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Take Fire out of NFPA 72?

Why the change?


An Update NFPA 72 now covers many issues in addition to
Fire Alarm Systems.
 Combination Systems
 Video Imaging Detection
NFPA 72 - 2010
 Carbon Monoxide Detection
 Supervisory Service of Sprinkler Control Valves
National Fire Alarm & Signaling Code  Water Level Supervisory – 5.15.3
 Water Temperature Supervisory – 5.15.4
 Room Temperature Supervisory – 5.15.5
 Fire Extinguisher Monitoring – 6.8.4.11

NFPA TCC Directive for 2010 NFPA 72 Name Change?


Remove the word fire wherever possible  Today – National Fire Alarm Code
 Chapter 4 – Fundamentals of Fire Alarm Systems
 Chapter 8 – Supervising Station Fire Alarm
 New Name
Systems  National Fire Alarm and Signaling
g g
 8.3.7.1.1 Alarm signals initiated by manual fire Code
alarm boxes, automatic fire detectors, waterflow
from the automatic sprinkler system, or actuation
of other fire suppression system(s) or equipment
shall be treated as fire alarms.

NFPA 72, 2010


Chapter Re-Organization
What is changing in 2010 of 72?
2007 edition had 11 Chapters
2010 edition will have 29 Chapters
 Administrative
Ad i i t ti ChChapters
t
 Support Chapters
 System Chapters
 Usability Chapters

1
NFPA 72 Chapters – Currently in 2007 Administrative Chapters
 Chapters 1 – 4 Administration, Definitions &  Chapter 1 Administration – 2007 Existing
Fundamentals  Chapter 2 Referenced Publications – 2007 Existing
 Chapter 5 – Initiating Devices  Chapter 3 Definitions – 2007 Existing
 Chapter 6 – Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems  Chapter 4 Reserved
 Chapter 7 – Notification Appliances  Chapter 5 Reserved
 Chapter 8 – Supervising Stations  Chapter 6 Reserved
 Chapter 9 – Public Fire Alarm Reporting Systems  Chapter 7 Reserved
 Chapter 10 – Inspection, Testing & Maintenance  Chapter 8 Reserved
 Chapter 11 – Single & Multiple Station Alarms  Chapter 9 Reserved
Household Systems

Support Chapters Systems Chapters


 Chapter 10 Fundamentals – 2007 Chapter 4  Chapter 20 Reserved
 Chapter 11 Reserved  Chapter 21 Emergency Control Functions – New
 Chapter 12 Circuits and Pathways – New  Chapter 22 Reserved
 p 13 Reserved
Chapter  Chapter
p 23 Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems
y –
 Chapter 14 Insp, Test & Maint. – 2007 Chapter 10 2007 Chapter 6
 Chapter 15 Reserved  Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems -
New
 Chapter 16 Reserved
 Chapter 25 Reserved
 Chapter 17 Initiating Devices – 2007 Chapter 5
 Chapter 18 Notification Appliances – 2007 Chapter 7
 Chapter 19 Reserved

Systems Chapters Usability


 Annex A Explanatory Material
 Chapter 26 Supervising Station Alarm Systems – 2007
 Annex B Engineering Guide for Automatic Fire
Chapter 8
Detection
 Chapter 27 Public Emergency Alarm Reporting
Systems
y – 2007 Chapter
p 9  Annex C System Performance Design Guide
 Chapter 28 Reserved  Annex D Speech Intelligibility
 Chapter 29 Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and  Annex E NEMA SB 30
Household Fire Alarm Systems – 2007 Chapter 11  Annex F Sample Ordinance for Adopting NFPA 72
 Annex G Informational References
 Annex H Cross References

2
Fundamentals Fundamentals
Chapter 10 Chapter 10
 The Chapter has been renamed 10.4 Personnel Qualifications.
Fundamentals. “Fire Alarm” deleted. 10.4.1 System Designer.
 The Chapter includes requirements for
Emergency Communications Systems. 10.4.2 System Installer.
 The word “fire” has been removed throughout 10 4 3 IInspection,
10.4.3 i T
Testing,
i and
d Maintenance
M i
in relation to fire alarm systems, as the Code Personnel. (SIG-TMS)
also covers Emergency Communications 10.4.4 Supervising Station Operators. (SIG-
Systems. SSS)

Fundamentals Fundamentals
Chapter 10 Chapter 10
10.5.6.1.2 Secondary circuits that provide power 10.5.6.3 Capacity
to the control unit and are not integral to the unit 10.5.6.3.1.(A) Battery calculations shall include a
shall be protected against physical damage. 20 percent safety margin to the calculated amp-
 Added the protection of secondary power hour rating
circuits.  This provides alignment with UL 864 9th
edition and the realization that over the life of
a battery, it will decay.

