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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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EC-C2 E-C60 this interactive schematic
EC-C3
to your desktop
E-C61

VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

EC-C1
When only one callout is showing on a
machine view, clicking on this button will
Click on any text that is BLUE and make all of the callouts visible. This
underlined. These are hyperlinks button is located in the top right corner
that can be used to navigate the of every machine view page.
schematic and machine views.

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS BASIC HYDRAULIC


HOTKEYS (Keyboard Shortcuts) COMPONENT SYMBOLS
T

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Pump

FUNCTION KEYS
Switch Switch Switch Switch Circuit Breaker
or Motor Variability

Click here to view the


Zoom In “CTRL” / “+” Schematic Symbols
Fluid
Conditioner
Spring
(Adjustable)

Zoom Out “CTRL” / “-” and Definitions page

Fit to Page “CTRL” / “0” (zero)


Hand Tool “SPACEBAR” (hold down)
Find “CTRL” / “F”
SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS AND DEFINITIONS

VALVES INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS PUMPS BASIC HYDRAULIC


ENVELOPES FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION
FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION
PARALLEL
FLOW
CROSS
FLOW
FIXED DISPLACEMENT
COMPONENT SYMBOLS

One Position Two Position Three Position Unidirectional Bidirectional Pump


Infinite Two Three Variability
Positioning Position Position or Motor
PORTS VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON- COMPENSATED

CYLINDERS Fluid Spring


(Adjustable)
Two-way Three-Way Four-Way Conditioner
Unidirectional Bidirectional
CONTROL
AB AB
Single Acting Double Acting
MOTORS Pressure
FIXED DISPLACEMENT Spring
P T P T Compensation
Normal Position Shifted Position Infinite Position

CHECK
Control
ACCUMULATORS Unidirectional Bidirectional
Valves
Line Restriction
(Variable)
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
Basic Spring Shuttle NON- COMPENSATED
Pilot
Symbol Loaded Line Restriction
Controlled Spring Loaded Gas Charged Restriction
(Fixed)

Unidirectional Bidirectional

MAIN AUX.
Line Restriction
PILOT CONTROL 2-Section
RELEASED PRESSURE ROTATING SHAFTS Variable and Pressure
Compensated
Pump

Unidirectional Bidirectional
External Return Internal Return
Attachment Pump: Variable and
REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE Pressure Compensated

Internal Hydraulic Pneumatic


Simplified Complete Supply Pressure Energy Triangles

COMBINATION CONTROLS
LINES MEASUREMENT

Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid and Servo Thermal Detent Crossing Joining
or Manual and Pilot Pilot or Manual Pressure Temperature Flow

MANUAL CONTROL FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

Push-pull Lever Manual Shutoff General Manual Push Button Pedal Spring Vented Pressurized Return Above Fluid Level Return Below Fluid Level

HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS - ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS


G
M T

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Pressure Pressure Switch Temperature Electrical
Switch Switch Switch Switch Circuit Breaker
(Fluid) (Gas / Air) Motor Switch (Adjustable) Switch Wire

BASIC ELECTRICAL COMPONENT SYMBOLS HARNESS AND WIRE SYMBOLS


Wire, Cable, or Harness Assembly Identification:
Fuse: A component in an electrical circuit that will open the circuit if too much current flows through it. Includes Harness Identification Letters and Harness
Connector Serialization Codes (see sample).
Switch (Normally Open): A switch that will close at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). The circle indicates
that the component has screw terminals and a wire can be disconnected from it.
AG-C4 L-C12
Switch (Normally Closed): A switch that will open at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). 111-7898 3E-5179
No circle indicates that the wire cannot be disconnected from the component. Part Number: for 1
Connector Plug
Ground (Wired): This indicates that the component is connected to a grounded wire. 2
The grounded wire is fastened to the machine.
Plug Receptacle
Pin or Socket Number
Ground (Case): This indicates that the component does not have a wire connected to ground.
It is grounded by being fastened to the machine. Harness Identification Letter(s): (A, B, C, AA, AB, AC, ...)

