ) = 36
⇒ PA ( PA + AB ) = 36
⇒ PA2 + 5 PA − 36 = 0
⇒ ( PA + 9 )( PA − 4 ) = 0
⇒ PA = 4. or PA = −9 [It cannot be -ve]

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[109]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS-X Mathematics (circle)

1. How many normal’s can a circle have? [1]


(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) 2 (d) Infinite

2. A straight line can meet a circle in not more than points [1]
(a) one (b) two
(c) Tree (d) none of these

3. A tangent PQ at point P of a circle of radius 12 cm meets a line through the centre [1]
O to a point Q so that OQ = 20 cm, then length of PQ is
(a) 14 cm (b) 15 cm
(C) 16 cm (d) 10 cm

4. A line intersecting a circle in two points is called [1]


(a) tangent (b) secant
(c) diameter (d) none of these

5. In figure, if OL = 5 cm, OA = 13 cm, then length of AB is [2]


cm
13

6. In the given figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and [2]


PQ is a tangent to the circle at C. If BD is a diameter,
∠OCQ = 40° and ∠ABD = 60° , find ∠BCP.

7. Two chords AB and CD of a circle intersect each other at P outside the circle. If AB [2]
= 5 cm, BP = 3 cm and PD = 2 cm, find CD.

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[110]
8. In the adjoining figure, if AD, AE and BC are [2]
tangents to the circle at D, E and F respectively,
then prove that 2 AD = AB + BC + CA.

9. The circle of ∆ABC touches the sides BC, CA and AB at D, E and F respectively. If AB [3]
= AC, prove that BD = CD.

10. A circle touches the side BC of a ∆ABC at a point P and touches AB and AC when [3]
1
produced at Q and R respectively, show that AQ = [Perimeter of ∆ABC ].
2

11. Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point [3]
T. Prove that ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ.

12. Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus. [3]

13. A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the [5]
segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of
length 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC.

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[111]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS X - Mathematics (Circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (d)

Ans2. (b)

Ans3. (c)

Ans4. (b)

Ans5. AB = 2 AL = 2 OA2 − OL2


= 2 132 − 52
= 2 169 − 25 = 2 144
= 2 ×12 = 24cm

Ans6. ∵ BD is a diameter
∴∠BCD = 90° [Angle in the semi-circle]
∴∠BCP = 180° − 90° − 40° = 50°

Ans7. ∵ Two chords AB and CD of a circle intersect each other at P


∴ PA × PB = PC × PD [length of tangent from P]
⇒ ( AB + PB ) × PB = ( PD + PC ) PD
A 5 B
⇒ ( 5 + 3 ) (3) = (2 + x ) 2 3 P
⇒ 24 = (2 + x ) 2 2
D
⇒ x = 10 ⇒ CD = 10 cm C x

Ans8. CD = CF, BE = BF
⇒ CD + BE = CF + BF = BC
Now AD = AC + CD = AC + CF
AE = AB + BE = AB + BF
∴ AD + AE = AB + AC + BC
⇒ 2 AD = AB + BC + AC

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[112]
Ans9. ∵ Tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal in length
∴ AF = AE [Tangents from A]…(i)
BF = BD [Tangents from B]…(ii)
CD = CE [Tangents from C]...(iii)
Adding (i), (ii)and (iii), we get
AF + BF + CD = AE + BD + CE
⇒ AB + CD = AC + BD
But AB = AC (given)
∴ CD = BD

Ans10. Since the tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length,
∴ BP = BQ …(i) [from point B]
CP = CR … (ii) [from point C]
And AQ = AR ... (iii) [From point A]
From (iii), we have
AQ = AR
⇒ AB + BQ = AC + CR
⇒ AB + BP = AC + CP.........(iv) [Using (i) and (ii)]
Now perimeter of ∆ABC
AB + BC +AC = AB + (BP + PC) + AC
= (AB + BP) + (AC +PC)
= 2 (AB + BP) [using (iv)]
=2 (AB + BQ) [using (i)]
= 2 AQ
1
⇒ AQ = (perimeter of ∆ABC )
2

Ans11. Given: A circle with centre O and an external point T and two tangents TP and
TQ to the circle, where P and Q are the points of contact.
To prove: ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ
Proof: Let ∠PTQ = θ
In ∆TPQ, we have
TP = TQ
[Length of the tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal]
So, TPQ is an isosceles triangle.
∴∠TPQ = ∠TOP..........(i )
In ∆TPQ, we have
∠TPQ + ∠TQP + ∠PTQ = 180° [∵ Sum of three angles of a ∆ is 180° ]

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[113]
⇒ 2∠TPQ + Q = 180°........(i )
⇒ 2∠TPQ = 180° − θ
1 1
⇒ ∠TPQ = (180° − θ ) = 90° − θ .........(ii )
2 2
But ∠OPT = 90°........(iii)
[Angle between the tangent and radius of a circle is 90° ]
Now ∠OPQ = ∠OPT − ∠TPQ
 1 
= 90° − 90° − θ 
 2 
1 1
= θ = ∠PTQ
2 2
1
⇒ ∠OPQ = ∠PTQ
2
⇒ ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ

Ans12. Given: ABCD be the parallelogram circumscribing a circle with centre O such
that the sides AB, BC, CD and DA touch a circle at P, Q, R and S respectively.
To prove: ||gm ABCD is a rhombus.
Proof: AP = AS ... (i)
BP = BQ ... (ii)
CR = CQ … (iii)
DR = DS … (iv)
[Tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are
equal]
Adding (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), we get
AP + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS
⇒ ( AP + BP ) + ( CR + DR ) = ( AS + DS ) + ( BQ + CQ )
⇒ AB + CD = AD + BC

Ans13. Let the sides BC, CA, AB of ∆ABC touch the incircle at D, E, F respectively. Join
the centre O of the circle with A, B, C, D, E and F
Since tangents to a circle from an external point are equal
∴ CE = CD = 6cm
BF = BD = 8cm
AE = AF = xcm ( say )
OE = OF = OD = 4cm [Radii of the circle]
1
Area of ∆OAB = (8 + x ) × 4
2
= (16 + 2 x ) cm .....(i)
2

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[114]
1
Area of ∆OBC = ×14 × 4 = 28cm .......(ii)
2

2
1
Area of ∆OCA = ( 6 + x ) 4 = 12 + 2 x........(iii )
2
∴ Area of ∆ABC = 16 + 2 x + 12 + 2 x + 28 = ( 4 x + 56 ) cm2 ........(iv)
Again perimeter of ∆ABC = AC + AB + BC
= 6 + x + (8 + x ) + ( 6 + 8)
= 28 + 2 x = 2 (14 + x ) cm
2 (14 + x )
S= = 14 + x
2
Area of ∆AOC = S ( s − a )( s − b )( s − c )
= (14 + x )(14 + x − 14 )(14 + x − 6 − x )(14 + x − 8 − x )
= (14 + x ) 48x
= 672 x + 48 x 2 ..........(v)
∴ ( 4 x + 56 ) = 672 x + 48 x 2 [By (iv) and (v)]

⇒ ( 4 x + 56 ) = 672 x + 48 x 2
2

⇒ 16 ( x + 14 ) = 16 ( 42 x + 3 x 2 )
2
xc
m
xc

⇒ ( x + 14 ) = 42 x + 3x 2
2

⇒ x 2 + 28 x + 196 = 3x 2 + 42 x
8c
m

m
6c

⇒ ( x + 14 )( x − 7 ) = 0
⇒ x = 7 or x = −14
But x = −14 is not possible
∴x = 7
∴ AB = 8 + x = 8 + 7 = 15cm
AC = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13cm

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[115]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS-X Mathematics (Circle)

1. The length of tangent from a point A at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of the [1]
circle is 4 cm. What will be the radius of circle?
(a) 1 cm (b) 2 cm
(c) 3 cm (d) none of these

2. In the figure given below, PA and PB are tangents [1]


to the circle drawn from an external point P. CD
is a third tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB =
12 cm and CQ = 3 cm, what is the length of PC?
(a) 9 cm (b) 10 cm
(c) 1 cm (d) 13 cm

3. The tangent of a circle makes angle with radius at point of contact [1]
(a) 60 ° (b) 30 °
(c) 90 ° (d) none of these

4. If tangent PA and PB from a point P to a circle with [1]


centre O are inclined to each other at an angle of 80 ° ,
then what is the value of ∠POA ?
(a) 30 ° (b) 50 °
(c) 70 ° (d) 90 °

5. In figure, PA and PB are tangents from P to the circle [2]


with centre O. R is a point on the circle, prove that PC +
CR = PD + DR.

6. The length of tangents from a point A at distance of 26 cm from the centre of the [2]
circle is 10 cm, what will be the radius of the circle?

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[116]
7. In the given figure, if TP and TQ are the two [2]
tangents to a circle with centre O so that
∠POQ = 110° , then find ∠ PTO.

8. In the figure, given below PA and PB are tangents to [2]


A
C
the circle drawn from an external point P. CD is the
third tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB = 10 cm P Q

and CQ = 2 cm, what is the length of PC? D


B

9. Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a chord of a circle make equal angles [3]
with chord.

10. In the given figure, if AB = AC, prove that BE = EC. [3]

11. Find the locus of centre of circle with two intersecting lines. [3]

12. In the given figure, a circle is inscribed in a [3]


quadrilateral ABCD in which ∠B = 90° . If AD = 23
cm, AB = 29 cm and DS = 5 cm, find the radius of
the circle.

13. From a point P two tangents are drawn to a circle with centre O. If OP = diameter [6]
of the circle, show that ∆APB is equilateral.

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[117]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS X- Mathematics (Circle)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (c)

Ans2. (a)

Ans3. (c)

Ans4. (b)

Ans5. Since length of tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length
∴ PA = PB
CA = CR …(i)
And DB = DR
Now PA = PB
⇒ PC + CA = PD + DB
⇒ PC + CR = PD + DR [By (i)]

And6. Since tangents to a circle is perpendicular to radius through the point of contact
∴∠OTA = 90°
In right ∆OTA = 90° , we have
OA2 = OT 2 + AT 2 T

10cm
⇒ (26)2 = OT 2 + (10)2
⇒ OT 2 = 676 − 100
A O
26cm
⇒ OT 2 = 576
⇒ OT = 24

Hence, radius of circle is 24 cm.

Ans7. Since ∠POQ + ∠PTO = 180°[∵ ∠OPT = 90°, ∠OQT = 90°]


⇒ 110° + ∠PTQ = 180°
⇒ ∠PTQ = 180° − 110° = 70°

Ans8. PA = PB = 10 cm
CQ = CA = 2 cm
PC = PA – CA = 10 – 2 = 8 cm

Ans9. Let NM be chord of circle with centre C. B

M
Let tangents at M. N meet at the point O. A

Since OM is a tangent O L
O

∴ OM ⊥ CM i.e. ∠OMC=90° C

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[118]
∵ ON is a tangent
∴ ON ⊥ CN i.e. ∠ONC = 90°
Again in ∆CMN , CM = CN = r
∴∠CMN = ∠CNM
∴∠OMC − ∠CMN = ∠ONC − ∠CNM
⇒ ∠OML = ∠ONL
Thus, tangents make equal angle with the chord.

Ans10. Since tangents from an exterior point A to a circle are equal in length
∴ AD = AF ...........(i )
Similarly, tangents from an exterior point B to a circle are equal in length
∴ BD = BE............(2)
Similarly, for C
CE = CF ………….(3)
Now AB = AC
∴ AB − AD = AC − AD
⇒ AB − AD = AC − AF .........[ By (i )]
⇒ BD = CF
⇒ BE = CF .........[ By (ii )]
⇒ BE = CE [∵ BD = BE , CE = CF ] [By (iii)]

Ans11.

Let l1 , l2 be two intersection lines.


Let a circle with centre P touch the two lines l1 and l2 at M and N respectively.
PM = PN [Radii of same circle]
∴ P is equidistance from the lines l1 and l2
Similarly, centre of any other circle which touch the two intersecting lines l1 , l2
will be equidistant from l1 and l2
∴ P lies on l a bisector of the angle between l1 and l2
[∵ The locus of points equidistant from two intersecting lines is the pair of
bisectors of the angle between the lines]
Hence, locus of centre of circles which touch two intersecting lines is the pair of
bisectors of the angles between the two lines.

Ans12. In the given figure, OP ⊥ BC and OQ ⊥ BA


Also, OP = OQ = r
∴ OPBQ is a square
∴ BP = BQ = r
But DR = DS = 5 cm ... (i)

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[119]
∴ AR = AD − DR
= 23 − 5 = 18 cm
AQ = AR = 18 cm
BQ = AB − AQ
= 20 − 18 = 11 cm
r = 11 cm

Ans13. Join OP.


Suppose OP meets the circle at Q. Join AQ.
We have
i.e., OP = diameter
∴ OQ + PQ = diameter
PQ = Diameter – radius [∵ OQ = r ]
∴ PQ = radius
Thus, OQ = PQ = radius
Thus, OP is the hypotenuse of right triangle
OAP and Q is the mid-point of OP
∴ OA = AQ = OQ
[∵ mid-point of hypotenuse of a right triangle is equidistant from the vertices]
⇒ ∆OAQ is equilateral
⇒ ∠AOQ = 60°
So, ∠APO = 30° ∴∠APB = 2∠APO = 60°
Also PA = PB ⇒ ∠PAB = ∠PBA
But ∠APB = 60°∴∠PAB = ∠PBA = 60°
Hence, △ APB is equilateral.

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[120]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1. Construct a ∆ABC in which AB = 6.5 cm, ∠B = 60° and BC = 5.5 cm . Also construct [6]

3
a triangle ABC similar to ∆ABC whose each side is times the corresponding side
2
of the ∆ABC .

2. Draw a circle of radius 4 cm from a point P, 7cm from the centre of the circle, draw [6]
a pair of tangents to the circle measure the length of each tangent segment.

3. Draw a right triangle in which the sides containing the right angle are 5 cm and 4 [6]
5
cm. Construct a similar triangle whose sides are times the sides of the above
3
triangle.

4. 1 [6]
Construct a ∆ABC in which CA = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and ∠BAC = 22 ° , then
2
6
construct a triangle similar to the given triangle whose sides are of the
5
corresponding sides of the ∆ABC .

5. Construct a circle whose radius is equal to 4 cm. Let P be a point whose distance [6]
from its centre is 6 cm. Construct two tangents to it from P.

6. Draw a triangle ABC with sides BC = 6.3 cm, AB = 5.2 cm and ∠ABC = 60° . Then [6]
4
construct a triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of ∆ABC .
3

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[121]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]
Ans.1 Steps of construction:
1. Draw a line segment AB = 6.5 cm.
2. At B construct ∠ ABX = 60 °.
3. With B as centre and radius BC = 5.5
cm draw an arc intersecting BX at C.
4. Join AC.
Triangle so obtained is the required
triangle.
5. Construct an acute angle ∠BAY at A
on opposite side of vertex C of ∆ABC .
6. Locate 3 points A1 , A2 , A3 on AY such

that AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 .

7. Join A2 to B and draw the line through A3 parallel to A2 B intersecting the extended

line segment AB at B’.


8. Draw a line through B’ parallel to BC intersecting the extended line seg. AC at C’.
9. ∆ AB’C’ so obtained is the required triangle.

Ans.2 Steps of construction:


1. Take a point O in the plane of a paper and
draw a circle of the radius 4 cm.
2. Make a point P at a distance of 7 cm from the
centre O and Join OP.
3. Bisect the line segment OP. Let M be the mid-
point of OP.
4. Taking M as a centre and OM as radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at
the points T and T’.
5. Join PT and PT’, then PT and PT’ are required tangents.
PT = PT’ = 5.75 cm

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[122]
Ans.3 Steps of construction:
1. Draw a line segment BC = 5 cm.
2. At B construct ∠ CBX = 90°.
3. With B as centre and radius = 4 cm draw an
arc intersecting the ray BX at A.
4. Join AC to obtain the required ∆ABC .
5. Draw any ray BY making an acute angle
with BC on the opposite side to the vertex A.
6. Locate 5 points B1 , B2 , B3 , B4 and B5 on BY so

that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 = B4 B5 .

7. Join B3 to C and draw a line through B5 parallel to B3C intersecting the extended

line segment BC at C’.


8. Draw a line through C’ parallel to CA intersecting the extended line segment BA at
A’.
Thus, ∆A’BC’ is the required right triangle.

Ans4. Steps of construction:


1. Draw a line segment AB = 5 cm.
45°
2. At point A make ∠BAY = .
2
3. Take A as centre and radius = AC = 6 cm
draw an arc cutting AY at C.
4. Join BC to obtain the ∆ABC .
5. Draw any ray AX making an acute angle
with AB on the side opposite to the vertex C.
6. Locate 6 points A1 , A2 , A3 , A4 , A5 and A6 on AX

so that AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 = A3 A4 = A4 A5 = A5 A6 .

7. Join A5 to B and draw a line through A6 parallel to A5 B intersecting the extended

line segment AB at B’.

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[123]
8. Draw a line through B’ parallel to BC intersecting the extended line segment AC at
C’.
Thus, ∆AB’C’ is the required triangle.

Ans.5 Steps of construction:


1. Take a point O in the plane of the paper and draw
a circle of radius 4 cm.
2. Make a point P at a distance of 6 cm from the
centre O and join OP.
3. Bisect the line segment OP. Let the point of
bisection be M.
4. Taking M as centre and OM as radius, draw a
circle to intersect the given circle at the point T
and T’.
5. Join PT and PT’ to get the required tangents.

Ans.6 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a line segment BC = 6.3 cm.
2. At B make ∠ CBX = 60°.
3. With B as centre and radius equal to 5.2 cm,
draw an arc intersecting BX at A.
4. Join AC, then ∆ABC is the required triangle.
5. Draw any ray by making an acute angle with
BC on the opposite side to the vertex A.
6. Locate the points B1 , B2 , B3 and B4 on BY so that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 .

7. Join B3 to C and draw a line through B4 parallel to B3C intersecting the extended

line segment BC at C’.


8. Draw a line through C’ parallel to CA intersecting the extended line segment BA at
A’.
Thus, ∆A’BC’ is the required triangle.

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[124]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1. Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other [6]

at 60° .

2. Draw the tangents at the extremities of a diameter AB of a circle of radius 2 cm. [6]

Are these tangents parallel? Given reasons.

3. Construct the pair of tangents form a point 3 cm away from the centre of a circle of [6]

radius 2 cm and measures their tangents.

4. Construct a ∆ABC in which AB = 4 cm, BC = 5 cm and AC = 6 cm. Now construct a [6]

triangle similar to ∆ABC such that each of its sides is two-third of the

corresponding sides of ∆ABC . Also prove your assertion.

5. Construct a ∆ABC in which AB = 6.5 cm ∠B = 60° and BC = 5.5 cm. Also, construct a [6]

3
∆AB ' C ' similar to ∆ABC whose each side is times the corresponding sides of
2

the ∆ABC .

6. Construct a ∆ABC whose sides are 7.5 cm, 7 cm, and 6.5 cm. construct another ∆ [6]

2
similar to ∆ABC and with sides rd of the corresponding sides of ∆ABC .
3

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[125]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS X- Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle with center O and radius 5 cm.
2. Draw any diameter AOC.
3. Construct ∠BOC = 60° meeting the circle at B.
4. At A and B draw perpendiculars to OA and OB
intersecting at P.
5. PA and PB are required tangents and ∠APB = 60°.

Ans.2 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle of radius 2 cm.
2. Draw any diameter AOB.
3. Draw AT ⊥ AB and BM ⊥ AB.
4. AT and BM are tangents extremities of the diameter AB.
5. ∵ ∠1 = 90°, ∠2 = 90°,∴∠1 = ∠2 , they are alternate
angles. ∴ AT BM

Ans.3 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle with centre O and radius 2 cm.
2. Draw line segment OP = 5 cm.
3. Bisect OP, let point of bisection be M.
4. Taking M as a centre and OM radius draw a circle
which intersect the given circle at Q and R.
5. Join PQ and PR.
6. Length of tangents PQ = PR = 4.6 cm.

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[126]
Ans.4 Steps of construction:
1. Draw ∆ABC with sides BC = 5 cm, AB = 4 cm and AC = 6
cm.
2. Below BC make acute ∠CBX .
3. Along BX mark off three points B1 , B2 and B3 such that

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 .

4. Join B3C.

5. Draw B2C ' B3C also C ' A ' CA.

Thus, ∆ ∆BC ' A ' is the required triangle.


Ans.5 Steps of construction: X

1. Construct a ∆ABC is which AB = 6.5 cm,


F
∠B = 60° and BC = 5.5 cm. A

2. Draw a ray AX making any acute angle with AB


on the opposite side of the vertex C. 6cm
D
D
O' P
3. Cut three equal parts from AX say E

AX 1 = X 1 X 2 = X 2 X 3 .
C
B
4. Join X 2 to B. O 8cm

5. From X 3 draw X 3 B ' X 2 B at B ' .

6. At B’ draw B ' C ' BC intersecting AY at C’.


7. ∆AB ' C ' is required triangle similar to ∆ABC .

Ans.6 Steps of construction:


1. Draw ∆ABC with sides BC = 7.5 cm, AB = 7 cm and AC =
6.5 cm.
2. Make acute angle ∠CBX .
3. Along BX, cut off BX 1 = X 1 X 2 = X 2 X 3 .

4. Join X 3C.

5. Draw X 2C ' X 3C.

6. Draw C ' A ' CA , then ∆ A ' BC ' is the required triangle.

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[127]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1. Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other [6]

at 60° .

2. Draw a circle of radius 4 cm with centre O. Draw a diameter POQ. Through P or Q [6]

draw tangent to the circle.

3. Draw a circle of radius 2.3 cm take a point P on it. Without using the centre of the [6]

circle. Draw tangent to it at P.

4. Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm and then another triangle [6]

7
whose sides are of the corresponding sides of first triangle.
5

5. Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and ∠B = 90° . BD is the [6]

perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B, C and D is drawn construct the

tangents from A to this circle.

6. Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm and then a triangle similar to it [6]

2
whose sides are of the corresponding sides of the first triangle.
3

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[128]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)
[ANSWERS]

Ans.1 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle with centre O and radius 5 cm.
2. Draw any radius OT.
3. Construct ∠TOT ' = 180° − 60° = 120°.
4. Draw TP ⊥ OT and TP ⊥ OT . Then PT ' and PT
are the two required tangents such that
∠TPT ' = 60°. Here, PT = PT '

Ans.2 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle of radius 4 cm.
2. Draw diameter POQ.
3. Construct ∠PQT = 90°.
4. Produce PQ to T ' , then TQT ' is the required
tangent at the point Q.

Ans.3 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle of radius 2.3 cm and take a point P
on it.
2. Draw chord PQ.
3. Mark a point R in the major arc QP.
4. Join PR and RQ.
5. Draw ∠QPT = ∠PRQ.
6. Produce TP to T ' as shown in figure, then TPT ' is the required tangent at the point P.

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[129]
Ans.4 Steps of construction:
C'
1. Draw a line segment AB = 5 cm.
2. With A as centre and radius 6 cm draw an arc. C

3. Again B as centre and radius 7cm draw


another arc cutting the previous arc at C. Join 7cm

6cm
AC and BC, then ∆ABC is required triangle.
4. Draw any ray AX making acute angle.
B'
A
5. Locate 7 points A1 , A2 , A3 , A4 , A5 , A6 and A7 on 5cm
B

A1
AX so that
A2

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 = A3 A4 = A4 A5 = A5 A6 = A6 A7 . A3
A4

6. Join A5 to B and draw a line through A7 parallel A5


A6

to A5 B intersecting the extended line segment A7

AB at B ' .
7. Draw B ' C ' BC , then ∆AB ' C ' is the required triangle.

Ans.5 Steps of construction: X

1. Draw ∆ABC with BC = 8 cm, AB = 6 cm and


F
∠B = 90°. A

2. Draw perpendicular BD from B to AC.


3. Let O be the mid-point of BC. Draw a circle 6cm
D
D
O' P
with centre O and radius OB = OC. This E

circle will pass through the point D.


C
4. Join AO and bisect AO. B O 8cm

5. Draw a circle with centre O ' and O ' A as


radius cuts the previous circle at B and P.
6. Join AP, AP and AB are required tangents drawn from A to the circle passing through
B, C and D.

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[130]
Ans.6 Steps of construction:
1. Draw ∆ABC with AB = 4 cm, BC = 6 cm and AC = 5
cm.
2. Draw any ray BX making an acute angle with BC
on the side opposite to the vertex A.
3. Locate 3 points B1 , B2 and B3 on BX so that

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 .

4. Join B3C and draw B2C ' B3C.

5. Draw a line through C ' such that C ' A ' CA. Then,
∆A ' BC ' is the required triangle.

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[131]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1. Construct an isosceles triangle whose base is 8 cm and altitude 4 cm and then [6]

1
another triangle whose sides are 1 times the corresponding sides of the isosceles
2

triangle.

2. Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45° and ∠A = 105° , then construct a [6]

4
triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of ∆ABC .
3

3. Construct a circle whose radius is equal to 4 cm. Let P be a point whose distance [6]

from its centre is 6 cm. Construct two tangents to it from P.

4. Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 [6]

cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangents

to each circle from the centre to the other circle.

5. Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm and then a triangle similar to it [6]

2
whose sides are of the corresponding sides of the first triangle.
3

6. Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other [6]

at an angle of 60° .

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[132]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1 Steps of construction:


1. Draw line segment AB = 8 cm.
2. Draw perpendicular bisector of AB which intersects
AB at D.
3. Cut DC = 4 cm. Join AC and BC. Thus, ∆ABC is the
required triangle.
4. Draw acute angle ∠BAX .
5. Locate 3 points A1 , A2 and A3 on AX so that

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 .

6. Join A2 B and draw A3 B ' A2 B.

7. Draw B ' C ' BC.


8. ∆ AB ' C ' is the required triangle.

Ans.2 Steps of construction:


1. Draw ∆ABC in which BC = 7 cm, ∠ B = 45° and
∠C = 30°.
2. Locate 4 points B1 , B2 , B3 and B4 on BZ such

that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 .

3. Join B3C and draw B4C ' B3C.

4. Now Draw C ' A ' CA.


5. ∆BC ' A ' is the required triangle.

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[133]
Ans.3 Steps of construction:
1.Draw a circle with centre O and radius 4 cm.
2. Mark point P at a distance of 6 cm from the centre O and
join OP.
3. Bisect the line segment OP. Let the point of bisection be
M.
4. Take M as centre and OM as radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at the
points T and T’.
5. Join PT and PT’ to get the required tangents.

Ans.4 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a line segment AB = 8 cm.
2. Taking A as centre and radius = 4 cm draw a circle.
3. Taking B as centre and radius = 3 cm draw another
circle.
4. Bisect the line segment AB, let the point of
bisection be M.
5. Taking M as centre and MA as radius, draw a circle
intersecting the given circles at the point T1 , T2 , T3 and T4 .

Ans.5 Steps of construction:


1. Draw ∆ABC in which AB = 4 cm, BC = 6 cm and AC = 5 A

cm. A'
5cm
2. Draw acute ∠CBX . 4cm

3. Locate 3 points B1 , B2 and B3 on BX so that B


C' C

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 . B1

B2
4. Join B3C and draw B2C ' B3C. B3

5. Now Draw C ' A ' CA.


Thus, ∆ A ' BC ' is the required triangle.

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[134]
Ans.6 Steps of construction:
1. Draw a circle with centre O and radius OA =
5 cm.
2. Extend OA to B such that OA = AB = 5 cm.
3. With A as centre draw a circle of radius OA =
AB = 5 cm. Suppose it intersect the circle
drawn in step 1 at the points P and Q.
4. Join BP and BQ. Then BP and BQ are the
required tangents.
Justification:- In ∆OAP,
OA = OP = 5 cm (r )
Also, AP = 5 cm
∆OAP is an equilateral triangle
⇒ ∠PAO = 60°
⇒ ∠ BAP = 120°
In ∆BAP ,
AB = AP and ∠BAP = 120°
∴ ∠ABP = ∠ APB = 30°
Similarly, ∠ABQ = ∠AQB = 30°
⇒ ∠PBQ = 60°

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[135]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1. Construct a ∆ABC in which AB = 6.5 cm, ∠ B = 60° and BC = 5.5 cm. Also construct a [6]

3
triangle AB’C’ similar to ∆ABC whose each side is times the corresponding side
2

of the ∆ABC .

2. Draw a triangle ABC with sides BC = 6.3cm, AB = 5.2 cm and ∠ABC = 60° , then [6]

4
construct a triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of ∆ABC .
3

3. Draw a right ∆ABC with AB = 4.5 cm, AC = 7.5 cm and ∠B = 90° . Construct a [6]

4
similar triangle whose sides are times the sides of ∆ABC .
5

4. Draw a circle of radius 6 cm from a point 10 cm away from its centre and construct [6]

the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their length.

5. Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105° , then construct a triangle [6]

4
whose sides are times the corresponding sides of ∆ABC .
3

6. Draw a circle of radius 4 cm take a point P outside the circle. Without using the [6]

centre of the circle draw two tangents to the circle from point P.

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[136]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1 Steps of construction:


1. Draw ∆ABC in which AB = 6.5 cm, ∠B = 60° and
BC = 5.5 cm.
2. Construct ∠BAY .
3. Locate 3 points A1 , A2 and A3 on AY such that

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 .

4. Join A2 to B and draw a line through A3 parallel to

A2 B intersecting the extended line segment AB at

B'.
5. Draw B ' C ' BC.
Thus, ∆AB ' C ' is the required triangle.

Ans.2 Steps of construction: X

Draw ∆ABC is which BC = 6.3 cm, AB = 5.2 cm and


A'
1.
A
∠ABC = 60°.
2. Draw any ray BY making an acute angle with BC.
3. Locate 4 Points B1 , B2 , B3 and B4 on BY.

4. Join B3C and draw B4C ' B3C.


B
6.3cm C C'
5. Draw C ' A ' CA. B1

B2
Thus, ∆A ' BC ' is the required triangle.
B3
B4
Y

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[137]
Ans.3 Steps of Construction:
1. Draw ∆ABC in which AB = 4.5 cm, ∠B = 90° and C
C'
AC = 7.5 cm. 5c
m
7.
2. Draw any ray BY making an acute angle ∠ABY .
3. Locate 5 points B1 , B2 , B3 , B4 and B5 on BY so that

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 = B4 B5 . A
A' 4.5cm B

B1
4. Join B5 to A and draw B4 A ' B5 A. B2
B3
5. Now draw A ' C ' AC.
B4
B5
Thus, ∆A ' BC ' is the required right triangle. Y

Ans.4 Steps of construction:


1. Draw a circle of radius 6 cm.
2. Mark a point P at a distance 10 cm from centre O and
join OP.
3. Bisect the line segment OP, let M be the mid-point of OP.
4. Taking M as centre and OM radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at point
T and T' .
5. Join PT and PT' .
Thus, PT and PT' are required tangents and PT = PT' =8 cm.

Ans.5 Steps of construction:


1. Draw line segment BC = 7 cm and construct
∠B = 45° and ∠C = 180° − ( 45 + 105 ) = 30°.

2. Suppose BX and CY intersect at A, then ABC is


the given triangle.
3. Construct an acute angle ∠ CBZ .
4. Locate 4 points B1 , B2 , B3 and B4 on BZ such

that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 .

5. Join B3 to C and draw B4C ' B3C.

Thus, ∆A ' BC ' is the required triangle.

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[138]
Ans.6 Steps of construction:
1. Draw a circle of radius 4 cm.
2. Take a point P outside the circle and draw a
secant PAB meeting the circle at A and B.
3. Produce AP to C such that AP = CP bisect CB
at Q.
4. Draw a semicircle with CB as diameter.
5. Draw PD ⊥ CB meeting the semi-circle at D.
6. With P as centre and PD as radius draw an arc to meet the given circle at T and T' .
7. Join PT and PT' , then PT and PT' are the required tangents.

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[139]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1. The circumference of a circular field is 528 cm. Then its radius is [1]

(a) 42 cm (b) 84 cm

(c) 72 cm (d) 56 cm

2. The circumference of a circle exceeds its diameter by 180 cm. Then its radius is [1]

(a) 32 cm (b) 36 cm

(c) 40 cm (d) 42 cm

3. Area of the sector of angle 60 ° of a circle with radius 10cm is [1]

5 8
(a) 52 cm2 (b) 52 cm2
21 21

4
(c) 52 cm2 (d) none of there
21

4. Area of a sector of angle P of a circle with radius R is [1]

P P
(a) × 2π R (b) × π R2
180 180

P P
(c) × 2π R (d) × 2π R 2
360 720

5. Find the circumference of a circle of diameter 14 cm. [2]

6. The diameter of a circular pond is 17.5 m. It is surrounded by a path of width 3.5 [2]
m. Find the area of the path.

7. Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6 cm, if angle of the sector is 60 ° . [2]

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[140]
8. Find the area of a quadrant of a circle whose circumference is 22 cm. [2]

9. The cost of fencing a circular field at the rate of Rs. 24 per metre is Rs. 5280. The [3]
field is to be ploughed at the rate of Rs. 0.50 Per m2. Find the cost of ploughing the
 22 
field. π = 
 7

10. The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the [3]
minute hand in 5 minutes.

11. An umbrella has 8 ribs which are equally spaced as given in the figure. Assuming [3]
umbrella to be a flat circle of radius 45 cm. Find the area between two consecutive
ribs of the umbrella.

12. Find the area of the shaded region if PQ = 24 cm, PR = 7 cm [3]


and O is the centre of the circle.

13. The area of an equilateral ∆ABC is 1732.5 cm2 with each centre of the triangle as [5]
vertex of circle is drawn with radius equal to half the length of the side of triangle,

find the area of the shaded region. π = 3.14 3 = 1.73205

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[141]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (d)
Ans3. (b)
Ans4. (d)
Ans5 d = 14cm
∴ r = 7 cm
Circumference = 2π r
22
= 2× × 7 = 44cm
7
Ans6 Diameter of pond = 17.5 cm
R = 8.75 m
Width = 3.5m
Outer radius = R = 8.75 + 3.5 = 12.25 m
Now,
Area of path = π  R 2 − r 2 

= π [ R + r )( R − r )

22
= [12.25 + 8.75)(12.25 − 8.75)
7
22 66 × 7
= × 21× 3.50 =
7 2
= 33 × 7 = 231m 2

Ans7 We know that


θ
Area of sector = π r2
360°
Here, θ = 60°, r = 6

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[142]
60 22
Required area = × × (6)
2

360 7
22 × 6 132 6
= = = 18 cm2
7 7 7

Ans8 Circumference = 22 cm

2πr = 22

22 11
⇒r= =
2π π

Quadrant of circle will subtend 90° angle at the centre of the circle.

90°
Area of such quadrant of the circle = ×π × r 2
360°

2
1  11 
= ×π ×  
4π π 
121 121× 7
= =
4π 4 × 22
77
= cm 2
8

Ans9 since for Rs. 24, the length of fencing = 1metre


1
∴ for Rs 5280, the length of fencing = × 5280 = 220m
24
∴ Perimeter i.e. circumference of the field = 220m
Let r be radius of the field.
∴ 2π r = 220
2 × 22 220 × 7
⇒ r = 220 ⇒ r =
7 44
= 5 × 7 = 35m

∴ Area of the field = π r 2 = π ( 35 ) = 1225π m 2


2

Rate = Rs 0.50 Per m2

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[143]
1225 × 22 ×1
∴ Total cost of ploughing the field = Rs (1225π × 0.50 ) = Rs
7×2
= Rs [175 ×11) = Rs1925

Ans10 Angle covered by minute hand in 60 minutes = 360°


360
∴ Angle covered in 1 minute = = 6°
60
∴ Angle covered in 5 minutes = 6° × 5 = 30°
We know that area swept by the minute hand during this period
= Area of sector with sector angle 30°
θ
=
360
( πr ) =
2 30 22
× × 14 × 14
360 7
1 22 22 × 7
= × × 14 × 14 =
12 7 3
1
= 51 cm 2
3

Ans11 Area between two consecutive ribs of the umbrella


360
= Area of the sector with angle made at centre
8
360 / 8
= π ( 45 )
2

360
1 22 11
= × × ( 45) = × 2025cm 2
2

8 7 28
= 795.58cm nearly.
2

Ans12 Area of the shaded region


= Area of the semi-circle with O as centre and OQ as radius – area of
∆PQR.......(i)
Since QR is a diameter passing through the centre O of the circle
∴∠RPQ = 90° [Angle of semi-circle]

∴ QR 2 = PR 2 + PQ 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 49 + 576 = 625 = 252

⇒ QR = 25

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[144]
∴ Diameter of the circle = 25 cm
25
And r = cm
2
1
∴ Area of the semi circle = π r 2
2
1 22 25 25
= × × ×
2 7 2 2
11× 625 2
= cm
28
1
Also, area of ∆PQR = PR × PQ
2
1
= × 7 × 24 = 7 ×12
2
= 84cm 2
Hence, area of the shaded region
11× 625 11× 625 − 84 × 28
= − 84 =
28 28
6875 − 2352 4523
= =
28 28
= 126.644 cm 2

Ans13 Area of shaded region = area of ∆ABC − 3 (Area of sector BPR)


Let ‘a’ be the side of the equilateral ∆

3 2 1.73205 2
∴ a = 17320.5 = a = 17320.5
4 4
4 × 17320.5
⇒ a2 = = 4 × 10000
1.73205
⇒ a = 2 × 100 = 200
 60 2
∴ Required area = 17320.5 − 3  × π (100 ) 
 360 
1
= 17320.5 − × 3.14 × 10000
2
= 17320.5 − 1.57 ×10000
= 17320.5 − 15700 = 1620.5cm 2

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[145]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1. If the sum of the circumferences of two circles with radii R1 and R2 is equal to the [1]

circumference of a circle of Radius R1 , then

(a) R1 + R2 = R (b) R1 + R2 > R

(c) R1 + R2 < R (d) None of these

2. If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their area is [1]
(a) 22:7 (b) 14:11
(c) 7:22 (d) 11:14

3. Area of a sector of angle p 0 of a circle with radius R is [1]

P P
(a) × 2π R (b) × π R2
180 180
P P
(c) × 2π R (d) × 2π R 2
360 720

4. Area of the sector of angle 60 ° of a circle with radius 10 cm is [1]


5 8
(a) 52 cm2 (b) 52 cm2
21 21
4
(c) 52 cm2 (d) none of there
21

5. Find the area of the shaded region where ABCD is a square of [2]
side 14 cm.

6. The radius of a radius of a circle is 20 cm. Three more concentric circles are drawn [2]
inside it in such a manner that it is divided into four parts of equal area. Find the
radius of the largest of the three concentric circles.

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[146]
7. OACB is a quadrant of a circle with centre O and radius 7 cm. If [2]
OD = 4 cm, then find area of shaded region.

8. A pendulum swings through on angle of 30° and describes an arc 8.8 cm in length. [2]
Find the length of pendulum.

9. The perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 5.7 m is 27.2 m. Calculate: [3]


(i) The length of arc of the sector in cm.
(ii) The area of the sector in cm2 correct to the nearest cm2

10. Find the area of shaded region in the given figure where A B [3]
I
ABCD is a square of side 10 cm and semi-circles are drawn
IV II
with each side of square as diameter. [π = 3.14]
III
D 10cm C

11. Find the area of the shaded region where a circular arc of radius [3]
6 cm has been drawn with vertex O of an equilateral triangle
OAB of side 12 cm as centre.

12. In the given figure ∆ABC is an equilateral triangle inscribed in a A [3]


circle of radius 4 cm and centre O. Show that the area of the 0 60
0
60 O

shaded region is
4
3
( )
4π − 3 3 cm2 . B
D
C

13. The given figure depicts a racing track whose left [5]
and right ends are semi circular. The difference
between the two inner parallel line segments is 60
m and they are each 106 m long. If the track is 10 m wide, find:
(i) The distance around the track along its inner edge,
(ii) The area of the track.

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[147]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (d)
Ans4. (b)
Ans5 Area of square ABCD = 14 ×14cm2 = 196cm2
14
Diameter of each circle = = 7cm
2
7
∴ Radius of each circle = cm
2
2
22  7 
πr = × 
2

Area of each circle = 7 2


2
22  7 
4 × ×   = 154 cm 2
Area of 4 circles = 7 2

Area of shaded region = Area of square – Area of 4 circles


= 196 cm2 – 154 cm2 = 42 cm2

Ans6 Let r be the radius of the largest of the three circles


3
Area of largest circle = [area of given circle]
4
3
∴π r 2 = π ( 20 )
2

4
⇒ r 2 = 300
⇒ r = 300 = 10 3
90
Area of quadrant OACB = π (7)
2
Ans7
360
49 22 77 2
= × = cm
4 7 2

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[148]
∴ Area of shaded region = Area of quadrant OACB − area of ∆OAD
77 1 77 49
= − ( 7 × 4) = − 14 =
2 2 2 2
= 24.5cm 2

Ans8 Let r be the length of pendulum


π π
∠AOB = 30° = × 30° =
180° 6
l O
θ=
r 0 r
π 8.8
30

⇒ =
6 r A B

8.8 × 6
⇒ r= = 16.8 cm
π
Ans9 Let O be the centre of a circle of radius 5.7 m and OACB be the given sector with
perimeter 27.2 m.
Then OA = OB = 5.7 m
Now, OA + OB + arc AB = 27.2 m
⇒ 5.7m + 5.7m + arc AB = 27.2m
⇒ arc AB = 27.2 − 11.4 = 15.8m
(i) Length of arc AB = 15.8 m
1 
(ii) Area of sector OACB =  × radius × arc 
2 

1 
=  × 5.7 × 15.8  cm 2
2 
= 45.03cm 2

Area of sector correct to nearest cm2 = 45 cm 2


Ans10 Area of region I + II = area of ABCD – area of 2 semicircles of each radius 5 cm
1
= 10 × 10 − 2 × × π × 52
2
= 100 − 25π = 100 − 25 × 3.14
= 21.5cm 2
Similarly, area of III + area of IV = 21.5cm2
Area of region I, II, III, and IV = 2 × 21.5 = 43cm2
Thus, area of shaded region = Area ABCD – Area of (I, II, III, IV)

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[149]
= 100 − 43 = 57cm2
Ans11 Area of shaded region
= Area of major sector OPLQO + Area of equilateral ∆OAB
300 3
= π ( 6) + (12 )
2 2

360 4
5 22 3  660 
= × × 36 + × 144 =  + 36 3  cm 2
6 7 4  7 
Ans12 In ∆OBD, Let BD = a, OB = 4 cm
BD
sin 60° =
OB
3 a
⇒ =
2 4
4 3
⇒a= = 2 3cm
2
BC = 2a = 2 × 2 3 = 4 3cm
OD 1
= cos 60° ⇒ OD = 4 × = 2cm
4 2
∴ Area of shaded region = Area of sector OBPC – Area of ∆OBC
120 1
= × π × 42 − × 4 3 × 2
360° 2
4
=  4π − 3 3  cm 2
3
Ans13 (i) The distance around the track along the inner edge
= 106 + 106 + ( π × 30 + π × 30 )
22 1320
= 212 + × 60 = 212 +
7 7
2804
= m
7
1
(ii) The area of the track = 106 × 80 − 106 × 60 + 2. π  402 − 302 
2
= 106 × 20 + π ( 70 )(10 )
22
= 2120 + 700 × = 2120 + 2200
7
= 4320m 2

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[150]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1. The circumference of a circular field is 154 m. Then its radius is [1]


(a) 7m (b) 14 m
(c) 7.5 m (d) 28 cm

2. If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their area is [1]
(a) 22:7 (b) 14:11
(c) 7:22 (d) 11:14

3. Area of a sector of angle p° of a circle with radius R is [1]


P P
(a) × 2π R (b) × π R2
180 180
P P
(c) × 2π R (d) × 2π R 2
360 720

OR
2π RP π R2 P
(a) (b)
180 180
2π RP π R2 P
(c) (d)
360 360

4. Area of the sector of angle 60° of a circle with radius 10 cm is [1]


5 8
(a) 52 cm2 (b) 52 cm2
21 21
4
(c) 52 cm2 (d) none of these
21

5. The cost of fencing a circular field at the rate of Rs. 24 per metre is Rs. 5280. The [2]
field is to be ploughed at the rate of Rs. 0.50 per m2. Find the cost of ploughing the
22
field. (Take r = )
7

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[151]
6. Find the difference between the area of regular hexagonal plot each of whose side [2]
22
72 m and the area of the circular swimming take in scribed in it. (Take r = )
7

7. In the given figure areas have been drawn of radius 21 cm [2]


each with vertices A, B, C and D of quadrilateral ABCD as
centers. Find the area of the shaded region.

8. Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6 cm, if angle of the sector is 60° . [2]

9. The radii of two circles are 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle [3]
having its area equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles.

