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Comparison of ISO 21748 and ISO 11352 standards for measurement


uncertainty estimation in water analysis

Poster · September 2016

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Tony Venelinov
University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy
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Comparison of ISO 21748 and ISO 11352
standards for measurement uncertainty
estimation in water analysis
A comparison between ISO standards – ISO 21748:2010 and ISO 11352:2012 for the measurement uncertainty estimation
in the field of water analysis is presented. Several certified reference materials (CRMs) with certified values for several
water quality parameters were measured and measurement uncertainties were evaluated for each of them according to
the above mentioned ISO standards. Results show excellent agreement for chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic
carbon (TOC), ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N), nitrate nitrogen (NO3--N), total phosphorus (РО43--Р) and chloride (Cl-).
Based on the experiment design and the comparison results, ISO 11352:2012 is recommended for measurement
uncertainty estimation in the field of water analysis during method validation. This International standard employs fewer
determinations (minimum number of eight measurements is required, compared to fifteen), fewer working days (one
compared to five), easier measurement uncertainty components' calculations and even gives opportunity for routine
laboratories to use standard solutions over the more expensive CRMs for the measurement uncertainty estimation during
the method validation.

ISO/IEC 21748:2010 ISO11352:2012

The experimental design was set up in a way so that the ISO11352:2012 focuses in the field of water analysis and
repeatability, reproducibility and trueness estimates are specifies methods for the measurement uncertainty
used for measurement uncertainty estimation. Trueness estimation of chemical and physicochemical methods in
was proven by measurement of three independent single laboratories based on validation data and
samples of a certified reference material on two different analytical quality control results. Experimental design
days. From these data the uncertainty of trueness and was set up in such a way that the uncertainty
method bias were calculated: components for the within-laboratory reproducibility,
s t2 ∑ u mat uRw, and the uncertainty component from method and
2
st
ut = = + 2 laboratory bias, ub, form the basis for the estimation of
nt nt nmat the measurement uncertainty:
Repeatability and intermediate precision were determined uRw = sRw
by replicate analysis and assessment of between-day 2
 s 
effects. This was achieved by preparation of three ub = b +  b
2  + u Cref
2

independent samples of a certified reference material on  n 


 M 
three extra days. Combination from these data and the
data obtained for trueness were used for calculation of the
uncertainties of repeatability and due to intermediate The combined uncertainty was calculated according to:
precision: 2
u c ,rel = u Rw + u b2
sr MS within
ur = = −
n y Assoc. Prof. Tony Venelinov, PhD

MS betweengroup − MS withingroup University of Architecture Civil Engineering and Geodesy


Department of Water Supply, Sewerage,
sd n pergroup
u ip = = Water and Wastewater Treatment

d y
The combined uncertainty was calculated according to: Head of Water Analysis Laboratory

1 Hr. Smirnenski Blvd., 1046 Sofia, BULGARIA


u c ,rel = u r2, rel + u ip2 ,rel + u t2,rel Tel. +359 889534890

e-mail: tvenelinov_fhe@uacg.bg

ur uip ut U [%](к = 2) U [%] (к = 2) uRW ub


Parameter
[%] [%] [%] ISO 21748:2010 ISO 11352:2012 [%] [%]
COD (LCK 114: 150-1000 mgO2/L) 0,9 0,8 0,6 3 4 0,9 1,6
COD (LCK 314: 15-150 mgO2/L) 5,0 4,2 1,9 12 10 4,5 1,9
nitrate nitrogen - NO3--N (LCK 339: 0,23-13,5 mg/L) 2,2 2,0 0,5 6 5 2,3 0,5
ammonium nitrogen - NH4+-N (LCK 303: 2,0-47 mg/L) 3,0 0,8 1,4 7 8 3,1 2,1
ammonium nitrogen - NH4+-N (LCK 305: 1,0-12 mg/L) 2,1 1,8 5,5 12 12 2,1 9,5
total phosphorus - РО43--Р (LCK 350: 2,0-20 mg/L) 7,0 1,8 1,9 15 12 5,0 3,0
total organic carbon - TOC (LCK 380: 2,0-65 mg/L) 3,0 1,1 2,3 8 10 3,1 4,1
total organic carbon - TOC (LCK 381: 65-730) 3,2 2,4 6,9 16 17 6,4 10,6
chloride - Cl- (LCK 311: 1,0-70 mg/L)
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