Fundamentals Fundamentals
Chapter 10 Chapter 10
10.6 Signal Priority. The priority of signals shall 10.15 Protection of Fire Alarm Systems.
be in accordance with 10.6  Exception (2) has been removed. This
10.6.1 ECS priority signals when evaluated by exempted the requirement for smoke or heat
stakeholders through a risk analysis in detector protecting the FACU,
FACU NAC’s
NAC s or
accordance with 12.2.2.12 shall be permitted to DACT’s if the building is fully sprinklered per
take precedence over all other signals. NFPA 13.
 This includes fire alarm signals.

3
Fundamentals Fundamentals
Chapter 10 Chapter 10
10.18.2.1.2.7 Where not stored at the main fire 10.18.2.1.2.8 If the documents are located in a
alarm control unit, the location of these separate enclosure or cabinet, the separate
documents shall be identified at the main fire enclosure or cabinet shall be prominently labeled
alarm
a a cocontrol
o uunit. FIRE ALARM DOCUMENTS.
OCU S
 Requires the location of the Record of  Documents related to the fire alarm system
Completion to be identified at the FACU. can no longer be hidden until found by an
archeological expedition.

Fundamentals Circuits and Pathways -


Chapter 10 Chapter 12
Record of Completion.  Wiring tables being replaced with a new system for
specifying wiring redundancy and survivability
 Has been expanded to 12 pages to enhance
 Includes removal of all of the old class and style
its usability.
tables and designations and the implementation of
new Classes
Cl th
thatt will
ill b
be applicable
li bl tto any ttype off fifire
alarm circuit, not just SLCs, IDCs, and NACs as in the
past.
 The term "pathway" is used instead of circuit to
account for the use of optical fibers, radio, hardwires,
and anything else that may appear in the marketplace.

Circuits and Pathways - Circuits and Pathways -


Chapter 12 Chapter 12
12.1 Application. 12.2.2 A path’s (interconnection’s) class
12.1.1 Paths (interconnections) shall be designation is dependant on the path’s
designated based upon the performance (interconnection’s) capability to continue to
ccharacteristics
a ac e s cs de
defined
ed in this
s cchapter.
ap e operate
ope a e du
during
g spec
specified
ed fault
au coconditions.
d o s
12.2 Purpose. 12.2.3 The designation of the paths can also
12.2.1 This chapter describes the performance include the performance of the path
and survivability characteristics for defined class (interconnection) to survivability from attack by
designations of signaling paths fire.
(interconnections).

4
Circuits and Pathways - Circuits and Pathways -
Chapter 12 Chapter 12
12.4.2.1 Pathway Class Designations Class C. One or more pathways where
Pathways shall be designated as Class A, B, C, D, operational capability is verified via end-to-end
E, or X, depending on their performance as follows: communication, but the integrity of individual
Class A*. A pathway with a redundant path. paths is not monitored. A loss of end-to-end
O
Operational
ti l capability
bilit continues
ti pastt a single
i l communication
i ti iis annunciated.
i t d
break. Conditions that affect the intended operation Class D. A pathway that has fail-safe operation,
of the path are annunciated. where no fault is annunciated, but the intended
Class B. A pathway without a redundant path. operation is performed instead.
Operational capability stops at a break. Conditions
that affect the intended operation of the path are
annunciated.

