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Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM

Background of the Study

The East Costal Organic Farm began in telegrafo on January 15

2018. 800 square meters. And owner of the east costal organic farm,

Hon Manuel Chavez decide to plant organic vegetables and fruits

because he sees many young people who have early sicknesses and

are in the early stages of death because of they are eaten with

synthetic chemical. And his second purpose why he has built it

because he wants to help telegrafo residents without job, he wants

that through this project he will be more able to help and many youths

will be farm from the pain that causes early after death.

Organic Farm is a modern reaction strategy in rapidly change in

farming industries. It is described as the practices use by farmers,

which means farming without use of synthetic chemical. Organic

Farming continues to be developed many agricultural organization

today. Compare manure and green manure. It also uses techniques

such as crop rotation and accompanying planting.

Telegrafo is a barangay in the municipality of San Jose in the

province of Camarines Sur. These populations according to the 2015

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census, this 1,527 represent 3. 76% of San Jose total population of

according to the census, the age group with the lowest population is

7,550.79 with 12 individual. The telegrafo population grew from 1958

refers to a positive of 1,471 in 2010. Telegrafo is located at about of

13.6829, 123, and 5,512 in the island of Luzon. The elevation of these

coordinates is estimated at 4.1 meters of 13.5 feet above sea level.

The livelihood of telegrafo is the growing of rice, vegetable, and also

harvest the sugarcane, and fishing.

The study of organic farming will help the tourism industry

through the immediate development of organic farming as a tourist’s

attraction in the barangay Telegrafo and can enjoy these returns to

buy products from the organic farming. The purpose of this study was

exploring influential factors for conserving and encouraging organic

farming management. Organic farming can led to better health for

both farmers and consumers because it reduces dangerous chemical

contamination.

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Statement of the Problem

This study has three questions to help the researcher to carry out this

research on the barangay Telegrafo.

1. What is the profile of the organic farm in Telegrafo in terms of?

a. Farm location
b. Land area
c. Variety of plants
d. Weather conditions
e. Maintenance of farming
f. Safety and security of the employees

2. What are the potential activities that can be offered to promote the

organic farm?

3. What promotional strategies be proposed to promote organic farm

as a tourist attraction?

a. Social media
b. Flyers, Tarpaulin, and other Visual ads
c. Radio

Assumption

This study assumes the effectiveness of organic farming and

to determine which parts are important in farming systems the field

staff will monitor the changes that resulting from addition of different

rates of fertilizer application.


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1. The researcher assumed that study has profile of organic farm.

2. The study assumed has existing activities offered to promote

organic farm as a tourist attraction.

3. The study that assumed has Strategies to Promote East Costal

Organic Farm as a tourist attraction in Telegrafo San Jose Camarines

Sur.

Significance of the study

The purpose of this study is to help the following to better

understand the readership.

Consumer –are the buyer of the products that will be healed in

organic farming more productive.

Local Community - This study helps people who are left in the

barangay telegrafo to give them a job and to take a living.

Local Government Unit (LGU) - This study will help the local

government unit (LGU) by promoting organic farming more

recognizable the community of San Jose.

Vendors - This study helps to further increase their profits when they

sell the products from organic farming.

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BSTM Student -this study helps the tourism students of Partido State

University to encourage other learners to become aware of the

protection of nature and to know how important the tourism industry

in the community.

PSU Community –this study helps PSU Community to be aware

about organic farming and to know how important it is to have organic

farming in a community, to protect the environment and health of

each other.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

This study is more concerned with how to promote organic

farming in BarangayTelegrafo, San Jose, Camarines Sur. As a result of

this study will be taken from the responses of residents’threats. And it

focus if how to promote organic farming to identify as tourist attraction

Furthermore, this study will only be restricted to the barangay

Telegrafoin San toJose, Camarines Sur. The products will be sold

through direct sale and orders are also accepted from the customer

throughout Camarines Sur. who wants to buy products, and it will also

be identified especially organic farming in the area and recognizable a

successful farming throughout Camarines sur. And in some other

places, and that’s why tourist are supposed to buy good products in

the barangay Telegrafo


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Locale of the Study

This study is conducted at brgy. Telegrafo, San Jose, Camarines

Sur. Telegrafo is one of the 29 barangay in the Municipality of San

Jose, Camarines Sur. Philippines. Municipality of San Jose is a 4th

class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines.