Reed Switch: A switch whose contacts are controlled by a magnet. A magnet closes the contacts of Harness Connector Serialization Code: The "C" stands for
"Connector" and the number indicates which connector in the
a normally open reed switch; it opens the contacts of a normally closed reed switch.
harness (C1, C2, C3, ...)
L-C12
Sender: A component that is used with a temperature or pressure gauge. 3E-5179
The sender measures the temperature or pressure.
T Its resistance changes to give an indication to the gauge of the temperature or pressure. 5A
Component
Relay (Magnetic Switch): A relay is an electrical component that is activated by electricity. Fuse (5 Amps) 9X-1123 Part Number
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close the switch part of the relay. 325-AG135 PK-14
Harness identification code:
This example indicates wire group 325, Wire Gauge
Solenoid: A solenoid is an electrical component that is activated by electricity. wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire Color
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close a valve or move a piece of metal that can do work. 1 Deutsch connector: Typical representation
of a Deutsch connector. The plug contains all
2 sockets and the receptacle contains all pins.
Magnetic Latch Solenoid: An electrical component that is activated by electricity and held latched by a
permanent magnet. It has two coils (latch and unlatch) that make electromagnet 1 Sure-Seal connector: Typical representation
when current flows through them. It also has an internal switch that places of a Sure-Seal connector. The plug and receptacle
2 contain both pins and sockets.
the latch coil circuit open at the time the coil latches.
UENR0270-01
November 2012

450E Backhoe Loader


Hydraulic System
RBA1-UP
LYR1-UP

Volume 1 of 2: Pilot (Center Pivot)


Volume 2 of 2: Mechanical (Center Pivot)
COMPONENT TABLE (PILOT)

COMPONENT LIST (PILOT)


Part Machine Schematic
Description Number Location Location
PUMP GP. (Primary) 269-9336 1 B-4
PUMP GP. (Secondary) 280-7873 2 B-3
HYDRAULIC TANK 272-0008 3 A-3
TANK GROUP 245-0169 4 A-3
COOLER N/A 5 A-3
FILTER 359-7232 6 B-2
HMU 270-1590 7 A-5
STEER CYLNDER 238-5285 8 A-6
LIFT CYLNDER 375-0717 9 C-8
TILT CYLNDER 375-0716 10 B-8
MP BUCKET CYLNDER (OPT) 226-5540 11 B-8
Left Hand 375-0721 12A F-3
STABILIZER CYLINDERS
Right Hand 375-0722 12B F-7
BOOM CYLINDER 375-0723 13 F-6
STICK CYLNDER 375-0718 14 F-5
SWING CYLNDER 297-4896 15 F-5
BUCKET CYLNDER 375-0719 16 F-4
E-STICK CYLNDER (OPT). 375-0720 17 F-4
VALVE GROUP ( 2-BANK)
PILOT - LEVER W/DTNT & SWTCH 359-7248 18 C-5
PILOT 267-2758 19 C-4
MANIFOLD - PILOT 268-0094 20 C-6
VALVE GP - CUSHION RELIEF 283-6331 21 F-4
ACCUMULATOR 226-0420 22 E-7
RIDE CNTRL VALVE (OPT) 245-8780 23 D-8
RIDE CNTRL ACCMLTR (OPT) 345-3672 24 D-8
RIDE CNTR PRES. SWTCH (OPT) 304-5696 25 D-8
TEMP. SENSOR 246-4297 26 B-3
DIFF. PRES. SWITCH 134-0404 27 B-3

LOADER VALVE (ST)


