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# CLL727 Assignment 3 (due date 01/03/19)

1. A boron-doped carbon was prepared by adding 0.1 wt % B to a graphitized carbon black (Monarch 700,
Cabot Corp.) and then heat treating this material, designated BC-1, at 2773 K under Ar . Its surface area
was determined by measuring N2 adsorption at 77 K and using the BET equation. The equilibrium N2
uptakes versus the pressure are listed in the table below. What is the surface area of this carbon? If the heat
of liquefaction for N2 is 1:34 kcal mole-1, what is the estimated heat of adsorption in the first monolayer?
The Po value for N2 at the actual temperature measured was Po = 732 Torr (760 Torr = 1 atm). Use
computational method.

## P (mbar) 26.8 86.2 140.7 190 232 278

V (Uptake n, 1166 1285 1395 1511 1636 1793
mmol N2/g)

2. Two samples of silica-alumina catalysts have particle density of 1.126 and 0.962 g/cm3, as determined
by mercury displacement method. True density of solid material in each case is 2.37 g/cm3. The surface
area of the first sample is 467m2/g and that of the second is 372m2/g. Which sample has the larger mean

3. The true density of a solid material in an activated alumina particle is 3.675 g/cm3. The density
determined by mercury displacement method is 1.547. The surface area by adsorption measurement is 175
m2/g. From this information, compute the pore volume per gram, the porosity of the particles and the mean
pore radius. The bulk density of the bed of alumna particles in a 250 cm3graduate is 0.81 g/cm3. What
fraction of the total bed volume is void space between the particles and what fraction is the void space
within the particles?

a) How nano particles can be generated during catalyst preparation methods. Give a suitable method
for preparation of Au nano particle s based on literature.
b) What are the advantage solgel method?
c) Differential between egg shell , egg yolk catalyst and their application in catalytic reactions.
CLL727 Assignment 2 (due date 22/02/19)
1. The following kinetic data on the reaction A →R are obtained in an experimental packed bed reactor
using various amounts of catalyst and a fixed feed rate n A0 = 10 mol/h. The initial concentration is CA0 =
10 mol/L.

mCat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
XA 0.116 0.203 0.272 0.330 0.370 0.408 0.440

Find the reaction rate equation r = kCAn, using the differential method of analysis.

## 2. The gas-phase reaction is to be carried out isothermally according the equation

A + B → C + D
M 80 20 60 40 g/mol
A and B are to be fed in stoichiometric proportions to the reactor. The rate law for the reaction follows a
Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism,

The reactor is operated at 2 bar and 300ºC, there is required an output of 10 t C/day. The rate law
parameters are
k1 = 0.595 kmol h-1 kg-1 bar -2
k2 = 4.46 bar -1
k3 = 41.65 bar -1
a) Determine the catalyst weight for a conversion of 80% in a packed bed reactor.
b) Determine the CSTR catalyst weight necessary to achieve the same conversion as in the packed bed
reactor.

3. The kinetics of a second-order heterogeneously catalyzed gas phase reaction of the type A → R is
investigated in a differential circulating reactor. Under isothermal conditions with a reactor feed stream of
V0 = 1 L/h and CA0 = 2 mol/L and a catalyst weight of 3 g, an outlet concentration of CA= 0.5 mol/L was
obtained.
a) Calculate the rate constant for the reaction.
b) What quantity of catalyst would be required in an integral reactor (ideal plug flow reactor), in which a
conversion of 90% is to be achieved for a feed stream of 1000 L/h with a concentration of CA0 = 1 mol/L.
c) The same reaction is carried out in a reactor with complete backmixing. What quantity of catalyst is
required (Condition same as in b)

4. The catalytic dealkylation of toluene is carried out over a functional catalyst at 660ºC and 30 bar.
C6H5-CH3 + H2 → C6H6 + CH4
T H B
The reaction follows a rate law of the Langmuir-Hinshelwood type:

## At 660ºC, k = 0.202 mol h-1 kg-1 bar -1

KT = 0.9 bar -1
KB = 1.0 bar -1
The molar ratio of toluene to hydrogen in the initial mixture is 1/10. Use a computational method for
developing conversion as a function of space time and hence calculate the catalyst mass for a reactor
handling 10000 t/a toluene with 85% conversion. Attach the programme sheet and results.