Circuits and Pathways - Circuits and Pathways -


Chapter 12 Chapter 12
Class E. A pathway which is not monitored for Survivability has also been assigned "levels" in
integrity. recognition that one size does not fit all. For
example:
Class X. A pathway with a redundant path.
Operational capability continues past a single
break or short-circuit. Conditions that affect the 12.1.2.5
12 1 2 5 Pathway Survivability Level 0
intended operation of the path are annunciated. 12.1.2.5.1 Pathway survivability Level 0 shall
consist of the following:
a. Pathways shall comply with the requirements of
NFPA 70 Articles 760, 770 or 800

Circuits and Pathways - Circuits and Pathways -


Chapter 12 Chapter 12
12.1.2.7 Pathway Survivability Level 1 12.1.2.8 Pathway Survivability Level 2
12.1.2.7.1 Pathway survivability Level 1 shall 12.1.2.8.1 Pathway survivability Level 2 shall
consist of the following: consist of the following:
a. Pathways in buildings fully protected by an a. 2-hour fire rated circuit integrity (CI) cable or,
p
automatic sprinkler system
y in accordance with NFPA
13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems b 2 hour fire rated cable system (electrical circuit
b.
and with the interconnecting wiring or cables installed protective system (s) or,
in metal raceways c. 2-hour fire rated enclosure or protected area or,
d. 2-hour performance alternatives approved by the
authority having jurisdiction

5
Circuits and Pathways - Circuits and Pathways -
Chapter 12 Chapter 12
12.1.2.9 Pathway Survivability Level 3 c. Pathways in buildings fully protected an automatic
sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13, Standard
12.1.2.9.1 Pathway survivability Level 3 shall for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and 2-hour fire
consist of the following: rated enclosure or protected area or,
a. Pathways in buildings fully protected an automatic d. Pathways in buildings fully protected an automatic
sprinkler
i kl system
t iin accordance
d with
ith NFPA 13
13, St
Standard
d d sprinkler
i kl system
t iin accordance
d with
ith NFPA 13
13, St
Standard
d d
for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and 2-hour fire for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and 2-hour
rated circuit integrity (CI) cable or, performance alternatives approved by the authority having
b. Pathways in buildings fully protected an automatic jurisdiction
sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13, Standard
for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and 2 hour fire
rated cable system (electrical circuit protective
system(s)) or,

Circuits and Pathways - Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance


Chapter 12 Chapter 14
Pathway Class Designations  Includes Emergency Communications
 A, B, C, D, E, X Systems.
 Revised requirements for the testing of
Survivability Levels intelligible voice communications
communications.
 0, 1, 2, 3  New allowance for automated testing.
 New requirements for the testing of gas
detectors.

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance


Chapter 14 Chapter 14
 New requirement for the replacement of 14.2.4 System Documentation.
combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms 14.2.4.1 The provided documentation shall
after ten years. include the current revisions of all fire alarm
 New requirements for the commissioning and software and the revisions of software of any
systems with which the fire alarm software
testing of in-building emergency radio interfaces.
communication systems.

6
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
Chapter 14 Chapter 14
14.2.4.2 The revisions of the fire alarm software, 14.2.7 Automated Testing.
and the revisions of the software in the systems 14.2.7.1 Automated testing arrangements that
with which the fire alarm software interfaces, provide equivalent means of testing devices to
shall be verified for compatibility in accordance those specified in Table 14.4.2.2 at a frequency
with
ith th
the requirements
i t off 23
23.2.2.1.1.
2211 at least equivalent to those specified in Table
14.4.5 shall be permitted to be used to comply
with the requirements of this chapter.
14.2.7.2 Failure of a device on an automated test
shall result in an audible and visual trouble
signal.

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance


Chapter 14 Chapter 14
14.2.8 Performance-Based Inspection and 14.4.4 Gas detectors shall be inspected, tested,
Testing. As an alternate means of compliance, and maintained in accordance with the
subject to the authority have jurisdiction, manufacturers’ published instructions.
components
co po e s a and
d sys
systems
e s sshall
a be pepermitted
ed to
o  Correlates with the addition of gas detection in
be inspected and tested under a performance- Chapter 17.
based program.

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance


Chapter 14 Chapter 14
14.4.7 Household Fire Alarm Systems. 14.4.12 In-Building Emergency Radio
14.4.8 Replacement of Smoke Alarms in One- Communication Systems.
and Two-Family Dwellings. This section was expanded from 2007 to cover:
14 4 8 2 Combination smoke/carbon monoxide
14.4.8.2  Signal level testing
testing.
alarms shall be replaced when the end-of-life  System commissioning testing.
signal activates or 10 years from the date of  Test procedures
manufacture, whichever comes first.  Measurement parameters
 The Code now recognizes that these type of  Acceptance Test
alarms are being used.  Annual Tests

7
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Initiating Devices
Chapter 14 Chapter 17
Record of Inspection and Testing 17.4.6 Initiating devices shall be installed in all
 Has been expended to 12 pages areas, compartments, or locations where
 Includes mass notification system interface required by other NFPA codes and standards or
as required
equ ed by o other
e go
governing
e g laws,
a s, codes, oor
standards.
 This replaces AHJ, and has been added
through the body of NFPA 72®.