2 BANK 271-0512 28 A-7, C-7
3 BANK 271-0513 28 A-7, C-7
INLET SECTION 343-7137 28A C-7
LIFT SECTION 271-0521 28B C-7
2 BANK 271-0522
TILT SECTION 28C B-7
3 BANK 271-0522
AUX SECTION 271-0523 28D B-7
OUTLET MANIFOLD 269-1079 28E 28E
BACKHOE VALVE
7 BANK 271-0527 29 F-7, F-2
8 BANK 271-0528 29 F-7, F-2
INLET SECTION 341-4726 29A E-7
Left Hand 271-0541 29B E-3
STABILIZER SECTION
Right Hand 271-0541 29B E-7
AUX SECTION 271-0547 29C E-6
BOOM SECTION 271-0542 29D E-6
STICK SECTION 341-8185 29E E-5
SWING SECTION 271-0544 29F E-5
BUCKET SECTION 271-0545 29G E-4
E-STICK SECTION 271-0546 29H E-3
OUTLET MANIFOLD 271-0539 29J E-2
PATTERN SWITCHING VALVE 299-9072 29K E-5
VALVE GP - RELIEF 260-3022 30 E-2
PRESSURE REUDCING VALVE 300-0430 31 E-7
COMPONENT TABLE (MECHANICAL)

COMPONENT LIST (MECHANICAL)


Part Machine Schematic
Description Number Location Location
PUMP GP. (Primary) 269-9336 1 B-4
PUMP GP. (Secondary) 280-7873 2 B-3
HYDRAULIC TANK 272-0008 3 A-3
TANK GROUP 245-0169 4 A-3
COOLER N/A 5 A-3
FILTER 307-9799 6 B-2
HMU 297-1590 7 A-6
STEER CYLINDER 238-5285 8 A-6
LIFT CYLINDER 125-7895 9 B-8
TILT CYLINDER 100-7844 10 B-8
MP BUCKET CYLINDER (OPT) 226-5540 11 A-8
Left Hand 270-7290 12A F-3
STABILIZER CYLNDERS
Right Hand 270-7291 12B F-7
BOOM CYLINDER 270-7285 13 F-6
STICK CYLINDER 270-7286 14 F-5
SWING CYLINDER 297-4896 15 F-4
BUCKET CYLINDER 270-7287 16 F-4
E-STICK CYLINDER (OPT). 270-7288 17 F-3
VALVE GROUP ( 2-BANK)
PILOT - LEVER W/DTNT & SWTCH 223-4715 18 D-4
MANIFOLD - PILOT 268-0094 20 B-5
VALVE GP - CUSHION RELIEF 283-6331 21 F-4
ACCUMULATOR 226-0420 22 C-5
RIDE CNTRL VALVE (OPT) 245-8780 23 C-8
RIDE CNTRL ACCMLTR (OPT) 162-3960 24 C-8
RIDE CNTR PRES. SWTCH (OPT) 304-5696 25 C-8
TEMP. SENSOR 246-4297 26 B-3
DIFF. PRES. SWITCH 134-0404 27 B-3

LOADER VALVE (ST)


2 BANK 342-6662 28 A-8, C-8
3 BANK 342-6663 28 A-8, C-8
INLET SECTION 348-4573 28A C-7
LIFT SECTION 348-4574 28B B-7
2 BANK 348-4575
TILT SECTION 28C B-7
3 BANK 348-4576
AUX SECTION 348-4577 28D A-7

BACKHOE VALVE
7 BANK 342-6667 29 E-8, E-2
8 BANK 342-6668 29 E-8, E-2
INLET SECTION 348-4578 29A E-8
Left Hand 348-4584 29B E-3
STABILIZER SECTION
Right Hand 348-4584 29B E-7
AUX SECTION 348-9819 29C E-6
BOOM SECTION 348-4579 29D E-6
STICK SECTION 348-4582 29E E-5
SWING SECTION 348-4580 29F E-4
BUCKET SECTION 348-4581 29G E-4
E-STICK SECTION 348-4583 29H E-3
OUTLET MANIFOLD 348-4585 29J E-2
VALVE GP - RELIEF 345-7712 30 D-2
PRESSURE REUDCING VALVE 300-0430 31 C-5
VALVE - CHECK 123-4750 32 D-7
TAP TABLE (PILOT)

