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--- AAA ---  ACTH - Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

 A-a gradient - Alveolar to Arterial  ad - up to; (auris extra) right ear


gradient  AD - Right Ear; Admitting Diagnosis
 A-V - Arteriovenous  ad lib - As desired, if the patient so
 A-VO2 - Arteriovenous Oxygen desired; As much as needed

 A&D - Admission & Discharge  Ad. Spec. - Admission urine specimen

 A&O - Alert & Oriented  ADH - Anti-Diuretic Hormone

 A/G - Albumin/Globulin Ratio  ADL - Activities of Daily Living

 aa - Of each, equal parts  Adm. - Admission

 AA - Aplastic Anemia  ADR - Adverse Drug Reaction; Acute


Dystonic Reaction; Ain't Doin' Right
 AAA - Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
 ADEM - Acute Disseminated
 AAD - Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea
Encephalomyelitis; Ateneo de Manila
 AAO - Alert, Awake, & Oriented
 ADH - Anti-diuretic Hormone
 AAS - Acute Abdominal Series
 ADL - Activities of Daily Living
 ABC - Aneurysmal bone cyst
 ADO - Adult Dyslexia Organisation
 ABCDE - Airway, Breathing,
 admov - apply
Circulation, Disability, Enviroment
 AED - Anti-Epileptic Drug
 ABG - Arterial Blood Gas
 AF - Amniotic Fluid, Atrial Fibrillation,
 ABI - Ankle:Brachial Index
Afebrile
 Abd. - Abdomen
 AFB - Acid Fast Bacilli
 ABN - Abnormal
 AFI - Amniotic Fluid Index
 ABR - Absolute Bed Rest
 AFO - ankle foot orthoses
 ABU - Asymptomatic Bateriuria
 AFP - Alpha-feto protein
 ac - (ante cibum) Before Meals
 AFV - Amniotic Fluid Volume; >= 2 L
 AC - Abdominal Circumference
 Ag - Antigen
 ACA - Ant Cerebral Art.
 agit - stir/shake
 ACE - Angiotensin converting enzyme
 AG - Abdominal Girth
 ACL - Anterior Cruciate Ligament
 AGA - Appropriate for Gestational Age
 ACLS - Advanced Cardiac Life Support
 AGE - Acute GastroEnteritis
 ACOG - American Academy of
 AH - Atypical Hyperplasia
Obstetrics & Gynecologist
 AHF - Acute Heart Failure; American
 ACMV - Assist Control Mechanical
Health Foundation; Antihemophilic
Ventilation
Factor; Argentine Hemorrhagic Fever
 ACT - Activated Clotting Time
 AHS - Acute Hemorrhagic Stroke
 AI - Aortic Insufficiency  AMPLE - Allergies, Medications, Past
 AIS - Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome; Medical History, Last Eaten, Events
Adenocarcinoma in Situ; Adolescent Leading
Idiopathic Scoliosis  amt. - amount
 AIDS - Acquired immune deficiency  AMVL vibrations - ???
syndrome  ANA - Antinuclear Antibody
 AIHA - Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia;  ANC - Absolute Neutrophil Count;
American Industrial Hygiene Antenatal Care (aka Antenatal Clinic);
Association; American International Acid Neutralizing Capacity
Health Alliance  ANCA - Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic
 Washed AIHA - ? Antibody (medical)
 AIP - Acute Interstitial Pancreatitis  ANP - Acute Necrotic Pancreatitis
 AKA - Above Knee Amputation; Also  ANS - Autonomic Nervous System
known as  AOB - Alcohol on Breath
 al - (auris laeva) left ear  AODM - Adult Onset Diabetes Mellitus
 ALARA - As Low As Reasonable  AOG - Age Of Gestation
Achievable
 AP - AnteroPosterior; Abdominal-
 ALD - Alcoholic Liver Disease perineal; Attending physician;
 ALL - Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Appendectomy
 ALP - Alkaline Phosphatase  APAS - Antiphospholipid Antibodies
 ALT - Alanine Transaminase  APC - Adenomatous Polypus Coli?
 alt. h. - (alternis horis) every other hour  APCED - ???
 AM - Morning  APGAR - Appearance, Pulse,
 AMA - Against Medical Advice Grimmace, Activity, Respiration
 amb - Ambulation, walking, ambulatory,  API - Arterial pressure index
able to walk  APL - Acute Promyelocystic Leukemia
 AMI - Acute Myocardial Infarction  APLD - Adult Polycystic Liver Disease
 AML - Acute Myelogenous Leukemia  APOE - ???
 am - (ante meridiem) morning, before  Approx. - Approximately
noon  aPPT - ???
 amm - (ad manu medicae) at doctors  APSGN - Acute poststreptococcal
hand glomerulonephritis
 AMMMF - Agnogenic Myeloid  aq - water
Metaplasia w/ Myelofibrosis, Chron.
 aqua - water
Idiopathic Myelofibrosis
 amp - ampule
 AR - Aortic Regurgitation; Autosomal  AVP - Arg Vasopressin, ADH; Alien vs
Recessive Predator
 ARDS - Acute Respiratory Distress  AVR - Aortic Valve Replacement
Syndrome  AW - Airway
 ARF - Acute Renal Failure  AZT - Zidovudine
 AROM - Artificial Rupture of --- BBB ---
Membranes
 ARDS - Adult Respi Distress Synd
 B&B - Bowel and bladder training
 ARF - Acute Respiratory Failure
 BAL - Bronchial Alveolar Lavage
 as - (auris sinistra) Left Ear
 BAR - Bright, Alert, & Reponsive
 AS - Aortic Stenosis
 BBB - Bundle Branch Block
 ASA - AcetylSalicyclic Acid; Asprin®
 BCAA - Branched Chain Amino Acids
 ASAP - As Soon As Possible
 BCCA - Basal cell Carcinoma
 ASCCP - Colposcopy
 BCP - Birth Control Pill
 ASCVD - Atherosclerotic
 bd - (bis in die) twice daily
Cardiovascular Disease
 BE - Barium Enema
 ASD - Artial Septal Defect
 BEE - Basal Energy Expenditure
 ASHD - Atherosclerotic Heart Disease
 BEST - Bone Estrogen Strength
 ASIS - Ant. Supr. Iliac Spine
Training
 ASO - Anti-streptolysin O
 BHS - Barangay Health Center
 ASPECTS - ???
 bid - (bis in die) twice daily
 AST - Aspartate Transaminase part of
 bis - twice
LFT; Autoimmune Skin Test
 BKA - Below the Knee Amputation
 ASST - Autologous Serum Skin Test
 Blood p.r. - blood per rectum
 ASx - Asymptomatic
 BLS - Basic Life Support; Bottom Left
 AT - Appropriate Technology
Side
 ATC - Around The Clock
 BM - Bowel Movement, Bone Marrow
 ATZ - Atypical Transformation Zone
 BMA - Bone Marrow Aspirate
 ATG/ALG - ???
 BMD - Bone Mineral Density
 ATLS - Advanced Trauma Life Support
 BMR - Basal Metabolic Rate
 ATRA - All Trans Retinoic Acid
 BNF - British National Formulary
 au - (auris utraque) Both Ears
 bol - (bolus) as a large single dose
 AUB - Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (usually intravenously)
 AV - Atrioventricular  BOM - Bilateral Otitis Media
 AVM - ???  BP - Blood Pressure
 BPD - Biparietal Diameter  CADASIL - Cerebral Autosomal
 BPF - Bronchopulmonary Fistula Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical
 BPH - Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy

 BPM - Beats per Minute  CAM - Complimentary and Alternative


Medicine
 BPP - Biophysical Profile
 cap/caps - (capsula) capsule
 BR - Bedrest
 CAS - Carotid Artery Stent
 BRBPR - Bright Red Blood Per Rectum
 CAT - Computerized Axial Tomography
 BRP - Bathroom Privilages
 Cath - Catheter
 BS - Bowel Sounds; Breath Sounds;
Blood Sugar  CBC - Complete Blood Count

 BSA - Body Surface Areas  CBD - Common Bile Duct

 BSC - Bedside commode  CBG - Capillary Blood Gas;


Corticosteroid Binding Globulin;
 BSE - Breast Self-Exam
Capillary Blood Glucose
 BSO - Bilat Salpingo-oophorectomy
 CBR - Crude Birth Rate; Complete Bed
 bt - bedtime
Rest
 BT - Blood transfusion
 cc - cubic cm, (cum cibo) with food
 BTL - Bilateral Tubal Ligation
 CC - Cranio-Caudal
 BTS - Blalock-Tausigg Shunt - palliative
 CCB - Calcium Channel Blockers
treatment of TOF
 CCK - Cholecystokinin
 BUCC - (bucca) inside cheek
 CCU - Clean Catch Urine;
 BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen
Cardiac/Coronary Care Unit
 BW - Birth Weight
 CCV - Critical Closing Volume
 BX - Biopsy
 CDR - Crude Death Rate
--- CCC ---
 CEA - Carcino-embryotic Antigen
 cf - with food
 c - with
 CF - Cystic Fibrosis
 C/O - Complaint of; Complaining of
 CGL - Chronic Granulocytic Leukemia
 C&S - Culture & Sensitivity
 CHD - Congenital Heart Disease
 Ca - Calcium
 CHF - Congestive Heart Failure
 CA - Cancer or Carcinoma
 CHM - Complete Hydatidoform Mole
 CAA - Crystalline Amino Acids
 CHO - Carbohydrate (Carbons,
 CABG - Coronary Art. Bipass Graft
Hydrogens, & Oxygens)
 CAD - Coronary Art. Disease
 CHOP - Cytoxan, Hydroxyrubicin  COMMANDO
(Adriamycin), Oncovin (Vincristine), - COMbined MANDibulectomy
Prednisone (chemotherapy regimine) and Neck Dissection Operation
 CI - Cardiac Index; Cephalic Index;  comp - Compound
Contra Indication  CONS - Coagulase-neg staph
 CIN - Cervical Intraepithelial  COP - Colloid Osmotic Pressure
Neoplasm/Neoplasia; Chronic  COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary
Interstitial Nephritis (Leptospirosis) Disease
 CIMF - Chronic Idiopathic Myelofibrosis  COX - Cyclo-oxygenase
 cib - (cibus) Food  CP - Chest Pain; Cerebral Palsy
 CLD - Chronic Lung Disease; Chronic  CPA - CardioPulmonary Arrest
Liver Disease; Certified Labor Doula
 CPAP - Continuous Positive Airway
(childbirth); Clear Liquid Diet; Chloride
Pressure
Diarrhea, Familial;
 CPB - Coronary Pulmonary Bypass
Chemoluminescence Detector;
 CPD - CephaloPelvic Disproportion
Congenital Limb Deficiency;
Chemoluminescence Detector  CPK - Creatine Phosphokinase

 CLL - Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia  CPM - Cycles per Minute

 CML - Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia  CPP - Cerebral Perfusion Pressure

 CMP - Cardio Myo Pathy  CPR - Contraceptive Rate; Cardio

 CMPD - Pulmonary Resuscitation


 cr - cream
 c-Mpl -
 CR - ???
 CMRI -
 CRC - ColoRectal Cancer
 CMV - Cytomegalovirus, Controlled
Mechanical Ventilation  Cr Cl - Creatinine Clearance

 CN - Cranial Nerves  CRCL - Creatinine Clearance

 CNAB - Core Needle Biopsy  CRF - Chronic Renal Failure

 CNS - Central Nervous System  CRL- Crown Rump Length

 CPB -  crm - cream

 CO - Cardiac Output  CRP - C-reactive protein

 CoA - Coarctation of Aorta  CS - Caesariar Section,

 COC - Combination Oral CorticoSteroids, Central Supply

Contraceptive?  CSD - Central Service Dept.

