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SIMULATION FOR ALL—EASE THE STRESS

Presenter: Sven Eriksson, Symetri


Title: Simulation Service Manager
SVEN ERIKSSON
Simulation Services Manager at Symetri

• M.Sc Navel Architecture, Ship Building


• Based in Stockholm, working over all our countries
• Main focuses in all things mechanical simulation
• Mechanics, Stress Analysis, Fluid Flow & Thermal
Management

Agenda:
• Simulation; what/why/when/how…
• How other companies have successfully utilized simulation
• DEMO, how to analyze designs using Inventor Simulation
• DEMO, how to analyze designs using Autodesk Nastran In-CAD
• Learn some workflows and tips for using simulation software effectively
Simulation for ALL—Ease the Stress
I don’t need Simulation is only
Simulation for predicting failure
Simulation is
too expensive Simulation is
My products are too difficult
simple to need simulation
I Don’t Need
Simulation?
• Welds; cost, strength…?
• Weight; cost, handling…?
• Buckling?
My products are
• Vibrations?
to simple to need • Pressure drop
Simulation? • Cavitation
• …
Simulation Is Difficult

Let's look into that


on the coming demo!
Simulation, only predicting failure
Simulation Is Too Expensive

Autodesk Inventor
Simulation + Shape
Generator

Is included in Industry Design Collection A small cost per year Is included in Industry Design Collection
Inventor Simulation - Capabilities
Assembly Modeling with
Linear Statics Normal Modes
Contact – No friction

Shape Generator
Nastran In-CAD - Capabilities
Assembly Modeling with Pre-stress Static and
Linear Statics Normal Modes
Contact–– with
Contact No friction
friction Normal Modes

Linear Steady State Heat


Composites Buckling Thermal Stress
Transfer
Nastran In-CAD - Capabilities
Nonlinear Transient Heat Nonlinear Steady State Heat
Nonlinear Statics Random Response
Transfer Transfer

Linear and Nonlinear Advanced Nonlinear and Automated Impact Analysis


Frequency Response
Transient Response Hyperelastic Materials (AIA) and Drop Test
Some common applications
to move to Nastran In-CAD
▪ Linear Analysis – More Options
▪ Bolted Connections
▪ Buckling
▪ Thermal Stress
▪ Drop-test
▪ Non-Linear –
▪ Beyond Yield Limit
▪ Large Displacement
Simulation Solutions - CFD
Popular reasons to use CFD
– Electronic Cooling
– Mechanical
• Fans
• Valves
• Pumps
– HVAC
– LED
– And much more
Some Customer Examples
How they have used simulation to make better informed decisions early on
Frame Design - Escalator
Frame Design - Escalator
Inventor Frame
Fast and easy to use
TRAILER MANUFACTURER
TRAILER MANUFACTURER

Inventor Stress
More capable than most realize
TRAILER MANUFACTURER
CUE DEE (FREQUENCY RESPONSE)
Goal: To verify structural integrity from
vibration/shaking loading.

Design Criteria
• Predefined displacements/ acceleration within a
specific frequency interval (according to standard
testing procedures)
• 2-9Hz: 3mm displacements
• 9-200Hz: 1g acceleration
• All directions
CUE DEE

Beam elements 3D visualisation


CUE DEE
Juratek (Thermal Stress)
Goal: To determine thermal
stresses due to braking

Design Criteria
• Keep stress is below yield limit
Juratek
Juratek
Juratek
Electronics cooling, CFD
SSI SCHÄFER

Fire simulation of 3-floor


mezzanine warehouse

Mezzanine data

• 2.508 m2, ground floor + 2 levels


• 6 staircases, 2 goods elevators, 2 loading zones,
1 main aisle, 2 secondary aisles
• Shelve surface total >10.000 m2
• >200 ton of steel
Adoption of firestrategy

Firestrategy requires the system to stand for 30 min


in case of a fire.

• Add support acts and strategies, apply for


special approval
• Cover all columns and beams with fire panels
• Paint the entire system with special paint

• Isolate critical areas, and analyse actual need

• Target; Paint only certain components

• Symetri report showed a possible reduction of


>50% in the components, that had to be raised
for R30 resistance
BIG DEFENCE COMPANY

• Need of help with making proper airborne


radar installations + documentation
• Advanced stress (Alu + composites) and
CFD-analysis + design + problem solving
• Several projects ranging from 200h to 2.000h
Ease the stress – Simulation for all
Design Example – DEMO

Inventor Stress +
Nastran In-CAD
▪ Stresses at ultimate and
service load
▪ Buckling at ultimate load
▪ Fatigue, expected
service life
Ease the stress – Simulation for all
Loads & usage F1

Loads (ultimate) F2
FX FZ
F1 -20 000 -4 000
F2 20 000 2 000
F3 15 000 30 000

Max service load is 50% of ultimate load

Usage (service) Usage


Time n Accumulated Use n Load level
Years 10 540 000 10% 54 000 100%
Weeks 45 54 000 20% 108 000 80% F3
Days 5 1 200 70% 378 000 50%
Hours 4 240
Minutes 60 60
Ease the stress – Simulation for all
DEMO
Inventor Stress +
Nastran In-CAD
▪ Stresses at ultimate and
service load
▪ Buckling at ultimate load
▪ Fatigue, expected
service life
Design Example – DEMO
Check stresses at service load
Inventor Stress or Nastran In-CAD
Design Example – DEMO
2.0mm => 3.75
Check buckling
Nastran In-CAD

1.2mm => 0.8


Design Example – DEMO
Check buckling by non-
linear simulation

Nastran In-CAD

Load redistribution, no collapse!


Max stress 300MPa
Design Example – DEMO
Check fatigue
Inventor Stress or Nastran In-CAD
New course
Sizing and fatigue of welded designs
Learn methodology to predict the life of the weldment
New course
Sizing and fatigue of welded designs
On this one-day course, you will learn how to statically size a
weld, independent of specific FEA tools. We also review design
strategies and teach how to calculate the fatigue life of a weld.
Most structural failures nowadays occur due to material fatigue,
and most often it takes place in the welded parts of the design.
Without proper methodology, it is still difficult to quickly and
efficiently design welded structures. In this course we will teach
you this methodology!

Content
• Weld terminology and background to fatigue
• FEA for weld calculations
• Static sizing of welds, Eurocode 3
• Design strategies and methodology for fatigue calculations
• Loads and stresses in a weld in a fatigue perspective
• Enhancements of welds
• Calculation of fatigue life & cumulative damage, Eurocode 3
Simulation for ALL—Ease the Stress

I don’t need Simulation is only


Simulation for predicting failure
Simulation is
too expensive Simulation is
My products are too difficult
simple to need simulation
Simulation for ALL—Ease the Stress
Most designers Simulation is for
benefit of Simulation every design stage
Simulation is
not expensive
Simulation is possible
Most products for every designer
benefit of simulation
The Simulation Team
Symetri has a dedicated team of highly skilled engineers who can
provide problem-solving services for most types of mechanical
problems.
Our experience dates back to the early 1990s, and our customer
cases vary greatly; from design and stress analysis of aeronautical
equipment to heavy mining machines in FEA, and from optimization
of clean rooms for the pharmaceutical industry to cooling of defense-
critical equipment and huge transformers in CFD.
Over the years, we have helped firms across Northern Europe, in all
areas and all sizes, from one man to multinational companies.
We have trained thousands of engineers in the use of FEA & CFD.
QUESTIONS