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 40,623 people

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Telegrafo

FIGURE 1: LOCATION MAP OF SAN JOSE

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Source: This map provides the existing land utilization in the

Municipality of San Jose.

Definition of Terms

Some words uses in this study are defined conceptually and to

facilitate and clear understanding of the readers of what it means.

Organic Farming – is a way of cropping and animal production that is

largely involved in the selection of pesticides, fertilizers, genetically

modified organisms, antibiotics, and growth hormones. It is often use

by farmers to grow and increase their crops and also because of its

use can prevent people from serious diseases caused by other fertilizer

with chemical and as such the lives of people can be longer.

Pesticides - A chemical use to kill pests including insect, rodents,

fungi, and unwanted plant (weeds). It is often use by farmers to keep

their crops in good quality.

Fertilizer – it is a natural or artificial substance contains the chemical

substance that improves plant growth, and productivity it is use

bypeople to grow to become more fertile, and they have a lot of

harvest in their crops.

Tourist Attractions - are a core component of tourism. They are

often called “tourist attractions” because they tend to attract tourists.

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Attractions are the places, people, events, and things that make up

the objects of the tourist gaze and attract tourists to destinations.

Chapter II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

This chapter contains the review of related literature and

related studies, the synthesis of the state of the art, the conceptual

framework of the study. The study reviews the significance of the

present study.

Effectiveness of Organic Farming

According Chait 2018, Farming is not just a rewarding

career, but a smart and potentially financial successful career choice

especially if your goal is a niche area, such as organic farming. It can

seem a little overwhelming when you first decide to be an organic

farmer especially since the path to organic farming is different for

everyone else. While Froidevaus, Louboutin, Jones 2017 described the

effectiveness of organic farming for promoting biodiversity has widely

documented. Studies have been undertaken in temperature agro

ecosystems with a focus on birds, insect, and plants, the potential

benefits of organic farming for biodiversity.

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However Puig Montserrat 2016 described that the organic

farming is implementedby environmentally friendly farming systems. A

landscape approach is required for higher mobility species. Based on

Treitier 2016 under the management of vineyard plot organic farming

conditions alongside maintenance of a high proportion of ground

vegetation cover. The main recommendations favor arachnid

biodiversity regarding bats conservation actions should focus on

increasing landscape connectivity, with the water accessibility,

restoration, creation, of freshwater site and roost availability for

instance, and the installation of bat boxes.

With reference to Hartman 2016 observed the lower spatial

variation in the organic farming system seems to point towards

enhancing food web functioning. Williams Guillèn 2016 specified that

the ecosystem service provide for agro ecosystems. It investigates the

exposure of bats to pesticides in agricultural landscape dominated by

different farming systems organic (integrated and conventional

farming).

Socher (2013) explained that farming stating third hypothesis

can reduce resource bottlenecks by providing higher early and late

flowering resource. In particular organic farming increased bumblebee

species richness by providing higher flower cover at the end of growing

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season.Vasseur 2013. Explained that despite the fact that organic

farming did not enhance stability of flower visitor species richness it

will increase stability of flower resources in the majority of habitat

types. In fact we found that within a year there is that stability of

butterfly and bumblebee.