 COLD - Chronic Obstructive Lung  CSF - Cerebro-Spinal Fluid


Disease  CSOM - Chron Supparative Otitis
 COM - Chron Otitis Media Media
 CSF - Cerebrospinal Fluid  dc - discontinue
 CSR - Central Supply Room  DCBE - ???
 CST - Contraction Stress Test;  DCIS - Ductal Carcinoma In Situ
Continue Same Treatment  DCM - Dilated Cardiomyopathy
 CT - Computerize Tomography  DDS Sign - Double Decidual Sac Sign
 CTA - ???  DDx - Differential Diagnosis
 CTC - CT Colonography  2DED - 2D Echo D?
 CTCA - CT coronary angiography  DES - Diethylstilbestrol, Diffuse
 CTG - CardioTocoGraphs Esophageal Spasm, Drug Eluting Stent
 CTI - ???  DEXA -
 CTP Score - ???  DFE - Distal Femoral Epiphysis
 CVA - Cerebrovascular accident or  DFS - Disease Free Survival
stroke; Costovertebral Angle  DHF - Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
 CVAT - Costovertebral Angle  DI - Diabetes Insipidus
Tenderness  DIC - Disseminated Intravascular
 CVD - Cardiovascular dse Coagulopathy
 CVH - ???  dieb. alt. - (diebus alternis) every other
 CVP - Central Venous Pressure day
 CVS - Chorionic Villus Sampling  dil - dilute
 CXR - Chest X-ray  DIP - Distal Interphalangeal Joint
--- DDD ---  disp - dispersible; dispense
 disc - discontinue; discharge
 d/c - discontinue  Disch - discharge
 D/C - Discharge  Dish - discharge
 D&C - Dilatation & Curettage  div - divide
 D5NS - Dextrose 5% in Normal Saline  DJD - Degenerative Joint Disease
(0.9%)  DKA - Diabetic KetoAcidosis
 D5W - 5% Dextrose in Water  dL - Deciliter
 DAD - ???  DLCO - Diffusing capacity of the Lung
 DAF - ??? for CO
 DAT - Diet as Tolerated  DM - Diabetes Melitus
 DAW - Dispense As Written (i.e., No  DNR - Do Not Resuscitate
Generic Substitution)  DOA - Dead on Arrival
 dB - Decibels  DOE - Dyspnea On Exertion
 DBIB - ???  DOL - Day of life
 DOH - Department of Health  ED - Emergency Dept.
 DOT - Daily Observed Therapy  EDAS - ???
 DPL - Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage  EDC - Estimated Date of Confinement;
 DPDP - ??? = EDD
 DPT - Diphtheria, Pertussis, & Tetanus  EDCF - ???
 DR - Delivery Room  EDD - Estimated Date of Delivery;
 DRE - Digital Rectal Exam LNMP + 7 days - 3 months; = EDC

 drsg - dressing  EDRF - Endothelium Derived Relaxing


Factor
 Dse - Disease
 EEG - ElectroEncephaloGram
 DSS - Dengue Shock Syndrome
 EENT - Eyes, Ears, Nose, Throat
 dtd - (dentur tales doses) Give of Such
Doses  EF - Ejection Fraction

 DTI - Diffuse Tensor Imaging?  EFAD - Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency

 DTR - Deep Tendon Reflex  EFM - Electronic Fetal Monitoring

 DVT - Deep Vein/Venous Thrombosis  EGD - EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy

 DW - Distilled Water  EHEC - EnteroHemorrhagic E. coli

 Dx - Disease, Diagnosis  EIC - Epidermal Inclusion Cyst

--- EEE ---  EIEC - EnteroInvasive E. coli


 EKG - see ECG
 ELISA - ???
 E - Epinephrine; Enema
 elix - elixir
 EAA - Essential Amino Acid
 EMG - Electromyogram
 EAEC - EnteroAdherent E. coli
 emp - (ex modo prescripto) As Directed
 EAST - ???
 EMR - Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
 EBCT - Electron-Beam CT (Ultrafast
CT)  emuls - (emulsum) Emulsion

 EBL - Estimated Blood Loss  EMV - Eyes, Motor, Verbal Response


(Glasgow Coma Scale)
 EBV - ???
 EN - ???
 ECD - Endocardial Cushion Defect
 ENT - Ear, Nose, & Throat
 ECG - Electrocardiogram
 eod - every other day
 ECM - ???
 EOD - ???
 ECMO - ExtraCorporial Membrane
Oxygenization  EOM - Extra-ocular Muscles

 ECOG / WHO PS - ???  EP - Epipinephrine

 ECT - Electroconvulsive Therapy  EPO - Erythropoietin


 ER - Emergency Room
 ERC - Endoscopic Retrograde  FEV1 - FEV in the 1st second
Cholangiography  FF - Forced feeding, forced fluids
 ERCP - Endoscopic Retrograde  FFP - Fresh Frozen Plasma
Cholangio-Pancreatography  FH - Fundal Height
 ERTL - Equally Reactive To Light  FHR - Fetal Heart Rate
 ESA - Erythroid Stimulating Agents ?  FIGO Staging -
 ESR - Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate  FIT - Fecal Immunochemical Test
 ESRD - End-Stage Renal Disease  FL - Femoral lengthf
 ESRF - End-Stage Renal Failure  fl - fluid
 et - and  fld - fluid
 ET - Essential Thrombocytopenia;  FNAB - Fine Needle Aspirat? Biopsy
Endotrachial
 FNH - Focal Nodular Hemangioma?
 ETA - Endotrachial Tube Aspirate
 FOBT - Fecal Occult Blood Testing
 ETEC - EnteroToxigenic E. coli
 FRAX - Fracture Risk Assessment
 ETOH - Ethanol
 FRC - Functional Residual Capacity
 ETT - Endotrachial Tube
 FRC - Functional Residual Capacity
 EUA - Examination Under Anesthesia
 FSGS -
 EUS - Endoscopic UltraSound
 ft - (fiat) make, let it be made
 ex aq - in water
 FT4 - Free T4
--- FFF ---  FTT - Failure To Thrive
 F - female  FU - Follow-up
 FAP - Familial Adenomatous Polyposis  FUO - Fever of Unkown Origin
 FAST - Focused Assessment with  FVC - Forced Vital Capacity
Sonography in Trauma
 FWB - Fresh Whole Blood
 FBA - Foreign Body Aspiration
 Fx - Fracture
 FBS - Fasting blood sugar
 Fx urine - Fractional Urine
 FCD - Fibrous cortical defect
--- GGG ---
 FCR - Fluarabine + Cyclophosphamide
+ Rituximab
 g - gram
 FDG - FluoroDeoxyGlucose
 GA - Gestational Age, General
 FDP -
Anesthesia
 FDU - Fetal Death in Utero
 GABHS - Group A Beta Hemolytic
 Fe - Female Strep
 FESS -  GADA - (DM1 - related)?
 FEV - Forced Expiratory Volume
 GAS - Group A Strep  H/H - Hemoglobin/Hematocrit;
 GB - Gall bladder Henderson-Hasselbach Equation
 GBS - Group B Strep  H - Hypodermic
 GC - Gonorrhea  h - hour
 GCS - Glasgow Coma Scale  HA - Headache
 GCT - Giant Cell Tumor  HAA - Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
 GDM - Gestational DM  HACEK - ???
 GERD - Gastro-Esophageal Reflux  HAE - Heredity AngioEdema
Disease  HAART - Highly Active Antiretroviral
 GETT - General by Endotracheal Tube Therapy
 Glasgow
GFR - Glomerular Filtration Coma Scale
Rate;  HALE - Health Adjusted Life
General Fertility Rate Expectancy
 GHD - Growth Hormone Deficiency  HAV - Hepatitis A Virus; Fecal-Oral
 GI - Gastrointestinal Route