TAP LOCATIONS
Tap Description
T1 Pump Discharge
T2 Load Sense
T3 Pilot Pressure
SOS Oil Sampling
TAP TABLE (MECHANICAL)

TAP LOCATIONS
Tap Description
T1 Pump Discharge
T2 Load Sense
T3 Pilot Pressure
SOS Oil Sampling
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
(21) Valve Gp - Cushion Relief: 283-6331
(15) Swing Cylinders: 297-4896 BOOSTED BRAKES (REF)
(16) Bucket Cylinder: 270-7287
TO REAR AXLE
LEFT WHEEL BRAKE
(17) E-Stick Cylinder: 270-7288 (12A) LH Stabilizer Cylinder: 270-7290
(12B) RH Stabilizer Cylinder: 270-7291 (13) Boom Cylinder: 270-7285 (14) Stick Cylinder: 270-7286

LEFT
F BRAKE F
PEDAL

(29) Loader Vlave (7 Bank): 271-0527


(29) Loader Vlave (8 Bank): 271-0528
(29E) Stick Section:
341-8185
(22) Accumulator: BACKHOE VALVE TO REAR AXLE
226-0420 RIGHT WHEEL BRAKE
RIGHT
BRAKE BS BT
PEDAL

P2

(31) Press Reducing


Valve: 300-0430 P7 P15 P14
P10 P11 P13 P8 P7

P1

P9 P12

E E
P20
PR1

STAB RH AUX. BOOM STICK SWING BUCKET E-STICK STAB LH

(29A) Inlet Section: (29B) Stabilizer Section: (29C) AUX Section: (29D) Boom Section: (29B) Stabilizer Section:
341-4726 271-0541 271-0547 271-0542 (29G) Bucket Section: 271-0541 (29J) Outlet Manifold:
(29H) E-Stick Section: (30) Valve Gp -
NOTE: Aux Section 271-0545 271-0539
not avalible on the 7
271-0546 Relief: 260-3022
Bank Valve (29F) Swing Section:
271-0544
(29K) Boom Section:
(25) Ride Cntrl. 299-9072
Pres. Switch (Opt.): 304-5696
(24) Ride Cntrl. Accmltr
(Opt): 169-3960
(23) Ride Cntrl. Valve
(Opt): 245-8780

D D

STABILIZER JOYSTICK LEFT JOYSTICK RIGHT JOYSTICK

P1
(28A) Inlet Section:
271-0520

T3 (18) Pilot - Lever w/DTNT and Switch: 223-4715

(19) Pilot: 267-2758


C C

(28B) Lift Section:


DEL
271-0521

LIFT
(9) Lift CylinderS: 125-7895

(10) Tilt Cylinder: 100-7844


(20) Pilot - Manifold: 297-1590 T2
(1) Pump Gp. (Primary): 269-9336

P5 P4 (28C) Tilt Section:


271-0522

TILT
(26) Temp. Sensor: 246-4297
(6) Filter: 307-9799
HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS
B HMU IMPLEMENT and STEERING PUMP CIRCUIT
PILOT OIL CIRCUIT
B
P16 BOOSTED BRAKE OIL CIRCUIT
SOS LOAD SENSE CIRCUIT
SUPPLY LINE
P3
T1 P17
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
STEERING CYLINDER CIRCUIT
LIFT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
(2) Pump Gp. TILT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
P6 (Secondary): 280-7873 AUXILIARY CIRCUIT (LOADER VALVE)
(28D) AUX Section: P18
STABILIZER CYLINDER CIRCUIT
271-0523 BOOM CYLINDER CIRCUIT
AUX. (27) Diff. Pres. Switch: 134-0404 STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
SWING CYLINDER CIRCUIT
(11) MP Bucket Cylinders
BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
OPT: 134-0404
E-STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
LOADER VALVE (5) Cooler: N/A AUXILIARY CIRCUIT (BACKHOE VALVE)