Initiating Devices Initiating Devices


Heat-Sensing Fire Detectors Heat-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.6.2.2.2 Operating Temperature. 17.6.3.3 Beam Construction.
17.6.2.2.2.2 Heat-sensing fire detectors where 17.6.3.3.1 Spacing
the alarm threshold is field adjustable shall be 17.6.3.3.1.3 Where the beams project more than
marked with the temperature range
range. 18 in (460 mm) below the ceiling and are more
17.6.2.2.2.3 Spot-type heat detectors shall also than 96 in. (2.44 mm) on center, each bay
be marked with their RTI. formed by the beams shall be treated as a
separate area.
 This is a change from 8 feet.

Initiating Devices Initiating Devices


Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.7.1.11 Protection During Construction. 17.7.1.11.2 Where detectors are installed but not
17.7.1.11.1 Where detectors are installed for operational during construction, they shall be
protected from construction debris, dust, dirt and
signal initiation during construction, they shall be damage in accordance with the manufacturer’s
cleaned and verified to be operating in recommendations
d ti andd verified
ifi d tto b
be operating
ti iin
accordance with the listed sensitivity, or they accordance with the listed sensitivity, or they
shall be replaced prior to the final commissioning shall be replaced prior to the final commissioning
of the system. of the system.

8
Initiating Devices Initiating Devices
Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.7.1.11.3 Where detection is not required 17.7.3.2 Spot-Type Smoke Detectors
during construction they shall not be installed 17.7.3.2.1 Spot-type smoke detectors shall be
until after all other construction trades have
completed cleanup. located on the ceiling or, if on a sidewall,
between the ceiling and 12 in in. (300 mm) down
 This is an expansion over previous text.
from the ceiling to the top of the detector.
 The 4 inch restriction has been removed.

Initiating Devices
Spacing of Smoke Sensors Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors
72, 2007 72, 2010 17.7.3.2.4.2 For level ceilings with beam depths
of less than 10 percent of the ceiling height (0.1
H), smooth ceiling spacing shall be permitted.
Spot-type
Spo ype ssmoke
o e de
detectors
ec o s sshall
a be pe
permitted
ed to
o
be located on ceilings or on the bottom of the
beams.

Initiating Devices Initiating Devices


Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors
(2) (b) Where beam spacing is less than 40 The requirements for the following uses of spot-
percent of the ceiling height (0.4 H), the following type smoke fire detectors have been made:
shall be permitted for spot detectors:  Beam pockets formed by intersecting beams,
i.Smooth ceiling spacing in the direction parallel to g waffle or p
including pan-type
yp ceilings.
g
the beams and at one-halff smooth ceiling spacing
 Sloping ceilings with beams running parallel up
in the direction perpendicular to the beams.
slope.
ii. Location of detectors either on the ceilings or
on the bottom of the beams.  Sloping ceilings with beams running
perpendicular across slope.
 Sloping ceilings with beam pockets formed by
intersecting beams.

9
Initiating Devices Initiating Devices
Chapter 17 Chapter 17
17.10 Gas Detection. 17.10.2 Gas Characteristics and Detector
17.10.1 General. The purpose and scope of Selection.
Section 17.10 shall be to provide requirements 17.10.2.1 Gas detection equipment shall be listed
for the selection,
selection installation
installation, and operation of for detection of the specific gas or vapor to be
encountered.
gas detectors.
17.10.2.2 Any gas detection system installed on
a fire alarm system shall comply with all the
applicable requirements of Chapters 1,10,14,17
and 23 of this Code.

Initiating Devices Notification Appliances


Chapter 17 Chapter 18
17.10.2.3 The requirements of this Code shall not 18.4.2 Distinctive Evacuation Signal
apply to gas detection systems used solely for  Moved from Protected Premises to Notification
process control.
Appliances.
17.10.2.4 The selection and placement of the gas
detectors shall be based on an engineering
evaluation.

