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I.

INTRODUCTON

Cagayan State University (CSU)-Carig Campus is largest state institution of


higher learning in the Cagayan Valley Region with a land area of 21.2 hectares with 7
different colleges offering 24 undergraduate programs in arts, agriculture, natural
sciences, and technology. CSU-Carig stands firm to its vision of transforming the lives
of Cagayanos and the Filipinos at large by educating for the best. It offers quality
education by providing meaningful leaning experiences.

One of the fundamental aspect in quality education is to have a conducive school


environment that can contribute to a better learning. Psychologically, a student can have
a better performance and achievements when they enjoy learning knowing that the
campus has adequate security and a friendly environment. However, solid wastes is one
of the biggest threat and hindrance for Cagayan State University to have this conducive
school environment for learning.

College students and employees often lead busy lives and value convenience;
as they go about their day rushing between activities and classes, the purchase of single-
use products is often the most convenient choice. The consequence of this convenience
comes in the form of high quantities of waste. CSU- Carig must be therefore more
conscious about this issue of wastes for it’s to improve its image as well as to ensure
cleanliness, orderliness of the Campus, and in order to attain this, waste management
should not only be implemented but also practiced and monitored.

In this manual, it presents the greatest contributor of wastes in the campus, how
wastes are being generated, the wastes that are generated, and the possible prevention
and control of the wastes in the campus.
A. WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHY

1
SOURCE REDUCTION

2 SOURCE REDUCTION
RE-USE

3 Text
RECYCLE

4 Text
SECREGATION & DISPOSAL

1. Source Reduction
The first and optimal strategy of the four, highlights the reduction of the
volume of solid waste
Generated before it even enters the waste stream through size reduction. This may
mean professors assign work that does not need to be written and students submit
assignments and requirements digitally rather than in print.

2. Reuse
The next most important strategy emphasizes the reuse of materials for other
purposes. That way it does not go in the rubbish and end up in the landfill. However,
reuse do not involve reprocessing or transforming the material. For example,
students may collect paper scraps and the turn them into notepads or use them for
solving problems.
3. Recycle
The most common strategy in the hierarchy is recycling. It involves the
reprocessing of used materials that would otherwise become waste. It breaks
material down to its main component and produces new products. This step is
necessary to reduce the volume of waste already generated.

4. Disposal
At the lowest level of the waste management hierarchy is final disposal. All
remaining waste or residues from previous waste management processes must be
stored in a final disposal site. The disposal site must be designed and operated as a
sanitary landfill to protect people and the environment from the negative impact of
waste.

B. INSTITUTON PROFILE
1. Cagayan state University-Carig Campus
CSU – Carig Campus is located at Carig Sur, Tuguegarao City with a total
land area of 20.12 hectares which houses seven (7) colleges offering 24
undergraduate programs in the arts, agriculture, engineering, natural sciences, and
technology. Carig Campus is handled by Dr. Arthur G. Ibañez who’s the current
Campus Executive Officer. The campus niche programs are food industry
innovation and metal industry.

2. College of Engineering
Engr. Audy R. Quebral is the current dean of the college that offers six
programs (Agricultural and Biosystem Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil
Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Electronics and
Communications Engineering). The waste generators in the building B includes the
college employees, students, some natural sources (trees, plants, etc.), and some
vendors roaming around the area.
3. Waste Generators

COE Employees
1

2 Natural Sources

3 Engineering Students

In College of Engineering (COE), students are the highest contributors of solid


waste that includes papers, plastic bottles and food wastes etc. since they have the
largest number of population in the COE unlike the employees. The second largest
contributor are the natural resources that includes the leaves, twigs and other which are
from the environment. Furthermore, COE employees have the smallest contribution to
solid wastes considering their population.
4. Input and Outputs

INPUT OUTPUT

Foods
 Food Wrappers
 Plastics Bottles
Foods  Plastic Wrappers
 Styrofoam
 Plastic spoon and fork

Hygiene/Personal
Hygiene/Personal
Cares
Care
 Tissue
 Plastic container of
alcohol, face powder,
and toothpaste

School Supplies
School Supplies
 Bondpaper
 Notebook leaves
 Ballpen
 Pencil shavings
Garden Wastes

Garden Waste
 Leaves

 Twigs

Wastes generated by the College of Engineering specifically the B-building


generally comes from food, hygiene/personal care, school supplies and garden or the
natural resources. These inputs are used by the students and college employees which
later become wastes. These includes the food wrappers, plastic bottles, plastic wrappers,
styrofoam and plastic spoon and fork which are from food. While hygiene/personal care
adds to the wastes such as tissue and plastic containers of alcohol, face powder,
toothpaste etc. In addition, wastes that come from school supplies contributes to the
volume of wastes such as bondpapers, notebook leaves, ballpen and pencil shavings.
Trees also contributes to the wastes of the college because of its falling twigs and leaves.
5. Process Flow
WASTES GENERATION

COE
Vendors Students Natural Sources
Employees

Hygiene/Personal School Supply


Food Waste Garden Wastes
Care Waste Wastes

W Trash Bins
A
S
T
E
S
Big Blue Drums
M
A
N
A
G Dump Truck
E
M
E
N
T
Landfill
6. Applicable Environmental Regulations
 Republic Act 9003: Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2001
The act policy declaration is to ensure the protection of public health and
environment and to utilize environmentally-sound methods that maximize the
utilization of valuable resources and encourage conservation and recovery. Also,
to ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and
disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of the best
environmental practices in ecological waste management excluding incineration.
This law is applicable in the solid management of College of Engineering to ensure
good waste handling and correct separation of the waste generated in the Building
B.

 Presidential Decree 825


Provides penalty for the improper disposal of garbage and other forms of
uncleanliness and for other purposes. All garbage, filth and other waste matters,
shall be placed in the proper receptacles for the disposition thereof by garbage
collectors. If the violator is a corporation, firm or other corporate entities, the
maximum penalty shall be imposed upon the president, manager, director or persons
responsible for its operation. Penalties include imprisonment for between five days
and one year or fines between P100 and P2000.