LINE PATTERNS

(28) Loader Vlave (2 Bank): 271-0512


(28E) Outlet Manifold: 269-1079
PUMP Pressure Line
(28) Loader Vlave (3 Bank): 271-0513 Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure

Drain / Return Lines

Component Group

Attachment
(4) Tank Group: 245-0169
A Air Line A
(7) HMU: 297-1590 CALLOUTS

P19
YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling,Sensor) by letter

52 Components by number

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 450E BACKHOE LOADERS


(3) Hydraulic Tank: 272-0008
PART #: 254-0098 CHG02 VOLUME 1 OF 2
(8) Steer Cylinder: 238-5285 Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off.

Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

(15) Swing Cylinders: 297-4896 BOOSTED BRAKES (REF)


(21) Valve Gp - Cushion Relief: 283-6331

(16) Bucket Cylinder: 270-7287


(17) E-Stick Cylinder (OPT): 270-7288 TO REAR AXLE
LEFT WHEEL BRAKE
LEFT
(12A) LH Stabilizer Cylinder: 270-7290
F (12B) RH Stabilizer Cylinder: 270-7291 (13) Boom Cylinder: 270-7285 (14) Stick Cylinder: 270-7286 BRAKE F
PEDAL

TO REAR AXLE
RIGHT WHEEL BRAKE

RIGHT
BRAKE BS BT
PEDAL

(29) Loader Vlave (7 Bank): 342-6667


(29) Loader Vlave (8 Bank): 342-6668

E E

(29J) Outlet Manifold: 348-4585

(29A) Inlet Section:


348-4578
STAB RH AUX. BOOM STICK SWING BUCKET E-STICK STAB LH

(29B) Stabilizer Section:


(29D) Boom Section: (29E) Stick Section: 348-4582 (29G) Bucket Section: 348-4581 (29H) E-Stick Section:
348-4584
348-4579 348-4583
(29C) AUX Section: 348-9819 (29F) Swing Section: 348-4580 (29B) Stabilizer Section:
D (32) Valve - Check: *Aux Section not avalible on the 348-4584 D
123-4750 7 Bank Valve configuration.

(18) Pilot - Lever w/DTNT and Switch: 223-4715 (30) Valve Gp -


Relief: 345-7712

(25) Ride Cntrl.


Pres. Switch (Opt.): 304-5696
(23) Ride Cntrl. Valve
C (Opt): 245-8780 STABILIZER JOYSTICK C
(24) Ride Cntrl. Accmltr
(Opt): 169-3960

(22) Accumulator: 226-0420 (31) Press Reducing Valve: 300-0430

(28A) Inlet Section: T3


348-4573
T2
(20) Pilot - Manifold: 297-1590

(1) Pump Gp. (Primary): 269-9336

(28B) Lift Section:


348-4574
HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS
IMPLEMENT and STEERING PUMP CIRCUIT
LIFT PILOT OIL CIRCUIT
(26) Temp. Sensor:
BOOSTED BRAKE OIL CIRCUIT
B 246-4297 LOAD SENSE CIRCUIT B
(9) Lift Cylinders: HMU P16 SUPPLY LINE
125-7895 DRAIN / RETURN LINE
STEERING CYLINDER CIRCUIT

T1 SOS (6) Filter: 307-9799


LIFT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
TILT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
P3 AUXILIARY CIRCUIT (LOADER VALVE)
(28C) Tilt Section: STABILIZER CYLINDER CIRCUIT
348-4575 (2 Bank) P17
BOOM CYLINDER CIRCUIT
348-4576 (3 Bank) STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
SWING CYLINDER CIRCUIT
BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
TILT (27) Diff. Pres. Switch:
E-STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
134-0404
AUXILIARY CIRCUIT (BACKHOE VALVE)
(10) Tilt Cylinder:
100-7844
LINE PATTERNS
P18 Pressure Line
(5) Cooler: N/A Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure
PUMP Drain / Return Lines
(2) Pump Gp.
(28D) AUX Section: (Secondary): 280-7873
348-4577 Component Group
AUX. Attachment

