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TS V5G.211 V1.

3 (2016-06)

Verizon 5G TF;
Air Interface Working Group;
Verizon 5th Generation Radio Access;
Physical channels and modulation
(Release 1)
06, 2016

Cisco, Ericsson, Intel Corp., LG Electronics, Nokia, Qualcomm Technologies Inc., Samsung Electronics &
Verizon

V 1.3

Disclaimer: This document provides information related to 5G technology. All information provided herein is subject to change
without notice. The members of the 5GTF disclaim and make no guaranty or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of any information contained or referenced herein. THE 5GTF AND ITS MEMBERS DISCLAIM ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, NON-INFRINGEMENT, OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND ALL
INFORMATION IS PROVIDED ON AN “AS-IS” BASIS. No licenses under any intellectual property of any kind are provided by any
person (whether a member of the 5GTF or not) that may be necessary to access or utilize any of the information contained herein,
including, but not limited to, any source materials referenced herein, and any patents required to implement or develop any
technology described herein. It shall be the responsibility of anyone attempting to use the information contained or referenced herein
to obtain any such licenses, if necessary. The 5GTF and its members disclaim liability for any damages or losses of any nature
whatsoever whether direct, indirect, special or consequential resulting from the use of or reliance on any information contained or
referenced herein.

© 2016 Cellco Partnership d/b/a Verizon Wireless; All rights reserved

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

Document History

Version Date Change Verizon POC


0.1 2016-03-31 Draft version created
0.2 2016-03-31 Agreements after April 5GTF F2F
0.3 2016-05-04 Agreements before May 5GTF F2F v1
0.9 2016-05-09 Agreements before May 5GTF F2F v2
1.0 2016-05-18 First version approved
1.0 CR#001 Introduction of 1km distance support and other
2016-06-07
corrections
1.1 2016-06-07 New release including CR#001
1.1 2016-06-15 CR#002 Downlink and Uplink PCRS Designs
1.1 2016-06-15 CR#003 CSI-RS configuration
1.2 2016-06-15 New release including CR#002 and CR#003
2016-06-24 CR#004 approved
2016-06-24 CR#005 approved
2016-06-24 CR#006 approved
2016-06-24 CR#007 approved
2016-06-24 CR#008 approved
2016-06-24 CR#009 approved
2016-06-24 CR#010 approved
1.3 New release including CR#004, CR#005, CR#006,
2016-06-29
CR#007, CR#008, CR#009 and CR#010

Document Approvals

Name Title Company Date of Approval

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Table of Contents

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 References ............................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................................. 8


3.1 Symbols .......................................................................................................................................... 8
3.2 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................ 11

4 Frame structure .................................................................................................................................. 12

5 Uplink ................................................................................................................................................... 12
5.1 Overview ....................................................................................................................................... 12
5.1.1 Physical channels ............................................................................................................... 13
5.1.2 Physical signals .................................................................................................................. 13
5.2 Slot structure and physical resources ........................................................................................... 13
5.2.1 Resource grid ..................................................................................................................... 13
5.2.2 Resource elements ............................................................................................................ 14
5.2.3 Resource blocks ................................................................................................................. 15
5.3 Physical uplink shared channel (xPUSCH) .................................................................................. 15
5.3.1 Scrambling.......................................................................................................................... 15
5.3.2 Modulation .......................................................................................................................... 16
5.3.2A Layer mapping .............................................................................................................. 16
5.3.3 Precoding ........................................................................................................................... 17
5.3.4 Mapping to physical resources ........................................................................................... 19
5.4 Physical uplink control channel (xPUCCH) .................................................................................. 20
5.4.1 xPUCCH format 2 ............................................................................................................... 20
5.5 Reference signals ......................................................................................................................... 22
5.5.1 Generation of the reference signal sequence .................................................................... 22
5.5.2 Demodulation reference signal associated with xPUCCH ................................................. 26
5.5.3 Demodulation reference signal associated with xPUSCH ................................................. 28
5.5.4 Sounding reference signal.................................................................................................. 30
5.5.5 Phase noise compensation reference signal ..................................................................... 32
5.6 OFDM baseband signal generation .............................................................................................. 34
5.7 Physical random access channel (xPRACH) ............................................................................... 35
5.7.1 Random access preamble subframe ................................................................................. 35
5.7.2 Preamble sequence generation ......................................................................................... 36
5.7.3 Baseband signal generation ............................................................................................... 38
5.7.4 Scheduling Request Collection during RACH Periods ....................................................... 38
5.8 Modulation and upconversion ....................................................................................................... 40

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6 Downlink .............................................................................................................................................. 40
6.1 Overview ....................................................................................................................................... 40
6.1.1 Physical channels ............................................................................................................... 40
6.1.2 Physical signals .................................................................................................................. 40
6.2 Slot structure and physical resource elements ............................................................................. 41
6.2.1 Resource grid ..................................................................................................................... 41
6.2.2 Resource elements ............................................................................................................ 41
6.2.3 Resource blocks ................................................................................................................. 42
6.2.4 Resource-element groups (xREGs) ................................................................................... 43
6.2.5 Guard Period for TDD Operation ....................................................................................... 43
6.3 General structure for downlink physical channels ........................................................................ 44
6.3.1 Scrambling.......................................................................................................................... 44
6.3.2 Modulation .......................................................................................................................... 45
6.3.3 Layer mapping .................................................................................................................... 45
6.3.4 Precoding ........................................................................................................................... 46
6.3.5 Mapping to resource elements ........................................................................................... 47
6.4 Physical downlink shared channel (xPDSCH) .............................................................................. 47
6.5 Physical broadcast channel (xPBCH) ........................................................................................... 47
6.5.1 Scrambling.......................................................................................................................... 47
6.5.2 Modulation .......................................................................................................................... 48
6.5.3 Layer mapping and precoding ............................................................................................ 48
6.5.4 Mapping to resource elements ........................................................................................... 48
6.5A Extended Physical broadcast channel .......................................................................................... 49
6.5A.1 Scrambling ................................................................................................................... 49
6.5A.2 Modulation .................................................................................................................... 50
6.5A.3 Layer mapping and precoding ...................................................................................... 50
6.5A.3 ePBCH Configuration ................................................................................................... 50
6.5A.4 Mapping to resource elements ..................................................................................... 51
6.6 Physical downlink control channel (xPDCCH) .............................................................................. 51
6.6.1 xPDCCH formats ................................................................................................................ 51
6.6.2 xPDCCH multiplexing and scrambling ............................................................................... 51
6.6.3 Modulation .......................................................................................................................... 52
6.6.4 Layer mapping and precoding ............................................................................................ 52
6.6.5 Mapping to resource elements ........................................................................................... 53
6.7 Reference signals ......................................................................................................................... 53
6.7.1 UE-specific reference signals associated with xPDSCH ................................................... 53
6.7.2 UE-specific reference signals associated with xPDCCH ................................................... 55
6.7.3 CSI reference signals ......................................................................................................... 56

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6.7.4 Beam reference signal (BRS)............................................................................................. 59


6.7.5 Beam refinement reference signals ................................................................................... 62
6.7.6 DL Phase noise compensation reference signal ................................................................ 63
6.7.6A Demodulation reference signal for xPBCH .................................................................. 66
6.7.7 Demodulation reference signals associated with ePBCH .................................................. 66
6.8 Synchronization signals ................................................................................................................ 67
6.8.1 Primary synchronization signal (PSS) ................................................................................ 67
6.8.2 Secondary synchronization signal (SSS) ........................................................................... 68
6.8.3 Extended synchronization signal ........................................................................................ 71
6.9 OFDM baseband signal generation .............................................................................................. 73
6.10 Modulation and upconversion ....................................................................................................... 73

7 Generic functions ............................................................................................................................... 75


7.1 Modulation mapper ....................................................................................................................... 75
7.1.1 BPSK .................................................................................................................................. 75
7.1.2 QPSK.................................................................................................................................. 75
7.1.3 16QAM ............................................................................................................................... 75

8 Timing .................................................................................................................................................. 79
8.1 Uplink-downlink frame timing ........................................................................................................ 79

List of Figures

Figure 5.2.1-1: Uplink resource grid ............................................................................................................ 14


Figure 5.3-1: Overview of uplink physical channel processing ................................................................... 15
Figure 5.3.3.2-1: DM-RS location for transmit diversity .............................................................................. 18
Figure 5.5.2.2-1: Mapping of xPUCCH demodulation reference signals .................................................... 28
Figure 5.5.3.2-1: Mapping of uplink reference signals, antenna ports {40, 41,42,43}. ............................... 30
Figure 5.5.5.2-1: Mapping of phase noise compensation reference signals, antenna ports 40, 41, 42, and
' xPUSCH
43 in case of llast =12. ........................................................................................................................... 34
Figure 5.7.1-1: Random access preamble .................................................................................................. 35
Figure 5.7.1-2: Reception of RACH signal at 5GNB during RACH subframe ............................................ 36
Figure 5.7.4-1: SR preamble ....................................................................................................................... 38
Figure 5.8-1: Uplink modulation .................................................................................................................. 40
Figure 6.2.2-1: Downlink resource grid ....................................................................................................... 42
Figure 6.3-1: Overview of physical channel processing ............................................................................. 44
Figure 6.7.3.2-1: Mapping of CSI-RS for 2 symbol allocation ..................................................................... 58
Figure 6.7.4.2-1. Mapping of beam reference signals including xPBCH .................................................... 61
Figure 6.7.5.2-1: Mapping of BRRS showing a 1 symbol allocation, e.g. l=12 ........................................... 63

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Figure 6.7.6.2-1: Mapping of phase noise compensation reference signals, antenna ports 60 and 61 in
' xPDSCH
xPDSCH
case of l 'first =3 and llast =13. ......................................................................................................... 65

Figure 6.10-1: Downlink modulation ........................................................................................................... 74


Figure 8.1-1: Uplink-downlink timing relation .............................................................................................. 79

5GNBList of Tables

Table 5.2.1-1: Antenna ports used for different uplink physical channels and signals 13
Table 5.2.3-1: Resource block parameters 15
Table 5.3.2-1: Uplink modulation schemes 16
Table 5.3.2A.2-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for spatial multiplexing 17
Table 5.3.3A.2-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for transmit diversity 17
Table 5.3.3A.2-1: Codebook for transmission on antenna ports {20, 21} 19
Table 5.4-1: Supported xPUCCH format 20
Table 5.5.1.2-1: Definition of ϕ (n) for M scRS = 2N scRB . 23
Table 5.5.2.2-1: The sequence w p (i ) 27

Table 5.5.3.2-1: mSRS, b , b = 0,1,2,3 , values for the uplink bandwidth of


UL
N RB = 100 31

Table 5.6-1: OFDM parameters 35


Table 5.7.1-1: Random access preamble parameters 36
Table 5.7.1-2: Random access configuration 36
Table 5.7.4-1: Scheduling request preamble parameters 39
Table 6.2.3-1: Physical resource blocks parameters 43
Table 6.3.2-1: Modulation schemes 45
Table 6.3.3.2-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for spatial multiplexing. 45
Table 6.3.3.3-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for transmit diversity. 45
Table 6.5.2-1: xPBCH modulation schemes. 48
Table 6.5.A.2-1: ePBCH modulation schemes. 50
Table 6.5.A.3-1: ePBCH transmission periodicity 50
Table 6.5.A.3-2: The number of subframes for ePBCH transmission according to BRS transmission period
50
Table 6.6.1-1: Supported xPDCCH formats 51
Table 6.8.3-1: xPDCCH modulation schemes 52
Table 6.6.4-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for transmit diversity 52
Table 6.7.1.2-1: The sequence w p (i ) 54
Table 6.7.2.2-1: The sequence w p (i ) 56

Table 6.7.3.2-1: 16 bit bitmap indicating a CSI resource configuration 59

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Table 6.7.4.2-1: The sequence w p (i ) 60

Table 6.7.4.3-1: Logical beam index mapping according to BRS transmission period 61
Table 6.7.4.3-2: Beam index mapping to OFDM symbol in each beam reference signal 61
Table 6.7.8.2-1: The sequence wp, 0(i) in odd OFDM symbol 66
Table 6.7.8.2-2: The sequence wp, 1(i) in even OFDM symbol 67
Table 6.8.1.1-1: Root indices for the primary synchronization signal 67
(1)
Table 6.8.2.1-1: Mapping between physical-layer cell-identity group N ID and the indices m 0 and m1 70
Table 6.8.3.1-1: Cyclic shifts for the extended synchronization signal 71
Table 6.9-1: OFDM parameters 73
Table 7.1.1-1: BPSK modulation mapping 75
Table 7.1.2-1: QPSK modulation mapping 75
Table 7.1.3-1: 16QAM modulation mapping 75
Table 7.1.4-1: 64QAM modulation mapping 76

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1 Scope

The present document describes the physical channels for Verizon 5G Radio.

2 References

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of
the present document.

• References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.)
or non-specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
• For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a V5G document,
a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as
the present document.

[1]: TS V5G.201: "Verizon 5G Radio Access (V5G RA); Physical layer; General description".
[2]: TS V5G.212: "Verizon 5G Radio Access (V5G RA); Multiplexing and channel coding".
[3]: TS V5G.213: "Verizon 5G Radio Access (V5G RA); Physical layer procedures".

3 Symbols and abbreviations

3.1 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:

(k , l ) Resource element with frequency-domain index k and time-domain index l

a k( ,pl ) Value of resource element (k , l ) for antenna port p

D Matrix for supporting cyclic delay diversity

DRA Density of random access opportunities per radio frame

f0 Carrier frequency

f RA xPRACH resource frequency index within the considered time-domain location

M scPUSCH Scheduled bandwidth for uplink transmission, expressed as a number of subcarriers

PUSCH
M RB Scheduled bandwidth for uplink transmission, expressed as a number of resource blocks

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M bit Number of coded bits to transmit on a physical channel

M symb Number of modulation symbols to transmit on a physical channel

layer
M symb Number of modulation symbols to transmit per layer for a physical channel

ap
M symb Number of modulation symbols to transmit per antenna port for a physical channel

N A constant equal to 2048 for ∆f = 75 kHz

N CP,l Downlink cyclic prefix length for OFDM symbol l in a slot

N CS Cyclic shift value used for random access preamble generation

(2) RB
N RB Bandwidth available for use by xPUCCH formats 2, expressed in multiples of N sc

HO
N RB The offset used for xPUSCH frequency hopping, expressed in number of resource blocks
(set by higher layers)
cell
N ID Physical layer cell identity

DL RB
N RB Downlink bandwidth configuration, expressed in multiples of N sc

min, DL RB
N RB Smallest downlink bandwidth configuration, expressed in multiples of N sc

max, DL RB
N RB Largest downlink bandwidth configuration, expressed in multiples of N sc

UL RB
N RB Uplink bandwidth configuration, expressed in multiples of N sc

min, UL RB
N RB Smallest uplink bandwidth configuration, expressed in multiples of N sc

max, UL RB
N RB Largest uplink bandwidth configuration, expressed in multiples of N sc

DL
N symb Number of OFDM symbols in a downlink slot

UL
N symb Number of OFDMA symbols in an uplink slot

N scRB Resource block size in the frequency domain, expressed as a number of subcarriers

N sb Number of sub-bands for xPUSCH frequency-hopping with predefined hopping pattern

sb
N RB Size of each sub-band for xPUSCH frequency-hopping with predefined hopping pattern,
expressed as a number of resource blocks

N SP Number of downlink to uplink switch points within the radio frame

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PUCCH
N RS Number of reference symbols per slot for xPUCCH

N TA Timing offset between uplink and downlink radio frames at the UE, expressed in units of
Ts

N TA offset Fixed timing advance offset, expressed in units of Ts

( 2)
nxPUCCH Resource index for xPUCCH formats 2

nPDCCH Number of xPDCCHs present in a subframe

nPRB Physical resource block number

RA
nPRB First physical resource block occupied by xPRACH resource considered

RA
nPRB offset First physical resource block available for xPRACH

nVRB Virtual resource block number

nRNTI Radio network temporary identifier

nf System frame number

ns Slot number within a radio frame

P Number of antenna ports used for transmission of a channel

p Antenna port number

rRA Index for xPRACH versions with same preamble format and xPRACH density

Qm Modulation order: 2 for QPSK, 4 for 16QAM and 6 for 64QAM

sl( p ) (t ) Time-continuous baseband signal for antenna port p and OFDM symbol l in a slot

( 0)
t RA Radio frame indicator index of xPRACH opportunity

(1)
t RA Half frame index of xPRACH opportunity within the radio frame

( 2)
t RA Uplink subframe number for start of xPRACH opportunity within the half frame

Tf Radio frame duration

Ts Basic time unit

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Tslot Slot duration

W Precoding matrix for downlink spatial multiplexing

β PRACH Amplitude scaling for xPRACH

β PUCCH Amplitude scaling for xPUCCH

β PUSCH Amplitude scaling for xPUSCH

β SRS Amplitude scaling for sounding reference symbols

∆f Subcarrier spacing

∆f RA Subcarrier spacing for the random access preamble

υ Number of transmission layers

3.2 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply.