10. A chord of a circle of radius 10cm subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the [3]
area of the corresponding: (Use π = 3.14 )
(i) minor sector
(ii) major sector
(iii) minor segment
(iv) major segment

11. Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure where ABCD is a square of [3]
side 10 cm and semi-circle are drawn with each side of the square as diameter.
(π = 3.14 )

[3]
12. Find the area of the shaded region where a circular arc of radius 6 cm has been
drawn with vertex O of an equilateral triangle OAB of side 12 cm as centre.

13. Three horses are tethered with 7m long ropes at the three corners of a triangular [5]
field having sides 20 m, 34 m and 42 m. Find the area of the plot which can be
grazed by the horses. Also, find the area of the plot which remains ungrazed.

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[152]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS X- Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (d)
Ans4. (b)

Ans5. Since for Rs. 24, the length of fencing = 1metre


1
∴ for Rs. 5280, the length fencing = × 5280 = 220 meters
24
∴ Perimeter i.e., circumference of the field = 220 meters
Let r be the radius of the field
∴ 2π r = 220
220 × 7
⇒ r= = 35 m
2 × 22

∴ Area of the field = π r 2 = π ( 35 ) = 1225π m 2


2

Rate = Rs. 0.50 per m2


1225 × 22 ×1
∴ Total cost of ploughing the field = Rs. (1225π × 0.50 ) = Rs.
7×2
= Rs. (175 ×11) = Rs.1925

Ans6. Side of hexagonal plot = 72m

3
Area of equilateral triangle OAB = ( side )
4
∴ Area of hexagonal plot = 6 × Area of triangle OAB

= 6 ×1296 3 = 7776 (1.732 )


= 13468.032m 2

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[153]
2
 72 
OC 2 = OA2 − AC 2 = ( 72 ) −  
2

 2 
= 5184 − 1296 = 3888
OC 2 = 3888
⇒ OC = 3888 = 62 m
22
π r2 = × (62)2 = 12081 m2
Area of circular region = 7

Difference = 13468 m2 – 12081 m2 = 1385 m2

Ans7 Required area = Area of the circle with radius 21

= π ( 21)
2

22
= × 21× 2cm
7
= 22 × 63 = 1386cm 2

θ
Ans8 We know that Area of sector = π r2
360
Here, θ = 60, r = 6
6c
m
60 22
∴ Required area = × × (6)
2

360 7
1 22
= × × 36
6 7
22 × 6
=
7
132 6
= = 18 cm 2
7 7

Ans9 A1 = Area of the first circle = π ( 8 ) = 64π cm 2


2

A2 = Area of the second circle = π ( 6 ) = 36π cm 2


2

A1 + A2 = Total area = 64π + 36π = 100π cm 2


Let R be the radius of the circle with area A1 + A2
∴ π R 2 = 100π ⇒ R 2 = 100 ⇒ R = 10 cm

Hence, required radius = 10 cm

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[154]
θ
Ans10 (i) Area of minor sector = π r2
360
90
= × 3.14 × (10 )
2

360
1
= ( 3.14 )(100 )
4
314
= = 78.50 = 78.5 cm 2
4

(ii) Area of major sector = Area of circle – Area of minor sector


90 1
= π (10 ) − π (10 ) = ( 3.14 )(100 ) − ( 3.14 )(100 )
2 2

360 4
= 314 − 78.50 = 235.5 cm 2

(iii) We know that area of minor segment


= Area of minor sector OAB – Area of ∆OAB
 1 
∵ area of ∆OAB = 2 ( OA )( OB ) sin ∠AOB 
 
 = 1 ( OA )( OB )(∵ ∠AOB = 90° ) 
 2 
 
 Area of sector = θ π r 2 
 360 
1
= ( 3.14 )(100 ) − 50 = 25 ( 3.14 ) − 50
4
= 78.50 − 50 = 28.5 cm 2
(iv) Area of major segment = Area of the circle – Area of minor segment

= r (10 ) − 25.5
2

= 100 ( 3.14 ) − 28.5


= 314 − 28.5 = 285.5 cm 2

Ans11 Let us mark the four unshaved regions as I, II, III and IV
Thus, area of I + Area of III
= Area of ABCD – Area of two semi circles of each of radius 5 cm

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[155]
1
= 10 ×10 − 2 × × π × 52
2
= 100 − 25π = 100 − 25 × 3.14
= 100 − 78.50
= 21.5 cm 2
Similarly area of II + area of IV = 21.5 cm2
Hence, area of the unshaded region i.e.,
I, II, III, IV
= 2 (21.5) cm2 =45 cm2
Thus, area of the shaded region
= Area ABCD – Area of (I, II, III and IV) = 100 – 43 = 57 cm2

Ans12 Area of the shaded region


= Area of major sector OPLQO + Area of equilateral triangle OAB
∵ area of equilateral triangle with side 
300 3 2  
= π ( 6) + (12 ) 
2
3 2 
360 4 a= a and ∠POQ − 300°
 4 

5 22 3
= × × 36 × × 144
6 7 4
 660 
= + 36 3  cm 2
 7 

Ans13 Let ∠A = θ1 °, ∠B = θ 2 °and ∠C = θ3 °

Area which can be grazed by three horses = Area of sector with central angle θ1 ° and

radius 7 cm + Area of sector with central angle θ2 ° and radius 7 cm + Area of sector

with central angle θ3 ° and radius 7cm

π r 2θ1 ° π r 2θ 2 ° π r2θ3 °
= + +
360 360° 360°
πr 2
= (θ1 ° + θ 2 ° + θ 3 °)
360°
π r2
= × 180
360°

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[156]
(∵ Sum of three angles of a ∆ = 180° )

22 7 × 7 × 180°
= × = 77 m2
7 360°
Sides of plot ABC are = 20 m, b = 34 m and c = 42 m
20 + 34 + 42
∵ Semi perimeter, s = = 48 m
2
∴ Area of triangular plot

= Area of ∆ABC = s ( s − a )( s − b )( s − c )

= 48 × 28 × 14 × 6
= 336m2
Area grazed by the horses = 77m2
∴ Ungrazed area = (336 – 77)
= 259 m2

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[157]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1. The area of a circle is 394.24 cm2. Then the radius of the circle is [1]
(a) 11.4 cm (b) 11.3 cm
(c) 11.2 cm (d) 11.1 cm

2. If the sum of the areas of two circles with radii R1 and R2 is equal to the area of a [1]
circle of radius R, then
(a) R1 + R2 = R (b) R12 + R2 2 = R 2

(c) R1 + R2 < R (d) R 21 + R2 2 < R 2

3. Circumference of a sector of angle P ° of a circle with radius R is [1]


P P
(a) × 2π R (b) × π R2
180 180
P P
(c) × 2π R (d) × 2π R 2
360 720

4. If the perimeter and area of circle are numerically equal, then the radius of the [1]
circle is
(a) 2 units (b) π units
(c) 4 units (d) 7 units

5. A wheel has diameter 84 cm, find how many complete revolutions it must make to [2]
complete 792 meters.

6. The given figure is a sector of a circle of radius 10.5 cm. Find the perimeter of the [2]
22
sector. (Take π = )
7

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[158]
7. A car had two wipers which do not overlap. Each wiper has a blade of length 25 cm [2]
sweeping through an angle of 115 ° . Find the total area cleaned at each sweep of
the blades.

8. In the given figure arcs have been drawn with radii 14 cm each [2]
and with centres P, Q and R. Find the area of the shaped region.

9. In Akshita’s house, there is a flower pot. The sum of radii of circular top and [3]
bottom of a flowerpot is 140 cm and the difference of their circumference is 88 cm,
find the diameter of the circular top and bottom.

10. A chord of a circle of radius 15 cm subtends an angle of 60 ° at the [3]


centre. Find the area of the corresponding minor and major
segments of the circle. (use π = 3.14 and 3 = 1.73 )

11. Find the area of the shaded region of the two concentric circles [3]
with centre O and radii 7 cm and 14 cm respectively and
∠AOC = 40° .

12. From each corner of a square of side 4 cm, a quadrant of a [3]


circle of radius 1 cm is cut and also a circle of diameter 2 cm
is cut as shown in the figure. Find the area of the remaining
portion of the square.

13. In given figure, two circular flower beds have been shown on two [5]
sides of a square lawn ABCD of side 56 m. If the corner of each
circular flower bed is the point of enter section O of the diagonals of
the square lawn. Find the sum of the areas of the lawn and the
flower beds.

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[159]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS X- Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (c)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (c)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5 Diameter, 2r = 84 cm
22
Distance covered in one revolution= circumference = 2π r = π ( 2r ) = × 84
7
= 22 × 12 = 264 cm
Thus, for distance covered 264 cm, number of revolution = 1
∴ For distance covered 792 metres = 79200 cm
1
∴ Number of revolutions = × 79200 = 300
264
Ans6 We know that circumference i.e, perimeter of a sector of angle P ° of a circle
with radius R

= × 2π R + 2r
360°
∴ Required perimeter
60° 2 × 22
= × × (10.5 ) + 2 (10.5 )
360° 7
1 44 21
= × × + 21
6 7 2
= 32 cm
Ans7 Radius of each wiper = 25 cm, Angle = 115 °
∴θ = 115°
Total area cleaned at each sweep of the blades
 115 22  θ 
= 2 × × 25 × 25   Area = ×π r2 
 360 7  360 

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[160]
230 × 22 × 5 × 25 230 ×11×125
= =
72 × 7 36 × 7
115 × 11× 125
=
18 × 7
158125 2
= cm
126
= 1254.96 cm 2

Ans8 Area of shaded region


π r2
= ×180°
360°

22 (14 )
2

= × = 11× 2 × 14
7 2
= 22 ×14
= 308 cm2

Ans9 Sum of radii of circular top and bottom = 140 cm


Let radius of top = r cm
∴ rRadius of bottom = (140 − r ) cm

Circumference of top = 2π r cm

Circumference of bottom = 2π (140 − r ) cm

Difference of circumference =  2π r − 2π (140 − r )  cm

By the given condition,


2π r − 2π (140 − r ) = 88

⇒ 2π [ r − 140 + r ] = 88
44
88 22
⇒ 2r − 140 = = = 14
2π 7
⇒ 2r = 140 + 14 − 154
154
⇒r= = 77
2
∴ Radius of top = 77 cm
⇒ Diameter of top = 2 × 77 = 154 cm

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[161]
Radius of bottom = 140 – r = 140 – 77 = 63 cm
⇒ Diameter of bottom = 2 × 63 = 126 cm

Ans10 We know that area of minor segment


= Area of minor sector OAB – area of ∆OAB

60
π (15 ) −
3 1 (1.73) 225
= (15) = ( 3.14 )( 225) − ( )
2 2

360 4 6 4
[∵ ∆OAB is an equilaterl triangle]
= (1.57 )( 75 ) −
(1.73)( 225 )
4
= 117.75 − 97.3125 = 20.4375 cm 2
Again, area of major segment = Area of the circle – area of minor segment

= r (15 ) − 20.4375
2

= ( 3.14 )( 225 ) − 20.4375


= 706.5 − 20.4375
= 686.0625 cm 2

Ans11 Area of the shaded region


= area of sector OAC – area of sector OBD
4 40 π
= π (14 ) − π ( 7 ) = (196 − 49 )
2 2

360 360 9
22 22 × 21 22 × 7
= 147 = =
7×9 9 3
154 2
= cm
3
1
= 51 cm 2
3

Ans12 Area of the shaded region = Area of square ABCD - 4

(area of quadrant of a circle with radius 1) - π (1)


2

1
= 4 × 4 − 4. π (1) − π (1) = 16 − π − π = 16 − 2π
2 2

4
(∵ Radius of the circle = 1 cm)

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[162]
2 × 22 112 − 44 68 2
= 16 − = = cm
7 7 7

Ans13 Area of the square lawn ABCD = 56 × 56 m 2 ......(i )


Let OA = OB = x meter
∴ By Pythagoras theorem,
x 2 + x 2 = 56 2 ⇒ 2 x 2 = 56 × 56 ⇒ x 2 = 28 × 56........(ii )
90 1
Again, area of sector OAB = × π x2 = π r 2
360 4
1 22
= × × 28 × 56 m2 ........(iii)[ From(ii )]
4 7
1
Also, area of ∆OAB − 56 × 56m2
4
[Here, ∠AOB = 90°. Since square ABCD is divided into 4 right triangles]
 1 22 1 
∴ Area of flowerbed AB −  × × 28 × 56 − 56 × 56  m 2 ( from3 & 4 ) .........(iv)
4 7 4 
1  22 
= × 28 × 56  − 2 
4  7 
7 × 56 × 8
=
7
= 448m 2 ..........(v)
Similarly, area of the other flowerbed = 448 m2
∴ Total area of the lawn and the flowerbeds
= 56 × 56 + 448 + 448
= 3136 + 896
= 4032 m 2

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[163]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1. 7 [1]
The radius of a circle is cm , then the area of the circle is
π
49
(a) 154cm2 (b) cm2
π
(c) 22 cm2 (d) 49 cm2

2. Area of a sector of angle P ° of a circle with radius R is [1]


P P
(a) × 2π R (b) × π R2
180 180
P P
(c) × 2π R (d) × 2π R 2
360 720

3. The diameter of a circle whose area is equal to the sum of the area of the two [1]
circles of radii 24 cm and 7cm is
(a) 31cm (b) 25cm
(c) 62cm (d) 50cm

4. The circumference a circle is 528 cm. Then its area is [1]


(a) 22,176 cm2 (b) 22,576 cm2
(c) 23,176 cm2 (d) 24,576 cm2

5. The radii of two circles are 19 cm and 9 cm respectively. Find the radius of the [2]
circle which has its circumference equal to the sum of the circumference of the two
circles

6. A car travels 0.99 km distance in which each wheel makes 450 complete [2]
revolutions. Find the radius of its wheel.

7. A sector is cut from a circle of diameter 21 cm. If the angle of the sector is 150 ° [2]
find its area.

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[164]
8. In the given figure AOBCA represent a quadrant of area [2]
9.625 cm2 . Calculate the area of the shaded portion.

9. The length of the minute hand of clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the minute [3]
hand is 5 minutes.

10. A round table cover has six equal designs as shown in the [3]
figure. If the radius of the cover is 28 cm, find the cost of
making the design at the rate of Rs. 0.35 per cm2 . (Use

3 = 1.7 )

11. Find the area of the shaded region where ABCD is a square of [3]
side 14 cm.

12. ABCD is a flower bed. If OA = 21 m and DC = 14 m. Find the area [3]


of the bed.

13. An elastic belt is placed round the rein of a pulley [5]


of radius 5 cm. One point on the belt is pulled
directly away from the centre O of the pulley until
it is at P, 10 cm from O. Find the length of the best
that is in contact with the rim of the pulley. Also
find the shaded area.

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[165]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS X - Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (d)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (a)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5 C1 = circumference of the 1st circle = 2 π (19) = 38 π cm


C2 = circumference of the 2nd circle = 2 π (19) = 18 π cm
C1 − C2 = 38π + 18π
= 56π cm

Ans6 Distance travelled by a wheel in 450 complete revolutions = 0.99 km


= 990m
990 11
Distance travelled in one revolution = = m
450 5
Let r be the radius of the wheel
11
∴ 2π r =
5
22 11
⇒ 2× r=
7 5
7
⇒ r= m
20
7 × 100
=
20
= 35 m

Ans7 We have,
21
Diameter = 21 cm ⇒ radius = cm
2

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[166]
Angle of sector = 150°

θ150° 22  21 
2

Area of the sector = A = ×π r = × × 


2

360° 360° 7  2 
5 22 21 21 5 ×11× 21
= × × × = = 144.38 cm2
12 7 2 2 4× 2

Ans8 Required area = Area of quadrant OAB – Area of ∆ OAB


1 1
= π ( 3.5) − ( 2 )( 3.5)
2

4 2
1 22 7 7 7
= . × × −
4 7 2 2 2
77 7 77 − 28
= − =
8 2 8
49
= = 6.125 cm 2
8

Ans9 Angle covered by minute hand in 60 minutes = 360°


360
∴ Angle covered in 1 minute = = 6°
60
∴ Angle covered in 5 minutes = 6°× 5 = 30°
We know that area swept by the minute hand during this period
= Area of the sector with sector angle 30°
θ
=
360
( πr ) =
2 30 22
× ×14 ×14 [∴ r = 14 cm]
360 7
22 22 × 7
= × 28 =
12 3
154 1
= = 51 cm 2
3 3
60
× π ( 28) – Area of ∆ OAB
2
Ans10 Area of one design =
360
π
= × ( 28 ) – Area of equilateral ∆OAB
2

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[167]
π 3
= × ( 28 ) −
( 28)
2 2

6 4
2π 3
= ( 28)  − 
6 4 

3 2
[Area of equilateral triangle with side a = a ]
4
2  22 1.7 
= ( 28 )  − 
 7× 4 
2  22 17 
Total cost = 6 × ( 28 )  −  × 0.35
 42 40 

 11 17  21× ( 28) 440 − 357


2

= 21× ( 28)  −  = ×
2

 21 40  100 21× 40
28 × 28 × 83 7 × 28 × 83
= =
40 1000
= Rs.16.268

Ans11 Area of square ABCD = 14 ×14cm2 = 196cm2


14
Diameter of each circle = = 7cm
2
7
∴ Radius of each circle = cm
2
22 7 7 2 154 77 2
∴ Area of one circle = π r 2 = × × cm = = cm
7 2 2 4 2
77 2
∴ Area of the four circles = 4 × cm = 154 cm2
2

Ans12 Here, OA = R = 21 m and OC = r = 14 m


∴ Area of the flower bed (i.e., shaded portion)
= area of quadrant of a circle of radius R of the quadrant of a circle of radius r
π
= π R2 − π r 2 = ( R2 − r 2 )
1 1
4 4 4
1 22
= × ( 21) − (14 )  m 2 [∵ R = 21 m and r = 14 m ]
2 2

4 7  

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[168]
1 22
= × × ( 21× 14 )( 21 − 14 ) m 2
4 7
1 22
= × × 35 × 7 m 2
4 7
= 192.5 m 2

OA 5 1
Ans13 cos θ = = =
OP 10 2
⇒ θ = 60°
⇒ ∠AOB = 20 = 120°
120 × 2 × π × 5
∴ Arc AB = cm
360
10π  θ 
=
3
cm ∵ l = 360 × 2π r 

Length of the belt that is in contact with the rim of the pulley
= Circumference of the rim – length of arc AB
10
= 2π × 5cm − π cm
3
20
= π cm
3
120 25  θ 2
Now, area of sector OAQB = × π × 52 cm = π cm 2 since Area = 360 × π r 
360 3

Area of quadrilateral OAPB = 2 ( Area of ∆OAP ) = 25 3cm 2

∵ AP = 100 − 25 = 75 = 5 3cm 
 
25
Hence, shaded area = 25 3 − π
3

=
25
3
(3 3 − π cm2 )

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[169]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1. The number of solid spheres each of diameter 6 cm that could be molded to form a [1]

solid melted cylinder of height 45 cm and diameter 4 cm is

(a) 3 (b) 4

(c) 5 (d) 6

2. A metallic sphere of radius 10.5 cm is melted and then recast into small cones each [1]

of radius 3.5 cm and height 3 cm, the number of such cone is

(a) 63 (b) 126

(c) 21 (d) 130

3. A circular test is cylindrical to a height of 4 cm and conical above it. If its diameter [1]

is 105 m and its slant height is 40 m, then the total area of canvas required is

(a) 1760 m2 (b) 2640 m2

(c) 3960 m2 (d) 7920 m2

4. If the radii of the ends of a bucket are 5 cm and 15 cm and it is 24 cm high, then its [1]

surface area is

(a) 1815.3 cm2 (b) 1711.3 cm2

(c) 2025.3 cm2 (d) 2360 cm2

5. A 20 m deep well with diameter 7 m is dug up and the earth from digging is evenly [2]

spread out to form a platform 22 m × 14 m. Find the height of the platform.

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[170]
6. Find the maximum volume of a cone that can be carved out of solid hemisphere of [2]

radius r.

7. Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of the cube [2]

whose edge is 7 cm.

8. A hollow cylindrical pipe is 420 cm long. It’s outer and inner diameter are 8 cm [2]

and 6 cm respectively. Find the volume of the copper used in making the pipe.

9. A plate of metal 1 cm thick, 9 cm broad and 81 cm long is melted into a cube. Find [3]

the difference in the surface area of the two solids.

10. The difference between outside and inside surfaces of a cylindrical metallic pipe [3]

14 cm long is 44 cm2. If the pipe is made of 99 cu. cm of metal. Find the outer and

inner radii of the pipe.

11. If h, c and v respectively are the height, curved surface and volume of cone. Prove [3]

that 3π Vh3 − c 2 h2 + 9v 2 = 0.

12. A toy is in the form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of common base with [3]

radius 7 cm. The total height of the toy is 31 cm. Find the total surface area of the

 22 
toy.  use π = 
 7

13. The radius of a solid iron sphere is 8 cm. Eight rings of iron plate of external radius [5]

2
6 cm and thickness 3 cm are made by melting this sphere. Find internal radius of
3

these rings.

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[171]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
Class X - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (c)
Ans2. (b)
Ans3. (d)
Ans4. (d)

Ans5. Volume of earth dug out = π r 2 h


2
22  7   7
= ×   × 20 ∵ r =
7 2  2
= 22 × 7 × 5 = 770cm3
Area of the platform = 22 ×14 = 308m2
Volume of the earth dug out
∴ Height of the platform =
Area of the platform
770 70 5
= = = = 2.5m
308 28 2

Ans6. Clearly radius of the base of the cone = radius of hemisphere = r


Height of cone = Radius of the hemisphere
1 1
∴ Volume of cone = π r 2 x r = π r 3
3 3

Ans7. For largest right circular cone to be cut, clearly the circle will be inscribed in a
face of the cube and its height will be equal to an edge of the cube.
7
Radius of the cone r = cm
2
1
∴ Volume of the cone = π r 2 h
3
2
1 22  7 
= × ×   = 88.83cm3
3 7 2

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[172]
Ans8. We have,
h = Height of the cylindrical pipe = 420 cm
8
R = External radius = cm = 4cm
2
6
r = Internal radius = cm = 3cm
2
Volume of the copper used in making the pipe
= π R2h − π r 2h = π ( R2 − r 2 ) h

=
7
( 4 − 3 ) × 420cm3 = × 7 × 420cm3 = 9240cm3
22 2 2 22
7

Ans9. Volume of the plate = 1× 9 × 81 = 729cm3


Let ‘a’ be the edge of the cubes
a3 = 729 = 93 ⇒ a = 9cm

Now surface area of the cube = 6a 2 = 6 ( 9 ) = 486cm 2


2

Surface area of the plate = 2 [lb + bh + lh]

= 2 [81× 9 + 9 × 1 + 1× 81] cm 2
= 1638cm 2
∴ Difference in the surface area of the two solids
= (1638 − 486 ) cm 2 = 1152cm 2

Ans10. Let R cm and r cm be external and internal radii of the metallic pipe
We have, h = Length of the pipe = 14 cm
2π Rh − 2π rh = 44 i.e.2π ( R − r ) h = 44

22
⇒ 2× ( R − r ) ×14 = 44
7
1
⇒ R − r = ........(i )
2
Also π R 2 h − π r 2 h = 99 = π ( R 2 − r 2 ) h = 99

22
⇒ × ( R + r )( R − r ) ×14 = 99
7

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[173]
9
⇒ R + r = ......(ii )
2
Solving (i) and (ii), we get R = 2.5 cm, r = 2 cm
Hence, outer radius = 2.5 cm
Inner radius = 2 cm

Ans11. C.S.A. of cone C = π rl........(i )


1
Volume of cone V = π r 2 h........(ii )
3
L.H.S. = 3π vh3 − c 2 h2 + 9v 2
2
1  1 
= 3π h  π r 2 h  − {π rl} h 2 + 9  π r 2 h 
3 2

3  3 
1 
= π 2 r 2 h 4 − π 2 r 2 h 2l 2 + 9  π 2 r 4 h 2 
9 
= π 2 r 2 h 4 − π 2 r 2 h 2 ( r 2 + h 2 ) + π 2 r 4 h 2 l = r 2 + h 2

= π 2 r 2 h 4 − π 2 r 4 h 2 − π 2 r 2 h4 + π 2 r 4 h 2 = 0

Ans12 T.S.A. of toy = C.S.A of hemisphere + C.S.A. of cone = 2π r 2 + π rl


r = 7 cm, h = 24 cm
O

l = r 2 + h 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 25cm
2π r 2 + π rl
C
22 22 A B
= 2× × 7 × 7 + × 7 × 25 7cm
7 7
= 44 × 7 + 22 × 25
= 308 + 550 = 858cm 2

4 2048 3
Ans13 We have volume of solid iron sphere = π × 83 cm3 = cm
3 3
2 20
External radius of each iron ring = 6 cm = cm
3 3
Let internal radius of each ring be r cm

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[174]
 20  2 
Volume of each ring = π   − r 2  × 3cm 2
 3  
Volume of 8 such rings
 400 2 
= 8π  − r  × 3cm 2
 9 
 400 2  2
= 24π  − r  cm
 9 
Volume of 8 rings = volume of sphere
 400 2  2048
24π  −r  = π
 9  3
400 2 2048 1
⇒ −r = π×
9 3 24π
400 256 144
⇒ r2 = − = = 16 ⇒ r = 4cm
9 9 9

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[175]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1. A metallic sphere of radius 10.5 cm is meted and then recast into small cones each [1]

of radius 3.5 cm and height 3 cm, the number of such cones is

(a) 63 (b) 126

(c) 21 (d)130

2. A solid sphere of radius r is melted and cast into the shape of a solid cone of height [1]

r, the radius of the base of the cone is

(a) 2r (b) 3r

(c) r (d) 4r

3. During conversion of a solid from one shape to another, the volume of new shape [1]

will

(a) increase (b) decrease

(c) remain unaltered (d) be doubled

4. A right circular cylinder of radius r cm and height h cm (h>2r) just encloses a [1]

sphere of diameter

(a) r cm (b) 2r cm

(c) h cm (d) 2h cm

5. Determine the ratio of the volume of a cube to that of a sphere which with exactly [2]

fit inside the cube.

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[176]
6. Find the maximum volume of a cone that can be carved out of a solid hemisphere [2]

of radius r.

7. The height of a right circular cone is 12 cm and the radius of its base is 4.5 cm. Find [2]

its slant height.

8. How many balls, each of radius 1 cm, can be made from a solid sphere of lead of [2]

radius 8 cm.

9. The diameter of metallic sphere in 6 cm. The sphere in melted and drawn into a [3]

wire of uniform cross section. If the length of wire is 36 cm, find its radius.

10. Water flows at the rate of 10 metre per minute through a cylindrical pipe having [3]

its diameter at 5 mm. How much time will it take to fill a conical vessel where

diameter of base is 40 cm and depth 24 cm?

11. The radius of the base and the height of solid right cylinder are in the ratio 2:3 and [3]

 22 
its volume is 1617 cu. cm. Find the total surface area of the cylinder. π = 
 7

12. A toy is in form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of common base radius 7 cm. [3]

The total height of the toy is 31 cm, find the total surface area of the toy.

13. A bucket made up of metal sheet is in the form of frustum of a cone. Its depth is 24 [5]

cm and the diameters of the top and bottom are 30 cm and 10 cm respectively.

Find the cost of milk which will completely fill the bucket at the rate Rs. 20 per

litre and cost of metal sheet used if it costs Rs. 10 per 100 cm2. ( use π = 3.14 )

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[177]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (c)
Ans4. (b)

Ans5. Let the radius of the sphere which fits exactly into a cube be r units. Then
length of each edge of cube = 2r units
Let V1 and V2 be the volumes of the cube and sphere

Then V1 = ( 2r )
3

4
V2 = π r 3
3
V1 8r 3 6
= =
V2 4 π r 3 π
3
V1 : V2 = 6 : π

Ans6. Radius of cone = radius of hemisphere = r


Height of cone = radius of hemisphere
1 1
∴ Volume of cone = π r 2 × r = π r 3
3 3

Ans7. h = 12 cm, r = 4.5 cm

Slant height l = r 2 + h 2 = ( 4.5) + 122


2

= 20.25 + 144 = 164.25


= 12.816 ( approx )

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[178]
Volume of sphere of radius 8 cm
Ans8. Number of balls =
Volume of sphere of radius 1 cm.

4
π (8)
3

=3 = 512
4
π (1)
3

3
Ans9. Diameter of sphere = 6 cm
∴ r = 3 cm
4 4 4
Volume = π r 3 = π r 3 = π ( 3) = 36π cm3
3

3 3 3
Let r1 be radius of wire
4 3 4
π r = π ( 3) = 36π cm3
3
Volume of wire =
3 3
⇒ π r12 × 36 = 36 π
⇒ r12 = 1
⇒ r1 = 1cm

Ans10 We have volume of the water that flows out in one minute
= Volume of cylinder of diameter 5 mm and length 10 m.
5 1
r= mm = cm
2 4
h = 1000 cm

22 1 1
Volume of cylinder = × × ×1000 cm3
7 4 4
Volume of conical vessel r = 20 cm and h = 24 cm
1 22
= × × ( 20 ) × 24cm3
2

3 7
Suppose the conical vessel is filled in x minutes
∴ Volume of the water flows out in x minutes
= Volume of conical vessel
22 1 1 1 22
⇒ × × ×100 × x = × × 202 × 24
7 4 4 3 7
1 400 × 24 × 4 × 4 512
⇒x= × = Minutes
3 100 10
⇒ x = 51 Minutes 12 seconds

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[179]
Ans11 Let r be the radius of the base and h be the height of the solid right circular
cylinder.
r 2 2h
∴ = ⇒r=
h 3 3
4 2
Volume of the cylinder = π r 2 h = π h .h = 1617
9
9 1617 9 147 × 7
⇒ h3 = × ×7 = ×
4 22 4 2
21
⇒h=
2
Surface area of cylinder = 2π rh + 2π r 2
2h 2π 4h 2
= 2π × ×h+
3 9
πh 2
20π h 2
= [12 + 8] =
9 9
20π 21 21
= × × = 5 × 22 × 7 = 770cm 2
9 2 2

Ans12 Total surface area of toy = C.A.S. of hemisphere + C.S.A. of cone


= 2π r 2 + π rl
Here, r = 7 cm, h = 24 cm

∴ l = r 2 + h 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 25 cm
22 22
T.S.A. of toy = 2 × × 7 × 7 + × 7 × 25
7 7
= 308 + 550 = 858 cm 2

30 10
Ans13 h = 24 cm, r1 = = 15 cm, r2 = = 5 cm
2 2

l = h 2 + ( r1 − r2 ) = 242 + (15 − 5 )
2

= 576 + 100 = 676 = 26cm

(i)
1
(
Volume of bucket = π h r12 + r2 2 + r1r2
3
)

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[180]
= × 3.14 × 24 (152 + 52 + 15 × 5 )
1
3
= 3.14 × 8 ( 225 + 25 + 75 ) = 8164cm 3

8164
∴ Quantity of milk = = 8.164 litres
1000
Cost of 1 litre of milk = Rs. 20
∴ Cost of 8.164 litres milk = Rs. 20 × 8.14
=Rs. 163.28
(ii) T.S.A. of bucket (excluding the upper end)
= π l ( r1 + r2 ) + π r2 2 = 3.14 × 26 (15 + 5 ) + 3.14 × 52
= 1632.8 + 78.5 = 1711.3cm2
Cost of 100 cm2 metal sheet = Rs. 10
1711.3 ×10
∴ Cost of 1711.3 cm2 metal sheet = = Rs.171.13
100

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[181]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1. A solid sphere of radius r is melted and cast into the shape of a solid cone of height [1]

r, the radius of the base of the cone is

(a) 2r (b) 3r

(c) r (d) 4r

2. A reservoir is in the shape of a frustum of a right circular cone. It is 8 m across at [1]

the top and 4 m across at the bottom. If it is 6 m deep, then its capacity is

(a) 176 m3 (b) 196 m3

(c) 200 m3 (d) 110 m3

3. A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modeling clay. A child [1]

reshapes it in the form of a sphere, the radius of the sphere is

(a) 5cm (b) 6cm

(c) 8cm (d) 12cm

4. A circular tent is cylindrical to a height of 4 m and conical above it. If its diameter is [1]

210 m and its slant height is 40 m. The total area of the canvas required in m2 is

(a) 1760 (b) 15840

(c) 3960 (d) 7960

5. A drinking glass is in the shape of a frustum of a cone of height 14 cm. The [2]

diameter of its two circular ends are 4 cm and 2 cm. Find the capacity of the glass.

 22 
π = 
 7 

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[182]
6. The diameter of a sphere is 6 cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter 2 [2]

cm. What is the length of wire?

7. An iron pipe 20 cm long has exterior diameter equal to 25 cm. If the thickness of [2]

the pipe is 1 cm. Find the whole surface area of the pipe.

8. Find the ratio of the volumes of two circular cones. If r1 : r2 = 3 : 5 and h1 : h2 = 2 :1. [2]

9. A well 3.5 m in diameter and 20 m deep be dug in rectangular field 20 m by 14 m. [3]

The earth taken out is spread evenly on the field. Find the level of the earth raised

in the field.

10. A solid sphere of radius 6 cm is melted into a hollow cylinder of uniform thickness. [3]

If the external radius of the base of cylinder is 5 cm and its height is 32 cm, find the

uniform thickness of the cylinder.

11. A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck it each [3]

of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the

capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

12. A pen stand made of wood is in the shape of a cuboid with four conical depression [3]
to hold pens. The dimensions of the cuboid are 15 cm by 10 cm by 3.5 cm. The
radius of each of the dimensions is 0.5 cm and the depth is 1.4 cm. Find the volume
of the wood in the entire stand.

13. A solid consisting of a right circular cone standing on a hemisphere, is placed [5]
upright in a right circular cylinder, full of water and touches the bottom. Find the
volume of water left in the cylinder having given that the radius of the cylinder is 3
cm and its height is 6 cm. The radius of hemisphere is 2 cm and the height of the

 22 
cone is 4 cm. Give your answer to the nearest cubic centimeters.  π = 
 7 

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[183]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (a) Ans2. (a)


Ans3. (b) Ans4. (b)
Ans5 2r1 = 2cm ⇒ r1 = 1cm

2r2 = 4cm ⇒ r2 = 2cm


h = 14cm
πh
Capacity of glass =  r12 + r2 2 + r1r2 
3
22 14 2
= × 1 + 2 2 + 1× 2 
7 3
44 44 308
= [1 + 4 + 2] = × 7 =
3 3 3
2
= 102 cm3
3
Ans6 Radius of sphere r = 3cm
4
Volume of sphere = π r 3
3
4
= π ( 3) = 36π cm3
3

3
Let length of the wire = l cm
R= Radius of the wire = 1 cm

Volume of wire = π R 2 h = π (1) l = lπ cm3


2

lπ = 36π ⇒ l = 36cm
Ans7 R = 12.5cm
r = 12.5 − 1 = 11.5cm
h = 20cm
Total surface area of pipe = 2π ( R + r )( h + R − r )

22
= 2× (12.5 + 11.5)( 20 + 12.5 − 11.5) = 3168cm2
7

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[184]
1 2
π r1 h1
3
Ans8. Ratio of volumes of two cones =
1
π r2 2 h2
3
2
r  h
= 1  × 1
 r2  h2
2
 3 2
=  ×
5 1
9 2 18
= × = = 18 : 25
25 1 25

7
Ans9 Radius of well = m
4
Depth of well = 20m
22 7 7 385 3
∴ Volume of earth taken out = × × × 20m3 = m
7 4 4 2

Area of field = 20m ×14m = 280m2


 22 7 7  2163 2
Area of field excluding well =  280 − × ×  m 2 = m
 7 4 4 8

volume of earh taken out


∴ Level of earth raised =
Area of field
385 8
= × m = 0.7119m
2 2163
= 71.19cm

4
Ans10 Volume of sphere = π r 3
3
4
= π ( 6 ) = 288π cm3
3

3
Let the internal radius of cylinder r = x cm
External radius R = 5cm
Volume = π ( R 2 − r 2 ) h = π ( 52 − x 2 ) 32

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[185]
Volume of the hollow cylinder = Volume of sphere
⇒ 32 ( 25 − x 2 ) π = 288π
288
⇒ 25 − x 2 =
32
⇒ 25 − x = 9
2

⇒ x 2 = 16
⇒ x = 4 cm

Ans11 Uniform thickness of cylinder = 5 – 4 = 1cm


The length of capsule = 14 mm
5
r = mm
2
Length of cylindrical portion of capsule = 14 − 5 = 9 mm

Total surface area = 2π r 2 + 2π rh + 2π r 2


= 4π r 2 + 2π rh
2
22  5  22 5
= 4× ×  + 2× × ×9
7 2 7 2
550 990 1540
= + = = 220mm2
7 7 7

Ans12 Required volume = volume of cuboids – 4 [V. of one depression]


2
2 1
= 15 × 10 × 3.5 − 4 × ×   (1.4 )
3 2
150 × 35 8 22 1.4
= − × ×
10 3 7 4
= 525 − 2.93 = 522.07cm 3

Volume of cylinder = π ( 3) 6 = 24π


2
Ans13

1 16
Volume of cone = π ( 2 ) 4 = π
2

3 3
1 4 16
Volume of hemisphere = × π ( 2 ) = π
3

2 3 3

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[186]
∴ Volume of water in the cylinder
16 16
= 54π − π− π
3 3
 162 − 16 − 16  162 − 32
=  π cm = π cm3
3

 3  3
2860 3 4
= cm = 136 cm3
21 21
= 136cm 3

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[187]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1. The radii of the ends of a bucket 30 cm high are 21 cm and 7 cm. then its capacity [1]
in litres is
(a) 19.02 (b) 20.02
(c) 21.02 (d) 19.08

2. A solid is hemispherical at the bottom and conical above it. The surface areas of the [1]
two parts are equal, then the ratio of its radius and the height of its conical part is
(a) 1:3 (b) 1: 3

(c) 1:1 (d) 3 :1

3. The diameter of a sphere is 6 cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter 2 [1]
cm. The length of the wire is
(a) 12 cm (b) 18 cm
(c) 36 cm (d) 66 cm

4. If the radii of the circular ends of a bucket of height 40 cm are 35 cm and 14 cm. [1]
Then volume of the bucket in cubic centimeters is
(a) 60060 (b) 80080
(c) 70040 (d) 80760

5. A solid iron pole consists of a cylinder of height 110 cm and of base diameter 24 [2]

cm which is surmounted by a cone 9 cm high, find the mass of the pole. Given that

 355 
1 cm3 of iron has 8 g mass approx. π =
 113 

6. 2 cubes each of volume 64 cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the [2]

resulting cuboid.

7. Kuldeep made a bird bath for his garden in the shape of a cylinder with a hemi [2]

spherical depression at one end. The height of the cylinder is 1.45 cm and its

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[188]
 22 
radius is 30 cm. Find the total surface area of the bird-bath. π = 
 7

8. A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8 cm and radius of its top, [2]

which is open, is 5 cm it is filled with water up to brim. When lead shots each of

which is a sphere of radius 0.5 cm, are dropped into the vessel. One-forth of the

water flows out. Find the number of lead shots dropped.

9. A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to [3]

each of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the

capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

10. A spherical glass vessel has a cylindrical neck 8 cm long, 2 m in diameter, the [3]

diameter of the spherical part 8.5 cm. by measuring the amount of water it holds, a

child finds its volume to be 345 cm3 check whether she is correct, taking the above

as side measurements. [π = 3.14]

11. Metallic sphere of radii 6 cm, 8 cm and 10 cm respectively are melted to form a [3]

single solid sphere. Find the radius of the resulting sphere.

12. A shuttle cock used for playing badminton has the shape of a frustum of a cone [3]

mounted on a hemisphere. The external diameter of the frustum are 5 cm and 2

cm. The height of the entire shuttle cock is 7 cm. Find the external surface area.

13. A farmer connects a pipe of internal diameter 20 cm from a canal into a cylindrical [5]

tank in his field which is 10 m in diameter and 2 m deep. If water flows through

the pipe at the rate of 3 km/h, in how much time will the tank be filled?

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[189]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (b)
Ans2. (b)
Ans3. (c)
Ans4. (b)
12
Ans5 For cylinder r = = 6 cm, h = 110 cm
2
12
For cone r = = 6 cm, h = 9 cm
2
Volume of pipe = volume of cylindrical portion + volume of cone
π r 2h π
= π r 2h + = π ( 6 ) 110 + ( 6) (9)
2 2

3 3
355
= 36π (110 + 3) = 36 × ×113
113
= 36 × 355 = 12780cm3

Ans6 Two cubes joined end to end, we get cuboid


l = 4 + 4 = 8 cm, b = 4 cm, h = 4 cm

∴ Surface area of cuboid = 2 [lb + bh + lh ]

= 2 [8 × 4 + 4 × 4 + 8 × 4 ]
= 2 [32 + 16 + 32]
= 2 × 80 = 160cm 2

Ans7 Let h be the height of cylinder and r be the common radius of the cylinder and
hemisphere.
Total surface area of bird bath = C.S.A. of cylinder + C.S.A. of hemisphere

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[190]
= 2π rh + 2π r 2 = 2π r ( h + r )
22
= 2× × 30 (145 + 30 ) cm 2
7
= 33000cm 2 = 3.3m 2

Ans8. Radius of lead shot = 0.5 cm


Radius of cone = 5 cm
Let x be numbers of lead shots are dropped
1
∴ x × volume of one lead shot = × volume of the cone
4
4 1 1
⇒ x × π ( 0.5 ) = × π ( 5) × 8
3 2

3 4 3
25 × 8
⇒x= = 100
4 × 4 ( 0.5 )
3

100 lead shots are dropped

Ans9. The length of capsule = 14 mm


5
r = mm
2
Length of cylindrical portion of capsule = 14 − 5 = 9 mm

Total surface area = 2π r 2 + 2π rh + 2π r 2


= 4π r 2 + 2π rh
2
22  5  22 5
= 4× ×  + 2× × ×9
7 2 7 2
550 990 1540
= + = = 220mm2
7 7 7

Ans10. For cylindrical part


2
r= cm = 1 cm, h = 8 cm
2
For spherical part:
85 17
Radius (R) = = cm
20 4

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[191]
Volume of glass solid = Volume of cylindrical part + Volume of the spherical
part
4  4 
= π r 2 h + π R 3 = π  r 2 h + R3 
3  3 
314  4913 3 
= 8+ cm 
100  48 
314  384 + 4913  3
=  cm
100  48
314 × 5294 1663258 3
= = cm
4800 4800
= 346.51cm3

4  3
π ( 6 ) + ( 8) + (10 ) 
3 3
Ans11. Sum of the volumes of three given spheres =  
3
4
= π [ 216 + 512 + 1000]
3
4
= π × 1728 = 4π × 576
3
= 2304π cm3
Let R be the radius of single solid sphere, since volume remains the same
4
∴ π R3 = 2304π
3
2304 × 3
⇒ R3 = = 576 × 3
4
⇒ R 3 = 1728 = (12 )
3

∴ R = 12cm

Ans12. External surface area = C.S.A. of frustum of the come + S.A. of hemisphere

= π ( r1 + r2 ) l + 2π r1 
2

= π [3.5] ( 6.2 ) + 2π (1) [ r1 = 1, r2 = 2.5, h = 7 − 1 = 6cm ]


2

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[192]
22 35 618 22
= × × + 2×
7 10 100 7
11× 618 44
= +
100 7
l = h 2 + ( r1 − r2 )
2

l = 6 2 + (1 − 2.5 )
2

= 6.18
= 67.98 + 6.28
= 74.26cm 2
3000 5
Ans13. Rate of water flowing = m / sec = m / sec
60 × 60 6

5
In 1 second the water flows = m
6
1
Internal diameter = 20cm = m
5

Volume of the water that flows through the pipe in one second = π r h
2

2
22  1  5 110 11 3
= ×  × = = m
7  10  6 4200 420

2  10 
Volume of water in the tank = π r h  r = = 5m, h = 2m 
 2 
2
22  10 
= ×  ×2
7  2
1100 3
= m
7
100
∴ Time taken to fill the tank = 7
11
420
1100 × 420
= = 100 × 60 seconds
7 ×11
= 100 minutes = 1hour 40 minutes

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[193]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1. The diameter of a metallic sphere is 6 cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of [1]

diameter of the cross-section 0.2 cm, then the length of wire is

(a) 12 m (b) 18 m

(c) 36 m (d) 66 m

2. The ratio between the volumes of two spheres is 8:27. What is the ratio between [1]
their surface areas?
(a) 2:3 (b) 4:5
(c) 5:6 (d) 4:9

3. A hollow cube of internal edge 22 cm is filled with spherical marbles of diameter [1]
1
0.5 cm and it is assumed that space of the cube remains unfilled. Then the
8
number of marbles that the cube can accommodate is
(a) 142296 (b) 142396
(c) 142496 (d) 142596

4. A solid is hemispherical at the bottom and conical above it. The surface areas of the [1]

two parts are equal, then the ratio of its radius and the height of its conical part is

(a) 1:3 (b) 1: 3

(c) 1:1 (d) 3 :1

5. A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modeling clay. Find [2]

the volume of the cone.