Lao 2018 emphasized that organic farming has many benefits

farming practice cumulatively conditions and enriches the fertility of

the soil increase farm productivity, reduces pollution and destruction of

the environment prevents depletion of natural resources, saves on

imported farm inputs, and protects the health of farmer consumers;

and the general public. Tacio 2018 also said that organic farming has

become a trend toward a healthier lifestyle. The government

formalized the adoption of this Farming system when Congress passed

Republic Act No 10068 or the organic act that mandated government

to promote, propagate, and develop further, the implement practice of

organic agriculture in the Philippines.

Based on Miyazoe 2017, local farmer already began

implementing high value perennial crops like cacao, coffee, banana,

and black pepper also emphasized this farming system that is based

on non- renewable resource like petroleum and cannot be sustainable.

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In other words our Farming system should not create pollution or

poison and everything should be recycled.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 careers in

conventional farming are on the decline, However, smaller farming

market niches are experiencing more success and profit, and it is

cheaper to become involved in local organic farming to local organic

producers, face lower initial investment since there is no need for

massive amounts of expensive chemical fertilizers pesticides, and

genetically modified seed stock. However based on the United Nations

Food and Agriculture Organization more than 75 percent of agricultural

genetic diversity was lost in the 20th century, often times, smaller

local farms grow many different varieties of crops and rotate them to

provide a long harvest season.

Seufert and Ramankutty 2017 state that the stabilizing effects of

organic farming on species diversity could be a promising way to

enhance the sustainability of agricultural land-scapes by increasing the

predictability and provision of key ecosystem services important for

crop production such as pollination Kleijn et al.,2015. Further studies

are needed to shed light on whether organic farming benefits the

persistence of both common and rare species Tuck et al 2014 thus

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effects of the organic farming system on biodervisity have been

investigated on birds, plant and insect in temperature grass and crop,

Development of Organic Farming

Lirag and Bordado 2018 discussed that study was conducted to

determine the status of the Organic Agriculture (OA) Research and

Development (R and D) programs in Bicol Region Philippines. It aimed

to conduct inventory (R and D) projects in organic agriculture

determine the information, needs of (OA) stakeholders and identify

research gap propose strategy. And also (Eurostat, 2016) emphasized

due to wildlife friendly management implemented in organic farming

(e.g. non-use of synthetic chemical pesticides and input fertilizers low

pressure on land use and its positive influence on landscape

heterogeneity and complexity.

However the study of the Boori et al 2015 organic farming can

play an important role socio economic development and make villages’

self-sustainable, degradation of environmental quality and food safety

concern due to excess use of fertilizers promoted the organic farming

in recent decades. Identification of suitable sites for organic farming or

agriculture requires consideration of different climatic topological


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environment and geo- physical limitation. Kamkar et al 2014also said

that accurate and recent Land Use/ Land Cover (LULC) and other

geophysical data should be considered for assessing environmental

concerns.

Deep and Saklani 2014 emphasized the geospatial tools can be

used for the identification of the suitable lands for the organic farming

on different criteria like soil quality, geology, drainage, topography of

the place. This technique can also help to identify and prioritize the

potential site for the organic farming. With the reference while Peer et

al 2014 the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has encountered

intensive and productive farming to ensure food security. Chakrabarty,

Wang, Meng, and Zhang 2014 also claimed such farming behavior,

which uses agricultural chemicals, converts to accumulation of more

than 2 million tons of toxin per year in the ecosystem.

In study made Tamayo, Castro, and Lim 2013, it emphasized the

inter connectedness of the various stakeholders of organic agriculture

which include farmers. According to them all agriculture as the mode

of farming can be a good agenda yet may come as very costly policy

as it will do the socio economic conditions of the farmers. Based on the

study of Debode, et al 2013it was emphasized that organic products

are often perceived as more environmentally friendly than their

conventional counterparts. European Commission 2013 explains why

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European countries are eager to promote environmental labeling and

sustainable food products. And Soil Association 2013also emphasized

the growing importance of organic farming has created an urgent need

to compose the environmental effects of organic and conventional

farming methods.