5GNB 5G NodeB

CCE Control Channel Element

CDD Cyclic Delay Diversity

CSI Channel-State Information

DCI Downlink Control Information

DM-RS Demodulation Reference Signal

ePBCH Extended Physical Broadcast CHannel

PRB Physical Resource Block

REG Resource-Element Group

SCG Secondary Cell Group

SRS Sounding Reference Signal

VRB Virtual Resource Block

xPBCH 5G Physical Broadcast Channel

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xPDCCH 5G Physical Downlink Control CHannel

xPDSCH 5G Physical Downlink Shared CHannel

xPRACH 5G Physical Random Access Channel

xPUCCH 5G Physical Uplink Control CHannel

xPUSCH 5G Physical Uplink Shared CHannel

4 Frame structure

Throughout this specification, unless otherwise noted, the size of various fields in the time domain is
expressed as a number of time units Ts = 1 (75000 × 2048) seconds.

Each radio frame is Tf = 1536000 ⋅ Ts = 10 ms long and consists of 100 slots of length
Tslot = 15360 ⋅ Ts = 0.1 ms , numbered from 0 to 99. A subframe is defined as two consecutive slots where
subframe i consists of slots 2i and 2i + 1 .

Four subframe types are supported:

a. Subframe including DL control channel and DL data channel,


b. Subframe including DL control channel, DL data channel and UL control channel,
c. Subframe including DL control channel and UL data channel,
d. Subframe including DL control channel, UL data channel and UL control channel.

Subframe type can change on subframe basis.

Transmissions in multiple cells can be aggregated where up to 7 secondary cells can be used in addition
to the primary cell. Unless otherwise noted, the description in this specification applies to each of the up
to 8 serving cells. In case of multi-cell aggregation, different subframe type can be used in the different
serving cells. UE may assume that there is no conflicting DL or UL transmit direction in a given OFDM
symbol on all scheduled component carriers.

5 Uplink

5.1 Overview

The smallest resource unit for uplink transmissions is denoted a resource element and is defined in
clause 5.2.2.

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5.1.1 Physical channels


An uplink physical channel corresponds to a set of resource elements carrying information originating
from higher layers and is the interface defined between [2] and the present document TS V5G.211.
The following uplink physical channels are defined:

- Physical Uplink Shared Channel, xPUSCH


- Physical Uplink Control Channel, xPUCCH
- Physical Random Access Channel, xPRACH

5.1.2 Physical signals


An uplink physical signal is used by the physical layer but does not carry information originating from
higher layers. The following uplink physical signals are defined:

• Reference signal

5.2 Slot structure and physical resources

5.2.1 Resource grid


N sc = 1200
UL RB
The transmitted signal in each slot is described by one or several resource grids of N RB
UL
subcarriers and N symb = 7 OFDM symbols. The resource grid is illustrated in Figure 5.2.1-1.

An antenna port is defined such that the channel over which a symbol on the antenna port is conveyed
can be inferred from the channel over which another symbol on the same antenna port is conveyed.
There is one resource grid per antenna port. The antenna ports used for transmission of a physical
channel or signal depends on the number of antenna ports configured for the physical channel or signal
as shown in Table 5.2.1-1. The index
~p is used throughout clause 5.5.4 when a sequential numbering of
the antenna ports is necessary.

Table 5.2.1-1: Antenna ports used for different uplink physical channels and signals

Antenna port number p as a function of


Physical channel or signal Index
~p the number of antenna ports configured
for the respective physical channel/signal
1 2 4
0 - - 40
1 - - 41
xPUSCH
2 - - 42
3 - - 43
0 - - 40
1 - - 41
SRS
2 - - 42
3 - - 43
0 - - 40
1 - - 41
PCRS
2 - - 42
3 - - 43
0 100 200 -
xPUCCH
1 - 201 -

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One uplink slot Tslot

UL
N symb OFDM symbols

k = N RB N sc − 1
UL RB

Resource block
UL
N symb × N scRB resource elements
× N scRB subcarriers

N scRB subcarriers

Resource element (k , l )
UL
N RB

k =0

l=0 l= UL
N symb −1

Figure 5.2.1-1: Uplink resource grid

5.2.2 Resource elements


Each element in the resource grid is called a resource element and is uniquely defined by the index pair
(k, l ) in a slot where k = 0,..., N RB N sc − 1 and l = 0,..., N symb
UL RB UL
− 1 are the indices in the frequency and time

domains, respectively. Resource element (k, l ) on antenna port p corresponds to the complex value
a k( ,pl ) . When there is no risk for confusion, or no particular antenna port is specified, the index p may be
dropped. Quantities ak( ,pl ) corresponding to resource elements not used for transmission of a physical
channel or a physical signal in a slot shall be set to zero.

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5.2.3 Resource blocks


UL RB
A physical resource block is defined as N symb consecutive OFDM symbols in the time domain and N sc
UL RB
consecutive subcarriers in the frequency domain, where N symb and N sc are given by Table 5.2.3-1. A
UL
physical resource block in the uplink thus consists of N symb × N scRB resource elements, corresponding to
one slot in the time domain and 900 kHz in the frequency domain.

Table 5.2.3-1: Resource block parameters


UL
Configuration N scRB N symb
Normal cyclic prefix 12 7

The relation between the physical resource block number nPRB in the frequency domain and resource
elements (k , l ) in a slot is given by

 k 
nPRB =  RB 
 N sc 

5.3 Physical uplink shared channel (xPUSCH)

The baseband signal representing the physical uplink shared channel is defined in terms of the following
steps:

- scrambling
- modulation of scrambled bits to generate complex-valued symbols
- mapping of the complex-valued modulation symbols onto one or several transmission layers
- precoding of the complex-valued symbols
- mapping of precoded complex-valued symbols to resource elements
- generation of complex-valued time-domain OFDM signal for each antenna port

Figure 5.3-1: Overview of uplink physical channel processing

5.3.1 Scrambling
The block of codeword bits b( 0 ),...,b( M bit − 1 ) , where M bit is the number of codeword bits transmitted
on the physical uplink shared channel in one subframe, shall be scrambled with a UE-specific scrambling
~ ~
sequence prior to modulation, resulting in a block of scrambled bits b ( 0 ),..., b ( M bit − 1 ) according to
the following pseudo code

Set i = 0

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

while i < M bit

if b (i ) = x // ACK/NACK or Rank Indication placeholder bits


~
b ( q ) (i ) = 1

else

if b (i ) = y // ACK/NACK or Rank Indication repetition placeholder bits

~ ~
b (i ) = b (i −1)

else // Data or channel quality coded bits, Rank Indication coded bits or ACK/NACK
coded bits

b ( i ) = (b( i ) + c( i )) mod 2
~

end if

end if

i=i+1

end while

where x and y are tags defined in [2] section 5.2.2.x and where the scrambling sequence c( i ) is given
by Section 7.2. The scrambling sequence generator shall be initialised with
cinit = nRNTI ⋅ 214 + q ⋅ 213 + ns 2 ⋅ 2 9 + N ID
cell
n
at the start of each subframe where RNTI corresponds to the
RNTI associated with the PUSCH transmission as described in Section 9 in [3].

5.3.2 Modulation
~ ~
The block of scrambled bits b ( 0 ),...,b ( M bit − 1 ) shall be modulated as described in clause 7.1,
resulting in a block of complex-valued symbols d ( 0 ),...,d ( M symb − 1 ) . Table 5.3.2-1 specifies the
modulation mappings applicable for the physical uplink shared channel.

Table 5.3.2-1: Uplink modulation schemes

Physical channel Modulation schemes


xPUSCH QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM

5.3.2A Layer mapping


The complex-valued modulation symbols to be transmitted are mapped onto one or two layers. Complex-
valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) shall be mapped onto the layers x(i ) = x ( 0 ) (i ) or

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[
x(i ) = x ( 0 ) (i ) ]
T
x (1) (i ) , for one and two layer transmission respectively, i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
− 1 where
layer
M symb is the number of modulation symbols per layer.

5.3.2A.1 Layer mapping for transmission on a single antenna port

For transmission on a single antenna port, a single layer is used, υ = 1 , and the mapping is defined by

x ( 0 ) (i ) = d (i )
layer
with M symb = M symb .

5.3.2A.2 Layer mapping for spatial multiplexing

For spatial multiplexing, the layer mapping shall be done according to Table 5.3.2A.2-1.

Table 5.3.2A.2-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for spatial multiplexing


Codeword-to-layer mapping
Number of layers
i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
−1

1 x ( 0 ) (i ) = d (i ) layer
M symb = M symb
( 0)

x ( 0 ) (i ) = d (2i )
2
layer
M symb = M symb
( 0)
2
x (1) (i ) = d (2i + 1)

5.3.2A.3 Layer mapping for transmit diversity

For transmit diversity the layer mapping shall be done according to Table 5.3.3A.2-1.

Table 5.3.3A.2-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for transmit diversity


Codeword-to-layer mapping
Number of layers
i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
−1
x ( 0) (i ) = d (2i )
2
layer
M symb = M symb 2
x (1) (i ) = d (2i + 1)

5.3.3 Precoding
T
The precoder takes as input a block of vectors  x (i ) ... x (i )  , i = 0,1,..., M symb
(0) (υ −1) layer
− 1 from the layer
[ ]
T
mapping and generates a block of vectors z (i ) = ... z ( p ) (i ) ... , i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
− 1 to be mapped onto

resources elements on each of the antenna ports, where z ( p ) (i ) represents the signal for antenna port p
where p ∈ {40,41,42,43} .

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

5.3.3.1 Precoding for transmission on a single antenna port

For transmission on a single antenna port, p , indicated in the uplink resource allocation as defined in
[2], precoding is defined by

z ( p ) (i ) = x (0) (i )

where, i = 0,1,..., M symb


ap
− 1 , M symb
ap
= M symb
layer
.

5.3.3.2 Precoding for transmit diversity

Precoding for transmit diversity is only used in combination with layer mapping for transmit diversity as
described in clause 5.3.2A.3. The precoding operation for transmit diversity is defined for two antenna
ports.

For transmission on two antenna ports, p1 and p 2 , indicated in the uplink resource allocation, DCI
[
format A1 as defined in [2], the output z (i ) = z ( p1 ) (i ) ]
T
z ( p 2 ) (i ) , i = 0,1,..., M symb − 1 of the precoding
ap

operation is defined by

 z ( p1 ) (2i )  1 0 j ( )
0 Re x ( 0) (i ) 
 ( p2 )
 z (2i ) 

=
1 
0 − 1 0 
( ) 
j   Re x (1) (i ) 
 z ( p1 ) (2i + 1) 
 (p ) 
2 0 1 0

( )
j   Im x ( 0) (i ) 

 z
2
(2i + 1)

1 0 − j ( )
0  Im x (1) (i ) 

for i = 0,1,..., M symb


layer
− 1 with M symb
ap
= 2M symb
layer
.

DM-RS 0
DM-RS 1

Precoding
W

v layers P antenna ports

Figure 5.3.3.2-1: DM-RS location for transmit diversity

For transmit diversity, DM-RS is located after precoding with P = 2 antenna ports as illustrated in Figure
5.3.3.2-1.

5.3.3.3 Precoding for spatial multiplexing

Precoding for spatial multiplexing is only used in combination with layer mapping for spatial multiplexing
as described in clause 5.3.2A.2. Spatial multiplexing uses P = 2 antenna ports where the set of antenna

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

ports used for spatial multiplexing is p1 and p 2 respectively and are indicated in the uplink resource
allocation, DCI format [X], as defined in [2].

Precoding for spatial multiplexing is defined by

 y (0) (i ) 
 z ( p1 ) (i )   
 ( p2 )  = W   
 z (i )  y (υ −1) (i )
 
where i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
− 1 , M symb
ap
= M symb
layer
.

For transmission on two antenna ports, p1 and p 2 , with 𝜈𝜈 = 1,2, the precoding matrix W (i) shall be
generated according to Table 5.3.3A.2-1.

Table 5.3.3A.2-1: Codebook for transmission on antenna ports {20, 21}

Codebook Number of layers υ


index 1 2
1 1 1 1 0
0   
2 1 2 0 1 
1 1 1 1 1 
1    
2 −1 2 1 −1
1 1 
2  
2  j
1 1 
3   -
2 − j 
1 1
4  
2 0 
1 0 
5  
2 1

5.3.4 Mapping to physical resources


For each of the antenna port p , used for transmission of the physical channel, the block of complex-
ap
valued symbols y ( p ) (0),..., y ( p ) ( M symb − 1) shall be multiplied with the amplitude scaling factor β xPUSCH in
order to conform to the transmit power for xPUSCH as specified in [3], and mapped in sequence starting
with y ( p ) (0) to resource elements (k, l ) which meet the following criteria in the current subframe:

- they are in the physical resource blocks corresponding assigned for transmission.
- they are within the allocated symbols l ∈ 2, llast{
xPUSCH
}
as described in the UL assignment using DCI
format A1/A2 in [2].
- they are not used for transmission of phase noise compensation reference signal.

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

- they are not defined to be used for UE-specific reference signals associated with xPUSCH for any of
the antenna ports in the set {40, 41, 42, 43}.

The mapping to resource elements (k, l ) on antenna port p not reserved for other purposes shall be in
increasing order of first the index k over the assigned physical resource blocks and then the index l .

5.4 Physical uplink control channel (xPUCCH)

The physical uplink control channel, xPUCCH, carries uplink control information. The xPUCCH can be
cell
transmitted in the last symbol of a subframe. xPUCCH uses a cyclic shift, ncs ( ns ) , which varies with the
slot number ns according to

ncscell ( ns ) = ∑i =0 c(8 N symb


7 UL
⋅ ns + i ) ⋅ 2i

n s = n s mod 20

where the pseudo-random sequence c(i) is defined by section 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence
generator shall be initialized with cinit = nID
RS RS
where nID is given by Section 5.5.1.5.

The physical uplink control channel supports single format as shown in Table 5.4-1.

Table 5.4-1: Supported xPUCCH format

xPUCCH format Modulation scheme Number of bits per subframe, M bit


2 QPSK 96

5.4.1 xPUCCH format 2


The block of bits b(0),..., b( M bit − 1) shall be scrambled with a UE-specific scrambling sequence,
~ ~
resulting in a block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) according to

b (i ) = (b(i ) + c(i ) ) mod 2


~

where the scrambling sequence c(i) is given by clause 7.2. The scrambling sequence generator shall be
initialised with

cinit = (ns 2 + 1) ⋅ (2 N ID
cell
+ 1)⋅ 216 + nRNTI n s = n s mod 20

at the start of each subframe where nRNTI is the C-RNTI.


~ ~
The block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) shall be QPSK modulated as described in sub-clause
7.1, resulting in a block of complex-valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) where
M symb = M bit 2 .

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

5.4.1.1 Layer mapping

The complex-valued modulation symbols to be transmitted are mapped onto one or two layers. Complex-
valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) shall be mapped on to the layers

[
x(i ) = x ( 0) (i ) ... ]
x (υ −1) (i ) , i = 0,1,..., M symb − 1 where
T layer
υ layer
is the number of layers and M symb is the number
of modulation symbols per layer.

For transmission on a single antenna port, a single layer is used, υ = 1 , and the mapping is defined by

x ( 0 ) (i ) = d (i )
layer
with M symb = M symb
(0)
.

For transmission on two antenna ports, and the mapping rule of υ = 2 can be defined by

x ( 0 ) (i ) = d ( 2i )
x (1) (i ) = d ( 2i + 1)
layer
with M symb = M symb
(0)
/2.

5.4.1.2 Precoding

(υ −1) T
The precoder takes as input a block of vectors  x (i ) ... x (i )  , i = 0,1,..., M symb
(0) layer
− 1 from the layer

[
mapping and generates a block of vectors y ( 0 ) (i )  y ( P −1) (i ) , i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
]
T
− 1 to be mapped onto
resource elements.

For transmission on a single antenna port, precoding is defined by

y ( 0 ) (i ) = x ( 0 ) (i )

where i = 0,1,..., M symb


ap
− 1 and M symb
ap
= M symb
layer
.

p ∈ {0,1}, the output y (i ) = y (0) (i )


For transmission on two antenna ports, ~ [ y (1) (i ) ]
T
, i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
− 1 of
the precoding operation is defined by

 y (0) (2i )  1 0 j 0  Re x (0) (i )  ( )


 (1) 
 y (2i )  = 1 
0 − 1 0 j   (1)
  Re x (i ) 

( )
 y (0) (2i + 1)
 (1) 
2 0 1 0 j  Im x (0) (i ) 
 
( )
 y (2i + 1) 

1 0 − j 0   Im x (i ) 
(1)
( )
for i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
− 1 with M symb
ap
= 2M symb
layer
.