6. 2 cubes each of volume 216cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the [2]

resulting cuboid.

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[194]
7. A vessel is in the form of a hollow hemisphere mounted by a hollow cylinder. The [2]

diameter of the hemisphere is 14 cm and the total height of the Vessel is 13 cm.

Find inner surface area.

8. A spherical ball of diameter 21 cm is melted and recast into cubes each of side 1 [2]

 22 
cm. Find the number of cubes thus formed.  π = 
 7 

9. How many silver coins 1.75 cm in diameter and of thickness 2 mm must be melted [3]

to form a cuboid 5.5 cm × 10 cm × 3.5 cm?

10. A container like a right circular having diameter 12 cm and height 15 cm is full of [3]

ice-cream. The ice-cream is to be filled in cones of height 12 cm and diameter 6cm

having a hemispherical shape on the top. Find number of such cones which can be

filled with ice-cream.

11. Water flowing at the rate of 15 km per hour through a pipe of diameter 14 cm into [3]

a rectangular tank which is 50 m long and 44 m wide. Find the time in which the

level of water in the tank will rise by 21 cm.

12. A solid cylinder of diameter 12 cm and height 15 cm is melted and recast into toys [3]

with the shape of a right circular cone mounted on a hemisphere of radius 3 cm. If

the height of the boy is 12 cm, find the number of toys so formed.

13. A cone of radius 10 cm divided into two parts by drawing a plane through the mid- [5]

point of its axis, parallel to its base. Compare the volume of the two parts.

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[195]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
Class X - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (c) Ans2. (d) Ans3. (a) Ans4. (b)

Ans5 h = 24 cm, r = 6 cm
1
Volume of cone = π r 2 h
3
1
= π ( 6 ) ( 24 )
2

3
1
= × 36 × 24π = 288π cm3
3
Ans6 Two cubes joined end to end, we get cuboid
l = 6 + 6 = 12 cm, b = 6 cm, h = 6 cm

∴ Surface area of cuboid = 2 [lb + bh + lh ]

= 2 [12 × 6 + 6 × 6 + 6 × 12]
= 2 [ 72 + 36 + 72]
= 2 × 180 = 360cm 2

Ans7 Inner surface area = 2π rh + 2π r 2


[∵ Radius of base of the cylinder = radius of hemisphere]
2 × 22
= 2π r ( h + r ) = × 7 (6 + 7)
7
= 44 × 13 = 572cm 2
4
Ans8 Volume of spherical ball = π r 3
3
4 21 21 21
= π × × × cm3
3 2 2 2
Volume of each cube = 1× 1× 1 cm3

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[196]
Volume of ball
∴ Required number of cubes =
Volume of cube
4 22 21 21 21
× × × ×
= 3 7 2 2 2
1
= 4851

385 3
Ans9 Volume of the cuboid = 5.5 × 10 × 3.5 = cm
2
1.75
Radius of the coin = r = = 0.875 cm
2
Thickness h = 2 mm = 0.2 cm
22
Volume of one coin = π r 2 h = × 0.875 × 0.875 × 0.2
7
Volume of cuboid
∴ Required number of coins =
Volume of each coin
385 ×1000 ×1000 × 10 × 7
=
2 × 22 × 875 × 875 × 2
35 × 40 × 40 × 70
= = 20 × 20 = 400
4 × 35 × 35 × 2

Ans10 Volume of cylinder = π r 2 h 3cm


2
 12 
= π   ×15 = 540π
 2
12cm

Diameter of cone = 12 cm
∴ r = 6 cm
Volume of ice cream = Volume of ice-cream cone + Volume of hemispherical
top of ice-cream
1 2
= π r 2h + π r 3
3 3
π 2
= ( 3) (12 ) + π ( 3)
2 3

3 3
= 36π + 18π = 54π

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[197]
Volume of cylinder
Number of ice-Cream cones =
V. of icecream cone + Volume of hemisph top
540π
= = 10 ice-cream cones
54π

Ans11 1 Km = 1000 m
∴15 km = 15000 m

Volume of cylinder = π r 2 h
14 7
Radius = = 7cm = cm
2 100
Volume of water flowing through the cylindrical pipe in an hour at the rate of
15km/hr
22 7 7
= × × ×15000 = 231m3
7 100 100
Volume of cuboid = lbh
∴ Volume of required quantity of water in the tank
21  21 
= 50 × 44 × ∵ 21cm = m = 462m3
100  100 

Since 231 m3 of water falls into tank in 1 hour


1
∴ 462 m3 of water falls into tank in = × 462 = 2 hours
231

Ans12
12cm

π R2 H π R2 H
= =
2 3 1 2 1 2
πr + πr h π r ( 2r + h )
3 3 3
6 × 6 × 15 6 × 6 × 15
= = = 12
1
× 3× 3( 6 + 9) 3 ×15
3

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[198]
Ans13 Let OAB be the cone and OQ be its axis and P be the mid-point of OQ
Let OQ = h cm
O
h
Then OP = PQ = cm C P
D
2
And QB = 10 cm
Also ∆OPD ∼ ∆OQB B
A Q

OP PD h / 2 PD
∴ = = =
OQ QB h 10cm
⇒ PD = 5cm
(i) A smaller cone of radius = 5 cm and height = h/2 cm
(ii) Frustum of a cone in which
h
R = 10cm, r = 5cm, height =   cm
2
1 h 25π h 3
Volume of smaller cone = π 5× 5× = cm
3 2 6
1 h
Volume of frustum of the cone = π (10 ) + ( 5 ) + 10 × 5 cm3
2 2

3 2  

 175π h  3
=  cm
 6 
25π h 175π h
Ratio of required volume = :
6 6
= 25 :175 = 1: 7

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[199]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
Class-X Mathematics (Probability)

1. Cards each marked with one of the numbers 4, 5, 6, … 20 are placed in a box and [1]
mixed thoroughly. One card is drawn at random from the box, what is the
probability of getting an even prime number?
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

2. A bag contains 5 red and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. [1]
What is the probability of getting a black ball?
1 2 4
(a) (b) (c) (d) None of these
3 9 9

3. A dice is thrown once, what is the probability of getting a prime number? [1]
1 3
(a) 1 (b) (c) (d) 0
2 2

4. What is the probability that a number selected from the numbers 1, 2, 3,… 15 is a [1]
multiple of 4?
1 1 2
(a) (b) (c) (d) 1
5 2 3

5. Why is tossing a coin considered is the way of deciding which team should get the [2]
ball at the beginning of a football match?

6. An unbiased die is thrown, what is the probability of getting an even number? [2]

7. Two unbiased coins are tossed simultaneously, find the probability of getting two [2]
heads.

8. One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of [2]
getting a jack of hearts.

9. 18 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, … 18 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. A card is [3]
drawn at random from the box. Find the probabilities that the card bears
(i) an even number
(ii) a number divisible by 2 or 3

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[200]
10. A bag contains 5 red balls, 4 green balls and 7 white balls. A ball is drawn at [3]
random from the box. Find the probability that the ball drown is
(a) white
(b) neither red nor white

11. A box contains 20 balls bearing numbers 1, 2, 3, 4,… 20. A ball is drawn at random [3]
from the box, what is the probability that the number on the ball is
(i) an odd number
(ii) divisible by 2 or 3
(iii) prime number

12. A bag contains 5 red and some blue balls, [3]


(i) if probability of drawing a blue ball from the bag is twice that of a red ball, find
the number of blue balls in the bag.
(ii) if probability of drawing a blue ball from the bag is four times that of a red
ball, find the number of blue balls in the bag.

13. A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the [5]
probability that the card drawn is
(i) a card of spades of an ace
(ii) a red king
(iii) neither a king nor a queen
(iv) either a king or a queen
(v) a face card
(vi) cards which is neither king nor a red card.

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[201]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
Class X - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (c)
Ans3. (b)
Ans4. (a)
Ans5. ∵ Probability of head
1
P( H ) =
2
1
Probability of tail P(T ) =
2
1
i.e. P(T ) = P( H ) =
2
Probability of getting head and tail both are same.
∴ Tossing a coin considered to be fair way.

Ans6. Total number of outcomes are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, which are 6 in number


favourable case = 1 [∵ 2 is the only even prime]
1
∴ Required probability =
6

Ans7. Total number of outcomes are HH, HT, TH, TT, which are 4 in numbers
Favourable outcomes = HH, which is only
1
∴ Required probability =
4

Ans8. Total number of outcomes = 52


Favorable cases = 1 [There is only one jack of hearts]
1
∴ Required probability =
52

Ans9. Total no. of possible outcomes = 18


(i) Favorable cases are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 i.e., 9 in number
9 1
Required probability = =
18 2
(ii) Favorable cares are 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18 i.e., 12 in number

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[202]
12 2
Required probability = =
18 3

Ans10. Total number of balls in the bag = 5 + 4 + 7 = 16


∴ Total number of possible outcomes = 16
(a) Favourable outcomes for a white ball = 7
7
Required probability =
16
(b) Favourable outcomes for neither red nor white ball = Number of green
balls = 4
4 1
∴ Required probability = =
16 4

Ans11. Total number of outcomes = 20


(i) Favorable outcomes are 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19 i.e., 10 in number.
10 1
∴ Required probability = =
20 2
(ii) Number “divisible by 2” are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 i.e., 10 in
number
Numbers “divisible by 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18. i.e., 6 in number
Numbers “divisible by 2 or 3 are 6, 12, 18 i.e., 3 in number.
∴ Numbers divisible by “2 or 3”= 10 + 6 – 3 = 13
Favourable outcomes = 13
13
∴ Required probability =
20
(iii) Prime numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19 i.e., 8 in number
Favourable outcomes = 8
8 2
Required probability = =
20 5

Ans12. Let number of blue balls = x


Total number of balls = 5 + x
5
Probability of red ball =
5+ x
x
Probability of blue ball =
5+ x
By given condition,
x 5
(i ) = 2.
5+ x 5+ x
⇒ x = 10
No. of blue balls = 10

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[203]
5 x
(ii) Here, = 4×
5+ x 5+ x
⇒ x = 20
Hence, number of blue balls = 20

Ans13. Total possible outcomes = 52


(i) No. of spades = 13
No. of ace = 4
1 card is common [ace of spade]
Favourable outcomes = 13 + 4 – 1 = 16
16 4
∴ Required probability = =
52 13
(ii) No. of red kings = 2
Favourable outcomes = 2
2 1
∴ Required probability = =
52 26
(iii) No. of king and queen = 4 + 4 = 8
Favourable outcomes = 52 – 8 = 44
44 11
Required probability = =
52 13
(iv) No. of king and queen = 4 + 4 = 8
8 2
Required probability = =
52 13
(v) No. of face cards = 4 + 4 + 4 = 12 [Jack, queen and king are face card]
12 3
Required probability = =
52 13
(vi) No. of cards which are neither red card nor king = 52 – (26 + 4 – 2
=52 – 28 = 24
24 6
∴ Required probability = =
52 13

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[204]
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
Class- X Mathematics (Probability)

1. Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 51 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. [1]
One card is drawn from this box, find the probability that the number on the card
is an even number.
1 3
(a) (b) 1 (c) (d) None of these
2 2

2. The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and [1]
then well shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards, find the
probability of getting a king.
3 7
(a) (b) 1 (c) (d) none of these
49 17

3. What is the probability of getting a number less than 7 in a single throw of a die? [1]
1
(a) (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) none of these
2

4. One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of [1]
drawing ‘10’ of a black suit.
1 1
(a) (b) 1 (c) (d) 0
26 2

5. A game consists of tossing a one-rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each [2]
time. Hanif wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e., three heads or three fails
and loses otherwise. Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game.

6. Gopy buys a fish from a shop for his aquarium. The shopkeeper take out one fish at [2]
random from a tank containing 5 male fish and 8 female fish. What is the
probability that the fish taken out is a male fish?

7. A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are food. [2]
Arti will buy a pen if it is good but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper
draws one pen at random and gives it to her. What is the probability that

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[205]
(i) she will buy it
(ii) she will not buy it?

8. Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously (say one is of Rs 1 and other is [2]
Rs 2), what is the probability that she gets “at least one head”?

9. A box contains 3 blue marbles, 2 white marbles. If a marble is taken out at random [3]
from the box, what is the probability that it will be a white one? Blue one? Red
one?

10. The integers from 1 to 30 inclusive are written on cards ( one number on one [3]
card). These card one put in a box and well mixed. Joseph picked up one card.
What is the probability that his card has
(i) number 7
(ii) an even number
(iii) a prime number

11. A bag contains lemon flavored candies only. Malini takes out one candy without [3]
looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out
(i) an orange flavored candy?
(ii) a lemon flavored candy?

12. A bag contains 6 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue [3]
ball from the bag is twice that of a red, find the number of blue balls in the bag.

13. Cards marked with numbers 1, 2, 3,… 25 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly [5]
and one card is drawn at random from the box, what is the probability that the
number on the card is
(i) a prime number?
(ii) a multiple of 3 or 5?
(iii) an odd number?
(iv) neither divisible by 5 nor by 10?
(v) perfect square?
(vi) a two-digit number?

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[206]
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (a)
Ans2. (a)
Ans3. (c)
Ans4. (a)
Ans5. Since a coin is tossed 3 times
∴ Possible outcomes are = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT}
x (s) = 8
3 heads and 3 tails {HHH, TTT}
x (3 heads and 3 tails) = 2
2 1
P (Hanif will win the game) = =
8 4
1 3
P (Hanif will lose the game) = 1 − =
4 4
Ans6. Total no. of fishes = 5 + 8 = 13
No. of male fishes = 5
5
P (male fish) =
13
Ans7. Total no. of ball pens = 144
Number of defective pens = 20
∴ Number of good pens = 144 – 20 = 124
124 31
(i) P (she will buy it) = =
144 36
20 5
(ii) P (she will not buy) = =
144 36
Ans8. For tossing 2 coins
Total possible outcomes are {HH, TT, TH, HT} = 4
Favourable outcomes = at least one head = {TH, HT, HH} = 3
3
Required probability =
4
Ans9. Total no. of possible outcomes = 3 + 2 + 4 = 9
No. of favourable outcomes for white marbles = 2
2
Required probability =
9

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[207]
No. of favourable outcomes for blue marbles = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
9 3
No. of favourable outcomes for red marbles =4
4
Required probability =
9

Ans10. Total no. of possible outcomes = 30


1
(i) P (the no.7) =
30
(ii) Even no. are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30
Favourable outcomes = 15
15 1
Required probability = =
30 2
(iii) Prime numbers from 1 to 30 are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29}
No. of favourable outcomes = 10
10 1
Required probability = =
30 3

Ans11. ∵ The bag has lemon flavored candies only.


0
(i) P (an orange flavored candy) = = 0
1
1
(ii) P (a lemon flavored candy ) = = 1
1

Ans12. Suppose no. of blue bolls = x


Total no. of balls = ( x + 6 )
x
Probability of blue balls =
x+6
6
Probability of red balls =
x+6
According to, question,
x 6
= 2.
6+ x 6+ x
⇒ x = 12
Hence, no. of blue balls = 12
Ans13. Total no. of possible outcomes = 25
(i) favourable cases are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23 which are 9 in number
9
∴ Required probability =
25
(ii) Multiple of 3 or 5
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[208]
Favourable cases are 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 18, 20, 21, 24, 25, which are 12
in number
12
∴ Required probability =
25
(iii) Favourable cases are 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, which are
13 in number
13
∴ Required probability =
25
(iv) Favourable cases are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21,
22, 23, 24, which are 20 in number
20 4
Required probability = =
25 5
(v) Perfect square numbers are1, 4, 9, 16, 25
Favourable cases are = 5
5 1
Required probability = =
25 5
(vi) Two-digit numbers are 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,
23, 24, 25 = 16
16
Required probability =
25

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[209]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1. Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 31 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. [1]
One card is drawn from the box, the probability that the number on the card is a
prime number less than 18 is
7
(a) 1 (b) (c) 1 (d) none of these
30

2. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. The probability that the total of the numbers [1]
on the dice is 13 is
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 0

3. A bag contains 5 red balls, 8 white balls, 4 green balls and 7 black balls. A ball is [1]
drawn at random from the bag, the probability that the ball drawn is not green is
5 7 1
(a) (b) (c) (d) 1
6 6 2

4. 1000 tickets of a lottery were sold and there are 5 prizes on these tickets. If a man [1]
has purchased one lottery ticket, the probability of winning a prize is
(a) 0.002 (b) 0.003 (c) 0.0005 (d) none of these

5. One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 playing cards. Find the [2]
probability of getting (i) a non-face card, (ii) a black king or a red queen card.

6. A child has a die whose six faces show the letters as given below: [2]
A B C D E A
The die is thrown once, what is the probability of getting (i) A ? (ii) D ?

7. A bag contains 35 balls, out of which x are blue, [2]


(i) if one ball is drawn at random, what is the probability that it will be a blue ball?
(ii) if 7 more blue balls are put in the bag, the probability of drawing a blue ball will
be double than in drawing a red ball, find x.

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[210]
8. A game of chance consist of spinning an arrow which comes to [2]
8 1
rest pointing at one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and these 7 2
6 3
are equally likely outcomes. What is the probability that it will
5 4
point at (i) 8? (ii) an odd number? (iii) a number greater than 2?
(iv) a number less than 9?

9. A box contains 90 disc which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at [3]
random from the box, find the probability that it bears (i) a two-digit number, (ii) a
perfect square number, (iii) a number divisible by 5.

10. A box contains 5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles. One marble is [3]
taken out of the box at random, what is the probability that the marble taken out
will be (i) red? (ii) white? (iii) not green?

11. Five cards- the ten, jack, queen, king and ace of diamonds are well shuffled with [3]
their face downwards. One card is then picked up at random
(i) what is the probability that the card is the queen?
(ii) if the queen is drawn and put aside, what is the probability that the second
card picked up is
(a) an ace?
(b) a queen?

12. Savita and kavita are friends. What is the probability that both will have [3]
(i) different birthdays?
(ii) the same birthday? (ignoring a leap year)

13. A die is thrown once, find the probability of getting [5]


(i) a prime number
(ii) a number between 2 and 6
(iii) a number greater than 4
(iv) a number less than or equal to 4
(v) an odd number
(vi) a number divisible by 2

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[211]
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (b)

Ans2. (d)

Ans3. (a)

Ans4. (c)

Ans5. (i) Number of face cards in a deck of 52 playing cards = 4 king + 4 queen +
4 Jacks = 12
Number of non-face cards in a deck of 52 playing cards = total no. of
cards – No. of face cards = 52 – 12 = 40
40 10
∴ Probability of getting a non-face card = =
52 13
(ii) As there are two black kings and 2 red queens in a deck of 52 playing
cards.
∴ No. of a black king or a red queen = 2 + 2 = 4
4 1
∴ Probability of getting a black king or a red queen = =
52 13

Ans6. When a die is thrown once


The number of all possible outcomes = 6
A B C D E A

Favourable outcomes = A A =2
2 1
∴ P (A) = =
6 3
(ii) Favourable outcomes for letter D = 1
1
∴ P (D) =
6

Ans7. (i) Total no. of balls = 35


∴ Total no. of possible outcomes = 35
No. of blue balls = x
Favourable outcomes = x
x
P (drawing blue balls) =
35
(ii) When 7 more blue balls are put in the bag, then total no. of balls = 35 + 7
= 42

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[212]
No. of blue balls = x + 7
x+7
P (drawing blue balls) =
42
According to question,
x+7 x
= 2×
42 35
x + 7 2 × 42
⇒ =
x 35
After solving x = 5

Ans8. ∵ Arrow comes to rest pointing any numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8


∴ The total number of possible outcomes = 8
(i) Let A be the event the arrow will point at 8
∴ No. of favourable outcomes = 1
1
P (A) =
8
(ii) Odd numbers are 1, 3, 5, 7
∴ Favourable outcomes = 4
∴ Required probability
4 1
P (E) = =
8 2
(iii) The numbers greater than 2 are 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Favourable outcomes = 6
6 3
Required probability = 8 = 4
(iv) The numbers less than 9 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
∴ Favourable outcomes = 8
8
Required probability = = 1
8

Ans9. Total no. of discs which are numbered from 1 to 90 are 90


∴ Total no. of outcomes = 90
(i) Let A be the event that “the disc drawn at random bears a two-digit
number
Two-digit numbers are 10, 11, 12, … to 90
∴ Favourable outcomes = 81
81 9
So, P (E) = =
90 10
(ii) Perfect square numbers are 12 , 22 ,32 , 4 2 , 52 , 62 , 7 2 ,82 , 92
∴ Favourable outcomes = 9
9 1
P (E) = =
90 10
(iii) The number divisible by 5 are 5, 10, 15,… 85, 90
∴ Favourable outcomes = 18

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[213]
18 1
Required probability = =
90 5

Ans10. No. of red marbles = 5


No. of green marbles = 4
No. of white marbles = 8
Total no. of marbles = 17
Total no. of possible outcomes = 17
(i) No. of red marbles = 5, favourable outcomes = 5
5
P (R) =
17
(ii) No. of white marbles = 8, favourable outcomes = 8
8
P (W) =
17
(iii) No. of green marbles = 4, favourable outcomes = 4
4
P (G) =
17
4
P (Not green marbles ) = 1 –
17
17 − 4 13
= =
17 17

Ans11. Total no. of possible outcomes = 5


[Ten, jack, queen, King and ace]
(i) No. of favourable out comes = 1 [queen]
1
P (Queen)=
5
(ii) When queen is drawn and put aside, then remaining no. of cards
= 5 – 1 = 4 [ten + jack + king + ace]
Then total possible outcomes = 4
(a) The second card picked up is an ace
∴ Favourable outcomes = 1
1
P (E) =
4
(b) The second card picked up is queen
∵ queen is already removed
∴ No. of favourable outcomes = 0
0
P (E) = = 0
4

Ans12. Savita birthday can be any day of the year, now Kavita birthday can also be any
day of 365 days in the year.
(i) If Kavita birthday is different from Savita’s birthday

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[214]
Then number of favourable outcomes = 365 – 1 = 364
364
P (Kavita’s birthday different from Savita’s birthday )=
365
(ii) P (Savita and Kavita have the same birthday)
364 1
= 1− =
365 365

Ans13. All possible outcomes = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} = 6


The prime numbers are 2, 3, 5
(i) ∴ Favourable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2
(ii) No. between 2 and 6 are 3, 4, 5
∴ Favourable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2
(iii) No. greater than 4 are 5, 6
No. of favourable outcomes = 2
2 1
Required probability = =
6 3
(iv) No. less than or equal to 4 are 1, 2, 3, 4
Favourable outcomes = 4
4 2
Required probability = =
6 3
(v) Odd numbers are1, 3, 5
∴ Favourable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2
(vi) Number divisible by 2 are2, 4, 6
Favourable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2

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[215]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1. One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. The probability of getting [1]
red face card is
1 1 3
(a) (b) (c) (d) none of these
26 2 2

2. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. The probability of getting an even number as [1]
the sum is
1 3 1
(a) (b) (c) (d) 1
2 2 4

3. A bag contains lemon flavored candies only. Malini takes out one candy without [1]
looking into the bag. The probability that she takes out an orange flavored candy is
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d)0

4. The maximum value of probability is [1]


(a) 1 (b) 0 (c) 2 (d) None of these

5. Suppose you drop a die at random on the rectangular region [2]


shown in the figure, what is the probability that it will land inside
the circle with diameter 1 m?

6. (i) A lot of 20 bulbs contain 4 defective ones. One bulb is drawn at random from [2]
the lot. What is the probability that this bulb is defective?
(ii) Suppose the ball drawn in (i) is not defective and is not replaced. Now one bulb
is drawn at random from the rest. What is the probability that the bulb is not
defective?

7. A bag contains 5 red balls, 8 white balls, 4 green balls and 7 black balls. If one ball [2]
is drawn at random, find the probability that it is (i) black, (ii) red.

8. A carton consists of 100 shirts of which 88 are good, 8 have minor defects and 4 [2]
have major defects. Jimmy a traderwill only accept the shirts which are good, but
Sujatha, another trader will only reject the shirts which have major defects. One

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[216]
shirt is drawn at random from the carton. What is the probability that
(i) it is acceptable to Jimmy?
(ii) it is acceptable to Sujatha?

9. 17 cards numbered 1, 2, 3,… 16, 17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One [3]
person draws a card from the box. Find the probability that the number on the
card is
(i) odd, (ii) divisible by 2, (iii) divisible by 2 and 3 both.

10. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the [3]
card drawn is (i) a black queen, (ii) a jack, a queen or a king, (iii) neither an ace nor
a king.

11. There are 40 students in class X of whom 25 are girls and 15 are boys. The class [3]
teacher has to select one student as a clan representative. She writes the name of
each student on a separate card. The card being identical and she puts cards in a
bag and stirs thoroughly, she then draws one card from the bag. What is the
probability that the name written on the card is the name of a
(i) girl? (ii) boy?

12. A piggy bank contains hundred 50P coins, fifty Rs 1 coins, twenty Rs 2 coins and [3]
ten Rs 5 coins. If it is equally likely that one of the coins will fall out, when the hand
is turned upside down. What is the probability that the coin
(i) will be a 50P. coin? (ii) will not be a Rs 5 coin?

13. (a) A black die and a white die are thrown at the same time. Write all the possible [5]
outcomes. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers that turn up is
8?
(b) Find the probability of obtaining (i) a total of 6, (ii) a total of 10, (iii) the same
no. on both dice.

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[217]
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (a)

Ans2. (a)

Ans3. (d)

Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Area of rectangle = 3 × 2 = 6m2


2
1
Area of circle = π r = π  
2

2
π
= m2
4
P (die will land inside the circle)
π
Area of circle π
= = 4 =
Area of rectangle 6 24

Ans6. (i) P (The bulb is defective)


Number of defective bulbs
=
Total number of bulbs in a lot
4 1
= =
20 4
(ii) No. of good bulbs = 20 – 4 = 16
One bulb is drawn and not replaced, then no. of good bulbs = 16 – 1 = 15
Total no. of bulbs = 20 – 1 = 19
15
Required probability =
19
Ans7. Total number of outcomes = 5 + 8 + 4 + 7 = 24
(i) Favourable outcomes = 7
7
Required probability =
24
(ii) favourable outcomes = 5
5
∴ Required probability =
24
Ans8. Total no. of shirts = 100
∴ Total no. of possible outcomes = 100

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[218]
(i) The no. of outcomes favourable to jimmy = 88
88
P (shirt is acceptable to Jimmy) = = 0.88
100
(ii) The no. of outcomes favourable to Sujatha = 88 + 8 = 96
96
Required probability = = 0.96
100
Ans9. Total no. of possible outcomes = 17
(i) For odd no. favourable cases
1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17 = 9
9
Required probability =
17
(ii) Divisible by 2
{2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16} = 8
Favourable cases = 8
8
Required probability =
17
(iii) Divisible by 2 and 3 both i.e., divisible by 6
{6, 12}
Favourable cases = 2
2
Required probability =
17
Ans10. Total no. of possible outcomes = 52
(i) No. of black queen = 2
Favourable outcomes = 2
2 1
P (a black queen) = =
52 26
(ii) 4 Jack + 4 queen + 4 King =12
No. of favourable outcomes = 12
12 3
Required probability = =
52 13
(iii) Ace = 4, King = 4
Total = 4 + 4 = 8
Neither an ace not a king = 52 – 8 = 44
44 11
P (Neither an ace nor a king) = =
52 13
Ans11. Total no. of possible outcomes = 40
(i) No. of outcomes favourable for girls = 25
25 5
∴ P (card with name girl) = =
40 8
(ii) No. of boys = 15
∴ No. of favourable outcomes = 15
15 3
P (card with name of a boy) = =
40 8
Ans12. Total no. of coins = 100 + 50 + 20 + 10 = 180
(i) No. of 50p coin = 100

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[219]
100 5
Required probability = =
180 9
(ii) No. of Rs. 5 coin = 10
No. of coin which is not Rs. 5
= 180 – 170
17 0 17
P (Not Rs. 5 coin) = =
18 0 18
Ans13. When a black die and a white die are thrown
Total no. of possible outcomes
( 6,1) , (1, 2 ) , (1,3) , (1, 4 ) , (1,5 ) , (1, 6 ) 
 
( 2,1) , ( 2, 2 ) , ( 2,3) , ( 2, 4 ) , ( 2,5) , ( 2, 6 ) 
 3,1 , 3, 2 , 3,3 , 3, 4 , 3,5 , 3, 6 
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 
 
( 4,1) , ( 4, 2 ) , ( 4,3) , ( 4, 4 ) , ( 4,5) , ( 4, 6 ) 
 5,1 , 5, 2 , 5,3 , 5, 4 , 5,5 , 5, 6 
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 
( 6,1) , ( 6, 2 ) , ( 6,3) , ( 6, 4 ) , ( 6,5) , ( 6, 6 ) 
 
Total no. of possible outcomes = 6 × 6 = 36
Outcomes in which sum of two numbers is 8 are (2, 6), (3, 5), (4, 4), (5, 3), (6, 2),
which are 5 in number
5
∴ Required probability =
36
(i) For total 6
Favourable outcomes are (1, 5), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2), (5, 1)
∴ favourable no. of outcomes = 5
5
∴ Required probability =
36
(ii) For a total of 10, we have (4, 6), (5, 5), (6, 4)
Favourable outcomes = 3
3 1
∴ Required probability = =
36 12
(iii) For same no. on both dice or no. of doublets (1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5,
5), (6, 6)
Favourable outcomes = 6
6 1
Required probability = =
36 6

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[220]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1. If E be any event, then value of P (E) lie in between [1]


(a) 0 < P( E ) < 1 (b) 0 ≤ P( E ) < 1
(c) 0 ≤ P( E ) ≤ 1 (d) 0 ≤ P( E ) ≤ 2

2. Maximum and minimum value of probability is [1]


(a) (1, 1) (b) (1, 0)
(c) (0, 1) (d) none of these

3. An unbiased die is thrown. What is the probability of getting an even number or a [1]
multiple of 3?
2 3
(a) (b)
3 2
(c) 1 (d) none of these

4. Let E be any event, then the value of P (E) + P (not E) equals to [1]
(a) 1 (b) 0
1
(c) 3 (d)
2

5. If two dice are thrown once, find the probability of getting 9. [2]

6. A card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the probability of [2]
getting a face card.

7. What is the probability of having 53 Mondays in a leap year? [2]

8. Cards bearing numbers 3 to 20 are placed in a bag and mixed thoroughly. A card is [2]
taken out from the bag at random, what is the probability that the number on the
card taken out is an even number?

9. A bag contains 5 red, 4 black and 3 green balls. A ball is taken out of the bag at [3]
random, find the probability that the selected ball is
(i) of red colour, (ii) not of green colour.

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[221]
10. From a well shuffled pack of 52 cards, black aces and black queens are removed. [3]
From the remaining cards a card is drawn at random, find the probability of
drawing a king or a queen.

11. Which of the following experiments have equally likely outcomes? Explain. [3]
(i) A driver attempts to start a car. The car starts or does not start.
(ii) A player attempts to shoot a basket ball, she/he shoots or misses the shot.
(iii) A baby is born. It is a boy or a girl.

12. Find the probability that a number selected at random from the numbers 1, 2, 3,… [3]
35 is a
(i) prime number, (ii) multiple of 7, (iii) multiple of 3 or 5.

13. From a pack of 52 playing cards, jacks, queens, kings and aces of red colour are [5]
removed. From the remaining a card is drawn at random. Find the probability that
the card drawn is (i) a black queen, (ii) a red card, (iii) a black jack, (iv) a
honorable card.

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[222]
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
Class X - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1. (c)
Ans2. (b)
Ans3. (a)
Ans4. (a)

Ans5. Total number of possible outcomes of throwing two dice = 6 × 6 = 36


Number of outcomes of getting 9 i.e., (3 + 6), (4 + 5), (5 + 4), (6 + 3) = 4
4 1
∴ Required probability = =
36 4
Ans6. Total number of possible outcomes = 52
Favourable outcomes = 4 + 4 + 4 = 12 [4 jack, 4 queen, 4 king]
12 3
∴ Required probability = =
52 13
Ans7. Total number of days in a leap year = 366
This contains 52 weeks and 2 days
The remaining two days may be MT, TW, WTh, ThF, FS, SS, SM
Favourable cases are MT, SM i.e., 2 out of 7 cases
2
∴ Required probability =
7
Ans8. Total number of outcomes = 20 – 3 = 17
Cards in the box having even numbers are 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, which
are 9 in number
∴ favourable outcomes= 9
9
∴ P (an even number) =
17
Ans9. Total number of balls in the bag = 5 + 4 + 3
∴ Total number of outcomes = 12
(i) No. of red balls = 5

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[223]
5
∴ Required probability for a red ball =
12
(ii) favourable cases for non green ball = 12 – 3 = 9
9 3
∴ Required probability for a non green ball = =
12 4

Ans10. Total number of cards = 52


Number of black aces = 2
Number of black queens = 2
Cards left = 52 – 2 – 2 = 48
∴ Total number of equally likely cases = 48
Number of kings and queens left in the 48 cards = 4 + 2 = 6
Favourable cases = 6
6 1
∴ Required probability = =
48 6

Ans11. (i) A driver attempts to start a car, thencar starts or does not start are not
equally likely.
(ii) A player attempts to shoot a basket ball, she/he shoots or misses the
shoot are not equally likely.
(iii) A baby is born, it is a boy or a girl is an equally likely event.

Ans12. (i) Prime number are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, which are 11 in
number
∵ Total number of outcomes = 35
11
P (Prime number) =
35
(ii) Multiples of ‘7’ are 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, which are 5 in number
5 1
P (a multiple of 7) = =
35 7
(iii) Multiple of ‘3’ are 3, 6, 9,… 33, which are 11 in numbers
Multiple of 5 are 5, 10, 15,… 35, which are 7 in number
Multiple of ‘3’ and ‘5’ are 15, 30, which are 2 in number

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[224]
∴ Multiple of 3 or 5 = 11 + 7 – 2 = 16
16
∴ P (Multiple of 3 or 5) =
35

Ans13. Total number of outcomes = 52


Cards removed = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8 [2 jack, 2 queen, 2 king and 2 aces of red
colour]
∴ Remaining number of cards = 52 – 8 = 44
∴ Total number of outcomes = 44
(i) Favourable outcomes = 2 [There are 2 black queen]
2 1
∴ Required probability = =
44 22
(ii) Favourable outcomes = number of red cards left = 26 – 8 = 18
18 9
∴ Probability for a red card = =
44 22
(iii) Favourable outcomes = Number of black jacks = 2
2 1
Required probability = =
44 22
(iv) Number of picture cards left =2 + 2 + 2 = 6 [jack, queen, King are picture
cards]
6 3
∴ Required probability = =
44 22
(v) Honorable cards [ace, jack, queen and king]
No. of honorable cards left = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8
8 2
∴ Required probability = =
44 11

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[225]
CBSE
Fully Solved
Sample Papers
(SA-2)

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[226]
Solved Paper−1
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Time: 3hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 8 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.9 to 14 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 15 to 24 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 25 to 34 carry 4 marks each.

1. Which one of the following is not a quadratic equation?


(A) (x + 2)2 = 2(x + 3) (B) x2 + 3x = (–1) (1 – 3x)2
(C) (x + 2) (x – 1) = x2 – 2x – 3 (D) x3 – x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)3
2. In an AP, if d = –4, n = 7, an = 4, then a is
(A) 6 (B) 7
(C) 20 (D) 28
3. The sum of first five multiples of 3 is
(A) 45 (B) 55
(C) 65 (D) 75
4. At one end A of a diameter AB of a circle of radius 5 cm, tangent XAY is drawn to
the circle. The length of the chord CD parallel to XY and at a distance 8 cm from A
is
(A) 4 cm (B) 5 cm
(C) 6 cm (D) 8 cm
5. If the area of a circle is 154 cm2, then its perimeter is
(A) 11 cm (B) 22 cm
(C) 44 cm (D) 55 cm
6. If the distance between the points (2, –2) and (–1, x) is 5, one of the values of x is
(A) –2 (B) 2

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[227]
(C) –1 (D) 1
7. A solid piece of iron in the form of a cuboid of dimensions 49cm × 33cm × 24cm, is
moulded to form a solid sphere. The radius of the sphere is
(A) 21cm (B) 23cm
(C) 25cm (D) 19cm
8. Twelve solid spheres of the same size are made by melting a solid metallic cylinder
of base diameter 2 cm and height 16 cm. The diameter of each sphere is
(A) 4 cm (B) 3 cm
(C) 2 cm (D) 6 cm
9. A circus artist is climbing a 20 m long rope, which is tightly stretched and tied from
the top of a vertical pole to the ground. Find the height of the pole, if the angle made
by the rope with the ground level is 30 °.

10. A bag contains 3 red balls and 5 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag.
What is the probability that the ball drawn is (i) red? (ii) not red?

11. Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

12. Find the 31st term of an A.P. whose 11th term is 38 and the 16th term is 73

13. Draw a right triangle in which the sides (other than hypotenuse) are of lengths 4 cm
and 3 cm. the construct another triangle whose sides are 5/3 times the corresponding
sides of the given triangle. Give the justification of the construction.

14. A chord of a circle of radius 10 cm subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the area
of the corresponding: [Use π = 3.14]
(i) Minor segment (ii) Major sector

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[228]
15. A toy is in the form of a cone of radius 3.5 cm mounted on a hemisphere of same
radius. The total height of the toy is 15.5 cm. Find the total surface area of the

toy.

16. Find the point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2, − 5) and (− 2, 9).

17. Find the values of y for which the distance between the points P (2, − 3) and Q
(10, y) is 10 units.

18. A die is thrown twice. What is the probability that


(i) 5 will not come up either time? (ii) 5 will come up at least once?
[Hint: Throwing a die twice and throwing two dice simultaneously are treated as the
same experiment].

19. Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages. The sum of
the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years
was 48.

20. Find the sum of first 40 positive integers divisible by 6.

21. The length of a tangent from a point A at distance 5 cm from the centre of the circle
is 4 cm. Find the radius of the circle.

22. AB and CD are respectively arcs of two concentric circles of


radii 21 cm and 7 cm and centre O (see the given figure). If

∠AOB = 30°, find the area of the shaded region.

23. A 20 m deep well with diameter 7 m is dug and the earth from

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[229]
digging is evenly spread out to form a platform 22 m by 14 m. Find the height of the

platform.

24. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and ∠ABC = 60°. Then

construct a triangle whose sides are of the corresponding sides of the triangle ABC.
Give the justification of the construction.

25. From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a
transmission tower fixed at the top of a 20 m high building are 45° and 60°
respectively. Find the height of the tower.

26. The class X students of a secondary school in


Krishinagar have been allotted a rectangular plot of
land for their gardening activity. Saplings of Gulmohar
are planted on the boundary at a distance of 1 m from
each other. There is a triangular grassy lawn in the plot
as shown in the following figure. The students are to sow seeds of flowering plants
on the remaining area of the plot.
(i) Taking A as origin, find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle.
(ii) What will be the coordinates of the vertices of ∆ PQR if C is the origin?
Also calculate the areas of the triangles in these cases. What do you observe?

27. Find the area of the quadrilateral whose vertices, taken in order, are (− 4, − 2), (− 3,
− 5), (3, − 2) and (2, 3)

28. A box contains 12 balls out of which x are black. If one ball is drawn at random
from the box, what is the probability that it will be a black ball? If 6 more black balls
are put in the box, the probability of drawing a black ball is now double of what it
was before. Find x.

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[230]
29. The sum of the reciprocals of Rehman’s ages, (in years) 3 years ago and 5 years

from now is . Find his present age.

30. Sum of the areas of two squares is 468 m2. If the difference of their perimeters is 24
m, find the sides of the two squares.

31. Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

32. An oil funnel made of tin sheet consists of a 10 cm long


cylindrical portion attached to a frustum of a cone. If the total
height is 22 cm, diameter of the cylindrical portion is 8 cm and
the diameter of the top of the funnel is 18 cm, find the area of the
tin sheet required to make the funnel (see the given figure).

33. A fez, the cap used by the Turks, is shaped like the frustum of a
cone (see the figure given below). If its radius on the open side is
10 cm, radius at the upper base is 4 cm and its slant height is 15

cm, find the area of material use for making it.

34. A 1.2 m tall girl spots a balloon moving with the


wind in a horizontal line at a height of 88.2 m from
the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon
from the eyes of the girl at any instant is 60°. After
some time, the angle of elevation reduces to 30°.
Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the
interval.

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[231]
Solved Paper−1
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2
Solutions

1. C 2. C 3. A 4. D
5. C 6. B 7. A 8. C

9. It can be observed from the figure that AB is the pole.


In ∆ABC,

Therefore, the height of the pole is 10 m.

10. (i) Total number of balls in the bag = 8

(ii) Probability of not getting red ball


= 1 − Probability of getting a red ball

11. Let the first number be x and the second number is 27 − x.


Therefore, their product = x (27 − x)

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[232]
It is given that the product of these numbers is 182.

12. Given that,


a11 = 38
a16 = 73
We know that,
an = a + (n − 1) d
a11 = a + (11 − 1) d
38 = a + 10d (1)
Similarly,
a16 = a + (16 − 1) d
73 = a + 15d (2)
On subtracting (1) from (2), we obtain
35 = 5d
d=7
From equation (1),
38 = a + 10 × (7)
38 − 70 = a
a = −32
a31 = a + (31 − 1) d
= − 32 + 30 (7)
= − 32 + 210
= 178
Hence, 31st term is 178.

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[233]
13. It is given that sides other than hypotenuse are of lengths 4 cm and 3 cm. Clearly,
these will be perpendicular to each other.
The required triangle can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a line segment AB = 4 cm. Draw a ray SA making 90° with it.
Step 2
Draw an arc of 3 cm radius while taking A as its centre to intersect SA at C. Join
BC. ∆ABC is the required triangle.
Step 3
Draw a ray AX making an acute angle with AB, opposite to vertex C.
Step 4
Locate 5 points (as 5 is greater in 5 and 3), A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, on line segment AX
such that AA1 = A1A2 = A2A3 = A3A4 = A4A5.
Step 5
Join A3B. Draw a line through A5 parallel to A3B
intersecting extended line segment AB at B'.
Step 6
Through B', draw a line parallel to BC intersecting
extended line segment AC at C'. ∆AB'C' is the
required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆AB'C',


∠ABC = ∠AB'C' (Corresponding angles)
∠BAC = ∠B'AC' (Common)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆AB'C' (AA similarity criterion)

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[234]
… (1)
In ∆AA3B and ∆AA5B',
∠A3AB = ∠A5AB' (Common)
∠AA3B = ∠AA5B' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆AA3B ∼ ∆AA5B' (AA similarity criterion)

On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain


This justifies the construction.

14. Let AB be the chord of the circle subtending 90° angle at centre O of the circle.

Area of major sector OADB =

Area of minor sector OACB =

Area of ∆OAB =
= 50 cm2
Area of minor segment ACB = Area of minor sector OACB −
Area of ∆OAB = 78.5 − 50 = 28.5 cm2

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[235]
15. It can be observed that the radius of the conical part and the
hemispherical part is same (i.e., 3.5 cm).

Height of hemispherical part = Radius (r) = 3.5 = cm


Height of conical part (h) = 15.5 −3.5 = 12 cm

Total surface area of toy = CSA of conical part + CSA of hemispherical part

16. We have to find a point on x-axis. Therefore, its y-coordinate will be 0.

Let the point on x-axis be .

By the given condition, these distances are equal in measure.

Therefore, the point is (− 7, 0).

17. It is given that the distance between (2, −3) and (10, y) is 10.

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[236]
18. Total number of outcomes = 6 × 6 = 36
(i) Total number of outcomes when 5 comes up on either time are (5, 1), (5, 2), (5,
3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6), (1, 5), (2, 5), (3, 5), (4, 5), (6, 5)
Hence, total number of favourable cases = 11

P (5 will come up either time)

P (5 will not come up either time)


(ii) Total number of cases, when 5 can come at least once = 11

P (5 will come at least once)

19. Let the age of one friend be x years.


Age of the other friend will be (20 − x) years.
4 years ago, age of 1st friend = (x − 4) years
And, age of 2nd friend = (20 − x − 4)
= (16 − x) years
Given that,
(x − 4) (16 − x) = 48
16x − 64 − x2 + 4x = 48
− x2 + 20x − 112 = 0
x2 − 20x + 112 = 0
Comparing this equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we obtain

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[237]
a = 1, b = −20, c = 112
Discriminant = b2 − 4ac = (− 20)2 − 4 (1) (112)
= 400 − 448 = −48
As b2 − 4ac < 0,
Therefore, no real root is possible for this equation and hence, this situation is not
possible.