 GIST - GI Stromal Tumor  HbA1c - Glysolated Hb - test past


diabetic dx
 GINA - Global initiative for Asthma
 HBC - Hit by Car
 GP1 - ???
 HBIG -
 gr - grain; 1 grain = 65 mg
 HBO - HyperBaric Oxygen therapy
 GS - General Survey, Gestational Sac
 HBP - High Blood Pressure
 GSCS - ???
 HBV - Hepatitis B Virus; only DNA virus
 GSD - Glycogen Storage Disease
 HCC - Hepatic Cellular Carcinoma
 GSW - Gunshot wound
 HCG - Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
 gt - one drop
 HCM - Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
 gtt - 2 or more drops; drop
 HCT - Hematocrit
 gtts - drops
 HCV - Hepatitis C Virus
 GTT - Glucose Tolerance Test
 HD - Hospital Day?
 GTN - Gestational Trophoblastic
Neoplasia  HDL - High Density Lipoprotein

 GU - Genitourinary  HDV - Hepatitis D Virus; incomplete


req's HBV
 GXT - Graded Exercise Tolerance
(Stress Test)  HEENT - Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose,
Throat
 GYN - Gynecology
 HELLP Syndrome - Hemolysis Elevated
--- HHH ---
Liver enzymes Low Platelets
 HEV - Hepatitis E Virus
 HFA - Health For All  HSCT - Hematopoietic Stem Cell
 Hgb - Hemoglobin Transplant
 Hge - Hemorrhage  HSM - Hepatosplenomegaly
 HGV - ???  HSSG -
 HHA - Hyperglycemic ...?  HSV - Herpes Simplex Virus
 HIB - ???  HTLV-III - Human Lymphotrophic Virus,
 HIDA Scan - Biliary Radionuclide type III (AIDS agent, HIV)
Scanning  HTN - Hypertension, Hypotension
 HIE - Hypoxic Ischemic Encphalopathy  HUS - ???
 HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus  HVA - ???
 HJR - Hepatojugular Reflex  HWB - Hot Water Bottle
 HLA - Histocompatibility Locus Antigen  Hx - History
 HLHS - Hypoplastic Left Heart Synd --- III ---
 HMG-CoA reductase -
 HMPSO - ???  I&D - Incision & Drainage
 HNPCC - Heredi... ?  I&O - Intake & Output
 HO - History of  IAA - Interupted Aortic Arch, Insulin
 HOB - Head of Bed Auto-Antibodies

 HOCM - ???  IADL - Instrumental Activities of Daily

 HOL - hours of life? Living

 HP - Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis  IBD - Irritable Bowel Disease

 HPA - Hypothalamic Pituitary Adnexal  IBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Axis  ICA - Islet Cell Antibodies???

 HPF - High Power Field  ICD - ???

 HPI - History of Present Illness  ICH - Intracerebral Hemorrhage???

 Hpn - ???  ICP - Intrahepatic cholestasis of

 HPN - Hypertension pregnancy; IntraCranial Pressure

 hr - hour  ICS - InterCostal Space

 HR - Heart Rate  ICU - Intensive Care Unit

 HRCT - High Resolution CT scan  ID - Infectious Disease; idenitification;


Intradermal
 HRT - Hormone Replacement therapy
 IDA - Iron Deficiency Anemia
 hs - (hora somni) Bedtime, hour of
sleep; Half Strength  IDDM - Insulin Dependent Diabetes
Mellitus
 HSC - Hematopietic Stem Cells
 IDM - Infants of Diabetic Mothers
 IE - Infective Endocarditis, Internal  IRDM - Insulin Resistant Diabetes
Examination Melitus
 IEM - Inborn Error in Metabolism  ISOLS - International Symposium of
 IFG - ??? Limb Salvage
 IG - Immunoglobulin  IT - Interthecal
 IgA - Immunoglobulin A  ITP - Idiopathic thrombocytopenic
 IgG - Immunoglobulin G purpura

 IgM -IP - Incubation Period  IU - International Unit

 IGT - ???  IUFD - Intra Uterine Fetal Death

 IHSS - Ideopathic hypertrophic  IUGR - Intra Uterine Growth Restriction


subaortic stenosis  IUS - Intrauterine System
 IJ - injection  IUT - Intra Uterine Transfusion
 IMR - Infant Mortality Rate  IV - Intravenous
 IDDM - Insulin dependent DM, Juvenile  IVIG - Intravenous Immunoglobulin
Diabetes, DM1  IVC - Inferior Vena Cava; Intravenous
 ILD - Interstitial Lung Disease cholangiogram
 IM - Intramuscular  IVF - In vitro fertilization
 IMF - Infra-Mammilary Fold  IVH - IntraVentricular Hemorrhage
 IMV - Intermittent mandatory ventilation  IVP - Intravenous pyelogram;
 IN - IntraNasal Intravenous push

 INF - Intravenous nutritional fluid  IVPB - Intravenous piggyback

 Inj - Injection  IVS - ???

