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STANDARD ATOMIC WEIGHTS


Standard atomic weights are CIAAW recommended values for atomic weights applicable to
all normal materials. Since 1902, the Commission regularly publishes critical evaluation of
atomic weights of elements and below is the most recent definitive table of the standard
atomic weights.
STANDARD ATOMIC WEIGHTS 2017
Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

1 H hydrogen [1.007 84, 1.008 11] m

2 He helium 4.002 602(2) gr

3 Li lithium [6.938, 6.997] m

4 Be beryllium 9.012 1831(5)

5 B boron [10.806, 10.821] m

6 C carbon [12.0096, 12.0116]


Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

7 N nitrogen [14.006 43, 14.007 28] m

8 O oxygen [15.999 03, 15.999 77] m

9 F fluorine 18.998 403 163(6)

10 Ne neon 20.1797(6) gm

11 Na sodium 22.989 769 28(2)

12 Mg magnesium [24.304, 24.307]

13 Al aluminium 26.981 5384(3)

14 Si silicon [28.084, 28.086]

15 P phosphorus 30.973 761 998(5)

16 S sulfur [32.059, 32.076]

17 Cl chlorine [35.446, 35.457] m

18 Ar argon [39.792, 39.963] gr

19 K potassium 39.0983(1)

20 Ca calcium 40.078(4) g

21 Sc scandium 44.955 908(5)

22 Ti titanium 47.867(1)

23 V vanadium 50.9415(1)

24 Cr chromium 51.9961(6)

25 Mn manganese 54.938 043(2)


Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

26 Fe iron 55.845(2)

27 Co cobalt 58.933 194(3)

28 Ni nickel 58.6934(4) r

29 Cu copper 63.546(3) r

30 Zn zinc 65.38(2) r

31 Ga gallium 69.723(1)

32 Ge germanium 72.630(8)

33 As arsenic 74.921 595(6)

34 Se selenium 78.971(8) r

35 Br bromine [79.901, 79.907]

36 Kr krypton 83.798(2) gm

37 Rb rubidium 85.4678(3) g

38 Sr strontium 87.62(1) gr

39 Y yttrium 88.905 84(1)

40 Zr zirconium 91.224(2) g

41 Nb niobium 92.906 37(1)

42 Mo molybdenum 95.95(1) g

43 Tc technetium —

44 Ru ruthenium 101.07(2) g
Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

45 Rh rhodium 102.905 49(2)

46 Pd palladium 106.42(1) g

47 Ag silver 107.8682(2) g

48 Cd cadmium 112.414(4) g

49 In indium 114.818(1)

50 Sn tin 118.710(7) g

51 Sb antimony 121.760(1) g

52 Te tellurium 127.60(3) g

53 I iodine 126.904 47(3)

54 Xe xenon 131.293(6) gm

55 Cs caesium 132.905 451 96(6)

56 Ba barium 137.327(7)

57 La lanthanum 138.905 47(7) g

58 Ce cerium 140.116(1) g

59 Pr praseodymium 140.907 66(1)

60 Nd neodymium 144.242(3) g

61 Pm promethium —

62 Sm samarium 150.36(2) g

63 Eu europium 151.964(1) g
Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

64 Gd gadolinium 157.25(3) g

65 Tb terbium 158.925 354(8)

66 Dy dysprosium 162.500(1) g

67 Ho holmium 164.930 328(7)

68 Er erbium 167.259(3) g

69 Tm thulium 168.934 218(6)

70 Yb ytterbium 173.045(10) g

71 Lu lutetium 174.9668(1) g

72 Hf hafnium 178.49(2)

73 Ta tantalum 180.947 88(2)

74 W tungsten 183.84(1)

75 Re rhenium 186.207(1)

76 Os osmium 190.23(3) g

77 Ir iridium 192.217(2)

78 Pt platinum 195.084(9)

79 Au gold 196.966 570(4)

80 Hg mercury 200.592(3)

81 Tl thallium [204.382, 204.385]

82 Pb lead 207.2(1) gr
Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

83 Bi bismuth 208.980 40(1)

84 Po polonium —

85 At astatine —

86 Rn radon —

87 Fr francium —

88 Ra radium —

89 Ac actinium —

90 Th thorium 232.0377(4)

91 Pa protactinium 231.035 88(1)

92 U uranium 238.028 91(3) gm

93 Np neptunium —

94 Pu plutonium —

95 Am americium —

96 Cm curium —

97 Bk berkelium —

98 Cf californium —

99 Es einsteinium —

100 Fm fermium —

101 Md mendelevium —
Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes

102 No nobelium —

103 Lr lawrencium —

104 Rf rutherfordium —

105 Db dubnium —

106 Sg seaborgium —

107 Bh bohrium —

108 Hs hassium —

109 Mt meitnerium —

110 Ds darmstadtium —

111 Rg roentgenium —

112 Cn copernicium —

113 Nh nihonium —

114 Fl flerovium —

115 Mc moscovium —

116 Lv livermorium —

117 Ts tennessine —

118 Og oganesson —

Z Symbol Element Standard Atomic Weight Notes


FOOTNOTES Back to Top
g Geological materials are known in which the element has an isotopic composition outside
the limits for normal material. The difference between the atomic weight of the element in
such materials and that given in the table may exceed the stated uncertainty.
m Modified isotopic compositions may be found in commercially available material because
the material has been subjected to an undisclosed or inadvertent isotopic fractionation.
Substantial deviations in atomic weight of the element from that given in the table can occur.
r Range in isotopic composition of normal terrestrial material prevents a more precise standard
atomic weight being given; the tabulated atomic-weight value and uncertainty should be
applicable to normal materials.
Citation
The most recent Standard Atomic Weights are presented in this Table and they are based on the "Atomic
Weights 2013" report and on the subsequent revisions that were made by the CIAAW in 2015 and in 2017. The
IUPAC Technical Report "Atomic weights of the elements 2017" will be published in the Pure and Applied
Chemistry.

This Table can be cited as follows:


CIAAW. Atomic weights of the elements 2017. Available online at www.ciaaw.org.
There are three broad groups of elements depending on what is the main cause of the uncertainty of their
standard atomic weights:
(1) well-documented natural variations of isotopic abundances,
(2) our ability to determine the isotopic abundances, and
(3) our ability to precisely determine the atomic masses of the isotopes.
Elements in the first category are distinguished by an interval standard atomic weight.
The reported uncertainties of the standard atomic weights are such that the atomic -weight values of normal
materials are expected to lie in the given interval with great certitude. For instance, the standard atomic weight
of argon, [39.792, 39.963], indicates that atomic-weight values of argon in normal materials are expected to be
from 39.792 to 39.963. For iridium, the standard atomic weight 192.217(2) indicates that atomic -weight values
of iridium in normal materials are expected to be from 192.215 to 192.219.
For more information on the interpretation of the uncertainty please consult the recent IUPAC Technical
Report by Possolo et al.

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