(11) MP Bucket Cylinders Air Line

A
(OPT): 226-5540
LOADER VALVE CALLOUTS A
(7) HMU: 297-1590
YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling,Sensor) by letter
(28) Loader Vlave (2 Bank): 342-6662 52 Components by number
(28) Loader Vlave (3 Bank): 342-6663
P19 (4) Tank Group: 245-0169

450E BACKHOE LOADERS (SCHEMATIC)


MEDIA NUMBER: UENR0270-01
(3) Hydraulic Tank: 272-0008 PART NUMBER: 254-0098, CHANGE: 05, VOLUME 2 OF 2 (MECHANICAL)
(8) Steer Cylinder: 238-5285 Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off.

Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
COMPONENT LOCATIONS VIEW (PILOT)
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

28
27 25
26 24 4
29
15 22 12 6 23 3 9 10 8 5 11

14

16

13
14

12
18 1 7 9 10 11
19

17 19 4
16 14 18 1 3 10 5

13
15

12 22 6 23 7 9 8 11
29 26 24
27 25
28
IMPLEMENT / STEERING PUMP VIEW (PILOT)
Implement and VIEW ALL CALLOUTS
B Steering Pump
A

Loader Valve

C T2
H

The implement and steering pump on the 450E machines is similar to the "D" Series
machines, but now includes a torque control solenoid (not visible). The torque control solenoid
provides an additional pump setting.

The implement and steering pump is located below the floor plate in the cab. The pump control
valve (H) contains a torque control spool adjustment screw (B) and a flow compensator adjust-
ment screw (A). The adjustment screws and the load sensing pressure tap (T2) are accessible
from the cab.

T2

C
T1

E
G

T2

B
Drain

Drain

T1

These illustrations show the implement and steering pump out of the machine. The following compo-
nents are visible:

Torque control adjustment (A), Flow compensator adjustment (B), Load sensing pressure tap (T2),
Inlet port (C), Case drain port (D), Torque control solenoid (E), Discharge pressure tap (T1), Torque
limiter (F), Outlet port (G)
BOOSTED BRAKES VIEW (PILOT)
To Wheel To Tank From Pilot
Brake Accumulator

Slave Master Boost Brake


Cylinder Cylinder Valve

This illustration shows a sectional view of the boosted brake valve group. When the brake pedal is
depressed, the boost brake valve moves to the left and inlet oil from the pilot manifold is directed
to the master cylinder.

A E D C B
The 450E machines are equipped with hydraulically assisted master cylinders, which decreases the
amount of pedal effort when braking. This illustration shows the boosted brakes valve group, which uses
oil from the pilot accumulator to add boost to the master cylinder. The hydraulic force multiplies the pedal
effort so the operator can get more braking force with less effort.

The brake boost valves are connected to the master cylinder (A) at each brake pedal (B). Oil enters
the master cylinder through the supply hose (C) and exits the master cylinder through the return hose
(D). The oil flows to the service brakes through the hoses (E) at the bottom of the master cylinder.

The master cylinders can be removed from the machine from inside the operator's compartment.
BACKHOE VALVE VIEW (PILOT)

The pilot manifold can also be


accessed with the floor plate
removed. The pilot pressure tap
(T3) is located on the pilot
manifold. The pilot manifold routes
pilot oil to and from the loader and
backhoe pilot control valves.

Pilot Manifold

T3
View of pilot controlled backhoe valve with floor plate removed.