 INH - ??? --- KKK ---


 INR - International Normalised Ratio  KAFO - Knee Ankle Foot Orthoses
 IOC - Intra-op Cholangiography  KOR - Keep Open Rate
 IOTA - ???  KUB - Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder
 IP - IntraPeritoneal  KVO - Keep Vein Open
 IPF - Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis --- LLL ---
 IPI - ???
 IPPB - Intermittent Positive Pressure  L/S ratio - Lecithin-sphingomyelin Ratio;
Breathing L is variable, S is constant
 IPSS - ???  L - Left
 IRBBB - Incomplete Right Bundle  LAC - Long Arm Cast
Branch Block  LAD - Left Axis Deviation; Left Anterior
Descending
 LADA - Latent Auto-immune Diabetic in  LMIC's - Low to Moderate Income
Adults Countries
 LAE - Left Atrial Enlargement  LMP - Last Menstual Period
 LAHB - Left Anterior Hemi-Block  LMWH - ???
 LAM -  LNG-IUS - ??? Intrauterine System
 LAP - Left Atrial Pressure; Leukocyte  LNMP - Last Normal Menstual Period
Alkaline Phosphate  LOC - Loss of Consciousness; Level of
 LAP Score - ??? Consciousness
 LAPSS - Los Angeles ...???  lot - Lotion
 LAS - label as such  LP - Lumbar Puncture
 LBBB - Left Bundle Branch Block  LPN - Licensed Practical Nurse
 LBW - Low Birth Weight  LPSN - ???
 LCD - (liquor carbonis detergens) Coal  LR - Lactated Ringer
Tar Solution  LSIL - Low Grade Squamous
 LCIS - Lobar Carcinoma In Situ Intraepithelial Lesion - result of pap
 LDH - Lactate Dehydrogenase; Low smear
Density ???  LSMT - Life Sustaining Medical
 LE - Lupus Erythematous; Localized Treatment
Erythema, Lower Extremities  LSS - Limb Saving Surgery
 LEEP - Loop Electrosurgical Excision  LT - ???
Procedure  LTBI - Latent TB Infection
 LFT - Liver Function Tests  LTCS - Low Transverse Cesarean
 LGA - Large for Gestational Age Section
 LGU - Local Gov't Unit  LUL - Left Upper Lobe
 LGV - Lymphogranuloma Venereum  LUNA - ???
 LICS - Left InterCostal Space  LUQ - Left Upper Quadrant
 LIH - Left Inguinal Hernia  LUSB - ???
 lin - Liniment  LV - Left Ventricle
 LIP - ???  LVE - LV Enlargement
 liq - (liquor) solution  LVEDD - ???
 LIS - ???  LVEDP - Left Ventricular End Diastolic
 LLC - Long Leg Cast Pressure
 LLL - Left Lower Lobe  LVEF - L Ventricular Ejection Fraction
 LLQ - Lower Left Quadrant  LVH - Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
 LVPW - ???
 MEN 1 - ???
--- MMM ---  mEq - milliequivalent
 M - (misce) mix  MFD - Metaphyseal fibrous defect
 m - a minimum  MFH - Malignant Fiberous
 MAHA - ??? Histiocystoma

 mane - in the morning  MFM - ???

 MAO - MonoAmine Oxidase  mg - milligram

 MAP - Mean Arterial Pressure  mg/d - mg per day

 MARS - Molecular Adsorbent  mg/dL - mg per deciliter


Recirculating System  MGA - Mean Gestational Age
 MAS - Meconium Aspiration Syndrome  MgSO4 - Magnesium Sulfate
 MAST - Medical AntiShock Trousers  MH - ???
 MBT - Maternal Blood Type  MHPSS - Mental Health Psycho Social
 MC - ??? Services

 MCA - Middle Cerebral Art.  MI - Myocardial Infarction; Mitral


Insufficiency; Menstrual Index
 MCC - Most Common Cause
 MIC - ???
 MCD - Minimal Change Disease
 min - minimum
 mcg - microgram
 MIRL -
 MCH - Mean Cell Hemoglobin
 mist - (mistura) mix
 MCHC - Mean Cell Hemoglobin
Concentration  mitte - (mitte) send

 MCV - Mean Corpuscular Volume  mL - Milliliter

 MDCT - Multidetector CT  MLE - Midline Episiotomy

 MDG - Millennium Development Goals  MLO - MedioLateral Oblique

 MDI - Metered Dose Inhaler, Multiple  MMEF - Maximal Mid-Expiratory Flow


Daily Injections  mmol - millimole
 MDMA - ???  MMP - Matrix Metalloproteinases
 MDR - Multi-Drug Resistant  MMR - Measles, Mumps, & Rubella;
 MDR3 - ??? Maternal Mortality Rate

 MDS - Myelodysplastic Syndrome  MNT - Medico Nutrition Therapy

 mdu - (more dicto utendus) to be used  MPA - MedroxyProgestreone Acetate


as directed  MPAS - ???
 MELD - Model for End-stage Liver  MPD - ???
Disease  MPI - Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
 MEGX test - ???
 MPS - Making Pregnancy Safer;  NAD - No Active Disease
Myocardial Perfusion Scan  NAS - No Salt Added
 MPSC -  NASH - NonAlcoholic SteatoHepatitis
 MR - Mitral Regurgitation  NBTE - Non Bacterial
 MRA - Magnetic Resonant Angiography ThromboEndocarditis
 MRCP - (cheaper than ERCP)  NCV - Nerve Conduction Velocity
 MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging  NEC - Necrotizing Enterocolitis
 MRS - Magnetic Resonant  nebul - (nebula) a spray
Spectroscopy  NED - No Evidence Of Recurrent
 MRSA - Methicillin-Resistant Staph Disease
Aureus  ng - Nanogram
 MRV - Mitral Valve Replacement  NGR - Natural Growth Rate
 MS - Mitral Stenosis; Multiple Sclerosis;  NGT - Nasogastric Tube
Morphine Sulfate; Magnesium Sulfate  NHBPEP - National High Blood
 MSAFP - Maternal Serum Alpha Feto- Pressure Educational Program
Protein  NHL - Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
 MSB - ???  NIDDM - Non-insulin Dependent DM,
 MSD - Mean Sac Diameter Adult onset DM, DM2
 MSLL - Maximum Straight Line Length  NIHSS -
 MSO4 - Morphine Sulfate  NMDC - No Malignant or Dysplastic
 MSP - Multiple Sex Partners Cells as in pap smear results
 MSSA - Methicillin-Sensitive Staph  NMT - No More Than
Aureus  noct - (nocte) at night
 MVA - Motor Vehicle Accident  NOF - Non-Ossifying Fibroma
 MVC - Major Vehicular Collision  non rep - (non repetatur) no repeats
 MVI - MultiVitamin Injection  NPH - Normal Pressure
 MVP - Mitral Valve Prolapse Hydrocephalus; Neil Patrick Harris;
 MVV Maxiumum Voluntary Ventilation Intermediate Insulin med?
 MX - Management  NPO - Nothing Per Orem, Nothing by
mouth

--- NNN ---  NS - Normal Saline (0.9%)


 NSD - Natural Spontaneous Delivery
 N - Normal
 nsNSAIDs - non-selective NSAID, acts
 NABS - Normo-Active Bowel-Sounds
on COX1&2 (Coxibs - selective NSAID
 NAFLD - NonAlcoholic Fatty Liver
- Celecoxib or Celebrex acts on COX2
Disease
only).
 NSF - Nothing Significant Found  OPCAB - Off Pump Coronary Art.
 NSIP - ??? Bipass
 NSS - Neurologic Severity Score;  opd - once per day
Normal Saline Solution  OPSS/OPSI - Overwhelming Post
 NSSTTC - Splenectomy Sepsis/Infection
 NST - Non-stress Test  OPV - Oral Polio Vaccine
 NST-R - NST-Reactive  OR - Operating Room
 NST-NR - NST-Non-Reactive  ORAI - Osteoporosis Risk Assessment
 NSTEM - Index