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

The mapping to resource elements is defined by operations on quadruplets of complex-valued symbols.


~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Let w( p ) (i ) = y ( p ) ( 4i ), y ( p ) ( 4i + 1), y ( p ) ( 4i + 2), y ( p ) ( 4i + 3) denote symbol quadruplet i for antenna port
~
p=, where i 0,1,..., M quad − 1 and M quad = M symb 4 .

~ ~
The block of quadruplets w( p ) (0),..., w( p ) ( M quad − 1) shall be cyclically shifted, resulting in

~ ~
w ( p ) (0),..., w ( p ) ( M quad − 1)
~
( )
where w ( p ) (i ) = w( p ) (i + ncscell ( ns )) mod M quad . Let
~
w=
( p )
(i ) y ( p ) (4i ), y ( p ) (4i + 1), y ( p ) (4i + 2), y ( p ) (4i + 3) denote
 obtained after cell-specific cyclic shift.
another symbol quadruplet i for antenna port p
The block of complex-valued symbols w shall be mapped to z according to

z ( p ) (nxPUCCH ⋅ N scRB + m'⋅N scRB + k ' ) = w ( p ) (8m'+ k )


~ ~
(2)
⋅ N xPUCCH
RB

where

 k 0 ≤ k ≤1

k ' = k + 2 2 ≤ k ≤ 5
k + 4 6 ≤ k ≤ 7

m' = 0,1,2, 2 ,5
(2)
and nxPUCCH is indicated in the xPDCCH.

5.5 Reference signals

The following uplink reference signals are supported:

- Demodulation reference signal, associated with transmission of xPUCCH


- Demodulation reference signal, associated with transmission of xPUSCH
- Sounding reference signal, not associated with transmission of xPUSCH or xPUCCH
- Phase noise reference signal, associated with transmission of xPUSCH

5.5.1 Generation of the reference signal sequence


Reference signal sequence ru(,αv ) (n) is defined by a cyclic shift α of a base sequence ru ,v (n) according to

ru(,αv ) (n) = e jαn ru ,v (n), 0 ≤ n < M scRS

where M scRS = mN scRB is the length of the reference signal sequence and 1 ≤ m ≤ N RB
max, UL
. Multiple reference
signal sequences are defined from a single base sequence through different values of α.
Base sequences ru ,v (n) are divided into groups, where u ∈ {0,1,...,29} is the group number and v is the
base sequence number within the group, such that each group contains one base sequence ( v = 0 ) of

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

each length M scRS = mN scRB 2 ≤ m ≤ 5 and two base sequences ( v = 0,1 ) of each length M scRS = mN scRB ,
6 ≤ m ≤ N RB
max, UL
. The sequence group number u and the number v within the group may vary in time as
described in Sections 5.5.1.3 and 5.5.1.4, respectively. The definition of the base sequence
ru ,v (0),..., ru ,v ( M scRS − 1) depends on the sequence length M scRS .

5.5.1.1 Base sequences of length larger than 3N scRB

RS
For M sc ≥ 3N scRB , the base sequence ru ,v (0),..., ru ,v ( M scRS − 1) is given by

ru ,v (n) = xq (n mod N ZC
RS
), 0 ≤ n < M scRS

where the q th root Zadoff-Chu sequence is defined by

πqm ( m +1)
−j
xq (m ) = e
RS
N ZC
, 0 ≤ m ≤ N ZC
RS
−1

with q given by

q = q + 1 2 + v ⋅ (−1) 2 q 
q = N ZC
RS
⋅ (u + 1) 31

RS
The length N ZC RS
of the Zadoff-Chu sequence is given by the largest prime number such that N ZC < M scRS .

RB
5.5.1.2 Base sequences of length less than 3N sc

For M scRS = 2N scRB , base sequence is given by

ru ,v (n) = e jj ( n )π 4 , 0 ≤ n ≤ M scRS − 1

where the value of ϕ (n) is given by Table 5.5.1.2-1 for M scRS = 2N scRB .

Table 5.5.1.2-1: Definition of ϕ (n) for M scRS = 2N scRB .

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

u ϕ (0),..., ϕ (23)
0 -1 3 1 -3 3 -1 1 3 -3 3 1 3 -3 3 1 1 -1 1 3 -3 3 -3 -1 -3
1 -3 3 -3 -3 -3 1 -3 -3 3 -1 1 1 1 3 1 -1 3 -3 -3 1 3 1 1 -3
2 3 -1 3 3 1 1 -3 3 3 3 3 1 -1 3 -1 1 1 -1 -3 -1 -1 1 3 3
3 -1 -3 1 1 3 -3 1 1 -3 -1 -1 1 3 1 3 1 -1 3 1 1 -3 -1 -3 -1
4 -1 -1 -1 -3 -3 -1 1 1 3 3 -1 3 -1 1 -1 -3 1 -1 -3 -3 1 -3 -1 -1
5 -3 1 1 3 -1 1 3 1 -3 1 -3 1 1 -1 -1 3 -1 -3 3 -3 -3 -3 1 1
6 1 1 -1 -1 3 -3 -3 3 -3 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -3 -1 1 -1 3 -1 -3
7 -3 3 3 -1 -1 -3 -1 3 1 3 1 3 1 1 -1 3 1 -1 1 3 -3 -1 -1 1
8 -3 1 3 -3 1 -1 -3 3 -3 3 -1 -1 -1 -1 1 -3 -3 -3 1 -3 -3 -3 1 -3
9 1 1 -3 3 3 -1 -3 -1 3 -3 3 3 3 -1 1 1 -3 1 -1 1 1 -3 1 1
10 -1 1 -3 -3 3 -1 3 -1 -1 -3 -3 -3 -1 -3 -3 1 -1 1 3 3 -1 1 -1 3
11 1 3 3 -3 -3 1 3 1 -1 -3 -3 -3 3 3 -3 3 3 -1 -3 3 -1 1 -3 1
12 1 3 3 1 1 1 -1 -1 1 -3 3 -1 1 1 -3 3 3 -1 -3 3 -3 -1 -3 -1
13 3 -1 -1 -1 -1 -3 -1 3 3 1 -1 1 3 3 3 -1 1 1 -3 1 3 -1 -3 3
14 -3 -3 3 1 3 1 -3 3 1 3 1 1 3 3 -1 -1 -3 1 -3 -1 3 1 1 3
15 -1 -1 1 -3 1 3 -3 1 -1 -3 -1 3 1 3 1 -1 -3 -3 -1 -1 -3 -3 -3 -1
16 -1 -3 3 -1 -1 -1 -1 1 1 -3 3 1 3 3 1 -1 1 -3 1 -3 1 1 -3 -1
17 1 3 -1 3 3 -1 -3 1 -1 -3 3 3 3 -1 1 1 3 -1 -3 -1 3 -1 -1 -1
18 1 1 1 1 1 -1 3 -1 -3 1 1 3 -3 1 -3 -1 1 1 -3 -3 3 1 1 -3
19 1 3 3 1 -1 -3 3 -1 3 3 3 -3 1 -1 1 -1 -3 -1 1 3 -1 3 -3 -3
20 -1 -3 3 -3 -3 -3 -1 -1 -3 -1 -3 3 1 3 -3 -1 3 -1 1 -1 3 -3 1 -1
21 -3 -3 1 1 -1 1 -1 1 -1 3 1 -3 -1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 3 3 -3 -1 1 -3
22 -3 -1 -3 3 1 -1 -3 -1 -3 -3 3 -3 3 -3 -1 1 3 1 -3 1 3 3 -1 -3
23 -1 -1 -1 -1 3 3 3 1 3 3 -3 1 3 -1 3 -1 3 3 -3 3 1 -1 3 3
24 1 -1 3 3 -1 -3 3 -3 -1 -1 3 -1 3 -1 -1 1 1 1 1 -1 -1 -3 -1 3
25 1 -1 1 -1 3 -1 3 1 1 -1 -1 -3 1 1 -3 1 3 -3 1 1 -3 -3 -1 -1
26 -3 -1 1 3 1 1 -3 -1 -1 -3 3 -3 3 1 -3 3 -3 1 -1 1 -3 1 1 1
27 -1 -3 3 3 1 1 3 -1 -3 -1 -1 -1 3 1 -3 -3 -1 3 -3 -1 -3 -1 -3 -1
28 -1 -3 -1 -1 1 -3 -1 -1 1 -1 -3 1 1 -3 1 -3 -3 3 1 1 -1 3 -1 -1
29 1 1 -1 -1 -3 -1 3 -1 3 -1 1 3 1 -1 3 1 3 -3 -3 1 -1 -1 1 3

5.5.1.3 Group hopping

The sequence-group number u in slot ns is defined by a group hopping pattern f gh (ns ) and a
sequence-shift pattern f ss according to

( )
u = f gh (ns ) + f ss mod 30

There are 17 different hopping patterns and 30 different sequence-shift patterns. Sequence-group
hopping can be enabled or disabled by means of the cell-specific parameter Group-hopping-enabled
provided by higher layers.

The group-hopping pattern f gh (ns ) may be different for xPUCCH and SRS and is given by

0 if group hopping is disabled


fgh (ns ) =  7 i
 ∑i =0
c(8ns + i ) ⋅ 2  mod 30 if group hopping is enabled

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

where the pseudo-random sequence c(i) is defined by section 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence
 nID
RS

generator shall be initialized with cinit =   at the beginning of each radio frame where nID is given by
RS

 30 
clause 5.5.1.5.

The sequence-shift pattern f ss definition differs between xPUCCH and SRS.

For xPUCCH, the sequence-shift pattern fssxPUCCH is given by fssxPUCCH = nID


RS RS
mod 30 where nID is given by
clause 5.5.1.5.

For SRS, the sequence-shift pattern f ssSRS is given by fssSRS = nID


RS RS
mod 30 where nID is given by clause
5.5.1.5.

5.5.1.4 Sequence hopping

Sequence hopping only applies for reference-signals of length M scRS ≥ 6N scRB .

For reference-signals of length M scRS < 6N scRB , the base sequence number v within the base sequence
group is given by v = 0 .

For reference-signals of length M scRS ≥ 6N scRB , the base sequence number v within the base sequence
group in slot ns is defined by

c(n ) if group hopping is disabled and sequence hopping is enabled


v= s
0 otherwise

where the pseudo-random sequence c(i) is given by section 7.2. The parameter Sequence-hopping-
enabled provided by higher layers determines if sequence hopping is enabled or not.

For SRS, the pseudo-random sequence generator shall be initialized with


 n RS 
(
cinit =  ID  ⋅ 2 5 + nID
RS
)
+ D ss mod 30 at the beginning of each radio frame where nID
RS
is given by clause
 30 
5.5.1.5 and ∆ ss is given by clause 5.5.1.3.

5.5.1.5 Determining virtual cell identity for sequence generation


RS
The definition of nID depends on the type of transmission.

Transmissions associated with xPUCCH:


RS
- nID = N ID
cell xPUCCH
if no value for nID is configured by higher layers,
RS
- nID = nID
xPUCCH
otherwise.

Sounding reference signals:

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

RS
- nID = N ID
cell
if no value for
xSRS
n ID is configured by higher layers,
-
RS
n ID = n ID
xSRS
otherwise.

5.5.2 Demodulation reference signal associated with xPUCCH


Demodulation reference signals associated with xPUCCH are transmitted on single antenna port
p = 100 or two antenna ports p = 200, p = 201 .

5.5.2.1 Sequence generation

For any of the antenna ports p ∈ {100,200,201} the reference signal sequence rl , ns ( m) is defined by

rl ,ns (m) =
1
(1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m) ) + j 1
(1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1) ), m = 0,1,...,4 ⋅ N RB
max,UL
−1
2 2

where ns is the slot number within a radio frame and l is the OFDM symbol number within the slot. The
pseudo-random sequence c (i ) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator shall
be initialised with

(
cinit = (ns / 2 + 1) ⋅ 2nID
( nSCID )
)
+ 1 ⋅ 216 + nRNTI
n s = n s mod 20
at the start of each subframe where nRNTI is the C-RNTI.

(i )
The quantities nID , i = 0,1 , are given by

-
(i )
nID = N ID
cell xPUCCH,i
if no value for n ID is provided by higher layers

-
(i )
n ID = n ID
xPUCCH,i
otherwise.

The value of nSCID is zero unless specified otherwise. For a xPUCCH transmission, nSCID is given by the
DCI formats in [2] associated with the xPUCCH transmission.

5.5.2.2 Mapping to resource elements

In a physical resource block with frequency-domain index nPRB assigned for the corresponding xPUCCH
transmission, a part of the reference signal sequence r (m) shall be mapped to complex-valued
modulation symbols ak( ,pl ) in a subframe according to

ak( ,pl ) = w p (m mod 2) ⋅ rl ,ns (4 ⋅ nPRB + m)


where

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

w p (i ) nPRB mod 2 = 0
w p (i ) = 
w p (1 − i ) nPRB mod 2 = 1
k = N scRB ⋅ nPRB + m′
l=6
m + 2 0 ≤ m ≤ 1
m' = 
m + 6 2 ≤ m ≤ 3
m = 0,1,2,3
ns mod 2 = 1
and the sequence w p (i ) is given by Table 5.5.2.2-1.

Table 5.5.2.2-1: The sequence w p (i )

Antenna port p [w p (0) w p (1) ]


100 or 200 [+ 1 + 1]
201 [+ 1 − 1]

Figure 5.5.2.2-1 illustrates the resource elements used for xPUCCH demodulation reference signals
according to the above definition. The notation 𝑅𝑅𝑝𝑝 is used to denote a resource elements used for
reference signal transmission on antenna port p.

R100

R100

R100

R100

l=0 l=6 l=0 l=6

even-numbered slots odd-numbered slots


Antenna port 100

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

R200 R201

R200 R201

R200 R201

R200 R201

l=0 l=6 l=0 l=6 l=0 l=6 l=0 l=6

even-numbered slots odd-numbered slots even-numbered slots odd-numbered slots


Antenna port 200 Antenna port 201

Figure 5.5.2.2-1: Mapping of xPUCCH demodulation reference signals

5.5.3 Demodulation reference signal associated with xPUSCH

Demodulation reference signals associated with xPUSCH

• are transmitted on antenna port(s) in the set p ∈ {40,41,42,43} , as indicated by DCI;


• are present and are a valid reference for xPUSCH demodulation only if the xPUSCH transmission is
associated with the corresponding antenna port according to [3];
• are transmitted only on the physical resource blocks upon which the corresponding xPUSCH is
mapped.

A demodulation reference signal associated with xPUSCH is not transmitted in resource elements (k, l )
in which one of the physical channels are transmitted using resource elements with the same index pair
(k, l ) regardless of their antenna port p .

5.5.3.1 Sequence generation

For any of the antenna ports p ∈ {40,41,42,43} used for xPUSCH, the reference-signal sequence r (m )
is defined by

r (m ) = (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m )) + j 1 (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1)),


1
m = 0,1,...,3 N RB
max,UL
− 1.
2 2

The pseudo-random sequence c (i ) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator
shall be initialised with

cinit = (ns / 2 + 1) ⋅ 2nID (


( nSCID )
)
+ 1 ⋅ 216 + nSCID

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

at the start of each subframe.


(i )
The quantities nID , i = 0,1 , are given by

- (i )
nID = N ID
cell DMRS, i
if no value for nID is provided by higher layers

- (i )
nID = nID
DMRS, i
otherwise

The value of nSCID is zero unless specified otherwise. For a xPUSCH transmission, nSCID is given by the
DCI formats in [2] associated with the xPUSCH transmission.

5.5.3.2 Mapping to resource elements

For antenna ports p ∈ {40,41,42,43}, in a physical resource block with frequency-domain index nPRB
assigned for the corresponding xPUSCH transmission, a part of the reference signal sequence r (m)
shall be mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols ak( ,pl ) in a subframe according to

a k( p,l) = r (k ' ')

where

k = 4m'+ N scRB ⋅ n PRB + k '


0 p ∈ {40}
1 p ∈ {41}

k' = 
2 p ∈ {42}
3 p ∈ {43}

k 
k'' =  
4
l = 2 (in even slot only)
m' = 0,1,2

Resource elements (k , l ) used for transmission of specific reference signals from one UE on any of the
antenna ports in the set S , where S = {40}, S = {41} , S = {42}, S = {43} , S = {40,41} or S = {42,43} shall

• not be used for transmission of xPUSCH on any antenna port in the same subframe, and
• not be used for reference signals from the same UE on any antenna port other than those in S in the
same subframe.

Figure 5.5.2.2-1 illustrates the resource elements used for reference signals for antenna ports 40, 41, 42
and 43.