Notification Appliances Notification Appliances


Chapter 18 Chapter 18
18.4.5 Sleeping Area Requirements. 18.4.10 Voice Intelligibility. Within the
18.4.5.3 Effective January 1, 2014, where acoustically distinguishable spaces (ADS) where
audible appliances are provided to produce voice intelligibility is required, voice
signals for sleeping areas, they shall produce a communications
co u ca o s sys systems
e s sshall
a reproduce
ep oduce
low frequency alarm signal that complies with the prerecorded, synthesized, or live (e.g.,
following: microphone, telephone handset, and radio)
(1) The alarm signal shall be a square wave or messages with voice intelligibility.
provide equivalent awakening ability.
(2) The wave shall have a fundamental frequency of
520 Hz ± 10 percent.

10
Notification Appliances Notification Appliances
Chapter 18 Chapter 18
18.4.10.1 Acoustically distinguishable spaces 3.3.2* Acoustically Distinguishable Space (ADS).
(ADS) shall be determined by the system An emergency communications system
designer during the planning and design of all notification zone, or subdivision thereof, that
emergency
e e ge cy cocommunications
u ca o s syssystems.
e s might
g be a an e
enclosed
c osed oor o
otherwise
e se p physically
ys ca y
18.4.10.2 Each ADS shall be identified as defined space, or that might be distinguished
requiring or not requiring voice intelligibility. from other spaces because of different
18.4.10.3 Where required by the authority having acoustical, environmental, or use characteristics,
jurisdiction, ADS assignments shall be submitted such as reverberation time and ambient sound
for review and approval. pressure level. (SIG-NAS)

Protected Premises
Chapter 23
Emergency Control Functions and
Interfaces – Chapter 21  All voice communications material is moving
out of chapter 6 and into chapter 24
Used to be Fire Safety Functions in Chapter 6  Fire Safety Functions are also moving to
Name changed to include non-fire alarm chapter 21
emergency functions  Generalizes material in chapter 21 and allows
Includes requirements for elevator recall for both fire alarm and mass notification
correlation

Protected Premises Protected Premises


Chapter 23 Chapter 23
 Requirements for combination systems 23.8.5.1.2* Where connected to a supervising
revised station, fire alarm systems employing automatic
 Sharing wiring for robust systems will be easier fire detectors or waterflow detection devices shall
 Language added to Annex confirming that the include
c ude a manual
a ua fire
eaalarm
a bobox to
o initiate
a e a ssignal
g a
Chapter is applicable to fire alarm systems to the supervising station.
used for mass notification. Exception: Fire alarm systems dedicated to
 Language revised to not limit application to elevator recall control and supervisory service as
fire emergencies only. permitted in Section 21.3.

11
Protected Premises Protected Premises
Chapter 23 Chapter 23
A.23.8.5.1.2 The manual means required by The manual fire alarm box required by 23.8.5.1.2
23.8.5.1.2 is intended to provide a backup means should be connected to a separate circuit that is
to manually activate the fire alarm system when not placed “on test” when the detection or
the
e au
automatic
o a c fire e de
detection
ec o sys
system
e oor waterflow
ae o sprinkler
sp e sys
system
e isspplaced
aced “on
o test.”
es The e manual
a ua
devices are out of service due to maintenance or means is only intended for use by the system
testing, or where human discovery of the fire technician or the building owner and should be
precedes automatic sprinkler system or located by the sprinkler riser or fire alarm control
automatic detection system activation. unit.

Supervising Station Fire Alarm Supervising Station Fire Alarm


Systems – Chapter 26 Systems – Chapter 26
8.6.3.2.1.4 Transmission Channels. (1) A second telephone line (number)
(A)* A system employing a DACT shall (2) A cellular telephone connection
employ one telephone line (number). In (3) A one-way radio system
addition one of the following transmission
addition, (4) A one-way private
i radio
di alarm
l system
means shall be employed:
(5) A private microwave radio system
(6) A two-way RF multiplex system
(7) A transmission means complying with
8.6.4

