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Zackery, an expert in anger management, says there are threeparts that make up the
anger response. The rst one is a psy-chological or emotional part. It is the
emotion that someoneexperiences right be ore he or she gets angry. This is
knownas the primary emotion, and it might include sadness or ear.Anger, as
explained earlier, is the secondary emotion.
The second part o anger is physiological. This re ers tothe way the body
reacts to the eeling o anger. Among themost common physical responses are
tightened muscles, arise in blood pressure and heart rate, and the release o hor-
mones, such as adrenaline.
The nal part o anger is cognitive. This re ers to the thingsa person thinks
while angry. For example, some peoplemay think that it¶s a normal part o li e to
eel angry. Oth-ers may think that it is essential to appear to be in controlo their
actions and emotions at all times; this can makethem eel weak or guilty or
being angry. The cognitive parto anger also includes the question o how a
person thinksabout anger over the long term, and whether someone holdsgrudges
or is able to let go o the rustration and anger a terexperiencing it.
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Anger can take many di erent orms, depending on thetrigger that causes it
and the way the angry personresponds. Psychologist W. Doyle Gentry, author
o Anger
Management for Dummies, surveyed a group o 284 people
to ask them about their anger and the way they behavewhen they get angry or
rustrated. From this data and hisother research, he identi ed a number o
anger ³styles.´These styles include episodic anger, chronic anger, andtoxic anger