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
47 43
46 42
45 41
44 40
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Figure 5.5.3.2-1: Mapping of uplink reference signals, antenna ports {40, 41,42,43}.

5.5.4 Sounding reference signal


Sounding reference signals are transmitted on port(s) p ∈ {40,41,42,43}.

5.5.4.1 Sequence generation


( p)
The sounding reference signal sequence rSRS (n ) = ru(,αv ~p ) (n ) is defined by clause 5.5.1, where
~
u is the
sequence-group number defined in clause 5.5.1.3 and ν is the base sequence number defined in clause
5.5.1.4. The cyclic shift α ~p of the sounding reference signal is given as

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

~
cs,p
nSRS
a ~p = 2p
8
 cs 8~p  ,
cs,~
nSRSp
=  nSRS + mod 8
 N ap 
p ∈ {0,1,..., N ap − 1}
~

cs
where nSRS ∈ {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7} is configured for aperiodic sounding by the higher-layer parameters
cyclicShift-ap for each UE and N ap is the number of antenna ports used for sounding reference signal
transmission.

5.5.4.2 Mapping to physical resources

The sequence shall be multiplied with the amplitude scaling factor β SRS in order to conform to the
( p) ~
transmit power PSRS specified in clause 6.1.3 in [3], and mapped in sequence starting with rSRS (0) to
resource elements (k , l ) on antenna port p according to

 1 (~
 bSRS rSRS
p)
(k ' ) k ' = 0,1,2, M scRS,b − 1
a ( p)
2 k '+ k 0 ,l
=  N ap
0
 otherwise

where N ap is the number of antenna ports used for sounding reference signal transmission and the
relation between the index ~p and the antenna port p is given by Table 5.2.1-1. The quantity k0 is the
frequency-domain starting position of the sounding reference signal, b = BSRS and M sc,b
RS
is the length of
the sounding reference signal sequence defined as

b = mSRS,b N sc
RS RB
M sc, 2

where mSRS,b is given by Table 5.5.3.2-1. The UE-specific parameter srs-Bandwidth, BSRS ∈ {0,1,2,3} is
given by higher layers.

The frequency-domain starting position k0 is defined by

k0 = kTC + nb ⋅ N scRB

where
k TC ∈ {0,1} is given by the UE-specific parameter transmissionComb-ap, provided by higher layers
n n
for the UE, and b is frequency position index. The frequency position index b remains constant (unless
re-configured) and is defined by nb = 4nRRC where the parameter nRRC is given by higher-layer
parameters freqDomainPosition-ap,

SRS can be transmitted simultaneously in multiple component carriers.

Table 5.5.3.2-1: mSRS, b , b = 0,1,2,3 , values for the uplink bandwidth of


UL
N RB = 100

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SRS- SRS- SRS- SRS-


SRS Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth
bandwidth BSRS = 0 BSRS = 1 BSRS = 2 BSRS = 3
configuration
CSRS mSRS,0 mSRS,1 mSRS, 2 mSRS,3
0 100 48 24 4

5.5.4.3 Sounding reference signal subframe configuration

The sounding reference signal shall be transmitted in the last symbol or the second last symbol according
to parameter conveyed in DCI. UE can distinguish which symbol (last or second last symbol) is for SRS
transmission via ‘SRS request (2 bits)’ in DCI.

5.5.5 Phase noise compensation reference signal


Phase noise compensation reference signals associated with xPUSCH

• are transmitted on antenna port(s) p ∈ {40,41,42,43};


• are present and are a valid reference for phase noise compensation only if the xPUSCH transmission
is associated with the corresponding antenna port according to [3];
• are transmitted only on the physical resource blocks and symbols upon which the corresponding
xPUSCH is mapped;

5.5.5.1 Sequence generation

For any of the antenna ports p ∈ {40,41,42,43} , the reference-signal sequence r (m ) is defined by

r (m ) = (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m )) + j 1 (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1)),


1
m = 0,1,..., N RB
max,UL
/ 4 − 1 .
2 2
The pseudo-random sequence c (i ) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator
shall be initialised with

(
cinit = (ns / 2 + 1) ⋅ 2nID
( nSCID )
)
+ 1 ⋅ 216 + nSCID

at the start of each subframe.


(i )
The quantities nID , i = 0,1 , are given by

= N ID
(i ) cell PCRS, i
- nID if no value for nID is provided by higher layers

-
(i )
nID = nID
PCRS, i
otherwise

The value of nSCID is zero unless specified otherwise. For a xPUSCH transmission, nSCID is given by the
DCI format in [2] associated with the xPUSCH transmission.

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5.5.5.2 Mapping to resource elements

For antenna port(s) p ∈ {40,41,42,43}, in a physical resource block with frequency-domain index nPRB
assigned for the corresponding xPUSCH transmission, a part of the reference signal sequence r (m)
shall be mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols ak( ,pl ) for corresponding xPUSCH symbols in a
subframe according to:

a k( p,l )' = r (k ' ' )

xPUSCH
For the starting physical resource block index of xPUSCH physical resource allocation nPRB and total
xPUSCH
number of allocated xPUSCH physical resource blocks N PRB , the resource elements (k , l ' ) for in a
subframe is given by

(
k = N scRB ⋅ nPRB
xPUSCH
)
+ k ' '⋅4 + k '
16 p ∈ {40,41}
k' = 
31 p ∈ {42,43}
k ' ' = m' / 4
{l ' | l ' ∈ {3,..., llast
' xPUSCH
} and l ' is an odd number}, p ∈ {40 + m' ' ,42 + m' '}
l'=  ' '
 {l | l ∈ {3,..., llast
' xPUSCH
} and l ' is an even number}, p ∈ {41 − m' ' ,43 − m' '}
m' = 0,1,2,..., N PRBxPUSCH
−1
m' ' = m' / 4 mod 2

where m' = 0,1,2,..., N PRB


xPUSCH
− 1 and l ' is the symbol index within a subframe and where llast
' xPUSCH
is the
symbol index of the end of xPUSCH for the given subframe.

Resource elements (k , l ') used for transmission of UE-specific phase noise compensation reference
signals from one UE on any of the antenna ports in the set S , where S = {40}, S = {41}, S = {42}, and
S = {43} shall

- not be used for transmission of xPUSCH on any antenna port in the same subframe.

Figure 5.5.5.2-1 illustrates the resource elements used for phase noise compensation reference signals
for antenna ports 40, 41, 42, and 43

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0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
0 p=40 0 p=40
1 p=41 1 p=41
2 p=42 2 p=42
3 p=43 3 p=43
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
10 10
11 11
12 12
13 13
14 14
15 15
16 16
17 17
18 18
19 19
20 20
21 21
22 22
23 23
24 24
25 25
26 26
27 27
28 28
29 29
30 30
31 31
32 32
33 33
34 34
35 35
36 36
37 37
38 38
39 39
40 40
41 41
42 42
43 43
44 44
45 45
46 46
47 47

m' ' = 0 m' ' = 1

Figure 5.5.5.2-1: Mapping of phase noise compensation reference signals, antenna ports 40, 41, 42, and
' xPUSCH
43 in case of llast =12.

5.6 OFDM baseband signal generation

This clause applies to all uplink physical signals and uplink physical channels except the physical random
access channel.

The time-continuous signal sl( p ) (t ) for antenna port p in OFDM symbol l in an uplink slot is defined by

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

−1
j 2pk∆f (t − N CP ,l Ts )
N RB N sc / 2 
UL RB
j 2pk∆f (t − N CP ,l Ts )
s( p)
l (t ) = ∑ ( p)
a
k ( − ) ,l
⋅e + ∑ ak( (p+)) ,l ⋅ e

k = − N RB
UL RB
N sc / 2  k =1

( )
for 0 ≤ t < N CP ,l + N × Ts where k ( − ) = k + N UL RB

RB N sc 2 and k
(+)
= k + N RB 
N sc 2 − 1 , N = 2048 ,
UL RB
  ∆f = 75 kHz
and ak( ,pl ) is the content of resource element (k, l ) on antenna port p.

The OFDM symbols in a slot shall be transmitted in increasing order of l , starting with l = 0 , where


l −1
OFDM symbol l > 0 starts at time ( N CP ,l ′ + N )Ts within the slot.
l ′=0

Table 5.6-1 lists the values of N CP ,l that shall be used.

Table 5.6-1: OFDM parameters

Configuration Cyclic prefix length N CP,l


160 for l = 0
Normal cyclic prefix
144 for l = 1,2,...,6

5.7 Physical random access channel (xPRACH)

5.7.1 Random access preamble subframe


The physical layer random access preamble symbol, illustrated in Figure 5.7.1-1 consists of a cyclic prefix
of length TCP and a sequence part of length TSEQ.

Figure 5.7.1-1: Random access preamble

Figure 5.7.1-2 denotes how the 5GNB receives RACH from multiple UEs with preamble format 0 in Table
5.7.1-1. These UEs occupy the same set of subcarriers. Each UE transmits for two symbols. UE1, UE3,
…UE9, etc. are located close to the 5GNB and they transmit for ten symbols in total. UE2, UE4, …,
UE10, etc. are located at cell edge. These UEs also transmit in the same ten symbols. Due to the
difference in distance, the signals of these UEs arrive at the 5GNB TRTT time later than those of UE1,
UE3, …, UE5.

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Figure 5.7.1-2: Reception of RACH signal at 5GNB during RACH subframe

The parameter values are listed in Table 5.7.1-1.

Table 5.7.1-1: Random access preamble parameters

Preamble format TGP1 TCP TSEQ NSYM TGP2

0 2224*Ts 656*Ts 2048*Ts 10 1456*Ts


1 2224*Ts 1344 *Ts 2048*Ts 8 1360*Ts

Due to extended cyclic prefix, there are ten symbols in this sub-frame for preamble format 0, and eight
symbols for preamble format 1 meant for 1km distance.

Different subframe configurations for RACH are given below.

Table 5.7.1-2: Random access configuration

PRACH System Frame Subframe


configuration Number Number
0 Any 15, 40
1 Any 15

RACH signal is transmitted by a single antenna port 1000. The antenna port for RACH signal should have
the same directivity as the one during which the measurement of the selected BRS beam was conducted.

5.7.2 Preamble sequence generation


The random access preambles are generated from Zadoff-Chu sequences with a length of 71. The u th
root Zadoff-Chu sequence is defined by
πun ( n +1)
−j
xu (n ) = e N ZC
, 0 ≤ n ≤ N ZC − 1

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

where the length N ZC of the Zadoff-Chu sequence is 71. The value of the root is provided by higher
layers.

The random access preamble xu (n ) shall be mapped to resource elements according to



−j vk
ak ,l = f ⋅ xu (n)e 3
,
{0,1,2} for format 0
n ∈
{0} for format 1
k = n + 1 + 12 * (6 * nRACH + 1), nRACH ∈ {0,1...7}
1 if l is even
f =
 2 f '−1 if l is odd
f '∈ {0,1}
n = 0,1...,70,
{(0,1), (2,3), (4,5), (6,7), (8,9)} for format 0
l ∈ 
{(0,1), (2,3), (4,5), (6,7)} for format 1 

where the cyclic shift ν , RACH subband index nRACH and parameter f ' are provided by higher layers.
For preamble format 0, the cyclic shift ν has 3 values. On the other hand, one cyclic shift value is used
in a cell if preamble format 1 is configured. As outlined by the equations above, the RACH subframe
provides 8 RACH subbands each occupying 6RBs; the parameter nRACH determines which subband is
used by the UE.

During the synchroniation subframe, the UE identifies the symbol with a strong beam. A set of parameters
provided by the upper layers is used to map the symbol with the selected beam to the RACH symbol
index l , as described in 5.7.2.1.

Higher layers determine the component carrier, in which the UE transmits the RACH signal.

There are 48 or 16 preambles available according to preamble format in each cell. The set of preambles
in a cell is found by combination of cyclic shift, OCC, and band index. Preamble index is allocated as
follows:

𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = 𝜈𝜈 + 𝑁𝑁𝜈𝜈 ⋅ 𝑓𝑓 ′ + 𝑁𝑁𝜈𝜈 ⋅ 2. 𝑛𝑛𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅

where,
3, 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 0
𝑁𝑁𝜈𝜈 = 𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛𝑛 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑠𝑠ℎ𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = �
1, 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 1

5.7.2.1 Procedure to Compute the Symbols of RACH Signal

Layer 1 receives the following parameters from higher layers:

• System Frame Number, SFN


• the BRS transmission period as defined in clause 6.7.4.3 expressed in units of symbols

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• 𝑁𝑁𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 ≔ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑝𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ 7


• the number of symbols N RACH during the RACH subframe for which the 5GNB applies different rx –
 N RACH = 5, if preamble format = 0

= 4, if preamble format = 1
beams  RACH
N
• number of RACH subframes 𝑀𝑀 in each radio frame (𝑀𝑀 ∈ {1,2} depending on RACH configuration)
• index of RACH subframe m (𝑚𝑚 ∈ {0, ⋯ , 𝑀𝑀 − 1})
beam
• the synchronization symbol index of the selected beam, S sync beam
( S sync ∈ {0,, N BRS − 1} ).

The RACH subframes use the same beams as the synchronization subframes and in the same sequential
order. Hence if the m-th RACH subframe occurs within a radio frame with the system frame number SFN,
it will use the beams of the synchronization symbols identified by the set

( M ⋅ SFN ⋅ N RACH + m ⋅ N RACH + (0 : N RACH − 1))% N BRS , m ∈ {0,, M − 1}


beam
If S sync is among those symbols, the UE shall transmit the RACH preamble during the RACH subframe.

The transmission should start at symbol

((
l = S sync
beam
) )
− (SFN ⋅ M ⋅ N RACH + m ⋅ N RACH )% N BRS % N BRS ⋅ N rep ,
where N rep denotes the number of symbols dedicated to a single RACH transmission. Here N rep = 2

5.7.3 Baseband signal generation


The baseband signal for PRACH is generated according to subclause 5.9 with a tone spacing of
. The cyclic prefix with length of 656 or 1344 samples are inserted corresponding to the
preamble format provided by higher layer.

5.7.4 Scheduling Request Collection during RACH Periods


5.7.4.1 Scheduling request preamble slot

Symbols for scheduling request (SR) are transmitted during the RACH subframe. They occupy a different
set of subcarriers than those of RACH signal. Scheduling request is collected from any UE in a similar
manner as the RACH signal. The scheduling request preamble, illustrated in Figure 5.7.4.1-1 consists of
a cyclic prefix of length TCP and a sequence part of length TSEQ. Both have the same values as their
counterparts of the RACH preamble.

Figure 5.7.4-1: SR preamble

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

Table 5.7.4-1: Scheduling request preamble parameters


Preamble
configuration
TCP TSEQ

0 656 Ts 2048 Ts
1 1344 Ts 2048 Ts

5.7.4.2. Preamble sequence generation

The scheduling request preambles are generated from Zadoff-Chu sequences. Higher layers control the
set of preamble sequences used by the UE.

The length of scheduling request preamble sequence is 71. The u th root Zadoff-Chu sequence is defined
by
πun ( n+1)
−j
xu (n ) = e N ZC
, 0 ≤ n ≤ N ZC − 1 ,

Where N ZC = 71. Twelve different cyclic shifts of this sequence are defined to obtain scheduling request
preamble sequence.

The random access preamble shall be mapped to resource elements according to



−j vk
a k , l = f ⋅ xu ( n ) e 12
, n ∈ {0,1,2,....11}
k = n + 1 + 12 * (6 * N SR + 51),
n = 0,1,...,70
1 if l is even
f =
 f ' if l is odd
f '∈ {−1,1}.
{(0,1), (2,3), (4,5), (6,7), (8,9)} for format 0 
l ∈ 
{(0,1), (2,3), (4,5), (6,7)} for format 1

As outlined by the equations above, the RACH subframe provides multiple subbands, each occupying
6RBs, for transmitting SR; the parameter N SR determines which subband is used by the UE. The values
of and N SR are received from upper layers. The symbol index l is calculated in the same way as
described in clause 5.7.2.1.

5.7.4.3. Baseband signal generation

The baseband signal for SR is generated in the same manner as RACH as outlined in clause 5.7.3.

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5.8 Modulation and upconversion

Modulation and upconversion to the carrier frequency of the complex-valued OFDM baseband signal for
each antenna port or the complex-valued xPRACH baseband signal is shown in Figure 5.8-1.

cos (2pf 0 t )

Re {sl (t )}

sl (t )

Im{sl (t )}

− sin (2pf 0 t )

Figure 5.8-1: Uplink modulation

6 Downlink

6.1 Overview

The smallest time-frequency unit for downlink transmission is denoted a resource element and is defined
in clause 6.2.2.