Robertson et al, 2014; Zhang et al., 2013; Wall et al., 2013. A

pivotal question will be to what extent the stabilizing role of soil

organic matter in farming systems is based on quantity or on quality of

the organic matter. As the quantity of organic matter available for

organic farming can be a major constraint in many regions of the

world, solving this scarcity should be a top priority for further

enhancing the sustainability of farming systems practices.

Synthesis

The studies help the researcher to conceptualize and gain a deeper

understanding of the level of satisfaction in organic farming tourism

experience is the similarity and diversity of current research.

Jennifer Chait 2018, focus on smart and potentially financial

successful career choice this training it is a learning experience about

the successful and intuitive development of organic farming.

Froidevaus, Louboutin, Jones 2017 focus on demonstrating the

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effectiveness of organic farming for promoting biodiversity in the

current study of the effectiveness of organic farming. This will help to

develop organic farming in the barangay telegrafo. European

Commission 2013 focus on explains why European countries are eager

to promote environmental labeling and sustainable food products. It

suggests that how passionate to grow Europeans to feed their diet.

While Soil Association 2013 focuses on the growing importance of

organic farming has created an urgent need to compose the

environmental effects of organic and conventional farming methods.

However Puig Montserrat 2016 and Debode, et al 2013 focuses

on the organic farming is implementation of environmentally friendly

farming systems. Organic products are often considered more

environmentally friendly than their conventional counterparts. Because

organic farming helps the environment and most everyone and it helps

it even extend the lives of each everyone. (Hartman 2016) observed

the lower spatial variation in the organic farming system

Seufert and Ramankutty 2017 focuses stabilizing effects of

organic farming on species diversity could be a promising way to

enhance the sustainability of agricultural landscapes by increasing the

predictability and provision of key ecosystem services important for

crop production such as pollination. While Soil Association 2013

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focuses on the growing importance of organic farming has created an

urgent need to compose the environmental effects of organic and

conventional farming methods. Therefore Williams Guillèn (2016)

specified he ecosystem service provide for agro ecosystems.

Socher 2013 focuses on explained that farming stating third

hypothesis can reduces resource bottlenecks Vasseur 2013. Despite

the fact that organic farming did not enhances stability of flower visitor

species richness will increase stability of flower resources in the

majority of habitat types

Lao 2018. Focuses on Emphasized that organic farming has

many benefits farming practice cumulatively conditions and enriches

the fertility of the soil increase farm productivity. While Kleijn et al.,

2015 further studies are needed to shed light on whether organic

farming benefits the persistence of both common and rare species

According to Miyazoe 2017, focuses in implementing high value

perennial crops like cacao, coffee, banana, and black pepper using the

soil containing and conservation practices, Mangubat 2015 also

emphasized this farming system that is based on non- renewable

resource. However U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2018 organic

farming to local organic producers face lower initial investment since

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there is no need for massive amounts of expensive chemical fertilizers

pesticides, and genetically modified seed stock.

Tacio 2018 focus on organic farming has become a trend toward

a healthier lifestyle. While Boori et al 2015 organic farming can play an

important role socio economic development and make villages’ self-

sustainable, degradation of environmental quality and food safety.

Peer et al 2014 the Common Agricultural Policy CAP has encountered

intensive and productive farming to ensure food security

Tuck et al 2014 focus on thus effects of the organic farming

system on biodervisity have been investigated on birds, plant and

insect in temperature grass and crop. Eurostat, 2016 emphasized due

to wildlife friendly management implemented in organic farming (e.g.

non-use of synthetic chemical pesticides and input fertilizers

Lirag, and Bordado 2018) focuses on a study was conducted to

determine the status of the Organic Agriculture (OA) Research and

Development (R and D) programs in Bicol Region

Deep and Saklani 2014 focus on emphasized the geospatial tools

can be used for the identification of the suitable lands for the organic

farming. Kamkar et al 2014 therefore accurate and recent Land Use/

Land Cover (LULC) and other geophysical data should be considered

for assessing environmental concerns. Chakrabarty, Wang, Meng, and


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Zhang 2014 focuses such farming behavior, which uses agricultural

chemicals, converts to accumulation of more than 2 million tons of

toxin per year in the ecosystem.

