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EE1101 Signals and Systems JAN—MAY 2019

Tutorial 3

1. Convolve the two signals x[n] = δ[n] + 7. Consider a system with input x(t) and
2δ[n − 1] − δ[n − 3] and h[n] = 2δ[n + 1] + output y(t) related by:
2δ[n − 1] using the graphical method. Z t+1

2. Convolve the signals y(t) = sin(t − τ )x(τ ) dτ.


−∞
(a) αn u[n] and β n u[n] (α 6= β)
(a) Is the system time-invariant? Prove.
(b) u[n] and an u[−n − 1], given that
|a| > 1. (b) What is the system impulse re-
sponse?
3. Show that
(c) Is the system causal?
(a) x[n] ? y[n] = y[n] ? x[n]
8. Perform the following convolutions where
(b) x[n] ? (y[n] + z[n]) = x[n] ∗ y[n] +
? indicates convolution.
x[n] ? z[n]
(a) For u(t) a unit step function, find
(c) x[n] ? δ[n − a] = x[n − a]
u(t) ? u(t).
4. Let x[n] = δ[n] + 2δ[n − 1] − δ[n − 3] (b) Find x(t) ? h(t), where h(t) =
and h[n] = 2δ[n + 1] + 2δ[n − 1]. Using (−e−t + 2e−2t )u(t) and x(t) =
the properties derived in (3) compute and 10e−3t u(t).
plot each of the following convolutions.
(c) Find the output y(t) of an LTI sys-
(a) y1 [n] = x[n] ? h[n] tem with impulse response h(t) =
(b) y2 [n] = x[n + 2] ? h[n] 2e−2t u(t) when excited with an in-
put x(t) given by
5. Let 
1, 2 ≤ t ≤ 4

1, 0 ≤ n ≤ 9 (i) x(t) =
x[n] = 0, otherwise
0, elsewhere
(i) x(t) = cos(4πt).
and
 (d) Using the result of part (a),
1, 0 ≤ n ≤ N
h[n] = evaluate and sketch y(t) =
0, elsewhere
[u(t) ? u(t − 2)] u(4 − t).
where N ≤ 9 is a positive integer. Deter- (e) Determine graphically h(t) = f (t) ?
mine the value of N , given that y[n] = g(t), where
x[n] ? h[n], y[4] = 5 and y[14] = 0.
(i) f (t) = u(−t) and g(t) =
6. Let y(t) = x(t)?h(t). x(t) is non-negative 2(u(t) − u(t − 1)).
for t ∈ (2, 3) and zero elsewhere, and is (ii) f (t) = r(t) − r(t − 2) and g(t) =
symmetric about t = 5/2. h(t) = 1 for u(t − 3) − u(t − 6) [Note: r(t) =
t ∈ (3, 4) and zero elsewhere. tu(t)].
(a) During what times will the values 9. Let the output of a discrete time LTI sys-
y(t) be non-zero? tem, with impulse response h[n], be given
(b) At what time(s) will y(t) achieve its by, y[n] = x[n] ? h[n], where the input
maximum value. x[n] = 0 outside the range 0 ≤ n ≤ N −1.
Let the column vector y represent the (b) Use the result of (a) and the fact
output y[n] from 0 to N − 1, and the col- that u(t) ? u(t) = r(t), to find (u(t +
umn vector x, the values of x[n] from 0 1) − u(t − 2)) ? (u(t − 3) − u(t − 4)).
to N − 1. If y = Hx, find the matrix H. Verify the result graphically.

11. Given y(t) = f (t) ? g(t), derive a general


10. Given that f (t) ? g(t) = y(t), where ?
formula to compute f (ct) ? g(ct), c 6= 0.
denotes convolution,
Hence, if f (t) = u(t + 1) − u(t − 2)
(a) Find f (t − T1 ) ? g(t − T2 ), for some and g(t) = r(t)(u(t) − u(t − 1)), find
finite-valued real numbers T1 and T2 . f (2t) ? g(2t).

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