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Identification of Reservoir with Geosteering Logging While Drilling Technology

Beriliant Noval1
Eva Cintia Purba1

American Assosiation of Petroleum Geologist, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

At present, technology in the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas has grown rapidly. This is very
necessary considering that the price of oil and gas is increasing so that it needs exploration of new oil
wells and increased production of existing oil wells. Therefore, improvements in the field of technology
play an important role in this matter. Geosteering is the act of adjusting the borehole quinckly. Most of
the horizontal wells that were successfully drilled are geosteered. Geosteering technology has been
developed to identify lateral drilling wells. Common geosteering technology used is gamma ray,
mudhogs, cutting, XRD / XRF, log image, resistivity forward modeling, resistivity inversion, and data
integration. These tools and technology are the most popular tools and technology in the oil and gas
market where this technology has a simple and effective performance. These tools and technology can
also increase oil and gas production quickly and precisely. Therefore, the right geosteering tools and
technology can optimize the placement of lateral wells.

Keywords: technology, drilling, geosteering, reservoir, hydrocarbons.

geological targets. Most horizontal wells drilled

INTRODUCTION throughout the world are geosteered. A number
At present technology in the exploration and of geographical technologies have been
exploitation of oil and gas has grown rapidly. developed to understand the position of lateral
The price of oil and gas is very important to wells in reservoirs based on various data.
increase oil and gas prices. Before drilling, we Optimal geostering tools and technology are
must evaluate the formation of the available for each drilling and geological target.
characteristics of the rock formation to be This has become an increasingly important
drilled. Various methods are used for rock core factor in modern oil and gas prices, because
analysis, cutting analysis, and well logging data effective tool selection and better reservoir
analysis. Well logging analysis is currently performance is very important to achieve the
widely used because the costs are relatively IRR targeted for lateral wells. The geostering
cheap and the quality of the data is accurate. tools and technology below are the most
There are several types of methods to obtain log popular on the international market. Geostering
data, one of which is Logging While Drilling can use various tools and techniques, including
(LWD) "and there is a measurement of Drilling the application of Logging While Drilling
While MWD" which plays an important role in (LWD). With the increase in technology in
sending data from the calculation of LWD drilling it is expected to optimize oil and gas
logging tools ". production.
Geosteering technology is known as horizontal
drilling with Logging While Drilling (LWD). DATA AND METHOD
Geostering is the act of adjusting the tilt angle
and azimuth angle quickly to reach one or more
The data obtained in the analysis of this paper Resistivity, Neutron and density, and added
is using secondary data. Secondary data is Bottom hole annulus pressure. Then all the data
obtained from literature studies from reliable is transferred to the surface system through mud
sources and has been formalized. media.


The terms Measurement while drilling

(MWD) and Logging while drilling (LWD) are
related, within the context of this section, the
term MWD refers to directional-drilling
measurements, for decision support for the
smooth operation of the drilling, while LWD
refers to measurements concerning the
geological formation made while drilling. In
consequence, The method in applying
geosteering uses (Logging while drilling) LWD
which is the development of the MWD. LWD
is a better method compared to logging
(conventional drilling with vertical drilling.
Drilling while logging (LWD) is a logging tool
delivery technique that is well into the borehole
as part of pollution (BHA). LWD is the drilling (a)
process by taking data log. This geosteering
technology is led by a geologist who is
commonly called a geosteer. In accordance
with this process, the geosteer is short of
monitoring the search for reservoirs or as an
opportunity for the hydrocarbon basin to be

Fig.2 Operation of Geosteer Engineer to discover


The principle of the While Drilling and

Wireline Logging tool is the same. However, (b)
LWD tools are designed according to Fig.2 Comparison of wireline and LWD graph
environmental conditions, such as drilling. This (a)Porosity (b) Density logs
LWD was developed to save drilling costs,
because when drilling is done data logging is CONCLUSIONS
also obtained. In conventional logging
(wireline logging) having to wait for drilling is Selecting the proper tools and geosteering
complete, wireline logging is done. This type of technology allows geologists to optimize lateral
logging in LWD includes Gamma ray, well placement, increase the percentage of the
wellbore in the reservoir zone, reduce the
capital needed to drill the lateral and minimize
drilling risks.
Alat yang tepat dan teknologi geosteering
memungkinkan ahli geologi untuk
mengoptimalkan penempatan sumur lateral,
meningkatkan persentase lubang sumur di zona
reservoir, mengurangi modal yang diperlukan
untuk mengebor lateral dan meminimalkan
risiko pengeboran.


[1] Al-Musharfi, Nedal Mohamed, et al. "Real time

reservoir characterization and
geosteering using advanced high-
resolution LWD resistivity imaging."
SPE Annual Technical Conference and
Exhibition. Society of Petroleum
Engineers, 2010.
[2] ZHANG, C., Qianli, W.U., Xiaoliang, W.A.N.G.
and Ning, L.Ü., 2013. Application of
rotary geosteering drilling in deep and
thin reservoirs of Tarim Basin, NW
China. Petroleum Exploration and
Development, 40(6), pp.801-805.
[3] Lin, L.I., Xinmiao, T.E.N.G., SHENG, L. and
ZHANG, M., 2014. Identification and
ranging of reservoir boundary in
horizontal wells geosteering. Petroleum
Exploration and Development, 41(1),