Supervising Station Fire Alarm Supervising Station Fire Alarm


Systems – Chapter 26 Systems – Chapter 26
8.6.4.4 Communications Integrity (3) If a portion of the communications path cannot
Provision shall be made to monitor the integrity of be monitored for integrity, a redundant
the transmission technology and its communications communications path shall be provided.
path. The following
p g requirements
q shall apply:
pp y (4) Provision shall be made to monitor the integrity
(1) Any failure shall be annunciated at the of the redundant communications path.
supervising station within 5 minutes of the failure. (5) Failure of both the primary and redundant
(2) If communications cannot be established with communications paths shall be annunciated at the
the supervising station, an indication of this failure to supervising station within not more than 24 hours
communicate shall be annunciated at the protected of the failure.
premises.

12
Supervising Station Fire Alarm Public Emergency Alarm Reporting
Systems – Chapter 26 Systems - Chapter 27
 Certain legacy technologies (active multiplex,  2007 Edition
McCulloh, directly connected non-coded and  Public Fire Reporting
private microwave) have been removed from  2010 Edition
the
e text
e o of the
e docu
document.
e
 Public
P bli EEmergency Al
Alarm R
Reporting
ti S Systems
t
 Existing systems utilizing these technologies  changes in scope to clearly identify
are acceptable, because all these requirements already covered by the chapter
technologies also comply with the general and now include “emergency alarms” in addition
provisions of 26.6.3.1. to fire.

Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms


Public Emergency Alarm Reporting and Household Fire Alarm Systems –
Systems - Chapter 27 Chapter 29
 Clarification of the way users should apply Chapter  29.3.7.1* Where notification for the hearing
 Declaring in 27.1.7 that when a protected premises impaired is required by governing laws, codes
transmits signals to a communications center via a
public emergency alarm reporting system, the entire or standards, or where otherwise provided in
alarm system becomes classified as an auxiliary ssleeping
eep g rooms
oo s occup
occupied
ed by peop
peoplee with mild
d
alarm system. to severe hearing loss, a low frequency alarm
 Section 27.4.1.1 describes the types of signal shall be provided. The low frequency
communications pathways that a public emergency
alarm reporting system may use. alarm signal output shall comply with the
 Section 27.4.1.2 grants permission to use a public following:
emergency alarm reporting system with emergency
communications systems covered by Chapter 24

Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms


and Household Fire Alarm Systems – and Household Fire Alarm Systems –
Chapter 29 Chapter 29
 (1) The alarm signal shall be a square 29.7.8.1.3 A Voice over Internet (VoIP) telephone
wave or provide equivalent awakening circuit can be connected to a DACT when the
ability. following conditions are met:
 (2)
(2)* The wave shall have a fundamental (1)* The DACT shall be connected and perform
(1)
frequency of 520 Hz + / - 10% . as required in 26.6.3.2.1.3.
 (3) The minimum sound level at the pillow (2) The power supply battery backup of all VoIP
shall be 75 dBA, or 15 dB above the equipment and related transmission equipment
ambient noise level, whichever is greater. shall comply with the standby time requirements
of Chapter 10.

13
Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms
and Household Fire Alarm Systems – and Household Fire Alarm Systems –
Chapter 29 Chapter 29
29.7.8.1.4 A dedicated cellular telephone connection shall 29.8.2.2 (5) In multiple station configurations that
be permitted to be used as a single means to transmit are comprised with multiple purpose alarms,
alarms to a constantly attended remote monitoring
smoke only, and CO only alarms, if the multiple
location.
purpose
pu pose aalarm
a de detects
ec s a
an ab
abnormal
o a a amount
ou o of
29 7 8 1 5 A MFVN shall
29.7.8.1.5 h ll b
be permitted
itt d tto b
be connected
t d tto
a DACT when the following conditions are met: CO the product will need to sound the CO alarm
(1) * The DACT shall be connected and perform as
signal on the remaining interconnected alarms.
required in 26.6.3.2.1.3. The smoke only alarm will have an option of
(2) The power supply battery backup of all MFVN remaining silent or to sound the CO alarm signal.
equipment and related transmission equipment shall
comply with the standby time requirements of Chapter 10.