 NT - Nucchal Translucency  OREF - Open Reduction External


Fixation
 NTD - Neural Tube Defect
 ORIF - Open Reduction Internal
 NTE - Not To Exceed
Fixation
 NUD - Non-ulcer Dyspepsia
 os - (oculus sinister) Left Eye
 OS - Overall Survival
--- OOO ---
 OSM - Osmolarity
 OA - Open Appendectomy
 OT -Occupational Therapist
 OAE - ???
 ou - (oculus uterque) both eyes
 OB - Obstetrics
 oz - ounce
 OBG - ???
 OCG - Oral Cholecystogram
--- PPP ---
 OCP - Oral Contraceptives
 P&PD - Percussion & Postural
 od - (omne in die) Everyday, Once
Drainage
Daily; (oculus dexter) right eye
 P - Para
 OD - Overdose
 PA - PosteroAnterior
 OFC - ???
 PA/IVS - Pulmonary Atresia w Intact
 OGTT - ???
Ventricular Septum
 OHA - ???
 PA line - ???
 OHS - Occupational Health Services
 PAC - Premature Atrial Contractions
 om - (omne mane) Every Morning
 PAD - Peripheral Art. Dse
 OM - Otitis Media
 PAL - (chest x-ray) ???
 OMC - ???
 PAO2 - Alveolar Oxygen
 on - (omne nocte) Every Night
 PaO2 - Peripheral atrial Oxygen
 OOB - Out of Bed Content
 OOP - Out of Plaster
 PAP - Positive Airway Pressure;  PET Scan - Positron emission
Pulmonary Artery Pressure tomography scan
 PAPVR - Partial Anomalous Venous  PFO - Patent Foramen Ovale
Return, aka Scimitar Synd  PFT - Pulmonary Function Test
 PAT - Paroxysymal Atrial Tachycardia  pg - Picogram
 PB - Peripheral blood  PGA - PolyGlandular Autoimmune
 PBC - 1° biliary cirrhosis syndrome
 PBF - ???  PGI - Prostacyclin
 PBS - Peripheral Blood Smear  Ph 1 - ???
 pc - (post cibum) After Eating  PH - ???
 PCA - ???  PHC - Primary Health Care
 PCWP - Pulmonary Capillary Wedge  PHE - Proximal Humoral Epiphysis
Pressure  PHM - Partial Hydatidal Mole
 PCI - ???  PHPN - Pulmo HPN
 PCN - PeniCilliN  PI - Pulmonic Insufficiency Disease
 PCNA - ???  PI A1 - Platelet Antigen 1
 PCOS - PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome  PID - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
 PCP - Pneumocystis carinii  PIE - Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema
 PCR - Polymerized chain reaction?  pig - (pigmentum) paint
 PCWP - Pulmonary Capillary Wedge  pigm - (pigmentum) paint
Pressure  PIH - Pregnancy Induced Hypertension;
 PDA - Patent Ductus Arteriosis Pre-eclampsia
 PDGF - Platelet-Derived Growth Factor  PKD - Polycystic Kidney Disease
 PDR - Physicians Desk Reference  PKU - Phenylketonuria
 PE - Pulmonary Embolism; Physical  pm - (post meridiem) Evening or
Exam; Pleural Effusion Afternoon
 PEA - ???  PMH - Previous Medical History
 PEEP - Positive End Expiratory  PMI - Point of Maximal Impulse
Pressure  PML - Premature Labor
 PEF monitoring - ???  PMN - PolyMorphoNuclear leukocyte
 PEF R - Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (Neutrophils)
 PEG - Percutaneous endoscopic  PMP - Previous Menstual Period
gastrostomy  PND - Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dypnea
 per - by or through  PMDD - Premenstrual Dysphoria
Disorder
 PNH -  PSP - Progressive Supranuclear Palsy;
 PNV - PreNatal Vitamins Postsynaptic Potential; Polysaccharide
 PCA - Post. Cerebral Art. Peptide; Primary Sodium Pump; Poor
Sexual Performance
 po - (per orem, per os), by mouth or
orally  PSRA - PostStreptococcal Reactive
Arthritis
 POC - Products of Conception
 PSV - Pressure Support Ventilation
 POD - Post-op day
 Pt - Patient
 POP - Pelvic Organ Prolapse
 PT - Prothrombin Time; Physical
 PP - Postprandial; Pulsus Paradoxus
Therapy
 PPD - Purified Protein Derivative of
 PTA- Percutaneous Transluminal?
Tuberculin (False Neg Rate 30%)
Angioplasty
 PPE - Personal Protective Equipment
 PTB - Pulmo TB, Patellar Tendon
 PPH - Post Partum Hemorrhage; 1°
Bearing cast
Pulmonary Hypertension; Persistent
 PTBD - Percutaneous Transhepatic
Pulmo Hypertension; Pertinent Past
Biliary Drainage
History
 PTC - Percutaneous transhepatic
 PPI - Proton Pump Inhibitor
cholangiography; Plasma
 ppm - Parts per Million
Thromboplastin Component;
 PPU - Perforated Peptic Ulcer Phenylthiocarbamoyl
 pr - (per rectum) by rectum  PTCA - Percutaneous Transluminal
 PRBC - Packed Red Blood Cells Coronary Angioplasty
 PRC - Professional Regulation  PTH - Parathyroid Hormone
Commission  PTHC - Percutaneous transhepatic
 PRES - ??? cholangiography
 PRIST - Paper Radioimmunosorbent  PTHrP - PTH related Hormone
Test (Pharmacia Diagnostics)  PTL - Preterm Labor
 prn - (pro re nata) As needed  PTE - Proximal Tibial Epiphysis
 PROM - Premature Rupture Of  PTMC - ???
Membranes
 Ptt - Patients
 PS - Pulmonic Stenosis
 PTT - Partial Thromboplastin Time
 PSA - Prostate-Specific Antigen
 PU - Peptic Ulcer
 PSC - 1° sclerosing cholangitis
 PUBS - Percutaneous Umilical Blood
 PSG - PolySomnoGraphy Sampling; Cordocentesis
 PSM - Pan Systolic Murmur  PUD - Peptic Ulcer Disease, Pulmonary
Disease
 PUFA - Poly-Unsat Fatty Acids  RAD - R Atrial Axis Deviation
 pulv - (pulvis) powder  RAE - R Atrial Enlargement
 PUPPP - ???  RAIU - ???
 PUV - ???  RAP - R Atrial Pressure
 PV - (per vaginam) via the vagina;  RAST - ???
Polycythemia Vera  RAT - ???
 PVC - Premature Ventricular  RBBB - R Bundle Branch Block;
Contraction Ebstein's anomoly???
 PVD - Peripheral Vascular Disease  RBC - Red Blood Cell
 PVOD - Pulmonary Valve Obstructive  RBP - Retinol-Binding Protein
Disease?  RCC - Renal Cell Carcinoma
 PYP - Technetiun Pyrophosphate  R-CHOP - ???
 RDA - Recommended Daily Allowance
--- QQQ ---  RDS - Respiratory Distress Syndrome
 q - every  RDW - Red Cell Distribution Width
 qd - every day  RDR - Rapid Plasma Reagin
 qday - per day, NOT 4 x a day  REM - Random Eye Movement
 qh - every hour  RES - ???
 q4h - every 4 hours  RF - Renal Failure
 q6h - every 6 hours  RFA - ???
 QAR - Quiet Alert & Responsive  RHD - Rheumatic Heart Disease
 qid - 4x a day  RHSO - ???
 QNS - Quantity No Sufficient  RH - ???
 qod - every other day  RHU - Rural Health Unit
 Qs/Qt - Shunt Fraction  RIA - RadioImmunoAssay
 Qt - Total Cardiac Output  RIG - Rabies Ig
 QTTS - drops  RIH - R Inguinal Hernia
 RLL - R Lower Lobe
--- RRR ---  RLQ - R Lower Quadrant
 R/O - Rule Out  RML - R Middle Lobe
 R0,1,2,3 - Residual disease left behind  RNA - RiboNucleic Acid
after surgery  RO - Rule Out
 R - Right  ROM - Range Of Motion
 RA - Refractory Anemia; Rheumatoid  ROS - Review Of Systems
Arthritis; Right Atrium
 RPG - Retrograde PyeloGram  SBFT - Small Bowel Follow Through
 RRR - Regular Rate & Rhythm  SBO - Small Bowel Obstruction
 RSV - Respiratory Syncytial Virus  SBS - Short Bowel Syndrom
 RT - Respiratory Therapy; Radiation  SCCA - Squamous cell Carcinoma
Therapy  SCD - Sudden Cardiac Death
 RTC - Return To Clinic  SCJ - Squamo-Columnar Junction
 rTPA - ???  SCr - Serum Creatinine
 RU - Resin Uptake  SEM - Systolic Ejection Mumur
 RUG - Retrograde Urethogram  SERM - Selective Estrogen Receptor
 RUL - R Upper Lobe Modulator
 RUQ - R Upper Quadrant  SFA - Subclavian Flap Angioplasty
 RUQ - Right Upper Quadrant  SG - Swan-Ganz
 RV - Residual Volume  SGA - Small for Gestational Age
 RVH - R Ventricular Hypertrophy  SGD - ???
 RVOT - Right Ventricular Outflow Tract  SGGT - Serum Gamma-Glutamyl
 RVT - Transpeptidase
 Rx - Prescription; Treatment  SGOT - Serum Glutamic-Oxaloacetic
 RYGB - Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Transaminase