6.1.1 Physical channels


A downlink physical channel corresponds to a set of resource elements carrying information originating
from higher layers and is the interface defined between [2] and the present document TS V5G.211.
The following downlink physical channels are defined:

• Physical Downlink Shared Channel, xPDSCH


• Physical Broadcast Channel, xPBCH
• Extended physical broadcast channel (ePBCH)
• Physical Downlink Control Channel, xPDCCH

6.1.2 Physical signals


A downlink physical signal corresponds to a set of resource elements used by the physical layer but does
not carry information originating from higher layers. The following downlink physical signals are defined:

• Reference signal

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• Synchronization signal

6.2 Slot structure and physical resource elements

6.2.1 Resource grid


N sc = 1200
DL RB
The transmitted signal in each slot is described by one or several resource grids of N RB
DL
subcarriers and N symb = 7 OFDM symbols. The resource grid structure is illustrated in Figure 6.2.2-1.
An antenna port is defined such that the channel over which a symbol on the antenna port is conveyed
can be inferred from the channel over which another symbol on the same antenna port is conveyed. For
UE-specific reference signals associated with xPDSCH and demodulation reference signals associated
with xPDCCH, there are limits given below within which the channel can be inferred from one symbol to
another symbol on the same antenna port. There is one resource grid per antenna port.

6.2.2 Resource elements


Each element in the resource grid for antenna port p is called a resource element and is uniquely
identified by the index pair (k, l ) in a slot where k = 0,..., N RB N sc − 1 and l = 0,..., N symb
DL RB DL
− 1 are the indices

in the frequency and time domains, respectively. Resource element (k, l ) on antenna port p
corresponds to the complex value ak( ,pl ) . When there is no risk for confusion, or no particular antenna port
is specified, the index p may be dropped.

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Tslot

DL
N symb

k = N RB N sc − 1
DL RB

DL
N symb × N scRB

(k , l )
× N scRB

N scRB
DL
N RB

k =0

l=0 l= DL
N symb −1

Figure 6.2.2-1: Downlink resource grid

6.2.3 Resource blocks


Resource blocks are used to describe the mapping of certain physical channels to resource elements.
DL
Physical resource blocks are defined. A physical resource block is defined as N symb consecutive OFDM
RB DL
symbols in the time domain and N sc consecutive subcarriers in the frequency domain, where N symb and
N scRB are given by Table 6.2.3-1. A physical resource block thus consists of N symb
DL
× N sc
RB
resource
elements, corresponding to one slot in the time domain and 900 kHz in the frequency domain.

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DL
Physical resource blocks are numbered from 0 to N RB − 1 in the frequency domain. The relation between
the physical resource block number nPRB in the frequency domain and resource elements (k , l ) in a slot
is given by
 k 
nPRB =  RB 
 N sc 

Table 6.2.3-1: Physical resource blocks parameters


DL
Configuration N scRB N symb

Normal cyclic prefix ∆f = 75 kHz 12 7

A physical resource-block pair is defined as the two physical resource blocks in one subframe having the
same physical resource-block number nPRB .

The size of a virtual resource block group is 4 times that of a physical resource block.

6.2.3.1 Virtual resource block groups of localized type


DL
Virtual resource block groups of localized type are numbered from 0 to N VRBG − 1 , where
DL
4 N VRBG = N RB
DL DL
. Virtual resource block group of index nVRBG is mapped to a set of physical resource
{
DL
blocks given by 4nVRBG DL
, 4nVRBG + 1, 4nVRBG
DL
+ 2, 4nVRBG
DL
+3 . }
6.2.4 Resource-element groups (xREGs)
xREGs are used for defining the mapping of control channels to resource elements. Each OFDM symbol
has 16 xREGs.

The xREG of index nxREG ∈ {0, 1, …, 15} consists of resource elements (k , l ) with k = k0 + k1 + 6m
where

- k0 = 6 ⋅ nxREG ⋅ N scRB
- k1 = {0,1,4,5},

- m = {0,1,2,...,11},

The OFDM symbol index is given by either of l = 0 or l = {0, 1} according to the xPDCCH transmission
configuration as described in [3].

6.2.5 Guard Period for TDD Operation


One OFDM symbol serves as a guard period which shall be allocated at the switching period from a
downlink transmission to an uplink transmission.

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6.3 General structure for downlink physical channels

This clause describes a general structure, applicable to more than one physical channel.

The baseband signal representing a downlink physical channel is defined in terms of the following steps:

• scrambling of coded bits in each of the codewords to be transmitted on a physical channel


• modulation of scrambled bits to generate complex-valued modulation symbols
• mapping of the complex-valued modulation symbols onto one or several transmission layers
• precoding of the complex-valued modulation symbols on each layer for transmission on the antenna
ports
• mapping of complex-valued modulation symbols for each antenna port to resource elements
• generation of complex-valued time-domain OFDM signal for each antenna port

Figure 6.3-1: Overview of physical channel processing

6.3.1 Scrambling
The block of codeword bits b(0),..., b( M bit − 1) , where M bit is the number of codeword bits transmitted on
the physical channel in one subframe, shall be scrambled prior to modulation, resulting in a block of
~ ~
scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) according to

b (i ) = (b(i ) + c(i ) ) mod 2


~

where the scrambling sequence c(i ) is given by clause 7.2. The scrambling sequence generator shall be
initialised at the start of each subframe, where the initialisation value of cinit depends on the transport
channel type according to

cinit = nRNTI ⋅ 214 + q ⋅ 213 + ns 2 ⋅ 2 9 + N ID


cell
for xPDSCH

where nRNTI corresponds to the RNTI associated with the xPDSCH transmission as described in clause
7.1 in [3].

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6.3.2 Modulation
The block of scrambled bits b~( 0 ),...,b~( M bit − 1 ) shall be modulated as described in clause 7.1 using one
of the modulation schemes in Table 6.3.2-1, resulting in a block of complex-valued modulation symbols
d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) .

Table 6.3.2-1: Modulation schemes


Physical channel Modulation schemes
xPDSCH QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM

6.3.3 Layer mapping


The complex-valued modulation symbols for the single codeword to be transmitted are mapped onto one
or several layers. Complex-valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) shall be mapped onto the

[
layers x(i ) = x ( 0 ) (i ) ... ]
x (υ −1) (i ) , i = 0,1,..., M symb
T layer
− 1 where υ layer
is the number of layers and M symb is the
number of modulation symbols per layer.

6.3.3.1 Layer mapping for transmission on a single antenna port

For transmission on a single antenna port, a single layer is used, υ = 1 , and the mapping is defined by
x ( 0 ) (i ) = d (i )
layer
with M symb = M symb .

6.3.3.2 Layer mapping for spatial multiplexing

For spatial multiplexing, the layer mapping shall be done according to Table 6.3.3.2-1. The number of
layers υ is less than or equal to the number of antenna ports P used for transmission of the physical
channel.

Table 6.3.3.2-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for spatial multiplexing.


Number of layers Codeword-to-layer mapping
i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
−1
1 x ( 0) (i) = d (i)
layer
M symb = M symb
x ( 0 ) (i ) = d (2i )
2
layer
M symb = M symb 2
x (1) (i ) = d (2i + 1)

6.3.3.3 Layer mapping for transmit diversity

For transmit diversity, the layer mapping shall be done according to Table 6.3.3.3-1. There is only one
codeword and the number of layers υ is equal to the number of antenna ports P used for transmission
of the physical channel.

Table 6.3.3.3-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for transmit diversity.

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Number of Codeword-to-layer mapping


layers i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
−1

x (i ) = d (2i )
(0)

layer
= M symb 2
2 x (1) (i ) = d (2i + 1) M symb

6.3.4 Precoding
The precoder takes as input one or two of vectors from the layer mapping and generates a block of
[
vectors y (i ) = ... y ( p ) (i ) ]T
... , i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
− 1 to be mapped onto resources on each of the antenna

ports, where y ( p ) (i ) represents the signal for antenna port p .

6.3.4.1 Precoding for transmission on a single antenna port

For transmission on a single antenna port, precoding is defined by

y ( p ) (i ) = x (0) (i )

where p is the number of the single antenna port used for transmission of the physical channel and
i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
− 1 , M symb
ap
= M symb
layer
.

6.3.4.2 Precoding for transmit diversity

Precoding for transmit diversity is only used in combination with layer mapping for transmit diversity as
described in clause 6.3.3.3.

For transmission on two antenna ports, p1 and p 2 ,, the output y(i) = [y ( p ) (i) y ( p ) (i)]T ,
1 2
i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
−1
of the precoding operation is defined by

 y ( p1 ) (2i )  1 0 j ( )
0  Re x ( 0 ) (i ) 
 ( p2 )
 y (2i )  = 1 
 0 − 1 0 
( )
j   Re x (1) (i ) 

 y ( p1 ) (2i + 1) 
 ( p2 ) 
2 0 1 0 ( )
j   Im x ( 0 ) (i ) 
  
 y ( 2i + 1)  1 0 − j ( )
0   Im x (1) (i ) 

for i = 0,1,..., M symb


layer
− 1 with M symb
ap
= 2M symb
layer
.

6.3.4.3 Precoding for spatial multiplexing using antenna ports with UE-specific reference signals

Precoding for spatial multiplexing using antenna ports with UE-specific reference signals is only used in
combination with layer mapping for spatial multiplexing as described in clause 6.3.3.2. Spatial
multiplexing using antenna ports with UE-specific reference signals supports up to two antenna ports in
the set of antenna ports p ∈ {8,...,15}.

In the following let, p1 and p 2 , denote the two antenna ports identified in the downlink resource
allocation (see DCI Format definitions in [2]).

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For transmission of two layers on 2 antenna ports, the precoding operation is defined by:

 y ( p1 ) (i )   x (0) (i )
 ( p 2 )  =  (1) 
 y (i )  x (i ) 

for i = 0,1,..., M symb


layer
−1 .

6.3.5 Mapping to resource elements


For each of the antenna ports used for transmission of the physical channel, the block of complex-valued
ap
symbols y ( p ) (0),..., y ( p ) ( M symb − 1) shall conform to the downlink power allocation specified in clause 13 in

[3] and be mapped in sequence starting with y (0) to resource elements (k, l ) that are in the resource
( p)

blocks assigned for transmission.

The mapping to resource elements (k, l ) on antenna port p not reserved for other purposes shall be in
increasing order of first the index k over the assigned physical resource blocks and then the index l .

6.4 Physical downlink shared channel (xPDSCH)

The xPDSCH shall be processed and mapped to resource elements as described in clause 6.3 with the
following additions and exceptions:

• The xPDSCH shall be transmitted on υ antenna port(s) in the set p ∈ {8,9,...,15} , where the number
of layers used for transmission of the xPDSCH υ is one or two.
and l ≤ llast
xPDSCH xPDSCH
• The index l in a subframe fulfils l ≥ l xPDSCH
first where l xPDSCH
first and llast are given in
DCI formats B1 and B2 in [2].
• xPDSCH is not mapped to resource elements reserved for PCRS.
• they are not defined to be used for UE-specific reference signals associated with xPDSCH for any of
the antenna ports in the set {8, 9, …, 15}.

6.5 Physical broadcast channel (xPBCH)

The Physical broadcast channel is transmitted using the same beams used for beam reference signals in
each OFDM symbol.

6.5.1 Scrambling
The block of bits b(0),..., b( M bit − 1) , where M bit , the number of bits transmitted on the physical broadcast
channel, equals to 5248, shall be scrambled with a cell-specific sequence prior to modulation, resulting in
~ ~
a block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) according to

b (i ) = (b(i ) + c(i ) ) mod 2


~

where the scrambling sequence c(i) is given by clause 7.2. The scrambling sequence shall be initialised
with cinit = cell
N ID in each radio frame fulfilling 𝑛𝑛𝑓𝑓 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 4 = 0.

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6.5.2 Modulation
~ ~
The block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) shall be modulated as described in clause 7.1, resulting in
a block of complex-valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) . Table 6.5.2-1 specifies the modulation
mappings applicable for the physical broadcast channel.

Table 6.5.2-1: xPBCH modulation schemes.


Physical channel Modulation schemes
xPBCH QPSK

6.5.3 Layer mapping and precoding


The block of modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) shall be mapped to layers according to clause

6.3.3.3 and precoded according to clause 6.3.4.2, resulting in a block of vectors y (i ) = y (0 ) (i ) [ ]


y (1) (i ) ,
T

i = 0,..., M symb − 1 . Then block of vectors ~


y (i ) = ~ [
y (0 ) (i ) ~ ]
y (1) (i ) is obtained by setting y ( p ) (i ) = ~
T
y ( 0 ) (i )
for p ∈ {0,2,4,6} and y (i ) = ~ y (1) (i ) for p ∈ {1,3,5,7} , where y ( p ) (i) represents the signal for
( p)

antenna port p .The antenna ports p = 0…7 used for xPBCH are identical to the antenna ports p = 0..7
used for the mapping of BRS according to 6.7.4.2.

6.5.4 Mapping to resource elements


The block of complex-valued symbols y(0), … , y(Msymb -1) is transmitted during 4 consecutive radio
frames starting in each radio frame fulfilling 𝑛𝑛𝑓𝑓 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 4 = 0. The block of complex-valued symbols
y(0), … , y�𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1� are divided into 16 sub-block of complex-valued symbols, which is given by
𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
Sub-block 0 and 1: y(0) to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
16 16 8

𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 3𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 3𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 2 and 3: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
8 16 16 4

𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 5𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 5𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 3𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 4 and 5: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
4 16 16 8

3𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 7𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 7𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 6 and 7: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
8 16 16 2

𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 9𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 9𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 5𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 8 and 9: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
2 16 16 8

5𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 11𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 11𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 3𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 10 and 11: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
8 16 16 4

3𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 13𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 13𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 7𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 12 and 13: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y � − 1�,
4 16 16 8

7𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 15𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 15𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠


Sub-block 14 and 15: y � � to y � − 1�, y � � to y�𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1�
8 16 16

The sub-frames 0 and 25 in each radio frame shall be assigned to transmit xPBCH together with
synchronization signals. The sub-block of complex-valued symbols is repeated on each OFDM symbol in
the subframe and it may be transmitted by different analog beams. The sub-blocks are repeated –

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although transmitted with different information – after every four radio frames, i.e., after every eight
synchronization sub-frames. Focusing on four adjacent radio frames whose first eight bits of SFN are
same and indexing the sub-frames of these radio frames from 0 to 199, sub-block 2i and 2i+1 are
transmitted in sub-frame 25i where 0 ≤ 𝑖𝑖 ≤ 7.

The even indexed sub-block of complex-valued symbols transmitted shall be mapped in increasing order
of the index in each OFDM symbol. The resource-element indices are given by:
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑘𝑘 = 𝑘𝑘 ′ ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 + 𝑘𝑘 ′′
1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑘𝑘 ′ = � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 + 18)� , � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
+ 18)� + 1, … , 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 −1
2 2

𝑘𝑘 ′′ = 0, 1, 2, 3

𝑙𝑙 = 0, 1, 2, … , 12,13

The odd indexed sub-block of complex-valued symbols transmitted in each subframe shall be mapped in
decreasing order of the index in each OFDM symbol. The resource-element indices are given by:
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑘𝑘 = 𝑘𝑘 ′ ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 + 𝑘𝑘 ′′
1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑘𝑘 ′ = � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 − 18)� − 1, � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 − 18)� − 2, … ,1,0
2 2

𝑘𝑘 ′′ = 3,2,1,0

𝑙𝑙 = 0, 1, 2, … , 12,13
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 = 12 and 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 100 Figures 6.7.4.2-1 illustrates the resource elements used for xPBCH
according to the numerical definition.

6.5A Extended Physical broadcast channel

The system information block to support standalone mode shall be transmitted on ePBCH via two
𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒
antenna ports. The ePBCH is transmitted using the same multiple beams in 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 consecutive OFDM
𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒
symbols, where 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 = 2.

The ePBCH is transmitted on a predefined or configured subframe. The essential system information for
initial cell attachment and radio resource configuration shall be included in the system information block.

6.5A.1 Scrambling
The block of bits b(0),..., b( M bit − 1) , where M bit , the number of bits transmitted on the extended physical
broadcast channel, equals to 2000, shall be scrambled with a cell-specific sequence prior to modulation,
~ ~
resulting in a block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) according to

b (i ) = (b(i ) + c(i ) ) mod 2


~

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

where the scrambling sequence c(i ) is given by clause 7.2. The scrambling sequence shall be initialised
with
𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐
𝐶𝐶𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = 210 ∙ �7 ∙ (𝑛𝑛�𝑠𝑠 + 1) + �𝑙𝑙/𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 � + 1� ∙ (2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 + 1) + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 +1

where 𝑛𝑛�𝑠𝑠 = 𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 mod 20; ns is the slot number within a radio frame and 𝑙𝑙 is the OFDM symbol number within
one subframe, and 𝑙𝑙 = 0,1,2, ⋯ ,13.