A N B C D E F G H I J

EIGHT BANK VALVE (PILOT OPERATED)

The 450E machines are equipped with a pilot controlled backhoe valve that is visible with the floor plate at the rear
of the cab removed.

This illustration shows a eight bank backhoe valve. The components in the backhoe valve are:

(A) Outlet Manifold (H) Auxiliary Control Valve


(B) Left Stabilizer Control Valve (I) Right Stabilizer Control Valve
(C) Extendable Stick Control Valve (J) Pilot On/Off Solenoid Valve
(D) Bucket Control Valve (K) Inlet Manifold
(E) Swing Control Valve (L) A Ports
(F) Stick Control Valve (M) B Ports
(G) Boom Control Valve (N) Load Signal Relief Valve

Note: The auxiliary Control Valve (H) is not avalible on the optional seven bank valve.
LOADER VALVE VIEW (PILOT)

SOS
Implement and
Steering Pump
Hydraulic Oil Filter

Loader Valve

C D
B
E
A

P
C D
B
E R

M F
J
K N
THREE BANK VALVE:
The 450E machines are equipped with a mechanically
controlled loader valve as shown in this illustration.

The loader valve is accessed from below the floor


plate. The loader control valve group contains:

(A) Outlet manifold. (J) Makeup and relief valve.


(B) Auxiliary control valve. (K) Magnetic detent for return
(C) Tilt control valve. to dig function.
View of mechanically controlled loader valve with floor plate removed. (D) Lift control valve. (M) Priority Valve.
(N) Mechanical detent for the
(E) Inlet manifold.
float.
(F) Load signal relief valve. (P) A ports.
(R) B ports.
HYDRAULIC OIL FILTER VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

The hydraulic oil filter is located below the


machine at the left frame rail. The hydraulic oil
filter bypass switch is mounted to the oil filter
base.

Temp Sensor

SOS

Filter Bypass
Switch

SOS Filter Bypass Switch Temp Sensor


RIDE CONTROL VIEW (PILOT)

B Travel at high speeds over rough terrain causes bucket movement. The
optional Ride Control System acts as a shock absorber by absorbing
bucket forces, which stabilize the machine.
A
The Ride Control System components include; ride control relay (A), ride
control solenoids (B), ride control accumulator (C), and ride control
pressure switch (D).

Two solenoids are now used on the "E" Series machines Ride Control
System.

The Ride Control System, on machines with the optional autoshift trans-
mission, is controlled by the Machine ECM. The Machine ECM monitors
D the position of the ride control switch and determines when to operate the
ride control system.

C
ECM
COMPONENT LOCATIONS VIEW (MECHANICAL)
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

28
27 25
26 24 4
29
15 22 12 6 23 3 9 10 8 5 11

14

16

13
14

12
18 1 7 9 10 11

17 4
16 14 18 1 3 10 5

13
15

12 22 6 23 7 9 8 11
29 26 24
27 25
28
IMPLEMENT / STEERING PUMP VIEW (MECHANICAL)
Implement and VIEW ALL CALLOUTS
B Steering Pump
A

Loader Valve

C T2
H

The implement and steering pump on the 450E machines is similar to the "D" Series
machines, but now includes a torque control solenoid (not visible). The torque control solenoid
provides an additional pump setting.

The implement and steering pump is located below the floor plate in the cab. The pump control
valve (H) contains a torque control spool adjustment screw (B) and a flow compensator adjust-
ment screw (A). The adjustment screws and the load sensing pressure tap (T2) are accessible
from the cab.

T2

C
T1

E
G

T2

B
Drain

Drain

T1

These illustrations show the implement and steering pump out of the machine. The following compo-
nents are visible:

Torque control adjustment (A), Flow compensator adjustment (B), Load sensing pressure tap (T2),
Inlet port (C), Case drain port (D), Torque control solenoid (E), Discharge pressure tap (T1), Torque
limiter (F), Outlet port (G)
BOOSTED BRAKES VIEW (MECHANICAL)
To Wheel To Tank From Pilot
Brake Accumulator

Slave Master Boost Brake


Cylinder Cylinder Valve

This illustration shows a sectional view of the boosted brake valve group. When the brake pedal is
depressed, the boost brake valve moves to the left and inlet oil from the pilot manifold is directed
to the master cylinder.