NFPA and Mass Notification


Mass Notification and NFPA  Air Force Civil Engineering petitioned NFPA in
June 2003
 Added Mass Notification to Annex of 72-2007
 NFPA Standards Council approved new Chapter in
72-2010
 Technical Committee formed
 Several meetings have taken place
 Draft document created
 ROP, Report on Proposals
 ROC, Report on Comments

Chapter reference for MNS


NFPA and Mass Notification currently in NFPA 72, 2007
New Technical Committee Chapters 4 thru 11 currently ends with:
Technical Committee Scope: Mass Notification Systems. See Annex E.
This Committee shall have primary responsibility
for documents on the installation and
performance of emergency communications
systems (including mass notification systems),
and their components.

14
NFPA and Mass Notification NFPA and Mass Notification
Current NFPA 72 Annex E, Mass Notification Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems
Systems replaced by Chapter 24 Emergency 24.1 Introduction
Communications Systems Emergency Communications Systems (ECS) shall
 Content from Chapter 6
6, Protected Premises consist of two classifications of systems,
systems one-way
one way
Fire Alarm Systems and two-way.
 Emergency Voice Alarm Communications
 Two-Way Communication Service

NFPA and Mass Notification NFPA and Mass Notification


Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems
24.2 One-Way Emergency Communications 24.2.1.8 Priority.
Systems 24.2.1.8.1 When the fire alarm system has been
24 2 1 In
24.2.1 In-Building
Building Emergency Voice/Alarm activated and mass notification has been given
activated,
Communications Systems priority, an audible and visible indication shall be
24.2.1.1* Section 24.2.1 shall be used in the design provided at the building fire alarm control unit.
and application of emergency voice/alarm 24.2.1.8.2 The fire alarm system shall not
communications for fire alarm systems. automatically override emergency mass notification
messages.

NFPA and Mass Notification NFPA and Mass Notification


Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems  Chapter 24 will be a complete set of
24.2.1.11* Relocation and Partial Evacuation. requirements for emergency communications
The requirements of 24.2.1.11 shall apply only to systems – including requirements from other
systems used for relocation or partial evacuation
evacuation. cchapters
ap e s by reference.
e e e ce
 Will include EVAC and Two-way
communications relocated from Chapter 6.
 Fire Fighter phones
 Fire Alarm Voice Evacuation

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One-Way ECS In-Building EVACs Strobes and NFPA
 Relocation of section 6.9 and other requirements
 Survivability requirements to reference new chapter
 Permits a mass notification control unit to take
control of fire alarm notification appliances including
amplifiers, speakers, and strobes
 Will require a tone or voice message any time the
priority is granted to the mass notification control unit
 Strobes used for dual purposes shall not be marked
‘FIRE’, strobes to be blank or ‘ALERT’

One-Way ECS In-Building MNS One-Way ECS Wide Area MNS


 Operation of MNS system is based on the  High powered speaker arrays (HPSA) for
emergency response plan large outdoor areas
 Intelligibility of voice messages are required to  Mounted at heights to prevent hearing
meet the requirements of chapter 18 damage to nearby persons
(notification)
 Are not permitted to provide mass notification
 Visual notification to be completed through
to occupants inside structures or buildings
strobes, textual, graphic or video displays
 Re-labeling of existing strobes labeled fire is
required to be completed in a manufacturers
approved method

One-Way ECS Distributed Recipient MNS Two-Way ECS Wired Emergency Services
 Communication to a wide range of targeted  Firefighter and warden telephones
individuals or groups  Elimination of common talk
 Systems include mass dialing systems,
reverse 911
911, email
email, SMS (mobile phone text
messages), and other directed
communication methods

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Emergency Communications
Systems (ECS)
Chapter 24
24.1, 24.2, 24.3

Two-Way ECS Radio Emergency Services


One-Way Two-Way Info. Command Performance-
ECS In-Building ECS and Control Based Design

 In Building amplifiers 24.4 24.5 24.6 24.7

Two-Way Wired
 Bidirectional amplifiers
In-Building
Fire EVACS Emerg Svcs ECS
24.4.1 24.5.1

In-Building Two-Way Radio


MNS Emerg Svcs ECS
24 4 2
24.4.2 24 5 2
24.5.2
Combination
ECS
Wide-Area Area of Refuge
MNS ECS
24.4.3 Interfaces with 24.5.3
MNS
Distributed Elevator
Recipient MNS PA Systems ECS
24.4.4 Used for ECS 24.5.4

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