20. The positive integers that are divisible by 6 are


6, 12, 18, 24 …
It can be observed that these are making an A.P. whose first term is 6 and common
difference is 6.
a=6
d=6
S40 =?

= 20[12 + (39) (6)]


= 20(12 + 234)
= 20 × 246
= 4920

21. Let us consider a circle centered at point O.


AB is a tangent drawn on this circle from point A.
Given that,
OA = 5cm and AB = 4 cm
In ∆ABO,
OB ⊥ AB (Radius ⊥ tangent at the point of contact)
Applying Pythagoras theorem in ∆ABO, we obtain
AB2 + BO2 = OA2

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[238]
42 + BO2 = 52
16 + BO2 = 25
BO2 = 9
BO = 3
Hence, the radius of the circle is 3 cm.

22. Area of the shaded region = Area of sector OAEB − Area of sector OCFD

23. The shape of the well will be cylindrical.


Depth (h) of well = 20 m

Radius (r) of circular end of well =


Area of platform = Length × Breadth = 22 × 14 m2
Let height of the platform = H
Volume of soil dug from the well will be equal to the volume of soil scattered on the
platform.
Volume of soil from well = Volume of soil used to make such
platform

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[239]
Therefore, the height of such platform will be 2.5 m.

24. A ∆A'BC' whose sides are of the corresponding sides of ∆ABC can be drawn as
follows.
Step 1
Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and ∠ABC = 60°.
Step 2
Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the opposite side of vertex A.
Step 3
Locate 4 points (as 4 is greater in 3 and 4), B1, B2, B3, B4, on
line segment BX.
Step 4
Join B4C and draw a line through B3, parallel to B4C
intersecting BC at C'.
Step 5
Draw a line through C' parallel to AC intersecting AB at A'.
∆A'BC' is the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving

In ∆A'BC' and ∆ABC,


∠A'C'B = ∠ACB (Corresponding angles)
∠A'BC' = ∠ABC (Common)

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∴ ∆A'BC' ∼ ∆ABC (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆BB3C' and ∆BB4C,
∠B3BC' = ∠B4BC (Common)
∠BB3C' = ∠BB4C (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆BB3C' ∼ ∆BB4C (AA similarity criterion)

From equations (1) and (2), we obtain


This justifies the construction.

25. Let BC be the building, AB be the transmission tower, and D be the point on the
ground from where the elevation angles are to be measured.
In ∆BCD,

In ∆ACD,

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[241]
Therefore, the height of the transmission tower is m.

26. (i) Taking A as origin, we will take AD as x-axis and AB as y-axis. It can be observed
that the coordinates of point P, Q, and R are (4, 6), (3, 2), and (6, 5) respectively.

(ii) Taking C as origin, CB as x-axis, and CD as y-axis, the coordinates of vertices P, Q,


and R are (12, 2), (13, 6), and (10, 3) respectively.

It can be observed that the area of the triangle is same in both the cases.

27. Let the vertices of the quadrilateral be A (−4, −2), B (−3, −5), C (3, −2), and D (2,
3). Join AC to form two triangles ∆ABC and ∆ACD.

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[242]
28. Total number of balls = 12
Total number of black balls = x

P (getting a black ball) =


If 6 more black balls are put in the box, then
Total number of balls = 12 + 6 = 18
Total number of black balls = x + 6

P (getting a black ball now)


According to the condition given in the question,

29. Let the present age of Rehman be x years.


Three years ago, his age was (x − 3) years.
Five years hence, his age will be (x + 5) years.
It is given that the sum of the reciprocals of Rehman’s ages 3 years ago and 5 years

from now is .

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[243]
However, age cannot be negative.
Therefore, Rehman’s present age is 7 years.

30. Let the sides of the two squares be x m and y m. Therefore, their perimeter will be
4x and 4y respectively and their areas will be x2 and y2 respectively.
It is given that
4x − 4y = 24
x−y=6
x=y+6

However, side of a square cannot be negative.

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[244]
Hence, the sides of the squares are 12 m and (12 + 6) m = 18 m

31. Since ABCD is a parallelogram,


AB = CD …(1)
BC = AD …(2)
It can be observed that
DR = DS (Tangents on the circle from point D)
CR = CQ (Tangents on the circle from point C)
BP = BQ (Tangents on the circle from point B)
AP = AS (Tangents on the circle from point A)
Adding all these equations, we obtain
DR + CR + BP + AP = DS + CQ + BQ + AS
(DR + CR) + (BP + AP) = (DS + AS) + (CQ + BQ)
CD + AB = AD + BC
On putting the values of equations (1) and (2) in this equation, we obtain
2AB = 2BC
AB = BC …(3)
Comparing equations (1), (2), and (3), we obtain
AB = BC = CD = DA
Hence, ABCD is a rhombus.

32. Radius (r1) of upper circular end of frustum part


Radius (r2) of lower circular end of frustum part = Radius of circular end of

cylindrical part
Height (h1) of frustum part = 22 − 10 = 12 cm
Height (h2) of cylindrical part = 10 cm

Slant height (l) of frustum part

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[245]
Area of tin sheet required = CSA of frustum part + CSA of cylindrical part

33. Radius (r2) at upper circular end = 4 cm


Radius (r1) at lower circular end = 10 cm
Slant height (l) of frustum = 15 cm
Area of material used for making the fez = CSA of
frustum + Area of upper circular end

= π (10 + 4) 15 + π (4)2
= π (14) 15 + 16 π

Therefore, the area of material used for making it is .

34. Let the initial position A of balloon change to B after some time and CD be the girl.
In ∆ACE,

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[246]
In ∆BCG,

Distance travelled by balloon = EG = CG − CE

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[247]
Solved Paper−2
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Time: 3hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 8 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.9 to 14 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 15 to 24 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 25 to 34 carry 4 marks each.

1. Values of k for which the quadratic equation 2x2 – kx + k = 0 has equal roots is
(A) 0 only (B) 4
(C) 8 only (D) 0, 8

2. The list of numbers – 10, – 6, – 2, 2,... is


(A) an AP with d = – 16 (B) an AP with d = 4
(C) an AP with d = – 4 (D) not an AP

3. If the first term of an AP is –5 and the common difference is 2, then the sum of the
first 6 terms is
(A) 0 (B) 5
(C) 6 (D) 15

4. At one end A of a diameter AB of a circle of radius 5 cm, tangent XAY is drawn to


the circle. The length of the chord CD parallel to XY and at a distance 8 cm from A
is
(A) 4 cm (B) 5 cm
(C) 6 cm (D) 8 cm

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[248]
5. If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their areas is
(A) 22 : 7 (B) 14 : 11
(C) 7 : 22 (D) 11: 14

6. The points A (9, 0), B (9, 6), C (–9, 6) and D (–9, 0) are the vertices of a
(A) square (B) rectangle
(C) rhombus (D) trapezium

7. A shuttle cock used for playing badminton has the shape of the combination of
(A) a cylinder and a sphere (B) a cylinder and a hemisphere
(C) a sphere and a cone (D) frustum of a cone and a hemisphere

8. A cone is cut through a plane parallel to its base and then the cone that is formed on
one side of that plane is removed. The new part that is left over on the other side of
the plane is called
(A) a frustum of a cone (B) cone
(C) cylinder (D) sphere

9. A contractor plans to install two slides for the children to play in a park. For the
children below the age of 5 years, she prefers to have a slide whose top is at a height
of 1.5 m, and is inclined at an angle of 30 ° to the ground, where as for the elder
children she wants to have a steep side at a height of 3 m, and inclined at an angle of
60 ° to the ground. What should be the length of the slide in each case?

10. A bag contains lemon flavoured candies only. Malini takes out one candy without
looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out
(i) an orange flavoured candy? (ii) a lemon flavoured candy?

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11. John and Jivanti together have 45 marbles. Both of them lost 5 marbles each, and the
product of the number of marbles they now have is 124. Find out how many marbles
they had to start with.

12. Which term of the A.P. 3, 8, 13, 18, … is 78?

13. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°. Then, construct a
triangle whose sides are 4/3 times the corresponding side of ∆ABC. Give the
justification of the construction.

14. Find the area of a quadrant of a circle whose circumference is 22 cm.

15. 2 cubes each of volume 64 cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the
resulting cuboids.

16. Determine if the points (1, 5), (2, 3) and (− 2, − 11) are collinear.

17. Check whether (5, − 2), (6, 4) and (7, − 2) are the vertices of an isosceles triangle.

18. A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good.
Nuri will buy a pen if it is good, but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper
draws one pen at random and gives it to her. What is the probability that
(i) She will buy it? (ii) She will not buy it?

19. Find the values of k for each of the following quadratic equations, so that they have
two equal roots.
(I) 2x2 + kx + 3 = 0 (II) kx (x − 2) + 6 = 0
20. Show that a1, a2 … , an , … form an AP where an is defined as below
(i) an = 3 + 4n (ii) an = 9 − 5n

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[250]
Also find the sum of the first 15 terms in each case.

21. A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle (see given figure) Prove that
AB + CD = AD + BC

22. In the given figure, OACB is a quadrant of circle with centre O


and radius 3.5 cm. If OD = 2 cm, find the area of the
(i) Quadrant OACB
(ii) Shaded region

23. A container shaped like a right circular cylinder having diameter 12 cm and height 15
cm is full of ice cream. The ice cream is to be filled into cones of height 12 cm and
diameter 6 cm, having a hemispherical shape on the top. Find the number of such
cones which can be filled with ice cream.

24. Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm and then another triangle whose
sides are 7/5 of the corresponding sides of the first triangle.
Give the justification of the construction.

25. A kite is flying at a height of 60 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is
temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the
ground is 60°. Find the length of the string, assuming that there is no slack in the
string.

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[251]
26. Let A (4, 2), B (6, 5) and C (1, 4) be the vertices of ∆ABC.
(i) The median from A meets BC at D. Find the coordinates of point D.
(ii) Find the coordinates of the point P on AD such that AP: PD = 2:1
(iii) Find the coordinates of point Q and R on medians BE and CF respectively such
that BQ: QE = 2:1 and CR: RF = 2:1.
(iv) What do you observe?
(v) If A(x1, y1), B(x2, y2), and C(x3, y3) are the vertices of ∆ABC, find the coordinates
of the centroid of the triangle.

27. Find a relation between x and y if the points (x, y), (1, 2) and (7, 0) are collinear.

28. Two customers Shyam and Ekta are visiting a particular shop in the same week
(Tuesday to Saturday). Each is equally likely to visit the shop on any day as on
another day. What is the probability that both will visit the shop on
(i) the same day? (ii) consecutive days? (iii) different days?

29. A train travels 360 km at a uniform speed. If the speed had been 5 km/h more, it
would have taken 1 hour less for the same journey. Find the speed of the train.

30. Two water taps together can fill a tank in hours. The tap of larger diameter takes 10
hours less than the smaller one to fill the tank separately. Find the time in which each
tap can separately fill the tank.

31. Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend


supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

32. A right triangle whose sides are 3 cm and 4 cm (other than hypotenuse) is made to
revolve about its hypotenuse. Find the volume and surface area of the double cone so
formed. (Choose value of π as found appropriate.)

33. A drinking glass is in the shape of a frustum of a cone of height 14 cm. The diameters
of its two circular ends are 4 cm and 2 cm. Find the capacity of the glass.

34. The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and
9 m. from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are
complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is 6 m.

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[252]
Solved Paper−2
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Solutions

1. D 2. B 3. A 4. D
5. B 6. B 7. D 8. A

9. It can be observed that AC and PR are the slides for younger and elder children
respectively.
In ∆ABC,

In ∆PQR,

Therefore, the lengths of these slides are 3 m and .

10. (i) The bag contains lemon flavoured candies only. It does not contain any orange
flavoured candies. This implies that every time, she will take out only lemon
flavoured candies. Therefore, event that Malini will take out an orange flavoured
candy is an impossible event.
Hence, P (an orange flavoured candy) = 0

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[253]
(ii) As the bag has lemon flavoured candies, Malini will take out only lemon
flavoured candies. Therefore, event that Malini will take out a lemon flavoured
candy is a sure event. P (a lemon flavoured candy) = 1

11. Let the number of John’s marbles be x.


Therefore, number of Jivanti’s marble = 45 − x
After losing 5 marbles,
Number of John’s marbles = x − 5
Number of Jivanti’s marbles = 45 − x − 5 = 40 − x
It is given that the product of their marbles is 124.

Either = 0 or x − 9 = 0
i.e., x = 36 or x = 9
If the number of John’s marbles = 36,
Then, number of Jivanti’s marbles = 45 − 36 = 9
If number of John’s marbles = 9,
Then, number of Jivanti’s marbles = 45 − 9 = 36

12. 3, 8, 13, 18, …


For this A.P.,
a=3
d = a2 − a1 = 8 − 3 = 5
Let nth term of this A.P. be 78.
an = a + (n − 1) d
78 = 3 + (n − 1) 5

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[254]
75 = (n − 1) 5
(n − 1) = 15
n = 16
Hence, 16th term of this A.P. is 78.

13. ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°


Sum of all interior angles in a triangle is 180°.
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
105° + 45° + ∠C = 180°
∠C = 180° − 150°
∠C = 30°
The required triangle can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠C = 30°.
Step 2
Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the opposite side of vertex A.
Step 3
Locate 4 points (as 4 is greater in 4 and 3), B1, B2, B3, B4, on BX.
Step 4
Join B3C. Draw a line through B4 parallel to B3C intersecting extended BC at C'.
Step 5
Through C', draw a line parallel to AC intersecting extended line segment at C'.
∆A'BC' is the required triangle.

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[255]
Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆A'BC',


∠ABC = ∠A'BC' (Common)
∠ACB = ∠A'C'B (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆A'BC' (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆BB3C and ∆BB4C',
∠B3BC = ∠B4BC' (Common)
∠BB3C = ∠BB4C' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆BB3C ∼ ∆BB4C' (AA similarity criterion)

On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain


This justifies the construction.

14. Let the radius of the circle be r.


Circumference = 22 cm
2πr = 22

Quadrant of circle will subtend 90° angle at the centre of the circle.

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[256]
Area of such quadrant of the circle

15. Given that,


Volume of cubes = 64 cm3
(Edge) 3 = 64
Edge = 4 cm
If cubes are joined end to end, the dimensions of the resulting cuboid will be 4 cm, 4
cm, 8 cm.

16. Let the points (1, 5), (2, 3), and (−2, −11) be representing the vertices A, B, and C of
the given triangle respectively.

Let

Therefore, the points (1, 5), (2, 3), and (−2, −11) are not collinear.

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[257]
17. Let the points (5, −2), (6, 4), and (7, −2) are representing the vertices A, B, and C of
the given triangle respectively.

As two sides are equal in length, therefore, ABCis an isosceles triangle.

18. Total number of pens = 144


Total number of defective pens = 20
Total number of good pens = 144 − 20 = 124

(i) Probability of getting a good pen

P (Nuri buys a pen)

(ii) P (Nuri will not buy a pen)

19. We know that if an equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 has two equal roots, its discriminant
(b2 − 4ac) will be 0.
(I) 2x2 + kx + 3 = 0
Comparing equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we obtain
a = 2, b = k, c = 3
Discriminant = b2 − 4ac = (k)2− 4(2) (3)
= k2 − 24
For equal roots,
Discriminant = 0
k2 − 24 = 0
k2 = 24

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[258]
(II) kx (x − 2) + 6 = 0
or kx2 − 2kx + 6 = 0
Comparing this equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we obtain
a = k, b = −2k, c = 6
Discriminant = b2 − 4ac = (− 2k)2 − 4 (k) (6)
= 4k2 − 24k
For equal roots,
b2 − 4ac = 0
4k2 − 24k = 0
4k (k − 6) = 0
Either 4k = 0 or k = 6 = 0
k = 0 or k = 6
However, if k = 0, then the equation will not have the terms ‘x2’ and ‘x’.
Therefore, if this equation has two equal roots, k should be 6 only.

20. (i) an = 3 + 4n
a1 = 3 + 4(1) = 7
a2 = 3 + 4(2) = 3 + 8 = 11
a3 = 3 + 4(3) = 3 + 12 = 15
a4 = 3 + 4(4) = 3 + 16 = 19
It can be observed that
a2 − a1 = 11 − 7 = 4
a3 − a2 = 15 − 11 = 4
a4 − a3 = 19 − 15 = 4
i.e., ak + 1 − ak is same every time. Therefore, this is an AP with common
difference as 4 and first term as 7.

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[259]
= 15 × 35
= 525
(ii) an = 9 − 5n
a1 = 9 − 5 × 1 = 9 − 5 = 4
a2 = 9 − 5 × 2 = 9 − 10 = −1
a3 = 9 − 5 × 3 = 9 − 15 = −6
a4 = 9 − 5 × 4 = 9 − 20 = −11
It can be observed that
a2 − a1 = − 1 − 4 = −5
a3 − a2 = − 6 − (−1) = −5
a4 − a3 = − 11 − (−6) = −5
i.e., ak + 1 − ak is same every time. Therefore, this is an A.P. with common
difference as −5 and first term as 4.

= −465

21. It can be observed that

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[260]
DR = DS (Tangents on the circle from point D) … (1)
CR = CQ (Tangents on the circle from point C) … (2)
BP = BQ (Tangents on the circle from point B) … (3)
AP = AS (Tangents on the circle from point A) … (4)
Adding all these equations, we obtain
DR + CR + BP + AP = DS + CQ + BQ + AS
(DR + CR) + (BP + AP) = (DS + AS) + (CQ + BQ)
CD + AB = AD + BC

22. (i) Since OACB is a quadrant, it will subtend 90° angle at O.

Area of quadrant OACB

(ii) Area of ∆OBD

Area of the shaded region = Area of quadrant OACB − Area of ∆OBD

23. Height (h1) of cylindrical container = 15 cm

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[261]
Radius (r1) of circular end of container =

Radius (r2) of circular end of ice-cream cone =


Height (h2) of conical part of ice-cream cone = 12 cm
Let n ice-cream cones be filled with ice-cream of the container.
Volume of ice-cream in cylinder = n × (Volume of 1 ice-cream cone + Volume of
hemispherical shape on the top)

Therefore, 10 ice-cream cones can be filled with the ice-cream in the container.

24. Step 1
Draw a line segment AB of 5 cm. Taking A and B as centre, draw arcs of 6 cm and 5
cm radius respectively. Let these arcs intersect each other at point C. ∆ABC is the
required triangle having length of sides as 5 cm, 6 cm, and 7 cm respectively.
Step 2
Draw a ray AX making acute angle with line AB on the opposite side of vertex C.
Step 3
Locate 7 points, A1, A2, A3, A4 A5, A6, A7 (as 7 is greater between 5and 7), on line AX
such that AA1 = A1A2 = A2A3 = A3A4 = A4A5 = A5A6 = A6A7.
Step 4
Join BA5 and draw a line through A7 parallel to BA5 to intersect extended line
segment AB at point B'.
Step 5

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[262]
Draw a line through B' parallel to BC intersecting the extended line segment AC at
C'. ∆AB'C' is the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆AB'C',


∠ABC = ∠AB'C' (Corresponding angles)
∠BAC = ∠B'AC' (Common)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆AB'C' (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆AA5B and ∆AA7B',
∠A5AB = ∠A7AB' (Common)
∠AA5B = ∠AA7B' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆AA5B ∼ ∆AA7B' (AA similarity criterion)

On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain

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[263]
This justifies the construction.

25. Let K be the kite and the string is tied to point P


on the ground.
In ∆KLP,

Hence, the length of the string is .

26. (i) Median AD of the triangle will divide the side BC in two equal parts.
Therefore, D is the mid-point of side BC.

(ii) Point P divides the side AD in a ratio 2:1.

(iii) Median BE of the triangle will divide the side AC in two equal parts.
Therefore, E is the mid-point of side AC.

Point Q divides the side BE in a ratio 2:1.

Median CF of the triangle will divide the side AB in two equal parts. Therefore,
F is the mid-point of side AB.

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[264]
Point R divides the side CF in a ratio 2:1.

(iv) It can be observed that the coordinates of point P, Q, R are the same.
Therefore, all these are representing the same point on the plane i.e., the centroid
of the triangle.
(v) Consider a triangle, ∆ABC, having its vertices as A(x1, y1), B(x2, y2), and C(x3,y3).
Median AD of the triangle will divide the side BC in two equal parts. Therefore,
D is the mid-point of side BC.

Let the centroid of this triangle be O.


Point O divides the side AD in a ratio 2:1.

27. If the given points are collinear, then the area of triangle formed by these points will be
0.

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[265]
This is the required relation between x and y.

28. There are a total of 5 days. Shyam can go to the shop in 5 ways and Ekta can go to
the shop in 5 ways.
Therefore, total number of outcomes = 5 × 5 = 25
(i) They can reach on the same day in 5 ways.
i.e., (t, t), (w, w), (th, th), (f, f), (s, s)

P (both will reach on same day)


(ii) They can reach on consecutive days in these 8 ways - (t, w), (w, th), (th, f), (f, s), (w,
t), (th, w), (f, th), (s, f).

Therefore, P (both will reach on consecutive days)

(iii) P (both will reach on same day) [(From (i)]

P (both will reach on different days)

29. Let the speed of the train be x km/hr.

Time taken to cover 360 km hr


According to the given question,

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[266]
However, speed cannot be negative.
Therefore, the speed of train is 40 km/h

30. Let the time taken by the smaller pipe to fill the tank be x hr.
Time taken by the larger pipe = (x − 10) hr

Part of tank filled by smaller pipe in 1 hour =

Part of tank filled by larger pipe in 1 hour =

It is given that the tank can be filled in hours by both the pipes together.
Therefore,

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[267]
Time taken by the smaller pipe cannot be = 3.75 hours. As in this case, the time
taken by the larger pipe will be negative, which is logically not possible.
Therefore, time taken individually by the smaller pipe and the larger pipe will be 25
and 25 − 10 =15 hours respectively.

31. Let ABCD be a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle centered at O such that it


touches the circle at point P, Q, R, S. Let us join the vertices of the quadrilateral
ABCD to the center of the circle.
Consider ∆OAP and ∆OAS,
AP = AS (Tangents from the same point)
OP = OS (Radii of the same circle)
OA = OA (Common side)
∆OAP ≅ ∆OAS (SSS congruence criterion)
Therefore, A ↔ A, P ↔ S, O ↔ O
And thus, ∠POA = ∠AOS
∠1 = ∠8
Similarly,

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[268]
∠2 = ∠3
∠4 = ∠5
∠6 = ∠7
∠1 + ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠4 + ∠5 + ∠6 + ∠7 + ∠8 = 360º
(∠1 + ∠8) + (∠2 + ∠3) + (∠4 + ∠5) + (∠6 + ∠7) = 360º
2∠1 + 2∠2 + 2∠5 + 2∠6 = 360º
2(∠1 + ∠2) + 2(∠5 + ∠6) = 360º
(∠1 + ∠2) + (∠5 + ∠6) = 180º
∠AOB + ∠COD = 180º
Similarly, we can prove that ∠BOC + ∠DOA = 180º
Hence, opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend
supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

32. The double cone so formed by revolving this right-angled triangle ABC about its
hypotenuse is shown in the figure.

Hypotenuse

= 5 cm

Area of ∆ABC

Volume of double cone = Volume of cone 1 + Volume of cone 2

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[269]
= 30.14 cm3
Surface area of double cone = Surface area of cone 1 + Surface area of cone 2
= πrl1 + πrl2

= 52.75 cm2

33. Radius (r1) of

Radius (r2) of
Capacity of glass = Volume of frustum of cone

Therefore, the capacity of the glass is .

34. Let AQ be the tower and R, S are the points 4m, 9m away from the base of the tower
respectively.
The angles are complementary. Therefore, if one angle is θ, the other will be 90 − θ.
In ∆AQR,

In ∆AQS,

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[270]
On multiplying equations (i) and (ii), we obtain

However, height cannot be negative.


Therefore, the height of the tower is 6 m.

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[271]
Solved Paper−3
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Time: 3hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 8 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.9 to 14 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 15 to 24 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 25 to 34 carry 4 marks each.

1. (x2 + 1)2 – x2 = 0 has


(A) four real roots (B) two real roots
(C) no real roots (D) one real root.

2. If the common difference of an AP is 5, then what is a18 – a13 ?


(A) 5 (B) 20
(C) 25 (D) 30

3. The 4th term from the end of the AP: –11, –8, –5, ..., 49 is
(A) 37 (B) 40
(C) 43 (D) 58

4. From a point P which is at a distance of 13 cm from the centre O of a circle of radius 5 cm,
the pair of tangents PQ and PR to the circle are drawn. Then the area of the quadrilateral
PQOR is
(A) 60 cm2 (B) 65 cm2
(C) 30 cm2 (D) 32.5 cm2

5. It is proposed to build a single circular park equal in area to the sum of areas of two circular
parks of diameters 16 m and 12 m in a locality. The radius of the new park would be
(A) 10 m (B) 15 m
(C) 20 m (D) 24 m

6. The distance of the point P (2, 3) from the x-axis is


(A) 2 (B) 3
(C) 1 (D) 5

7. The shape of a glass (tumbler) is usually in the form of


(A) a cone (B) frustum of a cone
(C) a cylinder (D) a sphere

8. The shape of a gilli, in the gilli-danda game, is a combination of


(A) two cylinders (B) a cone and a cylinder
(C) two cones and a cylinder (D) two cylinders and a cone

9. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground, which is 30 m away
from the foot of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower.

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[272]
10. If P(E) = 0.05, what is the probability of ‘not E’?

11. Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

12. An A.P. consists of 50 terms of which 3rd term is 12 and the last term is 106. Find the
29th term
13. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and ∠ABC = 60°. Then construct a
triangle whose sides are of the corresponding sides of the triangle ABC.
Give the justification of the construction.

14. In a circle of radius 21 cm, an arc subtends an angle of 60° at the centre. Find:
(i) The length of the arc
(ii) Area of the sector formed by the arc
(iii) Area of the segment forced by the corresponding chord

15. A cubical block of side 7 cm is surmounted by a hemisphere. What is the greatest diameter
the hemisphere can have? Find the surface area of the solid.

16. If Q (0, 1) is equidistant from P (5, − 3) and R (x, 6), find the values of x. Also find the
distance QR and PR.

17. Find the values of y for which the distance between the points P (2, − 3) and Q (10, y) is 10
units.

18. Which of the following arguments are correct and which are not correct? Give reasons for
your answer.
(i) If two coins are tossed simultaneously there are three possible outcomes−−two heads,

two tails or one of each. Therefore, for each of these outcomes, the probability is .
(ii) If a die is thrown, there are two possible outcomes−−an odd number or an even
number. Therefore, the probability of getting an odd number is .

19. Find the roots of the following equations:

20. Find the sum of the odd numbers between 0 and 50.

21. Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a diameter of a circle are parallel.

22. Calculate the area of the designed region in the given figure common between the two
quadrants of circles of radius 8 cm each.

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[273]
23. Metallic spheres of radii 6 cm, 8 cm, and 10 cm, respectively, are melted to form a single
solid sphere. Find the radius of the resulting sphere.

24. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°. Then, construct a triangle
whose sides are times the corresponding side of ∆ABC. Give the justification of the
construction.

25. A statue, 1.6 m tall, stands on a top of pedestal, from a point on the ground, the angle of
elevation of the top of statue is 60° and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top
of the pedestal is 45 °. Find the height of the pedestal.

26. The two opposite vertices of a square are (− 1, 2) and (3, 2). Find the coordinates of the
other two vertices.

27. Find the area of the triangle formed by joining the mid-points of the sides of the triangle
whose vertices are (0, − 1), (2, 1) and (0, 3). Find the ratio of this area to the area of the
given triangle.

28. A jar contains 24 marbles, some are green and others are blue. If a marble is drawn at
random from the jar, the probability that it is green is . Find the number of blue balls in the
jar.

29. The diagonal of a rectangular field is 60 metres more than the shorter side. If the longer side
is 30 metres more than the shorter side, find the sides of the field.
30. Two water taps together can fill a tank in hours. The tap of larger diameter takes 10 hours
less than the smaller one to fill the tank separately. Find the time in which each tap can
separately fill the tank.
31. In the given figure, XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and
another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. Prove that
∠AOB=90 .

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[274]
32. Derive the formula for the volume of the frustum of a cone.

33. A metallic right circular cone 20 cm high and whose vertical angle is 60° is cut into two
parts at the middle of its height by a plane parallel to its base. If the frustum so obtained is
drawn into a wire of diameter cm, find the length of the wire.

34. From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60°
and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

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[275]
Solved Paper−3
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2
Solutions

1. C 2. C 3. B 4. C
5. A 6. B 7. B 8. C

9. Let AB be the tower and the angle of elevation from point C (on ground) is 30°.
In ∆ABC,

Therefore, the height of the tower is .

10. We know that,

Therefore, the probability of ‘not E’ is 0.95.

11. Let the consecutive positive integers be x and x + 1.

Either x + 14 = 0 or x − 13 = 0, i.e., x = −14 or x = 13


Since the integers are positive, x can only be 13.
∴ x + 1 = 13 + 1 = 14
Therefore, two consecutive positive integers will be 13 and 14.

12. Given that,


a3 = 12

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[276]
a50 = 106
We know that,
an = a + (n − 1) d
a3 = a + (3 − 1) d
12 = a + 2d (I)
Similarly, a50 = a + (50 − 1) d
106 = a + 49d (II)
On subtracting (I) from (II), we obtain
94 = 47d
d=2
From equation (I), we obtain
12 = a + 2 (2)
a = 12 − 4 = 8
a29 = a + (29 − 1) d
a29 = 8 + (28)2
a29 = 8 + 56 = 64
Therefore, 29th term is 64.

13. A ∆A'BC' whose sides are of the corresponding sides of ∆ABC can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and ∠ABC = 60°.
Step 2
Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the opposite side of vertex A.
Step 3
Locate 4 points (as 4 is greater in 3 and 4), B1, B2, B3, B4, on line segment BX.
Step 4
Join B4C and draw a line through B3, parallel to B4C intersecting BC at C'.
Step 5
Draw a line through C' parallel to AC intersecting AB at A'. ∆A'BC' is the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving

In ∆A'BC' and ∆ABC,


∠A'C'B = ∠ACB (Corresponding angles)
∠A'BC' = ∠ABC (Common)
∴ ∆A'BC' ∼ ∆ABC (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆BB3C' and ∆BB4C,
∠B3BC' = ∠B4BC (Common)
∠BB3C' = ∠BB4C (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆BB3C' ∼ ∆BB4C (AA similarity criterion)

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[277]
From equations (1) and (2), we obtain


This justifies the construction.

14. Radius (r) of circle = 21 cm


Angle subtended by the given arc = 60°

Length of an arc of a sector of angle θ =

Length of arc ACB =

= 22 cm

Area of sector OACB =

In ∆OAB,
∠OAB = ∠OBA (As OA = OB)
∠OAB + ∠AOB + ∠OBA = 180°
2∠OAB + 60° = 180°
∠OAB = 60°
Therefore, ∆OAB is an equilateral triangle.

Area of ∆OAB =

Area of segment ACB = Area of sector OACB − Area of ∆OAB

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[278]
15. From the figure, it can be observed that the greatest diameter possible for such hemisphere is
equal to the cube’s edge, i.e., 7cm.

Radius (r) of hemispherical part = = 3.5cm


Total surface area of solid = Surface area of cubical part +
CSA of hemispherical part
− Area of base of hemispherical part
= 6 (Edge)2 − = 6 (Edge)2 +

16.

Therefore, point R is (4, 6) or (−4, 6).


When point R is (4, 6),

When point R is (−4, 6),

17. It is given that the distance between (2, −3) and (10, y) is 10.

18. (i) Incorrect

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[279]
When two coins are tossed, the possible outcomes are (H, H), (H, T), (T, H), and (T, T).
It can be observed that there can be one of each in two possible ways − (H, T), (T, H).
Therefore, the probability of getting two heads is , the probability of getting two tails is
, and the probability of getting one of each is .

It can be observed that for each outcome, the probability is not .

(ii) Correct
When a dice is thrown, the possible outcomes are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Out of these, 1, 3,
5 are odd and 2, 4, 6 are even numbers.
Therefore, the probability of getting an odd number is .

19.

20. The odd numbers between 0 and 50 are


1, 3, 5, 7, 9 … 49
Therefore, it can be observed that these odd numbers are in an A.P.
a=1
d=2
l = 49
l = a + (n − 1) d
49 = 1 + (n − 1)2
48 = 2(n − 1)
n − 1 = 24
n = 25

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[280]
= 625

21. Let AB be a diameter of the circle. Two tangents PQ and RS are drawn at points A and B
respectively.
Radius drawn to these tangents will be perpendicular to the tangents.
Thus, OA ⊥ RS and OB ⊥ PQ
∠OAR = 90º
∠OAS = 90º
∠OBP = 90º
∠OBQ = 90º
It can be observed that
∠OAR = ∠OBQ (Alternate interior angles)
∠OAS = ∠OBP (Alternate interior angles)
Since alternate interior angles are equal, lines PQ and RS will be parallel.

22. The designed area is the common region between two sectors BAEC and DAFC.

Area of sector

Area of ∆BAC

Area of the designed portion = 2 × (Area of segment AEC)


= 2 × (Area of sector BAEC − Area of ∆BAC)

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[281]
23. Radius (r1) of 1st sphere = 6 cm
Radius (r2) of 2nd sphere = 8 cm
Radius (r3) of 3rd sphere = 10 cm
Let the radius of the resulting sphere be r.
The object formed by recasting these spheres will be same in volume as the sum of the
volumes of these spheres.
Volume of 3 spheres = Volume of resulting sphere

Therefore, the radius of the sphere so formed will be 12 cm.

24. ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°


Sum of all interior angles in a triangle is 180°.
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
105° + 45° + ∠C = 180°
∠C = 180° − 150°
∠C = 30°
The required triangle can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠C = 30°.
Step 2
Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the opposite side of vertex A.
Step 3
Locate 4 points (as 4 is greater in 4 and 3), B1, B2, B3, B4, on BX.
Step 4
Join B3C. Draw a line through B4 parallel to B3C intersecting extended BC at C'.
Step 5
Through C', draw a line parallel to AC intersecting extended line segment at C'. ∆A'BC' is
the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆A'BC',


∠ABC = ∠A'BC' (Common)
∠ACB = ∠A'C'B (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆A'BC' (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆BB3C and ∆BB4C',
∠B3BC = ∠B4BC' (Common)

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[282]
∠BB3C = ∠BB4C' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆BB3C ∼ ∆BB4C' (AA similarity criterion)

On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain


This justifies the construction.

25. Let AB be the statue, BC be the pedestal, and D be the point on the ground from where the
elevation angles are to be measured.
In ∆BCD,

In ∆ACD,

Therefore, the height of the pedestal is 0.8 m.

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[283]
26. Let ABCD be a square having (−1, 2) and (3, 2) as vertices A and C respectively. Let (x, y),
(x1, y1) be the coordinate of vertex B and D respectively.
We know that the sides of a square are equal to each other.
∴ AB = BC

We know that in a square, all interior angles are of 90°.


In ∆ABC,
AB2 + BC2 = AC2

⇒ 4 + y2 + 4 − 4y + 4 + y2 − 4y + 4 =16
⇒ 2y2 + 16 − 8 y =16
⇒ 2y2 − 8 y = 0
⇒ y (y − 4) = 0
⇒ y = 0 or 4
We know that in a square, the diagonals are of equal length and bisect each other at 90°. Let
O be the mid-point of AC. Therefore, it will also be the mid-point of BD.

⇒ y + y1 = 4
If y = 0,
y1 = 4
If y = 4,
y1 = 0
Therefore, the required coordinates are (1, 0) and (1, 4).

27. Let the vertices of the triangle be A (0, −1), B (2, 1), C (0, 3).
Let D, E, F be the mid-points of the sides of this triangle. Coordinates of D, E, and F are
given by

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[284]
28. Total number of marbles = 24
Let the total number of green marbles be x.
Then, total number of blue marbles = 24 − x

P (getting a given marble)


According to the condition given in the question,

Therefore, total number of green marbles in the jar = 16


Hence, total number of blue marbles = 24 − x = 24 − 16 = 8

29. Let the shorter side of the rectangle be x m.


Then, larger side of the rectangle = (x + 30) m

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[285]
However, side cannot be negative. Therefore, the length of the shorter side will be 90 m.
Hence, length of the larger side will be (90 + 30) m = 120 m

30. Let the time taken by the smaller pipe to fill the tank be x hr.
Time taken by the larger pipe = (x − 10) hr

Part of tank filled by smaller pipe in 1 hour =

Part of tank filled by larger pipe in 1 hour =

It is given that the tank can be filled in hours by both the pipes together. Therefore,

Time taken by the smaller pipe cannot be = 3.75 hours. As in this case, the time taken by
the larger pipe will be negative, which is logically not possible.
Therefore, time taken individually by the smaller pipe and the larger pipe will be 25 and 25
− 10 =15 hours respectively.

31. Let us join point O to C.


In ∆OPA and ∆OCA,
OP = OC (Radii of the same circle)
AP = AC (Tangents from point A)
AO = AO (Common side)
∆OPA ∆OCA (SSS congruence criterion)
Therefore, P ↔ C, A ↔ A, O ↔ O
∠POA = ∠COA … (i)
Similarly, ∆OQB ∆OCB

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[286]
∠QOB = ∠COB … (ii)
Since POQ is a diameter of the circle, it is a straight line.
Therefore, ∠POA + ∠COA + ∠COB + ∠QOB = 180º
From equations (i) and (ii), it can be observed that
2∠COA + 2 ∠COB = 180º
∠COA + ∠COB = 90º
∠AOB = 90°

32. Let ABC be a cone. A frustum DECB is cut by a plane parallel to its base.
Let r1 and r2 be the radii of the ends of the frustum of the cone and h be the height of the
frustum of the cone.
In ∆ABG and ∆ADF, DF||BG
∴ ∆ABG ∼ ∆ADF

Volume of frustum of cone = Volume of cone ABC − Volume of cone ADE

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[287]
33. In ∆AEG,

In ∆ABD,

Radius (r1) of upper end of frustum = cm

Radius (r2) of lower end of container =


Height (h) of container = 10 cm

Volume of frustum

Radius (r) of wire =

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[288]
Let the length of wire be l.
Volume of wire = Area of cross-section × Length
= (πr2) (l)

Volume of frustum = Volume of wire

34. Let AB be a building and CD be a cable tower.


In ∆ABD,

In ∆ACE,
AC = BD = 7 m

Therefore, the height of the cable tower is .

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[289]
Solved Paper−4
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Time: 3hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 8 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.9 to 14 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 15 to 24 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 25 to 34 carry 4 marks each.

1. The quadratic equation 2x2 – 5x + 1 = 0 has


(A) two distinct real roots (B) two equal real roots
(C) no real roots (D) more than 2 real roots

2. Two APs have the same common difference. The first term of one of these is –1 and that of
the other is – 8. Then the difference between their 4th terms is
(A) –1 (B) – 8
(C) 7 (D) –9

3. If 7 times the 7th term of an AP is equal to 11 times its 11th term, then its 18th term will be
(A) 7 (B) 11
(C) 18 (D) 0

4. If radii of two concentric circles are 4 cm and 5 cm, then the length of each chord of one
circle which is tangent to the other circle is
(A) 3 cm (B) 6 cm
(C) 9 cm (D) 1 cm

5. The area of the circle that can be inscribed in a square of side 6 cm is


(A) 36 π cm2 (B) 18 π cm2
(C) 12 π cm2 (D) 9 π cm2

6. The area of a triangle with vertices A (3, 0), B (7, 0) and C (8, 4) is
(A) 14 (B) 28
(C) 8 (D) 6

7. A cylindrical pencil sharpened at one edge is the combination of


(A) a cone and a cylinder (B) frustum of a cone and a cylinder
(C) a hemisphere and a cylinder (D) two cylinders.

8. A surahi is the combination of


(A) a sphere and a cylinder (B) a hemisphere and a cylinder
(C) two hemispheres (D) a cylinder and a cone.

9. A kite is flying at a height of 60 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is
temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the ground is
60°. Find the length of the string, assuming that there is no slack in the string.

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10. Why is tossing a coin considered to be a fair way of deciding which team should get the ball
at the beginning of a football game?

11. A cottage industry produces a certain number of toys in a day. The cost of production of
each toy (in rupees) was found to be 55 minus the number of toys produced in a day. On a
particular day, the total cost of production was Rs 750. Find out the number of toys
produced on that day.

12. Check whether − 150 is a term of the A.P. 11, 8, 5, 2, …

13. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°. Then, construct a triangle
whose sides are 4/3 times the corresponding side of ∆ABC. Give the justification of the
construction.

14. The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the minute hand in
5 minutes.

15. A vessel is in the form of a hollow hemisphere mounted by a hollow cylinder. The diameter
of the hemisphere is 14 cm and the total height of the vessel is 13 cm. Find the inner surface
area of the vessel.

16. Check whether (5, − 2), (6, 4) and (7, − 2) are the vertices of an isosceles triangle.

17. Find the point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2, − 5) and (− 2, 9).

18. A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Hanif
wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e., three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise.
Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game.

19. Is it possible to design a rectangular park of perimeter 80 and area 400 m2? If so find its
length and breadth.

20. Find the sum of first 15 multiples of 8.

21. Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through
the centre.
22. In the given figure, ABC is a quadrant of a circle of radius 14 cm and a semicircle is drawn
with BC as diameter. Find the area of the shaded region.

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23. A well of diameter 3 m is dug 14 m deep. The earth taken out of it has been spread evenly
all around it in the shape of a circular ring of width 4 m to form an embankment. Find the
height of the embankment.

24. Construct an isosceles triangle whose base is 8 cm and altitude 4 cm and then another
triangle whose side are times the corresponding sides of the isosceles triangle.
Give the justification of the construction.

25. A 1.5 m tall boy is standing at some distance from a 30 m tall building. The angle of
elevation from his eyes to the top of the building increases from 30° to 60° as he walks
towards the building. Find the distance he walked towards the building.

26. The vertices of a ∆ABC are A (4, 6), B (1, 5) and C (7, 2). A line is drawn to intersect sides

AB and AC at D and E respectively, such that . Calculate the area of the ∆ADE
and compare it with the area of ∆ABC. (Recall Converse of basic proportionality theorem
and Theorem 6.6 related to ratio of areas of two similar triangles)

27. Determine the ratio in which the line 2x + y − 4 = 0 divides the line segment joining the
points A(2, − 2) and B(3, 7)

28. A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball
is double that of a red ball, determine the number of blue balls in the bag.

29. In a class test, the sum of Shefali’s marks in Mathematics and English is 30. Had she got 2
marks more in Mathematics and 3 marks less in English, the product of their marks would
have been 210. Find her marks in the two subjects.

30. Find the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations.
If the real roots exist, find them;
(I) 2x2 −3x + 5 = 0
(II)
(III) 2x2 − 6x + 3 = 0

31. Prove that the angle between the two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle is
supplementary to the angle subtended by the line-segment joining the points of contact at the
centre.

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32. Derive the formula for the curved surface area and total surface area of the frustum of cone.

33. A container, opened from the top and made up of a metal sheet, is in the form of a frustum
of a cone of height 16 cm with radii of its lower and upper ends as 8 cm and 20 cm
respectively. Find the cost of the milk which can completely fill the container, at the rate of
Rs.20 per litre. Also find the cost of metal sheet used to make the container, if it costs Rs.8
per 100 cm2. [Take π = 3.14]

34. As observed from the top of a 75 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of
depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same
side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

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[293]
Solved Paper−4
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Solutions

1. A 2. C 3. D 4. C
5. D 6. C 7. A 8. A

9. Let K be the kite and the string is tied to point P on the ground.
In ∆KLP,

Hence, the length of the string is .

10. When we toss a coin, the possible outcomes are only two, head or tail, which are equally
likely outcomes. Therefore, the result of an individual toss is completely unpredictable.

11. Let the number of toys produced be x.


∴ Cost of production of each toy = Rs (55 − x)
It is given that, total production of the toys = Rs 750

Either = 0 or x − 30 = 0
i.e., x = 25 or x = 30
Hence, the number of toys will be either 25 or 30.
12. For this A.P.,
a = 11
d = a2 − a1 = 8 − 11 = −3
Let −150 be the nth term of this A.P.
We know that,

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Clearly, n is not an integer.
Therefore, −150 is not a term of this A.P.

13. ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°


Sum of all interior angles in a triangle is 180°.
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
105° + 45° + ∠C = 180°
∠C = 180° − 150°
∠C = 30°
The required triangle can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠C = 30°.
Step 2
Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the opposite side of vertex A.
Step 3
Locate 4 points (as 4 is greater in 4 and 3), B1, B2, B3, B4, on BX.
Step 4
Join B3C. Draw a line through B4 parallel to B3C intersecting extended BC at C'.
Step 5
Through C', draw a line parallel to AC intersecting extended line segment at C'. ∆A'BC' is
the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆A'BC',


∠ABC = ∠A'BC' (Common)
∠ACB = ∠A'C'B (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆A'BC' (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆BB3C and ∆BB4C',
∠B3BC = ∠B4BC' (Common)
∠BB3C = ∠BB4C' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆BB3C ∼ ∆BB4C' (AA similarity criterion)

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On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain

14. We know that in 1 hour (i.e., 60 minutes), the minute hand rotates 360°.

In 5 minutes, minute hand will rotate =


Therefore, the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes will be the area of a sector of 30°
in a circle of 14 cm radius.

Area of sector of angle θ =

Area of sector of 30°

Therefore, the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes is

15. It can be observed that radius (r) of the cylindrical part and the hemispherical part is the
same (i.e., 7 cm).
Height of hemispherical part = Radius = 7 cm
Height of cylindrical part (h) = 13 −7 = 6 cm
Inner surface area of the vessel = CSA of cylindrical part + CSA
of hemispherical part

16. Let the points (5, −2), (6, 4), and (7, −2) are representing the vertices A, B, and C of the
given triangle respectively.

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As two sides are equal in length, therefore, ABCis an isosceles triangle.

17. We have to find a point on x-axis. Therefore, its y-coordinate will be 0.

Let the point on x-axis be .

By the given condition, these distances are equal in measure.

Therefore, the point is (− 7, 0).

18. The possible outcomes are


{HHH, TTT, HHT, HTH, THH, TTH, THT, HTT}
Number of total possible outcomes = 8
Number of favourable outcomes = 2 {i.e., TTT and HHH}

P (Hanif will win the game)

P (Hanif will lose the game)

19. Let the length and breadth of the park be l and b.


Perimeter = 2 (l + b) = 80
l + b = 40
Or, b = 40 − l
Area = l × b = l (40 − l) = 40l − l2
40l − l2 = 400
l2 − 40l + 400 = 0
Comparing this equation with
al2 + bl + c = 0, we obtain

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a = 1, b = −40, c = 400
Discriminate = b2 − 4ac = (− 40)2 −4 (1) (400)
= 1600 − 1600 = 0
As b2 − 4ac = 0,
Therefore, this equation has equal real roots. And hence, this situation is possible.
Root of this equation,

Therefore, length of park, l = 20 m


And breadth of park, b = 40 − l = 40 − 20 = 20 m

20. The multiples of 8 are


8, 16, 24, 32…
These are in an A.P., having first term as 8 and common difference as 8.
Therefore, a = 8
d=8
S15 =?

= 960

21. Let us consider a circle with centre O. Let AB be a tangent which touches the circle at P.

We have to prove that the line perpendicular to AB at P passes


through centre O. We shall prove this by contradiction method.
Let us assume that the perpendicular to AB at P does not pass
through centre O. Let it pass through another point O’. Join OP and
O’P.

As perpendicular to AB at P passes through O’, therefore,


∠O’PB = 90° … (1)

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O is the centre of the circle and P is the point of contact. We know the line joining the centre
and the point of contact to the tangent of the circle are perpendicular to each other.
∴ ∠OPB = 90° … (2)
Comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain
∠O’PB = ∠OPB … (3)
From the figure, it can be observed that,
∠O’PB < ∠OPB … (4)
Therefore, ∠O’PB = ∠OPB is not possible. It is only possible, when the line O’P coincides
with OP.
Therefore, the perpendicular to AB through P passes through centre O.

22. As ABC is a quadrant of the circle, ∠BAC will be of measure 90º.


In ∆ABC,
BC2 = AC2 + AB2
= (14)2 + (14)2

Radius (r1) of semi-circle drawn on

Area of

Area of sector

= 154 − (154 − 98)


2
= 98 cm

23. The shape of the well will be cylindrical.


Depth (h1) of well = 14 m

Radius (r1) of the circular end of well =

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Width of embankment = 4 m
From the figure, it can be observed that our embankment will be in a cylindrical shape

having outer radius (r2) as and inner radius (r1) as .


Let the height of embankment be h2.
Volume of soil dug from well = Volume of earth used to form embankment

Therefore, the height of the embankment will be 1.125 m.

24. Let us assume that ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle having CA and CB of equal lengths, base
AB of 8 cm, and AD is the altitude of 4 cm.
A ∆AB'C' whose sides are times of ∆ABC can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a line segment AB of 8 cm. Draw arcs of same radius on both sides of the line
segment while taking point A and B as its centre. Let these arcs intersect each other at O and
O'. Join OO'. Let OO' intersect AB at D.
Step 2
Taking D as centre, draw an arc of 4 cm radius which cuts the extended line segment OO' at
point C. An isosceles ∆ABC is formed, having CD (altitude) as 4 cm and AB (base) as 8 cm.
Step 3
Draw a ray AX making an acute angle with line segment AB on the opposite side of vertex
C.
Step 4
Locate 3 points (as 3 is greater between 3 and 2) A1, A2, and A3 on AX such that AA1 =
A1A2 = A2A3.
Step 5
Join BA2 and draw a line through A3 parallel to BA2 to intersect extended line segment AB
at point B'.
Step 6
Draw a line through B' parallel to BC intersecting the extended line segment AC at C'.
∆AB'C' is the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆AB'C',

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∠ABC = ∠AB'C' (Corresponding angles)
∠BAC = ∠B'AC' (Common)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆AB'C' (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆AA2B and ∆AA3B',
∠A2AB = ∠A3AB' (Common)
∠AA2B = ∠AA3B' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆AA2B ∼ ∆AA3B' (AA similarity criterion)

On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain


This justifies the construction.

25. Let the boy was standing at point S initially. He walked towards the building and reached at
point T.
It can be observed that
PR = PQ − RQ
= (30 − 1.5) m = 28.5 m =
In ∆PAR,

In ∆PRB,

ST = AB

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Hence, he walked towards the building.

26. Given that,

Therefore, D and E are two points on side AB and AC


respectively such that they divide side AB and AC in a ratio of
1:3.

Clearly, the ratio between the areas of ∆ADE and ∆ABC is 1:16.
Alternatively,
We know that if a line segment in a triangle divides its two sides in the same ratio, then the
line segment is parallel to the third side of the triangle. These two triangles so formed (here
∆ADE and ∆ABC) will be similar to each other.
Hence, the ratio between the areas of these two triangles will be the square of the ratio
between the sides of these two triangles.

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Therefore, ratio between the areas of ∆ADE and ∆ABC =

27. Let the given line divide the line segment joining the points A(2, −2) and B(3, 7) in a
ratio k:1.

Coordinates of the point of division


This point also lies on 2x + y − 4 = 0

Therefore, the ratio in which the line 2x + y − 4 = 0 divides the line segment joining the
points A(2, −2) and B(3, 7) is 2:9.

28. Let the number of blue balls be x.


Number of red balls = 5
Total number of balls = x + 5

P (getting a red ball)

P (getting a blue ball)


Given that,

However, the number of balls cannot be negative.


Hence, number of blue balls = 10

29. Let the marks in Maths be x.


Then, the marks in English will be 30 − x.

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According to the given question,

If the marks in Maths are 12, then marks in English will be 30 − 12 = 18


If the marks in Maths are 13, then marks in English will be 30 − 13 = 17

30. We know that for a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, discriminant is b2 − 4ac.


(A) If b2 − 4ac > 0 → two distinct real roots
(B) If b2 − 4ac = 0 → two equal real roots
(C) If b2 − 4ac < 0 → no real roots
(I) 2x2 −3x + 5 = 0
Comparing this equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we obtain
a = 2, b = −3, c = 5
Discriminant = b2 − 4ac = (− 3)2 − 4 (2) (5) = 9 − 40
= −31
As b2 − 4ac < 0,
Therefore, no real root is possible for the given equation.

(II)
Comparing this equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we obtain

Discriminant
= 48 − 48 = 0
As b2 − 4ac = 0,
Therefore, real roots exist for the given equation and they are equal to each other.

And the roots will be and .

Therefore, the roots are and .

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(III) 2x2 − 6x + 3 = 0
Comparing this equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we obtain
a = 2, b = −6, c = 3
Discriminant = b2 − 4ac = (− 6)2 − 4 (2) (3)
= 36 − 24 = 12
As b2 − 4ac > 0,
Therefore, distinct real roots exist for this equation as follows.

Therefore, the roots are or .

31. Let us consider a circle centered at point O. Let P be an external point from which two
tangents PA and PB are drawn to the circle which are touching the circle at point A and B
respectively and AB is the line segment, joining point of contacts A and B together such that
it subtends ∠AOB at center O of the circle.
It can be observed that
OA (radius) ⊥ PA (tangent)
Therefore, ∠OAP = 90°
Similarly, OB (radius) ⊥ PB (tangent)
∠OBP = 90°
In quadrilateral OAPB,
Sum of all interior angles = 360º
∠OAP +∠APB+∠PBO +∠BOA = 360º
90º + ∠APB + 90º + ∠BOA = 360º
∠APB + ∠BOA = 180º
Hence, it can be observed that the angle between the two tangents drawn from an external
point to a circle is supplementary to the angle subtended by the line-segment joining the
points of contact at the centre.

32. Let ABC be a cone. A frustum DECB is cut by a plane parallel to its base. Let r1 and r2 be
the radii of the ends of the frustum of the cone and h be the height of the frustum of the
cone.

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In ∆ABG and ∆ADF, DF||BG
∴ ∆ABG ∼ ∆ADF

CSA of frustum DECB = CSA of cone ABC − CSA cone ADE

CSA of frustum =

33. Radius (r1) of upper end of container = 20 cm


Radius (r2) of lower end of container = 8 cm
Height (h) of container = 16 cm

Slant height (l) of frustum =

Capacity of container = Volume of frustum

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Cost of 1 litre milk = Rs 20
Cost of 10.45 litre milk = 10.45 × 20
= Rs 209
Area of metal sheet used to make the container

= π (20 + 8) 20 + π (8)2
= 560 π + 64 π = 624 π cm2
Cost of 100 cm2 metal sheet = Rs 8

Therefore, the cost of the milk which can completely fill the container is
Rs 209 and the cost of metal sheet used to make the container is Rs 156.75.

34. Let AB be the lighthouse and the two ships be at point C and D respectively.
In ∆ABC,

In ∆ABD,

Therefore, the distance between the two ships is m.

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[307]
Solved Paper−5
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2

Time: 3hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 8 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.9 to 14 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 15 to 24 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 25 to 34 carry 4 marks each.

1. Which of the following equations has 2 as a root?


(A) x2 – 4x + 5 = 0 (B) x2 + 3x – 12 = 0
2
(C) 2x – 7x + 6 = 0 (D) 3x2 – 6x – 2 = 0

2. In an AP, if a = 3.5, d = 0, n = 101, then an will be


(A) 0 (B) 3.5
(C) 103.5 (D) 104.5

3. The sum of first 16 terms of the AP: 10, 6, 2,... is


(A) –320 (B) 320
(C) –352 (D) –400

4. If two tangents inclined at an angle 60° are drawn to a circle of radius 3 cm, then length of
each tangent is equal to
(A)3 3 /2 cm (B) 6 cm
(C) 3 cm (D) 3 3 cm

5. If the circumference of a circle and the perimeter of a square are equal, then
(A) Area of the circle = Area of the square
(B) Area of the circle > Area of the square
(C) Area of the circle < Area of the square
(D) Nothing definite can be said about the relation between the areas of the circle and
square.

6. The mid-point of the line segment joining the points A (–2, 8) and B (– 6, – 4) is
(A) (– 4, – 6) (B) (2, 6)
(C) (– 4, 2) (D) (4, 2)

7. A cone is cut through a plane parallel to its base and then the cone that is formed on one side
of that plane is removed. The new part that is left over on the other side of the plane is called
(A) a frustum of a cone (B) cone
(C) cylinder (D) sphere

8. A metallic spherical shell of internal and external diameters 4 cm and 8 cm, respectively is
melted and recast into the form a cone of base diameter 8cm. The height of the cone is
(A) 12cm (B) 14cm

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(C) 15cm (D) 18cm

9. A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the
ground making an angle 30 ° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point
where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

10. It is given that in a group of 3 students, the probability of 2 students not having the same
birthday is 0.992. What is the probability that the 2 students have the same birthday?

11. The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the
other two sides.

12. If the 3rd and the 9th terms of an A.P. are 4 and − 8 respectively. Which term of this A.P. is
zero.

13. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°. Then, construct a triangle
whose sides are 4/3 times the corresponding side of ∆ABC. Give the justification of the
construction.

14. A chord of a circle of radius 15 cm subtends an angle of 60° at the centre. Find the areas of
the corresponding minor and major segments of the circle.[Use π = 3.14 and ]

15. A hemispherical depression is cut out from one face of a cubical wooden block such that the
diameter l of the hemisphere is equal to the edge of the cube. Determine the surface area of
the remaining solid.

16. Find the values of y for which the distance between the points P (2, − 3) and Q (10, y) is 10
units.

17. Determine if the points (1, 5), (2, 3) and (− 2, − 11) are collinear.

18. Suppose you drop a die at random on the rectangular region shown in the given figure. What
is the probability that it will land inside the circle with diameter 1 m?

19. Is it possible to design a rectangular mango grove whose length is twice its breadth, and the
area is 800 m2? If so, find its length and breadth.

20. If the sum of the first n terms of an AP is 4n − n2, what is the first term (that is S1)? What is
the sum of first two terms? What is the second term? Similarly find the 3rd, the10th and
the nthterms.

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21. Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. Find the length of the chord of the larger
circle which touches the smaller circle.

22. In the given figure, a square OABC is inscribed in a quadrant OPBQ. If OA = 20 cm, find
the area of the shaded region. [Use π = 3.14]

23. How many silver coins, 1.75 cm in diameter and of thickness 2 mm, must be melted to form
a cuboid of dimensions ?

24. Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5cm and 6cm and then a triangle similar to it whose sides
are of the corresponding sides of the first triangle. Give the justification of the construction.

25. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground, which is 30 m away
from the foot of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower.

26. ABCD is a rectangle formed by the points A (− 1, − 1), B (− 1, 4), C (5, 4) and D (5, − 1). P,
Q, R and S are the mid-points of AB, BC, CD, and DA respectively. Is the quadrilateral
PQRS is a square? a rectangle? or a rhombus? Justify your answer.

27. Find the centre of a circle passing through the points (6, − 6), (3, − 7) and (3, 3).

28. A jar contains 24 marbles, some are green and others are blue. If a marble is drawn at
random from the jar, the probability that it is green is . Find the number of blue balls in the
jar.

29. The difference of squares of two numbers is 180. The square of the smaller number is 8
times the larger number. Find the two numbers.

30. An express train takes 1 hour less than a passenger train to travel 132 km between Mysore
and Bangalore (without taking into consideration the time they stop at intermediate stations).
If the average speeds of the express train is 11 km/h more than that of the passenger train,
find the average speed of the two trains.

31. A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such


that the segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point
of contact D are of lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively (see given
figure). Find the sides AB and AC.

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32. A cistern, internally measuring 150 cm × 120 cm × 110 cm, has 129600 cm3 of water in it.
Porous bricks are placed in the water until the cistern is full to the brim. Each brick absorbs
one-seventeenth of its own volume of water. How many bricks can be put in without
overflowing the water, each brick being 22.5 cm × 7.5 cm × 6.5 cm?

33. The slant height of a frustum of a cone is 4 cm and the perimeters (circumference) of its
circular ends are 18 cm and 6 cm. find the curved surface area of the frustum.

34. A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower. A man standing at the top of the tower
observes a car as an angle of depression of 30°, which is approaching the foot of the tower
with a uniform speed. Six seconds later, the angle of depression of the car is found to be 60°.
Find the time taken by the car to reach the foot of the tower from this point.

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[311]
Solved Paper−5
Class 10th, Mathematics, SA−2
Solutions

1. C 2. B 3. C 4. C
5. B 6. C 7. A 8. C

9. Let AC was the original tree. Due to storm, it was broken into two parts. The broken
part is making 30° with the ground.
In ,

Height of tree = + BC

Hence, the height of the tree is .

10. Probability that two students are not having same birthday P ( ) = 0.992
Probability that two students are having same birthday P (E) = 1 − P ( )
= 1 − 0.992
= 0.008

11. Let the base of the right triangle be x cm.


Its altitude = (x − 7) cm

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[312]
Either x − 12 = 0 or x + 5 = 0, i.e., x = 12 or x = −5
Since sides are positive, x can only be 12.
Therefore, the base of the given triangle is 12 cm and the altitude of this triangle will be (12
− 7) cm = 5 cm.

12. Given that,


a3 = 4
a9 = −8
We know that,
an = a + (n − 1) d
a3 = a + (3 − 1) d
4 = a + 2d (I)
a9 = a + (9 − 1) d
−8 = a + 8d (II)
On subtracting equation (I) from (II), we obtain
−12 = 6d
d = −2
From equation (I), we obtain
4 = a + 2 (−2)
4=a−4
a=8
Let nth term of this A.P. be zero.
an = a + (n − 1) d
0 = 8 + (n − 1) (−2)
0 = 8 − 2n + 2
2n = 10
n=5
Hence, 5th term of this A.P. is 0.

13. ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°


Sum of all interior angles in a triangle is 180°.
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
105° + 45° + ∠C = 180°
∠C = 180° − 150°

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[313]
∠C = 30°
The required triangle can be drawn as follows.
Step 1
Draw a ∆ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠C = 30°.
Step 2
Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the opposite side of vertex A.
Step 3
Locate 4 points (as 4 is greater in 4 and 3), B1, B2, B3, B4, on BX.
Step 4
Join B3C. Draw a line through B4 parallel to B3C intersecting extended BC at C'.
Step 5
Through C', draw a line parallel to AC intersecting extended line segment at C'. ∆A'BC' is
the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

In ∆ABC and ∆A'BC',


∠ABC = ∠A'BC' (Common)
∠ACB = ∠A'C'B (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆A'BC' (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆BB3C and ∆BB4C',
∠B3BC = ∠B4BC' (Common)
∠BB3C = ∠BB4C' (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆BB3C ∼ ∆BB4C' (AA similarity criterion)

On comparing equations (1) and (2), we obtain

14. Radius (r) of circle = 15 cm

Area of sector OPRQ =

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[314]
In ∆OPQ,
∠OPQ = ∠OQP (As OP = OQ)
∠OPQ + ∠OQP + ∠POQ = 180°
2 ∠OPQ = 120°
∠OPQ = 60°
∆OPQ is an equilateral triangle.

Area of ∆OPQ =

Area of segment PRQ = Area of sector OPRQ − Area of ∆OPQ


= 117.75 − 97.3125
= 20.4375 cm2
Area of major segment PSQ = Area of circle − Area of segment PRQ

15. Diameter of hemisphere = Edge of cube = l


Radius of hemisphere =
Total surface area of solid = Surface area of cubical part + CSA of hemispherical part
− Area of base of hemispherical part
= 6 (Edge)2 − = 6 (Edge)2 +

16. It is given that the distance between (2, −3) and (10, y) is 10.

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[315]
17. Let the points (1, 5), (2, 3), and (−2, −11) be representing the vertices A, B, and C of the
given triangle respectively.

Let

Therefore, the points (1, 5), (2, 3), and (−2, −11) are not collinear.

18. Area of rectangle = l × b = 3 × 2 = 6 m2

Area of circle (of diameter 1 m)

P (die will land inside the circle)

19. Let the breadth of mango grove be l.


Length of mango grove will be 2l.
Area of mango grove = (2l) (l)
= 2l2

Comparing this equation with al2 + bl + c = 0, we obtain


a = 1 b = 0, c = 400
Discriminant = b2 − 4ac = (0)2 − 4 × (1) × (− 400) = 1600
Here, b2 − 4ac > 0
Therefore, the equation will have real roots. And hence, the desired rectangular mango grove
can be designed.

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[316]
However, length cannot be negative.
Therefore, breadth of mango grove = 20 m
Length of mango grove = 2 × 20 = 40 m

20. Given that,


Sn = 4n − n2
First term, a = S1 = 4(1) − (1)2 = 4 − 1 = 3
Sum of first two terms = S2
= 4(2) − (2)2 = 8 − 4 = 4
Second term, a2 = S2 − S1 = 4 − 3 = 1
d = a2 − a = 1 − 3 = −2
an = a + (n − 1)d
= 3 + (n − 1) (−2)
= 3 − 2n + 2
= 5 − 2n
Therefore, a3 = 5 − 2(3) = 5 − 6 = −1
a10 = 5 − 2(10) = 5 − 20 = −15
Hence, the sum of first two terms is 4. The second term is 1. 3rd, 10th, and nth terms are −1,
−15, and 5 − 2n respectively.

21. Let the two concentric circles be centered at point O. And let PQ be the chord of the larger
circle which touches the smaller circle at point A. Therefore, PQ is tangent to the smaller
circle.
OA ⊥ PQ (As OA is the radius of the circle)
Applying Pythagoras theorem in ∆OAP, we obtain
OA2 + AP2 = OP2
32 + AP2 = 52
9 + AP2 = 25
AP2 = 16
AP = 4
In ∆OPQ,
Since OA ⊥ PQ,
AP = AQ (Perpendicular from the center of the circle bisects the chord)
PQ = 2AP = 2 × 4 = 8
Therefore, the length of the chord of the larger circle is 8 cm.

22. In ∆OAB,
OB2 = OA2 + AB2
= (20)2 + (20)2

Radius (r) of circle

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[317]
Area of quadrant OPBQ

Area of OABC = (Side)2 = (20)2 = 400 cm2


Area of shaded region = Area of quadrant OPBQ − Area of OABC
= (628 − 400) cm2
= 228 cm2

23. Coins are cylindrical in shape.


Height (h1) of cylindrical coins = 2 mm = 0.2 cm

Radius (r) of circular end of coins =


Let n coins be melted to form the required cuboids.
Volume of n coins = Volume of cuboids

Therefore, the number of coins melted to form such a cuboid is 400.

24. Step 1
Draw a line segment AB = 4 cm. Taking point A as centre, draw an arc of 5 cm radius.
Similarly, taking point B as its centre, draw an arc of 6 cm radius. These arcs will intersect
each other at point C. Now, AC = 5 cm and BC = 6 cm and ∆ABC is the required triangle.
Step 2
Draw a ray AX making an acute angle with line AB on the opposite side of vertex C.
Step 3
Locate 3 points A1, A2, A3 (as 3 is greater between 2 and 3) on line AX such that AA1 =
A1A2 = A2A3.
Step 4
Join BA3 and draw a line through A2 parallel to BA3 to intersect AB at point B'.
Step 5
Draw a line through B' parallel to the line BC to intersect AC at C'.

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[318]
∆AB'C' is the required triangle.

Justification
The construction can be justified by proving that

By construction, we have B’C’ || BC


∴ ∠A = ∠ABC (Corresponding angles)
In ∆AB'C' and ∆ABC,
∠ = ∠ABC (Proved above)
∠ = ∠BAC (Common)
∴∆ ∼ ∆ABC (AA similarity criterion)

… (1)
In ∆AA2B' and ∆AA3B,
∠A2AB' = ∠A3AB (Common)
∠AA2B' = ∠AA3B (Corresponding angles)
∴ ∆AA2B' ∼ ∆AA3B (AA similarity criterion)

From equations (1) and (2), we obtain

This justifies the construction.

25. Let AB be the tower and the angle of elevation from point C (on ground) is 30°.
In ∆ABC,

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[319]
Therefore, the height of the tower is .
26.

It can be observed that all sides of the given quadrilateral are of the same measure. However,
the diagonals are of different lengths. Therefore, PQRS is a rhombus.

27. Let O (x, y) be the centre of the circle. And let the points (6, −6), (3, −7), and (3, 3) be
representing the points A, B, and C on the circumference of the circle.

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[320]
On adding equation (1) and (2), we obtain
10y = −20
y = −2
From equation (1), we obtain
3x − 2 = 7
3x = 9
x=3
Therefore, the centre of the circle is (3, −2).

28. Total number of marbles = 24


Let the total number of green marbles be x.
Then, total number of blue marbles = 24 − x

P (getting a given marble)


According to the condition given in the question,

Therefore, total number of green marbles in the jar = 16


Hence, total number of blue marbles = 24 − x = 24 − 16 = 8

29. Let the larger and smaller number be x and y respectively.


According to the given question,

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[321]
However, the larger number cannot be negative as 8 times of the larger number will be
negative and hence, the square of the smaller number will be negative which is not possible.
Therefore, the larger number will be 18 only.

Therefore, the numbers are 18 and 12 or 18 and −12.

30. Let the average speed of passenger train be x km/h.


Average speed of express train = (x + 11) km/h
It is given that the time taken by the express train to cover 132 km is 1 hour less than the
passenger train to cover the same distance.

Speed cannot be negative.


Therefore, the speed of the passenger train will be 33 km/h and thus, the speed of the
express train will be 33 + 11 = 44 km/h.

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[322]
31. Let the given circle touch the sides AB and AC of the triangle at point E and F respectively
and the length of the line segment AF be x.
In ABC,
CF = CD = 6cm (Tangents on the circle from point C)
BE = BD = 8cm (Tangents on the circle from point B)
AE = AF = x (Tangents on the circle from point A)
AB = AE + EB = x + 8
BC = BD + DC = 8 + 6 = 14
CA = CF + FA = 6 + x
2s = AB + BC + CA
= x + 8 + 14 + 6 + x
= 28 + 2x
s = 14 + x

Area of ∆OBC =

Area of ∆OCA =

Area of ∆OAB =
Area of ∆ABC = Area of ∆OBC + Area of ∆OCA + Area of ∆OAB

Either x+14 = 0 or x − 7 =0
Therefore, x = −14and 7

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[323]
However, x = −14 is not possible as the length of the sides will be negative.
Therefore, x = 7
Hence, AB = x + 8 = 7 + 8 = 15 cm
CA = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13 cm

32. Volume of cistern = 150 × 120 × 110


= 1980000 cm3
Volume to be filled in cistern = 1980000 − 129600
= 1850400 cm3
Let n numbers of porous bricks were placed in the cistern.
Volume of n bricks = n × 22.5 × 7.5 × 6.5
= 1096.875n
As each brick absorbs one-seventeenth of its volume, therefore, volume absorbed by these

bricks

n = 1792.41
Therefore, 1792 bricks were placed in the cistern.

33. Perimeter of upper circular end of frustum = 18


2πr1 =18

Perimeter of lower end of frustum = 6 cm


2πr2 = 6

Slant height (l) of frustum = 4


CSA of frustum = π (r1 + r2) l

Therefore, the curved surface area of the frustum is 48 cm2.

34. Let AB be the tower.


Initial position of the car is C, which changes to D after six seconds.
In ∆ADB,

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[324]
In ∆ABC,

Time taken by the car to travel distance DC = 6 seconds

Time taken by the car to travel distance DB

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[325]
Unsolved Paper-1
Class 10, Mathematics, SA-2
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks 90
General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 10 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.11 to 20 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 21 to 32 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 33 to 38 carry 4 marks each.

Section – A

1. Which of the following is a quadratic equation?


x 2 + 3x + 1 = ( x − 2 ) ( x + 1) = 2 ( x − 3)
2 2
(A) (B)
(C) ( x − 2 )( x + 1) = ( x − 1)( x + 3) (D) ( x + 5)( x − 2 ) = ( x − 6 )( x − 3)

2. Which of the following is not an A.P.?


(A) a, 2a, 3a, 4a,.... (B) 3, 6, 9.....
(C) 1, 3, 5, 7… (D) 2, 8, 18.....

3. The distance between the points A (1, -3) and B (4, 1) is


(A) 5 (B) 4
(C) 3 (D) 6

4. Two men standing on opposite sides of a flagstaff measure the angles of the top of the
flagstaff as 30° and 60°. If the height of the flagstaff is 20 m, the distance between the
men is
(A) 40 m (B) 55 m
(C) 46.19 m (D) 60 m

5. How many tangents can a circle have?


(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 0 (D) Infinite

6. A circle may have _______ parallel tangents.


(A) one (B) two
(C) three (D) infinite

7. To draw a pair of tangents to a circle which is inclined to each other at an angle of


120° it is required to draw tangents at end points of those two radii of the circle, the
angle between which should be

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[326]
(A) 80° (B) 70°
(C) 60° (D) 50°

8. 2 cubes each of volume 64 cm2 are joined end to end. The surface area of the resulting
cuboid is
(A) 160cm2 (B) 200 cm2
(C) 120 cm2 (D) 250 cm2

9. If the area of a semicircular region is 1232 cm2, its perimeter is equal to


(A) 154 cm (B) 132 cm
(C) 162 cm (D) 144 cm

10. The probability of getting a number less than 6 in throwing a die once is
5
(A) 1 (B)
6
1 1
(C) (D)
3 4

Section – B

11. Find the roots of the following quadratic equation 2 x 2 + 7 x + 5 2 = 0 .

12. If (k + 1), 3k and (4k + 2) be any three consecutive terms of an A.P. Find the value of k.

13. Prove that the tangents drawn at the end points of a diameter are parallel.

14. A car has wheels which are 80 cm in diameter. How many completer revolutions does
each wheel make in 10 minutes when the car is travelling at a speed of 80 kmph?

15. The largest possible cube is made from a wooden sphere of radius 6 3cm . Find the
surface area of the cube.

16. An electric poleis 10 m high. A steel wire tied to the top of the pole is affixed at a point
on the ground to keep the pole upright. If the wire makes an angle of 45° with the
horizontal through the foot of the pole, find the length of the wire.

17. Find the ratio in which the point (11, 15) divides the line segment joining the points
(15, 5) nd (9, 20).

18. A bridge across a river makes an angle of 45° with the river bank. If the lngth of the
bridge across the river is 150 cm, what is the width of the river?

19. Find the coordinates of a point A, where AB is the diameter of a circle whose centre is
A (2, -3) and B (1, 4).

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[327]
20. In a cricket match, a batsman hits a boundary 6 times out of 36 balls he plays. Find the
probability that he did not hit a boundary.

Section – C

6 2 1
21. Find the roots of the equation − = .
x x −1 x + 2

22. The sides (in cm) of a right triangle are x − 1, x and x + 1 . Find the sides of the triangle.

23. In two concentric circles, prove that all chords of the outer circle which touch th inner
circle are of equal length.

24. Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm and then construct a triangle similar
2
to it whose sides are of the corresponding sides of it.
3

25. A chord of a circle of radius 12 cm subtends an angle of 120° at the centre. Find the
area of the corresponding segment of the circle.

26. From a wooden cubical block of edge 7 cm, the largest possible right conical piece is
cut out whose base is on one of the faces of the cube. Calculate the total surface area of
the block left.

27. A solid is composed of a cylinder with hemispherical ends. If the whole length of the
solid is 104 cm and the radius of each of the hemispherical ends is 7 cm, find the cost
of polishing its surface at the rate Re 1 per dm2.

28. Prove that the points (4, 5), (7, 6), (6, 3) and (3, 2) are the vertices of the
parallelogram.

29. Find the coordinates of the points which divide the line segment joining the points (-4,
0) and (0, 6) in four equal parts.

30. The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 45 m longer when the
sun’s altitude is 30° than when it was 60°. Find the height of the tower.

31. A tree breaks due to the storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree
touches the ground making an angle of 30° with the ground. The distance from the
foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of
the tree.

32. A box contains 20 balls bearing numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 …. 20. A ball is drawn at random
from the box, what is the probability that the number on the ball is not divisible by 10?

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[328]
Section – D

33. A journey of 192 km from Mumbai to Pune takes 2 hours less by a superfast train by
an ordinary passenger train. If the average speed of the slower train is 16 km/hour
less than that of the faster train, determine their average speeds.

34. A club consists of members whose ages are in A.P., the common difference being 3
months. If the youngest member of the club is just 7 years old and the sum of ages of
all the members is 250 years, find the number of members in the club.

35. A circle touches all the four sides of quadrilateral ABCD. Prove that the angles
subtended at the centre of the circle by the opposite sides are supplementary.

36. A cylindrical can whose base is horizontal and of internal radius 3.5 cm contains
sufficient water so that when a solid sphere is placed in the can, water just covers the
sphere. Given that the sphere just fits in the can, calculate the depth of water in the can
before the sphere was put into the can.

37. A cone is divided into two parts by drawing a plane through the mid-points of its axes
parallel to its base. Compare the volume of the two parts into which the plane divides
the cone.

38. A round balloon of radius ‘a’ subtends and angle θ at the eye of the observer while
the angle of elevation of its centre is φ . Prove that the height of the centre of the
φ
balloon is a sin θ cos ec .
2

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[329]
Unsolved Paper-2
Class 10, Mathematics, SA-2
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks 90
General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 10 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.11 to 20 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 21 to 32 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 33 to 38 carry 4 marks each.

Section – A

1. Which of the following is a quadratic equation?


x 2 + 5 x + 2 = ( x − 3) ( x + 2 ) = 2 ( x − 1)
2 2
(A) (B)
(C) ( x + 1)( x + 3) = ( x − 1)( x − 2 ) (D) ( x + 6 )( x + 3) = ( x − 1)( x − 5)

2. Which of the following is not an A.P.?


(A 12 ,32 , 52 , 7 2..... (B) a, 4a, 7 a,10a.....
(C) -10, -6, -2, 2… (D) 2, 5, 8, 11….

3. The distance between the points P (5, -8) and Q (-7, -3) is
(A) 12 (B) 10
(C) 13 (D) 11

4. The angle of elevation of a tower at a point is 45°. After going 40 m towards the foot of
the tower, the angle of elevation of the tower becomes 60°. The height of the tower is
(A) 94.8 m (B) 96.3 m
(C) 90 m (D) 100 m

5. A tangent to a circle intersects it in _______ point (s).


(A) one (B) two
(C) three (D) four

6. When two circles touch internally, they have ______ common tangents.
(A) one (B) two
(C) three (D) four

7. To draw a pair of tangents to a circle which is inclined to each other at an angle of 90°
it is required to draw tangents at end points of those two radii of the circle, the angle
between which should be
(A) 80° (B) 90°
(C) 100° (D) 120°

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[330]
8. A vessel is in the form of a hollow hemisphere mounted by a hollow cylinder. The
diameter of the hemisphere is 14 cm and the total height of the vessel is 13 cm. the
inner surface area of the vessel is
(A) 572 cm2 (B) 416 cm2
(C) 500 cm2 (D) 372 cm2

9. The diameter of a circle whose area is 616 cm2 is


(A) 30 cm (B) 28 cm
(C) 26 cm (D) 22 cm

10. The probability of getting an odd number in throwing a die once is


1
(A) 1 (B)
2
1 1
(C) (D)
3 6

Section – B

11. Find the roots of the quadratic equation 100 x 2 − 20 x + 1 = 0 .

12. Which term of A.P. 5, 13, 21 …. Is 181?

13. Find the length of tangent drawn to a circle with radius 5 cm, from a point 13 cm from
the centre of the circle.

14. The diameter of a circular pond is 17.5 cm. it is surrounded by a path of width 3.5 cm;
find the area of the path.

15. A toy is in the form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of radius 3.5 cm. The total
height of the toy is 15.5 cm. Find its total surface area.

16. A 1.6 m tall girl stands at a diameter of 3.2 cm from a lamp-post and casts a shadow of
4.8 m on the ground. Find the height of the lamp-post.

17. Find the values of x, y if the distances of the point (x, y) from (-3, 0) as well as from (3,
0) are 4.

18. A string of a kite is 250 m long and it makes an angle of 60° with the horizontal. Find
the height of the kite above the ground. (Assume string to be tight)

19. Find the value of k if the points A (2, 3), B (4, k) and C (6, -3) are collinear.

20. It is known that a box of 600 electric bulbs contains 12 defective bulbs. One bulb is
taken out at random from this box. What is the probability that it is a non-defective
bulb?

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[331]
Section – C

x + 5 2x +1
21. Find the roots of the equation = .
x+3 x+2

22. Find the sum of first 100 natural numbers.

23. Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes
through the centre.

24. Construct a triangle PQR with QR = 7cm, PQ = 5 cm and ∠PQR = 60° and then
3
construct a triangle whose sides are times of the corresponding sides of triangle
4
PQR.

25. A chord of a circle of radius 10 cm subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the area of
the major segment.

26. A solid consists of three parts. The middle part is a right cylinder of radius 3.5 cm. on
one side of it there is a hemisphere of the same radius and on the other side there is a
cone of the same radius. The height of the cylinder is 7 cm and the total height of the
solid is 15 cm. find the surface area of the solid.

27. A cylindrical tank has a capacity of 6160 cu cm. find its depth, if the diameter of the
base is 28 m. also find the cost of painting its inside curved surface at the rate of Rs.
2.80 per square meter.

28. Prove that the points (-4, -1), (-2, -4), (4, 0) and (2, 3) are the vertices of a rectangle.

29. Determine the ratio in which the line 2x + y – 4 = 0 divides the line segment joining P
(2, -2) and Q (3, 7).

30. A straight highway leads to the foot of tower of height 50 m. from the top of the tower,
the angle of depression of two cars standing on highway on same side are 30° and 60°.
What is the distance between the two cars?

31. From a point on the ground the angles of elevation of the bottom and top of a water
tank kept at the top of 20 m high tower are 45° and 60°. Find the height of the water
tank.

32. A box contains 12 balls out of which x are black. If one ball is drawn at random from
the box, what is the probability that it will be a black ball? If 6 more black balls are put
in the box, the probability of drawing a black ball is now double of what it was before.
Find x.

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[332]
Section – D

33. The denominator of a fraction is one more than twice the numerator. If the sum of the
16
fraction and its reciprocal is 2 , find the fraction.
21

34. A ladder has rungs 25 cm apart. The rings decrease uniformly in length from 45 cm at
1
the bottom to 25 cm at the top. If the top and bottom rungs are 2 m apart, what is
2
the length of the wood required for the rungs?

35. The radius of the in circle if a triangle is 4 cm and the segments into which one side is
divided by the point of contact are 6 cm and 8 cm. Determine the other two sides of
the triangle.

36. A hemispherical cup of radius 4 cm is filled to the brim with coffee. The coffee is then
poured into a vertical cone of radius 8 cm and height 16 cm. what percentage of the
cone remains empty?

37. A metallic right circular cone 20 cm and whose vertical angle is 60° is cut into two
parts at the middle of its height by a plane parallel to its base. If the frustum o
1
obtained be drawn into a wire of diameter m, find the length of the wire.
16

38. The elevation of a hill from a point P due east of it is θ and at a place Q due south of P,
the elevation is φ. If the distance PQ be d, find the height of the hill.

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[333]
Unsolved Paper-3
Class 10, Mathematics, SA-2

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 10 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.11 to 20 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 21 to 32 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 33 to 38 carry 4 marks each.

Section – A

1. Which of the following is a quadratic equation?


9 x 2 + 6 x + 3 = ( 3x − 2 ) ( 3 x − 1) = 2 ( x − 6 )
2 2
(A) (B)
(C) ( x − 2 )( x + 1) = ( x + 6 )( x − 7 ) (D) ( 2 x − 1)( 2 x − 6 ) = ( 2 x + 3)( 2 x + 5)

2. Which of the following is an A.P.?


(A 3 x, 7 x,10 x..... (B) 7 a,10a,13a,16a.....
(C) 7 x,8 x,10 x,13 x..... (D) 9a,12a,16a,18a.....

3. The distance between the points A (2, 3) and B (4, 1) is


(A) 2 (B) 3
(C) 8 (D) 10

4. The angle of elevation of a cloud from a point 60 m above lake is 30° and the angle of
depression of the reflection of clod in the lake is 60°. The height of the cloud is
(A) 90 m (B) 100 m
(C) 80 m (D) 120 m

5. When two circles touch externally, they have ______ common tangents.
(A) one (B) two
(C) three (D) four

6. Two circles intersect in two distinct points, they have ______ common tangents.
(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 3 (D) 4

7. To draw a pair of tangents to a circle which is inclined to each other at an angle of 70°
it is required to draw tangents at end points of those two radii of the circle, the angle
between which should be
(A) 110° (B) 120°
(C) 130° (D) 140°

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[334]
8. A plate of metal 1 cm thick, 9 cm broad and 81 cm long is melted into a cube. The
difference in the surface area of the two solids is
(A) 1024 cm2 (B) 1160 cm2
(C) 1152 cm2 (D) 1180 cm2

9. The radius of a wheel is 49 cm. the number of revolutions will it make in moving 1925
m is
(A) 650 (B) 720
(C) 600 (D) 800

10. Which of the following cannot be the probability of an event?


3
(A) (B) -1.2
5
(C) 16% (D) 0.8

Section – B

11. Find the roots of the quadratic equation (2 x − 3) 2 = 49 .

12. The 3rd term of an A.P. is 18 and 7th term is 30. Find 17th term.

13. A chord PQ of the larger of the two concentric circles is tangent to the smaller circle at
the point A. show that A is the mid-point of the chord PQ.

14. A track is in the form of a ring whose inner circumference is 352 m and the outer
circumference is 396 m. Find the width of the track.

15. Find what length of canvas 2 m in width is required to make a conical tent in diameter
and 6.3 in slant height? Also find the cost of the canvas at the rate of Rs. 12.50 per
square meter.

16. As observed from the top of a 75 m tall light house, the angles depression of two ships
approaching it are 30° and 45°. If one ship is directly behind the other, find the
distance between the two ships.

17. If the middle point of the line joining (3, 4) and (k, 7) is (x, y) and 2x + 2y + 1 = 0, find
the value of k.

18. The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 45 3 longer when
the sun’s altitude is 30° than when it was 60°. Find the height of the tower.

19. Find the coordinates of the points of trisection of the line joining the points (4, -1) and
(-2, -3).

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[335]
20. A bag contains mango flavored candies only. Shalu takes out one candy without
looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out lemon flavored candy?

Section – C

2 5
21. Find the roots of the equation − + 2 = 0.
x2 x

22. Find the sum of the odd numbers between 0 and 50.

23. Two circles intersect each other in P and Q. A is any point on the line PQ. AB and AC
are tangents from A to the circles. Prove that AB = AC.

24. Construct a triangle XYZ similar to a given equilateral triangle ABC with side 5 cm
6
such that each of its sides is times of the corresponding sides of triangle ABC.
7

25. A park is in the form of a rectangle with length 100 m and breadth 80 m. at the centre
of the park there is a circular lawn. The area of the park excluding the lawn is 4150 m2,
find the radius of the circular lawn.

26. Water in a canel 6 m wide and 1.5 m deep is flowing with a velocity of 10 km per hour.
How much area will it irrigate in 30 minutes, if 8 cm of standing water is required for
irrigation?

27. A sector of a circle of radius 15 cm has the angle 120°. It is rolled up so that two
bounding radii are joined together to form a cone. Find the volume of the cone.

28. Prove that the diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other and are equals..

29. If A (-5, 7), B (-4, -5), C (-1, -6) and D (4, -5) are the vertices of a quadrilateral, find the
area of the quadrilateral ABCD.

30. The horizontal distance between two towers is 140 m. The angle of elevation of the
top of the first tower when seen from the top of the second tower is 30°. If the height
of the second tower is 60 m, find the height of the first tower.

31. The angle of elevation of a cloud from a point 60 m above a lake is 30° and angle of
depression of its reflection in the lake is 60°, find the height of the cloud.

32. Two customers Amit and Rani are visiting a particular shop in the same week
(Monday to Friday). Each is equally likely to visit the shop on any day so on another
day. What is the probability that both will visit the shop on different days?

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[336]
Section – D

33. There are three consecutive positive integers such that the sum of the squares of the
first and the product of the other two is 154. What are the integers?

 1
34. Show that the sum of the first n even natural numbers is equal to 1 +  times the
 n
sum of the first n odd natural numbers.

35. A vessel is a hollow cylinder fitted with a hemispherical bottom of the same base. The
2
depth of the cylinder is 4 m and the diameter of hemisphere is 3.5 cm. Calculate the
3
volume and internal surface area of the solid.

36. If PA and PB are two tangents drawn from a point P to a circle with centre O touching
it at A and B, prove that OP is the perpendicular bisector of AB.

37. A lampshade is made by cutting the top of a hollow cone by a plane parallel to its base.
The radii of the top and the base of the shade are 4 cm and 12 cm and the height of the
shade is 6 cm. Find he area of the curved surface of the lampshade.

38. Two stations due south of a leaning tower which leans towards the north arc at
distances a and b from its feet. If α, β be the elevations of the top of the tower from
these stations, prove that its inclination θ to the horizontal is given by
b cot α − a cot β
cot θ = .
b−a

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[337]
Unsolved Paper-4
Class 10, Mathematics, SA-2

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks 90


General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 10 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.11 to 20 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 21 to 32 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 33 to 38 carry 4 marks each.