Tamayo, Castro, and Lim 2013 focus on emphasized the inter

connectedness of the various stakeholders of organic agriculture which

includes farmers. Robertson et al, 2014; Zhanget al., 2013; Wall et

al., 2013 a pivotal question will be to what extent the stabilizing role of

soil organic matter in farming systems is based on quantity or on

quality of the organic matter

Conceptual framework

The researcher has featured a framework intended for readers to

fully understand the process involved in conducting current studies.

The researcher believes that through this framework they can easily

interpret the flow of ideas to keep track of what learning is all about

The model has three (3) theories that it shows. What are the

variables based on the relationship between organic farm the one is

social media, which can help to promote the organic farm via Facebook

page or etc. Flyers, Tarpaulin, and other Visual ads and last is Radio.

These three (3) model help to promote east costal organic farm in

telegrafo and organic farm help consumers to increase their income, it

also helps local communities to have a job to take a living, and helps
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local government unit to recognizable the community of San Jose, and

same with the vendors, BSTM students and also PSU community

The main subject of the study is to help develop and promote

east costal organic farm in the barangay telegrafo to achieve the goal

of researcher’s expectation should be able to communicate with each

variable that constitutes the problem statement presented in the

conceptual framework it the variables serve as the main points toward

building the structure of the building

Consumers

Local community Social media

Local government unit


Flyers,
Tarpaulin, and
Organic farming
Vendors other Visual
ads

Bstm Students
Radio
PSU Community

FIGURE 2: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

Chapter III
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METHODOLOGY

Research Methodology

In this chapter the researcher presents the research design, data

gathering procedure data gathering instrument, study respondents

method, and statistical tools use in conducting this research to be

more understandable by respondent and readers, if what the

researcher wants and what the next step will be for the researcher to

do to gather information carefully.

Research Design

This study use descriptive methods. The qualitative

research designs to gain understanding of study respondents by using

survey design and information methods by finding enough of the

answer it will make the study easier. The answers received from

respondents are thoroughly analyzed and understand. All collected

data and conducted until level of adequate interpretation will be

successful.

Data Gathering Procedure

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The researcher will be subject to the following steps and

methods of gathering the data and information required for the study.

The researcher will sent a letter of consent to the barangay council to

conduct interviews with local residents of the barangay telegrafo San

Jose Camarines Sur and carry out all the documents about the study

and conducting interviews and questionnaire surveys. The purposes of

this research may help prepare the residents to answer all the

questions of the researcher and to inform about the study. After

obtaining the result the researcher will study activities that can be

made to locate tourists and provide the necessary recommendation to

improve the experience of the tourist

Respondents of the Study

The respondent of this study were the owner of East costal organic

farm and residents of Barangay Telegrafo in San Jose Camarines Sur

with a total of fifty (50) participants. The total method is use to select

the respondents

Data Gathering Instrument

In gathering data, the researchers use an interview and

survey questionnaire. It consists of three (3) questions that may be

asked to answer the question. And when answered the selected

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respondents are carefully researching to complete the data regarding

the study.

Statistical tools

The gathered data from the respondents ‘information is

published tabulated and interpreted through the different of various

statistical tools Percentage Technique. This study will help the

researchers to get well done the statistical tools use in this study.

Percentage Technique

P= f x 100%

Where:

P = the percentage

N = number of respondents who answer the category

F = total number of respondents

Weighted Mean

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The weight formula is used to identify the problems faced by the

respondents and the effects of organic farming on their yield and it can

show what will be the result by calculating this problem and how it can

help this to increase its yield.

Wm = ∑fx

Where: ∑= summation

f = frequency

X = weight

N = respondent

Wm = weighted mean

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