--- SSS ---  SGPT - Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic


Transaminase
 SIADH - Synd of Inappropriate ADH
 S&E - Sugar & Acetone
Hypersecretion
 S-M - Strong - Moderate
 SID - Every 24 hrs
 s - without
 sig - Write on Label
 SA - SinoAtrial
 SIMV - Synchronous Intermittent
 SAA - Synthetic Amino Acid
Mandatory Ventilation
 SAb - Spont Abortion
 SIRS - ???
 SABA - Short Acting Beta A ???
 SIS collagen plug -
 SAC - Short Arm Cast
 sl - SubLingual
 SAH - Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
 SLC - Short Leg Cast
 SAM - Systolic Anterior Movement
 SLE - Systemic Lupus Erythematous
 SAMe - S-adenosylmethionine
 SMBG - ???
 SARS - Severe Acute Respiratory
 SMO - Slips Made Out
Syndrome
 SOAP - Subjective, Objective,
 SBE - Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
Assessment, Plan
 SOB - Shortness of Breath  TAPP - Trans Abdominal Pre Peritoneal
 SPECT - Sestamibi Positron...??? Repair
 SPN - Solitary Pulmonary Nodule  TAPVR - Total Anomalous Pulmonary
 SOB - Shortness of breath Venous Return

 SOL - ???  TAS - Transabdominal Scanning (UTZ)

 SQ - Subcutaneous  TB - Tuberculosis

 SR - ???  TBG - Thyroxine Binding Globulin; Total


Binding Globulin
 SRH - ???
 TCC - Total Contact Cast
 SRS - Somatostatin receptor
scintigraphy  TCT - Transcathether Therapy

 ss - one-half  Td - Tetanus-diphtheria Toxoid

 SSPE - Subacute Sclerosing  TEE - TransEsophageal


Panencephalitis Echocardiography

 SSSS - Staph or Strep Scalded Skin  TEN - Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis


Syndrome  TENS - Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
 SSTI - Soft & Skin Tissue Infection Syndrome (a form of Stevens Johnson
Syndrome); Transcutaneous Electrical
 ST - ???
Neural Stimulation (aka
 STA - Superficial Temporal Artery
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve
 STAT - Immediately
Stimulation)
 STEMI - ???  TEP - Totally ExtraPeritoneal repair
 Sx - Surgery
 TET - Treadmill Exercise Test; Tubal
 SVC - Superficial Vena Cava Embryo Transfer
 SVD - Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery  TFR - Total Fertility Rate
 SVG - Saphenous Vein Graft  Tg - Transgenic; Thyroglobulin;
 SVP - Spontaneous Venous Pulsation Triglyceride;
 TGA - Transposition of the Great
--- TTT --- Arteries
 TGF-β - Transforming growth factor
 T&C - Type and Cross beta

 T&H - Type and Hold  TI - Tricuspid Insufficiency

 T1DM - Type I DM  TIA - Total Intestinal Aganglionosis;