Section – A

1. Which of the following is a quadratic equation?


4 x 2 + 2 x + 1 = ( 2 x − 1) ( 2 x + 3) = 3 ( x + 1)
2 2
(A) (B)
(C) ( 2 x + 1)( x − 3) = ( x + 6 )( 2 x − 3) (D) ( x + 3)( x + 2 ) = ( x + 6 )( x − 1)

2. Which of the following is an A.P.?


(A) 12 ,32 , 52 , 7 2..... (B) 7, 11, 15, 19….
(C) 33, 38, 43, 48… (D) 57, 60, 63, 66….

3. The distance between the points M (0, 0) and N (-5, 12) is


(A) 12 (B) 11
(C) 10 (D) 13

4. From the top of a hill, the angles of depression of two consecutive kilometer stones
due east are found to be 30° and 45°. The height of the hill is
(A) 1 km (B) 2 km
(C) 1.37 km (D) 3 km

5. Two tangents drawn from an external point of a circle are _____ in length.
(A) equal (B) not equal
(C) greater than (D) less than

6. One circle lies entirely outside the other, they have ______ common tangents.
(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 3 (D) 4

7. To draw a pair of tangents to a circle which is inclined to each other at an angle of


130° it is required to draw tangents at end points of those two radii of the circle, the
angle between which should be
(A) 60° (B) 50°
(C) 70° (D) 40°

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[338]
8. A wooden article was made by scooping out a hemisphere from each end of a cylinder.
If the height of the cylinder is 10 cm, and its base is of diameter 7 cm, the total surface
area of the article when it is ready is
(A) 572 cm2 (B) 816 cm2
(C) 612 cm 2 (D) 374 cm2

9. The diameter of a cycle wheel is 28 cm. the number of revolutions will it make in
moving 11 km is
(A) 12500 (B) 11000
(C) 10600 (D) 7000

10. If the probability of winning a game is 0.3, the probability of losing it is


(A) 0.5 (B) 0.7
(C) 0.4 (D) 0.6

Section – B

11. Find the roots of the quadratic equation ( x + 3) 2 + ( x − 3) 2 = 58 .

12. Which term of the A.P. 40, 36, 32, 28 …. Is -44?

13. In two concentric circles, prove that a chord of longer circle which is tangent to
smaller circle is bisected at the point of contact.

14. A wire when bent in the form of a square enclosed an area of 121 cm2. If the same wire
is bent in the form of a circle, find the area of the circle.

15. A circus tent is cylindrical to a height of 3 m and conical above it. If its diameter is 105
m and the slant height of the cone is 53 m, calculate the total area of the canvas
required.

16. From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is
60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

17. Find the area of a rhombus if the vertices are (3, 0), (4, 5), (-1, 4) and (-2, -1) taken in
order.

18. A pole 5 m high is fixed on the top of the tower. The angle of elevation of the top of the
pole observed from a point A on the ground is 60° and the angle of depression of the
point A from the top of the tower is 45°. Find the height of the tower.

19. Find the condition that the points A (3, 4), B (-5, -6) and C (x, y) may lie on the same
straight line.

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[339]
20. A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls, if the probability of drawing a blue ball
is double that of a red ball, find the number of blue balls in the bag.

Section – C

15
21. Find the roots of the equation x − + 1 = 0.
4x

22. How many terms of the A.P. 9 + 17 + 25 + …. Must be taken to give a sum of 636?

23. Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a chord of a circle make equal angles
with the chord.

24. Construct one isosceles triangle whose base is 8 cm and altitude 4 cm and then
3
construct another triangle whose sides are times of the corresponding sides of
2
isosceles triangle.

25. A field is in the form of an equilateral triangle of side 100 m. A horse is tied to a vertex
of the field with a 10 m long rope. Over what area can the horse graze?

26. A well of diameter 3 m is dug 14 m deep. The earth taken out of it has been spread
evenly all around it to a width of 4 m to form an embankment. Find the height of the
embankment.

27. If the diameter of the cross-section of a wire is decreased by 5%, how much percent
will the length be increased so that the volume remains the same?

28. Prove that the lines joining the middle points of the sides of a quadrilateral from a
parallelogram.

29. Find relation between x and y if (x, y), (1, 2) and (7, 0) are collinear.

30. A vertical tower stands on horizontal plane and is surmounted by a flagstaff of height
7 m. From a point on the plane, the angle of elevation of the bottom of the flag-staff is
30° and that of the top of the flag-staff is 45°. Find the height of the tower.

31. A men sitting at a height of 20 m on a tall tree on a small island in the middle of a river
observes two poles directly opposite each other on the two banks of the river and in
line with the foot of the tree. If the angles of depression of the feet of the poles from a
point cut which the man is sitting on the tree on either side of the river are 60° and
30° respectively, find the width of the river.

32. Two customers Amit and Rani are visiting a particular shop in the same week
(Monday to Friday). Each is equally likely to visit the shop on any day so on another
day. What is the probability that both will visit the shop on the same day?

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[340]
Section – D

33. Some students planned a picnic. The budget for food was Rs. 500. But 5 of these failed
to go and thus cost of food for each member increased by Rs. 5. How many students
attended the picnic?

34. A small terrace at a football ground comprises of 15 steps each of which is 50 m long
and build of solid concrete. Each step has a rise of ¼ m and a tread of ½ m. Calculate
the total volume of concrete required to build the terrace.

35. If all the sides of a parallelogram touch a circle then prove that it is a rhombus.

36. A spherical ball of iron has been melted and made into smaller balls. If the radius of
each smaller ball is one-fourth of the radius of the original one, how many such balls
can be made? How does the total surface of the smaller balls compare with that of the
original one?

37. A bucket has top and bottom diameter of 40 cm and 20 cm respectively. Find the
volume of the bucket if its depth is 12 cm. also find the cost of tin sheets used for
making the bucket at the rate of Rs. 1.20 per square dm.

38. If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h meters above a lake is α and the
angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is β, prove that the distance of the cloud
2h sec α
from the point of observation is .
tan β − tan α

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[341]
Unsolved Paper-5
Class 10, Mathematics, SA-2
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks 90
General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. Draw neat labeled diagram wherever necessary to explain your answer.
3. Q.No. 1 to 10 are of objective type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
4. Q.No.11 to 20 are of short answer type questions, carrying 2 marks each.
5. Q. No. 21 to 32 carry 3 marks each. Q. No. 33 to 38 carry 4 marks each.

Section – A

1. Which of the following is a quadratic equation?


x 2 + 3x + 2 = ( x + 5) ( x − 3) = 2 ( x + 5 )
2 2
(A) (B)
(C) ( x + 2 )( x − 8) = ( x − 6 )( x + 6 ) (D) ( 3x − 1)( x + 1) = ( x − 3)( 3x + 2 )

2. Which of the following is an A.P.?


(A) 0, -4, -8, -12…. (B) 1, 3, 6, 10….
(C) 7, 12, 18, 25… (D) 2, 4, 6, 18, 12….

3. The distance between the points X (-1, -1) and Y (8, -2) is
(A) 80 (B) 79
(C) 88 (D) 82

4. An aeroplane at an altitude of 200 m observes the angle of depression of opposite


points on the two banks of a river to be 45° and 60°. The width of the river is
(A) 300 m (B) 312.5 m
(C) 315.8 m (D) 320 m

5. A line intersecting a circle in two points is called a _____.


(A) diameter (B) secant
(C) radius (D) tangent

6. One circle lies entirely inside the other, they have ______ common tangents.
(A) 0 (B) 1
(C) 2 (D) 3

7. To draw a pair of tangents to a circle which is inclined to each other at an angle of


110° it is required to draw tangents at end points of those two radii of the circle, the
angle between which should be
(A) 80° (B) 70°
(C) 60° (D) 50°

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[342]
8. A cubical block of side 7 cm is surmounted by a hemisphere. The surface area of the
solid is
(A) 416.5 cm2 (B) 300 cm2
(C) 728 cm 2 (D) 332.5 cm2

77 2
9. The diameter of a circle whose area is m is
8
(A) 13 m (B) 12 m
(C) 3.5 m (D) 7m

10. 1000 tickets of a lottery were sold and there are 5 prizes on these tickets. If Sachin has
purchased one lottery ticket, the probability of winning prize is
1 1
(A) (B)
200 100
1 1
(C) (D)
300 500

Section – B

1
11. Find the roots of the quadratic equation 2 x 2 − x + =0.
8

12. Find the 12th term of an A.P. 25, 13, 1, -11……

13. Find the length of tangent drawn to a circle with radius 8 cm, from a point 17 cm from
the centre of the circle.

14. A wire when bent in the form of a equilateral triangle enclosed an area of 121 3cm 2 . If
the same wire is bent in the form of a circle, find the area of the circle.

15. A circus tent is cylindrical to a height of 3 m and conical above it. If its base radius is
52.5 m and the slant height of the cone is 53 m, find the area of the canvas needed to
make the tent.

16. The angle of elevation of the top of the building from the foot of the tower is 30°and
the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the
tower is 50 m high, find the height of the building.

17. Find the coordinates of a point P on y-axis, equidistant from two points A (-3, 4) and B
(3, 6) on the same plane.

18. The angles of depression of two ships from the top of a light house are 45° and 30°
towards east. If the ships are 200 meters apart, find the height of the light house.

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[343]
19. P and Q are two points (3, 4) and (5, -2). Find the point C such that PC = QC and area of
triangle CPQ = 10 square units.

20. Find the probability of getting 53 Sundays in a leap year.

Section – C

1
21. Find the roots of the equation 5 x + = 6.
x

22. Find the sum of the A.P. (-5)+(-8)+(-11)+…+(-230).

23. Tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from one external point A.
Prove that ∠PTQ = 2 ∠OPQ.

24. Construct a triangle XYZ with side YZ = 7 cm, ∠Y = 45°, ∠X = 105°, then construct
3
another triangle whose sides are times of the corresponding sides of triangle XYZ.
4

25. From a paper in the form of a rectangle PQRS in which PQ = 18 cm and QR = 14 cm, a
semicircle portion with BC as diameter is cut off. Find the area of the remaining
portion.

26. A pen-stand made of wood is in the shape of a cuboid with four conical depressions to
hold pens. The dimensions of the cuboid are 15 cm by 10 cm by 3.5 cm. The diameter
of each of the depressions is 1 cm and the depth is 1.4 cm. Find the volume of wood in
the entire stand.

27. A conical hole is drilled in a circular cylinder of height 15 cm and radius 8 cm. The
height and base radius of the cone are also the same. Find the volume of remaining
cylinder and total surface area.

28. Prove that (4, 3), (6, 4), (5, 6) and (3, 5) are the angular points of a square.

29. If the area of the quadrilateral whose angular points, taken in order are (1, 2), (-5, 6),
(7, -4), (h, -2) be zero. Show that h = 3.

30. A statue 1.6 m tall stands on the top of the pedestal. From a point on the ground, the
angle of elevation of the top of the statue is 60° and from the same point the angle of
elevation of the top of the pedestal is 45°. Find the height of the pedestal.

31. An aeoplane when flying at a height of 5000 m from the ground passes vertically
above another aeroplane at an instant when the angles of the elevation of the two
planes from the same point on the ground are 60° and 45° respectively. Find the
vertical distance between the aeroplanes at the instant.

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[344]
32. A jar contains 24 marbles, some are green and other are blue. If a marble is drawn at
2
random from the jar, the probability that it is green is . Find the number of blue
3
marbles in the jar.

Section – D

33. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 3 10cm . If the smaller leg is tripled and the
longer leg doubled, new hypotenuse will be 9 5cm . How long are the legs of the
triangle?

34. A spiral is made up of successive semicircles, with centers alternatively at A and B,


starting with centre at A, of radii 0.5 cm, 1.0 cm, 1.5 cm, 2.0 cm. What is the total
length of such a spiral made up of thirteen consecutive semicircles?

35. Given two concentric circles of radii a and b where a > b, find the length of a chord of
larger circle which touches the other.

36. A hemispherical bowl of internal diameter 36 cm contains a liquid. This liquid is to be


filled in cylindrical bottles of radius 3 cm and height 6 cm. How many bottles are
required to empty the bowl?

37. The height of a cone is 30 cm. A small cone is cut off at the top by plane parallel to the
1
base. If its volume be of the volume of the given cone, at what height above the
27
base is the section made?

38. From an aeroplane vertically above a straight horizontal plane, the angles of
depression of two consecutive kilometers stones on the opposite sides of the
aeroplane are found to be α and β. Show that the height of the aeroplane is
tan α tan β
.
tan α + tan β

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[345]
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041/X/SA2/01/C1

Class - X
MATHEMATICS

Time : 3 to 3½ hours Maximum Marks : 80


â×Ø : 3 âð 3½ ƒæ‡ÅUð ¥çÏ·¤Ì× ¥´·¤ : 80

Total No. of Pages : 12


·é¤Ü ÂëcÆUæð´ ·¤è ⴁØæ : 12

General Instructions :
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consists of 34 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
Section - A comprises of 10 questions of 1 mark each, Section - B comprises of 8 questions of
2 marks each, Section - C comprises of 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section - D comprises
of 6 questions of 4 marks each.
3. Question numbers 1 to 10 in Section - A are multiple choice questions where you are to select
one correct option out of the given four.
4. There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in 1 question of two
marks, 3 questions of three marks each and 2 questions of four marks each. You have to
attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
5. Use of calculator is not permitted.
6. An additional 15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper only.

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5. ·ñ¤Ü·é¤ÜðÅUÚU ·¤æ ÂýØæð» ßçÁüÌ ãñÐ


6. §â ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð ÂɸÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° 15 ç×ÙÅU ·¤æ ¥çÌçÚU€Ì â×Ø çÎØæ »Øæ ãñÐ §â ¥ßçÏ ·ð¤ ÎæñÚUæÙ ÀUæ˜æ ·ð¤ßÜ

ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð Âɸð´»ð ¥æñÚU ß𠩞æÚU-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ÂÚU ·¤æð§ü ©žæÚU Ùãè´ çܹð´»ðÐ

369
SECTION - A
Question numbers 1 to 10 carry 1 mark each. For each question four choices are
provided of which only one is correct. You have to select the correct choice.

7
1. For what value of k will be a root of 3x2213x2k50.
3

3 27
(A) 14 (B) (C) (D) 214
7 2

2. Which of the following is not an A.P.


(A) 13, 8, 3, 22, 27, 212 (B) 10.8, 11.2, 11.6, 12, 12.4

1 2 3 4 5 3 6 9 12
(C) 8 , 18 , 28 , 48 , 58 (D) 8 , 11 , 14 , 17
7 7 7 7 7 23 23 23 23

3. If a pole of height 6 m casts a shadow 2 3 m long on the ground, then the sun’s
elevation is.
(A) 308 (B) 608 (C) 458 (D) 908

4. From a point P which is at a distance of 13 cm from the centre O of a circle of radius


5 cm, the pair of tangents PQ and PR to the circle are drawn. What are the lengths
(in cm) of tangents PQ and PR ?
(A) 13, 12 (B) 13, 13 (C) 12, 12 (D) 12, 18

5. To draw a pair of tangents to a circle which are inclined to each other at an angle of
758. It is required to draw tangents at the end points of those two radii of the circle, the
angle between them should be.
(A) 1058 (B) 658 (C) 958 (D) 758

6. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground is 458. If the
observer is 42 m away from the foot of the tower, the height of the tower is.
(A) 63 m (B) 21 m (C) 84 m (D) 42 m

7. In the figure, if the semiperimeter of DABC523 cm then AF1BD1CE is :

(A) 46 cm (B) 11.5 cm (C) 23 cm (D) 34.5 cm

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8. In the figure, PT is a tangent to the circle with centre O. If PT530 cm and diameter of
circle is 32 cm, then length of line segment OP will be.

(A) 68 cm (B) 34 cm (C) 17 cm (D) 34.8 cm

9. The circumference of a circle is 100 cm. The side of a square inscribed in the circle is :

100 50 2 100 2
(A) 50 2 cm (B) cm (C) cm (D) cm
p p p

10. The volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out from a cube of edge
4.2 cm is :
(A) 9.7 cm3 (B) 77.6 cm3 (C) 58.2 cm3 (D) 19.4 cm3

SECTION - B

Question numbers 11 to 18 carry 2 marks each.


11. Using quadratic formula, determine the roots of following equation :

1
x2 53
x

1
12. Find the sum of the first 23 terms of the A.P : 7, 10 , 14, ..........
2

13. A ladder 15 m long just reaches the top of a vertical wall. If the ladder makes an angle
of 608 with the wall, find the height of the wall.

14. The minute hand of a clock is 21 cm long. Find the area swept by the minute hand
on the face of the clock from 7.00 am to 7.05 am.

15. Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends - points of a diameter of a circle are parallel.
OR

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371
In the figure, a quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle. Prove that
AB1CD5AD1BC.

16. Find the value of x, if the distance between the points (x, 21) and (3, 22) is x15.

17. If the point C (21, 2) divides internally the line segment joining A (2, 5) and B (x, y) in
the ratio 3 : 4, then find the coordinates of B.

18. The radii of the circular bases of a right circular cylinder and a cone are in the ratio of
3 : 4 and their heights are in the ratio of 2 : 3. What is the ratio of their volumes ?

SECTION - C
Question numbers 19 to 28 carry 3 marks each.
19. Solve the following quadratic equation :
x 2 23x21050
OR

4 5 23
Solve the following equation using method of factorisation 235 , x ≠ 0, .
x 2x 1 3 2

20. Determine ‘a’ so that 2a11, a21a11 and 3a223a13 are consecutive terms of an A.P.

21. Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 3.5 cm which are perpendicular to each
other.

22. Show that the points (7, 3), (3, 0), (0, 24) and (4, 21) are the vertices of a rhombus.

23. Find the area of DABC whose vertices are A (4, 4), B (0, 0) and C (6, 2).

24. A child has a die whose six faces show the letters as given below :

A B C D E A
The die is thrown at random once. What is the probability of getting (i) A (ii) E.

041/X/SA2/01/C1 4

372
25. Three coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting at least two heads.

26. A solid metallic sphere of diameter 21 cm is melted and recast into a number of smaller
cones, each of diameter 7 cm and height 3 cm. Find the number of cones so formed.

27. A piece of wire that has been bent in the form of a semicircle including the bounding
diameter is straightened and then bent in the form of a square. The diameter of the
semicircle is 14 cm. Which has a larger area, the semi-circle or the square. Also find
the difference between them.
OR
In the figure, ABC is a triangle right angled at A. Semicircles are drawn on AB, AC
and BC as diameters. Find the area of the shaded region.

28. Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is rhombus.


OR

In the figure PO ⊥ QO . The tangents to the circle with centre O at P and Q intersect at
a point T. Prove that PQ and OT are right bisectors of each other.

SECTION - D

Question numbers 29 to 34 carry 4 marks each.


29. Two pillars of equal heights are on either side of a road, which is 100 m wide. The
angles of elevation of the top of the pillars are 608 and 308 at a point on the road
between the pillars. Find the position of the point between the pillars on the road and
the height of the pillars.
OR
From the top of a building 60 m high the angles of depression of the top and the bottom
of a tower are observed to be 308 and 608 respectively. Find the height of the tower.

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373
30. For what value of n, the nth terms of the A.P. 63, 65, 67, .......... and 3, 10, 17, .......... are
equal ? Also find that term.
OR
A ladder has rungs 25 cm apart. The rungs decrease uniformly in length from 45 cm at
the bottom to 25 cm at the top (see figure). If the top and bottom rungs are 2.5 m apart,
what is the length of the wood required for the rungs ?

31. A plane left 30 minutes later than the schedule time and in order to reach its destination
1500 km away in time, it has to increase its speed by 250 km/h from its usual speed.
Find its usual speed.

32. A building is in the form of a right circular cylinder surmounted by a hemispherical


2
dome both having the same base radii. The base diameter of the dome is equal to of
3
1 3
the total height of the building. Find the height of the building, if it contains 67 m
21
of air.
OR
A well whose diameter is 7 m has been dug 22.5 m deep and the earth dugout is used
to form an embankment around it. If the height of the embankment is 1.5 m. Find the
width of the embankment.
33. A shuttle cock used for playing Badminton has the shape of a frustum of a cone mounted
on a hemisphere (see figure). The diameters of the ends of the frustrum are 5 cm and
2 cm, the height of the entire shuttle cock is 7 cm. Find the external surface area.
 22 
 Use p 5 
 7 

34. Prove that the tangents to a circle from an external point are equal.

-oOo-
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¹‡ÇU - ¥
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 âð 10 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 1 ¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñÐ ÂýàÙæð´ 1 âð 10 ×ð´ âð ÂýˆØð·¤ ·ð¤ çÜ°, ¿æÚU çß·¤ËÂ
çΰ ãñ´, çÁÙ×ð´ âð ·ð¤ßÜ °·¤ ãè âãè ãñÐ ¥æ·¤æð âãè çß·¤Ë ·¤æ ¿éÙæß ·¤ÚUÙæ ãñÐ
7
1. k ·ð¤ ç·¤â ×æÙ ·ð¤ çÜ°, â×è·¤ÚU‡æ 3x2213x2k50 ·¤æ °·¤ ×êÜ ãæð»æ?
3

3 27
(A) 14 (B) (C) (D) 214
7 2

2. çِ٠×ð´ âð ·¤æñÙ °·¤ A.P. Ùãè´ ãñ?

(A) 13, 8, 3, 22, 27, 212 (B) 10.8, 11.2, 11.6, 12, 12.4

1 2 3 4 5 3 6 9 12
(C) 8 , 18 , 28 , 48 , 58 (D) 8 , 11 , 14 , 17
7 7 7 7 7 23 23 23 23

3. ØçÎ 6 m ª¡¤¿ð °·¤ SÌ´Ö ·¤è ÂÚUÀU桧ü Öêç× ÂÚU 2 3 m Ü´Õè ãñ, Ìæð âêØü ·¤æ ©óæØÙ ãñ Ñ
(A) 308 (B) 608 (C) 458 (D) 908

4. ç·¤âè çÕ´Îé P, Áæð ç˜æ’Øæ 5 cm ßæÜð °·¤ ßëžæ ·ð¤ ·ð¤‹Îý O âð 13 cm ·¤è ÎêÚUè ÂÚU ãñ, âð ßëžæ ÂÚU Îæð SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡

PQ ¥æñÚU PR ¹è´¿è »§ü ãñÐ SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ¥æð´ PQ ¥æñÚU PR ·¤è Ü´Õæ§Øæ¡ (cm ×ð´) €Øæ ãñ´?

(A) 13, 12 (B) 13, 13 (C) 12, 12 (D) 12, 18

5. ç·¤âè ßëžæ ·¤è °ðâè Îæð SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ¹è´¿Ùð ·ð¤ çÜ°, Áæð ÂÚUSÂÚU 758 ·ð¤ ·¤æð‡æ ÂÚU Ûæé·¤è ãæð´, ßëžæ ·¤è °ðâè ç˜æ’Øæ¥æð´
·ð¤ ¥´Ì çÕ´Îé¥æð´ ÂÚU SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ¹è¿Ùè ¿æçã° çÁÙ·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ ãæð Ñ
(A) 1058 (B) 658 (C) 958 (D) 758

6. Öêç× ÂÚU çSÍÌ ç·¤âè çÕ´Îé âð °·¤ ×èÙæÚU ·ð¤ àæèáü ·¤æ ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ 458 ãñÐ ØçÎ Âýðÿæ·¤ ×èÙæÚU ·ð¤ ÂæÎ âð 42 m
ÎêÚU ãñ, Ìæð ×èÙæÚU ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ãñ Ñ
(A) 63 m (B) 21 m (C) 84 m (D) 42 m

7. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´, ØçÎ DABC ·¤æ ¥ÏüÂçÚU×æ 23 cm ãñ, Ìæð AF1BD1CE ãñ Ñ

(A) 46 cm (B) 11.5 cm (C) 23 cm (D) 34.5 cm

041/X/SA2/01/C1 7

375
8. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´, PT ·ð¤‹Îý O ßæÜð ßëÌ ÂÚU °·¤ SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ ãñÐ ØçÎ PT530 cm ãñ ÌÍæ ßëžæ ·¤æ ÃØæâ 32 cm ãñ,
Ìæð ÚðU¹æ¹´ÇU OP ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü ãæð»è Ñ

(A) 68 cm (B) 34 cm (C) 17 cm (D) 34.8 cm

9. °·¤ ßëžæ ·¤è ÂçÚUçÏ 100 cm ãñÐ §â ßëžæ ·ð¤ ¥´Ì»üÌ ß»ü ·¤è ÖéÁæ ãñ Ñ

100 50 2 100 2
(A) 50 2 cm (B) cm (C) cm (D) cm
p p p

10. ç·¤ÙæÚðU 4.2 cm ßæÜð °·¤ ƒæÙ ×ð´ âð ·¤æÅUðU Áæ â·¤Ùð ßæÜð âÕâð ÕǸð Ü´Õ ßëžæèØ àæ´·é¤ ·¤æ ¥æØÌÙ ãñ Ñ

(A) 9.7 cm3 (B) 77.6 cm3 (C) 58.2 cm3 (D) 19.4 cm3

¹‡ÇU - Õ

Âýà٠ⴁØæ 11 âð 18 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñÐ


1
11. çmƒææÌ âê˜æ ·¤æ ÂýØæð» ·¤ÚUÌð ãé°, â×è·¤ÚU‡æ x2 53 ·ð¤ ×êÜ çÙÏæüçÚUÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
x

1
12. A.P : 7, 10 , 14, _ _ _ ·ð¤ ÂýÍ× 23 ÂÎæð´ ·¤æ Øæ𻠙ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
2

13. 15 m Ü´Õè °·¤ âèÉ¸è °·¤ ª¤ŠßæüƒæÚU ÎèßæÚU ·ð¤ ÆUè·¤ ª¤ÂÚUè çâÚðU Ì·¤ Âãé¡¿Ìè ãñÐ ØçÎ âèɸè ÎèßæÚU ·ð¤ âæÍ 608
·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ ÕÙæÌè ãñ, Ìæð ÎèßæÚU ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

14. °·¤ ƒæÇ¸è ·¤è ç×ÙÅU ·¤è âé§ü ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü 21 cm ãñÐ §â âé§ü mæÚUæ ƒæÇ¸è ·ð¤ ×é¹ ÂÅUÜ ÂÚU ÂýæÌÑ 7.00 ÕÁð âð
ÂýæÌÑ 7.05 ÕÁð Ì·¤ ÌØ ç·¤Øæ »Øæ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

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376
15. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ç·¤âè ßëžæ ·ð¤ ÃØæâ ·ð¤ çâÚUæð´ ÂÚU ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ â×æ´ÌÚU ãæðÌè ãñ´Ð
¥Íßæ
¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´, °·¤ ßëžæ ·ð¤ ÂçÚU»Ì °·¤ ¿ÌéÖéüÁ ABCD ¹è´¿æ »Øæ ãñÐ çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ AB1CD5AD1BC
ãñÐ

16. x ·¤æ ×æÙ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°, ØçÎ çÕ´Îé¥æð´ (x, 21) ¥æñÚU (3, 22) ·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤è ÎêÚUè x15 ãñÐ

17. ØçÎ çÕ´Îé C (21, 2) çÕ´Îé¥æð´ A (2, 5) ¥æñÚU B (x, y) ·¤æð ç×ÜæÙð ßæÜð ÚðU¹æ¹´ÇU ·¤æð ¥æ´ÌçÚU·¤ M¤Â âð 3 : 4 ·ð¤
¥ÙéÂæÌ ×ð´ çßÖæçÁÌ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñ, Ìæð çÕ´Îé B ·ð¤ çÙÎðüàææ´·¤ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

18. °·¤ Ü´Õ ßëžæèØ ÕðÜÙ ¥æñÚU àæ´·é¤ ·ð¤ ¥æÏæÚU ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ¥æð´ ·¤æ ¥ÙéÂæÌ 3 : 4 ãñ ÌÍæ §Ù·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§Øæð´ ·¤æ ¥ÙéÂæÌ
2 : 3 ãñÐ §Ù·ð¤ ¥æØÌÙæð´ ·¤æ €Øæ ¥ÙéÂæÌ ãñ?

¹‡ÇU - â
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 19 âð 28 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñÐ
19. çmƒææÌ â×è·¤ÚU‡æ x223x21050 ·¤æð ãÜ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
¥Íßæ
4 5 23
â×è·¤ÚU‡æ x
235
2x 1 3
, x ≠ 0,
2
·¤æð »é‡æÙ¹´ÇUÙ çßçÏ mæÚUæ ãÜ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

20. ‘a’ çÙÏæüçÚUÌ ·¤èçÁ° Ìæç·¤ 2a11, a21a11 ¥æñÚU 3a223a13 °·¤ A.P. ·ð¤ ·ý¤×æ»Ì ÂÎ ãæð´Ð

21. ç˜æ’Øæ 3.5 cm ßæÜð ßëžæ ÂÚU SÂàæü ÚU¹æ¥æð´ ·¤æ °·¤ °ðâæ Øé‚× ¹è´ç¿°, Áæð ÂÚUSÂÚU Ü´Õ ãæð´Ð

22. Îàææü§° ç·¤ çÕ´Îé (7, 3), (3, 0), (0, 24) ¥æñÚU (4, 21) °·¤ â׿ÌéÖéüÁ ·ð¤ àæèáü ãñ´Ð

23. °·¤ DABC ·¤æ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°, çÁâ·ð¤ àæèáü A (4, 4), B (0, 0) ¥æñÚU C (6, 2) ãñ´Ð

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24. ç·¤âè Փæð ·ð¤ Âæâ °·¤ Âæâæ ãñ, çÁâ·ð¤ ÀUÑ È¤Ü·¤æð´ ÂÚU Ùè¿ð çΰ ¥ÿæÚU çܹð ãñ´ Ñ

A B C D E A

Âæâð ·¤æð ØæÎëç‘ÀU·¤ L¤Â âð °·¤ ÕæÚU Èð´¤·¤æ ÁæÌæ ãñÐ çِ٠ÂýæŒÌ ·¤ÚUÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° Ñ
(i) A (ii) E.

25. ÌèÙ ç‷¤æð´ ·¤æð °·¤ âæÍ ©ÀUæÜæ ÁæÌæ ãñÐ ‹ØêÙÌ× Îæð ç¿Ì Âýæ# ·¤ÚUÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

26. ÃØæâ 21 âð×è ßæÜð °·¤ ÆUæð⠃ææÌé ·ð¤ »æðÜð ·¤æð çƒæÜæ·¤ÚU, ÀUæðÅðU à洷餥æð´ ·ð¤ M¤Â ×ð´ ÉUæÜæ ÁæÌæ ãñ, çÁÙ×ð´ âð
ÂýˆØð·¤ ·¤æ ÃØæâ 7 âð×è ¥æñÚU ª¡¤¿æ§ü 3 âð×è ãñÐ §â Âý·¤æÚU ÕÙð à洷餥æð´ ·¤è ⴁØæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

27. °·¤ ÌæÚU ·ð¤ ÅéU·¤Ç¸ð ·¤æð °·¤ ¥Ïüßëžæ ·ð¤ M¤Â ×ð´ ×æðǸæ ÁæÌæ ãñ çÁâ×ð´ ÂçÚUÕh ·¤ÚUÙð ßæÜæ ÃØæâ Öè âç×çÜÌ ãñÐ
§â ÌæÚU ·¤æð âèÏæ ·¤ÚU·ð¤ °·¤ ß»ü ·ð¤ M¤Â ×ð´ ×æðǸæ ÁæÌæ ãñÐ ¥Ïüßëžæ ·¤æ ÃØæâ 14 âð×è ãñÐ ¥Ïüßëžæ ¥æñÚU ß»ü
×ð´ âð 緤ⷤæ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ¥çÏ·¤ ãñ? âæÍ ãè, §Ù·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤æ ¥´ÌÚU ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
Ùè¿ð ·¤è ¥æ·ë¤çžæ ×ð´, ABC °·¤ ç˜æÖéÁ ãñ, çÁâ·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ A â×·¤æð‡æ ãñÐ AB, AC ¥æñÚU BC ·¤æð ÃØæâ ×æÙ ·¤ÚU
¥Ïüßëžæ ¹è´¿ð »° ãñ´Ð ÀUæØæ´ç·¤Ì Öæ» ·¤æ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

28. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ °·¤ ßëžæ ·ð¤ ÂçÚU»Ì â×æ´ÌÚU ¿ÌéÖéüÁ °·¤ â׿ÌéÖéüÁ ãæðÌæ ãñÐ

¥Íßæ
¥æ·ë¤çžæ ×ð´, PO ⊥ QO ãñÐ ·ð¤‹Îý O ßæÜð ßëžæ ·¤è P ¥æñÚU Q ÂÚU SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ çÕ´Îé T ÂÚU Âýç̑ÀðUÎ ·¤ÚUÌè ãñÐ
çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ PQ ¥æñÚU OT °·¤ ÎêâÚðU ·ð¤ Ü´Õ â×çmÖæÁ·¤ ãñ´Ð

041/X/SA2/01/C1 10

378
¹‡ÇU - Î
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 29 âð 34 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 4 ¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñÐ
29. 100 m ¿æñÇUè °·¤ âǸ·¤ ·ð¤ ÎæðÙæð´ ¥æðÚU ÕÚUæÕÚU ª¤¡¿æ§Øæð´ ·ð¤ Îæð ¹´Öð ¹Ç¸ð ãñ´Ð ¹´Öæð´ ·ð¤ Õè¿ ×ð´ âǸ·¤ ÂÚU çSÍÌ
ç·¤âè çÕ´Îé âð ¹´Öæð´ ·ð¤ àæèáæðZ ·ð¤ ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ 608 ¥æñÚU 308 ãñ´Ð ¹´Öæð´ ·ð¤ Õè¿ ×ð´ çÕ´Îé ·¤è çSÍçÌ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°
ÌÍæ ÂýˆØð·¤ ¹´Öð ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
¥Íßæ
60 m ª¡¤¿ð °·¤ ÖßÙ ·ð¤ çàæ¹ÚU âð °·¤ ×èÙæÚU ·ð¤ àæèáü ¥æñÚU ¥æÏæÚU ·ð¤ ¥ßÙ×Ù ·¤æð‡æ ·ý¤×àæÑ 308 ¥æñÚU 608
ãñ´Ð ×èÙæÚU ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

30. n ·ð¤ ç·¤â ×æÙ ·ð¤ çÜ°, A.P. : 63, 65, 67, _ _ _ _ _ ¥æñÚU 3, 10, 17, _ _ _ _ _ ·ð¤ n ßð´ ÂÎ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ´?
âæÍ ãè, Øð ÂÎ Öè ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
¥Íßæ
ç·¤âè âèɸè ×ð´ 25 cm ·¤è ÎêÚUè ÂÚU Ç´UÇðU Ü»ð ãñ´Ð §Ù Ç´UÇUæð´ ·¤è Ü´Õæ§Øæ¡, °·¤â×æÙ M¤Â âð, Ùè¿ð 45 cm âð

âÕâ𠪤ÂÚU 25 cm Ì·¤ ƒæÅUÌè ÁæÌè ãñ´ (Îðç¹° ¥æ·ë¤çÌ)Ð ØçÎ âÕâ𠪤ÂÚU ¥æñÚU âÕâð Ùè¿ð ·ð¤ Ç´UÇUæð´ ·ð¤ Õè¿

·¤è ÎêÚUè 2.5 m ãñ, Ìæð §Ù Ç´UÇUæð´ ·¤æð ÕÙæÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° ç·¤ÌÙè Ü´Õè Ü·¤Ç¸è ·¤è ¥æßàØ·¤Ìæ ãæð»è?

31. °·¤ ãßæ§üÁãæÁ ¥ÂÙð çÙÏæüçÚUÌ â×Ø âð 30 ç×ÙÅU ÕæÎ ¿ÜÙæ ÂýæÚ´UÖ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐ 1500 ç·¤.×è. ÎêÚU »´ÌÃØ SÍæÙ
ÂÚ â×Ø ÂÚU Âãé¡¿Ùð ·ð¤ çÜ°, ©âð ¥ÂÙè ¿æÜ ×ð´ 250 ç·¤.×è./ƒæ´ÅUæ ·¤è ßëçh ·¤ÚUÙè ÂǸÌè ãñÐ ©â·¤è âæ×æ‹Ø
¿æÜ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

32. °·¤ ÖßÙ °·¤ Ü´Õ ßëžæèØ ÕðÜÙ ·ð¤ ¥æ·¤æÚU ·¤æ ãñ, çÁâ·ð¤ ª¤ÂÚU °·¤ ¥æÏü»æðÜæ·¤æÚU »é´ÕÎ ¥ŠØæÚUæðçÂÌ ãñÐ §Ù
2
ÎæðÙæð´ ·¤è ¥æÏæÚU ç˜æ’Øæ°¡ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ´Ð »é´ÕÎ ·ð¤ ¥æÏæÚU ·¤æ ÃØæâ ÖßÙ ·¤è ·é¤Ü ª¡¤¿æ§ü ·¤æ ãñÐ ØçÎ §â ÖßÙ
3
1 3
×ð´ 67 m ßæØé ¥´ÌçßüC ãñ, Ìæð ÖßÙ ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
21
¥Íßæ
ÃØæâ 7m ßæÜæ °·¤ ·é¡¤¥æ 22.5 m ·¤è »ãÚUæ§ü Ì·¤ ¹æðÎæ »Øæ ãñÐ ¹æðÎÙð ÂÚU çÙ·¤Üè ãé§ü ç×^è ·¤æð §â ·é¡¤° ·ð¤

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·¤èçÁ°Ð

041/X/SA2/01/C1 11

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°·¤ àæ´·é¤ ·¤æ çÀUóæ·¤ ¥ŠØæÚUæðçÂÌ ãæð (Îðç¹° ¥æ·ë¤çÌ)Ð çÀUóæ·¤ ·ð¤ çâÚUæð´ ·ð¤ ÃØæâ ·ý¤×àæÑ 5 cm ¥æñÚU 2 cm ãñ´
ÌÍæ àæÅUÜ ·¤æò · ¤ ·¤è ·é ¤ Ü ª¡ ¤ ¿æ§ü 7 cm ãñ ´ Ð §â·¤æ ÕæãÚUè Âë c ÆUèØ ÿæð ˜ æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð


∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§ËÁ¡∞ 
22
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 7 

34. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ç·¤âè ÕæãÚUè çÕ´Îé âð °·¤ ßëžæ ÂÚU ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãæðÌè ãñÐ

-o0o-

041/X/SA2/01/C1 12

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041/X/SA2/20/B1

Class - X
MATHEMATICS

Time : 3 to 3½ hours Maximum Marks : 80


â×Ø : 3 âð 3½ ƒæ‡ÅUð ¥çÏ·¤Ì× ¥´·¤ : 80

Total No. of Pages : 11


·é¤Ü ÂëcÆUæð´ ·¤è ⴁØæ : 11

General Instructions :
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consists of 34 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
Section - A comprises of 10 questions of 1 mark each, Section - B comprises of 8 questions of
2 marks each, Section - C comprises of 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section - D comprises
of 6 questions of 4 marks each.
3. Question numbers 1 to 10 in Section - A are multiple choice questions where you are to select
one correct option out of the given four.
4. There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in 1 question of two
marks, 3 questions of three marks each and 2 questions of four marks each. You have to
attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
5. Use of calculator is not permitted.
6. An additional 15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper only.

âæ×æ‹Ø çÙÎðüàæ Ñ
1. âÖè ÂýàÙ ¥çÙßæØü ãñ´Ð
2. §â ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ 34 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, Áæð ¿æÚU ¹‡ÇUæð´ ¥, Õ, â ß Î ×ð´ çßÖæçÁÌ ãñÐ ¹‡ÇU - ¥ ×ð´ 10 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤
ÂýàÙ 1 ¹‡ÇU - Õ ×ð´ 8 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñ, ¹‡ÇU - â ×ð´ 10 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤
¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñ,

ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñ, ¹‡ÇU - Î ×ð´ 6 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 4 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñÐ
3. ¹‡ÇU - ¥ ×ð´ Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 10 âð Õãéçß·¤ËÂèØ ÂýàÙ ãñ´Ð °·¤ âãè
çΰ »° ¿æÚU çß·¤ËÂæð´ ×ð´ âð çß·¤Ë ¿éÙð´Ð

4. §â×ð´ ·¤æð§ü Öè âßæðüÂçÚU çß·¤Ë Ùãè´ ãñ, Üðç·¤Ù ¥æ´ÌçÚU·¤ çß·¤Ë 1 ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´, 3 ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´ ¥æñÚU 2 ÂýàÙ
4 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´ çΰ »° ãñ´Ð ¥æ çΰ »° çß·¤ËÂæð´ ×ð´ âð °·¤ çß·¤Ë ·¤æ ¿ØÙ ·¤Úð´UÐ

5. ·ñ¤Ü·é¤ÜðÅUÚU ·¤æ ÂýØæð» ßçÁüÌ ãñÐ


6. §â ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð ÂɸÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° 15 ç×ÙÅU ·¤æ ¥çÌçÚU€Ì â×Ø çÎØæ »Øæ ãñÐ §â ¥ßçÏ ·ð¤ ÎæñÚUæÙ ÀUæ˜æ ·ð¤ßÜ

ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð Âɸð´»ð ¥æñÚU ß𠩞æÚU-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ÂÚU ·¤æð§ü ©žæÚU Ùãè´ çܹð´»ðÐ

397
SECTION - A

Question numbers 1 to 10 carry 1 mark each. For each of these questions 4 alternatives are
given out of which only one is correct. Choose the correct one.

1. The value of k, for which the quadratic equation 4x214 3 x 1k50 has equal roots is :
(A) k52 (B) k522 (C) k523 (D) k53

2. Which term of an A.P : 21, 42, 63,.... is 210 ?


(A) 9 th (B) 10 th (C) 12 th (D) 11 th

3. From a point Q, the length of tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q from the
centre is 25 cm. The radius of circle is :
(A) 7 cm (B) 14 cm (C) 10 cm (D) 3.5 cm

4. In the figure 1, AT is the tangent to the circle with centre O such that OT54 cm and
∠OTA 5 30 8 . Then AT is equal to :

Fig. 1
(A) 4 cm (B) 2 cm (C) 2 3 cm (D) 8 cm

5. The probability of drawing a green coloured ball from a bag containing 6 red and 5 black
balls is :

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 5 (D) 6


11 11

6. The length of the string of a kite flying at 100 mts above the ground with the elevation of 608
is :
200 m
(A) 100 m (B) 100 2 m (C) 3 (D) 200 m

7. The angle through which the minute hand of the clock moves from 8 to 8 : 35 is :
(A) 2108 (B) 908 (C) 608 (D) 458

8. A solid sphere of radius x cm is melted and cast into a shape of a solid cone of radius x cm.
Then the height of the cone is :
(A) 3x cm (B) x cm (C) 4x cm (D) 2x cm

041/X/SA2/20/B1 2

398
9. In the given figure 2, O is the centre of the circle with ∠TQM 5 358 , then angle ATQ would
be equal to :

Fig. 2
(A) 558 (B) 568 (C) 358 (D) 548

10. In the given figure 3, AB is a chord of circle and AOC is diameter such that angle ACB5558.
If AT is a tangent to the circle at point A, then angle BAT is :

Fig. 3
(A) 658 (B) 408 (C) 508 (D) 558

SECTION - B
Question numbers 11 to 18 carry 2 marks each.
11. Find the number of all 2 digit numbers divisible by 3.

12. Find a point on x-axis which is equidistant from (23, 24) & (4, 23).

13. A solid cone of radius 4 cm and vertical height 3 cm has to be painted from outside except
the base. Find the surface area to be painted.

14. Find the values of k such that the quadratic equation : x222kx1(7k212)50, has real and
equal roots.

15. The length of the minute hand of the clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the minute hand
from 9 : 00 to 9 : 35.

16. In what ratio does the point (24, 6) divide the line segment joining the points A(26, 10) and
B(3, 28) ?

17. Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

041/X/SA2/20/B1 3

399
18. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability that :
(a) Sum is less than 5.
(b) Doublet appear.
OR
From a deck of playing cards all spades are removed, a card is drawn at random from the
remaining cards. Find the probability that it is :
(a) Red card
(b) Black face card

SECTION - C

Question numbers 19 to 28 carry 3 marks each.


19. From the top of a 10 m tall tower the angle of depression of a point on a ground was found
to be 608. How far is the point from the base of the tower ?

20. A sphere of radius 6 cm is dropped into a cylindrical vessel partly filled with water. The
radius of the vessel is 8 cm. If the sphere is submerged completely, then find the increase in
level of the water.
OR
A solid metalic sphere of diameter 1 m is melted to form small spheres of radius 10 cm, find
approximately how many such spheres can be formed.

1
21. Which term is the first negative term in the given A.P : 23, 21 , 20,........ ?
2

22. Solve the equation :


1 1 11
2 5 , x ≠24, 7
x 14 x 27 30
OR
If one root of the quadratic equation x225x16k50 is reciprocal of other, find the value of k.
Also find the roots.