6.5A.2 Modulation
~ ~
The block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) shall be modulated as described in clause 7.1, resulting in
a block of complex-valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) . Table 6.5.A.2-1 specifies the
modulation mappings applicable for the extended physical broadcast channel.

Table 6.5.A.2-1: ePBCH modulation schemes.


Physical channel Modulation schemes
ePBCH QPSK

6.5A.3 Layer mapping and precoding


The block of modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) shall be mapped to layers according to clause
( 0)
6.3.3.3 with M symb = M symb and precoded according to clause 6.3.4.2, resulting in a block of vectors

[
y (i ) = y (50 ) (i ) , ]
y (51) (i ) , i = 0,..., M symb − 1 , where y (i ) and y (i ) correspond to signals for antenna
T ( 50 ) ( 51)

port 50 and 51, respectively.

6.5A.3 ePBCH Configuration


The ePBCH transmission periodicity is configured by xPBCH, which is given by Table 6.5.A.3-1.

Table 6.5.A.3-1: ePBCH transmission periodicity

Indication bit ePBCH transmission periodicty 𝑻𝑻𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆


00 ePBCH transmission is off N/A
01 40ms 4
10 80ms 8
11 160ms 16

When the ePBCH transmission is on, the multiple subframes for ePBCH transmission are configured in
the radio frame fulfilling 𝑛𝑛𝑓𝑓 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑇𝑇𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 = 𝑇𝑇𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 − 1. The configured subframes for ePBCH transmission
are given in Table 6.5.A.3-2.

The configured subframe for ePBCH transmission are listed in Table 6.5.A.3-2

Table 6.5.A.3-2: The number of subframes for ePBCH transmission according to BRS transmission period

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

BRS transmission period # of subframes Configured subframe in the radio frame


th
1 slot < 5ms 1 49
th th
1 subframes = 5ms 2 48 , 49
th th th th
2 subframes = 10ms 4 46 , 47 , 48 , 49
th th th th
4 subframes = 20ms 8 42 , 43 ,…, 48 , 49

6.5A.4 Mapping to resource elements


In each OFDM symbol of the configured subframes, the block of complex-valued symbols
y(0), … , y�𝑀𝑀𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1� is transmitted via two antenna port. The block of complex-valued symbols is
transmitted using identical beams in 2 consecutive OFDM symbols. The beam sweeping in ePBCH
subframes are identical with the beams used for BRS transmission during BRS transmission period.

The block of complex-valued symbols transmitted in each OFDM symbol shall be mapped in increasing
order of the index k excluding DM-RS associated with ePBCH. The resource-element indices are given
by
k = 6 ∙ 𝑘𝑘 ′ + 𝑘𝑘 ′′
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑘𝑘 ′ = 0, 1, 2, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 −1

𝑘𝑘 ′′ = 0, 1,3, 4, 5

l = 0, 1, 2, … , 12,13
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 100.

6.6 Physical downlink control channel (xPDCCH)

6.6.1 xPDCCH formats


The physical downlink control channel (xPDCCH) carries scheduling assignments. A physical downlink
control channel is transmitted using an aggregation of one or several consecutive enhanced control
channel elements (CCEs) where each CCE consists of multiple resource element groups (REGs), defined
in clause 6.2.4. The number of CCEs used for one xPDCCH depends on the xPDCCH format as given by
Table 6.6.1-1 and the number of REGs per CCE is given by Table 6.6.1-1.

Table 6.6.1-1: Supported xPDCCH formats

PDCCH format Number of CCEs Number of resource-element groups Number of xPDCCH bits
0 2 2 192
1 4 4 384
2 8 8 768
3 16 16 1536

6.6.2 xPDCCH multiplexing and scrambling


The block of bits b(0),..., b( M bit − 1) to be transmitted on an xPDCCH in a subframe shall be scrambled,
~ ~
resulting in a block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M bit − 1) according to

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

b (i ) = (b(i ) + c(i ) ) mod 2


~

where the UE-specific scrambling sequence c(i) is given by clause 7.2. The scrambling sequence
generator shall be initialized with cinit = ns 2 ⋅ 2 9 + nID
xPDCCH xPDCCH
where the quantity nID is given by


xPDCCH
nID = N ID
cell
if no value for nID is provided by higher layers
xPDCCH
• nID = nID otherwise.

6.6.3 Modulation
~ ~
The block of scrambled bits b (0),..., b ( M tot − 1) shall be modulated as described in clause 7.1, resulting in a
block of complex-valued modulation symbols d (0),..., d ( M symb − 1) . Table 6.8.3-1 specifies the modulation
mappings applicable for the physical downlink control channel.

Table 6.8.3-1: xPDCCH modulation schemes


Physical channel Modulation schemes
xPDCCH QPSK

6.6.4 Layer mapping and precoding


The layer mapping shall be done according to Table 6.6.4-1. There is only one codeword and the number
of layers is equal to two.

Table 6.6.4-1: Codeword-to-layer mapping for transmit diversity

Codeword-to-layer mapping
Number of layers Number of codewords
i = 0,1,..., M symb
layer
−1
x ( 0) (i ) = d ( 0) (2i )
2 1 x (1) (i ) = d ( 0) (2i + 1)
layer
M symb = M symb
( 0)
2

For transmission on two antenna ports, p ∈ {107,109} , the output y (i ) = y (107 ) (i ) [ ]T


y (109 ) (i ) ,
i = 0,1,..., M symb
ap
− 1 of the precoding operation is defined by

 y (107 ) (2i )  1 0 j ( )
0  Re x (0 ) (i ) 
 (109 )
 y (2i )  = 1 
 0 − 1 0 
( )
j   Re x (1) (i ) 

 y (107 ) (2i + 1)
 (109 ) 
2 0 1 0 ( )
j   Im x (0 ) (i ) 
  
 y (2i + 1) 1 0 − j ( )
0   Im x (1) (i ) 

for i = 0,1,..., M symb


layer
− 1 with M symb
ap
= 2M symb
layer
.

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6.6.5 Mapping to resource elements


The block of complex-valued symbols y (0),..., y ( M symb − 1) shall be mapped in sequence starting with y ( 0)
to resource elements (k, l ) on the associated antenna port which meet all of the following criteria:
• they are part of the xREGs assigned for the xPDCCH transmission, and
• l ∈{0, 1} equals the OFDM symbol index

The mapping to resource elements (k, l ) on antenna port p meeting the criteria above shall be in
increasing order of the index k .

6.7 Reference signals

The following types of downlink reference signals are defined:

• UE-specific Reference Signal (DM-RS) associated with xPDSCH


• UE-specific Reference Signal (DM-RS) associated with xPDCCH
• CSI Reference Signal (CSI-RS)
• Beam measurement Reference Signal (BRS)
• Beam Refinement Reference Signal (BRRS)
• Phase noise reference signal, associated with transmission of xPDSCH
• Reference Signal (DM-RS) associated with ePBCH

There is one reference signal transmitted per downlink antenna port.

6.7.1 UE-specific reference signals associated with xPDSCH


UE specific reference signals associated with xPDSCH

• are transmitted on antenna port(s), , indicated via DCI.


• are present and are a valid reference for xPDSCH demodulation only if the xPDSCH transmission is
associated with the corresponding antenna port according to [3];
• are transmitted only on the physical resource blocks upon which the corresponding xPDSCH is
mapped.

A UE-specific reference signal associated with xPDSCH is not transmitted in resource elements (k, l ) in
which one of the physical channels are transmitted using resource elements with the same index pair
(k, l ) regardless of their antenna port p .

6.7.1.1 Sequence generation

For any of the antenna ports p ∈ {8,9,..., v + 7} , the reference-signal sequence r (m ) is defined by

r (m ) = (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m)) + j 1 (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1)),


1
m = 0,1,...,3N RB
max, DL
−1.
2 2

The pseudo-random sequence c (i ) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator
shall be initialised with

(
cinit = (ns / 2 + 1) ⋅ 2nID
( nSCID )
)
+ 1 ⋅ 216 + nSCID

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at the start of each subframe.

The quantities nID(i ) , i = 0,1 , are given by

• nID
(i )
= N ID
cell DMRS, i
if no value for nID is provided by higher layers
• nID = nID
(i ) DMRS, i
otherwise

The value of nSCID is zero unless specified otherwise. For a xPDSCH transmission, nSCID is given by
the DCI format in [2] associated with the xPDSCH transmission.

6.7.1.2 Mapping to resource elements

{ }
For antenna port p1 used for single port transmission, or ports p1 , p2 used for two-port transmission in
a physical resource block with frequency-domain index nPRB assigned for the corresponding xPDSCH
transmission, a part of the reference signal sequence r (m) shall be mapped to complex-valued

modulation symbols ak( ,pl ) in a subframe according to

ak( p,l) = wp (k ' ') ⋅ r (k ' ' ')

where

k = 4m'+ N scRB ⋅ nPRB + k '


0 p ∈ {8,12}
1 p ∈ {9,13}

k'= 
2 p ∈ {10,14}

3 p ∈ {11,15}
0 if k mod 8 < 4
k''= 
1 if 4 ≤ k mod 8 ≤ 7
k 
k'''=  
4
l = 2 (in even slot only)
m' = 0,1,2

The sequence w p (i ) is given by Table 6.7.1.2-1.

Table 6.7.1.2-1: The sequence w p (i )

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Antenna port p [w (0) w (1)]


p p
8 [+ 1 + 1]
9 [+ 1 + 1]
10 [+ 1 + 1]
11 [+ 1 + 1]
12 [+ 1 − 1]
13 [+ 1 − 1]
14 [+ 1 − 1]
15 [+ 1 − 1]

Resource elements (k , l ) used for transmission of UE-specific reference signals to one UE on any of the
antenna ports in the set S , where S = {8,12} , S = {9,13} , S = {10,14} or S = {11,15} shall

• not be used for transmission of xPDSCH on any antenna port in the same subframe, and
• not be used for UE-specific reference signals to the same UE on any antenna port other than those in
S in the same subframe.

Figure 6.7.1.2-1 illustrates the resource elements used for UE-specific reference signals for antenna ports
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15.

6.7.2 UE-specific reference signals associated with xPDCCH


The demodulation reference signal associated with xPDCCH is transmitted on the same antenna port
p ∈ {107,109} as the associated xPDCCH physical resource.

6.7.2.1 Sequence generation

For any of the antenna ports p ∈ {107,109} , the reference-signal sequence r (m) is defined by

r ( m) =
1
(1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m) ) + j 1 (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1) ), m = 0 ,1,...,23 .
2 2

The pseudo-random sequence c(n) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator
shall be initialised with

(
cinit = (ns / 2 + 1) ⋅ 2nID
xPDCCH
)
+ 1 ⋅ 216 + nSCID
xPDCCH

xPDCCH
at the start of each subframe where nSCID = 2 and nID
xPDCCH
is configured by higher layers where the
xPDCCH
quantity nID is given by

• nID
xPDCCH
= N ID
cell
if no value for nID is provided by higher layers
• nxPDCCH
ID = nID otherwise.

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6.7.2.2 Mapping to resource elements

For the antenna port p ∈ {107,109} shall be mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols ak( ,pl) in a
subframe according to

ak( ,pl) = wp (m′′)rl (m' )

where

k = k 0 + 2 + (m' mod 2 ) + 6 ⋅ m' / 2

m′′ = m' mod 2

k0 = 6 ⋅ nxREG ⋅ N scRB

0 ≤ nxREG < 16

m'= 0,1,...,23

The sequence w p (i ) is given by Table 6.7.2.2-1.

Table 6.7.2.2-1: The sequence w p (i )

Antenna port p [w p (0) w p (1) ]


107 [+ 1 + 1]
109 [+ 1 − 1]

6.7.3 CSI reference signals


CSI reference signals are transmitted on 8 or 16 antenna ports using p = 16,...,23 or p = 16,...,31 respectively.
The antenna ports associated with CSI reference signals are paired into CSI-RS groups (CRGs). A CRG
comprises of two consecutive antenna ports starting from antenna port p = 16 . One or more of the CRGs
is associated with zero-power and used as interference measurement resource. The transmission of CSI-
RS is dynamically indicated in the xPDCCH.

6.7.3.1 Sequence generation

The reference-signal sequence rl , ns (m) is defined by

rl , ns (m) =
1
(1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m) ) + j 1 (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1) ), 3 max, DL
m = 0,1,..., N RB −1
2 2 2

where ns is the slot number within a radio frame and l is the OFDM symbol number within the slot. The
pseudo-random sequence c(i ) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator shall at
the start of each OFDM symbol be initialised with

(
cinit = 210 ⋅ (7 ⋅ (ns + 1) + l + 1) ⋅ 2 ⋅ N ID
CSI
+ 1 + 2 ⋅ N ID
CSI
)+1

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n s = n s mod 20

The quantity CSI


N ID is configured to the UE using higher layer signalling.

6.7.3.2 Mapping to resource elements

A CSI-RS resource allocation comprises of one symbol (symbol 13) or two consecutive symbols (symbols
12, 13).

In a subframe used for CSI-RS transmission, the reference signal sequence rl , ns (m) shall be mapped to
complex-valued modulation symbols ak( ,pl) on antenna port p according to

a k( ,pl ) = rl ,ns (m)

Where for two consecutive symbol allocation

0 for p ∈ {16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23}
k = p − 16 + 8m − 
8 for p ∈ {24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31}
5 for p ∈ {16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23}
l=
6 for p ∈ {24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31}
ns mod(2) = 1

and for one symbol allocation

0 for p ∈ {16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23}
k = p − 16 + 8m − 
8 for p ∈ {24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31}
l = 6 for p ∈ {16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23}
ns mod(2) = 1

The mapping is illustrated in Figure 6.7.3.2-1.

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

Figure 6.7.3.2-1: Mapping of CSI-RS for 2 symbol allocation

A UE can be configured with a one symbol allocation or a two symbol allocation of a CSI-RS resource.

Each of the REs comprising a CSI resource are configured as either

• CSI-RS resource (state 0) (clause 8.2.5 in [3])


• CSI IM resource (state 1) (clause 8.2.6 in [3])

A CSI resource configuration is configured via RRC signalling, and it comprises of a 16 bit bitmap
indicating RE mapping described in Tables 6.7.3.2-1.

The symbol allocation for a CSI resource(s) corresponding to a UE within a subframe is dynamically
indicated by the ‘resource configuration’ field of the DCI.

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Table 6.7.3.2-1: 16 bit bitmap indicating a CSI resource configuration


k=0,8,16, k=1,9,17, k=2,10,18, k=3,11,19, k=4,12,20, k=5,13,21, k=6,14,22, k=7,15,23,
l=12 l=12 l=12 l=12 l=12 l=12 l=12 l=12

State 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1

k=0,8,16, k=1,9,17, k=2,10,18, k=3,11,19, k=4,12,20, k=5,13,21, k=6,14,22, k=7,15,23,


l=13 l=13 l=13 l=13 l=13 l=13 l=13 l=13

State 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1

6.7.4 Beam reference signal (BRS)


Beam reference signals are transmitted on one or several of antenna ports p = {0,1,...,7} .

6.7.4.1 Sequence generation

The reference-signal sequence 𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙 (𝑚𝑚) is defined by


1 1 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚,𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙 (𝑚𝑚) = �1 − 2 ∙ 𝑐𝑐(2𝑚𝑚)� + 𝑗𝑗 �1 − 2 ∙ 𝑐𝑐(2𝑚𝑚 + 1)�, 𝑚𝑚 = 0, 1, … , 8 ∙ �𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 − 18� − 1
√2 √2

Where l = 0,1,…,13 is the OFDM symbol number. The pseudo-random sequence c(i) is defined in clause
7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator shall be initialised with
𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐
𝐶𝐶𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = 210 ∙ (7 ∙ (𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 + 1) + 𝑙𝑙 ′ + 1) ∙ (2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 + 1) + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 +1
𝑙𝑙
at the start of each OFDM symbol, where 𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 = � � and 𝑙𝑙 ′ = 𝑙𝑙 mod 7.
7

6.7.4.2 Mapping to resource elements

The reference signal sequence 𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙 (𝑚𝑚) shall be mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols a k( ,pl ) used
as reference symbols for antenna port p according to

(𝑝𝑝)
�𝑝𝑝 (𝑚𝑚′ )𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙 (𝑚𝑚′′)
𝑎𝑎𝑘𝑘,𝑙𝑙 = 𝑤𝑤
with
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑘𝑘 = 𝑘𝑘 ′ ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 + 𝑘𝑘 ′′
1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑘𝑘 ′ = 0, 1, … , , � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 − 18)� − 1, � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 + 18)� , � (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
+ 18)� + 1 , … , , 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 −1
2 2 2

𝑘𝑘 ′′ = 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

𝑙𝑙 = 0, 1, 2, … , 12,13

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑚𝑚 = 0, 1, … , 8 ∙ (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 − 18) − 1
𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚,𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑚𝑚′′ = 𝑚𝑚 + 4 ∙ (𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
− 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 )

𝑚𝑚′ = 𝑚𝑚 mod 8
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
where 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 = 12 and the sequence w p (i ) is defined in Table 6.7.8.2-1. BRS is transmitted from antenna
ports p=0…7.

