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All Star Quiz 2017

Differential Equations
Time Alotted: 3 days

Part I: Demigod Questions. Each correct answer is worth 2 point.


If the given is only a differential equation, solve for the general/particular solutions otherwise solve
what is asked.

1. Determine the differential equation of the family of parabolas that is tangent to the line y = 4.

2. Eliminate the arbitrary constants in the curves y = A cos x + B sin x − x2


Z x
3. f (x) = 3 f (t) dt + 2, f (x) 6= 0.
0

4. (3y 2 sin x + 6x2 y ln y − 6x2 y + 2x2 y 3 )dx + (2x3 ln y − 6y cos x + 2x3 y 2 )dy = 0
dx 1
5. = 2 3
dy xy (x + 3)
6. e4x−y dx + e3y−2x dy = 0
π 
7. dr sin θ = 2r cos θdθ, r =2
2
dx
8. = cos(x + y)
dy
dt
9. = et−2y sec t(1 + y 2 )
dy
10. (x − y)dx + (3x − 2y − 1)dy = 0

Part II: Deity Questions. Each correct answer is worth 3 points.

1. Determine the orthogonal trajectories of the curve cos x sinh y = c

2. (2y 3 − x3 )dx + 3xy 2 dy = 0 subject to x = 1, y = 1

3. xy 0 − y − xy 3 (1 + ln x) = 0
x
4. x dy − y dx = e y dy

5. (3x2 y 2 − 3x2 )dx + x3 ydy − (y 2 − 1)1.5 dy = 0

6. (D4 − D3 + D2 − D)y = 0
dy
7. = y cot x + y 3 csc x
dx
dy y(5 + 6xy 6 )
8. =−
dx x(9xy 6 − 15)
9. (xe−x + 3y − x − 1)dx + dy = 0
r
5 2 2
10. 2x(y + 1)dy = (x + 2(y + 1) )dx, y(1) = −1
3
Part III: Olympian Questions. Each correct answer is worth 5 points.

1. Eliminate the arbitrary constants y = Aex + Be−2x + Ce−x + De2x + 5x2 + 7x − 2 + sin x
x
dy xx + ln xx − xy 5 e5x
2. =
dx y 4 e5x
3. 3y iv − 6y 000 + 7y 00 − 8y 0 + 4y = 0
(
x0 + y = cos t + sin t
4. Solve the system of differential equation
y 0 + x = cos t − sin t

5. yy 00 + y(y 0 )2 + (y 0 )2 = 0

6. (D2 + 2D + 2)y = 2e−x sec3 x

7. (x2 D2 − 5xD + 8)y = 0, y(1) = 5, y 0 (1) = 18

8. [(D2 + 5D)2 + 10(D2 + 5D) + 24]y = sinh x + sin x + x2 + x + 1

9. x2 y 00 − 5xy 0 + 9y = 0
Z x Z x
5 3 2
10. f (t)dt = x − 3x + x + (x − t)f (t)dt
0 0

Part IV: Titan Questions. Each correct answer is worth 7 points.

(
f 0 (x) + 2g 0 (x) − f (x) − 2g(x) = 0
1. Solve for f (x) and g(x) that satisfy given that f (0) =
2f 0 (x) − g 0 (x) + x[2f (x) − g(x)] = 0
5, g(0) = 0.

2. A radioactive substance decays to 600 g 1500 years from now. If, for another 500 years, the
substance decayed to 500 g, how much of that substance is present today? Answers in 3
decimal places.

3. It’s 18◦ C outside at 6:00 am and I want to take a zip of the best served coffee at 78◦ C. After
taking a zip, I ran some errands for about 3 minutes. Then the coffee is already 60◦ C. What
is the temperature of the coffee at 7:00 am? Answers to the nearest integer. The temperature
in the environment did not change at that time.

4. According to Newton’s law of gravitation, the gravitational force is inversely proportional to


the square of the distance of a body from the center of a planet. What is the velocity of escape
from a certain planet whose acceleration of gravity is 10.5 meter per second per second and
whose radius is 7000 km? Answer in km per second in 5 significant figures.
5. A 4th degree polynomial is divisible by its derivative. The value of the polynomial at x = 1
is 243 while the value of its first derivative at x = 2 is 768. What is the polynomial?

6. Let f (x) be a differentiable function with x, y > 0 and f (8) = 32. Let KLMN be a rectangle
by the points N (0, 0), M (t, 0), L(t, f (t)), K(0, f (t)). Find the function f such that the area
3
bounded by x = 0, x = t, y = 0 and f is always the area of KLMN.
5
7. A container holds 400L mixture of 20% mercury. A 60% mercury mixture is constantly pouring
at the container at a rate of 5L per hour. At the same time, the fully mixed new mixture is
discharged at 5L per hour, too. After 2 hours, how much mercury does the container have?
Assume a smooth flow of the fluid. Answers in 2 decimal places.

8. Based from the previous item, If the discharge at the first container continously flows through
another container that has 500L of 70% mercury and also discharges at the same rate, how
much mercury will it have after 2 hours? Answers in 2 decimal places.

9. Based from the previous item, the discharge by the second container is connected to a third
container which has 900L of water and still discharges a fully stirred solution at the same rate.
How much mercury will the container have after 2 hours? Answers in 2 decimal places.

10. I need to memorize 50 formulas for my exam that I will take in about 24 hours from now. If
my brain follows the condition that the rate of how fast I memorize a number of formulas is
proportional to the number of remaining formulas to be solved, and within 12 hours, I already
memorized 28 of them, what is the approximate number of formulas I memorized right before
I take the exam? Answers in 2 decimal places.

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