23. Find the area of quadrilateral ABCD formed by the following points :
A(4, 3), B(6, 4), C(5, 26), D(3, 27)
OR
For what value of x, the points A(1, 2), B(24, 7) and C(x, 21) are collinear ?

24. From a bag containing 90 discs which are numbered from 1 to 90, one disc is selected at
random. Find the probability that it bears :
(a) A two digit number.
(b) A number divisible by 5.
(c) A perfect square number.

25. Find the relation between x and y such that the point P(x, y) is equidistant from the point
A(3, 6) and B(23, 4).

041/X/SA2/20/B1 4

400
26. In the given figure 4, XY and X'Y' are the parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and
another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X'Y' at B. Prove that
∠AOB 5 90 8 .

Fig. 4

27. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC57 cm, ∠B 5 458 and ∠A 5 1058 . Then, construct a
triangle whose sides are 3 4 times the corresponding sides of triangle ABC.

28. In the given figure 5, OACB is a quadrant of a circle with centre O and radius 3.5 cm. If
OD52 cm, find the area of the :

Fig. 5
(i) Quadrant OACB
(ii) Shaded region

SECTION - D

Question numbers 29 to 34 carry 4 marks each.


3
29. Two taps together can fill a tank in 9 hrs. The tap of larger diameter takes 10 hrs. less than
8
the smaller tap to fill the tank separately. Find the time in which each tap can fill the tank
separately.

30. A sphere and a cube have same surface. Show that the ratio of the volume of sphere to that
of the cube is 6: p.
OR
Find the mass of a 3.5 m long lead pipe, if the external diameter of pipe is 2.4 cm, thickness of
the metal is 2 mm and 1 cm3 of lead weighs 11.4 kg.

041/X/SA2/20/B1 5

401
31. If m times the mth term of an A.P. is same as n times the nth term, find its (m1n)th term.

32. The perimeters of the ends of a frustum of a right circular cone are 44 cm and 33 cm. If the
height of frustum is 16 cm, find its volume and total surface area.

33. Prove that the angle between the two tangents drawn from any external point to a circle is
supplementary to the angle subtended by the line segment joining the points of contact at the
centre.

34. An aeroplane is flying at a height of 2500 m above the ground. From a point on the ground
the angle of elevation of this aeroplane was found to be 608. If after 15 seconds of horizontal
flight, the angle of elevation changes to 308, find the speed of the aeroplane.
OR
A man standing on the deck of the ship which is 10 m above the sea level, observes the angle
of elevation of the top of the cloud as 308 and angle of depression of its reflection in the sea
was found to be 608. Find the height of the cloud and also the distance of the cloud from the
ship.

-oOo-

041/X/SA2/20/B1 6

402
¹‡ÇU - ¥
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 âð 10 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ °·¤ ¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñÐ ÂýàÙ 1 âð 10 ×ð´ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ×ð´ ¿æÚU çß·¤Ë çΰ »° ãñ´ çÁÙ×ð´
âð ·ð¤ßÜ °·¤ âãè ãñÐ âãè çß·¤Ë ¿éçÙ°Ð
1. â×è·¤ÚU‡æ 4x214 3 x 1k50 ·ð¤ ×êÜ â×æÙ ãæðÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° k ·¤æ ×æÙ ãñ Ñ

(A) k52 (B) k522 (C) k523 (D) k53

2. â×æ´ÌÚU Ÿæð‡æè 21, 42, 63,.... ·¤æ ·¤æñÙ âæ ÂÎ 210 ãñ?


(A) Ùæñßæ´ (B) Îâßæ´ (C) 12ßæ´ (D) ‚ØæãÚUßæ´

3. °·¤ ßëžæ ·ð¤ ·ð´¤Îý âð 25 âð×è ÎêÚU °·¤ çÕ´Îé Q âð ßëžæ ÂÚU ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü 24 âð×è ãñ, Ìæð ßëžæ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ
·¤è ܐÕæ§ü ãñ Ñ
(A) 7 âð×è (B) 14 âð×è (C) 10 âð×è (D) 3.5 âð×è

4. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 1 ×ð´, O ·ð´¤Îý ßæÜð ßëžæ ÂÚU AT °·¤ SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ ãñ ÁÕç·¤ OT54 âð×è ÌÍæ ∠OTA 5 30 8 ãñ, Ìæð AT ·¤è
Ü´Õæ§ü ãñ Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 1
(A) 4 âð×è (B) 2 âð×è (C) 2 3 âð×è (D) 8 âð×è

5. °·¤ ÍñÜð, çÁâ×ð´ 6 ÜæÜ ÌÍæ 5 ·¤æÜè »ð´Îð´ ãñ´, °·¤ ãÚðU Ú´U» ·¤è »ð´Î çÙ·¤æÜÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ãñ Ñ
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 5 (D) 6
11 11

6. Öêç× âð 100 ×è ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ÌÍæ 608 ·ð¤ ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ ÂÚU ©Ç¸Ìð ãé° °·¤ ÂÌ´» ·¤è ÇUæðÚUè ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü ãñ Ñ
200
(A) 100 ×è. (B) 100 2 ×è. (C) 3 ×è. (D) 200 ×è.

7. °·¤ ƒæÇ¸è ·¤è ç×ÙÅU ßæÜè âê§ü 8 âð 8 : 35 Ì·¤ ¿ÜÙð ×ð´ çÁÌÙæ ·¤æð‡æ ÂêÚUæ ·¤ÚUÌè ãñ, ßã ãñ Ñ
(A) 2108 (B) 908 (C) 608 (D) 458

8. x âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ·ð¤ °·¤ ÆUæðâ »æðÜð ·¤æð çƒæÜæ·¤ÚU x âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜð °·¤ ÆUæðâ àæ´·é¤ ·ð¤ M¤Â ×ð´ ɸæÜæ »ØæÐ àæ´·é¤ ·¤è
ª¡¤¿æ§ü ãñ Ñ
(A) 3x âð×è (B) x âð×è (C) 4x âð×è (D) 2x âð×è

041/X/SA2/20/B1 7

403
9. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 2 ×ð´ O ·ð´¤Îý ßæÜð ßëžæ ×ð´ ∠TQM 5 358 ãñ Ìæð ∠ATQ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 2
(A) 558 (B) 568 (C) 358 (D) 548

10. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 3 ×ð´, AB ßëžæ ·¤è Áèßæ ãñ ÌÍæ AOC ÃØæâ ãñ ÁÕç·¤ ∠ACB 5 558 ãñÐ ØçÎ AT ßëžæ ·ð¤ çÕ´Îé A ÂÚU
ç˜æ’Øæ ãñ Ìæð ∠BAT ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 3
(A) 658 (B) 408 (C) 508 (D) 558

¹‡ÇU - Õ
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 11 âð 18 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 2 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
11. 3 âð Öæ’Ø 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ßæÜè ç·¤ÌÙè ⴁØæ° ãñ´, ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

12. x-¥ÿæ ÂÚU ßã çÕ´Îé ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° Áæð ç·¤ çÕ´Îé¥æð´ (23, 24) ÌÍæ (4, 23) âð â×ÎêÚUSÍ ãñÐ
13. °·¤ 4 âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ÌÍæ 3 âð×è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ·ð¤ ÆUæðâ àæ´·é¤ ·¤æð ÕæãÚU âð Ú´U» ·¤ÚUÙæ ãñ (¥æÏæÚU ·¤æð ÀUæðǸ·¤ÚU) Ú´U» ç·¤° ÁæÙð ßæÜð

ÿæð˜æ ·¤æ ÂëD ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

14. k ·ð¤ ßã ×æÙ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° çÁââð çmƒææÌ â×è·¤ÚU‡æ Ñ x222kx1(7k212)50 ·ð¤ ×êÜ ßæSÌçß·¤ ÌÍæ â×æÙ ãæð´Ð

15. °·¤ ƒæÇ¸è ·¤è ç×ÙÅU ·¤è âê§ü ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü 14 âð×è ãñÐ §â âê§ü mæÚUæ 9 : 00 ÕÁð âð 9 : 35 Ì·¤ Áæð ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ÌØ ç·¤Øæ »Øæ,
ß㠙ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

16. çÕ´Îé (24, 6), çÕ´Îé¥æð´ A(26, 10) ÌÍæ B(3, 28) ·¤æð ç×ÜæÙð ßæÜð ÚðU¹æ¹‡ÇU ·¤æð 緤⠥ÙéÂæÌ ×ð´ Õæ´ÅUÌæ ãñ?

17. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ °·¤ ßëžæ ·ð¤ ÂçÚU»Ì °·¤ â×æ´ÌÚU ¿ÌéÖüéÁ °·¤ â׿ÌéÖüéÁ ãæðÌè ãñÐ

041/X/SA2/20/B1 8

404
18. Îæð Âæâæð´ ·¤æð °·¤ âæÍ Èð´¤·¤æ »ØæÐ ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ Ñ
(a) ÎæðÙæð´ ⴁØæ¥æð´ ·¤æ Øæð» 5 âð ·¤× ãæðÐ
(b) °·¤ çm·¤ ¥æ°Ð
¥Íßæ
Ìæàæ ·¤è °·¤ »aè ×ð´ âð ãé·¤× ·ð¤ âæÚðU žæð çÙ·¤æÜ çΰ »°Ð àæðá žææð´ ×ð´ âð ØæÎë‘ÀUØæ °·¤ žææ çÙ·¤æÜæ »ØæÐ
ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ Øã žææ Ñ
(a) ÜæÜ Ú´U» ·¤æ ãæðÐ
(b) ·¤æÜæ ÌâßèÚU ßæÜæ žææ ãæðÐ

¹‡ÇU - â
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 19 âð 28 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 3 ¥´·¤ ãñÐ
19. 10 ×è ª¡¤¿è °·¤ ×èÙæÚU ·ð¤ çàæ¹ÚU âð Öêç× ÂÚU °·¤ çÕ´Îé ·¤æ ¥ßÙ×Ù ·¤æð‡æ 608 ÂæØæ »ØæÐ Øã çÕ´Îé ×èÙæÚU ·ð¤ ÂæÎ âð

ç·¤ÌÙè ÎêÚUè ÂÚU ãñ?

20. 6 âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜð °·¤ »æðÜð ·¤æð °·¤ ÕðÜÙæ·¤æÚU ÕÌüÙ ×ð´ ÇUæÜæ »Øæ çÁâ×ð´ ·é¤ÀU ÂæÙè ãñÐ §â ÕÌüÙ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ 8 âð×è
ãñÐ ØçÎ Øã »æðÜæ ÂæÙè ×ð´ ÂêÚUæ ÇêUÕ ÁæÌæ ãñ, Ìæð ÕÌüÙ ·ð¤ ÂæÙè ·ð¤ ÌÜ ×ð´ ãé§ü ßëçh ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
1 ×è ÃØæâ ßæÜð °·¤ ÆUæðâ »æðÜð ·¤æð çƒæÜæ·¤ÚU 10 âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜð ÀUæðÅðU »æðÜæð´ ×ð´ ÉUæÜæ »ØæÐ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ֻܻ
ç·¤ÌÙð »æðÜð ÕÙð´»ðÐ

1
21. Îè »§ü â×æ´ÌÚU Ÿæð‡æè 23, 21 , 20,........ ·¤æ ç·¤ÌÙßæ´ ÂÎ ÂãÜæ «¤‡ææˆ×·¤ ÂÎ ãñ?
2

22. Îè »§ü â×è·¤ÚU‡æ ·¤æð ãÜ ·¤èçÁ° Ñ


1 1 11
2 5 , x ≠24, 7
x 14 x 27 30

¥Íßæ
ØçÎ çmƒææÌ â×è·¤ÚU‡æ x225x16k50 ·¤æ °·¤ ×êÜ ÎêâÚðU ·¤æ ÃØ鈷ý¤× ãæð Ìæð k ·¤æ ×æÙ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð â×è·¤ÚU‡æ ·ð¤
×êÜ Öè ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

23. çÕ´Îé¥æð´ A(4, 3), B(6, 4), C(5, 26) ÌÍæ D(3, 27) mæÚUæ ÕÙð ¿ÌéÖüéÁ ABCD ·¤æ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
x ·ð¤ ç·¤â ×æÙ ·ð¤ çÜ° çÕ´Îé A(1, 2), B(24, 7) ÌÍæ C(x, 21) â´ÚðU¹ ãñ´?

041/X/SA2/20/B1 9

405
24. °·¤ ÍñÜð ×ð´ 90 çÇUS·¤ ãñ çÁÙ ÂÚU 1 âð 90 Ì·¤ ⴁØæ°¡ ¥´ç·¤Ì ãñ´Ð °·¤ çÇUS·¤ ·¤æð ØæÎë‘ÀUØæ ¿éÙæ »ØæÐ ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ
·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ §â ÂÚU ¥´ç·¤Ì ⴁØæ Ñ
(a) °·¤ Îæð ¥´·¤æð´ ßæÜè ⴁØæ ãñÐ
(b) °·¤ 5 âð Öæ’Ø ⴁØæ ãñÐ
(c) °·¤ Âê‡æü ß»ü ⴁØæ ãñÐ

25. x ÌÍæ y ×ð´ ßã â´Õ´Ï ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° çÁââð ç·¤ çÕ´Îé P(x, y) çÕ´Îé¥æð´ A(3, 6) ÌÍæ B(23, 4) âð â×ÎêÚUSÍ ãæðÐ

26. Îè »§ü ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 4 ×ð´, XY ÌÍæ X'Y', ·ð´¤Îý O ßæÜð ßëžæ ÂÚU Îæð ÂÚUSÂÚU â×æ´ÌÚU SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ãñ´Ð °·¤ ¥‹Ø SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ AB
·¤æ SÂàæü çÕ´Îé C ãñ, Áæð ç·¤ XY ·¤æð A ÌÍæ X'Y' ·¤æð B ÂÚU ·¤æÅUÌè ãñÐ çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ∠AOB 5 908 ãñÐ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 4

27. °·¤ DABC ¹è´ç¿° çÁâ·¤è ÖéÁæ BC57 âð×è, ∠B 5 458 ÌÍæ ∠A 5 1058 ãñÐ ¥Õ °·¤ ¥‹Ø ç˜æÖéÁ ·¤è
ÚU¿Ùæ ·¤èçÁ° çÁâ·¤è ÖéÁæ°¡ DABC ·¤è â´»Ì ÖéÁæ¥æð´ ·¤è 3 »éÙè ãæð´Ð
4

28. Îè »§ü ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 5 ×ð´, OACB °·¤ 3.5 âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ÌÍæ ·ð´¤Îý O ßæÜð ßëžæ ·¤æ ¿ÌéÍæZàæ ãñÐ ØçÎ OD52 âð×è ãæð, Ìæð
çِ٠ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 5
(i) ¿ÌéÍæZàæ OACB

(ii) ÀUæØæ´ç·¤Ì Öæ»

041/X/SA2/20/B1 10

406
¹‡ÇU - Î

Âýà٠ⴁØæ 29 âð 34 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 4 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð


3
29. Îæð ÙÜ §·¤_ð °·¤ Åñ´U·¤ ·¤æð 9 ƒæ´ÅUæð´ ×ð´ ÖÚU â·¤Ìð ãñ´Ð ÕǸð ÃØæâ ßæÜæ ÙÜ, ÀUæðÅðU ÃØæâ ßæÜð ÙÜ âð 10 ƒæ´ÅðU ·¤× ×ð´
8
Åñ´U·¤ ·¤æð ¥Ü» âð ÖÚU â·¤Ìæ ãñÐ ßã â×Ø ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° çÁâ×ð´ ÎæðÙæð´ ÙÜ ¥Ü»-¥Ü» Åñ´U·¤ ·¤æð ÖÚU â·¤Ìð ãñ´Ð

30. °·¤ »æðÜð ¥æñÚU °·¤ ƒæÙ ·¤æ ÂëD ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü â×æÙ ãñÐ Îàææü§° ç·¤ »æðÜð ·ð¤ ¥æØÌÙ ÌÍæ ƒæÙ ·ð¤ ¥æØÌÙ ×ð´ 6 : p ·¤æ
¥ÙéÂæÌ ãñÐ

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3.5 ×èÜ´Õð °·¤ âèâð ·ð¤ Âæ§ü ·¤æ ÖæÚU ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° ØçÎ §â·¤æ Õæs ÃØæâ 2.4 âð×è ãñ ÌÍæ ÏæÌé ·¤è ×æðÅUæ§ü 2 ç×.×è.
ãñ ÁÕç·¤ 1 ƒæÙ âð×è âèâð ·¤æ ÖæÚU 11.4 ç·¤Üæð»ýæ× ãñÐ
31. °·¤ â×æ´ÌÚU Ÿæð‡æè ·ð¤ mßð´ ÂÎ ·¤æ m »éÙæ, §â·ð¤ nßð´ ÂÎ ·ð¤ n »é‡æð ·ð¤ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ, Ìæð §â·¤æ (m1n)ßæ´ ÂÎ ™ææÌ
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32. °·¤ àæ´·é¤ ·ð¤ çÀUóæ·¤ ·ð¤ ÎæðÙæð´ çâÚUæð´ ·ð¤ ÂçÚU×æ ·ý¤×àæÑ 44 âð×è ÌÍæ 33 âð×è ãñÐ ØçÎ §â çÀUóæ·¤ ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü 16 âð×è
ãñ Ìæð §â·¤æ ¥æØÌÙ ÌÍæ âÂê‡æü ÂëDèØ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

33. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ç·¤âè Õæs çÕ´Îé âð ç·¤âè ßëžæ ÂÚU ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ¥æð´ ·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ SÂàæü çÕ´Îé¥æð´ ·¤æð ç×ÜæÙð
ßæÜð ÚðU¹æ¹‡ÇU mæÚUæ ·ð´¤Îý ÂÚU ¥´ÌçÚUÌ ·¤æð‡æ ·¤æ â´ÂêÚU·¤ ãæðÌæ ãñÐ

34. °·¤ ßæØéØæÙ Öêç× âð 2500 ×è ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ÂÚU ©Ç¸ ÚUãæ ãñÐ Öêç× ·ð¤ °·¤ çÕ´Îé âð ßæØéØæÙ ·¤æ ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ 608 ÂæØæ

»ØæÐ ØçÎ 15 âñç·´¤ÇU ·¤è ÿæñçÌÁ ©Ç¸æÙ ·ð¤ ÕæÎ ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ ÕÎÜ ·¤ÚU 308 ãæð ÁæÌæ ãñÐ ßæØéØæÙ ·¤è ¿æÜ ™ææÌ

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©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ 308 ÂæÌæ ãñ ÌÍæ §â ÕæÎÜ ·¤è ÂæÙè ×ð´ ÂÚUÀUæ§ü ·¤æ ¥ßÙ×Ù ·¤æð‡æ 608 ÂæÌæ ãñÐ ÕæÎÜ ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ÌÍæ
§â·¤è ÁãæÁ âð ÎêÚUè ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

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041/X/SA2/20/B1 11

407
041/X/SA2/43/A1

Class - X
MATHEMATICS

Time : 3 to 3½ hours Maximum Marks : 80


â×Ø : 3 âð 3½ ƒæ‡ÅUð ¥çÏ·¤Ì× ¥´·¤ : 80

Total No. of Pages : 10


·é¤Ü ÂëcÆUæð´ ·¤è ⴁØæ : 10

General Instructions :
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consists of 34 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
Section - A comprises of 10 questions of 1 mark each, Section - B comprises of 8 questions of
2 marks each, Section - C comprises of 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section - D comprises
of 6 questions of 4 marks each.
3. Question numbers 1 to 10 in Section - A are multiple choice questions where you are to select
one correct option out of the given four.
4. There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in 1 question of two
marks, 3 questions of three marks each and 2 questions of four marks each. You have to
attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
5. Use of calculator is not permitted.
6. An additional 15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper only.

âæ×æ‹Ø çÙÎðüàæ Ñ
1. âÖè ÂýàÙ ¥çÙßæØü ãñ´Ð
2. §â ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ 34 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, Áæð ¿æÚU ¹‡ÇUæð´ ¥, Õ, â ß Î ×ð´ çßÖæçÁÌ ãñÐ ¹‡ÇU - ¥ ×ð´ 10 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤
ÂýàÙ 1 ¹‡ÇU - Õ ×ð´ 8 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñ, ¹‡ÇU - â ×ð´ 10 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤
¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñ,

ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñ, ¹‡ÇU - Î ×ð´ 6 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 4 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñÐ
3. ¹‡ÇU - ¥ ×ð´ Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 10 âð Õãéçß·¤ËÂèØ ÂýàÙ ãñ´Ð °·¤ âãè
çΰ »° ¿æÚU çß·¤ËÂæð´ ×ð´ âð çß·¤Ë ¿éÙð´Ð

4. §â×ð´ ·¤æð§ü Öè âßæðüÂçÚU çß·¤Ë Ùãè´ ãñ, Üðç·¤Ù ¥æ´ÌçÚU·¤ çß·¤Ë 1 ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´, 3 ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´ ¥æñÚU 2 ÂýàÙ
4 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´ çΰ »° ãñ´Ð ¥æ çΰ »° çß·¤ËÂæð´ ×ð´ âð °·¤ çß·¤Ë ·¤æ ¿ØÙ ·¤Úð´UÐ

5. ·ñ¤Ü·é¤ÜðÅUÚU ·¤æ ÂýØæð» ßçÁüÌ ãñÐ


6. §â ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð ÂɸÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° 15 ç×ÙÅU ·¤æ ¥çÌçÚU€Ì â×Ø çÎØæ »Øæ ãñÐ §â ¥ßçÏ ·ð¤ ÎæñÚUæÙ ÀUæ˜æ ·ð¤ßÜ

ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð Âɸð´»ð ¥æñÚU ß𠩞æÚU-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ÂÚU ·¤æð§ü ©žæÚU Ùãè´ çܹð´»ðÐ

408
SECTION - A
Question numbers 1 to 10 carry 1 mark each. For each of the question 1-10, four
alternatives have been provided of which only one is correct. You have to select the
correct choice.

1. The roots of the equation x22 3 x2x1 3 50 are :

(A) 3,1 (B) 2 3,1 (C) 2 3 , 21 (D) 3 , 21

2. What is the sum of all natural numbers from 1 to 100 ?


(A) 5050 (B) 55 (C) 4550 (D) 5150

3. How many parallel tangents can a circle have ?


(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) Infinite (D) None of these

4. Two tangents are drawn from an external point P (as shown in fig.) such that
∠ OBA 5 108 . Then ∠ BPA is.

(A) 108 (B) 208 (C) 308 (D) 408

5. The length of the tangents from a point A at a circle of radius 3 cm is 4 cm. The
distance (in cm) of A from the centre of the circle is :
(A) 7 (B) 7 (C) 5 (D) 25

6. The radius of the base of a cone is 5 cm and its height is 12 cm. Its curved surface area
is :
(A) 60 p cm2 (B) 65 p cm2 (C) 30 p cm2 (D) None of these

7. In a throw of a pair of dice, what is the probability of getting a doublet ?


1 1 5 2
(A) (B) (C) (D)
3 6 12 3

8. The ratio of the length of a pole and its shadow is 1: 3 . The angle of elevation of the
sun is :
(A) 908 (B) 608 (C) 308 (D) 458

041/X/SA2/43/A1 2

409
9. In the figure, AB is a diameter and AC is chord of a circle such that ∠ BAC 5 308 . If
DC is a tangent, then D BCD is.

(A) Isosceles (B) Equilateral (C) Right angled (D) Acute angled

10. If the perimeter of a semicircular protractor is 36 cm, then its diameter is :


(A) 10 cm (B) 12 cm (C) 14 cm (D) 15 cm

SECTION - B
Question numbers 11 to 18 carry 2 marks each.
11. Find the value of k for which the equation kx (x22)1650 has equal roots.

12. Find the 20th term from the last term (end) of the AP : 3, 8, 13 ....253.

13. Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a diameter of a circle are parallel.

14. Find the area of the shaded region, if PQ524 cm, PR57 cm and O is the centre of the
circle.

15. Water in a canal, 6 m wide and 1.5 m deep, is flowing with a speed of 10 km/h. How
much area will it irrigate in 30 minutes, if 8 m of standing water is needed ?

16. Find the point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2, 25) and (22, 9).

17. A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting a prime number.
OR
One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of
getting a red face card.

18. Find the value of ‘k’ for which the point (8, 1), (k, 24) and (2,25) are collinear.

041/X/SA2/43/A1 3

410
SECTION - C
Question numbers 19 to 28 carry 3 marks each.
1 1 1 1
19. Solve for x : 5 1 1 .
a1 b1 x a b x
OR
6
The sum of a number and its positive square root is . Find the number.
25

20. The sum of the 5th and 7th terms of an AP is 52 and its 10th term is 46. Find the AP.

21. A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the segments
BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact are of lengths 8 cm and
6 cm respectively. If area of DABC is 84 cm2, then find the sides AB and AC.

OR
Prove that parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

22. Draw a triangle ABC with side BC57 cm, ∠ B 5 458 and ∠ C 5 1058 . Then construct
3
a triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of DABC.
4

23. A 20 m deep well with diameter 7 m is dug and the earth from digging is spread out to
form a platform 22 m by 14 m. Find the height of the platform.
OR
A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modelling clay. A child
reshapes it in the form of a sphere. Find the radius of the sphere.

24. The radii of two circles are 4 cm and 3 cm. Find the radius of the circle whose area is
equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles. Also find the circumference of this
circle.

25. A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches
the ground making a angle of 308 with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to
the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

26. In what ratio does the point P (2, 2 5 6 ) divide the line segment joining the points
A (23, 5) and B (3, 22).

041/X/SA2/43/A1 4

411
27. Ankita and Nagma are two friends. They were both born in 1990. What is the
probability that they have (i) same birth day ? Different birth days ?

28. Find the area of a quadrilateral whose vertices, taken in order are (24, 22), (23, 25),
(0, 25) and (2, 22).

SECTION - D
Question numbers 29 to 34 carry 4 marks each.
29. Prove that the lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are equal.

30. The angles of depression of the top and the bottom of an 8 m tall building from the top
of a multi-storied building are 308 and 458 respectively. Find the height of the multi
storied building.

31. A drinking glass open at the top is in the shape of a frustum of a cone of height 24 cm.
The diameters of its top and bottom circular ends are 18 cm and 4 cm respectively.
Find the capacity and total surface area of the glass.
OR
A solid in the shape of a cone standing on a hemisphere with both their radii being
equal to 1 cm and height of the cone is equal to its radius. Find the volume and surface
area of the solid.

32. The difference of squares of two numbers is 180. The square of the smaller number is
8 times the larger number. Find the two numbers.
OR
Two Pipes running together can fill a tank in 6 minutes. If one pipe takes 5 minutes
more than the other to fill the tank, find the time in which each pipe would fill the tank
separately.

33. A spiral is made up of successive semicircles, with centres alternatively at A and B,


starting with centre at A of radii 0.5 cm, 1 cm, 1.5 cm, 2 cm ..... as shown in the figure.
What is the total length of such spiral made up of thirteen consecutive semicircles ?
22
(Take p5 )
7

34. The radii of the ends of a bucket of height 45 cm are 28 cm and 7 cm. Find its volume
22
and the curved surface area. (Use p5 ).
7

-o0o-

041/X/SA2/43/A1 5

412
¹‡ÇU - ¥
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 âð 10 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·¤æ 1 ¥´·¤ ãñÐ
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 âð 10 ·ð¤ çÜ° ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ ¿æÚU
çß·¤Ë çΰ »° ãñ´, çÁÙ×ð´ âð ·ð¤ßÜ °·¤ âãè ãñÐ âãè çß·¤Ë ¿éçÙ°Ð
1. â×è·¤ÚU‡æ x22 3 x2x1 3 50 ·ð¤ ×êÜ ãñ´ Ñ
(A) 3,1 (B) 2 3,1 (C) 2 3 , 21 (D) 3 , 21

2. 1 âð 100 Ì·¤ ·¤è âÖè Âýæ·ë¤Ì ⴁØæ¥æð´ ·¤æ Øæ𻠀Øæ ãñ?
(A) 5050 (B) 55 (C) 4550 (D) 5150

3. °·¤ ßëÌ ·¤è ç·¤ÌÙè â×æ´ÌÚU SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°´ ãæð â·¤Ìè ãñ´?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) ¥ÂçÚUç×Ì (D) §Ù×ð´ âð ·¤æð§ü Ùãè´

4. °·¤ Õæs çÕ´Îé P âð °·¤ ßëÌ ÂÚU Îæð SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°´ ¹è´¿è »§ü ãñ´ (Áñâæ ç·¤ ¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´ çιæØæ »Øæ ãñ)Ð ØçÎ
∠ OBA 5 108 ãñ, Ìæð ∠ BPA ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ Ñ

(A) 108 (B) 208 (C) 308 (D) 408

5. 3 cmç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜð ßëÌ ÂÚU °·¤ çÕ´Îé A âð ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü 4 cm ãñÐ A ·¤è ßëÌ ·ð¤ ·ð´¤Îý âð ÎêÚUè
(cm ×ð´) ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ Ñ
(A) 7 (B) 7 (C) 5 (D) 25

6. °·¤ àæ´·é¤ ·ð¤ ¥æÏæÚU ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ 5 cm ÌÍæ ª¡¤¿æ§ü 12 cm ãñÐ §â·¤æ ß·ý¤ÂëcÆUèØ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ãñ Ñ
(A) 60 p cm2 (B) 65 p cm2 (C) 30 p cm2 (D) §Ù×ð´ âð ·¤æð§ü Ùãè´

7. Âæâæ𴠷𤠰·¤ Øé‚× ·¤æð Èð´¤·¤Ùð ÂÚU °·¤ çm·¤ ¥æÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ãñ Ñ
1 1 5 2
(A) (B) (C) (D)
3 6 12 3

8. °·¤ ¹Öð ·¤è Ü´Õæ§ü ÌÍæ §â·¤è Öêç× ÂÚU ÀUæØæ ×ð´ 1: 3 ·¤æ ¥ÙéÂæÌ ãñÐ âêØü ·¤æ ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ ãñ Ñ
(A) 908 (B) 608 (C) 308 (D) 458

041/X/SA2/43/A1 6

413
9. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´, AB ßëÌ ·¤æ ÃØæâ ÌÍæ AC °·¤ Áèßæ ãñÐ ØçÎ ∠ BAC 5 308 ãñ ÌÍæ DC °·¤ SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ ãñ, Ìæð
DBCD ãñ Ñ

(A) â×çmÕæãé (B) â×Õæãé (C) â×·¤æð‡æèØ (D) ‹ØêÙ·¤æð‡æèØ

10. ØçÎ °·¤ ¥ÏüßëÌèØ ¿æ¡Îð ·¤æ ÂçÚU×æ 36 cm ãñ, Ìæð §â·¤æ ÃØæâ ãñ Ñ
(A) 10 cm (B) 12 cm (C) 14 cm (D) 15 cm

¹‡ÇU - Õ
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 11 âð 18 Ì·¤ ×ð´ âð ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 2 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
11. k ·¤æ ßã ×æÙ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° çÁâ·ð¤ çÜ° â×è·¤ÚU‡æ kx (x22)1650 ·ð¤ ×êÜ â×æÙ ãæð´Ð

12. â×æÙæ´ÌÚU Ÿæðɸè 3, 8, 13, ....253 ·ð¤ ¥´çÌ× ÂÎ (¥´Ì) âð 20 ßæ´ ÂÎ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

13. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ °·¤ ßëÌ ·ð¤ ÃØæâ ·ð¤ çâÚUæð´ ÂÚU ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°´ ÂÚUSÂÚU â×æ´ÌÚU ãæðÌè ãñ´Ð

14. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´ ÀUæØæ´ç·¤Ì ÿæð˜æ ·¤æ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°, ÁÕç·¤ PQ524 cm, PR57 cm ãñ ÌÍæ O ßëÌ ·¤æ ·ð¤‹Îý
ãñÐ

15. 6 m ¿æñǸè ÌÍæ 1.5 m »ãÚUè °·¤ ÙãÚU ×ð´ 10 ç·¤Üæð×èÅUÚU ÂýçÌ ƒæ´ÅUæ ·¤è ÎÚU âð ÂæÙè Õã ÚUãæ ãñÐ ØçÎ §â×ð´ 8 m
·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü Ì·¤ ÂæÙè ·¤è ¥æßàØ·¤Ìæ ãæð, Ìæð 30 ç×ÙÅUæð´ ×ð´ Øã ç·¤ÌÙð ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ·¤è çâ´¿æ§ü ·¤ÚU Îð»è?

16. x-¥ÿæ ÂÚU ßã çÕ´Îé ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° Áæð çÕ´Îé¥æð´ (2, 25) ÌÍæ (22, 9) âð â×ÎêÚUSÌ ãæðÐ

17. °·¤ Âæâð ·¤æð °·¤ ÕæÚU Èð´¤·¤æ »ØæÐ °·¤ ¥Öæ’Ø ⴁØæ ·ð¤ ¥æÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
¥Íßæ
041/X/SA2/43/A1 7

414
°·¤ ¥‘ÀUè Âý·¤æÚU ·ð¤ Èð´¤ÅUè »§ü Ìæàæ ·¤è 52 žææð´ ·¤è »aè ×ð´ âð °·¤ žææ çÙ·¤æÜæ »ØæÐ °·¤ ÜæÜ Ú´U» ·ð¤ ÌâßèÚU
ßæÜð žæð ·ð¤ ÂýæŒÌ ãæðÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

18. k ·¤æ ×æÙ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° çÁââð çÕ´Îé (8, 1), (k, 24) ÌÍæ (2,25) â´ÚðU¹ ãæð´Ð

¹‡ÇU - â
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 19 âð 28 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 3 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
1 1 1 1
19. x ·ð¤ çÜ° ãÜ ·¤èçÁ° : 5 1 1 .
a1 b1 x a b x
¥Íßæ
6
°·¤ ⴁØæ ÌÍæ §â·ð¤ ÏÙæˆ×·¤ ß»ü×êÜ ·¤æ Øæð» ãñÐ ßã ⴁØæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
25

20. °·¤ â×æ´ÌÚU ŸæðÉ¸è ·ð¤ 5 ßð´ ¥æñÚU 7 ßð´ ÂÎæð´ ·¤æ Øæð» 52 ãñ ÌÍæ §â·¤æ 10 ßæ´ ÂÎ 46 ãñÐ ßã â×æ´ÌÚU ŸæðÉ¸è ™ææÌ
·¤èçÁ°Ð

21. 4 cm ç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜð °·¤ ßëÌ ·ð¤ ÂçÚU»Ì °·¤ ç˜æÖéÁ ABC §â Âý·¤æÚU ¹è´¿æ »Øæ ç·¤ ÚðU¹æ¹‡ÇU BD ¥æñÚU DC,
çÁÙ×ð´ SÂàæü çÕ´Îé D mæÚUæ BC çßÖæçÁÌ ãñ, ·¤è Ü´Õæ§Øæ¡ ·ý¤×àæÑ 8 cm ¥æñÚU 6 cm ãñ´Ð ØçÎ ç˜æÖéÁ ABC ·¤æ
ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü 84 cm2 ãæð Ìæð ç˜æÖéÁ ·¤è ÖéÁæ°¡ AB ÌÍæ AC ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ç·¤âè ßëÌ ·ð¤ ÂçÚU»Ì â×æ´ÌÚU ¿ÌéÖéüÁ, °·¤ â׿ÌéÖéüÁ ãæðÌæ ãñÐ

22. °·¤ ç˜æÖéÁ ABC ¹è´ç¿° çÁâ×ð´ ÖéÁæ BC57 cm, ∠ B 5 458 ÃÕÊ ∠ C 5 1058 ãñÐ ¥Õ °·¤ ¥‹Ø
3
ç˜æÖéÁ ·¤è ÚU¿Ùæ ·¤èçÁ° çÁâ·¤è ÖéÁæ°¡ DABC ·¤è â´»Ì ÖéÁæ¥æð´ ·¤è »éÙè ãæð´Ð
4

23. 7 m ÃØæâ ßæÜæ 20 m »ãÚUæ °·¤ ·é¤¥æ¡ ¹æðÎæ ÁæÌæ ãñ ¥æñÚU ¹æðÎÙð âð çÙ·¤Üè ãé§ü ç×^è ·¤æð â×æÙ M¤Â âð Èñ¤Üæ
·¤ÚU 22 m314 m ßæÜæ ¿ÕêÌÚUæ ÕÙæØæ ÁæÌæ ãñÐ §â ¿ÕêÌÚðU ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
¥Íßæ
×æÇUÜ ÕÙæÙð ßæÜè ç×^è âð 24 cm ª¡¤¿æ§ü ¥æñÚU 6 cm ¥æÏæÚU ç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜæ °·¤ àæ´·é¤ ÕÙæØæ »ØæÐ °·¤ Փæð Ùð

§âð »æðÜð ·ð¤ ¥æ·¤æÚU ×ð´ ÕÎÜ çÎØæÐ §â »æðÜð ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

041/X/SA2/43/A1 8

415
24. Îæð ßëÌæð´ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ°¡ 4 cm ¥æñÚU 3 cm ãñ´Ð ©â ßëÌ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° çÁâ·¤æ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü §Ù ÎæðÙæð´ ßëÌæð´ ·ð¤

ÿæð˜æȤÜæð´ ·ð¤ Øæð» ·ð¤ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñÐ §â ßëÌ ·¤è ÂçÚUçÏ Öè ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

25. ¥æ¡Ïè ¥æÙð âð °·¤ ÂðǸ ÅêUÅU ÁæÌæ ãñ ¥æñÚU ÅêUÅUæ ãé¥æ Öæ» §â ÌÚUã ×éǸ ÁæÌæ ãñ ç·¤ ÂðǸ ·¤æ çàæ¹ÚU Öêç× ·¤æð ÀêUÙð

Ü»Ìæ ãñ ¥æñÚU §â·ð¤ âæÍ 308 ·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ ÕÙæÌæ ãñÐ ÂðǸ ·ð¤ ÂæÎ çÕ´Îé ·¤è ©â çÕ´Îé âð ÎêÚUè, Áãæ¡ ÂðǸ ·¤æ çàæ¹ÚU

Öêç× ·¤æð ÀêUÌæ ãñ, 8m ãñÐ ÂðǸ ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

26. çÕ´Îé P (2, 2 5 6 ), çÕ´Îé¥æð´ A (23, 5) ÌÍæ B (3, 22) ·¤æð ç×ÜæÙð ßæÜð ÚðU¹æ¹‡ÇU ·¤æð 緤⠥ÙéÂæÌ ×ð´

Õæ¡ÅUÌæ ãñÐ

27. ¥´ç·¤Ìæ ¥æñÚU Ù»×æ Îæð çטæ ãñ´Ð ÎæðÙæð´ ·¤æ Á‹× 1990 ×ð´ ãé¥æÐ §â·¤è €Øæ ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ãñ ç·¤ ÎæðÙæð´ (i) ·¤æ Á‹×çÎÙ
°·¤ ãè ãæð (ii) ·ð¤ Á‹× çÎÙ çÖóæ-çÖóæ ãæð´?

28. °·¤ ¿ÌéÖéüÁ ·¤æ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°, çÁâ·ð¤ àæèáü, §âè ·ý¤× ×ð´ (24, 22), (23, 25), (0, 25) ÌÍæ

(2, 22) ãñ´Ð

¹‡ÇU - Î
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 29 âð 34 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 4 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð

29. çâh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ç·¤âè Õæs çÕ´Îé âð ßëÌ ÂÚU ¹è´¿è »§ü SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ¥æð´ ·¤è Ü´Õæ§Øæ¡ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãæðÌè ãñ´Ð

30. °·¤ Õãé×´çÁÜ ÖßÙ ·ð¤ çàæ¹ÚU âð Îð¹Ùð ÂÚU °·¤ 8m ª¡¤¿ð ÖßÙ ·ð¤ çàæ¹ÚU ¥æñÚU ÌÜ ·ð¤ ¥ßÙ×Ù ·¤æð‡æ ·ý¤×àæÑ

308 ¥æñÚU 458 ãñ´Ð Õãé×´çÁÜ ÖßÙ ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

31. °·¤ ÂæÙè ÂèÙð ßæÜæ ç»Üæâ, Áæ𠪤ÂÚU âð ¹éÜæ ãñ, °·¤ àæ´·é¤ ·ð¤ çÀUóæ·¤ ·ð¤ ¥æ·¤æÚU ·¤æ ãñ, çÁâ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü

24 cm ãñÐ §â·ð¤ ª¤ÂÚUè ÌÍæ çÙ¿Üð ßëÌèØ çâÚUæð´ ·ð¤ ÃØæâ ·ý¤×àæÑ 18 cm ÌÍæ 4 cm ãñ´Ð §â·¤è ÏæçÚUÌæ ÌÍæ

â´Âê‡æü ÂëcÆUèØ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
°·¤ ÆUæðâ °·¤ àæ´·é¤ ·ð¤ ¥æ·¤æÚU ·¤æ ãñ Áæð ç·¤ °·¤ ¥Ïü»æðÜð ÂÚU ÚU¹æ ãé¥æ ãñ ¥æñÚU ÎæðÙæð´ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ°´ 1 cm ãñ´ ÌÍæ

àæ´·é¤ ·¤è ª¡¤¿æ§ü §â·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ·ð¤ ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñÐ §â ÆUæðâ ·¤æ ¥æØÌÙ ÌÍæ ÂëcÆUèØ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

32. Îæð ⴁØæ¥æð´ ·ð¤ ß»æðZ ·¤æ ¥´ÌÚU 180 ãñÐ ØçÎ ÀUæðÅUè ⴁØæ ·¤æ ß»ü, ÕǸè ⴁØæ ·¤æ 8 »éÙæ ãñ, Ìæð ÎæðÙæð ⴁØæ°´ ™ææÌ
·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
Îæð Âæ§Â §·¤_ð °·¤ Å´U·¤è ·¤æð 6 ç×ÙÅU ×ð´ ÖÚU â·¤Ìð ãñ´Ð ØçÎ °·¤ Âæ§Â ¥·ð¤Üð Å´U·¤è ·¤æð ÖÚUÙð ×ð´ ÎêâÚUð Âæ§Â âð

5 ç×ÙÅU ¥çÏ·¤ ÜðÌæ ãñ, Ìæð ÂýˆØð·¤ Âæ§ü ·¤æ Å´U·¤è ·¤æð ÖÚUÙð ·¤æ â×Ø (¥Ü»-¥Ü») ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

041/X/SA2/43/A1 9

416
33. ·ð´¤Îý A âð ÂýæÚ´UÖ ·¤ÚUÌð ãé°, ÕæÚUè ÕæÚUè âð ·ð´¤Îýæð´ A ¥æñÚU B ·¤æð ÜðÌð ãé° ç˜æ’Øæ¥æð´ 0.5 cm, 1.0 cm,
1.5 cm, 2.0 cm ..... ßæÜ𠩞æÚUæðžæÚU ¥ÏüßëÌæð´ ·¤æð ¹è´¿·¤ÚU °·¤ âçÂüÜ ÕÙæØæ »Øæ ãñ Áñâæ ç·¤ ¥æ·ë¤çÌ ×ð´

çιæØæ »Øæ ãñÐ ÌðÚUã ·ý¤×æ»Ì ¥ÏüßëÌæð´ âð ÕÙð §â âçÂüÜ ·¤è ·é¤Ü Ü´Õæ§ü €Øæ ãñ?

22
(p5 ÜèçÁ° )
7

34. 45 cm ª¡¤¿æ§ü ·¤è °·¤ ÕæËÅUè ·ð¤ çâÚUæð´ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ°´ 28 cm ÌÍæ 7 cm ãñ´Ð §â·¤æ ¥æØÌÙ ÌÍæ ß·ý¤ÂëcÆèØU

22
ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð (p5 ÜèçÁ° )
7

-o0o-

041/X/SA2/43/A1 10

417
041/X/SA2/31/B1

Class - X
MATHEMATICS

Time : 3 to 3½ hours Maximum Marks : 80


â×Ø : 3 âð 3½ ƒæ‡ÅUð ¥çÏ·¤Ì× ¥´·¤ : 80

Total No. of Pages : 11


·é¤Ü ÂëcÆUæð´ ·¤è ⴁØæ : 11

General Instructions :
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consists of 34 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
Section - A comprises of 10 questions of 1 mark each, Section - B comprises of 8 questions of
2 marks each, Section - C comprises of 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section - D comprises
of 6 questions of 4 marks each.
3. Question numbers 1 to 10 in Section - A are multiple choice questions where you are to select
one correct option out of the given four.
4. There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in 1 question of two
marks, 3 questions of three marks each and 2 questions of four marks each. You have to
attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
5. Use of calculator is not permitted.
6. An additional 15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper only.