Table 6.7.4.2-1: The sequence w p (i )

Antenna port p � 𝒑𝒑 (𝟎𝟎)


[𝒘𝒘 � 𝒑𝒑 (𝟏𝟏) 𝒘𝒘
𝒘𝒘 � 𝒑𝒑 (𝟐𝟐) 𝒘𝒘
� 𝒑𝒑 (𝟑𝟑) 𝒘𝒘
� 𝒑𝒑 (𝟒𝟒) 𝒘𝒘
� 𝒑𝒑 (𝟓𝟓) � 𝒑𝒑 (𝟔𝟔) 𝒘𝒘
𝒘𝒘 � 𝒑𝒑 (𝟕𝟕)]
0 [+1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 + 1]
1 [+1 +1 +1 +1 −1 −1 −1 − 1]
2 [+1 −1 −1 +1 +1 −1 −1 + 1]
3 [+1 −1 −1 +1 −1 +1 +1 − 1]
4 [−1 +1 −1 +1 +1 +1 −1 − 1]
5 [−1 +1 −1 +1 −1 −1 +1 + 1]
6 [−1 −1 +1 +1 +1 −1 +1 − 1]
7 [−1 −1 +1 +1 −1 +1 −1 + 1]

Resource elements (k, l ) used for transmission of beam reference signals on any of the antenna ports
shall be shared based on the orthogonal cover code in Table 6.7.4.2-1. Figures 6.7.4.2-1 illustrates the
resource elements used for xPBCH and beam reference signal transmission according to the numerical
definition in 6.5.3 and 6.7.4.2 at each OFDM symbol. Also shown is the cover code w p on each resource
element used for beam reference signal transmission on antenna port p .

𝑤𝑤
�𝑝𝑝 for 𝑝𝑝 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+1 -1 +1 -1 -1 +1 -1 +1
+1 -1 -1 +1 -1 +1 +1 -1
41 RBs +1 -1 -1 +1 +1 -1 -1 +1
8 REs +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1
for BRS DM-RS
+1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1
+1 +1 -1 -1 -1 -1 +1 +1
+1 +1 -1 -1 +1 +1 -1 -1
PSS/SSS/ESS

+1 +1 +1 +1 -1 -1 -1 -1
18 RBs
4 REs
for xPBCH

41 RBs

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Figure 6.7.4.2-1. Mapping of beam reference signals including xPBCH

6.7.4.3 Beam reference signal transmission period configuration

The beam reference signal transmission period shall be configured by higher layers, which can be set to
single slot, 1 subframe, 2 subframes or 4 subframes. In each configuration, the maximum # of
opportunities for different TX beam training and the logical beam indexes are given by Table 6.7.4.3-1,

Table 6.7.4.3-1: Logical beam index mapping according to BRS transmission period

BRS configuration Maximum # of beam


BRS transmission period Logical beam index
(Indication bits) training opportunities
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
00 1 slot < 5ms P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 i = 0, … , 1 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
01 1 subframe = 5ms 2 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 i = 0, … , 2 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
10 2 subframes = 10ms 4 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 i = 0, … ,4 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
11 4 subframes = 20ms 8 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 i = 0, … , 8 ∙ P ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1

where P is the total number of antenna ports. The logical beam index mapping according to the
transmission period is given by Table 6.7.4.3-2,

Table 6.7.4.3-2: Beam index mapping to OFDM symbol in each beam reference signal

BRS configuration 00 01
𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
st
𝑏𝑏1 (𝑖𝑖) = 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i, 𝑏𝑏1 (𝑖𝑖) = 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i,
1 BRS Transmission Region 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where i = 0, … , 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1 where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1

BRS configuration 10 11
𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
st
𝑏𝑏1 (𝑖𝑖) = 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i, 𝑏𝑏1 (𝑖𝑖) = 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i,
1 BRS Transmission Region 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1 where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 −1
𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
nd
𝑏𝑏2 (𝑖𝑖) = 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ P + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i, 𝑏𝑏2 (𝑖𝑖) = 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ P + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i,
2 BRS Transmission Region 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1 where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1
𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
rd
𝑏𝑏3 (𝑖𝑖) = 4 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ P + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i,
3 BRS Transmission Region 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1
𝑝𝑝 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
th
𝑏𝑏4 (𝑖𝑖) = 6 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ P + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∙ p + i,
4 BRS Transmission Region 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where i = 0, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1

where BRS transmission region is defined as a slot (in case of ‘00’) or a subframe (in all configuration
𝑝𝑝
cases except ‘00’) to transmit BRS, p ∈ {0, 1, 2, … , 7} is antenna port number, 𝑏𝑏𝑛𝑛 (𝑖𝑖) is the logical beam
index to transmit beam reference signals for antenna port number p in i-th OFDM symbol in n-th beam
reference signal slot or subframe.

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6.7.5 Beam refinement reference signals


Beam refinement reference signals are transmitted on up to eight antenna ports using 𝑝𝑝 = 600, … ,607.
The transmission and reception of BRRS is dynamically scheduled in the downlink resource allocation on
xPDCCH.

6.7.5.1 Sequence generation

The reference signal 𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙,𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 (𝑚𝑚) can be generated as follows.

1 1 3 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚,𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙,𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 (𝑚𝑚) = �1 − 2𝑐𝑐(2𝑚𝑚)� + 𝑗𝑗 �1 − 2𝑐𝑐(2𝑚𝑚 + 1)�, 𝑚𝑚 = 0,1, … , � 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 �−1
√2 √2 8

where ns is the slot number within a radio frame; l is the OFDM symbol number within the slot; 𝑐𝑐(𝑛𝑛)
denotes a pseudo-random sequence defined by clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator
shall at the start of each OFDM symbol be initialised with:
𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = 210 (7(𝑛𝑛�𝑠𝑠 + 1) + 𝑙𝑙 + 1)(2𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 + 1) + 2𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 +1

𝑛𝑛�𝑠𝑠 = 𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 20


𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
The quantity 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 is configured to the UE via RRC signalling.

6.7.5.2 Mapping to resource elements


(𝑝𝑝)
The reference signal sequence 𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙,𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 (𝑚𝑚) shall be mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols 𝑎𝑎𝑘𝑘,𝑙𝑙 on
antenna port 𝑝𝑝 according to

(𝑝𝑝) 𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙,𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 (𝑚𝑚) 𝑘𝑘′ = 𝑝𝑝 + 4 × 𝑚𝑚 − 600


𝑎𝑎4𝑘𝑘′+𝑘𝑘0 ,𝑙𝑙 = �
0 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒

where
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
0 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 4𝑘𝑘′ < � �
𝑘𝑘0 = � 2
3 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒

The BRRS can be transmitted in OFDM symbols l within a subframe, where l is configured by ‘Indication
of OFDM symbol index for CSI-RS/BRRS allocation’ in DCI format in [2]. On each Tx antenna port, BRRS
may be transmitted with different Tx beam.

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Figure 6.7.5.2-1: Mapping of BRRS showing a 1 symbol allocation, e.g. l=12

6.7.6 DL Phase noise compensation reference signal


Phase noise compensation reference signals associated with xPDSCH

• are transmitted on antenna port(s) p = 60 and/or p = 61 as signaled in DCI format in [2];


• are present and are a valid reference for phase noise compensation only if the xPDSCH transmission
is associated with the corresponding antenna port according to [3];
• are transmitted only on the physical resource blocks and symbols upon which the corresponding
xPDSCH is mapped;
• are identical in all symbols corresponding to xPDSCH allocation.

6.7.6.1 Sequence generation

For any of the antenna ports p ∈ {60,61} , the reference-signal sequence r (m ) is defined by

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r (m ) = (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m )) + j 1 (1 − 2 ⋅ c(2m + 1)),


1
m = 0,1,..., N RB
max, DL
/ 4 − 1 .
2 2

The pseudo-random sequence c (i ) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence generator
shall be initialised with

(
cinit = (ns / 2 + 1) ⋅ 2nID
( nSCID )
)
+ 1 ⋅ 216 + nSCID

at the start of each subframe.

The quantities nID(i ) , i = 0,1 , are given by

PCRS, i
(i )
• nID = N ID
cell
if no value for nID is provided by higher layers

(i )
nID = nID
PCRS, i
otherwise

The value of nSCID is zero unless specified otherwise. For a xPDSCH transmission, nSCID is given by the
DCI format in [2] associated with the xPDSCH transmission.

6.7.6.2 Mapping to resource elements

For antenna ports p ∈ {60,61} , in a physical resource block with frequency-domain index nPRB ' assigned
for the corresponding xPDSCH transmission, a part of the reference signal sequence r (m) shall be
mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols ak( ,pl) for all xPDSCH symbols in a subframe according to:

a k( p,l )' = r (k ' ' ) ,

where p' is the demodulation reference signal port number associated with xPDSCH transmission.

xPDSCH
The starting resource block number of xPDSCH physical resource allocation n PRB in the frequency
xPDSCH
domain, resource allocation bandwidth in terms of number of resource blocks N PRB and resource
elements (k , l ' ) in a subframe is given by

(
k = N scRB ⋅ nPRB
xPDSCH
+ k ' '⋅4 + k ' )
24 p ∈ 60
k' = 
 23 p ∈ 61
k ' ' = m' / 4
l ' = l 'first
xPDSCH ' xPDSCH
,..., llast
m' = 0,1,2,..., N PRB
xPDSCH
−1
' xPDSCH
xPDSCH
where l ' is the symbol index within a subframe. l 'first and llast are symbol indices of the first and
last of xPDSCH, respectively for the given subframe.

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Resource elements (k , l ') used for transmission of UE-specific phase noise compensation reference
signals on any of the antenna ports in the set S , where S = {60} and S = {61} shall

• not be used for transmission of xPDSCH on any antenna port in the same subframe.

Figure 6.7.6.2-1 illustrates the resource elements used for phase noise compensation reference signals
for antenna ports 60 and 61 when xPDSCH is transmitted from l 'first
xPDSCH
= 3 to llast
' xPDSCH
= 13 .

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
0 61
1 60
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

Figure 6.7.6.2-1: Mapping of phase noise compensation reference signals, antenna ports 60 and 61 in
' xPDSCH
case of l 'first
xPDSCH
=3 and llast =13.

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6.7.6A Demodulation reference signal for xPBCH


BRS transmitted OFDM symbol 𝑙𝑙 is the demodulation reference signal associated with xPBCH in OFDM
symbol 𝑙𝑙.

6.7.7 Demodulation reference signals associated with ePBCH


The demodulation reference signal associated with ePBCH is transmitted on the antenna port p ∈
{500, 501}. The beams for reference signal transmission shall be identical with the beams for the ePBCH
transmission in each OFDM symbol.

6.7.7.1 Sequence generation

The reference-signal sequence rl ,ns (m) is defined by

1 1 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙,𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 (𝑚𝑚) = �1 − 2 ∙ c(2m)� + j �1 − 2 ∙ 𝑐𝑐(2𝑚𝑚 + 1)�, 𝑚𝑚 = 0, 1, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 −1
√2 √2
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 100, ns is the slot number within a radio frame and 𝑙𝑙 is the OFDM symbol number within
one subframe, and 𝑙𝑙 = 0, 1, 2, … , 13. The pseudo-random sequence c(i) is defined in clause 7.2. The
pseudo-random sequence generator shall be initialised with

𝐶𝐶𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = 210 ∙ �7 ∙ (𝑛𝑛�𝑠𝑠 + 1) + 𝑙𝑙 ̅ + 1� ∙ (2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼


𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐
+ 1) + 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 +1

𝑛𝑛�𝑠𝑠 = 𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 mod 20,

𝑙𝑙 ̅ = 𝑙𝑙 mod 7

at the start of each OFDM symbol.

6.7.7.2 Mapping to resource elements

The reference signal sequence rl , ns (m) shall be mapped to complex-valued modulation symbols ak( ,pl )
used as reference symbols for antenna port p in each OFDM symbol according to

(𝑝𝑝)
� 𝑝𝑝,𝑙𝑙′ (𝑚𝑚′ )𝑟𝑟𝑙𝑙,𝑛𝑛𝑠𝑠 (𝑚𝑚)
𝑎𝑎𝑘𝑘,𝑙𝑙 = 𝑤𝑤

k = 6 ∙ 𝑚𝑚 + 2
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
𝑚𝑚 = 0, 1, … , 2 ∙ 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 −1

l = 0, 1, 2, … , 12,13

𝑚𝑚′ = 𝑚𝑚 mod 2

𝑙𝑙 ′ = 𝑙𝑙 mod 2
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where 𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 100 and the sequence w p (i ) is defined in Table 6.7.8.2-1.

Table 6.7.8.2-1: The sequence 𝒘𝒘


� 𝒑𝒑,𝟎𝟎 (𝒊𝒊) in odd OFDM symbol

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Antenna port p [w p (0) w p (1) ]


500 [+ 1 + 1]
501 [+ 1 − 1]

Table 6.7.8.2-2: The sequence 𝒘𝒘


� 𝒑𝒑,𝟏𝟏 (𝒊𝒊) in even OFDM symbol

Antenna port p [w p (0) w p (1) ]


500 [+ 1 + 1]
501 [− 1 + 1]

6.8 Synchronization signals

There are 504 unique physical-layer cell identities. The physical-layer cell identities are grouped into 168
unique physical-layer cell-identity groups, each group containing three unique identities. The grouping is
such that each physical-layer cell identity is part of one and only one physical-layer cell-identity group. A
cell
physical-layer cell identity N ID = 3N ID
(1)
+ N ID
(2) (1)
is thus uniquely defined by a number N ID in the range of 0 to
(2)
167, representing the physical-layer cell-identity group, and a number N ID in the range of 0 to 2,
representing the physical-layer identity within the physical-layer cell-identity group.

6.8.1 Primary synchronization signal (PSS)


The primary synchronization signal is used to acquire symbol timing and transmitted in symbol 0-13 in
subframes 0 and 25 on antenna ports p = 300,...,313 . The same sequence is used in all symbols.

6.8.1.1 Sequence generation

The sequence d (n) used for the primary synchronization signal is generated from a frequency-domain
Zadoff-Chu sequence according to

 − j πun ( n +1)
 e 63 n = 0,1,...,30
d u (n) =  πu ( n +1)( n + 2)
 −j 63 n = 31,32,...,61
e

where the Zadoff-Chu root sequence index u is given by Table 6.8.1.1-1.


Table 6.8.1.1-1: Root indices for the primary synchronization signal
(2) u
N ID Root index
0 25
1 29
2 34

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6.8.1.2 Mapping to resource elements

The UE shall not assume that the primary synchronization signal transmitted on any of the ports
p = 300,...,313 is transmitted on the same antenna port as any of the downlink reference signals in that
subframe. The UE shall not assume that any transmission instance of the primary synchronization signal
is transmitted on the same antenna port, or ports, used for any other transmission instance of the primary
synchronization signal in the same subframe.

The sequence d (n ) shall be mapped to the resource elements according to

ak( ,pl) = d (n ), n = 0,...,61


DL RB
N RB N sc
k = n − 31 +
2
l = 0,1,...,13
p = 300 + l

The primary synchronization signal shall be mapped to OFDM symbols 0-13 in subframes 0 and 25 in
each radio frame.

Resource elements (k , l ) in the OFDM symbols used for transmission of the primary synchronization
signal where
DL RB
N RB N sc
k = n − 31 +
2
n = −5,−4,...,−1,62,63,...66

are reserved and not used for transmission of the primary synchronization signal.

6.8.2 Secondary synchronization signal (SSS)


The secondary synchronization signal is transmitted in symbol 0-13 in subframes 0 and 25 on antenna
ports p = 300,...,313 . The same sequence is used in all symbols.

6.8.2.1 Sequence generation

The sequence d (0),..., d (61) used for the second synchronization signal is an interleaved concatenation of
two length-31 binary sequences. The concatenated sequence is scrambled with a scrambling sequence
given by the primary synchronization signal. The second synchronization signal is transmitted on antenna
port p = 300,...,313 .

