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# Assignment - 1

## 1. Answer the following questions True or False and prove its :

a. If a sinewave of a fixed frequency is input into a linear system the output is always a
sinewave of the same frequency?
b. The power in a sinewave is a function of frequency?
𝑑2 𝑦(𝑡) 𝑑𝑦(𝑡)
c. 𝑑𝑡 2 + 2 𝑑𝑡 + 3 𝑦(𝑡) = 8 𝑢(𝑡) is a linier differential equation?
d. A digital signal is discrete in time but not amplitude?




## 2. General mathematical techniques

a. Plot the magnitude and phase of the following sequences :
1
*. cm 
  4m2  1
i 2 m / 8
*. cm
e

b. Plot the magnitude and phase of the following functions of . Assume  and  are
constants.
1
*. C   
1  j

1
*. T    
1  j      

sin x 
*. T    
x

c. The function y(t) is to be approximated over the range (0,) by a binary function b(t) where
0 0t a

b t    1 a  t  a

0  a  t 
what is the best value of a in a minimum mean square error (MMSE) sense ?

  y t  b t  dt
 2
Hint: Minimise with respect to a.
0
3. Identifying linear time invariant systems
a. Is the following system linear time invariant ?
0 t  T0
S  u t   
au t  t  T0

## b. Consider a cascade of two linear systems, as shown below. System 1 is a differentiator.

System 2 is an amplifier with a gain which is proportional to time, that is, g(t) = t. Show
that each system is linear. If system 1 and 2 are interchanged is the output, in general, the
same ? In otherwords to the systems commute ?

u(t) y(t)
du g(t) = t
dt
1 2

c. Does this system commute ? Since Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems commute if this
one does not why not ? The definition of commute is

S  S  u t   S  S  u t 
2 1 1 2

S [ ] S [ ]
u(t) d y(t)
2
dt [ ]

## d. Is the discrete-time system 𝑦(𝑘) = 𝑘 𝑢(𝑘) LTI?

 
e. Is the system y t   u t LTI?
2

4. Decibel Calculation
a. Explain the difference 10 dBm and 10 dB?
b. A cable has an attenuation of 3dB/km. The input power is 100 Watts. What is the output
power for a 1 km cable? For a 2 km and 4 km cable?
c. A voltmeter calibrated for 600 Ohm impedance reads 30 dBm on 1 kilo Ohms line. What is
the true power?
d. If the power gain is 10 dB, What is R?

10 V 30 V

20 Ohm R
e. What is the system gain in dB for this system?

10 V 20 V