âæ×æ‹Ø çÙÎðüàæ Ñ
1. âÖè ÂýàÙ ¥çÙßæØü ãñ´Ð
2. §â ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ 34 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, Áæð ¿æÚU ¹‡ÇUæð´ ¥, Õ, â ß Î ×ð´ çßÖæçÁÌ ãñÐ ¹‡ÇU - ¥ ×ð´ 10 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤
ÂýàÙ 1 ¹‡ÇU - Õ ×ð´ 8 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñ, ¹‡ÇU - â ×ð´ 10 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤
¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñ,

ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñ, ¹‡ÇU - Î ×ð´ 6 ÂýàÙ ãñ´ ¥æñÚU ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 4 ¥´·¤æð´ ·¤æ ãñÐ
3. ¹‡ÇU - ¥ ×ð´ Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 10 âð Õãéçß·¤ËÂèØ ÂýàÙ ãñ´Ð °·¤ âãè
çΰ »° ¿æÚU çß·¤ËÂæð´ ×ð´ âð çß·¤Ë ¿éÙð´Ð

4. §â×ð´ ·¤æð§ü Öè âßæðüÂçÚU çß·¤Ë Ùãè´ ãñ, Üðç·¤Ù ¥æ´ÌçÚU·¤ çß·¤Ë 1 ÂýàÙ 2 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´, 3 ÂýàÙ 3 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´ ¥æñÚU 2 ÂýàÙ
4 ¥´·¤æð´ ×ð´ çΰ »° ãñ´Ð ¥æ çΰ »° çß·¤ËÂæð´ ×ð´ âð °·¤ çß·¤Ë ·¤æ ¿ØÙ ·¤Úð´UÐ

5. ·ñ¤Ü·é¤ÜðÅUÚU ·¤æ ÂýØæð» ßçÁüÌ ãñÐ


6. §â ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð ÂɸÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° 15 ç×ÙÅU ·¤æ ¥çÌçÚU€Ì â×Ø çÎØæ »Øæ ãñÐ §â ¥ßçÏ ·ð¤ ÎæñÚUæÙ ÀUæ˜æ ·ð¤ßÜ

ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð Âɸð´»ð ¥æñÚU ß𠩞æÚU-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ÂÚU ·¤æð§ü ©žæÚU Ùãè´ çܹð´»ðÐ

418
SECTION - A
Question numbers 1 to 10 carry 1 mark each. For each of the questions 1 to 10 four
alternative choices have been provided of which only one is correct. You have to
select the correct choice.
1 2 5
1. If is the root of the equation x 1 kx 2 5 0 then the value of k is :
2 4
1 1
(A) 2 (B) 22 (C) (D)
4 2

2. The common difference of an A.P. in which a252a125252 is :


(A) 4 (B) 24 (C) 23 (D) 3

3. If two tangents inclined at an angle of 608 are drawn to a circle of radius 3 cm, then the
length of each tangent is equal to :

3 3
(A) cm (B) 2 3 cm (C) 3 3 cm (D) 6 cm
2

4. In Fig. 1, AB is a chord of a circle with centre O, AC is a tangent at A, making an angle


of 808 with AB. Then ∠ AOB is equal to :

(A) 808 (B) 508 (C) 1008 (D) 1608

5. In Fig. 2, AB, AC, PQ are tangents, if AB55 cm, then perimeter of DAPQ is :

(A) 10 cm (B) 15 cm (C) 12.5 cm (D) 20 cm

041/X/SA2/31/B1 2

419
6. In Fig. 3, PQ and PR are the tangents to the circle with center O such that ∠ QPR5508.
Then ∠ OQR is equal to :

(A) 258 (B) 308 (C) 408 (D) 508

7. The volume of a largest sphere that can be cut from cylindrical log of wood of base
radius 1 m and height 4 m is :

8 10 16 4
(A) pm3 (B) pm3 (C) pm3 (D) pm3
3 3 3 3

8. Total surface area of a cube is 216 cm2, it’s volume is :


(A) 216 cm3 (B) 144 cm3 (C) 196 cm3 (D) 212 cm3

9. The angle formed by the line of sight with the horizontal, when the point being viewed
is above the horizontal level is called :
(A) vertical angle (B) angle of depression
(C) angle of elevation (D) obtuse angle

10. If an event cannot occur then its probability of occuring is

2 1
(A) 1 (B) (C) (D) 0
3 2

SECTION - B
Question number 11 to 18 carry 2 marks each.

3
11. Solve : 2 x 2 51
x

12. Calculate how many multiples of 7 are there between 100 and 300.

13. From and external point T, tangent PT is drawn to a circle whose center is O. If
OT529 cm and PT521 cm, determine the radius of the circle.

041/X/SA2/31/B1 3

420
14. What will be the increase in area of circle if its radius is increased by 40% ?

15. The radius of the wheels of a Bus is 70 cm, how many revolutions per minute must a
wheel make in order to move at a speed of 66 km/h ?

16. What point on x axis is equidistant from the points A(7, 6) and B(23, 4) ?

1 
17. In what ratio does the point  , 6  divide the line segment joining the points (3, 5)
2 
and (27, 9) ?

18. A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball
from the bag is thrice that of red ball, find the number of blue balls in the bag.
OR
A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of playing cards. Find the
probability of getting a red face card.

SECTION - C
Question numbers 19 to 28 carry 3 marks each.
19. Find the value of k for which the quadratic equation (k14)x21(k11)x1150 has equal
roots.
OR

Find the roots of the equation 4x214 3 x1350.

20. If the sum of all the terms of an A.P. 1, 4, 7, 10, ........, x. is 287, find x.
OR
The sum of the first three terms of an A.P. is 33. If the product of the first and the third
term exceeds the second term by 29, find the A.P.

21. In fig.4, triangle ABC is isosceles in which AB5AC, circumscribed about a circle. Prove
that base is bisected by the point of contact.

041/X/SA2/31/B1 4

421
22. Draw a triangle ABC, in which BC56.5 cm, angle B5458 and angle A51058. Then
3
construct a triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of ABC.
4

23. In a circle of radius 12 cm, an arc subtends an angle of 608 at the centre. Find
(i) Area of sector formed by the arc
(ii) Area of the segment formed by the corresponding chord.

24. Water in a canal 30 dm wide and 12 dm deep, is flowing with a velocity of 20 km/h,
how much area it will irrigate in 30 minutes if 9 cms of standing water is desired ?
OR
A well with 7 m inside diameter is dug 22 m deep, earth taken out of it has been spread
all round it to a width of 10.5 m to form an embankment. Find the height of the
embankment so formed.

25. A person standing on the bank of the river observes that the angle subtended by a tree
on the opposite bank is 608, when he retreats 20 m from the bank he finds the angle to
be 308, find the height of the tree.

26. Show that the points P (0, 22), Q (3, 1), R (0, 4) and S (23, 1) are the vertices of a
square. PQRS.

27. The points A (2, 9), B(a, 5) and C(5, 5) are the vertices of a triangle ABC, right angled
at B. Find the value of a and hence the area of triangle ABC.

28. Two dice are thrown together. Find the probability that the product of the numbers on
the top of the dice is
(i) 6 (ii) 12 (iii) 7

SECTION - D
Question numbers 29 to 34 carry 4 marks each.
29. A person has a rectangular garden whose area is 100 sq m. He fences three sides of the
garden with 30 m barbed wire. On the fourth side, the wall of his house is constructed;
find the dimensions of the garden.
OR
3
Two water taps together can fill a tank in 9 hours. The tap of larger diameter
8
takes 10 hours less than the smaller one to fill the tank separately. Find the time in
which each tap can separately fill the tank.

30. Kartik repays his total loan of Rs. 1,18,000 by paying every month starting with the
first instalment of 1000, if he increases the instalment by Rs. 100 every month. What
amount will be paid by him in the 30th instalment ? What amount of loan does he still
have to pay after the 30th instalment ?

041/X/SA2/31/B1 5

422
31. In Fig. 5, l and m are two parallel tangents to the circle with center O at A and B, the
tangent at C makes an intercept DE between l and m. Prove that angle DOE is 908.

32. Find the area of the shaded region in Fig.6, where a circular arc of radius 6 cm has been
drawn with vertex O of an equilateral triangle OAB of side 12 cm as centre.

OR
In Fig.7, find the area of the shaded design, where ABCD is a square of side 10 cm and
semi circles are drawn with each side of the square as diameter. (use p53.14)

33. A milk container is made of a metal sheet in the form of a frustum of a cone of height
16 cm with radii of its lower and upper ends as 8 cm and 20 cm respectively. Find the
cost of milk which the container can hold when fully filled at Rs. 20 per litre.

34. The angle of elevation of a cloud from a point 200 m above the lake is 308 and the angle
of depression of its reflection in the lake is 608, find the height of the cloud above the
lake.
-o0o-

041/X/SA2/31/B1 6

423
¹‡ÇU - ¥
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 1 âð 10 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ 1 ¥´·¤ ·¤æ ãñÐ ÂýàÙ 1 âð 10 ×ð´ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ×ð´ 4 çß·¤Ë çΰ »°
ãñ´ çÁÙ×ð´ âð ·ð¤ßÜ °·¤ âãè ãñÐ âãè çß·¤Ë ¿éçÙ°Ð
1 5
1. ØçÎ â×è·¤ÚU‡æ x 2 1 kx 2 5 0 ·¤æ °·¤ ×êÜ ãñ Ìæð k ·¤æ ×æÙ ãñ Ñ
2 4
1 1
(A) 2 (B) 22 (C) (D)
4 2

2. °·¤ â×æ´ÌÚU Ÿæð‡æè ×ð´ a252a125252 ãñ Ìæð §â·¤æ âæßü¥´ÌÚU ãñ Ñ


(A) 4 (B) 24 (C) 23 (D) 3

3. 3 âð×è ç˜æ’Øæ ßæÜð ßëžæ ÂÚU Îæð SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ¹è´¿è »§ü Áæð ÂÚUSÂÚU 608 ·ð¤ ·¤æð‡æ ÂÚU Ûæé·¤è ãé§ü ãñ´Ð ÂýˆØð·¤ SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ
·¤è ܐÕæ§ü ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ Ñ

3 3
(A) âð×è (B) 2 3 âð×è (C) 3 3 âð×è (D) 6 âð×è
2

4. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 1 ×ð´, O ·ð´¤Îý ßæÜð ßëžæ ·¤è AB °·¤ Áèßæ ãñ ÌÍæ AC çÕ´Îé A ÂÚU SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ ãñ´ Áæð ç·¤ AB ·ð¤ âæÍ
808 ·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ ÕÙæÌè ãñ, Ìæð ∠ AOB ÕÚUæÕÚU ãñ Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 1
(A) 808 (B) 508 (C) 1008 (D) 1608

5. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 2 ×ð´, AB, AC ÌÍæ PQ SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ãñ´Ð ØçÎ AB55 âð×è ãñ Ìæð DAPQ ·¤æ ÂçÚU×æ ãñ Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 2
(A) 10 âð×è (B) 15 âð×è (C) 12.5 âð×è (D) 20 âð×è

041/X/SA2/31/B1 7

424
6. ¥æ·ë¤çÌ 3 ×ð´, PQ ÌÍæ PR ·ð´¤Îý O ßæÜð ßëžæ ·¤è SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ°¡ ãñ´ ÌÍæ ∠ QPR5508 ãñ Ìæð ∠ OQR ÕÚUæÕÚU
ãñ Ñ

¥æ·ë¤çÌ 3
(A) 258 (B) 308 (C) 408 (D) 508

7. °·¤ Ü·¤Ç¸è ·ð¤ ÕðÜÙæ·¤æÚU Ü_ð ×ð´ âð, çÁ⠷𤠥æÏæÚU ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ 1 ×è ÌÍæ ª¡¤¿æ§ü 4 ×è ãñ, çÙ·¤æÜð Áæ â·¤Ùð
ßæÜð ÕǸð âð ÕǸð »æðÜð ·¤æ ¥æØÌÙ ãñ Ñ
8 10 16 4
(A) p ƒæÙ ×è (B) p ƒæÙ ×è (C) p ƒæÙ ×è (D) p ƒæÙ ×è
3 3 3 3

8. °·¤ ƒæÙ ·¤æ â´Âê‡æü ÂëDèØ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü 216 ß»ü âð×è ãñ Ìæð §â·¤æ ¥æØÌÙ ãñ Ñ

(A) 216 ƒæÙ âð×è (B) 144 ƒæÙ âð×è (C) 196 ƒæÙ âð×è (D) 212 ƒæÙ âð×è

9. ÎëçCÚðU¹æ ¥æñÚU ÿæñçÌÁ ÚðU¹æ âð ÕÙæ ·¤æð‡æ, ÁÕç·¤ Îð¹æ Áæ ÚUãæ çÕ´Îé ÿæñçÌÁ SÌÚU â𠪤ÂÚU ãñ, ·¤ãÜæÌæ ãñ Ñ

(A) âèÏæ ·¤æð‡æ (B) ¥ßÙ×Ù ·¤æð‡æ (C) ©óæØÙ ·¤æð‡æ (D) ¥çÏ·¤ ·¤æð‡æ

10. ØçÎ °·¤ ƒæÅUÙæ Ù ƒæÅU â·ð¤ Ìæð §â·ð¤ ƒæÅUÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ãñ Ñ

2 1
(A) 1 (B) (C) (D) 0
3 2

¹‡ÇU - Õ
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 11 âð 18 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 2 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
3
11. ãÜ ·¤èçÁ° Ñ 2 x 2 51
x

12. ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ 100 ¥æñÚU 300 ·ð¤ Õè¿ ç·¤ÌÙð 7 ·ð¤ »é‡æÁ ãñ´Ð

13. O ·ð´¤Îý ßæÜð ßëžæ ÂÚU, °·¤ Õæs çÕ´Îé T âð, SÂàæü ÚðU¹æ PT ¹è´¿è »§üÐ ØçÎ OT529 âð×è ÌÍæ PT521 âð×è
ãñ Ìæð ßëžæ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

041/X/SA2/31/B1 8

425
14. ØçÎ °·¤ ßëžæ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ×ð´ 40% ·¤è ßëçh ãæð Áæ° Ìæð §â·ð¤ ÿæð˜æÈ¤Ü ×ð´ ç·¤ÌÙè ßëçh ãæð»è?

15. °·¤ Õâ ·ð¤ Âçã¥æð´ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ 70 âð×è ãñÐ 66 ç·¤×è ÂýçÌ ƒæ´ÅUæ ·¤è ¿æÜ ÂÚU ¿ÜÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° °·¤ Âçã° ·¤æð ÂýçÌ
ç×ÙÅU ç·¤ÌÙð ¿·ý¤ Ü»æÙð ãæð´»ð?

16. x-¥ÿæ ÂÚU ·¤æñÙ âæ çÕ´Îé, çÕ´Îé¥æð´ A (7, 6) ÌÍæ B(23, 4) âð â×ÎêÚUSÍ ãñ?

1 
17. çÕ´Îé¥æð´ (3, 5) ÌÍæ (27, 9) ·¤æð ç×ÜæÙð ßæÜð ÚðU¹æ¹‡ÇU ·¤æð çÕ´Îé  ,6 
2 
緤⠥ÙéÂæÌ ×ð´ Õæ´ÅUÌæ ãñ?

18. °·¤ ÍñÜð ×ð´ 5 ÜæÜ ÌÍæ ·é¤ÀU ÙèÜè »ð´Îð´ ãñ´Ð ØçÎ §â ÍñÜð ×ð´ âð °·¤ ÙèÜè »ð´Î çÙ·¤æÜÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ °·¤ ÜæÜ

»ð´Î ·ð¤ çÙ·¤æÜÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ·¤è ÌèÙ »éÙè ãñÐ ÍñÜð ×ð´ ÙèÜè »ð´Îæð´ ·¤è ⴁØæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¥Íßæ
Ìæàæ ·¤è °·¤ ¥‘ÀUè Âý·¤æÚU âð Èð´¤ÅUè »§ü »aè ×ð´ âð °·¤ žææ ØæÎë‘ÀUØæ çÙ·¤æÜæ »ØæÐ §â žæð ·ð¤ ÜæÜ ÌâßèÚU
ßæÜð žæð ·ð¤ ãæðÙð ·¤è ÂýæçØ·¤Ìæ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

¹‡ÇU - â
Âýà٠ⴁØæ 19 âð 28 Ì·¤ ÂýˆØð·¤ ÂýàÙ ·ð¤ 3 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
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4

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26. Îàææü§° ç·¤ çÕ´Îé P (0, 22), Q(3, 1), R(0, 4) ÌÍæ S(23, 1) °·¤ ß»ü PQRS ·ð¤ àæèáü ãñ´Ð

27. çÕ´Îé A(2, 9), B(a, 5) ÌÍæ C(5, 5) °·¤ ç˜æÖéÁ ABC ·ð¤ àæèáü ãñ´ çÁâ·¤æ ·¤æð‡æ B â×·¤æð‡æ ãñÐ a ·¤æ ×æÙ
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»é‡æÙÈ¤Ü ãñ Ñ

(i) 6 (ii) 12 (iii) 7

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8
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Õæ·¤è ÚUã Áæ°»æ?

041/X/SA2/31/B1 10

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041/X/SA2/31/B1 11

428
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 4 : Quadratic Equations

1
1. Find the roots of x − = 3, x ≠ 0 (3 Marks)
x
2. Find the value of k for kx2 + 2x - 1 = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
3. Find the value of k for kx2 - 2 5 x + 4 = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
4. If the roots of the equation (b - c)x2 + (c - c)x + (a - b) = 0 are equal, accordingly prove that
2b = a + c. (3 Marks)
5. Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation 3x2– 4 3 x + 4 = 0, and hence find the nature
of its roots. (3 Marks)
6. The difference of squares of two numbers is 180. The square of the smaller number is 8 times
the larger number. Find the two numbers. (6 Marks)
7. In a class test, the sum of Shefali’s marks in Mathematics and English is 30. Had she got 2
marks more in Mathematics and (3 Marks) less in English, the product of their marks would
have been 210. Find her marks in the two subjects. (6 Marks)
8. A motor boat whose speed is 18 km/h in still water takes 1 hour more to go 24 km upstream
than to return downstream to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream. (6 Marks)
9. A pole has to be erected at a point on the boundary of a circular park of diameter 13 metres in
such a way that the differences of its distances from two diametrically opposite fixed gates A
and B on the boundary is 7 metres. Is it possible to do so? If yes, at what distances from the
two gates should the pole be erected? (6 Marks)

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429
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 4 : Quadratic Equations

1 1 11
1. Find the roots of − = , x ≠ −4, 7 (3 Marks)
x + 4 x − 7 30
2. Find the value of k for 2x2 + kx + 3 = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
3. Find the value of k for kx (x – 2) + 6 = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
4. Find the value of k for which the equation x2 + 5kx + 16 = 0 has no real roots. (3 Marks)
5. Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation 2x2– 6x + 3 = 0, and hence find the nature of
its roots. (3 Marks)
6. The diagonal of a rectangular field is 60 metres more than the shorter side. If the longer side is
30 metres more than the shorter side, find the sides of the field. (6 Marks)
7. A pole has to be erected at a point on the boundary of a circular park of diameter 13 metres in
such a way that the differences of its distances from two diametrically opposite fixed gates A
and B on the boundary is 7 metres. Is it possible to do so? If yes, at what distances from the
two gates should the pole be erected? (6 Marks)
8. Sum of the areas of two squares is 468 m2. If the difference of their perimeters is 24 m, find
the sides of the two squares. (6 Marks)
9. An express train takes 1 hour less than a passenger train to travel 132 km between Mysore and
Bangalore (without taking into consideration the time they stop at intermediate stations). If the
average speed of the express train is 11 km/h more than that of the passenger train, find the
average speed of the two trains. (6 Marks)

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430
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 4 : Quadratic Equations

1. Find the roots of 3x2 – 5x + 2 = 0 (3 Marks)


2. Find the value of k for k2x2 – 2(2k - 1)x + 4 = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
3. Find the value of k for (k + 1)x2 – 2(k - 1)x + 1= 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
4. Determine the positive value of k for which the equation x2 + kx + 64 + 0 and x2 – 8x + k = 0
will both have real roots. (3 Marks)
2
5. Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation 2x – 3x + 5 = 0, and hence find the nature of
its roots. (3 Marks)
6. Rohan’s mother is 26 years older than him. The product of their ages (in years) 3 years from
now will be 360. We would like to find Rohan’s present age. (6 Marks)
7. An express train takes 1 hour less than a passenger train to travel 132 km between Mysore and
Bangalore (without taking into consideration the time they stop at intermediate stations). If the
average speed of the express train is 11km/h more than that of the passenger train, find the
average speed of the two trains. (6 Marks)
3
8. Two water taps together can fill a tank in 9 hours. The tap of larger diameter takes 10 hours
8
less than the smaller one to fill the tank separately. Find the time in which each tap can
separately fill the tank. (6 Marks)
9. A motor boat whose speed is 18 km/h in still water takes 1 hour more to go 24 km upstream
than to return downstream to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream. (6 Marks)

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431
CBSE TEST PAPER-04
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 4 : Quadratic Equations

1. Find the roots of x2 + 4x + 5 = 0 (3 Marks)


2
2. Find the value of k for 4x – 2(k + 1)x + (k + 4) = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
3. Find the value of k for x2 – 2(k + 10x + k2 = 0, so that it has two equal roots. (3 Marks)
4. If -4 is a root of the quadratic equation x2+ px–4=0 and the quadratic equation x2+ px +k=0
has equal roots, find the value of k. (3 Marks)
5. Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation 2x2 – 4x + 3 = 0, and hence find the nature of
its roots. (3 Marks)
6. The sum of the reciprocals of Rehman’s ages, (in years) 3 years ago and 5 years from now is
1
. Find his present age. (6 Marks)
3
7. A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a
particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the
number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90,
find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article. (6 Marks)
8. A train travels 360 km at a uniform speed. If the speed had been 5 km/h more, it would have
taken 1 hour less for the same journey. Find the speed of the train. (6 Marks)
3
9. Two water taps together can fill a tank in 9 hours. The tap of larger diameter takes 10
8
hours less than the smaller one to fill the tank separately. Find the time in which each tap can
separately fill the tank. (6 Marks)

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432
CBSE TEST PAPER-05
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 4 : Quadratic Equations

(Questions 1 marks)
Q1. Find the sum & product of the roots of the equation x2-√3 = 0
Q2. Divided 51 into two parts whose product is 378.
Q3. Determine K, so that the equation x2-4x+k = 0 has no real roots.
Q4. Find the equations whose roots are 5+√2 and 5-√2
Q5. Find for the given equation √3x2-2√2x-2√3 = 0
Q6. Find the value of a and b such that x=1, and x=-2 are solutions of the quad. Equation x2+ax+b
=0
Q7. Find the value of K for which the following quad. Equation has equal roots
(a). (k-4) x2+2(k-4)x+4=0 (b). kx(x-2) +6=0
Q8. For what value of ‘P’, the following equations have real roots
(a) Px2r+4x+1=0 (b) 4x2+8x-P=0 (c) 2x2+Px+8=0
Q9. If ∝and β are the roots of the equation x2-4x-5=0. Find ∝-1+β-1
2− 3
Q10. If one root of a quad. Equation is then what is the other root?
2
(Questions 2/3 marks)
Q1. Solve the following by factorization method
(a) 2x2_ax-a2=0 (b) 4x2-4ax+(a2-b2)=0
Q2. Using quadratic formula, solve the following equation for x
abx2+(b2-ac)x-bc=0 (a, b, c,∈ R)
1 1
Q3. Solve for x, x+ = 25
x 25
Q4. If one root of the quadratic equation 2x2+kx-6=0 is 2, find the value of k and the other root
Q5 If -5 is a root of 2x2+px-15=0 & the quad. Equation f(x2+x)+k=0 has equal root find k.
Q6. If the roots of the equation (b-c) x2+(c-a)x+(a-b)=0 are equal then prove that 2b=a+c
Q7. Find two consecutive multiple of three whose product is 270.
Q8 Two no differ by 4 and their product is 192. Find the numbers
Q9. If the list price of a toy is reduced by Rs2 a person can by 2 toys more for Rs360. Find
original price of the toy.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 5 : Arithmetic Progression

(Questions 1 marks)
Q1. Which term of the sequence 4, 9, 14…….. Is 124?
Q2. Find the 10th term from the end of A.P 3, 8, 13, 18………253
Q3. For what value of K, the number x, 3x+k, 3x+6, are thre4ee consecutive terms of A.P
Q4. How many numbers of two digits are divisible by 8?
Q5. Find the middle term of A.P 1, 8, 15……505
Q6. Write next term of A.P ∫8, ∫18, ∫32…………
Q7. What is the common difference of an A.P in which a23-a18=45
Q8. Find first there terms of an A.P whose nth term is -5+2x
Q9. In the given A.P, find the missing terms 0, _, -8, -12, _.
Q10. Find the sum of all odd integers between 1 and 100 which are not multiples of 4

(Questions 2/3 marks)


Q1. How many terms of A.P 18, 16, 14…….. Should be taken so that their sum is zero?
Q2. If the 10th term of an A.P is 47 and first term is 2, find the sum of the first 15 terms
Q3. Solve the equation -2+5+8……+x =155
Q4. Which term of A.P 121, 117, 113……. Is the first negative term?
Q5. How many multiples of 4 lie between 10 and 25o?
Q6. IF the sum of n terms of an A.P is n2+2x, find the A.P and the 20th term.
Q7. For what values of n nth term of the series 3, 10, 17…..And 63, 65, 67….Are equal.
Q8. If 9th term of an A.P is 0, prove that 29th term is double of the 19th term
Q9. Determine the A.P whose zero term is 16 and when 5th term is subtracted from 7th, we get 12

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434
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter : Co-ordinate Geometry

(Questions of 1 mark)
Q1. Find the distance between the prints A(10 cos θ) and B(0, 10 sin θ)
Q2. Find the area of ABC where A(2, 3), B(-2, 1) and C(3, -2)
Q3. Find the co-ordinates of the point which divides the line-segment joining the point
(1, 3) and (2, 7) in the ratio 3:4
Q4. Find the area of the triangle formed by the points O(0, 0), A(a, 0) and B(0, h).
Q5. AB is the diameter of a circle whose centre is (2, -3). If the co-ordinates of A.B are
(1, 4), then find the co-ordinates of A.
Q6. Find the co-ordinates of vertex B of the equilateral triangle OAB in the fig.

(Questions of 2/3 marks)


Q1. Find the ratio in which the line-segment joining the points (-3, 4) and (1, -2) is divided
by y-axis.
Q2. Find the point of trisection of the line-segment joining the points (-3, 4) and (1, -2).
Q3. In the figure BOA is a right triangle and C is the midpoint of AB. Show that it is
equidistant from the vertices O, A and B.
Q4. If the area of a triangle formed by (x, 2x), (-2, 6) and (3, 1) is 5 square units, then find
the value of x.
Q5. If the centroid of the triangle formed by the points (a, b), (b, c) and (c, a) at the origin,
then find the value of a3+b3+c3.

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435
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Circles

1 Mark Questions

1. In the fig.1 PA and PB are tangents to the circle with centre O drawn from an external point P.
CD is a third tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB=10cm Q =2 cm. What is the length of PC?

2. The length of tangent from point A at a distance at 5 cm. from the centre of the circle is 4 cm.
What will be the radius of the circle?

3. Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn from an external point ‘T’ to a circle with centre O as shown
in fig they are inclined to each other at an angle of 1000 then what is the value of ∠ POQ?

4. How many tangents can be drawn to a circle from a point outside the circle?

2/3 MARKS

5. In fig, a circle touches all the four sides of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides AB = 8 cm., BC = 9
cm. and CD = 6 cm. find AD.

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436
6. What is the distance between two parallel tangents of a circle of the radius 4 cm.?

7. How many tangents can be drawn to a circle from a point inside the circle.

8. TP and TQ are tangents to the circle with centre O if ∠ TOQ = 500 find ∠ OTQ.

9. If O is the centre of two concentric circles of radius 5 cm. and 13 cm. if AB is chord of larger
circle which touches the smaller circle. Find the length of chord AB.

10. In the adjoining figure (fig. 5) a circle is inscribed in a quadrilateral ABCD in which ∠ B= 900.If
AD= 23cm, AB =29cm, and DS =5cm. find the radius of the circle.

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437
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Constructions

CONSTRUCTIONS

Q1. Construct a triangle with sides 4cm, 5cm and 6 cm and then another triangle whose sides are

8
of the corresponding sides of the first triangle.
5

Q2. Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other at an angle of

300.

Q3. Draw a line segment of length 8 cm and divide it in the ratio 3:2. measure the two lengths.

Q4. Draw a circle of radius 5 cm. From a point 11 cm away from its center. Construct the pair of

tangents to the circle.

Q5. Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB= 6 cm and BC is 8 cm, ∠ B=900, BD is perpendicular

from B on AC. The circle through B, C, D is drawn. Construct the tangents from this circle.

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438
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter 12 : Areas Related to Circles

1. A paper is in the form of a rectangle ABCD where AB = 22 cm and BC = 14 cm. A 3-marks


semicircle portion with BC as diameter is cut off. Find the area of the remaining
paper.
2. Find the area of a quadrant of a circle whose circumference is 22 cm. 3-marks
3. Find the area of the shaded region in adjacent figure if ABCD is a square of side 14 3-marks
cm and APD and BPC are semicircles.

4. An umbrella has 8 ribs, which are equally spaced, assuming umbrella to be a flat 3-marks
circle of radius 45 cm. Find the area between two consecutive ribs of the umbrella.
5. A drain cover is made from a square metal plate of side 40 cm by having 441 holes 3-marks
of diameter 1 cm each drilled in it. Find the area of the remaining square plate.
6. On a square handkerchief, nine circles designs of each radius 7 cm are made. Find 3-marks
the area of the remaining portion of the handkerchief.
7. In the adjacent figure ABCD is a square of side 14 cm. 3-marks
with centers A, B, C, and D four circles are drawn
such that each circle touch externally two of the
remaining three circles. Find the area of the shaded region.

8. Find the area of the shaded region if the radius of the smaller circle is 1cm 3-marks

9. A horse is tied to a pole at one corner of a square grass field of side 15 m by means 3-marks
of 5m long rope. Find the area of the part of the field in which the horse can graze.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-02
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter 12 : Areas Related to Circles

1. In the figure two small circles touch each other externally at the centre of a big circle 3-marks
and these small circles are touched internally by a big circle with radius 4 cm. Find the
area of the shaded region.

2. In the figure, two small circles touch each other externally at the centre of a bigger 3-marks
circle and these small circles are touched internally by a big circle with radius 4 cm.
find the area of the shaded region.

3. In the adjacent figure on the centre ‘O’ is of the bigger circle and AC is its diameter. 3-marks
Another circle with AB as diameter is drawn. If AC = 54 cm and BC = 10 cm find the
area of the shaded region.

4. Find the area of the shaded region if PQ = 24 cm, PR = 7 cm and O is the centre of the 3-marks
circle. Triangle PQR is right angled at R.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Areas Related to Circles

1 Mark Questions

1. A wire in the shape of square of perimeter 88 cm. is bent so as to form a circular ring. Find the
radius of the ring.

2. What is the perimeter of a semi circular protractor whose diameter is 14cm?

3. In fig. 6 OACB is a quadrant of a circle of radius 7 cm. What is its perimeter?

4. In fig.7, which is a sector of a circle of radius 10.5 cm. Find the perimeter of the sector ( ٨ =
22/7)

2/3 Marks Questions

5. In the following figure(fig. 13) chord AB is equal to the radius of the circle. Find area of shaded
region if radius is 7 cm.

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6. If the perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 5.2 cm. is 16.4 cm. find the area of the sector.

7. The short and long hands of a clock are 4cm. & 6cm. long respectively. Find the sum of distance
22
travelled by their tips in two days. (Take =π )
7

8. ∆ ABC is a right-angled triangle, ∠ B= 900, AB= 28cm, BC= 21cm. With AC as diameter
semicircle is drawn and with BC as radius a quarter circle is drawn. Find the area of the shaded
portion. (Fig. 14)

9. Above figure is a running track with semicircular ends of diameter 7 cm. Find the length of the
track as per given dimensions.

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442
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Areas Related to Circles

1 Mark Questions

1. What is the ratio of the areas of a circle and an equilateral triangle whose diameter and a side are
respectively equal.

2. The length of a minute hand of a wall clock is 7 cm. What is the area swept by it is 30 minutes.

3. What is the radius of the circle whose circumference and area are numerically equal?

4. Find the area of a sector whose radius is ‘r’ and central angle is complete angle.

2/3 Marks Questions

5. Find the perimeter of adjoining figure (fig. 9), if a semicircular arc is drawn on side BC as
diameter.

6. In the given figure (fig. 10) AB=BC=CD and AD=42 cm. find the area of shaded figure.

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7. In the given figure (fig.11) OABC is a rhombus, three of whose vertices lie on a circle with centre
O. If the area of the rhombus is 32√3 cm2. Find the radius of the circle.

8. Find the area of shaded portion in the given figure (fig.12).

9. A wire is looped in the form of a circle of radius 28cm. if is reverted into a square form.
Determine the area of the square so formed.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter 13 : Surface Areas and Volumes

1. How many balls, each of radius 1 cm., can be made from a solid sphere of lead of 4-marks
radius 8 cm.
2. A solid metallic sphere of diameter 21 cm is melted and recasted into a number of 4-marks
smaller cones, each of diameter 7 cm and height 3 cm. Find the number of cones so
formed.
3. A cylindrical container is filled with ice-cream, whose radius is 6 cm and height is 15 4-marks
cm. The whole ice-cream is distributed to 10 children in equal cones having
hemispherical tops. If the height of the conical in equal cones having hemispherical
tops. If the height of the conical portion is 4 times the radius of the base, find the
radius of the ice-cream cone.
4. A spherical cannon ball, 28 cm in diameter is melted and cast into a right circular 4-marks
conical mould, the base of which is 35 cm in diameter. Find the height of the cone,
correct to one place of decimal.
5. Water flows at the rate of 10 m per minute through a cylindrical pipe having its 4-marks
diameter as 5 mm. How much time will it take to fill a conical vessel whose diameter
of base is 40 cm and depth 24 cm?
6. Water is being pumped out through a circular pipe whose external diameter is 7 cm. If 4-marks
the flow of water is 72 cm per second, how many litres of water are being pumped out
in one hour?
7. A well with 10 m inside diameter is dug 14 m deep. Earth taken out of it is spread to a 4-marks
width of 5 m to form an embankment. Find the height of the embankment.
8. A vessel is in the form of hemispherical bowl, is full of water. Its contents are emptied 4-marks
in a right circular cylinder. The internal radii of the bowl and the cylinder are 3.5 cm
and 7 cm respectively. Find the height to which water will rise in the cylinder.
9. What is the least number of solid metallic spheres of 6 cm in diameter that should be 4-marks
melted and recast to form a solid metal cylinder whose height is 45 cm and diameter 4
cm.
10. Earth taken out of digging a circular tank of diameter 17.5 m, is spread all around the 4-marks
tank uniformly to a width of 4 m, to form an embankment of height 2m. Calculate the
depth of the circular tank correct to two decimal places.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-02
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Surface Area & Volumes

Take π = 22/7, unless stated otherwise.


1 marks Questions

Q-1 What is the surface area of a cube whose volume is 64 cm3?


Q-2 A wooden solid sphere of radius r cm is divided into two equal parts. What is the whole surface
area of the two parts?
Q-3 If the curved surface area of a right circular cylinder is 1760 cm2 and its radius is 21 cm, then
what is its height?
Q-4 Two cubes each of volume 64 cm3 are joined face to face. What is the surface area of the
resulting cuboid ?
Q-5 How many balls, each of radius 1 cm, can be made from a solid sphere of lead of radius 8 cm ?

2/3 marks Questions

Q-6 Circumference of the edge of hemispherical bowl is 132 cm. Find the capacity of the bowl.( π
= 22/7)
Q-7 In the given figure, a cone of radius 10 cm is divided into two parts by drawing a plane through
the mid-points of its axis, parallel to its base. Compare the volume of the two parts?

Q-8 Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of a cube whose radius is 9
cm.
Q-9 50 circular plates, each of radius 10.5 cm and thickness 1.6 cm, are placed one above the other
to form a solid circular cylinder. Find the curved surface are and volume of the cylinder so
formed?
Q-10 the radii of the internal and external surfaces of a metallic spherical shell are 3 cm and 5 cm
2
respectively. It is melted and recast into a solid right circular cylinder of height 10 cm. Find
3
the diameter of the base of the cylinder.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-03
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Surface Area & Volumes

Take π = 22/7, unless stated otherwise.


1 marks Questions

Q-1 The diameter of a metallic sphere is 6 cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire having diameter of
the cross-section as 0.2 cm. Find the length of the wire?

Q-2 What is the height of a cone whose base area and volume are numerically equal?

Q-3 A rectangular piece of paper of dimensions 60 cm X 88 cm is rolled to form a hollow circular


cylinder of height 60 cm. What is the radius of the cylinder?

Q-4 In the adjoining figure, the bottom of the glass has a hemispherical raised portion. The glass is
fitted with orange juice. How much juice a person will get?

2/3 marks Questions

Q-5 The curved surface area of a cone is 550 cm2. Find the volume of the cone given that its base
diameter is 14 cm.

Q-6 A square field and an equilateral triangular park have equal perimeters. If the cost of ploughing
the field at the rate of Rs. 5 per m2 is Rs. 720, find the cost of maintaining the park at the rate of Rs. 10
per m2.

Q-7 An iron solid sphere of radius 3 cm is melted and recast into small spherical balls of radius 1
cm each. Assuming that there is no wastage in the process, find the number of small spherical balls
made from the given sphere?

Q-8 A rectangular water tank of base 11 cm X 6 cm contain water up to height of 5 m. If the water
in the tank is transferred to a cylindrical tank of radius 3.5 m, find the height of water level to be raised
in this tank?

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CBSE TEST PAPER-01
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 15. Probability

1. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn is
a heart (1 mark)
2. The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and the well
shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards. Find the probability of getting a
heart. (1 mark)
3. A number x is selected from the numbers 1,2,3 and then a second number randomly selected
from the numbers 1,4,9. What is the probability that the product xy of the two numbers will be
less than 9? (2 marks)
4. Find the probability that a leap year selected at random will contain 53 Sundays. (2 marks)
5. A bag contains 5 red, 8 white and 7 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find
the probability that the drawn ball is neither white nor black. (2 marks)
6. A bag contains 5 red, 8 white and 7 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find
the probability that the drawn ball is: (2 marks)
(i) Red or white
(ii) Not black
7. A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good. Nuri will
buy a pen if it is good, but will not buy if it defective. The shopkeeper draws one pen at
random and gives it to her. What is the probability that : (2 marks)
(i) She will buy it?
(ii) She will not buy it?
8. Three unbiased coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting: (2 marks)
(i) All heads
(ii) At least two heads
9. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) the seven of clubs
(ii) jack

10. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) the ace of spades
(ii) a queen

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CBSE TEST PAPER-02
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 15. Probability

1. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn is
a red card (1 mark)
2. The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and these are
well shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards. Find the probability of getting a
king. (1 mark)
3. A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing blue ball is
double that of a red ball, find the number of blue balls in the bag. (2 marks)
4. What is the probability that a number selected from the numbers 1,2,3…,25 is a prime
number, when each of the given numbers is equally likely to be selected? (2 marks)
5. A jar contains 24 marbles some of the marbles are green others are blue. If one marble is
drawn at random from the jar, the probability that it is green is 2/3. Find the number of blue
marbles in the jar. (2 marks)
6. Two unbiased coins are tossed simultaneously. Find the probability of getting: (2 marks)
(i) At least one head.
(ii) No head.
7. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability of getting : (2 marks)
(i) A doublet of even number
(ii) A multiple of 2 on one dice and a multiple of 3 on the other.
8. Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 101 are placed in box and mixed thoroughly. One Card is
drawn from this box. Find the probability that the number on the card is: (2 marks)
(i) A number which is a perfect square
(ii) A prime number less than 20.
9. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) Other than an ace
(ii) A ten
10. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) A spade
(ii) A black card

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CBSE TEST PAPER-03
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 15. Probability

1. A letter is chosen at random from the letters of the word ‘ASSASSINATION’. Find the
probability that the letter chosen is a consonant. (1 mark)
2. The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and these are
well shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards. Find the probability of getting a
club. (1 mark)
3. It is known that a box of 600 electric bulbs contains 12 defective bulbs. One bulb is taken out
at random from this box. What is the probability that it is a non-defective bulb? (2 marks)
4. A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Hanif
wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e. three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise.
Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game. (2 marks)
5. A jar contains 24 marbles some of the marbles are green others are blue. If one marble is
drawn at random from the jar, the probability that it is green is 2/3. Find the number of blue
marbles in the jar. (2 marks)
6. 17 cards numbered 1,2,3…,17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One person draws a
card from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is: (2 marks)
(i) Odd
(ii) A prime
7. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability of getting : (2 marks)
(i) The sum as a prime number
(ii) A total of at least 10
8. An unbiased die is thrown. What is the probability of getting: (2 marks)
(i) An even number or a multiple of 3
(ii) An even number and multiple of 3
9. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) Neither a heart nor a king
(ii) Spade or an ace
10. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) Neither an ace nor a king
(ii) Neither a red cad nor a queen

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CBSE TEST PAPER-04
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)

Chapter 15. Probability

1. A letter is chosen at random from the letters of the word ‘ASSASSINATION’. Find the
probability that the letter chosen is a vowel (1 mark)
2. The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and the well
shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards. Find the probability of getting the
‘10’ of hearts. (1 mark)
3. In a lottery of 50 tickets numbered 1 to 50, one ticket is drawn. Find the probability that the
drawn ticket bears a prime number. (2 marks)
4. In a lottery there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks. Find the probability of getting a prize? (2 marks)
5. Tickets numbered from 1 to 20 are mixed up together and then a ticket is drown at random.
What is the probability that the ticket has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 7. (2 marks)
6. 17 cards numbered 1,2,3…,17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One person draws a
card from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is: (2 marks)
(i) divisible by 3
(ii) divisible by 3 and 2 both
7. A bag contains 5 red balls, 8 white balls, 4 green balls and 7 black balls. If one ball is drawn
at random, find the probability that it is: (2 marks)
(i) black
(ii) red
8. Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 101 are placed in box and mixed thoroughly. One Card is
drawn from this box. Find the probability that the number on the card is: (2 marks)
(i) an even number
(ii) a number less than 14
9. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 playing cards. Find the probability that the card
drawn is: (2 marks)
(i) a black king
(ii) either a black card or a king
10. A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card drawn
is: (2 marks)
(i) black and a king
(ii) a jack, queen or a king

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CBSE TEST PAPER-05
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Probability

1) A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting multiple of 2 or 3.

2) Find the probability of getting 53 Fridays in a leap year.

3) Write a sample space when two coins are tossed simultaneously?

4) A bag contain 4 red, 5 black and 6 white balls & ball is drawn from the bag at random.
Find the probability that ball drawn is

a) Not black b) Red or White

5) In a single throw of two dice, find the probability of not getting the same number on the
two dice.

6) The probability that it will rain tomorrow is 0.85. What is the probability that it will not
rain tomorrow ?

7) What is the probability of

a) A sure event b) Impossible event

8) A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of playing cards.


Find the probability that the card drawn is

a) Red and a queen b) Either a king or jack

9) Two coins are tossed simultaneously once. What is the probability of getting

a) Exactly one head b) No head

10) 15 cards numbered 1,2,3………15 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly & card is
drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that the card drawn is

a) neither prime nor odd b) a number which is a perfect square.

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CBSE TEST PAPER-06
MATHEMATICS (Class-10)
Chapter : Probability

1) A box contains 90 discs which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at
random from the box, find the probability that it bears.

a) not divisible by 5 or 10.


b) two digit number.

2) Two coins are tossed simultaneously once. Find the probability of getting

a) at least one head and one tail.


b) at most 2 heads.

3) In a single throw of two dice, find probability of getting

a) doubles
b) a total of 11

4) A bag contains 12 balls out of which x are black. If one ball is drawn at random from the
box, what is the probability that it will be a black ball. If more black balls are put in the
box the probability of drawing a black ball is now double of what it was before. Find x

5) Two customers Shyam and Ekta are visiting a particular shop in the same week
(Tuesday to Saturday) each is equally likely to visit the shop on any day as on another
day. What is the probability that both will visit the shop on

i) the same day?


ii) consecutive day?
iii) Different day?

6) One card is drawn from well-shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting

a) the jack of hearts


b) a face card.

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7) A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good. Nuvi
will buy a pen if it is good, but will not buy it if it is defective. The shopkeeper draws
one pen at random and gives it to him. What is the probability that

i) She will buy it


ii) She will not buy it

8) All the three face cards of spade are removed from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards &
card is drawn from the remaining pack. Find the probability of getting

a) a black face card


b) a queen of diamond
c) a spade
d) a black card

9) Savita and Hamida are friends what is the probability that both will have

i) the same birthday?


ii) different birthday?

10) A letter is chosen at random from the letters of the word “ASSASSI NATION” and the
probabilities that the letter chosen is a

i) vowel
ii) consonant

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