The combination of two length-31 sequences defining the secondary synchronization signal differs
between subframes according to

s0( m0 ) (n)c0 (n ) in subframe 0


d ( 2n) =  ( m )
s1 (n)c0 (n ) in subframe 25
1

s ( m1 ) (n)c1 (n )z1( m0 ) (n ) in subframe 0


d (2n + 1) =  1( m )
s0 (n)c1 (n )z1 (n ) in subframe 25
0 ( m1 )

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TS V5G.211 V1.3 (2016-06)

(1)
where 0 ≤ n ≤ 30 . The indices m 0 and m1 are derived from the physical-layer cell-identity group N ID
according to

m0 = m′ mod 31
m1 = (m0 + m′ 31 + 1) mod 31
 N (1) + q ′(q ′ + 1) 2 
m′ = N ID
(1)
+ q (q + 1) 2 , q =  ID 
, q ′ = N ID 30
(1)

 30 

where the output of the above expression is listed in Table 6.8.2.1-1.

The two sequences s0( m0 ) (n) and s1( m1 ) (n) are defined as two different cyclic shifts of the m-sequence
~s (n) according to

s0( m0 ) (n) = ~s ((n + m0 ) mod 31)


s ( m1 )
1 s ((n + m ) mod 31)
( n) = ~ 1

where ~s (i ) = 1 − 2 x(i ) , 0 ≤ i ≤ 30 , is defined by

x(i + 5) = (x(i + 2) + x(i ) )mod 2, 0 ≤ i ≤ 25

with initial conditions x(0) = 0, x(1) = 0, x(2) = 0, x(3) = 0, x(4) = 1 .

The two scrambling sequences c0 (n) and c1 (n) depend on the primary synchronization signal and are
defined by two different cyclic shifts of the m-sequence c~ (n) according to

c0 (n) = c~ ((n + N ID
( 2)
) mod 31)
~
c (n) = c ((n + N + 3) mod 31)
( 2)
1 ID

where N ID ∈ {0,1,2} is the physical-layer identity within the physical-layer cell identity group N ID and
( 2) (1)

c~(i) = 1 − 2 x(i) , 0 ≤ i ≤ 30 , is defined by

x(i + 5) = (x(i + 3) + x(i ) )mod 2, 0 ≤ i ≤ 25

with initial conditions x(0) = 0, x(1) = 0, x(2) = 0, x(3) = 0, x(4) = 1 .

The scrambling sequences z1( m0 ) (n) and z1( m1 ) (n) are defined by a cyclic shift of the m-sequence
~z (n)
according to

z1( m0 ) (n) = ~
z ((n + (m0 mod 8)) mod 31)

z1( m1 ) (n) = ~z ((n + (m1 mod 8)) mod 31)

where m 0 and m1 are obtained from Table 6.8.2.1-1 and ~z (i) = 1 − 2 x(i) , 0 ≤ i ≤ 30 , is defined by

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x(i + 5) = (x(i + 4) + x(i + 2) + x(i + 1) + x(i ) )mod 2, 0 ≤ i ≤ 25

with initial conditions x(0) = 0, x(1) = 0, x(2) = 0, x(3) = 0, x(4) = 1 .


(1)
Table 6.8.2.1-1: Mapping between physical-layer cell-identity group N ID and the indices m 0 and m1
(1) (1) (1) (1) (1)
N ID m0 m1 N ID m0 m1 N ID m0 m1 N ID m0 m1 N ID m0 m1
0 0 1 34 4 6 68 9 12 102 15 19 136 22 27
1 1 2 35 5 7 69 10 13 103 16 20 137 23 28
2 2 3 36 6 8 70 11 14 104 17 21 138 24 29
3 3 4 37 7 9 71 12 15 105 18 22 139 25 30
4 4 5 38 8 10 72 13 16 106 19 23 140 0 6
5 5 6 39 9 11 73 14 17 107 20 24 141 1 7
6 6 7 40 10 12 74 15 18 108 21 25 142 2 8
7 7 8 41 11 13 75 16 19 109 22 26 143 3 9
8 8 9 42 12 14 76 17 20 110 23 27 144 4 10
9 9 10 43 13 15 77 18 21 111 24 28 145 5 11
10 10 11 44 14 16 78 19 22 112 25 29 146 6 12
11 11 12 45 15 17 79 20 23 113 26 30 147 7 13
12 12 13 46 16 18 80 21 24 114 0 5 148 8 14
13 13 14 47 17 19 81 22 25 115 1 6 149 9 15
14 14 15 48 18 20 82 23 26 116 2 7 150 10 16
15 15 16 49 19 21 83 24 27 117 3 8 151 11 17
16 16 17 50 20 22 84 25 28 118 4 9 152 12 18
17 17 18 51 21 23 85 26 29 119 5 10 153 13 19
18 18 19 52 22 24 86 27 30 120 6 11 154 14 20
19 19 20 53 23 25 87 0 4 121 7 12 155 15 21
20 20 21 54 24 26 88 1 5 122 8 13 156 16 22
21 21 22 55 25 27 89 2 6 123 9 14 157 17 23
22 22 23 56 26 28 90 3 7 124 10 15 158 18 24
23 23 24 57 27 29 91 4 8 125 11 16 159 19 25
24 24 25 58 28 30 92 5 9 126 12 17 160 20 26
25 25 26 59 0 3 93 6 10 127 13 18 161 21 27
26 26 27 60 1 4 94 7 11 128 14 19 162 22 28
27 27 28 61 2 5 95 8 12 129 15 20 163 23 29
28 28 29 62 3 6 96 9 13 130 16 21 164 24 30
29 29 30 63 4 7 97 10 14 131 17 22 165 0 7
30 0 2 64 5 8 98 11 15 132 18 23 166 1 8
31 1 3 65 6 9 99 12 16 133 19 24 167 2 9
32 2 4 66 7 10 100 13 17 134 20 25 - - -
33 3 5 67 8 11 101 14 18 135 21 26 - - -

6.8.2.2 Mapping to resource elements

The secondary synchronization signal shall be mapped to the same OFDM symbols as the primary
synchronization signal. The same antenna port p ∈ {300,...,313} as for the primary synchronization
signal shall be used for the secondary synchronization signal in a given OFDM symbol. The sequence
d (n ) shall be mapped to resource elements according to

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ak( ,pl) = d (n ), n = 0,...,61


DL RB
N RB N sc
k = n + 41 +
2
l = 0,1,...,12,13.
p = 300 + l

Resource elements (k , l ) in the OFDM symbols used for transmission of the secondary synchronization
signal where
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
k = n + 41 +
2
n = −5, −4, … , −1, 62, 63, … , 66

are reserved and not used for transmission of the secondary synchronization signal.

6.8.3 Extended synchronization signal


The extended synchronization signal is used to identify the OFDM symbol index and transmitted in
symbol 0-13 in subframes 0 and 25 on antenna ports p = 300,...,313 .

6.8.3.1 Sequence generation

The sequence 𝑑𝑑(0), … , 𝑑𝑑(62) used to obtain the extended synchronization signal is the length-63 Zadoff–
Chu (ZC) defined by
25𝜋𝜋𝜋𝜋(𝑛𝑛+1)
𝑑𝑑(𝑛𝑛) = 𝑒𝑒 −𝑗𝑗 63 , 𝑛𝑛 = 0, 1, … , 62.

The sequence used to obtain extended synchronization signal in OFDM symbol 𝑙𝑙 is defined as cyclic
shifts of 𝑑𝑑(𝑛𝑛) according to

𝑑𝑑̃ 𝑙𝑙 (𝑛𝑛) = 𝑑𝑑�(𝑛𝑛 + Δ𝑙𝑙 ) mod 63�, 𝑛𝑛 = 0, 1, … , 62


𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
where the cyclic shifts ∆𝑙𝑙 for 𝑙𝑙 = 0, … ,2 ⋅ 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 − 1 are given by Table 6.8.3.1-1.

Table 6.8.3.1-1: Cyclic shifts for the extended synchronization signal

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Cyclic shift ∆𝒍𝒍


𝒍𝒍
0 0
1 7
2 14
3 18
4 21
5 25
6 32
7 34
8 38
9 41
10 45
11 52
12 59
13 61

The sequence used for scrambling extended synchronization signal in subframe 𝑖𝑖 ∈ {0,25} is defined by
1 1
𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖 (𝑛𝑛) = �1 − 2 ⋅ 𝑐𝑐(2𝑛𝑛)� + 𝑗𝑗 �1 − 2 ⋅ 𝑐𝑐(2𝑛𝑛 + 1)�, 𝑛𝑛 = 0,1, … ,62
√2 √2

where the pseudo-random sequence c(m) is defined in clause 7.2. The pseudo-random sequence
generator shall be initialised with cinit = 210 ⋅ (i + 1) ⋅ 2 ⋅ N ID
cell
(
+ 1 + 2 ⋅ N ID
cell
)
+ 1 at the start of subframe 𝑖𝑖.

The sequence 𝑑𝑑 𝑙𝑙 (𝑛𝑛) used for extended synchronization signal is defined by

𝑑𝑑 𝑙𝑙 (𝑛𝑛) = 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖 (𝑛𝑛) ⋅ 𝑑𝑑̃ 𝑙𝑙 (𝑛𝑛), 𝑛𝑛 = 0, … ,62

6.8.3.2 Mapping to resource elements

The extended synchronization signal shall be mapped to the same OFDM symbols as the primary
synchronization signal. The same antenna port as for the primary synchronization signal shall be used for
the extended synchronization signal.

The sequence 𝑑𝑑 𝑙𝑙 shall be mapped to resource elements according to

ak( ,pl) = d l (n), n = 0,1,...,62

𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
𝑘𝑘 = 𝑛𝑛 − 104 +
2
𝑙𝑙 = 0, 1, … , 12, 13.

p = 300 + l

Resource elements (k , l ) in the OFDM symbols used for transmission of the extended synchronization
signal where
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑁𝑁𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑁𝑁𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
𝑘𝑘 = 𝑛𝑛 − 104 +
2

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𝑛𝑛 = −4, … , −1, 63, 64, … , 67

are reserved and not used for transmission of the extended synchronization signal.

6.9 OFDM baseband signal generation

The time-continuous signal sl( p ) (t ) on antenna port p in OFDM symbol l in a downlink slot is defined by

−1
j 2pk∆f (t − N CP ,l Ts )
N RB N sc / 2 
∆L RB

j 2pk∆f (t − N CP ,l Ts )
s( p)
l (t ) = ∑ ( p)
a
k ( − ) ,l
⋅e + ∑ ak( (p+)) ,l ⋅ e

k = − N RB
∆L RB
N sc / 2  k =1

( )
for 0 ≤ t < N CP ,l + N × Ts where k ( − ) = k + N RB 
N sc 2 and k ( + ) = k + N RB
DL RB

N sc 2 − 1 . The variable N
DL RB
 
equals 2048 and ∆f = 75 kHz subcarrier spacing.

The OFDM symbols in a slot shall be transmitted in increasing order of l , starting with l = 0 , where
OFDM symbol l > 0 starts at time ∑l −1 ( N CP,l ′ + N )Ts within the slot.
l ′=0

Table 6.9-1 lists the value of N CP ,l that shall be used. Note that different OFDM symbols within a slot in
some cases have different cyclic prefix lengths.

Table 6.9-1: OFDM parameters

Configuration Cyclic prefix length N CP,l


160 for l = 0
Normal cyclic prefix ∆f = 75 kHz
144 for l = 1,2,...,6

6.10 Modulation and upconversion

Modulation and upconversion to the carrier frequency of the complex-valued OFDM baseband signal for
each antenna port is shown in Figure 6.10-1.

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cos (2pf 0 t )

{ }
Re sl( p ) (t )

sl( p ) (t )

{
Im sl( p ) (t ) }

− sin (2pf 0 t )

Figure 6.10-1: Downlink modulation

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7 Generic functions

7.1 Modulation mapper

The modulation mapper takes binary digits, 0 or 1, as input and produces complex-valued modulation
symbols, x=I+jQ, as output.

7.1.1 BPSK
In case of BPSK modulation, a single bit b(i ) , is mapped to a complex-valued modulation symbol
x=I+jQ according to Table 7.1.1-1.

Table 7.1.1-1: BPSK modulation mapping

b(i) I Q

0 1 2 1 2
1 −1 2 −1 2

7.1.2 QPSK
In case of QPSK modulation, pairs of bits, b(i ), b(i + 1) , are mapped to complex-valued modulation
symbols x=I+jQ according to Table 7.1.2-1.

Table 7.1.2-1: QPSK modulation mapping

b(i), b(i + 1) I Q

00 1 2 1 2
01 1 2 −1 2
10 −1 2 1 2
11 −1 2 −1 2

7.1.3 16QAM
In case of 16QAM modulation, quadruplets of bits, b(i ), b(i + 1), b(i + 2), b(i + 3) , are mapped to complex-
valued modulation symbols x=I+jQ according to Table 7.1.3-1.

Table 7.1.3-1: 16QAM modulation mapping

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b(i), b(i + 1), b(i + 2), b(i + 3) I Q

0000 1 10 1 10
0001 1 10 3 10
0010 3 10 1 10
0011 3 10 3 10
0100 1 10 − 1 10
0101 1 10 − 3 10
0110 3 10 − 1 10
0111 3 10 − 3 10
1000 − 1 10 1 10
1001 − 1 10 3 10
1010 − 3 10 1 10
1011 − 3 10 3 10
1100 − 1 10 − 1 10
1101 − 1 10 − 3 10
1110 − 3 10 − 1 10
1111 − 3 10 − 3 10

7.1.4 64QAM
In case of 64QAM modulation, hextuplets of bits, b(i ), b(i + 1), b(i + 2), b(i + 3), b(i + 4), b(i + 5) , are mapped
to complex-valued modulation symbols x=I+jQ according to Table 7.1.4-1.

Table 7.1.4-1: 64QAM modulation mapping

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b (i ), b (i + 1), b (i + 2), b (i + 3), b (i + 4), b (i + 5) b (i ), b (i + 1), b (i + 2), b (i + 3), b (i + 4), b (i + 5)


I Q I Q

3 42
000000 3 42 100000 −3 42 3 42

3 42
000001 1 42 100001 −3 42 1 42

1 42
000010 3 42 100010 −1 42 3 42

1 42
000011 1 42 100011 −1 42 1 42

3 42
000100 5 42 100100 −3 42 5 42

3 42
000101 7 42 100101 −3 42 7 42

1 42
000110 5 42 100110 −1 42 5 42

1 42
000111 7 42 100111 −1 42 7 42

5 42
001000 3 42 101000 −5 42 3 42

5 42
001001 1 42 101001 −5 42 1 42

001010 7 42 101010 −7 42
3 42 3 42

001011 7 42 101011 −7 42
1 42 1 42

5 42
001100 5 42 101100 −5 42 5 42

5 42
001101 7 42 101101 −5 42 7 42

001110 7 42 101110 −7 42
5 42 5 42

001111 7 42 101111 −7 42
7 42 7 42

3 42
010000 −3 42 110000 −3 42 −3 42

3 42
010001 −1 42 110001 −3 42 −1 42

1 42
010010 −3 42 110010 −1 42 −3 42

1 42
010011 −1 42 110011 −1 42 −1 42

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3 42
010100 −5 42 110100 −3 42 −5 42

3 42 −7 42 −7 42
010101 110101 −3 42

1 42
010110 −5 42 110110 −1 42 −5 42

1 42 −7 42 −7 42
010111 110111 −1 42

5 42
011000 −3 42 111000 −5 42 −3 42

5 42
011001 −1 42 111001 −5 42 −1 42

7 42 −7 42
011010 −3 42 111010 −3 42

7 42 −7 42
011011 −1 42 111011 −1 42

5 42
011100 −5 42 111100 −5 42 −5 42

5 42 −7 42 −7 42
011101 111101 −5 42

7 42 −7 42
011110 −5 42 111110 −5 42

011111 7 42 −7 42 111111 −7 42 −7 42

7.2 Pseudo-random sequence generation


Pseudo-random sequences are defined by a length-31 Gold sequence. The output sequence c(n) of
length M PN , where n = 0,1,..., M PN − 1 , is defined by

c(n) = (x1 (n + N C ) + x 2 (n + N C ) ) mod 2


x1 (n + 31) = (x1 (n + 3) + x1 (n) ) mod 2
x 2 (n + 31) = (x 2 (n + 3) + x 2 (n + 2) + x 2 (n + 1) + x 2 (n) ) mod 2

where N C = 1600 and the first m-sequence shall be initialized with x1 (0) = 1, x1 (n) = 0, n = 1,2,...,30 . The


30
initialization of the second m-sequence is denoted by cinit = x (i ) ⋅ 2 i
with the value depending on
i =0 2
the application of the sequence.

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8 Timing

8.1 Uplink-downlink frame timing

Transmission of the uplink radio frame number i from the UE shall start ( N TA + N TA offset ) × Ts seconds
before the start of the corresponding downlink radio frame at the UE, where 0 ≤ N TA ≤ 1200 .
N TA offset = 768 unless stated otherwise in [4].

(N TA + N TA offset )⋅ Ts seconds

Figure 8.1-1: Uplink-downlink timing relation

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