Transient Ischemic Attacks
 TA - Tricuspid Artesia
 TIBC - Total Iron Binding Capacity
 TAE - TransArterial Embolism
 TAH - Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
 TIC - Tenderness, Instability, of Treponema Palidum (bacteria);
Crepitation (trauma examination); Tuberculin Precipitation
Tachycardia Induced Cardiomyopathy  TPA - Treponema Pallidum
 tid - 3x a day  TPHA - Treponema Pallidum
 TIG - Tetanus Immunoglobulin Hemagglutination
 TIPS - Transjugular Intrahepatic  TPN - Total Parenteral Nutrition
Portosystemic Shunt  TPO - Thyroid Peroxidase;
 TKI - Thyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Thrombopoietin
 TKO - To Keep Open  TRALI - Transfusion Related Acute lung
 TLC - Total Lung Capacity Injury
 TLV - Threshold Limit Values  TSH - Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
 TME - Total Mesorectal Excision;  TSI - Thyroid Stimulating
Thrombotic Meningoencephalitis; Toxic- Immunoglobulin; Triple Sugar Iron
Metabolic Encephalopathy  TSS - Toxic Shock Syndrome
 TMJ - TemporoMandibular Joint  TT - Tetanus Toxoid; Thrombin Time
 TMP-SMX - Trimethoprim-  TT virus - ???
sulfamethoxazole  TTG - Tissue transglutaminase
 TMR - TransMyocardial  TTH - Tension Type Headache
Revascularization  TTNA - Trans-Thoracic Needle
 TNM - Tumor Nodal Metastasis Cancer Aspiration
Staging  TTP - Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic
 TNTC - Too Numerous To Count Purpura
 TO - Telephone Order  TTTS - Twin to Twin Transfusion
 TOA - Tuboovarian Abscess Syndrome
 TOC - Tuboovarian Complex  TU - Tuberculin Units
 TOPV - Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine  TUR - TransUrethral Resection
 TORCH - Toxoplasma, Other viruses,  TURBT - TUR Bladder Tumors
Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpesvirus  TURP - TransUrethral Resection of
 TORCHES - ??? Prostate
 TP - Type; Time Period; Total  TV - Tidal Volume
Phosphorous; Total Protein; True  TVH - Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
Positive; Thymidine Phosphorylase;  TVS - Transvaginal Scanning
Tumor Protein; Triose Phosphate;
 tw - Twice a Week
Tibialis Posterior; Transverse
 Tx - Treatment; Transplant
Processes (spine); Telomerase-
 TxA2 - Thromboxane A2
Associated Protein; Total Particulates;
 TZ - Transformation Zone  V/D - Vomiting & Diarrhea
 V/Q - Ventilation-Perfusion
--- UUU ---  VAC - Vacuum Assisted Closure
 VAD - Venous Access Device
 UA - Urinalysis  VAP - Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
 UAC - Uric Acid; Umbilical Artery  VATS - Video Assisted Thoracic
Catheter Surgery; thorascopy
 UAO - Upper Airway Obstruction  VBAC - Vaginal Birth After CS
 UBD - Univeral Blood Donor  VBS - Vertebro-Basilar System
 UC - Uterine Contraction; Ulcerative  VC - Vital Capacity
Colitis; Umbilical Cord  VCT - Venous Clotting Time
 ud - As directed  VCUG - Voiding CysoUrethroGram
 UDCA - ???  VDRL/RPR - Venereal Disease
 UE - Upper Extremities Research Laboratory/Rapid Plasma
 UFH - Unfrationated Heparin Reagin (test for syphilis)

 UGI - Upper gastrointestinal  VF - Ventricular Fibrillation

 UGIB - Upper GI Bleeding  VINDICATE - Vascular,

 UGIS - Upper GI Series Inflammatory/Infectious, Neoplastic,


Degenerative/Drugs,
 UIP - Usual Interstitial Pneumonia
Idiopathic/Iatrogenic, Congenital,
 ULN - ???
Allergic/Autoimmune, Traumatic,
 UPI - Uteroplacental Insufficiency Endocrinal or metabolic (mnemonic for
 URI - Upper Respiratory Infection D/dx)
 URQ - Upper Right Quadrant  VISA - Vancomycin-intermediate Staph
 URTI - Upper Respiratory Tract aureus
Infection  VLCFA - ???
 US - Ultrasound  VMA - Vanillymadelic Acid
 UTI - Urinary Tract Infection  VO - Verbal/Voice Order
 UTZ - Ultrasound  VOR - Vestibul-Occular Reflex
 UUN - Urinary Urea Nitrogen  VPM - ???
 UVA - Ultraviolet A light  VPS - Ventriculo- Peritoneal Shunt
 UVB - Ultraviolet B light  VRE - Vancomycin-Resistant
Enterococcus
--- VVV ---  VRSA - Vancomycin-resistant Staph
aureus
 VSD - Ventricular Septal Defect
 VSR - Ventricular Septal Rupture
 VSS - Vital Signs Stable --- XXX ---
 Vt - Tidal Volume
 VT - Ventricular Tachycardia  X2d - Times 2 days
 VTE - Venous ThromboEmbolism  XDR - Extensively Drug Resistant
 VV - Varicose Veins  XI - Eleven
 VW - Vessel Wall  XII - Twelve
 vWF - von Williebrand Factor  XM - CrossMatch
 vWD - von Williebrand Disease  XMM - Xeromammography
 VZV - Varicella-Zoster Virus  XOM - ExtraOcular Movements
 VZIG - Varicella Zoster Immunoglobulin  XRT - X-ray Therapy (Radiation
Therapy)
--- WWW ---  XS - Excessive

 W-T-D - Wet To Dry  XULN - Times Upper Limit of Normal

 W/U - Work-up  XXDR - Extremely Drug Resistant

 WB - Whole Blood --- YYY ---


 WBC - White Blood Cell; White Blood  YF - Yellow Fever
Count  YLC - Youngest Living Child
 WBR - Whole Body Radiation  yo - years old
 WD - Well Developed  YOB - Year of Birth
 WF - White Female  yr - year
 WHO - World Health Organization  ytd - Year to Date
 WIA - Wounded In Action --- ZZZ ---
 WID - Widow; Widower
 WM - White Male  Z-ESR - Zeta Erythrocyte
 WN - Well Nourished Sedimentation Rate
 WNL - Within Normal Limits  ZDV - Zidovudine
 WO - Written Order; Weeks Old; Wide  ZE - Zollinger-Ellison
Open  ZES - Zollinger -Ellison Syndrome
 WOP - WithOut Pain  Zn - Zinc
 WP - WhirlPool  ZnO - Zinc Oxide
 WPW - Wolff-Parkinson-White  ZSB - Zero Stools Since Birth