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Exposition

Cyberbullying refers to incidents where people use technology to harass, threaten,


humiliate, or otherwise hassle other people. Cyberbullying occurs across a variety of
venues and mediums in cyberworld. Many people are now active in different social
media, and as a result that is where most harassment took place. In the past few years,
people have been drawn to these social medias such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter,
Snapchat and video sharing sites such as Youtube. This trend has led to increased
reports of cyberbullying occurring in those environments. Voice chat, textual chat, and
texting via phones, or tablets also can provide an environment in which hate and harm
is expressed. We are also seeing it happen with portable gaming devices, in 3-D virtual
worlds and social or online gaming sites like Dota, and in other interactive apps.

Acccording to research about Cyberbullying: Identification, Prevention & Response of


Sameer Hinduja, and Justin W. Patchin (October 2014), Cyberbullying is a growing
problem because increasing numbers of people especially kids that are using and have
completely embraced online interactivity.

Local

In Naga City, there are also a lot of cases about cyberbullying. Most cases are
unreported. One example of the reported issue regarding cyberbullying is Vice
President Leni Robredo’s taking up the cudgels against cyberbullies by which a website
named “We Are Collective” on March 3, 2017 launched its first of five exposes against
Robredos. The exposes were dubbed as “Naga Leaks” in reference to the City where
the late Robredo served as a mayor for many years. With cyberbullying included in
Repuublic Act No. 10627 or the Anti-bullying Act of 2013, it’s a path that can be pursued
“to keep our engagement honest and respectful” and to cleanse the Net of anonymous
parties who would drag into the gutter this otherwise accessible tool for social
interaction. The City of Naga has taken a move to counter and deal with this issue.
National

Here in the Philippines, Cyberbullying becomes a prevalent issue. There have been
many cases and reports in the different parts of the Philippines that may happen every
single day regarding this issue. According in our local context of Cyberbullying, it can
happen in two ways, First is Away from the public knowledge or day-to-day
cyberbulllying that goes unreported; examples of this are attack in reputation,
appearance or opinion by spreading photoshopped image and sharing videos which are
supposedly private. The platform of this kind of bullying mostly is on Facebook,
Cellphones and Blogs. The second form of Cyberbullying in the Philippines is The
Group Bullying or Cyber mob. We have seen this form emerge in reaction to a troll, a
shared video, or a news item. This one is “public”, but seasonal in nature. It also
provides semblance of regularity because it seeks justice for the aggrieved. According
to one article that discusses the culture of Cyberbullying in the Philippines which says
that cultural determinants contributes to cyber lynching. And these determinants are not
necessarily bad, but our strength as a nation, can also become our weakness.

 The Philippine democratic culture by which Filipinos have a notion that they can
do or say what they want without accountability.
 Overemphasis on Privacy, by being anonymous (buy prepaid simcard, use an
alias in networking sites)
 Filipinos are highly engaging and opionated
 The Filipinos are bias for the underdog and the aggrieved party.

Because of the increasing numbers of Cyberbullying, the Anti-bullying Act of 2013 has
been signed. Since the Anti-bullying act of 2013 covers only high schools students and
below, adult victims on the other hand, can seek legal remedy from some provisions of
Cybercrime law. The examples of this is the recent popular posts in Facebook featuring
over-weight people who are victims of body-shaming, the kid from Ateneo de Manila
who reportedly bullied physically his fellow classmate and the son of Kris Aquino, Bimby
Yap. These people may rely on the Civil Code for an action for damages.
International

Cyberbullying crosses all geographical boundaries, even in International. The Internet


has really opened up the whole world to users who access it on a broad array of
devices. Nevertheless, some people feel free to post or send whatever they want while
online without considering how that content can inflict pain and sometimes cause
severe psychological and emotional wounds. Many aggressive incidents are recorded
by cellphones and posted on online sites such as Youtube. Online communities from
different parts of world are formed to bully people. There has been a study on Ipsos’
recent Global Advisory, carried out in 28 countries, finds that awareness of
cyberbullying is increasing globally. Majorities in every country feel existing anti-bullying
measures are insuffient when it comes to handling this issue.There are several states,
countries across the world that have implemented strong and seemingly effective anti-
cyberbulllying laws. The strongest cyberbullying laws in the world are; Canada, United
Kingdom, Hawaii, Maryland, Idaho, Louisiana, North Carolin, Tennessee, and
Wiscconsin. The medium-level cyberbulllying laws are in; Philippines, Australia,New
Jersey. The loosest cyberbullying are in; US and in Montana. It is a good thing that
many state and countries are beginning to take measure that recognize the vast
emotionall and physical harm that results from cyberbullying. The global awareness on
cyberbullying is increasing.

Statistics

There are different types of cyberbullying. False Identity, 50% receive a message from
someone who isn’t who they say they are. Online comments, 42% receive a message
telling them there were nasty comments about them online. Strangers, 26% receive
messages from stranger asking to meet up and Peer pressure, 30% asked to do
something they did not want to do.

Based from the statistics on cyberbullying from Ultius, 94% of kids own a smart phone
and 89% own a laptop or a tablet. 43% of kids have been bullied online. 43% of kids
have been bullied online and 1 in 4 kids has been bullied more than once.
90% of teens who have seen social media bullying and ignored it. 84% have seen other
tell cyber bullies to stop and 75% of students admit they have visited a website bashing
another student.