A E D C B
The 450E machines are equipped with hydraulically assisted master cylinders, which decreases the
amount of pedal effort when braking. This illustration shows the boosted brakes valve group, which uses
oil from the pilot accumulator to add boost to the master cylinder. The hydraulic force multiplies the pedal
effort so the operator can get more braking force with less effort.

The brake boost valves are connected to the master cylinder (A) at each brake pedal (B). Oil enters
the master cylinder through the supply hose (C) and exits the master cylinder through the return hose
(D). The oil flows to the service brakes through the hoses (E) at the bottom of the master cylinder.

The master cylinders can be removed from the machine from inside the operator's compartment.
BACKHOE VALVE VIEW (MECHANICAL)

The pilot manifold can also be


accessed with the floor plate
removed. The pilot pressure tap
(T3) is located on the pilot
manifold. The pilot manifold routes
pilot oil to and from the loader and
backhoe pilot control valves.

Pilot Manifold

T3
View of pilot controlled backhoe valve with floor plate removed.

A N B C D E F G H I J

EIGHT BANK VALVE (PILOT OPERATED)

The 450E machines are equipped with a pilot controlled backhoe valve that is visible with the floor plate at the rear
of the cab removed.

This illustration shows a eight bank backhoe valve. The components in the backhoe valve are:

(A) Outlet Manifold (H) Auxiliary Control Valve


(B) Left Stabilizer Control Valve (I) Right Stabilizer Control Valve
(C) Extendable Stick Control Valve (J) Pilot On/Off Solenoid Valve
(D) Bucket Control Valve (K) Inlet Manifold
(E) Swing Control Valve (L) A Ports
(F) Stick Control Valve (M) B Ports
(G) Boom Control Valve (N) Load Signal Relief Valve

Note: The auxiliary Control Valve (H) is not avalible on the optional seven bank valve.
LOADER VALVE VIEW (MECHANICAL)

SOS
Implement and
Steering Pump
Hydraulic Oil Filter

Loader Valve

C D
B
E
A

P
C D
B
E R

M F
J
K N
THREE BANK VALVE:
The 450E machines are equipped with a mechanically
controlled loader valve as shown in this illustration.

The loader valve is accessed from below the floor


plate. The loader control valve group contains:

(A) Outlet manifold. (J) Makeup and relief valve.


(B) Auxiliary control valve. (K) Magnetic detent for return
(C) Tilt control valve. to dig function.
View of mechanically controlled loader valve with floor plate removed. (D) Lift control valve. (M) Priority Valve.
(N) Mechanical detent for the
(E) Inlet manifold.
float.
(F) Load signal relief valve. (P) A ports.
(R) B ports.
HYDRAULIC OIL FILTER VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

The hydraulic oil filter is located below the


machine at the left frame rail. The hydraulic oil
filter bypass switch is mounted to the oil filter
base.

Temp Sensor

SOS

Filter Bypass
Switch

SOS Filter Bypass Switch Temp Sensor


RIDE CONTROL VIEW (MECHANICAL)

B Travel at high speeds over rough terrain causes bucket movement. The
optional Ride Control System acts as a shock absorber by absorbing
bucket forces, which stabilize the machine.
A
The Ride Control System components include; ride control relay (A), ride
control solenoids (B), ride control accumulator (C), and ride control
pressure switch (D).

Two solenoids are now used on the "E" Series machines Ride Control
System.

The Ride Control System, on machines with the optional autoshift trans-
mission, is controlled by the Machine ECM. The Machine ECM monitors
D the position of the ride control switch and determines when to operate the
ride control system.

C
ECM